Summary: Passing off as one's own the work of another without credit.

Top Publications

  1. Vessal K, Habibzadeh F. Rules of the game of scientific writing: fair play and plagiarism. Lancet. 2007;369:641 pubmed
  2. Segal S, Gelfand B, Hurwitz S, Berkowitz L, Ashley S, Nadel E, et al. Plagiarism in residency application essays. Ann Intern Med. 2010;153:112-20 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the prevalence of plagiarism in a large cohort of residency application essays. Retrospective cohort study...
  3. Butler D. Copycat trap. Nature. 2007;448:633 pubmed
  4. Mavrinac M, Brumini G, Bilic Zulle L, Petrovecki M. Construction and validation of attitudes toward plagiarism questionnaire. Croat Med J. 2010;51:195-201 pubmed
    To develop and test the psychometric characteristics of a questionnaire measuring attitudes toward plagiarism. Participants were 227 undergraduates and graduate students (128 women and 99 men) from three Croatian universities, with a ..
  5. Hansen T. Neonatal jaundice and scientific fraud in 1804. Acta Paediatr. 2002;91:1135-8 pubmed
    ..In a revised edition published in 1806 Baumes accused François Bidault of plagiarism in his 1804 thesis submitted for the MD degree at the University of Paris...
  6. Broome M. Self-plagiarism: oxymoron, fair use, or scientific misconduct?. Nurs Outlook. 2004;52:273-4 pubmed
  7. Bouville M. Plagiarism: words and ideas. Sci Eng Ethics. 2008;14:311-22 pubmed publisher
    b>Plagiarism is a crime against academy. It deceives readers, hurts plagiarized authors, and gets the plagiarist undeserved benefits...
  8. Roig M. Re-using text from one's own previously published papers: an exploratory study of potential self-plagiarism. Psychol Rep. 2005;97:43-9 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that some of these authors reuse their own text with some frequency, but this was largely confined to complex methodological descriptions of a research design and procedure. ..
  9. Cross M. Policing plagiarism. BMJ. 2007;335:963-4 pubmed

More Information


  1. Errami M, Hicks J, Fisher W, Trusty D, Wren J, Long T, et al. Déjà vu--a study of duplicate citations in Medline. Bioinformatics. 2008;24:243-9 pubmed
    ..We found that 0.04% of the citations with no shared authors were highly similar and are thus potential cases of plagiarism. 1.35% with shared authors were sufficiently similar to be considered a duplicate...
  2. Chalmers I. Role of systematic reviews in detecting plagiarism: case of Asim Kurjak. BMJ. 2006;333:594-6 pubmed
  3. Rojas Revoredo V, Huamaní C, Mayta Tristán P. [Plagiarism in undergraduate publications: experiences and recommendations]. Rev Med Chil. 2007;135:1087-8 pubmed
  4. Kmietowicz Z. University drops case against Croatian academic accused of plagiarism. BMJ. 2007;335:1014 pubmed
  5. Marcovitch H. Misconduct by researchers and authors. Gac Sanit. 2007;21:492-9 pubmed
    ..improper award or denial of authorship, failure to declare competing interests, duplicate submission and plagiarism. Editors, peer reviewers and publishers may also act wrongly...
  6. Eysenbach G. Report of a case of cyberplagiarism--and reflections on detecting and preventing academic misconduct using the Internet. J Med Internet Res. 2000;2:E4 pubmed
    ..A systematic search of the Internet for informatics tools that help to identify plagiarism and duplicate publication was conducted...
  7. Ghazinoory S, Ghazinoori S, Azadegan Mehr M. Iranian academia: evolution after revolution and plagiarism as a disorder. Sci Eng Ethics. 2011;17:213-6 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Plagiarism, under any circumstances is not justified, and we do not intend to justify it in this note...
  8. Heitman E, Litewka S. International perspectives on plagiarism and considerations for teaching international trainees. Urol Oncol. 2011;29:104-8 pubmed publisher, many US academic researchers work with international trainees whose views on scientific writing and plagiarism can be strikingly different from US norms...
  9. Stretton S, Bramich N, Keys J, Monk J, Ely J, Haley C, et al. Publication misconduct and plagiarism retractions: a systematic, retrospective study. Curr Med Res Opin. 2012;28:1575-83 pubmed publisher
    To investigate whether plagiarism is more prevalent in publications retracted from the medical literature when first authors are affiliated with lower-income countries versus higher-income countries...
  10. Sapatnekar S. Plagiarism. J Assoc Physicians India. 2004;52:527-30 pubmed
  11. Pascal C. Complainant issues in research misconduct: the office of research integrity experience. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2006;231:1264-70 pubmed
  12. Shirazi B, Jafarey A, Moazam F. Plagiarism and the medical fraternity: a study of knowledge and attitudes. J Pak Med Assoc. 2010;60:269-73 pubmed
    To assess knowledge and perceptions of plagiarism in medical students and faculty of private and public medical colleges in Karachi...
  13. Fischer B, Zigmond M. Educational approaches for discouraging plagiarism. Urol Oncol. 2011;29:100-3 pubmed publisher
    Suggested approaches to reduce the occurrence of plagiarism in academia, particularly among trainees...
  14. Hofmann B, Paulsen J, Nortvedt P. [It's difference between research and copying]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2008;128:1544 pubmed
  15. Cicutto L. Plagiarism: avoiding the peril in scientific writing. Chest. 2008;133:579-81 pubmed publisher
  16. Kostoff R, Johnson D, Rio J, Bloomfield L, Shlesinger M, Malpohl G, et al. Duplicate publication and 'paper inflation' in the Fractals literature. Sci Eng Ethics. 2006;12:543-54 pubmed
    ..This 'paper inflation' is due in large part to the increasing use of metrics (publications, patents, citations, etc) to evaluate research performance, and the researchers' motivation to maximize the metrics. ..
  17. Barton B. Six-word rule could turn description into plagiarism. Nature. 2005;436:24 pubmed
  18. Yilmaz I. Plagiarism? No, we're just borrowing better English. Nature. 2007;449:658 pubmed
  19. Ready T. Plagiarize or perish?. Nat Med. 2006;12:494 pubmed
  20. Brumfiel G. Turkish physicists face accusations of plagiarism. Nature. 2007;449:8 pubmed
  21. Watts G. Croatian academic is found guilty of plagiarism. BMJ. 2007;334:1077 pubmed
  22. Jefferson T. Detecting plagiarism: current quality control systems don't work. BMJ. 2006;333:706 pubmed
  23. Aronson J. Plagiarism - please don't copy. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2007;64:403-5 pubmed
  24. Marris E. Should journals police scientific fraud?. Nature. 2006;439:520-1 pubmed
  25. Nayak B, Maniar R. The scourge of plagiarism. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2006;54:75-6 pubmed
  26. Weeks A. Detecting plagiarism: Google could be the way forward. BMJ. 2006;333:706 pubmed
  27. Ryan G, Bonanno H, Krass I, Scouller K, Smith L. Undergraduate and postgraduate pharmacy students' perceptions of plagiarism and academic honesty. Am J Pharm Educ. 2009;73:105 pubmed
    To assess undergraduate and postgraduate pharmacy students' perceptions of plagiarism and academic honesty...
  28. Barrie J, Presti D. Digital plagiarism--the Web giveth and the Web shall taketh. J Med Internet Res. 2000;2:E6 pubmed
    ..However, the ease of copying and transporting digital information leaves these authors' ideas open to plagiarism. Using tools such as the Plagiarism...
  29. Brkic S, Bogdanovic G, Vuckovic Dekic L, Gavrilovic D, Kezic I. Science ethics education: effects of a short lecture on plagiarism on the knowledge of young medical researchers. J BUON. 2012;17:570-4 pubmed
    b>Plagiarism is the most common form of scientific fraud. It is agreed that the best preventive measure is education of young scientists on basic principles of responsible conduct of research and writing...
  30. Habibzadeh F, Shashok K. Plagiarism in scientific writing: words or ideas?. Croat Med J. 2011;52:576-7 pubmed publisher
  31. Zigmond M, Fischer B. Beyond fabrication and plagiarism: the little murders of everyday science. Commentary on "Six Domains of Research Ethics". Sci Eng Ethics. 2002;8:229-34 pubmed
    ..responsible conduct in research has traditionally been on the high crimes of fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism. We believe that equally deserving of our attention are the misdemeanors that also can occur...
  32. Check E. Sitting in judgement. Nature. 2002;419:332-3 pubmed
  33. Alfredo K, Hart H. The university and the responsible conduct of research: who is responsible for what?. Sci Eng Ethics. 2011;17:447-57 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper explores three seemingly disparate cases of misconduct-the 2004 plagiarism scandal at Ohio University; the famous Robert Millikan article of 1913, in which his reported data selection did ..
  34. Butler D. Entire-paper plagiarism caught by software. Nature. 2008;455:715 pubmed publisher
  35. Bazdaric K, Bilic Zulle L, Brumini G, Petrovecki M. Prevalence of plagiarism in recent submissions to the Croatian Medical Journal. Sci Eng Ethics. 2012;18:223-39 pubmed publisher
    To assess the prevalence of plagiarism in manuscripts submitted for publication in the Croatian Medical Journal (CMJ)...
  36. Errami M, Garner H. A tale of two citations. Nature. 2008;451:397-9 pubmed publisher
  37. Claxton L. Scientific authorship. Part 1. A window into scientific fraud?. Mutat Res. 2005;589:17-30 pubmed
    ..b>Plagiarism is much less frequent...
  38. Bilic Zulle L, Frkovic V, Turk T, Azman J, Petrovecki M. Prevalence of plagiarism among medical students. Croat Med J. 2005;46:126-31 pubmed
    To determine the prevalence of plagiarism among medical students in writing essays. During two academic years, 198 second year medical students attending Medical Informatics course wrote an essay on one of four offered articles...
  39. Triggle C, Triggle D. What is the future of peer review? Why is there fraud in science? Is plagiarism out of control? Why do scientists do bad things? Is it all a case of: "all that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing"?. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2007;3:39-53 pubmed
    ..misconduct be handled--is it a criminal offence and subject to national or international law? Similarly plagiarism is an ever-increasing concern whether at the level of the student or a university president...
  40. Pascal C. Scientific misconduct and research integrity for the bench scientist. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 2000;224:220-30 pubmed
    ..Finally, legal precedent established through civil litigation has played an important role in defining the standards that apply in determining when a breach of research integrity has occurred. ..
  41. Gadit A. Plagiarism: how serious is this problem in Pakistan?. J Pak Med Assoc. 2006;56:618 pubmed
  42. Venketasubramanian N, Hennerici M. How to handle a rejection. Teaching course presentation at the 21st European Stroke Conference, Lisboa, May 2012. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2013;35:209-12 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Plagiarism is not tolerated. Simultaneous submission to 2 or more journals is not allowed...
  43. Luksanapruksa P, Millhouse P. Guidelines on What Constitutes Plagiarism and Electronic Tools to Detect it. Clin Spine Surg. 2016;29:119-20 pubmed publisher
    b>Plagiarism is a serious ethical problem among scientific publications. There are various definitions of plagiarism, and the major categories include unintentional (unsuitable paraphrasing or improper citations) and intentional...
  44. Williams K, Nathanson C, Paulhus D. Identifying and profiling scholastic cheaters: their personality, cognitive ability, and motivation. J Exp Psychol Appl. 2010;16:293-307 pubmed publisher
    ..Study 2 replicated this pattern using a naturalistic, behavioral indicator of cheating, namely, plagiarism as indexed by the Internet service Turn-It-In. Poor verbal ability was also an independent predictor...
  45. Tanner C. Moral decline or pragmatic decision making?: Cheating and plagiarism in perspective. J Nurs Educ. 2004;43:291-2 pubmed
  46. Wyness T, McGhee C, Patel D. Manuscript rejection in ophthalmology and visual science journals: identifying and avoiding the common pitfalls. Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2009;37:864-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Armed with this knowledge an author may strive towards a more 'rejection-proof' manuscript when submitting to ophthalmology and visual science journals. ..
  47. Sismondo S, Doucet M. Publication ethics and the ghost management of medical publication. Bioethics. 2010;24:273-83 pubmed publisher
    ..This leads us to a strong conclusion: if medical journals want to ensure that the research they publish is ethically sound, they should not publish articles that are commercially sponsored. ..
  48. Benestad H, Wisløff F. [Research ethics and University of Oslo]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2008;128:1683-4 pubmed
  49. Bellack J. Why plagiarism matters. J Nurs Educ. 2004;43:527-8 pubmed
  50. Bassnett S. An outsider's perspective: is it too much to hope that the University of Zagreb be the engine of positive social change and transparent governance rather than the last bastion of cronyism?. Croat Med J. 2008;49:98-9 pubmed
  51. Sibbald B, Flegel K, Hebert P, Kale R, Stanbrook M, MacDonald N. Integrity at the Croatian Medical Journal. CMAJ. 2008;178:1637-40 pubmed publisher
  52. Santa Barbara J. There should be attempt at dialogue with editors rather than frontal attack. Croat Med J. 2008;49:104 pubmed
  53. Enoz M. [Scientific stealing (Plagiarism) in medical journals]. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg. 2007;17:249-52 pubmed
    ..method of another scientist is published without citation as if it was one's own idea it's called "Plagiarism"...