information systems


Summary: Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.

Top Publications

  1. Natter M, Quan J, Ortiz D, Bousvaros A, Ilowite N, Inman C, et al. An i2b2-based, generalizable, open source, self-scaling chronic disease registry. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013;20:172-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We envision i2b2-SSR as a scalable, reusable solution facilitating interdisciplinary research across diseases. ..
  2. Cortese M, Leblanc J, White K, Jerris R, Stinchfield P, Preston K, et al. Leveraging state immunization information systems to measure the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccine. Pediatrics. 2011;128:e1474-81 pubmed publisher
    Electronic immunization information systems (IISs) are now established in almost all US states...
  3. Comer K, Grannis S, Dixon B, Bodenhamer D, Wiehe S. Incorporating geospatial capacity within clinical data systems to address social determinants of health. Public Health Rep. 2011;126 Suppl 3:54-61 pubmed
    Linking electronic health record (EHR) systems with community information systems (CIS) holds great promise for addressing inequities in social determinants of health (SDH)...
  4. Gooch P, Roudsari A. Computerization of workflows, guidelines, and care pathways: a review of implementation challenges for process-oriented health information systems. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011;18:738-48 pubmed publisher
    ..for individual clinical decisions and toward the provision of process-oriented, patient-centered, health information systems (HIS)...
  5. Shapiro J, Kannry J, Kushniruk A, Kuperman G. Emergency physicians' perceptions of health information exchange. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2007;14:700-5 pubmed
    ..There is a strong perceived need for HIE, most respondents were not aware of HIE prior to this study, and there are certain types of data and presentations of data that are preferred by emergency physicians in the New York City region. ..
  6. Abdrbo A, Hudak C, Anthony M, Douglas S. Information systems use, benefits, and satisfaction among Ohio RNs. Comput Inform Nurs. 2011;29:59-65 pubmed publisher
    ..population, and the emphasis on patient safety, are increasing the pressure on healthcare facilities to use information systems to achieve better outcomes...
  7. Brown J, Holmes J, Shah K, Hall K, Lazarus R, Platt R. Distributed health data networks: a practical and preferred approach to multi-institutional evaluations of comparative effectiveness, safety, and quality of care. Med Care. 2010;48:S45-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Distributed networks are capable of addressing nearly all anticipated uses of routinely collected electronic healthcare data. Distributed networks would obviate the need for centralized databases, thus avoiding numerous obstacles. ..
  8. Prokosch H, Ganslandt T. Perspectives for medical informatics. Reusing the electronic medical record for clinical research. Methods Inf Med. 2009;48:38-44 pubmed
    Even though today most university hospitals have already implemented commercial hospital information systems and started to build up comprehensive electronic medical records, reuse of such data for data warehousing and research purposes ..
  9. Bartlett D, Washington M, Bryant A, Thurston N, Perfili C. Cost savings associated with using immunization information systems for Vaccines for Children administrative tasks. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2007;13:559-66 pubmed
    Our objective was to investigate the potential cost savings of immunization information systems (IIS) in performing some administrative tasks associated with the federal Vaccines for Children (VFC) program at the state and practice ..

More Information


  1. Kamper Jørgensen F. Public health information systems -- and EUPHIX. Scand J Public Health. 2008;36:673-5 pubmed publisher
  2. Overhage J. Health information exchange: 'lex parsimoniae'. Health Aff (Millwood). 2007;26:w595-7 pubmed
    ..The should be parsimonious--not overly constraining how the exchanges operate and maintaining separation between the applications that provide functionality and the network that supports HIE. ..
  3. Raghupathi W, Nerur S. Research themes and trends in health information systems. Methods Inf Med. 2008;47:435-42 pubmed
    The health information systems (HIS) field is characterized as being associated with health care and information systems...
  4. Fairbrother G, Simpson L. It is time! Accelerating the use of child health information systems to improve child health. Pediatrics. 2009;123 Suppl 2:S61-3 pubmed publisher
    ..However, they also point out the challenges that need to be overcome to realize fully the potential of health information technology to improve the quality and efficiency of health care. ..
  5. Hinman A, Davidson A. Linking children's health information systems: clinical care, public health, emergency medical systems, and schools. Pediatrics. 2009;123 Suppl 2:S67-73 pubmed publisher
    This article describes health information systems used for children in a variety of settings (eg, clinical care, public health, emergency medicine systems, and schools) and their current ability to exchange information...
  6. Winter A. The future of medical informatics. Some perspectives of intra- and inter-institutional information systems. Methods Inf Med. 2009;48:62-5 pubmed
    ..and practice of information management, especially in the field of regional as well as institutional health information systems. Collecting and interpreting current issues concerning (health) information systems and their management ..
  7. Valko A, Johnson A. CLiDE Pro: the latest generation of CLiDE, a tool for optical chemical structure recognition. J Chem Inf Model. 2009;49:780-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This full test set is presented for use in the validation of other similar systems. ..
  8. Aqil A, Lippeveld T, Hozumi D. PRISM framework: a paradigm shift for designing, strengthening and evaluating routine health information systems. Health Policy Plan. 2009;24:217-28 pubmed publisher
    The utility and effectiveness of routine health information systems (RHIS) in improving health system performance in developing countries has been questioned...
  9. Marschollek M. Recent progress in sensor-enhanced health information systems - slowly but sustainably. Inform Health Soc Care. 2009;34:225-30 pubmed publisher
    ..information system structures, and - preferably - the enhancement of these into sensor-enhanced health information systems (seHIS)...
  10. Heidebrecht C, Foisy J, Pereira J, Quan S, Willison D, Deeks S, et al. Perceptions of immunization information systems for collecting pandemic H1N1 immunization data within Canada's public health community: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:523 pubmed publisher
    Immunization information systems (IISs) are electronic registries used to monitor individual vaccination status and assess vaccine coverage...
  11. Liu J, Wyatt J. The case for randomized controlled trials to assess the impact of clinical information systems. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011;18:173-80 pubmed publisher that the randomized controlled trial (RCT) has a limited role to play in evaluating clinical information systems. A common reason voiced by skeptics is that these systems are fundamentally different from drug ..
  12. Hägglund M, Scandurra I, Koch S. Scenarios to capture work processes in shared homecare--from analysis to application. Int J Med Inform. 2010;79:e126-34 pubmed publisher
    ..This also improved understanding between different clinical groups and between clinicians and developers. ..
  13. Stevanovic R, Kojundzic V, Galijasevic G. Primary healthcare information system--development and deployment issues. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2007;127:43-57 pubmed
  14. Kaelber D, Bates D. Health information exchange and patient safety. J Biomed Inform. 2007;40:S40-5 pubmed
    ..We also briefly discuss HIE and decreased patient safety as well as standards and completeness of information for HIE and patient safety. ..
  15. Fraser H, Allen C, Bailey C, Douglas G, Shin S, Blaya J. Information systems for patient follow-up and chronic management of HIV and tuberculosis: a life-saving technology in resource-poor areas. J Med Internet Res. 2007;9:e29 pubmed
    ..The aim of the study was to assess the role of medical information systems in tracking patients with HIV or MDR-TB, ensuring they are promptly started on high quality care, and ..
  16. Miranda J, Paca Palao A, Najarro L, Rosales Mayor E, Luna D, Lopez L, et al. [Assessment of the structure, dynamics and monitoring of information systems for road traffic injuries in Peru--2009]. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica. 2010;27:273-87 pubmed
    A baseline assessment of the structure, dynamics, and monitoring capabilities of the information systems for road traffic injuries was conducted in three Peruvian cities: Lima, Huamanga and Pucallpa...
  17. Wu Z, Lee Y, Lai F, Lee H, Chung Y. A secure authentication scheme for telecare medicine information systems. J Med Syst. 2012;36:1529-35 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, it is shown to be more secure and practical for telecare medicine environments. ..
  18. Azim T, Saidel T, Brown T. Essential elements of strategic information systems to guide focused HIV responses in south and south-east Asia. AIDS. 2010;24 Suppl 3:S54-61 pubmed publisher
  19. Hripcsak G, Kaushal R, Johnson K, Ash J, Bates D, Block R, et al. The United Hospital Fund meeting on evaluating health information exchange. J Biomed Inform. 2007;40:S3-10 pubmed
    ..Unintended consequences should be monitored. A comprehensive study of return on investment requires an assessment of all effects. Program evaluation across several projects may help set future policy. ..
  20. Johnson K, Gadd C. Playing smallball: approaches to evaluating pilot health information exchange systems. J Biomed Inform. 2007;40:S21-6 pubmed
  21. Song M, Spallek H, Polk D, Schleyer T, Wali T. How information systems should support the information needs of general dentists in clinical settings: suggestions from a qualitative study. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2010;10:7 pubmed publisher
    A major challenge in designing useful clinical information systems in dentistry is to incorporate clinical evidence based on dentists' information needs and then integrate the system seamlessly into the complex clinical workflow...
  22. Aiga H, Kuroiwa C, Takizawa I, Yamagata R. The reality of health information systems: challenges for standardization. Biosci Trends. 2008;2:5-9 pubmed
    Health information systems (HISs) serve as an indispensable foundation for developing health policy and strategies and improving delivery of routine health services in an evidence-based manner...
  23. Frisse M, Holmes R. Estimated financial savings associated with health information exchange and ambulatory care referral. J Biomed Inform. 2007;40:S27-32 pubmed
    ..These projections support the case for the financial viability of regional health information exchanges and motivate participation of hospitals and ambulatory care organizations-particularly in urban settings. ..
  24. Vest J, Zhao H, Jasperson J, Jaspserson J, Gamm L, Ohsfeldt R. Factors motivating and affecting health information exchange usage. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011;18:143-9 pubmed publisher
  25. Reynolds C, Wyatt J. Open source, open standards, and health care information systems. J Med Internet Res. 2011;13:e24 pubmed publisher
    Recognition of the improvements in patient safety, quality of patient care, and efficiency that health care information systems have the potential to bring has led to significant investment...
  26. Ohmann C, Kuchinke W. Future developments of medical informatics from the viewpoint of networked clinical research. Interoperability and integration. Methods Inf Med. 2009;48:45-54 pubmed
  27. Yusof M, Stergioulas L, Zugic J. Health information systems adoption: findings from a systematic review. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2007;129:262-6 pubmed
    Earlier evaluation studies on Health Information Systems (HIS) adoption have highlighted a large number of adoption problems that were attributed to the lack of fit between technology, human and organisation factors...
  28. Koch S, Marschollek M, Wolf K, Plischke M, Haux R. On health-enabling and ambient-assistive technologies. What has been achieved and where do we have to go?. Methods Inf Med. 2009;48:29-37 pubmed
    ..An increasing amount of outcomes research through well-designed evaluation studies that explore technical solutions in a social context and in relation to individual needs will be crucial. ..
  29. Ash J, Guappone K. Qualitative evaluation of health information exchange efforts. J Biomed Inform. 2007;40:S33-9 pubmed
    ..This paper describes important HIE-related research questions and outlines appropriate qualitative research techniques for addressing them. ..
  30. Goater S, Derne B, Weinstein P. Critical issues in the development of health information systems in supporting environmental health: a case study of ciguatera. Environ Health Perspect. 2011;119:585-90 pubmed publisher
    ..environmental pressures resulting from climate change and globalization challenge the capacity of health information systems (HIS) in the Pacific to inform future policy and public health interventions...
  31. Selig L, Kritski A, Cascao A, Braga J, Trajman A, de Carvalho R. Proposal for tuberculosis death surveillance in information systems. Rev Saude Publica. 2010;44:1072-8 pubmed
  32. Shapiro J. Evaluating public health uses of health information exchange. J Biomed Inform. 2007;40:S46-9 pubmed
  33. Gross J, Riley P, Kiriinya R, Rakuom C, Willy R, Kamenju A, et al. The impact of an emergency hiring plan on the shortage and distribution of nurses in Kenya: the importance of information systems. Bull World Health Organ. 2010;88:824-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The accurate workforce data provided by the Kenya Health Workforce Informatics System were essential for evaluating the effect of the Emergency Hiring Plan. ..
  34. Alexander G, Rantz M, Flesner M, Diekemper M, Siem C. Clinical information systems in nursing homes: an evaluation of initial implementation strategies. Comput Inform Nurs. 2007;25:189-97 pubmed
    ..Findings will be useful to administrators and policy makers who are contemplating implementation of a clinical information system. ..
  35. Oroviogoicoechea C, Elliott B, Watson R. Review: evaluating information systems in nursing. J Clin Nurs. 2008;17:567-75 pubmed
    ..There has been an increase in the use of IT and information systems in nursing in recent years...
  36. Resnick H, Manard B, Stone R, Alwan M. Use of electronic information systems in nursing homes: United States, 2004. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2009;16:179-86 pubmed publisher
    ..In 2004, NH use of EIS for functions other than MDS and billing was highly variable, but considerably higher than previous estimates. ..
  37. Gershon R, Rothrock N, Hanrahan R, Bass M, Cella D. The use of PROMIS and assessment center to deliver patient-reported outcome measures in clinical research. J Appl Meas. 2010;11:304-14 pubmed
    ..This paper provides an overview of the development of the PROMIS item banks and details Assessment Center functionality. ..
  38. Mangalampalli A, Rama C, Muthiyalian R, Jain A. High-end clinical domain information systems for effective healthcare delivery. Int J Electron Healthc. 2007;3:208-19 pubmed
    ..Also, information systems are used in educating patients about the latest developments in medical science through the internet and ..
  39. Goldzweig C, Towfigh A, Maglione M, Shekelle P. Costs and benefits of health information technology: new trends from the literature. Health Aff (Millwood). 2009;28:w282-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Accelerating the adoption of health IT will require greater public-private partnerships, new policies to address the misalignment of financial incentives, and a more robust evidence base regarding IT implementation. ..
  40. Pina J, Turner A, Kwan Gett T, Duchin J. Task analysis in action: the role of information systems in communicable disease reporting. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2009;2009:531-5 pubmed
    In order to improve the design of information systems for notifiable conditions reporting, it is essential to understand the role of such systems in public health practice...
  41. Koch S, Hägglund M. Health informatics and the delivery of care to older people. Maturitas. 2009;63:195-9 pubmed publisher
    ..that review articles cover the fields of information technology in the home environment, integrated health information systems, public health systems, consumer health informatics and non-technology oriented topics such as nutrition, ..
  42. Kostanjsek N. Use of The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a conceptual framework and common language for disability statistics and health information systems. BMC Public Health. 2011;11 Suppl 4:S3 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the article presents key features of the ICF tooling environment and outlines current and future developments of the classification. ..
  43. Yu P, Li H, Gagnon M. Health IT acceptance factors in long-term care facilities: a cross-sectional survey. Int J Med Inform. 2009;78:219-29 pubmed publisher
    ..Securing the managers' and senior nurses' support for the innovation at the onset of the project is critical for success. Finally the caregivers appear to dislike the idea of increased IT ability will elevate their status. ..
  44. Rahimi B, Vimarlund V. Methods to evaluate health information systems in healthcare settings: a literature review. J Med Syst. 2007;31:397-432 pubmed
  45. Chase H, Kaufman D, Johnson S, Mendonca E. Voice capture of medical residents' clinical information needs during an inpatient rotation. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2009;16:387-94 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the semantic complexity of typical questions and mapping failures due to residents' use of acronyms and abbreviations present challenges to machine-based extraction of semantic content. ..
  46. Bosch Capblanch X, Ronveaux O, Doyle V, Remedios V, Bchir A. Accuracy and quality of immunization information systems in forty-one low income countries. Trop Med Int Health. 2009;14:2-10 pubmed publisher
    To measure the accuracy and quality of immunization information systems in a range of low-income countries eligible to receive GAVI support...
  47. Katic M, Soldo D, Ozvacic Z, Blažeković Milaković S, Vrcic Keglevic M, Bergman Markovic B, et al. Information systems and the electronic health record in primary health care. Inform Prim Care. 2007;15:187-92 pubmed
    The implementation of information systems into primary health care opened the possibilities of providing integrated and co-ordinated health care, improved in quality and focused on the healthcare user...
  48. Miles P. Health information systems and physician quality: role of the American board of pediatrics maintenance of certification in improving children's health care. Pediatrics. 2009;123 Suppl 2:S108-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Physicians are now required to document that they can assess and improve quality of care. Functional health information systems are essential for this process.
  49. Glaser J. Seven durable ideas. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2008;15:267-71 pubmed publisher
    Partners Healthcare, and its affiliated hospitals, have a long track record of accomplishments in clinical information systems implementations and research...
  50. Qazi M, Ali M. Pakistan's health management information system: health managers' perspectives. J Pak Med Assoc. 2009;59:10-4 pubmed
  51. Hinman A, Urquhart G, Strikas R. Immunization information systems: National Vaccine Advisory Committee progress report, 2007. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2007;13:553-8 pubmed
    ..and recommendations of the National Vaccine Advisory Committee 2007 Progress report on Immunization Information Systems (IIS)...
  52. Gvozdanović D, Koncar M, Kojundzic V, Jezidzić H. National healthcare information system in Croatian primary care: the foundation for improvement of quality and efficiency in patient care. Inform Prim Care. 2007;15:181-5 pubmed very comprehensive and addresses all niches of care delivery processes; it is founded on the enterprise information systems that will aim to support end-to-end business processes in the healthcare domain...
  53. Ravens Sieberer U, Devine J, Bevans K, Riley A, Moon J, Salsman J, et al. Subjective well-being measures for children were developed within the PROMIS project: presentation of first results. J Clin Epidemiol. 2014;67:207-18 pubmed publisher
    ..The SWB measures for children are the first to assess both the hedonic and eudaimonic aspects of SWB. Both children and youth seem to understand the concepts of a meaningful life, optimism, and goal orientation. ..