Genomes and Genes
Summary: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Publications193 found, 100 shown here
- Global cancer statistics, 2002D Max Parkin
Unit of Descriptive Epidemiology, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
CA Cancer J Clin 55:74-108. 2005Estimates of the worldwide incidence, mortality and prevalence of 26 cancers in the year 2002 are now available in the GLOBOCAN series of the International Agency for Research on Cancer...
- Incidence of 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 infection in England: a cross-sectional serological studyElizabeth Miller
Immunisation, Hepatitis and Blood Safety Department, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, UK
Lancet 375:1100-8. 2010Knowledge of the age-specific prevalence of immunity from, and incidence of infection with, 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 virus is essential for modelling the future burden of disease and the effectiveness of interventions such as ..
- Cancer statistics in Korea: incidence, mortality and survival in 2006-2007Kyu Won Jung
The Korea Central Cancer Registry, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea
J Korean Med Sci 25:1113-21. 2010Cancer has been the leading cause of death in Korea. Korea is facing a very rapid change and increase in cancer incidence, which draws much attention in public health...
- Assessment of baseline age-specific antibody prevalence and incidence of infection to novel influenza A/H1N1 2009P Hardelid
Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency, London, UK
Health Technol Assess 14:115-92. 2010..in the population of England prior to arrival of the pandemic strain virus in the UK and (2) the age-specific incidence of infection by month as the pandemic progressed by measuring increases in the proportion of individuals with ..
- Increasing incidence of thyroid cancer in the United States, 1973-2002Louise Davies
VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
JAMA 295:2164-7. 2006Increasing cancer incidence is typically interpreted as an increase in the true occurrence of disease but may also reflect changing pathological criteria or increased diagnostic scrutiny...
- Rising incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in the United StatesH B El-Serag
Veterans Affairs Medical Center and the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87108, USA
N Engl J Med 340:745-50. 1999..data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data base to determine the age-adjusted incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma from 1976 to 1995, data from the U.S...
- Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose toleranceJ Tuomilehto
Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
N Engl J Med 344:1343-50. 2001..Whether type 2 diabetes can be prevented by interventions that affect the lifestyles of subjects at high risk for the disease is not known...
- Strategies for mitigating an influenza pandemicNeil M Ferguson
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
Nature 442:448-52. 2006..Estimates of policy effectiveness will change if the characteristics of a future pandemic strain differ substantially from those seen in past pandemics...
- Trends in tuberculosis incidence and their determinants in 134 countriesC Dye
Stop TB Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 87:683-91. 2009To determine whether differences in national trends in tuberculosis incidence are attributable to the variable success of control programmes or to biological, social and economic factors.
- Estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in Europe in 2008J Ferlay
International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France
Eur J Cancer 46:765-81. 2010..the relevant information for 2008 is not generally available as yet, we used statistical models to estimate incidence and mortality data for 25 cancers in 40 European countries (grouped and individually) in 2008...
- Male circumcision for HIV prevention in men in Rakai, Uganda: a randomised trialRonald H Gray
Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21215, USA
Lancet 369:657-66. 2007Ecological and observational studies suggest that male circumcision reduces the risk of HIV acquisition in men. Our aim was to investigate the effect of male circumcision on HIV incidence in men.
- Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975-2006, featuring colorectal cancer trends and impact of interventions (risk factors, screening, and treatment) to reduce future ratesBrenda K Edwards
Surveillance Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 8315, USA
Cancer 116:544-73. 2010..This year's report includes trends in colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and death rates and highlights the use of microsimulation modeling as a tool for interpreting past trends and ..
- Estimates of the cancer incidence and mortality in Europe in 2006J Ferlay
International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France
Ann Oncol 18:581-92. 2007Monitoring the evolution of the cancer burden in Europe is of great value. Estimates of the cancer burden in Europe have been published for 2004 and estimates are now being presented for cancer incidence and mortality in Europe for 2006.
- Primary liver cancer: worldwide incidence and trendsF Xavier Bosch
Epidemiology and Cancer Registration Unit, IDIBELL Institut Català d Oncologia, Avda Gran Via s n, Km 2 7 08907 L Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
Gastroenterology 127:S5-S16. 2004..Rates of liver cancer in men are typically 2 to 4 times higher than in women. The incidence of primary liver cancer is increasing in several developed countries, including the United States, and the ..
- Epidemiology of severe sepsis in the United States: analysis of incidence, outcome, and associated costs of careD C Angus
Critical Care Medicine Division, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, and the Center for Research on Health Care, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Crit Care Med 29:1303-10. 2001To determine the incidence, cost, and outcome of severe sepsis in the United States.
- Epidemiology and etiology of childhood pneumoniaIgor Rudan
Croatian Centre for Global Health, University of Split Medical School, Split, Croatia
Bull World Health Organ 86:408-16. 2008Childhood pneumonia is the leading single cause of mortality in children aged less than 5 years. The incidence in this age group is estimated to be 0.29 episodes per child-year in developing and 0...
- Impact of intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine targeting the transmission season on the incidence of clinical malaria in children in MaliAlassane Dicko
Malaria Research and Training Center, Departments of Epidemiology of Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Medicine Pharmacy and Dentistry, University of Bamako, P O Box 1805, Bamako, Mali
Malar J 7:123. 2008..that intermittent preventive malaria treatment (IPT) in infants in areas of stable malaria transmission reduces malaria and severe anaemia incidence. However in most areas malaria morbidity and mortality remain high in older children.
- Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metforminWilliam C Knowler
Diabetes Prevention Program Coordinating Center, Biostatistics Center, George Washington University, 6110 Executive Blvd, Suite 750, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
N Engl J Med 346:393-403. 2002..RESULTS: The average follow-up was 2.8 years. The incidence of diabetes was 11.0, 7.8, and 4...
- Population-based studies on incidence, survival rates, and genetic alterations in astrocytic and oligodendroglial gliomasHiroko Ohgaki
Pathology Group, International Agency for Research on Cancer HO, F 69372, Lyon, France
J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 64:479-89. 2005..This review summarizes data on incidence rates, survival, and genetic alterations from population-based studies of astrocytic and oligodendrogliomas that ..
- The growing burden of tuberculosis: global trends and interactions with the HIV epidemicElizabeth L Corbett
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England, UK
Arch Intern Med 163:1009-21. 2003..3-9.2 million) new TB cases in 2000 (137/100,000 population; range, 121/100,000-151/100,000). Tuberculosis incidence rates were highest in the WHO African Region (290/100,000 per year; range, 265/100,000-331/100,000), as was the ..
- Herpes simplex virus 2 infection increases HIV acquisition in men and women: systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studiesEsther E Freeman
Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
AIDS 20:73-83. 2006..To estimate the sex-specific effect of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) on the acquisition of HIV infection...
- Decline in the AIDS and death rates in the EuroSIDA study: an observational studyA Mocroft
Royal Free Centre for HIV Medicine and Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
Lancet 362:22-9. 2003..Since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), little is known about whether changes in HIV-1 mortality and morbidity rates have been sustained. We aimed to assess possible changes in these rates across Europe...
- Hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhosis: incidence and risk factorsGiovanna Fattovich
Department of Gastroenterology, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
Gastroenterology 127:S35-50. 2004..Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with the highest HCC incidence in persons with cirrhosis, occurring twice as commonly in Japan than in the West (5-year cumulative incidence, ..
- Nosocomial bloodstream infections in US hospitals: analysis of 24,179 cases from a prospective nationwide surveillance studyHilmar Wisplinghoff
Department of Internal Medicine, Medical College of Virginia Campus, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, USA
Clin Infect Dis 39:309-17. 2004..CONCLUSION: In this study, one of the largest multicenter studies performed to date, we found that the proportion of nosocomial BSIs due to antibiotic-resistant organisms is increasing in US hospitals...
- New testing strategy to detect early HIV-1 infection for use in incidence estimates and for clinical and prevention purposesR S Janssen
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
JAMA 280:42-8. 1998Differentiating individuals with early human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infection from those infected for longer periods is difficult but important for estimating HIV incidence and for purposes of clinical care and prevention.
- Hepatocellular carcinoma incidence, mortality, and survival trends in the United States from 1975 to 2005Sean F Altekruse
Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, and the Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20892 8316, USA
J Clin Oncol 27:1485-91. 2009Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Incidence rates are increasing in the United States...
- The relationship between anti-merozoite antibodies and incidence of Plasmodium falciparum malaria: A systematic review and meta-analysisFreya J I Fowkes
The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
PLoS Med 7:e1000218. 2010..However, published evidence of the protective effect of these antibodies is conflicting...
- Effect of human rotavirus vaccine on severe diarrhea in African infantsShabir A Madhi
Department of Science and Technology National Research Foundation Vaccine Preventable Diseases, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
N Engl J Med 362:289-98. 2010..Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe gastroenteritis among young children worldwide. Data are needed to assess the efficacy of the rotavirus vaccine in African children...
- Lifetime risk for development of atrial fibrillation: the Framingham Heart StudyDonald M Lloyd-Jones
Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 680 N Lake Shore Drive, Suite 1102, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA
Circulation 110:1042-6. 2004..Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac dysrhythmia and a source of considerable morbidity and mortality, but lifetime risk for AF has not been estimated...
- Incidence and mortality of venous thrombosis: a population-based studyI A Naess
Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology NTNU, Trondheim, Norway
J Thromb Haemost 5:692-9. 2007Estimates of the incidence of venous thrombosis (VT) vary, and data on mortality are limited.
- Fasting serum glucose level and cancer risk in Korean men and womenSun Ha Jee
Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
JAMA 293:194-202. 2005..Diabetes is a serious and costly disease that is becoming increasingly common in many countries. The role of diabetes as a cancer risk factor remains unclear...
- Age-specific incidence of A/H1N1 2009 influenza infection in England from sequential antibody prevalence data using likelihood-based estimationMarc Baguelin
Immunisation, Hepatitis and Blood Safety Department, Health Protection Agency, London, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 6:e17074. 2011Estimating the age-specific incidence of an emerging pathogen is essential for understanding its severity and transmission dynamics...
- Travelling waves in the occurrence of dengue haemorrhagic fever in ThailandDerek A T Cummings
Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
Nature 427:344-7. 2004..An understanding of the spatial-temporal pattern of DHF incidence would aid the allocation of resources to combat these epidemics...
- Carotid-artery intima and media thickness as a risk factor for myocardial infarction and stroke in older adults. Cardiovascular Health Study Collaborative Research GroupD H O'Leary
Department of Radiology, Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
N Engl J Med 340:14-22. 1999..We studied the associations between the thickness of the carotid-artery intima and media and the incidence of new myocardial infarction or stroke in persons without clinical cardiovascular disease.
- Incidence of hospital admissions and severe outcomes during the first and second waves of pandemic (H1N1) 2009Melissa Helferty
Centre for Immunization and Respiratory Infectious Diseases, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ont, Canada
CMAJ 182:1981-7. 2010..We compared the incidence of hospital admissions and severe outcomes (admission to intensive care unit [ICU] and death) during the two ..
- Quantitative detection of increasing HIV type 1 antibodies after seroconversion: a simple assay for detecting recent HIV infection and estimating incidenceBharat S Parekh
Division of AIDS, STD, TB Laboratory Research, and Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 18:295-307. 2002..The assay was further validated in African specimens (subtypes A, C, and D) where the observed incidence was within 10% of the expected incidence...
- The incidence and risk factors of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitisMustafa S Ascha
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
Hepatology 51:1972-8. 2010..The aims of this study were to (1) estimate the incidence of HCC in patients with NASH-related cirrhosis, (2) compare incidence in NASH-related cirrhosis with hepatitis C ..
- Determination of the Plasmodium vivax relapse pattern in Camopi, French GuianaMatthieu Hanf
Centre d Investigation Clinique Epidémiologie Clinique Antilles Guyane CIC EC Inserm 802, Centre Hospitalier de Cayenne, Guyane Francaise
Malar J 8:278. 2009..As in others endemic areas, it is important to specify the pattern of vivax malaria relapses and to try to discriminate efficiently re-infections from relapses...
- Secular trends in incidence of atrial fibrillation in Olmsted County, Minnesota, 1980 to 2000, and implications on the projections for future prevalenceYoko Miyasaka
Division of Cardiovascular Disease and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
Circulation 114:119-25. 2006BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on trends in incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF). We assessed the community-based trends in AF incidence for 1980 to 2000 and provided prevalence projections to 2050...
- The case for expanding access to highly active antiretroviral therapy to curb the growth of the HIV epidemicJulio S G Montaner
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Providence Health Care, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Lancet 368:531-6. 2006
- Five-year risk of progression of primary angle closure to primary angle closure glaucoma: a population-based studyRavi Thomas
LV Prasad Eye Institute, LV Prasad Marg, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 500 034, India
Acta Ophthalmol Scand 81:480-5. 2003..To report the 5-year progression to primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) in a population-based cohort of primary angle closure (PAC) subjects...
- Prediction model for prevalence and incidence of advanced age-related macular degeneration based on genetic, demographic, and environmental variablesJohanna M Seddon
Ophthalmic Epidemiology and Genetics Service, Tufts University School of Medicine and Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:2044-53. 2009The joint effects of genetic, ocular, and environmental variables were evaluated and predictive models for prevalence and incidence of AMD were assessed.
- Modelling of malaria temporal variations in IranAli Akbar Haghdoost
Physiology Research Centre, Kerman University of Medical Science, Kerman, Iran
Trop Med Int Health 13:1501-8. 2008..To model the temporal variations in malaria episodes in a hypo-endemic area of Iran and to assess the feasibility of an epidemic early warning system...
- Effect of herpes simplex suppression on incidence of HIV among women in TanzaniaDeborah Watson-Jones
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London
N Engl J Med 358:1560-71. 2008..This study tested the hypothesis that HSV-2 suppressive therapy reduces the risk of HIV acquisition...
- Buenos Aires cohort of men who have sex with men: prevalence, incidence, risk factors, and molecular genotyping of HIV type 1Marcela Segura
Centro Nacional de Referencia para el SIDA, Departamento de Microbiologia, Parasitologia e Inmunologia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 23:1322-9. 2007The prevalence, incidence, risk factors, and molecular genotyping of HIV-1 infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) were assessed through a prospective cohort study...
- Increasing incidence of differentiated thyroid cancer in the United States, 1988-2005Amy Y Chen
Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
Cancer 115:3801-7. 2009Studies have reported an increasing incidence of thyroid cancer since 1980. One possible explanation for this trend is increased detection through more widespread and aggressive use of ultrasound and image-guided biopsy...
- Incidence, predictors at admission, and impact of worsening renal function among patients hospitalized with heart failureDaniel E Forman
Section of Cardiology, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02188, USA
J Am Coll Cardiol 43:61-7. 2004..The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of worsening renal function (WRF) among hospitalized heart failure (HF) patients, clinical predictors of WRF, and hospital outcomes associated with WRF...
- Diabetes in Ontario: determination of prevalence and incidence using a validated administrative data algorithmJanet E Hux
Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Canada
Diabetes Care 25:512-6. 2002..We linked physician service claims (PSCs) and hospital discharge abstracts (HDAs) to determine diabetes prevalence and incidence.
- Global patterns of cancer incidence and mortality rates and trendsAhmedin Jemal
Surveillance and Health Policy Research Department, American Cancer Society, 250 Williams Street Northwest, Atlanta, GA 30303 1002, USA
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 19:1893-907. 2010While incidence and mortality rates for most cancers (including lung, colorectum, female breast, and prostate) are decreasing in the United States and many other western countries, they are increasing in several less developed and ..
- A predominantly clonal multi-institutional outbreak of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea with high morbidity and mortalityVivian G Loo
Department of Microbiology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Que, Canada
N Engl J Med 353:2442-9. 2005In March 2003, several hospitals in Quebec, Canada, noted a marked increase in the incidence of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea.
- Association of glycaemia with macrovascular and microvascular complications of type 2 diabetes (UKPDS 35): prospective observational studyI M Stratton
Diabetes Trials Unit, Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE
BMJ 321:405-12. 2000..To determine the relation between exposure to glycaemia over time and the risk of macrovascular or microvascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes...
- Therapy-related leukemia and myelodysplasia: susceptibility and incidenceGiuseppe Leone
Istituto di Ematologia, Universita Cattolica S Cuore, L go A Gemelli, 1, 00168 Rome, Italy
Haematologica 92:1389-98. 2007..In all cases the risk of t-MDS/AML drops sharply by 10 years after treatment...
- Decrease of the incidence of human and canine visceral leishmaniasis after dog vaccination with Leishmune in Brazilian endemic areasClarisa B Palatnik-de-Sousa
Department of General Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology Prof Paulo de Góes, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Vaccine 27:3505-12. 2009..We also analyzed the possible additive effect of Leishmune vaccination over dog culling, on the decrease of the incidence of CVL and VL in two Brazilian endemic areas, from 2004 to 2006...
- Incidence trends for human papillomavirus-related and -unrelated oral squamous cell carcinomas in the United StatesAnil K Chaturvedi
Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
J Clin Oncol 26:612-9. 2008..HPV) on the epidemiology of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) in the United States, we assessed differences in patient characteristics, incidence, and survival between potentially HPV-related and HPV-unrelated OSCC sites.
- Effect of a fall in malaria transmission on morbidity and mortality in Kilifi, KenyaWendy P O'Meara
Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Wellcome Trust Collaborative Program, Kilifi, Kenya Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
Lancet 372:1555-62. 2008..We aimed to assess the epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Kilifi, Kenya, during a period of decreasing transmission intensity...
- The epidemiology of genital human papillomavirus infectionHelen Trottier
Department of Oncology, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Vaccine 24:S1-15. 2006..This shift in research focus coincides with a shift in cancer prevention techniques towards immunization with HPV vaccines and HPV testing of precancerous lesions...
- Insulin glargine use and short-term incidence of malignancies-a population-based follow-up study in SwedenJ M Jonasson
Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology, Onkologiskt centrum, Sahlgrenska Academy, 41345, Gothenburg, Sweden
Diabetologia 52:1745-54. 2009..In the light of a report suggesting that insulin glargine may increase cancer occurrence, the EASD asked us to perform this study...
- Estimation of HIV incidence in the United StatesH Irene Hall
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
JAMA 300:520-9. 2008b>Incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States has not been directly measured. New assays that differentiate recent vs long-standing HIV infections allow improved estimation of HIV incidence.
- Long-term effect of aspirin on colorectal cancer incidence and mortality: 20-year follow-up of five randomised trialsPeter M Rothwell
Stroke Prevention Research Unit, Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Lancet 376:1741-50. 2010High-dose aspirin (≥500 mg daily) reduces long-term incidence of colorectal cancer, but adverse effects might limit its potential for long-term prevention. The long-term effectiveness of lower doses (75-300 mg daily) is unknown...
- Time series analysis of dengue incidence in Rio de Janeiro, BrazilPaula M Luz
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:933-9. 2008We use the Box-Jenkins approach to fit an autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model to dengue incidence in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1997 to 2004...
- Increasing incidence of human melioidosis in Northeast ThailandDirek Limmathurotsakul
Department of Tropical Hygiene and Mahidol Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Am J Trop Med Hyg 82:1113-7. 2010..These data were used to calculate an average incidence rate for the province of 12.7 cases of melioidosis per 100,000 people per year...
- Estrogen plus progestin and breast cancer incidence and mortality in postmenopausal womenRowan T Chlebowski
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor UCLA Medical Center, 1124 W Carson St, Torrance, CA 90502, USA
JAMA 304:1684-92. 2010..6 (SD, 1.3) years (range, 3.7-8.6 years) and a mean follow-up of 7.9 (SD, 1.4) years, breast cancer incidence was increased among women who received combined hormone therapy...
- Dislocation after revision total hip arthroplasty : an analysis of risk factors and treatment optionsGregory M Alberton
Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
J Bone Joint Surg Am 84:1788-92. 2002..quot; Modular acetabular components with an elevated rim help to stabilize a hip undergoing a revision procedure...
- Head injury from fan blades among childrenAzmi Alias
Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Asian J Surg 28:168-70. 2005..Head injury caused by fan blades is rare among children. We analysed 14 cases of such injury and discuss the causes, type of injury and preventive measures...
- Pediatric tracheotomies in an Asian population: the Singapore experienceAnnette H C Ang
Department of Otolaryngology, Kandang Kerbau Women s and Children s Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 133:246-50. 2005..We present a 12-year retrospective review of tracheotomies performed in the pediatric population in Singapore...
- Clinical features and outcome in children admitted to a TB hospital in the Western Cape--the influence of HIV infection and drug resistanceMarije Soeters
Utrecht University Medical Center, The Netherlands
S Afr Med J 95:602-6. 2005BACKGROUND: The Western Cape has a high incidence of tuberculosis (TB) and a rising prevalence of HIV infection. Children form 15-20% of this TB burden...
- Renal cell and transitional cell carcinoma in a Japanese population undergoing maintenance dialysisShigeru Satoh
Department of Urology, Akita University School of Medicine, Akita, Japan
J Urol 174:1749-53. 2005We verified differences in the incidence, clinical characteristics and outcomes between patients on chronic dialysis for end stage renal disease with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and those with transitional cell carcinoma (TCC).
- Extrapulmonary tuberculosis active infection misdiagnosed as cancer: Mycobacterium tuberculosis disease in patients at a Comprehensive Cancer Center (2001-2005)Gabriel M Aisenberg
Department of Infectious Diseases, Infection Control, and Employee Health, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, 77030, USA
Cancer 104:2882-7. 2005..007) and those with pulmonary disease (age 60 yrs; P = 0.09). CONCLUSIONS: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis was relatively common in younger patients with active M. tuberculosis infection, and was often initially misdiagnosed as cancer...
- Incidence and growth pattern of simple cysts of the kidney in patients with asymptomatic microscopic hematuriaKen Marumo
Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan
Int J Urol 10:63-7. 2003We examined the incidence and natural history of simple renal cysts found by ultrasonography (US) in patients referred for asymptomatic microscopic hematuria.
- Risks of oral anticoagulant therapy with increasing ageMarieke Torn
Department of Hematology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands
Arch Intern Med 165:1527-32. 2005..0) between 1994 and 1998 were included in the study and grouped by age at the start of follow-up. We calculated incidence rates of major hemorrhage and thromboembolism per age group...
- Quality management in traumatic brain injury (TBI) lessons from the prospective study in 6.800 patients after acute TBI in respect of neurorehabilitationK R H von Wild
Medical Faculty, Westfalische Wilhelms University, Munster, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany
Acta Neurochir Suppl 93:15-25. 2005..The incidence was 321/100.000 population...
- Patterns of tuberculosis risk over time among recent immigrants to Ontario, CanadaM I Creatore
Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:667-72. 2005..Canada receives more than 200000 immigrants annually. Immigrants account for 92% of tuberculosis (TB) cases in Toronto, Ontario. Epidemiological profiling of recent immigrants is needed to provide more effective TB programs...
- Clinical analysis of 48 cases of inverse psoriasis: a hospital-based studyGang Wang
Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, 15 Changlexi Road, Xi an 710032 China
Eur J Dermatol 15:176-8. 2005..The disease responds well to the narrow band UVB therapy. Compared with common psoriasis, inverse psoriasis has similar and unique characteristics in terms of the affected areas, clinical symptoms, and responses to the treatment...
- Comprehensive analysis of vehicle-pedestrian crashes at intersections in FloridaChris Lee
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, USA
Accid Anal Prev 37:775-86. 2005..Based on the findings in the analysis, some countermeasures are recommended to improve pedestrian safety...
- Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung (CCAM) in children. Indications to early treatment in asymptomatic patientsV Briganti
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 45:527-8. 2004
- Renal replacement therapy in SwedenS Schon
Dept of Dialysis, Skaraborgs Hospital, Falköping, Sweden
Scand J Urol Nephrol 38:332-9. 2004..The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence, incidence, comorbidity risk factors and survival of patients with ESRD who underwent dialysis treatment and/ or kidney ..
- Cartilaginous choristoma of the bony external auditory canal: a study of 36 casesFei Peng Lee
Department of Otolaryngology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 133:786-90. 2005..The study goal is to present the clinical data of 36 cases of heterotopic cartilaginous mass in the bony external auditory canal and to clarify the terminology used to describe this clinical entity...
- Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury and preservation in thyroidectomyBulent Aytac
Department of General Surgery, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Besevler, Ankara, Turkey
Saudi Med J 26:1746-9. 2005..Intraparenchymal dissection or subtotal excision can be performed if failure to identify RLN occur, and new operative techniques and medical management of benign thyroid diseases should be considered...
- Changing presentation of adult celiac diseaseWinson Lo
Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
Dig Dis Sci 48:395-8. 2003..0 +/- 1.1 years to 4.4 +/- 0.6 years (P < 0001). In conclusion, the percentage of celiac disease patients presenting with diarrhea has decreased, probably related to the more widespread use of serologic testing for celiac disease...
- Streptococcus suis infection in ThailandRatha-Korn Vilaichone
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
J Med Assoc Thai 85:S109-17. 2002..Furthermore, a high index of suspicion and early detection in order to identify and apply effective antimicrobial agents is necessary to successfully treat S. suis infection...
- Long-term risk of second malignancy after treatment of Hodgkin's disease: the influence of treatment, age and follow-up timeA Foss Abrahamsen
Department of Medical Oncology and Radiotherapy, The Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Ann Oncol 13:1786-91. 2002..The median age at diagnosis of HD was 40 years, and the median time at follow-up was 14 years...
- Patterns of joint involvement at onset differentiate oligoarticular juvenile psoriatic arthritis from pauciarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritisChristian Huemer
Department of Pediatrics, University of Vienna, Austria
J Rheumatol 29:1531-5. 2002..The use of a criterion consisting of small joint disease and/or wrist disease and/or dactylitis instead of dactylitis alone may increase the ability to differentiate Oligo-JPsA from Pauci-JRA or Oligo-JIA...
- A geographic analysis of motor vehicle collisions with child pedestrians in Long Beach, California: comparing intersection and midblock incident locationsA S Lightstone
Southern California Injury Prevention Research Center, UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles 90095, USA
Inj Prev 7:155-60. 2001..As GIS illustrative spatial relationships continue to improve, relationships between pedestrian collision sites and other city landmarks can advance the study of pedestrian incidents...
- Incidence and natural history of below-knee deep venous thrombosis in high-risk trauma patientsRichard P Sharpe
Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA
J Trauma 53:1048-52. 2002..The purpose of this study was to delineate the incidence and natural history of below-knee deep venous thrombosis (BKDVT) in high-risk trauma patients...
- The injured child is resistant to multiple organ failure: a different inflammatory response?Casey M Calkins
Department of Surgery, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA
J Trauma 53:1058-63. 2002Although postinjury multiple organ failure (MOF) is a well-described phenomenon in adults, the incidence of this syndrome in children is unknown...
- Antibiotics after rattlesnake envenomationFrank LoVecchio
Good Samaritan Regional Medical and Poison Control Center, Department of Medical Toxicology, Phoenix, Arizona 85006, USA
J Emerg Med 23:327-8. 2002..Prophylactic antibiotics are not indicated in patients with rattlesnake bites...
- The dangers of snowboarding: a 9-year prospective comparison of snowboarding and skiing injuriesT Dohjima
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Gifu University, Gifu City, Gifu Prefecture, Japan
Acta Orthop Scand 72:657-60. 2001..Severe injuries were commoner in snowboarding accidents. We recommend the use of appropriate equipment and instructions for beginners to prevent such injuries...
- Birth characteristics, maternal reproductive history, hormone use during pregnancy, and risk of childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia by immunophenotype (United States)Shu Xiao Ou
Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
Cancer Causes Control 13:15-25. 2002..To investigate the associations of birth characteristics and maternal reproductive factors with risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by immunophenotypic subtypes...
- A clinical study of childhood alopecia areata in SingaporeEileen Tan
National Skin Center, Singapore
Pediatr Dermatol 19:298-301. 2002..The profile of the poor respondents to therapy included young age of onset, past history of AA, Down syndrome, and extensive involvement...
- Incidence rates and populations at risk for spinal cord injury: A regional studyD A Burke
Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, KY 40292, USA
Spinal Cord 39:274-8. 2001..RESULTS: An adjusted average incidence rate of 27.1 cases per million per year was obtained for this region...
- Dietary risk markers that contribute to the aetiology of hypertension in black South African children: the THUSA BANA studyA E Schutte
School for Physiology, Nutrition and Consumer Science, Potchefstroom, South Africa
J Hum Hypertens 17:29-35. 2003..The low intakes of these nutrients, among others, is a matter of serious concern, as is the increasing tendency towards urbanisation...
- Hepatitis A outbreak in a group of Danish tourists returning from Turkey, October 2005Michael Howitz
Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Denmark
Euro Surveill 10:E051201.2. 2005
- Comparative incidence of acute Q fever in two ethnic groups in IsraelJ Bishara
Department of Internal Medicine C and Infectious Diseases, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Petach Tivkah, Israel 49100
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 23:224-5. 2004
- Gunshot injuries as seen at the Aga Khan Hospital, Nairobi, KenyaH S Saidi
Department of Human Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya
East Afr Med J 79:188-92. 2002..There were 97 males and 10 females aged four to 94 years. The mean age was 39 years. RESULTS: The peak incidence was in the 40-49 year age group. The male to female ratio was 10:1...
- Epidemiologic, clinical and laboratory features of scrub typhus in thirty Thai childrenVirat Sirisanthana
Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
Pediatr Infect Dis J 22:341-5. 2003..The presence of eschar was helpful in making the diagnosis. Complications included pneumonitis and meningitis. All cases responded well to treatment with antibiotic...
- Rhabdomyolysis and secondary renal failure in critically ill surgical patientsLindsey S Sharp
Department of Surgery, Grady Memorial Hospital and Emory University School of Medicine, 69 Jesse Hill Jr. Drive SE, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
Am J Surg 188:801-6. 2004..0 mg/dL). CONCLUSIONS: An algorithm for testing at-risk surgical patients was developed and may aid in the early diagnosis of clinically significant rhabdomyolysis...
- Analysis of new respiratory allergies in patients monosensitized to airborne allergens in the area north of MilanR Asero
Ambulatorio di Allergologia, Clinica San Carlo, Paderno Dugnano MI, Italy
J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 14:208-13. 2004....
- Maxillofacial trauma: current practice in management at Pakistan Institute of Medical SciencesS Shahid Hussain
Department of Plastic Surgery, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 15:8-11. 2003..This study was carried out to determine the aetiology, pattern and management of maxillofacial injuries at PIMS, Islamabad...
- Incisional hernia after repair of wound dehiscence: incidence and risk factorsPeggy J De Vos Van Steenwijk
Department of Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam-Dijkzigt, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Am Surg 70:281-6. 2004The true incidence of incisional hernia after wound dehiscence repair remains unclear because thorough long-term follow-up studies are not available...
- Superficial mycoses and HIV infection in YaoundeJ Lohoue Petmy
Mycology Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 18:301-4. 2004The incidence of superficial infections in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is increasing in Yaounde...
- Cutaneous mastocytosis in children: a clinical analysis of 71 casesA E Kiszewski
Department of Dermatology, National Institute of Paediatrics, Insurgentes Sur 3700-C, Col. Insurgentes-Cuicuilco, , Mexico DF, CP 04530
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 18:285-90. 2004..In contrast to adults, mastocytosis in children usually has a benign course making sophisticated or invasive diagnostic tests unnecessary. A classification of paediatric cutaneous mastocytosis is proposed...
- Impact of Antibiotics and Vaccines on the in vivo Evolution of S. pneumoniaeGarth Ehrlich; Fiscal Year: 2009..reducing the incidence of those types, unfortunately other nonvaccine types have arisen introduction a few years ago of a vaccine ..
- Pancreas Cancer Specialized Program of Research Excelle*Anton Wellstein; Fiscal Year: 2006..Both men and women will be included in numbers proportionate to the incidence of the disease and there are adequate plans for the inclusion of minority populations...
- Biomarkers of Metabolic and Vascular Risk in ObesityVasan Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2009..and vascular dysfunction, will distinguish obesity subphenotypes cross-sectionally, and prospectively predict incidence of diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension (HTN) and cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
- Biomarkers of Metabolic and Vascular Risk in ObesityVASAN S RAMACHANDRAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..and vascular dysfunction, will distinguish obesity subphenotypes cross-sectionally, and prospectively predict incidence of diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension (HTN) and cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
- The Effect of Aflatoxin Regulation on Global Liver Cancer RiskFelicia Wu; Fiscal Year: 2010..provide decision- makers information on how to set foodborne aflatoxin standards that reduce global liver cancer incidence. Liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) is the 3rd-leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide, with an increasing ..
- Diet and Gastrointestinal Cancer Risk in African Americans and Rural AfricansSTEPHEN JD O apos KEEFE; Fiscal Year: 2010Geographical variations in cancer incidence can be attributed to environmental causes in general, and to diet, in particular...
- Venous thromboembolism among California cancer patientsHelen Chew; Fiscal Year: 2003..However, there is surprisingly little data regarding the incidence and time course of VTE and the risk of recurrent VTE among patients with a specific malignancy defined by ..
- Alcohol Consumption and Risk of NHL: Role of MTOR DysfunctionRonald Gartenhaus; Fiscal Year: 2009The incidence of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in the USA has dramatically increased over the past two decades...
- Alcohol Consumption and Risk of NHL: Role of MTOR DysfunctionRONALD BENJAMIN GARTENHAUS; Fiscal Year: 2010The incidence of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in the USA has dramatically increased over the past two decades...
- A Pap Test Intervention to Enhance Decision Making among Pacific Islander WomenSORA PARK contact TANJASIRI; Fiscal Year: 2010..many ethnic and racial populations, including Pacific Islanders (PIs) who have high rates of cervical cancer incidence and mortality...
- Disparities in cervical cancer precursors and deregulation of imprinted genesSusan Kay Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2010..cervical intraepithelial lesions (CIN) and its aggressive treatment has resulted in decreased cervical cancer incidence and mortality, an estimated 11,000 cases of invasive cervical cancer (ICC) and 40,000 cases of carcinoma in situ ..
- Hazardous Air Pollutants and Lymphohematopoietic Cancer Incidence in Houston 1995Elaine Symanski; Fiscal Year: 2007..PI: Symanski, Elaine 1 R03 CA128106-01 Title: Hazardous Air Pollutants and Lymphohematopoietic Cancer Incidence in Houston 1995-2005 Research and Related attachment #6: Project Summary/Abstract Page Hazardous Air Pollutants ..
- MECHANISMS OF ALLOGENEIC STEM CELL EDUCATION IN SCIDRebecca H Buckley; Fiscal Year: 2010..we plan to measure telomere length in the T cells of the various molecular types of transplants, 3) reducing the incidence of autoimmunity, and 4) contributing to their overall successful immune transplantation may be beneficial to ..
- EXPOSURE TO BLOOD AMONG NON-HOSPITAL HEALTH CARE WORKERSJack Leiss; Fiscal Year: 2002..Specific aims are to (i) estimate the incidence of blood exposure among non- hospital health care workers engaged in patient care, (ii) identify and quantity ..
- Gestural Interfaces and Robotics for RehabilitationCorinna Lathan; Fiscal Year: 2007..6% and an incidence of 43/100,000 children per year...
- Cerebrovascular Disease and its Consequences in the Strong Study CohortDedra Buchwald; Fiscal Year: 2009..physical exams, laboratory and cardiac studies, and chart reviews to describe risk factors, prevalence, and incidence of cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality...
- LOSARTAN INTERVENTION FOR ENDPOINT REDUCTION (LIFE)Otelio Randall; Fiscal Year: 2000..phase is completed--only patient followup is continuing) that, compared to atenolol, losartan will reduce the incidence of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in patients with essential hypertension and left ventricular ..
- Incidence, risk factors, and consequences of neonatal hypothermia in NepalLUKE MULLANY; Fiscal Year: 2007..The overall goal of this secondary data analysis is to estimate the incidence, risk factors, and health consequences of hypothermia among newborns in a rural population of southern Nepal...
- Impact of Environmental Pollutants on Breast Cancer and*Julia Brody; Fiscal Year: 2005DESCRIPTION: Breast cancer incidence continues to rise in all age groups in the US, with an increase in age-adjusted incidence of more than 40% from the early 1970s to the late 1990s...