mass media

Summary

Summary: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Mass media campaigns to promote smoking cessation among adults: an integrative review
    Sarah Durkin
    Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Council Victoria, Carlton, Victoria, Australia
    Tob Control 21:127-38. 2012
  2. pmc Use of mass media campaigns to change health behaviour
    Melanie A Wakefield
    Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Council Victoria, Carlton, Australia
    Lancet 376:1261-71. 2010
  3. pmc Impact of a mass media campaign on bed net use in Cameroon
    Hannah L Bowen
    Impact Programs, Malaria No More, 432 Park Ave S, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Malar J 12:36. 2013
  4. ncbi Systematic review of the effectiveness of mass communication programs to change HIV/AIDS-related behaviors in developing countries
    Jane T Bertrand
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Communication Programs, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
    Health Educ Res 21:567-97. 2006
  5. pmc Effects of mass media campaign exposure intensity and durability on quit attempts in a population-based cohort study
    M A Wakefield
    Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Council Victoria, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia
    Health Educ Res 26:988-97. 2011
  6. doi Science communication. Interactions with the mass media
    Hans Peter Peters
    Program Group Humans Environment Technology, Forschungszentrum Julich, 52425 Julich, Germany
    Science 321:204-5. 2008
  7. ncbi Lessons learned from public health mass media campaigns: marketing health in a crowded media world
    Whitney Randolph
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, 6130 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7368, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 25:419-37. 2004
  8. pmc Impact of tobacco control policies and mass media campaigns on monthly adult smoking prevalence
    Melanie A Wakefield
    Centre for Behavioral Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia
    Am J Public Health 98:1443-50. 2008
  9. pmc Systematic review of mass media interventions designed to improve public recognition of stroke symptoms, emergency response and early treatment
    Jan Lecouturier
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:784. 2010
  10. pmc Cluster-randomised trial to evaluate the 'Change for Life' mass media/ social marketing campaign in the UK
    Helen Croker
    Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, Gower Street, WC1E 6BT, London, UK
    BMC Public Health 12:404. 2012

Detail Information

Publications316 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Mass media campaigns to promote smoking cessation among adults: an integrative review
    Sarah Durkin
    Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Council Victoria, Carlton, Victoria, Australia
    Tob Control 21:127-38. 2012
    This review summarises the impact of mass media campaigns on promoting quitting among adult smokers overall and for subgroups; the influence of campaign intensity and different channels; the effects of different message types.
  2. pmc Use of mass media campaigns to change health behaviour
    Melanie A Wakefield
    Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Council Victoria, Carlton, Australia
    Lancet 376:1261-71. 2010
    b>Mass media campaigns are widely used to expose high proportions of large populations to messages through routine uses of existing media, such as television, radio, and newspapers. Exposure to such messages is, therefore, generally passive...
  3. pmc Impact of a mass media campaign on bed net use in Cameroon
    Hannah L Bowen
    Impact Programs, Malaria No More, 432 Park Ave S, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Malar J 12:36. 2013
    ..This study evaluates the impact of KO Palu NightWatch activities (that is, the subset of KO Palu-branded communications that were funded by MNM's NightWatch program) on bed net use...
  4. ncbi Systematic review of the effectiveness of mass communication programs to change HIV/AIDS-related behaviors in developing countries
    Jane T Bertrand
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Communication Programs, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
    Health Educ Res 21:567-97. 2006
    This review systematically examined the effectiveness of 24 mass media interventions on changing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviors...
  5. pmc Effects of mass media campaign exposure intensity and durability on quit attempts in a population-based cohort study
    M A Wakefield
    Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Council Victoria, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia
    Health Educ Res 26:988-97. 2011
    ..To assess the extent to which intensity and timing of televised anti-smoking advertising emphasizing the serious harms of smoking influences quit attempts...
  6. doi Science communication. Interactions with the mass media
    Hans Peter Peters
    Program Group Humans Environment Technology, Forschungszentrum Julich, 52425 Julich, Germany
    Science 321:204-5. 2008
  7. ncbi Lessons learned from public health mass media campaigns: marketing health in a crowded media world
    Whitney Randolph
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, 6130 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7368, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 25:419-37. 2004
    Every year, new public health mass media campaigns are launched attempting to change health behavior and improve health outcomes. These campaigns enter a crowded media environment filled with messages from competing sources...
  8. pmc Impact of tobacco control policies and mass media campaigns on monthly adult smoking prevalence
    Melanie A Wakefield
    Centre for Behavioral Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia
    Am J Public Health 98:1443-50. 2008
    ..We sought to assess the impact of several tobacco control policies and televised antismoking advertising on adult smoking prevalence...
  9. pmc Systematic review of mass media interventions designed to improve public recognition of stroke symptoms, emergency response and early treatment
    Jan Lecouturier
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:784. 2010
    b>Mass media interventions have been implemented to improve emergency response to stroke given the emergence of effective acute treatments, but their impact is unclear.
  10. pmc Cluster-randomised trial to evaluate the 'Change for Life' mass media/ social marketing campaign in the UK
    Helen Croker
    Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, Gower Street, WC1E 6BT, London, UK
    BMC Public Health 12:404. 2012
    ..Change4Life (C4L) is a national obesity prevention campaign in England. It included mass media coverage aiming to reframe obesity into a health issue relevant to all and provided the opportunity for parents ..
  11. ncbi Information needs and sources of information among cancer patients: a systematic review of research (1980-2003)
    Lila J Finney Rutten
    Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, 6130 Executive Blvd, EPN 4051A, MSC 7365, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 57:250-61. 2005
    ..Future research should examine cancer patients' information needs and sources throughout their cancer journey...
  12. ncbi A 10-year systematic review of HIV/AIDS mass communication campaigns: Have we made progress?
    Seth M Noar
    Department of Communication, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 0042, USA
    J Health Commun 14:15-42. 2009
    ..e., preexperimental) outcome evaluation designs. Implications of these results for improved design, implementation, and evaluation of HIV/AIDS campaign efforts are discussed...
  13. ncbi Press releases of science journal articles and subsequent newspaper stories on the same topic
    V de Semir
    Observatori de la Comunicació Científica, Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain
    JAMA 280:294-5. 1998
    ..Scientific journals issue press releases to disseminate scientific news about articles they publish...
  14. ncbi Carbon monoxide poisoning as a new method of suicide in Hong Kong
    W S Chung
    Department of Psychiatry, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Princes of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong, China
    Psychiatr Serv 52:836-7. 2001
    ..The authors speculate that this form of suicide is becoming more prevalent because it has been highly publicized, it is easily carried out, and it is culturally acceptable...
  15. ncbi Potential effectiveness of specific anti-smoking mass media advertisements among Australian Indigenous smokers
    Harold S Stewart
    Aboriginal Health Council of South Australia, Unley 5061, Australia
    Health Educ Res 26:961-75. 2011
    ....
  16. ncbi The effect of experimental presentation of thin media images on body satisfaction: a meta-analytic review
    Lisa M Groesz
    Department of Psychology, Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio 43022 9623, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 31:1-16. 2002
    The effect of experimental manipulations of the thin beauty ideal, as portrayed in the mass media, on female body image was evaluated using meta-analysis.
  17. pmc The impact of Jade Goody's diagnosis and death on the NHS Cervical Screening Programme
    L Lancucki
    Statistics Consultant to NHS Cancer Screening Programmes, Sheffield, UK
    J Med Screen 19:89-93. 2012
    ..A surge in cervical screening attendances associated with these events was widely reported. This paper aims to quantify the size of that effect across England, its duration, and whether it affected some groups of women more than others...
  18. ncbi The media matter: a call for straightforward medical reporting
    Lisa M Schwartz
    Ann Intern Med 140:226-8. 2004
  19. ncbi A 10-year retrospective of research in health mass media campaigns: where do we go from here?
    Seth M Noar
    Department of Communication, University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40506, USA
    J Health Commun 11:21-42. 2006
    b>Mass media campaigns have long been a tool for promoting public health...
  20. ncbi Advanced methods for evaluating the impact of family planning communication programs: evidence from Tanzania and Nepal
    Paul Hutchinson
    Department of International Health and Development, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 37:169-86. 2006
    ..Researchers should, therefore, pay close attention to the results of tests for endogeneity and identification that guide the appropriate use of the different methods...
  21. ncbi Can targeted HIV testing campaigns alter health-seeking behaviour?
    A McOwan
    Victoria Clinic for Sexual Health, London, UK
    AIDS Care 14:385-90. 2002
    ..The results suggest that including detailed information about accessing testing services may be a vital ingredient in the success of media campaigns focusing on HIV testing...
  22. ncbi The Influence of the National truth campaign on smoking initiation
    Matthew C Farrelly
    RTI International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:379-84. 2009
    ..This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of a prominent national youth smoking-prevention campaign in the U.S. known as truth that was launched in February 2000...
  23. pmc Contemporary neuroscience in the media
    Eric Racine
    Neuroethics Research Unit, Institut de Recherches Cliniques de Montreal, 110 avenue des Pins Ouest, Montreal, Quebec H2W 1R7, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 71:725-33. 2010
    ..We also discuss the impact of these findings on neuroscience and on the respective contributions of the social sciences and the biological sciences in contemporary psychiatry and mental health policy...
  24. pmc The polarizing effect of news media messages about the social determinants of health
    Sarah E Gollust
    University of Pennsylvania, 3641 Locust Walk, Room 302, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6218, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:2160-7. 2009
    ..These results signify that increasing public awareness of the social determinants of health may not uniformly increase public support for policy action...
  25. ncbi Role of media reports in completed and prevented suicide: Werther v. Papageno effects
    Thomas Niederkrotenthaler
    Department of General Practice and Family Medicine, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Austria
    Br J Psychiatry 197:234-43. 2010
    ..Few studies have investigated the associations between specific media content and suicide rates. Even less is known about the possible preventive effects of suicide-related media content...
  26. ncbi Evolving public perceptions and stability in vaccine uptake
    Timothy C Reluga
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Math Biosci 204:185-98. 2006
    ..This research illustrates the importance of applying temporal models to an inherently temporal situation, namely, the time evolution of vaccine coverage in an informed population with a voluntary vaccination policy...
  27. ncbi Assessing the impact of media guidelines for reporting on suicides in Austria: interrupted time series analysis
    Thomas Niederkrotenthaler
    Medical University of Vienna, Center for Public Health, Institute for Medical Psychology, Severingasse 9, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 41:419-28. 2007
    ..This report provides an evaluation of the Austrian guidelines that were introduced in 1987 as a natural experiment...
  28. ncbi Using the Integrative Model to explain how exposure to sexual media content influences adolescent sexual behavior
    Amy Bleakley
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Educ Behav 38:530-40. 2011
    ....
  29. ncbi A decade of research on health content in the media: the focus on health challenges and sociocultural context and attendant informational and ideological problems
    Kimberly N Kline
    Department of Speech Communication, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, 62901, USA
    J Health Commun 11:43-59. 2006
    ..I conclude by offering some possibilities for future health media content research...
  30. ncbi South African national household survey of HIV/AIDS prevalence, behavioural risks and mass media impact--detailed methodology and response rate results
    Olive Shisana
    Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town
    S Afr Med J 94:283-8. 2004
    ..To describe the methodology used in a recent survey of HIV/AIDS in South Africa and to present the response rates...
  31. ncbi Cancer in the mass print media: fear, uncertainty and the medical model
    Juanne N Clarke
    Wilfrid Laurier University Waterloo, Ont, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 62:2591-600. 2006
    ..The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications of the linking of fear with cancer in the context of medicine as the solution...
  32. ncbi News media coverage of screening mammography for women in their 40s and tamoxifen for primary prevention of breast cancer
    Lisa M Schwartz
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    JAMA 287:3136-42. 2002
    ....
  33. ncbi Using mass media campaigns to promote voluntary counseling and HIV-testing services in Kenya
    Elizabeth Marum
    US Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS 22:2019-24. 2008
    ..From 2002 onwards, services were promoted by a four-phase professionally designed mass media campaign.
  34. ncbi Suicide prevention strategies: a systematic review
    J John Mann
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, Division of Neuroscience, New York, NY 10032, USA
    JAMA 294:2064-74. 2005
    ..Some developed nations have implemented national suicide prevention plans. Although these plans generally propose multiple interventions, their effectiveness is rarely evaluated...
  35. ncbi Social disparities, communication inequalities, and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and attitudes in India
    Leland K Ackerson
    Department of Community Health and Sustainability, University of Massachusetts Lowell, 3 Solomont Way, Lowell, MA 01854, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:2072-81. 2012
    ..Results indicated that there are significant inequalities in mass media use among different social classes...
  36. ncbi Associations of mass media exposure with family planning attitudes and practices in Uganda
    Neeru Gupta
    MEASURE Evaluation Project, ORC Macro, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 34:19-31. 2003
    ..Some evidence of self-reported bias is found, and the pathways to fertility-related behavioral change appear different for women and men...
  37. pmc Analysis of media agenda setting during and after Hurricane Katrina: implications for emergency preparedness, disaster response, and disaster policy
    Michael D Barnes
    Department of Health Science, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:604-10. 2008
    ..We discuss specific implications for public health professionals, policymakers, and mass media so that, in the future, coordination can be enhanced among these entities before, during, and after disasters ..
  38. pmc Tobacco packaging and mass media campaigns: research needs for Articles 11 and 12 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
    David Hammond
    Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
    Nicotine Tob Res 15:817-31. 2013
    ..Articles 11 and 12 of the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control establish standards for two important forms of communication: packaging regulations (Article 11), and mass media campaigns (Article 12).
  39. ncbi Mass media interventions for smoking cessation in adults
    Malgorzata M Bala
    2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 6:CD004704. 2013
    b>Mass media tobacco control campaigns can reach large numbers of people...
  40. ncbi Evaluation of the PSAMAO "Roulez Protégé" mass media campaign in Burkina Faso. Prévention du SIDA sur les Axes Migratoires de l'Afrique de l'Ouest
    B Oleko Tambashe
    Department of International Health and Development and the Payson Center for International Development and Technology Transfer, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 15:33-48. 2003
    ..assesses the impact of the Prevention du SIDA sur les Axes Migratoires de l'Afrique de l'Ouest Roulez Protege mass media campaign in Burkina Faso on truckers' likelihood of talking with colleagues about HIV/AIDS, using condoms with ..
  41. ncbi Journalists and jabs: media coverage of the MMR vaccine
    Tammy Speers
    Cardiff School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies, Cardiff University, Wales, UK
    Commun Med 1:171-81. 2004
    ..We will argue that the media's critical scrutiny of those supporting MMR was not matched by a rigorous examination of the case against it, and that the public was, as a consequence, often misinformed about the level of risk involved...
  42. ncbi The effectiveness of mass communication to change public behavior
    Lorien C Abroms
    Department of Prevention and Community Health, George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 29:219-34. 2008
    ..We use an ecological perspective to examine the ways in which mass media interventions can be used to influence public behavior both directly and indirectly...
  43. ncbi Social marketing campaigns and children's media use
    W Douglas Evans
    RTI International, USA
    Future Child 18:181-203. 2008
    ..Evans also outlines a message strategy to promote "smart media use" to parents, children, and adolescents and suggests a brand based on personal interaction as a desirable alternative to "virtual interaction"...
  44. ncbi The Global Public Health Intelligence Network and early warning outbreak detection: a Canadian contribution to global public health
    Eric Mykhalovskiy
    Department of Sociology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Public Health 97:42-4. 2006
    ....
  45. ncbi Lay perceptions of collectives at the outbreak of the H1N1 epidemic: heroes, villains and victims
    Pascal Wagner-Egger
    Département of Psychologie, Universite de Fribourg, Switzerland
    Public Underst Sci 20:461-76. 2011
    ..g., the pharmaceutical industry). Laypersons' framing of disease threat diverges substantially from official perspectives...
  46. pmc Breaking the news or fueling the epidemic? Temporal association between news media report volume and opioid-related mortality
    Nabarun Dasgupta
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e7758. 2009
    ..We assessed whether increases in news media reports occurred before or after increases in overdose deaths...
  47. ncbi Evaluation of a Canadian back pain mass media campaign
    Douglas P Gross
    Department of Physical Therapy, Division of Rheumatology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:906-13. 2010
    ..Quasi-experimental before-and-after design with control group...
  48. ncbi The mass media exposure and disordered eating behaviours in Spanish secondary students
    María Calado
    Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Meixoeiro, Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain
    Eur Eat Disord Rev 18:417-27. 2010
    The aim of this study was to investigate the association between disordered eating behaviours/attitudes and mass media exposure in a cross-sectional national survey of 1165 Spanish secondary students (age between 14 and 16 years)...
  49. ncbi Mass media interventions for preventing smoking in young people
    Malcolm P Brinn
    Clinical Practice Unit, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 4A Main Building, 28 Woodville Road Woodville South, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 5011
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 11:CD001006. 2010
    The mass media have been used as a way of delivering preventive health messages. They have the potential to reach and to modify the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of a large proportion of the community.
  50. ncbi Changes in media reporting of suicide in Australia between 2000/01 and 2006/07
    Jane Pirkis
    Centre for Health Policy, Programs and Economics, School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Crisis 30:25-33. 2009
    ..To evaluate changes in Australian news media reporting of suicide between 2000/01 and 2006/07 against recommendations in the resource Reporting Suicide and Mental Illness...
  51. ncbi The impact of media reporting of suicide on actual suicides in Taiwan, 2002-05
    Ying Yeh Chen
    Taipei City Psychiatric Centre, Taipei City Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:934-40. 2011
    ....
  52. ncbi The effects of a celebrity suicide on suicide rates in Hong Kong
    Paul S F Yip
    HKJC Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, PR China
    J Affect Disord 93:245-52. 2006
    ..We have examined the impact on suicides following the death of a famous Hong Kong pop singer whose death from suicide by jumping from a height, occurred on 1st April 2003, and resulted in extensive and often dramatic media coverage...
  53. ncbi Body image and eating disorders amongst Japanese adolescents. A review of the literature
    Naomi Chisuwa
    Faculty of Education and Social Work, University of Sydney, Australia
    Appetite 54:5-15. 2010
    ..Strategies for culturally appropriate prevention are discussed...
  54. pmc Media as social influence: racial differences in the effects of peers and media on adolescent alcohol cognitions and consumption
    Frederick X Gibbons
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, NH 03755, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 24:649-59. 2010
    ..The results suggest media influence works in a similar manner to social influence and that Whites may be more susceptible to both types of influence...
  55. pmc Media roles in suicide prevention: a systematic review
    Merike Sisask
    Central Behavior and Health Science, Estonian Swedish Mental Health and Suicidology Institute ERSI, 39 Õie, Tallinn 11615, Estonia
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:123-38. 2012
    ..However, online media can provide valuable innovative qualitative research material...
  56. pmc Influence of medical journal press releases on the quality of associated newspaper coverage: retrospective cohort study
    Lisa M Schwartz
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    BMJ 344:d8164. 2012
    ..To determine whether the quality of press releases issued by medical journals can influence the quality of associated newspaper stories...
  57. pmc 22 years on: the impact and relevance of the UK No Smoking Day
    L Owen
    National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, London, UK
    Tob Control 15:19-25. 2006
    ..To evaluate the impact and relevance of the national awareness day "No Smoking Day" 22 years after it was launched...
  58. pmc What works in family planning interventions: a systematic review
    Lisa Mwaikambo
    Center for Communication Programs, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 42:67-82. 2011
    ..Based on the review findings, we identify promising programmatic approaches and propose directions for future evaluation research of family planning interventions...
  59. ncbi Process evaluation of the advertising campaign for the NSW Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service
    Blythe J O'Hara
    University of Sydney School of Public Health, New South Wales
    Health Promot J Austr 22:68-71. 2011
    ..The challenge is to understand the pattern of advertising that is effective at generating public awareness and interest in using the new service...
  60. pmc Mass media and HIV/AIDS in China
    Li Li
    Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Center for Community Health, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90024, USA
    J Health Commun 14:424-38. 2009
    Exposure to mass media related to HIV/AIDS has been linked to attitudinal and behavioral changes...
  61. doi Science priorities. Inappropriate use and portrayal of chimpanzees
    S R Ross
    Lester E Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of Apes, Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Science 319:1487. 2008
  62. ncbi Using mass media and the Internet as tools to diagnose hepatitis C infections in the general population
    Freke R Zuure
    Cluster Infectious Diseases, Public Health Service of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Prev Med 40:345-52. 2011
    ..Many individuals with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are undiagnosed...
  63. ncbi Multivariate causal attribution and cost-effectiveness of a national mass media campaign in the Philippines
    D Lawrence Kincaid
    Center for Communication Programs, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Health Commun 11:69-90. 2006
    ..amount of effect that can be attributed to the communication alone, however is problematical in full-coverage, mass media campaigns where the randomized control group design is not feasible...
  64. pmc The reporting of theoretical health risks by the media: Canadian newspaper reporting of potential blood transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
    Kumanan Wilson
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Public Health 4:1. 2004
    ..In this article we describe how the Canadian print media reported the theoretical risk of blood transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)...
  65. ncbi Sexy media matter: exposure to sexual content in music, movies, television, and magazines predicts black and white adolescents' sexual behavior
    Jane D Brown
    School of Journalism and Mass Communication, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3365, USA
    Pediatrics 117:1018-27. 2006
    To assess over time whether exposure to sexual content in 4 mass media (television, movies, music, and magazines) used by early adolescents predicts sexual behavior in middle adolescence.
  66. ncbi Mass media, stigma, and disclosure of HIV test results: multilevel analysis in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
    P L Hutchinson
    Department of International Health and Development, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 19:489-510. 2007
    In this article, we examine the role of mass media and interpersonal communication in affecting knowledge of HIV/AIDS, reducing stigma, using condoms, and increasing the likelihood of disclosing HIV test results to sexual partners and ..
  67. ncbi Understanding the characteristics of effective mass media campaigns for back pain and methodological challenges in evaluating their effects
    Rachelle Buchbinder
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology at Cabrini Hospital, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:74-80. 2008
    ..Workshop at the Low Back Pain Forum VIII: Primary Care Research on Low Back Pain held in Amsterdam in June 2006...
  68. ncbi Health and media: an overview
    Clive Seale
    Department of Human Sciences, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex
    Sociol Health Illn 25:513-31. 2003
  69. ncbi News media framing of childhood obesity in the United States from 2000 to 2009
    Colleen L Barry
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway, Hampton House 403, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 128:132-45. 2011
    ....
  70. pmc Interpersonal influences on late adolescent girls' and boys' disordered eating
    Lauren B Shomaker
    Department of Psychology, University of Denver, 2155 South Race Street, Denver, CO 80208, United States
    Eat Behav 10:97-106. 2009
    ..Findings underscore the significance of interpersonal relationships for disordered eating during late adolescence in both girls and boys...
  71. ncbi Are there different sociocultural influences on body image and body change strategies for overweight adolescent boys and girls?
    Marita P McCabe
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
    Eat Behav 11:156-63. 2010
    ..Sociocultural pressures also predicted muscle increase for overweight and normal weight girls. Implications for intervention and prevention programs for overweight adolescent boys and girls are discussed...
  72. pmc Effects of different types of antismoking ads on reducing disparities in smoking cessation among socioeconomic subgroups
    Sarah J Durkin
    Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
    Am J Public Health 99:2217-23. 2009
    We assessed which types of mass media messages might reduce disparities in smoking prevalence among disadvantaged population subgroups.
  73. ncbi Long-term responses of higher and lower risk youths to smoking prevention interventions
    B S Flynn
    Office of Health Promotion Research, College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington 05401, USA
    Prev Med 26:389-94. 1997
    ..cigarette smoking are difficult to reach with conventional interventions but have substantial exposure to the mass media. This study is the first to show that smoking prevention messages presented through the mass media can have ..
  74. ncbi Effect of media reporting of the suicide of a singer in Taiwan: the case of Ivy Li
    Ying Yeh Chen
    Taipei City Psychiatric Center, Taipei City Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 45:363-9. 2010
    ..This study investigates possible influences of media reporting of a celebrity suicide on subsequent suicide attempts and associated risk factors among suicide attempters...
  75. ncbi Successful participant recruitment strategies for an online smokeless tobacco cessation program
    Judith S Gordon
    Oregon Research Institute, 1715 Franklin Blvd, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 8:S35-41. 2006
    ..The use of thematic mailings is novel in research settings. Recruitment of study participants went quickly and smoothly. Google ads and mailings to media outlets were the methods that recruited the highest number of participants...
  76. pmc Quality of pharmaceutical industry press releases based on original research
    Bindee Kuriya
    Department of Rheumatology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 3:e2828. 2008
    ..Therefore, we sought to systematically examine pharmaceutical company press releases about original research for measures of quality...
  77. pmc Advocacy for public health: a primer
    S Chapman
    School of Public Health, A27 University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, Australia
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:361-5. 2004
    ..Public health advocacy is the strategic use of news media to advance a public policy initiative, often in the face of opposition...
  78. ncbi Smoke-free São Paulo: a campaign evaluation and the case for sustained mass media investment
    Jorge Alday
    World Lung Foundation, New York, NY 10006, USA
    Salud Publica Mex 52:S216-25. 2010
    Although evidence from high-income countries suggests that mass media campaigns can increase knowledge of tobacco harms and encourage smoking cessation, there is little evidence of this from developing countries, particularly related to ..
  79. ncbi Factors behind change in knowledge after a mass media campaign targeting periodontitis
    C Mårtensson
    Department of Health Sciences, Kristianstad University College, Kristianstad, Sweden
    Int J Dent Hyg 4:8-14. 2006
    The aim of this study was to investigate changes in knowledge before and after a mass media campaign, in relation to social attributes, care system attributes and oral health aspects...
  80. ncbi Threat, efficacy, and uncertainty in the first 5 months of national print and electronic news coverage of the H1N1 virus
    Catherine Goodall
    School of Communication Studies, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 44242, USA
    J Health Commun 17:338-55. 2012
    ..The authors discuss the implications from the perspective of fear appeal message processing models...
  81. ncbi Mass media information and adherence to Mediterranean diet: results from the Moli-sani study
    Marialaura Bonaccio
    Science Communication Unit, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura Giovanni Paolo II, 86100, Campobasso, Italy
    Int J Public Health 57:589-97. 2012
    To investigate the association between mass media information, dietary habits and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in an Italian adult population.
  82. ncbi Misrepresentation of health risks by mass media
    Larisa J Bomlitz
    Braun School of Public Health and Center for Clinical Quality and Safety, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical Center, POB 12000, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    J Public Health (Oxf) 30:202-4. 2008
    b>Mass media are a leading source of health information for general public. We wished to examine the relationship between the intensity of media coverage for selected health topics and their actual risk to public health.
  83. ncbi Perceptions of food risk management among key stakeholders: results from a cross-European study
    Ellen van Kleef
    Marketing and Consumer Behaviour Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
    Appetite 47:46-63. 2006
    ..Based on the study findings, recommendations for food risk management policies are outlined...
  84. ncbi The mass media and the prevention of child behavior problems: the evaluation of a television series to promote positive outcomes for parents and their children
    M R Sanders
    Parenting and Family Support Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 41:939-48. 2000
    ..All post-intervention effects were maintained at 6-month follow-up. Implications for public health approaches to family mental health are discussed...
  85. pmc A model of adolescents' seeking of sexual content in their media choices
    Amy Bleakley
    Annenberg Public Policy Center, Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA19104, USA
    J Sex Res 48:309-15. 2011
    ..Path analysis demonstrate that seeking sexual content is well-predicted by intentions to seek, and intentions are primarily driven by perceived normative pressure to seek sexual content...
  86. ncbi How the mass media report social statistics: a case study concerning research on end-of-life decisions
    Clive Seale
    Queen Mary University of London, Centre for Health Sciences, 2 Newark Street, London E1 2AT, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 71:861-8. 2010
    The issue of whether it is right to be concerned about the accuracy with which mass media report social scientific research is explored through a detailed case study of media reporting of two surveys of UK doctors' end-of-life decision-..
  87. ncbi Press releases by academic medical centers: not so academic?
    Steven Woloshin
    Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, Vermont 05009, USA
    Ann Intern Med 150:613-8. 2009
    ..The news media are often criticized for exaggerated coverage of weak science. Press releases, a source of information for many journalists, might be a source of those exaggerations...
  88. ncbi Mass media campaigns within reach: effective efforts with limited resources in Russia's capital city
    Rebecca Perl
    World Lung Foundation, 61 Broadway, Suite 2800, New York, NY 10006, USA
    Tob Control 20:439-41. 2011
    b>Mass media campaigns, while often expensive, are proven, cost-effective interventions and should not be considered out-of-reach, especially where governments have some sway over media markets, where large media discounts are possible or ..
  89. ncbi The role of the media in steering public opinion on healthcare issues
    Eva Benelli
    ZADIG ROMA, Agenzia di Gionalismo Scientifico, ZADIG Roma srl, Via Monte Cristallo 6, 00141 Rome, Italy
    Health Policy 63:179-86. 2003
    ..The media though has the potential to play in future an important strategic role in disseminating accurate information on issues pertaining to health...
  90. ncbi In-depth investigation of interpersonal discussions in response to a safer sex mass media campaign
    Donald W Helme
    Department of Communication, University of Kentucky, USA
    Health Commun 26:366-78. 2011
    ..with 139 young adults about conversations that took place in the context of a large, televised safer sex mass media campaign...
  91. ncbi Predictors of exposure from an antimarijuana media campaign: outcome research assessing sensation seeking targeting
    Michael T Stephenson
    Department of Communication University of Missouri Columbia, 65211 2310, USA
    Health Commun 14:23-43. 2002
    ..Implications for designing future antimarijuana messages based on these findings are discussed...
  92. ncbi Mass media-induced availability bias in the clinical suspicion of West Nile fever
    Mayer Brezis
    Ann Intern Med 140:234-5. 2004
  93. pmc Youth tobacco prevention mass media campaigns: past, present, and future directions
    M C Farrelly
    Tobacco Use Research Program, Health, Social and Economics Research, Research Triangle Institute, PO Box 12194, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Tob Control 12:i35-47. 2003
    ..In conclusion, we outline research needed to fill gaps in our existing knowledge and discuss future directions in tobacco countermarketing aimed at youth...
  94. ncbi Chemotherapy and information-seeking behaviour: characteristics of patients using mass-media information sources
    Linda D Muusses
    Amsterdam School of Communication Research ASCoR, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychooncology 21:993-1002. 2012
    ....
  95. ncbi Media saturation, communication exposure and HIV stigma in Nigeria
    Stella Babalola
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1513-20. 2009
    ..The findings strongly suggest that media-based HIV programs constitute an effective strategy to combat HIV/AIDS-related stigma and should therefore be intensified in Nigeria...
  96. ncbi The "Silent Springs" of Rachel Carson: mass media and the origins of modern environmentalism
    G Kroll
    Department of History, Plattsburgh State University of New York, USA
    Public Underst Sci 10:403-20. 2001
    ....
  97. pmc Australia's National Tobacco Campaign
    D Hill
    The Cancer Council Victoria, Victoria, Australia
    Tob Control 12:ii9-14. 2003
  98. ncbi Formative research to develop a mass media campaign to increase physical activity and nutrition in a multiethnic state
    Jay E Maddock
    University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA
    J Health Commun 13:208-15. 2008
    ..b>Mass media campaigns have tremendous promise for reaching large segments of the population to influence these behaviors...
  99. ncbi A computer simulation model of mass media interventions directed at tobacco use
    D T Levy
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, and University of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Prev Med 32:284-94. 2001
    The goal of this study was to develop a simulation model to examine the effects of tobacco control mass media interventions on smoking rates and smoking-attributable deaths.
  100. pmc Overcoming methodological challenges in evaluating health communication campaigns: evidence from rural Bangladesh
    David K Guilkey
    Department of Economics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Gardner Hall, CB 3305, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3305, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 42:93-106. 2011
    ..We conclude that evaluations of health communication campaigns would benefit from methods such as estimation by FIML that address nonrandom exposure and program targeting...
  101. ncbi Impact of a mass media campaign upon calls to the New South Wales Hep C helpline
    Jack Chen
    Simpson Centre for Health Service Research, Liverpool Hospital, New South Wales
    Health Promot J Austr 16:11-4. 2005
    This study evaluated the impact of a mass media campaign upon calls to the New South Wales Hep C Helpline.

Research Grants68

  1. Beliefs about Genes & Environment as Causes of Behavior
    Eleanor Singer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..rapid changes and developments in the field of genetics, and their increasing availability to the public via the mass media, we expect to see changes in attitudes as well...
  2. A national screening test for hearing, administered by telephone.
    Charles S Watson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In Year 1 the test will be launched in two metropolitan areas. In one it will be mainly publicized through mass media;in the other through presentations to local organizations...
  3. From Innovation to Solutions: Autodialers, Use of Early Autumn Physicals and Vac
    Richard K Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Then, we will develop and formatively evaluate new, electronic, mass media messages targeting parents and teens, using graphic expertise in our Center for Instructional Development and ..
  4. Self-Control as a Moderator for Effects of Mass Media on Adolescent Substance Use
    Thomas A Wills; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Thus the research program will have implications for both basic research on media influence and for media-oriented prevention research on smoking/alcohol use. ..
  5. RCT: Effect of Novel Intervention to Improve Stroke Symptom Recognition
    Olajide Williams; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Expensive mass media stroke education campaigns are not sustainable for this purpose, particularly in economically disadvantaged ..
  6. Media Literacy to Prevent Adolescent Smoking Initiation
    Brian A Primack; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..While on faculty, the candidate has first-authored 11 publications, presented papers at national meetings on mass media and health, and completed compelling pilot research on the potential impact of media literacy education on ..
  7. HIV Prevention Messages Targeting Latino MSM
    Maria Rosa Solorio; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..we plan to translate these messages into public service announcements (PSAs) and use them in a multi-component mass media campaign that targets young Latino MSM Spanish speakers, ages 18-25...
  8. A South African Pilot Worksite Parenting Program to Prevent HIV Among Adolescents
    Laura M Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..However, efforts to reduce HIV among South African youth through national campaigns, mass media, and schools have had limited success...
  9. Synthesizing HIV Behavioral Intervention Effectiveness in Developing Countries
    Michael D Sweat; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..18) Peer Education , (19) Family Planning Counseling for HIV-infected Women, (20) Condom Social Marketing, (21) Mass Media, (22) Partner Notification, (23) Abstinence-based Interventions, (24) Needle and Syringe Programs (NSP), (25) ..
  10. Linking Community Engagement Research to Public Health Biobank Practice
    Sharon L Kardia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..awareness campaign utilizing three different approaches (online web resources, deliberative juries, and mass media campaigns) through partnerships with the Michigan State University's Extension Service and the University ..
  11. An Experience-Sampling Study of Exposure to Alcohol Advertising &Youth Drinking
    Steven C Martino; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..They focus on a narrow range of exposures via traditional mass media, often rely solely on retrospective self-reports of exposure, and do not adequately capture the psychological ..
  12. Effects of individual behavioral responses on benefits of influenza vaccination
    Byung Kwang Yoo; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..vaccination receipt and its timing, including vaccine supply delay/shortage, current and prior epidemic levels, mass media reports, travel time cost to a clinic, and reimbursement rates for health care providers, (b) to explore if ..
  13. TV Watching Exposure, Eating and Nutrition Study
    Lisa A Sutherland; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..time to acquire new knowledge and skills in order conduct multidisciplinary research, with the goal of establishing myself as an independent cancer communication investigator specializing in mass media and adolescent dietary behavior.
  14. HIV Prevention among African Americans: A Media Campaign
    Adaora A Adimora; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The goal of this research is to develop effective mass media messages and strategies to decrease HIV transmission among AAs by reducing concurrent sexual partnerships...
  15. Genetics and Stigma: The Role of Mass Media
    Jo Phelan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Acknowledging the importance of the mass media in communicating genomic research to the public, we formed a collaboration between experts in stigma and ..
  16. A Multilevel HIV Prevention Strategy for High-Risk Youth
    Robert Valois; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The second level of intervention involves tailored HIV/STD prevention messages through local mass media. One city in each regional city-pair will be randomly assigned to receive the HIV prevention media campaign ..
  17. A Multilevel HIV-Prevention Strategy for High-Risk Youth
    Daniel Romer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The second level of intervention involves tailored HIV/STD prevention messages through local mass media. One city in each regional city-pair will be randomly assigned to receive the HIV prevention media campaign ..
  18. A Multilevel HIV-Prevention Strategy for High-Risk Youth
    Larry Brown; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The second level of intervention involves tailored HIV/STD prevention messages through local mass media. One city in each regional city-pair will be randomly assigned to receive the HIV prevention media campaign ..
  19. UPENN TCORS: Tobacco Product Messaging in a Complex Communication Environment
    Caryn Lerman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..result, tobacco product information and misinformation is readily accessible through a variety of sources: from mass media sources (e.g., newspapers, TV), to social media (e.g....
  20. Tobacco Control in a Rapidly Changing Media Environment
    Sherry L Emery; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed research focuses on the role of mass media in state and community tobacco control efforts...
  21. Brain Imaging the Effects of High Sensation Value Anti-Drug PSAs
    RICK HOYLE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..an efficient and effective method of evaluating the likely influence of anti-drug PSAs before they are used in mass media campaigns...
  22. Addiction Studies Program for Journalists
    David P Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Most Americans learn about science from the mass media. Because most editors and journalists have had little or no science education, however, coverage of the ..
  23. Minimizing Antibiotic Resistance in Colorado (MARC)
    Ralph Gonzales; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..public and patient education in clinician prescribing behavior: 1) household and office-based materials, and 2) mass media (television, radio, newsprint, web site)...
  24. Effects of Media on Adolescent AIDS-Related Behavior
    Martin Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..the media, like violence, have raised the ire of advocates, policymakers, and parents dating back to the first mass media marketed to children...
  25. MASS MEDIA AND ADOLESCENTS' SEXUAL HEALTH
    Jane Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The mass media have been have been blamed for increasingly STD's...
  26. ENVIRONMENTAL AND RURAL HEALTH EDUCATION PARTNERSHIP
    Larry Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..school scientific curriculum by the College of Education and disseminated into rural settings via existing mass media distant learning methods (SCR TEC, FORUM98) and professional teacher development programs...
  27. THE ALABAMA TOBACCO FREE FAMILIES PROGRAM
    Myra Crawford; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..focused on females of childbearing age and their families in eight target counties and consisting of: (a) a mass media-health communications component, (b) a community organization component, and (c) a professional practice ..
  28. Enhancing Partner Support to Motivate Smokeless Tobacco Users to Quit Via the Web
    Laura Akers; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  29. SOCIAL LEARNING, SOCIAL INFLUENCE AND FERTILITY CONTROL
    Mark Montgomery; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..organizations, and the accessibility and quality of services; (III) To explore how program efforts and the mass media complement the effects of social learning and social influences; and (IV) To refine methodologies for assessing ..
  30. CHILD HEALTH EFFECTS OF RAPID SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g. income, prices, food availability, technology, family structure, degree of urbanization, mass media) to health-related behaviors; and (2) the relationship of these health behaviors and other proximate factors to ..
  31. SOCIAL LEARNING, SOCIAL INFLUENCE, AND FERTILITY CONTROL
    JOHN CASTERLINE; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..organizations, and the accessibility and quality of services; (III) To explore how program efforts and the mass media complement the effects of social learning and social influences; and (IV) To refine methodologies for assessing ..
  32. Effects of Ethnicity/Race on Family Caregiving to Those*
    JORDAN KOSBERG; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..employees of community health care and social service agencies; self-referred as a result of publicity via the mass media, traditional outreach methods, and though community sources, such as clergy, police, merchants, and pharmacists...
  33. ALZHEIMER DISEASE AMONG SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISTS
    Zoreh Davanipour; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ....
  34. INTEGRATING ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCE IN RURAL SCHOOL
    Larry Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..into the four disciplines by the College of Education and disseminated into rural settings via existing mass media distant learning methods and professional teacher development programs through the Texas Rural Systemic ..
  35. MEDIA INTERVENTION TO PREVENT YOUTH ALCOHOL USE
    Brian Flynn; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..for Alcohol Prevention (IPAP) is to develop and test a comprehensive, yet cost-efficient, combination of mass media and community interventions supporting young people in developing healthy lifestyles and deterring alcohol use...
  36. RISK-TAKING, ALCOHOL, AND HIV PREVENTION IN YOUTH
    Rick Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Drawing upon previous research into these processes, we propose to develop and test more effective mass media and school-based interventions...
  37. CDC GRANTS for PUBLIC HEALTH RESEARCH (R36)
    ALISHA CREEL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project aims to evaluate the effects of a mass media program on HIV-related stigma and fear and HIV testing behavior...
  38. FactLine: Health Facts About the Poor and Underserved
    VIRGINIA BRENNAN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..mechanisms that will trigger searches of either professional medical literature (via a MEDLINE search) or of the mass media (such as Science Times, Newsweek, or Health magazines)...
  39. IMPLICIT AND UNCONSCIOUS COGNITION
    Anthony Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This method not only permits investigations of the potential for unwanted subliminal influence in mass media, but has provided a valuable tool that will be used to evaluate theories of unconscious cognitive capabilities ..
  40. Mental Illness in Children's TV
    OTTO WAHL; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In particular, negative stereotyping in mass media, particularly television, has been implicated as an important mechanism by which societal prejudices are ..
  41. THE YAKK (A new communication device for nonverbal children)
    TOM MORSE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The specific aim of this proposal is to show that insights, methods, and technologies from the mass media and consumer electronics will lead to the development of an AAC device that will provide children with a better ..
  42. ANALYSIS FOR CLUSTER RANDOMIZED TRIALS
    Edward Stanek; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The designs are also practical, since primary prevention often requires promulgation of information (using mass media) and education (in classes), or behavioral modification...
  43. MARYLAND SPECIAL POPULATIONS CANCER NETWORK
    Claudia Baquet; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..the development of funded research studies; 4.) the increased numbers of minorities selecting cancer research careers; and 5.) the long-term sustainability of the Network after the grant period. ..
  44. URBAN HEALTH NETWORK
    Kay Colby; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. Reducing Prehospital Delay Acute Myocardial Infarction
    Kathleen Dracup; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Significance - All previous interventions have focused on educating e public using mass media, with disappointing results...
  46. AIDS RESEARCH AND EDUCATION CENTER
    Marc Weiner; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..in community groups and business, to promote their informed involvement in the making of public policy, (4) Mass Media AIDS education/prevention project, with special emphasis on developing innovation, effective, yet sensitive ..
  47. Breast Cancer Information in Magazines and Websites
    KIM WALSH CHILDERS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..care professionals, they are more likely actually to receive such information from other sources, especially the mass media. However, relatively little is known about how well the breast cancer information included in mass media matches ..
  48. GRADY ASTHMA PROJECT
    ERIC HONIG; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Effective elements of the program will be collated and made available to other institutions. ..
  49. AIDS EDUCATION TO I.V. DRUG USERS AND SEXUAL PARTNERS
    Richard Stephens; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..In addition, a mass media campaign targeted at these individuals will be developed and evaluated...
  50. MEDIA DEVELOPMENT PROJECT TO PREVENT YOUTH ALCOHOL USE
    John Worden; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Integrated Projects for Alcohol Prevention (IPAP) is to test a comprehensive, yet cost-efficient, combination of mass media and community interventions which are coordinated with existing school curricula beginning in grades 4-5...
  51. INCREASING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TELEVISED ANTIDRUG PSAS
    Lewis Donohew; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..competing continuation of a project addressing a highly important objective--how to strengthen the impact of the mass media as a vital component in drug abuse prevention by making more effective persuasive use of televised anti-drug ..
  52. USING MEDIA TO PREVENT VIOLENCE AMONG RURAL YOUTH
    Randall Swaim; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..One area of study that has received considerable research attention is the effect of the mass media on youthful violence...
  53. Coverage of Cancer in Local Television Newscasts
    Walter Gantz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The mass media serve as an important and trusted source of information about health...
  54. HIV Intervention Effectiveness in Developing Countries
    Michael Sweat; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2) peer education, (3) empowerment interventions, (4) condom social marketing, (5) needle exchange, (6) mass media, (7) partner notification, (8) abstinence-based interventions, (9) care as prevention, (10) family planning ..
  55. AIDS RISK PREVENTION IN YOUTHS
    Bonita Stanton; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Following an introductory mass media universal intervention, a selective intervention will be implemented in 3 phases: 1) train 50 adolescents in ..
  56. POPULAR IMAGE OF NURSES IN THE MASS MEDIA, 1873-1976
    Beatrice Kalisch; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..This research project will provide (1) an analysis of the image of the nurse in the mass media from 1873 to the present, (2) an investigation of policies and practices guiding the selection and production of ..
  57. Media Effects on Eating Disorder Symptoms: Meta-analysis
    Heather Hausenblas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..theory for the acquisition and maintenance of eating disorders is the socio-cultural model, which identifies the mass media's portrayal of the culturally-ideal physique of a thin and lean physique for women and a lean and muscular ..
  58. MASS MEDIA INTERVENTIONS TO REDUCE YOUTH SMOKING
    Brian Flynn; Fiscal Year: 2004
    b>Mass Media Interventions to Reduce Youth Smoking is a program project that will develop methods of design and delivery of comprehensive, theory-based media campaigns to reduce the prevalence of cigarette smoking among ethnically diverse ..
  59. The Boomerang Effect of the Anti-Drug Media Campaign
    Lela Jacobsohn; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..factors that bring about boomerang effects, so as to inform the design of public health interventions including mass media campaigns, particularly future anti-drug efforts...
  60. Updateable anti-drug PSAs through recorded music
    Marc Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Media research shows, however, that adolescents are spending less time with conventional mass media. As this trend continues, these programs may become increasingly less effective unless new youth oriented media ..
  61. UNCONSCIOUS AND IMPLICIT COGNITION
    Anthony Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..research gives special attention to types of subliminal presentations that are now easily achievable in the mass media of TV and film...
  62. CARDIOVASCULAR AND BARORECEPTOR RESPONSES TO COCAINE
    CAROL MACANESPIE; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..There has been mass media coverage of fatal cardiovascular failure of major sports players and stars, however, the actual sequence of ..
  63. NEW HANOVER BREAST CANCER SCREENING PROGRAM
    DANA QUADE; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Finally, a Community Invention will increase women's awareness and use of BCS with a mass media compaign...
  64. Working-Class English Health Culture 1880-1970
    LUCINDA BEIER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..culture resulting from contact with official health care, participation in state education, and exposure to the mass media; and implementation of national policies that expanded health services and reduced barriers to working-class use ..
  65. Untangling Media Influences on Adolescent Smoking
    ALBERT GUNTHER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..One key influence often advanced is the mass media. Mass media are presumed to directly encourage adolescent smoking since young people encounter numerous pro-..
  66. Preventing Tobacco Use in Young Latino Workers in Texas
    Amelie Ramirez; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..at risk Latino young workers, aged 18 to 25, using mass media, peer networking, and Web based communications...