erotica

Summary

Summary: Literary or artistic items having an erotic theme. It refers especially to books treating sexual love in a sensuous or voluptuous manner. (Webster, 3d ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi EEG responses to visual erotic stimuli in men with normal and paraphilic interests
    Rogeria Waismann
    Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College, University of London, London, England, United Kingdom
    Arch Sex Behav 32:135-44. 2003
  2. ncbi Sexual behavior and responsiveness to sexual stimuli following laboratory-induced sexual arousal
    Stephanie Both
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Sex Res 41:242-58. 2004
  3. pmc The impact of anxiety on sexual arousal in women
    Andrea Bradford
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station A8000, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Behav Res Ther 44:1067-77. 2006
  4. ncbi Neural correlates of conscious self-regulation of emotion
    M Beauregard
    Departement de Radiologie, Faculte de Medecine, Université de Montréal and Centre Hospitalier de l Université de Montréal CHUM, Hopital Notre Dame, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2L 4M1
    J Neurosci 21:RC165. 2001
  5. doi A quantitative meta-analysis on cue-induced male sexual arousal
    Simone Kühn
    Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Experimental Psychology and Gent Institute for Functional and Metabolic Imaging, Gent University, Henri Dunantlaan, Gent, Belgium
    J Sex Med 8:2269-75. 2011
  6. doi Specific cerebral activation due to visual erotic stimuli in male-to-female transsexuals compared with male and female controls: an fMRI study
    Elke R Gizewski
    Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany
    J Sex Med 6:440-8. 2009
  7. ncbi Neuroanatomical correlates of penile erection evoked by photographic stimuli in human males
    V Moulier
    INSERM, U742, Univ Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, F 75005, and Assistance Publique des Hopitaux de Paris, Centre Inter Etablissements de Résonance Magnétique, Le Kremlin Bicetre, France
    Neuroimage 33:689-99. 2006
  8. ncbi Gender differences in pornography consumption among young heterosexual Danish adults
    Gert Martin Hald
    Department of Psychology, University of Aarhus, Jens Chr Skous vej 4, Aarhus, C 8000, Denmark
    Arch Sex Behav 35:577-85. 2006
  9. ncbi Sexual media use by young adults in Hong Kong: prevalence and associated factors
    Mohsen Janghorbani
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
    Arch Sex Behav 32:545-53. 2003
  10. doi Brain activation evoked by erotic films varies with different menstrual phases: an fMRI study
    Xun Zhu
    Department of Medical Psychology, Peking University Health Science Center, and Department of Radiology, Peking University First Hospital, No 38, Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China
    Behav Brain Res 206:279-85. 2010

Detail Information

Publications200 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi EEG responses to visual erotic stimuli in men with normal and paraphilic interests
    Rogeria Waismann
    Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College, University of London, London, England, United Kingdom
    Arch Sex Behav 32:135-44. 2003
    ..Theoretical and clinical implications of these findings are discussed...
  2. ncbi Sexual behavior and responsiveness to sexual stimuli following laboratory-induced sexual arousal
    Stephanie Both
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Sex Res 41:242-58. 2004
    ..The results support the view of sexual arousal as an emotional state generating action tendencies and actual sexual behavior...
  3. pmc The impact of anxiety on sexual arousal in women
    Andrea Bradford
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station A8000, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Behav Res Ther 44:1067-77. 2006
    ..The findings may be interpreted in light of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) influences on sexual arousal and potential cognitive interference mechanisms associated with anxiety...
  4. ncbi Neural correlates of conscious self-regulation of emotion
    M Beauregard
    Departement de Radiologie, Faculte de Medecine, Université de Montréal and Centre Hospitalier de l Université de Montréal CHUM, Hopital Notre Dame, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2L 4M1
    J Neurosci 21:RC165. 2001
    ..They also suggest that humans have the capacity to influence the electrochemical dynamics of their brains, by voluntarily changing the nature of the mind processes unfolding in the psychological space...
  5. doi A quantitative meta-analysis on cue-induced male sexual arousal
    Simone Kühn
    Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Experimental Psychology and Gent Institute for Functional and Metabolic Imaging, Gent University, Henri Dunantlaan, Gent, Belgium
    J Sex Med 8:2269-75. 2011
    ..Visually induced sexual arousal is a common occurrence in human behavior. The cerebral underpinnings of this response have been explored in recent neuroimaging studies...
  6. doi Specific cerebral activation due to visual erotic stimuli in male-to-female transsexuals compared with male and female controls: an fMRI study
    Elke R Gizewski
    Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany
    J Sex Med 6:440-8. 2009
    ..Differences between males and females in terms of functional imaging during erotic stimuli have been previously described, revealing gender-specific results...
  7. ncbi Neuroanatomical correlates of penile erection evoked by photographic stimuli in human males
    V Moulier
    INSERM, U742, Univ Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, F 75005, and Assistance Publique des Hopitaux de Paris, Centre Inter Etablissements de Résonance Magnétique, Le Kremlin Bicetre, France
    Neuroimage 33:689-99. 2006
    ....
  8. ncbi Gender differences in pornography consumption among young heterosexual Danish adults
    Gert Martin Hald
    Department of Psychology, University of Aarhus, Jens Chr Skous vej 4, Aarhus, C 8000, Denmark
    Arch Sex Behav 35:577-85. 2006
    ....
  9. ncbi Sexual media use by young adults in Hong Kong: prevalence and associated factors
    Mohsen Janghorbani
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
    Arch Sex Behav 32:545-53. 2003
    ..2), being out of school (OR = 1.5), quarrel with family member in past 6 months (OR = 1.8), and religion (OR = 1.6 for no religion and 3.4 for traditional Chinese religion, versus Christians) (all adjusted OR:p < 0.05)...
  10. doi Brain activation evoked by erotic films varies with different menstrual phases: an fMRI study
    Xun Zhu
    Department of Medical Psychology, Peking University Health Science Center, and Department of Radiology, Peking University First Hospital, No 38, Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China
    Behav Brain Res 206:279-85. 2010
    ..This finding provides neurological evidence for the ovulatory cycle's modulation of the processing of the sexual arousal in female human brain...
  11. ncbi Attitudes and use of pornography in the Norwegian population 2002
    Bente Traeen
    University of Tromsø, N 9037 Tromso, Norway
    J Sex Res 41:193-200. 2004
    ..These models explained 36% of the variance in frequency of watching pornographic films, 35% of the variance in frequency of reading pornographic magazines, and 21% of the variance in frequency of watching pornography on the Internet...
  12. doi Frequent users of pornography. A population based epidemiological study of Swedish male adolescents
    Carl Goran Svedin
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, IKE, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University, S 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
    J Adolesc 34:779-88. 2011
    ..High frequent viewing of pornography may be seen as a problematic behaviour that needs more attention from both parents and teachers and also to be addressed in clinical interviews...
  13. doi Exposure to sexually explicit Web sites and adolescent sexual attitudes and behaviors
    Debra K Braun-Courville
    Division of Adolescent Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    J Adolesc Health 45:156-62. 2009
    ..Given its expanding nature and accessibility, the Internet may be at the forefront of this education. However, the extent of the Internet's impact on adolescent sexual attitudes and behaviors is not yet known...
  14. doi Pornography, normalization, and empowerment
    Martin S Weinberg
    Department of Sociology, Indiana University, 1020 E Kirkwood Avenue, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 39:1389-401. 2010
    ..They suggested, however, that established scripts were extended rather than abandoned. We conclude with connections between our findings and the widespread viewing of pornography in contemporary society...
  15. pmc Brain response to visual sexual stimuli in homosexual pedophiles
    Boris Schiffer
    Department of Forensic Psychiatry, University of Duisburg Essen, Essen, Germany
    J Psychiatry Neurosci 33:23-33. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to analyze whether brain activation patterns of homosexual pedophiles differed from those of a nonpedophile homosexual control group during visual sexual stimulation...
  16. ncbi Influence of unrestrained access to erotica on adolescents' and young adults' dispositions toward sexuality
    D Zillmann
    College of Communication, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 0172, USA
    J Adolesc Health 27:41-4. 2000
    Because consensually accepted programs of sexual education are lacking, erotica have come to serve as the primary agent of sexual socialization...
  17. pmc Sex-specific content preferences for visual sexual stimuli
    Heather A Rupp
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 38:417-26. 2009
    ..Together, these data demonstrate sex-specific preferences for specific types of stimuli even when, across stimuli, overall interest was comparable...
  18. ncbi Brain processing of visual sexual stimuli in human males
    J Redoute
    Centre d Exploration et de Recherche Médicale par Emission de Positons CERMEP, Lyon, France
    Hum Brain Mapp 11:162-77. 2000
    ..Based on these results, we propose a model of the brain processes mediating the cognitive, emotional, motivational, and autonomic components of human male sexual arousal...
  19. doi Women's interest in visual sexual stimuli varies with menstrual cycle phase at first exposure and predicts later interest
    Kim Wallen
    Department of Psychology and Center for Behavioral Neuroscience, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Horm Behav 57:263-8. 2010
    ....
  20. doi Distinguishing specific sexual and general emotional effects in fMRI-subcortical and cortical arousal during erotic picture viewing
    Martin Walter
    Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital, Magdeburg, Germany
    Neuroimage 40:1482-94. 2008
    ..No differences were found in these effects when comparing females and males. Our findings demonstrate for the first time neural differentiation between emotional and sexual components in the neural network underlying sexual arousal...
  21. ncbi The use of cyberpornography by young men in Hong Kong: some psychosocial correlates
    Chun Bun Lam
    Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Arch Sex Behav 36:588-98. 2007
    ..Conceptual and applied implications of these findings are discussed...
  22. ncbi Exposure to internet pornography among children and adolescents: a national survey
    Michele L Ybarra
    Internet Solutions for Kids, Inc, Irvine, California 92618, USA
    Cyberpsychol Behav 8:473-86. 2005
    ..Findings from these cross-sectional data provide justification for longitudinal studies aimed at parsing out temporal sequencing of psychosocial experiences...
  23. doi Social bonds and internet pornographic exposure among adolescents
    Gustavo S Mesch
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, The Center for the Study of Society, University of Haifa, Har Hacarmel 31905, Israel
    J Adolesc 32:601-18. 2009
    ..Weak ties to mainstream social institutions were characteristic of the former group but not of the latter. X-rated material consumers proved to be a distinct sub-group at risk of deviant behaviour...
  24. ncbi Unwanted and wanted exposure to online pornography in a national sample of youth Internet users
    Janis Wolak
    Crimes against Children Research Center, University of New Hampshire, 10 West Edge Dr, Durham, NH 03824, USA
    Pediatrics 119:247-57. 2007
    ..The goal was to assess the extent of unwanted and wanted exposure to online pornography among youth Internet users and associated risk factors...
  25. ncbi Use of pornography in traditional media and on the Internet in Norway
    Bente Traeen
    Department of Psychology, University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
    J Sex Res 43:245-54. 2006
    ..Level of education predicted exposure to pornography on the Internet, in magazines and in films. Younger individuals were more likely to utilize the Internet both for viewing pornographic material and to chat...
  26. ncbi Body image, eating disorders, and the drive for muscularity in gay and heterosexual men: the influence of media images
    Scott J Duggan
    OISE University of Toronto, 252 Bloor Street West, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1V6, Canada
    J Homosex 47:45-58. 2004
    ..Pornography exposure was positively correlated with social physique anxiety for gay men. The limitations of this study and directions for future research are outlined...
  27. ncbi Sexual and emotional variables influencing sexual response to erotica: a psychophysiological investigation
    E Koukounas
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood Road, Burwood, Victoria, Australia 3125
    Arch Sex Behav 30:393-408. 2001
    ..Future directions for comparing male sexual response patterns with female response patterns are suggested...
  28. ncbi Young people, pornography, and sexuality: sources and attitudes
    Gudrun Wallmyr
    Alingsås Hospital, Alingsås, Sweden
    J Sch Nurs 22:290-5. 2006
    ..These results illustrate the importance of sex education to give factual information about sexuality and to counteract the messages about sexuality presented in pornography...
  29. ncbi Searching for sexually explicit materials on the Internet: an exploratory study of college students' behavior and attitudes
    P Goodson
    Dept of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A and M University, 4243 TAMU, College Station, Texas 77843 4243, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 30:101-18. 2001
    ..Competing explanations as well as the limitations of this study are discussed...
  30. ncbi There are differences in cerebral activation between females in distinct menstrual phases during viewing of erotic stimuli: A fMRI study
    Elke R Gizewski
    Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, 45127 Essen, Germany
    Exp Brain Res 174:101-8. 2006
    ..a few functional brain imaging studies have tackled the issue of gender differences as pertaining to reactions to erotica. The question of whether or not gender differences in reactions to erotica are maintained with women in different ..
  31. ncbi Personality, individual differences, and preferences for the sexual media
    A F Bogaert
    Brock University, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada L2S 3A1
    Arch Sex Behav 30:29-53. 2001
    ..g., "erotic" or violent). Results are discussed in relation to recent research and psychological theories that view adults as active in choosing their own social environments...
  32. ncbi Brain activation by visual erotic stimuli in healthy middle aged males
    S W Kim
    Department of Urology, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
    Int J Impot Res 18:452-7. 2006
    ..However, hypothalamus and thalamus were not activated. We suggest that the nonactivation of hypothalamus and thalamus in middle aged males may be responsible for the lesser physiological arousal in response to the erotic visual stimuli...
  33. doi Assessment of cerebrocortical areas associated with sexual arousal in depressive women using functional MR imaging
    Jong Chul Yang
    Department of Psychiatry, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Korea
    J Sex Med 5:602-9. 2008
    ..Mental illness is closely related with sexual dysfunction. A number of investigators have reported that depressive women have difficulties in sexual arousal...
  34. ncbi Brain processing of visual sexual stimuli in treated and untreated hypogonadal patients
    Jerome Redoute
    INSERM U 483, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Boite 23, 9 quai Saint Bernard, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 30:461-82. 2005
    ....
  35. ncbi The criminal histories and later offending of child pornography offenders
    Michael C Seto
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, and University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Sex Abuse 17:201-10. 2005
    ..Child pornography offenders who had committed a prior or concurrent contact sexual offense were the most likely to offend again, either generally or sexually...
  36. ncbi Areas of brain activation in males and females during viewing of erotic film excerpts
    Sherif Karama
    Centre de Recherche en Sciences Neurologiques, Universite de Montreal, C P 6128, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3C 3J7
    Hum Brain Mapp 16:1-13. 2002
    ..They further suggest that the greater SA generally experienced by men, when viewing erotica, may be related to the functional gender difference found here with respect to the hypothalamus.
  37. ncbi The construction and preliminary validation of the Internet Behaviours and Attitudes Questionnaire (IBAQ)
    Matt D O'Brien
    HM Prison Service, London, UK
    Sex Abuse 19:237-56. 2007
    ..The attitude measure was not influenced by social desirability, and was able to discriminate participants who disclosed the greater number of 'offending behaviours'. These results are discussed in terms of their clinical implications...
  38. ncbi Child seduction and self-representation on the Internet
    E Quayle
    Department of Applied Psychology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
    Cyberpsychol Behav 4:597-608. 2001
    ..The Internet is seen to play a unique role in allowing individuals to self-represent aspects that might otherwise remain hidden or dormant...
  39. ncbi Characteristics of internet child pornography offenders: a comparison with child molesters
    L Webb
    Oxleas NHS Trust, Dartford, Kent, UK
    Sex Abuse 19:449-65. 2007
    ....
  40. doi Pornography use and sexual aggression: the impact of frequency and type of pornography use on recidivism among sexual offenders
    Drew A Kingston
    School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Aggress Behav 34:341-51. 2008
    ..e., pornography containing deviant content) was a risk factor for all groups. The importance of conceptualizing particular risk factors (e.g., pornography), within the context of other individual characteristics is discussed...
  41. pmc Functional neuroanatomy in depressed patients with sexual dysfunction: blood oxygenation level dependent functional MR imaging
    Jong Chul Yang
    Department of Psychiatry, Chonnam National University Hospital, Kwangju, Korea
    Korean J Radiol 5:87-95. 2004
    ..To demonstrate the functional neuroanatomy associated with sexual arousal visually evoked in depressed males who have underlying sexual dysfunction using Blood Oxygenation Level Dependent-based fMRI...
  42. ncbi Men and women differ in amygdala response to visual sexual stimuli
    Stephan Hamann
    Department of Psychology, 532 North Kilgo Circle, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Nat Neurosci 7:411-6. 2004
    ....
  43. ncbi Effects on boy-attracted pedosexual males of viewing boy erotica
    David L Riegel
    Arch Sex Behav 33:321-3. 2004
  44. ncbi Cerebral activation associated with sexual arousal in response to a pornographic clip: A 15O-H2O PET study in heterosexual men
    M Bocher
    Department of Medical Biophysics and Nuclear Medicine/HBRC, Hadassah Hebrew University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Neuroimage 14:105-17. 2001
    ..The significance of those findings is discussed in the light of current theories concerning selective attention, "mind reading" and mirroring, reinforcement of pleasurable stimuli, and penile erection...
  45. ncbi Brain response to visual sexual stimuli in heterosexual and homosexual males
    Thomas Paul
    Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 29:726-35. 2008
    ..Moreover, the activation pattern found in both groups suggests that stimuli of opposite sexual orientation triggered intense autonomic response and may be perceived, at least to some extent, as aversive...
  46. ncbi Brain processing of visual sexual stimuli in men with hypoactive sexual desire disorder
    Serge Stoléru
    INSERM, Unité 483, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Boite 23, 9 quai Saint Bernard, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Psychiatry Res 124:67-86. 2003
    ....
  47. ncbi Paedophilia on the Internet--a study of 33 convicted offenders in the Canton of Lucerne
    Andreas Frei
    Psychiatrische Klinik, Kantonsspital Luzern, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 135:488-94. 2005
    ..an international provider of child-pornography in the USA were arrested and the credit-card-numbers of their clients were put at the disposal of the law enforcement agencies of the countries concerned...
  48. ncbi Pedophilia is linked to reduced activation in hypothalamus and lateral prefrontal cortex during visual erotic stimulation
    Martin Walter
    Department of Psychiatry, Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg, Leipziger Strasse 44, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany
    Biol Psychiatry 62:698-701. 2007
    ..Although pedophilic patients are sexually attracted to prepubescent children, they show no sexual interest toward adults. This study aimed to investigate the neural correlates of deficits of sexual and emotional arousal in pedophiles...
  49. ncbi Gender differences in the effect of visual sexual stimulation on the perceived covariation between freedom and responsibility
    James D Nevala
    Department of Psychology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, LA 71209, USA
    J Psychol 140:133-53. 2006
    ....
  50. ncbi Alfred C. Kinsey and the politics of sex research
    John Bancroft
    The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender and Reproduction, Indiana University, USA
    Annu Rev Sex Res 15:1-39. 2004
    ..Reasons why people might still oppose sex research are considered, and conclusions are reached about how sex researchers might deal with this problem...
  51. doi Internet sex addiction treated with naltrexone
    J Michael Bostwick
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 83:226-30. 2008
    ..This article reviews naltrexone's mechanism of action in the reward center and describes a novel use for naltrexone in suppressing a euphorically compulsive and interpersonally devastating addiction to Internet pornography...
  52. doi The interaction of state and trait aspects of self-focused attention affects genital, but not subjective, sexual arousal in sexually functional women
    Jacques van Lankveld
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 46:514-28. 2008
    ..The results were discussed with reference to previous work in this field. Some implications for treatment of sexual arousal disorder were discussed...
  53. ncbi Reality in cyberspace: analysands' use of the Internet and ordinary everyday psychosis
    Patricia L Gibbs
    Michigan Psychoanalytic Institute, MI, USA
    Psychoanal Rev 94:11-38. 2007
  54. ncbi Social cognitive processes mediating the relationship between exposure to television's sexual content and adolescents' sexual behavior
    Steven C Martino
    RAND, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 89:914-24. 2005
    ..Outcome expectancies and perceived peer norms may also mediate the link between exposure and intercourse initiation among all 3 racial/ethnic groups, although evidence of this could not be confirmed...
  55. ncbi Using the Internet to promote sexual health awareness among young people
    Makeda Gerressu
    Centre for Sexual Health and HIV Research, Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, University College London, London, UK
    J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care 31:267, 269-70. 2005
  56. ncbi Alterations in grip strength during male sexual arousal
    C Jiao
    1School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Int J Impot Res 18:206-9. 2006
    ..The results indicate that during sexual arousal, the neural system is likely to reduce the output to muscles not directly related to sexual function, presumably to enhance the physiological responses of sexual arousal...
  57. doi Internet influences on sexual practices among young people in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Anh D Ngo
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Australia
    Cult Health Sex 10:S201-13. 2008
    ....
  58. doi High resolution fMRI of subcortical regions during visual erotic stimulation at 7 T
    Martin Walter
    Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Otto v Guericke University, Leipziger Strasse 44, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany
    MAGMA 21:103-11. 2008
    ....
  59. ncbi Vaginal vasomotion--its appearance, measurement, and usefulness in assessing the mechanisms of vasodilatation
    Roy J Levin
    Sexual Physiology Laboratory, Porterbrook Clinic, 75 Osbourne Road, Sheffield S11 9BF, Yorkshire, England
    J Sex Med 5:377-86. 2008
    ....
  60. ncbi Who responds to unsolicited sexually explicit materials on the internet?: the role of individual differences
    Jae Woong Shim
    Department of Telecommunications, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 5501, USA
    Cyberpsychol Behav 10:71-9. 2007
    ..Finally, those who were high both in sexual and antisocial dispositions reported being more likely to expose themselves to unsolicited sexually explicit materials than all others...
  61. ncbi [Sexuality in children 9-14 years old]
    Rafael Ballester Arnal
    Facultad de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales, Universitat Jaume I, Castellon, Spain
    Psicothema 18:25-30. 2006
    ..Girls start to masturbate and to have sexual relations later than boys and show a prevalence of sexual fantasies and use of pornography very lower. It is necessary sexual education programs to be implanted since early ages in schools...
  62. ncbi Postdrinking sexual perceptions and behaviors toward another person: alcohol expectancy set and gender differences
    William H George
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Sex Res 43:282-91. 2006
    ..Men also showed more erotic material to drinking targets than to non-drinking targets. Sexual perceptions and erotica showing behavior were correlated significantly and positively...
  63. ncbi Does subliminal exposure to sexual stimuli have the same effects on men and women?
    Omri Gillath
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA
    J Sex Res 44:111-21. 2007
    ..It is therefore suggested that the subliminal sexual prime causes women to activate sex-related mental contents but to experience the result as somewhat aversive...
  64. ncbi Trends in youth reports of sexual solicitations, harassment and unwanted exposure to pornography on the Internet
    Kimberly J Mitchell
    Crimes against Children Research Center, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824 3586, USA
    J Adolesc Health 40:116-26. 2007
    ..This study was designed to track trends in reports of unwanted sexual solicitations, harassment, and unwanted exposure to pornography via the Internet between 2000 and 2005 across various demographic sub-groups of youth...
  65. ncbi Thermography as a physiological measure of sexual arousal in both men and women
    Tuuli M Kukkonen
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Sex Med 4:93-105. 2007
    ..Current physiological measures of sexual arousal are intrusive, hard to compare between genders, and quantitatively problematic...
  66. ncbi Gender, Internet use, and sexual behavior orientation among young Nigerians
    D O Adebayo
    Department of Psychology, Faculty of the Social Sciences, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
    Cyberpsychol Behav 9:742-52. 2006
    ..The findings were explained in the context of the theoretical foundations of the study, while practical implications for combating youths' risky sexual behavior orientation were highlighted...
  67. ncbi Online requests for sexual pictures from youth: risk factors and incident characteristics
    Kimberly J Mitchell
    Crimes against Children Research Center, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824 3586, USA
    J Adolesc Health 41:196-203. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and characteristics of youth who receive requests to make and send sexual pictures of themselves over the Internet...
  68. ncbi "He was treating me like trash, and I was loving it...": perspectives in gay male pornography
    Todd G Morrison
    National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway, Ireland
    J Homosex 47:167-83. 2004
    ..Those who identified potentially negative influences of this medium saw them as transitory and most likely to occur among gay men other than themselves...
  69. pmc Sex differences in response to visual sexual stimuli: a review
    Heather A Rupp
    Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 37:206-18. 2008
    ..These differences are of practical importance to future research on sexual arousal that aims to use experimental stimuli comparably appealing to men and women and also for general understanding of cognitive sex differences...
  70. ncbi 'It's everywhere!' young Swedish people's thoughts and reflections about pornography
    Elisabet Häggström-Nordin
    Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences, Malardalen University, Vasteras, Sweden
    Scand J Caring Sci 20:386-93. 2006
    ..This indicates the importance, for personnel at youth centres and schools, to discuss sexual behaviour and how sexuality is portrayed in pornographic material with young people...
  71. pmc A gender- and sexual orientation-dependent spatial attentional effect of invisible images
    Yi Jiang
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 East River Parkway, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:17048-52. 2006
    ....
  72. ncbi [Adolescent's sexuality]
    D Roynet
    D M G U L B, Planning Familial, Rochefort
    Rev Med Brux 28:353-5. 2007
    ..Attacks against masculinity or femininity, sexual traumas, wounds in the relations (rejects, humiliation, abandon, ...) could have important consequences on sexual health of the adult in becoming...
  73. doi Hypothalamus, sexual arousal and psychosexual identity in human males: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study
    M Brunetti
    Department of Clinical Sciences and Biomedical Imaging Institute for Advanced Biomedical Technologies, University G d Annunzio of Chieti, Chieti CH, Italy
    Eur J Neurosci 27:2922-7. 2008
    ....
  74. doi Sex in America online: an exploration of sex, marital status, and sexual identity in internet sex seeking and its impacts
    Julie M Albright
    Department of Sociology, University of Southern California, 3620 South Vermont Avenue, KAP 352, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    J Sex Res 45:175-86. 2008
    ..Married and divorced were more likely than singles to go online seeking a serious relationship. Only 2% of users met the threshold of compulsive use established by previous studies...
  75. ncbi [New patterns of sexual behaviour among adolescents]
    Willy Pedersen
    Institutt for sosiologi og samfunnsgeografi, Universitetet i Oslo, Postboks 1096 Blindern, 0317 Oslo
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 123:3006-9. 2003
    ..We wanted to investigate erotic and sexual behaviour in adolescents, with emphasis on the trend over the last decade...
  76. ncbi Motivational, ethical, and epistemological foundations in the treatment of unwanted homoerotic attraction
    Christopher H Rosik
    Link Care Center, 1734 W Shaw Ave, Fresno, California 93711, USA
    J Marital Fam Ther 29:13-28. 2003
    ..MFTs are encouraged to recognize and accept, rather than ignore or deny the valid needs of clients who seek to modify their same-sex attraction...
  77. ncbi Priming the sexual system: implicit versus explicit activation
    Mark Spiering
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Sex Res 40:134-45. 2003
    ..With the addition of a sexually specific physiological measure, to be constructed to measure initial genital responses, this paradigm may help elucidate activational mechanisms of sexual response...
  78. ncbi History, causality, and sexology
    John Money
    Psychohormonal Research Unit, The Johns Hopkins Hospital and University, 1235 E Monument St, Suite LL20, Baltimore, MD 21202 5300, USA
    J Sex Res 40:237-9. 2003
    ..Like other brain maps, for example the languagemap, the lovemap requires an intact human brain in which to develop. The personalized content of the lovemap has access to the brain by way of the special senses...
  79. ncbi Slash fiction and human mating psychology
    Catherine Salmon
    Psychology Department, University of Redlands, 1200 E Colton Avenue, Redlands, CA 92373, USA
    J Sex Res 41:94-100. 2004
    ..The topic is revisited here with attention also being paid to slash between two female television characters and the appeal to people of fiction in general...
  80. ncbi Conscious processing of sexual information: mechanisms of appraisal
    Mark Spiering
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Sex Behav 33:369-80. 2004
    ..It was concluded that cognitive processing of sexual information is similar for both genders, but that gender differences are present in affective processing of sexual information...
  81. ncbi HIV and AIDS, the internet pornography industry and safer sex
    S T Green
    Int J STD AIDS 15:206-8. 2004
  82. ncbi [Attitudes towards eroticism and sexuality in the elderly over 60 years of age]
    T Gunzelmann
    Kaulbachstr 45, Nurnberg, Germany
    Gesundheitswesen 66:15-20. 2004
    ..Therefore only few empirical results exist regarding sexuality in higher age. This paper presents results of interviews with persons at the age of 60 years or older regarding their sexual activities and aspects of eroticism...
  83. ncbi Classical conditioning of sexual arousal in women and men: effects of varying awareness and biological relevance of the conditioned stimulus
    Heather Hoffmann
    Department of Psychology, Knox College, Galesburg, Illinois, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 33:43-53. 2004
    ..This is the first study to compare the effects of a subliminal and conscious CS and to find classical conditioning of sexual arousal in women...
  84. ncbi Gender difference in electrical brain activity during presentation of various film excerpts with different emotional content
    W Dimpfel
    Pro Science Research Clinic GmbH med Forschung und Entwicklung, Kurt Schumacher Str 9, D 35440 Linden, Germany
    Eur J Med Res 8:192-8. 2003
    ..The data are further proof that recording the computer aided quantitative EEG is a very fruitful and promising approach in psychophysiology...
  85. ncbi MRI of female genital and pelvic organs during sexual arousal
    D D Suh
    Department of Urology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 6510, USA
    J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 25:153-62. 2004
    ..MRI can potentially provide detailed anatomical information in the assessment of female sexual function, particularly with regard to changes in blood flow...
  86. ncbi Flirting on the internet and the hickey: a hermeneutic
    Richard Alapack
    Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Cyberpsychol Behav 8:52-61. 2005
    ..Are not absolute control and perfect security, however, merely illusions? We showcase the positive aspects of seemingly unsafe values: psychological vulnerability, daring, and risk...
  87. ncbi Aging and sexual response in the laboratory in patients with erectile dysfunction
    David L Rowland
    Department of Psychology, Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, Indiana 46383, USA
    J Sex Marital Ther 31:399-407. 2005
    ..Despite these effects, ED men even in the oldest group showed average penile circumference increases of 28 mm under ICI, an erectile response typically sufficient for vaginal intercourse...
  88. ncbi Erotic and disgust-inducing pictures--differences in the hemodynamic responses of the brain
    Rudolf Stark
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Biol Psychol 70:19-29. 2005
    ..The ventral striatum was specifically activated when subjects saw highly sexually arousing pictures. This indicates the involvement of the human reward system during the processing of visual erotica.
  89. ncbi Genital and subjective sexual arousal in postmenopausal women: influence of laboratory-induced hyperventilation
    Lori A Brotto
    University of British Columbia, Department of Psychology, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada
    J Sex Marital Ther 28:39-53. 2002
    ..These data are the first to directly compare genital-subjective correlations between pre- and postmenopausal women...
  90. ncbi The effects of tibolone on vaginal blood flow, sexual desire and arousability in postmenopausal women
    E Laan
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Climacteric 4:28-41. 2001
    ..There were significantly greater increases in vaginal blood flow with tibolone in response to erotic fantasy but not film, suggesting two possible pathways of female sexual response...
  91. ncbi Impact of interaction with a partner or friend on the exposure effects of pornography and erotica
    Charlene Y Senn
    Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada
    Violence Vict 19:645-58. 2004
    ..Women who viewed pornography maintained their (quite high) level of negative mood, whereas women who viewed erotica experienced a substantial improvement in mood...
  92. ncbi Can sublingual testosterone increase subjective and physiological measures of laboratory-induced sexual arousal?
    Adriaan Tuiten
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:465-6. 2002
  93. pmc The impact of body awareness on sexual arousal in women with sexual dysfunction
    Brooke N Seal
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station A8000, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    J Sex Med 4:990-1000. 2007
    ..However, the role that physical appearance or awareness of one's body may play in female sexual response has received little empiric attention...
  94. ncbi [Retained rectal foreign bodies by trans-anal introduction. Case report]
    L G Angio
    Scuola di Specializzazione in Chirugia Generale I, Universita degli Studi di Messina
    G Chir 30:445-53. 2009
    ....
  95. ncbi Oscar Wilde and the scarlet woman
    E Hanson
    English Department, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Homosex 33:121-37. 1997
    ..He became the ecclesiastical dandy that evangelicals feared most, a poet enamored of the Scarlet Woman, a would-be convert who exposed the scandal of Christianity as art...
  96. doi The 'electric stroke' and the 'electric spark': anatomists and eroticism at George Baker's electric eel exhibition in 1776 and 1777
    Christopher Plumb
    Centre for Museology, Mansfield Cooper Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom
    Endeavour 34:87-94. 2010
    ..exhibited in London became a sensational spectacle that appealed to anatomists, electricians and connoisseurs of erotica. George Baker's exhibition made visible the 'electric spark' of the electrical eel and a series of experiments ..
  97. ncbi Affective modulation of eyeblink reactions to noxious sural nerve stimulation: a supraspinal measure of nociceptive reactivity?
    Amy E Williams
    Department of Psychology, The University of Tulsa, 600 South College, Tulsa, OK 74104, USA
    Int J Psychophysiol 66:255-65. 2007
    ..Pictures (attack, loss, neutral, food, erotica) that manipulated affective valence and arousal were presented and noxious electrodermal stimulations were ..
  98. ncbi Not to stigmatize but to humanize sexual lives of the transgender (hijra) in Bangladesh: condom chat in the AIDS era
    Sharful Islam Khan
    Social and Behavioral Sciences Unit, Public Health Sciences Division, ICDDR, B, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    J LGBT Health Res 4:127-41. 2008
    ..A paradigm shift is required where condoms enhance the dignity and quality of sexual lives of the hijra beyond the framework of disgrace, disease, and death...
  99. ncbi Concordance between women's physiological and subjective sexual arousal is associated with consistency of orgasm during intercourse but not other sexual behavior
    Stuart Brody
    Institute for Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, Germany
    J Sex Marital Ther 29:15-23. 2003
    ..found a discordance between women's genital (vaginal pulse amplitude) and subjective sexual arousal responses to erotica. We hypothesized that the association between the physiological and subjective domains would be greater for women ..
  100. ncbi Sexuality and safer sex: the issues for lesbians and bisexual women
    P E Stevens
    University of Wisconssin Milwaukee, School of Nursing, 53201, USA
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 30:439-47. 2001
    ..Nursing interventions to help women reduce their risk of contracting HIV must be designed from an in-depth understanding of the complex sociocultural patterns of sexuality in particular communities and among specific subgroups...
  101. doi Discourse and identity in a corpus of lesbian erotica
    Liz Morrish
    School of Arts and Humanities, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK
    J Lesbian Stud 15:122-39. 2011
    ..linguistic methodologies to explore representations of lesbian desires and identities in a corpus of lesbian erotica from the 1980s and 1990s...

Research Grants86

  1. Determinants of Violence Based on Sexual Orientation
    DOMINIC PARROTT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In doing so, we will improve our knowledge of antigay violence and discrimination which, in the future, may facilitate the development of prevention and treatment interventions. ..
  2. Ginkgo Biloba: Antidepressant-Induced Sexual Dysfunction
    Cindy Meston; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If effective, GBE could play a significant adjunctive role in the treatment of clinical depression and other psychological disorders commonly treated with antidepressant medications. ..
  3. Alcohol & HIV/AIDS Risk-Taking
    WILLIAM GEORGE; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In concert with personality and other factors, the data may inform key knowledge gaps, advance theory, and foster refinement of existing prevention approaches and formulation of new ones. ..
  4. Women's HIV Risk: Alcohol Intoxication, Victimization History & Partner Factors
    WILLIAM GEORGE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The information gleaned from the proposed studies could be used to design HIV prevention programs that work for social-drinking women, particularly those with a history of victimization, a substantial but underserved population. ..
  5. Women's HIV Risk: Alcohol Intoxication, Victimization History & Partner Factors
    William H George; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The information gleaned from the proposed studies could be used to design HIV prevention programs that work for social-drinking women, particularly those with a history of victimization, a substantial but underserved population. ..
  6. Alcohol & HIV/AIDS Risk-Taking
    WILLIAM GEORGE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In concert with personality and other factors, the data may inform key knowledge gaps, advance theory, and foster refinement of existing prevention approaches and formulation of new ones...
  7. Women's HIV Risk: Alcohol Intoxication, Victimization History & Partner Factors
    WILLIAM GEORGE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The information gleaned from the proposed studies could be used to design HIV prevention programs that work for social-drinking women, particularly those with a history of victimization, a substantial but underserved population. ..
  8. Effects of Early Abuse on Adult Intimate Relationships
    Cindy M Meston; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings from this investigation will have implications for understanding both the psychological and physiological mechanisms that link CA with detrimental intimacy/relational factors in adulthood. ..
  9. Effects of Early Abuse on Adult Intimate Relationships
    Cindy Meston; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The findings from this investigation will have implications for understanding both the psychological and physiological mechanisms that link CA with detrimental intimacy/relational factors in adulthood. ..
  10. Identifying Positive Aspects of Youth Internet Use: The Next Step in Prevention
    Michele Ybarra; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  11. Determinants of Violence Based on Sexual Orientation
    DOMINIC PARROTT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In doing so, we will improve our knowledge of antigay violence and discrimination which, in the future, may facilitate the development of prevention and treatment interventions. ..
  12. SMS Turkey: Harnessing the power of TXT messaging to promote smoking cessation
    Michele Ybarra; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The high reach of cell phones allows us to potentially reach smokers who would otherwise not utilize traditional smoking cessation services, representing the possibility of a large public health impact. ..
  13. Determinants of Violence Based on Sexual Orientation
    DOMINIC PARROTT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In doing so, we will improve our knowledge of antigay violence and discrimination which, in the future, may facilitate the development of prevention and treatment interventions. ..
  14. CyberSenga: Harnessing the power of the internet to prevent HIV in Ugandan youth
    Michele Ybarra; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This project has the potential to develop low-cost and scalable interventions to HIV transmission risk behaviors among adolescents in Uganda. ..
  15. SMS Turkey: Harnessing the power of TXT messaging to promote smoking cessation
    Michele Ybarra; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The high reach of cell phones allows us to potentially reach smokers who would otherwise not utilize traditional smoking cessation services, representing the possibility of a large public health impact. ..
  16. Mapping Etiological Pathways to SV Perpetration from Childhood to Young Adulthood
    Michele Ybarra; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings from the extended follow-up of the Growing up with Media study will provide insight into the etiology of sexual violence perpetration as youth transition from adolescence into adulthood. ..
  17. Determinants of Violence Based on Sexual Orientation
    DOMINIC PARROTT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In doing so, we will improve our knowledge of antigay violence and discrimination which, in the future, may facilitate the development of prevention and treatment interventions. ..
  18. CyberSenga: Harnessing the power of the internet to prevent HIV in Ugandan youth
    Michele Ybarra; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This project has the potential to develop low-cost and scalable interventions to HIV transmission risk behaviors among adolescents in Uganda. ..
  19. Mapping Etiological Pathways to SV Perpetration from Childhood to Young Adulthood
    Michele Ybarra; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Findings from the extended follow-up of the Growing up with Media study will provide insight into the etiology of sexual violence perpetration as youth transition from adolescence into adulthood. ..
  20. CyberSenga: Harnessing the power of the internet to prevent HIV in Ugandan youth
    Michele Ybarra; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project has the potential to develop low-cost and scalable interventions to HIV transmission risk behaviors among adolescents in Uganda. ..
  21. Mechanisms Influencing Sexual Risk Taking
    Erick Janssen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  22. Conference on Reproductive Psychophysiology
    Erick Janssen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition, selected members of the pre-conference workshop will work together to formulate and publish guidelines for psychophysiological measurement. ..
  23. IN-DEPTH LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF HIV-INFECTED WOMEN
    Patricia Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Alcohol Effects on Cognitive & Affective Mediation of Women's Decision Making
    Jeanette Norris; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed project will examine this major public health concern by studying the influence of alcohol on women?s decision making in high-risk situations. ..
  25. Alcohol and Condom Use Resistance in Sexually Coercive/Violent Men
    Kelly Cue Davis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  26. Cognitions about Sexual Abuse and Youths' Mental Health
    Valerie Simon; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding differences in how individuals make meaning of their abuse and how such differences are related to adjustment problems will contribute to the design of more specific interventions. ..
  27. Alcohol & Women's Cognitive Mediation--HIV Risk Taking
    Jeanette Norris; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Findings have implications for designing prevention interventions, especially related to alcohol's role as a risk factor for contracting HIV. ..
  28. ALCOHOL AND ACQUAINTANCE ASSAULT RISK PERCEPTION
    Jeanette Norris; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Findings have implications for designing prevention interventions, especially related to alcohol's role as a risk factor for assault...
  29. Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking among U.S. Adolescents and Young Adults
    Brian A Primack; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, it will include a nationally-representative, longitudinal data collection investigating the trajectories and consequences of waterpipe tobacco smoking. ..
  30. Hypervigilance versus perceptual avoidance in social phobia
    Andreas Keil; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Specifically, matching patients to exposure-based or cognitive treatments will benefit from information as to the nature of their hypervigilance vis--vis avoidance of social threat cues. ..
  31. Media Literacy to Prevent Adolescent Smoking Initiation
    BRIAN PRIMACK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The candidate will emerge in five years with the skills and background necessary to implement and evaluate the intervention on a large scale via an R01 (to be secured in year 4). ..
  32. Alcohol Effects on Cognitive & Affective Mediation of Women's Decision Making
    Jeanette Norris; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed project will examine this major public health concern by studying the influence of alcohol on women?s decision making in high-risk situations. ..
  33. PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERVENTION FOR WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER
    BARBARA ANDERSEN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  34. LONGITUDINAL AND RELATED PSYCHOHORMONAL STUDIES
    John Money; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  35. Motivational Feedback to Increase Walking Adherence
    Caroline Richardson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Richardson will acquire the skills and knowledge to become an independent investigator and a leader in the field of physical activity promotion research for patients with cardiovascular disease. ..
  36. Biobehavioral Responses to Cancer
    BARBARA ANDERSEN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Heterosexual HIV Risk: Effects of Men's Alcohol Use and Sexual Violence
    Kelly Davis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  38. Medication Monitoring for Vulnerable Populations via IT
    Christoph Lehmann; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..To achieve this we will utilize the validated Safety Attitudes Questionnaire which has recently been further validated for use in ambulatory settings. ..