reading

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The unique role of the visual word form area in reading
    Stanislas Dehaene
    Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette, 91191 France
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:254-62. 2011
  2. doi An introduction to reading and appraising qualitative research
    Ayelet Kuper
    Department of Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M4N 3M5
    BMJ 337:a288. 2008
  3. pmc The interactive account of ventral occipitotemporal contributions to reading
    Cathy J Price
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuro imaging, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:246-53. 2011
  4. pmc Dyslexia and DCDC2: normal variation in reading and spelling is associated with DCDC2 polymorphisms in an Australian population sample
    Penelope A Lind
    Genetic Epidemiology Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia
    Eur J Hum Genet 18:668-73. 2010
  5. ncbi Reading acquisition, developmental dyslexia, and skilled reading across languages: a psycholinguistic grain size theory
    Johannes C Ziegler
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Université de Provence, Marseille, France
    Psychol Bull 131:3-29. 2005
  6. pmc A review and synthesis of the first 20 years of PET and fMRI studies of heard speech, spoken language and reading
    Cathy J Price
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, UCL, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuroimage 62:816-47. 2012
  7. ncbi Eye movements in reading and information processing: 20 years of research
    K Rayner
    Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst 01003, USA
    Psychol Bull 124:372-422. 1998
  8. ncbi Meta-analysis of the functional neuroanatomy of single-word reading: method and validation
    Peter E Turkeltaub
    Center for the Study of Learning, Department of Neurology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007, USA
    Neuroimage 16:765-80. 2002
  9. ncbi Meta-analyzing left hemisphere language areas: phonology, semantics, and sentence processing
    M Vigneau
    Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR 6194, CNRS CEA Caen and Paris 5 Universities, GIP Cyceron, Boulevard Henri Becquerel, BP 5229, 14074 Caen Cedex, France
    Neuroimage 30:1414-32. 2006
  10. pmc Extra-large letter spacing improves reading in dyslexia
    Marco Zorzi
    Department of General Psychology and Center for Cognitive Science, University of Padova, 35131 Padua, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:11455-9. 2012

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications270 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The unique role of the visual word form area in reading
    Stanislas Dehaene
    Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette, 91191 France
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:254-62. 2011
    b>Reading systematically activates the left lateral occipitotemporal sulcus, at a site known as the visual word form area (VWFA)...
  2. doi An introduction to reading and appraising qualitative research
    Ayelet Kuper
    Department of Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M4N 3M5
    BMJ 337:a288. 2008
  3. pmc The interactive account of ventral occipitotemporal contributions to reading
    Cathy J Price
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuro imaging, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:246-53. 2011
    ..We discuss how the Interactive Account explains left vOT responses during normal reading and developmental dyslexia; and how it accounts for the behavioural consequences of left vOT damage.
  4. pmc Dyslexia and DCDC2: normal variation in reading and spelling is associated with DCDC2 polymorphisms in an Australian population sample
    Penelope A Lind
    Genetic Epidemiology Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia
    Eur J Hum Genet 18:668-73. 2010
    ..Here, we report an association between DCDC2 and reading and spelling ability in 522 families of adolescent twins unselected for reading impairment...
  5. ncbi Reading acquisition, developmental dyslexia, and skilled reading across languages: a psycholinguistic grain size theory
    Johannes C Ziegler
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Université de Provence, Marseille, France
    Psychol Bull 131:3-29. 2005
    The development of reading depends on phonological awareness across all languages so far studied. Languages vary in the consistency with which phonology is represented in orthography...
  6. pmc A review and synthesis of the first 20 years of PET and fMRI studies of heard speech, spoken language and reading
    Cathy J Price
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, UCL, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuroimage 62:816-47. 2012
    ..Here I attempt to provide an overview of the brain areas associated with heard speech, speech production and reading. The conclusions of many hundreds of studies were considered, grouped according to the type of processing, and ..
  7. ncbi Eye movements in reading and information processing: 20 years of research
    K Rayner
    Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst 01003, USA
    Psychol Bull 124:372-422. 1998
    Recent studies of eye movements in reading and other information processing tasks, such as music reading, typing, visual search, and scene perception, are reviewed...
  8. ncbi Meta-analysis of the functional neuroanatomy of single-word reading: method and validation
    Peter E Turkeltaub
    Center for the Study of Learning, Department of Neurology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007, USA
    Neuroimage 16:765-80. 2002
    ..subtle differences in experimental design can lead to variable results in studies of cognitive processes such as reading. To accurately identify the neural processes associated with cognition and sensorimotor processing, meta-analytic ..
  9. ncbi Meta-analyzing left hemisphere language areas: phonology, semantics, and sentence processing
    M Vigneau
    Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR 6194, CNRS CEA Caen and Paris 5 Universities, GIP Cyceron, Boulevard Henri Becquerel, BP 5229, 14074 Caen Cedex, France
    Neuroimage 30:1414-32. 2006
    ..These results argue for large-scale architecture networks rather than modular organization of language in the left hemisphere...
  10. pmc Extra-large letter spacing improves reading in dyslexia
    Marco Zorzi
    Department of General Psychology and Center for Cognitive Science, University of Padova, 35131 Padua, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:11455-9. 2012
    ..that the main challenge is to find ways that allow a child with dyslexia to read more words in less time, because reading more is undisputedly the most efficient intervention for dyslexia...
  11. ncbi A causal link between visual spatial attention and reading acquisition
    Sandro Franceschini
    Developmental and Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, Department of General Psychology, University of Padua, Padova 35131, Italy
    Curr Biol 22:814-9. 2012
    b>Reading is a unique, cognitive human skill crucial to life in modern societies, but, for about 10% of the children, learning to read is extremely difficult. They are affected by a neurodevelopmental disorder called dyslexia...
  12. ncbi Cerebral mechanisms of word masking and unconscious repetition priming
    S Dehaene
    Unité INSERM 334, IFR 49, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, 4 Place du General Leclerc, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
    Nat Neurosci 4:752-8. 2001
    ..Within the areas associated with conscious reading, masked words activated left extrastriate, fusiform and precentral areas...
  13. ncbi Music, rhythm, rise time perception and developmental dyslexia: perception of musical meter predicts reading and phonology
    Martina Huss
    Centre for Neuroscience in Education, University of Cambridge, UK
    Cortex 47:674-89. 2011
    ..Here we investigate the hypothesis that the accurate perception of musical metrical structure is related to basic auditory perception of rise time, and also to phonological and literacy development in children...
  14. ncbi Language-specific tuning of visual cortex? Functional properties of the Visual Word Form Area
    Laurent Cohen
    Institut de Neurologie, Hopital de la Salpetriere, AP HP, Paris, France
    Brain 125:1054-69. 2002
    The first steps in the process of reading a printed word belong to the domain of visual object perception...
  15. pmc Functional connectivity of the angular gyrus in normal reading and dyslexia
    B Horwitz
    Laboratory of Neurosciences, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:8939-44. 1998
    The classic neurologic model for reading, based on studies of patients with acquired alexia, hypothesizes functional linkages between the angular gyrus in the left hemisphere and visual association areas in the occipital and temporal ..
  16. pmc Docosahexaenoic acid for reading, cognition and behavior in children aged 7-9 years: a randomized, controlled trial (the DOLAB Study)
    Alexandra J Richardson
    Centre for Evidence Based Intervention, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e43909. 2012
    ..Here we investigated whether such benefits might extend to the general child population...
  17. pmc Neural systems for reading aloud: a multiparametric approach
    William W Graves
    Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Cereb Cortex 20:1799-815. 2010
    b>Reading aloud involves computing the sound of a word from its visual form. This may be accomplished 1) by direct associations between spellings and phonology and 2) by computation from orthography to meaning to phonology...
  18. ncbi A ventral visual stream reading center independent of visual experience
    Lior Reich
    Department of Medical Neurobiology, Faculty of Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
    Curr Biol 21:363-8. 2011
    The visual word form area (VWFA) is a ventral stream visual area that develops expertise for visual reading. It is activated across writing systems and scripts and encodes letter strings irrespective of case, font, or location in the ..
  19. ncbi Improving early language and literacy skills: differential effects of an oral language versus a phonology with reading intervention
    Claudine Bowyer-Crane
    Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:422-32. 2008
    This study compares the efficacy of two school-based intervention programmes (Phonology with Reading (P + R) and Oral Language (OL)) for children with poor oral language at school entry.
  20. ncbi Evaluation of the dual route theory of reading: a metanalysis of 35 neuroimaging studies
    G Jobard
    Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, CNRS, UMR 6095, CEA LRC36V, Universite de Caen, Université de Paris 5, 14074, Caen Cedex, France
    Neuroimage 20:693-712. 2003
    Numerous studies concerned with cerebral structures underlying word reading have been published during the last decade...
  21. ncbi Orthographic processing in visual word recognition: a multiple read-out model
    J Grainger
    Centre de Recherche en Psychologie Cognitive, Universite de Provence, Aix en Provence, France or
    Psychol Rev 103:518-65. 1996
    ....
  22. pmc Resting-state functional connectivity indexes reading competence in children and adults
    Maki S Koyama
    Phyllis Green and Randolph Cowen Institute for Pediatric Neuroscience at New York University Child Study Center, New York, New York 10016, USA
    J Neurosci 31:8617-24. 2011
    Task-based neuroimaging studies face the challenge of developing tasks capable of equivalently probing reading networks across different age groups. Resting-state fMRI, which requires no specific task, circumvents these difficulties...
  23. ncbi The myth of the visual word form area
    Cathy J Price
    The Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuroimage 19:473-81. 2003
    ..subjects during tasks that do not engage visual word form processing such as naming colors, naming pictures, reading Braille, repeating auditory words, and making manual action responses to pictures of meaningless objects...
  24. ncbi Computing the meanings of words in reading: cooperative division of labor between visual and phonological processes
    Michael W Harm
    Department of Information Resources and Technology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5412, USA
    Psychol Rev 111:662-720. 2004
    ....
  25. pmc Subcortical processing of speech regularities underlies reading and music aptitude in children
    Dana L Strait
    Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
    Behav Brain Funct 7:44. 2011
    Neural sensitivity to acoustic regularities supports fundamental human behaviors such as hearing in noise and reading. Although the failure to encode acoustic regularities in ongoing speech has been associated with language and literacy ..
  26. ncbi Reading salt activates gustatory brain regions: fMRI evidence for semantic grounding in a novel sensory modality
    Alfonso Barros-Loscertales
    Departamento de Psicologia Basica, Clinica y Psicobiologia, Facultad de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales, Universitat Jaume I, Avd Vicente Sos Baynat s n, Castelló 12071, Spain
    Cereb Cortex 22:2554-63. 2012
    ..frequency of use, number of letters and syllables) were presented to 59 right-handed participants in a passive reading task...
  27. ncbi Reduced phase locking to slow amplitude modulation in adults with dyslexia: an MEG study
    Jarmo A Hämäläinen
    Centre for Neuroscience in Education, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EB, UK
    Neuroimage 59:2952-61. 2012
    ..amplitude modulation at the delta rate of 2 Hz were found when comparing participants with dyslexia to typically-reading participants...
  28. ncbi Understanding normal and impaired word reading: computational principles in quasi-regular domains
    D C Plaut
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
    Psychol Rev 103:56-115. 1996
    A connectionist approach to processing in quasi-regular domains, as exemplified by English word reading, is developed...
  29. ncbi Working memory training improves reading processes in typically developing children
    Sandra V Loosli
    Department of Psychology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    Child Neuropsychol 18:62-78. 2012
    ..Additionally, compared to a matched control group, the experimental group significantly enhanced their reading performance after training, providing further evidence for shared processes between working memory and reading.
  30. ncbi Reading emotional words within sentences: the impact of arousal and valence on event-related potentials
    Mareike Bayer
    Department of Psychology, Humboldt Universitaet zu Berlin, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 78:299-307. 2010
    ..Interestingly, the LPC was unaffected by pure arousal variation when valence was controlled for, indicating the importance of valence for this emotion-related ERP effect...
  31. ncbi Binocular coordination of eye movements during reading
    Simon P Liversedge
    Department of Psychology, University of Durham, UK
    Vision Res 46:2363-74. 2006
    Binocular coordination of the eyes during reading was examined...
  32. ncbi The neural correlates of verb and noun processing. A PET study
    D Perani
    Istituto di Neuroscienze e Bioimmagini CNR, Scientific Institute, H San Raffaele, University of Milan Bicocca, Milan, Italy
    Brain 122:2337-44. 1999
    ..processing of different word classes, we used PET to measure regional cerebral activity during tasks requiring reading of concrete and abstract nouns and verbs for lexical decision...
  33. ncbi Reading cinnamon activates olfactory brain regions
    Julio Gonzalez
    Department Psicología Básica, Clinica y Psicobiologia, Universitat Jaume I 12071 Castellón de la Plana, Spain
    Neuroimage 32:906-12. 2006
    ..These distributed neural systems may be the basis of the processing of language elements, their related conceptual and semantic information and the associated sensory information...
  34. ncbi Buzzwords: early cortical responses to emotional words during reading
    Johanna Kissler
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
    Psychol Sci 18:475-80. 2007
    ..Early event-related cortical responses during reading differentiated pleasant and unpleasant words from neutral words...
  35. pmc Brain sensitivity to print emerges when children learn letter-speech sound correspondences
    Silvia Brem
    Department of Psychology, University of Jyvaskyla, Agora Center, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:7939-44. 2010
    The acquisition of reading skills is a major landmark process in a human's cognitive development...
  36. ncbi Reading aloud and arithmetic calculation improve frontal function of people with dementia
    Ryuta Kawashima
    NICHe, Tohoku University, Aramaki Aza Aoba, Aobaku Sendai 980 8579, Japan
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 60:380-4. 2005
    Recent findings of neuroimaging studies indicate that reading aloud and arithmetic calculation activate bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex of humans...
  37. ncbi Phonemes, rimes, vocabulary, and grammatical skills as foundations of early reading development: evidence from a longitudinal study
    Valerie Muter
    Department of Psychology, University of York, York, United Kingdom
    Dev Psychol 40:665-81. 2004
    ..knowledge, grammatical skills, and vocabulary knowledge were investigated as predictors of word recognition and reading comprehension...
  38. ncbi The eye movements of dyslexic children during reading and visual search: impact of the visual attention span
    Chloé Prado
    Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neuro Cognition UMR5105 CNRS, Université Pierre Mendès France, 1251 Avenue Centrale BP 47, 38040 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
    Vision Res 47:2521-30. 2007
    ..children having a VA span reduction and 14 normal readers were compared in two tasks of visual search and text reading. The dyslexic participants made a higher number of rightward fixations in reading only...
  39. ncbi The visual word form area: a prelexical representation of visual words in the fusiform gyrus
    Stanislas Dehaene
    Unité INSERM 334, France
    Neuroreport 13:321-5. 2002
    ..We propose that the occasional activation of the fusiform gyrus when listening to spoken words is due to the topdown recruitment of visual orthographic or object representations...
  40. pmc A diffusion model account of the lexical decision task
    Roger Ratcliff
    Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 1222, USA
    Psychol Rev 111:159-82. 2004
    ..The authors discuss how this representation and the diffusion model's decision process might be integrated with current models of lexical access...
  41. ncbi Musical training influences linguistic abilities in 8-year-old children: more evidence for brain plasticity
    Sylvain Moreno
    Institut de Neurosciences Cognitives de la Mediterranee, CNRS Marseille Universités, Marseille, France
    Cereb Cortex 19:712-23. 2009
    ..music or result from musical training and 2) whether musical training improves nonmusical brain functions such as reading and linguistic pitch processing...
  42. pmc Relationship of ethnicity, age, education, and reading level to speed and executive function among HIV+ and HIV- women: the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) Neurocognitive Substudy
    Jennifer J Manly
    Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer s Disease and the Aging Brain, Department of Neurology, and the Gertrude H Sergievsky Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 33:853-63. 2011
    ..SDMT incidental recall score, but after adjustment for age, years of education, racial/ethnic classification, and reading level, only the difference on SDMT total correct remained significant...
  43. ncbi Reading literary fiction improves theory of mind
    David Comer Kidd
    The New School for Social Research, 80 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10011, USA
    Science 342:377-80. 2013
    ..We present five experiments showing that reading literary fiction led to better performance on tests of affective ToM (experiments 1 to 5) and cognitive ToM (..
  44. ncbi Emerging neurophysiological specialization for letter strings
    Urs Maurer
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:1532-52. 2005
    ..However, it is unknown whether this specialization emerges only with the onset of word reading, or represents a precursor of literacy...
  45. pmc Reading without the left ventral occipito-temporal cortex
    Mohamed L Seghier
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, UCL, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuropsychologia 50:3621-35. 2012
    ..cortex (LvOT) is thought to be essential for the rapid parallel letter processing that is required for skilled reading. Here we investigate whether rapid written word identification in skilled readers can be supported by neural ..
  46. ncbi Dyslexia in regular orthographies: manifestation and causation
    Heinz Wimmer
    Department of Psychology, Center for Neurocognitive Research, University of Salzburg, Austria
    Dyslexia 16:283-99. 2010
    ..research on the manifestation of dyslexia in German and on cognitive deficits, which may account for the severe reading speed deficit and the poor orthographic spelling performance that characterize dyslexia in regular orthographies...
  47. pmc A life course model of cognitive activities, socioeconomic status, education, reading ability, and cognition
    Angela L Jefferson
    Alzheimer s Disease Center, School of Medicine, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 59:1403-11. 2011
    To cross-sectionally quantify the contribution of proxy measures of cognitive reserve reflective of the lifespan, such as education, socioeconomic status (SES), reading ability, and cognitive activities, in explaining late-life cognition.
  48. ncbi Perception of patterns of musical beat distribution in phonological developmental dyslexia: significant longitudinal relations with word reading and reading comprehension
    Usha Goswami
    Centre for Neuroscience in Education, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Cortex 49:1363-76. 2013
    ..of beat structure in music ('perception of musical meter') accounted for over 40% of the variance in single word reading in children with and without dyslexia (Huss et al., 2011)...
  49. ncbi Emotion and attention in visual word processing: an ERP study
    Johanna Kissler
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
    Biol Psychol 80:75-83. 2009
    Emotional words are preferentially processed during silent reading. Here, we investigate to what extent different components of the visual evoked potential, namely the P1, N1, the early posterior negativity (EPN, around 250 ms after word ..
  50. ncbi Reading performance after implantation of a small-aperture corneal inlay for the surgical correction of presbyopia: Two-year follow-up
    Alois K Dexl
    University Eye Clinic, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria
    J Cataract Refract Surg 37:525-31. 2011
    To evaluate the change in reading-performance parameters after implantation of the Kamra small-aperture intracorneal inlay over a 2-year follow-up.
  51. pmc Reading text increases binocular disparity in dyslexic children
    Julie A Kirkby
    Psychology Department, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e27105. 2011
    Children with developmental dyslexia show reading impairment compared to their peers, despite being matched on IQ, socio-economic background, and educational opportunities...
  52. ncbi Significant improvements in near vision, reading speed, central visual field and related quality of life after ranibizumab treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration
    Christina Frennesson
    Department of Ophthalmology, Linkoping University, Sweden
    Acta Ophthalmol 88:420-5. 2010
    To investigate the effects on near visual acuity, reading speed, central visual field and related quality of life of ranibizumab treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
  53. ncbi Uncoupling of reading and IQ over time: empirical evidence for a definition of dyslexia
    Emilio Ferrer
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616 8686, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:93-101. 2010
    Developmental dyslexia is defined as an unexpected difficulty in reading in individuals who otherwise possess the intelligence and motivation considered necessary for fluent reading, and who also have had reasonable reading instruction...
  54. pmc Adaptive changes in early and late blind: a fMRI study of Braille reading
    H Burton
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Neurophysiol 87:589-607. 2002
    Braille reading depends on remarkable adaptations that connect the somatosensory system to language. We hypothesized that the pattern of cortical activations in blind individuals reading Braille would reflect these adaptations...
  55. ncbi Practitioner Review: Reading disorders: what are the effective interventions and how should they be implemented and evaluated?
    Fiona J Duff
    Psychology Department, University of York, Heslington, York, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:3-12. 2011
    Two developmental reading disorders, dyslexia and reading comprehension impairment, are identified by different behavioural characteristics and traced back to different underlying cognitive impairments...
  56. pmc A multiple deficit model of reading disability and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: searching for shared cognitive deficits
    Lauren M McGrath
    Massachusetts General Hospital Harvard Medical School, USA University of Denver, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:547-57. 2011
    This study tests a multiple cognitive deficit model of reading disability (RD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and their comorbidity.
  57. pmc Neural correlates of implicit and explicit combinatorial semantic processing
    William W Graves
    Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA
    Neuroimage 53:638-46. 2010
    ..These results reveal strong effects of task demands on engagement of lexical versus combinatorial processing and suggest a hemispheric dissociation between these levels of semantic representation...
  58. pmc Reading networks at rest
    Maki S Koyama
    Phyllis Green and Randolph Cowen Institute for Pediatric Neuroscience, New York University Child Study Center, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Cereb Cortex 20:2549-59. 2010
    ..elucidated patterns of RSFC associated with 6 regions of interest selected primarily from a meta-analysis on word reading (Bolger DJ, Perfetti CA, Schneider W. 2005...
  59. ncbi Reading spoken words: orthographic effects in auditory priming
    Céline Chéreau
    Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK
    Cognition 102:341-60. 2007
    ..These results indicate a surprising level of orthographic involvement in speech perception, and provide clear evidence for mandatory orthographic activation during spoken word recognition...
  60. pmc Journal reading habits of internists
    S Saint
    Division of General Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 15:881-4. 2000
    We assessed the reading habits of internists with and without epidemiological training because such information may help guide medical journals as they make changes in how articles are edited and formatted...
  61. ncbi Mapping numerical processing, reading, and executive functions in the developing brain: an fMRI meta-analysis of 52 studies including 842 children
    Olivier Houde
    CI NAPS, UMR 6232, CNRS, CEA, Caen and Paris Descartes Universities, Caen, France
    Dev Sci 13:876-85. 2010
    ..children and adolescents in three core systems of cognitive development and school learning: numerical abilities, reading, and executive functions (i.e. cognitive control)...
  62. ncbi DRC: a dual route cascaded model of visual word recognition and reading aloud
    M Coltheart
    Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Psychol Rev 108:204-56. 2001
    This article describes the Dual Route Cascaded (DRC) model, a computational model of visual word recognition and reading aloud...
  63. ncbi Reading skills are related to global, but not local, acoustic pattern perception
    Jessica M Foxton
    Auditory Group, School of Neurology, Neurobiology and Psychiatry, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Framlington Place, Newcastle NE2 4HH, UK
    Nat Neurosci 6:343-4. 2003
  64. ncbi The National Adult Reading Test as a measure of premorbid intelligence: a comparison with estimates derived from demographic variables
    Peter Bright
    University Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, King s College, London, UK
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 8:847-54. 2002
    Since its publication in 1982, the National Adult Reading Test (NART; Revised Version, NART-R) has become a widely accepted method for estimating premorbid levels of intelligence in neuropsychological research...
  65. ncbi Visuoperceptual deficits in letter-by-letter reading?
    Rachel H Mycroft
    South London and Maudsley NHS Trust, UK
    Neuropsychologia 47:1733-44. 2009
    A longstanding and controversial issue concerns the underlying mechanisms that give rise to letter-by-letter (LBL) reading: while some researchers propose a prelexical, perceptual basis for the disorder, others postulate a postlexical, ..
  66. ncbi The left occipitotemporal system in reading: disruption of focal fMRI connectivity to left inferior frontal and inferior parietal language areas in children with dyslexia
    Sanne van der Mark
    MR Center, University Children s Hospital, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuroimage 54:2426-36. 2011
    Developmental dyslexia is a severe reading disorder, which is characterized by dysfluent reading and impaired automaticity of visual word processing...
  67. ncbi Poor saccadic control correlates with dyslexia
    M Biscaldi
    Brain Research Unit, Institute of Biophysics, University of Freiburg, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 36:1189-202. 1998
    A large group of subjects, either average readers or reading/spelling disabled subjects (n = 185; age between 8-25 years; M = 13 +/- 4 years), were tested in various standardized cognitive tasks including reading/spelling assessment and ..
  68. ncbi SWIFT: a dynamical model of saccade generation during reading
    Ralf Engbert
    Department of Psychology, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany
    Psychol Rev 112:777-813. 2005
    Mathematical models have become an important tool for understanding the control of eye movements during reading. Main goals of the development of the SWIFT model (R. Engbert, A. Longtin, & R...
  69. ncbi The E-Z reader model of eye-movement control in reading: comparisons to other models
    Erik D Reichle
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 26:445-76; discussion 477-526. 2003
    ..visual processing, attention, and oculomotor control jointly determine when and where the eyes move during reading. In this article, we first review what is known about eye movements during reading...
  70. pmc Anticipating words and their gender: an event-related brain potential study of semantic integration, gender expectancy, and gender agreement in Spanish sentence reading
    Nicole Y Y Wicha
    Department of Cognitive Science, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, 0515, La Jolla, CA 92093 0515, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:1272-88. 2004
    ..Here, we examine the nature and time course of the effect of gender on word-by-word sentence reading. Event-related brain potentials were recorded to an article and noun, while native Spanish speakers read medium- ..
  71. pmc Reading ability, education, and cognitive status assessment among older adults in Harlem, New York City
    S M Albert
    Gertrude H Sergievsky Center, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Public Health 89:95-7. 1999
    This study examined reported level of education and current reading ability as predictors of cognitive status among older African Americans in central Harlem, New York City.
  72. ncbi Cultural recycling of cortical maps
    Stanislas Dehaene
    INSERM, Cognitive Neuro Imaging Unit, IFR 49, Gif sur Yvette, France
    Neuron 56:384-98. 2007
    Part of human cortex is specialized for cultural domains such as reading and arithmetic, whose invention is too recent to have influenced the evolution of our species...
  73. ncbi Reading normal and degraded words: contribution of the dorsal and ventral visual pathways
    Laurent Cohen
    Department of Neurology I, AP HP, Hopital de la Salpetriere, 47 83 boulevard de l Hopital, Paris Cedex 13, France
    Neuroimage 40:353-66. 2008
    ..Behaviorally, we identified degradation thresholds above which reading difficulty increased non-linearly, with the concomitant emergence of a word length effect on reading latencies ..
  74. ncbi Eye movements of dyslexic children when reading in a regular orthography
    Florian Hutzler
    Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
    Brain Lang 89:235-42. 2004
    ..German dyslexic readers (13-year-olds) who-compared to English dyslexic readers-suffer mainly from slow laborious reading and less from reading errors...
  75. ncbi Dyslexia: a deficit in visuo-spatial attention, not in phonological processing
    Trichur R Vidyasagar
    Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:57-63. 2010
    ..It is widely assumed that phonological deficits, that is, deficits in how words are sounded out, cause the reading difficulties in dyslexia...
  76. ncbi The pathophysiology of letter-by-letter reading
    Laurent Cohen
    Institut de Neurologie, Hopital de la Salpetriere, 47 83 Bd de l Hopital, 75651 Paris Cedex 13, France
    Neuropsychologia 42:1768-80. 2004
    ..patients often retain effective single letter recognition abilities, and develop an effortful letter-by-letter reading strategy which is the basis of most rehabilitation techniques...
  77. pmc Neural deficits in children with dyslexia ameliorated by behavioral remediation: evidence from functional MRI
    Elise Temple
    Program in Neuroscience, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:2860-5. 2003
    Developmental dyslexia, characterized by unexplained difficulty in reading, is associated with behavioral deficits in phonological processing...
  78. ncbi Crowding effects on word identification in developmental dyslexia
    Donatella Spinelli-
    IUSM, Roma, Italy
    Cortex 38:179-200. 2002
    ..In Experiment 2, vocal RTs to word reading were measured...
  79. ncbi Visual complexity in letter-by-letter reading: "pure" alexia is not pure
    M Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Neuropsychologia 36:1115-32. 1998
    Standard accounts of pure alexia have favoured the view that this acquired disorder of reading arises from damage to a left posterior occipital cortex mechanism dedicated to the processing of alphanumeric symbols...
  80. ncbi Internet cognitive testing of large samples needed in genetic research
    Claire M A Haworth
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    Twin Res Hum Genet 10:554-63. 2007
    ..We developed Internet versions of reading, language, mathematics and general cognitive ability tests and investigated their reliability and validity for 10-..
  81. pmc Dissociation of sensitivity to spatial frequency in word and face preferential areas of the fusiform gyrus
    Zoe Victoria Joan Woodhead
    MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0NN, UK
    Cereb Cortex 21:2307-12. 2011
    ..Therefore, the SF of a visual stimulus may bias the lateralization of processing irrespective of its higher order properties...
  82. ncbi Dynamics of letter string perception in the human occipitotemporal cortex
    A Tarkiainen
    Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland
    Brain 122:2119-32. 1999
    ..The present data strongly support the special role of the left inferior occipitotemporal cortex in visual word processing within 200 ms after stimulus onset...
  83. pmc Multiple routes from occipital to temporal cortices during reading
    Fiona M Richardson
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 31:8239-47. 2011
    Contemporary models of the neural system that supports reading propose that activity in a ventral occipitotemporal area (vOT) drives activity in higher-order language areas, for example, those in the posterior superior temporal sulcus (..
  84. ncbi Genetic influences on early word recognition abilities and disabilities: a study of 7-year-old twins
    Nicole Harlaar
    Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:373-84. 2005
    A fundamental issue for child psychology concerns the origins of individual differences in early reading development.
  85. ncbi Rhythmic processing in children with developmental dyslexia: auditory and motor rhythms link to reading and spelling
    Jennifer M Thomson
    Centre for Neuroscience in Education, University of Cambridge, 184 Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 2PQ, UK
    J Physiol Paris 102:120-9. 2008
    ..g., [Wolff, P.H., 2002. Timing precision and rhythm in developmental dyslexia. Reading and Writing, 15 (1), 179-206.] between motor tapping and written language skills...
  86. pmc Top-down modulation of ventral occipito-temporal responses during visual word recognition
    Tae Twomey
    Cognitive, Perceptual and Brain Sciences, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    Neuroimage 55:1242-51. 2011
    Although interactivity is considered a fundamental principle of cognitive (and computational) models of reading, it has received far less attention in neural models of reading that instead focus on serial stages of feed-forward ..
  87. ncbi The spatial coding model of visual word identification
    Colin J Davis
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham Hill, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, England
    Psychol Rev 117:713-58. 2010
    ..Simulations of the model illustrate its ability to explain a broad range of results from the masked form priming literature, as well as to capture benchmark findings from the unprimed lexical decision task...
  88. ncbi Phase coupling in a cerebro-cerebellar network at 8-13 Hz during reading
    Jan Kujala
    Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, 02015 HUT, FIN 02015 TKK, Finland
    Cereb Cortex 17:1476-85. 2007
    ..We identified a left-hemisphere neural network sensitive to reading performance directly from the time courses of activation in the brain, derived from magnetoencephalography data...
  89. ncbi Stimulus properties matter more than perspective: an fMRI study of mental imagery and silent reading of action phrases
    Barbara Tomasino
    Institute of Neuroscience and Biophysics, Department of Medicine, Research Centre Juelich, Juelich, Germany
    Neuroimage 36:T128-41. 2007
    ..letter detection). In addition, phrases were presented both in 1st and 3rd person singular (..
  90. pmc Making psycholinguistics musical: self-paced reading time evidence for shared processing of linguistic and musical syntax
    L Robert Slevc
    Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 16:374-81. 2009
    ..Participants performed self-paced reading of garden path sentences, in which structurally unexpected words cause temporary syntactic processing difficulty...
  91. ncbi Nested incremental modeling in the development of computational theories: the CDP+ model of reading aloud
    Conrad Perry
    Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Psychol Rev 114:273-315. 2007
    ..of computational model have been shown to account for various facets of both normal and impaired single word reading: (a) the connectionist triangle model, (b) the dual-route cascaded model, and (c) the connectionist dual process ..
  92. ncbi Direct intracranial, FMRI, and lesion evidence for the causal role of left inferotemporal cortex in reading
    Raphael Gaillard
    INSERM, U562, CEA DSV, IFR 49, Orsay, France
    Neuron 50:191-204. 2006
    ..that a left occipitotemporal region implements the automatic visual word recognition required for efficient reading. This theory was assessed in a patient in whom reading was explored with behavioral measures, fMRI, and ..
  93. ncbi Relations among musical skills, phonological processing, and early reading ability in preschool children
    Sima H Anvari
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont, Canada L8S 4K1
    J Exp Child Psychol 83:111-30. 2002
    We examined the relations among phonological awareness, music perception skills, and early reading skills in a population of 100 4- and 5-year-old children...
  94. ncbi Event related potentials to emotional adjectives during reading
    Cornelia Herbert
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
    Psychophysiology 45:487-98. 2008
    We investigated to what extent emotional connotation influences cortical potentials during reading. To this end, event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded during reading of high arousal pleasant and unpleasant and low arousal neutral ..
  95. ncbi Quantitative trait locus association scan of early reading disability and ability using pooled DNA and 100K SNP microarrays in a sample of 5760 children
    E L Meaburn
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, UK
    Mol Psychiatry 13:729-40. 2008
    Quantitative genetic research suggests that reading disability is the quantitative extreme of the same genetic and environmental factors responsible for normal variation in reading ability...
  96. ncbi Specialization within the ventral stream: the case for the visual word form area
    Laurent Cohen
    Neuroimage 22:466-76. 2004
    ..Examination of the literature with this theoretical division in mind indicates that reading activates a precise subpart of the left ventral occipitotemporal sulcus, and that patients with pure alexia ..
  97. ncbi Predicting early reading skills from pre-reading measures of dorsal stream functioning
    Alison Kevan
    School of Psychology, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
    Neuropsychologia 47:3174-81. 2009
    It is well documented that good reading skills may be dependent upon adequate dorsal stream processing. However, the degree to which dorsal stream deficits play a causal role in reading failure has not been established...
  98. ncbi Superior parietal lobule dysfunction in a homogeneous group of dyslexic children with a visual attention span disorder
    C Peyrin
    Laboratoire de Psychologie et NeuroCognition UMR 5105 CNRS, Université Pierre Mendès France, 38040 Grenoble Cedex 09, France
    Brain Lang 118:128-38. 2011
    ..attention (VA) span disorder has been reported in dyslexic children as potentially responsible for their poor reading outcome. The purpose of the current paper was to identify the cerebral correlates of this VA span disorder...
  99. pmc Unstable representation of sound: a biological marker of dyslexia
    Jane Hornickel
    Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
    J Neurosci 33:3500-4. 2013
    ..We hypothesize that this constellation of deficits associated with reading disorders arises from the human auditory system failing to respond to sound in a consistent manner, and that this ..
  100. ncbi Phonological skills and their role in learning to read: a meta-analytic review
    Monica Melby-Lervåg
    Department of Special Needs Education, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Psychol Bull 138:322-52. 2012
    ..phonological skills (phonemic awareness, rime awareness, and verbal short-term memory) and children's word reading skills...
  101. pmc Anatomy of the visual word form area: adjacent cortical circuits and long-range white matter connections
    Jason D Yeatman
    Psychology Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, United States
    Brain Lang 125:146-55. 2013
    ..The vertical occipital fasciculus projects dorsally to language and reading related cortex...

Research Grants72

  1. The nature and time course of phonological representations in reading
    Keith Rayner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The research described in this proposal is concerned with on-line word recognition processes during silent reading. In the proposal, a number of studies are described in which eye movement and electrophysiological data are ..
  2. LANGUAGE PROCESSING DURING READING
    Keith Rayner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The research described in this proposal is concerned with on-line language comprehension processing during reading. In the proposal, a number of studies are outlined in which eye movement data are collected as subjects read ..
  3. The influence semantics on syntactic analysis: fMRI study
    Sharlene Newman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Effects of Age, Knowledge, & Control Beliefs on Reading
    Lisa Miller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term goal of this research is to better understand how knowledge and control beliefs can offset age-related declines in cognitive processing...
  5. Overt and Covert Selection During Reading
    ALBRECHT INHOFF; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Encoding of text during reading differs fundamentally from the encoding of speech in that reading requires the active selection for processing of to-be-recognized words from a spatially ordered set of visual symbols...
  6. Working Memory Effects in Sentence Comprehension
    MATTHEW TRAXLER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Measures of verbal-working-memory capacity tend to correlate with measures of reading comprehension skill and indices of academic achievement, such as verbal SAT scores...
  7. The Nature of Phonological Representation in Reading
    M Ashby; Fiscal Year: 2004
    The proposed research examines the extent to which proficient reading utilizes mechanisms of spoken language processing and for what purposes...
  8. Suppression in simple recognition memory
    Stephen Dopkins; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Reading Skill: Modeling Individual and Text Interactions
    DEBRA LYNN LONG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Reading involves complex interactions between reader-related factors (e.g...
  10. Structural Factors in Text Comprehension
    CELIA KLIN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    DESCRIPTION: The primary goal of research in reading comprehension is to specify the nature of the memory representation that readers create and the cognitive processes involved in building that representation...
  11. Event Interpretation in Reading Comprehension
    Tessa Warren; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Reading is a necessary requirement for higher education, for holding most jobs and for successfully maneuvering everyday life...
  12. Long-term Outcomes of Cochlear Implantation in Early Childhood
    Ann Geers; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..perception skills in vocabulary and language comprehension during high school, when language is acquired by reading in addition to listening and watching...
  13. Biological Substrates for Language
    Christine Chiarello; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Hence, the study of individual differences in uninjured populations can provide a critical bridge between the basic science of cerebral lateralization and its clinical application. ..
  14. Working Memory and Brain Morphology in Dyslexia and ADHD
    MICHELLE KIBBY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..They will engage in neuropsychological testing of their WM, linguistic functioning, intelligence, and reading ability. Along with cognitive testing, a structural MRI scan will be conducted on each child...
  15. Validity of DSM-IV ADHD Subtypes in a Community Sample
    Erik Willcutt; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  16. Short-term Training Students-Health Professional Schools
    KENNETH CIUFFREDA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Trainees will consist of optometry students who have just completed either their first or second professional years, and have done well academically (3.5 gpa or better). All will have an undergraduate degree, generally in the sciences. ..
  17. Neuroimaging--Treatment and Recovery of Written Language
    Brenda Rapp; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. LANGUAGE, MODALITY AND THE BRAIN
    Karen Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Enhanced Prescription Drug Label Design to Improve Patient Understanding and Use
    Michael S Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will advance the science related to Rx labeling practices. Findings will directly inform clinical practice and state and federal policies for improving patient medication information and safety. ..
  20. TRANSMISSION OF INFORMATION IN THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    Denis G Pelli; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..AIM 1. Use crowding, along with other manipulations, to characterize three parallel processes in reading by normal and dyslexic readers. AIM 2. Count features by probability summation...
  21. Phonological markedness constraints on reading
    Iris Berent; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed research has two aims: It investigates the nature of phonological competence and examines its role in reading skill...
  22. Reinforcing Effects of Alcohol During Group Formation
    Michael Sayette; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Etiology of Reading Disabilities and Comorbid ADHD
    Erik Willcutt; Fiscal Year: 2009
    The primary goal of the proposed study is to assess the genetic etiology of reading disability (RD) and comorbid Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the two most prevalent disorders of childhood...
  24. Neural Systems Underlying Sign Language Production
    Karen Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Neuroimaging the impact of aging on economic decisions
    John Gabrieli; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Stuttering Therapy and Neurophysiological Interaction
    Roger J Ingham; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The overall study also constitutes a Phase II treatment efficacy study that will determine the need for a Phase III treatment trial of the MPI program. ..
  27. ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON EARLY READING: A TWIN STUDY
    Stephen A Petrill; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Understanding the genetic and environmental mechanisms that underlie the development of reading ability and disability has important implications for literacy education and the prevention of learning disabilities in reading...
  28. Inference Processes in Adults with Right Brain Damage
    Margaret Blake; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Two studies will be conducted to address these aims. Methods: Both studies will employ a line-by-line reading time task using experimental stories constructed to bias toward a specific predictive inference, with a target ..
  29. INVESTIGATING THE NEURAL BASES OF CHRONIC STUTTERING
    Roger Ingham; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..induced fluency have been studied in a single population (men who stutter and experience fluency during chorus reading), with a single speech task (oral reading) and with a single fluency inducting procedure (chorus reading)...
  30. DSM-IV ADHD IN AN ETHNICALLY DIVERSE COMMUNITY SAMPLE
    Erik Willcutt; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. Cognitive Processing System Components Share Resources
    KATHERINE RAWSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Subsequent research will adapt this experimental approach to evaluate other core assumptions of the theory. Findings from this programmatic research will have important theoretical and applied implications. ..
  32. COGNITIVE ANALYSIS OF WORKING MEMORY DEVELOPMENT
    John Gabrieli; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..They will also collect a variety of psychometric measures of working memory and processing speed in all subjects in order to examine relationships between behavioral, structural anatomical, and functional anatomical measures. ..
  33. FMRI ANALYSIS OF DECLARATIVE MEMORY
    John Gabrieli; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Experiment 16 examines what frontal-lobe component of working memory (encoding, storage, or retrieval) participates in declarative memory retrieval. ..
  34. Mathematical Development in Learning Diasbled Children
    DAVID GEARY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g., working memory) that underlie MD children's developmental delays and deficits in these competencies. ..
  35. LEARNING DISABILITIES IN ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS
    DAVID GEARY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  36. Genetic Influence on Personality Disorder
    Jeanette Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. FUNCTIONAL MRI ANALYSIS OF MEMORY IN AGING
    John Gabrieli; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  38. GENETICS OF GENERAL AND SPECIFIC MATH DISABILITIES
    STEPHEN PETRILL; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..of individual differences in early mathematics learning and disabilities as well as the links among mathematics, reading, other cognitive abilities, motivation, and the environment...
  39. OBJECT RECOGNITION & NAVIGATION--NORMAL & LOW VISION
    GORDON LEGGE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..field loss, on the formation and use of cognitive maps. Their hypothesis is that cognitive maps, although difficult to learn with visual impairment, will be esp. beneficial to people with low vision. ..
  40. MODULATION OF NEURONAL RESPONSES IN SOMATOSENSORY CORTEX
    Harold Burton; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  41. Access of semantic knowledge during speech perception
    Daniel Mirman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A proposed computational model will integrate semantic knowledge in speech processing to account for the behavioral and eye tracking results and to make novel predictions. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. The Development and Redevelopment of Lexical and Sublexical Representations
    Arthur G Samuel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Because language is such a fundamental cognitive ability, progress in describing language processing will enhance our understanding of human cognition, under both normal and disordered conditions. ..
  43. Neural correlates of mild cognitive impairment
    CHRISTINE NORDAHL; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In contrast, we predict MCI individuals with hippocampal atrophy will show reduced hippocampal activation during performance on an episodic memory task. ..
  44. Identify abnormal neurocognitive circuits in temporal lobe epilepsy
    Joseph Tracy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Motivation, Self-Monitoring, & Family Process in Autism
    Heather Henderson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..To address these specific aims this application proposes a study of 120 HFA children in 2 age groups (8-12 and 13-17 years) and 120 age, gender and IQ matched controls. ..
  46. Cannabis and Schizophrenia
    Sanjiv Kumra; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A positive finding would help inform current neurodevelopmental models of schizophrenia and point to an intervention that might prevent worsening of the illness. ..
  47. Cognitive neuroscience of temporal processing
    H Branch Coslett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, we propose to use transcranial magnetic stimulation to identify specific brain regions that are necessary for normal temporal processing. ..
  48. Father Involvement & Child Well-Being in Latino Families
    Natasha Cabrera; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Multiple regression and structural equation path modeling techniques will be employed. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. ECONOMICS OF MANAGED BEHAVIORAL HEALTH CARE
    Richard Scheffler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The first project proposed here, in particular, lays out that challenge. ..
  50. Ethical Challenges in Lead Poisoning Prevention Research
    Nancy Kass; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The investigators hypothesize that our approach can produce models for education of diverse communities and EH scientists. ..
  51. Distinguishing the neural bases of lexical access
    William Graves; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study should lead to a more complete neural account of lexical access. ..
  52. Neural Basis of Semantic Constraints on Adjective Order
    David Kemmerer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This will be done by recording event-related potentials in normal adults while they read examples of natural and unnatural adjective orders. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. Syntactic flexibility in language production
    VIC FERREIRA; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Speech Production in Phonological Impairment
    Benjamin Munson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  55. Identifying Communicative Signals in Dysarthric Speech
    Rupal Patel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  56. Naltrexone and alprazolam-induced fMRI changes
    CHRIS STREETER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Pretreatment with naltrexone will correlate with a slower decrease in rCBV and less mood-enhancement than when alprazolam is given unopposed. ..
  57. DISCRIMINATING SLI AND APD IN SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN
    Carol Miller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..auditory processing disorder (APD) often present with poor skills in expressive and/or receptive language and reading. Given the overlap in behavioral symptoms between APD and SLI, clinicians and researchers are faced with an ..
  58. Early Memory Development: Mechanisms and Methods
    Patricia Bauer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In the 20-plus-year balance of my professional career, I will share my expertise with the undergradu ate and graduate students that I train and with the field at large. ..
  59. A Magnetoencephalography Study: Saccadic Eye Movement Effects on Word Processing
    SIMONA TEMEREANCA IBANESCU; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..They are critical to essential human behaviors such as reading and visual exploration of the environment, with recent perceptual studies emphasizing their active role in ..
  60. Neural Architecture of Event Comprehension
    JEFFREY ZACKS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These same changes can affect the updating of working memory during reading or listening, and affect reading rate...
  61. Understanding/Preventing Math Problem/Solving Disability
    Lynn Fuchs; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of those trials, the prevalence and diagnostic stability of MPSD is estimated as it occurs with or without reading disability (RD), with or without using an IQ-achievement discrepancy, and with or without prevention...
  62. Drug Effects on Behavior: Workplace Implications
    Carl Hart; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Together, the data from the proposed studies will have substantial public health impact and will serve both educational and public policy functions. ..
  63. Optimizing Hearing Aid Fitting for Older Adults
    Robyn Cox; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..For these individuals, resources presently allocated to hearing aid purchase would be used more effectively for alternate rehabilitation methods. Outcomes of 100 bilateral hearing aid fittings will be evaluated. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. Development and Maintenance of Binocular Vision (EY005236)
    EILEEN ELIZABETH BIRCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  65. Relative effectiveness of reading programs for adults
    John Sabatini; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..directly target decoding and fluency will be compared with regard to their effectiveness in improving word-level reading abilities of adult learners...
  66. Improving Literacy Instruction for Adults
    DARYL MELLARD; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..First, we will research what component skills for reading are incorporated within common assessments of literacy (CASAS, NAAL, and GED)...
  67. School Wide Prevention of Risk Factors for Drug Abuse
    Ted Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  68. Emotional Granularity: A View From Multiple Levels
    Lisa Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Emotional experiences will come to be viewed as fluid, emergent phenomena that are constructed and elaborated via mental representations. In the broadest context, it has the potential to impact research where emotion plays some role. ..
  69. Mental health Sessions at IHEA 4th World Congress
    Richard Scheffler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The Congress is being organized by two committees of leading health economists, who will design the sessions and select the Congress presenters. ..