- The unique role of the visual word form area in reading
Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette, 91191 France
Trends Cogn Sci 15:254-62. 2011
b>Reading systematically activates the left lateral occipitotemporal sulcus, at a site known as the visual word form area (VWFA)...
- Too little, too late: reduced visual span and speed characterize pure alexia
Department of Psychology, Center for Visual Cognition, Copenhagen University, DK 1361 Copenhagen, Denmark
Cereb Cortex 19:2880-90. 2009
Whether normal word reading includes a stage of visual processing selectively dedicated to word or letter recognition is highly debated...
- Reading habits for both words and numbers contribute to the SNARC effect
Ariel University Center of Samaria, Ariel, Israel
Psychon Bull Rev 16:328-31. 2009
..These results suggest that reading habits for both words and numbers contribute to the spatial representation of numbers.
- Binocular coordination during reading and non-reading tasks
Julie A Kirkby
School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
Psychol Bull 134:742-63. 2008
The goal of this review is to evaluate the literature on binocular coordination during reading and non-reading tasks in adult, child, and dyslexic populations...
- When writing impairs reading: letter perception's susceptibility to motor interference
Karin H James
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, IN 47405, USA
J Exp Psychol Gen 138:416-31. 2009
- Eye movements in reading and information processing: 20 years of research
Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst 01003, USA
Psychol Bull 124:372-422. 1998
Recent studies of eye movements in reading and other information processing tasks, such as music reading, typing, visual search, and scene perception, are reviewed...
- Meta-analysis of the functional neuroanatomy of single-word reading: method and validation
Peter E Turkeltaub
Center for the Study of Learning, Department of Neurology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007, USA
Neuroimage 16:765-80. 2002
..subtle differences in experimental design can lead to variable results in studies of cognitive processes such as reading. To accurately identify the neural processes associated with cognition and sensorimotor processing, meta-analytic ..
- DRC: a dual route cascaded model of visual word recognition and reading aloud
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
Psychol Rev 108:204-56. 2001
This article describes the Dual Route Cascaded (DRC) model, a computational model of visual word recognition and reading aloud...
- Meta-analyzing left hemisphere language areas: phonology, semantics, and sentence processing
Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR 6194, CNRS CEA Caen and Paris 5 Universities, GIP Cyceron, Boulevard Henri Becquerel, BP 5229, 14074 Caen Cedex, France
Neuroimage 30:1414-32. 2006
..These results argue for large-scale architecture networks rather than modular organization of language in the left hemisphere...
- The neural correlates of verb and noun processing. A PET study
Istituto di Neuroscienze e Bioimmagini CNR, Scientific Institute, H San Raffaele, University of Milan Bicocca, Milan, Italy
Brain 122:2337-44. 1999
..processing of different word classes, we used PET to measure regional cerebral activity during tasks requiring reading of concrete and abstract nouns and verbs for lexical decision...
- Resting-state functional connectivity indexes reading competence in children and adults
Maki S Koyama
Phyllis Green and Randolph Cowen Institute for Pediatric Neuroscience at New York University Child Study Center, New York, New York 10016, USA
J Neurosci 31:8617-24. 2011
Task-based neuroimaging studies face the challenge of developing tasks capable of equivalently probing reading networks across different age groups. Resting-state fMRI, which requires no specific task, circumvents these difficulties...
- The interactive account of ventral occipitotemporal contributions to reading
Cathy J Price
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuro imaging, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Trends Cogn Sci 15:246-53. 2011
..We discuss how the Interactive Account explains left vOT responses during normal reading and developmental dyslexia; and how it accounts for the behavioural consequences of left vOT damage.
- Language-specific tuning of visual cortex? Functional properties of the Visual Word Form Area
Institut de Neurologie, Hopital de la Salpetriere, AP HP, Paris, France
Brain 125:1054-69. 2002
The first steps in the process of reading a printed word belong to the domain of visual object perception...
- Functional connectivity of the angular gyrus in normal reading and dyslexia
Laboratory of Neurosciences, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:8939-44. 1998
The classic neurologic model for reading, based on studies of patients with acquired alexia, hypothesizes functional linkages between the angular gyrus in the left hemisphere and visual association areas in the occipital and temporal ..
- Improving early language and literacy skills: differential effects of an oral language versus a phonology with reading intervention
Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:422-32. 2008
This study compares the efficacy of two school-based intervention programmes (Phonology with Reading (P + R) and Oral Language (OL)) for children with poor oral language at school entry.
- Neural systems for reading aloud: a multiparametric approach
William W Graves
Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
Cereb Cortex 20:1799-815. 2010
b>Reading aloud involves computing the sound of a word from its visual form. This may be accomplished 1) by direct associations between spellings and phonology and 2) by computation from orthography to meaning to phonology...
- A ventral visual stream reading center independent of visual experience
Department of Medical Neurobiology, Faculty of Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
Curr Biol 21:363-8. 2011
The visual word form area (VWFA) is a ventral stream visual area that develops expertise for visual reading. It is activated across writing systems and scripts and encodes letter strings irrespective of case, font, or location in the ..
- Orthographic processing in visual word recognition: a multiple read-out model
Centre de Recherche en Psychologie Cognitive, Universite de Provence, Aix en Provence, France or
Psychol Rev 103:518-65. 1996
- Emotion and attention in visual word processing: an ERP study
Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
Biol Psychol 80:75-83. 2009
Emotional words are preferentially processed during silent reading. Here, we investigate to what extent different components of the visual evoked potential, namely the P1, N1, the early posterior negativity (EPN, around 250 ms after word ..
- Computing the meanings of words in reading: cooperative division of labor between visual and phonological processes
Michael W Harm
Department of Information Resources and Technology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5412, USA
Psychol Rev 111:662-720. 2004
- Neural deficits in children with dyslexia ameliorated by behavioral remediation: evidence from functional MRI
Program in Neuroscience, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:2860-5. 2003
Developmental dyslexia, characterized by unexplained difficulty in reading, is associated with behavioral deficits in phonological processing...
- Evaluation of the dual route theory of reading: a metanalysis of 35 neuroimaging studies
Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, CNRS, UMR 6095, CEA LRC36V, Universite de Caen, Université de Paris 5, 14074, Caen Cedex, France
Neuroimage 20:693-712. 2003
Numerous studies concerned with cerebral structures underlying word reading have been published during the last decade...
- Buzzwords: early cortical responses to emotional words during reading
Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
Psychol Sci 18:475-80. 2007
..Early event-related cortical responses during reading differentiated pleasant and unpleasant words from neutral words...
- Understanding normal and impaired word reading: computational principles in quasi-regular domains
D C Plaut
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
Psychol Rev 103:56-115. 1996
A connectionist approach to processing in quasi-regular domains, as exemplified by English word reading, is developed...
- Reading emotional words within sentences: the impact of arousal and valence on event-related potentials
Department of Psychology, Humboldt Universitaet zu Berlin, Germany
Int J Psychophysiol 78:299-307. 2010
..Interestingly, the LPC was unaffected by pure arousal variation when valence was controlled for, indicating the importance of valence for this emotion-related ERP effect...
- Working memory training improves reading processes in typically developing children
Sandra V Loosli
Department of Psychology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Child Neuropsychol 18:62-78. 2012
..Additionally, compared to a matched control group, the experimental group significantly enhanced their reading performance after training, providing further evidence for shared processes between working memory and reading.
- Binocular coordination of eye movements during reading
Simon P Liversedge
Department of Psychology, University of Durham, UK
Vision Res 46:2363-74. 2006
Binocular coordination of the eyes during reading was examined...
- Mapping numerical processing, reading, and executive functions in the developing brain: an fMRI meta-analysis of 52 studies including 842 children
CI NAPS, UMR 6232, CNRS, CEA, Caen and Paris Descartes Universities, Caen, France
Dev Sci 13:876-85. 2010
..children and adolescents in three core systems of cognitive development and school learning: numerical abilities, reading, and executive functions (i.e. cognitive control)...
- Phonemes, rimes, vocabulary, and grammatical skills as foundations of early reading development: evidence from a longitudinal study
Department of Psychology, University of York, York, United Kingdom
Dev Psychol 40:665-81. 2004
..knowledge, grammatical skills, and vocabulary knowledge were investigated as predictors of word recognition and reading comprehension...
- Brain sensitivity to print emerges when children learn letter-speech sound correspondences
Department of Psychology, University of Jyvaskyla, Agora Center, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:7939-44. 2010
The acquisition of reading skills is a major landmark process in a human's cognitive development...
- The eye movements of dyslexic children during reading and visual search: impact of the visual attention span
Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neuro Cognition UMR5105 CNRS, Université Pierre Mendès France, 1251 Avenue Centrale BP 47, 38040 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
Vision Res 47:2521-30. 2007
..children having a VA span reduction and 14 normal readers were compared in two tasks of visual search and text reading. The dyslexic participants made a higher number of rightward fixations in reading only...
- The myth of the visual word form area
Cathy J Price
The Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Neuroimage 19:473-81. 2003
..subjects during tasks that do not engage visual word form processing such as naming colors, naming pictures, reading Braille, repeating auditory words, and making manual action responses to pictures of meaningless objects...
- Reading aloud and arithmetic calculation improve frontal function of people with dementia
NICHe, Tohoku University, Aramaki Aza Aoba, Aobaku Sendai 980 8579, Japan
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 60:380-4. 2005
Recent findings of neuroimaging studies indicate that reading aloud and arithmetic calculation activate bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex of humans...
- Reading cinnamon activates olfactory brain regions
Department Psicología Básica, Clinica y Psicobiologia, Universitat Jaume I 12071 Castellón de la Plana, Spain
Neuroimage 32:906-12. 2006
..These distributed neural systems may be the basis of the processing of language elements, their related conceptual and semantic information and the associated sensory information...
- Musical training influences linguistic abilities in 8-year-old children: more evidence for brain plasticity
Institut de Neurosciences Cognitives de la Mediterranee, CNRS Marseille Universités, Marseille, France
Cereb Cortex 19:712-23. 2009
..music or result from musical training and 2) whether musical training improves nonmusical brain functions such as reading and linguistic pitch processing...
- A diffusion model account of the lexical decision task
Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 1222, USA
Psychol Rev 111:159-82. 2004
..The authors discuss how this representation and the diffusion model's decision process might be integrated with current models of lexical access...
- Significant improvements in near vision, reading speed, central visual field and related quality of life after ranibizumab treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration
Department of Ophthalmology, Linkoping University, Sweden
Acta Ophthalmol 88:420-5. 2010
To investigate the effects on near visual acuity, reading speed, central visual field and related quality of life of ranibizumab treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
- Practitioner Review: Reading disorders: what are the effective interventions and how should they be implemented and evaluated?
Fiona J Duff
Psychology Department, University of York, Heslington, York, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:3-12. 2011
Two developmental reading disorders, dyslexia and reading comprehension impairment, are identified by different behavioural characteristics and traced back to different underlying cognitive impairments...
- Uncoupling of reading and IQ over time: empirical evidence for a definition of dyslexia
Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616 8686, USA
Psychol Sci 21:93-101. 2010
Developmental dyslexia is defined as an unexpected difficulty in reading in individuals who otherwise possess the intelligence and motivation considered necessary for fluent reading, and who also have had reasonable reading instruction...
- Dissociation of sensitivity to spatial frequency in word and face preferential areas of the fusiform gyrus
Zoe Victoria Joan Woodhead
MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0NN, UK
Cereb Cortex 21:2307-12. 2011
..Therefore, the SF of a visual stimulus may bias the lateralization of processing irrespective of its higher order properties...
- Adaptive changes in early and late blind: a fMRI study of Braille reading
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
J Neurophysiol 87:589-607. 2002
Braille reading depends on remarkable adaptations that connect the somatosensory system to language. We hypothesized that the pattern of cortical activations in blind individuals reading Braille would reflect these adaptations...
- Reading text increases binocular disparity in dyslexic children
Julie A Kirkby
Psychology Department, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 6:e27105. 2011
Children with developmental dyslexia show reading impairment compared to their peers, despite being matched on IQ, socio-economic background, and educational opportunities...
- The left occipitotemporal system in reading: disruption of focal fMRI connectivity to left inferior frontal and inferior parietal language areas in children with dyslexia
Sanne van der Mark
MR Center, University Children s Hospital, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Neuroimage 54:2426-36. 2011
Developmental dyslexia is a severe reading disorder, which is characterized by dysfluent reading and impaired automaticity of visual word processing...
- A review and synthesis of the first 20 years of PET and fMRI studies of heard speech, spoken language and reading
Cathy J Price
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, UCL, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Neuroimage 62:816-47. 2012
..Here I attempt to provide an overview of the brain areas associated with heard speech, speech production and reading. The conclusions of many hundreds of studies were considered, grouped according to the type of processing, and ..
- Multiple routes from occipital to temporal cortices during reading
Fiona M Richardson
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 31:8239-47. 2011
Contemporary models of the neural system that supports reading propose that activity in a ventral occipitotemporal area (vOT) drives activity in higher-order language areas, for example, those in the posterior superior temporal sulcus (..
- Reading networks at rest
Maki S Koyama
Phyllis Green and Randolph Cowen Institute for Pediatric Neuroscience, New York University Child Study Center, New York, NY 10016, USA
Cereb Cortex 20:2549-59. 2010
..elucidated patterns of RSFC associated with 6 regions of interest selected primarily from a meta-analysis on word reading (Bolger DJ, Perfetti CA, Schneider W. 2005...
- A multiple deficit model of reading disability and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: searching for shared cognitive deficits
Lauren M McGrath
Massachusetts General Hospital Harvard Medical School, USA University of Denver, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:547-57. 2011
This study tests a multiple cognitive deficit model of reading disability (RD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and their comorbidity.
- Neural correlates of implicit and explicit combinatorial semantic processing
William W Graves
Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA
Neuroimage 53:638-46. 2010
..These results reveal strong effects of task demands on engagement of lexical versus combinatorial processing and suggest a hemispheric dissociation between these levels of semantic representation...
- Reading spoken words: orthographic effects in auditory priming
Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK
Cognition 102:341-60. 2007
..These results indicate a surprising level of orthographic involvement in speech perception, and provide clear evidence for mandatory orthographic activation during spoken word recognition...
- Dyslexia and DCDC2: normal variation in reading and spelling is associated with DCDC2 polymorphisms in an Australian population sample
Penelope A Lind
Genetic Epidemiology Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia
Eur J Hum Genet 18:668-73. 2010
..Here, we report an association between DCDC2 and reading and spelling ability in 522 families of adolescent twins unselected for reading impairment...
- The E-Z reader model of eye-movement control in reading: comparisons to other models
Erik D Reichle
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Behav Brain Sci 26:445-76; discussion 477-526. 2003
..visual processing, attention, and oculomotor control jointly determine when and where the eyes move during reading. In this article, we first review what is known about eye movements during reading...
- SWIFT: a dynamical model of saccade generation during reading
Department of Psychology, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany
Psychol Rev 112:777-813. 2005
Mathematical models have become an important tool for understanding the control of eye movements during reading. Main goals of the development of the SWIFT model (R. Engbert, A. Longtin, & R...
- Dyslexia: a deficit in visuo-spatial attention, not in phonological processing
Trichur R Vidyasagar
Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
Trends Cogn Sci 14:57-63. 2010
..It is widely assumed that phonological deficits, that is, deficits in how words are sounded out, cause the reading difficulties in dyslexia...
- Dynamics of letter string perception in the human occipitotemporal cortex
Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland
Brain 122:2119-32. 1999
..The present data strongly support the special role of the left inferior occipitotemporal cortex in visual word processing within 200 ms after stimulus onset...
- Cultural recycling of cortical maps
INSERM, Cognitive Neuro Imaging Unit, IFR 49, Gif sur Yvette, France
Neuron 56:384-98. 2007
Part of human cortex is specialized for cultural domains such as reading and arithmetic, whose invention is too recent to have influenced the evolution of our species...
- Reading normal and degraded words: contribution of the dorsal and ventral visual pathways
Department of Neurology I, AP HP, Hopital de la Salpetriere, 47 83 boulevard de l Hopital, Paris Cedex 13, France
Neuroimage 40:353-66. 2008
..Behaviorally, we identified degradation thresholds above which reading difficulty increased non-linearly, with the concomitant emergence of a word length effect on reading latencies ..
- Event related potentials to emotional adjectives during reading
Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
Psychophysiology 45:487-98. 2008
We investigated to what extent emotional connotation influences cortical potentials during reading. To this end, event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded during reading of high arousal pleasant and unpleasant and low arousal neutral ..
- Anticipating words and their gender: an event-related brain potential study of semantic integration, gender expectancy, and gender agreement in Spanish sentence reading
Nicole Y Y Wicha
Department of Cognitive Science, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, 0515, La Jolla, CA 92093 0515, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 16:1272-88. 2004
..Here, we examine the nature and time course of the effect of gender on word-by-word sentence reading. Event-related brain potentials were recorded to an article and noun, while native Spanish speakers read medium- ..
- Reading ability, education, and cognitive status assessment among older adults in Harlem, New York City
S M Albert
Gertrude H Sergievsky Center, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Am J Public Health 89:95-7. 1999
This study examined reported level of education and current reading ability as predictors of cognitive status among older African Americans in central Harlem, New York City.
- Reading acquisition, developmental dyslexia, and skilled reading across languages: a psycholinguistic grain size theory
Johannes C Ziegler
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Université de Provence, Marseille, France
Psychol Bull 131:3-29. 2005
The development of reading depends on phonological awareness across all languages so far studied. Languages vary in the consistency with which phonology is represented in orthography...
- Eye movements of dyslexic children when reading in a regular orthography
Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
Brain Lang 89:235-42. 2004
..German dyslexic readers (13-year-olds) who-compared to English dyslexic readers-suffer mainly from slow laborious reading and less from reading errors...
- The pathophysiology of letter-by-letter reading
Institut de Neurologie, Hopital de la Salpetriere, 47 83 Bd de l Hopital, 75651 Paris Cedex 13, France
Neuropsychologia 42:1768-80. 2004
..patients often retain effective single letter recognition abilities, and develop an effortful letter-by-letter reading strategy which is the basis of most rehabilitation techniques...
- The spatial coding model of visual word identification
Colin J Davis
Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham Hill, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, England
Psychol Rev 117:713-58. 2010
..Simulations of the model illustrate its ability to explain a broad range of results from the masked form priming literature, as well as to capture benchmark findings from the unprimed lexical decision task...
- Music, rhythm, rise time perception and developmental dyslexia: perception of musical meter predicts reading and phonology
Centre for Neuroscience in Education, University of Cambridge, UK
Cortex 47:674-89. 2011
..Here we investigate the hypothesis that the accurate perception of musical metrical structure is related to basic auditory perception of rise time, and also to phonological and literacy development in children...
- Stimulus properties matter more than perspective: an fMRI study of mental imagery and silent reading of action phrases
Institute of Neuroscience and Biophysics, Department of Medicine, Research Centre Juelich, Juelich, Germany
Neuroimage 36:T128-41. 2007
..letter detection). In addition, phrases were presented both in 1st and 3rd person singular (..
- Top-down modulation of ventral occipito-temporal responses during visual word recognition
Cognitive, Perceptual and Brain Sciences, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
Neuroimage 55:1242-51. 2011
Although interactivity is considered a fundamental principle of cognitive (and computational) models of reading, it has received far less attention in neural models of reading that instead focus on serial stages of feed-forward ..
- Phase coupling in a cerebro-cerebellar network at 8-13 Hz during reading
Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, 02015 HUT, FIN 02015 TKK, Finland
Cereb Cortex 17:1476-85. 2007
..We identified a left-hemisphere neural network sensitive to reading performance directly from the time courses of activation in the brain, derived from magnetoencephalography data...
- Specialization within the ventral stream: the case for the visual word form area
Neuroimage 22:466-76. 2004
..Examination of the literature with this theoretical division in mind indicates that reading activates a precise subpart of the left ventral occipitotemporal sulcus, and that patients with pure alexia ..
- Activation of the left inferior frontal gyrus in the first 200 ms of reading: evidence from magnetoencephalography (MEG)
Piers L Cornelissen
Department of Psychology, University of York, York, UK
PLoS ONE 4:e5359. 2009
..established that the left inferior frontal gyrus plays a key role in the cerebral cortical network that supports reading and visual word recognition. Less clear is when in time this contribution begins...
- Nested incremental modeling in the development of computational theories: the CDP+ model of reading aloud
Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
Psychol Rev 114:273-315. 2007
..of computational model have been shown to account for various facets of both normal and impaired single word reading: (a) the connectionist triangle model, (b) the dual-route cascaded model, and (c) the connectionist dual process ..
- Relations among musical skills, phonological processing, and early reading ability in preschool children
Sima H Anvari
Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont, Canada L8S 4K1
J Exp Child Psychol 83:111-30. 2002
We examined the relations among phonological awareness, music perception skills, and early reading skills in a population of 100 4- and 5-year-old children...
- Direct intracranial, FMRI, and lesion evidence for the causal role of left inferotemporal cortex in reading
INSERM, U562, CEA DSV, IFR 49, Orsay, France
Neuron 50:191-204. 2006
..that a left occipitotemporal region implements the automatic visual word recognition required for efficient reading. This theory was assessed in a patient in whom reading was explored with behavioral measures, fMRI, and ..
- Making psycholinguistics musical: self-paced reading time evidence for shared processing of linguistic and musical syntax
L Robert Slevc
Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 16:374-81. 2009
..Participants performed self-paced reading of garden path sentences, in which structurally unexpected words cause temporary syntactic processing difficulty...
- Automatic priming of semantically related words reduces activity in the fusiform gyrus
Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institutes of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Drive MSC 1366, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 17:1871-85. 2005
..but greater activity than identical pairs, mirroring the pattern of behavioral facilitation as measured by word reading times...
- The role of the posterior fusiform gyrus in reading
Joseph T Devlin
University of Oxford, UK
J Cogn Neurosci 18:911-22. 2006
Studies of skilled reading [Price, C. J., & Mechelli, A. Reading and reading disturbance. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 15, 231-238, 2005], its acquisition in children [Shaywitz, B. A., Shaywitz, S. E., Pugh, K. R., Mencl, W. E...
- Analysis of dyslexia candidate genes in the Raine cohort representing the general Australian population
Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, United Kingdom
Genes Brain Behav 10:158-65. 2011
..KIAA0319, DCDC2 and DYX1C1 genes in a sample of 520 individuals and tested them for association with reading and spelling measures...
- An examination of binocular reading fixations based on sentence corpus data
Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
J Vis 9:31.1-28. 2009
..In reading, the version and vergence system interact in a way that is qualitatively similar to what has been observed in ..
- Specialization for written words over objects in the visual cortex
INSERM U992, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette, France
Neuroimage 56:330-44. 2011
..for words relative to common objects; why this particular part of the visual system is reproducibly engaged in reading; and whether reading expertise also relies on perceptual learning within earlier visual areas...
- Evidence for highly selective neuronal tuning to whole words in the "visual word form area"
Laurie S Glezer
Department of Neuroscience, Georgetown University Medical Center, Research Building Room WP 12, 3970 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20007, USA
Neuron 62:199-204. 2009
Theories of reading have posited the existence of a neural representation coding for whole real words (i.e., an orthographic lexicon), but experimental support for such a representation has proved elusive...
- The binocular coordination of eye movements during reading in children and adults
Hazel I Blythe
Centre for Vision and Visual Cognition, Department of Psychology, University of Durham, Science Laboratories, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
Vision Res 46:3898-908. 2006
Recent evidence indicates that each eye does not always fixate the same letter during reading and there has been some suggestion that processing difficulty may influence binocular coordination...
- Binocular coordination of saccades at far and at near in children and in adults
Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Perception et de l Action, CNRS College de France, Paris, France
J Vis 3:554-61. 2003
..The results provide a reference for the normal development of binocular motor control and have important implications for reading in young children.
- Receiver operating characteristics in the lexical decision task: evidence for a simple signal-detection process simulated by the multiple read-out model
Arthur M Jacobs
Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Eichstaett Ingolstadt, Germany
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 29:481-8. 2003
..They also suggest that under data-limited conditions a deadline mechanism for generating "no" responses in the lexical decision task may not necessarily be functional...
- Association of short-term memory with a variant within DYX1C1 in developmental dyslexia
Scientific Institute Eugenio Medea, Department of Child Psychiatry, Bosisio Parini, Italy
Genes Brain Behav 6:640-6. 2007
- Brain activation and pupil response during covert performance of the Stroop Color Word task
G G Brown
Psychiatry Department, University of California San Diego, USA
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 5:308-19. 1999
..Comparisons of the incongruous Stroop condition were made with both color naming and word reading baselines...
- Split fovea theory and the role of the two cerebral hemispheres in reading: a review of the evidence
Andrew W Ellis
Department of Psychology, University of York, York, UK
Neuropsychologia 48:353-65. 2010
..We argue that a split fovea affects the reading of words at fixation, something that must be recognised and accounted for by cognitive, computational and neural ..
- Binocular motor coordination during saccades and fixations while reading: a magnitude and time analysis
IRIS Laboratory, CNRS, FRE 3154 Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France
J Vis 9:2. 2009
b>Reading involves saccades and fixations. Misalignment of the eyes should be small enough to allow sensory fusion. Recent studies reported disparity of the eyes during fixations. This study examines disconjugacy, i.e...
- Reading aloud boosts connectivity through the putamen
Mohamed L Seghier
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, UCL, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Cereb Cortex 20:570-82. 2010
Functional neuroimaging and lesion studies have frequently reported thalamic and putamen activation during reading and speech production...
- The left ventral occipito-temporal response to words depends on language lateralization but not on visual familiarity
Laboratory of Language, Brain and Cognition L2C2, CNRS University of Lyon UMR 5230, 69675 Bron, France
Cereb Cortex 20:1153-63. 2010
..vOT) cortex to visual word processing has triggered a considerable debate about the role of this region in reading. One popular view is that the left vOT underlies the perceptual expertise needed for rapid skilled reading...
- Dyslexia and DYX1C1: deficits in reading and spelling associated with a missense mutation
T C Bates
Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
Mol Psychiatry 15:1190-6. 2010
..3) as a susceptibility gene for dyslexia is unclear. We report the association of this gene with reading and spelling ability in a sample of adolescent twins and their siblings...
- Short-term language experience shapes the plasticity of the visual word form area
Department of Biology, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Brain Res 1316:83-91. 2010
..Our study clearly illuminates that the plasticity of the VWFA can be shaped by short-term language experience, bridging the gap between short-term and long-term experiences in language learning...
- Binocular coordination of the eyes during reading
Simon P Liversedge
Department of Psychology, University of Durham, Durham DH1 3LE, United Kingdom
Curr Biol 16:1726-9. 2006
Saccadic eye movements and fixations are the behavioral means by which we visually sample text during reading. Human oculomotor control is governed by a complex neurophysiological system involving the brain stem, superior colliculus, and ..
- Frequency drives lexical access in reading but not in speaking: the frequency-lag hypothesis
Tamar H Gollan
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093 0948, USA
J Exp Psychol Gen 140:186-209. 2011
..Semantic constraint effects were larger in production than in reading. Frequency effects were larger in production than in reading without constraining context but larger in reading ..
- The imprint of action: motor cortex involvement in visual perception of handwritten letters
Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, FIN 02015 HUT, Espoo, Finland
Neuroimage 33:681-8. 2006
..These results support the idea of embodied visual perception of handwritten scripts and the involvement of the motor cortex in the underlying action-perception link...
- Language experience shapes fusiform activation when processing a logographic artificial language: an fMRI training study
FPR UCLA Center for Culture, Brain, and Development, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
Neuroimage 31:1315-26. 2006
The significant role of the left midfusiform cortex in reading found in recent neuroimaging studies has led to the visual word form area (VWFA) hypothesis...
- Use it or lose it? Wii brain exercise practice and reading for domain knowledge
Phillip L Ackerman
School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology, 654 Cherry Street, Atlanta, GA 30332 0170, USA
Psychol Aging 25:753-66. 2010
..Nintendo Wii Big Brain Academy software over the course of 1 month and, in a second month, completed 20 one-hr reading sessions with articles on 4 different current topics (order of assignment was counterbalanced for the ..
- Cerebral bases of subliminal and supraliminal priming during reading
Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, INSERM U562, SHFJ, CEA DSV, Orsay, France
Cereb Cortex 17:2019-29. 2007
..In the absence of attention, however, their access to a second stage of distributed parieto-frontal processing may remain blocked...
- Reading for repetition and reading for translation: do they involve the same processes?
Departamento de Psicologia Experimental, Universidad de Granada, Campus de Cartuja, Spain
Cognition 99:1-34. 2006
..The second view, the "vertical" approach, assumes that on-line reformulation does not take place while reading: translation involves giving lexical expression to the meaning extracted after comprehension [Seleskovitch, D...
- Hands on the future: facilitation of cortico-spinal hand-representation when reading the future tense of hand-related action verbs
Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Italy
Eur J Neurosci 32:677-83. 2010
b>Reading action-related verbs brings about sensorimotor neural activity, suggesting that the linguistic representation of actions impinges upon neural structures largely overlapping with those involved in actual action execution...
- Chinese-English bilinguals reading English hear Chinese
Yan Jing Wu
School of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 30:7646-51. 2010
Bilingual individuals have been shown to access their native language while reading in or listening to their other language. However, it is unknown what type of mental representation (e.g., sound or spelling) they retrieve...
- Exposure-effect relations between aircraft and road traffic noise exposure at school and reading comprehension: the RANCH project
Centre for Psychiatry, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and The London, Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of London, London, United Kingdom
Am J Epidemiol 163:27-37. 2006
..study known to examine exposure-effect relations between aircraft and road traffic noise exposure and reading comprehension...
- Reading and subcortical auditory function
Department of Communication Sciences, Auditory Neuroscience Lab, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Cereb Cortex 19:2699-707. 2009
Although it is largely agreed that phonological processing deficits are a major cause of poor reading, the neural origins of phonological processing are not well understood...