- The unique role of the visual word form area in reading
Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette, 91191 France
Trends Cogn Sci 15:254-62. 2011
b>Reading systematically activates the left lateral occipitotemporal sulcus, at a site known as the visual word form area (VWFA)...
- An introduction to reading and appraising qualitative research
Department of Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M4N 3M5
BMJ 337:a288. 2008
- The interactive account of ventral occipitotemporal contributions to reading
Cathy J Price
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuro imaging, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Trends Cogn Sci 15:246-53. 2011
..We discuss how the Interactive Account explains left vOT responses during normal reading and developmental dyslexia; and how it accounts for the behavioural consequences of left vOT damage.
- Dyslexia and DCDC2: normal variation in reading and spelling is associated with DCDC2 polymorphisms in an Australian population sample
Penelope A Lind
Genetic Epidemiology Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia
Eur J Hum Genet 18:668-73. 2010
..Here, we report an association between DCDC2 and reading and spelling ability in 522 families of adolescent twins unselected for reading impairment...
- Reading acquisition, developmental dyslexia, and skilled reading across languages: a psycholinguistic grain size theory
Johannes C Ziegler
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Université de Provence, Marseille, France
Psychol Bull 131:3-29. 2005
The development of reading depends on phonological awareness across all languages so far studied. Languages vary in the consistency with which phonology is represented in orthography...
- A review and synthesis of the first 20 years of PET and fMRI studies of heard speech, spoken language and reading
Cathy J Price
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, UCL, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Neuroimage 62:816-47. 2012
..Here I attempt to provide an overview of the brain areas associated with heard speech, speech production and reading. The conclusions of many hundreds of studies were considered, grouped according to the type of processing, and ..
- Eye movements in reading and information processing: 20 years of research
Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst 01003, USA
Psychol Bull 124:372-422. 1998
Recent studies of eye movements in reading and other information processing tasks, such as music reading, typing, visual search, and scene perception, are reviewed...
- Meta-analysis of the functional neuroanatomy of single-word reading: method and validation
Peter E Turkeltaub
Center for the Study of Learning, Department of Neurology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007, USA
Neuroimage 16:765-80. 2002
..subtle differences in experimental design can lead to variable results in studies of cognitive processes such as reading. To accurately identify the neural processes associated with cognition and sensorimotor processing, meta-analytic ..
- Meta-analyzing left hemisphere language areas: phonology, semantics, and sentence processing
Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR 6194, CNRS CEA Caen and Paris 5 Universities, GIP Cyceron, Boulevard Henri Becquerel, BP 5229, 14074 Caen Cedex, France
Neuroimage 30:1414-32. 2006
..These results argue for large-scale architecture networks rather than modular organization of language in the left hemisphere...
- Extra-large letter spacing improves reading in dyslexia
Department of General Psychology and Center for Cognitive Science, University of Padova, 35131 Padua, Italy
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:11455-9. 2012
..that the main challenge is to find ways that allow a child with dyslexia to read more words in less time, because reading more is undisputedly the most efficient intervention for dyslexia...
- A causal link between visual spatial attention and reading acquisition
Developmental and Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, Department of General Psychology, University of Padua, Padova 35131, Italy
Curr Biol 22:814-9. 2012
b>Reading is a unique, cognitive human skill crucial to life in modern societies, but, for about 10% of the children, learning to read is extremely difficult. They are affected by a neurodevelopmental disorder called dyslexia...
- Cerebral mechanisms of word masking and unconscious repetition priming
Unité INSERM 334, IFR 49, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, 4 Place du General Leclerc, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
Nat Neurosci 4:752-8. 2001
..Within the areas associated with conscious reading, masked words activated left extrastriate, fusiform and precentral areas...
- Music, rhythm, rise time perception and developmental dyslexia: perception of musical meter predicts reading and phonology
Centre for Neuroscience in Education, University of Cambridge, UK
Cortex 47:674-89. 2011
..Here we investigate the hypothesis that the accurate perception of musical metrical structure is related to basic auditory perception of rise time, and also to phonological and literacy development in children...
- Language-specific tuning of visual cortex? Functional properties of the Visual Word Form Area
Institut de Neurologie, Hopital de la Salpetriere, AP HP, Paris, France
Brain 125:1054-69. 2002
The first steps in the process of reading a printed word belong to the domain of visual object perception...
- Functional connectivity of the angular gyrus in normal reading and dyslexia
Laboratory of Neurosciences, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:8939-44. 1998
The classic neurologic model for reading, based on studies of patients with acquired alexia, hypothesizes functional linkages between the angular gyrus in the left hemisphere and visual association areas in the occipital and temporal ..
- Docosahexaenoic acid for reading, cognition and behavior in children aged 7-9 years: a randomized, controlled trial (the DOLAB Study)
Alexandra J Richardson
Centre for Evidence Based Intervention, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 7:e43909. 2012
..Here we investigated whether such benefits might extend to the general child population...
- Neural systems for reading aloud: a multiparametric approach
William W Graves
Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
Cereb Cortex 20:1799-815. 2010
b>Reading aloud involves computing the sound of a word from its visual form. This may be accomplished 1) by direct associations between spellings and phonology and 2) by computation from orthography to meaning to phonology...
- A ventral visual stream reading center independent of visual experience
Department of Medical Neurobiology, Faculty of Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
Curr Biol 21:363-8. 2011
The visual word form area (VWFA) is a ventral stream visual area that develops expertise for visual reading. It is activated across writing systems and scripts and encodes letter strings irrespective of case, font, or location in the ..
- Improving early language and literacy skills: differential effects of an oral language versus a phonology with reading intervention
Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:422-32. 2008
This study compares the efficacy of two school-based intervention programmes (Phonology with Reading (P + R) and Oral Language (OL)) for children with poor oral language at school entry.
- Evaluation of the dual route theory of reading: a metanalysis of 35 neuroimaging studies
Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, CNRS, UMR 6095, CEA LRC36V, Universite de Caen, Université de Paris 5, 14074, Caen Cedex, France
Neuroimage 20:693-712. 2003
Numerous studies concerned with cerebral structures underlying word reading have been published during the last decade...
- Orthographic processing in visual word recognition: a multiple read-out model
Centre de Recherche en Psychologie Cognitive, Universite de Provence, Aix en Provence, France or
Psychol Rev 103:518-65. 1996
- Resting-state functional connectivity indexes reading competence in children and adults
Maki S Koyama
Phyllis Green and Randolph Cowen Institute for Pediatric Neuroscience at New York University Child Study Center, New York, New York 10016, USA
J Neurosci 31:8617-24. 2011
Task-based neuroimaging studies face the challenge of developing tasks capable of equivalently probing reading networks across different age groups. Resting-state fMRI, which requires no specific task, circumvents these difficulties...
- The myth of the visual word form area
Cathy J Price
The Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Neuroimage 19:473-81. 2003
..subjects during tasks that do not engage visual word form processing such as naming colors, naming pictures, reading Braille, repeating auditory words, and making manual action responses to pictures of meaningless objects...
- Computing the meanings of words in reading: cooperative division of labor between visual and phonological processes
Michael W Harm
Department of Information Resources and Technology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5412, USA
Psychol Rev 111:662-720. 2004
- Subcortical processing of speech regularities underlies reading and music aptitude in children
Dana L Strait
Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
Behav Brain Funct 7:44. 2011
Neural sensitivity to acoustic regularities supports fundamental human behaviors such as hearing in noise and reading. Although the failure to encode acoustic regularities in ongoing speech has been associated with language and literacy ..
- Reading salt activates gustatory brain regions: fMRI evidence for semantic grounding in a novel sensory modality
Departamento de Psicologia Basica, Clinica y Psicobiologia, Facultad de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales, Universitat Jaume I, Avd Vicente Sos Baynat s n, Castelló 12071, Spain
Cereb Cortex 22:2554-63. 2012
..frequency of use, number of letters and syllables) were presented to 59 right-handed participants in a passive reading task...
- Reduced phase locking to slow amplitude modulation in adults with dyslexia: an MEG study
Jarmo A Hämäläinen
Centre for Neuroscience in Education, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EB, UK
Neuroimage 59:2952-61. 2012
..amplitude modulation at the delta rate of 2 Hz were found when comparing participants with dyslexia to typically-reading participants...
- Understanding normal and impaired word reading: computational principles in quasi-regular domains
D C Plaut
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
Psychol Rev 103:56-115. 1996
A connectionist approach to processing in quasi-regular domains, as exemplified by English word reading, is developed...
- Working memory training improves reading processes in typically developing children
Sandra V Loosli
Department of Psychology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Child Neuropsychol 18:62-78. 2012
..Additionally, compared to a matched control group, the experimental group significantly enhanced their reading performance after training, providing further evidence for shared processes between working memory and reading.
- Reading emotional words within sentences: the impact of arousal and valence on event-related potentials
Department of Psychology, Humboldt Universitaet zu Berlin, Germany
Int J Psychophysiol 78:299-307. 2010
..Interestingly, the LPC was unaffected by pure arousal variation when valence was controlled for, indicating the importance of valence for this emotion-related ERP effect...
- Binocular coordination of eye movements during reading
Simon P Liversedge
Department of Psychology, University of Durham, UK
Vision Res 46:2363-74. 2006
Binocular coordination of the eyes during reading was examined...
- The neural correlates of verb and noun processing. A PET study
Istituto di Neuroscienze e Bioimmagini CNR, Scientific Institute, H San Raffaele, University of Milan Bicocca, Milan, Italy
Brain 122:2337-44. 1999
..processing of different word classes, we used PET to measure regional cerebral activity during tasks requiring reading of concrete and abstract nouns and verbs for lexical decision...
- Reading cinnamon activates olfactory brain regions
Department Psicología Básica, Clinica y Psicobiologia, Universitat Jaume I 12071 Castellón de la Plana, Spain
Neuroimage 32:906-12. 2006
..These distributed neural systems may be the basis of the processing of language elements, their related conceptual and semantic information and the associated sensory information...
- Buzzwords: early cortical responses to emotional words during reading
Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
Psychol Sci 18:475-80. 2007
..Early event-related cortical responses during reading differentiated pleasant and unpleasant words from neutral words...
- Brain sensitivity to print emerges when children learn letter-speech sound correspondences
Department of Psychology, University of Jyvaskyla, Agora Center, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:7939-44. 2010
The acquisition of reading skills is a major landmark process in a human's cognitive development...
- Reading aloud and arithmetic calculation improve frontal function of people with dementia
NICHe, Tohoku University, Aramaki Aza Aoba, Aobaku Sendai 980 8579, Japan
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 60:380-4. 2005
Recent findings of neuroimaging studies indicate that reading aloud and arithmetic calculation activate bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex of humans...
- Phonemes, rimes, vocabulary, and grammatical skills as foundations of early reading development: evidence from a longitudinal study
Department of Psychology, University of York, York, United Kingdom
Dev Psychol 40:665-81. 2004
..knowledge, grammatical skills, and vocabulary knowledge were investigated as predictors of word recognition and reading comprehension...
- The eye movements of dyslexic children during reading and visual search: impact of the visual attention span
Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neuro Cognition UMR5105 CNRS, Université Pierre Mendès France, 1251 Avenue Centrale BP 47, 38040 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
Vision Res 47:2521-30. 2007
..children having a VA span reduction and 14 normal readers were compared in two tasks of visual search and text reading. The dyslexic participants made a higher number of rightward fixations in reading only...
- The visual word form area: a prelexical representation of visual words in the fusiform gyrus
Unité INSERM 334, France
Neuroreport 13:321-5. 2002
..We propose that the occasional activation of the fusiform gyrus when listening to spoken words is due to the topdown recruitment of visual orthographic or object representations...
- A diffusion model account of the lexical decision task
Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 1222, USA
Psychol Rev 111:159-82. 2004
..The authors discuss how this representation and the diffusion model's decision process might be integrated with current models of lexical access...
- Musical training influences linguistic abilities in 8-year-old children: more evidence for brain plasticity
Institut de Neurosciences Cognitives de la Mediterranee, CNRS Marseille Universités, Marseille, France
Cereb Cortex 19:712-23. 2009
..music or result from musical training and 2) whether musical training improves nonmusical brain functions such as reading and linguistic pitch processing...
- Relationship of ethnicity, age, education, and reading level to speed and executive function among HIV+ and HIV- women: the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) Neurocognitive Substudy
Jennifer J Manly
Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer s Disease and the Aging Brain, Department of Neurology, and the Gertrude H Sergievsky Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, USA
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 33:853-63. 2011
..SDMT incidental recall score, but after adjustment for age, years of education, racial/ethnic classification, and reading level, only the difference on SDMT total correct remained significant...
- Reading literary fiction improves theory of mind
David Comer Kidd
The New School for Social Research, 80 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10011, USA
Science 342:377-80. 2013
..We present five experiments showing that reading literary fiction led to better performance on tests of affective ToM (experiments 1 to 5) and cognitive ToM (..
- Emerging neurophysiological specialization for letter strings
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Zurich, Switzerland
J Cogn Neurosci 17:1532-52. 2005
..However, it is unknown whether this specialization emerges only with the onset of word reading, or represents a precursor of literacy...
- Reading without the left ventral occipito-temporal cortex
Mohamed L Seghier
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, UCL, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Neuropsychologia 50:3621-35. 2012
..cortex (LvOT) is thought to be essential for the rapid parallel letter processing that is required for skilled reading. Here we investigate whether rapid written word identification in skilled readers can be supported by neural ..
- Dyslexia in regular orthographies: manifestation and causation
Department of Psychology, Center for Neurocognitive Research, University of Salzburg, Austria
Dyslexia 16:283-99. 2010
..research on the manifestation of dyslexia in German and on cognitive deficits, which may account for the severe reading speed deficit and the poor orthographic spelling performance that characterize dyslexia in regular orthographies...
- A life course model of cognitive activities, socioeconomic status, education, reading ability, and cognition
Angela L Jefferson
Alzheimer s Disease Center, School of Medicine, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
J Am Geriatr Soc 59:1403-11. 2011
To cross-sectionally quantify the contribution of proxy measures of cognitive reserve reflective of the lifespan, such as education, socioeconomic status (SES), reading ability, and cognitive activities, in explaining late-life cognition.
- Perception of patterns of musical beat distribution in phonological developmental dyslexia: significant longitudinal relations with word reading and reading comprehension
Centre for Neuroscience in Education, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Cortex 49:1363-76. 2013
..of beat structure in music ('perception of musical meter') accounted for over 40% of the variance in single word reading in children with and without dyslexia (Huss et al., 2011)...
- Emotion and attention in visual word processing: an ERP study
Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
Biol Psychol 80:75-83. 2009
Emotional words are preferentially processed during silent reading. Here, we investigate to what extent different components of the visual evoked potential, namely the P1, N1, the early posterior negativity (EPN, around 250 ms after word ..
- Reading performance after implantation of a small-aperture corneal inlay for the surgical correction of presbyopia: Two-year follow-up
Alois K Dexl
University Eye Clinic, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria
J Cataract Refract Surg 37:525-31. 2011
To evaluate the change in reading-performance parameters after implantation of the Kamra small-aperture intracorneal inlay over a 2-year follow-up.
- Reading text increases binocular disparity in dyslexic children
Julie A Kirkby
Psychology Department, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 6:e27105. 2011
Children with developmental dyslexia show reading impairment compared to their peers, despite being matched on IQ, socio-economic background, and educational opportunities...
- Significant improvements in near vision, reading speed, central visual field and related quality of life after ranibizumab treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration
Department of Ophthalmology, Linkoping University, Sweden
Acta Ophthalmol 88:420-5. 2010
To investigate the effects on near visual acuity, reading speed, central visual field and related quality of life of ranibizumab treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
- Uncoupling of reading and IQ over time: empirical evidence for a definition of dyslexia
Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616 8686, USA
Psychol Sci 21:93-101. 2010
Developmental dyslexia is defined as an unexpected difficulty in reading in individuals who otherwise possess the intelligence and motivation considered necessary for fluent reading, and who also have had reasonable reading instruction...
- Adaptive changes in early and late blind: a fMRI study of Braille reading
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
J Neurophysiol 87:589-607. 2002
Braille reading depends on remarkable adaptations that connect the somatosensory system to language. We hypothesized that the pattern of cortical activations in blind individuals reading Braille would reflect these adaptations...
- Practitioner Review: Reading disorders: what are the effective interventions and how should they be implemented and evaluated?
Fiona J Duff
Psychology Department, University of York, Heslington, York, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:3-12. 2011
Two developmental reading disorders, dyslexia and reading comprehension impairment, are identified by different behavioural characteristics and traced back to different underlying cognitive impairments...
- A multiple deficit model of reading disability and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: searching for shared cognitive deficits
Lauren M McGrath
Massachusetts General Hospital Harvard Medical School, USA University of Denver, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:547-57. 2011
This study tests a multiple cognitive deficit model of reading disability (RD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and their comorbidity.
- Neural correlates of implicit and explicit combinatorial semantic processing
William W Graves
Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA
Neuroimage 53:638-46. 2010
..These results reveal strong effects of task demands on engagement of lexical versus combinatorial processing and suggest a hemispheric dissociation between these levels of semantic representation...
- Reading networks at rest
Maki S Koyama
Phyllis Green and Randolph Cowen Institute for Pediatric Neuroscience, New York University Child Study Center, New York, NY 10016, USA
Cereb Cortex 20:2549-59. 2010
..elucidated patterns of RSFC associated with 6 regions of interest selected primarily from a meta-analysis on word reading (Bolger DJ, Perfetti CA, Schneider W. 2005...
- Reading spoken words: orthographic effects in auditory priming
Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK
Cognition 102:341-60. 2007
..These results indicate a surprising level of orthographic involvement in speech perception, and provide clear evidence for mandatory orthographic activation during spoken word recognition...
- Journal reading habits of internists
Division of General Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA
J Gen Intern Med 15:881-4. 2000
We assessed the reading habits of internists with and without epidemiological training because such information may help guide medical journals as they make changes in how articles are edited and formatted...
- Mapping numerical processing, reading, and executive functions in the developing brain: an fMRI meta-analysis of 52 studies including 842 children
CI NAPS, UMR 6232, CNRS, CEA, Caen and Paris Descartes Universities, Caen, France
Dev Sci 13:876-85. 2010
..children and adolescents in three core systems of cognitive development and school learning: numerical abilities, reading, and executive functions (i.e. cognitive control)...
- DRC: a dual route cascaded model of visual word recognition and reading aloud
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
Psychol Rev 108:204-56. 2001
This article describes the Dual Route Cascaded (DRC) model, a computational model of visual word recognition and reading aloud...
- Reading skills are related to global, but not local, acoustic pattern perception
Jessica M Foxton
Auditory Group, School of Neurology, Neurobiology and Psychiatry, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Framlington Place, Newcastle NE2 4HH, UK
Nat Neurosci 6:343-4. 2003
- The National Adult Reading Test as a measure of premorbid intelligence: a comparison with estimates derived from demographic variables
University Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, King s College, London, UK
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 8:847-54. 2002
Since its publication in 1982, the National Adult Reading Test (NART; Revised Version, NART-R) has become a widely accepted method for estimating premorbid levels of intelligence in neuropsychological research...
- Visuoperceptual deficits in letter-by-letter reading?
Rachel H Mycroft
South London and Maudsley NHS Trust, UK
Neuropsychologia 47:1733-44. 2009
A longstanding and controversial issue concerns the underlying mechanisms that give rise to letter-by-letter (LBL) reading: while some researchers propose a prelexical, perceptual basis for the disorder, others postulate a postlexical, ..
- The left occipitotemporal system in reading: disruption of focal fMRI connectivity to left inferior frontal and inferior parietal language areas in children with dyslexia
Sanne van der Mark
MR Center, University Children s Hospital, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Neuroimage 54:2426-36. 2011
Developmental dyslexia is a severe reading disorder, which is characterized by dysfluent reading and impaired automaticity of visual word processing...
- Poor saccadic control correlates with dyslexia
Brain Research Unit, Institute of Biophysics, University of Freiburg, Germany
Neuropsychologia 36:1189-202. 1998
A large group of subjects, either average readers or reading/spelling disabled subjects (n = 185; age between 8-25 years; M = 13 +/- 4 years), were tested in various standardized cognitive tasks including reading/spelling assessment and ..
- SWIFT: a dynamical model of saccade generation during reading
Department of Psychology, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany
Psychol Rev 112:777-813. 2005
Mathematical models have become an important tool for understanding the control of eye movements during reading. Main goals of the development of the SWIFT model (R. Engbert, A. Longtin, & R...
- The E-Z reader model of eye-movement control in reading: comparisons to other models
Erik D Reichle
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Behav Brain Sci 26:445-76; discussion 477-526. 2003
..visual processing, attention, and oculomotor control jointly determine when and where the eyes move during reading. In this article, we first review what is known about eye movements during reading...
- Anticipating words and their gender: an event-related brain potential study of semantic integration, gender expectancy, and gender agreement in Spanish sentence reading
Nicole Y Y Wicha
Department of Cognitive Science, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, 0515, La Jolla, CA 92093 0515, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 16:1272-88. 2004
..Here, we examine the nature and time course of the effect of gender on word-by-word sentence reading. Event-related brain potentials were recorded to an article and noun, while native Spanish speakers read medium- ..
- Reading ability, education, and cognitive status assessment among older adults in Harlem, New York City
S M Albert
Gertrude H Sergievsky Center, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Am J Public Health 89:95-7. 1999
This study examined reported level of education and current reading ability as predictors of cognitive status among older African Americans in central Harlem, New York City.
- Cultural recycling of cortical maps
INSERM, Cognitive Neuro Imaging Unit, IFR 49, Gif sur Yvette, France
Neuron 56:384-98. 2007
Part of human cortex is specialized for cultural domains such as reading and arithmetic, whose invention is too recent to have influenced the evolution of our species...
- Reading normal and degraded words: contribution of the dorsal and ventral visual pathways
Department of Neurology I, AP HP, Hopital de la Salpetriere, 47 83 boulevard de l Hopital, Paris Cedex 13, France
Neuroimage 40:353-66. 2008
..Behaviorally, we identified degradation thresholds above which reading difficulty increased non-linearly, with the concomitant emergence of a word length effect on reading latencies ..
- Eye movements of dyslexic children when reading in a regular orthography
Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
Brain Lang 89:235-42. 2004
..German dyslexic readers (13-year-olds) who-compared to English dyslexic readers-suffer mainly from slow laborious reading and less from reading errors...
- Dyslexia: a deficit in visuo-spatial attention, not in phonological processing
Trichur R Vidyasagar
Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
Trends Cogn Sci 14:57-63. 2010
..It is widely assumed that phonological deficits, that is, deficits in how words are sounded out, cause the reading difficulties in dyslexia...
- The pathophysiology of letter-by-letter reading
Institut de Neurologie, Hopital de la Salpetriere, 47 83 Bd de l Hopital, 75651 Paris Cedex 13, France
Neuropsychologia 42:1768-80. 2004
..patients often retain effective single letter recognition abilities, and develop an effortful letter-by-letter reading strategy which is the basis of most rehabilitation techniques...
- Neural deficits in children with dyslexia ameliorated by behavioral remediation: evidence from functional MRI
Program in Neuroscience, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:2860-5. 2003
Developmental dyslexia, characterized by unexplained difficulty in reading, is associated with behavioral deficits in phonological processing...
- Crowding effects on word identification in developmental dyslexia
IUSM, Roma, Italy
Cortex 38:179-200. 2002
..In Experiment 2, vocal RTs to word reading were measured...
- Visual complexity in letter-by-letter reading: "pure" alexia is not pure
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
Neuropsychologia 36:1115-32. 1998
Standard accounts of pure alexia have favoured the view that this acquired disorder of reading arises from damage to a left posterior occipital cortex mechanism dedicated to the processing of alphanumeric symbols...
- Internet cognitive testing of large samples needed in genetic research
Claire M A Haworth
Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
Twin Res Hum Genet 10:554-63. 2007
..We developed Internet versions of reading, language, mathematics and general cognitive ability tests and investigated their reliability and validity for 10-..
- Dissociation of sensitivity to spatial frequency in word and face preferential areas of the fusiform gyrus
Zoe Victoria Joan Woodhead
MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0NN, UK
Cereb Cortex 21:2307-12. 2011
..Therefore, the SF of a visual stimulus may bias the lateralization of processing irrespective of its higher order properties...
- Dynamics of letter string perception in the human occipitotemporal cortex
Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland
Brain 122:2119-32. 1999
..The present data strongly support the special role of the left inferior occipitotemporal cortex in visual word processing within 200 ms after stimulus onset...
- Multiple routes from occipital to temporal cortices during reading
Fiona M Richardson
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 31:8239-47. 2011
Contemporary models of the neural system that supports reading propose that activity in a ventral occipitotemporal area (vOT) drives activity in higher-order language areas, for example, those in the posterior superior temporal sulcus (..
- Genetic influences on early word recognition abilities and disabilities: a study of 7-year-old twins
Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:373-84. 2005
A fundamental issue for child psychology concerns the origins of individual differences in early reading development.
- Rhythmic processing in children with developmental dyslexia: auditory and motor rhythms link to reading and spelling
Jennifer M Thomson
Centre for Neuroscience in Education, University of Cambridge, 184 Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 2PQ, UK
J Physiol Paris 102:120-9. 2008
..g., [Wolff, P.H., 2002. Timing precision and rhythm in developmental dyslexia. Reading and Writing, 15 (1), 179-206.] between motor tapping and written language skills...
- Top-down modulation of ventral occipito-temporal responses during visual word recognition
Cognitive, Perceptual and Brain Sciences, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
Neuroimage 55:1242-51. 2011
Although interactivity is considered a fundamental principle of cognitive (and computational) models of reading, it has received far less attention in neural models of reading that instead focus on serial stages of feed-forward ..
- The spatial coding model of visual word identification
Colin J Davis
Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham Hill, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, England
Psychol Rev 117:713-58. 2010
..Simulations of the model illustrate its ability to explain a broad range of results from the masked form priming literature, as well as to capture benchmark findings from the unprimed lexical decision task...
- Phase coupling in a cerebro-cerebellar network at 8-13 Hz during reading
Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, 02015 HUT, FIN 02015 TKK, Finland
Cereb Cortex 17:1476-85. 2007
..We identified a left-hemisphere neural network sensitive to reading performance directly from the time courses of activation in the brain, derived from magnetoencephalography data...
- Stimulus properties matter more than perspective: an fMRI study of mental imagery and silent reading of action phrases
Institute of Neuroscience and Biophysics, Department of Medicine, Research Centre Juelich, Juelich, Germany
Neuroimage 36:T128-41. 2007
..letter detection). In addition, phrases were presented both in 1st and 3rd person singular (..
- Making psycholinguistics musical: self-paced reading time evidence for shared processing of linguistic and musical syntax
L Robert Slevc
Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 16:374-81. 2009
..Participants performed self-paced reading of garden path sentences, in which structurally unexpected words cause temporary syntactic processing difficulty...
- Nested incremental modeling in the development of computational theories: the CDP+ model of reading aloud
Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
Psychol Rev 114:273-315. 2007
..of computational model have been shown to account for various facets of both normal and impaired single word reading: (a) the connectionist triangle model, (b) the dual-route cascaded model, and (c) the connectionist dual process ..
- Direct intracranial, FMRI, and lesion evidence for the causal role of left inferotemporal cortex in reading
INSERM, U562, CEA DSV, IFR 49, Orsay, France
Neuron 50:191-204. 2006
..that a left occipitotemporal region implements the automatic visual word recognition required for efficient reading. This theory was assessed in a patient in whom reading was explored with behavioral measures, fMRI, and ..
- Relations among musical skills, phonological processing, and early reading ability in preschool children
Sima H Anvari
Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont, Canada L8S 4K1
J Exp Child Psychol 83:111-30. 2002
We examined the relations among phonological awareness, music perception skills, and early reading skills in a population of 100 4- and 5-year-old children...
- Event related potentials to emotional adjectives during reading
Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
Psychophysiology 45:487-98. 2008
We investigated to what extent emotional connotation influences cortical potentials during reading. To this end, event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded during reading of high arousal pleasant and unpleasant and low arousal neutral ..
- Quantitative trait locus association scan of early reading disability and ability using pooled DNA and 100K SNP microarrays in a sample of 5760 children
E L Meaburn
Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, UK
Mol Psychiatry 13:729-40. 2008
Quantitative genetic research suggests that reading disability is the quantitative extreme of the same genetic and environmental factors responsible for normal variation in reading ability...
- Specialization within the ventral stream: the case for the visual word form area
Neuroimage 22:466-76. 2004
..Examination of the literature with this theoretical division in mind indicates that reading activates a precise subpart of the left ventral occipitotemporal sulcus, and that patients with pure alexia ..
- Predicting early reading skills from pre-reading measures of dorsal stream functioning
School of Psychology, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
Neuropsychologia 47:3174-81. 2009
It is well documented that good reading skills may be dependent upon adequate dorsal stream processing. However, the degree to which dorsal stream deficits play a causal role in reading failure has not been established...
- Superior parietal lobule dysfunction in a homogeneous group of dyslexic children with a visual attention span disorder
Laboratoire de Psychologie et NeuroCognition UMR 5105 CNRS, Université Pierre Mendès France, 38040 Grenoble Cedex 09, France
Brain Lang 118:128-38. 2011
..attention (VA) span disorder has been reported in dyslexic children as potentially responsible for their poor reading outcome. The purpose of the current paper was to identify the cerebral correlates of this VA span disorder...
- Unstable representation of sound: a biological marker of dyslexia
Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
J Neurosci 33:3500-4. 2013
..We hypothesize that this constellation of deficits associated with reading disorders arises from the human auditory system failing to respond to sound in a consistent manner, and that this ..
- Phonological skills and their role in learning to read: a meta-analytic review
Department of Special Needs Education, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Psychol Bull 138:322-52. 2012
..phonological skills (phonemic awareness, rime awareness, and verbal short-term memory) and children's word reading skills...
- Anatomy of the visual word form area: adjacent cortical circuits and long-range white matter connections
Jason D Yeatman
Psychology Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, United States
Brain Lang 125:146-55. 2013
..The vertical occipital fasciculus projects dorsally to language and reading related cortex...