- The unique role of the visual word form area in reading
Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette, 91191 France
Trends Cogn Sci 15:254-62. 2011
b>Reading systematically activates the left lateral occipitotemporal sulcus, at a site known as the visual word form area (VWFA)...
- Too little, too late: reduced visual span and speed characterize pure alexia
Department of Psychology, Center for Visual Cognition, Copenhagen University, DK 1361 Copenhagen, Denmark
Cereb Cortex 19:2880-90. 2009
Whether normal word reading includes a stage of visual processing selectively dedicated to word or letter recognition is highly debated...
- Reading habits for both words and numbers contribute to the SNARC effect
Ariel University Center of Samaria, Ariel, Israel
Psychon Bull Rev 16:328-31. 2009
..These results suggest that reading habits for both words and numbers contribute to the spatial representation of numbers.
- Binocular coordination during reading and non-reading tasks
Julie A Kirkby
School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
Psychol Bull 134:742-63. 2008
The goal of this review is to evaluate the literature on binocular coordination during reading and non-reading tasks in adult, child, and dyslexic populations...
- An introduction to reading and appraising qualitative research
Department of Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M4N 3M5
BMJ 337:a288. 2008
- Language-specific tuning of visual cortex? Functional properties of the Visual Word Form Area
Institut de Neurologie, Hopital de la Salpetriere, AP HP, Paris, France
Brain 125:1054-69. 2002
The first steps in the process of reading a printed word belong to the domain of visual object perception...
- Binocular coordination of eye movements during reading
Simon P Liversedge
Department of Psychology, University of Durham, UK
Vision Res 46:2363-74. 2006
Binocular coordination of the eyes during reading was examined...
- Reading spoken words: orthographic effects in auditory priming
Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK
Cognition 102:341-60. 2007
..These results indicate a surprising level of orthographic involvement in speech perception, and provide clear evidence for mandatory orthographic activation during spoken word recognition...
- Dyslexia and DCDC2: normal variation in reading and spelling is associated with DCDC2 polymorphisms in an Australian population sample
Penelope A Lind
Genetic Epidemiology Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia
Eur J Hum Genet 18:668-73. 2010
..Here, we report an association between DCDC2 and reading and spelling ability in 522 families of adolescent twins unselected for reading impairment...
- Making psycholinguistics musical: self-paced reading time evidence for shared processing of linguistic and musical syntax
L Robert Slevc
Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 16:374-81. 2009
..Participants performed self-paced reading of garden path sentences, in which structurally unexpected words cause temporary syntactic processing difficulty...
- Direct intracranial, FMRI, and lesion evidence for the causal role of left inferotemporal cortex in reading
INSERM, U562, CEA DSV, IFR 49, Orsay, France
Neuron 50:191-204. 2006
..that a left occipitotemporal region implements the automatic visual word recognition required for efficient reading. This theory was assessed in a patient in whom reading was explored with behavioral measures, fMRI, and ..
- Relations among musical skills, phonological processing, and early reading ability in preschool children
Sima H Anvari
Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont, Canada L8S 4K1
J Exp Child Psychol 83:111-30. 2002
We examined the relations among phonological awareness, music perception skills, and early reading skills in a population of 100 4- and 5-year-old children...
- Nested incremental modeling in the development of computational theories: the CDP+ model of reading aloud
Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
Psychol Rev 114:273-315. 2007
..of computational model have been shown to account for various facets of both normal and impaired single word reading: (a) the connectionist triangle model, (b) the dual-route cascaded model, and (c) the connectionist dual process ..
- Automatic priming of semantically related words reduces activity in the fusiform gyrus
Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institutes of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Drive MSC 1366, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 17:1871-85. 2005
..but greater activity than identical pairs, mirroring the pattern of behavioral facilitation as measured by word reading times...
- Specialization for written words over objects in the visual cortex
INSERM U992, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette, France
Neuroimage 56:330-44. 2011
..for words relative to common objects; why this particular part of the visual system is reproducibly engaged in reading; and whether reading expertise also relies on perceptual learning within earlier visual areas...
- An examination of binocular reading fixations based on sentence corpus data
Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
J Vis 9:31.1-28. 2009
..In reading, the version and vergence system interact in a way that is qualitatively similar to what has been observed in ..
- The role of the posterior fusiform gyrus in reading
Joseph T Devlin
University of Oxford, UK
J Cogn Neurosci 18:911-22. 2006
Studies of skilled reading [Price, C. J., & Mechelli, A. Reading and reading disturbance. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 15, 231-238, 2005], its acquisition in children [Shaywitz, B. A., Shaywitz, S. E., Pugh, K. R., Mencl, W. E...
- Music, rhythm, rise time perception and developmental dyslexia: perception of musical meter predicts reading and phonology
Centre for Neuroscience in Education, University of Cambridge, UK
Cortex 47:674-89. 2011
..Here we investigate the hypothesis that the accurate perception of musical metrical structure is related to basic auditory perception of rise time, and also to phonological and literacy development in children...
- Analysis of dyslexia candidate genes in the Raine cohort representing the general Australian population
Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, United Kingdom
Genes Brain Behav 10:158-65. 2011
..KIAA0319, DCDC2 and DYX1C1 genes in a sample of 520 individuals and tested them for association with reading and spelling measures...
- The binocular coordination of eye movements during reading in children and adults
Hazel I Blythe
Centre for Vision and Visual Cognition, Department of Psychology, University of Durham, Science Laboratories, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
Vision Res 46:3898-908. 2006
Recent evidence indicates that each eye does not always fixate the same letter during reading and there has been some suggestion that processing difficulty may influence binocular coordination...
- Neural systems for reading aloud: a multiparametric approach
William W Graves
Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
Cereb Cortex 20:1799-815. 2010
b>Reading aloud involves computing the sound of a word from its visual form. This may be accomplished 1) by direct associations between spellings and phonology and 2) by computation from orthography to meaning to phonology...
- Evidence for highly selective neuronal tuning to whole words in the "visual word form area"
Laurie S Glezer
Department of Neuroscience, Georgetown University Medical Center, Research Building Room WP 12, 3970 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20007, USA
Neuron 62:199-204. 2009
Theories of reading have posited the existence of a neural representation coding for whole real words (i.e., an orthographic lexicon), but experimental support for such a representation has proved elusive...
- Evaluation of the dual route theory of reading: a metanalysis of 35 neuroimaging studies
Groupe d'Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, CNRS, UMR 6095, CEA LRC36V, , , 14074, Caen Cedex, France
Neuroimage 20:693-712. 2003
Numerous studies concerned with cerebral structures underlying word reading have been published during the last decade...
- Orthographic processing in visual word recognition: a multiple read-out model
Centre de Recherche en Psychologie Cognitive, Universite de Provence, Aix en Provence, France or
Psychol Rev 103:518-65. 1996
- Receiver operating characteristics in the lexical decision task: evidence for a simple signal-detection process simulated by the multiple read-out model
Arthur M Jacobs
Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Eichstaett Ingolstadt, Germany
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 29:481-8. 2003
..They also suggest that under data-limited conditions a deadline mechanism for generating "no" responses in the lexical decision task may not necessarily be functional...
- Brain activation and pupil response during covert performance of the Stroop Color Word task
G G Brown
Psychiatry Department, University of California San Diego, USA
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 5:308-19. 1999
..Comparisons of the incongruous Stroop condition were made with both color naming and word reading baselines...
- Buzzwords: early cortical responses to emotional words during reading
Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
Psychol Sci 18:475-80. 2007
..Early event-related cortical responses during reading differentiated pleasant and unpleasant words from neutral words...
- Association of short-term memory with a variant within DYX1C1 in developmental dyslexia
Scientific Institute Eugenio Medea, Department of Child Psychiatry, Bosisio Parini, Italy
Genes Brain Behav 6:640-6. 2007
- Binocular coordination of saccades at far and at near in children and in adults
Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Perception et de l Action, CNRS College de France, Paris, France
J Vis 3:554-61. 2003
..The results provide a reference for the normal development of binocular motor control and have important implications for reading in young children.
- Top-down modulation of ventral occipito-temporal responses during visual word recognition
Cognitive, Perceptual and Brain Sciences, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
Neuroimage 55:1242-51. 2011
Although interactivity is considered a fundamental principle of cognitive (and computational) models of reading, it has received far less attention in neural models of reading that instead focus on serial stages of feed-forward ..
- Language experience shapes fusiform activation when processing a logographic artificial language: an fMRI training study
FPR-UCLA Center for Culture, Brain, and Development, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1563, USA
Neuroimage 31:1315-26. 2006
The significant role of the left midfusiform cortex in reading found in recent neuroimaging studies has led to the visual word form area (VWFA) hypothesis...
- Binocular motor coordination during saccades and fixations while reading: a magnitude and time analysis
IRIS Laboratory, CNRS, FRE 3154 Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France
J Vis 9:2. 2009
b>Reading involves saccades and fixations. Misalignment of the eyes should be small enough to allow sensory fusion. Recent studies reported disparity of the eyes during fixations. This study examines disconjugacy, i.e...
- The imprint of action: motor cortex involvement in visual perception of handwritten letters
Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, FIN 02015 HUT, Espoo, Finland
Neuroimage 33:681-8. 2006
..These results support the idea of embodied visual perception of handwritten scripts and the involvement of the motor cortex in the underlying action-perception link...
- Neural regions essential for reading and spelling of words and pseudowords
Lisa E Philipose
Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
Ann Neurol 62:481-92. 2007
To identify dysfunctional brain regions critical for impaired reading/spelling of words/pseudowords by evaluating acute stroke patients on lexical tests and magnetic resonance imaging, before recovery or reorganization of structure-..
- Dyslexia and DYX1C1: deficits in reading and spelling associated with a missense mutation
T C Bates
Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
Mol Psychiatry 15:1190-6. 2010
..3) as a susceptibility gene for dyslexia is unclear. We report the association of this gene with reading and spelling ability in a sample of adolescent twins and their siblings...
- Short-term language experience shapes the plasticity of the visual word form area
Department of Biology, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Brain Res 1316:83-91. 2010
..Our study clearly illuminates that the plasticity of the VWFA can be shaped by short-term language experience, bridging the gap between short-term and long-term experiences in language learning...
- Chinese-English bilinguals reading English hear Chinese
Yan Jing Wu
School of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 30:7646-51. 2010
Bilingual individuals have been shown to access their native language while reading in or listening to their other language. However, it is unknown what type of mental representation (e.g., sound or spelling) they retrieve...
- Use it or lose it? Wii brain exercise practice and reading for domain knowledge
Phillip L Ackerman
School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology, 654 Cherry Street, Atlanta, GA 30332 0170, USA
Psychol Aging 25:753-66. 2010
..Nintendo Wii Big Brain Academy software over the course of 1 month and, in a second month, completed 20 one-hr reading sessions with articles on 4 different current topics (order of assignment was counterbalanced for the ..
- The visual word form system in context
Zoe V J Woodhead
Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College, London W12 0NN, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 31:193-9. 2011
According to the "modular" hypothesis, reading is a serial feedforward process, with part of left ventral occipitotemporal cortex the earliest component tuned to familiar orthographic stimuli...
- The interactive account of ventral occipitotemporal contributions to reading
Cathy J Price
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuro imaging, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Trends Cogn Sci 15:246-53. 2011
..We discuss how the Interactive Account explains left vOT responses during normal reading and developmental dyslexia; and how it accounts for the behavioural consequences of left vOT damage.
- Hands on the future: facilitation of cortico-spinal hand-representation when reading the future tense of hand-related action verbs
Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Italy
Eur J Neurosci 32:677-83. 2010
b>Reading action-related verbs brings about sensorimotor neural activity, suggesting that the linguistic representation of actions impinges upon neural structures largely overlapping with those involved in actual action execution...
- Frequency drives lexical access in reading but not in speaking: the frequency-lag hypothesis
Tamar H Gollan
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093 0948, USA
J Exp Psychol Gen 140:186-209. 2011
..Semantic constraint effects were larger in production than in reading. Frequency effects were larger in production than in reading without constraining context but larger in reading ..
- The visual word form area and the frequency with which words are encountered: evidence from a parametric fMRI study
Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Austria
Neuroimage 21:946-53. 2004
..This convergence suggests that fusiform regions are specialized for extracting and storing abstract patterns when processing visual objects and these patterns serve as recognition units in subsequent encounters with the same objects...
- Cerebral bases of subliminal and supraliminal priming during reading
Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, INSERM U562, SHFJ, CEA DSV, Orsay, France
Cereb Cortex 17:2019-29. 2007
..In the absence of attention, however, their access to a second stage of distributed parieto-frontal processing may remain blocked...
- Binocular coordination of the eyes during reading
Simon P Liversedge
Department of Psychology, University of Durham, Durham DH1 3LE, United Kingdom
Curr Biol 16:1726-9. 2006
Saccadic eye movements and fixations are the behavioral means by which we visually sample text during reading. Human oculomotor control is governed by a complex neurophysiological system involving the brain stem, superior colliculus, and ..
- Reading acquisition, developmental dyslexia, and skilled reading across languages: a psycholinguistic grain size theory
Johannes C Ziegler
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Université de Provence, Marseille, France
Psychol Bull 131:3-29. 2005
The development of reading depends on phonological awareness across all languages so far studied. Languages vary in the consistency with which phonology is represented in orthography...
- Genetics of developmental dyslexia
Thomas S Scerri
Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, UK
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 19:179-97. 2010
..A key function of many of these genes is their involvement in neuronal migration. This complements anatomical abnormalities discovered in dyslexic brains, such as ectopias, that may be the result of irregular neuronal migration...
- Exposure-effect relations between aircraft and road traffic noise exposure at school and reading comprehension: the RANCH project
Centre for Psychiatry, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and The London, Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of London, London, United Kingdom
Am J Epidemiol 163:27-37. 2006
..study known to examine exposure-effect relations between aircraft and road traffic noise exposure and reading comprehension...
- Reading aloud boosts connectivity through the putamen
Mohamed L Seghier
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, UCL, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Cereb Cortex 20:570-82. 2010
Functional neuroimaging and lesion studies have frequently reported thalamic and putamen activation during reading and speech production...
- Gray matter increase induced by practice correlates with task-specific activation: a combined functional and morphometric magnetic resonance imaging study
Department of Neurology, Technische Universitat Munchen, 81675 Munich, Germany
J Neurosci 28:4210-5. 2008
..functional and morphometric (voxel-based morphometry) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study on mirror reading. Compared with normal reading, mirror reading resulted in an activation of the dorsolateral occipital cortex, ..
- When writing impairs reading: letter perception's susceptibility to motor interference
Karin H James
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, IN 47405, USA
J Exp Psychol Gen 138:416-31. 2009
- Can I have a quick word? Early electrophysiological manifestations of psycholinguistic processes revealed by event-related regression analysis of the EEG
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
Biol Psychol 80:64-74. 2009
..We discuss the implications of these results for the time line of word recognition processes, and emphasise the value of ERRCs in combination with source analysis in psycholinguistic and cognitive brain research...
- Support for EKN1 as the susceptibility locus for dyslexia on 15q21
K G Wigg
Department of Psychiatry, Cell and Molecular Division, The Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S8, Canada
Mol Psychiatry 9:1111-21. 2004
..this locus as a susceptibility gene contributing to dyslexia, analyzed as a categorical trait, and analyzed key reading phenotypes as quantitative traits using six polymorphisms including the two previously reported to be associated ..
- Reading and subcortical auditory function
Department of Communication Sciences, Auditory Neuroscience Lab, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Cereb Cortex 19:2699-707. 2009
Although it is largely agreed that phonological processing deficits are a major cause of poor reading, the neural origins of phonological processing are not well understood...
- The left ventral occipito-temporal response to words depends on language lateralization but not on visual familiarity
Laboratory of Language, Brain and Cognition L2C2, CNRS University of Lyon UMR 5230, 69675 Bron, France
Cereb Cortex 20:1153-63. 2010
..vOT) cortex to visual word processing has triggered a considerable debate about the role of this region in reading. One popular view is that the left vOT underlies the perceptual expertise needed for rapid skilled reading...
- Eye movements and attention in reading, scene perception, and visual search
Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 62:1457-506. 2009
Eye movements are now widely used to investigate cognitive processes during reading, scene perception, and visual search...
- Split fovea theory and the role of the two cerebral hemispheres in reading: a review of the evidence
Andrew W Ellis
Department of Psychology, University of York, York, UK
Neuropsychologia 48:353-65. 2010
..We argue that a split fovea affects the reading of words at fixation, something that must be recognised and accounted for by cognitive, computational and neural ..
- Reading for repetition and reading for translation: do they involve the same processes?
Departamento de Psicologia Experimental, Universidad de Granada, Campus de Cartuja, Spain
Cognition 99:1-34. 2006
..The second view, the "vertical" approach, assumes that on-line reformulation does not take place while reading: translation involves giving lexical expression to the meaning extracted after comprehension [Seleskovitch, D...
- Meta-analyzing left hemisphere language areas: phonology, semantics, and sentence processing
Groupe d'Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR 6194, CNRS CEA Caen and Paris 5 Universities, GIP Cyceron, Boulevard Henri Becquerel, BP 5229, 14074 Caen Cedex, France
Neuroimage 30:1414-32. 2006
..These results argue for large-scale architecture networks rather than modular organization of language in the left hemisphere...
- DRC: a dual route cascaded model of visual word recognition and reading aloud
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
Psychol Rev 108:204-56. 2001
This article describes the Dual Route Cascaded (DRC) model, a computational model of visual word recognition and reading aloud...
- Selective activation around the left occipito-temporal sulcus for words relative to pictures: individual variability or false positives?
Nicholas D Wright
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
Hum Brain Mapp 29:986-1000. 2008
..Our findings have implications for the role of left OT activation during reading. More generally, they show that studies using low statistical thresholds in single subject analyses should ..
- Reading anomalous sentences: an event-related fMRI study of semantic processing
Kent A Kiehl
Institute of Living at Hartford Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Neuroimage 17:842-50. 2002
We report a random-effects analysis of an event-related fMRI study (n = 28) of cerebral activity during the reading of sentences that ended with a word that was either congruent or incongruent with the previous sentence context...
- Perhaps correlational but not causal: no effect of dyslexic readers' magnocellular system on their eye movements during reading
Allgemeine Psychologie, Fachbereich Erziehungswissenschaft und Psychologie, Freie Universitat Berlin, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, 14195 Berlin, Germany
Neuropsychologia 44:637-48. 2006
During reading, dyslexic readers exhibit more and longer fixations and a higher percentage of regressions than normal readers...
- Syllable splitting in literate and preliterate Hebrew speakers: onsets and rimes or bodies and codas?
David L Share
Department of Learning Disabilities, Faculty of Education, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel
J Exp Child Psychol 92:182-202. 2005
..Access to single phonemes, in contrast, shifted from an early preliteracy advantage for (monophonemic) onsets to a literacy-based preference for codas...
- Dyslexics are impaired on implicit higher-order sequence learning, but not on implicit spatial context learning
James H Howard
Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064, USA
Neuropsychologia 44:1131-44. 2006
Developmental dyslexia is characterized by poor reading ability and impairments on a range of tasks including phonological processing and processing of sensory information...
- Letter-by-letter processing in the phonological conversion of multiletter graphemes: searching for sounds in printed pseudowords
University of Bourgogne and L E A D C N R S, Dijon, France
Psychon Bull Rev 13:38-44. 2006
Current models of word reading differ in their descriptions of how print-to-sound conversion is performed...
- Neighborhood effects in reading aloud: new findings and new challenges for computational models
Dipartimento di Scienze della Cognizione e della Formazione, , Trento, Italy
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:799-810. 2006
..Two experiments investigated the effect of neighborhood density on reading aloud when phonological density was varied while orthographic density was held constant, and vice versa...
- Phrasing effects in comprehending PP constructions
CNRS and Université de Provence, Aix en Provence, France
J Psycholinguist Res 35:245-65. 2006
..was investigated by means of three different tasks, namely auditory word monitoring (Experiment 1), self-paced reading (Experiment 2) and cross-modal comparison (Experiment 3)...
- Linguistic determinants of word colouring in grapheme-colour synaesthesia
Psychology, School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh, UK
Cortex 42:281-9. 2006
..g., ethos). Taken together, our findings suggest that words are coloured incrementally by a process of competition between constituent graphemes, in which stressed graphemes and word-initial graphemes are disproportionately weighted...
- Age of acquisition effects on an object-name verification task
J C Catling
Division of Psychology, Institute of Health and Social Care, University of Worcester, Henwick Grove, UK
Br J Psychol 97:1-18. 2006
..The implications of these findings for accounts of AoA and its locus of effect are discussed...
- The role of meaning in grapheme-colour synaesthesia
Mike J Dixon
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Cortex 42:243-52. 2006
..This finding suggests that it is not the form but the meaning of graphemes (whether they are interpreted as digits or letters) that determines the colours of synaesthetic photisms...
- Dichotic listening performance predicts language comprehension
Arve E Asbjørnsen
Department of Psychosocial Sciences, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Laterality 11:251-62. 2006
..In the present study, we tested samples of reading-impaired and normally achieving children between 10 and 13 years of age with tests of reading skills, language ..
- Reexamining the word length effect in visual word recognition: new evidence from the English Lexicon Project
Laboratoire de Psychologie Experimentale, CNRS et Université René Descartes Paris 5, 71 Avenue Edouard Vaillant, 92774 Boulogne Billancourt, France
Psychon Bull Rev 13:45-52. 2006
..Furthermore, we also observed robust linear inhibitory effects of number of syllables. Implications for models of visual word recognition are discussed...
- Lexical restructuring in the absence of literacy
Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciencias da Educacao, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
Cognition 105:334-61. 2007
..growth and the segmental restructuring of lexical representations: precursors to phonemic awareness and early reading ability. In J. L. Metsala & L. C. Ehri (Eds.), Word recognition in beginning literacy (pp. 89-120)...
- Tracing attention and the activation flow of spoken word planning using eye movements
Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:353-68. 2008
..the latencies of gaze shifting and picture naming, but the pictures yielded no such latency effects in word reading. The picture-word asymmetry was obtained even with equivalent reading and naming latencies...
- Reading aloud: spelling-sound translation uses central attention
Cognition and Perception Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:422-9. 2008
Contrary to the received view that reading aloud reflects processes that are "automatic," recent evidence suggests that some of these processes require a form of attention...
- Data analysis of Chinese characters in primary school corpora of Hong Kong and mainland China: preliminary theoretical interpretations
Flora Hoi Ki Chung
Division of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Hong Kong, PR China
Clin Linguist Phon 22:379-89. 2008
Metalinguistic awareness (an awareness about the structure of orthography) had been considered vital for reading acquisition. The awareness of phonological regularity and consistency had been found in advanced readers in recent research...
- Processing modifier-head agreement in reading: evidence for a delayed effect of agreement
Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
Mem Cognit 36:329-40. 2008
..and phonological and morphological transparency affect the processing of Finnish modifier-head agreement in reading. Readers' eye movement patterns were registered...
- Simultanagnosia: effects of semantic category and repetition blindness
H Branch Coslett
Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Neuropsychologia 46:1853-63. 2008
..More generally, these data are consistent with the claim that the posterior parietal cortex is crucial for individuating a stimulus by computing its unique spatio-temporal characteristics...
- Chinese subject-relative clauses are more difficult to process than the object-relative clauses
Beijing Key Lab of Applied Experimental Psychology, School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
Acta Psychol (Amst) 129:61-5. 2008
..span readers' abilities to process Chinese subject-relative and object-relative clause structures in a self-paced reading paradigm...
- A single-system account of semantic and lexical deficits in five semantic dementia patients
Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Cogn Neuropsychol 25:136-64. 2008
..there is a correlation between performance on semantic tasks such as picture naming and lexical tasks such as reading aloud...
- Spatial coding of word-initial letters: evidence from a Simon-like task
Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
Psychon Bull Rev 15:168-73. 2008
..The present findings indicate for the first time that, in reading, the direction of script is automatically processed and the position of the word beginning is coded before the ..
- Dissociating congruence effects in letters versus shapes: Kanji and kana
Laboratory for Perceptual Dynamics, Brain Science Institute RIKEN, Japan and Graduate School of Education, Waseda University, Japan
Acta Psychol (Amst) 129:138-46. 2008
..This effect was found to be robust for kanji but not for kana, which is related to distinctions between these two writing systems...
- Children like dense neighborhoods: Orthographic neighborhood density effects in novel readers
Jon Andoni Duñabeitia
Departamento de Psicologia Cognitiva, Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Span J Psychol 11:26-35. 2008
..for adults, and some researchers have proposed that these effects could be progressively modulated according to reading expertise...
- Diagnosis and treatment of reading disabilities based on the component model of reading: an alternative to the discrepancy model of LD
P G Aaron
Department of Educational Psychology, Indiana State University, USA
J Learn Disabil 41:67-84. 2008
Currently, learning disabilities (LD) are diagnosed on the basis of the discrepancy between students' IQ and reading achievement scores. Students diagnosed with LD often receive remedial instruction in resource rooms...
- Homophone effects in visual word recognition depend on homophone type and task demands
University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, British Columbia V2N 4Z9
Can J Exp Psychol 61:322-7. 2007
- Auditory recognition without identification
Anne M Cleary
Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
Mem Cognit 35:1869-77. 2007
..The effect was also found when identification was hindered through the isolation of particular phonemes, suggesting that phoneme information may be present in memory traces for recently spoken words...
- Exploring the role of attention during memory retrieval: effects of semantic encoding and divided attention
Jeffrey P Lozito
Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3270, USA
Mem Cognit 34:986-98. 2006
..Recognition accuracy was reduced by divided attention on both recognition tests, and semantically and phonetically encoded words were equally affected...
- Do transposed-letter similarity effects occur at a syllable level?
University of Valencia, Spain
Exp Psychol 53:308-15. 2006
..Thus, transposed-letter effects seem to occur at an early orthographic, graphemic level, rather than at a syllable level. We examine the implications of the observed results for the input coding schemes in visual word recognition...
- Dissociating the influence of familiarity and meaningfulness from word frequency in naming and lexical decision performance
University of Padua, Padua, Italy
Mem Cognit 34:1312-24. 2006
..These dimensions may be cued both by subjective feelings of familiarity and the extent to which semantic information is available and by episodic traces due to recent encounters with the item...
- Relational processing and working memory capacity in comprehension of relative clause sentences
School of Psychology, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
Mem Cognit 34:1325-40. 2006
..Working memory (WM) capacity was assessed using reading span or forward and backward digit span tests...
- Paradoxical enhancement of letter recognition in developmental dyslexia
Social Sciences Department, University of Kaiserslautern, Germany, Laboratory for Perceptual Dynamics, BSI Riken, Wako, Japan
Dev Neuropsychol 31:61-77. 2007
..Children with dyslexia performed faster than normal-reading children--in particular, remarkably, with letters...
- Semantic processing is affected in inhibition of return: evidence from an event-related potentials study
Department of Psychology, Institute of Special Education, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China
Neuroreport 18:267-71. 2007
..Moreover, our findings provided event-related potential evidence for the inhibition of attention theory of inhibition of return...
- The magic spell of language: linguistic categories and their perceptual consequences
Deiderik A Stapel
Tilburg Institute for Behavioral Economics Research, Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands
J Pers Soc Psychol 93:23-33. 2007
..The implications of this new perspective toward the language-perception interface are discussed in the context of the general linguistic relativity debate...
- The effect of phonological neighborhood density on eye movements during reading
Department of Psychology, 307 University Boulevard North, Life Science Building Room 320, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL 36688, United States
Cognition 107:685-92. 2008
..tasks do not represent how we normally read, it is not clear if phonological neighborhood has an effect on the reading of sentences for meaning...
- Benefits of computer-presented speed training for poor readers
Rosemarie S Irausquin
Department of Special Education, Faculty of Social Sciences, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Ann Dyslexia 55:246-65. 2005
..showed that the automatization or "speed" group progressed more than the context group in word and text reading efficiency, and the effect transferred to more complex word types than the CVC word type that was presented in ..
- Reading development and dyslexia in a transparent orthography: a survey of Spanish children
University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
Ann Dyslexia 57:179-98. 2007
..Variation in orthographic transparency may shape the architecture of the reading system and also the manifestation of reading difficulties...
- Processing of derived forms in high-functioning dyslexics
S Hélène Deacon
Department of Psychology, LSC, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, B3H 4J1, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Ann Dyslexia 56:103-28. 2006
..processing of derived forms in high-functioning dyslexics, defined as university students with a history of reading difficulties who have age-appropriate reading comprehension skills...
- Categorical reasoning from multiple diagrams
Maxwell J Roberts
Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, Essex CO4 3SQ, UK
Q J Exp Psychol A 58:333-76. 2005
- Examining the interactivity of lexical orthographic and phonological processing
William J Owen
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Prince George
Can J Exp Psychol 57:290-303. 2003
..The results provide constraints on the types of connections that can exist between orthographic lexical representations and phonological lexical representations...
- Semantic and syntactic processes during sentence comprehension in patients with schizophrenia: evidence from event-related potentials
Department of Psychiatry, University of Ulm, Leimgrubenweg 12 14, D 89075 Ulm, Germany
Schizophr Res 64:147-56. 2003
..These results suggest that patients with schizophrenia are not impaired in syntactic structure assignment as reflected by the ELAN, but show deficits in semantic-syntactic integration processes underlying the P600...