- The anatomy of language: a review of 100 fMRI studies published in 2009
Cathy J Price
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, UCL, London, UK
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1191:62-88. 2010
..Anatomical and functional connectivity studies are now required to identify the processing pathways that integrate these areas to support language.
- A review and synthesis of the first 20 years of PET and fMRI studies of heard speech, spoken language and reading
Cathy J Price
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, UCL, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Neuroimage 62:816-47. 2012
The anatomy of language has been investigated with PET or fMRI for more than 20 years. Here I attempt to provide an overview of the brain areas associated with heard speech, speech production and reading...
- The English Lexicon Project
David A Balota
Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
Behav Res Methods 39:445-59. 2007
..The present paper describes the motivation for this project, the methods used to collect the data, and the search engine that affords access to the behavioral measures and descriptive lexical statistics for these stimuli...
- The faculty of language: what is it, who has it, and how did it evolve?
Marc D Hauser
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Science 298:1569-79. 2002
We argue that an understanding of the faculty of language requires substantial interdisciplinary cooperation...
- Ventral and dorsal pathways for language
Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Breisacher Strasse 64, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:18035-40. 2008
Built on an analogy between the visual and auditory systems, the following dual stream model for language processing was suggested recently: a dorsal stream is involved in mapping sound to articulation, and a ventral stream in mapping ..
- Somatotopic representation of action words in human motor and premotor cortex
Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
Neuron 41:301-7. 2004
Since the early days of research into language and the brain, word meaning was assumed to be processed in specific brain regions, which most modern neuroscientists localize to the left temporal lobe...
- Dorsal and ventral streams: a framework for understanding aspects of the functional anatomy of language
University of California, Irvine, CA 92612, USA
Cognition 92:67-99. 2004
Despite intensive work on language-brain relations, and a fairly impressive accumulation of knowledge over the last several decades, there has been little progress in developing large-scale models of the functional anatomy of language ..
- Mapping the origins and expansion of the Indo-European language family
Department of Computer Science, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
Science 337:957-60. 2012
There are two competing hypotheses for the origin of the Indo-European language family. The conventional view places the homeland in the Pontic steppes about 6000 years ago...
- On Broca, brain, and binding: a new framework
F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging and NICI, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Trends Cogn Sci 9:416-23. 2005
In speaking and comprehending language, word information is retrieved from memory and combined into larger units (unification). Unification operations take place in parallel at the semantic, syntactic and phonological levels of processing...
- Genetic structure of human populations
Noah A Rosenberg
Molecular and Computational Biology, 1042 West 36th Place DRB 289, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
Science 298:2381-5. 2002
..General agreement of genetic and predefined populations suggests that self-reported ancestry can facilitate assessments of epidemiological risks but does not obviate the need to use genetic information in genetic association studies...
- Meta-analyzing left hemisphere language areas: phonology, semantics, and sentence processing
Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR 6194, CNRS CEA Caen and Paris 5 Universities, GIP Cyceron, Boulevard Henri Becquerel, BP 5229, 14074 Caen Cedex, France
Neuroimage 30:1414-32. 2006
The advent of functional neuroimaging has allowed tremendous advances in our understanding of brain-language relationships, in addition to generating substantial empirical data on this subject in the form of thousands of activation peak ..
- Action-based language: a theory of language acquisition, comprehension, and production
Arthur M Glenberg
Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
Cortex 48:905-22. 2012
..We propose that a mechanism of motor control, paired controller/predictor models, has been exploited for language learning, comprehension, and production...
- How learning to read changes the cortical networks for vision and language
INSERM, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette 91191, France
Science 330:1359-64. 2010
..entail losses? Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we measured brain responses to spoken and written language, visual faces, houses, tools, and checkers in adults of variable literacy (10 were illiterate, 22 became literate ..
- Contributions of memory circuits to language: the declarative/procedural model
Michael T Ullman
Brain and Language Laboratory, Department of Neuroscience, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057 1464, USA
Cognition 92:231-70. 2004
The structure of the brain and the nature of evolution suggest that, despite its uniqueness, language likely depends on brain systems that also subserve other functions...
- Bilateral brain processes for comprehending natural language
Department of Psychology, and Cognitive Brain Mapping Group, Northwestern University, 2029 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 9:512-8. 2005
Comprehension of natural language--stories, conversations, text--is very simple for those doing the comprehending and very complex for cognitive neuroscientists...
- Theta responses are involved in lexical-semantic retrieval during language processing
Marcel C M Bastiaansen
F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Cogn Neurosci 17:530-41. 2005
Oscillatory neuronal dynamics, observed in the human electroencephalogram (EEG) during language processing, have been related to the dynamic formation of functionally coherent networks that serve the role of integrating the different ..
- Brain mechanisms linking language and action
Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
Nat Rev Neurosci 6:576-82. 2005
For a long time the cortical systems for language and actions were believed to be independent modules...
- Core systems of number
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, 3400 North Charles Street, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 8:307-14. 2004
..These systems account for our basic numerical intuitions, and serve as the foundation for the more sophisticated numerical concepts that are uniquely human...
- Race, ethnicity, language, social class, and health communication inequalities: a nationally-representative cross-sectional study
Center for Community Based Research, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e14550. 2011
..The purpose of this study is to investigate how the use of cancer-related health communications is patterned by race, ethnicity, language, and social class.
- Brain signatures of meaning access in action word recognition
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
J Cogn Neurosci 17:884-92. 2005
The brain basis of action words may be neuron ensembles binding language- and action-related information that are dispersed over both language- and action-related cortical areas...
- Perisylvian language networks of the human brain
Centre for Neuroimaging Sciences, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, DeCrespigny Park, London SE5 8AZ, United Kingdom
Ann Neurol 57:8-16. 2005
Early anatomically based models of language consisted of an arcuate tract connecting Broca's speech and Wernicke's comprehension centers; a lesion of the tract resulted in conduction aphasia...
- Active perception: sensorimotor circuits as a cortical basis for language
Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 2EF, UK
Nat Rev Neurosci 11:351-60. 2010
..Brain language mechanisms are ideal for addressing this question...
- Learned birdsong and the neurobiology of human language
Erich D Jarvis
Department of Neurology, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3209, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1016:749-77. 2004
Vocal learning, the substrate for human language, is a rare trait found to date in only three distantly related groups of mammals (humans, bats, and cetaceans) and three distantly related groups of birds (parrots, hummingbirds, and ..
- Sources of mathematical thinking: behavioral and brain-imaging evidence
Unité INSERM 334, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
Science 284:970-4. 1999
..Exact arithmetic is acquired in a language-specific format, transfers poorly to a different language or to novel facts, and recruits networks involved in ..
- Direction and impact of language bias in meta-analyses of controlled trials: empirical study
Medical Research Council Health Services Research Collaboration, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
Int J Epidemiol 31:115-23. 2002
..We examined the influence of trials published in languages other than English on combined estimates and conclusions of published meta-analyses...
- Functional links between motor and language systems
Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
Eur J Neurosci 21:793-7. 2005
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was applied to motor areas in the left language-dominant hemisphere while right-handed human subjects made lexical decisions on words related to actions...
- Optical brain imaging reveals general auditory and language-specific processing in early infant development
Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, ENS DEC EHESS CNRS, Paris 75005, France
Cereb Cortex 21:254-61. 2011
..Previous imaging studies of infants' speech perception revealed left-lateralized responses to native language. However, it is unclear if these activations were due to language per se rather than to some low-level acoustic ..
- From sensation to cognition
M M Mesulam
Department of Neurology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago 60611, USA
Brain 121:1013-52. 1998
..awareness is based on transmodal epicentres in the posterior parietal cortex and the frontal eye fields; the language network on epicentres in Wernicke's and Broca's areas; the explicit memory/emotion network on epicentres in the ..
- The anatomy of language: contributions from functional neuroimaging
C J Price
Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, London, UK
J Anat 197:335-59. 2000
..illustrates how functional neuroimaging can be used to test the validity of neurological and cognitive models of language. Three models of language are described: the 19th Century neurological model which describes both the anatomy and ..
- Language-specific tuning of visual cortex? Functional properties of the Visual Word Form Area
Institut de Neurologie, Hopital de la Salpetriere, AP HP, Paris, France
Brain 125:1054-69. 2002
..of this Visual Word Form Area (VWFA) depends exclusively on the visual features of stimuli, or is influenced by language-dependent parameters, brain activations induced by words, consonant strings and chequerboards were compared in ..
- Decoding the epigenetic language of neuronal plasticity
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
Neuron 60:961-74. 2008
- FOXP2 as a molecular window into speech and language
Simon E Fisher
Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7BN, UK
Trends Genet 25:166-77. 2009
..Recent genomic investigations indicate that its downstream neural targets make broader impacts on common language impairments, bridging clinically distinct disorders...
- Listening to action-related sentences modulates the activity of the motor system: a combined TMS and behavioral study
Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 24:355-63. 2005
..The present data show that processing verbally presented actions activates different sectors of the motor system, depending on the effector used in the listened-to action...
- Frequency of word-use predicts rates of lexical evolution throughout Indo-European history
School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, Berkshire, RG6 6AS, UK
Nature 449:717-20. 2007
..of unrelated words, while others evolve much more slowly--such as the number 'two', for which all Indo-European language speakers use the same related word-form...
- DTI tractography of the human brain's language pathways
Matthew F Glasser
Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Cereb Cortex 18:2471-82. 2008
..used to detect leftward asymmetries in the arcuate fasciculus, a pathway that links temporal and inferior frontal language cortices. In this study, we more specifically define this asymmetry with respect to both anatomy and function...
- Molecular evolution of FOXP2, a gene involved in speech and language
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Inselstrasse 22, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Nature 418:869-72. 2002
b>Language is a uniquely human trait likely to have been a prerequisite for the development of human culture...
- Genetic variation and population structure in native Americans
The Galton Laboratory, Department of Biology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
PLoS Genet 3:e185. 2007
..These findings offer new insights into the process of population dispersal and differentiation during the peopling of the Americas...
- Grasping ideas with the motor system: semantic somatotopy in idiom comprehension
Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
Cereb Cortex 19:1905-14. 2009
..However, this semantic grounding of concrete language does not address the critical question whether the sensory-motor system contributes to the processing of abstract ..
- "She" is not like "I": the tie between language and action is in our imagination
Cognitive Neuroscience Sector, Scuola Internazionale di Studi Superiori Avanzati International School for Advanced Studies, via Bonomea, 265, Trieste, Italy
J Cogn Neurosci 23:3939-48. 2011
..This questions the core principle of "mirror matching" and opens to alternative interpretations of the relationship between conceptual and sensorimotor processes...
- The cortical language circuit: from auditory perception to sentence comprehension
Angela D Friederici
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Department of Neuropsychology, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Trends Cogn Sci 16:262-8. 2012
Over the years, a large body of work on the brain basis of language comprehension has accumulated, paving the way for the formulation of a comprehensive model...
- Dissociating the human language pathways with high angular resolution diffusion fiber tractography
Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
J Neurosci 28:11435-44. 2008
..Thus, monkey and human evidence suggests that the connections of areas 44 and 45 are much more differentiated than had previously been thought and provide the basis for studies searching for their differential contribution in function...
- Neural systems for reading aloud: a multiparametric approach
William W Graves
Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
Cereb Cortex 20:1799-815. 2010
..These data offer the first clear evidence, in a single study, for the separate neural correlates of orthography-phonology mapping and semantic access during reading aloud...
- Similar cerebral networks in language, music and song perception
Mediterranean Institute of Cognitive Neurosciences, CNRS and Aix Marseille University, and fMRI Centre, Timone Hospital, Marseille, France
Neuroimage 51:450-61. 2010
..Consequently, the activity in these brain regions cannot be considered as specific to either language or music processing...
- Neural language networks at birth
Faculty of Psychology, Vita Salute San Raffaele University, 20132 Milan, Italy
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:16056-61. 2011
The ability to learn language is a human trait. In adults and children, brain imaging studies have shown that auditory language activates a bilateral frontotemporal network with a left hemispheric dominance...
- Farmers and their languages: the first expansions
Department of Geography, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1524, USA
Science 300:597-603. 2003
..We discuss the main complications and specific examples involving 15 language families...
- Integration of word meaning and world knowledge in language comprehension
F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands
Science 304:438-41. 2004
..Finally, oscillatory brain responses indicate that the brain keeps a record of what makes a sentence hard to interpret...
- Toward a mechanistic psychology of dialogue
Martin J Pickering
Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EHB 9JZ, United Kingdom
Behav Brain Sci 27:169-90; discussion 190-226. 2004
Traditional mechanistic accounts of language processing derive almost entirely from the study of monologue. Yet, the most natural and basic form of language use is dialogue...
- Dynamics of language reorganization after stroke
Department of Neurology, University Freiburg, Breisacher Strasse 64, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
Brain 129:1371-84. 2006
Previous functional imaging studies of chronic stroke patients with aphasia suggest that recovery of language occurs in a pre-existing, bilateral network with an upregulation of undamaged areas and a recruitment of perilesional tissue and ..
- Cross-talk between language processes and overt motor behavior in the first 200 msec of processing
CNRS UMR, 5015 Institut des Sciences Cognitives, Bron Cedex, France
J Cogn Neurosci 18:1607-15. 2006
A recently emerging view sees language understanding as closely linked to sensory and motor processes...
- Cognition counts: a working memory system for ease of language understanding (ELU)
The Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
Int J Audiol 47:S99-105. 2008
A general working memory system for ease of language understanding (ELU, Rönnberg, 2003a) is presented...
- Neural circuits of hierarchical visuo-spatial sequence processing
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
Brain Res 1298:161-70. 2009
..Importantly, the findings suggest that Broca's area is also engaged in hierarchical sequencing in domains other than language.
- The Short International Physical Activity Questionnaire: cross-cultural adaptation, validation and reliability of the Hausa language version in Nigeria
Adewale L Oyeyemi
Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
BMC Med Res Methodol 11:156. 2011
..of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Short International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-SF) to the Hausa language, and to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Hausa version of IPAQ-SF in Nigeria.
- Does language shape thought? Mandarin and English speakers' conceptions of time
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA 94305 2130, USA
Cogn Psychol 43:1-22. 2001
Does the language you speak affect how you think about the world? This question is taken up in three experiments...
- Cross-domain effects of music and language experience on the representation of pitch in the human auditory brainstem
Gavin M Bidelman
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2038, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 23:425-34. 2011
Neural encoding of pitch in the auditory brainstem is known to be shaped by long-term experience with language or music, implying that early sensory processing is subject to experience-dependent neural plasticity...
- Lateralization of ventral and dorsal auditory-language pathways in the human brain
Geoffrey J M Parker
Imaging Science and Biomedical Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
Neuroimage 24:656-66. 2005
..The connections are stronger in the dominant hemisphere, in agreement with previous studies of functional lateralization of auditory-language processing.
- Dynamic causal modeling of subcortical connectivity of language
Grenoble Institut des Neuroscience, INSERM U 836, 38042 Grenoble, France
J Neurosci 31:2712-7. 2011
Subcortical-cortical interactions in the language network were investigated using dynamic causal modeling of magnetoencephalographic data recorded during auditory comprehension...
- Lichtheim 2: synthesizing aphasia and the neural basis of language in a neurocomputational model of the dual dorsal-ventral language pathways
Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M139PL, UK
Neuron 72:385-96. 2011
Traditional neurological models of language were based on a single neural pathway (the dorsal pathway underpinned by the arcuate fasciculus)...
- Positivity of the English language
Isabel M Kloumann
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e29484. 2012
Over the last million years, human language has emerged and evolved as a fundamental instrument of social communication and semiotic representation...
- Clan, language, and migration history has shaped genetic diversity in Haida and Tlingit populations from Southeast Alaska
Theodore G Schurr
Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19104 6398, USA
Am J Phys Anthropol 148:422-35. 2012
..to the Na-Dene linguistic family, specifically, the inclusion of Haida with Athapaskan, Eyak, and Tlingit in the language family; the possible influence of matrilineal clan structure on patterns of genetic variation in Haida and ..
- Where in the brain is nonliteral language? A coordinate-based meta-analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies
Alexander M Rapp
Department of Psychiatry, University of Tuebingen, Calwerstrasse 14, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
Neuroimage 63:600-10. 2012
An increasing number of studies have investigated non-literal language, including metaphors, idioms, metonymy, or irony, with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
- Language-selective and domain-general regions lie side by side within Broca's area
McGovern Institute for Brain Research and Brain and Cognitive Sciences Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 43 Vassar Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Curr Biol 22:2059-62. 2012
..broadly engaged in a wide range of cognitive tasks? For Broca's area, the debate focuses on specialization for language versus domain-general functions such as hierarchical structure building (e.g...
- Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation for preoperative language mapping in a patient with a left frontoopercular glioblastoma
Department of Neurosurgery, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universitat Munchen, Munich, Germany
J Neurosurg 118:175-9. 2013
..Recently, nTMS has also been suggested to be useful in mapping human language areas...
- A practical approach to language complexity: a Wikipedia case study
Department of Theoretical Physics, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary
PLoS ONE 7:e48386. 2012
In this paper we present statistical analysis of English texts from Wikipedia. We try to address the issue of language complexity empirically by comparing the simple English Wikipedia (Simple) to comparable samples of the main English ..
- The brain differentiates human and non-human grammars: functional localization and structural connectivity
Angela D Friederici
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstrasse 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:2458-63. 2006
The human language faculty has been claimed to be grounded in the ability to process hierarchically structured sequences...
- Recursive syntactic pattern learning by songbirds
Timothy Q Gentner
Department of Organismal Biology and Anatomy, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Nature 440:1204-7. 2006
Humans regularly produce new utterances that are understood by other members of the same language community...
- Individual differences in second-language proficiency: does musical ability matter?
L Robert Slevc
Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
Psychol Sci 17:675-81. 2006
This study examined the relation between musical ability and second-language (L2) proficiency in adult learners. L2 ability was assessed in four domains: receptive phonology, productive phonology, syntax, and lexical knowledge...
- Emotion and attention in visual word processing: an ERP study
Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
Biol Psychol 80:75-83. 2009
..Implications for models of emotion-attention interactions in the brain are discussed...
- The neural response to changing semantic and perceptual complexity during language processing
David J Sharp
Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, United Kingdom
Hum Brain Mapp 31:365-77. 2010
..conditions, we also observed increased activation within the left inferior prefrontal cortex as the complexity of language processing increased...
- What is right-hemisphere contribution to phonological, lexico-semantic, and sentence processing? Insights from a meta-analysis
Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR CI NAPS 6232, CNRS CEA, GIP Cyceron, Caen, France
Neuroimage 54:577-93. 2011
..2006). Of these, 59 articles reported RH participation, providing 105 RH language contrasts including 218 peaks compared to 728 on the left, a proportion reflecting the LH language dominance...
- Precursors to natural grammar learning: preliminary evidence from 4-month-old infants
Angela D Friederici
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
PLoS ONE 6:e17920. 2011
When learning a new language, grammar--although difficult--is very important, as grammatical rules determine the relations between the words in a sentence...
- Eugene--a domain specific language for specifying and constraining synthetic biological parts, devices, and systems
Department of Computer Science, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e18882. 2011
..We present a human readable language (Eugene) that allows for the specification of synthetic biological designs based on biological parts, as well as ..
- Orthographic effects in spoken language: on-line activation or phonological restructuring?
Aix Marseille University, France
Brain Res 1275:73-80. 2009
Previous research has shown that literacy (i.e., learning to read and spell) affects spoken language processing. However, there is an on-going debate about the nature of this influence...
- Language-tree divergence times support the Anatolian theory of Indo-European origin
Russell D Gray
Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1020, New Zealand
Nature 426:435-9. 2003
Languages, like genes, provide vital clues about human history. The origin of the Indo-European language family is "the most intensively studied, yet still most recalcitrant, problem of historical linguistics"...
- Genetic evidence supports demic diffusion of Han culture
State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering and Center for Anthropological Studies, School of Life Sciences and Morgan Tan International Center for Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
Nature 431:302-5. 2004
The spread of culture and language in human populations is explained by two alternative models: the demic diffusion model, which involves mass movement of people; and the cultural diffusion model, which refers to cultural impact between ..
- Reading acquisition, developmental dyslexia, and skilled reading across languages: a psycholinguistic grain size theory
Johannes C Ziegler
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Université de Provence, Marseille, France
Psychol Bull 131:3-29. 2005
..The authors develop a novel theoretical framework to explain these cross-language data, which they label a psycholinguistic grain size theory of reading and its development.
- Opposite patterns of hemisphere dominance for early auditory processing of lexical tones and consonants
Auditory Research Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:19558-63. 2006
- Neural evidence for the interplay between language, gesture, and action: a review
Roel M Willems
F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University Nijmegen, P O Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Brain Lang 101:278-89. 2007
Co-speech gestures embody a form of manual action that is tightly coupled to the language system. As such, the co-occurrence of speech and co-speech gestures is an excellent example of the interplay between language and action...
- Moving beyond Kucera and Francis: a critical evaluation of current word frequency norms and the introduction of a new and improved word frequency measure for American English
Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Behav Res Methods 41:977-90. 2009
..In particular, we investigated the size of the corpus, the language register on which the corpus is based, and the definition of the frequency measure...
- Anterior temporal lobe connectivity correlates with functional outcome after aphasic stroke
Jane E Warren
Cognitive Neuroimaging Group, MRC Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London W120NN, UK
Brain 132:3428-42. 2009
Focal brain lesions are assumed to produce language deficits by two basic mechanisms: local cortical dysfunction at the lesion site, and remote cortical dysfunction due to disruption of the transfer and integration of information between ..
- New method for fMRI investigations of language: defining ROIs functionally in individual subjects
McGovern Institute for Brain Research, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
J Neurophysiol 104:1177-94. 2010
..We hypothesize that clearer functional specificity may emerge if candidate language-sensitive regions are identified functionally within each subject individually, a method that has revealed ..
- Nouns and verbs in the brain: a review of behavioural, electrophysiological, neuropsychological and imaging studies
University College London, UK
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 35:407-26. 2011
..as underlying grammatical class membership across languages: semantic/pragmatic, and distributional cues in language that distinguish nouns from verbs...
- Evolved structure of language shows lineage-specific trends in word-order universals
Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Post Office Box 310, 6500 AH Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Nature 473:79-82. 2011
..have claimed that linguistic diversity must be constrained by innate parameters that are set as a child learns a language. In contrast, other linguists following Greenberg have claimed that there are statistical tendencies for co-..
- Prediction during language comprehension: benefits, costs, and ERP components
Cyma Van Petten
Department of Psychology, Binghamton University, State University of New York, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
Int J Psychophysiol 83:176-90. 2012
..Research outside of language processing indicates that late positive components of the ERP are very sensitive to disconfirmed predictions...
- A failure of left temporal cortex to specialize for language is an early emerging and fundamental property of autism
Lisa T Eyler
UCSD Autism Center of Excellence, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
Brain 135:949-60. 2012
Failure to develop normal language comprehension is an early warning sign of autism, but the neural mechanisms underlying this signature deficit are unknown...
- Language specific prosodic preferences during the first half year of life: evidence from German and French infants
Universitat Potsdam, Department Linguistik, Germany
Infant Behav Dev 32:262-74. 2009
..of information in their earliest steps into the acquisition of words and syntactic regularities of their target language. Regarding word segmentation, it has been found that English-learning infants segment trochaic words by 7...
- When language meets action: the neural integration of gesture and speech
Roel M Willems
F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Cereb Cortex 17:2322-33. 2007
Although generally studied in isolation, language and action often co-occur in everyday life...
- Effects of the emotional connotations in words on the frontal areas--a spatially filtered MEG study
Division of Functional Diagnostic Science, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan
Neuroimage 35:420-9. 2007
..this study was to elucidate how and where emotional connotations in words influenced linguistic processing in the language-related areas...
- Brain sensitivity to print emerges when children learn letter-speech sound correspondences
Department of Psychology, University of Jyvaskyla, Agora Center, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:7939-44. 2010
..network develops during this time, as children typically learn to associate the well-known sounds of their spoken language with unfamiliar characters in alphabetic languages and finally access the meaning of written words, allowing for ..
- Interaction between syntax processing in language and in music: an ERP Study
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
J Cogn Neurosci 17:1565-77. 2005
The present study investigated simultaneous processing of language and music using visually presented sentences and auditorily presented chord sequences...
- Neural mechanisms of language comprehension: challenges to syntax
Gina R Kuperberg
Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA
Brain Res 1146:23-49. 2007
..I suggest that normal language comprehension proceeds along at least two competing neural processing streams: a semantic memory-based mechanism, ..
- A neuroanatomically grounded Hebbian-learning model of attention-language interactions in the human brain
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
Eur J Neurosci 27:492-513. 2008
..We implemented a neuroanatomically grounded neural network model of the left perisylvian language cortex and simulated: (i) brain processes of early language acquisition and (ii) cortical responses to familiar ..
- Noninvasive brain stimulation improves language learning
Department of Neurology, University of Munster, Munster, Germany
J Cogn Neurosci 20:1415-22. 2008
..associative verbal learning, a skill crucial for both acquiring new languages in healthy individuals and for language reacquisition after stroke-induced aphasia...
- Topographical layout of hand, eye, calculation, and language-related areas in the human parietal lobe
Unité INSERM 334, IFR 49, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, Orsay, France
Neuron 33:475-87. 2002
..These results suggest human homologs of the monkey areas AIP, MIP, V6A, and LIP and imply a large cortical expansion of the inferior parietal lobule correlated with the development of human language and calculation abilities.
- Grounding language in action
Arthur M Glenberg
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 9:558-65. 2002
We report a new phenomenon associated with language comprehension: the action-sentence compatibility effect (ACE)...
- Working memory and language: an overview
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 8 Woodland Rd, Bristol, BS8 1TN, UK
J Commun Disord 36:189-208. 2003
..These are described in turn, with particular reference to implications for both the normal processing of language, and its potential disorders. The reader will be introduced to the concept of a multi-component working memory...
- Local literature bias in genetic epidemiology: an empirical evaluation of the Chinese literature
Department of Rheumatology, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Jinan 250021, Shandong, China
PLoS Med 2:e334. 2005
Postulated epidemiological associations are subject to several biases. We evaluated whether the Chinese literature on human genome epidemiology may offer insights on the operation of selective reporting and language biases.
- Motor cortex maps articulatory features of speech sounds
Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:7865-70. 2006
The processing of spoken language has been attributed to areas in the superior temporal lobe, where speech stimuli elicit the greatest activation...
- Isn't it ironic? An electrophysiological exploration of figurative language processing
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
J Cogn Neurosci 23:277-93. 2011
Although the neurocognitive processes underlying the comprehension of figurative language, especially metaphors and idioms, have been studied extensively, less is known about the processing of irony...
- Language processing in the occipital cortex of congenitally blind adults
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:4429-34. 2011
..are thought to have evolved brain regions in the left frontal and temporal cortex that are uniquely capable of language processing. However, congenitally blind individuals also activate the visual cortex in some verbal tasks...
- Morphological priming in overt language production: electrophysiological evidence from Dutch
Leiden Institute of Brain and Cognition, and Leiden University, Institute for Psychological Research, The Netherlands
Neuroimage 42:1622-30. 2008
..These results extend previous findings from German to another language and demonstrate the feasibility of measuring cognitive ERP components during overt speech...
- Role of inhibition in language switching: evidence from event-related brain potentials in overt picture naming
Radboud University Nijmegen, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Cognition 110:84-99. 2009
How are bilinguals able to switch from one language to another? The prevailing inhibition hypothesis takes larger reaction-time (RT) costs for switching to the first language (L1) than to the second language (L2) as evidence for ..