phrenology

Summary

Summary: The study of the conformation of the skull as indicative of mental faculties and traits of character, especially according to the hypothesis of F. J. Gall (1758-1828). (Webster 3d ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Examining phrenology
    Stephen M Soreff
    Metropolitan College at Boston University, USA
    Behav Healthc 27:14, 16, 18. 2007
  2. ncbi Phrenology in the science and culture of the 19th century
    S H Greenblatt
    Brown University Program in Neurosurgery, Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Pawtucket, USA
    Neurosurgery 37:790-804; discussion 804-5. 1995
  3. ncbi Lie detection: historical, neuropsychiatric and legal dimensions
    Elizabeth B Ford
    Bellevue Hospital Center, Department of Forensic Psychiatry, New York, New York, USA
    Int J Law Psychiatry 29:159-77. 2006
  4. doi [The collection of Dr. Gall's skulls in the Rollett museum]
    Rudolf Maurer
    Rollettmuseum Stadtarchiv, Baden, Austria
    Wien Med Wochenschr 158:339-51. 2008
  5. ncbi Neuroscience. Neural networks debunk phrenology
    Robert T Knight
    Department of Psychology, Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 3190, USA
    Science 316:1578-9. 2007
  6. ncbi Musical skills and neural functions. The legacy of the brains of musicians
    Marina Bentivoglio
    Department of Morphological and Biomedical Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 999:234-43. 2003
  7. ncbi Animal magnetism in Spanish medicine (1786-1860)
    Angel Gonzalez de Pablo
    Unidad de Historia de la Ciencia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid UCM, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Hist Psychiatry 17:279-98. 2006
  8. ncbi Isaac ray at 200: phrenology and expert testimony
    Kenneth J Weiss
    Department of Psychiatry, UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Camden, NJ, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 35:339-45. 2007
  9. ncbi The origins of the new psychology in the United States
    Michael M Sokal
    Department of Humanities and Arts, Worcester Polytecnic Institute, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 01609, USA
    Physis Riv Int Stor Sci 43:273-300. 2006
  10. pmc Neurophysiology of functional imaging
    Pieter van Eijsden
    Department of Neurosurgery, Rudolf Magnus Institute for Neuroscience, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 45:1047-54. 2009

Research Grants

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications80

  1. ncbi Examining phrenology
    Stephen M Soreff
    Metropolitan College at Boston University, USA
    Behav Healthc 27:14, 16, 18. 2007
  2. ncbi Phrenology in the science and culture of the 19th century
    S H Greenblatt
    Brown University Program in Neurosurgery, Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Pawtucket, USA
    Neurosurgery 37:790-804; discussion 804-5. 1995
    ..in Paris, Spurzheim had become intrigued with the psychosocial potential of the undertaking, which he renamed "phrenology" (the science of the mind)...
  3. ncbi Lie detection: historical, neuropsychiatric and legal dimensions
    Elizabeth B Ford
    Bellevue Hospital Center, Department of Forensic Psychiatry, New York, New York, USA
    Int J Law Psychiatry 29:159-77. 2006
    ..Early methods, such as phrenology and truth serums are contrasted with more modern-day approaches, such as polygraphy and functional MRIs...
  4. doi [The collection of Dr. Gall's skulls in the Rollett museum]
    Rudolf Maurer
    Rollettmuseum Stadtarchiv, Baden, Austria
    Wien Med Wochenschr 158:339-51. 2008
    ..The Viennese part of Dr. Gall's collection of skulls has been preserved in the Rollett museum. This paper gives an overview of the history of the Gall collection of skulls and its transfer to the Rollett museum in Baden near Vienna...
  5. ncbi Neuroscience. Neural networks debunk phrenology
    Robert T Knight
    Department of Psychology, Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 3190, USA
    Science 316:1578-9. 2007
  6. ncbi Musical skills and neural functions. The legacy of the brains of musicians
    Marina Bentivoglio
    Department of Morphological and Biomedical Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 999:234-43. 2003
    ..theme in the history of neuroscience, and the effort to localize musical skills dates back to the excesses of phrenology in the early nineteenth century...
  7. ncbi Animal magnetism in Spanish medicine (1786-1860)
    Angel Gonzalez de Pablo
    Unidad de Historia de la Ciencia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid UCM, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Hist Psychiatry 17:279-98. 2006
    ..of 1784; the first attempts to implant Mesmerism around 1816; its reluctant acceptance with the introduction of phrenology from 1842 onwards; and, finally, its critical revision, provoked by issues of legal responsibility, from 1856 to ..
  8. ncbi Isaac ray at 200: phrenology and expert testimony
    Kenneth J Weiss
    Department of Psychiatry, UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Camden, NJ, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 35:339-45. 2007
    ..Ray, a scientist from the outset, expressed interest in phrenology, a contemporary science of the mind...
  9. ncbi The origins of the new psychology in the United States
    Michael M Sokal
    Department of Humanities and Arts, Worcester Polytecnic Institute, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 01609, USA
    Physis Riv Int Stor Sci 43:273-300. 2006
    ..of the long-influential Scottish Common-Sense Realist philosophy; the continuing impact of Baconian thought, of phrenology, and of spiritualism; the growing influence of Comtean and evolutionary ideas; and the rise of American ..
  10. pmc Neurophysiology of functional imaging
    Pieter van Eijsden
    Department of Neurosurgery, Rudolf Magnus Institute for Neuroscience, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 45:1047-54. 2009
    ..The failures of cognitive modularity and of a very localized phrenology are generally, but not universally, accepted; but in their place, and usually not distinguished from the ..
  11. ncbi [Language and aphasias]
    J Porta-Etessam
    Servicio de Neurologia, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Madrid, Espana
    Rev Neurol 25:1269-77. 1997
    ..With social evolution it became more complex, with the appearance of new phonemes and a more complete grammatical structure. The current concept of the processing of language dates, with little change, from the nineteenth century...
  12. ncbi Views from the periphery: discourses of race and place in French military medicine
    Michael A Osborne
    History and Environmental Studies, University of California Santa Barbara, CA 93106 9410, USA
    Hist Philos Life Sci 25:363-89. 2003
    ..anthropological and medical conceptions of race in nineteenth century France as following a path mapped out by phrenology, anthropometry, and Paul Broca's version of physical anthropology...
  13. doi Phrenology and physiognomy in victorian literature
    Rhonda Boshears
    Champion, MI, USA Electronic address
    Prog Brain Res 205:87-112. 2013
    b>Phrenology evolved from the work of Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) and Johann Gaspar Spurzheim (1776-1832), becoming a fixture in Victorian culture, arts and letters as well as medicine...
  14. doi On the history and future study of personality and its disorders
    Theodore Millon
    Institute for Advanced Studies in Personology and Psychopathology, Port Jervis, New York 12771, USA
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 8:1-19. 2012
    ..g., phrenology. In the past century, descriptive psychiatrists of note began to pose "typologies," e.g...
  15. ncbi Multiple representation of sensory system input in the cerebral cortex:the new phrenology?
    Mark Rowe
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Neurosci Lett 361:98-101. 2004
  16. doi Return of the Living Dead: Re-reading Pierre Flourens' Contributions to Neurophysiology and Literature
    Sharman Levinson
    Universite d Angers, UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines, Angers Cedex 01, France The American University of Paris, Paris, France Electronic address
    Prog Brain Res 205:149-72. 2013
    ..on cortical localization and, in particular, for his successful attacks on Frantz Joseph Gall's (1758-1828) phrenology (Gall and Spurzheim, 1810-19)...
  17. doi Surgery of the mind, mood, and conscious state: an idea in evolution
    R Aaron Robison
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    World Neurosurg 77:662-86. 2012
    ..As new tools become available, the social and medical impact of psychosurgery promises to revolutionize not only neurosurgery, but also humans' capability for positively impacting life and society...
  18. ncbi Four facets of a single brain: behaviour, cerebral blood flow/metabolism, neuronal activity and neurotransmitter dynamics
    Szabolcs Keri
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychiatry Section, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Neuroreport 14:1097-106. 2003
    Is functional neuroimaging a royal way to understand brain function or is it a new phrenology without an exact understanding what we measure? After two decades of imaging revolution, more and more authors ask this question...
  19. ncbi Friedrich Albert Lange on neo-Kantianism, socialist Darwinism, and a psychology without a soul
    Thomas Teo
    History and Theory of Psychology Program atYork University, Toronto, Canada
    J Hist Behav Sci 38:285-301. 2002
    ..Based on a critique of phrenology and philosophical psychology of his time, Lange developed a program of a psychology without a soul...
  20. doi Advances in clinical neuroimaging: implications for autism spectrum disorders
    Naama Barnea-Goraly
    Center for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research, Stanford University, 401 Quarry Rd, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Expert Opin Med Diagn 5:475-82. 2011
    Introduction: Neuroimaging research has been labeled 'modern phrenology', suggesting that this line of research does not advance our knowledge of neuropsychiatric disorders beyond spatial localization of brain abnormalities...
  21. ncbi A new phrenology?
    Michael Shermer
    Sci Am 298:46, 48. 2008
  22. doi Phreneology and Gall's 250(th) anniversary
    Roland Sedivy
    Department of Pathology, LK St Pölten, Pölten, Austria
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 120:197. 2008
  23. ncbi F.J. Gall and the phrenological movement
    Lorenzo Livianos-Aldana
    Am J Psychiatry 164:414. 2007
  24. ncbi Francis Joseph Gall (1758-1828): false prophet of cerebral localization
    Harold Ellis
    Guy s, King s and St Thomas School of Biomedical Sciences, London SE1 1UL
    Br J Hosp Med (Lond) 69:173. 2008
  25. pmc Brain 'imaging' in the Renaissance
    Alessandro Paluzzi
    Department of Neurosurgery, James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK
    J R Soc Med 100:540-3. 2007
    ..We have several examples of hidden symbolism in Renaissance paintings, but the influence of phrenology and this rudimentary knowledge of neuroanatomy on artists of that period is under-recognized...
  26. ncbi Imaging body structure and mapping brain function: a historical approach
    Stacey A Tovino
    Health Law Institute, Hamline University School of Law, USA
    Am J Law Med 33:193-228. 2007
  27. ncbi Profiling and genetic destiny
    Stanley M Aronson
    Med Health R I 89:389. 2006
  28. pmc Marie Jean Pierre Flourens (1794 1867): an extraordinary scientist of his time
    Fatos Belgin Yildirim
    Department of Anatomy, Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, 07070 Antalya, Turkey
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 78:852. 2007
  29. ncbi [Defending phrenology]
    Lene Otto
    Afdelingen for Etnologi, Københavns Universitet, DK 2300 København S
    Ugeskr Laeger 169:2858. 2007
  30. ncbi ET Craig: proto-socialist, phrenologist and public health engineer
    Alun Evans
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, The Queen s University of Belfast, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 37:490-505. 2008
  31. ncbi [History of phrenology]
    Claude Renner
    Hist Sci Med 45:249-56. 2011
    ..It left plenty of technical gears: crane casting, china busts, phrenological penholders, knobs, craniological snuffboxes and a lot of geographic maps of the skull bumps...
  32. doi Identification of neural targets for the treatment of psychiatric disorders: the role of functional neuroimaging
    David R Vago
    Department of Psychiatry, Functional Neuroimaging Laboratory, Brigham and Womens Hospital Harvard Medical School, 824 Boylston Street, Chestnut Hill, MA 02143, USA
    Neurosurg Clin N Am 22:279-305, x. 2011
    ..The relevance of this model for neurotherapeutics is discussed, as well as the role of functional neuroimaging of psychiatric disorders...
  33. doi Alfred Russell Wallace and the evolution of the human mind
    Charles Gross
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience Institute, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Neuroscientist 16:496-507. 2010
    ..and other disagreements, particularly on the role of instinct, are related to the differences in their class backgrounds, education, experience with non-European cultures, and views on socialism, phrenology, mesmerism, and spiritualism.
  34. doi At the crossroads between psychoanalysis and neuroscience: the importance of subjectivity
    Sylvie Tordjman
    Laboratoire de la Psychologie de la Perception, CNRS and Université Paris Descartes, France
    J Physiol Paris 104:232-42. 2010
    ..taking the necessary epistemological and methodological precautions; this could readily evoke a new form of phrenology… It seems more prudent, concerning brain-imaging results, to think in terms of bio-psycho-environmental ..
  35. ncbi Through a scanner darkly: functional neuroimaging as evidence of a criminal defendant's past mental states
    Teneille Brown
    University of Utah, S J Quinney College of Law, USA
    Stanford Law Rev 62:1119-208. 2010
    As with phrenology and the polygraph, society is again confronted with a device that the media claims is capable of reading our minds...
  36. doi Cerebral localization of functions and the neurology of language: fact versus fiction or is it something else?
    Elliott D Ross
    Department of Neurology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center and the VA Medical Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA
    Neuroscientist 16:222-43. 2010
    ..of localization in the functional imaging literature that is taking on the appearance of neurophysiologic "phrenology"...
  37. doi Chapter 42: neurology and the neurological sciences in the German-speaking countries
    Hansruedi Isler
    Handb Clin Neurol 95:667-89. 2010
    ..The controversial medical theories of animal magnetism and phrenology also advanced brain research and clinical neurology together with their sectarian programs, which seem absurd ..
  38. ncbi The curious rise and fall of experimental psychology in "Mind"
    Christopher D Green
    York Univ, Toronto, Canada
    Hist Human Sci 22:37-57. 2009
    ..g. phrenology, mesmerism) might be...
  39. ncbi Brainhood, anthropological figure of modernity
    Fernando Vidal
    Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin
    Hist Human Sci 22:5-36. 2009
    ....
  40. doi William Gregory (1803-58): Professor of Chemistry at the University of Edinburgh and enthusiast for phrenology and mesmerism
    Matthew H Kaufman
    J Med Biogr 16:128-33. 2008
    ..He was also interested in the phenomena of Mesmerism and Mesmero-Phrenology, despite the agitation and scorn of many of his academic colleagues both in Aberdeen and in Edinburgh.
  41. doi [Considerations to the authenticity of Angelo Soliman's skull]
    Christian Reiter
    Department für Gerichtliche Medizin, Medizinische Universität Wien, Wien, Austria
    Wien Med Wochenschr 158:331-8. 2008
    ..The Rollett museum comprises a lot of plaster casts including that of Angelo Soliman. This paper sheds lustre on the fate and authenticity of that plaster cast...
  42. doi [Franz Joseph Gall, Angelo Soliman and the busts of Africans in the Rollettmuseum at Baden near Vienna]
    Monika Firla
    Freie Mitarbeiterin am Linden Museum Stuttgart, Staatliches Museum für Völkerkunde Referat Afrika, Stuttgart, Germany
    Wien Med Wochenschr 158:320-30. 2008
    ..In order to encourage interdisciplinary research on Gall's collection in the field of biological anthropology and medicine once more, the following article will recapitulate earlier results and introduce some new aspects into discussion...
  43. doi [Memento historiae 2008: of Gall, Landsteiner, Virchow, laboratory pest and Empress Sissy ]
    Roland Sedivy
    Wien Med Wochenschr 158:312-3. 2008
  44. doi [Franz Joseph Gall and his "talking skulls" established the basis of modern brain sciences]
    Regal Wolfgang
    Abteilung für Anästhesie und Operative Intensivmedizin, Sozialmedizinisches Zentrum Süd Kaiser Franz Josef Spital, Wien, Austria
    Wien Med Wochenschr 158:314-9. 2008
    The anatomist and brain scientist Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) developed the "phrenology" in the early 19(th) century. At this time, his new teachings were more seen as a temporary fashion than science and were discredited...
  45. ncbi [At the centre of all gazes: an approach to the historiography of phrenology]
    David Nofre i Mateo
    Centre d Estudis d Història de les Ciències CEHIC, Facultat de Ciencies, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona
    Dynamis 26:93-124, table of contents. 2006
    Since the late 19th century, phrenology has been regarded at best as a pseudo-science popularised by quacks...
  46. ncbi Beyond phrenology: what can neuroimaging tell us about distributed circuitry?
    Karl Friston
    The Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, United Kingdom
    Annu Rev Neurosci 25:221-50. 2002
    ..The conclusion, from these sorts of neuroimaging studies, points to the prevalence of top-down influences and the plausibility of generative models of sensory brain function...
  47. ncbi The authority of human nature: the Schädellehre of Franz Joseph Gall
    John Van Wyhe
    Department of History and Philosophy of Science, Cambridge, UK
    Br J Hist Sci 35:17-42. 2002
    This essay is the first account in English to examine Franz Joseph Gall and the origins of phrenology. In doing so a host of legends about Gall and the beginnings of phrenology, which exist only in the English-language historiography, are ..
  48. ncbi Problems and challenges in the historical study of the neurosciences
    Helge Kragh
    History of Science Department, University of Aarhus, Building 521, Ny Munkegade, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark
    J Hist Neurosci 11:55-62. 2002
    ..that one important source for the trend, as it emerged in the 1970s, was a renewed interest in the history of phrenology and its reception in Britain...
  49. ncbi Prolegomena to a history of radical brains in the nineteenth century: physiognomics, phrenology, brain anatomy
    M Hagner
    Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin
    Physis Riv Int Stor Sci 36:321-38. 1999
    ..These were refined and modified by phrenology. Although phrenology was contested, its methods for investigating the brains of geniuses presaged the beginnings ..
  50. ncbi [Introductory notes on the origin of phrenology: the work of Vincenzo Malacarne]
    F Martelli
    Istituto di Anatomia Umana Normale, Universita degli Studi di Bologna
    Med Secoli 5:405-18. 1993
    The authors examine and evince the links between F.J. Gall's phrenology and Vincenzo Malacarne's studies of encephalous anatomy and mental disorders, especially in the ideas developed by the latter from 1760 to 1794...
  51. ncbi Phrenology - confrontation between Spurzheim and Gordon - 1816
    M H Kaufman
    Department of Anatomy, University of Edinburgh Medical School
    Proc R Coll Physicians Edinb 29:159-70. 1999
    ..He gave his audiences what they wanted to hear. The scientific basis of the subject was plausible, and was not readily testable by the scientific methods available at the time...
  52. ncbi The future of the brain
    S Rose
    Open University
    Biologist (London) 47:96-9. 2000
    ..The problems for this ever-growing and increasingly fragmented field are matched only by its potentials. This article explores possible avenues of research and ethical debate that wait to be faced in the new Decade of the Mind...
  53. ncbi Sexual predator evaluations and phrenology: considering issues of evidentiary reliability
    T W Campbell
    4105 Metro Parkway, Ste 103, Sterling Heights, MI 48310, USA
    Behav Sci Law 18:111-30. 2000
    ..Consequently, these instruments amount to experimental procedures; and, therefore, they cannot support expert testimony in a legal proceeding...
  54. ncbi Hat size, brain size, intelligence, and dementia: what morphometry can tell us about brain function and disease
    David A Drachman
    Neurology 59:156-7. 2002
  55. ncbi The role of gender, phrenology, discrimination and nervous prostration in Clara Barton's career
    A D Spiegel
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, State University of New York, Health Science Center, College of Medicine, Brooklyn 11203, USA
    J Community Health 20:501-26. 1995
    ..Prior to that time, three factors shaped her personality and her future: phrenology gave her philosophical principles to live by, especially "Know Thyself"; sex discrimination on her first two ..
  56. ncbi The rise and fall of phrenology in Australia
    M J Thearle
    Department of Child Health, University of Queensland, Mater Children s Hospital, South Brisbane
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 27:518-25. 1993
    In the first half of the nineteenth century phrenology, which was claimed to be the first science of the mind, experienced enormous popularity in the western world...
  57. ncbi Moral treatment: how a caring practice lost its rationale
    S M Peloquin
    School of Allied Health Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston
    Am J Occup Ther 48:167-73. 1994
    The 19th-century practices of moral treatment and phrenology serve as historical examples of a narrowing focus in health care and reveal the manner in which theories can shape practice...
  58. ncbi Franz Josef Gall and his contribution to neuroanatomy with emphasis on the brain stem
    C E Rawlings
    Forsyth Neurosurgical Associates, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27103
    Surg Neurol 42:272-5. 1994
    ..His most notorious research was in craniofacial morphology that gradually evolved into the pseudoscience of phrenology. His second research area was neuroanatomy...
  59. ncbi Phineas among the phrenologists: the American crowbar case and nineteenth-century theories of cerebral localization
    F G Barker
    Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
    J Neurosurg 82:672-82. 1995
    ..The case was used as evidence against phrenology, a crude precursor of modern cerebral localization theories. The two original reports of the case by Drs...
  60. ncbi James Braid's psychophysiology: a turning point in the history of dynamic psychiatry
    N M Kravis
    Department of Psychiatry, New York Hospital Cornell Medical Center, N Y
    Am J Psychiatry 145:1191-206. 1988
    ....
  61. ncbi Osler's brain and related mental matters
    A E Rodin
    Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45401
    South Med J 83:207-12. 1990
    ..b>Phrenology is based on the assumption that various modalities of behavior are localized to specific morphologic areas of ..
  62. ncbi Beyond phrenology, at last
    Kenneth S Kosik
    Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School and at the Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Institute of Medicine, 77 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 4:234-9. 2003
    ....
  63. ncbi Cellular phrenology
    John A Lee
    Department of Histopathology, Rotherham General Hospital, S60 2UD, Rotherham, UK
    Lancet Oncol 4:194. 2003
  64. ncbi [Responses of Shenyang urban tree phrenology to climate warming]
    Wenduo Xu
    Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Siences, Shenyang 110016, China
    Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 17:1777-81. 2006
    ..An increase of mean annual air temperature by 1 degree C would advance the outset of sprouting by 9 days, leaf expansion by 10 days, and outset of flowering by 5 days...
  65. ncbi Language and memory disorder in the case of Jonathan Swift: considerations on retrospective diagnosis
    Marjorie Lorch
    Birkbeck College, University of London, London WC1H OPD, UK
    Brain 129:3127-37. 2006
    ..The diagnoses considered refer to evolving theories of insanity, phrenology, localization of cortical function, hydrocephalus, psychoanalysis, aphasia, dementia and depression in ageing...
  66. ncbi What has functional neuroimaging told us about the mind? So many examples, so little space
    John Jonides
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1043, USA
    Cortex 42:414-7; discussion 422-7. 2006
  67. ncbi A short history of neurosciences in Austria
    K A Jellinger
    Institute of Clinical Neurobiology, Vienna, Austria
    J Neural Transm 113:271-82. 2006
    ..g. with the description of inflammation of the central nervous system by J. P. Franck (1745-1823) and the "phrenology" by F. J. Gall (1745-1823). Under the influence of the great pathologist C...
  68. ncbi The philosophy of decapitation: analysis, biomedical reform, and devolution in London's body politic, 1830-1850
    James Elwick
    Vic Stud 47:174-87. 2005
  69. ncbi George Combe--phrenologist, philosopher, psychologist (1788-1858)
    Peter Wright
    Cortex 41:447-51. 2005
  70. ncbi Neuroimaging: revolutionary research tool or a post-modern phrenology?
    Donald Kennedy
    Stanford University, USA
    Am J Bioeth 5:19; discussion W3-4. 2005
  71. ncbi Phrenology and the neurosciences: contributions of F. J. Gall and J. G. Spurzheim
    Donald Simpson
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    ANZ J Surg 75:475-82. 2005
    The pseudoscience of phrenology arose from the observations and intuitions of Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) and his disciple Johann Gaspar Spurzheim (1776-1832)...
  72. ncbi Blockheads, roundheads, pointy heads: intellectual disability and the brain before modern medicine
    C F Goodey
    University of London Institute of Education, London, UK
    J Hist Behav Sci 41:165-83. 2005
    ..However, it does reveal a degree of continuity in the medical mind-set as discourses of monstrosity were transposed from the domain of anatomy to that of post-Cartesian psychology...
  73. ncbi Was phrenology a reform science? Towards a new generalization for phrenology
    John van Wyhe
    Cambridge University
    Hist Sci 42:313-31. 2004
  74. ncbi Parsing brain activity with fMRI and mixed designs: what kind of a state is neuroimaging in?
    David I Donaldson
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4DU, UK
    Trends Neurosci 27:442-4. 2004
    ..Strong critics (notably Uttal) have even argued that neuroimaging is nothing more than a modern day version of phrenology: destined to fail, and fundamentally uninformative...
  75. ncbi [Phrenology--another point of view]
    Tomasz Gos
    Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej AM w Gdańsku
    Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 52:351-5. 2002
    The biography of doctor Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) and his theory of phrenology were outlined highlighting the criminological issues of it...
  76. ncbi Mark Twain on phrenology
    James L Stone
    Division of Neurosurgery, Cook County Hospital and Department of Neurosurgery, Loyola University, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
    Neurosurgery 53:1414-6; discussion 1416-7. 2003
    ..Similarly, he found an interest in phrenology, a pseudoscience that purported to characterize personality traits according to elevations or depressions on the ..
  77. ncbi Skulls, brains, and memorial culture: on cerebral biographies of scientists in the nineteenth century
    Michael Hagner
    Max Planck Institut fur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin
    Sci Context 16:195-218. 2003
    ..It was only in this context that moral reservations about dissecting the brains of geniuses could be overcome, which led to a more systematic investigation of brains of geniuses after 1860...
  78. ncbi Gall's psychophysiological concept of function: the rise and decline of "internal essence"
    T L Hoff
    Department of Psychology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
    Brain Cogn 20:378-98. 1992
    ....
  79. ncbi Memory and the brain: beyond intracranial phrenology
    David A Drachman
    Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 8:269-73. 2008
  80. ncbi Phrenological studies of aphasia before Broca: Broca's aphasia or Gall's aphasia?
    J W Brown
    Department of Neurology, New York University Medical Center, NY
    Brain Lang 43:475-86. 1992
    ..This paper examines the status of aphasia localization prior to Broca, and, specifically, the extent to which Broca's discovery may have been anticipated by the phrenologists...

Research Grants35

  1. Social Cognition and Human Orbital Prefrontal Cortex
    Robert Knight; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The proposal is designed to provide a basis for developing a larger program of research aimed at understanding the neural basis of social behavior. ..
  2. EXECUTIVE PROCESSES--BEHAVIORIAL & NEUROIMAGING STUDIES
    John Jonides; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Patients with frontal lesions who have deficits on one or another executive process will be studied. ..
  3. ATTENTION, ORIENTATION, AND HUMAN PREFRONTAL CORTEX
    Robert Knight; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This proposal derives from ongoing research in our laboratory designed to elucidate the temporal dynamics and network properties of PFCx contributions to cognitive processes frequently impaired in neurological and psychiatric disease. ..
  4. Behavioral Neuroscience and Stroke
    Robert Knight; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  5. ATTENTION, ORIENTATION AND HUMAN PREFRONTAL CORTEX
    Robert Knight; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The work promises to provide novel insights into the neural mechanisms supporting normal and disordered cognition as well as providing information on patterns of neural re-organization subsequent to brain damage. ..
  6. Training in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    John Jonides; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  7. Intraoperative Mapping of Language Using High Gamma
    Robert Knight; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We propose to apply a novel method of brain electrical analysis to replace the traditional method employed. If successful the results would lead to safer and more effective neurosurgical procedures. ..
  8. Interference-resolution mechanisms and their relevance to depression
    John Jonides; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed research examines the cognitive and brain deficits that may lead to rumination in the hope that these may be singled out for treatment. ..
  9. ATTENTION, ORIENTATION AND HUMAN PREFRONTAL CORTEX
    ROBERT THOMAS KNIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The work promises to provide novel insights into the neural mechanisms supporting normal and disordered cognition as well as providing information on patterns of neural re-organization subsequent to brain damage. ..
  10. CORTICAL MECHANISMS IN PERCEPTION AND BEHAVIOR
    Charles Gross; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The proposed research may also contribute to the development of visual and limb prostheses and artificial devices for object manipulation. ..
  11. ATTENTION, ORIENTATION, AND HUMAN PREFRONTAL CORTEX
    Robert Knight; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The proposed work will contribute to our understanding of the role of PFCx in both normal cognition and in major neurological and psychiatric disorders with PFCx dysfunction. ..
  12. Interference-resolution mechanisms and their relevance to depression
    John Jonides; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed research examines the cognitive and brain deficits that may lead to rumination in the hope that these may be singled out for treatment. ..