Genomes and Genes
18th century history
Summary: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Publications281 found, 100 shown here
- Birth of the life sciences in Spain and PortugalNeidhard Paweletz
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 3:795-800. 2002..For many centuries, Spain and Portugal were occupied by various nations. The consequent mixing of cultures formed a unique environment in which to do science...
- Sons reduced maternal longevity in preindustrial humansSamuli Helle
Section of Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, FIN 20014 Turku, Finland
Science 296:1085. 2002
- Variolation, vaccination and popular resistance in early colonial south IndiaNiels Brimnes
Department of History, Aarhus University, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
Med Hist 48:199-228. 2004
- Traditional healing with animals (zootherapy): medieval to present-day Levantine practiceEfraim Lev
Department of Eretz Israel Studies, Jordan Valley College and University of Haifa, Israel
J Ethnopharmacol 85:107-18. 2003..The use of other materials of animal origin came to an end in the course of history because of change in the moral outlook of modern societies. Among the latter we note mummy, silkworm, stinkbug, scarabees, snail, scorpion, and triton...
- The diuretic use of Scilla from Dioscorides to the end of the 18th centuryGiovanni Aliotta
Second University of Naples, Italy
J Nephrol 17:342-7. 2004..For this, invaluable help has come from new computer technologies which allow access to the most important libraries of the History of Medicine...
- Calcaneus, calcaneal tendon and retrocalcaneal bursa. Historical overview and plea for an accurate terminologyD Kachlik
Department of Anatomy, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
Acta Chir Belg 110:255-60. 2010..The authors consider the use of official anatomical terms (both Latin and English) as an important step for the improvement of the clinical expressions and formulations...
- Reconstructed materia medica of the Medieval and Ottoman al-ShamEfraim Lev
Jordan Valley College, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
J Ethnopharmacol 80:167-79. 2002..Finally, our data revealed that the al-Sham region was an independent source of production and marketing of medicinal substances during the medieval and Ottoman periods...
- The 200th anniversary of the founding of the Belfast Medical SocietyDavid R Hadden
Ulster Med J 75:209-12. 2006
- Gin Lane: did Hogarth know about fetal alcohol syndrome?E L Abel
Department of Obstetrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
Alcohol Alcohol 36:131-4. 2001..The birth of weak and sickly children, and the high infant mortality rates associated with this period, long preceded the 'gin epidemic' and were primarily due to disease, starvation, exposure, and deliberate infanticide...
- Smallpox: anything to declare?Geoffrey L Smith
Department of Virology, The Wright Fleming Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1P6, UK
Nat Rev Immunol 2:521-7. 2002..In the words of Rep. Christopher Shay, 'Better to be scared by the improbable possibility than to be unprepared for the catastrophic reality'...
- The motor system in neuroscience: a history and analysis of conceptual developmentsM R Bennett
Neurobiology Laboratory, Department of Physiology, Institute for Biomedical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, NSW, Australia
Prog Neurobiol 67:1-52. 2002..The review concludes with what we take to be an appropriate basis for rejecting the Cartesian paradigm that we hope will assist neuroscientists in understanding the integrative action of the nervous system...
- A history of psychiatric ethicsSidney Bloch
University of Melbourne, St Vincent s Hospital, 46 Nicholson Street, Fitzroy, VIC 3065, Australia
Psychiatr Clin North Am 25:509-24. 2002..42] and the Bourbons ("They learn nothing and they forget nothing") ...
- The genesis of neurosurgery and the evolution of the neurosurgical operative environment: part I-prehistory to 2003Charles Y Liu
Department of Neurological Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
Neurosurgery 52:3-19; discussion 19. 2003..To remain current, each neurosurgeon should periodically reconsider his or her personal operative environment and its functional design with reference to modernity of practice as currently defined...
- Mental health and psychiatry in the Middle East: historical developmentA Mohit
Division of Health Protection and Promotion, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt
East Mediterr Health J 7:336-47. 2001..The Middle East is considered as a cultural entity and the influence of the beliefs and practices of ancient times on the collective mind of the people of the Region is discussed...
- Directions in biomedical research: a plea for ideological pluralismP Colm Malone
129 Viceroy Close, Birmingham, UK
Med Hypotheses 61:194-9. 2003..Pluralism' implies that no scientific perspective would be second-rate in a relativist framework.)..
- [Complex nasal reconstruction: past, present, and future techniques]D Martin
Service de chirurgie plastique reconstructrice et esthétique, Hopital du Tondu, Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex
Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 104:149-58. 2003
- [Epidemiology of errors in health]Enrico Bollero
Policlinico Università di Roma Tor Vergata
Ig Sanita Pubbl 59:7-50. 2003
- [Historical development of parental conscience]Y Knibiehler
Université d Aix en Provence, parc Mozart, 7 avenue Claude Debussy, 13100 Aix en Provence, France
Arch Pediatr 10:1021-6. 2003
- Founder mutations among the DutchMaurice P A Zeegers
Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Eur J Hum Genet 12:591-600. 2004..These observations demonstrate the opportunity for gene discovery for other diseases and traits in the Netherlands...
- Impact of infectious diseases on warMatthew R Smallman-Raynor
School of Geography, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK
Infect Dis Clin North Am 18:341-68. 2004..The article concludes with a brief overview of infectious disease activity in high- and low-intensity conflicts of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries...
- A brief history of therapy for traumatic spinal cord injuryJason Lifshutz
Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Neurosurg Focus 16:E5. 2004..As in the past, the integration of basic science and clinical innovation will create the path toward progress for treatment of this disease...
- [The history of the flea in art and literature]R Roncalli Amici
American Association of Veterinary Parasitologists, USA
Parassitologia 46:15-8. 2004....
- A light-hearted look at a lion-hearted organ (or, a perspective from three standard deviations beyond the norm). Part 1 (of two parts)Matthew J Loe
Mayo Medical School, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Cardiovasc Pathol 13:282-92. 2004..Part 1 will cover the first five topics, and Part 2 will cover the last six topics. These data may be useful to those who are engaged in teaching about the cardiovascular system...
- [Physiology and pathophysiology of erectile dysfunction. A modern contrivance?]D Hauri
Urologische Klinik, Universitäts Spital Zürich
Urologe A 43:1423-9. 2004..Only in the middle of the nineteenth century was there recognition of the central role of relaxation of the trabecular muscles. It took another 100 years until we had a useful treatment option at hand...
- A light-hearted look at a lion-hearted organ (or, a perspective from three standard deviations beyond the norm) part 2 (of 2 parts)Matthew J Loe
Mayo Medical School, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA
Cardiovasc Pathol 13:334-40. 2004..Part 1 (previously published) covered the first five topics, and Part 2 will cover the last six topics. These data may be useful to those who are engaged in teaching about the cardiovascular system...
- Tsunamis: a long-term threatQuirin Schiermeier
Nature 433:4. 2005
- [The most important sources of the Graeco-Arabic medicine]Richárd Nagy
Orvostort Kozl 48:21-33. 2003..Helped by this useful "database" researchers might be able to avoid difficulties of the first steps on this still, actually, largely unexplored field of the history of medicine ...
- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation developmentL A Geddes
IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag 24:110-3. 2005
- [Historical flashes on prostatic symptoms and urinary retention]Ataulfo Saíz Carrero
Jubilado Servicio de Urología, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Madrid, Espana
Arch Esp Urol 58:95-108. 2005..To perform a chronological search about symptoms of bladder outlet obstruction of prostatic origin and some of its treatments...
- History of chemical and biological warfare agentsL Szinicz
Bundeswehr Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Neuherbergstr 11, D 80937 Munich, Germany
Toxicology 214:167-81. 2005..The following article gives a condensed overview on the history of use and development of the more prominent chemical and biological warfare agents...
- Heavy metals in human bones in different historical epochsM J Martínez-García
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Cartagena, Spain
Sci Total Environ 348:51-72. 2005..For copper, this peak is found in the Byzantine Period and for iron, in the Islamic Period. Zinc shows an increasing tendency over the periods under study and cadmium is the only metal whose trend lines shows a decreasing slope...
- [Biographie of Europe: Confidence basis for a successful union]D P Mertz
Versicherungsmedizin 57:147-51. 2005
- [About the concept of madness and its reflexes on mental health care]Lia Carneiro Silveira
Universidade Estadual do Ceara
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 13:591-5. 2005..We conclude that getting to know the historical forms of the madness concept is important to be able to denaturalize our conceptions and reflect about our current practice in care for patients going through mental suffering...
- [Peripheral nerve repair: 30 centuries of scientific research]C Desouches
Service de Chirurgie de la Main, chirurgie plastique et réparatrice des membres, Assistance Publique, Hopitaux de Marseille, Hopital de la Conception, Marseille
Rev Neurol (Paris) 161:1045-59. 2005..Microsurgical techniques introduced in the late 1950s and widely developed for the past 20 years have improved repairs. However, functional recovery following a peripheral mixed nerve injury is still incomplete...
- A 2,000-year record of mercury and ancient civilizations in seal hairs from King George Island, West AntarcticaLiguang Sun
Institute of Polar Environment, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, PR China
Sci Total Environ 368:236-47. 2006....
- A comparison of antimony and lead profiles over the past 2500 years in Flanders Moss ombrotrophic peat bog, ScotlandJoanna M Cloy
School of Geosciences, The University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, UKEH9 3JJ
J Environ Monit 7:1137-47. 2005....
- Lithogenic, oceanic and anthropogenic sources of atmospheric Sb to a maritime blanket bog, Myrarnar, Faroe IslandsWilliam Shotyk
Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
J Environ Monit 7:1148-54. 2005....
- Comment on Martínez-García et al. "Heavy metals in human bones in different historical epochs"Andrew Millard
Sci Total Environ 354:295-7; author reply 298-302. 2006..Lifetime heavy metal exposure cannot be deduced from diagenetically altered concentrations...
- [The Hippocratic Oath: how many covenants, how many oaths?]Charlotte Schubert
Universitat Leipzig, Historisches Seminar, Lehrstuhl für Alte Geschichte, Leipzig
Medizinhist J 40:247-73. 2005..The article concludes that, as early as the third century A.D., Christian influences played an equally significant role in the transmission of the Oath as pagan influences...
- Centennial review of corneal transplantationS Louise Moffatt
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Clin Exp Ophthalmol 33:642-57. 2005....
- Hemodynamic profiles of heart failure patients and "elementary qualities" of pre-hippocratic medicine: a hypothesis for a linguistic and epistemological relationshipGian Franco Gensini
Med Hypotheses 66:1246-8. 2006
- Embracing bioethics in neonatal intensive care, part I: evolving toward neonatal evidence-based ethicsIsabell B Purdy
NICU Clinical Research and HRI Follow Up, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Division of Neonatology and Developmental Biology, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1752, USA
Neonatal Netw 25:33-42. 2006..It also includes recommendations for enhancing the skills of neonatal nurses as patient advocates in NICU ethical issues, an area that is, at times, controversial and baffling to clinicians...
- [Brain, mind and symptoms]E García-Albea Ristol
Seccion de Neurologia, Universidad de Alcala, Hospital Principe de Asturias, Alcala de Henares, Madrid, Spain
Rev Neurol 42:439-43. 2006....
- Bacillus (corynebacterium) xerosis and the ocular surfaceJuan Murube
University of Alcala Madrid, Spain
Ocul Surf 4:6-9. 2006
- History and current concepts in the analysis of facial attractivenessMounir Bashour
University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Plast Reconstr Surg 118:741-56. 2006....
- Diarrheal diseases in the history of public healthNguendo Yongsi Hénock Blaise
Observatory on Ageing and Society Center de Recherche de I Institut Universitaire de Gériatrie, Chemin Queen Mary, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Arch Med Res 38:159-63. 2007..This literature review is an account of both the history and current risks associated with diarrheal diseases...
- The ocular surface and its symbolismJuan Murube
Ophthalmology, University of Alcala Madrid, Spain
Ocul Surf 5:6-12. 2007
- [Cancer in medical and cultural history]Dietrich von Engelhardt
Institut für Medizin und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Lubeck, Deutschland, Germany
Onkologie 30:6-11. 2007
- Traditional Korean medicine: now and the futureKang Hyun Leem
College of Korean Medicine, Semyung University, Jechon 390 711, Korea
Neurol Res 29:S3-4. 2007..It has developed unique medical theories and methods to treat diseases including neurological disorders such as stroke, epilepsy and Parkinson's disease...
- The history of anatomy in PersiaMohammadali M Shoja
Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
J Anat 210:359-78. 2007..Knowledge of anatomy for this region in the 20th century was greatly influenced by Europe and America...
- Reading our lips: the history of lipstick regulation in Western seats of powerSarah E Schaffer
Food Drug Law J 62:165-225. 2007
- Historical eutrophication in a river-estuary complex in mid-coast MaineDörte Köster
Biology Department and Environmental Studies Program, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine 04011, USA
Ecol Appl 17:765-78. 2007....
- "Taking the waters"--springs, wells, and spasWilliam A Frosch
Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, 525 East 68th St, New York, NY 10021, USA
FASEB J 21:1948-50. 2007
- The domestication of artichoke and cardoon: from Roman times to the genomic ageGabriella Sonnante
CNR Institute of Plant Genetics, Via Amendola 165 A, 70126 Bari, Italy
Ann Bot 100:1095-100. 2007..Here, new trends in artichoke cultivation are analysed, while the consequences of these tendencies on the conservation of artichoke genetic resources are highlighted...
- [History of tracheotomy]Jurek Olszewski
Klinika Otolaryngologii i Onkologii Laryngologicznej II Katedry Otolaryngologii UM w Lodzi
Otolaryngol Pol 61:349-52. 2007..Fantoni with his group. Modern methods of transdermal pharyngotomy are good complementary techniques for classical methods of pharyngotomy in both emergency and chronic cases...
- Global climate change, war, and population decline in recent human historyDavid D Zhang
Department of Geography, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19214-9. 2007..Findings of this research may lend an additional dimension to the classic concepts of Malthusianism and Darwinism...
- Numeric expression of aesthetics and beautyB S Atiyeh
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
Aesthetic Plast Surg 32:209-16; discussion 217-9. 2008....
- Neurophilosophy: the early years and new directionsPatricia Smith Churchland
Department of Philosophy, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0119, USA
Funct Neurol 22:185-95. 2007..Some large-scale mind-brain problems have not yet been solved, and do require significant theoretical innovation. In particular the problem of how to understand the true nature of representations remains unsolved...
- [Regenerative medicine. New therapeutic methods in otorhinolaryngology and head and neck surgery]H Löwenheim
Klinik für Hals Nasen Ohren Heilkunde, Universitatsklinikum Tubingen, Elfriede Aulhorn Strasse 5, 72076 Tubingen, Deutschland
HNO 56:252-7. 2008
- The history of abortion-related acts and current issues in JapanMichiko Miyazaki
Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Sapporo City University, Sapporo, Japan
Med Law 26:791-9. 2007..As a result, the existence of contradictions between attitudes toward the life of the fetus and that of the mother, women's right to self determination, and women's rights under current legislation has been clarified...
- The development of spinal cord anatomyJ M S Pearce
Emeritus Consultant Neurologist, Department of Neurology, Hull Royal Infirmary, Hull, UK
Eur Neurol 59:286-91. 2008..Anatomy advanced gradually to yield discoveries of the complex tracts and grey matter elements of the cord and their functions. Amongst many distinguished exponents, the works of Blasius, Huber, Vicq d'Azyr and Stilling are emphasised...
- Impact of millennial mining activities on sediments and microfauna of the Tinto River estuary (SW Spain)F Ruiz
Departamento de Geodinámica y Paleontología, Universidad de Huelva, Avda Tres de Marzo, S N, 21071 Huelva, Spain
Mar Pollut Bull 56:1258-64. 2008....
- Romancing the chiasm: vision, vocalization, and virtuosityJoel S Glaser
J Neuroophthalmol 28:131-43. 2008
- Buddhism and breastfeedingMasashi Segawa
Department of Pediatrics, Kin i kyo Sapporo Hospital, Sapporo, Japan
Breastfeed Med 3:124-8. 2008..Breastfeeding has been a strong practice for centuries with the custom being to continue until the child is 6 or 7 years of age. The Edo period was very influential in establishing breastfeeding customs that continue today...
- Implications of biosimilars for the futurePhilip E Johnson
H Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, 12902 Magnolia Dr, Tampa, FL 33612 9497, USA
Am J Health Syst Pharm 65:S16-22. 2008....
- Male circumcision through the ages: the role of traditionNicola Zampieri
Department of Surgical Sciences, Pediatric Surgical Unit, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
Acta Paediatr 97:1305-7. 2008..In this study, we examine the evolution of tradition concerning infant male circumcision, utilizing evidence from classical medical texts as well as information from literature, legal sources and art...
- Old-growth forests as global carbon sinksSebastiaan Luyssaert
Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium
Nature 455:213-5. 2008..Old-growth forests accumulate carbon for centuries and contain large quantities of it. We expect, however, that much of this carbon, even soil carbon, will move back to the atmosphere if these forests are disturbed...
- Nutrition and fitness from the first Olympiad in 776 BC to the 21st century and the concept of positive healthArtemis P Simopoulos
The Center for Genetics, Nutrition and Health, Washington, DC 20009, USA
World Rev Nutr Diet 98:1-22. 2008
- The result of an attempt to find the source of an old Japanese book on equine medicineOsamu Katsuyama
Hist Med Vet 27:249-55. 2002
- Temporal and regional variations in the seasonality of births in Aland (Finland), 1653-1950Johan Fellman
Department of Genetic Epidemiology, Folkhalsan Institute of Genetics, Helsinki, Finland
Biodemography Soc Biol 55:103-12. 2009..Comparisons with data from Sweden and Finland show higher seasonality in Aland...
- Nephrology in the Low Countries in the 17-18th century. Frederik Ruysch, Hermann BoerhaaveMarc E De Broe
Department of Nephrology Hypertension, p a University Hospital, University of Antwerp, Wilrijkstraat 10, B 2650 Edegem Antwerp, Belgium
Am J Nephrol 22:202-6. 2002
- Fifty years of the Hodgkin-Huxley eraMarco Piccolino
Dept of Biology and Center of Neurosciences, University of Ferrara, Via Borsari 46, 44100 Ferrara, Italy
Trends Neurosci 25:552-3. 2002....
- [A historical study of coffee in Japanese and Asian countries: focusing the medicinal uses in Asian traditional medicines]Tsuneo Namba
Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Tsukumodai, Suita
Yakushigaku Zasshi 37:65-75. 2002..The findings suggest that besides its stimulant effect, coffee has properties to prevent the deleterious actions of free radicals and viral infections...
- Amsterdam and Netherlands gastroenterology: a historical perspectiveIrvin M Modlin
Gastrointestinal Surgical Pathobiology Research Group, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 16:971-98. 2002
- [Secret drug tribulations and French legislation]Colette Charlot
Musée de la pharmacie, Faculte de Pharmacie, Montpellier Cedex
Rev Hist Pharm (Paris) 50:395-400. 2002..The law of 21th germinal year XI, the decret of 25 prairial year XIII and this of 18th 1810 imposed to give the drug composition to an official status; that examined and permit it's sale. This secret will be produce for half century...
- [Sacer ignis, quam pustulam vocant pastores: anthrax--cultural historical traces of a zoonosis]J Eitel
Clinica veterinaria alla Moesa, Grono
Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 145:7-16. 2003..The crucial term is "Sacer Ignis", synonymous for several different human and animal diseases through time. This term will be analysed in terms of linguistic origin and the changes in meaning it acquired throughout the centuries...
- Did mothers begin with an advantage? A study of childbirth and maternal health in England and Wales, 1778-1929James Riley
Popul Stud (Camb) 57:5-20. 2003..By ages 50-74 the mothers resembled the comparison group in health...
- A poisonous plant of the genus Datura (Solanaceae) in an eighteenth-century Danish garden in West AfricaDaniel Hopkins
Department of Geosciences, University of Missouri Kansas City 64110, USA
Arch Nat Hist 30:157-9. 2003....
- [Medical history from SARS to pneumonia]Cheng Zhen
Center for History of Medicine, Peking University, Beijing 100083, China
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao 35:106-10. 2003..It is preventable and good care is essential for contagious patients. As Chinese people, we should have the best use of TCM in our combat with contagion...
- Psychiatric therapy in Georgian BritainPaul Laffey
History Department, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA, Australia
Psychol Med 33:1285-97. 2003..This paper examines the emergence of 'oral treatment' in British psychiatry...
- Linking perceptions of the community to behavior: are protective social factors associated with physical activity?Laura K Brennan
Department of Community Health and Prevention Research Center, Saint Louis University, School of Public Health, St Louis, Missouri 63104 1314, USA
Health Educ Behav 30:740-55. 2003..Additional analyses indicated that greater perceived PSFs were associated with meeting these recommendations among Whites but not among African Americans...
- Laennec's stethoscope--the Welsh connectionJohn S Morris
J R Soc Med 97:137-41. 2004
- [Major gynecologic surgery: birth, first steps, and blossoming]J J Amy
Service de Gynecologie, d Andrologie et d Obstétrique, Academisch Ziekenhuis, VUB
Rev Med Brux 25:A60-5. 2004
- Can Mary Shelley's Frankenstein be read as an early research ethics text?H Davies
40 Avenell Road, London N5 1DP, UK
Med Humanit 30:32-5. 2004....
- The social impact of medicine--chapter 22David Platt
Del Med J 76:319-20. 2004
- [Thyrotoxic crisis--the last disease of Mozart?]Goran Lindstedt
Sahlgrenska akademin vid Göteborg Universitet, Goteborg
Lakartidningen 101:2585. 2004
- Breath of life: the evolution of oxygen therapyC Grainge
Derriford Hospital, Derriford Road, Plymouth PL6 8DH, UK
J R Soc Med 97:489-93. 2004
- The historical development of occupational health in Australia: Part I 1788-1970Derek R Smith
Department of Hazard Assessment, National Institute of Industrial Health, Kawasaki 214 8585, Japan
J UOEH 26:431-41. 2004..Overall, history has shown that significant lessons can be learned from the development of occupational health in Australia, many of which may help guide policy formation for the new millennium...
- [The spatial dimension in health studies: a historical trajectory]Aylene Bousquat
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos 11:549-68. 2004..It also looks at the International Geographical Union's 1952 creation of a Commission on the Medical Geography of Health and illness and analyzes the emergence and coalescence of the 'new geography'...
- [Tooth abrasion in the historic populations of Broumov]Blanka Pospisilová
Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Lékarská fakulta v Hradci Králové Ustav anatomie
Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) Suppl 47:3-11. 2004....
- More history "lite" in modern American bioethicsBradford William Short
Catholic Family and Human Rights Institute, New York, New York, USA
Issues Law Med 21:3-34. 2005..The author concludes that this attempt to obfuscate the true history of 17th and 18th century moral theory may also be removing a line of inquiry from originalist constitutional analysis that Federal Courts have a duty to engage in...
- [Historical development of arthrodesis of pes cavus]M Arabmotlagh
Orthopädische Universitätsklinik Frankfurt, Stiftung Friedrichsheim, Marienburg Str 2, 60528, Frankfurt am Main
Orthopade 35:372, 374-6, 378-9. 2006..Today, the philosophy of arthrodesis in the treatment of foot deformity is the same, but the development of fixation techniques and implant materials could improve postoperative care and outcome...
- Breastfeeding--was a life line in the past and still is!Yngve Hofvander
Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, Sweden
Ups J Med Sci 111:17-25. 2006
- Burdach's columnJ M S Pearce
Department of Neurology, Hull Royal Infirmary, UK
Eur Neurol 55:179-80. 2006....
- Systematic analysis of animals used in medieval Azerbaijan medicineFarid Alakbarli
Institute of Manuscripts of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Istiglaliyat, Baku, Azerbaijan
Vesalius 12:18-22. 2006..Results of the research create grounds for the idea that the recommendations of the medieval authors on the medicinal application of animals can be applied to modern medicine once they have been experimentally and clinically tested...
- Pierre Fauchard: the 'father of modern dentistry'C D Lynch
Restorative Dentistry, Cardiff University School of Dentistry, Cardiff, UK
Br Dent J 201:779-81. 2006..This paper reviews his life and contribution to modern dentistry...
- From genesis to gene sequencing: historical progress in the understanding of skin colorGeorge W M Millington
Dermatology Department, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, UK
Int J Dermatol 46:103-5. 2007....
- [The development of concepts of energy in mechanics and thermodynamics from the mid-18th to the mid-19th century]Angelo Baracca
Llull 25:285-328. 2002
- Absinthe and tobacco--a new look at an old problem? (Comment on: Absinthe--is its history relevant for current public health?)Dirk W Lachenmeier
Int J Epidemiol 37:217-8; author reply 219. 2008
- Season of birth affects short- and long-term survivalMarta Muñoz-Tudurí
Unidad de Antropologia, Departamento Biologia Animal, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Am J Phys Anthropol 135:462-8. 2008..These findings support the fetal origin hypothesis which states that the early life environment plays a key role in shaping the subsequent phenotype and risk of adult disease...
- Genetics. Celebrating spudsSandra Knapp
Department of Botany, Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, UK
Science 321:206-7. 2008
- EARLY EVENTS IN NEURAL AND HOMEOGENETIC INDUCTIONClaudio Stern; Fiscal Year: 2005..D. To explore the possible roles of 6 newly-identified candidate secreted factors in the early steps of neural induction and homeogenetic induction. ..
- Raloxifene in Women with AD: Randomized Controlled TrialVICTOR HENDERSON; Fiscal Year: 2007..It is anticipated that findings from this pilot study will provide useful guidance to plan and conduct future studies of raloxifene in women with mild to moderate symptoms of dementia due to AD. ..
- Vitamin D insufficiency: Prevalence and Impact in Young School Age ChildrenKumaravel Rajakumar; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Novel Nanostructured Calcium Phosphate for Gene Delivery to BoneChristopher Evans; Fiscal Year: 2005..2. To evaluate the ability of nCaP-vector constructs to enhance osteogenic responses in vivo. ..
- Genes that Mediate Tolerance to the Placental AllograftBruce Beutler; Fiscal Year: 2006..Fourth, circumvention of the toleragenic mechanism might be used to prevent normal gestation, leading to termination of pregnancy within a few days following implantation of the blastocyst. ..
- Forward Genetic Analysis of the Innate Immune Contribution to MCMV ResistanceBruce Beutler; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Real-time PolScope microscope for live-cell imagingRichard Levenson; Fiscal Year: 2006..This includes advances in the user interface and other software functionalities. These technical advances will be deployed in collaborations. ..
- Protease Indicator for Chronic Wound ManagementIrwin Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006..Cost of production will be low and therefore, broad usage and company profit is expected. The benefits to our patient population with chronic wounds should be significant. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Biological Risk Underlying Education Health DifferencesEileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2006..4) Examine changes over time in the patterning of biological risk by education. ..
- Mutagenic analysis of LPS responsesBruce Beutler; Fiscal Year: 2006..In the case of mutations that abolish LPS tolerance, we will attempt to determine the net impact on host resistance to infection. ..
- Integrity of the Pulmonary Blood-Gas BarrierJohn West; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, at the more basic level, this research is devoted to a fundamental biological dilemma of the lung, namely how the blood-gas barrier combines extreme thinness with immense strength. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- TLR4 as an LPS sendor and susceptibility locusBruce Beutler; Fiscal Year: 2007..The new mutations that are found--and those that have already been found in preliminary efforts--will be isolated by positional cloning. ..
- Anti-Selectin Blocker for Liver Ischemic InjuryLUIS TOLEDO PEREYRA; Fiscal Year: 2006..Treatment with TCB-1269 will enhance the quality of life of millions of patients suffering from the large number of maladies associated with ischemia/reperfusion ischemic maladies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Development and Evaluation of a Virtual Aphasia Clinici*Cynthia Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2006..If successful, this work will result in new directions for the management of speech and language disorders that incorporate and take advantage of advances in computer technology. ..
- Palliative Care Curriculum for 3rd-Year Medical StudentsCharles von Gunten; Fiscal Year: 2007..Data will be compared with residents who have not been through the course as well as with residents and faculty participating in another study of education. ..
- Columbia-GHI Consortium for Claims-Based Cancer StudiesSTEVEN STELLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Views and Approaches Toward Research Integrity Among IRBsRobert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2007..We anticipate that the data from this study will serve as a significant foundation in assisting future research and the improvement of Rl through guidelines, education and other capacity building. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Oxygen and Phototherapy in perinatal period: Risk of Acute Lymphoctyic LeukemiaNigel Paneth; Fiscal Year: 2008..If these treatments increase the risk of leukemia, it should be possible to find alternative ways to manage newborn problems that minimize exposure to these treatments [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- In-vivo optical molecular imaging with Dynamic Contrast Enhancement (DyCE)Richard Levenson; Fiscal Year: 2008..This information can further be used to improve quantitative accuracy in longitudinal molecular imaging studies of deep targets. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Academic Palliative CareCharles von Gunten; Fiscal Year: 2008..All reentered investigators are seeking NCI funding and have the potential to become independent investigators. ..
- Oral Androgen Administration and Function in ManJOHN AMORY; Fiscal Year: 2008..Matsumoto M.D., Director, Clinical Research Unit VA-Puget Sound and Professor of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine will co-mentor this award. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Synergism Between Influenza Virus and PneumococcusJonathan McCullers; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- A Mature Brain Architecture Knowledge Management SystemLARRY SWANSON; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Calcineurin-Mediated Regulation of Cardiac Ca2+ ChannelJoseph Hill; Fiscal Year: 2009..In Aim 4, we will determine whether the mechanisms of calcineurin regulation of Ca2+ channel expression and function examined in Aims 1-3 occur in a clinically relevant, in vivo model of hypertrophy. ..
- Mechanisms of Dinitroaniline Action, Selectivity and ResistanceNaomi S Morrissette; Fiscal Year: 2010..In summary, we believe that further study of the dinitroanilines will elucidate new aspects of tubulin function and define novel ways to specifically disrupt parasite tubulins. ..
- New Paradigms of Cerebral Palsy Etiology: A Comprehensive Case Control StudyNIGEL SEFTON PANETH; Fiscal Year: 2010..Maternal interviews and birth certificates will inform the above analyses by linking molecular information to self-reported and recorded clinical events and conditions. ..
- AAOS/NIH Mulit-Year Research Symposia for 2005-2009Christopher Evans; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS OF SES DIFFERENCES IN HEALTHEileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Delivery of Therapeutic Genes to Osteoarthritic JointsChristopher Evans; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Complex Isopathic Drug Development for NeuroprotectionWayne Jonas; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- EEG BASED BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACEJONATHAN WOLPAW; Fiscal Year: 2003..If successful, this work is likely to improve performance and versatility of EEG-based communication and interface systems. ..
- Lethal synergism between influenza and pneumococcusJonathan McCullers; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- NOVEL GRAMICIDIN DIMER CHANNELS: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONSamuel Cukierman; Fiscal Year: 2003..The experimental results that will be obtained in this project will certainly be of learning value to understand how ion channels work. ..
- Preparation and Distribution of the NUJLSOAEileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2003..In order to acquire use of the data, researchers must agree to use the data only for research purposes and not to use data to describe or identify individuals. ..
- Automated Cognitive Assessment SystemNorman Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Enhancing Suggestibility: Compliance vs ImagerySteven Lynn; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- PHENOTYPIC AND PSYCHOSOCIAL STUDY OF THE L1307K MUTATIONHenry Lynch; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- COLLAGEN METABOLISM IN WOUND REPAIRIrwin Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2004..These data should provide key inforrnation for the development of new strategies for the treatment of pressure ulcers as well as other chronic non-healing wounds. ..
- Preparing high resolution membrane protein crystalsZygmunt Derewenda; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Influenza-pneumococcal synergism: role of neuraminidaseJonathan McCullers; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Screening and Family History Colorectal CancerRobert Fletcher; Fiscal Year: 2004..This developmental research will raise hypotheses about the causes of failure to recognize FH and begin timely screening and suggest potential solutions to be tested in subsequent research. ..
- Lanthanides as Novel Anti-Arthritic AgentsChristopher Evans; Fiscal Year: 2004..A successful outcome to these studies will have identified the basis for a potential new, very inexpensive anti-rheumatic agent whose mode of action differs from that of existing drugs. ..
- Views of Privacy of Genetic InformationRobert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2005..The findings of this study can enhance further policy, professional and public education, and future research in this area. ..
- Rapid protein crystallization by surface mutagenesisZygmunt Derewenda; Fiscal Year: 2004..Funds are requested to further test the general applicability and success rate of this method, and to apply the method to a subset of targets selected for the Structural Genomic Initiative. ..
- CONNECTIONS OF THE LIMBIC SYSTEM AND HYPOTHALAMUSLARRY SWANSON; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Pathogenesis-Prevention of Post-Traumatic OAJoseph Buckwalter; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Calorie Restriction Effects on Chromosomal AberrationsCHARLEEN MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2003..The results will be essential in identifying potential mechanisms by which CR acts in cancer prevention and delay of the aging process in long-lived species such as the rhesus monkey and humans. ..
- REDUCED DRUG INTERACTIONS OF AZOLE ANTIFUNGAL DRUGSJoseph Gal; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- 3rd Orthomyxoviruses Research ConferenceJonathan McCullers; Fiscal Year: 2005..The purpose of this proposal is to provide funds that will allow promising young investigators to interact with their peers and develop a commitment to this area of research. ..
- VOR adaptation/utility of saccades as rehab strategiesMichael Schubert; Fiscal Year: 2008..This is important for the long-term goals of this project, which are to determine the adaptive preferences that individuals with vestibular loss use to improve gaze stability. ..
- ENCODING IN SOMATIC SENSE ORGANSEDWARD PERL; Fiscal Year: 2001..N.S? This information, in an area which has been barely explored, could greatly improve our understanding of how mechanical events are sensed. This could open up new areas of inquiry of possible importance in sensory deficits. ..
- Old Westbury Neuroscience Research Institute MIDARPGeorge Stefano; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- SPINAL AND PROJECTION MECHANISMS RELATED TO PAINEDWARD PERL; Fiscal Year: 2008..Immunocytochemical studies will be used to complement the structural and pharmacological analyses to aid in establishing mediators involved in linkages between SDH neurons. ..
- Dinitroaniline Specificity for TubulinNaomi Morrissette; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Spectral imaging for automated malignant blast countingRichard Levenson; Fiscal Year: 2007..FDA-sanctioned clinical trials will be conducted in the third year, leading to submission of an application for a 510(k) clearance. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Hospital and Community Acquired Acute Renal FailureGlenn Chertow; Fiscal Year: 2006..This study will efficiently inform the Nephrology community by providing a foundation of fundamental information (ARF definitions, incidence, consequences and costs) upon which a clinical trials network can be built. ..
- PEPTIDE MEDIATED IMMUNOTHERAPY FOR AUTOIMMUNE DISEASELawrence Steinman; Fiscal Year: 2003..This work with APL may be applicable not only to MS, but to other autoimmune diseases including juvenile diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease. ..
- Large Scale Images of Gene Transcription in MS and EAELawrence Steinman; Fiscal Year: 2004..The discovery of the role of osteopontin, first identified in large scale profiles, exemplifies how this approach may help us to understand MS and to develop new therapies. ..
- IN VIVO TREATMENT OF EAE WITH ANTI I-A ANTIBODIESLawrence Steinman; Fiscal Year: 2001..Aim 5 is to assess the possibility of using DNA vaccination against TCR Vb for treatment of EAE. It is hoped that these studies will provide the basis for future clinical trials in MS patients. ..
- CORTICAL MECHANISMS IN PERCEPTION AND BEHAVIORCharles Gross; Fiscal Year: 2003..The proposed research may also contribute to the development of visual and limb prostheses and artificial devices for object manipulation. ..
- Role of Inter-alpha Inhibitors in Anthrax IntoxicationSteven Opal; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our research is focused on the development of a new and safe treatment based on the ability of inter-alpha proteins to prevent the fatal consequences of anthrax infection. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..