- The ocular surface and its symbolism
Ophthalmology, University of Alcala Madrid, Spain
Ocul Surf 5:6-12. 2007
- Reading our lips: the history of lipstick regulation in Western seats of power
Sarah E Schaffer
Food Drug Law J 62:165-225. 2007
- Genotyping, Orientalis-like Yersinia pestis, and plague pandemics
Universite de la Mediterranee, Marseille, France
Emerg Infect Dis 10:1585-92. 2004
..pestis Orientalis. These data indicate that Y. pestis caused cases of Justinian plague. The two historical plague pandemics were likely caused by Orientalis-like strains...
- Yersinia pestis--etiologic agent of plague
R D Perry
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40536, USA
Clin Microbiol Rev 10:35-66. 1997
..These areas of research have provide new insights into the host-parasite relationship. This review will update our present understanding of the history, etiology, epidemiology, clinical aspects, and public health issues of plague...
- Historical origins and genetic diversity of wine grapes
INRA, UMR Diversité et Génomes des Plantes Cultivées, 2 place P Viala, 34060 Montpellier, France
Trends Genet 22:511-9. 2006
- Detection of Yersinia pestis DNA in two early medieval skeletal finds from Aschheim (Upper Bavaria, 6th century A.D.)
Department of Biology I, Biodiversity Research Anthropology, Ludwig Maximilian University, 80333 Munich, Germany
Am J Phys Anthropol 126:48-55. 2005
..D., constitutes molecularly supported evidence for the presence of Y. pestis, the causative agent of plague, during the first pandemic recorded...
- Was the Black Death yersinial plague?
Department of Anthropology and the Population Research Institute, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
Lancet Infect Dis 3:327-8; discussion 328. 2003
- Molecular identification by "suicide PCR" of Yersinia pestis as the agent of medieval black death
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Propre de Recherche de l Enseignement Superieur UPRES A 6020, Faculte de Medecine, Universite de la Mediterranee, 13385 Marseille, France
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:12800-3. 2000
..Suicide PCR avoids any risk of contamination as it uses a single-shot primer-its specificity is absolute. We believe that we can end the controversy: Medieval Black Death was plague...
- What caused the Black Death?
C J Duncan
School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, UK
Postgrad Med J 81:315-20. 2005
..Epidemics of haemorrhagic plague over the next three centuries then steadily raised the frequency in Europe (but not elsewhere) to present day values...
- Reconstructed materia medica of the Medieval and Ottoman al-Sham
Jordan Valley College, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
J Ethnopharmacol 80:167-79. 2002
..Finally, our data revealed that the al-Sham region was an independent source of production and marketing of medicinal substances during the medieval and Ottoman periods...
- Fragile external phenotype of modern human proximal femur in comparison with medieval bone
Bone Research Group, UKK Institute, Tampere, Finland
J Bone Miner Res 22:537-43. 2007
..These changes in the present external phenotype alone account for approximately 50% higher fall-induced stress compared with the medieval situation...
- Absence of Yersinia pestis-specific DNA in human teeth from five European excavations of putative plague victims
M Thomas P Gilbert
Henry Wellcome Ancient Biomolecules Centre, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
Microbiology 150:341-54. 2004
..In addition, the utility of the published tooth-based ancient DNA technique used to diagnose fatal bacteraemias in historical epidemics still awaits independent corroboration...
- Genealogy of wine grape cultivars: "Pinot" is related to "Syrah"
J F Vouillamoz
Istituto Agrario, Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Via Mach 1, 38010 San Michele all Adige TN, Italy
Heredity (Edinb) 97:102-10. 2006
- The temporal dynamics of the fourteenth-century Black Death: new evidence from English ecclesiastical records
James W Wood
Department of Anthropology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Hum Biol 75:427-48. 2003
- Did St Birgitta suffer from epilepsy? A neuropathography
Anne Marie Landtblom
Division of Neurology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Linkoping, S 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
Seizure 13:161-7. 2004
..This article scrutinises arguments for and against the possibility of epileptic features in the revelations of the saint, as well as in her life story...
- Traditional healing with animals (zootherapy): medieval to present-day Levantine practice
Department of Eretz Israel Studies, Jordan Valley College and University of Haifa, Israel
J Ethnopharmacol 85:107-18. 2003
..The use of other materials of animal origin came to an end in the course of history because of change in the moral outlook of modern societies. Among the latter we note mummy, silkworm, stinkbug, scarabees, snail, scorpion, and triton...
- Use of natural substances in the treatment of renal stones and other urinary disorders in the medieval Levant
Department of Eretz Israel Studies, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Am J Nephrol 22:172-9. 2002
..Many of these materials, used to treat urinary disorders in the Levant between the 8th and the 18th centuries, had already been in use since the classical period, and several are still used today in traditional medicine...
- A light-hearted look at a lion-hearted organ (or, a perspective from three standard deviations beyond the norm) part 2 (of 2 parts)
Matthew J Loe
Mayo Medical School, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA
Cardiovasc Pathol 13:334-40. 2004
..Part 1 (previously published) covered the first five topics, and Part 2 will cover the last six topics. These data may be useful to those who are engaged in teaching about the cardiovascular system...
- [Peripheral nerve repair: 30 centuries of scientific research]
Service de Chirurgie de la Main, chirurgie plastique et réparatrice des membres, Assistance Publique, Hopitaux de Marseille, Hopital de la Conception, Marseille
Rev Neurol (Paris) 161:1045-59. 2005
..Microsurgical techniques introduced in the late 1950s and widely developed for the past 20 years have improved repairs. However, functional recovery following a peripheral mixed nerve injury is still incomplete...
- A 2,000-year record of mercury and ancient civilizations in seal hairs from King George Island, West Antarctica
Institute of Polar Environment, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, PR China
Sci Total Environ 368:236-47. 2006
- [About the concept of madness and its reflexes on mental health care]
Lia Carneiro Silveira
Universidade Estadual do Ceara
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 13:591-5. 2005
..We conclude that getting to know the historical forms of the madness concept is important to be able to denaturalize our conceptions and reflect about our current practice in care for patients going through mental suffering...
- Tsunamis: a long-term threat
Nature 433:4. 2005
- Global climate change, war, and population decline in recent human history
David D Zhang
Department of Geography, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19214-9. 2007
..Findings of this research may lend an additional dimension to the classic concepts of Malthusianism and Darwinism...
- [Biographie of Europe: Confidence basis for a successful union]
D P Mertz
Versicherungsmedizin 57:147-51. 2005
- [History of tracheotomy]
Klinika Otolaryngologii i Onkologii Laryngologicznej II Katedry Otolaryngologii UM w Lodzi
Otolaryngol Pol 61:349-52. 2007
..Fantoni with his group. Modern methods of transdermal pharyngotomy are good complementary techniques for classical methods of pharyngotomy in both emergency and chronic cases...
- Heavy metals in human bones in different historical epochs
M J Martínez-García
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Cartagena, Spain
Sci Total Environ 348:51-72. 2005
..For copper, this peak is found in the Byzantine Period and for iron, in the Islamic Period. Zinc shows an increasing tendency over the periods under study and cadmium is the only metal whose trend lines shows a decreasing slope...
- History of chemical and biological warfare agents
Bundeswehr Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Neuherbergstr 11, D 80937 Munich, Germany
Toxicology 214:167-81. 2005
..The following article gives a condensed overview on the history of use and development of the more prominent chemical and biological warfare agents...
- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation development
L A Geddes
IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag 24:110-3. 2005
- Numeric expression of aesthetics and beauty
B S Atiyeh
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
Aesthetic Plast Surg 32:209-16; discussion 217-9. 2008
- [The most important sources of the Graeco-Arabic medicine]
Orvostort Kozl 48:21-33. 2003
..Helped by this useful "database" researchers might be able to avoid difficulties of the first steps on this still, actually, largely unexplored field of the history of medicine ...
- A comparison of antimony and lead profiles over the past 2500 years in Flanders Moss ombrotrophic peat bog, Scotland
Joanna M Cloy
School of Geosciences, The University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, UKEH9 3JJ
J Environ Monit 7:1137-47. 2005
- Lithogenic, oceanic and anthropogenic sources of atmospheric Sb to a maritime blanket bog, Myrarnar, Faroe Islands
Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
J Environ Monit 7:1148-54. 2005
- The domestication of artichoke and cardoon: from Roman times to the genomic age
CNR Institute of Plant Genetics, Via Amendola 165 A, 70126 Bari, Italy
Ann Bot 100:1095-100. 2007
..Here, new trends in artichoke cultivation are analysed, while the consequences of these tendencies on the conservation of artichoke genetic resources are highlighted...
- Diarrheal diseases in the history of public health
Nguendo Yongsi Hénock Blaise
Observatory on Ageing and Society Center de Recherche de I Institut Universitaire de Gériatrie, Chemin Queen Mary, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Arch Med Res 38:159-63. 2007
..This literature review is an account of both the history and current risks associated with diarrheal diseases...
- Traditional Korean medicine: now and the future
Kang Hyun Leem
College of Korean Medicine, Semyung University, Jechon 390 711, Korea
Neurol Res 29:S3-4. 2007
..It has developed unique medical theories and methods to treat diseases including neurological disorders such as stroke, epilepsy and Parkinson's disease...
- Ideas about pain, a historical view
Edward R Perl
Department of Cell and Molecular Physiology, 5109D Neuroscience Research Building, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7545, USA
Nat Rev Neurosci 8:71-80. 2007
..This overview concentrates on the issue of specificity together with other notable information regarding pain that has emerged since 1800...
- The history of anatomy in Persia
Mohammadali M Shoja
Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
J Anat 210:359-78. 2007
..Knowledge of anatomy for this region in the 20th century was greatly influenced by Europe and America...
- [Cancer in medical and cultural history]
Dietrich von Engelhardt
Institut für Medizin und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Lubeck, Deutschland, Germany
Onkologie 30:6-11. 2007
- History and current concepts in the analysis of facial attractiveness
University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Plast Reconstr Surg 118:741-56. 2006
- Historical eutrophication in a river-estuary complex in mid-coast Maine
Biology Department and Environmental Studies Program, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine 04011, USA
Ecol Appl 17:765-78. 2007
- "Taking the waters"--springs, wells, and spas
William A Frosch
Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, 525 East 68th St, New York, NY 10021, USA
FASEB J 21:1948-50. 2007
- Bacillus (corynebacterium) xerosis and the ocular surface
University of Alcala Madrid, Spain
Ocul Surf 4:6-9. 2006
- [Brain, mind and symptoms]
E García-Albea Ristol
Seccion de Neurologia, Universidad de Alcala, Hospital Principe de Asturias, Alcala de Henares, Madrid, Spain
Rev Neurol 42:439-43. 2006
- Breastfeeding--was a life line in the past and still is!
Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, Sweden
Ups J Med Sci 111:17-25. 2006
- Embracing bioethics in neonatal intensive care, part I: evolving toward neonatal evidence-based ethics
Isabell B Purdy
NICU Clinical Research and HRI Follow Up, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Division of Neonatology and Developmental Biology, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1752, USA
Neonatal Netw 25:33-42. 2006
..It also includes recommendations for enhancing the skills of neonatal nurses as patient advocates in NICU ethical issues, an area that is, at times, controversial and baffling to clinicians...
- Hemodynamic profiles of heart failure patients and "elementary qualities" of pre-hippocratic medicine: a hypothesis for a linguistic and epistemological relationship
Gian Franco Gensini
Med Hypotheses 66:1246-8. 2006
- Centennial review of corneal transplantation
S Louise Moffatt
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 33:642-57. 2005
- [The Hippocratic Oath: how many covenants, how many oaths?]
Universitat Leipzig, Historisches Seminar, Lehrstuhl für Alte Geschichte, Leipzig
Medizinhist J 40:247-73. 2005
..The article concludes that, as early as the third century A.D., Christian influences played an equally significant role in the transmission of the Oath as pagan influences...
- Comment on Martínez-García et al. "Heavy metals in human bones in different historical epochs"
Sci Total Environ 354:295-7; author reply 298-302. 2006
..Lifetime heavy metal exposure cannot be deduced from diagenetically altered concentrations...
- The motor system in neuroscience: a history and analysis of conceptual developments
M R Bennett
Neurobiology Laboratory, Department of Physiology, Institute for Biomedical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, NSW, Australia
Prog Neurobiol 67:1-52. 2002
..The review concludes with what we take to be an appropriate basis for rejecting the Cartesian paradigm that we hope will assist neuroscientists in understanding the integrative action of the nervous system...
- Directions in biomedical research: a plea for ideological pluralism
P Colm Malone
129 Viceroy Close, Birmingham, UK
Med Hypotheses 61:194-9. 2003
..Pluralism' implies that no scientific perspective would be second-rate in a relativist framework.)..
- [Historical development of parental conscience]
Université d Aix en Provence, parc Mozart, 7 avenue Claude Debussy, 13100 Aix en Provence, France
Arch Pediatr 10:1021-6. 2003
- [Epidemiology of errors in health]
Policlinico Università di Roma Tor Vergata
Ig Sanita Pubbl 59:7-50. 2003
- [Complex nasal reconstruction: past, present, and future techniques]
Service de chirurgie plastique reconstructrice et esthétique, Hopital du Tondu, Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex
Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 104:149-58. 2003
- Impact of millennial mining activities on sediments and microfauna of the Tinto River estuary (SW Spain)
Departamento de Geodinámica y Paleontología, Universidad de Huelva, Avda Tres de Marzo, S N, 21071 Huelva, Spain
Mar Pollut Bull 56:1258-64. 2008
- Implications of biosimilars for the future
Philip E Johnson
H Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, 12902 Magnolia Dr, Tampa, FL 33612 9497, USA
Am J Health Syst Pharm 65:S16-22. 2008
- Romancing the chiasm: vision, vocalization, and virtuosity
Joel S Glaser
J Neuroophthalmol 28:131-43. 2008
- [Origin and evolution of the terms "german" and "German" (II)]
D P Mertz
Versicherungsmedizin 59:146-9. 2007
- Buddhism and breastfeeding
Department of Pediatrics, Kin i kyo Sapporo Hospital, Sapporo, Japan
Breastfeed Med 3:124-8. 2008
..Breastfeeding has been a strong practice for centuries with the custom being to continue until the child is 6 or 7 years of age. The Edo period was very influential in establishing breastfeeding customs that continue today...
- Mental health and psychiatry in the Middle East: historical development
Division of Health Protection and Promotion, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt
East Mediterr Health J 7:336-47. 2001
..The Middle East is considered as a cultural entity and the influence of the beliefs and practices of ancient times on the collective mind of the people of the Region is discussed...
- [Sacer ignis, quam pustulam vocant pastores: anthrax--cultural historical traces of a zoonosis]
Clinica veterinaria alla Moesa, Grono
Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 145:7-16. 2003
..The crucial term is "Sacer Ignis", synonymous for several different human and animal diseases through time. This term will be analysed in terms of linguistic origin and the changes in meaning it acquired throughout the centuries...
- Male circumcision through the ages: the role of tradition
Department of Surgical Sciences, Pediatric Surgical Unit, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
Acta Paediatr 97:1305-7. 2008
..In this study, we examine the evolution of tradition concerning infant male circumcision, utilizing evidence from classical medical texts as well as information from literature, legal sources and art...
- The genesis of neurosurgery and the evolution of the neurosurgical operative environment: part I-prehistory to 2003
Charles Y Liu
Department of Neurological Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
Neurosurgery 52:3-19; discussion 19. 2003
..To remain current, each neurosurgeon should periodically reconsider his or her personal operative environment and its functional design with reference to modernity of practice as currently defined...
- Old-growth forests as global carbon sinks
Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium
Nature 455:213-5. 2008
..Old-growth forests accumulate carbon for centuries and contain large quantities of it. We expect, however, that much of this carbon, even soil carbon, will move back to the atmosphere if these forests are disturbed...
- A history of psychiatric ethics
University of Melbourne, St Vincent s Hospital, 46 Nicholson Street, Fitzroy, VIC 3065, Australia
Psychiatr Clin North Am 25:509-24. 2002
..42] and the Bourbons ("They learn nothing and they forget nothing") ...
- The development of spinal cord anatomy
J M S Pearce
Emeritus Consultant Neurologist, Department of Neurology, Hull Royal Infirmary, Hull, UK
Eur Neurol 59:286-91. 2008
..Anatomy advanced gradually to yield discoveries of the complex tracts and grey matter elements of the cord and their functions. Amongst many distinguished exponents, the works of Blasius, Huber, Vicq d'Azyr and Stilling are emphasised...
- Founder mutations among the Dutch
Maurice P A Zeegers
Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Eur J Hum Genet 12:591-600. 2004
..These observations demonstrate the opportunity for gene discovery for other diseases and traits in the Netherlands...
- [Physiology and pathophysiology of erectile dysfunction. A modern contrivance?]
Urologische Klinik, Universitäts Spital Zürich
Urologe A 43:1423-9. 2004
..Only in the middle of the nineteenth century was there recognition of the central role of relaxation of the trabecular muscles. It took another 100 years until we had a useful treatment option at hand...
- Smallpox: anything to declare?
Geoffrey L Smith
Department of Virology, The Wright Fleming Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1P6, UK
Nat Rev Immunol 2:521-7. 2002
..In the words of Rep. Christopher Shay, 'Better to be scared by the improbable possibility than to be unprepared for the catastrophic reality'...
- A light-hearted look at a lion-hearted organ (or, a perspective from three standard deviations beyond the norm). Part 1 (of two parts)
Matthew J Loe
Mayo Medical School, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Cardiovasc Pathol 13:282-92. 2004
..Part 1 will cover the first five topics, and Part 2 will cover the last six topics. These data may be useful to those who are engaged in teaching about the cardiovascular system...
- [The history of the flea in art and literature]
R Roncalli Amici
American Association of Veterinary Parasitologists, USA
Parassitologia 46:15-8. 2004
- Neurophilosophy: the early years and new directions
Patricia Smith Churchland
Department of Philosophy, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0119, USA
Funct Neurol 22:185-95. 2007
..Some large-scale mind-brain problems have not yet been solved, and do require significant theoretical innovation. In particular the problem of how to understand the true nature of representations remains unsolved...
- A brief history of therapy for traumatic spinal cord injury
Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Neurosurg Focus 16:E5. 2004
..As in the past, the integration of basic science and clinical innovation will create the path toward progress for treatment of this disease...
- The history of abortion-related acts and current issues in Japan
Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Sapporo City University, Sapporo, Japan
Med Law 26:791-9. 2007
..As a result, the existence of contradictions between attitudes toward the life of the fetus and that of the mother, women's right to self determination, and women's rights under current legislation has been clarified...
- Impact of infectious diseases on war
Matthew R Smallman-Raynor
School of Geography, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK
Infect Dis Clin North Am 18:341-68. 2004
..The article concludes with a brief overview of infectious disease activity in high- and low-intensity conflicts of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries...
- [Regenerative medicine. New therapeutic methods in otorhinolaryngology and head and neck surgery]
Klinik für Hals Nasen Ohren Heilkunde, Universitatsklinikum Tubingen, Elfriede Aulhorn Strasse 5, 72076 Tubingen, Deutschland
HNO 56:252-7. 2008
- The history of African trypanosomiasis
Biomedical Research Centre, School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
Parasit Vectors 1:3. 2008
..Ancient history and medieval history reveal that African trypanosomiasis affected the lives of people living in sub-Saharan African at all times...
- Practice, theory and authority in a Middle English medical text: "Barton's Urines Which He Treated at Tilney"
M Teresa Tavormina
Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
J Nephrol 22:33-41. 2009
- Technical note: a new three-dimensional technique for high resolution quantitative recording of perikymata
Institute of Archaeology, University College London, London WC1H 0PY, UK
Am J Phys Anthropol 141:498-503. 2010
..This quantitative approach constitutes a more objective way to record perikymata spacing than current methods...
- [A new textual research on origin of monascus rice]
Shenzhen People s Hospital, The Second Medical College of Jinan University, China
Zhong Yao Cai 30:484-7. 2007
..To explore the origin of Monascus Rice...
- Pericardial pathology 900 years ago. A study and translations from an Arabic medical textbook
Rabie E Abdel-Halim
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, King Saud University College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, PO Box 7805, Riyadh 11472, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Med J 28:323-5. 2007
..However, his description of solid substances accumulating on the inside of the hearts covering looking like layers upon layers of membranes could not have been made possible without post-mortem dissection...
- Some considerations concerning the alchemy of the De anima in arte alchemiae of pseudo-Avicenna
FNRS University of Louvain, Belgium
Ambix 56:49-56. 2009
..The preparation made from hair, blood or eggs (the isolated property) is what he calls the elixir...
- Anthropogenic impacts in North Poland over the last 1300 years--a record of Pb, Zn, Cu, Ni and S in an ombrotrophic peat bog
François De Vleeschouwer
Silesian University of Technology, Institute of Physics, Department of Radioisotopes, GADAM Centre of Excellence, Krzywoustego 2, 44 100 Gliwice, Poland
Sci Total Environ 407:5674-84. 2009
..153) relative to that of Western Europe (ca. 1.10). The Pb data for the last century were also in good agreement with modelled Pb inventories over Poland and the Baltic region...
- History of dose response
William J Waddell
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, KY, USA
J Toxicol Sci 35:1-8. 2010
..Plotting dose on a linear scale distorts the curve for low doses so that any attempt to detect the relationship of dose of carcinogen to carcinogenesis is impossible...
- Vasovagal syncope in the Canon of Avicenna: the first mention of carotid artery hypersensitivity
Mohammadali M Shoja
Clarian Neuroscience Institute, Indianapolis Neurosurgical Group and Indiana University Department of Neurosurgery, United States
Int J Cardiol 134:297-301. 2009
..Notwithstanding his loyalty to the Greek theory of humoralism, Avicenna set forth his own version of "theory of spirits" to explain the mechanism of this disease. An account of the theory of spirits is also given...
- [The origins of Christmas]
ehem Freie Universität Berlin, Friedrich Meinecke Institut
Dtsch Med Wochenschr 132:2743-6. 2007
- Physiological considerations about life cycles of universities
Department of Physiology, Medical University Graz, Graz, Austria
Wien Med Wochenschr 157:392-7. 2007
..The historical development of universities in Europe has seen times of affluence and times of decline. The recent new laws will for a long period have a marked impact on medicine and on the Medical Universities...
- Practice versus theory: Medieval Materia Medica according to the Cairo Genizah
Department of Eretz Israel Studies and School of Public Health, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Med Hist 51:507-26. 2007
- [History of death]
Cuad Hist 22:17-29. 2002
- Controlling the geographical spread of infectious disease: plague in Italy, 1347-1851
Andrew D Cliff
Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 3EN, UK
Acta Med Hist Adriat 7:197-236. 2009
..The principles established, although not especially successful at the time against a disease of (then) unknown aetiology, are still used today in attempts to control the spread of infections of animal and human populations...
- JWARA (fever)- a medico historical perspective
P V Prasad
Indian Institute of History of Medicine, Putlibowli, Hyderabad, India
Bull Indian Inst Hist Med Hyderabad 31:103-25. 2001
..Jwara is the king of all diseases, destroyer of all creatures and severe hence a physician should be practically cautious in treating it. All these medico-historical aspects of Jwara have been presented in this article...
- Development of thoracic surgery in Iran
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Arch Iran Med 10:547-9. 2007
- Metal that came from the sky
E García Jordá
Clin Transl Oncol 10:385-8. 2008
- Chapter 41: the history of neurology in Scandinavia
Johan A Aarli
Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
Handb Clin Neurol 95:657-66. 2010
- The history of ergot of rye (Claviceps purpurea) I: from antiquity to 1900
M R Lee
University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
J R Coll Physicians Edinb 39:179-84. 2009
..At the end of the nineteenth century ergot was still regarded as a 'glorious chemical mess', but help would arrive in the early 1900s and the complex jigsaw would be solved...
- Contributions of Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar) to the progress of surgery: a study and translations from his book Al-Taisir
Rabie E Abdel-Halim
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, King Saud University, College of Medicine and King Khalid University Hospital, PO Box 2925, Riyadh 11461, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Med J 26:1333-9. 2005
..Furthermore, Ibn Zuhr enriched surgical and medical knowledge by describing many diseases and treatment innovations not ever described before him...
- Chronic otitis media sequelae in skeletal material from medieval Denmark
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Odense University Hospital, Denmark
Laryngoscope 111:114-8. 2001
..CONCLUSION: Indications of a rising incidence of infectious middle ear disease in early medieval Denmark were found. This may reflect a deterioration of living conditions from the 11th through the 14th centuries...
- [The poisonous mercury a heritage from the god Mercurius]
Sanofi Synthelabo AB, Bromma
Lakartidningen 101:2356. 2004
- [Myths regarding the origin of eyeglasses (I)]
J M Simón-Tor
Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol 79:303-5. 2004
- [The Ebro River and the Camino de Santiago]
Carlos Cuchí de la Cuesta
Real Academia de Medicina de Zaragoza
An R Acad Nac Med (Madr) 120:729-47; discussion 747-50. 2003
..The Ebro's navigability allowed sustaining the fervor alive as it is proven by the many records found Catón, Estrabrón, Plinio, Avieno) describing its use for pilgrimage and commercial purposes...
- Perspectives on the evolution of Japanese medicine
Department of Medical History, Juntendo University, Tokyo, Japan
Nihon Ishigaku Zasshi 49:756-47. 2003