Genomes and Genes
Summary: The human being as a non-anatomical and non-zoological entity. The emphasis is on the philosophical or artistic treatment of the human being, and includes lay and social attitudes toward the body in history. (From J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Publications276 found, 100 shown here
- Dynamics and associations of microbial community types across the human bodyTao Ding
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, 1500 W Medical Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
Nature 509:357-60. 2014..HMP) was to provide a reference collection of 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequences collected from sites across the human body that would allow microbiologists to better associate changes in the microbiome with changes in health...
- Estimating three-dimensional orientation of human body parts by inertial/magnetic sensingAngelo Maria Sabatini
The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant Anna, Piazza Martiri della Libertà 33, 56124 Pisa, Italy
Sensors (Basel) 11:1489-525. 2011..robotics, virtual reality, where they can also be applied for real-time tracking of the orientation of human body parts in the three-dimensional (3D) space...
- Touching a rubber hand: feeling of body ownership is associated with activity in multisensory brain areasH Henrik Ehrsson
Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 25:10564-73. 2005..We propose that this could be the mechanism for the feeling of body ownership...
- A cortical area selective for visual processing of the human bodyP E Downing
School of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Wales, Bangor LL57 2AS, UK
Science 293:2470-3. 2001..to faces, few studies have considered the cortical representation of the appearance of the rest of the human body. We present a series of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies revealing substantial evidence for ..
- Interaction of MRI field gradients with the human bodyP M Glover
The Sir Peter Mansfield Magnetic Resonance Centre, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
Phys Med Biol 54:R99-R115. 2009..The experimental measurements, and analytic and computational modelling work in this area are reviewed. The review concludes with a discussion of current regulation in this area and current practice as both are applied to MRI...
- A comprehensive survey of Wireless Body Area Networks : on PHY, MAC, and Network layers solutionsSana Ullah
UWB ITRC Research Center, Inha University, Nam gu Incheon, South Korea
J Med Syst 36:1065-94. 2012..collection of low-power, miniaturized, invasive/non-invasive lightweight wireless sensor nodes that monitor the human body functions and the surrounding environment...
- From preferred to actual mate characteristics: the case of human body shapeAlexandre Courtiol
CNRS Institut des Sciences de l Evolution, Universite Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France
PLoS ONE 5:e13010. 2010....
- Methods of human body odor sampling: the effect of freezingPavlina Lenochova
Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Humanities, Charles University, Husnikova 2075, 158 00 Prague 13, Czech Republic
Chem Senses 34:127-38. 2009..Again no differences in subjective ratings were observed. These results suggest that freezing has no significant effect on perceived odor hedonicity and that samples can be reliably used after storage for relatively long periods...
- Children's human figure drawings do not measure intellectual abilityEmma Willcock
Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
J Exp Child Psychol 110:444-52. 2011..We conclude that the DAP:QSS is not a valid measure of intellectual ability and should not be used as a screening tool...
- Emotional modulation of visual and motor areas by dynamic body expressions of angerSwann Pichon
LPPA, CNRS College de France, Paris, France
Soc Neurosci 3:199-212. 2008....
- Statistical multi-path exposure method for assessing the whole-body SAR in a heterogeneous human body model in a realistic environmentGünter Vermeeren
Department of Information Technology, Ghent University Interdisciplinary Institute for Broadband Technology IBBT, Ghent, Belgium
Bioelectromagnetics 34:240-51. 2013..This article describes the development of a statistical multi-path exposure method for heterogeneous realistic human body models...
- Selectivity for the human body in the fusiform gyrusMarius V Peelen
School of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Wales, Bangor, United Kingdom LL57 2AS
J Neurophysiol 93:603-8. 2005..These results challenge accounts of the mid-fusiform gyrus that focus solely on faces and suggest that this region contains multiple distinct category-selective neural representations...
- The neural correlates of perceiving human bodies: an ERP study on the body-inversion effectJeroen J Stekelenburg
Psychonomics Laboratory, Tilburg University, P O Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
Neuroreport 15:777-80. 2004..Our results indicate that, like faces, bodies are processed configurally, and that within each category qualitative differences are observed for emotional as opposed to neutral images...
- Structural encoding of body and face in human infants and adultsTeodora Gliga
CNRS, Unité INSERM 562, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DRM DSV, Orsay, France
J Cogn Neurosci 17:1328-40. 2005..This could either be related to an innate knowledge of this particular type of biological object, or to fast learning through intense exposure during the first months of life...
- The naked truth: the face and body sensitive N170 response is enhanced for nude bodiesJari K Hietanen
Human Information Processing Laboratory, School of Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
PLoS ONE 6:e24408. 2011..Such facilitated visual processing of other people's nude bodies is possibly beneficial in identifying potential mating partners and competitors, and for triggering sexual behavior...
- Functional MRI analysis of body and body part representations in the extrastriate and fusiform body areasJohn C Taylor
School of Psychology, Adeilad Brigantia, Penrallt Road, Bangor, UK LL57 2AS
J Neurophysiol 98:1626-33. 2007..Specifically, we hypothesize that the EBA analyzes bodies at the level of parts (as has been proposed for faces in the OFA), whereas FBA (by analogy to FFA) may have a role in processing the configuration of body parts into wholes...
- An event-related potential component sensitive to images of the human bodyGuillaume Thierry
School of Psychology, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2AS, UK
Neuroimage 32:871-9. 2006..In Experiment 1, a comparison of ERPs elicited by faces, bodies, objects and places showed that pictures of the human body (without the head) elicit a negative component peaking at 190 ms (an N190)...
- Magnetic stimulation of extrastriate body area impairs visual processing of nonfacial body partsCosimo Urgesi
Dipartimento di Scienze Neurologiche e della Visione, Sezione di Fisiologia, Universita degli Studi di Verona, Strada Le Grazie 8, I 37134 Verona, Italy
Curr Biol 14:2130-4. 2004Functional magnetic resonance imaging indicates that observation of the human body induces a selective activation of a lateral occipitotemporal cortical area called extrastriate body area (EBA)...
- Separate face and body selectivity on the fusiform gyrusRebecca F Schwarzlose
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
J Neurosci 25:11055-9. 2005..These results demonstrate strong selectivities in distinct but adjacent regions in the fusiform gyrus for only faces in one region (the FFA*) and only bodies in the other (the FBA*)...
- Representation of body identity and body actions in extrastriate body area and ventral premotor cortexCosimo Urgesi
Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico E Medea, Polo Regionale Friuli Venezia Giulia, I 33078, San Vito al Tagliamento, Pordenone, Italy
Nat Neurosci 10:30-1. 2007..This double dissociation suggests that whereas extrastriate body area mainly processes actors' body identity, premotor cortex is crucial for visual discriminations of actions...
- Perceptual adaptation affects attractiveness of female bodiesChristopher Winkler
School of Psychology, University of Western Australia, Australia
Br J Psychol 96:141-54. 2005..Substantial changes in what looked normal were accompanied by congruent changes in what looked attractive, suggesting that a normal or average body shape may function as a reference point against which body attractiveness is judged...
- Why the way we consider the body matters - reflections on four bioethical perspectives on the human bodySilke Schicktanz
University of Gottingen, Dept of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, Humboldtallee 36, 37073 Gottingen, Germany
Philos Ethics Humanit Med 2:30. 2007Within the context of applied bioethical reasoning, various conceptions of the human body are focused upon by the author in relation to normative notions of autonomy.
- Evidence for multiple, distinct representations of the human bodyJohn Schwoebel
Cabrini College, Radnor, PA, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 17:543-53. 2005..studies have suggested distinctions among structural, conceptual, and online sensorimotor representations of the human body. We developed a battery of tasks to further examine the prevalence and anatomic substrates of these body ..
- Psychologically induced cooling of a specific body part caused by the illusory ownership of an artificial counterpartG Lorimer Moseley
Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, Oxford University, Oxford OX1 3QX, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13169-73. 2008....
- Human body scents: conscious perceptions and biological effectsMartha K McClintock
Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, 5730 Woodlawn Ave, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Chem Senses 30:i135-7. 2005
- Public moralities concerning donation and disposition of organs: results from a cross-European studyMark Schweda
Department of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine at the University of Göttingen, Gottingen, Germany
Camb Q Healthc Ethics 17:308-17. 2008
- An alternative to the cosmic and mechanic metaphors for the human body? The house illustration in Ma'aseh Tuviyah (1708)Etienne Lepicard
Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel
Med Hist 52:93-105. 2008
- Investigating the validity of the Draw-A-Person: Screening Procedure for Emotional Disturbance: a measurement validation study with high-risk youthHolly C Matto
School of Social Work, Virginia Commonwealth University, 3330 Washington Boulevard, Suite 400, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
Psychol Assess 14:221-5. 2002..Findings lend preliminary support to the DAP:SPED's validity in providing assessment information about child behavioral functioning. Continued validation investigation along these lines is recommended...
- What does it mean to use someone as "a means only": rereading KantR M Green
Ethics Institute, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH
Kennedy Inst Ethics J 11:247-61. 2001..Only the third of these interpretations, I conclude, offers a reasonable and coherent approach to moral judgment about the limits of commodification...
- Signal transmission in a human body medium-based body sensor network using a Mach-Zehnder electro-optical sensorYong Song
School of Opto electronic, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
Sensors (Basel) 12:16557-70. 2012The signal transmission technology based on the human body medium offers significant advantages in Body Sensor Networks (BSNs) used for healthcare and the other related fields...
- Neural correlates of human body perceptionRosanne Aleong
Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University
J Cogn Neurosci 22:482-95. 2010..novel in that they address potential sex differences in the lateralization of EBA and FBA responses to human body images...
- The role of human body movements in mate selectionNadine Hugill
Department of Sociobiology Anthropology, Institute of Zoology and Anthropology, University of Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
Evol Psychol 8:66-89. 2010....
- Dynamic propagation channel characterization and modeling for human body communicationZedong Nie
Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Science, Shenzhen 518055, China
Sensors (Basel) 12:17569-87. 2012This paper presents the first characterization and modeling of dynamic propagation channels for human body communication (HBC). In-situ experiments were performed using customized transceivers in an anechoic chamber...
- Losing your head: behavioral and electrophysiological effects of body inversionDenise A Minnebusch
Ruhr University of Bochum, Germany
J Cogn Neurosci 21:865-74. 2009The present study aimed to further explore the mechanisms underlying the perception of human body shapes...
- Bodily systems and the spatial-functional structure of the human bodyBarry Smith
Institute for Formal Ontology and Medical Information Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
Stud Health Technol Inform 102:39-63. 2004The human body is a system made of systems...
- Bare hands and attention: evidence for a tactile representation of the human bodyH Branch Coslett
Department of Neurology and Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Neuropsychologia 42:1865-76. 2004..These data demonstrate that the hand may serve as a conduit for attention and provide strong evidence for a distinct representation of the body surface that is at least in part independent of spatial representations...
- The Human Tissue Act (2004), anatomical examination and the importance of body donation in Northern IrelandSamantha J Taylor
Division of Basic Medical Sciences Anatomy, School of Medicine and Dentistry, The Queen s University of Belfast, Whitla Medical Building, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast BT9 7BL, United Kingdom
Ulster Med J 76:124-6. 2007
- Height and body mass influence on human body outlines: a quantitative approach using an elliptic Fourier analysisAlexandre Courtiol
Universite Montpellier 2, CNRS, Institut des Sciences de l Evolution, Equipe Génétique de l Adaptation, C C 065, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 05, France
Am J Phys Anthropol 142:22-9. 2010Many studies use representations of human body outlines to study how individual characteristics, such as height and body mass, affect perception of body shape. These typically involve reality-based stimuli (e.g...
- Commodification arguments for the legal prohibition of organ saleS Wilkinson
Department of Philosophy, Keele University, Staffordshire, UK
Health Care Anal 8:189-201. 2000..Secondly, in the light of this analysis, the claim that organ sale involves commodifying the human body is examined...
- HealthCyberMap: a semantic visual browser of medical Internet resources based on clinical codes and the human body metaphorMaged N Kamel Boulos
Centre for Measurement and Information in Medicine, School of Informatics, City University, London, UK
Health Info Libr J 19:189-200. 2002....
- The commodification of the body and its partsL A Sharp
Department of Anthropology, Barnard College, New York, NY 10027, USA
Annu Rev Anthropol 29:287-328. 2000The human body--and its parts--has long been a target for commodification within myriad cultural settings...
- Dystopian anxieties versus utopian ideals: medicine from Frankenstein to The Visible Human Project and Body WorldsMegan Stern
SALS, London Metropolitan University, 166 220 Holloway Road, London N7, UK
Sci Cult (Lond) 15:61-84. 2006
- [Biomedical research practice and therapeutic practice: to whom does the human body belong?]Marie Gaille-Nikodimov
CERSES, IRESCO, 59 61, rue Pouchet, 75849 Paris Cedex 17, France
Med Sci (Paris) 22:214-7. 2006Who owns the human body? This issue has been formerly raised about the status of the slave. Today, it has become a prominent stake for when reflecting on biomedical research and healthcare practices...
- The social life of genes: privacy, property and the new geneticsMargaret Everett
Department of Anthropology, Portland State University, Portland, OR 97207 0751, USA
Soc Sci Med 56:53-65. 2003..The anthropological critique of the commodification of the body, and the concept of 'embodiment' are useful in analyzing the debate over DNA as property...
- Biotechnology and the spirit of capitalismEric Cohen
Bioethics and American Democracy program, Ethics and Public Policy Center, Washington, DC, USA
New Atlantis 12:9-23. 2006
- Normative aspects of the human bodyLudwig Siep
Philosophisches Seminar, Westfalische Wilhelms Universitat, Munster, Germany
J Med Philos 28:171-85. 2003In cultural history the human body has been the object of a great variety of opposing valuations, ranging from "imago dei" to "the devil's tool"...
- A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of the body schema using full human line-drawing figures in an on-line verbal naming and localization task of single body part wordsSimon M McCrea
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2V2
Behav Brain Res 180:235-40. 2007....
- My body or yours? The effect of visual perspective on cortical body representationsRebecca Saxe
Psychology Department, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Cereb Cortex 16:178-82. 2006A human body part, such as a foot, may be observed from an egocentric perspective (consistent with looking at one's own body, e.g...
- Is it right or is it useful? Patenting of the human gene, Lockean property rights, and the erosion of the imago DeiPaige Comstock Cunningham
Americans United for Life, USA
Ethics Med 19:85-98. 2003
- An introduction to legal thought: four approaches to law and to the allocation of body partsGuido Calabresi
United States Court of Appeals, USA
Stanford Law Rev 55:2113-51. 2003
- Parental consent and the use of dead children's bodiesT M Wilkinson
Department of Political Studies, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Kennedy Inst Ethics J 11:337-58. 2001..The only direct reason to get parental consent is to avoid distressing the parents, which carries implications for the consent process, secret harvesting of body parts, and the weight to be given to parental feelings...
- Body identification, biometrics and medicine: ethical and social considerationsEmilio Mordini
Centro per la Scienza, la Società e la Cittadinanza, Via Sistina 37, 00187 Rome, Italy
Ann Ist Super Sanita 43:51-60. 2007..The human body lies at the heart of all strategies for identity management...
- Genetics, biometrics and the informatization of the bodyIrma Van Der Ploeg
Zuyd University, Heerlen, The Netherlands
Ann Ist Super Sanita 43:44-50. 2007..The final section will discuss some of these meta-problems...
- Similar facial electromyographic responses to faces, voices, and body expressionsMaurice J C M Magnée
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Neuroreport 18:369-72. 2007..We suggest that seeing a facial expression, an emotional body expression or hearing an emotional tone of voice all activate the affect program corresponding to the emotion displayed...
- Cerebral processes in mental transformations of body parts: recognition prior to rotationLeila S Overney
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney NSW 2109, Australia
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 25:722-34. 2005There is growing evidence that the visual processing of human body stimuli is particular and distinct from that of other objects. This is due to implicit knowledge of anatomical and biomechanical constraints of the human body...
- Patterns of fMRI activity dissociate overlapping functional brain areas that respond to biological motionMarius V Peelen
School of Psychology, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2AS, United Kingdom
Neuron 49:815-22. 2006....
- An interest in human dignity as the basis for genomic tortsRoger Brownsword
University of Sheffield, England
Washburn Law J 42:413-81. 2003
- The new French resistance: commodification rejected?Donna Dickenson
Birkbeck College, University of London, UK
Med Law Int 7:41-63. 2005
- Is it mine? Hemispheric asymmetries in corporeal self-recognitionFrancesca Frassinetti
Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Italy
J Cogn Neurosci 20:1507-16. 2008..These findings suggest that the right hemisphere may be involved in the recognition of self body parts, through a fronto-parietal network...
- Biotechnology and the new right: neoconservatism's red menaceJonathan D Moreno
Center for American Progress, Washington, DC 20005, USA
Am J Bioeth 7:7-13. 2007..By not acknowledging and embracing their intellectual roots, neoconservatives are left with a deeply ambivalent and often confused view of biotechnology and the society that gives rise to it...
- Consent, commodification and benefit-sharing in genetic researchDonna Dickenson
Dev World Bioeth 4:109-24. 2004..However, they also highlight the continued tension about what is really wrong with commodifying human tissue or the human genome. Where's the injustice, and can it be solved by a more sophisticated consent procedure?..
- Bodyworlds and the ethics of using human remains: a preliminary discussionY Michael Barilan
Dep Medicine B, Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba, Israel
Bioethics 20:233-47. 2006..In the case of live donations, Bodyworlds has a duty to participate in the medical care of needy donors. However, secrecy with regard to the source of cadavers seems to be the most troublesome aspect of Bodyworlds...
- Contested bodies: property models and the commodification of human biological artefactsBronwyn Parry
Department of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
Sci Cult (Lond) 15:139-58. 2006
- Toward a just model of alienability of human tissueBrian Budds
University of San Francisco Law School, USA
Univ San Francisco Law Rev 37:757-82. 2003
- Human property: threat or saviour?Richard Taylor
Newcastle University Faculty of Law
E Law 9:E4. 2002
- Ownership rights and the bodyGideon Calder
University of Wales, Newport, United Kingdom
Camb Q Healthc Ethics 15:89-100. 2006
- My body, your body, our bodiesJonathan Herring
Med Law Rev 15:34-61. 2007
- Bodily rights and property rightsB Bjorkman
Philosophy Unit, Royal Institute of Technology, Teknikringen 78, 100 44, Stockholm, Sweden
J Med Ethics 32:209-14. 2006..We suggest five principles of bodily rights and show how they can be applied to the construction of ethically appropriate bundles of rights to biological material...
- Genes and spleens: property, contract, or privacy rights in the human body?Radhika Rao
University of California, Hastings School of Law, USA
J Law Med Ethics 35:371-82. 2007This article compares three frameworks for legal regulation of the human body. Property law systematically favors those who use the body to create commercial products...
- Biospecimen "ownership": pointRoberta B Ness
University of Pittsburg, Graduate School of Public Health, Room A548 Crabtree Hall, 130 DeSoto Street, Pittsburg, PA 15261, USA
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:188-9. 2007
- The neural basis of imitation is body part specificGeorg Goldenberg
Neuropsychological Department, Bogenhausen Hospital, D 81925 Munich, Germany
J Neurosci 26:6282-7. 2006..Rather, they argue for an intermediate step of processing interpolated between perception and execution of gestures as has been suggested by the mirror neuron and the body part coding hypotheses...
- Last rights: the ethics of research on the deadT M Wilkinson
Department of Political Studies, University of Auckland Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
J Appl Philos 19:31-41. 2002..The arguments have important implications for the ethics of (amongst others) biomedical, archaeological, anthropological, historical, and sociological research...
- Perceptions of science. The anatomical mission to BurmaMichael Sappol
History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Science 302:232-3. 2003..Today, as anatomical images abound in the arts and the media, we still believe that anatomical images show us our inner reality...
- The body as interactive display: examining bodies in a public exhibitionDirk vom Lehn
Work, Interaction and Technology Research Group, King s College London, UK
Sociol Health Illn 28:223-51. 2006..The paper concludes with a discussion of how the observations and findings from the analysis bear upon debates on Body Worlds and in the sociology of health and illness...
- Body inversion effect without body sense: insights from deafferentationSimone Bosbach
Department of Psychology, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Munich, Germany
Neuropsychologia 44:2950-8. 2006..Because people see their own body and others' bodies frequently, humans are experts in the visual processing of human body postures...
- The effect of viewpoint on body representation in the extrastriate body areaAnnie W Y Chan
School of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Wales, Bangor LL57 2AS, UK
Neuroreport 15:2407-10. 2004..More recent evidence points to a lateral temporal region that responds to the visual appearance of the human body (extrastriate body area or EBA)...
- Role of gravity-based information on the orientation and localization of the perceived body midlineHadrien Ceyte
Centre de Recherches du Service de Sante des Armees, BP 87, 38702, La Tronche Cedex, France
Exp Brain Res 176:504-9. 2007..It can be suggested that the horizontal component of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) contributed to the perceived localization of the body midline, whereas its orientation was mainly influenced by tactile information...
- Drive for thinness and attention toward specific body parts in a nonclinical sampleJohannes Hewig
Department of Biological and Clinical Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Am Steiger 3, Haus 1, D 07743 Jena, Germany
Psychosom Med 70:729-36. 2008..We hypothesized that participants scoring high on the drive for thinness subscale would show increased attention to body regions, which are important in the assessment of body weight and thinness like the waist, hips, legs, and arms...
- Considering chimeras: the confluence of genetic engineering and ethicsMarilyn E Coors
Natl Cathol Bioeth Q 6:75-87. 2006
- German intellectual history and American romanticism: spirit, nature philosophy, and the occultPatrick Labriola
Yearb Ger Am Stud 37:79-90. 2002
- "To what purpose does it think?": dreams, sick bodies and confused minds in the Age of ReasonLucia Dacome
The Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at UCL Email
Hist Psychiatry 15:395-416. 2004..It does so by drawing attention to the body as one of the crucial sites in which changing attitudes towards dreaming were discussed and negotiated...
- Human nature: an oxymoron?David Heyd
Department of Philosophy, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
J Med Philos 28:151-69. 2003....
- [Platonic conception of a man as an element of the universe on the base of dialogue "Timajos"]Jacek Ziaja
Katedra i Klinika Chirurgii Ogolnej, Katowice, Francuska
Arch Hist Filoz Med 65:423-42. 2002..In the whole lecture an attention is brought to disclosure the effect of mind in the universe and purposefulness of creator activity...
- [Euripides and Heraclitus on the attitude towards the corpse--an unrecognized fragment of Heraclitus in Electra, v. 289]Ferdinand Peter Moog
Institut fur Geschichte und Ethik der Medizin, Universitat zu Koln
Wurzbg Medizinhist Mitt 26:335-49. 2007..Perhaps Plato's notion of the human body as the tomb of the soul is foreshadowed here. This notion may have helped demythologize the corpse...
- [Christian concepts related to the body, sexuality, and contraceptive practices: implications for educational work]Maria da Anunciação Silva
Faculdade de Enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Brasil
Rev Gaucha Enferm 28:459-64. 2007....
- Japanese discussions on the concept of "person" and its function in bioethicsChristian Steineck
Bonn University, Institute for Research on Modern Japan, Germany
J Int Bioethique 16:29-40, 190. 2005..attempt to critically reconstruct the notion of person, integrating aspects of modern philosophy of the human body. The critical evaluation of the theories explored makes a strong case for integrating the Japanese bioethical ..
- Should we prevent non-therapeutic mutilation and extreme body modification?Thomas Schramme
University of Wales Swansea School of Health Science, Centre for Philosophy, Humanities and Law in Health Care, UK
Bioethics 22:8-15. 2008..I find the common pathologisation of body modifications, Kant's argument of duties to oneself and the objection from irrationality all wanting. In conclusion, I see no convincing support for prohibition of voluntary mutilations...
- Ensouled bodies: the continuity of the theme of 'the body as instrument'Nancy van Deusen
Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, CA, USA
J Physiol Paris 101:280-91. 2007..Further, that alternative modes of knowledge transmission exist, for example, the allegorical mode...
- [The discovery of the body]C Hipólito-Reis
Serviço de Bioquímica, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Porto
Acta Med Port 14:497-505. 2001This paper initially recognises that the human body tends to implicate itself in the current triad in which it gains evidence (body, soul and spirit). Its discovery is, therefore, a difficult cognitive process...
- [New Croatian legislation on tissue banking]Mirela Busić
Ministarstvo zdravstva i socijalne skrbi RH, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Acta Med Croatica 61:445-7. 2007..field of tissue and cell transplants is regulated by the Act of Conditions for Removal and Transplantation of Human Body Parts for Therapeutic Purposes (Official Gazette 177/04) and other decrees, which help regulating quality and ..
- Final report on the safety assessment of Benzyl Alcohol, Benzoic Acid, and Sodium BenzoateB Nair
Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel, Washington, DC 20036, USA
Int J Toxicol 20:23-50. 2001..Benzyl Alcohol is metabolized to Benzoic Acid, which reacts with glycine and excreted as hippuric acid in the human body. Acceptable daily intakes were established by the World Health Organization at 5 mg/kg for Benzyl Alcohol, ..
- Mitochondria, metabolic disturbances, oxidative stress and the kynurenine system, with focus on neurodegenerative disordersKatalin Sas
Department of Neurology, University of Szeged, POB 427, H 6701 Szeged, Hungary
J Neurol Sci 257:221-39. 2007..Both failure and exaggeration of apoptosis in a human body can lead to disease...
- [Not Available]A Carlino
Istituto Universitario Europeo, Firenze
Physis Riv Int Stor Sci 31:731-69. 1994..These sheets contain a figure representing the human body (male and female) and a text describing in a concise and quite rough way the elements of the illustration...
- [Activity of alanine aminopeptidase in blood and in urine of smoking and non-smoking smelters]Anna Bizoń
Zakład Biomedycznych Analiz Srodowiskowych, Wydział Farmaceutyczny, Akademia Medyczna, Wrocław
Przegl Lek 67:906-9. 2010The human body is constantly exposed to xenobiotics. This will include exogenous substances from environmental pollution such as heavy metals and lifestyle such as smoking, which may lead to impaired functioning of many organs...
- Chromosomal aberrations and DNA damage in human populations exposed to the processing of electronics wasteQiang Liu
Institute of Radiation Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Molecular Nuclear Medicine, 238, Baidi Road, 300192, Tianjin, People s Republic of China
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 16:329-38. 2009..not only produces enormous environmental pollution but also can bring about toxic or genotoxic effects on the human body, threatening the health of both current residents and future generations living in the local environment...
- Religious aspects of organ transplantationP Bruzzone
Divisione Trapianti d Organo, Dipartimento Paride Stefanini, Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
Transplant Proc 40:1064-7. 2008..Muslim ulemas (scholars) and muftis (jurists) oppose donation from human living and deceased donors because the human body is an "amanat" (trusteeship) from God and must not be desecrated following death, but they encourage ..
- Commensal bacteria (normal microflora), mucosal immunity and chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseasesHelena Tlaskalova-Hogenova
Department of Immunology and Gnotobiology, Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Videnska 1083, 142 20 Prague 4, Czech Republic
Immunol Lett 93:97-108. 2004..The number of bacteria colonising mucosal and skin surfaces exceeds the number of cells forming human body. Commensal bacteria co-evolved with their hosts, however, under specific conditions they are able to overcome ..
- The Mid-Canada Radar Line and First Nations' people of the James Bay region, Canada: an evaluation using log-linear contingency modelling to analyze organochlorine frequency dataLeonard J S Tsuji
Department of Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1
J Environ Monit 7:888-98. 2005..Few data exist with respect to human body burden of organochlorines (OCs) in residents of communities located in close proximity to these radar line sites...
- The architecture of the connective tissue in the musculoskeletal system-an often overlooked functional parameter as to proprioception in the locomotor apparatusJaap van der Wal
University Maastricht, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Maastricht, Netherlands
Int J Ther Massage Bodywork 2:9-23. 2009..Both are instrumental in the coding of proprioceptive information to the central nervous system...
- Noncholesterol sterolsMarek Vecka
Charles University in Prague, First Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Prague
Acta Univ Carol Med Monogr 154:5-101. 2008..The last decades changed our view to the sterol molecules on almost at all levels of their appearance in human body. In the gut, the absorption of sterols was proven to be protein dependent and the quest for the transporter was ..
- [Biology of essential fatty acids (EFA)]Jacek Dobryniewski
Oddział III Ogólnopsychiatryczny z Pododdziałem Psychogeriatrii SPPZOZ w Choroszczy
Przegl Lek 64:91-9. 2007..EFA), are unsaturated fatty acids not produced by human being, but essential for proper functioning of the human body. To EFA-s belongs: linoleic acid (LA) (18:2,cis detla(9,12), omega6)--precursor o f gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), ..
- STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGYKeri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2013..may induce oral tolerance, in which the immune system is taught to recognize and not attack normal parts of the human body. Objectives: - To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of B27PD (Optiquel(Trademark)) as a treatment for ..
- STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGYKeri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2012..may induce oral tolerance, in which the immune system is taught to recognize and not attack normal parts of the human body. Objectives: - To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of B27PD (Optiquel(Trademark)) as a treatment for ..
- Role of NGF in inflammatory and proliferative cascades of psoriatic diseaseSiba P Raychaudhuri; Fiscal Year: 2012..NGF is a chemical mainly helps in to grow nerves in the embryo. NGF also irritates skin and other human body parts;in scientific language this is called inflammation...
- Vitamin D3, Interference with Androgen Signal and Inhibition of Prostate CancerBandana Chatterjee; Fiscal Year: 2013..Indeed, research in recent years revealed that high vitamin D levels protect human body from many cancers, such as cancer of the colon, breast and prostate...
- Analysis of gene regulation of Vibrio cholerae during infectionJun Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2013..But how, specifically, do bacterial pathogens "know" that they are in the infectious setting? The inside of the human body is a different niche world around it: in the case of the gastrointestinal tract, the oxygen tension is lower, ..
- Biochemistry and Function of a Novel Bacterial Photosensory Two-Component SystemMELISSA MARKS; Fiscal Year: 2010..that these and other disease-causing microbes can thrive both in natural aquatic reservoirs and inside the human body. Bacterial survival across such varied environments requires robust sensory systems that can rapidly modulate ..
- Mucosal Memory T Cells at the Vanguard of Human Host DefenseDonna L Farber; Fiscal Year: 2010The human body encounters most pathogens through mucosal sites. Two main portals are the lung and gut, where pathogens are encountered through the aerodigestive tract mucosa and oral ingestion, respectively...
- A new ultra-low field in-vivo EPR technology for biomedical applicationsInseob Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2011..There are several key factors, which make in vivo EPR methods of human body at high frequencies extremely difficult, the principal ones being limits on the size and shape of the systems ..
- A new ultra-low field in-vivo EPR technology for biomedical applicationsInseob Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2012..There are several key factors, which make in vivo EPR methods of human body at high frequencies extremely difficult, the principal ones being limits on the size and shape of the systems ..
- DNA Methylation Control Hematopoietic Stem Cell Lineage DifferentiationGRANT ANTHONY CHALLEN; Fiscal Year: 2013..of Medicine (BCM) is a premier research institute that is committed to research, unraveling the mysteries of the human body, and finding new ways to cure disease and improve health...
- Molecular regulation of GM-CSF expression in alveolar epithelial cellsRobert Paine; Fiscal Year: 2013..provided by applicant): The pulmonary alveolar epithelium forms the largest surface of interaction of the human body with the external environment...
- Regulation of Odorant Receptor Gene ExpressionPaul Feinstein; Fiscal Year: 2013..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Gene expression is necessary for cells to function properly in the human body. The sense of smell is critically dependent on olfactory neurons that translate the chemical world to the brain...
- Development of an effective therapy against post-exposure AnthraxMaurizio Pellecchia; Fiscal Year: 2010..Dependent upon the entry route into the human body, Anthrax can be highly lethal...
- The Role of RNA Splicing Factors in Retinal DegenerationMichael Farkas; Fiscal Year: 2012..RNA splicing is an essential function that occurs in every cell of the human body where the spliceosome processes pre-mRNA transcripts by removing introns (non-coding regions) and splicing the ..
- Haemophilus influenzae iron/heme regulonTerrence L Stull; Fiscal Year: 2012..H. influenzae has an absolute growth requirement for heme and the human body is its sole niche. We have characterized several of the heme and iron acquisition systems of H...
- Regulation of Bacteroides fragilis multidrug efflux pumpsHannah Wexler; Fiscal Year: 2013..fragilis is an important component of the gut microbiome (which has been called a separate "organ" within the human body) that is recognized as having its own impressive metabolic profile and profoundly affects almost every aspect of ..
- Quantitation of Tocopherol Metabolism in HumansANDREW JOSEPH CLIFFORD; Fiscal Year: 2010..single oral administration of tracer amounts of the RRR- (natural form) of vitamin E to learn more about how the human body utilizes this vitamin. Particular attention will be directed to the absorption phase...
- Regenerating Human Oral Mucosa by Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem CellsRUBIE ANN RAKIAN; Fiscal Year: 2013..MSC) to regenerate the oral mucosa epithelium by mimicking an environment in vitro similar to that seen in the human body. Bone marrow- derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are capable of self-renewal, differentiation into cell ..
- Functional Selection of Novel Ligands from the Neuroendocrine SecretomeDavid Larocca; Fiscal Year: 2010..Nowhere in the human body is this leap in complexity from genome to proteome more evident than in the brain...
- HIV/NeuroAIDS Patient Derived Induced Pluripotent Stem (iPS) CellsRodney J Nash; Fiscal Year: 2012..stem cells (hESCs), iPS cells can self-renew indefinitely and can be differentiated into most cells of the human body, including the CNS...
- Effect of Polybrominated Diphenal Ether Flame Retardant Exposure on OsteogenesisDeena J Small; Fiscal Year: 2010..PBDEs are lipid soluble and as such, accumulate within fatty tissues within the human body. These compounds are endocrine disrupting chemicals with a structure very similar to thyroid hormones, although ..
- Discovery of Novel Anti-Inflammatory Phytochemicals on Human Cell PlatformsERIK MILLS SCHWIEBERT; Fiscal Year: 2010..cells to determine which plant-derived materials are safe and anti-inflammatory and which may be toxic to the human body. This DBM-led partnership seeks to lead a new renaissance in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) ..
- Selectivity and Permeation in the Human Voltage-gated Proton Channel, hHv1Susan M E Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013..provided by applicant): The voltage gated proton channel (hHV1) plays crucial roles in many cells in the human body. It enables rapid activity of the enzyme NADPH oxidase that produces reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
- Transport ATPases: From Molecules to MaladiesRajini Rao; Fiscal Year: 2010..work as nanomotors or metabolic engines, producing virtually all the ATP used to fuel active processes in the human body. Other members control acid-base balance, salt and water movements within, outside and across cell membranes...
- Advanced Glycation End-Products and Risk of Pancreatic CancerLi Jiao; Fiscal Year: 2013..All these factors contribute to the formation of Advanced Glycation End products (AGEs) in the human body. AGEs are a heterogeneous group of compounds formed via the nonenzymatic glycation of lipids and proteins...
- Diesel Exhaust Particle Effects on Human Immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosisStephan K Schwander; Fiscal Year: 2010..We will investigate how the combination of diesel exhaust particles and tuberculosis on the human body affect human immune response thus increasing vulnerability to tuberculosis infection and TB disease which may ..
- Developing and Improving the UAB Gnotobiotic Facility.SAMUEL CORBIN CARTNER; Fiscal Year: 2013..The microbial cells that populate the human body (the microbiota) outnumber the cells of the body itself by an order of magnitude, and the number of genes in ..
- ROLE OF B.FRAGILIS OXYGEN STRESS RESPONSE IN INFECTIONCharles J Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Every mucosal surface of the human body is inhabited by bacteria that have developed a commensal relationship with their host...
- Protein inhibitor of galectin-3 to limit fibrosis after myocardial infarctionMATTHEW LAWRENCE SPRINGER; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The wound-healing response of the human body to injuries involves induction of fibrosis, which is a dynamic scarring process...
- The role of a novel AIF-associated nuclease PAAN1 in neuronal injuryYingfei Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Adult neurons are crucial and precious cell types controlling human body functions. Neuron injury following stroke and other neurologic diseases causes a significant loss of function...
- Short-term responses to temperature changes in Escherichia coliChristine A White Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2010..Identification of the bacterial genes more highly expressed at human body temperature (37[unreadable]C) could yield valuable anti-infective targets for chemotherapeutic drugs or vaccines ..
- A 3D biomimetic liver sinusoid construct for predicting physiology and toxicityMartin L Yarmush; Fiscal Year: 2013..The liver plays a centra role in the human body, contributing to homeostasis and important functions such as biotransformation and metabolism of drugs...
- Predicting cell deformation from body level mechanical loadsAhmet Erdemir; Fiscal Year: 2012..The goal of this research proposal is to portray that prediction of cell deformations from loads acting on the human body, therefore a clear depiction of the mechanical pathway, is possible, if a multiscale simulation approach is used...
- Regulation of Aldosterone Production in the AdrenalWendy B Bollag; Fiscal Year: 2013..is the main mineralocorticoid hormone involved in maintaining fluid and electrolyte (sodium) balance in the human body. However, abnormalities in aldosterone production and secretion from the adrenal gland result in and/or ..
- Mechanism of heme regulation of a P. aeruginosa non-coding RNAAMANDA GAIL OGLESBY-SHERROUSE; Fiscal Year: 2013..aeruginosa physiology and virulence. Heme is an abundant source of iron in the human body, and its acquisition by P. aeruginosa is hypothesized to play a significant role in infection...
- Functional Characterization of CXCL14, CXCL17, and CCL28; three mucosal chemokineAlbert Zlotnik; Fiscal Year: 2010..would indicate that these chemokines may be major players in maintaining the balance between the mucosa of human body cavities and normal or pathogenic flora present in these sites...
- Yeast Based Assays for Chemical Screens Against SARS-CoV TargetsDANIEL A contact ENGEL; Fiscal Year: 2010..that can reverse the effects of SARS-CoV proteins in yeast will also be able to reverse their effects in the human body during a SARS infection...
- Identifying novel anti-infectives by high through-put screening in whole animalsFrederick M Ausubel; Fiscal Year: 2013..Rather than simply preventing bacteria from growing, these new sophisticated drugs will prevent disease by interfering with a microbe's ability to interact with the human body.
- Quantitation of In Vivo Human Lutein MetabolismANDREW JOSEPH CLIFFORD; Fiscal Year: 2010..Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine how the human body uses lutein and other related compounds.
- PROCESSED ANTIGEN CHARACTERIZATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRYDonald F Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2012DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cells in the human body communicate their health status to the immune system by degrading cellular proteins and presenting fragments of each on the cell surface in association class I MHC proteins...
- SODIUM ENTRY INTO AMILORIDE-SENSITIVE EPITHELIACatherine M Fuller; Fiscal Year: 2013..sodium channel (ENaC) proteins and acid-sensing ion channel (ASIC) proteins are distributed all over the human body, are responsible for maintaining the body's salt and water balance, and play a role in hypertension, cancer,..
- Role of BH3-domain proteins in the effector phase of RAHARRIS R PERLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2012..The regulation of cell death and growth is vital for maintaining a balance in the human body. However, during the initiation and/or progression of the autoimmune disease, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), this ..
- Pharmacogenomics of Human P450 OxidoreductaseWalter L Miller; Fiscal Year: 2012DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Most drugs, xenobiotics and environmental pollutants that enter the human body are metabolized by P450 enzymes in the endoplasmic reticulum of liver cells...
- STRUCTURAL STUDIES ON PROKARYOTIC POTASSIUM CHANNELSAdrian Gross; Fiscal Year: 2013..They are the molecular hardware that generates all electrical signals in the human body. These signals are used to coordinate the beating of the heart and underlie the complex function of the central ..
- Structure and Function of Integral Membrane Enzyme Human AromataseDebashis Ghosh; Fiscal Year: 2012..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Aromatase is a unique enzyme that makes all estrogens in the human body. We propose a research plan to unravel the molecular details of how aromatase works and how aromatase inhibitors ..
- Somatic hypermutation and class switching in autoimmunityPaolo Casali; Fiscal Year: 2013..dysregulation, these studies will help understand how specific pathogenic autoantibodies, as those occurring in patients with SLE, are generated in the human body, eventually leading to the development of better therapeutic approaches.
- Bartonella: dissecting niche-specific adaptation in a human pathogenJane E Koehler; Fiscal Year: 2013..of this proposal are: 1) to determine the in vivo role of RpoE-directed transcription in colonization of the human body louse by BQ;and 2) to define the BQ RpoE regulon response to louse stressors in vitro, and identify RpoE-..
- A Novel Neuroprotective Protein, ThoraseValina L Dawson; Fiscal Year: 2012..Preconditioning amplifies the human body's natural host defense system to provide profound and broad protection...
- Optimization of Protein Therapeutics FormulationsLawrence J Delucas; Fiscal Year: 2012..drugs such as insulin, vaccines and antibody therapies interact with natural biomolecular processes in the human body to prevent and treat disease...
- POLLEN GRAINS AS TROJAN HORSES FOR ORAL VACCINATIONHarvinder Singh Gill; Fiscal Year: 2012..host-regulated defense at the mucosal surfaces that can neutralize pathogens while they are still outside the human body, before they can cause infection...
- Repressing HIF-1: targets and mechanismsNianli Sang; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- Structural and Functional Studies of the Novel DBD Domain of MKP5Amjad Farooq; Fiscal Year: 2012..MKP5 is a key player in the human body that keeps the activity of a number of proteins involved in causing cancer under control...
- A Novel Testicular Germ Cell Maturation Model for Fertility Preservation in Pre-pKirk C Lo; Fiscal Year: 2012..If successful, this will be the first report of human germ cell maturation outside the human body. The major strength of this project is our established human fetal testis xenotransplantation model...
- 2013 Apoptotic Cell Recognition &Clearance Gordon Research Conference and GordonNATHALIE CLAUDINE FRANC; Fiscal Year: 2013..by applicant): About 50-200 billion of our cells die daily by apoptosis or programmed cell death in the human body. The mechanisms of apoptosis have been extensively studied, but those of the elimination of apoptotic cells are ..
- Long-acting VIP formulations for the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseasesSandra Reichstetter; Fiscal Year: 2010..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a hormone in the human body that can be used for the treatment of autoimmune diseases in animal models...
- Role and Regulation of Sodium, Potasium ATPase in LungJacob I Sznajder; Fiscal Year: 2013..normally as it impairs the transfer of oxygen from the room through the lungs and into all the organs of the human body. For the patient with ARDS to survive the fluid from the lungs needs to be cleared...
- Small Regulatory RNA Functions in the NucleusScott G Kennedy; Fiscal Year: 2012..could theoretically be used to down- regulate any RNA molecule, either foreign or endogenous, present within the human body. Prior to the rational use of siRNAs in the treatment of human disease, however, it is essential that we ..
- SIMLAB: Using Patient Simulation for Student Exploration of Community Health IssuPATRICIA LEAH WARD; Fiscal Year: 2013..and secondary students', and the general public's awareness, understanding and appreciation of the human body, mind and health...
- Lipid Signaling in ChemotaxisMiho Iijima; Fiscal Year: 2013..Chemotaxis is highly relevant to development and maintenance of healthy human body as well as the pathogenesis of many diseases such as cancer, asthma, arthritis and atherosclerosis...
- Synthesis and properties of a bacterial bioadhesiveYves V Brun; Fiscal Year: 2013..Such a property is critical for medical applications in the human body. The general goal of this research is to use a multidisciplinary approach ranging from genetics to biophysics to ..
- Biochemical and Functional Analysis of TrypaninKent L Hill; Fiscal Year: 2013..Flagella are required for motility of several human pathogens and are present on most tissues of the human body. They perform motility, transport and sensory functions...
- Regulation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa type III secretionTimothy L Yahr; Fiscal Year: 2012..medically important bacteria use a so-called type III secretion system to inject toxins into cells found in the human body during infections...
- From Nanoparticles to Novel Protective GarmentsShyamala Rajagopalan; Fiscal Year: 2009..Non-breathable materials retard the human body's process of heat dissipation normally achieved through the evaporation of perspiration...
- Assesment of Meridian Theory in the Vascular SystemDAVID DAEKYUNG KIM; Fiscal Year: 2010..The meridian theory deals with physiologic regulation and pathologic changes in the human body, and it guides the diagnosis and treatment of oriental medicine in many aspects, especially in relation to ..
- Delayed Hydrogel Tissue ExpanderYourong Fu; Fiscal Year: 2007..Given the wide range of tissue shapes and sizes encountered in the human body, the ability to reshape the expander by the surgeon with scissors and scalpels is desirable...
- Optimized Hydride Generation Systems for Arsenic Specia*Miroslav Styblo; Fiscal Year: 2006..The liver is likely the major site for methylation of iAs in human body. The methylated trivalent arsenicals, unlike their pentavalent counterparts, are more potent than iAs as ..
- Proline uptake in staphylococcus aureus pathogenesisWILLIAM SCHWAN; Fiscal Year: 2002..aureus. Almost every tissue and organ within the human body is susceptible to infections by this species...
- CATABOLISM OF POLYSACCHARIDES BY COLONIC BACTEROIDESAbigail Salyers; Fiscal Year: 2003The normal human colon contains a dense bacterial population, which undoubtedly has many effects on the human body. One important activity of the colonic bacteria is the fermentation of dietary and host-derived polysaccharides...
- Validation of Fumonisin and Microcystin BiomarkersJia Sheng Wang; Fiscal Year: 2003..To date, methods are still lack for simultaneously detection of these toxins in environmental samples and human body fluids, which are critical for assessment of human cancer risks, because co-exposure to these biotoxins in high-..
- Identifying and Characterizing Histamine TransportersANN STUART; Fiscal Year: 2003Histamine is a vitally important messenger in the human body: In the periphery, it regulates vascular permeability, vasoconstriction, inflammation, and acid secretion by the stomach; in the brain it is a neurotransmitter employed by ..
- Integrated Microfluidic Platelet Activation AssayLawrence Leung; Fiscal Year: 2009DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Blood platelets are a key component of the human body's response to injury, whether from external trauma or internal ailments, including diseases from heart disease to cancer...
- ROLES OF PILIN GLYCAN IN PATHOGENESIS OF N. GONORRHOEAEAsesh Banerjee; Fiscal Year: 2005..that are frequently turned on and off to presumably provide GC with selective advantage in different niches of human body. However, in uncomplicated gonorrheal isolates, this poly- G is generally not present in pgtA...