Summary: Activities performed by humans.
- Banos O, Damas M, Pomares H, Rojas I. On the use of sensor fusion to reduce the impact of rotational and additive noise in human activity recognition. Sensors (Basel). 2012;12:8039-54 pubmed publisher..The presented fusion mechanism compensates the poor performance that otherwise would be obtained when just a single sensor is considered. ..
- Martínez Pérez F, González Fraga J, Cuevas Tello J, Rodríguez M. Activity inference for Ambient Intelligence through handling artifacts in a healthcare environment. Sensors (Basel). 2012;12:1072-99 pubmed publisher..We discuss how the use of RBs might positively impact the problems faced by designers and developers for recovering information in an easier manner and thus they can develop tools focused on the user. ..
- Wardle D, Bardgett R, Callaway R, van der Putten W. Terrestrial ecosystem responses to species gains and losses. Science. 2011;332:1273-7 pubmed publisher..and drivers of global change; thus, explicit integration of research on how both processes simultaneously affect ecosystem functioning is key to determining the response of the Earth system to current and future human activities.
- Packer C, Kosmala M, Cooley H, Brink H, Pintea L, Garshelis D, et al. Sport hunting, predator control and conservation of large carnivores. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e5941 pubmed publisher..Effective conservation of these animals will require new harvest strategies and improved monitoring to counter demands for predator control by livestock producers and local communities...
- Tuomainen U, Candolin U. Behavioural responses to human-induced environmental change. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 2011;86:640-57 pubmed publisher..A better understanding of the mechanisms of behavioural responses and their causes and consequences could improve our ability to predict the effects of human-induced environmental change on individual species and on biodiversity. ..
- Benn A, Weaver P, Billet D, van den Hove S, Murdock A, Doneghan G, et al. Human activities on the deep seafloor in the North East Atlantic: an assessment of spatial extent. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e12730 pubmed publisherEnvironmental impacts of human activities on the deep seafloor are of increasing concern...
- Randolph S. Human activities predominate in determining changing incidence of tick-borne encephalitis in Europe. Euro Surveill. 2010;15:24-31 pubmed..Variation in human activities that may impact inadvertently but positively on both the enzootic cycles and the degree of human exposure to ..
- Bihn J, Gebauer G, Brandl R. Loss of functional diversity of ant assemblages in secondary tropical forests. Ecology. 2010;91:782-92 pubmed..The observed loss of both species and functional diversity in secondary forests offers no reason to believe that the ecological functions provided by secondary forests are buffered against species loss through functional redundancy. ..
- Chan A, Giraldo Perez P, Smith S, Blumstein D. Anthropogenic noise affects risk assessment and attention: the distracted prey hypothesis. Biol Lett. 2010;6:458-61 pubmed publisher..Anthropogenic sounds may thus distract prey and make them more vulnerable to predation. ..
- Cooley H, Wielgus R, Koehler G, Robinson H, Maletzke B. Does hunting regulate cougar populations? A test of the compensatory mortality hypothesis. Ecology. 2009;90:2913-21 pubmed..Managers should not assume the existence of compensatory mortality when developing harvest prescriptions for cougars. ..
- Malmgren R, Stouffer D, Campanharo A, AMARAL L. On universality in human correspondence activity. Science. 2009;325:1696-700 pubmed publisher..We confirm the universality of these mechanisms by rescaling letter and e-mail correspondence statistics to reveal their underlying similarity. ..
- Barabasi A. The origin of bursts and heavy tails in human dynamics. Nature. 2005;435:207-11 pubmed..In contrast, there is increasing evidence that the timing of many human activities, ranging from communication to entertainment and work patterns, follow non-Poisson statistics, characterized ..
- Barja I, Silvan G, Rosellini S, Piñeiro A, González Gil A, Camacho L, et al. Stress physiological responses to tourist pressure in a wild population of European pine marten. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2007;104:136-42 pubmed..4+/-16.30) and free entry areas (41.59+/-12.73), respectively. Wild populations of European pine marten showed stress physiological response induced by the tourist pressure and this response is higher during reproductive season. ..
- Halpern B, Walbridge S, Selkoe K, Kappel C, Micheli F, D Agrosa C, et al. A global map of human impact on marine ecosystems. Science. 2008;319:948-52 pubmed publisher..and conservation of the world's oceans require synthesis of spatial data on the distribution and intensity of human activities and the overlap of their impacts on marine ecosystems...
- Khairy M, Kolb M, Mostafa A, El Fiky A, Bahadir M. Risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a Mediterranean semi-enclosed basin affected by human activities (Abu Qir Bay, Egypt). J Hazard Mater. 2009;170:389-97 pubmed publisher..Also adverse health effects are not expected to occur from the consumption of the investigated mussels with respect to PAHs in Abu Qir Bay. ..
- Ward Paige C, Mora C, Lotze H, Pattengill Semmens C, McClenachan L, Arias Castro E, et al. Large-scale absence of sharks on reefs in the greater-Caribbean: a footprint of human pressures. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e11968 pubmed publisher..The fact that sharks still occur in some densely populated areas where strong fishing regulations are in place indicates the possibility of success and encourages the implementation of conservation measures. ..
- Laurance W, Croes B, Tchignoumba L, Lahm S, Alonso A, Lee M, et al. Impacts of roads and hunting on central African rainforest mammals. Conserv Biol. 2006;20:1251-61 pubmed..Roads had the greatest impacts on large and small ungulates, with the magnitude of road avoidance increasing with local hunting pressure. ..
- McCann K. Protecting biostructure. Nature. 2007;446:29 pubmed
- Muhly T, Semeniuk C, Massolo A, Hickman L, Musiani M. Human activity helps prey win the predator-prey space race. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e17050 pubmed publisher..We urge scientist and managers to carefully consider and quantify the trait-mediated indirect effects of humans, in addition to direct effects, when assessing human impacts on wildlife and ecosystems. ..
- Barnosky A, Matzke N, Tomiya S, Wogan G, Swartz B, Quental T, et al. Has the Earth's sixth mass extinction already arrived?. Nature. 2011;471:51-7 pubmed publisher..Our results confirm that current extinction rates are higher than would be expected from the fossil record, highlighting the need for effective conservation measures. ..
- Liu J, Dietz T, Carpenter S, Alberti M, Folke C, Moran E, et al. Complexity of coupled human and natural systems. Science. 2007;317:1513-6 pubmed..They also exhibit nonlinear dynamics with thresholds, reciprocal feedback loops, time lags, resilience, heterogeneity, and surprises. Furthermore, past couplings have legacy effects on present conditions and future possibilities. ..
- Young J, Richards C, Fischer A, Halada L, Kull T, Kuzniar A, et al. Conflicts between biodiversity conservation and human activities in the central and eastern European countries. Ambio. 2007;36:545-50 pubmedConflicts between the conservation of biodiversity and other human activities have been and continue to be of increasing concern in the European Union, often having important political, economic, and environmental repercussions...
- Falkinham J. Impact of human activities on the ecology of nontuberculous mycobacteria. Future Microbiol. 2010;5:951-60 pubmed publisher..Owing to the presence of NTM in the human environment, human activities have had direct impacts on their ecology and thereby their epidemiology...
- Grimm N, Faeth S, Golubiewski N, Redman C, Wu J, Bai X, et al. Global change and the ecology of cities. Science. 2008;319:756-60 pubmed publisher..Cities themselves present both the problems and solutions to sustainability challenges of an increasingly urbanized world. ..
- Hobbs R, Higgs E, Harris J. Novel ecosystems: implications for conservation and restoration. Trends Ecol Evol. 2009;24:599-605 pubmed publisher..We suggest that these novel systems will require significant revision of conservation and restoration norms and practices away from the traditional place-based focus on existing or historical assemblages. ..
- Halpern B, Selkoe K, Micheli F, Kappel C. Evaluating and ranking the vulnerability of global marine ecosystems to anthropogenic threats. Conserv Biol. 2007;21:1301-15 pubmed..Additionally, it can be easily modified, updated as new data become available, and scaled to local or regional settings, which would facilitate informed and transparent conservation priority setting. ..
- Song C, Qu Z, Blumm N, Barabasi A. Limits of predictability in human mobility. Science. 2010;327:1018-21 pubmed publisher..Despite the significant differences in the travel patterns, we find a remarkable lack of variability in predictability, which is largely independent of the distance users cover on a regular basis. ..
- Kareiva P, Watts S, McDonald R, Boucher T. Domesticated nature: shaping landscapes and ecosystems for human welfare. Science. 2007;316:1866-9 pubmed
- Allendorf F, England P, Luikart G, Ritchie P, Ryman N. Genetic effects of harvest on wild animal populations. Trends Ecol Evol. 2008;23:327-37 pubmed publisher..We recommend recognizing that some genetic change due to harvest is inevitable. Management plans should be developed by applying basic genetic principles combined with molecular genetic monitoring to minimize harmful genetic change. ..
- Rode K, Farley S, Robbins C. Sexual dimorphism, reproductive strategy, and human activities determine resource use by brown bears. Ecology. 2006;87:2636-46 pubmed..between the sexes have important implications, particularly when combined with differential effects of human activities on sex and age classes...
- Lotze H, Lenihan H, Bourque B, Bradbury R, Cooke R, Kay M, et al. Depletion, degradation, and recovery potential of estuaries and coastal seas. Science. 2006;312:1806-9 pubmed..Our results provide detailed historical baselines and quantitative targets for ecosystem-based management and marine conservation. ..
- Foley J, Defries R, Asner G, Barford C, Bonan G, Carpenter S, et al. Global consequences of land use. Science. 2005;309:570-4 pubmed..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term. ..
- Gardner T, Barlow J, Chazdon R, Ewers R, Harvey C, Peres C, et al. Prospects for tropical forest biodiversity in a human-modified world. Ecol Lett. 2009;12:561-82 pubmed..Building upon our synthesis we outline a simple adaptive-landscape planning framework that can help guide a new research agenda to enhance biodiversity conservation prospects in the human-modified tropics. ..
- Hendry A, Farrugia T, Kinnison M. Human influences on rates of phenotypic change in wild animal populations. Mol Ecol. 2008;17:20-9 pubmed publisherb>Human activities can expose populations to dramatic environmental perturbations, which may then precipitate adaptive phenotypic change...
- Slabbekoorn H, Ripmeester E. Birdsong and anthropogenic noise: implications and applications for conservation. Mol Ecol. 2008;17:72-83 pubmedThe dramatic increase in human activities all over the world has caused, on an evolutionary time scale, a sudden rise in especially low-pitched noise levels...
- Tylianakis J, Tscharntke T, Lewis O. Habitat modification alters the structure of tropical host-parasitoid food webs. Nature. 2007;445:202-5 pubmed..Altered interaction structure therefore represents an insidious and functionally important hidden effect of habitat modification by humans. ..
- Kerr J, Kharouba H, Currie D. The macroecological contribution to global change solutions. Science. 2007;316:1581-4 pubmed..Such macroecological perspectives will help address the biotic consequences of global change. ..
- Deng J, Zhang Y, Wang A, Guan D, Jin C, Wu J. [Variation characteristics of runoff coefficient of Taizi River basin in 1967-2006]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2011;22:1559-65 pubmed..Annual precipitation had significant effects on the annual runoff coefficient. ..
- Tsiafouli M, Apostolopoulou E, Mazaris A, Kallimanis A, Drakou E, Pantis J. Human activities in Natura 2000 sites: a highly diversified conservation network. Environ Manage. 2013;51:1025-33 pubmed publisher..Union's (EU) Member States with the aim to conserve biodiversity, while ensuring the sustainability of human activities. However, to what kind and to what extent Natura 2000 sites are subject to human activities and how this ..
- Junqueira A, Levis C, Bongers F, Peña Claros M, Clement C, Costa F, et al. Response to Comment on "Persistent effects of pre-Columbian plant domestication on Amazonian forest composition". Science. 2017;358: pubmed publisherMcMichael et al state that we overlooked the effects of post-Columbian human activities in shaping current floristic patterns in Amazonian forests...
- Deuel N, Conner L, Miller K, Chamberlain M, Cherry M, Tannenbaum L. Habitat selection and diurnal refugia of gray foxes in southwestern Georgia, USA. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0186402 pubmed publisher..Our results suggest that on our study area, gray foxes are an edge species that prefer forests with a hardwood component in areas near human use and roads. ..
- Marvel K, Bonfils C. Identifying external influences on global precipitation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:19301-6 pubmed publisher..Whereas existing model experiments are not of sufficient length to differentiate between natural and anthropogenic forcing terms at the 95% confidence level, we present evidence that the observed trends result from human activities.
- Corlett R, Westcott D. Will plant movements keep up with climate change?. Trends Ecol Evol. 2013;28:482-8 pubmed publisher..Therefore, in this review, we compare how fast plants need to move with how fast they can move; that is, the velocity of climate change with the velocity of plant movement. ..
- Wells E, Dearborn D, Jackson L. Activity change in response to bad air quality, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007-2010. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e50526 pubmed publisher..Some individuals, especially those with a respiratory condition, reported changing activities due to poor air quality. However, efforts should continue to educate the public about air quality and health. ..
- Grietens K, Xuan X, Ribera J, Duc T, Bortel W, Ba N, et al. Social determinants of long lasting insecticidal hammock use among the Ra-glai ethnic minority in Vietnam: implications for forest malaria control. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e29991 pubmed publisher..In order to tackle forest malaria more effectively, control policies should explicitly target forest fields where ethnic minority farmers are more vulnerable to malaria. ..
- Molina Montenegro M, Carrasco Urra F, Rodrigo C, Convey P, Valladares F, Gianoli E. Occurrence of the non-native annual bluegrass on the Antarctic mainland and its negative effects on native plants. Conserv Biol. 2012;26:717-23 pubmed publisher..We believe that if current levels of human activity and regional warming persist, more non-native plant species are likely to colonize the Antarctic and may affect native species...
- El Khayat H, Mostafa B, el Deeb F, Ragab F, Tantawy A, Ismail N, et al. Chemical and biological assessment for Egyptian surface freshwater environment with reference to human activities. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2011;41:715-28 pubmed
- Sharma M, Areendran G, Raj K, Sharma A, Joshi P. Multitemporal analysis of forest fragmentation in Hindu Kush Himalaya-a case study from Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve, Sikkim, India. Environ Monit Assess. 2016;188:596 pubmed..Recommendations made based on the present analysis will help to recover forest and halt the pessimistic effects of fragmentation and land cover changes on biodiversity and ecosystem services in the region. ..