Summary: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Barriers and facilitators to patients' adherence to antiretroviral treatment in Zambia: a qualitative study
    Nawa Sanjobo
    Copperbelt University
    SAHARA J 5:136-43. 2008
  2. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
  3. ncbi Household catastrophic health expenditure: a multicountry analysis
    Ke Xu
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 27, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 362:111-7. 2003
  4. pmc Parasites and poverty: the case of schistosomiasis
    Charles H King
    International Health, Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 2103 Cornell Road, Wolstein 4126, Cleveland, OH 44106 7286, USA
    Acta Trop 113:95-104. 2010
  5. ncbi Social determinants of health inequalities
    Michael Marmot
    International Centre for Health and Society, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Lancet 365:1099-104. 2005
  6. ncbi Leishmaniasis and poverty
    Jorge Alvar
    Communicable Diseases, Neglected Tropical Diseases Control, World Health Organization, 20 Ave Appia, CH 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Trends Parasitol 22:552-7. 2006
  7. ncbi Poverty and mental disorders: breaking the cycle in low-income and middle-income countries
    Crick Lund
    Centre for Public Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 378:1502-14. 2011
  8. ncbi Effect of a structural intervention for the prevention of intimate-partner violence and HIV in rural South Africa: a cluster randomised trial
    Paul M Pronyk
    Rural AIDS and Development Action Research Programme, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Acornhoek, South Africa
    Lancet 368:1973-83. 2006
  9. pmc Developmental potential in the first 5 years for children in developing countries
    Sally Grantham-McGregor
    Centre for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Lancet 369:60-70. 2007
  10. ncbi Poverty and obesity: the role of energy density and energy costs
    Adam Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:6-16. 2004

Detail Information

Publications389 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Barriers and facilitators to patients' adherence to antiretroviral treatment in Zambia: a qualitative study
    Nawa Sanjobo
    Copperbelt University
    SAHARA J 5:136-43. 2008
    ..Further research is needed to study interactions between patients and their health care providers. Our findings can inform interventions to improve adherence to ART...
  2. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
    ..State-level results correspond well to independent data on per capita output and poverty. To validate the method and to show that the asset index predicts enrollments as accurately as expenditures, or ..
  3. ncbi Household catastrophic health expenditure: a multicountry analysis
    Ke Xu
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 27, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 362:111-7. 2003
    ..Yet catastrophic expenditure is not rare. We investigated the extent of catastrophic health expenditure as a first step to developing appropriate policy responses...
  4. pmc Parasites and poverty: the case of schistosomiasis
    Charles H King
    International Health, Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 2103 Cornell Road, Wolstein 4126, Cleveland, OH 44106 7286, USA
    Acta Trop 113:95-104. 2010
    ..which, in turn, can lead to growth stunting, poor school performance, poor work productivity, and continued poverty. To date, most national and international programs aimed at parasite control have not considered the varied ..
  5. ncbi Social determinants of health inequalities
    Michael Marmot
    International Centre for Health and Society, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Lancet 365:1099-104. 2005
    ..A major thrust of the Commission is turning public-health knowledge into political action...
  6. ncbi Leishmaniasis and poverty
    Jorge Alvar
    Communicable Diseases, Neglected Tropical Diseases Control, World Health Organization, 20 Ave Appia, CH 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Trends Parasitol 22:552-7. 2006
    Leishmaniasis, a neglected tropical disease, has strong but complex links with poverty. The burden of leishmaniasis falls disproportionately on the poorest segments of the global population...
  7. ncbi Poverty and mental disorders: breaking the cycle in low-income and middle-income countries
    Crick Lund
    Centre for Public Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 378:1502-14. 2011
    Growing international evidence shows that mental ill health and poverty interact in a negative cycle in low-income and middle-income countries. However, little is known about the interventions that are needed to break this cycle...
  8. ncbi Effect of a structural intervention for the prevention of intimate-partner violence and HIV in rural South Africa: a cluster randomised trial
    Paul M Pronyk
    Rural AIDS and Development Action Research Programme, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Acornhoek, South Africa
    Lancet 368:1973-83. 2006
    ..The aim of the Intervention with Microfinance for AIDS and Gender Equity (IMAGE) study was to assess a structural intervention that combined a microfinance programme with a gender and HIV training curriculum...
  9. pmc Developmental potential in the first 5 years for children in developing countries
    Sally Grantham-McGregor
    Centre for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Lancet 369:60-70. 2007
    Many children younger than 5 years in developing countries are exposed to multiple risks, including poverty, malnutrition, poor health, and unstimulating home environments, which detrimentally affect their cognitive, motor, and social-..
  10. ncbi Poverty and obesity: the role of energy density and energy costs
    Adam Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:6-16. 2004
    ..First, the highest rates of obesity occur among population groups with the highest poverty rates and the least education...
  11. ncbi Treating depression in primary care in low-income women in Santiago, Chile: a randomised controlled trial
    Ricardo Araya
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Lancet 361:995-1000. 2003
    ..We aimed to compare the effectiveness of a stepped-care programme with usual care in primary-care management of depression in low-income women in Santiago, Chile...
  12. ncbi Poverty and access to health care in developing countries
    David H Peters
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Rm E8132, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1136:161-71. 2008
    ..The challenge remains to find ways to ensure that vulnerable populations have a say in how strategies are developed, implemented, and accounted for in ways that demonstrate improvements in access by the poor...
  13. ncbi What are the economic consequences for households of illness and of paying for health care in low- and middle-income country contexts?
    Diane McIntyre
    Health Economics Unit, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 62:858-65. 2006
    ..There is growing evidence of households being pushed into poverty or forced into deeper poverty when faced with substantial medical expenses, particularly when combined with a ..
  14. pmc Food insecurity is associated with chronic disease among low-income NHANES participants
    Hilary K Seligman
    Department of Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    J Nutr 140:304-10. 2010
    ..08). These data show that food insecurity is associated with cardiovascular risk factors. Health policy discussions should focus increased attention on ability to afford high-quality foods for adults with or at risk for chronic disease...
  15. ncbi Systematic review of the influence of childhood socioeconomic circumstances on risk for cardiovascular disease in adulthood
    Bruna Galobardes
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Ann Epidemiol 16:91-104. 2006
    ..The purpose of this review is to systematically evaluate evidence for an association between socioeconomic circumstances during childhood and specific CVD subtypes, independent of adult socioeconomic conditions...
  16. pmc Reduction of catastrophic health care expenditures by a community-based health insurance scheme in Gujarat, India: current experiences and challenges
    Michael Kent Ranson
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 80:613-21. 2002
  17. pmc Health care and equity in India
    Y Balarajan
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Lancet 377:505-15. 2011
    ..Health-care expenditures exacerbate poverty, with about 39 million additional people falling into poverty every year as a result of such expenditures...
  18. ncbi The HIV-poverty thesis re-examined: poverty, wealth or inequality as a social determinant of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa?
    Ashley M Fox
    Yale School of Public Health, Division of Health Policy and Administration, Yale University, USA
    J Biosoc Sci 44:459-80. 2012
    ..Whereas researchers and advocates have frequently advanced poverty as a social determinant that can help to explain sub-Saharan Africa's disproportionate burden of HIV infection, ..
  19. ncbi Built environments and obesity in disadvantaged populations
    Gina S Lovasi
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health and Society Scholars Program, Institute of Social and Economic Research and Policy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 31:7-20. 2009
    ..Based on the authors' review, increasing supermarket access, places to exercise, and neighborhood safety may also be promising strategies to reduce obesity-related health disparities...
  20. ncbi Effect of payments for health care on poverty estimates in 11 countries in Asia: an analysis of household survey data
    Eddy van Doorslaer
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Lancet 368:1357-64. 2006
    Conventional estimates of poverty do not take account of out-of-pocket payments to finance health care...
  21. ncbi Soil-transmitted helminth infections: updating the global picture
    Nilanthi R de Silva
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, PO Box 6, Ragama, Sri Lanka
    Trends Parasitol 19:547-51. 2003
  22. ncbi Treatment-seeking behaviour, cost burdens and coping strategies among rural and urban households in Coastal Kenya: an equity analysis
    Jane Chuma
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kilifi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 12:673-86. 2007
  23. pmc Tuberculosis and poverty: the contribution of patient costs in sub-Saharan Africa--a systematic review
    Devra M Barter
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:980. 2012
    ..Many studies have assessed the association between poverty and TB, but only a few have assessed the direct financial burden TB treatment and care can place on households...
  24. ncbi A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of behavioural smoking cessation interventions in selected disadvantaged groups
    Jamie Bryant
    Centre for Health Research and Psycho Oncology CHeRP, The Cancer Council NSW, University of Newcastle and Hunter Medical Research Institute, Callaghan, NSW, Australia
    Addiction 106:1568-85. 2011
  25. pmc A glossary for health inequalities
    I Kawachi
    Center for Society and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:647-52. 2002
    ..themselves, or social group inequalities in health?; (3) Do health inequalities mainly reflect the effects of poverty, or are they generated by the socioeconomic gradient?; (4) Are health inequalities mediated by material ..
  26. pmc A corner store intervention in a low-income urban community is associated with increased availability and sales of some healthy foods
    Hee Jung Song
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 2179, USA
    Public Health Nutr 12:2060-7. 2009
    ..We present the results of a trial in Baltimore City to increase the availability and sales of healthier food options in local stores...
  27. ncbi Vulnerability to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS infection and disease. Part 1: determinants operating at individual and household level
    Imelda Bates
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 4:267-77. 2004
    A high burden of malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV infection contributes to national and individual poverty. We have reviewed a broad range of evidence detailing factors at individual, household, and community levels that influence ..
  28. pmc Association between children's experience of socioeconomic disadvantage and adult health: a life-course study
    Richie Poulton
    Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Research Unit, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Lancet 360:1640-5. 2002
    ..We aimed to test the hypothesis that children's experience of socioeconomic disadvantage is associated with a wide range of health risk factors and outcomes in adult life...
  29. ncbi Regular use of alcohol and tobacco in India and its association with age, gender, and poverty
    K J Neufeld
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 77:283-91. 2005
    ..Individuals with incomes below the poverty line had higher relative odds of use of chewing tobacco and alcohol compared to those above the poverty line...
  30. pmc Associations between multiple indicators of socioeconomic status and obesity in young adult Filipinos vary by gender, urbanicity, and indicator used
    Darren L Dahly
    University of Leeds, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    J Nutr 140:366-70. 2010
  31. pmc Snake envenoming: a disease of poverty
    Robert A Harrison
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e569. 2009
    ..Our analysis examined the association between globally available data on snakebite-induced mortality and socioeconomic indicators of poverty.
  32. ncbi Improving child survival through environmental and nutritional interventions: the importance of targeting interventions toward the poor
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    JAMA 298:1876-87. 2007
    The United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) set targets related to important global poverty, health, and sustainability issues...
  33. ncbi Preventing chronic diseases in China
    Longde Wang
    Ministry of Health of the People s Republic of China, Beijing, China
    Lancet 366:1821-4. 2005
    ..However, the surveillance and intervention mechanisms needed to ameliorate the increasing burden of chronic diseases are developing rapidly, taking account of the lessons learned over the past two decades...
  34. ncbi Toxocara infection in the United States: the relevance of poverty, geography and demography as risk factors, and implications for estimating county prevalence
    Peter Congdon
    Department of Geography, Center for Statistics, Queen Mary University of London, London, E1 4NS, UK
    Int J Public Health 56:15-24. 2011
    ..To estimate Toxocara infection rates by age, gender and ethnicity for US counties using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
  35. pmc Food insecurity, school absenteeism and educational attainment of adolescents in Jimma Zone Southwest Ethiopia: a longitudinal study
    Tefera Belachew
    Department of Population and Family Health, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Jimma University, PO Box 1104, Jimma, Ethiopia
    Nutr J 10:29. 2011
    ..We hypothesized that food insecure adolescents would be more likely to be absent from school and have lower grades attained after 1 year compared to their food secure peers...
  36. ncbi To retain or remove user fees?: reflections on the current debate in low- and middle-income countries
    Chris D James
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 5:137-53. 2006
    ..Analysis should move on from broad evaluations of user fees towards exploring how best to dismantle the multiple barriers to access in specific contexts...
  37. ncbi Learning effect of a conditional cash transfer programme on poor rural women's selection of delivery care in Mexico
    Sandra G Sosa-Rubí
    Reproductive Health Division, National Institute of Public Health INSP, Cuernavaca, Mexico
    Health Policy Plan 26:496-507. 2011
    ..Disadvantaged women in Mexico (indigenous women) continue to have less access to skilled delivery care. Developing countries must develop strategies to increase access and use of skilled obstetric care for marginalized women...
  38. pmc The relationship between neighborhood poverty and alcohol use: estimation by marginal structural models
    Magdalena Cerda
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Epidemiology 21:482-9. 2010
  39. pmc Tuberculosis and poverty: why are the poor at greater risk in India?
    Olivia Oxlade
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    PLoS ONE 7:e47533. 2012
    Although poverty is widely recognized as an important risk factor for tuberculosis (TB) disease, the specific proximal risk factors that mediate this association are less clear...
  40. pmc Process evaluation of Baltimore Healthy Stores: a pilot health intervention program with supermarkets and corner stores in Baltimore City
    Joel Gittelsohn
    Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Promot Pract 11:723-32. 2010
  41. pmc Poverty and common mental disorders in developing countries
    Vikram Patel
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, India
    Bull World Health Organ 81:609-15. 2003
    ..since 1990 and three global mental health reports identified 11 community studies on the association between poverty and common mental disorders in six low- and middle-income countries...
  42. pmc Public spending on health care in Africa: do the poor benefit?
    F Castro-Leal
    World Bank, Latin America and Caribbean Region, Washington DC, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 78:66-74. 2000
    Health care is a basic service essential in any effort to combat poverty, and is often subsidized with public funds to help achieve that aim...
  43. ncbi Health by association? Social capital, social theory, and the political economy of public health
    Simon Szreter
    Faculty of History and Fellow of St John s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1TP, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 33:650-67. 2004
  44. pmc Recruitment and retention strategies in longitudinal clinical studies with low-income populations
    Lisa M Nicholson
    School of Public Health, University of Illinois Chicago, USA
    Contemp Clin Trials 32:353-62. 2011
    ..Conducting longitudinal research studies with low-income and/or minority participants present a unique set of challenges and opportunities...
  45. pmc Neglected infections of poverty in the United States of America
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, D C, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e256. 2008
    ..of chronic and debilitating parasitic, bacterial, and congenital infections known as the neglected infections of poverty. Like their neglected tropical disease counterparts in developing countries, the neglected infections of poverty ..
  46. ncbi Poverty, out-of-pocket payments and access to health care: evidence from Tajikistan
    Jane Falkingham
    Department of Social Statistics, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:247-58. 2004
    ..Urgent action is needed to ensure equity in access to health care...
  47. pmc Coping with out-of-pocket health payments: empirical evidence from 15 African countries
    Adam Leive
    International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC 20431, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 86:849-856. 2008
    ..To explore factors associated with household coping behaviours in the face of health expenditures in 15 African countries and provide evidence for policy-makers in designing financial health protection mechanisms...
  48. ncbi Treatment of postnatal depression in low-income mothers in primary-care clinics in Santiago, Chile: a randomised controlled trial
    Graciela Rojas
    Hospital Clinico, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Lancet 370:1629-37. 2007
    ..We compared the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention with usual care to treat postnatal depression in low-income mothers in primary-care clinics in Santiago, Chile...
  49. pmc Poverty and health sector inequalities
    Adam Wagstaff
    The World Bank, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 80:97-105. 2002
    b>Poverty and ill-health are intertwined. Poor countries tend to have worse health outcomes than better-off countries. Within countries, poor people have worse health outcomes than better-off people...
  50. pmc Can Malawi's poor afford free tuberculosis services? Patient and household costs associated with a tuberculosis diagnosis in Lilongwe
    Julia R Kemp
    Equi TB Knowledge Programme, Malawi and Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
    Bull World Health Organ 85:580-5. 2007
    ..To assess the relative costs of accessing a TB diagnosis for the poor and for women in urban Lilongwe, Malawi, a setting where public health services are accessible within 6 kilometers and provided free of charge...
  51. ncbi Poverty and common mental disorders in low and middle income countries: A systematic review
    Crick Lund
    Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 71:517-28. 2010
    In spite of high levels of poverty in low and middle income countries (LMIC), and the high burden posed by common mental disorders (CMD), it is only in the last two decades that research has emerged that empirically addresses the ..
  52. pmc Malnutrition and health in developing countries
    Olaf Müller
    Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, Ruprecht Karls University, Heidelberg, Germany
    CMAJ 173:279-86. 2005
    ..To achieve the hunger- and malnutrition-related Millennium Development Goals, we need to address poverty, which is clearly associated with the insecure supply of food and nutrition.
  53. pmc Understanding and addressing AIDS-related stigma: from anthropological theory to clinical practice in Haiti
    Arachu Castro
    Program in Infectious Disease and Social Change, Department of Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, 641 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:53-9. 2005
    ..Rather than stigma, logistic and economic barriers determine who will access such services. Implications for scale-up of integrated AIDS prevention and care are explored...
  54. ncbi Coping with health-care costs: implications for the measurement of catastrophic expenditures and poverty
    Gabriela Flores
    Department of Econometrics, University of Geneva, Switzerland
    Health Econ 17:1393-412. 2008
    ..important implications for the measurement and interpretation of how health payments impact on consumption and poverty. Given data on source of finance, we propose to (a) approximate the relative impact of health payments on current ..
  55. pmc Catastrophic and poverty impacts of health payments: results from national household surveys in Thailand
    Supon Limwattananon
    Department of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand
    Bull World Health Organ 85:600-6. 2007
    ..To estimate the incidence and describe the profile of catastrophic expenditures and impoverishment due to household out-of-pocket payments, comparing the periods before and after the introduction of universal health care coverage (UC)...
  56. pmc Trends in oral health by poverty status as measured by Healthy People 2010 objectives
    Bruce A Dye
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, 3311 Toledo Rd, Room 4416, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:817-30. 2010
    b>Poverty is a significant social determinant for oral health, yet Healthy People 2010 (HP 2010) does not monitor changes in oral health status by poverty. We assessed recent trends for six HP 2010 oral health objectives by poverty status.
  57. ncbi Urban poverty and health in developing countries: household and neighborhood effects
    Mark R Montgomery
    State University of New York at Stony Brook, USA
    Demography 42:397-425. 2005
    ..Neighborhood living standards exert a significant additional influence in many of the surveys we examined, especially for birth attendance...
  58. pmc Young and vulnerable: spatial-temporal trends and risk factors for infant mortality in rural South Africa (Agincourt), 1992-2007
    Benn K D Sartorius
    MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit, Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 10:645. 2010
    ..It is associated with several health determinants, such as maternal health, access to high-quality health care, socioeconomic conditions, and public health policy and practices...
  59. ncbi Where techno-science meets poverty: medical research and the economy of blood in The Gambia, West Africa
    James Fairhead
    Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK
    Soc Sci Med 63:1109-20. 2006
  60. pmc Trajectories of neighborhood poverty and associations with subclinical atherosclerosis and associated risk factors: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis
    Emily T Murray
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 171:1099-108. 2010
    ..Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and latent trajectory class modeling to determine patterns of neighborhood poverty over 20 years (1980-2000 residential history questionnaires were geocoded and linked to US Census data)...
  61. ncbi Hookworm and poverty
    Peter Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1136:38-44. 2008
    ..Hookworm occurs almost exclusively in the setting of rural poverty in the developing countries of the tropics...
  62. ncbi The economic and poverty impacts of animal diseases in developing countries: new roles, new demands for economics and epidemiology
    Karl M Rich
    Norwegian Institute of International Affairs NUPI and International Livestock Research Institute ILRI, c o NUPI, Department of International Economics, P O Box 8159, 0033 Oslo, Norway
    Prev Vet Med 101:133-47. 2011
    ..In the developing world, livestock diseases have broader, more nuanced effects on markets, poverty, and livelihoods, given the diversity of uses of livestock and complexity of livestock value chains...
  63. ncbi Treating depression in predominantly low-income young minority women: a randomized controlled trial
    Jeanne Miranda
    Health Services Research Center, University of California at Los Angeles Neuropsychiatric Institute, CA 90024, USA
    JAMA 290:57-65. 2003
    ..Little is known about the effectiveness of guideline-based care for depression with impoverished minority women, most of whom do not seek care...
  64. ncbi Farmers' market use among African-American women participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children
    Elizabeth F Racine
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223 0001, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:441-6. 2010
    ..Future research to explore barriers and incentives for farmers' market use among WIC participants in urban and rural settings is warranted...
  65. pmc Poverty increases type 2 diabetes incidence and inequality of care despite universal health coverage
    Chih Cheng Hsu
    Division of Preventive Medicine and Health Services Research, Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Miaoli, Taiwan
    Diabetes Care 35:2286-92. 2012
    ..We aimed to delineate whether income disparity is associated with diabetes incidence and inequality of care under a national health insurance (NHI) program in Asia...
  66. ncbi Shopping for fruits and vegetables. Food and retail qualities of importance to low-income households at the grocery store
    Caroline B Webber
    Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Western Michigan University, 1903 W Michigan Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49008 5322, USA
    Appetite 54:297-303. 2010
    ..These attitudes are related to how shoppers considered retail fruit and vegetable choice, access, and availability. These findings suggest ways to individualize nutrition education and consumer education messages...
  67. ncbi Protecting households from catastrophic health spending
    Ke Xu
    Department of Health Systems Financing, Health Systems and Services, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Health Aff (Millwood) 26:972-83. 2007
    ..Prepayment mechanisms protect people from financial catastrophe, but there is no strong evidence that social health insurance systems offer better or worse protection than tax-based systems do...
  68. pmc Survived infancy but still vulnerable: spatial-temporal trends and risk factors for child mortality in the Agincourt rural sub-district, South Africa, 1992-2007
    Benn Sartorius
    MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Geospat Health 5:285-95. 2011
    ..Targeted efforts to prevent vertical transmission of HIV in specific settings need to be undertaken as well as ensuring the survival of the mother and father in childhood...
  69. ncbi Childhood poverty: specific associations with neurocognitive development
    Martha J Farah
    Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, PA 19104, USA
    Brain Res 1110:166-74. 2006
    Growing up in poverty is associated with reduced cognitive achievement as measured by standardized intelligence tests, but little is known about the underlying neurocognitive systems responsible for this effect...
  70. ncbi Is cholera disease associated with poverty?
    Arturo Talavera
    Finlay Institute, Havana, Cuba
    J Infect Dev Ctries 3:408-11. 2009
    ..The objective of this work was to analyse the results obtained when contrasting the reports of the World Health Organization (WHO) about cholera disease with those of the World Bank List of economies (countries)...
  71. ncbi Race/ethnicity, social class and their relation to physical inactivity during leisure time: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    C J Crespo
    Department of Health and Fitness, American University, Washington, DC 20016 8037, USA
    Am J Prev Med 18:46-53. 2000
    ..Thus, this paper provides estimates of the prevalence of physical inactivity during leisure time and its relationship to race/ethnicity and social class...
  72. pmc Zoonoses and marginalised infectious diseases of poverty: where do we stand?
    David Molyneux
    Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:106. 2011
    Despite growing awareness of the importance of controlling neglected tropical diseases as a contribution to poverty alleviation and achieving the Millennium Development Goals, there is a need to up-scale programmes to achieve wider ..
  73. ncbi Is poverty or wealth driving HIV transmission?
    Stuart Gillespie
    International Food Policy Research Institute, Geneva, Switzerland
    AIDS 21:S5-S16. 2007
    ..included in this volume, in an attempt to uncover the degree to which, and the pathways through which, wealth or poverty is driving transmission in sub-Saharan Africa...
  74. pmc Is income inequality a determinant of population health? Part 1. A systematic review
    John Lynch
    Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48104 2548, USA
    Milbank Q 82:5-99. 2004
  75. ncbi Fever and its treatment among the more and less poor in sub-Saharan Africa
    Deon Filmer
    Development Research Group, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Health Policy Plan 20:337-46. 2005
    ..The results suggest that the incidence of fever and its treatment are related to poverty in sub-Saharan Africa. Incidence is typically lower at the very top of the wealth distribution...
  76. ncbi Relationships between poverty and psychopathology: a natural experiment
    E Jane Costello
    Developmental Epidemiology Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical School, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    JAMA 290:2023-9. 2003
    ..Social causation (adversity and stress) vs social selection (downward mobility from familial liability to mental illness) are competing theories about the origins of mental illness...
  77. pmc "Weathering" and age patterns of allostatic load scores among blacks and whites in the United States
    Arline T Geronimus
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1420 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:826-33. 2006
    ..We considered whether US Blacks experience early health deterioration, as measured across biological indicators of repeated exposure and adaptation to stressors...
  78. ncbi Mapping access to food in a deprived area: the development of price and availability indices
    A J Donkin
    Public Health Nutrition Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Public Health Nutr 3:31-8. 2000
    ..To develop and map indices to illustrate variation in the cost and availability of healthy food...
  79. ncbi Equitable access to exercise facilities
    Melvyn Hillsdon
    Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, UK
    Am J Prev Med 32:506-8. 2007
    ..Existing studies are restricted to single geographic areas or regions. In this study, national-level data were used to examine the relationship between neighborhood deprivation and the density of physical activity facilities in England...
  80. ncbi The poorest of the poor: a poverty appraisal of households affected by visceral leishmaniasis in Bihar, India
    M Boelaert
    Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Trop Med Int Health 14:639-44. 2009
    ..To provide data about wealth distribution in visceral leishmaniasis (VL)-affected communities compared to that of the general population of Bihar State, India...
  81. ncbi Fruit juice intake predicts increased adiposity gain in children from low-income families: weight status-by-environment interaction
    Myles S Faith
    Weight and Eating Disorders Program, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3535 Market St, 3rd Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 118:2066-75. 2006
  82. ncbi Evidence is good for your health system: policy reform to remedy catastrophic and impoverishing health spending in Mexico
    Felicia Marie Knaul
    Mexican Health Foundation, Periferico Sur 4809, Col Arenal Tepepan, 14610 Mexico City, Mexico
    Lancet 368:1828-41. 2006
    ..The most obvious symptom is that families face economic ruin and poverty as a consequence of financing their health care...
  83. ncbi Poverty, obesity, and malnutrition: an international perspective recognizing the paradox
    Sherry A Tanumihardjo
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:1966-72. 2007
    ..We are midway between when the goals were set and the year 2015. The first goal is to "eradicate extreme poverty and hunger...
  84. ncbi Sustained high coverage of insecticide-treated bednets through combined Catch-up and Keep-up strategies
    Mark Grabowsky
    American Red Cross, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 12:815-22. 2007
    ..We assessed the 3-year effects of a one-time Catch-up campaign followed by clinic-based social marketing for routine Keep-up on ITN coverage and use...
  85. pmc The effectiveness of a short form of the Household Food Security Scale
    S J Blumberg
    National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    Am J Public Health 89:1231-4. 1999
    ..On the basis of an 18-item Household Food Security Scale, a short form was developed to assess financially based food insecurity and hunger in surveys of households with and without children...
  86. ncbi CKD and poverty: a growing global challenge
    Mohammed P Hossain
    Sheffield Kidney Institute, University of Sheffield, Herries Road, Sheffield, UK
    Am J Kidney Dis 53:166-74. 2009
    Approximately 1.2 billion individuals worldwide live in extreme poverty (< $1/d), and 2.7 billion live in moderate poverty (< $2/d)...
  87. pmc Availability of recreational resources in minority and low socioeconomic status areas
    Latetia V Moore
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:16-22. 2008
    ..Variations in the location and density of recreational resources were examined by SES and racial composition of neighborhoods...
  88. pmc Poverty, life events and the risk for depression in Uganda
    Eugene Kinyanda
    MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 46:35-44. 2011
    ..Understanding the determinants of major depression in sub-Saharan Africa is important for planning effective intervention strategies...
  89. ncbi The environment of childhood poverty
    Gary W Evans
    Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Am Psychol 59:77-92. 2004
    ..Predominantly low-income schools and day care are inferior. The accumulation of multiple environmental risks rather than singular risk exposure may be an especially pathogenic aspect of childhood poverty.
  90. pmc Asymmetries of poverty: why global burden of disease valuations underestimate the burden of neglected tropical diseases
    Charles H King
    Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e209. 2008
    ..It is nonrepresentative of the impact of poverty on disability, which results in the significant underestimation of disability weights for chronic diseases such ..
  91. ncbi Early effects of the federally mandated Local Wellness Policy on school nutrition environments appear modest in Colorado's rural, low-income elementary schools
    Elaine S Belansky
    Department of Community and Behavioral Health, Rocky Mountain Prevention Research Center, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver, 13001 E 17th Pl, Campus Box C 245, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:1712-7. 2010
    ..Schools need more information about evidence-based practices, as well as technical and financial assistance for implementation...
  92. ncbi Child mortality in India: a complex situation
    Rohini Ghosh
    South Asia Network for Chronic Disease, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India
    World J Pediatr 8:11-8. 2012
    ..The countdown database to track the maternal and child survival rate, as set by the Millennium Development Goal, reported recently that India's progress is not satisfactory in reducing newborn and child deaths...
  93. ncbi Integrating microfinance and health strategies: examining the evidence to inform policy and practice
    Sheila Leatherman
    Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Health Policy Plan 27:85-101. 2012
    Single solutions continue to be inadequate in confronting the prevalent problems of poverty, ill health and insufficient health system capacity worldwide...
  94. ncbi Indicators of adherence to antiretroviral therapy treatment among HIV/AIDS patients in 5 African countries
    Martine Etienne
    Institute of Human Virology of the University of Maryland School of Medicine, 725 West Lombard Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic) 9:98-103. 2010
    ..Targeting specific indicators for specific interventions will guard against nonadherence, leading to treatment failure...
  95. ncbi The art of grocery shopping on a food stamp budget: factors influencing the food choices of low-income women as they try to make ends meet
    Kristen Wiig
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, 225 FScN, 1334 Eckles Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108 6099, USA
    Public Health Nutr 12:1726-34. 2009
    ..Amidst a hunger-obesity paradox, the purpose of the present study was to examine the grocery shopping behaviour and food stamp usage of low-income women with children to identify factors influencing their food choices on a limited budget...
  96. ncbi Poverty and chronic illness in early childhood: a comparison between the United kingdom and Quebec
    Béatrice Nikiema
    FRCP, MPhil, University of Warwick, School of Health and Social Studies, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 125:e499-507. 2010
    Our goal was to examine the association between poverty, in the first and fourth years of life and cumulatively in the first and fourth years of life, and the health of children in the fourth year of life in the UK Millennium Cohort ..
  97. ncbi Poverty as a smoking trap
    Patrick Peretti-Watel
    INSERM, U912 SE4S, Marseille, France
    Int J Drug Policy 20:230-6. 2009
    The relationship between smoking and poverty is a public health issue in many countries, and several studies have shown a link between living in deprived neighbourhoods and smoking...
  98. pmc Poverty, gender inequities, and women's risk of human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS
    Suneeta Krishnan
    Women s Global Health Imperative, Research Triangle Institute International, 114 Sansome St, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1136:101-10. 2008
    ..Such efforts have paid insufficient attention to critical characteristics of the risk environment, most notably poverty and gender power inequities...
  99. ncbi Neighborhoods and obesity in New York City
    Jennifer L Black
    University of British Columbia, Food, Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, Vancouver, Canada
    Health Place 16:489-99. 2010
    ..These findings are consistent with the growing literature showing that area income and availability of food and physical activity resources are related to obesity...
  100. ncbi Reducing out-of-pocket expenditures to reduce poverty: a disaggregated analysis at rural-urban and state level in India
    Charu C Garg
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Health Policy Plan 24:116-28. 2009
    Out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure on health care has significant implications for poverty in many developing countries...
  101. pmc Poverty and biological risk: the earlier "aging" of the poor
    Eileen M Crimmins
    Andrus Gerontology Center, 3715 McClintock Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90089 0191, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:286-92. 2009
    We examined age differences in levels of biological risk factors in the U.S. population by poverty status. It is not clear how socioeconomic status differentials in biological risk change with age because of mortality.

Research Grants76

    H Peters; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..has increased the proportion of children who live in single parent families and has contributed to increasing poverty rates for children. This proposal describes two separate projects relating to these issues...
    Thomas A Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..has become an important cause of school absenteeism, hospitalization and mortality among populations living in poverty in the cities of the United States...
  3. Novel Zebrafish Models to Study Toxicity of PCBs and Pesticides During Pregnancy
    Lisa Satterwhite; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We seek to protect those in our society most vulnerable to toxin exposure those living in poverty, those with inadequate health care and migrant farm workers suffering occupational over exposure to pesticides...
  4. PS11-003 Minority AIDS Research Initiative
    ..Early sexual debut, substance abuse, poverty and limited educational attainment are all documented risk factors...
  5. Study of zidovudine addition in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders
    Albert Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The research will take place in an urban HIV center where many of the patients have limited resources due to poverty and lack of medical insurance...
  6. Membrane Ion-channels in Helminth Parasites: Anthelmintic Resistance and Sites of
    RICHARD JOHN MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..These infections are both caused by, and cause, poverty. Prophylaxis and treatment of these parasitic diseases relies on the use of anthelmintic drugs because no ..
  7. Underserved Men's Understanding of Androgen Deprivation Therapy Related Risks
    Sally L Maliski; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Low-income will be household income 300% of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) or less...
  8. Endemic maintenance of relapsing fever genotypes.
    Michael Bela Teglas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Relapsing fever is a vector-borne disease long associated with poverty and human suffering in areas of social disruption across Africa and Asia. In the western U.S...
  9. Food Environment, Diet Quality and Disparities in Obesity
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..prevalent among some racial/ethnic minorities, population subgroups of lower education and incomes, and in high-poverty areas...
  10. Transforming Women's Health: Discovery, Development, and Delivery
    Ellen M Daley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..disease), behavioral (eating disorders), psychosocial (stress) and socio-economic health conditions (poverty)...
  11. A+ Head Start Intervention for Smoke Free Homes
    Cynthia S Rand; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..ETS exposure is higher in households at or below poverty level and this same population has also been found to be at significantly increased risk for asthma morbidity, as ..
  12. Prevalence of DSM-IV Disorders in an Multi-Center HIV+ Women's Cohort
    Judith A Cook; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The cohort is primarily African American (72%) and Latina (27%);half live in poverty (52%);two-thirds are not employed (66%);a substantial proportion did not complete high school (40%);and women ..
  13. IRS insecticides for malaria control and child neurodevelopment in South Africa
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..assess the relative and synergistic health impacts of alternative IRS insecticides;and 4) evaluate whether poverty, malnutrition and poor health potentiate the health effects of these exposures...
  14. Dental Caries: Whole Genome Association and Gene x Environment Studies
    Mary L Marazita; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..because disparities in oral health have led to substantially higher average disease prevalence among children in poverty and in underserved racial and ethnic groups...
  15. Understanding the malaria-poverty vicious circle
    MARCIA CALDAS DE CASTRO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Understanding the malaria-poverty vicious circle 6...
    David A Haake; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Leptospirosis has emerged as a major public health burden in urban slums where risk is strongly linked to poverty and rat exposure. L...
  17. Fostering Opportunities for Nutrition and Global Health
    Wafaie W Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Under-nutrition has dominated the health profile of developing countries, within a vicious cycle of poverty, under-nutrition, and infectious diseases...
  18. Enhancing cancer outreach for low-income adults with innovative smoking cessation
    Damon J Vidrine; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..among certain population groups, such as those with low levels of education and those living at, or below the poverty level...
  19. Cancer prevention, mental health and social capital of segregated Black Americans
    LORRAINE TIERA DEAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..behaviors and mental health outcomes in segregated communities mediated by neighborhood characteristics (level of poverty, amount of violence, presence of non-acute health care facilities, level of segregation)...
  20. The Impact of Microfinance on Health: Experimental Evidence from India
    Rohini Pande; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite the immense growth of microfinance as a poverty alleviation program, there is a significant gap in our understanding of whether and how access to financial services improves health and aging ..
  21. A qualitative description of a pilot project to improve access to care in one Den
    SARAH ELAINE RASKIN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Residents of rural central Appalachia, an area characterized by poverty, low dental insurance coverage, and health professional shortages, bear a disproportionate burden of oral disease...
  22. Does Violence Against Women result in disparities in cancer care for women with b
    Ann L Coker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..care based on women's race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, access to health insurance, or residence in high poverty and rural areas of Kentucky...
  23. Climate Variability / Change and the Risks for a Spectrum of Diseases
    Shao Lin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..also try to determine if vulnerable populations such as the elderly, infants, minorities, people living below the poverty level, pregnant women, inner-city residents, or people with pre-existing chronic diseases are disproportionately ..
  24. Coregulatory Processes and Postpartum Depression in Mexican-Americans
    Linda J Luecken; Fiscal Year: 2013
  25. Environmental Toxicants, Race, and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Children
    Brooks B Gump; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..differences in CVD risk, there is extensive data demonstrating that, relative to EAs, AAs have higher rates of poverty and a corresponding increase in exposure to environmental toxicants, including lead (Pb), both in their blood and ..
  26. Impact of maternal work in the Ecuadorian flower industry on infant development
    Alexis Handal; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..not reaching their full developmental potential and factors such as environmental toxic exposure, poor nutrition, poverty, maternal depression and stress, and social factors may all contribute to the loss of developmental potential in ..
  27. Risk of death among veterans with depression
    Kara Zivin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..service needs, and VA patients are particularly vulnerable, with higher rates of depression (~12% prevalence), poverty, comorbid medical illness, and disability than the general US population...
  28. Virulence-Associated Proteins of Pathogenic Leptospira Species
    James Matsunaga; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Potential Impact on Veteran Health Care. Leptospirosis is a neglected disease of poverty in the United States...
  29. Grafting DNA Codes on Paper for Rapid, Low-Cost, and Sensitive Meningitis Diagnos
    Xiujun Li; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Considering that many cases of meningitis cases happened in rural high-poverty areas, and the high fatality rate of meningitis, a simple, low-cost, highly-sensitive device and method are ..
  30. Stress, Cellular Aging and Susceptibility to Infectious Disease
    Sheldon A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g. the chronically unemployed, caregivers, and those suffering from poverty)...
  31. Miami Womens Interagency HIV Study WIHS
    Lisa R Metsch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..response to therapy;and the interplay of crack cocaine use and associated co-occurring epidemics (mental health, poverty, unemployment and interpersonal violence with uptake of optimal antiretroviral therapy and engagement and ..
  32. Using CERs to Optimize Quality of Life for Persons with Diabetes and Chronic Pain
    Monika M Safford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a study in the Alabama Black Belt, which includes mostly African Americans (AA), 1/3 living below the Federal poverty line and facing distance, cost and mistrust barriers to receiving healthcare services...
  33. Innovative Clinical Pathways in Lung Cancer Care for Vulnerable Populations
    Yolonda L Colson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..communication issues,, biologic differences, and the systemic and structural impacts of race and class including poverty and social injustice...
  34. Best Practices in Mental Health Research Ethics Conference Series
    James M DuBois; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..types of medical research in significant ways including: stigma, institutionalization, cognitive deficits, and poverty. Research methods in clinical psychiatric research also routinely involve procedures that are rarer in other ..
    Mary N Haan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Most older people in this high risk ethnic group have experienced lifelong poverty, low education, and hazardous occupations...
  36. Characterization of Potassium Channels in the Human Parasite Trypanosoma Cruzi
    Veronica Jimenez; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Historically associated with poverty in rural areas, immigration and relocation of the vectors are changing the epidemiology of the disease, as ..
  37. Cognitive and Psychosocial Benefit of Caregiver Training for Ugandan HIV Children
    MICHAEL JOSEPH BOIVIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..interventions may also enhance the cognitive ability and psychosocial adjustment of all children at risk from poverty and other public health challenges to the second of the UN Millennium Development Goals, which is to ensure that ..
  38. Critical Care Excellence in Sepsis and Trauma (CREST)
    DEE WALKER contact FORD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by the 290,000 citizens of these counties are stark with 22% of the total population living below the federal poverty level, 4 of 6 being fully medically underserved, and 2 of 6 being partially medically underserved...
  39. Program ACTIVE II: Behavioral Depression Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes
    MARY K DE GROOT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Rural residents are disproportionately affected by poverty and barriers to health care that contribute to these outcomes...
  40. Boston Puerto Rican Health Study - CVD Risk Factors
    Katherine L Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..held belief that there is a Hispanic paradox[unreadable]lower heart disease and mortality despite greater poverty. Importantly, the Puerto Rican population differs considerably in ancestral genetic history and in exposures to ..
  41. Geography of opportunity: Neighborhood dynamics and child cognitive development
    MICHAEL ROOT KRAMER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..segregation;residential mobility, housing tenure, and stability;and neighborhood social environment including poverty, affluence, crime and family structure...
  42. The Demography of Prisoner Reentry: Residential Moves & Changing Social Contexts
    JEFFREY D contact MORENOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Neighborhoods with high unemployment, poverty and crime rates are likely to have fewer resources that address the health and economic needs of returning ..
  43. Space Renovation for New Research Center for the Neglected Diseases of Poverty
    John Williams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to create a centrally located modern research complex for the new Research Center for the Neglected Diseases of Poverty in Washington, DC...
  44. Reducing Asthma Morbidity in High Risk Minority Preschool Children
    Cynthia S Rand; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The National Center for Children in Poverty has strongly argued that effective interventions to improve asthma health disparities and reduce harm must begin ..
  45. Cost-effective chronic disease prevention in developing countries
    ..Because chronic diseases overlap with persistent diseases of poverty, policy responses must contend with interacting risks from multiple diseases...
  46. National Estimates for Inpatient Care, Outcomes &Hospital Effect among Hispanics
    Amresh D Hanchate; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Hispanics are also at greater risk for healthcare access barriers due to higher rates of insurance, poverty and inadequate health literacy...
  47. A Targeted Approach to Increasing American Indian Tissue and Organ Donation
    Dedra S Buchwald; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Given the striking rates of diabetes and poverty among Als and rural location of most reservations, and the dearth of Al donors, we need understand views on organ ..
  48. Natural History of Urban Leptospirosis
    Albert Icksang Ko; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Rapid urbanization and expanding urban poverty, together with climate, have created conditions for rat-borne transmission of the Leptospira spirochete...
  49. Clinical/Behavioral Approach to Overweight Latino Youth
    Gregory A Talavera; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): Overweight and obesity is a serious problem for Mexican-American children, due in part to poverty, acculturation, genetic predisposition or other factors...
  50. Impact of Omega-3 Intake During Pregnancy on Maternal Stress and Infant Outcome
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Pregnant women living in poverty often experience chronic stress, and consequently higher levels of stress hormones...
  51. Can drug targets from parasitic nematodes be usefully expressed in C. elegans?
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Parasitic nematodes cause many of the most prevalent Neglected Infections of Poverty and Neglected Tropical Diseases...
  52. Acute Coronary Syndrome Quality Improvement in Kerala (ACS QUIK)
    MARK DANIEL HUFFMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..implementation of a national government insurance program (Rashtriya Swathya Bima Yojna) for families below the poverty line. The proposal also includes an exploratory aim to perform qualitative research in toolkit development...
  53. Small RNA regulation of BDNF expression in schizophrenia
    Schahram Akbarian; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In particular, the deficit syndrome which includes negative symptoms such as anhedonia, amotivation, apathy and poverty of thought content, is attributed to PFC malfunction...
  54. The Logics for HIV Risk among Street-Based Heroin Injectors
    Philippe Bourgois; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that span a strategic range of the demographic, economic, political, and cultural factors affecting inner-city poverty in the United States...
  55. Effects of a neighborhood experiment on adolescent female psychological distress
    THERESA LOUISE OSYPUK; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..the Moving to Opportunity, MTO, Study), to test how and why random assignment of an offer to move to a low-poverty neighborhood improves female adolescent psychological distress over a 4-7 year period...
  56. A Social Ecological Based Smoking Cessation Intervention in Public Housing
    Jeannette O Andrews; Fiscal Year: 2013
    African American (AA) women in urban, poverty-stricken neighborhoods have high rates of smoking, difficulties with quitting, and disproportionate tobacco related health disparities...
    Schahram Akbarian; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the deficit syndrome which includes a subset of negative symptoms such as anhedonia, amotivation, apathy and poverty of thought content, is thought to result from PFC malfunction...
  58. Regulation of Na absorption by NHE3 in the intestine
    CHANGHYON CHRIS YUN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Poverty, crowding, and contaminated water supplies all contribute...
  59. Cell Biology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection
    David G Russell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Tuberculosis is a serious additional burden to populations already suffering poverty, malnutrition and other infectious diseases...
  60. Agricultural Intervention to Improve Health of HIV-infected and Affected Children
    Lisa Michelle Butler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..While interventions to increase food security and reduce poverty may be effective for those outcomes, there is little prior research on the impact of those interventions on the ..
  61. Epidemiologic Research and Surveillance in Epilepsy (U01) Component A
    Barbara L Kroner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A total of 29% of all DC children live below the poverty level, and almost 50% of families are run by a single head of household...
  62. Childhood Poverty and Brain Development: The Role of Chronic Stress and Parenting
    JAMES EDWARD SWAIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): One fifth of America's children grow up in poverty. While there is good evidence that this is harmful to health, achievement, and socio-emotional adjustment, very little is known about the brain ..
  63. Acculturation and Reproductive Health Disparities in Mexican-Origin Adolescents
    KATE T COLEMAN MINAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., community level poverty, residential segregation) influence reproductive health behaviors (i.e...
  64. Does Enhanced School-Readiness Affect Adult Health of African Americans?
    Frances A Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..participants in two randomized trials of early childhood educational intervention for children born into poverty. Long-term follow-up data on these samples provide a unique opportunity to learn the extent to which early ..
  65. Dual Function Acridones as A New Antimalarial Chemotype
    Jane X Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of the disease extends beyond the annual body count to effects on family and social structure, on sustained poverty in endemic areas, and in creating untold suffering for 40% of the world's population...
    Kathleen Schwarz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..CIDU often live below the poverty level and - 1/3 of homeless children are CIDU...
    TED BRASFIELD; Fiscal Year: 1999
    DESCRIPTION (adapted from the Abstract): Incarcerated women in geographic areas characterized by poverty, drug use, and high rates of sexually-transmitted diseases (STD's) are at risk for HIV infection as a result of drug use and ..
    MICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..b>Poverty and crime have disproportionately impacted ethnic minority communities (Reese et al., 2001)...
  69. Healthcare Access for Children of the Working Poor
    Sylvia Guendelman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Working poor families, who earn less than 200% of the federal poverty level, have long been overlooked by researchers and policy makers...
  70. The Social Safety Net, Poverty, and Material Hardship
    SIGNE MARY MCKERNAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Despite this substantial spending, we know relatively little about how these income-tested programs affect poverty and material hardship outcomes...
    Valerie Brown; Fiscal Year: 1991
    The purpose of this dissertation Project is to identify the effets of urban poverty environments and associated negative area social conditions (high rates of: juvenile delinquency; crime; unemployment; female head of house; welfare ..
  72. Creating a Tobacco Cessation Program for People with Disabilities: A CBPR Approac
    Jamie L Pomeranz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In fact, approximately 30.6 percent of U.S. adults living below the federal poverty level are current smokers compared to 20.4 percent of adults living above this level...
  73. Youth Violence and Housing Programs to Deconcentrate Poverty
    Jens Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of a randomized housing policy intervention in the city of Chicago designed to de- concentrate areas of poverty and violence...
  74. Economic Liberalization and Social Inequality in Mexico
    ANDRES VILLARREAL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..increase in foreign direct investment and the reduction or redefinition of the role of the state in alleviating poverty and promoting welfare. Perhaps no single country epitomizes this transformation more than Mexico...
  75. Disadvantaged Children: Predictors and Outcomes of Sleep Behaviors
    Lauren Hale; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Prior research has not fully investigated specific mechanisms (e.g., family structure, poverty status, receipt of social services) through which racial minorities and socioeconomically disadvantaged children ..
  76. Using CBPR to Address HIV Risk in Heterosexual Black Men: The MEN Count Program
    Anita Raj; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Recent research indicates that social factors, poverty, unemployment and homelessness, facilitate HIV risk among Black men but have rarely been addressed via HIV ..