unemployment

Summary

Summary: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The public health effect of economic crises and alternative policy responses in Europe: an empirical analysis
    David Stuckler
    Department of Sociology, Oxford University, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 374:315-23. 2009
  2. pmc Losing life and livelihood: a systematic review and meta-analysis of unemployment and all-cause mortality
    David J Roelfs
    Department of Sociology, Stony Brook University, S 401 SBS Building, Stony Brook, NY 11794 4356, USA
    Soc Sci Med 72:840-54. 2011
  3. ncbi Psychological and physical well-being during unemployment: a meta-analytic study
    Frances McKee-Ryan
    Department of Management, Marketing, and International Business, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    J Appl Psychol 90:53-76. 2005
  4. pmc Suicides associated with the 2008-10 economic recession in England: time trend analysis
    Ben Barr
    Department of Public Health and Policy, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GB UK
    BMJ 345:e5142. 2012
  5. ncbi Transitions between sickness absence, work, unemployment, and disability in Denmark 2004-2008
    Jacob Pedersen
    National Research Center for the Working Environment NRCWE, Lersø Parkallé 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Scand J Work Environ Health 38:516-26. 2012
  6. ncbi Register-based follow-up of social benefits and other transfer payments: accuracy and degree of completeness in a Danish interdepartmental administrative database compared with a population-based survey
    Niels Henrik Hjollund
    Department of Clinical Social Medicine, Institute of Public Health, Aarhus University, Denmark
    Scand J Public Health 35:497-502. 2007
  7. ncbi The length of unemployment predicts mortality, differently in men and women, and by cause of death: a six year mortality follow-up of the Swedish 1992-1996 recession
    Anthony M Garcy
    Center for Health Equity Studies CHESS, Stockholm University Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 74:1911-20. 2012
  8. ncbi Suicide risk in relation to socioeconomic, demographic, psychiatric, and familial factors: a national register-based study of all suicides in Denmark, 1981-1997
    Ping Qin
    National Center for Register based Research, Aarhus University, Denmark
    Am J Psychiatry 160:765-72. 2003
  9. ncbi Temporary employment and health: a review
    Marianna Virtanen
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Epidemiol 34:610-22. 2005
  10. ncbi Do high levels of unemployment influence the health of those who are not unemployed? A gendered comparison of young men and women during boom and recession
    M Novo
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, SE 901 85 Umea, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 53:293-303. 2001

Detail Information

Publications271 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The public health effect of economic crises and alternative policy responses in Europe: an empirical analysis
    David Stuckler
    Department of Sociology, Oxford University, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 374:315-23. 2009
    There is widespread concern that the present economic crisis, particularly its effect on unemployment, will adversely affect population health...
  2. pmc Losing life and livelihood: a systematic review and meta-analysis of unemployment and all-cause mortality
    David J Roelfs
    Department of Sociology, Stony Brook University, S 401 SBS Building, Stony Brook, NY 11794 4356, USA
    Soc Sci Med 72:840-54. 2011
    b>Unemployment rates in the United States remain near a 25-year high and global unemployment is rising...
  3. ncbi Psychological and physical well-being during unemployment: a meta-analytic study
    Frances McKee-Ryan
    Department of Management, Marketing, and International Business, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    J Appl Psychol 90:53-76. 2005
    The authors used theoretical models to organize the diverse unemployment literature, and meta-analytic techniques were used to examine the impact of unemployment on worker well-being across 104 empirical studies with 437 effect sizes...
  4. pmc Suicides associated with the 2008-10 economic recession in England: time trend analysis
    Ben Barr
    Department of Public Health and Policy, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GB UK
    BMJ 345:e5142. 2012
    ..To determine whether English regions worst affected by the economic recession in the United Kingdom in 2008-10 have had the greatest increases in suicides...
  5. ncbi Transitions between sickness absence, work, unemployment, and disability in Denmark 2004-2008
    Jacob Pedersen
    National Research Center for the Working Environment NRCWE, Lersø Parkallé 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Scand J Work Environ Health 38:516-26. 2012
    ..the use of multi-state models for studying multiple transitions between sick-listing, work, unemployment, and disability pension by analyzing longitudinal register data...
  6. ncbi Register-based follow-up of social benefits and other transfer payments: accuracy and degree of completeness in a Danish interdepartmental administrative database compared with a population-based survey
    Niels Henrik Hjollund
    Department of Clinical Social Medicine, Institute of Public Health, Aarhus University, Denmark
    Scand J Public Health 35:497-502. 2007
    ..A Danish database, DREAM, allows weekly follow-up of any public transfer payment. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of the register for use in public health research...
  7. ncbi The length of unemployment predicts mortality, differently in men and women, and by cause of death: a six year mortality follow-up of the Swedish 1992-1996 recession
    Anthony M Garcy
    Center for Health Equity Studies CHESS, Stockholm University Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 74:1911-20. 2012
    This study examines the relationship between the total amount of accumulated unemployment during the deep Swedish recession of 1992-1996 and mortality in the following 6 years. Nearly 3...
  8. ncbi Suicide risk in relation to socioeconomic, demographic, psychiatric, and familial factors: a national register-based study of all suicides in Denmark, 1981-1997
    Ping Qin
    National Center for Register based Research, Aarhus University, Denmark
    Am J Psychiatry 160:765-72. 2003
    ..Suicide risk was addressed in relation to the joint effect of factors regarding family structure, socioeconomics, demographics, mental illness, and family history of suicide and mental illness, as well as gender differences in risk factors...
  9. ncbi Temporary employment and health: a review
    Marianna Virtanen
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Epidemiol 34:610-22. 2005
    ..We aimed to review evidence on the relationship between temporary employment and health, and to see whether the association is dependent on outcome measure, instability of employment, and contextual factors...
  10. ncbi Do high levels of unemployment influence the health of those who are not unemployed? A gendered comparison of young men and women during boom and recession
    M Novo
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, SE 901 85 Umea, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 53:293-303. 2001
    ..The aim of this study was to analyse the relation between the health of non-unemployed people and the levels of unemployment in society...
  11. ncbi Unemployment and mortality--a longitudinal prospective study on selection and causation in 49321 Swedish middle-aged men
    A Lundin
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Norrbacka plan 5, 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:22-8. 2010
    b>Unemployment is associated with increased risk of mortality. It is, however, not clear to what extent this is causal, or whether other risk factors remain uncontrolled for...
  12. ncbi Welfare state regimes, unemployment and health: a comparative study of the relationship between unemployment and self-reported health in 23 European countries
    C Bambra
    Department of Geography, Wolfson Research Institute, Durham University, Queens Campus, Stockton on Tees, TS17 6BH, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:92-8. 2009
    The relationship between unemployment and increased risk of morbidity and mortality is well established...
  13. pmc Unemployment and mental health: understanding the interactions among gender, family roles, and social class
    Lucia Artazcoz
    Department of Experimental Sciences and Health, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, and the Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Public Health 94:82-8. 2004
    We examined gender differences in the effects of unemployment on mental health and assessed whether such effects are associated with interactions among gender, family roles, and social class.
  14. pmc Is there an association between long-term sick leave and disability pension and unemployment beyond the effect of health status?--a cohort study
    Hanna Hultin
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Public Health Epidemiology, Stockholm, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 7:e35614. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between long-term sick leave and disability pension and unemployment, when taking health status into account.
  15. ncbi Social consequences of multiple sclerosis (1): early pension and temporary unemployment--a historical prospective cohort study
    Claudia Christina Hilt Pfleger
    Department of Neurology, Aarhus University Hospital in Aalborg, Denmark
    Mult Scler 16:121-6. 2010
    ..Due to lower rates for early pension, gross income with time was lower in patients than controls. We conclude that multiple sclerosis seriously affects the economic life of multiple sclerosis patients, even within a few years of onset...
  16. pmc Employment transitions and mental health: an analysis from the British household panel survey
    Claudia Thomas
    Department of Geography, Queen Mary, University of London, London, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:243-9. 2005
    ..To describe the impact of changes between employment and various forms of non-employment, and vice versa, on the psychological wellbeing of men and of women...
  17. ncbi The cumulative effect of unemployment on risks for acute myocardial infarction
    Matthew E Dupre
    Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27715, USA
    Arch Intern Med 172:1731-7. 2012
    ..Little is known about the cumulative effect of multiple job losses and unemployment on the risks for acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
  18. ncbi Cancer survivors and unemployment: a meta-analysis and meta-regression
    Angela G E M de Boer
    Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Academic Medical Center, PO Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    JAMA 301:753-62. 2009
    ..Nearly half of adult cancer survivors are younger than 65 years, but the association of cancer survivorship with employment status is unknown...
  19. pmc Intervention mapping for development of a participatory return-to-work intervention for temporary agency workers and unemployed workers sick-listed due to musculoskeletal disorders
    Sylvia J Vermeulen
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Center, PO Box 7057, 1007 MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 9:216. 2009
    ..This program is based on the already developed and cost-effective RTW program for employees, sick-listed due to low back pain...
  20. ncbi Unemployment and substance use: a review of the literature (1990-2010)
    Dieter Henkel
    Institute of Addiction Research, University of Applied Sciences, Frankfurt a M, Germany
    Curr Drug Abuse Rev 4:4-27. 2011
    ..the prevalence of substance use/disorders among the unemployed and employed, the impact of substance abuse on unemployment and vice versa, the effect of unemployment on alcohol/ drug addiction treatment and smoking cessation, and the ..
  21. pmc Sickness absence as a risk factor for job termination, unemployment, and disability pension among temporary and permanent employees
    M Virtanen
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Psychology, Helsinki, Finland
    Occup Environ Med 63:212-7. 2006
    This study examined sickness absence as a risk factor for job termination, unemployment, and disability pension among temporary and permanent workers.
  22. ncbi No security: a meta-analysis and review of job insecurity and its consequences
    Magnus Sverke
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden
    J Occup Health Psychol 7:242-64. 2002
    ..Recommendations made for future research include utilization of multidimensional measures, consideration of a broader spectrum of outcomes and moderators, and use of longitudinal designs...
  23. ncbi Vocational interventions for unemployed: effects on work participation and mental distress. A systematic review
    Selwin S Audhoe
    Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Research Center for Insurance Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Occup Rehabil 20:1-13. 2010
    b>Unemployment is a growing problem worldwide...
  24. ncbi Care or not care--that is the question: predictors of healthcare utilisation in relation to employment status
    Annika Ahs
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala Science Park, SE 751 85, Uppsala, Sweden
    Int J Behav Med 19:29-38. 2012
    International research shows that there is a higher use of care among the unemployed than among the employed, although the findings on the association between unemployment and healthcare use are not conclusive.
  25. pmc Long-term unemployment and suicide: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Allison Milner
    The McCaughey Centre VicHealth Centre for the Promotion of Mental Health and Community Wellbeing, Melbourne School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 8:e51333. 2013
    There have been a number of reviews on the association+ between unemployment and suicide, but none have investigated how this relationship is influenced by duration of unemployment.
  26. pmc Short-term sick leave and future risk of sickness absence and unemployment - the impact of health status
    Hanna Hultin
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 12:861. 2012
    In previous studies the authors have found sick leave to be a predictor of future sick leave, unemployment and disability pension...
  27. ncbi Unemployment and suicide in the Stockholm population: a register-based study on 771,068 men and women
    A Lundin
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Public Health 126:371-7. 2012
    ..Some individuals may be more prone to both unemployment and suicide due to an underlying health-related factor...
  28. pmc Youth, unemployment, and male gender predict mortality in AIDS patients started on HAART in Nigeria
    Malini B DeSilva
    Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo Medical School, Rochester, MN, USA
    AIDS Care 21:70-7. 2009
    ..a more rapid progression to death after initiation of HAART were male gender, age less than 30 years old, and unemployment or unknown occupation status...
  29. ncbi The individual experience of unemployment
    Connie R Wanberg
    Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55455, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 63:369-96. 2012
    This review describes advances over the past decade in what is known about the individual experience of unemployment, predictors of reemployment, and interventions to speed employment...
  30. ncbi Unemployment and self-rated health: neighborhood influence
    Luana Giatti
    Germinal Research Group on Chronic and Occupational Diseases, Medical School of the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av Prof Alfredo Balena 190, 814, 30130100 Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
    Soc Sci Med 71:815-23. 2010
    ..It investigates whether unemployment and socioeconomic characteristics of the neighborhoods in which people live are associated with poor self-rated ..
  31. pmc Unemployment and suicide. Evidence for a causal association?
    T A Blakely
    Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:594-600. 2003
    ..To determine the independent associations of labour force status and socioeconomic position with death by suicide...
  32. ncbi Aggression in childhood and long-term unemployment in adulthood: a cycle of maladaptation and some protective factors
    K Kokko
    Department of Psychology, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Dev Psychol 36:463-72. 2000
    ..specific risk mechanisms and protective factors in the relation between aggression in childhood and long-term unemployment in adulthood...
  33. ncbi Unemployment alters the set point for life satisfaction
    Richard E Lucas
    Michigan State University, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:8-13. 2004
    ..We tested this idea by examining reaction and adaptation to unemployment in a 15-year longitudinal study of more than 24,000 individuals living in Germany...
  34. ncbi Unemployment and suicide: a cohort analysis of social factors predicting suicide in the US National Longitudinal Mortality Study
    A J Kposowa
    Department of Sociology, University of California, Riverside 92521, USA
    Psychol Med 31:127-38. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Unemployment is strongly related to suicide, but this relationship is more enduring and stronger among women...
  35. ncbi The effect of re-employment on perceived health
    M Schuring
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:639-44. 2011
    The relationship between unemployment and poor health has been well established. Unemployment causes poor health, and poor health increases the probability of unemployment.
  36. ncbi Job loss, unemployment, work stress, job satisfaction, and the persistence of posttraumatic stress disorder one year after the September 11 attacks
    Arijit Nandi
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:1057-64. 2004
    The influence of unemployment and adverse work conditions on the course of psychopathology after a mass disaster is unclear...
  37. ncbi Unemployment and suicidal behavior in a New Zealand birth cohort: a fixed effects regression analysis
    David M Fergusson
    Christchurch Health and Development Study, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Crisis 28:95-101. 2007
    This study examined the association between exposure to unemployment and suicidal behaviors (suicidal ideation and attempted suicide) in a birth cohort of New Zealand young adults using fixed-effects logistic and Poisson regression models...
  38. ncbi Disqualified for disability pension--a case/referent study
    Berit A M Ydreborg
    Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, SE 70116 Orebro, Sweden
    Disabil Rehabil 26:1079-86. 2004
    ..To analyse medical and other determinants for decisions about rejection or acceptance of applications for disability pension...
  39. ncbi Links in the chain of adversity following job loss: how financial strain and loss of personal control lead to depression, impaired functioning, and poor health
    Richard H Price
    Department of Psychology and Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 1248, USA
    J Occup Health Psychol 7:302-12. 2002
    ..Results suggest that loss of PC is a pathway through which economic adversity is transformed into chronic problems of poor health and impaired role and emotional functioning...
  40. ncbi Employment status and depressive symptoms in Koreans: results from a baseline survey of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging
    Soong Nang Jang
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 64:677-83. 2009
    ..We investigated the association between employment status and depressive symptoms among Korean individuals according to age and gender...
  41. ncbi Frequent and long-term absence as a risk factor for work disability and job termination among employees in the private sector
    P C Koopmans
    Department of Social Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 65:494-9. 2008
    ..Frequent and long-term absentees were monitored over 5 years with regard to the risk of work disability and job termination...
  42. ncbi Unemployment, job retention, and productivity loss among employees with depression
    Debra Lerner
    Health Institute, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 55:1371-8. 2004
    ..This study comprehensively assessed the work outcomes of employees with depression...
  43. pmc Which theory is best? Explanatory models of the relationship between unemployment and health
    Urban Janlert
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 9:235. 2009
    A number of different models have been used in order to explain the links between unemployment and ill-health. The objective of this study was to test different proposed models in an empirical setting.
  44. ncbi Long-term unemployment among young people: the risk of social exclusion
    Thomas Kieselbach
    Institute for Psychology of Work, Unemployment and Health IPG, University of Bremen, P O B 330 440, D 28344, Bremen
    Am J Community Psychol 32:69-76. 2003
    The European Union considers long-term unemployment among youth an impediment to their full integration into society...
  45. ncbi Decomposing the association of completed suicide with air pollution, weather, and unemployment data at different time scales
    Albert C Yang
    Department of Psychiatry, Chu Tung Veterans Hospital, Hsin Chu County, Taiwan
    J Affect Disord 129:275-81. 2011
    ..This study comprehensively assesses the temporal relationship between suicide and air pollution, weather, and unemployment variables in Taipei City from January 1 1991 to December 31 2008.
  46. ncbi A register-based study on excess suicide mortality among unemployed men and women during different levels of unemployment in Finland
    Netta Mäki
    Department of Social Research Population Research Unit, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:302-7. 2012
    ..This study analyses the association between unemployment and suicide during different levels of national unemployment adjusting for several factors that might explain ..
  47. ncbi The changing political economy of sex in South Africa: the significance of unemployment and inequalities to the scale of the AIDS pandemic
    Mark Hunter
    Department of Social Sciences Geography, University of Toronto at Scarborough, 1265 Military Trail, Toronto, Ont, Canada M1C 1A4
    Soc Sci Med 64:689-700. 2007
    ..outlines three interlinked dynamics critical to understanding the scale of the AIDS pandemic: (1) rising unemployment and social inequalities that leave some groups, especially poor women, extremely vulnerable; (2) greatly ..
  48. ncbi The 2007-09 recession and health insurance coverage
    John Holahan
    Urban Institute Health Policy Center, Washington, DC, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 30:145-52. 2011
    ..This finding underscores the importance of planned coverage expansions under the Affordable Care Act...
  49. ncbi Unemployment as a risk factor for AIDS and death for HIV-infected patients in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy
    C Delpierre
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Landmark Center, 401 Park Drive, Boston MA, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 84:183-6. 2008
    ..To assess the association between social situation and disease progression among patients diagnosed with HIV infection since the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), taking late testing into account...
  50. pmc The effect of involuntary job loss on smoking intensity and relapse
    Tracy Falba
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 065208034, USA
    Addiction 100:1330-9. 2005
    ..The 3052 participants who were working at the initial wave and had any history of smoking comprise the main sample...
  51. ncbi Unemployment and psychosocial adjustment in young adults: causation or selection?
    D M Fergusson
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Christchurch Health and Development Study, Christchurch School of Medicine, P O Box 4345, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Soc Sci Med 53:305-20. 2001
    This study investigates the relationships between unemployment following school leaving and psychosocial adjustment problems (mental health, substance use, crime, suicidal behaviours and teenage pregnancy) in a birth cohort of over 1000 ..
  52. ncbi The ecological effect of unemployment on the incidence of very low birthweight in Norway and Sweden
    R Catalano
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley 94720, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 40:422-8. 1999
    Little attention has been paid to the ecological effects of unemployment, despite strong theory suggesting that being socially or economically connected to unemployed persons can induce illness...
  53. ncbi Work, permanent sickness and mortality risk: a prospective cohort study of England and Wales, 1971-2006
    Bola Akinwale
    Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College London, St Dunstan s Road, London W6 8RP, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:786-92. 2011
    ..This paper examines the relationship between labour market position and subsequent mortality around State Pension Age...
  54. pmc Prospective memory deficits are associated with unemployment in persons living with HIV infection
    Steven Paul Woods
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, USA
    Rehabil Psychol 56:77-84. 2011
    To determine whether deficits in prospective memory (i.e., "remembering to remember") confer an increased risk of unemployment in individuals living with chronic HIV infection.
  55. ncbi Social environment, ethnicity and schizophrenia. A case-control study
    Rosemarie Mallett
    Social Psychiatry Section, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 37:329-35. 2002
    ....
  56. ncbi Yesterday once more? Unemployment and health in the 21st century
    Clare Bambra
    Department of Geography, Wolfson Research Institute, Queen s Campus, Durham University, Stockton on Tees, TS17 6BH, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:213-5. 2010
    The relationship between economic recession, higher unemployment and poorer health is well established in the medical and social science research literature...
  57. pmc Association of suicide and antidepressant prescription rates in Japan, 1999-2003
    Atsuo Nakagawa
    Department of Neuroscience, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 68:908-16. 2007
    ..We examined the relationship of increasing prescription volume of newer antidepressants, introduced in Japan in 1999, to national rates of suicide...
  58. pmc Impact of business cycles on US suicide rates, 1928-2007
    Feijun Luo
    Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Mailstop F 64, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:1139-46. 2011
    ..We examined the associations of overall and age-specific suicide rates with business cycles from 1928 to 2007 in the United States...
  59. ncbi Exposure to temporary employment and job insecurity: a longitudinal study of the health effects
    Pekka Virtanen
    Tampere School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Occup Environ Med 68:570-4. 2011
    ..Previous research on this topic is scarce and based on cross-sectional data...
  60. pmc The effect of job loss and unemployment duration on suicide risk in the United States: a new look using mass-layoffs and unemployment duration
    Timothy J Classen
    Department of Economics, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Health Econ 21:338-50. 2012
    ..and suicide risk using a panel of US states from 1996 to 2005 with monthly data on suicides, the duration of unemployment spells and the number of job losses associated with mass-layoff events...
  61. ncbi It's no surprise! Men are not hit more than women by the health consequences of unemployment in the Northern Swedish Cohort
    Anne Hammarstrom
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 39:187-93. 2011
    Research often fails to ascertain whether men and women are equally hit by the health consequences of unemployment. The aim of this study was to analyze whether men's self-reported health and health behaviour were hit more by unemployment ..
  62. ncbi Commentary: economic growth is the basis of mortality rate decline in the 20th century--experience of the United States 1901-2000
    M Harvey Brenner
    John Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 34:1214-21. 2005
    ..the large epidemiological literature showing socioeconomic status to be inversely related to health status and unemployment associated with elevated morbidity and mortality rates...
  63. ncbi Suicide mortality of young, middle-aged and elderly males and females in Japan for the years 1953-96: time series analysis for the effects of unemployment, female labour force, young and aged population, primary industry and population density
    Akiko Yamasaki
    Department of Health Promotion and Human Behaviour, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan
    Ind Health 46:541-9. 2008
    ..b>Unemployment rate was significantly related to the age-adjusted mortality in both males and females...
  64. ncbi Welfare states, flexible employment, and health: a critical review
    Il Ho Kim
    Bloomberg School of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada Il Ho
    Health Policy 104:99-127. 2012
    ....
  65. pmc Psychological distress after employment transitions: the role of subjective financial position as a mediator
    Claudia Thomas
    Institute of Child Health, Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 30 Guilford Street, London, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:48-52. 2007
    To explore the extent to which the mental health effects of transitions into unemployment, or other forms of non-employment, and vice versa, are mediated by financial changes.
  66. ncbi Unemployment, depressiveness and disability retirement: a follow-up study of the Finnish HeSSup population sample
    Tiina Lamberg
    Tampere School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 45:259-64. 2010
    ..The rise of such retirement coincided with the rise of unemployment in the second half of the 1990s. In this study we sought potential connections between these two epidemics...
  67. ncbi Job insecurity and the use of antidepressant medication among Danish employees with and without a history of prolonged unemployment: a 3.5-year follow-up study
    R Rugulies
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lerso Parkalle 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:75-81. 2010
    A study was undertaken to investigate whether job insecurity predicts incident use of antidepressant medication and whether the association is modified by a history of prolonged unemployment.
  68. ncbi The impact of ill health on exit from paid employment in Europe among older workers
    Tilja van den Berg
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 67:845-52. 2010
    ..To determine the impact of ill health on exit from paid employment in Europe among older workers...
  69. ncbi Childhood peer relationship problems and later risks of educational under-achievement and unemployment
    L J Woodward
    Christchurch Health and Development Study, Christchurch School of Medicine, New Zealand
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 41:191-201. 2000
    ..of children's peer relationship problems at age 9 and their later risks of educational under-achievement and unemployment by the age of 18 years...
  70. pmc Cost-effectiveness of a participatory return-to-work intervention for temporary agency workers and unemployed workers sick-listed due to musculoskeletal disorders: design of a randomised controlled trial
    Sylvia J Vermeulen
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 11:60. 2010
    ....
  71. pmc Associations between area-level unemployment, body mass index, and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in an urban area
    Ashley Isaac Naimi
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 6:3082-96. 2009
    ..It is also unclear whether the relationship between nSES and CVD varies according to sex. We sought to determine whether area-level unemployment (ALU) was associated with CVD risk, and whether this association differed by sex.
  72. ncbi Job insecurity in white-collar workers: toward an explanation of associations with health
    J E Ferrie
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London Medical School, England
    J Occup Health Psychol 6:26-42. 2001
    ..Apart from a minor role for social support at work in both sexes and a modest role for job demands in women, adverse changes in these factors explain little of the job insecurity-health relationship...
  73. ncbi Risk for unemployment of cancer survivors: A Danish cohort study
    Kathrine Carlsen
    Department of Psychosocial Cancer Research, Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden 49, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Eur J Cancer 44:1866-74. 2008
    To investigate whether cancer survivors are at an increased risk for unemployment after cancer.
  74. ncbi Business cycles and mortality: results from Swedish microdata
    Ulf G Gerdtham
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, SE 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 60:205-18. 2005
    ..We test the effect of six alternative business cycle indicators on the mortality risk: the unemployment rate, the notification rate, the deviation from the GDP trend, the GDP change, the industry capacity ..
  75. pmc Assessing the contribution of unstable employment to mortality in posttransition Russia: prospective individual-level analyses from the Russian longitudinal monitoring survey
    Francesca Perlman
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    Am J Public Health 99:1818-25. 2009
    ..We used the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS) to investigate associations between employment, socioeconomic position, and mortality...
  76. ncbi "Good jobs" to "bad jobs": replicated evidence of an employment continuum from two large surveys
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, 27157 1084, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:1749-60. 2003
    ..economically good", "psychologically good", "barely adequate", and "inadequate" employment) in addition to unemployment to form an employment continuum...
  77. ncbi Recessions lower (some) mortality rates: evidence from Germany
    Eric Neumayer
    Department of Geography and Environment, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, WC2A 2AE, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:1037-47. 2004
    ..His finding that high unemployment rates are associated with lower mortality and vice versa stands in stark contrast to Brenner's earlier work, ..
  78. ncbi An international perspective on worker mental health problems: who bears the burden and how are costs addressed?
    Carolyn S Dewa
    Centre for Addition and Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 52:346-56. 2007
    ..To discuss the burden of poor mental health in workers, who currently bears it, and how the associated rising costs are being addressed, from an international perspective...
  79. ncbi The lesser evil: bad jobs or unemployment? A survey of mid-aged Australians
    Dorothy H Broom
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health Canberra, Australian National University, ACT
    Soc Sci Med 63:575-86. 2006
    Paid work is related to health in complex ways, posing both risks and benefits. Unemployment is associated with poor health, but some jobs may still be worse than no job at all. This research investigates that possibility...
  80. ncbi Unemployment and self-assessed health: evidence from panel data
    Petri Böckerman
    Labour Institute for Economic Research, Helsinki, Finland
    Health Econ 18:161-79. 2009
    We examine the relationship between unemployment and self-assessed health using the European Community Household Panel for Finland over the period 1996-2001...
  81. pmc The consequences of flexible work for health: are we looking at the right place?
    J Benach
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:405-6. 2002
  82. ncbi The mental health of war-wounded refugees: an 8-year follow-up
    Ann Charlotte Hermansson
    Medical Center for Refugees, University Hospital, S 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
    J Nerv Ment Dis 190:374-80. 2002
    ..A lower level of mental health was associated with higher education, unemployment, and poor physical health...
  83. ncbi Association of secular trends in unemployment with suicide in Taiwan, 1959-2007: a time-series analysis
    S S Chang
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Public Health 124:49-54. 2010
    Despite the wealth of research investigating the association of unemployment with suicide in the West, few studies have investigated the association in non-Western countries...
  84. ncbi Screening for depression in the older long-term unemployed
    Iris Liwowsky
    Dept of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilian University Munich, Nussbaumstrasse 7, 80336 Munich, Germany
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 44:622-7. 2009
    ..Screening for depression could be a first step to increasing treatment rates within this high-risk group. Therefore, the WHO-5 Well-Being Index was tested for its validity in unemployment offices.
  85. ncbi Does parental unemployment affect adolescents' health?
    Maria Sleskova
    Institute of Social Sciences, Faculty of Science, PJ Safarik University, Kosice, Slovakia
    J Adolesc Health 38:527-35. 2006
    ..To explore the associations between mother's and father's employment status separately and together and the subjective health of children; and how parental education and financial strain can modify these associations...
  86. ncbi Hard times and hurtful partners: how financial strain affects depression and relationship satisfaction of unemployed persons and their spouses
    A D Vinokur
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 71:166-79. 1996
    The process linking unemployment and economic hardship to depression and marital or relationship satisfaction in couples was examined...
  87. ncbi Suicide and unemployment rate in Taiwan, a population-based study, 1978-2006
    Vincent Chin Hung Chen
    Department of Psychiatry, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 45:447-52. 2010
    Both the suicide rate and unemployment rate have showed an upward trend in Taiwan since 1994. This study aimed to explore the association between the suicide rate and the unemployment rate...
  88. ncbi Perceived cognitive function in coronary artery disease--an unrecognised predictor of unemployment
    Anna Kiessling
    Centre for Clinical Education, Karolinska Institute at Danderyd University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Qual Life Res 14:1481-8. 2005
    ..We aimed to assess whether perceived cognitive function influences employment and return to work in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD)...
  89. ncbi Mental health among the unemployed and the unemployment rate in the municipality
    Mattias Strandh
    Department of Sociology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Eur J Public Health 21:799-805. 2011
    Previous research has shown that unemployment experiences increase the risk of poor mental health and that this effect differs depending on individual characteristics...
  90. ncbi Disability, distress and unemployment in neurology outpatients with symptoms 'unexplained by organic disease'
    A Carson
    School of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 82:810-3. 2011
    ..To determine the disability, distress and employment status of new neurology outpatients with physical symptoms unexplained by organic disease and to compare them with patients with symptoms explained by organic disease...
  91. ncbi Macro determinants of cause-specific injury mortality in the OECD countries: an exploration of the importance of GDP and unemployment
    Sana Muazzam
    Injury Control Research Center, West Virginia University, PO Box 9151, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
    J Community Health 36:574-82. 2011
    Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and unemployment has a strong documented impact on injury mortality...
  92. ncbi Diffusion of an economic development policy innovation: explaining the international spread of casino gambling
    Brian Richard
    University of Southern Mississippi, 118 College Drive, 5022, Hattiesburg, MS 39406, USA
    J Gambl Stud 26:287-300. 2010
    ..This study found that economic development needs, as measured by general unemployment rates, were associated with the casino legalization decisions of national governments...
  93. ncbi Coping and emotional distress in a sample of Swedish unemployed
    G Grossi
    Department of Biological Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden
    Scand J Psychol 40:157-65. 1999
    ..All variables were measured with a questionnaire comprising sociodemographic background, length of unemployment, financial strain, coping style ("Ways of Coping Checklist"), and emotional distress (Hopkins Symptom Check ..
  94. ncbi Does drinking really decrease in bad times?
    Christopher J Ruhm
    Joseph M Bryan School of Business and Economics, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 27402 6165, USA
    J Health Econ 21:659-78. 2002
    ..These results suggest that any stress-induced increases in drinking during bad economic times are more than offset by declines resulting from changes in economic factors such as lower incomes...
  95. ncbi Inequalities in daily variations of deaths from suicide in Lithuania: identification of possible risk factors
    Ramune Kalediene
    Department of Social Medicine, Kaunas University of Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 34:138-46. 2004
    ..Developing market economy and rising unemployment did not increase daily variation in suicides.
  96. ncbi Effects of short- and long-term unemployment on physical work capacity and on serum cortisol
    Richard Maier
    Department of Occupational Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Wahringer Gurtel 18 20, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 79:193-8. 2006
    To investigate whether a decrease in physical working capacity occurs during the first year of unemployment and if this is accompanied by a deterioration in mental health.
  97. pmc The influence of past unemployment duration on symptoms of depression among young women and men in the United States
    Krysia N Mossakowski
    Department of Sociology, University of Miami, 5202 University Drive, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1826-32. 2009
    I examined whether unemployment while looking for a job and being out of the labor force while not seeking work have distinct effects on symptoms of depression among young women and men in the United States...
  98. ncbi Major depressive episode related to long unemployment and frequent alcohol intoxication
    Juha Hämäläinen
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Mental Health and Alcohol Research, Helsinki, Finland
    Nord J Psychiatry 59:486-91. 2005
    We studied the association between two major problems--unemployment and major depressive episode--and the impact of different timing of periods of unemployment and risk factors, especially alcohol intoxication, for major depressive ..
  99. ncbi Coping with employment uncertainty: a comparison of employed and unemployed workers
    Janet Mantler
    Department of Psychology, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    J Occup Health Psychol 10:200-9. 2005
    ....
  100. ncbi Depression and control beliefs in relation to reemployment: what are the directions of effect?
    E M Ginexi
    Center for Family Research, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    J Occup Health Psychol 5:323-36. 2000
    ..Instead, they predicted early reemployment. These processes varied according to reemployment type and time period. Implications for intervention and for stress and coping theory are discussed...
  101. ncbi The impact of unemployment on school leavers' perception of health. Mediating effect of financial situation and social contacts?
    Maria Bacikova-Sleskova
    Department of Pedagogical Psychology and Health Psychology, Faculty of Arts, PJ Safarik University, Kosice, Slovakia
    Int J Public Health 52:180-7. 2007
    The main purpose of this paper is to explore whether unemployment influences adolescents' subjective perception of health and whether perceived financial stress and social contacts can mediate the effect of employment status on health...

Research Grants78

  1. Developing a prediction model for vincristine-induced peripheral neuropathy
    Jamie L Renbarger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..1 % unemployment rate relative to the US unemployment rate of 8.9%. This is an 89...
  2. Ontogenic factors in adolescent-emergent depression and decision-making
    SHANNON LEIGH GOURLEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..than for adults, and depression onset in adolescence increases the risk of smoking, obesity, substance abuse, unemployment, and depression recurrence across the lifespan...
  3. Does Violence Against Women result in disparities in cancer care for women with b
    Ann L Coker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..VAW frequently co-occurs with social factors leading to health disparities including unemployment, less education and minority race...
  4. Miami Womens Interagency HIV Study WIHS
    Lisa R Metsch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..therapy;and the interplay of crack cocaine use and associated co-occurring epidemics (mental health, poverty, unemployment and interpersonal violence with uptake of optimal antiretroviral therapy and engagement and retention in care...
  5. The Demography of Prisoner Reentry: Residential Moves & Changing Social Contexts
    JEFFREY D contact MORENOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Neighborhoods with high unemployment, poverty and crime rates are likely to have fewer resources that address the health and economic needs of ..
  6. Errorless Learning and Social Cognition Training for Work Rehabilitation
    Robert S Kern; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Veterans with schizophrenia have exceedingly high rates of unemployment, which is a major public health issue...
  7. Stress and Type 2 Diabetes among Indigenous Adults
    Melissa L Walls; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This population also copes with disproportionate stressors including economic disadvantage, unemployment, community violence, discrimination, and the long- term effects of historical cultural traumas and losses...
  8. Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation for Epilepsy
    Christopher DeGiorgio; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Poorly controlled epilepsy is disabling, and leads to unemployment, recurrent injury, and a high risk of death...
  9. Measurement-Based Telehealth Care of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
    JACOB T KEAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and medical needs from both persistent deficits and problems that develop in later life, including increased risk of suicide, homelessness, unemployment, marital discord, neurodegenerative diseases, and reduced community participation.
  10. Economic Contraction and Alcohol-Related Suicides: A Multilevel Analysis
    Mark S Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..There is substantial evidence indicating the impact of contracting economies, particularly levels of unemployment, on suicide mortality risk...
  11. Parent Education and Resources for Self-Injurious Youth
    Janis L Whitlock; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..5 billion, with the overall costs of mental illness significantly higher (e.g., disability, unemployment). Each year, about 4...
  12. Unemployment in Multiple Sclerosis : The Role of Personality, Coping and Health
    LAUREN BETH STROBER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Unemployment is a particularly pressing issue in MS, with rates as high as 80%...
  13. Vulnerability to Health Effects of Wildfires under a Changing Climate in Western
    Michelle L Bell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., unemployment) at the zip-code level with PM2.5 from forest fires...
  14. Prevention of Complications of Hemophilia Through HTCs
    ROBINA INGRAM RICH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the impact of less ambient vitamin D on joint disease and bone health/density;and 4) the relationship between perceived ability to engage in activity, actual level of activity, unemployment due to disability, pain and quality of life.
  15. Stress and Drug Use Vulnerability in the African American Community
    Ezemenari M Obasi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..many of the risk factors associated with the onset of drug abuse: familial risk, deprived social environment, unemployment, substandard education, low-to-no socioeconomic status, and enduring exposure to experiences of racism and ..
  16. Role of TIEG1 in Foxp3+Treg development and tumor progression
    VENUPRASAD K POOJARY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition it complies with the spirit of the Challenge Grant as it will necessitate the hiring of new employees, especially in Detroit, Michigan which suffers from the highest unemployment rate in the country.
  17. Macroeconomic Conditions and Marital Dissolution
    MELINDA SANDLER MORRILL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of years since marriage and time-varying measures of local macroeconomic conditions such as the state-level unemployment rate in each year and we will incorporate unobserved individual heterogeneity as in Heckman and Singer (1984)...
  18. Social, Familial, Neighborhood Factors and Drinking in Puerto Rico
    Glorisa J Canino; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..economic recession on drinking behavior and associated consequences by examining the association between unemployment and underemployment, stress, depression, drinking, alcohol-related problems, abuse and dependence;3) Expanding ..
  19. Peer Group Influences and Ethnic Differences in Academic Achievement
    Mylien T Duong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2005), unemployment, and health and mental health problems (Vander Stoep, Weiss, Kuo, Cheney, &Cohen, 2003)...
  20. Novel 31P MRS Approach for Measuring Abnormal Bioenergetics in Schizophrenia
    Fei Du; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and disabling brain disorder which causes significant social or occupational dysfunction, such as long-term unemployment, poverty and homelessness...
  21. Pain Mechanisms for New Onset and Chronic HIV Distal Neuropathic Pain
    John R Keltner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..HIV DNP is treatment- resistant and is associated with impaired daily function, unemployment, and worse life quality...
  22. Health Promotion Coaching/Vaccine for Homeless Parolees
    Adeline M Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..combined with substance use and abuse and must contend with unstable housing situations, disorganized lives, unemployment, and limited access to health care and social services...
  23. Veteran Reintegration, Mental Health and Substance Use in the Inner-City
    ANDREW L GOLUB; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., homelessness, unemployment, family distress)...
  24. Using CBPR to Address HIV Risk in Heterosexual Black Men: The MEN Count Program
    Anita Raj; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Recent research indicates that social factors, poverty, unemployment and homelessness, facilitate HIV risk among Black men but have rarely been addressed via HIV intervention...
  25. Dancing Dots Music Touch TTT: Multi-modal Teaching System for Blind musicians. T
    WILLIAM R MCCANN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by the National Federation of the Blind and others have shown that although as a group there is 70 percent unemployment among the blind, 80 percent of those blind people who are employed read braille...
  26. Treatment Retention Strategies in Transition Age Youth
    Maryann Davis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..have alarmingly poor functioning;high rates of homelessness (30%), arrests (60%), school dropout (42%), and unemployment (see1). These problems could be reduced by good mental health (MH) treatment...
  27. Tailored Activity Pacing for Chronic Low Back Pain
    Susan L Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the most common type of pain reported by veterans, and contributes to an array of negative effects, including unemployment, functional impairment, and reduced quality of life...
  28. Unemployment, the Great Recession, Fragile Families and Child Development
    IRWIN GARFINKEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This proposal seeks funds to study the short-term effects of aggregate unemployment-particularly high unemployment resulting from the "Great Recession"-on family resources and child development...
  29. HBV Prevention for Homeless at Risk for HBV/HCV/HIV
    Adeline M Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..SAs), including MA and cocaine/crack are commonly used by homeless MSM, who contend with disorganized lives, unemployment, and little access to health and social services;thus, HBV vaccination is particularly challenging in this ..
  30. Structural Pathways for South African Men to Reduce Substance Abuse &HIV
    Mary Jane Rotheram; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Young men aged 18-25 years in South Africa face the intersecting epidemics of HIV, alcohol and drug abuse, and unemployment. This R34 is designed to reduce young men's risk by addressing three problems with existing evidence-based ..
  31. Diffusion Tensor Imaging to Define CNS Injury in Children with Brain Tumors
    MARY BARON NELSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..children have learning disabilities and low IQs, leading to lower educational attainment, higher likelihood of unemployment, lower rates of marriage and parenthood and higher rates of divorce and interpersonal relationship problems...
  32. A Systems Level Intervention for Unemployed Persons with Social Anxiety Disorder
    Joseph A Himle; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..2000), lowered educational attainment &early school dropout (Stein &Kean, 2000), increased unemployment (Heimberg et al.,1990a), financial dependence (Scheier et al, 1992), and reduced income (Magee et al., 1996)...
  33. Impact of Increasing Adolescent Depression Literacy on Treatment-Seeking Behavior
    Holly C Wilcox; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with increased risk for Major depression during adulthood, substance dependence, educational underachievement, unemployment, and early parenthood...
  34. Evaluating a Structural and Behavioral HIV Risk Reduction Program for Black Men
    Jay G Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..sex with a woman in the past 30 days and 2+ female sex partners in the past 6 months] and either current unemployment or homeless in the past 6 months...
  35. Timing of Marriage and Women's Economic Empowerment in Egypt
    Kathryn M Yount; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..METHODS We will use community level measures of the unemployment rate among never married men, timing of marriage, assets brought to marriage, and cost of marriage as ..
  36. Shame as a Risk Factor for Severe and Costly Outcomes in Body Dysmorphic Disorder
    Hilary Weingarden; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Most notably, the degree of unemployment, social dysfunction, comorbid major depressive disorder, and suicidality appear higher in BDD than in most ..
  37. The Financial Crisis: Economic and Health Effects
    SUSANN ROHWEDDER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Thus the study will relate changes in health to wealth changes and to expectations about unemployment and other stresses...
  38. Prevalence and Health Status of Cancer Survivors in the Rural US
    KATHRYN ELIZABETH WEAVER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..self-reported health, prevalence of comorbid medical conditions, psychological distress, and health-related unemployment. Analyses will be conducted using data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), an annual in person ..
  39. Comparison of the Effectiveness of CAM Therapies in Pediatric Patients Undergoing
    AMBIKA contact MATHUR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..additional effort by 4 faculty members at the WSU in the city of Detroit and the state of Michigan where the unemployment rate of 11.9% is the highest in the country. The job multiplicity factor for this region is 1...
  40. Secondary Analysis of Functional Family Therapy in a Child Welfare Organization
    CHARLES WAYNE TURNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Due to decreased funding and increased unemployment and poverty, child welfare agencies are being overwhelmed by the challenges of providing services to meet the ..
  41. A Metacognition-based Approach to Improve HAND Among Methamphetamine Users
    KAITLIN CASALETTO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Despite the high risk for and economic burden of HAND-related disability (e.g., unemployment), there are currently no empirically validated techniques to treat HAND among MA users...
  42. Genetic causes of developmental speech sound disorder in families
    Sudha K Iyengar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..influence the realization and sustenance of professional careers, and these individuals tend to have higher unemployment rates, and lower earning potential...
  43. Psychotic disorders in an African setting: Incidence, early course, and treatment
    Ezra S Susser; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The tribal chiefs play a key role in community life in parallel with formal government authorities. The unemployment rate is about 45%. More than one third of the population age 15-34 years is HIV positive...
  44. Health/Human Capital Investimates- Long-term impact: Randomized Experiments Kenya
    EDWARD ANDREW MIGUEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of "successful" adulthood transitions for adolescents in a setting characterized by high poverty rates, unemployment, fertility, and disease burdens...
  45. Social Consequences of Mental Disorders: A Ten-Year Follow-up Study
    Ramin Mojtabai; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..between common mental disorders and adverse social outcomes such as school drop-out, teen pregnancy, unemployment, marital instability and impairment in role functioning...
  46. The Virtual Reality Functional Capacity Assessment Tool (VRFCAT) Validation Study
    Richard S Keefe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Schizophrenia is a devastating and costly mental illness with direct and unemployment costs approaching $95 billion per year. Cognitive impairments affect the majority of patients with schizophrenia...
  47. Finding Strength in Culture: A Video Series for American Indian Parents
    Betsy Davis; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..history pressing on American Indian families are reflected in research indicating weakened family connections, unemployment, poverty, isolation, and oppression, all of which can serve as powerful explanatory factors for a child's ..
  48. HPA axis reactivity to stress in chronic cocaine users and healthy controls
    JESSICA MARGARET RICHARDS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..prevalent problem associated with a number of costly social and economic consequences including increased unemployment, homelessness, crime, and transmission of STDs including HIV...
  49. MAGNESIUM SULFATE FOR NEUROPROTECTION AFTER BRAIN TRAUMA
    Nancy Temkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The trials and outcome studies found that epileptic seizures, serious cognitive difficulties, high unemployment, and inability to live independently are common among survivors of moderate or severe head injury the ongoing ..
  50. Functional Comparison of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Oligodendrocytes i
    PAUL JOSEPH TESAR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Individuals with schizophrenia experience very severe symptoms and are at an increased risk for suicide, unemployment, permanent disability, and homelessness...
  51. Functional Comparison of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Oligodendrocytes i
    PAUL JOSEPH TESAR; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Individuals with schizophrenia experience very severe symptoms and are at an increased risk for suicide, unemployment, permanent disability, and homelessness...
  52. Providing Hospice Care for Children: An Organizational Study
    Lisa Lindley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..eliminating hospice care from Medicaid programs, while others have trimmed services and delayed payments;and as unemployment worsens, more families are losing their employer-sponsored health insurance, including hospice benefits (..
  53. Attention Training for Major Depressive Disorder
    Christopher G Beevers; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..is a common, recurrent, and impairing condition that predicts future suicide attempts, interpersonal problems, unemployment, substance abuse, and delinquency...
  54. Negative Working Conditions and Health Across the Career
    Sarah A Burgard; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..negative working conditions including job strain (high demands combined with low control), job insecurity and unemployment, and low job satisfaction have been linked to poor health...
  55. Online Training Support System for Community-Based Substance Abuse Agencies
    JAIME LYNN HOUSTON MULLIGAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..school dropout, and hard drug use during adolescence predicts decreased college involvement as well as links to unemployment and job instability in young adulthood...
  56. CHIMC: Take Control - IMMUNIZE!
    Earnestine Willis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In the targeted area, there are 35,036 households;primarily low-income families experiencing high unemployment. Children, ages 19-35 months, residing in the targeted zip codes had an immunization rate range: 31.24% to 35...
  57. Data for Analyzing Cognitive Ability in National Longitudinal Stuty of Youth
    DAN A BLACK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..young, and also have data on such outcomes as completed education, occupational choice, income, employment and unemployment, location of residence, criminal activity, marriage and fertility, criminality, and more...
  58. Enhancing Community-Linked Research in Wyandotte County
    K Allen Greiner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Wyandotte County is a 'majority minority'county with high rates of poverty, unemployment, poor access to healthcare and excessive morbidity and mortality...
  59. Project WINNERS: Wisconsin Network for New Employment and Research Support
    Barbara J Bowers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and expand statewide, through established networks, to WI communities experiencing health disparities and unemployment. Aims will be achieved in mutually reinforcing way, embedded in established infrastructures, articulated with ..
  60. Prospective Memory in HIV-1 Infection
    Steven P Woods; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..strategic aspects of PM, which are strongly and independently predictive of HIV-related disability, including unemployment and cART non-adherence...
  61. A Dismantling Study of Cognitive Remediation for Supported Employment
    Susan R McGurk; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..significant promise for reducing the disability, costs, poor quality of life, and social stigma associated with unemployment in SMI;for increasing the potency of SE, the only evidence- based practice for improving work in this ..
  62. Preventing Substance Use and Risky Behavior Among Rural African American Youth
    Gene H Brody; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in small towns and communities in rural Georgia, in which poverty rates are among the highest in the nation and unemployment rates are above the national average...
  63. NATIONAL WORKSHOP 'BLACK DENTISTRY IN THE 21ST CENTURY
    Michael Razzoog; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Increasing unemployment in the black community, pro-competition in health care, cutback in established health programs that have ..
  64. NATIONAL WORKSHOP ON BLACK DENTISTRY IN THE 21ST CENTURY
    Michael Razzoog; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Increasing unemployment in the Black community, pro-competition in health care, cutback in established health programs that have ..
  65. NC-AINSCO (American Indian Network Study of Clinical Ou*
    Bonnie Yankaskas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The county is also one of the most rural and most economically deprived counties in the state,-with a 10% unemployment rate...
  66. Medicaid cutbacks and clients with severe mental illness
    Bentson McFarland; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Beginning in 2000, Oregon faced substantial unemployment associated with declines in manufacturing, exports, and high technology...
  67. REDUCING CERVICAL CANCER MORTALITY IN WEST VIRGINIA
    Kenneth Simon; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..population in this region is special by virtue of its relatively high cervical cancer mortality, poverty, and unemployment rates...
  68. Reaction and Adaptation to Major Life Events
    Richard Lucas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..show that although people adapt to marriage and widowhood, they seem to be permanently affected by divorce, unemployment, and the onset of disability...
  69. Working Memory Performance among Childhood Brain Tumor Survivors
    HEATHER CONKLIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of cognitive functioning, including intellectual functioning, which are associated with academic failure, high unemployment rates and a reduced quality of life...
  70. EFFECTS OF POVERTY ENVIRONMENTS ON ELDERLY WELL BEING
    Valerie Brown; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..environments and associated negative area social conditions (high rates of: juvenile delinquency; crime; unemployment; female head of house; welfare assistance; and teenage pregnancy; poor housing quality and age heterogeneity) ..
  71. REDUCING BIAS--THE COMMON INGROUP IDENTITY MODEL
    SAMUEL GAERTNER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..to majority as well as to minority groups involve the loss of human and financial resources as the result of unemployment, poverty, crime, drugs, ill-health, and personal, social and family dysfunction (see Bowser & Hunt, 1981; ..
  72. ECONOMIC CONDITIONS AND DRINKING BEHAVIOR
    CHRISTOPHER RUHM; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Alcohol consumption may also be influenced by macroeconomic conditions. Local or national downturns raise unemployment, reduce job security, and decrease earnings. The resulting effects on drinking are ambiguous...
  73. THE ILLINOIS FAMILIES STUDY: CHILD WELL-BEING
    Jane Holl; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..health, and domestic violence and will gather, quarterly administrative data about use of welfare, Medicaid, unemployment, and social services...
  74. Anger Assessment and Intervention in Rural Youth
    Kathryn Puskar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..One in six rural families live in poverty; high unemployment, bioterrorism, and other economic pressures put stress on teens, leading to increased risk for anxiety, ..
  75. NEIGHBORHOOD EFFECTS ON THE YOUNG ADULT LIFE COURSE
    SCOTT SOUTH; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of the socioeconomic and demographic status of the respondents' neighborhoods, such as the poverty rate, the unemployment rate, racial composition, and the availability of marriageable men...
  76. Marriage, Birth and Divorce After Terrorist Attack
    CATHERINE COHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..g., an increase in birth rates?) Second, did increases in unemployment rates in and around the New York City and Washington D.C...
  77. Social and built environment and race/ethnic variations in cancer outcomes
    SCARLETT GOMEZ; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..will create measures of social and built environments using geodata from publicly-available Census, business, unemployment, and medical facility databases and incorporate these measures into a GIS with geocoded cancer incidence and ..
  78. Asthma Education Conference for Tribal Health Officers Serving the Aberdeen Area
    David Osterberg; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In the social environment, many American Indians are living in conditions of extreme poverty, with high unemployment and lower educational attainment, adding further weight to the physical and financial burdens of childhood ..