world health

Summary

Summary: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Depression, chronic diseases, and decrements in health: results from the World Health Surveys
    Saba Moussavi
    Department of Measurement and Health Information Systems, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 370:851-8. 2007
  2. ncbi Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of disease
    Majid Ezzati
    Risk, Resources and Environmental Management Division, Resources for the Future, Washington, DC, USA
    Lancet 360:1347-60. 2002
  3. doi Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) 2008 update (in collaboration with the World Health Organization, GA(2)LEN and AllerGen)
    J Bousquet
    University Hospital and INSERM, Hopital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, France
    Allergy 63:8-160. 2008
  4. ncbi The growing burden of tuberculosis: global trends and interactions with the HIV epidemic
    Elizabeth L Corbett
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England, UK
    Arch Intern Med 163:1009-21. 2003
  5. pmc Data resource profile: the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE)
    Paul Kowal
    WHO SAGE, Department of Health Statistics and Information Systems, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Int J Epidemiol 41:1639-49. 2012
  6. ncbi Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors, 2001: systematic analysis of population health data
    Alan D Lopez
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4006, Australia
    Lancet 367:1747-57. 2006
  7. ncbi Chagas disease: a Latin American health problem becoming a world health problem
    Gabriel A Schmunis
    Health Surveillance, Disease Prevention and Control, Pan American Health Organization, Regional Office of the World Health Organization, 525 23th Street N W, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Acta Trop 115:14-21. 2010
  8. ncbi Prevalence, severity, and unmet need for treatment of mental disorders in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys
    Koen Demyttenaere
    JAMA 291:2581-90. 2004
  9. ncbi Impact of regional climate change on human health
    Jonathan A Patz
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53726, USA
    Nature 438:310-7. 2005
  10. pmc Estimating the global clinical burden of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in 2007
    Simon I Hay
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 7:e1000290. 2010

Detail Information

Publications323 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Depression, chronic diseases, and decrements in health: results from the World Health Surveys
    Saba Moussavi
    Department of Measurement and Health Information Systems, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 370:851-8. 2007
    ..Depression is often comorbid with other chronic diseases and can worsen their associated health outcomes. Few studies have explored the effect of depression, alone or as a comorbidity, on overall health status...
  2. ncbi Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of disease
    Majid Ezzati
    Risk, Resources and Environmental Management Division, Resources for the Future, Washington, DC, USA
    Lancet 360:1347-60. 2002
    ..Our aim was to estimate the contributions of selected major risk factors to global and regional burden of disease in a unified framework...
  3. doi Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) 2008 update (in collaboration with the World Health Organization, GA(2)LEN and AllerGen)
    J Bousquet
    University Hospital and INSERM, Hopital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, France
    Allergy 63:8-160. 2008
  4. ncbi The growing burden of tuberculosis: global trends and interactions with the HIV epidemic
    Elizabeth L Corbett
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England, UK
    Arch Intern Med 163:1009-21. 2003
    ..The increasing global burden of tuberculosis (TB) is linked to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection...
  5. pmc Data resource profile: the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE)
    Paul Kowal
    WHO SAGE, Department of Health Statistics and Information Systems, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Int J Epidemiol 41:1639-49. 2012
    ..The World Health Organization's Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) aims to address the gap in reliable data and ..
  6. ncbi Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors, 2001: systematic analysis of population health data
    Alan D Lopez
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4006, Australia
    Lancet 367:1747-57. 2006
    ..Our aim was to calculate the global burden of disease and risk factors for 2001, to examine regional trends from 1990 to 2001, and to provide a starting point for the analysis of the Disease Control Priorities Project (DCPP)...
  7. ncbi Chagas disease: a Latin American health problem becoming a world health problem
    Gabriel A Schmunis
    Health Surveillance, Disease Prevention and Control, Pan American Health Organization, Regional Office of the World Health Organization, 525 23th Street N W, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Acta Trop 115:14-21. 2010
    ..cruzi infected donors. In addition, an infrastructure that assures detection and treatment of acute and chronic cases as well as congenital infection should be developed...
  8. ncbi Prevalence, severity, and unmet need for treatment of mental disorders in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys
    Koen Demyttenaere
    JAMA 291:2581-90. 2004
    ..Little is known about the extent or severity of untreated mental disorders, especially in less-developed countries...
  9. ncbi Impact of regional climate change on human health
    Jonathan A Patz
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53726, USA
    Nature 438:310-7. 2005
    The World Health Organisation estimates that the warming and precipitation trends due to anthropogenic climate change of the past 30 years already claim over 150,000 lives annually...
  10. pmc Estimating the global clinical burden of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in 2007
    Simon I Hay
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 7:e1000290. 2010
    ....
  11. ncbi The burden and costs of chronic diseases in low-income and middle-income countries
    Dele O Abegunde
    Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 370:1929-38. 2007
    ....
  12. ncbi Human resources for health: overcoming the crisis
    Lincoln Chen
    Global Equity Initiative, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Lancet 364:1984-90. 2004
    ..Alliances for action are recommended to strengthen the performance of all existing actors while expanding space and energy for fresh actors...
  13. pmc Counting the dead and what they died from: an assessment of the global status of cause of death data
    Colin D Mathers
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 83:171-7. 2005
    ..We sought to assess the current status of global data on death registration and to examine several indicators of data completeness and quality...
  14. ncbi An assessment of interactions between global health initiatives and country health systems
    Badara Samb
    World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 373:2137-69. 2009
    ..If adjustments to the interactions between GHIs and country health systems will improve efficiency, equity, value for money, and outcomes in global public health, then these opportunities should not be missed...
  15. ncbi Mind the gap: equity and trends in coverage of maternal, newborn, and child health services in 54 Countdown countries
    J Ties Boerma
    WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 371:1259-67. 2008
    ..We have assessed equity and trends in coverage rates of a key set of interventions through a summary index, to provide overall insight into past performance and progress perspectives...
  16. ncbi Trachoma: global magnitude of a preventable cause of blindness
    S P Mariotti
    Chronic Disease and Health Promotion Department, Prevention of Blindness and Deafness, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Br J Ophthalmol 93:563-8. 2009
    ..6 million were severely visually impaired or blind as a result of trachoma: this study provides an updated estimate of the global prevalence of trachoma based on the most recent information available...
  17. ncbi The World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative Version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI)
    Ronald C Kessler
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 13:93-121. 2004
    This paper presents an overview of the World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and a discussion of the methodological research on which ..
  18. pmc A world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2007
    Simon I Hay
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome TrustCollaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS Med 6:e1000048. 2009
    ..It is exactly 40 y since the last global map of malaria endemicity was published. This paper describes the generation of a new world map of Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity for the year 2007...
  19. pmc Global epidemiology of haemoglobin disorders and derived service indicators
    Bernadette Modell
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Community Control of Hereditary Disorders, UCL Centre for Health Informatics and Multiprofessional Education CHIME, Archway Campus, Highgate Hill, London N195LW, England
    Bull World Health Organ 86:480-7. 2008
    ..Carriers and at-risk couples should be informed of their risk and the options for reducing it. Screening for haemoglobin disorders should form part of basic health services in most countries...
  20. pmc Projections of global mortality and burden of disease from 2002 to 2030
    Colin D Mathers
    Evidence and Information for Policy Cluster, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 3:e442. 2006
    ..and priority setting, we have prepared new projections of mortality and burden of disease to 2030 starting from World Health Organization estimates of mortality and burden of disease for 2002...
  21. ncbi Applying an equity lens to child health and mortality: more of the same is not enough
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 362:233-41. 2003
    ..Equity must be a priority in the design of child survival interventions and delivery strategies, and mechanisms to ensure accountability at national and international levels must be developed...
  22. pmc Mortality from ischaemic heart disease by country, region, and age: statistics from World Health Organisation and United Nations
    Judith A Finegold
    International Centre for Circulatory Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, London, UK Electronic address
    Int J Cardiol 168:934-45. 2013
    Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. The World Health Organisation (WHO) collects mortality data coded using the International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD) code.
  23. pmc Global capacity for emerging infectious disease detection
    Emily H Chan
    Division of Health Sciences and Technology, HealthMap, Children s Hospital Informatics Program, Harvard Massachusetts Institute of Technology Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:21701-6. 2010
    ..greater communication and improved surveillance and reporting frameworks, especially with the revision of the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Health Regulations (IHR 2005), which went into force in 2007...
  24. ncbi Global patterns of mortality in young people: a systematic analysis of population health data
    George C Patton
    Centre for Adolescent Health and Murdoch Children s Research Institute, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    Lancet 374:881-92. 2009
    ..We analysed worldwide rates and patterns of mortality between early adolescence and young adulthood...
  25. ncbi Increased educational attainment and its effect on child mortality in 175 countries between 1970 and 2009: a systematic analysis
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 376:959-74. 2010
    ..We updated previous systematic assessments of educational attainment, and estimated the contribution of improvements in women's education to reductions in child mortality in the past 40 years...
  26. pmc Pandemic potential of a strain of influenza A (H1N1): early findings
    Christophe Fraser
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, Faculty of Medicine, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Science 324:1557-61. 2009
    ..Transmissibility is therefore substantially higher than that of seasonal flu, and comparable with lower estimates of R0 obtained from previous influenza pandemics...
  27. ncbi Reduction in child mortality in Niger: a Countdown to 2015 country case study
    Agbessi Amouzou
    Institute for International Programs, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 380:1169-78. 2012
    ..Countdown therefore invited Niger to do an in-depth analysis of their child survival programme between 1998 and 2009...
  28. ncbi Countdown to 2015 for maternal, newborn, and child survival: the 2008 report on tracking coverage of interventions
    Jennifer Bryce
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, USA
    Lancet 371:1247-58. 2008
    ..We aimed to report on 68 countries which have 97% of maternal and child deaths worldwide, and on 22 interventions that have been proven to improve maternal, newborn, and child survival...
  29. pmc Global magnitude of visual impairment caused by uncorrected refractive errors in 2004
    Serge Resnikoff
    Chronic Disease Prevention and Management, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 86:63-70. 2008
    ....
  30. ncbi The case for expanding access to highly active antiretroviral therapy to curb the growth of the HIV epidemic
    Julio S G Montaner
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Providence Health Care, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Lancet 368:531-6. 2006
  31. ncbi Soil-transmitted helminth infections: updating the global picture
    Nilanthi R de Silva
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, PO Box 6, Ragama, Sri Lanka
    Trends Parasitol 19:547-51. 2003
  32. pmc Measuring the burden of neglected tropical diseases: the global burden of disease framework
    Colin D Mathers
    Information, Evidence and Research Cluster, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 1:e114. 2007
    ..the methodological improvements incorporated into GBD revisions for the years 2000-2004 carried out by the World Health Organization, and examines priorities and issues for the next major GBD study, funded by the Bill & Melinda ..
  33. ncbi The World Health Organization's global strategy for prevention and assessment of HIV drug resistance
    Diane E Bennett
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Antivir Ther 13:1-13. 2008
    ..The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a minimum-resource strategy for prevention and assessment of HIVDR in resource-..
  34. ncbi Barriers to improvement of mental health services in low-income and middle-income countries
    Benedetto Saraceno
    Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 370:1164-74. 2007
    ..Population-wide progress in access to humane mental health care will depend on substantially more attention to politics, leadership, planning, advocacy, and participation...
  35. pmc Socioeconomic inequalities in risk factors for non communicable diseases in low-income and middle-income countries: results from the World Health Survey
    Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor
    Department of Health Statistics and Information Systems, World Health Organization, 20, Avenue Appia, Geneva, CH 1211, Switzerland
    BMC Public Health 12:912. 2012
    ....
  36. ncbi Health-system strengthening and tuberculosis control
    Rifat Atun
    Imperial College Business School, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Lancet 375:2169-78. 2010
    ..Highly varied and context-specific responses to tuberculosis show that solutions need to be documented and compared to develop evidence-based policies and practice...
  37. pmc The global distribution and population at risk of malaria: past, present, and future
    Simon I Hay
    TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 4:327-36. 2004
    ....
  38. ncbi Consensus statement. Global burden of tuberculosis: estimated incidence, prevalence, and mortality by country. WHO Global Surveillance and Monitoring Project
    C Dye
    Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    JAMA 282:677-86. 1999
    ..To estimate the risk and prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection and tuberculosis (TB) incidence, prevalence, and mortality, including disease attributable to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), for 212 countries in 1997...
  39. pmc Equity and adequacy of international donor assistance for global malaria control: an analysis of populations at risk and external funding commitments
    Robert W Snow
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    Lancet 376:1409-16. 2010
    ..We aimed to identify the unmet financial needs that would be biologically and economically equitable and would increase the chances of reaching worldwide malaria-control ambitions...
  40. ncbi Effectiveness and costs of interventions to lower systolic blood pressure and cholesterol: a global and regional analysis on reduction of cardiovascular-disease risk
    Christopher J L Murray
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, 27, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 361:717-25. 2003
    ....
  41. pmc Measuring malaria endemicity from intense to interrupted transmission
    Simon I Hay
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:369-78. 2008
    ..These considerations are also important to an international community that has recently been challenged to revaluate the prospects for malaria eradication...
  42. pmc Surveillance Sans Frontières: Internet-based emerging infectious disease intelligence and the HealthMap project
    John S Brownstein
    Children s Hospital Informatics Program at the Harvard MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 5:e151. 2008
  43. ncbi A scandal of invisibility: making everyone count by counting everyone
    Philip W Setel
    Lancet 370:1569-77. 2007
  44. ncbi 2002 global update of available data on visual impairment: a compilation of population-based prevalence studies
    D Pascolini
    WHO Programme for the Prevention of Blindness and Deafness, Geneva, Switzerland
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 11:67-115. 2004
    ..The Data Bank has now been updated to include studies conducted since the last update in 1994...
  45. ncbi Scale up services for mental disorders: a call for action
    D Chisholm
    Lancet 370:1241-52. 2007
    ..This Series has provided the evidence for advocacy. Now we need political will and solidarity, above all from the global health community, to translate this evidence into action. The time to act is now...
  46. ncbi Newborn survival in low resource settings--are we delivering?
    J E Lawn
    Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children USA, Cape Town 7405, South Africa
    BJOG 116:49-59. 2009
    ..There are promising models that have been tested mainly in research studies in Asia that are now being adapted and evaluated at scale including through a network of African implementation research trials...
  47. pmc Global socioeconomic impact of cystic echinococcosis
    Christine M Budke
    University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:296-303. 2006
    ..This initial valuation demonstrates the necessity for increased monitoring and global control of CE...
  48. pmc Twelve-month prevalence of and risk factors for suicide attempts in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys
    Guilherme Borges
    National Institute of Psychiatry, Mexico City, Mexico
    J Clin Psychiatry 71:1617-28. 2010
    ....
  49. pmc Ethics and best practice guidelines for training experiences in global health
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:1178-82. 2010
    ..The Working Group on Ethics Guidelines for Global Health Training encourages efforts to develop and implement a means of assessing the potential benefits and harms of global health training programs...
  50. pmc The inherited diseases of hemoglobin are an emerging global health burden
    David J Weatherall
    Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Blood 115:4331-6. 2010
    ..The situation will only be improved by concerted action on the part of the hematology community of the richer countries together with input from the major international health organizations and funding agencies...
  51. ncbi Worldwide variability in physical inactivity a 51-country survey
    Regina Guthold
    Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Prev Med 34:486-94. 2008
    ..Physical inactivity is an important risk factor for chronic diseases, but for many (mainly developing) countries, no prevalence data have ever been published...
  52. ncbi Improving child survival through environmental and nutritional interventions: the importance of targeting interventions toward the poor
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    JAMA 298:1876-87. 2007
    ..A critical but underinvestigated question for planning and allocating resources toward the MDGs is how interventions related to one MDG might affect progress toward other goals...
  53. ncbi Preparing for the next pandemic
    Michael T Osterholm
    Infectious Disease Research and Policy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:1839-42. 2005
  54. pmc International Spanish/English Internet smoking cessation trial yields 20% abstinence rates at 1 year
    RICARDO F MUNOZ
    Department of Psychiatry at San Francisco General Hospital, Latino Mental Health Research Program, and Internet World Health Research Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 11:1025-34. 2009
    ..Evidence-based Internet interventions with comparable abstinence rates could be a powerful global tool to reduce tobacco-related morbidity and mortality...
  55. pmc Community case management of pneumonia: at a tipping point?
    David R Marsh
    Save the Children USA, Amherst, MA, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 86:381-9. 2008
    ....
  56. ncbi Expansion of cancer care and control in countries of low and middle income: a call to action
    Paul Farmer
    Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Lancet 376:1186-93. 2010
    ....
  57. ncbi Are we there yet? Preparing Canadian medical students for global health electives
    Kelly C Anderson
    St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Med 87:206-9. 2012
    ..To understand the current landscape and the evolution of predeparture training (PDT) in Canadian medical education...
  58. ncbi Oral cancer prevention and control--the approach of the World Health Organization
    Poul Erik Petersen
    Global Oral Health Programme, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Oral Oncol 45:454-60. 2009
    ..In 2007, the World Health Assembly (WHA) passed a resolution on oral health for the first time in 25 years, which also considers oral ..
  59. ncbi Achieving health equity: from root causes to fair outcomes
    Michael Marmot
    Lancet 370:1153-63. 2007
    ..These cries are forming a global movement. The Commission on Social Determinants of Health places action to ensure fair health at the head and the heart of that movement...
  60. pmc The global burden of diarrhoeal disease, as estimated from studies published between 1992 and 2000
    Margaret Kosek
    Division of Geographic and International Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 81:197-204. 2003
    ..There has not been a concurrent decrease in morbidity rates attributable to diarrhoea. As population growth is focused in the poorest areas, the total morbidity component of the disease burden is greater than previously...
  61. ncbi The global fight against HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria: current status and future perspectives
    Marco Vitoria
    World Health Organization, HIV Dept, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Pathol 131:844-8. 2009
    ..Investment in strategic information and public health laboratory network capacity strengthening are key actions to expand services to successfully address those diseases in heavily impacted countries...
  62. ncbi Emerging flaviviruses: the spread and resurgence of Japanese encephalitis, West Nile and dengue viruses
    John S Mackenzie
    Australian Biosecurity Cooperative Research Centre, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia
    Nat Med 10:S98-109. 2004
    ....
  63. pmc Self-reported health assessments in the 2002 World Health Survey: how do they correlate with education?
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 88:131-8. 2010
    ..To assess the value of self-rated health assessments by examining the association between education and self-rated poor health...
  64. pmc Setting priorities in global child health research investments: assessment of principles and practice
    Igor Rudan
    Split University School of Medicine, Split, Croatia
    Croat Med J 48:595-604. 2007
    ..This prioritization requires a process that is transparent, systematic, and that would take into account many perspectives and build on advantages of previous approaches...
  65. pmc Global health competencies and approaches in medical education: a literature review
    Robert Battat
    Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    BMC Med Educ 10:94. 2010
    ..Physicians today are increasingly faced with healthcare challenges that require an understanding of global health trends and practices, yet little is known about what constitutes appropriate global health training...
  66. ncbi Primary health care: making Alma-Ata a reality
    John Walley
    Nuffield Centre for Health and Development, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Lancet 372:1001-7. 2008
    ..Progress should be measured and accountability assured. We prioritise research questions and suggest actions and measures for stakeholders both locally and globally, which are required to revitalise primary health care...
  67. pmc Carbapenemases: the versatile beta-lactamases
    Anne Marie Queenan
    Johnson and Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L L C, Raritan, NJ 08869, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 20:440-58, table of contents. 2007
    ..This review updates the characteristics, epidemiology, and detection of the carbapenemases found in pathogenic bacteria...
  68. ncbi Lymphatic filariasis: Treatment, control and elimination
    Eric A Ottesen
    Lymphatic Filariasis Support Centre, The Task Force for Child Survival and Development, 750 Commerce Drive Decatur, GA 30030, USA
    Adv Parasitol 61:395-441. 2006
    ....
  69. ncbi Health statistics now: are we making the right investments?
    J Ties Boerma
    Evidence and Information for Policy, WHO, 1211 CH Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Lancet 369:779-86. 2007
    ....
  70. pmc 3.2 million stillbirths: epidemiology and overview of the evidence review
    Joy E Lawn
    Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children US, Cape Town, South Africa
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:S2. 2009
    ..This first paper in the series outlines issues in stillbirth data availability and quality, the global epidemiology of stillbirths, and describes the methodology and framework used for the review of interventions and strategies...
  71. pmc Socioeconomic inequality in smoking in low-income and middle-income countries: results from the World Health Survey
    Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor
    Department of Health Statistics and Information Systems, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 7:e42843. 2012
    ..To assess the magnitude and pattern of socioeconomic inequality in current smoking in low and middle income countries...
  72. ncbi Socio-economic inequality in oral healthcare coverage: results from the World Health Survey
    A R Hosseinpoor
    World Health Organization, Department of Health statistics and informatics, 20, Avenue Appia, Geneva, 1211, Switzerland
    J Dent Res 91:275-81. 2012
    ..Data on 60,332 adults aged 18 years or older were analyzed from 52 countries participating in the 2002-2004 World Health Survey...
  73. ncbi Enlarging the "Audacious Goal": elimination of the world's high prevalence neglected tropical diseases
    Peter Hotez
    Sabin Vaccine Institute and Department of Pediatrics and Molecular Virology and Microbiology, and National School of Tropical Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA
    Vaccine 29:D104-10. 2011
    ..The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that in 2008 some 670 million people in 75 countries received NTD treatments ..
  74. ncbi Global health education for pediatric residents: a national survey
    Melanie Anspacher
    Pediatric Hospitalist Division, Children s National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010, USA
    Pediatrics 128:e959-65. 2011
    ..To assess exposure to global health (GH) training, future plans to work or volunteer abroad, and the importance of GH training in program selection among graduating pediatric residents...
  75. ncbi Educational effects of international health electives on U.S. and Canadian medical students and residents: a literature review
    Matthew J Thompson
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195 4696, USA
    Acad Med 78:342-7. 2003
    ..IHEs are a popular component of many medical school and residency program curricula, and are reported to provide benefits in knowledge, skills, and attitudes...
  76. pmc Mapping global health research investments, time for new thinking--a Babel Fish for research data
    Robert F Terry
    Public Health, Innovation and Intellectual Property, World Health Organization, Avenue Appia, Geneva, CH 1211, Switzerland
    Health Res Policy Syst 10:28. 2012
    ..We propose a feasibility study to develop a system that can translate and map the diverse research classification systems into a common standard, allowing the targeting of scarce research investments to where they are needed most...
  77. ncbi The World Health Organization Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care and their consensus recommendations
    Didier Pittet
    Infection Control Program, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 30:611-22. 2009
    The World Health Organization's Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care have been issued by WHO Patient Safety on 5 May 2009 on the occasion of the launch of the Save Lives: Clean Your Hands initiative...
  78. pmc Grand challenges in global health: community engagement in research in developing countries
    Paulina O Tindana
    Navrongo Health Research Centre in Navrongo, Ghana
    PLoS Med 4:e273. 2007
  79. ncbi Global policy for improvement of oral health in the 21st century--implications to oral health research of World Health Assembly 2007, World Health Organization
    Poul Erik Petersen
    World Health Organization, Department of Chronic Disease and Health Promotion, Geneva, Switzerland
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 37:1-8. 2009
    The World Health Organization (WHO) Global Oral Health Programme has worked hard over the past 5 years to increase the awareness of oral health worldwide as oral health is important component of general health and quality of life...
  80. ncbi Infectious disease surveillance and modelling across geographic frontiers and scientific specialties
    Kamran Khan
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Lancet Infect Dis 12:222-30. 2012
    ....
  81. pmc Epidemiological methods in diarrhoea studies--an update
    Wolf Peter Schmidt
    Department for Disease Control, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 40:1678-92. 2011
    ..Challenges include the diagnosis based on self-reported symptoms, the logistical burden of intensive surveillance and the variability of diarrhoea in space, time and person...
  82. pmc Malaria eradication back on the table
    Marcel Tanner
    Bull World Health Organ 86:82. 2008
  83. pmc Update on World Health Organization HIV drug resistance prevention and assessment strategy: 2004-2011
    M R Jordan
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Clin Infect Dis 54:S245-9. 2012
    The HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) prevention and assessment strategy, developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in partnership with HIVResNet, includes monitoring of HIVDR early warning indicators, surveys to assess acquired and ..
  84. pmc No cry at birth: global estimates of intrapartum stillbirths and intrapartum-related neonatal deaths
    Joy Lawn
    Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children, International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 83:409-17. 2005
    ..7 to 1.2 million. Estimates for intrapartum stillbirths are not available. We aimed to estimate the numbers of intrapartum-related neonatal deaths and intrapartum stillbirths in the year 2000...
  85. ncbi Vaccine-derived polioviruses and the endgame strategy for global polio eradication
    Olen M Kew
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Annu Rev Microbiol 59:587-635. 2005
    As the global eradication of wild poliovirus nears, the World Health Organization (WHO) is addressing challenges unprecedented in public health...
  86. pmc Estimating the burden of disease from water, sanitation, and hygiene at a global level
    Annette Prüss
    World Health Organization, Protection of the Human Environment, Geneva, Switzerland
    Environ Health Perspect 110:537-42. 2002
    ..This significant and avoidable burden suggests that it should be a priority for public health policy...
  87. pmc Setting international standards for verbal autopsy
    Frank Baiden
    Bull World Health Organ 85:570-1. 2007
  88. ncbi Global vision impairment due to uncorrected presbyopia
    Brien A Holden
    International Centre for Eyecare Education, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:1731-9. 2008
    ..To evaluate the personal and community burdens of uncorrected presbyopia...
  89. ncbi What works? Interventions for maternal and child undernutrition and survival
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Lancet 371:417-40. 2008
    ..To eliminate stunting in the longer term, these interventions should be supplemented by improvements in the underlying determinants of undernutrition, such as poverty, poor education, disease burden, and lack of women's empowerment...
  90. pmc Developing a curriculum framework for global health in family medicine: emerging principles, competencies, and educational approaches
    Lynda Redwood-Campbell
    Department of Family Medicine, McMaster University, 175 Longwood Road South, Hamilton, L8S 1A4 Canada
    BMC Med Educ 11:46. 2011
    ....
  91. pmc Estimating the scope of household water treatment in low- and medium-income countries
    Ghislaine Rosa
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 82:289-300. 2010
    ..Validation of the household surveys and further analysis of these data could help optimize HWT practices...
  92. ncbi Global health governance and the challenge of chronic, non-communicable disease
    Roger S Magnusson
    Sydney Law School, University of Sydney, Australia
    J Law Med Ethics 38:490-507. 2010
    ..This map also draws attention to the distinctively "global" public health functions that a global response to NCDs should seek to discharge...
  93. pmc Trachomatous trichiasis and its management in endemic countries
    Saul N Rajak
    International Centre for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Surv Ophthalmol 57:105-35. 2012
    ..We examine the principles of clinical management, treatment options, and the challenging issues of providing the quantity and quality of surgery that is needed in resource-poor settings...
  94. pmc Global inequality in eye health: country-level analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study
    Koichi Ono
    World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Prevention of Blindness, Department of Ophthalmology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, 3 1 3 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo, Japan 113 8431
    Am J Public Health 100:1784-8. 2010
    ..We assessed global inequality in eye health by using data on the global burden of disease measured in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs)...
  95. pmc Diarrhea incidence in low- and middle-income countries in 1990 and 2010: a systematic review
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:220. 2012
    ..We conducted a systematic literature review to identify cohort studies that sought to quantify diarrhea incidence among any age group of children 0-59 mo of age...
  96. ncbi Health of the world's adolescents: a synthesis of internationally comparable data
    George C Patton
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic, Australia
    Lancet 379:1665-75. 2012
    ....
  97. ncbi Global variation in the prevalence and incidence of major depressive disorder: a systematic review of the epidemiological literature
    A J Ferrari
    The University of Queensland, School of Population Health, Herston, QLD, Australia
    Psychol Med 43:471-81. 2013
    ..Findings are informing MDD burden quantification in the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2010 Study...
  98. pmc From emergence to eradication: the epidemiology of poliomyelitis deconstructed
    Neal Nathanson
    Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:1213-29. 2010
    ....
  99. ncbi The World Health Organization Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition: methodology and applications
    Mercedes de Onis
    Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Int J Epidemiol 32:518-26. 2003
    ..The World Health Organization (WHO) Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition was initiated in 1986 with the objective to ..
  100. ncbi Climate change and disability-adjusted life years
    Ying Zhang
    Department of Public Health, Univeristyof Adelaide, South Australia
    J Environ Health 70:32-6. 2007
    ..about DALYs lost because of climate change, except for results based on limited information presented in the World Health Organization (WHO) global-burden-of-disease study in 2002...
  101. pmc Confronting the neglected problem of snake bite envenoming: the need for a global partnership
    Jose Maria Gutierrez
    Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiologia, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica
    PLoS Med 3:e150. 2006

Research Grants76

  1. CRF-Oxytocin Interaction in the Regulation of Stress and Affect
    Joanna Dabrowska; Fiscal Year: 2013
    According to the World Health Organization depression affects 121 million people worldwide. Chronic stress and thus increased corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) signaling is indicated as a potential risk factor for depression...
  2. Retinoid Metabolism and Alcohol Induced Disease
    William S Blaner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): Estimates of death rates caused by chronic alcohol consumption, published in 2004 by the World Health Organization, indicate that alcohol accounts for approximately 1.8 million deaths per year...
  3. Remodeling Neuronal Chromatin in Mouse Models for Depression
    Schahram Akbarian; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: According to estimates of the World Health Organization, depression could become the second most frequent cause of illness-induced disability by 2020...
  4. Targeting superbugs: discovery and development of new broad-spectrum lipopeptides
    Jian Li; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Significance: As highlighted in the WHO World Health Day 2011, "no action today means no cure tomorrow"...
  5. Nanopolymersomes for Transcutaneous Co-Delivery of Vaccine Antigens and Adjuvants
    PAUL CAMILLE TUMEH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The World Health Organization estimates that 5-10% percent of the 16 billion injections administered worldwide each year are ..
  6. Fatty acid related regulation of enteric infectious disease
    FREDRICK JON KULL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): According to the World Health Organization, diarrhea caused by enteric infections affects some four billion individuals annually throughout the world, resulting in an estimated four million to six ..
  7. Biochemistry and Function of a Novel Bacterial Photosensory Two-Component System
    MELISSA MARKS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..According to the World Health Organization, over 130,000 cases of cholera (Vibrio cholerae) and 17 million cases of Typhoid fever (Salmonella ..
  8. Mechanisms of Heme Transport in Macrophages
    CARINE CARINE WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..According to the World Health Organization, four out of five people in the world may be iron deficient, making nutritional iron deficiency ..
  9. Mechanisms of Neutralizing Antibody Resistance in Chronic HCV and HIV Infection
    JUSTIN RICHARD BAILEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Relevance The World Health Organization estimates there are 170 million persons with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection worldwide, and in ..
  10. Mucosal Memory T Cells at the Vanguard of Human Host Defense
    Donna L Farber; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..syncytical virus (RSV), rotavirus and numerous bacterial infections that pose substantial threats to world health. For all of these mucosal pathogens, current vaccine approaches, when available, generate only systemic immune ..
  11. Mechanism(s) of Hepatocyte Transformation by the Hepatitis B Virus X Protein
    Ourania M Andrisani; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Despite the HBV vaccine, the World Health Organization reports 400 million people are chronically infected with HBV...
  12. Transcriptional Regulation of Natriuetic Sensitivity in Diabetes Mellitus
    PATIENCE O OBIH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Estimates from the World Health Organization indicate there are some 130 million diagnosed diabetics in the world, a figure that is predicted to increase to 300 million by 2025...
  13. Tadalafil for Pulmonary Hypertension Associated with Chronic Lung Disease
    SHARON IRENE SMITH ROUNDS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PDE-5 inhibitors are recommended for World Health Organization (WHO) Group 1 PH but there is no evidence based recommendation supporting the use of these ..
  14. Durable Visible Light-activated Antivral Coatings for Fabrics Used for Personal P
    JOSEF STEPHAN SCHNEIDER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Influenza spreads rapidly throughout the world in seasonal epidemics. The World Health Organization estimates that influenza epidemics cost the US economy $71-167 billion per year and that 250,000-..
  15. Interrelationships among nutrients involved in one-carbon metabolism in Banglades
    MEGAN NINA HALL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..over 70 countries are chronically exposed to As-contaminated drinking water at concentrations far exceeding the World Health Organization standard of 10 5g/L...
  16. Immune Development: Role of Milk Cell Transfer and Recipient Gender
    Ameae M Walker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..mechanism and b) expand the study to include tuberculin as a disease-related antigen of greater significance to world health, 2) to determine whether the modulation of DTH responsivity is the result of a change in the balance of T cell ..
  17. The Role of Alcohol in HIV Therapy Hepatotoxicity
    Craig J McClain; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Hepatotoxicity due to HAART is also common, and up to 30% of patients on HAART experience World Health Organization grade 3 liver enzyme elevations...
  18. Severe H1N1 Influenza Infection During Pregnancy: Pathophysiologic Mechanisms
    Mark Phillippe; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..other countries in the Americas, Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and the Pacific basin, resulting in the World Health Organization (WHO) increasing its influenza threat rating to 6, signifying a global influenza pandemic...
  19. Improving Hmong Health through Community Based Participatory Research
    DIAN LORENE BAKER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..educators, and healthcare navigators for Hmong community members with T2DM, (3) translate and evaluate the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF instrument for care management and biomedical research of T2DM among the ..
  20. The Role of Substrate Metabolism and Macrophage Activation in Obesity
    Amy Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The World Health Organization estimates 500 million adults and as many as 43 million children under the age of 5 are obese underscoring the fact that obesity and its related diseases, including ..
  21. Early social stress, novelty seeking, and impulsive behavior
    David M Lyons; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..According to the World Health Organization, stress- related mental health disorders will be the second leading cause of all medical ..
  22. Assessment of Bone Composition Through a Novel Liquid/Solid State MRI Method
    Ara Nazarian; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Based on the assumption that fragility fractures are caused by low bone mass, the World Health Organization (WHO) has identified individuals at risk for these fractures based on their areal bone mineral ..
  23. Assessment of Bone Composition Through a Novel Liquid/Solid State MRI Method
    Ara Nazarian; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Based on the assumption that fragility fractures are caused by low bone mass, the World Health Organization WHO) has identified individuals at risk for these fractures based on their areal bone mineral ..
  24. Arsenic co-carcinogenesis with UVR: nitrosation and oxidation of target proteins
    Ke Jian Liu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..human exposure to arsenic through drinking water at levels in excess of the Environmental Protection Agency and World Health Organization minimum contaminant level of 10 [unreadable]g/L is a national and international concern...
  25. Crystalline Endolysin Treatment for Tuberculosis in TB/HIV co-infected patients
    BHAMI C SHENOY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The World Health Organization estimates that 2 million people worldwide die of TB each year...
  26. Novel Bacillus subtilis based spore vaccine to tuberculosis
    Subramanian Dhandayuthapani; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The World Health Organization estimates that at least 2 million people die every year because of TB, and that one-third of the ..
  27. Tpl2 in Carcinogenesis-Related Inflammation
    KATHLEEN LEIGH DECICCO-SKINNER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Additionally, the incidence of skin cancers has risen significantly since the 1970s, and the World Health Organization expects the skin-cancer epidemic to continue to accelerate...
  28. Role of Polo-like kinase (Plk-1) in Hepatitis B Virus-mediated Hepatocellular Car
    Ourania M Andrisani; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Chronic HBV infection leads to fatal liver cancer (1). The World Health Organization reports 400 million people are chronically infected with HBV, placing them at a greatly increased ..
  29. Structure and function of Helicobacter pylori VacA
    Timothy L Cover; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..pylori has been classified as a type I carcinogen by the World Health Organization. One of the major secreted proteins of H. pylori is a toxin known as VacA...
  30. Assessment of Dehydration in Children with Diarrhea in Resource-Limited Settings
    ADAM CARL LEVINE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..While the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends using a four-point clinical scale for determining the severity of dehydration in ..
  31. CHOLINERGIC MECHANISMS OF REM SLEEP GENERATION
    Helen A Baghdoyan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Relevance to public health is evidenced by World Health Organization data reporting that 450 million people worldwide suffer from some form of mental or brain disorder,..
  32. The role of polyphosphate and acidocalcisomes in Trypanosoma brucei
    Roberto Docampo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..According to the World Health Organization, over 60 million persons in sub-Saharan Africa are at risk of infection with an incidence of 300-..
  33. Innate immunity predictors of HIV: the role of contraception, pregnancy and HSV-2
    Charles Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2012, due to the conflicting epidemiologic study results and lack of sufficient mechanistic information, the World Health Organization held a technical consultation to evaluate the existing evidence on hormonal contraception and HIV ..
  34. Role of liver fluke granulin in cholangiocarcinogenesis
    Jason P Mulvenna; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As determined by the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer, no stronger link exists between human ..
  35. Toll-like Receptor 2, Vitamin D, and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis
    CHRISTINA A FISKE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Tuberculosis (TB) is a global health emergency. The World Health Organization estimated that approximately 9.3 million people worldwide were diagnosed with TB in 2007 and 2 million persons died...
  36. Planning a clinical trial of Flash-heated breast milk to decrease morbidity, impr
    Caroline J Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..breast milk to decrease morbidity, improve growth, and reduce HIV transmission in HIV-exposed infants The World Health Organization recommends that HIV positive mothers in developing countries exclusively breastfeed for 6 months, ..
  37. Prevalence of DSM-IV Disorders in an Multi-Center HIV+ Women's Cohort
    Judith A Cook; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..separate study visit by WIHS interviewers who have been trained and certified in laptop CIDI administration by World Health Organization-sponsored trainers...
  38. Novel Spectinamide Antibiotics for the Treatment of MDR/XDR Tuberculosis
    Michelle M Butler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..TB is a lethal infectious disease, second only to HIV/AIDS as a cause of death. Estimates by the World Health Organization show one-third of the world population is infected with Mtb, the bacterium that causes TB;..
  39. Effect of a sanitation &nutrition intervention on HIV-exposed infant health
    JEAN HAWES HUMPHREY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Each year, 200,000 infants are infected with HIV during breastfeeding, so the World Health Organization recommends that HIV-positive mothers stop breastfeeding to reduce this transmission...
  40. Investigating SloR virulence gene metalloregulation in S. mutans.
    Grace A Spatafora; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..caries formation continues to be a major problem in developed and developing nations which, according to the World Health Organization, impacts 60-90% of children world-wide (128)...
  41. IRS insecticides for malaria control and child neurodevelopment in South Africa
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..For example, the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants aims to ban DDT, while the World Health Organization and the U.S. Agency for International Development promote and/or fund IRS, including with DDT...
  42. 16th ISBRA Conference
    Edward P Riley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Furthermore, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), alcohol consumption ranks as the world's 3rd risk factor for disease and disability, ..
  43. Nutrients involved 1-carbon metabolism and the methylation of arsenic and DNA
    MEGAN NINA HALL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..70 countries are chronically exposed to As- contaminated drinking water at concentrations far exceeding the World Health Organization standard of 10 [unreadable]g/L...
  44. Strain Specific Detection of Influenza at the Point-of-Care
    HYONGSOK TOM SOH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PROJECT SUMMARY Influenza viruses cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide;World Health Organization (WHO) estimates 250,000 ~ 500,000 yearly deaths...
  45. 5-HT transporter function: Interaction of antidepressants and hormones
    Alan Frazer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: By 2020, the World Health Organization has predicted that MDD will be the second leading cause of disease burden worldwide, with women in ..
  46. Investigating SloR virulence gene metalloregulation in S. mutans.
    Grace Spatafora; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..caries formation continues to be a major problem in developed and developing nations which, according to the World Health Organization, impacts 60-90% of children world-wide (123)...
  47. Enhancement of Coronary Constriction by Volatile Organic Air Toxics
    Matthew J Campen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Air pollution, especially particulate matter (PM), has a substantial impact on global health, with the World Health Organization estimating 800,000 annual excess cardiopulmonary deaths through mechanisms that are not entirely ..
  48. Global Genomic and Proteomic Profiling of African Children with Typhoid Fever
    Stephen Obaro; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..typhi), a human specific pathogen. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes typhoid fever as a global health problem, with an estimated 21 million cases and ..
  49. Virtual World Health Behavior Counseling for Patients with Diabetes
    JOHN MOORE contact WIECHA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Value of "Virtual Reality" Interaction in Improving Compliance with Diabetic Regimen. Title: VW-HBCPD: Virtual World Health Behavior Counseling for Patients with Diabetes Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a serious public health ..
  50. Pilot studies of the molecular epidemiology of drug-resistant malaria in Myanmar
    Christopher V Plowe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The World Health Organization (WHO) is coordinating an aggressive effort to contain artemisinin resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Southeast Asia before it spreads from its recent site of ..
  51. Investigation of synergy between Rifampin and SQ109, a new anti-TB drug candidate
    VENKATA REDDY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..tuberculosis. There are an estimated 400,000 new cases of MDR TB each year, and the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates there are 50 million individuals worldwide infected with a resistant strain of TB...
  52. Neuroscience of Late-Life Depression, Social Perception, and Emotional Awareness
    Sergio Paradiso; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In its fifty-eighth session concluded on May 25, 2005, The World Health Assembly adopted a resolution and formed a new Commission on Social Determinants of Health on strengthening and promoting healthy ..
  53. Transcriptomics and Population Genetics of Mosquito Resistance to Pyrethroids
    Mariangela Bonizzoni; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates 500 million clinical cases of malaria and about one million deaths per year. The majority of malaria morbidity and mortality occurs in sub-Saharan Africa...
  54. Malaria treatment outcomes and pharmacokinetics in HIV-infected pregnant women
    MYAING MYAING NYUNT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Artemether-lumefantrine is the leading drug recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum...
  55. Coregulatory Processes and Postpartum Depression in Mexican-Americans
    Linda J Luecken; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..According to the World Health Organization (2007), depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, and the fourth leading ..
  56. Tsetse Transmitted African Trypanosomiasis
    Serap Aksoy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Yale University scientists will continue to work with the Kenya Trypanosomiasis Research Center (TRC), World Health Organization designated Center of Excellence, to coordinate the capacity strengthening activities for HAT...
  57. Maternal and Child Health Benefits from Reducing Household Air Pollution
    Patricia L Hibberd; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..use traditional cook stoves and solid fuels that generate high levels of household pollutants, far exceeding World Health Organization (WHO) indoor air quality guidelines...
  58. A Novel Neuroprotective Protein, Thorase
    Valina L Dawson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..disorders are the leading cause of death, disability and loss of quality of life worldwide according to the World Health Organization...
  59. Community-based interventions to reduce mortality from neonatal infection
    Waldemar A Carlo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Current World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for the treatment of infants with suspected serious bacterial infection ..
  60. Giardia drug targets: Structure, function and inhibitors
    Osnat Herzberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..impoverished countries and meager efforts expended to identify new therapies, giardiasis has been designated a World Health Organization neglected disease...
  61. Point-of-Care Diagnostic Assay for Direct Detection of Pathogenic Leptospira
    Jeffrey Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Most often this occurs by contact with contaminated bodies of water or soil. The World Health Organization lists the groups of people at risk of the infection ranging from cattle and pig farmers to ..
  62. FT-IR Microscopy of Mineral Structure
    Adele L Boskey; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The NIH Consensus conference and the World Health Organization defined osteoporosis as ".....
  63. Investigations of the role of house flies as vectors for bacterial pathogens
    Dana Nayduch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Control of filth fly populations subsequently results in a sharp reduction in gastroenteritis cases. The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported that diarrheal illnesses are one of the top causes of morbidity and mortality ..
  64. Advancing lead dipiperidine compound into preclinical development
    Marina Protopopova; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The current therapeutic regimen for TB recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) requires the administration of four drugs for six months, which has a dismal compliance rate ..
  65. Phase 2 Pharmacodynamic Study of High-dose Levofloxacin in MDR-TB Treatment
    C Robert Horsburgh; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..NIAID, the World Health Organization, and the STOP-TB Partnership have identified research on and treatment of MDR-TB and XDR-TB as ..
  66. ANALYSIS OF THE TRYPANOSOMA BRUCEI GENOME USING TILING ARRAYS
    Christian Tschudi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The World Health Organization conservatively estimates that the disease burden of human African trypanosomiasis or sleeping ..
  67. CARCINOGENICITY OF 2-NITROPROPANE--A PROBABLE MECHANISM
    Emerich Fiala; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The World Health Organization estimates that approximately 4000 U.S...
  68. A Bi-Institutional Pilot Study of Vaccinations for Patients with Low Grade Glioma
    Edward G Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of poly-ICLC) that is designed to efficiently induce anti-tumor T-cell responses in adults with either World Health Organization (WHO) grade II astrocytoma or oligoastrocytoma with poor prognostic factors...
  69. Social Cognition and Functioning in Bipolar Disorder
    Michael F Green; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..BPD is highly disabling;based on recent data from the World Health Organization, BPD is the 7th leading cause of years lost to disability for men, and the 8th leading cause for ..
  70. PREPARATION FOR AIDS/HIV VACCINE EVALUATIONS
    Susan Allen; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Existing research projects coordinated by the National AIDS Control Program (NACP) and funded by the World Health Organization (WHO), the US National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Belgian government, and the European ..
  71. TRYPANASOMA CRUZI GENOME-SBRI
    Kenneth Stuart; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The project will also be conducted in coordination with the genome networks that were organized by the World Health Organization to sequence the genomes of these three pathogens...
  72. Brugia Malayi Genome Project
    Elodie Ghedin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Presently, the World Health Organization estimates over 140 million cases with over a billion people at risk for infection...
  73. Effect of Cdk inhibitor on HIV-1 replication
    Fatah Kashanchi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and nearly 16,000 new infections occur worldwide each day based on World Health Organization estimates...
  74. MASSAGE THERAPY FOR EXPERIMENTAL LYMPHEDEMA
    Marlys Witte; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..consensus-recommended optimal treatment for lymphedema(LE) of the arms and legs, which according to the World Health Organization affects hundreds of millions worldwide...
  75. CrPV IRES function and animal virus replication in yeast
    SUNNIE THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..the most well known enterovirus in the picornavirus family, is soon to be declared eradicated by the World Health Organization, there are 66 other distinct human enteroviruses that are still infecting populations worldwide...
  76. TRAJECTORY OF RECOVERY OF LIFE-SPACE MOBILITY AFTER HOSPITALIZATION
    Cynthia Brown; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): According to the World Health Organization (WHO), disability is a reduction in function in one of three domains that include body function or structure, activity and participation...