Genomes and Genes
Summary: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Publications297 found, 100 shown here
- A world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2007Simon I Hay
Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome TrustCollaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
PLoS Med 6:e1000048. 2009..It is exactly 40 y since the last global map of malaria endemicity was published. This paper describes the generation of a new world map of Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity for the year 2007...
- Depression, chronic diseases, and decrements in health: results from the World Health SurveysSaba Moussavi
Department of Measurement and Health Information Systems, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 370:851-8. 2007..Depression is often comorbid with other chronic diseases and can worsen their associated health outcomes. Few studies have explored the effect of depression, alone or as a comorbidity, on overall health status...
- Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors, 2001: systematic analysis of population health dataAlan D Lopez
School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4006, Australia
Lancet 367:1747-57. 2006..Our aim was to calculate the global burden of disease and risk factors for 2001, to examine regional trends from 1990 to 2001, and to provide a starting point for the analysis of the Disease Control Priorities Project (DCPP)...
- Prevalence, severity, and unmet need for treatment of mental disorders in the World Health Organization World Mental Health SurveysKoen Demyttenaere
JAMA 291:2581-90. 2004..Little is known about the extent or severity of untreated mental disorders, especially in less-developed countries...
- The growing burden of tuberculosis: global trends and interactions with the HIV epidemicElizabeth L Corbett
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England, UK
Arch Intern Med 163:1009-21. 2003..The increasing global burden of tuberculosis (TB) is linked to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection...
- Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) 2008 update (in collaboration with the World Health Organization, GA(2)LEN and AllerGen)J Bousquet
University Hospital and INSERM, Hopital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, France
Allergy 63:8-160. 2008
- Human resources for health: overcoming the crisisLincoln Chen
Global Equity Initiative, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Lancet 364:1984-90. 2004..Alliances for action are recommended to strengthen the performance of all existing actors while expanding space and energy for fresh actors...
- Counting the dead and what they died from: an assessment of the global status of cause of death dataColin D Mathers
Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 83:171-7. 2005..We sought to assess the current status of global data on death registration and to examine several indicators of data completeness and quality...
- Trachoma: global magnitude of a preventable cause of blindnessS P Mariotti
Chronic Disease and Health Promotion Department, Prevention of Blindness and Deafness, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Br J Ophthalmol 93:563-8. 2009..6 million were severely visually impaired or blind as a result of trachoma: this study provides an updated estimate of the global prevalence of trachoma based on the most recent information available...
- Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of diseaseMajid Ezzati
Risk, Resources and Environmental Management Division, Resources for the Future, Washington, DC, USA
Lancet 360:1347-60. 2002..Our aim was to estimate the contributions of selected major risk factors to global and regional burden of disease in a unified framework...
- Chagas disease: a Latin American health problem becoming a world health problemGabriel A Schmunis
Health Surveillance, Disease Prevention and Control, Pan American Health Organization, Regional Office of the World Health Organization, 525 23th Street N W, Washington, DC 20037, USA
Acta Trop 115:14-21. 2010..cruzi infected donors. In addition, an infrastructure that assures detection and treatment of acute and chronic cases as well as congenital infection should be developed...
- Mind the gap: equity and trends in coverage of maternal, newborn, and child health services in 54 Countdown countriesJ Ties Boerma
WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 371:1259-67. 2008..We have assessed equity and trends in coverage rates of a key set of interventions through a summary index, to provide overall insight into past performance and progress perspectives...
- Projections of global mortality and burden of disease from 2002 to 2030Colin D Mathers
Evidence and Information for Policy Cluster, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
PLoS Med 3:e442. 2006..and priority setting, we have prepared new projections of mortality and burden of disease to 2030 starting from World Health Organization estimates of mortality and burden of disease for 2002...
- Global capacity for emerging infectious disease detectionEmily H Chan
Division of Health Sciences and Technology, HealthMap, Children s Hospital Informatics Program, Harvard Massachusetts Institute of Technology Boston, MA 02215, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:21701-6. 2010..greater communication and improved surveillance and reporting frameworks, especially with the revision of the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Health Regulations (IHR 2005), which went into force in 2007...
- The World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative Version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI)Ronald C Kessler
Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 13:93-121. 2004This paper presents an overview of the World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and a discussion of the methodological research on which ..
- An assessment of interactions between global health initiatives and country health systemsBadara Samb
World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 373:2137-69. 2009..If adjustments to the interactions between GHIs and country health systems will improve efficiency, equity, value for money, and outcomes in global public health, then these opportunities should not be missed...
- Global patterns of mortality in young people: a systematic analysis of population health dataGeorge C Patton
Centre for Adolescent Health and Murdoch Children s Research Institute, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Lancet 374:881-92. 2009..We analysed worldwide rates and patterns of mortality between early adolescence and young adulthood...
- Global magnitude of visual impairment caused by uncorrected refractive errors in 2004Serge Resnikoff
Chronic Disease Prevention and Management, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 86:63-70. 2008....
- Oral cancer prevention and control--the approach of the World Health OrganizationPoul Erik Petersen
Global Oral Health Programme, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Oral Oncol 45:454-60. 2009..In 2007, the World Health Assembly (WHA) passed a resolution on oral health for the first time in 25 years, which also considers oral ..
- Pandemic potential of a strain of influenza A (H1N1): early findingsChristophe Fraser
MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, Faculty of Medicine, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
Science 324:1557-61. 2009..Transmissibility is therefore substantially higher than that of seasonal flu, and comparable with lower estimates of R0 obtained from previous influenza pandemics...
- Increased educational attainment and its effect on child mortality in 175 countries between 1970 and 2009: a systematic analysisEmmanuela Gakidou
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
Lancet 376:959-74. 2010..We updated previous systematic assessments of educational attainment, and estimated the contribution of improvements in women's education to reductions in child mortality in the past 40 years...
- The case for expanding access to highly active antiretroviral therapy to curb the growth of the HIV epidemicJulio S G Montaner
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Providence Health Care, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Lancet 368:531-6. 2006
- Surveillance Sans Frontières: Internet-based emerging infectious disease intelligence and the HealthMap projectJohn S Brownstein
Children s Hospital Informatics Program at the Harvard MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS Med 5:e151. 2008
- Scale up services for mental disorders: a call for actionD Chisholm
Lancet 370:1241-52. 2007..This Series has provided the evidence for advocacy. Now we need political will and solidarity, above all from the global health community, to translate this evidence into action. The time to act is now...
- Barriers to improvement of mental health services in low-income and middle-income countriesBenedetto Saraceno
Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 370:1164-74. 2007..Population-wide progress in access to humane mental health care will depend on substantially more attention to politics, leadership, planning, advocacy, and participation...
- The global burden of diarrhoeal disease, as estimated from studies published between 1992 and 2000Margaret Kosek
Division of Geographic and International Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
Bull World Health Organ 81:197-204. 2003..There has not been a concurrent decrease in morbidity rates attributable to diarrhoea. As population growth is focused in the poorest areas, the total morbidity component of the disease burden is greater than previously...
- Equity and adequacy of international donor assistance for global malaria control: an analysis of populations at risk and external funding commitmentsRobert W Snow
Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
Lancet 376:1409-16. 2010..We aimed to identify the unmet financial needs that would be biologically and economically equitable and would increase the chances of reaching worldwide malaria-control ambitions...
- Improving child survival through environmental and nutritional interventions: the importance of targeting interventions toward the poorEmmanuela Gakidou
Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
JAMA 298:1876-87. 2007..A critical but underinvestigated question for planning and allocating resources toward the MDGs is how interventions related to one MDG might affect progress toward other goals...
- Community case management of pneumonia: at a tipping point?David R Marsh
Save the Children USA, Amherst, MA, USA
Bull World Health Organ 86:381-9. 2008....
- Preparing for the next pandemicMichael T Osterholm
Infectious Disease Research and Policy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
N Engl J Med 352:1839-42. 2005
- The inherited diseases of hemoglobin are an emerging global health burdenDavid J Weatherall
Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Blood 115:4331-6. 2010..The situation will only be improved by concerted action on the part of the hematology community of the richer countries together with input from the major international health organizations and funding agencies...
- International Spanish/English Internet smoking cessation trial yields 20% abstinence rates at 1 yearRICARDO F MUNOZ
Department of Psychiatry at San Francisco General Hospital, Latino Mental Health Research Program, and Internet World Health Research Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 11:1025-34. 2009..Evidence-based Internet interventions with comparable abstinence rates could be a powerful global tool to reduce tobacco-related morbidity and mortality...
- Worldwide variability in physical inactivity a 51-country surveyRegina Guthold
Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion, Geneva, Switzerland
Am J Prev Med 34:486-94. 2008..Physical inactivity is an important risk factor for chronic diseases, but for many (mainly developing) countries, no prevalence data have ever been published...
- Emerging flaviviruses: the spread and resurgence of Japanese encephalitis, West Nile and dengue virusesJohn S Mackenzie
Australian Biosecurity Cooperative Research Centre, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia
Nat Med 10:S98-109. 2004....
- Self-reported health assessments in the 2002 World Health Survey: how do they correlate with education?S V Subramanian
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, United States of America
Bull World Health Organ 88:131-8. 2010..To assess the value of self-rated health assessments by examining the association between education and self-rated poor health...
- Global epidemiology of haemoglobin disorders and derived service indicatorsBernadette Modell
WHO Collaborating Centre for Community Control of Hereditary Disorders, UCL Centre for Health Informatics and Multiprofessional Education CHIME, Archway Campus, Highgate Hill, London N195LW, England
Bull World Health Organ 86:480-7. 2008..Carriers and at-risk couples should be informed of their risk and the options for reducing it. Screening for haemoglobin disorders should form part of basic health services in most countries...
- Setting priorities in global child health research investments: assessment of principles and practiceIgor Rudan
Split University School of Medicine, Split, Croatia
Croat Med J 48:595-604. 2007..This prioritization requires a process that is transparent, systematic, and that would take into account many perspectives and build on advantages of previous approaches...
- Achieving health equity: from root causes to fair outcomesMichael Marmot
Lancet 370:1153-63. 2007..These cries are forming a global movement. The Commission on Social Determinants of Health places action to ensure fair health at the head and the heart of that movement...
- Carbapenemases: the versatile beta-lactamasesAnne Marie Queenan
Johnson and Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L L C, Raritan, NJ 08869, USA
Clin Microbiol Rev 20:440-58, table of contents. 2007..This review updates the characteristics, epidemiology, and detection of the carbapenemases found in pathogenic bacteria...
- The burden and costs of chronic diseases in low-income and middle-income countriesDele O Abegunde
Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 370:1929-38. 2007....
- 3.2 million stillbirths: epidemiology and overview of the evidence reviewJoy E Lawn
Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children US, Cape Town, South Africa
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:S2. 2009..This first paper in the series outlines issues in stillbirth data availability and quality, the global epidemiology of stillbirths, and describes the methodology and framework used for the review of interventions and strategies...
- Update on World Health Organization HIV drug resistance prevention and assessment strategy: 2004-2011M R Jordan
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Clin Infect Dis 54:S245-9. 2012The HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) prevention and assessment strategy, developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in partnership with HIVResNet, includes monitoring of HIVDR early warning indicators, surveys to assess acquired and ..
- A scandal of invisibility: making everyone count by counting everyonePhilip W Setel
Lancet 370:1569-77. 2007
- Global health competencies and approaches in medical education: a literature reviewRobert Battat
Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
BMC Med Educ 10:94. 2010..Physicians today are increasingly faced with healthcare challenges that require an understanding of global health trends and practices, yet little is known about what constitutes appropriate global health training...
- Measuring malaria endemicity from intense to interrupted transmissionSimon I Hay
Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
Lancet Infect Dis 8:369-78. 2008..These considerations are also important to an international community that has recently been challenged to revaluate the prospects for malaria eradication...
- Malaria eradication back on the tableMarcel Tanner
Bull World Health Organ 86:82. 2008
- Epidemiological methods in diarrhoea studies--an updateWolf Peter Schmidt
Department for Disease Control, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Int J Epidemiol 40:1678-92. 2011..Challenges include the diagnosis based on self-reported symptoms, the logistical burden of intensive surveillance and the variability of diarrhoea in space, time and person...
- Impact of regional climate change on human healthJonathan A Patz
Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53726, USA
Nature 438:310-7. 2005The World Health Organisation estimates that the warming and precipitation trends due to anthropogenic climate change of the past 30 years already claim over 150,000 lives annually...
- No cry at birth: global estimates of intrapartum stillbirths and intrapartum-related neonatal deathsJoy Lawn
Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children, International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, London, England
Bull World Health Organ 83:409-17. 2005..7 to 1.2 million. Estimates for intrapartum stillbirths are not available. We aimed to estimate the numbers of intrapartum-related neonatal deaths and intrapartum stillbirths in the year 2000...
- The World Health Organization's global strategy for prevention and assessment of HIV drug resistanceDiane E Bennett
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Antivir Ther 13:1-13. 2008..The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a minimum-resource strategy for prevention and assessment of HIVDR in resource-..
- Grand challenges in global health: community engagement in research in developing countriesPaulina O Tindana
Navrongo Health Research Centre in Navrongo, Ghana
PLoS Med 4:e273. 2007
- Vaccine-derived polioviruses and the endgame strategy for global polio eradicationOlen M Kew
Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Annu Rev Microbiol 59:587-635. 2005As the global eradication of wild poliovirus nears, the World Health Organization (WHO) is addressing challenges unprecedented in public health...
- Estimating the burden of disease from water, sanitation, and hygiene at a global levelAnnette Prüss
World Health Organization, Protection of the Human Environment, Geneva, Switzerland
Environ Health Perspect 110:537-42. 2002..This significant and avoidable burden suggests that it should be a priority for public health policy...
- Soil-transmitted helminth infections: updating the global pictureNilanthi R de Silva
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, PO Box 6, Ragama, Sri Lanka
Trends Parasitol 19:547-51. 2003
- Setting international standards for verbal autopsyFrank Baiden
Bull World Health Organ 85:570-1. 2007
- Global policy for improvement of oral health in the 21st century--implications to oral health research of World Health Assembly 2007, World Health OrganizationPoul Erik Petersen
World Health Organization, Department of Chronic Disease and Health Promotion, Geneva, Switzerland
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 37:1-8. 2009The World Health Organization (WHO) Global Oral Health Programme has worked hard over the past 5 years to increase the awareness of oral health worldwide as oral health is important component of general health and quality of life...
- Global vision impairment due to uncorrected presbyopiaBrien A Holden
International Centre for Eyecare Education, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Arch Ophthalmol 126:1731-9. 2008..To evaluate the personal and community burdens of uncorrected presbyopia...
- Educational effects of international health electives on U.S. and Canadian medical students and residents: a literature reviewMatthew J Thompson
Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195 4696, USA
Acad Med 78:342-7. 2003..IHEs are a popular component of many medical school and residency program curricula, and are reported to provide benefits in knowledge, skills, and attitudes...
- Primary health care: making Alma-Ata a realityJohn Walley
Nuffield Centre for Health and Development, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
Lancet 372:1001-7. 2008..Progress should be measured and accountability assured. We prioritise research questions and suggest actions and measures for stakeholders both locally and globally, which are required to revitalise primary health care...
- What works? Interventions for maternal and child undernutrition and survivalZulfiqar A Bhutta
Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
Lancet 371:417-40. 2008..To eliminate stunting in the longer term, these interventions should be supplemented by improvements in the underlying determinants of undernutrition, such as poverty, poor education, disease burden, and lack of women's empowerment...
- Estimating the scope of household water treatment in low- and medium-income countriesGhislaine Rosa
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, United Kingdom
Am J Trop Med Hyg 82:289-300. 2010..Validation of the household surveys and further analysis of these data could help optimize HWT practices...
- Global health governance and the challenge of chronic, non-communicable diseaseRoger S Magnusson
Sydney Law School, University of Sydney, Australia
J Law Med Ethics 38:490-507. 2010..This map also draws attention to the distinctively "global" public health functions that a global response to NCDs should seek to discharge...
- Diarrhea incidence in low- and middle-income countries in 1990 and 2010: a systematic reviewChrista L Fischer Walker
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
BMC Public Health 12:220. 2012..We conducted a systematic literature review to identify cohort studies that sought to quantify diarrhea incidence among any age group of children 0-59 mo of age...
- Trachomatous trichiasis and its management in endemic countriesSaul N Rajak
International Centre for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Surv Ophthalmol 57:105-35. 2012..We examine the principles of clinical management, treatment options, and the challenging issues of providing the quantity and quality of surgery that is needed in resource-poor settings...
- Data resource profile: the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE)Paul Kowal
WHO SAGE, Department of Health Statistics and Information Systems, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Int J Epidemiol 41:1639-49. 2012..The World Health Organization's Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) aims to address the gap in reliable data and ..
- Developing a curriculum framework for global health in family medicine: emerging principles, competencies, and educational approachesLynda Redwood-Campbell
Department of Family Medicine, McMaster University, 175 Longwood Road South, Hamilton, L8S 1A4 Canada
BMC Med Educ 11:46. 2011....
- Health of the world's adolescents: a synthesis of internationally comparable dataGeorge C Patton
Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic, Australia
Lancet 379:1665-75. 2012....
- Global inequality in eye health: country-level analysis from the Global Burden of Disease StudyKoichi Ono
World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Prevention of Blindness, Department of Ophthalmology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, 3 1 3 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo, Japan 113 8431
Am J Public Health 100:1784-8. 2010..We assessed global inequality in eye health by using data on the global burden of disease measured in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs)...
- Global variation in the prevalence and incidence of major depressive disorder: a systematic review of the epidemiological literatureA J Ferrari
The University of Queensland, School of Population Health, Herston, QLD, Australia
Psychol Med 43:471-81. 2013..Findings are informing MDD burden quantification in the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2010 Study...
- Climate change and disability-adjusted life yearsYing Zhang
Department of Public Health, Univeristyof Adelaide, South Australia
J Environ Health 70:32-6. 2007..about DALYs lost because of climate change, except for results based on limited information presented in the World Health Organization (WHO) global-burden-of-disease study in 2002...
- From emergence to eradication: the epidemiology of poliomyelitis deconstructedNeal Nathanson
Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
Am J Epidemiol 172:1213-29. 2010....
- The World Health Organization Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition: methodology and applicationsMercedes de Onis
Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Int J Epidemiol 32:518-26. 2003..The World Health Organization (WHO) Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition was initiated in 1986 with the objective to ..
- International Day for the Evaluation of Abdominal Obesity (IDEA): a study of waist circumference, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes mellitus in 168,000 primary care patients in 63 countriesBeverley Balkau
INSERM U780 IFR69, Research in Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 16 Ave Paul Vaillant Couturier, 94807 Villejuif, France
Circulation 116:1942-51. 2007....
- Confronting the neglected problem of snake bite envenoming: the need for a global partnershipJose Maria Gutierrez
Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiologia, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica
PLoS Med 3:e150. 2006
- Contribution of primary care to health systems and healthBarbara Starfield
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
Milbank Q 83:457-502. 2005..The means by which primary care improves health have been identified, thus suggesting ways to improve overall health and reduce differences in health across major population subgroups...
- Newborn survival in low resource settings--are we delivering?J E Lawn
Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children USA, Cape Town 7405, South Africa
BJOG 116:49-59. 2009..There are promising models that have been tested mainly in research studies in Asia that are now being adapted and evaluated at scale including through a network of African implementation research trials...
- Estimates of global mortality attributable to smoking in 2000Majid Ezzati
Department of Population and International Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Lancet 362:847-52. 2003..Smoking is a risk factor for several diseases and has been increasing in many developing countries. Our aim was to estimate global and regional mortality in 2000 caused by smoking, including an analysis of uncertainty...
- Global burden of cardiovascular diseases: part I: general considerations, the epidemiologic transition, risk factors, and impact of urbanizationS Yusuf
Population Health Research Institute and Division of Cardiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Circulation 104:2746-53. 2001..Part II of this article describes the burden of CV disease by specific region or ethnic group, the risk factors of importance, and possible strategies for prevention...
- Reducing stillbirths: behavioural and nutritional interventions before and during pregnancyMohammad Yawar Yakoob
Division of Maternal and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:S3. 2009..Interventions to reduce these risks could reduce the resulting burden of stillbirths, but the evidence for the impact of such interventions has not yet been comprehensively evaluated...
- Reducing stillbirths: screening and monitoring during pregnancy and labourRachel A Haws
Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:S5. 2009..2 million estimated annual stillbirths, as well as minimise maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality...
- Leprosy: too complex a disease for a simple elimination paradigmDiana N J Lockwood
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
Bull World Health Organ 83:230-5. 2005..In 1991 the World Health Assembly set a target of eliminating leprosy as a public health problem by 2000...
- Global epidemiology of injecting drug use and HIV among people who inject drugs: a systematic reviewBradley M Mathers
Secretariat of the Reference Group to the UN on HIV and Injecting Drug Use, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Lancet 372:1733-45. 2008..Our aim was to determine the prevalence of injecting drug use among individuals aged 15-64 years, and of HIV among people who inject drugs...
- Validation of the symptom pattern method for analyzing verbal autopsy dataChristopher J L Murray
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
PLoS Med 4:e327. 2007..In this study we develop and validate a statistical strategy for analyzing VA data that overcomes the limitations of PCVA...
- Focusing on quality patient care in the new global subsidy for malaria medicinesSuerie Moon
Giorgio Ruffolo Doctoral Research Fellow, Sustainability Science Program, Center for International Development, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
PLoS Med 6:e1000106. 2009....
- World Health Organization/HIVResNet Drug Resistance Laboratory StrategySilvia Bertagnolio
World Health Organization, HIV Department, Geneva, Switzerland
Antivir Ther 13:49-57. 2008..of universal access to HIV treatment, countries are developing protocols based on the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) to measure, at a population level, both transmitted HIVDR and HIVDR emerging during ..
- The measurement and estimation of tuberculosis mortalityE L Korenromp
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Geneva, Switzerland
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:283-303. 2009..However, only 59 of 213 countries in 2005 (including three in the World Health Organization Africa Region and one in the South-East Asia Region) had VR systems that reported TB deaths, ..
- Four million neonatal deaths: counting and attribution of cause of deathJoy E Lawn
Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children US, Cape Town, South Africa
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 22:410-6. 2008..If neonatal deaths remain uncounted, they cannot count in policy and in programmes...
- The global burden of typhoid feverJohn A Crump
Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, MS A 38, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Bull World Health Organ 82:346-53. 2004..To use new data to make a revised estimate of the global burden of typhoid fever, an accurate understanding of which is necessary to guide public health decisions for disease control and prevention efforts...
- The global health burden of infection-associated cancers in the year 2002Donald Maxwell Parkin
Clinical Trials Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit, University of Oxford, Headington, UK
Int J Cancer 118:3030-44. 2006..The attributable fraction at the specific sites varies from 100% of cervix cancers attributable to the papilloma viruses to a tiny proportion (0.4%) of liver cancers (worldwide) caused by liver flukes...
- Maternal near miss and maternal death in the World Health Organization's 2005 global survey on maternal and perinatal healthJoao Paulo Souza
Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 88:113-9. 2010..To develop an indicator of maternal near miss as a proxy for maternal death and to study its association with maternal factors and perinatal outcomes...
- Structuring public engagement for effective input in policy development on human tissue biobankingKieran C O'Doherty
W Maurice Young Centre for Applied Ethics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B C, Canada
Public Health Genomics 13:197-206. 2010..This is illustrated using a practical example involving a public engagement conducted to inform institutional policy for biobanking in British Columbia, Canada...
- Communication for polio eradication: improving the quality of communication programming through real-time monitoring and evaluationSilvio Waisbord
School of Media and Public Affairs, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
J Health Commun 15:9-24. 2010....
- The cost-effectiveness of policies for the safe and appropriate use of injection in healthcare settingsGerald Dziekan
Department of Blood Safety and Clinical Technology, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 81:277-85. 2003..We modelled the cost-effectiveness of policies for the safe and appropriate use of injections in ten epidemiological subregions of the world in terms of cost per disability-adjusted life year (DALY) averted...
- The science of large-scale change in global healthC Joseph McCannon
Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
JAMA 298:1937-9. 2007
- Reducing stillbirths: prevention and management of medical disorders and infections during pregnancyEsme V Menezes
Division of Maternal and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:S4. 2009..Poorly recognised, untreated or inadequately treated maternal infections such as syphilis and malaria, and maternal conditions including hypertensive disorders, are known risk factors for stillbirth...
- Control to elimination: implications for malaria researchBrian M Greenwood
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7 HT, UK
Trends Parasitol 24:449-54. 2008..Novel approaches to surveillance will be necessary to ensure that once elimination has been achieved, it is not threatened by a rapid reintroduction of malaria from neighbouring areas...
- International prevalence, recognition, and treatment of cardiovascular risk factors in outpatients with atherothrombosisDeepak L Bhatt
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
JAMA 295:180-9. 2006..To date, no single international database has characterized the atherosclerosis risk factor profile or treatment intensity of individuals with atherothrombosis...
- Eradication of vaccine-preventable diseasesA Hinman
Task Force for Child Survival and Development, Decatur, Georgia 30030, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 20:211-29. 1999..polio-free and more than one year having passed since polio cases occurred in the Western Pacific Region of the World Health Organization...
- Immunisation against poliomyelitis: moving forwardEllie Ehrenfeld
National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 2220, USA
Lancet 371:1385-7. 2008
- Global health training and international clinical rotations during residency: current status, needs, and opportunitiesPaul K Drain
Stanford University Department of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, S101, Stanford, CA 94305 5109, USA
Acad Med 84:320-5. 2009....
- The World Health Organization Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care and their consensus recommendationsDidier Pittet
Infection Control Program, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 30:611-22. 2009The World Health Organization's Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care have been issued by WHO Patient Safety on 5 May 2009 on the occasion of the launch of the Save Lives: Clean Your Hands initiative...
- Oral Contraceptive Use and Fractures Around the Menopausal TransitionDelia Scholes; Fiscal Year: 2010..A recent report from the World Health Organization notes this as a key evidence gap regarding the benefits and risks of OC use...
- The role of polyphosphate and acidocalcisomes in Trypanosoma bruceiRoberto Docampo; Fiscal Year: 2010Trypanosoma brucei is the causative agent of sleeping sickness or African trypanosomiasis. According to the World Health Organization, over 60 million persons in sub-Saharan Africa are at risk of infection with an incidence of 300-500,..
- Feasibility and Pilot Efficacy of Flash-heated Breastmilk to Reduce Pediatric HIVCaroline Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2007The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that unless breastmilk substitutes are acceptable, feasible, affordable, sustainable, and safe, HIV positive mothers in developing countries should exclusively breastfeed for the first 6 mos...
- Investigating SloR virulence gene metalloregulation in S. mutans.Grace A Spatafora; Fiscal Year: 2010..caries formation continues to be a major problem in developed and developing nations which, according to the World Health Organization, impacts 60-90% of children world-wide (128)...
- Biomarkers for Arsenic Toxicity: Genetics, Epigenetics and FolateMARY VELESCA GAMBLE; Fiscal Year: 2011..100 million people in over 70 countries are drinking water with arsenic (As) concentrations up to 100 times the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline of 10 ug per liter...
- Biomarkers for Arsenic Toxicity: Genetics, Epigenetics and FolateMARY VELESCA GAMBLE; Fiscal Year: 2010..100 million people in over 70 countries are drinking water with arsenic (As) concentrations up to 100 times the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline of 10 ug per liter...
- Functional Genomic Approach to Macrofilaricide DiscoveryJames McCarter; Fiscal Year: 2007..In 2000, international groups including the World Health Organization launched an initiative to eliminate lymphatic filariasis by conducting mass drug administrations...
- Parameters that govern initiation of VSG switching in T.bruceiF Nina Papavasiliou; Fiscal Year: 2010..The World Health Organization projects that the current disease burden of human African trypanosomiasis is about two million "..
- Rapid tests for Chlamydia and Neglected Tropical DiseasesAbhay N Vats; Fiscal Year: 2010..Trachoma was once widespread globally, but has vanished from the developed world. The World Health Organization has created a growing alliance, including over 23 countries now, with the hope of eliminating ..
- ANALYSIS OF TRYPANOSOME MRNA SYNTHESIS BY GENE TRANSFERVivian Bellofatto; Fiscal Year: 2007..The disease burden is estimated by the World Health Organization to be two million Disability Adjusted Life Years...
- Strain Specific Detection of Influenza at the Point-of-CareHYONGSOK SOH; Fiscal Year: 2009..PROJECT SUMMARY Influenza viruses cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide; World Health Organization (WHO) estimates 250,000 ~ 500,000 yearly deaths...
- Strain Specific Detection of Influenza at the Point-of-CareHYONGSOK TOM SOH; Fiscal Year: 2010..PROJECT SUMMARY Influenza viruses cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide;World Health Organization (WHO) estimates 250,000 ~ 500,000 yearly deaths...
- TRYPANASOMA CRUZI GENOME-SBRIKenneth Stuart; Fiscal Year: 2004..The project will also be conducted in coordination with the genome networks that were organized by the World Health Organization to sequence the genomes of these three pathogens...
- Brugia Malayi Genome ProjectElodie Ghedin; Fiscal Year: 2002..Presently, the World Health Organization estimates over 140 million cases with over a billion people at risk for infection...
- Tailored nutrition and food security interventions in comprehensive HIV careLouise Ivers; Fiscal Year: 2009..The World Health Organization, the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS and the World Bank have all recently emphasized that ..
- Tailored nutrition and food security interventions in comprehensive HIV careLOUISE CATHERINE IVERS; Fiscal Year: 2010..The World Health Organization, the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS and the World Bank have all recently emphasized that ..
- Effect of Cdk inhibitor on HIV-1 replicationFatah Kashanchi; Fiscal Year: 2007..with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and nearly 16,000 new infections occur worldwide each day based on World Health Organization estimates...
- MASSAGE THERAPY FOR EXPERIMENTAL LYMPHEDEMAMarlys Witte; Fiscal Year: 2002..consensus-recommended optimal treatment for lymphedema(LE) of the arms and legs, which according to the World Health Organization affects hundreds of millions worldwide...
- Analyzing Hepatitis B Virus PathogenesisHarriet Isom; Fiscal Year: 2007The World Health Organization estimates that 350 million people are chronically infected with HBV and approximately twenty-five percent of these individuals will succumb to chronic active hepatitis, cirrhosis, or hepatocellular carcinoma...
- Validation and development of trypanosomal phosphodiesterase inhibitors for treatMICHAEL POLLASTRI; Fiscal Year: 2009..3) optimize potent, selective inhibitor compounds that have in vivo activity (tested in collaboration with the World Health Organization) for the oral dosing and blood brain barrier penetration essential for activity in the most severe ..
- CrPV IRES function and animal virus replication in yeastSUNNIE THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2006..the most well known enterovirus in the picornavirus family, is soon to be declared eradicated by the World Health Organization, there are 66 other distinct human enteroviruses that are still infecting populations worldwide...
- Validation and development of trypanosomal phosphodiesterase inhibitors for treatMICHAEL P contact POLLASTRI; Fiscal Year: 2010..3) optimize potent, selective inhibitor compounds that have in vivo activity (tested in collaboration with the World Health Organization) for the oral dosing and blood brain barrier penetration essential for activity in the most severe ..
- Oral Contraceptive Use and Fractures Around the Menopausal TransitionDelia Scholes; Fiscal Year: 2009..A recent report from the World Health Organization notes this as a key evidence gap regarding the benefits and risks of OC use...
- INNOVATIVE APPROACHES TO TUBERCULOSIS CONTROLRichard Chaisson; Fiscal Year: 2004..The World Health Organization has proposed use of directly observed therapy, short course (DOTS) at the principal weapon to ..