universal precautions

Summary

Summary: Prudent standard preventive measures to be taken by professional and other health personnel in contact with persons afflicted with a communicable disease, to avoid contracting the disease by contagion or infection. Precautions are especially applicable in the diagnosis and care of AIDS patients.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Practice of universal precautions among healthcare workers
    Wilson E Sadoh
    Department of Child Health, University of Benin, Nigeria
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:722-6. 2006
  2. pmc Critical incidents of nonadherence with standard precautions guidelines among community hospital-based health care workers
    Kristi J Ferguson
    Department of Community and Behavioral Health, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:726-31. 2004
  3. ncbi Variables influencing worker compliance with universal precautions in the emergency department
    C O Williams
    Fairview Southdale Hospital, Edina, MN
    Am J Infect Control 22:138-48. 1994
  4. ncbi Blood and body fluid exposure and risk to health care workers
    Afia Zafar
    J Pak Med Assoc 56:428-9. 2006
  5. ncbi [Risk bloodborne infections in health care workers]
    Bartosz Bilski
    Z Katedry Profilaktyki Zdrowotnej, Akademii Medycznej im K Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu
    Med Pr 57:375-9. 2006
  6. pmc Discriminatory attitudes and practices by health workers toward patients with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria
    Chen Reis
    Physicians for Human Rights, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 2:e246. 2005
  7. ncbi Study on incidence of needle stick injury and factors associated with this problem among medical students
    Mohamad Yaakob Norsayani
    Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
    J Occup Health 45:172-8. 2003
  8. pmc Healthcare workers and health care-associated infections: knowledge, attitudes, and behavior in emergency departments in Italy
    Cristiana Parmeggiani
    Department of Public, Clinical and Preventive Medicine, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 10:35. 2010
  9. ncbi Compliance with universal precautions among emergency department personnel caring for trauma patients
    B Evanoff
    Division of General Medical Sciences, Division of Infectious Diseases, Center for Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 33:160-5. 1999
  10. doi Practice of universal precautions and risk of occupational blood-borne viral infection among Congolese health care workers
    Nlandu Roger Ngatu
    Department of Environmental Medicine, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, Nankoku, Japan
    Am J Infect Control 40:68-70.e1. 2012

Detail Information

Publications206 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Practice of universal precautions among healthcare workers
    Wilson E Sadoh
    Department of Child Health, University of Benin, Nigeria
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:722-6. 2006
    ..Compliance with universal precautions has been shown to reduce the risk of exposure to blood and body fluids...
  2. pmc Critical incidents of nonadherence with standard precautions guidelines among community hospital-based health care workers
    Kristi J Ferguson
    Department of Community and Behavioral Health, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:726-31. 2004
    ..To identify, categorize, and assess critical incidents of nonadherence to standard precautions...
  3. ncbi Variables influencing worker compliance with universal precautions in the emergency department
    C O Williams
    Fairview Southdale Hospital, Edina, MN
    Am J Infect Control 22:138-48. 1994
    ..the staff of a level II trauma center were surveyed for knowledge, compliance, and training regarding universal precautions. METHODS: Fifty-three health care workers responded to an anonymous, self-report, 50-item questionnaire...
  4. ncbi Blood and body fluid exposure and risk to health care workers
    Afia Zafar
    J Pak Med Assoc 56:428-9. 2006
  5. ncbi [Risk bloodborne infections in health care workers]
    Bartosz Bilski
    Z Katedry Profilaktyki Zdrowotnej, Akademii Medycznej im K Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu
    Med Pr 57:375-9. 2006
    ..Therefore, it is essential to draw special attention to under- and post-graduate programs covering all medical professions, in which the problem of occupational and hospital infections should be an obligatory element of training...
  6. pmc Discriminatory attitudes and practices by health workers toward patients with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria
    Chen Reis
    Physicians for Human Rights, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 2:e246. 2005
    ..The study involved a cross-sectional survey of 1,021 Nigerian health-care professionals (including 324 physicians, 541 nurses, and 133 midwives identified by profession) in 111 health-care facilities in four Nigerian states...
  7. ncbi Study on incidence of needle stick injury and factors associated with this problem among medical students
    Mohamad Yaakob Norsayani
    Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
    J Occup Health 45:172-8. 2003
    ..The results showed the students who had needle stick injury (cases) had lower scores in the practice of Universal Precautions than non-cases (p<0.05)...
  8. pmc Healthcare workers and health care-associated infections: knowledge, attitudes, and behavior in emergency departments in Italy
    Cristiana Parmeggiani
    Department of Public, Clinical and Preventive Medicine, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 10:35. 2010
    ..This survey assessed knowledge, attitudes, and compliance regarding standard precautions about health care-associated infections (HAIs) and the associated determinants among healthcare workers (HCWs) in emergency departments in Italy...
  9. ncbi Compliance with universal precautions among emergency department personnel caring for trauma patients
    B Evanoff
    Division of General Medical Sciences, Division of Infectious Diseases, Center for Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 33:160-5. 1999
    ..Emergency department personnel are at high risk of occupational infection with bloodborne pathogens. The objective of this study was to observe and analyze the use of barrier precautions among ED personnel caring for trauma patients...
  10. doi Practice of universal precautions and risk of occupational blood-borne viral infection among Congolese health care workers
    Nlandu Roger Ngatu
    Department of Environmental Medicine, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, Nankoku, Japan
    Am J Infect Control 40:68-70.e1. 2012
    ..Our data show high rates of percutaneous injury and exposure to blood and other body fluids, reflecting poor safety conditions for most Congolese health care workers...
  11. ncbi Changing knowledge, behavior, and practice related to universal precautions among hospital nurses in China
    Jin Huang
    Department of Nursing, Second Xiang Ya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, People s Republic of China
    J Contin Educ Nurs 33:217-24. 2002
    To evaluate the effect of an educational training program for hospital nurses on universal precautions in Changsha, Hunan Province, People's Republic of China.
  12. doi Healthcare workers' compliance with universal precautions in Turkey
    Salih Hosoglu
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Dicle University Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey
    Med Hypotheses 77:1079-82. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate Turkish HCWs' compliance with Universal Precautions (UP)...
  13. doi The prevalence and risk factors for percutaneous injuries in registered nurses in the home health care sector
    Robyn R M Gershon
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Infect Control 37:525-33. 2009
    ..To address this gap, a large cross-sectional study of self-reported exposures in HHC registered nurses (RNs) was conducted...
  14. ncbi Nurses' knowledge of and compliance with universal precautions in an acute care hospital
    Regina Chan
    Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong
    Int J Nurs Stud 39:157-63. 2002
    A cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the nurses' knowledge of and compliance with Universal Precautions (UP) in an acute hospital in Hong Kong...
  15. ncbi Noncompliance of health care workers with universal precautions during trauma resuscitations
    A K Madan
    Department of Surgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, Louisiana State University, New Orleans, USA
    South Med J 94:277-80. 2001
    BACKGROUND: Universal precautions during resuscitations are mandated by hospital regulations. We documented adherence to universal precautions during trauma resuscitations at our level I trauma center...
  16. ncbi Health care workers' knowledge on HIV and AIDS: universal precautions and attitude towards PLWHA in Benin-City, Nigeria
    A O Aisien
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State
    Niger J Clin Pract 8:74-82. 2005
    ..The study was designed to test health care workers knowledge about HIV transmission, universal precautions and their attitude towards people living with HIV and AIDS.
  17. ncbi Universal precautions: a survey of community nurses' experience and practice
    Glynis Bennett
    School of Care Sciences, University of Glamorgan, Pontypridd, UK
    J Clin Nurs 13:413-21. 2004
    b>Universal precautions are a set of guidelines which aim to protect health care workers from blood-borne infections...
  18. ncbi Compliance with Universal Precautions among emergency department personnel: implications for prevention programs
    L E Kim
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Infect Control 27:453-5. 1999
    ..emergency department (ED) staff members' knowledge of bloodborne pathogen transmission, compliance with Universal Precautions, and the use of personal protective equipment...
  19. ncbi Compliance with universal precautions among health care workers at three regional hospitals
    R R Gershon
    Department of Environmental Health Science, Johns Hopkins University, The School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 2179, USA
    Am J Infect Control 23:225-36. 1995
    OBJECTIVE: To assess and characterize self-reported levels of compliance with universal precautions among hospital-based health care workers and to determine correlates of compliance...
  20. ncbi Effectiveness of computer-assisted instruction in increasing the rate of universal precautions--related behaviors
    B J Wright
    Division of Nursing, University of Arkansas, Monticello 71656, USA
    Am J Infect Control 25:426-9. 1997
    BACKGROUND: With widespread noncompliance to universal precautions well established, an experimental study was designed to compare the rate of universal precautions--related behaviors between nurses who participate in computer-assisted ..
  21. pmc Occupational injury history and universal precautions awareness: a survey in Kabul hospital staff
    Ahmad Shah Salehi
    Ministry of Public Health, Kabul, Afghanistan
    BMC Infect Dis 10:19. 2010
    ..Health staff in Afghanistan may be at high risk of needle stick injury and occupational infection with blood borne pathogens, but we have not found any published or unpublished data...
  22. pmc Universal precautions in the era of HIV/AIDS: perception of health service providers in Yunnan, China
    Sheng Wu
    Jane and Terry Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Center for Community Health, University of California at Los Angeles, 10920 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 350, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:806-14. 2008
    ..become especially important for health service providers in China to understand and correctly adhere to universal precautions. Using qualitative interview data, perspectives from both health administrators and service providers ..
  23. ncbi Infection control: its evolution to the current standard precautions
    John A Molinari
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Detroit Mercy School of Dentistry, Mich 48219 0900, USA
    J Am Dent Assoc 134:569-74; quiz 631-2. 2003
    ..In addition, surveillance of occupational risks in medical treatment settings often has served as a basis for subsequent disease prevention recommendations for dental care...
  24. ncbi Compliance with Universal/Standard Precautions among health care workers in rural north India
    Michelle Kermode
    Australian International Health Institute, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Infect Control 33:27-33. 2005
    b>Universal Precautions (UPs) and more recently Standard Precautions have been widely promoted in high-income countries to protect health care workers (HCWs) from occupational exposure to blood and the consequent risk of infection with ..
  25. pmc Universal precaution compliance by orthopaedic trauma team members in a major trauma resuscitation scenario
    R O Sundaram
    Department of Orthopaedics, Arrowe Park Hospital, Upton, Wirral, UK
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 89:262-7. 2007
    We determined the compliance rates of orthopaedic trauma team members in applying universal precautions in major trauma resuscitation scenarios and the availability of universal precautions in accident and emergency (A&E) departments ..
  26. ncbi Uptake of guidelines to avoid and report exposure to blood and body fluids
    Jayne Cutter
    School of Health Science, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, UK
    J Adv Nurs 46:441-52. 2004
    ..Compliance with prescribed 'universal precautions' during exposure-prone procedures has been shown to reduce the risk of acquiring bloodborne viral ..
  27. ncbi Compliance with universal precautions and needle handling and disposal practices among emergency department staff at two community hospitals
    K Henry
    Department of Medicine, St Paul Ramsey Medical Center, MN 55101
    Am J Infect Control 22:129-37. 1994
    ..1% of these were recapped two-handed. CONCLUSIONS: Previous studies have documented low universal precautions compliance rates at urban teaching hospitals...
  28. ncbi Universal precautions prevent hepatitis C virus transmission: a 54 month follow-up of the Belgian Multicenter Study. The Universitaires Cliniques St-Luc (UCL) Collaborative Group
    M Jadoul
    University of Louvain Medical School, Belgium
    Kidney Int 53:1022-5. 1998
    ..in Belgian HD patients, and demonstrate the complete prevention of HCV transmission by adherence to the universal precautions advocated by the Centers for Disease Control (Atlanta, GA, USA)...
  29. doi Universal precautions and surgery in Sierra Leone: the unprotected workforce
    T Peter Kingham
    Department of Surgical Oncology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
    World J Surg 33:1194-6. 2009
    ..Because surgeons and other healthcare staff in sub-Saharan Africa are at risk for HIV exposure from their patients, an assessment of protective supplies and equipment was considered essential...
  30. ncbi Knowledge and practices of health care workers and medical students towards universal precautions in hospitals in Mazandaran Province
    N Motamed
    Department of Community Medicine, Bushehr Medical School, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran
    East Mediterr Health J 12:653-61. 2006
    This study investigated knowledge of and practices towards universal precautions among 540 health care workers and medical students in 2 university hospitals in Mazandaran Province, Islamic Republic of Iran. Only 65.8% and 90...
  31. doi HIV/AIDS and exposure of healthcare workers to body fluids in Ethiopia: attitudes toward universal precautions
    A A Reda
    Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
    J Hosp Infect 71:163-9. 2009
    There are no studies describing the attitude of healthcare workers (HCWs) towards universal precautions (UPs) in Ethiopia, in the context of the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome pandemic...
  32. ncbi Does clinical experience affect medical students' knowledge, attitudes, and compliance with universal precautions?
    D B Jeffe
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 19:767-71. 1998
    To investigate differences in second-, third-, and fourth-year medical students' knowledge of bloodborne pathogen exposure risks, as well as their attitudes toward, and intentions to comply with, Universal Precautions (UP).
  33. ncbi A proposed national policy on health care workers living with HIV/AIDS and other blood-borne pathogens
    L O Gostin
    Georgetown University Law Center, 600 New Jersey Ave NW, Washington, DC 20001 2075, USA
    JAMA 284:1965-70. 2000
    ..Inclusion of these principles would achieve high levels of patient safety without discrimination and invasion of privacy. JAMA. 2000;284:1965-1970...
  34. ncbi Systematized HIV/AIDS education for student nurses at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria: impact on knowledge, attitudes and compliance with universal precautions
    C B Uwakwe
    Department of Guidance and Counselling, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
    J Adv Nurs 32:416-24. 2000
    ..and attitudes resulting from intense instruction on HIV/AIDS, AIDS patient care, and compliance with universal precautions. With regard to knowledge enhancement and attitudinal transformation, the research reveals that a number ..
  35. ncbi Assessment of preventive measures for accidental blood exposure in operating theaters: a survey of 20 hospitals in Northern France
    Arnaud Tarantola
    CCLIN Paris Nord, Institut Biomedical des Cordeliers, Paris, France
    Am J Infect Control 34:376-82. 2006
    ..Accidental exposures to blood of body fluids (ABE) expose health care workers (HCW) to the risk of occupational infection...
  36. ncbi Self-reported infection control practices and perceptions of HIV/AIDS risk amongst emergency department nurses in Botswana
    Mothusi Chelenyane
    Thebephatshwa Air Base Hospital, P O Box 8, Thebephatshwa, Botswana
    Accid Emerg Nurs 14:148-54. 2006
    ..The majority of respondents reported compliance with universal precautions at the hospital emergency department...
  37. ncbi Prevention of viral transmission in HD units: the value of isolation
    Ayman Karkar
    Kanoo Kidney Center, Dammam Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia
    Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 17:183-8. 2006
    ....
  38. ncbi Percutaneous injury, blood exposure, and adherence to standard precautions: are hospital-based health care providers still at risk?
    Bradley N Doebbeling
    Program in Health Services Research, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 37:1006-13. 2003
    ..New strategies for preventing exposures, training, and monitoring adherence are needed...
  39. ncbi Pathologist and HIV--are safe autopsies possible?
    Maria Ganczak
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Pomeranian Academy of Medicine, Szczecin
    Pol J Pathol 54:143-6. 2003
    ..World-known recommendations to follow in such autopsy are described. The importance of compliance with universal precautions and the necessity of knowledge of the post-exposure prophylaxis are pointed as a way to avoid HIV infection...
  40. ncbi Injection practices in Romania: progress and challenges
    Catherine Dentinger
    Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 25:30-5. 2004
    ..To identify breaks in infection control practices that might put Romanians at risk for transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) from injections...
  41. ncbi Use of protective eyewear among surgeons in a tertiary hospital in northern Nigeria
    J Tukur
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
    Trop Doct 37:40-2. 2007
    ..There was at least a bloodstain on 70 (41.4%) of the goggles. There is need to enforce universal precautions during surgery to protect the eyes of surgeons from blood drops of the patient being operated.
  42. ncbi HIV/AIDS pandemic and surgical practice in a Nigerian teaching hospital
    Foluso J Owotade
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
    Trop Doct 33:228-31. 2003
    ....
  43. ncbi [HIV infection under laboratory conditions]
    Maria Ganczak
    Z Zakładu Higieny, Epidemiologii i Zdrowia Publicznego, Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie
    Med Pr 57:353-8. 2006
    ..The importance of continuing education in the areas of infection control procedures and compliance with universal precautions as well as reporting on occupational exposures to any infectious material in the context of post-exposure ..
  44. ncbi Not all face masks are created equal. What is best for you?
    Pamela Runge
    Medicom, Inc, USA
    Dent Assist 74:4-6, 8; quiz 10-1. 2005
    ..A postexposure management program should also be in place. The health of yourself, your patients, coworkers, family, and community at large is YOUR responsibility...
  45. ncbi Management of HIV/AIDS transmission in health care
    Sue Campbell
    Nurs Stand 18:33-5. 2004
    ..This article examines different aspects of dealing with the prevention and management of potential HIV/AIDS transmission in the healthcare setting...
  46. ncbi Preventing cross infection of blood borne viruses on haemodialysis
    K Nilsson
    Renal Professional Development Sister, UCL Hospitals NHS Trust, London, UK
    EDTNA ERCA J 30:23-6. 2004
    ..A local protocol was subsequently developed and implemented at the author's Trust, which will significantly change practice in the haemodialysis unit...
  47. ncbi Healthcare behaviors and risky business: first, do no harm
    David K Henderson
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:739-42. 2005
  48. ncbi Hepatitis C prevention with nurses
    Sarah Keller
    Department of Communication and Theatre, Montana State University, Billings, MT 59101, USA
    Nurs Health Sci 7:99-106. 2005
    ..3% (191) to 8.2% (132), and nurses who received information were more likely to talk to patients about the virus: 49% (414) compared to 21% (120). Hepatitis information aimed at nurses may help control this emerging epidemic...
  49. pmc Prevalence of blood-borne pathogens in an urban, university-based general surgical practice
    Eric S Weiss
    Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA
    Ann Surg 241:803-7; discussion 807-9. 2005
    ..To measure the current prevalence of blood-borne pathogens in an urban, university-based, general surgical practice...
  50. ncbi [The level of knowledge of post-exposure prohylaxis of blood-borne infections at the workplace observed in nurses]
    Bartosz Bilski
    Katedry Profilaktyki Zdrowotnej, Akademii Medycznej im K Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu
    Med Pr 56:375-8. 2005
    ..Nurses belong to the occupational group that is especially exposed to risk of blood-borne infections. The aim of this study was to assess their knowledge of post-exposure prophylaxis of HIV, HBV and HCV...
  51. ncbi A multicentric survey of the practice of hand hygiene in haemodialysis units: factors affecting compliance
    M Dolores Arenas
    Hospital Perpetuo Socorro, Alicante, Spain
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 20:1164-71. 2005
    ..This study intended to investigate the degree of compliance with hand hygiene and use of gloves by health workers in haemodialysis (HD) units, and the factors that influenced adherence to hand hygiene protocols...
  52. ncbi Protecting health care workers from SARS and other respiratory pathogens: organizational and individual factors that affect adherence to infection control guidelines
    David Moore
    Occupational Health and Safety Agency for Healthcare in British Columbia, Canada
    Am J Infect Control 33:88-96. 2005
    ....
  53. ncbi Prevalence of and risk factors for non-compliance with glove utilization and hand hygiene among obstetrics and gynaecology workers in rural China
    G Ji
    Anhui Provincial Institute of Maternal and Child Health, Anhui, China
    J Hosp Infect 59:235-41. 2005
    ..The risk factors for non-compliance were institutional level, institutional support and knowledge. These variables incorporated both subjective and objective reasons for non-compliance...
  54. ncbi Prevention and control of infection in non-acute healthcare settings
    Helen Jenkinson
    Infection Control Nurses Association
    Nurs Stand 20:56-63; quiz 66. 2006
    ..The results of the audit of facilities, commodities and practice using the ICNA audit tools will help staff to identify areas of best practice and areas where improvements are needed to enhance patient care...
  55. ncbi Bloodborne infections: should they be disclosed? Is differential treatment necessary?
    Christine Kukka
    Parents of Kids with Infectious Diseases PKIDs, Scarborough, ME, USA
    J Sch Nurs 20:324-30. 2004
    ..It suggests strategies school nurses can employ to protect the civil rights, privacy, and health of all students and school staff...
  56. ncbi Preventing nosocomial infections: improving compliance with standard precautions in an Indonesian teaching hospital
    D O Duerink
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Hosp Infect 64:36-43. 2006
    ..Compliance with safe handling of needles improved slightly due to introduction of the one-handed method for safe recapping of used needles...
  57. ncbi Safe inoculation of blood and bone marrow for liquid culture detection of mycobacteria
    M Møller
    International Reference Laboratory of Mycobacteriology, Statens Serum Institut, the National Institute for Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases and Congenital Disorders, 2300 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Occup Med (Lond) 54:540-3. 2004
    ..After an accidental needlestick injury, procedures for inoculation of liquid culture media for rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and other mycobacteria from blood and bone marrow specimens were reviewed...
  58. ncbi [Use of preventive strategies by surgeons and HIV exposure]
    Maria Ganczak
    Zakładu Higieny i Epidemiologii, Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie
    Wiad Lek 57:221-8. 2004
    ..Improving the comfort of barrier precautions and making them available may also increase the compliance with protection against HIV in the operation room...
  59. ncbi Needlestick and sharps injuries among nurses in the healthcare sector in a city of western Turkey
    U Ayranci
    Medico Social Centre, Osmangazi University, 26480 Meselik Eskisehir, Turkey
    J Hosp Infect 58:216-23. 2004
    ..injuries in nurses at work, to estimate the number of vaccinations administered, and to assess whether universal precautions were being followed...
  60. ncbi Medical procedures and the risk of iatrogenic hepatitis C infection: case-controlled study in north-eastern Poland
    S Chlabicz
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Nursing, Medical University of Białystok, ul Mieszka I 4B, 15 054 Białystok, Poland
    J Hosp Infect 58:204-9. 2004
    ..Improvements in basic hygiene routines and strict adherence to universal precautions may be essential to prevent iatrogenic transmission of the infection.
  61. ncbi How're we doin'? Preventing occupational infections with blood-borne pathogens in healthcare
    David K Henderson
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 25:532-5. 2004
  62. ncbi A qualitative exploration of dental practitioners' knowledge, attitudes and practices towards HIV+ and patients with other 'high risk' groups
    M L Crossley
    Liverpool John Moore s University, Faculty of Health and Applied Social Studies, Josephine Butler House, Myrtle Street, Liverpool L 7DN
    Br Dent J 197:21-6. 2004
    ..The aim of this study is to present the results of such a qualitative investigation...
  63. ncbi Blood exposure: factors promoting health care workers' compliance with guidelines in connection with risk
    Ulla Britt Lymer
    Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
    J Clin Nurs 13:547-54. 2004
    Health care workers compliance with guidelines, universal precautions, in connection with tasks that could involve contact with patient's blood is unsatisfactory...
  64. ncbi Infection control practices in public dental care services: findings from one South African Province
    S Mehtar
    Academic Unit for Infection Control, Tygerberg Hospital, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Hosp Infect 66:65-70. 2007
    ..The risk of blood-borne virus transmission in a population with high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence cannot be ignored...
  65. ncbi Hospital bloodborne pathogens programs: program characteristics and blood and body fluid exposure rates
    S E Beekmann
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 22:73-82. 2001
    ..Healthcare workers clearly remain at risk for injury. Further effective interventions are needed for employee training, improving adherence, and providing needlestick prevention devices...
  66. pmc Emergency department evaluations of non-percutaneous blood or body fluid exposures during cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 22:330-4. 2007
    ....
  67. doi Complying with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration: guidelines for the dental office
    Ricardo Boyce
    Department of Dentistry Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, 121 Dekalb Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA
    Dent Clin North Am 52:653-68, xi. 2008
    ..b>Universal precautions reduce the risk for infectious disease...
  68. doi Infection control in the dental office
    Mark V Thomas
    Division of Periodontology, University of Kentucky, College of Dentistry, 800 Rose Street, Lexington, KY 40536 0297, USA
    Dent Clin North Am 52:609-28, x. 2008
    ..This article discusses some of the measures that should be taken to safeguard the health of dental healthcare workers and patients...
  69. ncbi Barrier precautions in trauma: is knowledge enough?
    Atul K Madan
    Department of Surgery, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    J Trauma 52:540-3. 2002
    ..This study assesses self-reported rates of BP usage during resuscitations among trauma professionals, explores reasons for noncompliance, and compares self-reported compliance rates with actual observed compliance rates...
  70. ncbi Non-hospital based registered nurses and the risk of bloodborne pathogen exposure
    Robyn R M Gershon
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Ind Health 45:695-704. 2007
    ..Intervention research is warranted to evaluate improved risk reduction practices tailored to this population of RNs...
  71. doi Compliance with personal precautions against exposure to bloodborne pathogens among laboratory workers: a Canadian survey
    Cheryl L Main
    Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:66-8. 2008
    ..Laboratory workers reported high rates of exposure to bodily fluids and poor rates of compliance with personal protective behaviors. This national study has identified several deficiencies and strategies for improvement...
  72. ncbi Attitude/practices of oral healthcare provider to management of HIV/AIDS patients in the Pacific
    Afolabi Oreoluwa Comfort
    Fiji School of Medicine, School of Oral Health, PMB Suva, Fiji
    Pac Health Dialog 11:26-30. 2004
    ..Also, larger sample is required to make definite conclusion about oral health care practices in the Pacific...
  73. ncbi Lessons regarding percutaneous injuries among healthcare providers
    Bradley N Doebbeling
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:82-5. 2003
  74. ncbi Multidrug-resistant bacteria infection control: study of compliance with isolation precautions in a Paris university hospital
    G M Vidal-Trecan
    , , CHU Cochin-Port Royal, AP-HP, , Paris, France
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 22:109-11. 2001
    ..Compliance depended on physician ordering in writing (odds ratio, 36.3; 95% confidence interval, 4.8-274.9). Nurses complied best with hand washing...
  75. ncbi Needle stick injuries--risk from blood contact in dialysis
    A Wittmann
    Bergische Universitat Wuppertal, Germany
    J Ren Care 33:70-3. 2007
    ..The protection of health care workers is of prime importance and this paper will discuss the most successful methods of protection. The paper will examine briefly the cost of these protective measures...
  76. ncbi Healthcare workers' knowledge of inoculation injuries and glove use
    Joanna C Trim
    Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infection Control, University Hospital, Birmingham
    Br J Nurs 12:215-21. 2003
    ..policy implementation made limited impact on HCWs' level of knowledge of these risks and compliance with universal precautions. Two hundred HCWs completed a questionnaire to evaluate their level of knowledge...
  77. ncbi Severe acute respiratory syndrome: management and reconfiguration of a radiology department in an infectious disease situation
    Ian Y Y Tsou
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433, Republic of Singapore
    Radiology 229:21-6. 2003
    ..Barrier precautions, reconfiguration of the department, separation of imaging equipment, cleaning procedures, personal protective equipment, and staff safety are discussed...
  78. pmc Poor knowledge--predictor of nonadherence to universal precautions for blood borne pathogens at first level care facilities in Pakistan
    Naveed Z Janjua
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Infect Dis 7:81. 2007
    We conducted an assessment of knowledge about blood borne pathogens (BBP) and use of universal precautions at first level care facilities (FLCF) in two districts of Pakistan.
  79. ncbi Needlestick injuries among medical students
    J Megan M Patterson
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Am J Infect Control 31:226-30. 2003
    ..Concern about occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens exists, and medical students, who lack in experience in patient care and surgical technique, may be at an increased exposure risk...
  80. ncbi Management of occupational exposure to hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus
    Helene Bednarsh
    Boston Public Health Commission, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Compend Contin Educ Dent 23:561-6, 568-9; quiz 570. 2002
    ..In addition, the CDC's updated guidelines for postexposure management will be reviewed...
  81. ncbi A survey of doctors' and nurses' knowledge, attitudes and compliance with infection control guidelines in Birmingham teaching hospitals
    A D Stein
    School of Medicine, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Hosp Infect 54:68-73. 2003
    ..respondents, participated in the study measuring knowledge of, attitudes towards, and compliance with universal precautions. Overall knowledge of risks of blood-borne virus (BBV) transmission from an infected patient after ..
  82. ncbi Risk perception and precautions taken by health care workers for HIV infection in haemodialysis units in Egypt
    I A Kabbash
    Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tanta, Tanta, Egypt
    East Mediterr Health J 13:392-407. 2007
    ..Previous training, but not years of experience, influenced knowledge. Despite good knowledge, the performance of health workers was poor for universal blood precautions, and was worse in private haemodialysis units...
  83. ncbi Risk and prevention of transmission of infectious diseases in dentistry
    Marcelo W B Araujo
    Department of Periodontology and Endodontics, State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Dental Medicine, 3435 Main Street, 250 Squire Hall, Buffalo, New York 14214, USA
    Quintessence Int 33:376-82. 2002
    ..Such efforts may lead to the development of safer and more effective medical devices, work practices, and personal protective equipment...
  84. ncbi 1st- and 2nd-year medical student exposure to emergency medicine
    Leslie S Zun
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital Medical Center, 15th and California, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Teach Learn Med 14:164-7. 2002
    ..Medical societies in emergency medicine (EM) have recommended teaching EM topics in the preclinical years of medical school. However, the magnitude of integrating an EM curriculum into the 1st and 2nd year of medical school is unknown...
  85. ncbi The risks of occupational exposure and infection by human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus in the dialysis setting. Italian Multicenter Study on Nosocomial and Occupational Risk of Infections in Dialysis
    N Petrosillo
    Centro di Riferimento AIDS, Ospedale Malattie Infettive Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Am J Infect Control 23:278-85. 1995
    ..risk of exposure to HIV and other blood-borne pathogens, efforts must continue to increase compliance with universal precautions. Needle designs incorporating safety features and improvements in dialysis equipment design are also ..
  86. doi Bacterial pathogens in ambulances: results of unannounced sample collection
    Donald W Alves
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Special Operations, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 12:218-24. 2008
    ..Although universal precautions and disposable equipment reduces risks to patients and providers, the ambulance remains vulnerable to ..
  87. ncbi Prevalence of ocular injuries, conjunctivitis and use of eye protection among dental personnel in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    K A Al Wazzan
    Department of Prosthetic Dental Sciences, King Saud University, College of Dentistry, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Int Dent J 51:89-94. 2001
    ..To find out the prevalence of ocular injury and infection among dental personnel in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
  88. ncbi Infection control guidelines for the cardiac catheterization laboratory: society guidelines revisited
    Charles E Chambers
    Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive H047, Division of Cardiology Hershey, PA 17033, USA
    Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 67:78-86. 2006
    ..need for protective measures is as essential in the cardiac catheterization laboratory as is the standard Universal Precautions, which are applied throughout the hospital...
  89. ncbi Accreditation, certification: why all the confusion?
    Steven R Goldstein
    New York University Medical Center, New York, New York 10016, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 110:1396-8. 2007
    ..patient safety and quality control, including equipment calibration, transducer cleaning and disinfection, universal precautions and Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulations, ultrasound examination protocols, and ..
  90. doi Occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among health care workers in a general hospital, China
    Min Zhang
    National Institute for Occupational Health and Poison Control, China CDC, Beijing, China
    Am J Ind Med 52:89-98. 2009
    ..To understand current status of occupational exposure to blood and body fluids (BBF), and awareness of knowledge about occupational bloodborne pathogen exposures and universal precaution among hospital-based health care workers (HCWs)...
  91. ncbi Imported viral haemorrhagic fever with a potential for person-to-person transmission: review and recommendations for initial management of a suspected case in Belgium
    R Colebunders
    Departement Klinische Wetenschappen, Instituut voor Tropische Geneeskunde Nationalestraat 155, B 2000 Antwerpen
    Acta Clin Belg 57:233-40. 2002
    ..Such patients should be questioned for risk factors for viral haemorrhagic fever. Using universal precautions for handling blood and body fluids and barrier nursing techniques there is little risk that if a patient ..
  92. ncbi Dental hygienists and infection control: knowledge, attitudes and behaviour in Italy
    I F Angelillo
    Medical School, University of Catanzaro Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy
    J Hosp Infect 47:314-20. 2001
    ..programmes are needed for improving knowledge about oral manifestations of AIDS in order to support dentists to provide early diagnosis and about the correct use of procedures and universal precautions for preventing infections.
  93. ncbi [Occupational exposures to blood and body fluids among health care workers: a questionary survey]
    Ziya Kuruuzum
    Dokuz Eylul Universitesi Tip Fakultesi, Enfeksiyon Hastaliklari ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dali, Izmir
    Mikrobiyol Bul 42:61-9. 2008
    ..The results support the importance of the use of universal precautions and safety-enhanced devices, introducing effective training and efficient vaccination programs against HBV,..
  94. ncbi Emergency thoracotomy in trauma: rationale, risks, and realities
    K Søreide
    Department of Surgery, Stavanger University Hospital, Acute Care Medicine Research Network, Department of Health Studies, University of Stavanger, Norway
    Scand J Surg 96:4-10. 2007
    ..However, risk is not negligible and mandated universal precautions are needed...
  95. ncbi How health care organizations can establish and conduct a program for a latex-safe environment
    Robert H Brown
    Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Saf 29:113-23. 2003
    The advent of universal precautions brought about a dramatic increase in the use of natural rubber latex gloves, and reports of rubber latex allergies began appearing in the literature...
  96. ncbi HIV/AIDS in ophthalmic patients: The Guinness Eye Centre Onitsha experience
    N N Nwosu
    Guinness Eye Center Onitsha Nigeria
    Niger Postgrad Med J 15:24-7. 2008
    ..To determine the incidence and pattern of ocular problems of HIV/AIDS at the Guinness Eye Centre Onitsha, Nigeria...
  97. ncbi Improved compliance with recommended infection control practices in the dental office between 1994 and 1995
    G M McCarthy
    Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    Am J Infect Control 26:24-8. 1998
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Dentists' reports of compliance with recommended infection control practices and universal precautions against HBV and HIV infection increased between 1994 and 1995, but most dentists apparently have not ..
  98. ncbi Needlestick and sharps injury prevention
    Susan Q Wilburn
    American Nurses Association
    Online J Issues Nurs 9:5. 2004
    ..and the use of safer needle devices, sharps collection boxes, gloves and personal protective gear, and universal precautions. The prevention of needlestick injuries has made slow progress over the past 20 years since the HIV ..
  99. doi Integration of comprehensive abortion-care services in a Maternal and Child Health clinic in Cambodia
    Thérèse Delvaux
    Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Trop Med Int Health 13:962-9. 2008
    ....
  100. ncbi Catastrophe model for the exposure to blood-borne pathogens and other accidents in health care settings
    S J Guastello
    Department of Psychology, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI 53201 1881, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 31:739-49. 1999
    ..Compliance with the universal precautions and HIV-related training were not relevant to either of the models.
  101. ncbi Systematic monitor disinfection is effective in limiting HCV spread in hemodialysis
    F Aucella
    Department of Nephrology and Dialysis, Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza Hospital IRCCS, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy
    Blood Purif 18:110-4. 2000
    ..The strict adhesion to universal precautions is the first step in prevention, but other simple tools such as systematic monitor disinfection and the ..

Research Grants62

  1. BBP EXPOSURE AND RISK FACTORS IN NON-HOSPITAL BASED HCWS
    Robyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This study will improve our understanding of the risks facing non-hospital HCWs and allow us to focus our energies and resources appropriately. ..
  2. Bloodborne Pathogen Risk in Home Healthcare Workers
    Robyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will improve our understanding of the risks facing home health care workers and allow us to focus our risk management energies and resources appropriately. ..
  3. Reducing HIV Risk in Adult Women with Intellectual Disabilities
    Jennifer Wells; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..c) development of a second program focused on non-sexually based HIV/AIDS transmission, teaching universal precautions as a primary means of prevention; and to (d) repurpose all program content developed for the CD-ROM ..
  4. Family-to-Family: Psychoeducation to Improve Children's Outcomes in HIV+ Families
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The primary outcomes are school-age children's social, behavioral and mental health status. HIV+ parent's and family caregivers' health mental health, parenting skills, and family bonds are intermediate outcomes. ..
  5. POL and Access Intervention to Reduce HIV Stigma among Service Providers in China
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed study will be the first randomized controlled intervention trial that specifically targets stigma and access to universal precautions in medical settings, and is implemented at multiple sites (two provinces) in China.
  6. TEA for Families & Children: Preparation for a Randomized Trial
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The goal of this study is to develop and pilot an intervention for PLH and their family members in order to improve the long term health, mental health and behavioral adjustment of the children in poor, rural areas in China. ..
  7. POL and Access Intervention to Reduce HIV Stigma among Service Providers in China
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed study will be the first randomized controlled intervention trial that specifically targets stigma and access to universal precautions in medical settings, and is implemented at multiple sites (two provinces) in China.
  8. TEA for Families & Children: Preparation for a Randomized Trial
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The goal of this study is to develop and pilot an intervention for PLH and their family members in order to improve the long term health, mental health and behavioral adjustment of the children in poor, rural areas in China. ..
  9. Family-to-Family: Psychoeducation to Improve Children's Outcomes in HIV+ Families
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..HIV+ parent's and family caregivers' health mental health, parenting skills, and family bonds are intermediate outcomes. ..
  10. POL and Access Intervention to Reduce HIV Stigma among Service Providers in China
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed study will be the first randomized controlled intervention trial that specifically targets stigma and access to universal precautions in medical settings, and is implemented at multiple sites (two provinces) in China.
  11. BLOODBORNE EXPOSURE MANAGEMENT
    Robyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This study will identify barriers to appropriate implementation of the Guidelines and allow us to focus our energies and resources on specific improvements in order to minimize the risk of infection to exposed employees. ..
  12. HIV Related Stigma among Service Providers in China
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..from service providers, education on HIV-related policies and access to resources to implement HW testing, universal precautions, and HIV treatment and care (using current Chinese standards of care)...
  13. Innovative HCW Training: Infectious Disease Risk
    Robyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results of this study may have important implications for effective health and safety training for nurses. ..
  14. Social Determinants of Outcomes in African Americans with Rheumatoid Arthritis
    LEIGH FLEMING CALLAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A better understanding of these issues will provide an invaluable foundation for designing clinical interventions and creating policies to reduce these gaps. ..
  15. Individual & Community Social Determinants of Osteoarthritis Outcomes
    LEIGH FLEMING CALLAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  16. Individual & Community Social Determinants of Osteoarthritis Outcomes
    Leigh Callahan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  17. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Roland Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
  18. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Ted D Nirenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Further, the epidemiology of illicit and/or prescription drug misuse will be assessed in a random sample of ED patients. ..
  19. Bringing Men into HIV Prevention in Chile
    Lilian Ferrer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The intervention is low-cost, uses existing infrastructure, and includes careful process evaluation. If the intervention is effective, it can be disseminated for men throughout Chile. ..
  20. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Ted D Nirenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
  21. A Multi-State Analysis of the Impact of HIV Exposure Laws
    Carol L Galletly; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Results will inform HIV-related legislation, which is often drafted without the benefit of scientific evidence. Results will also inform policy discussions on the role of the criminal law in disease containment efforts. ..
  22. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Ted D Nirenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
  23. Bringing Men into HIV Prevention in Chile
    Lilian M Ferrer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The intervention is low-cost, uses existing infrastructure, and includes careful process evaluation. If the intervention is effective, it can be disseminated for men throughout Chile. ..
  24. Video-Based Delivery of HIV Test Information for Spanish-Speaking Latinos
    Roland C Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The ultimate aim of this project is to help reduce the transmission of HIV through streamlined yet effective HIV testing approaches. ..
  25. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Roland Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
  26. Exposure to Blood Among Home Health Care Nurses
    Jack Leiss; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Collaborating agency directors and home health care nurses, focus groups, and a pilot study will be used to design and test recruitment strategies that will ensure high response rates. ..
  27. Biomarker Reference Laboratory, EDRN
    William Grizzle; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  28. Prevention of Catheter-Associated Blood Stream Infections
    David Warren; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..I will build on the experience outlined in this proposal to establish myself an independent investigator in healthcare epidemiology, studying nosocomial infections and developing interventions to prevent them. ..
  29. Pesticide Dose Monitoring in Turf Applicators
    Shelley Harris; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. Bringing Men into HIV Prevention in Chile
    Lilian Ferrer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The intervention is low-cost, uses existing infrastructure, and includes careful process evaluation. If the intervention is effective, it can be disseminated for men throughout Chile. ..
  31. Health and Literacy in Child and Adult Assessment(RMI)
    Darren Dewalt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. COOPERATIVE HUMAN TISSUE NETWORK
    William Grizzle; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In the next funding cycle,\par consortium agreements with participating institutions will provide access to tissues from more than\par 150,000 surgical procedures with a goal of supplying 50,000 samples.\fs20\par \par } ..
  33. Confocal DNA Cytometry Prostate Cancer- Age & Ethnicity
    William Grizzle; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will test the negative hypothesis that age and ethnic groups, with all other prognostic variables being equal, will have no correlation with tumor aggressiveness. ..
  34. IMAGING CORE
    Robert Brown; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The Core will support Projects 2 and 5 and will interact with Core C. ..
  35. Exploring the Impact of Criminal HIV Disclosure Law
    Carol Galletly; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The findings of this study will be disseminated in academic journals and through conference presentations, and will be summarized in a written report and presentation to policy makers in Michigan. ..