Summary: Prudent standard preventive measures to be taken by professional and other health personnel in contact with persons afflicted with a communicable disease, to avoid contracting the disease by contagion or infection. Precautions are especially applicable in the diagnosis and care of AIDS patients.
Publications198 found, 100 shown here
- Practice of universal precautions among healthcare workersWilson E Sadoh
Department of Child Health, University of Benin, Nigeria
J Natl Med Assoc 98:722-6. 2006..Compliance with universal precautions has been shown to reduce the risk of exposure to blood and body fluids...
- Critical incidents of nonadherence with standard precautions guidelines among community hospital-based health care workersKristi J Ferguson
Department of Community and Behavioral Health, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, USA
J Gen Intern Med 19:726-31. 2004..To identify, categorize, and assess critical incidents of nonadherence to standard precautions...
- Healthcare workers' knowledge of inoculation injuries and glove useJoanna C Trim
Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infection Control, University Hospital, Birmingham
Br J Nurs 12:215-21. 2003..policy implementation made limited impact on HCWs' level of knowledge of these risks and compliance with universal precautions. Two hundred HCWs completed a questionnaire to evaluate their level of knowledge...
- Blood and body fluid exposure and risk to health care workersAfia Zafar
J Pak Med Assoc 56:428-9. 2006
- [Risk bloodborne infections in health care workers]Bartosz Bilski
Z Katedry Profilaktyki Zdrowotnej, Akademii Medycznej im K Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu
Med Pr 57:375-9. 2006..Therefore, it is essential to draw special attention to under- and post-graduate programs covering all medical professions, in which the problem of occupational and hospital infections should be an obligatory element of training...
- Nurses' knowledge of and compliance with universal precautions in an acute care hospitalRegina Chan
Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong
Int J Nurs Stud 39:157-63. 2002A cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the nurses' knowledge of and compliance with Universal Precautions (UP) in an acute hospital in Hong Kong...
- Variables influencing worker compliance with universal precautions in the emergency departmentC O Williams
Fairview Southdale Hospital, Edina, MN
Am J Infect Control 22:138-48. 1994..the staff of a level II trauma center were surveyed for knowledge, compliance, and training regarding universal precautions. METHODS: Fifty-three health care workers responded to an anonymous, self-report, 50-item questionnaire...
- Occupational injury history and universal precautions awareness: a survey in Kabul hospital staffAhmad Shah Salehi
Ministry of Public Health, Kabul, Afghanistan
BMC Infect Dis 10:19. 2010..Health staff in Afghanistan may be at high risk of needle stick injury and occupational infection with blood borne pathogens, but we have not found any published or unpublished data...
- Health care workers' knowledge on HIV and AIDS: universal precautions and attitude towards PLWHA in Benin-City, NigeriaA O Aisien
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State
Niger J Clin Pract 8:74-82. 2005..The study was designed to test health care workers knowledge about HIV transmission, universal precautions and their attitude towards people living with HIV and AIDS.
- Noncompliance of health care workers with universal precautions during trauma resuscitationsA K Madan
Department of Surgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, Louisiana State University, New Orleans, USA
South Med J 94:277-80. 2001BACKGROUND: Universal precautions during resuscitations are mandated by hospital regulations. We documented adherence to universal precautions during trauma resuscitations at our level I trauma center...
- Effectiveness of computer-assisted instruction in increasing the rate of universal precautions--related behaviorsB J Wright
Division of Nursing, University of Arkansas, Monticello 71656, USA
Am J Infect Control 25:426-9. 1997BACKGROUND: With widespread noncompliance to universal precautions well established, an experimental study was designed to compare the rate of universal precautions--related behaviors between nurses who participate in computer-assisted ..
- Universal precautions: a survey of community nurses' experience and practiceGlynis Bennett
School of Care Sciences, University of Glamorgan, Pontypridd, UK
J Clin Nurs 13:413-21. 2004b>Universal precautions are a set of guidelines which aim to protect health care workers from blood-borne infections...
- Compliance with Universal Precautions among emergency department personnel: implications for prevention programsL E Kim
Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Am J Infect Control 27:453-5. 1999..emergency department (ED) staff members' knowledge of bloodborne pathogen transmission, compliance with Universal Precautions, and the use of personal protective equipment...
- Universal precautions prevent hepatitis C virus transmission: a 54 month follow-up of the Belgian Multicenter Study. The Universitaires Cliniques St-Luc (UCL) Collaborative GroupM Jadoul
University of Louvain Medical School, Belgium
Kidney Int 53:1022-5. 1998..in Belgian HD patients, and demonstrate the complete prevention of HCV transmission by adherence to the universal precautions advocated by the Centers for Disease Control (Atlanta, GA, USA)...
- Healthcare workers and health care-associated infections: knowledge, attitudes, and behavior in emergency departments in ItalyCristiana Parmeggiani
Department of Public, Clinical and Preventive Medicine, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy
BMC Infect Dis 10:35. 2010..This survey assessed knowledge, attitudes, and compliance regarding standard precautions about health care-associated infections (HAIs) and the associated determinants among healthcare workers (HCWs) in emergency departments in Italy...
- Compliance with universal precautions and needle handling and disposal practices among emergency department staff at two community hospitalsK Henry
Department of Medicine, St Paul Ramsey Medical Center, MN 55101
Am J Infect Control 22:129-37. 1994..1% of these were recapped two-handed. CONCLUSIONS: Previous studies have documented low universal precautions compliance rates at urban teaching hospitals...
- Universal precautions in the era of HIV/AIDS: perception of health service providers in Yunnan, ChinaSheng Wu
Jane and Terry Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Center for Community Health, University of California at Los Angeles, 10920 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 350, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
AIDS Behav 12:806-14. 2008..become especially important for health service providers in China to understand and correctly adhere to universal precautions. Using qualitative interview data, perspectives from both health administrators and service providers ..
- Uptake of guidelines to avoid and report exposure to blood and body fluidsJayne Cutter
School of Health Science, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, UK
J Adv Nurs 46:441-52. 2004..Compliance with prescribed 'universal precautions' during exposure-prone procedures has been shown to reduce the risk of acquiring bloodborne viral ..
- HIV/AIDS and exposure of healthcare workers to body fluids in Ethiopia: attitudes toward universal precautionsA A Reda
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
J Hosp Infect 71:163-9. 2009There are no studies describing the attitude of healthcare workers (HCWs) towards universal precautions (UPs) in Ethiopia, in the context of the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome pandemic...
- Compliance with Universal/Standard Precautions among health care workers in rural north IndiaMichelle Kermode
Australian International Health Institute, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Am J Infect Control 33:27-33. 2005b>Universal Precautions (UPs) and more recently Standard Precautions have been widely promoted in high-income countries to protect health care workers (HCWs) from occupational exposure to blood and the consequent risk of infection with ..
- Infection control: its evolution to the current standard precautionsJohn A Molinari
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Detroit Mercy School of Dentistry, Mich 48219 0900, USA
J Am Dent Assoc 134:569-74; quiz 631-2. 2003..In addition, surveillance of occupational risks in medical treatment settings often has served as a basis for subsequent disease prevention recommendations for dental care...
- Universal precaution compliance by orthopaedic trauma team members in a major trauma resuscitation scenarioR O Sundaram
Department of Orthopaedics, Arrowe Park Hospital, Upton, Wirral, UK
Ann R Coll Surg Engl 89:262-7. 2007We determined the compliance rates of orthopaedic trauma team members in applying universal precautions in major trauma resuscitation scenarios and the availability of universal precautions in accident and emergency (A&E) departments ..
- Knowledge and practices of health care workers and medical students towards universal precautions in hospitals in Mazandaran ProvinceN Motamed
Department of Community Medicine, Bushehr Medical School, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran
East Mediterr Health J 12:653-61. 2006This study investigated knowledge of and practices towards universal precautions among 540 health care workers and medical students in 2 university hospitals in Mazandaran Province, Islamic Republic of Iran. Only 65.8% and 90...
- Universal precautions and surgery in Sierra Leone: the unprotected workforceT Peter Kingham
Department of Surgical Oncology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
World J Surg 33:1194-6. 2009..Because surgeons and other healthcare staff in sub-Saharan Africa are at risk for HIV exposure from their patients, an assessment of protective supplies and equipment was considered essential...
- Compliance with universal precautions among health care workers at three regional hospitalsR R Gershon
Department of Environmental Health Science, Johns Hopkins University, The School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 2179, USA
Am J Infect Control 23:225-36. 1995OBJECTIVE: To assess and characterize self-reported levels of compliance with universal precautions among hospital-based health care workers and to determine correlates of compliance...
- Discriminatory attitudes and practices by health workers toward patients with HIV/AIDS in NigeriaChen Reis
Physicians for Human Rights, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
PLoS Med 2:e246. 2005..The study involved a cross-sectional survey of 1,021 Nigerian health-care professionals (including 324 physicians, 541 nurses, and 133 midwives identified by profession) in 111 health-care facilities in four Nigerian states...
- A proposed national policy on health care workers living with HIV/AIDS and other blood-borne pathogensL O Gostin
Georgetown University Law Center, 600 New Jersey Ave NW, Washington, DC 20001 2075, USA
JAMA 284:1965-70. 2000..Inclusion of these principles would achieve high levels of patient safety without discrimination and invasion of privacy. JAMA. 2000;284:1965-1970...
- Systematized HIV/AIDS education for student nurses at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria: impact on knowledge, attitudes and compliance with universal precautionsC B Uwakwe
Department of Guidance and Counselling, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
J Adv Nurs 32:416-24. 2000..and attitudes resulting from intense instruction on HIV/AIDS, AIDS patient care, and compliance with universal precautions. With regard to knowledge enhancement and attitudinal transformation, the research reveals that a number ..
- Healthcare behaviors and risky business: first, do no harmDavid K Henderson
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:739-42. 2005
- A survey of doctors' and nurses' knowledge, attitudes and compliance with infection control guidelines in Birmingham teaching hospitalsA D Stein
School of Medicine, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
J Hosp Infect 54:68-73. 2003..respondents, participated in the study measuring knowledge of, attitudes towards, and compliance with universal precautions. Overall knowledge of risks of blood-borne virus (BBV) transmission from an infected patient after ..
- Pathologist and HIV--are safe autopsies possible?Maria Ganczak
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Pomeranian Academy of Medicine, Szczecin
Pol J Pathol 54:143-6. 2003..World-known recommendations to follow in such autopsy are described. The importance of compliance with universal precautions and the necessity of knowledge of the post-exposure prophylaxis are pointed as a way to avoid HIV infection...
- Management of occupational exposure to hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virusHelene Bednarsh
Boston Public Health Commission, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Compend Contin Educ Dent 23:561-6, 568-9; quiz 570. 2002..In addition, the CDC's updated guidelines for postexposure management will be reviewed...
- Percutaneous injury, blood exposure, and adherence to standard precautions: are hospital-based health care providers still at risk?Bradley N Doebbeling
Program in Health Services Research, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Clin Infect Dis 37:1006-13. 2003..New strategies for preventing exposures, training, and monitoring adherence are needed...
- Needlestick injuries among medical studentsJ Megan M Patterson
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA
Am J Infect Control 31:226-30. 2003..CONCLUSION: Medical students have a high risk for needlestick injuries, and attention should be directed to protection strategies against bloodborne pathogens...
- Not all face masks are created equal. What is best for you?Pamela Runge
Medicom, Inc, USA
Dent Assist 74:4-6, 8; quiz 10-1. 2005..A postexposure management program should also be in place. The health of yourself, your patients, coworkers, family, and community at large is YOUR responsibility...
- Protecting health care workers from SARS and other respiratory pathogens: organizational and individual factors that affect adherence to infection control guidelinesDavid Moore
Occupational Health and Safety Agency for Healthcare in British Columbia, Canada
Am J Infect Control 33:88-96. 2005....
- A multicentric survey of the practice of hand hygiene in haemodialysis units: factors affecting complianceM Dolores Arenas
Hospital Perpetuo Socorro, Alicante, Spain
Nephrol Dial Transplant 20:1164-71. 2005..This study intended to investigate the degree of compliance with hand hygiene and use of gloves by health workers in haemodialysis (HD) units, and the factors that influenced adherence to hand hygiene protocols...
- Hepatitis C prevention with nursesSarah Keller
Department of Communication and Theatre, Montana State University, Billings, MT 59101, USA
Nurs Health Sci 7:99-106. 2005..3% (191) to 8.2% (132), and nurses who received information were more likely to talk to patients about the virus: 49% (414) compared to 21% (120). Hepatitis information aimed at nurses may help control this emerging epidemic...
- Severe acute respiratory syndrome: management and reconfiguration of a radiology department in an infectious disease situationIan Y Y Tsou
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433, Republic of Singapore
Radiology 229:21-6. 2003..Barrier precautions, reconfiguration of the department, separation of imaging equipment, cleaning procedures, personal protective equipment, and staff safety are discussed...
- HIV/AIDS pandemic and surgical practice in a Nigerian teaching hospitalFoluso J Owotade
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
Trop Doct 33:228-31. 2003....
- Prevalence of and risk factors for non-compliance with glove utilization and hand hygiene among obstetrics and gynaecology workers in rural ChinaG Ji
Anhui Provincial Institute of Maternal and Child Health, Anhui, China
J Hosp Infect 59:235-41. 2005..The risk factors for non-compliance were institutional level, institutional support and knowledge. These variables incorporated both subjective and objective reasons for non-compliance...
- A qualitative exploration of dental practitioners' knowledge, attitudes and practices towards HIV+ and patients with other 'high risk' groupsM L Crossley
Liverpool John Moore s University, Faculty of Health and Applied Social Studies, Josephine Butler House, Myrtle Street, Liverpool L 7DN
Br Dent J 197:21-6. 2004..The aim of this study is to present the results of such a qualitative investigation...
- Blood exposure: factors promoting health care workers' compliance with guidelines in connection with riskUlla Britt Lymer
Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
J Clin Nurs 13:547-54. 2004Health care workers compliance with guidelines, universal precautions, in connection with tasks that could involve contact with patient's blood is unsatisfactory...
- Preventing cross infection of blood borne viruses on haemodialysisK Nilsson
Renal Professional Development Sister, UCL Hospitals NHS Trust, London, UK
EDTNA ERCA J 30:23-6. 2004..A local protocol was subsequently developed and implemented at the author's Trust, which will significantly change practice in the haemodialysis unit...
- Prevalence of blood-borne pathogens in an urban, university-based general surgical practiceEric S Weiss
Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA
Ann Surg 241:803-7; discussion 807-9. 2005..Given the high incidence of these infections, strategies such as sharpless surgical techniques should be evaluated and implemented to protect surgeons from blood-borne pathogens...
- Medical procedures and the risk of iatrogenic hepatitis C infection: case-controlled study in north-eastern PolandS Chlabicz
Department of Family Medicine and Community Nursing, Medical University of Białystok, ul Mieszka I 4B, 15 054 Białystok, Poland
J Hosp Infect 58:204-9. 2004..Improvements in basic hygiene routines and strict adherence to universal precautions may be essential to prevent iatrogenic transmission of the infection.
- Management of HIV/AIDS transmission in health careSue Campbell
Nurs Stand 18:33-5. 2004..This article examines different aspects of dealing with the prevention and management of potential HIV/AIDS transmission in the healthcare setting...
- Needlestick and sharps injuries among nurses in the healthcare sector in a city of western TurkeyU Ayranci
Medico Social Centre, Osmangazi University, 26480 Meselik Eskisehir, Turkey
J Hosp Infect 58:216-23. 2004..injuries in nurses at work, to estimate the number of vaccinations administered, and to assess whether universal precautions were being followed...
- [Use of preventive strategies by surgeons and HIV exposure]Maria Ganczak
Zakładu Higieny i Epidemiologii, Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie
Wiad Lek 57:221-8. 2004..Improving the comfort of barrier precautions and making them available may also increase the compliance with protection against HIV in the operation room...
- Injection practices in Romania: progress and challengesCatherine Dentinger
Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 25:30-5. 2004..to collect information on their knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding injection administration and universal precautions. RESULTS: Of the 180 nurses interviewed, 91% (95% confidence interval [CI95], 86% to 95%) reported having ..
- Safe inoculation of blood and bone marrow for liquid culture detection of mycobacteriaM Møller
International Reference Laboratory of Mycobacteriology, Statens Serum Institut, the National Institute for Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases and Congenital Disorders, 2300 Copenhagen, Denmark
Occup Med (Lond) 54:540-3. 2004..After an accidental needlestick injury, procedures for inoculation of liquid culture media for rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and other mycobacteria from blood and bone marrow specimens were reviewed...
- Bloodborne infections: should they be disclosed? Is differential treatment necessary?Christine Kukka
Parents of Kids with Infectious Diseases PKIDs, Scarborough, ME, USA
J Sch Nurs 20:324-30. 2004..It suggests strategies school nurses can employ to protect the civil rights, privacy, and health of all students and school staff...
- How're we doin'? Preventing occupational infections with blood-borne pathogens in healthcareDavid K Henderson
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 25:532-5. 2004
- [The level of knowledge of post-exposure prohylaxis of blood-borne infections at the workplace observed in nurses]Bartosz Bilski
Katedry Profilaktyki Zdrowotnej, Akademii Medycznej im K Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu
Med Pr 56:375-8. 2005..Nurses belong to the occupational group that is especially exposed to risk of blood-borne infections. The aim of this study was to assess their knowledge of post-exposure prophylaxis of HIV, HBV and HCV...
- Barrier precautions in trauma: is knowledge enough?Atul K Madan
Department of Surgery, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
J Trauma 52:540-3. 2002..This study assesses self-reported rates of BP usage during resuscitations among trauma professionals, explores reasons for noncompliance, and compares self-reported compliance rates with actual observed compliance rates...
- Use of protective eyewear among surgeons in a tertiary hospital in northern NigeriaJ Tukur
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
Trop Doct 37:40-2. 2007..There was at least a bloodstain on 70 (41.4%) of the goggles. There is need to enforce universal precautions during surgery to protect the eyes of surgeons from blood drops of the patient being operated.
- Infection control in the dental officeMark V Thomas
Division of Periodontology, University of Kentucky, College of Dentistry, 800 Rose Street, Lexington, KY 40536 0297, USA
Dent Clin North Am 52:609-28, x. 2008..This article discusses some of the measures that should be taken to safeguard the health of dental healthcare workers and patients...
- Infection control practices in public dental care services: findings from one South African ProvinceS Mehtar
Academic Unit for Infection Control, Tygerberg Hospital, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa
J Hosp Infect 66:65-70. 2007..The risk of blood-borne virus transmission in a population with high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence cannot be ignored...
- Poor knowledge--predictor of nonadherence to universal precautions for blood borne pathogens at first level care facilities in PakistanNaveed Z Janjua
Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
BMC Infect Dis 7:81. 2007We conducted an assessment of knowledge about blood borne pathogens (BBP) and use of universal precautions at first level care facilities (FLCF) in two districts of Pakistan.
- Risk perception and precautions taken by health care workers for HIV infection in haemodialysis units in EgyptI A Kabbash
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tanta, Tanta, Egypt
East Mediterr Health J 13:392-407. 2007..Previous training, but not years of experience, influenced knowledge. Despite good knowledge, the performance of health workers was poor for universal blood precautions, and was worse in private haemodialysis units...
- Hospital bloodborne pathogens programs: program characteristics and blood and body fluid exposure ratesS E Beekmann
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 22:73-82. 2001..Healthcare workers clearly remain at risk for injury. Further effective interventions are needed for employee training, improving adherence, and providing needlestick prevention devices...
- Multidrug-resistant bacteria infection control: study of compliance with isolation precautions in a Paris university hospitalG M Vidal-Trecan
, , CHU Cochin-Port Royal, AP-HP, , Paris, France
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 22:109-11. 2001..Compliance depended on physician ordering in writing (odds ratio, 36.3; 95% confidence interval, 4.8-274.9). Nurses complied best with hand washing...
- Needle stick injuries--risk from blood contact in dialysisA Wittmann
Bergische Universitat Wuppertal, Germany
J Ren Care 33:70-3. 2007..The protection of health care workers is of prime importance and this paper will discuss the most successful methods of protection. The paper will examine briefly the cost of these protective measures...
- Emergency department evaluations of non-percutaneous blood or body fluid exposures during cardiopulmonary resuscitationRoland C Merchant
Department of Emergency Medicine, Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Prehosp Disaster Med 22:330-4. 2007....
- Non-hospital based registered nurses and the risk of bloodborne pathogen exposureRobyn R M Gershon
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Ind Health 45:695-704. 2007..Intervention research is warranted to evaluate improved risk reduction practices tailored to this population of RNs...
- Compliance with personal precautions against exposure to bloodborne pathogens among laboratory workers: a Canadian survey Cheryl L Main
Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Canada
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:66-8. 2008..Laboratory workers reported high rates of exposure to bodily fluids and poor rates of compliance with personal protective behaviors. This national study has identified several deficiencies and strategies for improvement...
- Risk and prevention of transmission of infectious diseases in dentistryMarcelo W B Araujo
Department of Periodontology and Endodontics, State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Dental Medicine, 3435 Main Street, 250 Squire Hall, Buffalo, New York 14214, USA
Quintessence Int 33:376-82. 2002..Such efforts may lead to the development of safer and more effective medical devices, work practices, and personal protective equipment...
- Self-reported infection control practices and perceptions of HIV/AIDS risk amongst emergency department nurses in BotswanaMothusi Chelenyane
Thebephatshwa Air Base Hospital, P.O. Box 8, Thebephatshwa, Botswana
Accid Emerg Nurs 14:148-54. 2006..The majority of respondents reported compliance with universal precautions at the hospital emergency department...
- Lessons regarding percutaneous injuries among healthcare providersBradley N Doebbeling
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:82-5. 2003
- Prevention and control of infection in non-acute healthcare settingsHelen Jenkinson
Infection Control Nurses Association
Nurs Stand 20:56-63; quiz 66. 2006..The results of the audit of facilities, commodities and practice using the ICNA audit tools will help staff to identify areas of best practice and areas where improvements are needed to enhance patient care...
- Preventing nosocomial infections: improving compliance with standard precautions in an Indonesian teaching hospitalD O Duerink
Department of Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands
J Hosp Infect 64:36-43. 2006..Compliance with safe handling of needles improved slightly due to introduction of the one-handed method for safe recapping of used needles...
- Assessment of preventive measures for accidental blood exposure in operating theaters: a survey of 20 hospitals in Northern FranceArnaud Tarantola
CCLIN Paris-Nord, , Paris, France
Am J Infect Control 34:376-82. 2006....
- Prevention of viral transmission in HD units: the value of isolationAyman Karkar
Kanoo Kidney Center, Dammam Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia
Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 17:183-8. 2006....
- [HIV infection under laboratory conditions]Maria Ganczak
Z Zakładu Higieny, Epidemiologii i Zdrowia Publicznego, Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie
Med Pr 57:353-8. 2006..The importance of continuing education in the areas of infection control procedures and compliance with universal precautions as well as reporting on occupational exposures to any infectious material in the context of post-exposure ..
- Complying with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration: guidelines for the dental officeRicardo Boyce
Department of Dentistry Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, 121 Dekalb Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA
Dent Clin North Am 52:653-68, xi. 2008..b>Universal precautions reduce the risk for infectious disease...
- Attitude/practices of oral healthcare provider to management of HIV/AIDS patients in the PacificAfolabi Oreoluwa Comfort
Fiji School of Medicine, School of Oral Health, PMB Suva, Fiji
Pac Health Dialog 11:26-30. 2004..Also, larger sample is required to make definite conclusion about oral health care practices in the Pacific...
- 1st- and 2nd-year medical student exposure to emergency medicineLeslie S Zun
Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital Medical Center, 15th and California, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
Teach Learn Med 14:164-7. 2002..Medical societies in emergency medicine (EM) have recommended teaching EM topics in the preclinical years of medical school. However, the magnitude of integrating an EM curriculum into the 1st and 2nd year of medical school is unknown...
- Bacterial pathogens in ambulances: results of unannounced sample collectionDonald W Alves
Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Special Operations, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA
Prehosp Emerg Care 12:218-24. 2008..Although universal precautions and disposable equipment reduces risks to patients and providers, the ambulance remains vulnerable to ..
- The risks of occupational exposure and infection by human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus in the dialysis setting. Italian Multicenter Study on Nosocomial and Occupational Risk of Infections in DialysisN Petrosillo
Centro di Riferimento AIDS, Ospedale Malattie Infettive Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
Am J Infect Control 23:278-85. 1995..risk of exposure to HIV and other blood-borne pathogens, efforts must continue to increase compliance with universal precautions. Needle designs incorporating safety features and improvements in dialysis equipment design are also ..
- Prevalence of ocular injuries, conjunctivitis and use of eye protection among dental personnel in Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaK A Al Wazzan
Department of Prosthetic Dental Sciences, King Saud University, College of Dentistry, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Int Dent J 51:89-94. 2001..To find out the prevalence of ocular injury and infection among dental personnel in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
- Infection control guidelines for the cardiac catheterization laboratory: society guidelines revisitedCharles E Chambers
Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive H047, Division of Cardiology Hershey, PA 17033, USA
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 67:78-86. 2006..need for protective measures is as essential in the cardiac catheterization laboratory as is the standard Universal Precautions, which are applied throughout the hospital...
- Accreditation, certification: why all the confusion?Steven R Goldstein
New York University Medical Center, New York, New York 10016, USA
Obstet Gynecol 110:1396-8. 2007..patient safety and quality control, including equipment calibration, transducer cleaning and disinfection, universal precautions and Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulations, ultrasound examination protocols, and ..
- Occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among health care workers in a general hospital, ChinaMin Zhang
National Institute for Occupational Health and Poison Control, China CDC, Beijing, China
Am J Ind Med 52:89-98. 2009..To understand current status of occupational exposure to blood and body fluids (BBF), and awareness of knowledge about occupational bloodborne pathogen exposures and universal precaution among hospital-based health care workers (HCWs)...
- Imported viral haemorrhagic fever with a potential for person-to-person transmission: review and recommendations for initial management of a suspected case in BelgiumR Colebunders
Departement Klinische Wetenschappen, Instituut voor Tropische Geneeskunde Nationalestraat 155, B 2000 Antwerpen
Acta Clin Belg 57:233-40. 2002..Such patients should be questioned for risk factors for viral haemorrhagic fever. Using universal precautions for handling blood and body fluids and barrier nursing techniques there is little risk that if a patient ..
- Dental hygienists and infection control: knowledge, attitudes and behaviour in ItalyI F Angelillo
Medical School, University of Catanzaro Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy
J Hosp Infect 47:314-20. 2001..programmes are needed for improving knowledge about oral manifestations of AIDS in order to support dentists to provide early diagnosis and about the correct use of procedures and universal precautions for preventing infections.
- [Occupational exposures to blood and body fluids among health care workers: a questionary survey]Ziya Kuruuzum
Dokuz Eylul Universitesi Tip Fakultesi, Enfeksiyon Hastaliklari ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dali, Izmir
Mikrobiyol Bul 42:61-9. 2008..The results support the importance of the use of universal precautions and safety-enhanced devices, introducing effective training and efficient vaccination programs against HBV,..
- Emergency thoracotomy in trauma: rationale, risks, and realitiesK Søreide
Department of Surgery, Stavanger University Hospital, Acute Care Medicine Research Network, Department of Health Studies, University of Stavanger, Norway
Scand J Surg 96:4-10. 2007..However, risk is not negligible and mandated universal precautions are needed...
- How health care organizations can establish and conduct a program for a latex-safe environmentRobert H Brown
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, USA
Jt Comm J Qual Saf 29:113-23. 2003The advent of universal precautions brought about a dramatic increase in the use of natural rubber latex gloves, and reports of rubber latex allergies began appearing in the literature...
- HIV/AIDS in ophthalmic patients: The Guinness Eye Centre Onitsha experienceN N Nwosu
Guinness Eye Center Onitsha Nigeria
Niger Postgrad Med J 15:24-7. 2008..To determine the incidence and pattern of ocular problems of HIV/AIDS at the Guinness Eye Centre Onitsha, Nigeria...
- Improved compliance with recommended infection control practices in the dental office between 1994 and 1995G M McCarthy
Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
Am J Infect Control 26:24-8. 1998..CONCLUSIONS: Dentists' reports of compliance with recommended infection control practices and universal precautions against HBV and HIV infection increased between 1994 and 1995, but most dentists apparently have not ..
- Catastrophe model for the exposure to blood-borne pathogens and other accidents in health care settingsS J Guastello
Department of Psychology, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI 53201 1881, USA
Accid Anal Prev 31:739-49. 1999..Compliance with the universal precautions and HIV-related training were not relevant to either of the models.
- Integration of comprehensive abortion-care services in a Maternal and Child Health clinic in CambodiaThérèse Delvaux
Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
Trop Med Int Health 13:962-9. 2008....
- Systematic monitor disinfection is effective in limiting HCV spread in hemodialysisF Aucella
Department of Nephrology and Dialysis, Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza Hospital IRCCS, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy
Blood Purif 18:110-4. 2000..The strict adhesion to universal precautions is the first step in prevention, but other simple tools such as systematic monitor disinfection and the ..
- Needlestick and sharps injury preventionSusan Q Wilburn
American Nurses Association
Online J Issues Nurs 9:5. 2004..and the use of safer needle devices, sharps collection boxes, gloves and personal protective gear, and universal precautions. The prevention of needlestick injuries has made slow progress over the past 20 years since the HIV ..
- Managing the care of patients infected with bloodborne diseasesLouis G DePaola
Department of Oral Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, Dental School, University of Maryland at Baltimore 21201, USA
J Am Dent Assoc 134:350-8. 2003..Arguably, the AIDS pandemic has been the most significant factor in the evolution and delivery of modern medical and dental care in the last century...
- Latex allergies in the health care workerCaroline C Tesiorowski
PACU at Santa Barbara Cottage Hospital, CA, USA
J Perianesth Nurs 18:18-31. 2003..This increase in latex glove use was driven by the release of Universal Precautions issued by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in response to the rise of HIV and other blood-borne ..
- PlagueAngeline A Lazarus
Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
Respir Care Clin N Am 10:83-98. 2004..It is also prudent to employ universal precautions and respiratory isolation when treating patients with any unknown exposure...
- Essential clinical skills for beginning registered nursesE Boxer
School of Nursing, Australian Catholic University, P O Box 968, North Sydney NSW 2059, Australia
Nurse Educ Today 20:327-35. 2000..The clinical skills rated as most frequently performed related to universal precautions for infection control, vital sign assessment, management of intravenous therapy, administration of all ..
- Swine origin influenza (swine flu)Meghna R Sebastian
Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
Indian J Pediatr 76:833-41. 2009..Principle of treatment consist of isolation, universal precautions, good infection control practices, supportive care and use of antiviral drugs...
- Administration guidelines for radioimmunotherapy of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with (90)Y-labeled anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodyHenry N Wagner
School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
J Nucl Med 43:267-72. 2002..Standard universal precautions for handling body fluids are recommended for health care workers and patients and their family members ..
- Human immunodeficiency virus and endoscopy: Experience of a general hospital in SingaporeVui Heng Chong
Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Medicine, Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha Hospital, Negara Brunei Darussalam
J Gastroenterol Hepatol 20:722-6. 2005..As the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic continues, demand on the endoscopic services will also increase. The aim of the present study was to characterize the characteristics and endoscopic findings of HIV-infected Asian patients...
- BBP EXPOSURE AND RISK FACTORS IN NON-HOSPITAL BASED HCWSRobyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2002..This study will improve our understanding of the risks facing non-hospital HCWs and allow us to focus our energies and resources appropriately. ..
- Bloodborne Pathogen Risk in Home Healthcare WorkersRobyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2007..This study will improve our understanding of the risks facing home health care workers and allow us to focus our risk management energies and resources appropriately. ..
- Reducing HIV Risk in Adult Women with Intellectual DisabilitiesJennifer Wells; Fiscal Year: 2007..c) development of a second program focused on non-sexually based HIV/AIDS transmission, teaching universal precautions as a primary means of prevention; and to (d) repurpose all program content developed for the CD-ROM ..
- Family-to-Family: Psychoeducation to Improve Children's Outcomes in HIV+ FamiliesLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2007..The primary outcomes are school-age children's social, behavioral and mental health status. HIV+ parent's and family caregivers' health mental health, parenting skills, and family bonds are intermediate outcomes. ..
- POL and Access Intervention to Reduce HIV Stigma among Service Providers in ChinaLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed study will be the first randomized controlled intervention trial that specifically targets stigma and access to universal precautions in medical settings, and is implemented at multiple sites (two provinces) in China.
- Family-to-Family: Psychoeducation to Improve Children's Outcomes in HIV+ FamiliesLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2009..HIV+ parent's and family caregivers' health mental health, parenting skills, and family bonds are intermediate outcomes. ..
- TEA for Families & Children: Preparation for a Randomized TrialLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2009..The goal of this study is to develop and pilot an intervention for PLH and their family members in order to improve the long term health, mental health and behavioral adjustment of the children in poor, rural areas in China. ..
- TEA for Families & Children: Preparation for a Randomized TrialLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2010..The goal of this study is to develop and pilot an intervention for PLH and their family members in order to improve the long term health, mental health and behavioral adjustment of the children in poor, rural areas in China. ..
- POL and Access Intervention to Reduce HIV Stigma among Service Providers in ChinaLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed study will be the first randomized controlled intervention trial that specifically targets stigma and access to universal precautions in medical settings, and is implemented at multiple sites (two provinces) in China.
- POL and Access Intervention to Reduce HIV Stigma among Service Providers in ChinaLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed study will be the first randomized controlled intervention trial that specifically targets stigma and access to universal precautions in medical settings, and is implemented at multiple sites (two provinces) in China.
- Innovative HCW Training: Infectious Disease RiskRobyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2002..The results of this study may have important implications for effective health and safety training for nurses. ..
- BLOODBORNE EXPOSURE MANAGEMENTRobyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2001..This study will identify barriers to appropriate implementation of the Guidelines and allow us to focus our energies and resources on specific improvements in order to minimize the risk of infection to exposed employees. ..
- HIV Related Stigma among Service Providers in ChinaLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2005..from service providers, education on HIV-related policies and access to resources to implement HW testing, universal precautions, and HIV treatment and care (using current Chinese standards of care)...
- Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)Ted D Nirenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
- Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)Ted D Nirenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010..Further, the epidemiology of illicit and/or prescription drug misuse will be assessed in a random sample of ED patients. ..
- Bringing Men into HIV Prevention in ChileLilian Ferrer; Fiscal Year: 2009..The intervention is low-cost, uses existing infrastructure, and includes careful process evaluation. If the intervention is effective, it can be disseminated for men throughout Chile. ..
- Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)Roland Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2009..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
- A Multi-State Analysis of the Impact of HIV Exposure LawsCarol L Galletly; Fiscal Year: 2010..Results will inform HIV-related legislation, which is often drafted without the benefit of scientific evidence. Results will also inform policy discussions on the role of the criminal law in disease containment efforts. ..
- Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)Ted D Nirenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
- Bringing Men into HIV Prevention in ChileLilian M Ferrer; Fiscal Year: 2010..The intervention is low-cost, uses existing infrastructure, and includes careful process evaluation. If the intervention is effective, it can be disseminated for men throughout Chile. ..
- Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)Roland Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2009
- Video-Based Delivery of HIV Test Information for Spanish-Speaking LatinosRoland C Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2010..The ultimate aim of this project is to help reduce the transmission of HIV through streamlined yet effective HIV testing approaches. ..
- IMAGING CORERobert Brown; Fiscal Year: 2007..The Core will support Projects 2 and 5 and will interact with Core C. ..
- Confocal DNA Cytometry Prostate Cancer- Age & EthnicityWilliam Grizzle; Fiscal Year: 2003..We will test the negative hypothesis that age and ethnic groups, with all other prognostic variables being equal, will have no correlation with tumor aggressiveness. ..
- Pesticide Dose Monitoring in Turf ApplicatorsShelley Harris; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Exploring the Impact of Criminal HIV Disclosure LawCarol Galletly; Fiscal Year: 2006..The findings of this study will be disseminated in academic journals and through conference presentations, and will be summarized in a written report and presentation to policy makers in Michigan. ..
- Biomarker Reference Laboratory, EDRNWilliam Grizzle; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Prevention of Catheter-Associated Blood Stream InfectionsDavid Warren; Fiscal Year: 2007..I will build on the experience outlined in this proposal to establish myself an independent investigator in healthcare epidemiology, studying nosocomial infections and developing interventions to prevent them. ..
- Exposure to Blood Among Home Health Care NursesJack Leiss; Fiscal Year: 2006..Collaborating agency directors and home health care nurses, focus groups, and a pilot study will be used to design and test recruitment strategies that will ensure high response rates. ..
- Bringing Men into HIV Prevention in ChileLilian Ferrer; Fiscal Year: 2007..The intervention is low-cost, uses existing infrastructure, and includes careful process evaluation. If the intervention is effective, it can be disseminated for men throughout Chile. ..
- Health and Literacy in Child and Adult Assessment(RMI)Darren Dewalt; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- COOPERATIVE HUMAN TISSUE NETWORKWilliam Grizzle; Fiscal Year: 2007..In the next funding cycle,\par consortium agreements with participating institutions will provide access to tissues from more than\par 150,000 surgical procedures with a goal of supplying 50,000 samples.\fs20\par \par } ..