food contamination

Summary

Summary: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Masked mycotoxins: a review
    Franz Berthiller
    Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Metabolism, Department for Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Tulln, Austria
    Mol Nutr Food Res 57:165-86. 2013
  2. ncbi Immunotoxicological risk of mycotoxins for domestic animals
    I P Oswald
    INRA, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Toxicologie, Toulouse, France
    Food Addit Contam 22:354-60. 2005
  3. ncbi An electrochemical competitive biosensor for ochratoxin A based on a DNA biotinylated aptamer
    Laura Bonel
    Institute of Environmental Sciences IUCA, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
    Biosens Bioelectron 26:3254-9. 2011
  4. ncbi Formation, determination and significance of masked and other conjugated mycotoxins
    Franz Berthiller
    Department for Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Research, Center for Analytical Chemistry, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna BOKU, Konrad Lorenz Str 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria
    Anal Bioanal Chem 395:1243-52. 2009
  5. pmc Balancing the benefits of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and the risks of methylmercury exposure from fish consumption
    Kathryn R Mahaffey
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, George Washington University School of Public Health, Washington DC, USA
    Nutr Rev 69:493-508. 2011
  6. ncbi Dietary cadmium exposure and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer: a population-based prospective cohort study
    Bettina Julin
    Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Cancer Res 72:1459-66. 2012
  7. pmc Ochratoxins-food contaminants: impact on human health
    Lalini Reddy
    Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Durban University of Technology, P O Box 1334, Durban, 4000, South Africa
    Toxins (Basel) 2:771-9. 2010
  8. ncbi The food contaminant deoxynivalenol, decreases intestinal barrier permeability and reduces claudin expression
    Philippe Pinton
    INRA UR66, Toulouse, France
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 237:41-8. 2009
  9. ncbi Mycotoxin detoxication of animal feed by different adsorbents
    A Huwig
    Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Laboratory of Technical Chemistry, , 8092, Zurich, Switzerland
    Toxicol Lett 122:179-88. 2001
  10. ncbi Fish intake, contaminants, and human health: evaluating the risks and the benefits
    Dariush Mozaffarian
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 296:1885-99. 2006

Detail Information

Publications307 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Masked mycotoxins: a review
    Franz Berthiller
    Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Metabolism, Department for Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Tulln, Austria
    Mol Nutr Food Res 57:165-86. 2013
    ..Dedicated chapters of this article address plant metabolism as well as the occurrence of masked mycotoxins in food, analytical aspects for their determination, toxicology and their impact on stakeholders...
  2. ncbi Immunotoxicological risk of mycotoxins for domestic animals
    I P Oswald
    INRA, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Toxicologie, Toulouse, France
    Food Addit Contam 22:354-60. 2005
    ..Suppressed immune function by mycotoxins may eventually decrease resistance to infectious diseases, reactivate chronic infections and/or decrease vaccine and drug efficacy...
  3. ncbi An electrochemical competitive biosensor for ochratoxin A based on a DNA biotinylated aptamer
    Laura Bonel
    Institute of Environmental Sciences IUCA, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
    Biosens Bioelectron 26:3254-9. 2011
    ..78-8.74 ng mL(-1) and a limit of detection of 0.07±0.01 ng mL(-1), and was accurately applied to extracts of certified and spiked wheat samples with an RSD lower than about 8%...
  4. ncbi Formation, determination and significance of masked and other conjugated mycotoxins
    Franz Berthiller
    Department for Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Research, Center for Analytical Chemistry, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna BOKU, Konrad Lorenz Str 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria
    Anal Bioanal Chem 395:1243-52. 2009
    ..This transformation process is not only important regarding food safety but also for the resistance of plants towards fungal-induced diseases, such as Fusarium head blight of wheat...
  5. pmc Balancing the benefits of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and the risks of methylmercury exposure from fish consumption
    Kathryn R Mahaffey
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, George Washington University School of Public Health, Washington DC, USA
    Nutr Rev 69:493-508. 2011
    ..A framework for providing dietary advice for women of childbearing age on how to maximize the dietary intake of n-3 PUFAs while minimizing MeHg exposures is suggested...
  6. ncbi Dietary cadmium exposure and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer: a population-based prospective cohort study
    Bettina Julin
    Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Cancer Res 72:1459-66. 2012
    ..73). Overall, these results suggest a role for dietary cadmium in postmenopausal breast cancer development...
  7. pmc Ochratoxins-food contaminants: impact on human health
    Lalini Reddy
    Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Durban University of Technology, P O Box 1334, Durban, 4000, South Africa
    Toxins (Basel) 2:771-9. 2010
    ..Recent studies however have warned that OTA and other toxins, such as aristolochic acid, show very similar renal pathology. There is thus the need for thorough co-occurrence studies on toxin incidence...
  8. ncbi The food contaminant deoxynivalenol, decreases intestinal barrier permeability and reduces claudin expression
    Philippe Pinton
    INRA UR66, Toulouse, France
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 237:41-8. 2009
    ..Considering that high levels of DON may be present in food or feed, consumption of DON-contaminated food/feed may induce intestinal damage and has consequences for human and animal health...
  9. ncbi Mycotoxin detoxication of animal feed by different adsorbents
    A Huwig
    Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Laboratory of Technical Chemistry, , 8092, Zurich, Switzerland
    Toxicol Lett 122:179-88. 2001
    ..This review describes the most important types of adsorbents and the respective mechanisms of adsorption. Data of the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of detoxication are given...
  10. ncbi Fish intake, contaminants, and human health: evaluating the risks and the benefits
    Dariush Mozaffarian
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 296:1885-99. 2006
    ..Fish (finfish or shellfish) may have health benefits and also contain contaminants, resulting in confusion over the role of fish consumption in a healthy diet...
  11. ncbi Some major mycotoxins and their mycotoxicoses--an overview
    John L Richard
    Romer Labs, Inc, 34423 N Wilderness Trail, Cave Creek, AZ 85331, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 119:3-10. 2007
    ..Therefore, diagnosis of a mycotoxicoses is dependent upon adequate testing for mycotoxins involving sampling, sample preparation and analysis...
  12. pmc Ochratoxin A in roasted coffee from French supermarkets and transfer in coffee beverages: comparison of analysis methods
    Mariana Tozlovanu
    Laboratory Chemical Engineering, Department Bioprocess and Microbial System, UMR CNRS INPT UPS 5503, ENSA Toulouse, France
    Toxins (Basel) 2:1928-42. 2010
    ..These analytical problems will seriously impact the amount of OTA detected, especially at the levels close to the limits from the EU legislation. Underestimation of OTA could be highly dangerous for health...
  13. ncbi A liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometric multi-mycotoxin method for the quantification of 87 analytes and its application to semi-quantitative screening of moldy food samples
    Michael Sulyok
    Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Research, Department IFA Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Konrad Lorenzstr 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria
    Anal Bioanal Chem 389:1505-23. 2007
    ....
  14. ncbi A review on ochratoxin A occurrence and effects of processing of cereal and cereal derived food products
    S C Duarte
    Group of Health Surveillance, Center of Pharmaceutical Studies, University of Coimbra, Polo III, 3000 548, Coimbra, Portugal
    Food Microbiol 27:187-98. 2010
    ....
  15. ncbi Masked mycotoxins: determination of a deoxynivalenol glucoside in artificially and naturally contaminated wheat by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
    Franz Berthiller
    Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Research and Institute for Plant Production Biotechnology, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Konrad Lorenz Strasse 20, A 3430 Tulln, Austria
    J Agric Food Chem 53:3421-5. 2005
    ..The results of this study indicate the importance to consider both DON and DON-3-glucoside with regard to food and feed safety...
  16. ncbi Ameliorative effect of a microbial feed additive on infectious bronchitis virus antibody titer and stress index in broiler chicks fed deoxynivalenol
    K Ghareeb
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Poult Sci 91:800-7. 2012
    ..However, the dietary Mycofix select supplementation as a detoxifying agent was successful in overcoming the mycotoxin-related effects...
  17. ncbi Ochratoxin A exposure biomarkers in the Czech Republic and comparison with foreign countries
    Frantisek Malir
    Department of Biology, University of Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
    Biomarkers 17:577-89. 2012
    ..In this article, OTA findings in urine, blood, serum, plasma and human kidneys (target dose) in the Czech Republic and comparison with foreign countries are presented...
  18. ncbi Polyaniline Langmuir-Blodgett film based aptasensor for ochratoxin A detection
    Nirmal Prabhakar
    Department of Science and Technology Centre on Biomolecular Electronics, Biomedical Instrumentation Section, Materials Physics and Engineering Division, National Physical Laboratory Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dr K S Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110012, India
    Biosens Bioelectron 26:4006-11. 2011
    ..1 ng/ml in 15 min. The Apt-DNA/PANI-SA/ITO aptasensor can be reused ∼13 times. The binding or affinity constant (K(a)) of aptamer with OTA, calculated using Langmuir adsorption isotherm, is found be 1.21×10(7) M(-1)...
  19. pmc Blood organic mercury and dietary mercury intake: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999 and 2000
    Kathryn R Mahaffey
    Office of Science Coordination and Policy, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U S Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, DC 20460, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:562-70. 2004
    ....
  20. ncbi Effects of increasing dietary concentrations of corn naturally contaminated with deoxynivalenol on broiler and turkey poult performance and response to lipopolysaccharide
    L Xu
    Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
    Poult Sci 90:2766-74. 2011
    ..aureus by cecal tonsil cells in non-LPS-challenged broilers, and greatly decreased heterophil to lymphocyte ratios in LPS-challenged broilers...
  21. ncbi Chronic ingestion of deoxynivalenol and fumonisin, alone or in interaction, induces morphological and immunological changes in the intestine of piglets
    Ana Paula F L Bracarense
    Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Lab Patologia Animal, Londrina, Brazil
    Br J Nutr 107:1776-86. 2012
    ..Taken together, the present data provide strong evidence that chronic ingestion of low doses of mycotoxins alters the intestine, and thus may predispose animals to infections by enteric pathogens...
  22. pmc Ochratoxin a: general overview and actual molecular status
    André El Khoury
    Centre d analyses et de Recherches, Faculte des Sciences, Université Saint Joseph, Beyrouth, Lebanon
    Toxins (Basel) 2:461-93. 2010
    ..This review will also cover the development of the molecular methods for the detection and quantification of OTA producing fungi in various foodstuffs...
  23. ncbi The effects of mycotoxins, fungal food contaminants, on the intestinal epithelial cell-derived innate immune response
    Sandrine Bouhet
    INRA, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Toxicologie, 180 chemin de Tournefeuille, B P 3, 31931 Toulouse Cedex 9, France
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 108:199-209. 2005
    ....
  24. ncbi Inorganic arsenic levels in baby rice are of concern
    Andrew A Meharg
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Cruickshank Building, St Machar Drive, Aberdeen AB24 3UU, UK
    Environ Pollut 152:746-9. 2008
    ....
  25. ncbi Variation in arsenic speciation and concentration in paddy rice related to dietary exposure
    P N Williams
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 3UU, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 39:5531-40. 2005
    ..Pot experiments show that the proportions of DMAV in the grain are significantly dependent on rice cultivar (p = 0.026) and that plant nutrient status is effected by arsenic exposure...
  26. ncbi ICP/MS and ICP/AES elemental analysis (38 elements) of edible wild mushrooms growing in Poland
    J Falandysz
    Department of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, University of Gdansk, Poland
    Food Addit Contam 18:503-13. 2001
    ....
  27. ncbi Chromatographic methods for the simultaneous determination of mycotoxins and their conjugates in cereals
    Franz Berthiller
    Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Research, Department of Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Konrad Lorenz Strasse 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria
    Int J Food Microbiol 119:33-7. 2007
    ..Even more, known plant derived metabolites of mycotoxins, like zearalenone-4-glucoside or deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside are included in this method. The significance of mycotoxin conjugates is briefly discussed as well...
  28. ncbi Health risks of heavy metals to the general public in Tianjin, China via consumption of vegetables and fish
    Xilong Wang
    Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University, Kakuma, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920 1192 Japan
    Sci Total Environ 350:28-37. 2005
    ..The health risk to adults in Ding Li is ascribed mainly to the intake of Cd by vegetables and fish consumption, which contributes a substantial fraction to the total THQ (about 51%)...
  29. ncbi Prenatal methylmercury exposure from ocean fish consumption in the Seychelles child development study
    Gary J Myers
    Department of Neurology, National Institute for Child Health and Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, USA
    Lancet 361:1686-92. 2003
    ..The most common form of prenatal exposure is maternal fish consumption, but whether such exposure harms the fetus is unknown. We aimed to identify adverse neurodevelopmental effects in a fish-consuming population...
  30. ncbi Determination of ochratoxin a with a DNA aptamer
    Jorge A Cruz-Aguado
    NeoVentures Biotechnology Inc, 700 Collip Circle, London, Ontario, Canada
    J Agric Food Chem 56:10456-61. 2008
    ..Further work is ongoing to broaden the application demonstrated here with the development of sensors, affinity columns, and other analytical systems for field and laboratory determination of this toxin in food and agricultural products...
  31. ncbi Listeria: A foodborne pathogen that knows how to survive
    Megha Gandhi
    Department of Food Science, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 65 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 113:1-15. 2007
    ..Studies on the development of technologies to prevent and control L. monocytogenes contamination in foods and food processing facilities are also discussed...
  32. pmc Probabilistic Modeling of Dietary Arsenic Exposure and Dose and Evaluation with 2003-2004 NHANES Data
    Jianping Xue
    U S Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Exposure Research Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:345-50. 2010
    ..Dietary exposure from food to toxic inorganic arsenic (iAs) in the general U.S. population has not been well studied...
  33. ncbi An aptamer-based chromatographic strip assay for sensitive toxin semi-quantitative detection
    Libing Wang
    School of Food Science and Technology, State Key Lab of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
    Biosens Bioelectron 26:3059-62. 2011
    ..The recoveries of test samples were from 96% to 110%. All detections could be achieved in less than 10 min, indicating that the aptamer-based strip could be a potential useful tool for rapid on-site detections...
  34. ncbi Mycotoxin occurrence in feed and feed raw materials worldwide: long-term analysis with special focus on Europe and Asia
    Elisabeth Streit
    BIOMIN Research Center, 3430 Tulln, Austria
    J Sci Food Agric 93:2892-9. 2013
    ..An exception to this rule is South-East Asia, where a steady increase of aflatoxin prevalence has been observed. The percentage of aflatoxin-positive samples in this region rose from 32% in 2005 to 71% in 2011...
  35. ncbi Aflatoxins and growth impairment: a review
    Pornsri Khlangwiset
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15219, USA
    Crit Rev Toxicol 41:740-55. 2011
    ..This review suggests that aflatoxin exposure and its association with growth impairment in children could contribute a significant public health burden in less developed countries...
  36. pmc Anorexia induction by the trichothecene deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin) is mediated by the release of the gut satiety hormone peptide YY
    Brenna M Flannery
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
    Toxicol Sci 130:289-97. 2012
    ..Taken together, these findings suggest that PYY might be one critical mediator of DON-induced anorexia and, ultimately, growth suppression...
  37. ncbi Simply amplified electrochemical aptasensor of ochratoxin A based on exonuclease-catalyzed target recycling
    Ping Tong
    Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Analysis and Detection for Food Safety, Analytical and Testing Center, The Sport Science Research Center, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China
    Biosens Bioelectron 29:97-101. 2011
    ..005-10.0ngmL(-1) with a low detection limit (LOD) of 1.0pgmL(-1) OTA (at 3σ). The fabricated biosensor was then applied for the measurement of OTA in real wheat starch sample and validated by ELISA method...
  38. ncbi Rapid high-throughput analysis of ochratoxin A by the self-assembly of DNAzyme-aptamer conjugates in wine
    Cheng Yang
    State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130022, China Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
    Talanta 116:520-6. 2013
    ....
  39. pmc Aflatoxin contamination of commercial maize products during an outbreak of acute aflatoxicosis in eastern and central Kenya
    Lauren Lewis
    National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chamblee, Georgia 30341, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:1763-7. 2005
    ..Efforts to successfully interrupt exposure to aflatoxin during an outbreak must consider the potential role of the market system in sustaining exposure...
  40. ncbi A signal-on fluorescent aptasensor based on Tb3+ and structure-switching aptamer for label-free detection of Ochratoxin A in wheat
    Jing Zhang
    The Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Biopesticide and Chemical Biology, and College of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China
    Biosens Bioelectron 41:704-9. 2013
    ..To the best of our knowledge, the proposed aptasensor is the first attempt to use the fluorescent characteristics of Tb(3+) for OTA detection, which may represent a promising path toward routine quality control of food safety...
  41. ncbi Balkan endemic nephropathy: role of ochratoxins A through biomarkers
    Marcel Castegnaro
    International Agency of Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Mol Nutr Food Res 50:519-29. 2006
    ..Biomarkers of biological effects such as DNA adducts were detected in patients affected by urinary tract tumours (UTT) and in rat study. All these plead for the implication of OTA, in BEN and UTT...
  42. pmc Health risk assessment for cyanobacterial toxins in seafood
    Vanora Mulvenna
    Department of Health, GPO Box 4541, Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:807-20. 2012
    ..This paper estimates risk from seafood contaminated by cyanobacterial toxins, and provides guidelines for safe human consumption...
  43. ncbi Deoxynivalenol as a contaminant of broiler feed: effects on bird performance and response to common vaccines
    A W Yunus
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Poult Sci 91:844-51. 2012
    ..Further studies are therefore required to clarify the implications of these results on the welfare of chickens...
  44. ncbi Acute toxicity of pinnatoxins E, F and G to mice
    Rex Munday
    AgResearch Ltd, Ruakura Research Centre, Private Bag 3123, Hamilton, New Zealand
    Toxicon 60:995-9. 2012
    ....
  45. pmc Ovatoxin-a and palytoxin accumulation in seafood in relation to Ostreopsis cf. ovata blooms on the French Mediterranean coast
    Zouher Amzil
    IFREMER, Phycotoxins Laboratory, Nantes, France
    Mar Drugs 10:477-96. 2012
    ..This publication brings together scientific knowledge obtained about the summer development of Ostreopsis spp. in France during 2007, 2008 and 2009...
  46. ncbi Quantitation of mycotoxins in food and feed from Burkina Faso and Mozambique using a modern LC-MS/MS multitoxin method
    Benedikt Warth
    Center for Analytical Chemistry, Department for Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna BOKU, Austria
    J Agric Food Chem 60:9352-63. 2012
    ..Up to 28 toxic fungal metabolites were quantitated in a single sample, emphasizing the great variety of mycotoxin coexposure. Most mycotoxins have not been reported before in either country...
  47. ncbi Co-occurrence and risk assessment of mycotoxins in food and diet from Mediterranean area
    A B Serrano
    Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Valencia, Avenue Vicent Andres Estelles s n, 46100 Burjassot, Spain
    Food Chem 135:423-9. 2012
    ....
  48. ncbi The role of biomarkers in evaluating human health concerns from fungal contaminants in food
    Paul C Turner
    Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Nutr Res Rev 25:162-79. 2012
    ..Such biomarkers should better inform epidemiological studies and thus improve our understanding of their potential risk to human health...
  49. pmc Immunochemical methods for ochratoxin A detection: a review
    Eline P Meulenberg
    ELTI Support VOF, Ambachtsweg 5, 6581 AX Malden, The Netherlands
    Toxins (Basel) 4:244-66. 2012
    ..Further, the application of the various formats to the detection and quantification of ochratoxin will be described, including the use of commercially available kits...
  50. ncbi Food analysis and food authentication by peptide nucleic acid (PNA)-based technologies
    Stefano Sforza
    Department of Organic and Industrial Chemistry, University of Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 17A, University Campus, I 43124, Parma, Italy
    Chem Soc Rev 40:221-32. 2011
    ..Finally, the future perspectives for the use of PNAs in food analysis will be briefly discussed according to the most recent developments...
  51. ncbi Comparative efficacy of seven hand sanitizers against murine norovirus, feline calicivirus, and GII.4 norovirus
    Geun woo Park
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Food Prot 73:2232-8. 2010
    ..2 log units after exposure for 5 min. The susceptibility of FCV to low pH and the relative high susceptibility of MNV to alcohols suggest that both surrogate viruses should be considered for in vitro testing of hand sanitizers...
  52. ncbi Economic burden from health losses due to foodborne illness in the United States
    Robert L Scharff
    The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    J Food Prot 75:123-31. 2012
    ..The resulting aggregated annual cost of illness was $77.7 billion (90% CI, $28.6 to $144.6 billion) and $51.0 billion (90% CI, $31.2 to $76.1 billion) for the enhanced and basic models, respectively...
  53. ncbi Intake of phthalates and di(2-ethylhexyl)adipate: results of the Integrated Exposure Assessment Survey based on duplicate diet samples and biomonitoring data
    Hermann Fromme
    Department of Environmental Health, Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority, Veterinärstrasse 2, D 85764 Oberschleissheim, Germany
    Environ Int 33:1012-20. 2007
    ..Our data indicated that food was the predominant intake source of DEHP, whilst other sources considerably contributed to the daily intake of DnBP and DiBP in an adult population...
  54. ncbi Development and validation of a rapid multi-biomarker liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method to assess human exposure to mycotoxins
    Benedikt Warth
    Center for Analytical Chemistry and Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Metabolism, Department for Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Konrad Lorenz Str 20, A 3430 Tulln, Austria
    Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 26:1533-40. 2012
    ..Since individuals can be exposed to a variety of these toxic secondary metabolites of fungi at the same time, there is a demand for proper analytical methods to assess human exposure by suitable biomarkers...
  55. pmc Nationwide outbreak of listeriosis due to contaminated meat
    P S Mead
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 134:744-51. 2006
    ..Standardized molecular subtyping and coordinated, multi-jurisdiction investigations can greatly facilitate detection and control of listeriosis outbreaks...
  56. ncbi Effects of milling and baking technologies on levels of deoxynivalenol and its masked form deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside
    Marta Kostelanska
    Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, Department of Food Chemistry and Analysis, Technicka 3, 166 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    J Agric Food Chem 59:9303-12. 2011
    ..Most of these compounds were located in the crust of experimental breads...
  57. pmc Fish consumption and mercury exposure among Louisiana recreational anglers
    Rebecca A Lincoln
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:245-51. 2011
    ..Methylmercury (MeHg) exposure assessments among average fish consumers in the United States may underestimate exposures among U.S. subpopulations with high intakes of regionally specific fish...
  58. ncbi An outbreak of food-borne listeriosis due to cheese in Japan, during 2001
    S I Makino
    Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Immunology, Research Center for Animal Hygiene and Food Safety, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080 8555, Japan
    Int J Food Microbiol 104:189-96. 2005
    ..From the epidemiological and genetic evidence, it appeared that the outbreak was caused by cheese. This is the first documented incidence of food-borne listeriosis in Japan...
  59. pmc Mean total arsenic concentrations in chicken 1989-2000 and estimated exposures for consumers of chicken
    Tamar Lasky
    Office of Public Health and Science, Food Safety and Inspection Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:18-21. 2004
    ..These concentrations are higher than previously recognized in chicken, which may necessitate adjustments to estimates of arsenic ingested through diet and may need to be considered when estimating overall exposure to arsenic...
  60. ncbi Transfer characteristics of cadmium and lead from soil to the edible parts of six vegetable species in southeastern China
    Guo Wang
    Department of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, 350002, PR China
    Environ Pollut 144:127-35. 2006
    ....
  61. ncbi Arsenic contamination of Bangladesh paddy field soils: implications for rice contribution to arsenic consumption
    Andrew A Meharg
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Cruickshank Building, St Machar Drive, Aberdeen, AB24 3UU, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 37:229-34. 2003
    ..Rice grain grown in the regions where arsenic is building up in the soil had high arsenic concentrations, with three rice grain samples having levels above 1.7 microg g(-1)...
  62. ncbi Mycotoxins in the food chain: human health implications
    Wayne L Bryden
    School of Animal Studies, University of Queensland, Gatton, QLD 4343, Australia
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 16:95-101. 2007
    ..This can have a significant impact on the cost of food production. International regulatory standards for mycotoxins in food commodities determines the extent of global trade in contaminated commodities...
  63. ncbi Emerging fusarium-mycotoxins fusaproliferin, beauvericin, enniatins, and moniliformin: a review
    Marika Jestoi
    Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Department of Animal Diseases and Food Safety Research, Chemistry and Toxicology Unit, Helsinki, Finland
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 48:21-49. 2008
    ..Based on the available studies, attention should be paid to the studies on the distinct significance of these compounds in the human and animal food chains...
  64. ncbi Filamentous fungi producing ochratoxin a during cocoa processing in Cameroon
    Pauline Mounjouenpou
    Institut de Recherche Agricole pour le Développement, BP 2067, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Int J Food Microbiol 121:234-41. 2008
    ..77 microg g(-1) on rice medium. Aspergillus niger strains did not always produce OTA and their toxigenesis was much lower. Fermented dried cocoa from poor quality pods was the most contaminated by OTA: up to 48 ng g(-1)...
  65. pmc Neurodevelopmental effects of maternal nutritional status and exposure to methylmercury from eating fish during pregnancy
    Philip W Davidson
    University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Box 671, URMC, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Neurotoxicology 29:767-75. 2008
    ..These findings suggest a possible confounding role of maternal nutrition in studies examining associations between prenatal MeHg exposures and developmental outcomes in children...
  66. pmc Negative confounding in the evaluation of toxicity: the case of methylmercury in fish and seafood
    Anna L Choi
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Crit Rev Toxicol 38:877-93. 2008
    ..Attention should also be paid to the occurrence of negative confounding in other connections...
  67. ncbi Development of a monoclonal antibody against ochratoxin A and its application in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and gold nanoparticle immunochromatographic strip
    Biing Hui Liu
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
    Anal Chem 80:7029-35. 2008
    ..The mAb-based cdELISA and immunochromatographic strip assay established in this study were sensitive and accurate for rapid screening of OTA in coffee samples...
  68. ncbi Severe hepatitis E virus infection after ingestion of uncooked liver from a wild boar
    Hiroyuki Matsuda
    J Infect Dis 188:944. 2003
  69. ncbi Mercury levels and fish consumption practices in women of child-bearing age in the Florida Panhandle
    Natalie K Karouna-Renier
    Center for Environmental Diagnostics and Bioremediation, University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL 32514, USA
    Environ Res 108:320-6. 2008
    ....
  70. ncbi Multistate outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes associated with Mexican-style cheese made from pasteurized milk among pregnant, Hispanic women
    K A Jackson
    Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Food Prot 74:949-53. 2011
    ..Recalls of contaminated cheeses likely prevented additional illnesses...
  71. pmc Aflatoxin: a 50-year odyssey of mechanistic and translational toxicology
    Thomas W Kensler
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Toxicol Sci 120:S28-48. 2011
    ....
  72. ncbi Analysis of agricultural commodities and foods for Alternaria mycotoxins
    P M Scott
    Health Canada, Health Products and Food Branch, Food Research Division, Sir Frederick G Banting Research Centre, Ottawa, ON
    J AOAC Int 84:1809-17. 2001
    ..They have been found also in processed fruit products such as apple juice, other fruit beverages and tomato products, wheat and other grains, sunflower seeds, oilseed rape meal, and pecans...
  73. pmc A mechanism for slow release of biomagnified cyanobacterial neurotoxins and neurodegenerative disease in Guam
    Susan J Murch
    Institute for Ethnobotany, National Tropical Botanical Garden, Kalaheo, HI 96741, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:12228-31. 2004
    ..The presence of BMAA in brain tissues from Canadian patients who died of Alzheimer's disease suggests that exposure to cyanobacterial neurotoxins occurs outside of Guam...
  74. ncbi Effects of feeding a blend of grains naturally contaminated with Fusarium mycotoxins on swine performance, brain regional neurochemistry, and serum chemistry and the efficacy of a polymeric glucomannan mycotoxin adsorbent
    H V L N Swamy
    Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
    J Anim Sci 80:3257-67. 2002
    ....
  75. ncbi On the toxicokinetics and the metabolism of deoxynivalenol (DON) in the pig
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 58:169-80. 2004
    ..It was concluded that de-epoxydation of DON, which primarily occurs in the hindgut, probably does not contribute much to a detoxification in the pig...
  76. ncbi Some mineral constituents of Parasol Mushroom (Macrolepiota procera)
    J Falandysz
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, Ecotoxicology and Food Toxicology, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
    J Environ Sci Health B 43:187-92. 2008
    ..These two toxic metals have been found in elevated concentration in M. procera from unpolluted stands outside of Poland as reported by some authors, which implies the possibility of relatively high background levels in this species...
  77. ncbi Mercury bio-concentration potential of Larch Bolete, Suillus grevillei, mushroom
    K Chudzyński
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, Ecotoxicology and Food Toxicology, University of Gdansk, 18 Sobieskiego Str, 80 952, Gdansk, Poland
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83:275-9. 2009
    ..0 microg Hg/g dw for pool of caps and 2.0 microg/g dw for a single cap of Larch Bolete are suggested as threshold concentrations implying Hg baseline level, while greater value could imply contamination due to the site pollution...
  78. ncbi Content and bioconcentration factors of mercury by Parasol Mushroom Macrolepiota procera
    Jerzy Falandysz
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
    J Environ Sci Health B 42:735-40. 2007
    ..A value greater then 25 mu g/g dm will imply an elevated content due to site pollution problems. Nevertheless, knowledge on highly toxic methylmercury content and its fraction in the total mercury content of Parasol Mushroom is lacking...
  79. ncbi Accumulation of cyanobacterial toxins in freshwater "seafood" and its consequences for public health: a review
    Bas W Ibelings
    Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Sciences and Technology, Centre of Ecology, Evolution and Biogeochemistry, Seestrasse 79, CH 6047 Kastanienbaum, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 150:177-92. 2007
    ..Risk assessments should acknowledge this and investigate the partitioning of exposure between drinking-water and food, which may vary depending on local circumstances...
  80. pmc Perfluorinated compounds, polychlorinated biphenyls, and organochlorine pesticide contamination in composite food samples from Dallas, Texas, USA
    Arnold Schecter
    Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Texas School of Public Health, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:796-802. 2010
    ..2010. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclodecane (HBCD) in composite U.S. food samples, Environ Health Perspect 118:357-362]...
  81. ncbi Methylmercury exposure and health effects in humans: a worldwide concern
    Donna Mergler
    Department of Biological Sciences, Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Quebec, Montreal, Canada
    Ambio 36:3-11. 2007
    ....
  82. pmc Methylmercury exposure and adverse cardiovascular effects in Faroese whaling men
    Anna L Choi
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:367-72. 2009
    ..Methylmercury (MeHg), a worldwide contaminant found in fish and seafood, has been linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality...
  83. ncbi Human aflatoxicosis in developing countries: a review of toxicology, exposure, potential health consequences, and interventions
    Jonathan H Williams
    Peanut Collaborative Research Program, Griffin, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1106-22. 2004
    ....
  84. pmc A qualitative study of fish consumption during pregnancy
    Arienne Bloomingdale
    Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and the Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:1234-40. 2010
    ....
  85. pmc Forage as a primary source of mycotoxins in animal diets
    Jiří Skládanka
    Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, CZ 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:37-50. 2011
    ..Moreover, the level of the occurrence of mould was quantified as ergosterol content, which was higher at the specific date of cut. All results were statistically processed and significant changes were discussed...
  86. ncbi Three outbreaks of foodborne botulism caused by unsafe home canning of vegetables--Ohio and Washington, 2008 and 2009
    Kashmira Date
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Food Prot 74:2090-6. 2011
    ..Similar gaps were identified in a 2005 national survey of U.S. adults. Botulism prevention efforts should include targeted educational outreach to home canners...
  87. ncbi Isolation of epiphytic yeasts with potential for biocontrol of Aspergillus carbonarius and A. niger on grape
    Gianluca Bleve
    Institute of Sciences of Food Production ISPA, Lecce Section, CNR, Via provinciale Lecce Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy
    Int J Food Microbiol 108:204-9. 2006
    ..orientalis isolates. Results suggest that antagonist yeasts with the potential to control A. carbonarius and A. niger on grape can be found among the microflora associated with the berries...
  88. ncbi Role of methylmercury exposure (from fish consumption) on growth and neurodevelopment of children under 5 years of age living in a transitioning (tin-mining) area of the western Amazon, Brazil
    Rejane C Marques
    Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 62:341-50. 2012
    ..Health hazards attendant on a high prevalence of moderate neurodevelopment delays coexisting with exposure to multiple neurotoxic substances merits further investigation in poor environmental settings of tin-mining areas...
  89. ncbi Central inflammation and sickness-like behavior induced by the food contaminant deoxynivalenol: a PGE2-independent mechanism
    Clémence Girardet
    Département de Physiologie Neurovégétative, Centre de Recherche en Neurobiologie Neurophysiologie de Marseille, Universite Paul Cezanne, INRA USC 2027, CNRS UMR 6231, 13397 Marseille, France
    Toxicol Sci 124:179-91. 2011
    ..These results reveal that, despite strong similarities, behavioral changes observed after DON intoxication differ from classical sickness behavior evoked by inflammatory cytokines...
  90. ncbi Biocontrol as a strategy to reduce the impact of ochratoxin A and Aspergillus section Nigri in grapes
    María Lorena Ponsone
    Departamento de Microbiologia e Inmunologia, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físico, Quimicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Rio Cuarto, Ruta Nacional No 36 Km 601, 5800 Rio Cuarto, Cordoba, Argentina
    Int J Food Microbiol 151:70-7. 2011
    ..Over all conditions assayed, ochratoxin A accumulation was reduced from 3% to 100% and the growth rate from 11% to 82.5%, depending on conditions. These results are promising for future development of a bio-pesticide...
  91. pmc The food-contaminant deoxynivalenol modifies eating by targeting anorexigenic neurocircuitry
    Clémence Girardet
    Universite Paul Cezanne, Marseille, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e26134. 2011
    ..In view of the widespread human exposure to DON, the present results may lead to reconsider the potential consequences of chronic DON consumption on human eating disorders...
  92. pmc Rapid visual tests: fast and reliable detection of ochratoxin A
    Ingrid Bazin
    Ecole des Mines d Alès, 6 av de Clavieres 30319, Ales cedex, France
    Toxins (Basel) 2:2230-41. 2010
    ..Different test formats are discussed, and challenges in the development of lateral flow devices for on-site determination of OTA, with requirements such as robustness, speed, and cost-effectiveness, are discussed...
  93. ncbi Regenerable immuno-biochip for screening ochratoxin A in green coffee extract using an automated microarray chip reader with chemiluminescence detection
    Jimena C Sauceda-Friebe
    Institute of Hydrochemistry and Chair for Analytical Chemistry, Technische Universitat Munchen, Germany
    Anal Chim Acta 689:234-42. 2011
    ..The total analysis time for a single sample, including measurement and surface regeneration, was 12 min and the LOQ of OTA in green coffee extract was 0.3 μg L(-1) which corresponds to 7 μg kg(-1)...
  94. pmc Epidemiology of foodborne norovirus outbreaks, United States, 2001-2008
    Aron J Hall
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:1566-73. 2012
    ..Interventions to reduce the frequency of foodborne norovirus outbreaks should focus on food workers and production of produce and shellfish...
  95. ncbi Deoxynivalenol, deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside, and enniatins: the major mycotoxins found in cereal-based products on the Czech market
    Alexandra Malachova
    Department of Food Chemistry and Analysis, Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology Prague, Technicka 3, 166 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    J Agric Food Chem 59:12990-7. 2011
    ..Enniatin A1 was found only in 44% of samples at levels ranging between 8 and 851 μg/kg...
  96. ncbi Prevalence of Clostridium botulinum and thermophilic heat-resistant spores in raw carrots and green beans used in French canning industry
    V Sevenier
    CTCPA Centre Technique de la Conservation des Produits Agricoles, Site Agroparc, BP 21203, F 84911 Avignon Cedex 9, France
    Int J Food Microbiol 155:263-8. 2012
    ..These data constitute the first wide examination of vegetables specifically cultivated for industrialpurposes for their contamination by spores of thermophilic bacterial species...
  97. ncbi The mycobiota of three dry-cured meat products from Slovenia
    Silva Sonjak
    Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Vecna pot 111, SI 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Food Microbiol 28:373-6. 2011
    ..versicolor, Penicillium brevicompactum, Penicillium chrysogenum, P. nordicum, and Penicillium polonicum. Their growth on dry-cured meat products is undesirable...
  98. ncbi Evaluation of high hydrostatic pressure effect on human adenovirus using molecular methods and cell culture
    Katarina Kovac
    Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León ITACyL, Junta de Castilla y Leon, Valladolid, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 157:368-74. 2012
    ..However, its precise effect is matrix dependent and therefore matrix-specific evaluations need to be considered for assuring reliable inactivation in practice...
  99. ncbi Deoxynivalenol oligoglycosides: new "masked" fusarium toxins occurring in malt, beer, and breadstuff
    Milena Zachariasova
    Department of Food Analysis and Nutrition, Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology in Prague, Technicka 3, 166 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    J Agric Food Chem 60:9280-91. 2012
    ..To the authors' best knowledge, this is the first study documenting the complexity of masked deoxynivalenol issue...
  100. ncbi Deleterious effects in mice of fish-associated methylmercury contained in a diet mimicking the Western populations' average fish consumption
    Jean Paul Bourdineaud
    Bordeaux University CNRS, UMR EPOC 5805, Arcachon Marine Station, Place du Docteur Peyneau, Arcachon, 33120, France
    Environ Int 37:303-13. 2011
    ....

Research Grants41

  1. Trichothecene Toxicity and the Ribotoxic Stress Response
    James J Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..mechanism-based strategies for preventing and/or treating persons exposed to these agents via inadvertent food contamination or deliberate chemical terrorism...
  2. Extracellular Replication of Listeria in Vivo
    Christopher H Contag; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..could be the source of asymptomatic carriage of this pathogen in humans and a potential reservoir leading to food contamination. Here we seek to further characterize the genetics and unique physiology of Listeria in the gallbladder as a ..
  3. Mucosal innate immune defense to Rift Valley fever virus
    Amy G Hise; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Transmission to humans can occur either by mosquito bite, food contamination or aerosol inhalation during exposure to body fluids of RVFV-infected livestock...
  4. Stomate-based innate immunity against bacterial infection in Arabidopsis
    Maeli Melotto; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..b>Food contamination with human pathogens is a major concern to public health...
  5. 2010 Environmental Endocrine Disruptors Gordon Research Conference
    ROBERT THOMAS ZOELLER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..debates focusing on the current risk assessments on environmental perchlorate contamination and that of food contamination by bisphenol A...
  6. Improving the Capability of Maryland State Public Health Food Testing Laboratory
    PRINCE A KASSIM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..If left unabated, food contamination could cause massive illness or death, or produce devastating economic impacts, or mental anxiety (consumer ..
  7. Planning for A GEOHealth Research and Training Hub in Uganda - United States
    Jia Sheng Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Food contamination and hygiene, water pollution, work-related injuries, and health professional exposures to biological hazards ..
  8. Biomarkers of Organophosphate-Adducted Proteins
    CHARLES MARK THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition to general exposure and food contamination, the safety of OPs is a large public health concern because OPs share chemical traits, structure and ..
  9. Conformance with the Manufactured Food Regulatory Program Standards (MFRPS) (U18)
    PATRICK KENNELLY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the program's ability to conduct high-quality inspections and investigations to reduce the incidence of food contamination and ultimately foodborne illness associated with products manufactured and distributed within California...
  10. Food Emergency Response 420 Command and General Staff Course
    Michael Starkey; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..build upon project objectives to meet the FDA's goals of rapid response and recovery of intentional food contamination of the Food Safety Modernization Act...
  11. The Use of LC/MS, GC/MS, ICP/MS and ELISA Techniques for the screening and identi
    ROBERT HOWARD POPPENGA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..enable us to continue with the analyses of foods and food products in the event that there is a chemical food contamination incident that potentially compromises the safety of our nation's food supply...
  12. Animal Feed and Pet Food Safety Cooperative Agreement with FDA/VetLRN
    Bruce L Akey; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the analytical toxicology section of AHDC has been playing an active role in investigations of pet food contamination outbreaks and simultaneously developing appropriate methods to assist in such investigations...
  13. Global Mechanisms of Bacteriocin Resistance in Listeria
    Kurt Miller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The research ultimately will lead to better methods for prevention of food contamination and disease caused by the deadly pathogen, Listeria monocytogenes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]
  14. Ultrasensitive, Label-free Silicon Nanowire Biosensing Arrays
    SEASON WONG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..complete sample analyses and benefits diagnostics in, for example, oncology (protein and DNA biomarkers) and food contamination (pathogen cells and toxigenic products)...
  15. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CONFERENCE FOR THE MIDDLE EAST
    BARRY LEVY; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..and fertilizers; deteriorating conditions due to overcrowding, air pollution, and poor sanitation in cities; food contamination; poor working environments; and the need to ensure the availability of safe, uncontaminated drinking water...
  16. WV Food Safety and Defense Task Force
    BRAD J COCHRAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Task Force will be focusing on food defense and intentional food contamination in the next budget period...
  17. THE USE OF BIOFILMS TO COUNTER BIOTERRORISM
    Garth James; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Recent cases of intentional food contamination with bacteria emphasize our vulnerability to these attacks...
  18. Sensitive, Integrating Multi-Waveguide Biosensor
    Cha Mei Tang; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..have wide applicability, such as medical diagnostics, infectious diseases, environmental sensing and food contamination, by detecting proteins, enzymes, bacteria, toxins, drugs, pollutants, DNA, etc...
  19. Three-generation Human Study of Reproductive Effects of Marine Food Contaminants
    PHILIPPE ADAM GRANDJEAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Current evidence already suggests that these pathologies may already affect many populations, and the present proposal aims at identifying whether persistent organochlorine pollutants contribute to these abnormalities. ..
  20. Health Effects of Lifetime Exposure to Food Contaminants
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results may therefore provide new information that could very likely have an impact on the preventive efforts and standard-setting of the EPA and other regulatory agencies in the U.S and elsewhere. ..
  21. A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF LEAD EXPOSURE AND DENTAL CARIES
    Gene Watson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Effects of perinatal endocrine disrupters in children
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Modern statistical methods will be used to determine whether these outcome variables are associated with estrogen, thyroid, or Ah receptor abnormalities and specific contaminant exposures prenatally or postnatally. ..
  23. Does ArsenicMitigation in BangladeshRaiseExposure to Bacterial and ViralPathogens
    ALEXANDER FRANS VAN GEEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  24. Prenatal pesticide exposure in South Africa: CNS Effects
    Roberta White; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Collaboration between district health personnel, scientists at the University of Cape Town and the University of Natal in South Africa, and investigators at Boston University is key to the project. ..
  25. PROJECT EXCITE
    Charles Keil; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A fundamental mission is to create and sustain a professional network of support by establishing and sustaining a collaboration of school, university, and community partners. ..
  26. GSH: Protecting Ovarian Follicles from Oxidant Injury
    Ulrike Luderer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, the research plan and career development activities outlined in this proposal will enable Dr. Luderer to successfully make the transition from mentored researcher to independent scientist-clinician. ..
  27. MOHAWK CULTURE, BEHAVIOR, TOXICANT EXPOSURE AND HEALTH
    LAWRENCE SCHELL; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. Conference on Intellectual Disability, Aging and Health
    PHILIP DAVIDSON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This area will lead to a report of recommendations for the establishment of practice guidelines for medical care jointly issued by the AAMR and the AMA. ..
  29. Mammalian Lactoferrin Receptors: Structure and Function
    Bo Lonnerdal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, our understanding of the physiological significance of Lf and its receptor will be increased. ..
  30. Phytoestrogens, alcohol, and endometrial cancer risk
    ELISA BANDERA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This award will provide the support and training the Candidate needs to develop an independent career in the nutritional epidemiology of cancer. ..
  31. Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Health
    Dariush Mozaffarian; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..End of Abstract) [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Maternal fatty acids, birth weight and child development
    Emily Oken; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Interdisciplinary Research Training for Veterinarians
    Lisa Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These evaluations, continued refinement, and the commitment of the program faculty will help to ensure that this becomes a self-sustaining program. ..
  34. The Role of Hormone Polymorphisms in Menstrual Function and Fertility
    CHANLEY SMALL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed pilot study is an efficient use of existing data and biological specimens to explore these relationships among a subset of important genes in reproductive function. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Health Effects of PCB Exposure from Contaminated Fish
    Susan L Schantz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Adolescence is a period of rapid brain growth and development, yet very little is known about the impact of exposure to chemical contaminants during this period on cognitive and behavioral function. ..
  36. 2008 WESTERN ARGICULTURAL CONFERENCE
    Richard Fenske; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. DIETARY LIPIDS AND EXPERIMENTAL IGA NEPHROPATHY
    James Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Health Effects of PCB Exposure from Contaminated Fish
    Susan Schantz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..