food contamination

Summary

Summary: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.

Top Publications

  1. doi Dietary cadmium exposure and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer: a population-based prospective cohort study
    Bettina Julin
    Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Cancer Res 72:1459-66. 2012
  2. pmc Balancing the benefits of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and the risks of methylmercury exposure from fish consumption
    Kathryn R Mahaffey
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, George Washington University School of Public Health, Washington DC, USA
    Nutr Rev 69:493-508. 2011
  3. pmc Blood organic mercury and dietary mercury intake: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999 and 2000
    Kathryn R Mahaffey
    Office of Science Coordination and Policy, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U S Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, DC 20460, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:562-70. 2004
  4. ncbi Fish intake, contaminants, and human health: evaluating the risks and the benefits
    Dariush Mozaffarian
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 296:1885-99. 2006
  5. doi Aflatoxins and growth impairment: a review
    Pornsri Khlangwiset
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15219, USA
    Crit Rev Toxicol 41:740-55. 2011
  6. doi The food contaminant deoxynivalenol, decreases intestinal barrier permeability and reduces claudin expression
    Philippe Pinton
    INRA UR66, Toulouse, France
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 237:41-8. 2009
  7. doi Chronic ingestion of deoxynivalenol and fumonisin, alone or in interaction, induces morphological and immunological changes in the intestine of piglets
    Ana Paula F L Bracarense
    Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Lab Patologia Animal, Londrina, Brazil
    Br J Nutr 107:1776-86. 2012
  8. ncbi ICP/MS and ICP/AES elemental analysis (38 elements) of edible wild mushrooms growing in Poland
    J Falandysz
    Department of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, University of Gdansk, Poland
    Food Addit Contam 18:503-13. 2001
  9. ncbi Chromatographic methods for the simultaneous determination of mycotoxins and their conjugates in cereals
    Franz Berthiller
    Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Research, Department of Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Konrad Lorenz Strasse 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria
    Int J Food Microbiol 119:33-7. 2007
  10. pmc Aflatoxin contamination of commercial maize products during an outbreak of acute aflatoxicosis in eastern and central Kenya
    Lauren Lewis
    National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chamblee, Georgia 30341, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:1763-7. 2005

Detail Information

Publications267 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Dietary cadmium exposure and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer: a population-based prospective cohort study
    Bettina Julin
    Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Cancer Res 72:1459-66. 2012
    ..73). Overall, these results suggest a role for dietary cadmium in postmenopausal breast cancer development...
  2. pmc Balancing the benefits of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and the risks of methylmercury exposure from fish consumption
    Kathryn R Mahaffey
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, George Washington University School of Public Health, Washington DC, USA
    Nutr Rev 69:493-508. 2011
    ..A framework for providing dietary advice for women of childbearing age on how to maximize the dietary intake of n-3 PUFAs while minimizing MeHg exposures is suggested...
  3. pmc Blood organic mercury and dietary mercury intake: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999 and 2000
    Kathryn R Mahaffey
    Office of Science Coordination and Policy, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U S Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, DC 20460, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:562-70. 2004
    ....
  4. ncbi Fish intake, contaminants, and human health: evaluating the risks and the benefits
    Dariush Mozaffarian
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 296:1885-99. 2006
    ..Fish (finfish or shellfish) may have health benefits and also contain contaminants, resulting in confusion over the role of fish consumption in a healthy diet...
  5. doi Aflatoxins and growth impairment: a review
    Pornsri Khlangwiset
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15219, USA
    Crit Rev Toxicol 41:740-55. 2011
    ..This review suggests that aflatoxin exposure and its association with growth impairment in children could contribute a significant public health burden in less developed countries...
  6. doi The food contaminant deoxynivalenol, decreases intestinal barrier permeability and reduces claudin expression
    Philippe Pinton
    INRA UR66, Toulouse, France
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 237:41-8. 2009
    ..Considering that high levels of DON may be present in food or feed, consumption of DON-contaminated food/feed may induce intestinal damage and has consequences for human and animal health...
  7. doi Chronic ingestion of deoxynivalenol and fumonisin, alone or in interaction, induces morphological and immunological changes in the intestine of piglets
    Ana Paula F L Bracarense
    Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Lab Patologia Animal, Londrina, Brazil
    Br J Nutr 107:1776-86. 2012
    ..Taken together, the present data provide strong evidence that chronic ingestion of low doses of mycotoxins alters the intestine, and thus may predispose animals to infections by enteric pathogens...
  8. ncbi ICP/MS and ICP/AES elemental analysis (38 elements) of edible wild mushrooms growing in Poland
    J Falandysz
    Department of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, University of Gdansk, Poland
    Food Addit Contam 18:503-13. 2001
    ....
  9. ncbi Chromatographic methods for the simultaneous determination of mycotoxins and their conjugates in cereals
    Franz Berthiller
    Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Research, Department of Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Konrad Lorenz Strasse 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria
    Int J Food Microbiol 119:33-7. 2007
    ..Even more, known plant derived metabolites of mycotoxins, like zearalenone-4-glucoside or deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside are included in this method. The significance of mycotoxin conjugates is briefly discussed as well...
  10. pmc Aflatoxin contamination of commercial maize products during an outbreak of acute aflatoxicosis in eastern and central Kenya
    Lauren Lewis
    National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chamblee, Georgia 30341, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:1763-7. 2005
    ..Efforts to successfully interrupt exposure to aflatoxin during an outbreak must consider the potential role of the market system in sustaining exposure...
  11. pmc Probabilistic Modeling of Dietary Arsenic Exposure and Dose and Evaluation with 2003-2004 NHANES Data
    Jianping Xue
    U S Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Exposure Research Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:345-50. 2010
    ..Dietary exposure from food to toxic inorganic arsenic (iAs) in the general U.S. population has not been well studied...
  12. ncbi Formation, determination and significance of masked and other conjugated mycotoxins
    Franz Berthiller
    Department for Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Research, Center for Analytical Chemistry, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna BOKU, Konrad Lorenz Str 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria
    Anal Bioanal Chem 395:1243-52. 2009
    ..This transformation process is not only important regarding food safety but also for the resistance of plants towards fungal-induced diseases, such as Fusarium head blight of wheat...
  13. ncbi Listeria: A foodborne pathogen that knows how to survive
    Megha Gandhi
    Department of Food Science, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 65 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 113:1-15. 2007
    ..Studies on the development of technologies to prevent and control L. monocytogenes contamination in foods and food processing facilities are also discussed...
  14. doi Multistate outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes associated with Mexican-style cheese made from pasteurized milk among pregnant, Hispanic women
    K A Jackson
    Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Food Prot 74:949-53. 2011
    ..Recalls of contaminated cheeses likely prevented additional illnesses...
  15. doi Effects of increasing dietary concentrations of corn naturally contaminated with deoxynivalenol on broiler and turkey poult performance and response to lipopolysaccharide
    L Xu
    Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
    Poult Sci 90:2766-74. 2011
    ..aureus by cecal tonsil cells in non-LPS-challenged broilers, and greatly decreased heterophil to lymphocyte ratios in LPS-challenged broilers...
  16. doi Economic burden from health losses due to foodborne illness in the United States
    Robert L Scharff
    The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    J Food Prot 75:123-31. 2012
    ..The resulting aggregated annual cost of illness was $77.7 billion (90% CI, $28.6 to $144.6 billion) and $51.0 billion (90% CI, $31.2 to $76.1 billion) for the enhanced and basic models, respectively...
  17. ncbi Comparative efficacy of seven hand sanitizers against murine norovirus, feline calicivirus, and GII.4 norovirus
    Geun woo Park
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Food Prot 73:2232-8. 2010
    ..2 log units after exposure for 5 min. The susceptibility of FCV to low pH and the relative high susceptibility of MNV to alcohols suggest that both surrogate viruses should be considered for in vitro testing of hand sanitizers...
  18. doi Development and validation of a rapid multi-biomarker liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method to assess human exposure to mycotoxins
    Benedikt Warth
    Center for Analytical Chemistry and Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Metabolism, Department for Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Konrad Lorenz Str 20, A 3430 Tulln, Austria
    Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 26:1533-40. 2012
    ..Since individuals can be exposed to a variety of these toxic secondary metabolites of fungi at the same time, there is a demand for proper analytical methods to assess human exposure by suitable biomarkers...
  19. doi Food analysis and food authentication by peptide nucleic acid (PNA)-based technologies
    Stefano Sforza
    Department of Organic and Industrial Chemistry, University of Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 17A, University Campus, I 43124, Parma, Italy
    Chem Soc Rev 40:221-32. 2011
    ..Finally, the future perspectives for the use of PNAs in food analysis will be briefly discussed according to the most recent developments...
  20. ncbi Intake of phthalates and di(2-ethylhexyl)adipate: results of the Integrated Exposure Assessment Survey based on duplicate diet samples and biomonitoring data
    Hermann Fromme
    Department of Environmental Health, Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority, Veterinärstrasse 2, D 85764 Oberschleissheim, Germany
    Environ Int 33:1012-20. 2007
    ..Our data indicated that food was the predominant intake source of DEHP, whilst other sources considerably contributed to the daily intake of DnBP and DiBP in an adult population...
  21. pmc Fish consumption and mercury exposure among Louisiana recreational anglers
    Rebecca A Lincoln
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:245-51. 2011
    ..Methylmercury (MeHg) exposure assessments among average fish consumers in the United States may underestimate exposures among U.S. subpopulations with high intakes of regionally specific fish...
  22. doi Effects of milling and baking technologies on levels of deoxynivalenol and its masked form deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside
    Marta Kostelanska
    Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, Department of Food Chemistry and Analysis, Technicka 3, 166 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    J Agric Food Chem 59:9303-12. 2011
    ..Most of these compounds were located in the crust of experimental breads...
  23. pmc Nationwide outbreak of listeriosis due to contaminated meat
    P S Mead
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 134:744-51. 2006
    ..Standardized molecular subtyping and coordinated, multi-jurisdiction investigations can greatly facilitate detection and control of listeriosis outbreaks...
  24. pmc A mechanism for slow release of biomagnified cyanobacterial neurotoxins and neurodegenerative disease in Guam
    Susan J Murch
    Institute for Ethnobotany, National Tropical Botanical Garden, Kalaheo, HI 96741, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:12228-31. 2004
    ..The presence of BMAA in brain tissues from Canadian patients who died of Alzheimer's disease suggests that exposure to cyanobacterial neurotoxins occurs outside of Guam...
  25. pmc Aflatoxin: a 50-year odyssey of mechanistic and translational toxicology
    Thomas W Kensler
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Toxicol Sci 120:S28-48. 2011
    ....
  26. ncbi Analysis of agricultural commodities and foods for Alternaria mycotoxins
    P M Scott
    Health Canada, Health Products and Food Branch, Food Research Division, Sir Frederick G Banting Research Centre, Ottawa, ON
    J AOAC Int 84:1809-17. 2001
    ..They have been found also in processed fruit products such as apple juice, other fruit beverages and tomato products, wheat and other grains, sunflower seeds, oilseed rape meal, and pecans...
  27. ncbi Effects of feeding a blend of grains naturally contaminated with Fusarium mycotoxins on swine performance, brain regional neurochemistry, and serum chemistry and the efficacy of a polymeric glucomannan mycotoxin adsorbent
    H V L N Swamy
    Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
    J Anim Sci 80:3257-67. 2002
    ....
  28. ncbi Methylmercury exposure and health effects in humans: a worldwide concern
    Donna Mergler
    Department of Biological Sciences, Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Quebec, Montreal, Canada
    Ambio 36:3-11. 2007
    ....
  29. ncbi Accumulation of cyanobacterial toxins in freshwater "seafood" and its consequences for public health: a review
    Bas W Ibelings
    Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Sciences and Technology, Centre of Ecology, Evolution and Biogeochemistry, Seestrasse 79, CH 6047 Kastanienbaum, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 150:177-92. 2007
    ..Risk assessments should acknowledge this and investigate the partitioning of exposure between drinking-water and food, which may vary depending on local circumstances...
  30. ncbi On the toxicokinetics and the metabolism of deoxynivalenol (DON) in the pig
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 58:169-80. 2004
    ..It was concluded that de-epoxydation of DON, which primarily occurs in the hindgut, probably does not contribute much to a detoxification in the pig...
  31. ncbi Content and bioconcentration factors of mercury by Parasol Mushroom Macrolepiota procera
    Jerzy Falandysz
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
    J Environ Sci Health B 42:735-40. 2007
    ..A value greater then 25 mu g/g dm will imply an elevated content due to site pollution problems. Nevertheless, knowledge on highly toxic methylmercury content and its fraction in the total mercury content of Parasol Mushroom is lacking...
  32. pmc Perfluorinated compounds, polychlorinated biphenyls, and organochlorine pesticide contamination in composite food samples from Dallas, Texas, USA
    Arnold Schecter
    Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Texas School of Public Health, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:796-802. 2010
    ..2010. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclodecane (HBCD) in composite U.S. food samples, Environ Health Perspect 118:357-362]...
  33. doi Some mineral constituents of Parasol Mushroom (Macrolepiota procera)
    J Falandysz
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, Ecotoxicology and Food Toxicology, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
    J Environ Sci Health B 43:187-92. 2008
    ..These two toxic metals have been found in elevated concentration in M. procera from unpolluted stands outside of Poland as reported by some authors, which implies the possibility of relatively high background levels in this species...
  34. ncbi Immunotoxicological risk of mycotoxins for domestic animals
    I P Oswald
    INRA, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Toxicologie, Toulouse, France
    Food Addit Contam 22:354-60. 2005
    ..Suppressed immune function by mycotoxins may eventually decrease resistance to infectious diseases, reactivate chronic infections and/or decrease vaccine and drug efficacy...
  35. doi Mercury bio-concentration potential of Larch Bolete, Suillus grevillei, mushroom
    K Chudzyński
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, Ecotoxicology and Food Toxicology, University of Gdansk, 18 Sobieskiego Str, 80 952, Gdansk, Poland
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83:275-9. 2009
    ..0 microg Hg/g dw for pool of caps and 2.0 microg/g dw for a single cap of Larch Bolete are suggested as threshold concentrations implying Hg baseline level, while greater value could imply contamination due to the site pollution...
  36. pmc Methylmercury exposure and adverse cardiovascular effects in Faroese whaling men
    Anna L Choi
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:367-72. 2009
    ..Methylmercury (MeHg), a worldwide contaminant found in fish and seafood, has been linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality...
  37. ncbi Masked mycotoxins: determination of a deoxynivalenol glucoside in artificially and naturally contaminated wheat by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
    Franz Berthiller
    Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Research and Institute for Plant Production Biotechnology, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Konrad Lorenz Strasse 20, A 3430 Tulln, Austria
    J Agric Food Chem 53:3421-5. 2005
    ..The results of this study indicate the importance to consider both DON and DON-3-glucoside with regard to food and feed safety...
  38. ncbi Variation in arsenic speciation and concentration in paddy rice related to dietary exposure
    P N Williams
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 3UU, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 39:5531-40. 2005
    ..Pot experiments show that the proportions of DMAV in the grain are significantly dependent on rice cultivar (p = 0.026) and that plant nutrient status is effected by arsenic exposure...
  39. ncbi Some major mycotoxins and their mycotoxicoses--an overview
    John L Richard
    Romer Labs, Inc, 34423 N Wilderness Trail, Cave Creek, AZ 85331, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 119:3-10. 2007
    ..Therefore, diagnosis of a mycotoxicoses is dependent upon adequate testing for mycotoxins involving sampling, sample preparation and analysis...
  40. doi Emerging fusarium-mycotoxins fusaproliferin, beauvericin, enniatins, and moniliformin: a review
    Marika Jestoi
    Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Department of Animal Diseases and Food Safety Research, Chemistry and Toxicology Unit, Helsinki, Finland
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 48:21-49. 2008
    ..Based on the available studies, attention should be paid to the studies on the distinct significance of these compounds in the human and animal food chains...
  41. doi Determination of ochratoxin a with a DNA aptamer
    Jorge A Cruz-Aguado
    NeoVentures Biotechnology Inc, 700 Collip Circle, London, Ontario, Canada
    J Agric Food Chem 56:10456-61. 2008
    ..Further work is ongoing to broaden the application demonstrated here with the development of sensors, affinity columns, and other analytical systems for field and laboratory determination of this toxin in food and agricultural products...
  42. ncbi Human aflatoxicosis in developing countries: a review of toxicology, exposure, potential health consequences, and interventions
    Jonathan H Williams
    Peanut Collaborative Research Program, Griffin, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1106-22. 2004
    ....
  43. pmc A qualitative study of fish consumption during pregnancy
    Arienne Bloomingdale
    Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and the Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:1234-40. 2010
    ....
  44. doi Three outbreaks of foodborne botulism caused by unsafe home canning of vegetables--Ohio and Washington, 2008 and 2009
    Kashmira Date
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Food Prot 74:2090-6. 2011
    ..Similar gaps were identified in a 2005 national survey of U.S. adults. Botulism prevention efforts should include targeted educational outreach to home canners...
  45. pmc Forage as a primary source of mycotoxins in animal diets
    Jiří Skládanka
    Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, CZ 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:37-50. 2011
    ..Moreover, the level of the occurrence of mould was quantified as ergosterol content, which was higher at the specific date of cut. All results were statistically processed and significant changes were discussed...
  46. ncbi Isolation of epiphytic yeasts with potential for biocontrol of Aspergillus carbonarius and A. niger on grape
    Gianluca Bleve
    Institute of Sciences of Food Production ISPA, Lecce Section, CNR, Via provinciale Lecce Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy
    Int J Food Microbiol 108:204-9. 2006
    ..orientalis isolates. Results suggest that antagonist yeasts with the potential to control A. carbonarius and A. niger on grape can be found among the microflora associated with the berries...
  47. pmc The food-contaminant deoxynivalenol modifies eating by targeting anorexigenic neurocircuitry
    Clémence Girardet
    Universite Paul Cezanne, Marseille, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e26134. 2011
    ..In view of the widespread human exposure to DON, the present results may lead to reconsider the potential consequences of chronic DON consumption on human eating disorders...
  48. pmc Rapid visual tests: fast and reliable detection of ochratoxin A
    Ingrid Bazin
    Ecole des Mines d Alès, 6 av de Clavieres 30319, Ales cedex, France
    Toxins (Basel) 2:2230-41. 2010
    ..Different test formats are discussed, and challenges in the development of lateral flow devices for on-site determination of OTA, with requirements such as robustness, speed, and cost-effectiveness, are discussed...
  49. doi Regenerable immuno-biochip for screening ochratoxin A in green coffee extract using an automated microarray chip reader with chemiluminescence detection
    Jimena C Sauceda-Friebe
    Institute of Hydrochemistry and Chair for Analytical Chemistry, Technische Universitat Munchen, Germany
    Anal Chim Acta 689:234-42. 2011
    ..The total analysis time for a single sample, including measurement and surface regeneration, was 12 min and the LOQ of OTA in green coffee extract was 0.3 μg L(-1) which corresponds to 7 μg kg(-1)...
  50. doi Biocontrol as a strategy to reduce the impact of ochratoxin A and Aspergillus section Nigri in grapes
    María Lorena Ponsone
    Departamento de Microbiologia e Inmunologia, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físico, Quimicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Rio Cuarto, Ruta Nacional No 36 Km 601, 5800 Rio Cuarto, Cordoba, Argentina
    Int J Food Microbiol 151:70-7. 2011
    ..Over all conditions assayed, ochratoxin A accumulation was reduced from 3% to 100% and the growth rate from 11% to 82.5%, depending on conditions. These results are promising for future development of a bio-pesticide...
  51. doi Central inflammation and sickness-like behavior induced by the food contaminant deoxynivalenol: a PGE2-independent mechanism
    Clémence Girardet
    Département de Physiologie Neurovégétative, Centre de Recherche en Neurobiologie Neurophysiologie de Marseille, Universite Paul Cezanne, INRA USC 2027, CNRS UMR 6231, 13397 Marseille, France
    Toxicol Sci 124:179-91. 2011
    ..These results reveal that, despite strong similarities, behavioral changes observed after DON intoxication differ from classical sickness behavior evoked by inflammatory cytokines...
  52. ncbi Role of methylmercury exposure (from fish consumption) on growth and neurodevelopment of children under 5 years of age living in a transitioning (tin-mining) area of the western Amazon, Brazil
    Rejane C Marques
    Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 62:341-50. 2012
    ..Health hazards attendant on a high prevalence of moderate neurodevelopment delays coexisting with exposure to multiple neurotoxic substances merits further investigation in poor environmental settings of tin-mining areas...
  53. pmc Anorexia induction by the trichothecene deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin) is mediated by the release of the gut satiety hormone peptide YY
    Brenna M Flannery
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
    Toxicol Sci 130:289-97. 2012
    ..Taken together, these findings suggest that PYY might be one critical mediator of DON-induced anorexia and, ultimately, growth suppression...
  54. pmc Epidemiology of foodborne norovirus outbreaks, United States, 2001-2008
    Aron J Hall
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:1566-73. 2012
    ..Interventions to reduce the frequency of foodborne norovirus outbreaks should focus on food workers and production of produce and shellfish...
  55. doi Quantitation of mycotoxins in food and feed from Burkina Faso and Mozambique using a modern LC-MS/MS multitoxin method
    Benedikt Warth
    Center for Analytical Chemistry, Department for Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna BOKU, Austria
    J Agric Food Chem 60:9352-63. 2012
    ..Up to 28 toxic fungal metabolites were quantitated in a single sample, emphasizing the great variety of mycotoxin coexposure. Most mycotoxins have not been reported before in either country...
  56. doi Survey on composition and bioconcentration potential of 12 metallic elements in King Bolete (Boletus edulis) mushroom that emerged at 11 spatially distant sites
    Jerzy Falandysz
    Research Group of Environmental Chemistry, Ecotoxicology and Food Toxicology, Institute of Environmental Sciences and Public Health, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
    J Environ Sci Health B 46:231-46. 2011
    ..In this report also reviewed are data on Al, Ba, Ca, Cd, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Sr and Zn accumulation in King Bolete...
  57. doi Evaluation of high hydrostatic pressure effect on human adenovirus using molecular methods and cell culture
    Katarina Kovac
    Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León ITACyL, Junta de Castilla y Leon, Valladolid, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 157:368-74. 2012
    ..However, its precise effect is matrix dependent and therefore matrix-specific evaluations need to be considered for assuring reliable inactivation in practice...
  58. doi Hydroelectric reservoir inundation (Rio Madeira Basin, Amazon) and changes in traditional lifestyle: impact on growth and neurodevelopment of pre-school children
    Rejane C Marques
    Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Public Health Nutr 14:661-9. 2011
    ..To assess the dependence on fish consumption of families and its impact on nutritional status and neurodevelopment of pre-school children...
  59. doi The mycobiota of three dry-cured meat products from Slovenia
    Silva Sonjak
    Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Vecna pot 111, SI 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Food Microbiol 28:373-6. 2011
    ..versicolor, Penicillium brevicompactum, Penicillium chrysogenum, P. nordicum, and Penicillium polonicum. Their growth on dry-cured meat products is undesirable...
  60. pmc Prenatal mercury contamination: relationship with maternal seafood consumption during pregnancy and fetal growth in the 'EDEN mother-child' cohort
    Peggy Drouillet-Pinard
    INSERM, CESP Centre for research in Epidemiology and Population Health, U1018, Team Epidemiology of Obesity, Diabetes and Renal Disease over the Lifecourse, Villejuif, France
    Br J Nutr 104:1096-100. 2010
    ..There was no consistent association between Hg level and fetal growth. Taking into account Hg level did not modify associations between seafood intake and fetal growth...
  61. doi Deoxynivalenol oligoglycosides: new "masked" fusarium toxins occurring in malt, beer, and breadstuff
    Milena Zachariasova
    Department of Food Analysis and Nutrition, Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology in Prague, Technicka 3, 166 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    J Agric Food Chem 60:9280-91. 2012
    ..To the authors' best knowledge, this is the first study documenting the complexity of masked deoxynivalenol issue...
  62. doi Deoxynivalenol, deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside, and enniatins: the major mycotoxins found in cereal-based products on the Czech market
    Alexandra Malachova
    Department of Food Chemistry and Analysis, Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology Prague, Technicka 3, 166 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    J Agric Food Chem 59:12990-7. 2011
    ..Enniatin A1 was found only in 44% of samples at levels ranging between 8 and 851 μg/kg...
  63. doi Deleterious effects in mice of fish-associated methylmercury contained in a diet mimicking the Western populations' average fish consumption
    Jean Paul Bourdineaud
    Bordeaux University CNRS, UMR EPOC 5805, Arcachon Marine Station, Place du Docteur Peyneau, Arcachon, 33120, France
    Environ Int 37:303-13. 2011
    ....
  64. doi Prevalence of Clostridium botulinum and thermophilic heat-resistant spores in raw carrots and green beans used in French canning industry
    V Sevenier
    CTCPA Centre Technique de la Conservation des Produits Agricoles, Site Agroparc, BP 21203, F 84911 Avignon Cedex 9, France
    Int J Food Microbiol 155:263-8. 2012
    ..These data constitute the first wide examination of vegetables specifically cultivated for industrialpurposes for their contamination by spores of thermophilic bacterial species...
  65. pmc Selection tool for foodborne norovirus outbreaks
    Linda P B Verhoef
    Virology Division of the Diagnostic Laboratory for Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:31-8. 2009
    ..Use of this tool is likely to improve data quality and strain typing in current surveillance systems, which is necessary for identification of potential international foodborne outbreaks...
  66. ncbi Human exposure to bisphenol A (BPA)
    Laura N Vandenberg
    Tufts University School of Medicine, Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences, 136 Harrison Avenue, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Reprod Toxicol 24:139-77. 2007
    ..The reported levels of BPA in human fluids are higher than the BPA concentrations reported to stimulate molecular endpoints in vitro and appear to be within an order of magnitude of the levels needed to induce effects in animal models...
  67. doi Measurement of wheat gluten and barley hordeins in contaminated oats from Europe, the United States and Canada by Sandwich R5 ELISA
    Alberto Hernando
    National Center of Biotechnology Gluten Unit, Madrid, Spain
    Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 20:545-54. 2008
    ..We have investigated the extent of contamination with wheat, barley, rye or a mixture of these cereals in a large number of grains and commercial oats. We have also attempted to identify the type of cereal contaminant...
  68. doi Dietary exposure assessment of pregnant women to bisphenol-A from cans and microwave containers in Southern Spain
    M Mariscal-Arcas
    Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja s n, 18071 Granada, Spain
    Food Chem Toxicol 47:506-10. 2009
    ..Nevertheless it remains of concern, given the proven undesirable effects of low-level exposure and higher susceptibility of pregnant women...
  69. ncbi Bisphenol a in canned food products from canadian markets
    Xu Liang Cao
    Food Research Division, Bureau of Chemical Safety, Food Directorate, Health Canada, 251 Frederick Banting Driveway, AL 2203D, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0K9
    J Food Prot 73:1085-9. 2010
    ..The mean and maximum BPA concentrations were 1.1 and 2.1 ng/g, respectively, for tomato paste products and 9.3 and 23 ng/g, respectively, for the pure tomato products...
  70. doi Bisphenol a in baby food products in glass jars with metal lids from Canadian markets
    Xu Liang Cao
    Food Research Division, Bureau of Chemical Safety, Food Directorate, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Agric Food Chem 57:5345-51. 2009
    ..2 ng/g, was found in two products from brand E as well. The average BPA level in the fruit products from all brands (0.60 ng/g) is lower than those in the mixed-dish products (1.1 ng/g) and the vegetable products (1.2 ng/g)...
  71. ncbi Paralytic shellfish poisoning: seafood safety and human health perspectives
    Stacey M Etheridge
    U S FDA, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Office of Regulatory Science, Division of Analytical Chemistry, 5100 Paint Branch Parkway, HFS 707, College Park, MD 20740, USA
    Toxicon 56:108-22. 2010
    ..This paper highlights PSP seafood safety concerns, documented human cases, applied detection methods as well as monitoring and management strategies for preventing PSP-contaminated seafood products from entering the food supply...
  72. ncbi Survey of dry pasta for ochratoxin A in Canada
    Winnie Ng
    Health Canada, Health Products and Foods, Food Laboratory Division, 2301 Midland Avenue, Scarborough, Ontario, Canada
    J Food Prot 72:890-3. 2009
    ..Mean levels of OTA found in these 3 years were, respectively, 0.30, 0.28, and 0.76 ng/g, and maximum levels were, respectively, 1.8, 1.4, and 3.3 ng/g...
  73. pmc Consumption of pure oats by individuals with celiac disease: a position statement by the Canadian Celiac Association
    Mohsin Rashid
    Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada
    Can J Gastroenterol 21:649-51. 2007
    ..Oats and oat products that are safe for consumption by individuals with celiac disease and dermatitis herpetiformis are now commercially available in Canada...
  74. ncbi Oats and the gluten-free diet
    Tricia Thompson
    J Am Diet Assoc 103:376-9. 2003
    ..Ideally, if a patient appears likely to use oats, they should be advised to consume only those products tested and found to be free of contamination...
  75. ncbi Comparison of a chemical and enzymatic extraction of arsenic from rice and an assessment of the arsenic absorption from contaminated water by cooked rice
    Amanda H Ackerman
    Microbiological and Chemical Exposure Assessment Research Division, NERL, ORD, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio 45268, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 39:5241-6. 2005
    ..Through the use of IC-ESI-MS/ MS with a parent ion of m/z 153 and fragment ions of m/z 138, 123, and 105, the structure dimethylthioarsinic acid was tentatively identified in two of the rice samples using the enzymatic extraction...
  76. ncbi Soxhlet extraction of acrylamide from potato chips
    Jörgen R Pedersen
    Arealia AB, Göteborgsv 91B, SE 43137 Mölndal, Sweden
    Analyst 128:332-4. 2003
    ..The extracted amount of acrylamide is affected by several parameters: solvent properties, solvent volume, extraction time, temperature, particle size, and the microstructure of the sample...
  77. ncbi Bisphenol A (BPA) and its source in foods in Japanese markets
    J Sajiki
    Chiba Prefectural Institute of Public Health, Chiba City, Chiba 260 8715, Japan
    Food Addit Contam 24:103-12. 2007
    ..The results imply that the main source of human exposure to BPA is food from cans with linings that contain high percentages of BPA as an additive or an unforeseen contaminant...
  78. ncbi Ochratoxins: a global perspective
    Paul Bayman
    Depto de Biologia, Universidad de Puerto Rico Rio Piedras, PO Box 23360, San Juan, PR, 00931, USA
    Mycopathologia 162:215-23. 2006
    ..We focus on ochratoxins in coffee, since coffee is becoming a key commodity in ochratoxin research and regulation...
  79. pmc The risk of disease transmission to livestock posed by contamination of farm stored feed by wildlife excreta
    M J Daniels
    Animal Nutrition and Health Department, Scottish Agricultural College, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JG
    Epidemiol Infect 130:561-8. 2003
    ..Wildlife faecal contamination of stored feed should be given serious consideration as a potential source of infection to livestock...
  80. ncbi Gluten contamination of commercial oat products in the United States
    Tricia Thompson
    N Engl J Med 351:2021-2. 2004
  81. doi Identification and characterization of toxicity of contaminants in pet food leading to an outbreak of renal toxicity in cats and dogs
    Roy L M Dobson
    The Procter and Gamble Company, Cincinnati, Ohio 45253, USA
    Toxicol Sci 106:251-62. 2008
    ....
  82. pmc A biomonitoring study of lead, cadmium, and mercury in the blood of New York city adults
    Wendy McKelvey
    Division of Environmental Health, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York 10007, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1435-41. 2007
    ..We assessed the extent of exposure to lead, cadmium, and mercury in the New York City (NYC) adult population...
  83. ncbi Bisphenol A in canned foods in New Zealand: an exposure assessment
    B M Thomson
    Food Addit Contam 22:65-72. 2005
    ..The impact of this level of oestrogenicity remains unclear...
  84. doi Should legislation regarding maximum Pb and Cd levels in human food also cover large game meat?
    Mark A Taggart
    Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos, IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
    Environ Int 37:18-25. 2011
    ..A risk assessment is presented which describes the number of meals required to exceed current tolerable weekly intakes (PTWIs) for Pb and Cd, and the potential contribution of large game consumption to such intake limit criteria...
  85. ncbi Bacteriological screening of donor human milk before and after Holder pasteurization
    Susan Landers
    Department of Neonatology, Seton Medical Center, Pediatric Medical Group, Austin, Texas 78705, USA
    Breastfeed Med 5:117-21. 2010
    ..In order to ascertain any bacterial contamination of donor human milk, we cultured milk samples both before and after Holder pasteurization...
  86. doi A survey on occurrence of melamine and its analogues in tainted infant formula in China
    Yong Ning Wu
    Department of Monitoring and Control for Contaminants and Residues, Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China
    Biomed Environ Sci 22:95-9. 2009
    ..To investigate the occurrence and concentrations of melamine and its analogues in tainted infant formula and to identify the etiologic factors for the urinary stones epidemic in infants and young children in China in 2008...
  87. ncbi Comparison of constitutive and inducible maize kernel proteins of genotypes resistant or susceptible to aflatoxin production
    Z Y Chen
    Department of Plant Pathology and Crop Physiology, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge 70803, USA
    J Food Prot 64:1785-92. 2001
    ..However, significantly lower levels of aflatoxin production in embryo-killed resistant kernels than in susceptible ones suggest that, in reality, high levels of constitutive antifungal proteins are indispensable to kernel resistance...
  88. pmc Potential hazard to human health from exposure to fragments of lead bullets and shot in the tissues of game animals
    Deborah J Pain
    Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust, Slimbridge, Gloucestershire, UK
    PLoS ONE 5:e10315. 2010
    ..Our paper asks whether lead gunshot pellets also fragment upon impact, and whether lead derived from spent gunshot and bullets in the tissues of game animals could pose a threat to human health...
  89. pmc Comparative, collaborative, and on-site validation of a TaqMan PCR method as a tool for certified production of fresh, campylobacter-free chickens
    M Krause
    Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research, 27 Bülowsvej, DK 1790 Copenhagen V, Denmark
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:5463-8. 2006
    ..Real-time PCR correctly identified 10 of 20 flocks as positive; thus, the method fulfilled the NordVal validation criteria and has since been implemented at a major abattoir...
  90. ncbi An RNA-aptamer-based assay for the detection and analysis of malachite green and leucomalachite green residues in fish tissue
    Sara L Stead
    Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ North Yorkshire, United Kingdom
    Anal Chem 82:2652-60. 2010
    ..Furthermore, this finding has the future potential to reduce the number of animals currently being used in the production of antibodies for immunodiagnostic kits...
  91. pmc The melamine incident: implications for international food and feed safety
    Céline Marie Elise Gossner
    World Health Organization, Department of Food Safety and Zoonoses, Geneva, Switzerland
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1803-8. 2009
    ..Subsequently, melamine has been detected in many milk and milk-containing products, as well as other food and feed products, which were also exported to many countries worldwide...
  92. pmc Renal screening in children after exposure to low dose melamine in Hong Kong: cross sectional study
    Hugh S Lam
    Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
    BMJ 337:a2991. 2008
    ..To investigate the renal outcomes of children after exposure to low dose melamine in Hong Kong...
  93. pmc Lead bullet fragments in venison from rifle-killed deer: potential for human dietary exposure
    W Grainger Hunt
    The Peregrine Fund, Boise, Idaho, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e5330. 2009
    ..At risk in the U.S. are some ten million hunters, their families, and low-income beneficiaries of venison donations...
  94. doi Detection of Aspergillus spp. and aflatoxin B1 in rice in India
    K R N Reddy
    Department of Plant Pathology, Directorate of Rice Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad 500 030, Andhra Pradesh, India
    Food Microbiol 26:27-31. 2009
    ..Out of 1200 samples, 2% showed AFB1 contamination above the permissible limits (>30 microg/kg). This is the first comprehensive report of aflatoxin contamination in rice across 20 states in India...
  95. ncbi Levels of bisphenol A in canned liquid infant formula products in Canada and dietary intake estimates
    Xu Liang Cao
    Food Research Division, Bureau of Chemical Safety, Food Directorate, Health Canada, 251 Frederick Banting Driveway, AL 2203D, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0L2
    J Agric Food Chem 56:7919-24. 2008
    ..35 microg kg(-1) of body weight day(-1) for 0-1-month-old infants with the maximum formula intake, which is below the provisional tolerable daily intake for BPA established by Health Canada, 25 microg kg(-1) of body weight day(-1)...
  96. doi Melamine and cyanuric acid-induced crystalluria, uroliths, and nephrotoxicity in dogs and cats
    Carl A Osborne
    Veterinary Clinical Sciences Department, Minnesota Urolith Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1352 Boyd Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 39:1-14. 2009
    ..Case studies, including clinical, pathology, histology, and toxicology findings, are presented. An attempt is being made to identify the minerals in the uroliths and kidney tissues of affected animals...
  97. doi Microbial retention on open food contact surfaces and implications for food contamination
    Joanna Verran
    School of Biology, Chemistry and Health Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD, United Kingdom
    Adv Appl Microbiol 64:223-46. 2008
  98. ncbi Incomplete recoveries of fumonisins present in naturally contaminated corn foods from an immunoaffinity column
    Keum Soon Oh
    Korea Food and Drug Administration, Department of Food Safety Evaluation, Seoul 122 704, Korea
    J AOAC Int 92:496-501. 2009
    ..Elution with 2 x 2 mL methanol-water (8 + 2, v/v) was chosen as a practical procedure; means of 81-98% of the total fumonisin B1 concentration were found in the first eluate, except for corn flakes and 2 experiments with corn meal...
  99. doi Melamine in infant formula sold in Canada: occurrence and risk assessment
    Sheryl A Tittlemier
    Food Research Division, Banting Research Centre 2203D, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Agric Food Chem 57:5340-4. 2009
    ....
  100. ncbi Estimated dietary exposure of Canadians to perchlorate through the consumption of fruits and vegetables available in Ottawa markets
    Zhongwen Wang
    Food Research Division, Banting Research Center 2203C, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Agric Food Chem 57:9250-5. 2009
    ..5 microg/kg) having the highest concentrations. Dietary exposure to perchlorate from analyzed fruits and vegetables was estimated to be approximately 36.6 and 41.1 ng/kg bw/day for toddlers (1-4 yrs) and children (5-11yrs), respectively...
  101. ncbi [Monitoring of contamination of foodstuffs with elements noxious to human health. Part I. Wheat cereal products, vegetable products, confectionery and products for infants and children (2004 year)]
    Maria Wojciechowska-Mazurek
    Zakład Badania Zywności i Przedmiotów Uzytku, Narodowy Instytut Zdrowia Publicznego Państwowy Zakład Higieny, 00 791 Warszawa, ul Chocimska 24
    Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 59:251-66. 2008
    ..samples of products for infants and children has initiated the 5-years cycle of monitoring investigations on food contamination with elements noxious to human health planned to perform in 2004-2008...

Research Grants121 found, 100 shown here

  1. Mucosal innate immune defense to Rift Valley fever virus
    Amy G Hise; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Transmission to humans can occur either by mosquito bite, food contamination or aerosol inhalation during exposure to body fluids of RVFV-infected livestock...
  2. Mucosal innate immune defense to Rift Valley fever virus
    AMY HISE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Transmission to humans can occur either by mosquito bite, food contamination or aerosol inhalation during exposure to body fluids of RVFV-infected livestock...
  3. Mucosal innate immune defense to Rift Valley fever virus
    Amy G Hise; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Transmission to humans can occur either by mosquito bite, food contamination or aerosol inhalation during exposure to body fluids of RVFV-infected livestock...
  4. Trichothecene Toxicity and the Ribotoxic Stress Response
    James J Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..mechanism-based strategies for preventing and/or treating persons exposed to these agents via inadvertent food contamination or deliberate chemical terrorism...
  5. Trichothecene Toxicity and the Ribotoxic Stress Response
    James Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..mechanism-based strategies for preventing and/or treating persons exposed to these agents via inadvertent food contamination or deliberate chemical terrorism...
  6. Trichothecene Toxicity and the Ribotoxic Stress Response
    James J Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..mechanism-based strategies for preventing and/or treating persons exposed to these agents via inadvertent food contamination or deliberate chemical terrorism...
  7. Stomate-based innate immunity against bacterial infection in Arabidopsis
    Maeli Melotto; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Food contamination with human pathogens is a major concern to public health...
  8. Stomate-based innate immunity against bacterial infection in Arabidopsis
    Sheng He; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..b>Food contamination with human pathogens is a major concern to public health...
  9. Stomate-based innate immunity against bacterial infection in Arabidopsis
    Maeli Melotto; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Food contamination with human pathogens is a major concern to public health...
  10. THE ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY OF E.COLI SHIGA TOXIN
    CAROLYN HOVDE; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..will have a major impact on human health since it could provide a means of eliminating this key source of food contamination. Stx belongs to a large family of ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) found in a variety of plants and ..
  11. Extracellular Replication of Listeria in Vivo
    Christopher Contag; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..could be the source of asymptomatic carriage of this pathogen in humans and a potential reservoir leading to food contamination. Here we seek to further characterize the genetics and unique physiology of Listeria in the gallbladder as a ..
  12. Extracellular Replication of Listeria in Vivo
    Christopher H Contag; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..could be the source of asymptomatic carriage of this pathogen in humans and a potential reservoir leading to food contamination. Here we seek to further characterize the genetics and unique physiology of Listeria in the gallbladder as a ..
  13. Planning for A GEOHealth Research and Training Hub in Uganda - United States
    Jia Sheng Wang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..b>Food contamination and hygiene, water pollution, work-related injuries, and health professional exposures to biological hazards ..
  14. Ultrasensitive, Label-free Silicon Nanowire Biosensing Arrays
    SEASON WONG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..complete sample analyses and benefits diagnostics in, for example, oncology (protein and DNA biomarkers) and food contamination (pathogen cells and toxigenic products)...
  15. PYROLIZIDINES AND THE LUNG-LIVER AXIS
    RYAN HUXTABLE; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Wide- spread outbreaks occur in underdeveloped nations as a result of food contamination and the folk medicinal use of pyrrolizidine-containing plants...
  16. Global Mechanisms of Bacteriocin Resistance in Listeria
    Kurt Miller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The research ultimately will lead to better methods for prevention of food contamination and disease caused by the deadly pathogen, Listeria monocytogenes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]
  17. Global Mechanisms of Bacteriocin Resistance in Listeria
    Kurt Miller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The research ultimately will lead to better methods for prevention of food contamination and disease caused by the deadly pathogen, Listeria monocytogenes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]
  18. 2010 Environmental Endocrine Disruptors Gordon Research Conference
    ROBERT THOMAS ZOELLER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..debates focusing on the current risk assessments on environmental perchlorate contamination and that of food contamination by bisphenol A...
  19. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CONFERENCE FOR THE MIDDLE EAST
    BARRY LEVY; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..and fertilizers; deteriorating conditions due to overcrowding, air pollution, and poor sanitation in cities; food contamination; poor working environments; and the need to ensure the availability of safe, uncontaminated drinking water...
  20. Biomarkers of Organophosphate-Adducted Proteins
    CHARLES MARK THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition to general exposure and food contamination, the safety of OPs is a large public health concern because OPs share chemical traits, structure and ..
  21. Biomarkers of Organophosphate-Adducted Proteins
    Charles Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In addition to general exposure and food contamination, the safety of OPs is a large public health concern because OPs share chemical traits, structure and ..
  22. Biomarkers of Organophosphate-Adducted Proteins
    Charles Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition to general exposure and food contamination, the safety of OPs is a large public health concern because OPs share chemical traits, structure and ..
  23. Biomarkers of Organophosphate-Adducted Proteins
    CHARLES MARK THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition to general exposure and food contamination, the safety of OPs is a large public health concern because OPs share chemical traits, structure and ..
  24. PYROLIZIDINES AND THE LUNG-LIVER AXIS
    RYAN HUXTABLE; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Widespread outbreaks occur in the underdeveloped nations as a result of food contamination and the folk medicinal use of pyrrolizidine-containing plants...
  25. THE USE OF BIOFILMS TO COUNTER BIOTERRORISM
    Garth James; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Recent cases of intentional food contamination with bacteria emphasize our vulnerability to these attacks...
  26. Sensitive, Integrating Multi-Waveguide Biosensor
    Cha Mei Tang; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..have wide applicability, such as medical diagnostics, infectious diseases, environmental sensing and food contamination, by detecting proteins, enzymes, bacteria, toxins, drugs, pollutants, DNA, etc...
  27. Mercury Vapor from Amalgam and Methylmercury Co-Exposure on Neurodevelopment
    Gene Watson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  28. Mercury Vapor from Amalgam and Methylmercury Co-Exposure on Neurodevelopment
    Gene Watson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  29. Three-generation Human Study of Reproductive Effects of Marine Food Contaminants
    PHILIPPE ADAM GRANDJEAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Current evidence already suggests that these pathologies may already affect many populations, and the present proposal aims at identifying whether persistent organochlorine pollutants contribute to these abnormalities. ..
  30. Three-generation Human Study of Reproductive Effects of Marine Food Contaminants
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Current evidence already suggests that these pathologies may already affect many populations, and the present proposal aims at identifying whether persistent organochlorine pollutants contribute to these abnormalities. ..
  31. Epidemiology of Immunotoxicant Exposure in Children
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These results are expected to extend substantially the current documentation for PCB risk assessment. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Effects of perinatal endocrine disrupters in children
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Modern statistical methods will be used to determine whether these outcome variables are associated with estrogen, thyroid, or Ah receptor abnormalities and specific contaminant exposures prenatally or postnatally. ..
  33. Epidemiology of Immunotoxicant Exposure in Children
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These results are expected to extend substantially the current documentation for PCB risk assessment. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. Epidemiology of Immunotoxicant Exposure in Children
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These results are expected to extend substantially the current documentation for PCB risk assessment. ..
  35. Mercury Vapor from Amalgam and Methylmercury Co-Exposure on Neurodevelopment
    Gene Watson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  36. Health Effects of Lifetime Exposure to Food Contaminants
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results may therefore provide new information that could very likely have an impact on the preventive efforts and standard-setting of the EPA and other regulatory agencies in the U.S and elsewhere. ..
  37. A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF LEAD EXPOSURE AND DENTAL CARIES
    Gene Watson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. MERCURY-ASSOCIATED NEUROBEHAVIORAL DEFICIT IN CHILDREN
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  39. Three-generation Human Study of Reproductive Effects of Marine Food Contaminants
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Current evidence already suggests that these pathologies may already affect many populations, and the present proposal aims at identifying whether persistent organochlorine pollutants contribute to these abnormalities. ..
  40. Three-generation Human Study of Reproductive Effects of Marine Food Contaminants
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Current evidence already suggests that these pathologies may already affect many populations, and the present proposal aims at identifying whether persistent organochlorine pollutants contribute to these abnormalities. ..
  41. Effects of perinatal endocrine disrupters in children
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Modern statistical methods will be used to determine whether these outcome variables are associated with estrogen, thyroid, or Ah receptor abnormalities and specific contaminant exposures prenatally or postnatally. ..
  42. Mercury Vapor from Amalgam and Methylmercury Co-Exposure on Neurodevelopment
    GENE E WATSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  43. MERCURY-ASSOCIATED NEUROBEHAVIORAL DEFICIT IN CHILDREN
    PHILIPPE ADAM GRANDJEAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  44. Effects of perinatal endocrine disrupters in children
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Modern statistical methods will be used to determine whether these outcome variables are associated with estrogen, thyroid, or Ah receptor abnormalities and specific contaminant exposures prenatally or postnatally. ..
  45. Health Effects of Lifetime Exposure to Food Contaminants
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results may therefore provide new information that could very likely have an impact on the preventive efforts and standard-setting of the EPA and other regulatory agencies in the U.S and elsewhere. ..
  46. A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF LEAD EXPOSURE AND DENTAL CARIES
    Gene Watson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Epidemiology of Immunotoxicant Exposure in Children
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These results are expected to extend substantially the current documentation for PCB risk assessment. ..
  48. A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF LEAD EXPOSURE AND DENTAL CARIES
    Gene Watson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. Three-generation Human Study of Reproductive Effects of Marine Food Contaminants
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Current evidence already suggests that these pathologies may already affect many populations, and the present proposal aims at identifying whether persistent organochlorine pollutants contribute to these abnormalities. ..
  50. MERCURY-ASSOCIATED NEUROBEHAVIORAL DEFICIT IN CHILDREN
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  51. Epidemiology of Immunotoxicant Exposure in Children
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These results are expected to extend substantially the current documentation for PCB risk assessment. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. Effects of perinatal endocrine disrupters in children
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Modern statistical methods will be used to determine whether these outcome variables are associated with estrogen, thyroid, or Ah receptor abnormalities and specific contaminant exposures prenatally or postnatally. ..
  53. Health Effects of Lifetime Exposure to Food Contaminants
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results may therefore provide new information that could very likely have an impact on the preventive efforts and standard-setting of the EPA and other regulatory agencies in the U.S and elsewhere. ..
  54. Effects of perinatal endocrine disrupters in children
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Modern statistical methods will be used to determine whether these outcome variables are associated with estrogen, thyroid, or Ah receptor abnormalities and specific contaminant exposures prenatally or postnatally. ..
  55. Organocholorides & Sex Steroids in Two Michigan Cohorts
    Wilfried Karmaus; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This work brings together a multidisciplinary research team with a record of collaboration and expertise in epidemiology, toxicology, and genetics. ..
  56. Developmental neurotoxicity of ethanol
    LUCIO COSTA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Altogether, these studies are aimed at elucidating novel aspects of the communication between astrocytes and neurons and at characterizing new mechanisms involved in the developmental neurotoxicity of ethanol. ..
  57. Developmental neurotoxicity of ethanol
    LUCIO COSTA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Altogether, these studies are aimed at elucidating novel aspects of the communication between astrocytes and neurons and at characterizing new mechanisms involved in the developmental neurotoxicity of ethanol. ..
  58. Developmental neurotoxicity of ethanol
    LUCIO COSTA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Altogether, these studies are aimed at elucidating novel aspects of the communication between astrocytes and neurons and at characterizing new mechanisms involved in the developmental neurotoxicity of ethanol. ..
  59. Developmental neurotoxicity of ethanol
    LUCIO COSTA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Altogether, these studies are aimed at elucidating novel aspects of the communication between astrocytes and neurons and at characterizing new mechanisms involved in the developmental neurotoxicity of ethanol. ..
  60. ETHANOL AND PHOSPHOINOSITIDES DURING BRAIN DEVELOPMENT
    LUCIO COSTA; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ....
  61. ETHANOL AND PHOSPHOINOSITIDES DURING BRAIN DEVELOPMENT
    LUCIO COSTA; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..2. To investigate the molecular pathways involved in the observed inhibition by ethanol of the mitogenic action of acetylcholine in astrocytes. ..
  62. ETHANOL AND PHOSPHOINOSITIDES DURING BRAIN DEVELOPMENT
    LUCIO COSTA; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ....
  63. ETHANOL AND PHOSPHOINOSITIDES DURING BRAIN DEVELOPMENT
    LUCIO COSTA; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  64. Developmental neurotoxicity of ethanol
    Lucio G Costa; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Altogether, these studies are aimed at elucidating novel aspects of the communication between astrocytes and neurons and at characterizing new mechanisms involved in the developmental neurotoxicity of ethanol. ..
  65. ETHANOL AND PHOSPHOINOSITIDES DURING BRAIN DEVELOPMENT
    LUCIO COSTA; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..2. To investigate the molecular pathways involved in the observed inhibition by ethanol of the mitogenic action of acetylcholine in astrocytes. ..
  66. Developmental neurotoxicity of ethanol
    LUCIO COSTA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Altogether, these studies are aimed at elucidating novel aspects of the communication between astrocytes and neurons and at characterizing new mechanisms involved in the developmental neurotoxicity of ethanol. ..
  67. Health Effects of PCB Exposure from Contaminated Fish
    Susan L Schantz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Adolescence is a period of rapid brain growth and development, yet very little is known about the impact of exposure to chemical contaminants during this period on cognitive and behavioral function. ..
  68. Mechanisms Of Trichothecene Immunotoxicity
    James Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Over the long term, this research will help characterize hazards associated with trichothecene exposure that can be used in human risk assessment. ..
  69. Mechanisms Of Trichothecene Immunotoxicity
    James Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Over the long term, this research will help characterize hazards associated with trichothecene exposure that can be used in human risk assessment. ..
  70. Mercury, Selenium and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Women and Men
    Dariush Mozaffarian; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  71. Retrospective cohort study of racial disparities in HIV survival, Florida
    Mary Jo Trepka; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This supports the National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities mission to "reduce and ultimately eliminate health disparities." ..
  72. The Charge Study: Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and the Environment
    Irva Hertz Picciotto; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This project addresses a critical and growing public health concern, namely, autism;this disorder affects as many as one in 166 children. Our project will evaluate risk factors that may play a causal role. ..
  73. DIETARY LIPIDS AND EXPERIMENTAL IGA NEPHROPATHY
    James Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  74. DIETARY LIPIDS AND EXPERIMENTAL IGA NEPHROPATHY
    James Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  75. Mechanisms of Trichothecene Toxicity
    James Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  76. The Charge Study: Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and the Environment
    Irva Hertz Picciotto; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This project addresses a critical and growing public health concern, namely, autism; this disorder affects as many as one in 166 children. Our project will evaluate risk factors that may play a causal role. ..
  77. DIETARY LIPIDS AND EXPERIMENTAL IGA NEPHROPATHY
    James Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  78. Mechanisms of Trichothecene Toxicity
    James Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  79. DIETARY LIPIDS AND EXPERIMENTAL IGA NEPHROPATHY
    James Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  80. Methyl Mercury Effects on Adolescent Development
    PHILIP DAVIDSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  81. 2008 WESTERN ARGICULTURAL CONFERENCE
    Richard Fenske; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  82. Mixed Models for Finite Populations
    Edward Stanek; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  83. Mixture Effects on the Dermal Absorption of Biocides
    Ronald Baynes; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Comparative analysis of interaction coefficients between the MCF and biological systems will provide some insight into dominant physicochemical interactions influencing dermal absorption of biocides in chemical mixtures. ..
  84. Health Effects of PCB Exposure from Contaminated Fish
    Susan Schantz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  85. Fatty Acids and Major Cardiovascular Outcomes
    Dariush Mozaffarian; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....