occupational exposure

Summary

Summary: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Changes in DNA methylation patterns in subjects exposed to low-dose benzene
    Valentina Bollati
    Molecular Epidemiology Laboratory, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Milan, Via San Barnaba 8, 20122 Milan, Italy
    Cancer Res 67:876-80. 2007
  2. ncbi Epidemiology of lung cancer: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (2nd edition)
    Anthony J Alberg
    Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, 86 Jonathan Lucas St, PO Box 250955, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
    Chest 132:29S-55S. 2007
  3. ncbi Toxic potential of materials at the nanolevel
    Andre Nel
    Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Science 311:622-7. 2006
  4. pmc Persistence of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in field workers after short-term occupational exposure to pigs and veal calves
    Brigitte A G L van Cleef
    Centre for Infectious Disease Control Netherlands, RIVM National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    J Clin Microbiol 49:1030-3. 2011
  5. doi Occupation and risk of parkinsonism: a multicenter case-control study
    Caroline M Tanner
    Department of Clinical Research, The Parkinson s Institute, Sunnyvale, California 94085, USA
    Arch Neurol 66:1106-13. 2009
  6. ncbi Demand, control and social climate as predictors of emotional exhaustion symptoms in working Swedish men and women
    Linda L Magnusson Hanson
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 36:737-43. 2008
  7. doi Occupation and cancer - follow-up of 15 million people in five Nordic countries
    Eero Pukkala
    Finnish Cancer Registry, Institute for Statistical and Epidemiological Cancer Research, Pieni Roobertinkatu 9, FI 00130, Helsinki, Finland
    Acta Oncol 48:646-790. 2009
  8. pmc Airborne particulate matter and mitochondrial damage: a cross-sectional study
    Lifang Hou
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Environ Health 9:48. 2010
  9. doi Prevalence and characteristics of hearing problems in a working and non-working Swedish population
    D Hasson
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:453-60. 2010
  10. ncbi Global and gene-specific promoter methylation changes are related to anti-B[a]PDE-DNA adduct levels and influence micronuclei levels in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-exposed individuals
    Sofia Pavanello
    Occupational Health Section, Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
    Int J Cancer 125:1692-7. 2009

Detail Information

Publications298 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Changes in DNA methylation patterns in subjects exposed to low-dose benzene
    Valentina Bollati
    Molecular Epidemiology Laboratory, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Milan, Via San Barnaba 8, 20122 Milan, Italy
    Cancer Res 67:876-80. 2007
    ..20). This is the first human study to link altered DNA methylation, reproducing the aberrant epigenetic patterns found in malignant cells, to low-level carcinogen exposure...
  2. ncbi Epidemiology of lung cancer: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (2nd edition)
    Anthony J Alberg
    Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, 86 Jonathan Lucas St, PO Box 250955, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
    Chest 132:29S-55S. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to summarize the published literature concerning the epidemiology of lung cancer...
  3. ncbi Toxic potential of materials at the nanolevel
    Andre Nel
    Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Science 311:622-7. 2006
    ..The establishment of principles and test procedures to ensure safe manufacture and use of nanomaterials in the marketplace is urgently required and achievable...
  4. pmc Persistence of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in field workers after short-term occupational exposure to pigs and veal calves
    Brigitte A G L van Cleef
    Centre for Infectious Disease Control Netherlands, RIVM National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    J Clin Microbiol 49:1030-3. 2011
    ..However, no information is available about MRSA carriage in humans after short-term occupational exposure to pigs or veal calves...
  5. doi Occupation and risk of parkinsonism: a multicenter case-control study
    Caroline M Tanner
    Department of Clinical Research, The Parkinson s Institute, Sunnyvale, California 94085, USA
    Arch Neurol 66:1106-13. 2009
    ..We examined risk of parkinsonism in occupations (agriculture, education, health care, welding, and mining) and toxicant exposures (solvents and pesticides) putatively associated with parkinsonism...
  6. ncbi Demand, control and social climate as predictors of emotional exhaustion symptoms in working Swedish men and women
    Linda L Magnusson Hanson
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 36:737-43. 2008
    ....
  7. doi Occupation and cancer - follow-up of 15 million people in five Nordic countries
    Eero Pukkala
    Finnish Cancer Registry, Institute for Statistical and Epidemiological Cancer Research, Pieni Roobertinkatu 9, FI 00130, Helsinki, Finland
    Acta Oncol 48:646-790. 2009
    ..The third essential component is methodological development related to analysis and interpretation of results based on averaged information of exposures and co-factors in the occupational categories...
  8. pmc Airborne particulate matter and mitochondrial damage: a cross-sectional study
    Lifang Hou
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Environ Health 9:48. 2010
    ..Although mitochondria are both the major intracellular source and target of oxidative stress, the effect of PM on mitochondria has never been evaluated in exposed individuals...
  9. doi Prevalence and characteristics of hearing problems in a working and non-working Swedish population
    D Hasson
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:453-60. 2010
    ..How prevalence is affected by SES has not been previously established...
  10. ncbi Global and gene-specific promoter methylation changes are related to anti-B[a]PDE-DNA adduct levels and influence micronuclei levels in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-exposed individuals
    Sofia Pavanello
    Occupational Health Section, Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
    Int J Cancer 125:1692-7. 2009
    ..We also evaluated whether PAH-induced DNA methylation states were in turn associated with micronuclei in PBLs, an indicator of chromosomal instability...
  11. pmc Occupation and cancer in Britain
    L Rushton
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Br J Cancer 102:1428-37. 2010
    ..We estimated the current burden of cancer in Britain attributable to past occupational exposures for International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) group 1 (established) and 2A (probable) carcinogens...
  12. pmc Hematotoxicity in workers exposed to low levels of benzene
    Qing Lan
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute NCI, National Institutes of Health NIH, Department of Health and Human Services DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Science 306:1774-6. 2004
    ..Thus, hematotoxicity from exposure to benzene occurred at air levels of 1 ppm or less and may be particularly evident among genetically susceptible subpopulations...
  13. ncbi Association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and employment by industry and occupation in the US population: a study of data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Eva Hnizdo
    Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 156:738-46. 2002
    ..The fraction of COPD attributable to work was estimated as 19.2% overall and 31.1% among never smokers...
  14. pmc Environmental and occupational causes of cancer: new evidence 2005-2007
    Richard W Clapp
    Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Rev Environ Health 23:1-37. 2008
    ..The current state of knowledge is sufficient to compel us to act on what we know. We repeat the call of ecologist Sandra Steingraber: "From the right to know and the duty to inquire flows the obligation to act."..
  15. ncbi Bioaerosol health effects and exposure assessment: progress and prospects
    J Douwes
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences IRAS, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 47:187-200. 2003
    ....
  16. pmc Occupational, domestic and environmental mesothelioma risks in the British population: a case-control study
    C Rake
    Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Br J Cancer 100:1175-83. 2009
    ..Approximately half of the male cases were construction workers, and only four had worked for more than 5 years in asbestos product manufacture...
  17. ncbi Exposure to substances in the workplace and new-onset asthma: an international prospective population-based study (ECRHS-II)
    Manolis Kogevinas
    Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Municipal Institute of Medical Research, Barcelona, Spain
    Lancet 370:336-41. 2007
    ..We therefore aimed to estimate the relative and attributable risks of new-onset asthma in relation to occupations, work-related exposures, and inhalation accidents...
  18. ncbi Safety assessment for nanotechnology and nanomedicine: concepts of nanotoxicology
    G Oberdorster
    Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    J Intern Med 267:89-105. 2010
    ....
  19. ncbi Occupational asthma
    Cristina E Mapp
    Section of Hygiene and Occupational Medicine, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Ferrara, Italy
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 172:280-305. 2005
    ..Removal of the worker from exposure to the causal agent and treatment with inhaled glucocorticoids lead to a better outcome. Finally, strategies for preventing OA should be implemented and their cost-effectiveness examined...
  20. pmc The diesel exhaust in miners study: I. Overview of the exposure assessment process
    Patricia A Stewart
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, US National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 54:728-46. 2010
    ..Method evaluations indicated that the final estimates were consistent with those from alternative time trend models and demonstrated moderate to high agreement with external data...
  21. pmc Occupational trichloroethylene exposure and renal carcinoma risk: evidence of genetic susceptibility by reductive metabolism gene variants
    Lee E Moore
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, NIH, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20852, USA
    Cancer Res 70:6527-36. 2010
    ..in Central Europe (1,097 cases and 1,476 controls) specifically designed to assess risk associated with occupational exposure to TCE through analysis of detailed job histories...
  22. pmc Occupational factors and risk of Parkinson's disease: A population-based case-control study
    Jordan A Firestone
    Department of Neurology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Am J Ind Med 53:217-23. 2010
    ..Parkinson's disease (PD) has been associated with various workplace factors, but the evidence is inconsistent...
  23. ncbi The occupational burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    L Trupin
    Division of Rheumatology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0920, USA
    Eur Respir J 22:462-9. 2003
    ..b>Occupational exposure during the longest-held job was determined by self-reported exposure to vapours, gas, dust or fumes and ..
  24. ncbi A review of carbon nanotube toxicity and assessment of potential occupational and environmental health risks
    Chiu wing Lam
    JSC Toxicology Group, Space Life Sciences, NASA Johnson Space Center, Wyle Laboratories and Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Texas 77058, USA
    Crit Rev Toxicol 36:189-217. 2006
    ..The toxicological hazard assessment of potential human exposures to airborne CNTs and occupational exposure limits for these novel compounds are discussed in detail...
  25. ncbi Color vision: a sensitive indicator of exposure to neurotoxins
    F Gobba
    Dipartimento di Scienze Igienistiche, Microbiologiche e Biostatistiche, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
    Neurotoxicology 21:857-62. 2000
    ....
  26. ncbi Occupational exposure to magnetic fields in case-referent studies of neurodegenerative diseases
    Curtis W Noonan
    Department of Environmental Health, Colorado State University, United States
    Scand J Work Environ Health 28:42-8. 2002
    ..disease were conducted to explore the relationship between these neurodegenerative diseases and occupational exposure to magnetic fields...
  27. pmc Prostate cancer risk from occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons interacting with the GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism
    Benjamin A Rybicki
    Department of Biostatistics and Research Epidemiology, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Cancer Detect Prev 30:412-22. 2006
    ..An Ile/Val polymorphism in codon 105 of GSTP1 affects its enzymatic activity toward PAH detoxification, a possible mechanism in prostate carcinogenesis...
  28. ncbi Respiratory symptoms and ventilatory function in workers exposed to portland cement dust
    Anne Kristin Møller Fell
    Occupational Health Service, Norcem AS, Brevik, Norway
    J Occup Environ Med 45:1008-14. 2003
    ..3% in the exposed group and 14.0% among the controls. These findings do not support the hypothesis that cement dust exposure has a negative impact on lung function or gives an increase in respiratory symptoms...
  29. ncbi A practical guide to dose-response analyses and risk assessment in occupational epidemiology
    Kyle Steenland
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Epidemiology 15:63-70. 2004
    ..Points are illustrated using data from a study of dioxin and cancer...
  30. ncbi The 15-Country Collaborative Study of Cancer Risk among Radiation Workers in the Nuclear Industry: estimates of radiation-related cancer risks
    E Cardis
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Radiat Res 167:396-416. 2007
    ..Further studies will be important to better assess the role of tobacco and other occupational exposures in our risk estimates...
  31. doi Diabetes and cancer in veterans of Operation Ranch Hand after adjustment for calendar period, days of spraying, and time spent in Southeast Asia
    Joel E Michalek
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 50:330-40. 2008
    ..The Air Force Health Study was launched in 1980 as part of a Federal effort to resolve the Agent Orange issue...
  32. pmc Mortality and cancer incidence following occupational radiation exposure: third analysis of the National Registry for Radiation Workers
    C R Muirhead
    Health Protection Agency, Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0RQ, UK
    Br J Cancer 100:206-12. 2009
    ..The cancer risk estimates are consistent with values used to set radiation protection standards...
  33. doi The effects of work-related maternal risk factors on time to pregnancy, preterm birth and birth weight: the Generation R Study
    A Burdorf
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 68:197-204. 2011
    ..To investigate the influence of maternal working conditions on fertility and pregnancy outcomes...
  34. pmc Prevalence of antibodies against avian influenza A (H5N1) virus among Cullers and poultry workers in Ho Chi Minh City, 2005
    Constance Schultsz
    Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    PLoS ONE 4:e7948. 2009
    ..We studied the prevalence of antibodies against H5N1 in poultry workers and cullers who were active in the program in Ho Chi Minh City in 2004 and 2005...
  35. doi Genotoxicity biomarkers in occupational exposure to formaldehyde--the case of histopathology laboratories
    Carina Ladeira
    Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde de Lisboa, Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa, Portugal
    Mutat Res 721:15-20. 2011
    ..011), with drinkers showing higher mean values. These results provide evidence of the association between occupational exposure to formaldehyde and the presence of genotoxicity biomarkers.
  36. doi Occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among health care workers in a general hospital, China
    Min Zhang
    National Institute for Occupational Health and Poison Control, China CDC, Beijing, China
    Am J Ind Med 52:89-98. 2009
    To understand current status of occupational exposure to blood and body fluids (BBF), and awareness of knowledge about occupational bloodborne pathogen exposures and universal precaution among hospital-based health care workers (HCWs).
  37. pmc Mortality from lymphohematopoietic malignancies and brain cancer among embalmers exposed to formaldehyde
    Michael Hauptmann
    Department of Bioinformatics and Statistics, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:1696-708. 2009
    ..We investigated the relation of mortality to work practices and formaldehyde exposure levels among these professionals to address cancer risk in the funeral industry...
  38. pmc Exposure to multiple pesticides and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in men from six Canadian provinces
    Karin Hohenadel
    Occupational Cancer Research Centre, 505 University Avenue, 14th Floor, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X3, Canada
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:2320-30. 2011
    ..These analyses support and extend previous findings that the risk of NHL increases with the number of pesticides used and some pesticide combinations...
  39. doi Combined analysis of chromosomal aberrations and glutathione S-transferase M1 and T1 polymorphisms in pathologists occupationally exposed to formaldehyde
    Alfredo Santovito
    Department of Animal and Human Biology, University of Torino, Via Accademia Albertina n 13, 10123, Turin, Italy
    Arch Toxicol 85:1295-302. 2011
    ..Our results demonstrate that air FA induces CAs even consequently to low levels of daily exposure, indicating an increased risk of genetic damage for workers exposed to this air pollutant...
  40. doi Unknown fever and back pain caused by Bartonella henselae in a veterinarian after a needle puncture: a case report and literature review
    Jen Wei Lin
    Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 11:589-91. 2011
    ..Through serological testing and molecular identifications, this clinical case was confirmed to be caused by B. henselae...
  41. doi Comparison of biomechanical loading during use of conventional stud welding equipment and an alternate system
    Nathan B Fethke
    University of Iowa, Occupational and Environmental Health, UI Research Park, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Appl Ergon 42:725-34. 2011
    ..The alternate system appears to be effective in reducing exposure to extreme trunk flexion among stud welders. Continued development of the system should explore features designed to reduce shoulder forces and improve productivity...
  42. doi Clinical and immunologic findings of methylene diphenyl diisocyanate-induced occupational asthma in a car upholstery factory
    G Y Hur
    Department of Allergy and Rheumatology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea
    Clin Exp Allergy 38:586-93. 2008
    ..Although methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) is widely used in many industries, there have been few immunological studies of MDI-induced occupational asthma...
  43. doi Formaldehyde and tobacco smoke as alkylating agents: the formation of N-methylenvaline in pathologists and in plastic laminate workers
    Roberto Bono
    Department of Public Health and Microbiology, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
    Sci Total Environ 414:701-7. 2012
    ..All subjects recruited in this study were also tested on their smoking habits...
  44. doi Exposure to thoracic dust, airway symptoms and lung function in cement production workers
    K C Nordby
    National Institute of Occupational Health, PO Box 8149 Dep, NO 0033 Oslo, Norway
    Eur Respir J 38:1278-86. 2011
    ..The results support the hypothesis that exposure to dust in cement production may lead to respiratory symptoms and airway obstruction...
  45. doi Associations of polychlorinated biphenyl exposure and endogenous hormones with diabetes in post-menopausal women previously employed at a capacitor manufacturing plant
    Victoria Persky
    University of Illinois School of Public Health, 1603 West Taylor St, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Environ Res 111:817-24. 2011
    ..Possible biologic mechanisms are discussed. This study confirms previous reports relating PCB exposure to diabetes and suggests possible hormonal pathways deserving further exploration...
  46. pmc Occupational exposure to noise and the attributable burden of hearing difficulties in Great Britain
    K T Palmer
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Community Clinical Sciences, Southhampton General Hospital, University of Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK
    Occup Environ Med 59:634-9. 2002
    ..the prevalence of self reported hearing difficulties and tinnitus in working aged people from the general population, and to estimate the risks from occupational exposure to noise and the number of attributable cases nationally.
  47. doi Comparison of exposure assessment methods for occupational carcinogens in a multi-centre lung cancer case-control study
    Susan Peters
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Environmental Epidemiology Division, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 68:148-53. 2011
    ..Different methods have been developed, including case-by-case expert assessment and job-exposure matrices (JEM). The present analyses compare exposure prevalence and risk estimates derived by different exposure assessment methods...
  48. pmc Cancer incidence of 2,4-D production workers
    Carol Burns
    The Dow Chemical Company, Epidemiology, 1803 Building, Midland, MI 48674, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:3579-90. 2011
    ..57-0.94), and "other respiratory" cancers (SIR = 3.79, 95% CI 1.22-8.84; 4 of 5 cases were mesotheliomas). Overall, we observed fewer cancer cases than expected, and a non statistically significant increase in the number of NHL cases...
  49. pmc The Diesel Exhaust in Miners Study: II. Exposure monitoring surveys and development of exposure groups
    Joseph B Coble
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, US National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 54:747-61. 2010
    ....
  50. pmc Chronic occupational exposure to hexavalent chromium causes DNA damage in electroplating workers
    Xu Hui Zhang
    Hangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou 310021, PR China
    BMC Public Health 11:224. 2011
    b>Occupational exposure to chromium compounds may result in adverse health effects. This study aims to investigate whether low-level hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) exposure can cause DNA damage in electroplating workers.
  51. ncbi Self-assessed and directly measured occupational physical activities--influence of musculoskeletal complaints, age and gender
    I Balogh
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Lund SE 221 85, Sweden
    Appl Ergon 35:49-56. 2004
    ..Rate of perceived exertion showed low correlation with heart rate ratio within the two occupational groups, but high, 0.64 when the two groups were combined. Age and complaints explained 31% of the variance for the cleaners...
  52. doi Occupational exposure to diesel and gasoline emissions and lung cancer in Canadian men
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Res 111:727-35. 2011
    ..Our objective was to investigate associations between occupational exposure to diesel and gasoline engine emissions and lung cancer...
  53. pmc Cardiac autonomic dysfunction from occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
    Mi Sun Lee
    Environmental and Occupational Medicine and Epidemiology Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Occup Environ Med 68:474-8. 2011
    ..This study investigated the association between a biological marker of PAH exposure, assessed by urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP), and heart-rate variability in an occupational cohort of boilermakers...
  54. ncbi Fungal spores: a critical review of the toxicological and epidemiological evidence as a basis for occupational exposure limit setting
    Wijnand Eduard
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Oslo, Norway
    Crit Rev Toxicol 39:799-864. 2009
    ..Mycotoxin-producing and pathogenic species have to be detected specifically, however, because of their higher toxicity...
  55. ncbi Occupation and bladder cancer among men in Western Europe
    Manolis Kogevinas
    Respiratory and Environmental Health Research Unit, IMIM, Barcelona, Spain
    Cancer Causes Control 14:907-14. 2003
    ..We examined which occupations and industries are currently at high risk for bladder cancer in men...
  56. pmc Inhalable metal-rich air particles and histone H3K4 dimethylation and H3K9 acetylation in a cross-sectional study of steel workers
    Laura Cantone
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Università di Milano and Istituto Di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, and Maggiore Hospital, Mangiagalli and Regina Elena Foundation, Milan, Italy
    Environ Health Perspect 119:964-9. 2011
    ..Whether inhalation of metal components of PM induces histone modifications in human subjects is undetermined...
  57. doi Toward risk reduction: predicting the future burden of occupational cancer
    Sally Hutchings
    MRC HPA Centre for Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 173:1069-77. 2011
    ..The authors illustrate the methods by using a range of scenarios for reducing lung cancer due to occupational exposure to respirable crystalline silica...
  58. doi Theoretical and empirical efficiency of sampling strategies for estimating upper arm elevation
    Per Liv
    Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Gavle, Gavle, Sweden
    Ann Occup Hyg 55:436-49. 2011
    ..The study was also designed to compare standard theoretical predictions of sampling efficiency, which rely on several assumptions about the data structure, with 'true' efficiency as determined by bootstrap simulations...
  59. doi Upper arm postures and movements in female hairdressers across four full working days
    Jens Wahlström
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Umea University Hospital, SE 901 85 Umea, Sweden
    Ann Occup Hyg 54:584-94. 2010
    ....
  60. doi Evidence of previous avian influenza infection among US turkey workers
    G Kayali
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Zoonoses Public Health 57:265-72. 2010
    ..These data further support increasing surveillance and other preparedness efforts to include not only confinement poultry facilities, but more importantly, also small scale farms...
  61. doi Cause-specific mortality of Dutch chlorophenoxy herbicide manufacturing workers
    D Boers
    Utrecht University, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Department of Environmental Epidemiology, PO Box 80178, 3508 TD, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 67:24-31. 2010
    ..Previously, we have shown elevated risks for mortality and cancer mortality in this cohort. The purpose of the current, third follow-up, is to provide an updated assessment of cause-specific mortality for both factories...
  62. pmc Occupational benzene exposure and the risk of lymphoma subtypes: a meta-analysis of cohort studies incorporating three study quality dimensions
    Jelle Vlaanderen
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Environ Health Perspect 119:159-67. 2011
    ..The use of occupational cohort studies to assess the association of benzene and lymphoma is complicated by problems with exposure misclassification, outcome classification, and low statistical power...
  63. pmc Neurologic function among termiticide applicators exposed to chlorpyrifos
    K Steenland
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 108:293-300. 2000
    ..Although this was a relatively large study based on a well-defined target population, the workers we studied may not be representative of all exposed workers, and caution should be exercised in generalizing our results...
  64. pmc Vermiculite, respiratory disease, and asbestos exposure in Libby, Montana: update of a cohort mortality study
    Patricia A Sullivan
    Field Studies Branch, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:579-85. 2007
    ..Asbestos-contaminated Libby vermiculite was used in loose-fill attic insulation that remains in millions of homes in the United States, Canada, and other countries...
  65. doi Lung cancer risk associated with occupational exposure to nickel, chromium VI, and cadmium in two population-based case-control studies in Montreal
    Rachelle Beveridge
    Departement de Medecine sociale et preventive, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Am J Ind Med 53:476-85. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the etiological link between lung cancer and these metals in occupations, that usually entail lower levels of exposure than those seen in historical cohorts...
  66. pmc Environmental tobacco smoke and adult-onset asthma: a population-based incident case-control study
    Maritta S Jaakkola
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Public Health 93:2055-60. 2003
    ..The authors assessed the effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) on the development of asthma in adults...
  67. doi Occupational exposure to solvents and risk of lymphoma subtypes: results from the Epilymph case-control study
    P Cocco
    Department of Public Health, Occupational Health Section, University of Cagliari, Asse Didattico Policlinico Universitario, SS 554, Km 4, 500, 09042 Monserrato Cagliari, Italy
    Occup Environ Med 67:341-7. 2010
    Several studies have suggested an association between occupational exposure to solvents and lymphoma risk. However, findings are inconsistent and the role of specific chemicals is not known...
  68. pmc A framework for integrated environmental health impact assessment of systemic risks
    David J Briggs
    Department of Environmental Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London, W2 1PG, UK
    Environ Health 7:61. 2008
    ....
  69. ncbi Nanoparticle Emission Assessment Technique (NEAT) for the identification and measurement of potential inhalation exposure to engineered nanomaterials--Part B: Results from 12 field studies
    M Methner
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 7:163-76. 2010
    ..The results demonstrated that the NEAT was useful in evaluating emissions and that readily available engineering controls can be applied to minimize nanomaterial emissions...
  70. pmc Antigenic changes in human albumin caused by reactivity with the occupational allergen diphenylmethane diisocyanate
    Adam V Wisnewski
    Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Anal Biochem 400:251-8. 2010
    ..The study also describes new applications of contemporary proteomic methodology for characterizing and standardizing MDI-albumin conjugates destined for use in clinical research...
  71. pmc Assessment of a pesticide exposure intensity algorithm in the agricultural health study
    Kent W Thomas
    US Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 20:559-69. 2010
    ..Refinement of the algorithm may be possible using the results from this and other measurement studies...
  72. pmc Exposure to metal-rich particulate matter modifies the expression of candidate microRNAs in peripheral blood leukocytes
    Valentina Bollati
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Università degli Studi di Milano and IRCCS Fondazione Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Center of Molecular and Genetic Epidemiology, Milan, Italy
    Environ Health Perspect 118:763-8. 2010
    ..MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are highly conserved, noncoding small RNAs that regulate the expression of broad gene networks at the posttranscriptional level...
  73. ncbi A meta-analysis of asbestos-related cancer risk that addresses fiber size and mineral type
    D Wayne Berman
    Aeolus, Inc, Albany, California 94706 1026, USA
    Crit Rev Toxicol 38:49-73. 2008
    ..If similar data become available for Quebec, perhaps these two size distributions can be used to eliminate the discrepancy between these two studies...
  74. pmc A review of pesticide exposure and cancer incidence in the Agricultural Health Study cohort
    Scott Weichenthal
    Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1117-25. 2010
    ..We reviewed epidemiologic evidence related to occupational pesticide exposures and cancer incidence in the Agricultural Health Study (AHS) cohort...
  75. ncbi American Thoracic Society Statement: Occupational contribution to the burden of airway disease
    John Balmes
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 167:787-97. 2003
  76. ncbi Developmental neurotoxicity of industrial chemicals
    P Grandjean
    Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    Lancet 368:2167-78. 2006
    ..New, precautionary approaches that recognise the unique vulnerability of the developing brain are needed for testing and control of chemicals...
  77. pmc A model of cardiovascular disease giving a plausible mechanism for the effect of fractionated low-dose ionizing radiation exposure
    Mark P Little
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000539. 2009
    ..The analysis of the present paper suggests that linear extrapolation would be appropriate for this endpoint...
  78. doi Susceptibility to urinary bladder cancer: relevance of rs9642880[T], GSTM1 0/0 and occupational exposure
    Klaus Golka
    Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors IfADo, Ardeystrasse, Dortmund, Germany
    Pharmacogenet Genomics 19:903-6. 2009
    ..of this polymorphism in 515 bladder cancer cases and 893 controls where the quality and quantity of occupational exposure to bladder carcinogens has been documented...
  79. doi Leptospira and leptospirosis
    Ben Adler
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Structural and Functional Microbial Genomics, Monash University, Clayton, Australia
    Vet Microbiol 140:287-96. 2010
    ..However, the recent development of defined mutagenesis systems for Leptospira heralds the potential for gaining a much improved understanding of pathogenesis in leptospirosis...
  80. ncbi Breast cancer risk in Hispanic agricultural workers in California
    Paul K Mills
    Cancer Registry of Central California, Fresno, California 93710, USA
    Int J Occup Environ Health 11:123-31. 2005
    ..41 (0.66-3.02). Chlordane, malathion, and 2,4-D were associated with increased risk. Risk associated with chemical use was stronger in younger women, those with early-onset breast cancer, and those diagnosed earlier (1988--1994)...
  81. doi Lead-induced oxidative stress adversely affects health of the occupational workers
    D A Khan
    Department of Pathology Army Medical College, National University Sciences and Technology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
    Toxicol Ind Health 24:611-8. 2008
    ..Elevated blood lead has positive correlation with oxidative stress, inflammatory and biochemical markers that might be used to detect impairment in the body function in lead exposed workers...
  82. ncbi Prolonged respiratory symptoms in clean-up workers of the prestige oil spill
    Jan Paul Zock
    Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Municipal Institute of Medical Research, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 176:610-6. 2007
    ..The wreckage of the oil tanker Prestige in November 2002 produced heavy contamination off the coast of Galicia, Spain...
  83. pmc Confounding and confounders
    R McNamee
    School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, University of Manchester, UK
    Occup Environ Med 60:227-34; quiz 164, 234. 2003
  84. pmc Occupational exposure to pesticides increases the risk of incident AD: the Cache County study
    K M Hayden
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Neurology 74:1524-30. 2010
    ..We sought to examine the association of occupational pesticide exposure and the risk of incident dementia and AD in later life...
  85. ncbi Matrix metalloproteinase-3 and vitamin d receptor genetic polymorphisms, and their interactions with occupational exposure in lumbar disc degeneration
    Han Yan Yuan
    Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    J Occup Health 52:23-30. 2010
    ..To investigate the occupational and genetic risk factors inducing lumbar disc degeneration in a Chinese population, and to explore their synergistic interactions...
  86. pmc Review of the epidemiologic literature on EMF and Health
    I C Ahlbom
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Health Perspect 109:911-33. 2001
    ..improved over time and several of the recent studies on childhood leukemia and on cancer associated with occupational exposure are close to the limit of what can realistically be achieved in terms of size of study and methodological ..
  87. doi Preliminary findings on the effects of occupational exposure to mercury vapor below safety levels on visual and neuropsychological functions
    Mirella Telles Salgueiro Barboni
    Neuroscience and Behavior, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Occup Environ Med 51:1403-12. 2009
    ..To evaluate whether there are visual and neuropsychological decrements in workers with low exposure to Hg vapor...
  88. ncbi Occupational exposure to meat and risk of lymphoma: a multicenter case-control study from Europe
    Tina Moore
    Department of Lifestyle, Environment and Cancer, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Int J Cancer 121:2761-6. 2007
    ..The odds ratio (OR) of non-Hodgkin lymphoma for ever occupational exposure to meat was 1.18 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.95-1.46), that for exposure to beef meat was 1...
  89. ncbi Long-term mortality from pleural and peritoneal cancer after exposure to asbestos: Possible role of asbestos clearance
    Francesco Barone-Adesi
    Unit of Cancer Epidemiology, CeRMS and Center for Oncologic Prevention Piemonte, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
    Int J Cancer 123:912-6. 2008
    ..The different trends for pleural and peritoneal cancer might be related to clearance of the asbestos from the workers' lungs...
  90. doi Monitoring health implications of pesticide exposure in factory workers in Pakistan
    Dilshad Ahmed Khan
    Department of Chemical Pathology, Army Medical College, National University of Sciences and Technology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
    Environ Monit Assess 168:231-40. 2010
    ..001). The study demonstrated that unsafe practices among small- and medium-sized pesticides industrial workers cause significant increase in pesticide exposure, oxidative stress, and derangement of hepatic and renal function...
  91. ncbi Radiation dose reduction to medical staff during vertebroplasty: a review of techniques and methods to mitigate occupational dose
    Randell Kruger
    Department of Radiology, Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, Wisconsin 54449, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:1608-13. 2003
    ..Case crossover design was conducted...
  92. doi Diesel motor emissions and lung cancer mortality--results of the second follow-up of a cohort study in potash miners
    Angela Neumeyer-Gromen
    Unit Work related diseases occupational diseases, Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Berlin, Germany mail
    Int J Cancer 124:1900-6. 2009
    ..The analyses of a sub-cohort (n = 3,335) with particularly accurate exposure measurement revealed a nonsignificant dose-response-relationship. Our results support an association of DME and lung cancer mortality...
  93. ncbi Occupational exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and respiratory and urinary tract cancers: a quantitative review to 2005
    C Bosetti
    Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy
    Ann Oncol 18:431-46. 2007
    ....
  94. pmc Task based exposure assessment in ergonomic epidemiology: a study of upper arm elevation in the jobs of machinists, car mechanics, and house painters
    S W Svendsen
    Department of Occupational Medicine, University Hospital of Aarhus, Noerrebrogade 44, Building 02C, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Occup Environ Med 62:18-27. 2005
    ..To explore the precision of task based estimates of upper arm elevation in three occupational groups, compared to direct measurements of job exposure...
  95. ncbi Potential infections of H5N1 and H9N2 avian influenza do exist in Guangdong populations of China
    Ci Yong Lu
    School of Public Health, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510080, China
    Chin Med J (Engl) 121:2050-3. 2008
    ....
  96. ncbi Global approach to reducing lead exposure and poisoning
    Pamela A Meyer
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Coordinating Center for Environmental Health and Injury Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, Mailstop F 64, Atlanta, GA 30333, United States
    Mutat Res 659:166-75. 2008
    ..In addition, we recommend three primary prevention strategies for lead poisoning: identify sources, eliminate or control sources, and monitor environmental exposures and hazards...
  97. ncbi The psychological effects of exposure to mixed organic solvents on car painters
    I Böckelmann
    Institute of Occupational Medicine and Hygiene, Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg, Germany
    Disabil Rehabil 24:455-61. 2002
    Interest in diseases of the nervous system resulting from occupational exposure to mixed organic solvents has greatly increased...
  98. pmc Occupational exposure to diesel engine exhaust: a literature review
    Anjoeka Pronk
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 19:443-57. 2009
    ..The presented data can be used as a basis for assessing occupational exposure in population-based epidemiological studies and guide future exposure assessment efforts for industrial ..
  99. ncbi Fatal encephalitis due to novel paramyxovirus transmitted from horses
    J D O'Sullivan
    Department of Neurology, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Herston, Queensland, Australia
    Lancet 349:93-5. 1997
    ..Fourteen horses and one human being died. A novel virus was isolated from those affected and named equine morbillivirus (EMV). We report a case of encephalitis caused by this virus...
  100. doi Prevalence of work-related symptoms and serum-specific antibodies to wheat flour in exposed workers in the bakery industry
    Gyu Young Hur
    Department of Allergy and Rheumatology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Youngtong Gu, Suwon, Republic of Korea
    Respir Med 102:548-55. 2008
    ..Although baker's asthma (BA) is a common occupational asthma, there have been few reports on this disease in Korean subjects...
  101. ncbi Evaluation of epidemiologic and animal data associating pesticides with Parkinson's disease
    Abby A Li
    Health Sciences Practice, Exponent, Inc, San Francisco, California 94114, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 47:1059-87. 2005
    ..We conclude that the animal and epidemiologic data reviewed do not provide sufficient evidence to support a causal association between pesticide exposure and PD...

Research Grants88

  1. OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA ASOCIATED WITH SEAFOOD PROCESSING
    Thomas Robins; Fiscal Year: 2001
    This study proposes to explore the associations between occupational exposure to lobster and saltwater bony fish (pilchard, Cape anchovy, mackerel, light fish, redeye, Cape horse mackerel, lantern fish) and health outcomes expected to be ..
  2. Mustard Gas Exposure and Carcinogenesis of the Lung
    Charles Giardina; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Mustard gas is a known mutagen and chronic, occupational exposure is carcinogenic in humans. However, it is not dear whether an acute exposure to mustard agent (e.g...
  3. A Pooled Longitudinal Analysis of Workplace Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
    David M Rempel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..proposed study will pool the data from these prospective studies to create a large database (N = 3573) of occupational exposure, demographic, covariate and outcome measures across a range of occupations and industries...
  4. Investigation of Occupational Exposure to and Infection by MRSA in Rural Iowa
    Tara Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..upon this research and examine the epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus more broadly in individuals with occupational exposure to livestock and poultry. Our primary objectives are to determine the prevalence of S...
  5. Absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME) of chemicals in mammals
    Rochelle W Tyl; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..activities targeted toward the prevention of diseases or adverse effects caused by environmental and occupational exposure to chemical or physical agents...
  6. Studies to Evaluate the Toxic Carcinogenic Potential of Test Agents
    JEFFERY DILL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..ABAs have been linked to occupational exposure and human health effects including bronchiolitis obliterans...
  7. DNA methylation alterations in response to pesticides exposure
    Lifang Hou; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In the US, exposure to pesticides is ubiquitous, and over one million people are subjected to high occupational exposure. Pesticides and their residues are pervasive in our environment and our dependence upon pesticides is ..
  8. Studies to Evaluate the Toxic Carcinogenic Potential of Test Agents
    JEFFERY DILL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..ABAs have been linked to occupational exposure and human health effects including bronchiolitis obliterans...
  9. DNA methylation alterations in response to pesticides exposure
    Lifang Hou; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In the US, exposure to pesticides is ubiquitous, and over one million people are subjected to high occupational exposure. Pesticides and their residues are pervasive in our environment and our dependence upon pesticides is ..
  10. Studies to Evaluate the Toxic Carcinogenic Potential of Test Agents
    JEFFERY DILL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..ABAs have been linked to occupational exposure and human health effects including bronchiolitis obliterans...
  11. Allergic asthma and chromium exposure
    Steven R Patierno; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Health has mandated that allergic asthma should be listed as a significant adverse effect associated with occupational exposure to Cr(VI) compounds...
  12. Allergic asthma and chromium exposure
    Stephanie Constant; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Health has mandated that allergic asthma should be listed as a significant adverse effect associated with occupational exposure to Cr(VI) compounds...
  13. Allergic asthma and chromium exposure
    Steven R Patierno; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Health has mandated that allergic asthma should be listed as a significant adverse effect associated with occupational exposure to Cr(VI) compounds...
  14. Targeted liposomal radiotherapy of malignant mesothelioma
    Jiang He; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Mesothelioma, a malignancy associated with occupational exposure to asbestos is a devastating disease without attractive therapies...
  15. Targeted liposomal radiotherapy of malignant mesothelioma
    Jiang He; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Mesothelioma, a malignancy associated with occupational exposure to asbestos is a devastating disease without attractive therapies...
  16. SUPERFUND TOXIC SUBSTANCES--EXPOSURE AND DISEASE
    Richard Monson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..biphenyls (PCBs) and related compounds; cardio-respiratory health is being evaluated in relation to occupational exposure to fuel oil ash, which contains a high level of vanadium and other metals; the occurrence of cancer and ..
  17. SUPERFUND TOXIC SUBSTANCES--EXPOSURE AND DISEASE
    Karl Kelsey; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..biphenyls (PCBs) and related compounds; cardio-respiratory health is being evaluated in relation to occupational exposure to fuel oil ash, which contains a high level of vanadium and other metals; the occurrence of cancer and ..
  18. SUPERFUND TOXIC SUBSTANCES--EXPOSURE AND DISEASE
    Richard Monson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..biphenyls (PCBs) and related compounds; cardio-respiratory health is being evaluated in relation to occupational exposure to fuel oil ash, which contains a high level of vanadium and other metals; the occurrence of cancer and ..
  19. SUPERFUND TOXIC SUBSTANCES--EXPOSURE AND DISEASE
    Karl Kelsey; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..biphenyls (PCBs) and related compounds; cardio-respiratory health is being evaluated in relation to occupational exposure to fuel oil ash, which contains a high level of vanadium and other metals; the occurrence of cancer and ..
  20. SUPERFUND TOXIC SUBSTANCES--EXPOSURE AND DISEASE
    Richard Monson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..biphenyls (PCBs) and related compounds; cardio-respiratory health is being evaluated in relation to occupational exposure to fuel oil ash, which contains a high level of vanadium and other metals; the occurrence of cancer and ..
  21. SUPERFUND TOXIC SUBSTANCES--EXPOSURE AND DISEASE
    Karl Kelsey; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..biphenyls (PCBs) and related compounds; cardio-respiratory health is being evaluated in relation to occupational exposure to fuel oil ash, which contains a high level of vanadium and other metals; the occurrence of cancer and ..
  22. SUPERFUND TOXIC SUBSTANCES--EXPOSURE AND DISEASE
    Richard Monson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..biphenyls (PCBs) and related compounds; cardio-respiratory health is being evaluated in relation to occupational exposure to fuel oil ash, which contains a high level of vanadium and other metals; the occurrence of cancer and ..
  23. Epidemiology of rural MRSA: is livestock contact a risk factor?
    Tara Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our central hypothesis is that individuals working with livestock will be at risk of occupational exposure to MRSA, and that livestock-associated strains will also be causing symptomatic infections...
  24. CARCINOGENICITY OF 2-NITROPROPANE--A PROBABLE MECHANISM
    Emerich Fiala; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The World Health Organization estimates that approximately 4000 U.S. workers may have had significant occupational exposure to this chemical...
  25. CARCINOGENICITY OF 2-NITROPROPANE--A PROBABLE MECHANISM
    Emerich Fiala; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The World Health Organization estimates that approximately 4000 U.S. workers may have had significant occupational exposure to this chemical...
  26. New Optics for Trace Level Detection of Toxins in Environmental and Biological Sa
    ZEWU CHEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed new optics for Cd and Sb will be incredibly valuable to epidemiological studies, occupational exposure monitoring, and medical treatment teams, as well as manufacturers by using the optics in an XRF instrument ..
  27. ABSORPTION, DISTRIBUTION, METABOLISM, AND EXCRETION (ADME) IN MAMMALS
    Jacob McDonald; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..activities targeted toward the prevention of diseases or adverse effects caused by environmental and occupational exposure to chemical or physical agents...
  28. Mustard Gas Exposure and Carcinogenesis of the Lung
    Charles Giardina; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Mustard gas is a known mutagen and chronic, occupational exposure is carcinogenic in humans. However, it is not dear whether an acute exposure to mustard agent (e.g...
  29. OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA ASOCIATED WITH SEAFOOD PROCESSING
    Thomas Robins; Fiscal Year: 2000
    This study proposes to explore the associations between occupational exposure to lobster and saltwater bony fish (pilchard, Cape anchovy, mackerel, light fish, redeye, Cape horse mackerel, lantern fish) and health outcomes expected to be ..
  30. OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA ASOCIATED WITH SEAFOOD PROCESSING
    Thomas Robins; Fiscal Year: 1999
    This study proposes to explore the associations between occupational exposure to lobster and saltwater bony fish (pilchard, Cape anchovy, mackerel, light fish, redeye, Cape horse mackerel, lantern fish) and health outcomes expected to be ..
  31. INFECTION OF NATIVE RODENTS BY HANTAVIRUS
    Stephen St Jeor; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..maniculatus, the incidence of antibody positivity in humans with occupational exposure is low <1%...
  32. Antibiofilm tubing to reduce occupational exposure to biohazards in dentistry
    Yuyu Sun; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..rechargeable antibiofilm tubing to control the formation of dental unit waterline biofilms so as to reduce occupational exposure of DHCP to the biohazards...
  33. Expanding Vietnamese Community and Academic Infrastructure for Health Research
    Bang H Nguyen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and community health forums;2) research topics - to include diet, smoking cessation, hepatitis B, occupational exposure reduction, comparative- and cost-effectiveness of mobile mammography, and breast, cervical, and colorectal ..
  34. MENSTRUAL FUNCTION AND PHYSICAL AND MENTAL JOB STRESS
    Maureen Hatch; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Stress i s pervasive occupational exposure and one that potentially can be prevented or reduced...
  35. Innovations to Inform Occupational Disease Etiology Using Biomonitoring Methods
    JO ANNA SHIMEK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..By comparing our list to the National Occupational Exposure Survey (NOES) completed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) we have ..
  36. Prophylactic Use of Vitamin E for Prevention of Occupational PAH-Induced Damage
    Debbie Mustacich; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..efficacy of prophylactic high dose vitamin E supplementation for prevention of DNA-adduct formation during occupational exposure to PAHs...
  37. Prophylactic Use of Vitamin E for Prevention of Occupational PAH-Induced Damage
    Debbie Mustacich; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..efficacy of prophylactic high dose vitamin E supplementation for prevention of DNA-adduct formation during occupational exposure to PAHs...
  38. LUNG FIBROSIS AND THE ROLE OF T-LYMPHOCYTES
    Richard Barth; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..This disorder can be caused as a result of radiation or chemotherapy treatment of malignancy, occupational exposure to pesticides and certain dusts, or can arise spontaneously in diseases such as sarcoidosis and idiopathic ..
  39. Mechanism and Treatment of Manganese Toxicity
    JEROME ROTH; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Manganese (Mn) intoxication, a syndrome known as manganism, is most often associated with prolonged occupational exposure, although individuals with cirrhosis of the liver and related hepatic dysfunction display many of the behavioral ..
  40. Mechanism and Treatment of Manganese Toxicity
    JEROME ALLAN ROTH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Manganese (Mn) intoxication, a syndrome known as manganism, is most often associated with prolonged occupational exposure, although individuals with cirrhosis of the liver and related hepatic dysfunction display many of the behavioral ..
  41. Mechanism and Treatment of Manganese Toxicity
    JEROME ROTH; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Manganese (Mn) intoxication, a syndrome known as manganism, is most often associated with prolonged occupational exposure, although individuals with cirrhosis of the liver and related hepatic dysfunction display many of the behavioral ..
  42. Biomarkers of Formaldehyde Exposure and Toxicity
    Luoping Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..concluded that there is "strong but not sufficient evidence for a causal association between leukemia and occupational exposure to formaldehyde"...
  43. Biomarkers of Formaldehyde Exposure and Toxicity
    Luoping Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..concluded that there is "strong but not sufficient evidence for a causal association between leukemia and occupational exposure to formaldehyde"...
  44. DDT, Endocrine Disruption and Reproductive Outcomes
    Xiaobin Wang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..use of medications, sexual intercourse, contraceptive use, active and passive smoking, alcohol use, and occupational exposure; (3) clinical data on reproductive outcomes, including menstrual disturbances, time to conception, SAB, ..
  45. DDT, Endocrine Disruption and Reproductive Outcomes
    Xiaobin Wang; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..use of medications, sexual intercourse, contraceptive use, active and passive smoking, alcohol use, and occupational exposure; (3) clinical data on reproductive outcomes, including menstrual disturbances, time to conception, SAB, ..
  46. DDT, Endocrine Disruption and Reproductive Outcomes
    Xiaobin Wang; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..use of medications, sexual intercourse, contraceptive use, active and passive smoking, alcohol use, and occupational exposure; (3) clinical data on reproductive outcomes, including menstrual disturbances, time to conception, SAB, ..
  47. DDT, Endocrine Disruption and Reproductive Outcomes
    Xiaobin Wang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..use of medications, sexual intercourse, contraceptive use, active and passive smoking, alcohol use, and occupational exposure; (3) clinical data on reproductive outcomes, including menstrual disturbances, time to conception, SAB, ..
  48. HEARING DAMAGE AMONG NEWLY-HIRED CONSTRUCTION WORKERS
    Noah Seixas; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..and follow-up questionnaires will be used to characterize other risk factors for hearing loss, non- occupational exposure to noise, characteristics of work and use of hearing protective devices (HPDs)...
  49. HEARING DAMAGE AMONG NEWLY-HIRED CONSTRUCTION WORKERS
    Noah Seixas; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..and follow-up questionnaires will be used to characterize other risk factors for hearing loss, non- occupational exposure to noise, characteristics of work and use of hearing protective devices (HPDs)...
  50. HEARING DAMAGE AMONG NEWLY-HIRED CONSTRUCTION WORKERS
    Noah Seixas; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..and follow-up questionnaires will be used to characterize other risk factors for hearing loss, non- occupational exposure to noise, characteristics of work and use of hearing protective devices (HPDs)...
  51. HEARING DAMAGE AMONG NEWLY-HIRED CONSTRUCTION WORKERS
    Noah Seixas; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..and follow-up questionnaires will be used to characterize other risk factors for hearing loss, non- occupational exposure to noise, characteristics of work and use of hearing protective devices (HPDs)...
  52. HEARING DAMAGE AMONG NEWLY-HIRED CONSTRUCTION WORKERS
    Noah Seixas; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..and follow-up questionnaires will be used to characterize other risk factors for hearing loss, non- occupational exposure to noise, characteristics of work and use of hearing protective devices (HPDs)...
  53. PLEURAL DOSIMETRY AND BIOMARKERS OF RESPONSE TO FIBERS
    Agnes Kane; Fiscal Year: 1992
    b>Occupational exposure to asbestos fibers is associated with an increased risk of developing mesotheliomas, malignant tumors arising from the pleural or peritoneal linings...
  54. Comparative In Vivo Biodistribution of Characterized Manufactured Nanomaterials
    Nancy Monteiro Riviere; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..need to define in vivo disposition of manufactured carbon nanomaterials (MNM) where environmental and/or occupational exposure can occur, as well as assess if in vitro assays and physicochemical properties predict in vivo disposition...
  55. RESPIRATOR EFFICACY VERSUS TUBERCULOSIS AEROSOLS
    John Koerner; Fiscal Year: 2000
    The ultimate goal of this research is to protect health-care and corrections workers from occupational exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis by defining the performance of respiratory protection with respect to mycobacterium aerosols...
  56. RESPIRATOR EFFICACY VERSUS TUBERCULOSIS AEROSOLS
    John Koerner; Fiscal Year: 1999
    The ultimate goal of this research is to protect health-care and corrections workers from occupational exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis by defining the performance of respiratory protection with respect to mycobacterium aerosols...
  57. ASSESSMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE TO AFLATOXIN
    MUSTAFA SELIM; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..This method should also ensure accurate assessment of the occupational exposure to other mycotoxins (e.g...
  58. GWAS in Fibrosing Interstitial Lung Disease
    David Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..IPF is also associated with exposure to metal or wood dust. Occupational exposure to asbestos can cause fILD that is indistinguishable from the histology of IPF (usual interstitial ..
  59. HEMATOLYMPHOPOIETIC MALIGNANCIES IN ITALY
    Paolo Vineis; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..exposure to herbicides (including phenoxyacids) in agricultural areas; b) there is also considerable extra-occupational exposure to solvents and pesticides; c) competent groups of hematologists exist in several towns, using advanced ..
  60. HEMATOLYMPHOPOIETIC MALIGNANCIES IN ITALY
    Paolo Vineis; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..exposure to herbicides (including phenoxyacids) in agricultural areas; b) there is also considerable extra-occupational exposure to solvents and pesticides; c) competent groups of hematologists exist in several towns, using advanced ..
  61. ISOLATION AND ANALYSIS OF CANDIDATE 7Q TUMOR SUPPRESSOR GENES
    Kevin Shannon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..leukemia (AML), as well as with cases of MDS and AML that arise in a number of other contexts including occupational exposure to mutagens, aplastic anemia, and certain inherited predispositions...
  62. DENTAL AMALGAMS AND NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTION
    Pam Factor Litvak; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..b>Occupational exposure to mercury vapor is associated with increases in the prevalence of tremor, peripheral neuropathy, ..
  63. QUANTIFICATION OF SKIN ACRYLATE ADDUCTS
    Leena Nylander French; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..determine chemical specific skin deposition and the dose required to induce adverse dermal effects under occupational exposure conditions...
  64. QUANTIFICATION OF SKIN ACRYLATE ADDUCTS
    Leena Nylander French; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..determine chemical specific skin deposition and the dose required to induce adverse dermal effects under occupational exposure conditions...
  65. NEW METHODS FOR EVAL OF ORGANIC DUST AEROSOLS
    Stephen Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..measuring inhalable particulates, endotoxins, and glucans/ergosterols that can be used to help establish occupational exposure guidelines for complex organic dusts in swine, poultry, and dairy environments, and to evaluate and ..
  66. NEW METHODS FOR EVAL OF ORGANIC DUST AEROSOLS
    Stephen Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..measuring inhalable particulates, endotoxins, and glucans/ergosterols that can be used to help establish occupational exposure guidelines for complex organic dusts in swine, poultry, and dairy environments, and to evaluate and ..
  67. NEW METHODS FOR EVAL OF ORGANIC DUST AEROSOLS
    Stephen Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..measuring inhalable particulates, endotoxins, and glucans/ergosterols that can be used to help establish occupational exposure guidelines for complex organic dusts in swine, poultry, and dairy environments, and to evaluate and ..
  68. NEW METHODS FOR EVAL OF ORGANIC DUST AEROSOLS
    Stephen Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..measuring inhalable particulates, endotoxins, and glucans/ergosterols that can be used to help establish occupational exposure guidelines for complex organic dusts in swine, poultry, and dairy environments, and to evaluate and ..
  69. NEW METHODS FOR EVAL OF ORGANIC DUST AEROSOLS
    Stephen Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..measuring inhalable particulates, endotoxins, and glucans/ergosterols that can be used to help establish occupational exposure guidelines for complex organic dusts in swine, poultry, and dairy environments, and to evaluate and ..
  70. Race-Specific Occupational Risk Factors for Cancer
    NATHANIEL BRIGGS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In an analysis using dichotomous occupational exposure data from the SCS, we identified striking increases in risk of NHL, HD, and STS among Black men exposed to ..
  71. Race-Specific Occupational Risk Factors for Cancer
    NATHANIEL BRIGGS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In an analysis using dichotomous occupational exposure data from the SCS, we identified striking increases in risk of NHL, HD, and STS among Black men exposed to ..
  72. Genome-Wide Association Analysis of Bladder Cancer
    Xifeng Wu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Bladder cancer (BC) is a disease mainly caused by smoking and occupational exposure. However, only a small percentage of exposed individuals develop BC...
  73. Repiratory Health and Community Asbestos Exposure
    Bruce Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed research will focus on non-occupational exposure in the community. The following hypotheses will be addressed in this research. 1...
  74. Genome-Wide Association Analysis of Bladder Cancer
    Xifeng Wu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Bladder cancer (BC) is a disease mainly caused by smoking and occupational exposure. However, only a small percentage of exposed individuals develop BC...
  75. ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES AND BIRTH DEFECTS IN SOUTH TEXAS
    Stuart Shalat; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..A case-control study is proposed to evaluate the hypothesis that environmental and/or occupational exposure to specific pesticides are associated with an increase in risk for the development of anencephaly and ..
  76. Respiratory Health and Community Asbestos Exposure
    Bruce Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed research will focus on non-occupational exposure in the community. The following hypotheses will be addressed in this research. 1...
  77. Genome-Wide Association Analysis of Bladder Cancer
    Xifeng Wu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Bladder cancer (BC) is a disease mainly caused by smoking and occupational exposure. However, only a small percentage of exposed individuals develop BC...
  78. RADON, BRONCHIAL MORPHOMETRY, AND OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 1993
    The hazards of occupational exposure to radon daughters relative to environmental exposure is significant both for occupational and environmental health...
  79. TOXIC RESPONSES OF NASAL MUCOSA TO INHALED IRRITANTS
    John Morris; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..important from an inhalation toxicological perspective as evidenced by the fact that one-half of current occupational exposure guidelines are based on this response...
  80. SEMEN AS A BIOMARKER OF EFFECT AMONG LEAD EXPOSED MEN
    Harvey Checkoway; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..b>Occupational exposure to lead will be the focus of this study...
  81. Comparative In Vivo Biodistribution of Characterized Manufactured Nanomaterials
    Nancy A Monteiro Riviere; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..need to define in vivo disposition of manufactured carbon nanomaterials (MNM) where environmental and/or occupational exposure can occur, as well as assess if in vitro assays and physicochemical properties predict in vivo disposition...
  82. Occupational Safety and Health Surveillance in Iowa
    RITA GERGELY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The other two indicators to be included in the system are occupational exposure to anhydrous ammonia and commodity-production related agricultural injuries...
  83. Occupational Safety and Health Surveillance in Iowa
    RITA GERGELY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The other two indicators to be included in the system are occupational exposure to anhydrous ammonia and commodity-production related agricultural injuries...
  84. SEMEN AS A BIOMARKER OF EFFECT AMONG LEAD EXPOSED MEN
    Harvey Checkoway; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..b>Occupational exposure to lead will be the focus of this study...