tobacco smoke pollution

Summary

Summary: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Worldwide burden of disease from exposure to second-hand smoke: a retrospective analysis of data from 192 countries
    Mattias Oberg
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Lancet 377:139-46. 2011
  2. ncbi The pathophysiology of cigarette smoking and cardiovascular disease: an update
    John A Ambrose
    Comprehensive Cardiovascular Center, Saint Vincent Catholic Medical Centers of New York, New York, New York 10011, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 43:1731-7. 2004
  3. ncbi Cardiovascular mortality and exposure to airborne fine particulate matter and cigarette smoke: shape of the exposure-response relationship
    C Arden Pope
    142 FOB, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602 2363, USA
    Circulation 120:941-8. 2009
  4. ncbi Cardiovascular effects of secondhand smoke: nearly as large as smoking
    Joaquin Barnoya
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, Cardiovascular Research Institute, and Division of Cardiology, University of California, San Francisco 94143 1390, USA
    Circulation 111:2684-98. 2005
  5. pmc Did smokefree legislation in England reduce exposure to secondhand smoke among nonsmoking adults? Cotinine analysis from the Health Survey for England
    Michelle Sims
    Department for Health, and the UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 120:425-30. 2012
  6. pmc Status of implementation of Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in Ghana: a qualitative study
    Ellis Owusu-Dabo
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:1. 2010
  7. ncbi Effect of the Italian smoking ban on population rates of acute coronary events
    Giulia Cesaroni
    Department of Epidemiology, Local Health Unit ASL RME, Via Santa Costanza 53, 00198 Rome, Italy
    Circulation 117:1183-8. 2008
  8. pmc Determinants and consequences of smoke-free homes: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey
    R Borland
    Cancer Control Research Institute, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
    Tob Control 15:iii42-50. 2006
  9. pmc Reductions in tobacco smoke pollution and increases in support for smoke-free public places following the implementation of comprehensive smoke-free workplace legislation in the Republic of Ireland: findings from the ITC Ireland/UK Survey
    G T Fong
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 Canada
    Tob Control 15:iii51-8. 2006
  10. pmc Cotinine-assessed second-hand smoke exposure and risk of cardiovascular disease in older adults
    B J Jefferis
    UCL Department of Primary Care and Population Health, UCL Medical School, London, UK
    Heart 96:854-9. 2010

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications344 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Worldwide burden of disease from exposure to second-hand smoke: a retrospective analysis of data from 192 countries
    Mattias Oberg
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Lancet 377:139-46. 2011
    ..We aimed to estimate the worldwide exposure to second-hand smoke and its burden of disease in children and adult non-smokers in 2004...
  2. ncbi The pathophysiology of cigarette smoking and cardiovascular disease: an update
    John A Ambrose
    Comprehensive Cardiovascular Center, Saint Vincent Catholic Medical Centers of New York, New York, New York 10011, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 43:1731-7. 2004
    ..Recent experimental and clinical data support the hypothesis that cigarette smoke exposure increases oxidative stress as a potential mechanism for initiating cardiovascular dysfunction...
  3. ncbi Cardiovascular mortality and exposure to airborne fine particulate matter and cigarette smoke: shape of the exposure-response relationship
    C Arden Pope
    142 FOB, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602 2363, USA
    Circulation 120:941-8. 2009
    ..This study directly assessed the shape of the exposure-response relationship between cardiovascular mortality and fine particulates from cigarette smoke and ambient air pollution...
  4. ncbi Cardiovascular effects of secondhand smoke: nearly as large as smoking
    Joaquin Barnoya
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, Cardiovascular Research Institute, and Division of Cardiology, University of California, San Francisco 94143 1390, USA
    Circulation 111:2684-98. 2005
    ..This effect is larger than one would expect on the basis of the risks associated with active smoking and the relative doses of tobacco smoke delivered to smokers and nonsmokers...
  5. pmc Did smokefree legislation in England reduce exposure to secondhand smoke among nonsmoking adults? Cotinine analysis from the Health Survey for England
    Michelle Sims
    Department for Health, and the UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 120:425-30. 2012
    ..On 1 July 2007, smokefree legislation was implemented in England, which made virtually all enclosed public places and workplaces smokefree...
  6. pmc Status of implementation of Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in Ghana: a qualitative study
    Ellis Owusu-Dabo
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:1. 2010
    ....
  7. ncbi Effect of the Italian smoking ban on population rates of acute coronary events
    Giulia Cesaroni
    Department of Epidemiology, Local Health Unit ASL RME, Via Santa Costanza 53, 00198 Rome, Italy
    Circulation 117:1183-8. 2008
    ..We evaluated changes in the frequency of acute coronary events in Rome, Italy, after the introduction of legislation that banned smoking in all indoor public places in January 2005...
  8. pmc Determinants and consequences of smoke-free homes: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey
    R Borland
    Cancer Control Research Institute, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
    Tob Control 15:iii42-50. 2006
    ..To report on prevalence, trends and determinants of smoke-free home policies in smokers' homes in different countries and to estimate the effects of these policies on smoking cessation...
  9. pmc Reductions in tobacco smoke pollution and increases in support for smoke-free public places following the implementation of comprehensive smoke-free workplace legislation in the Republic of Ireland: findings from the ITC Ireland/UK Survey
    G T Fong
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 Canada
    Tob Control 15:iii51-8. 2006
    ..To evaluate the psychosocial and behavioural impact of the first ever national level comprehensive workplace smoke-free law, implemented in Ireland in March 2004...
  10. pmc Cotinine-assessed second-hand smoke exposure and risk of cardiovascular disease in older adults
    B J Jefferis
    UCL Department of Primary Care and Population Health, UCL Medical School, London, UK
    Heart 96:854-9. 2010
    ..To examine whether second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure measured by serum cotinine is associated with increased coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke risk among contemporary older British adults...
  11. ncbi Passive smoking and heart disease. Mechanisms and risk
    S A Glantz
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA
    JAMA 273:1047-53. 1995
    ..Nonsmokers exposed to secondhand smoke in everyday life exhibit an increased risk of both fatal and nonfatal cardiac events...
  12. ncbi Biological evidence for the acute health effects of secondhand smoke exposure
    Andreas D Flouris
    FAME Laboratory, Institute of Human Performance and Rehabilitation, Centre for Research and Technology Thessaly, 32 Siggrou St, Trikala GR42100, Greece
    Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 298:L3-L12. 2010
    ....
  13. pmc Effects of environmental tobacco smoke on adult rat brain biochemistry
    Brian F Fuller
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Virginia Commonwealth University, PO Box 980709, Richmond, VA 23298 0709, USA
    J Mol Neurosci 41:165-71. 2010
    ..These findings demonstrate that ETS exposure alters the neuroproteome of the adult rat brain, and suggest modulation of inflammatory and cell death processes...
  14. ncbi Implications of the tobacco industry documents for public health and policy
    Lisa Bero
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0613, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 24:267-88. 2003
    ..The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications of tobacco document research for public health and the application of such research to fields other than tobacco control...
  15. ncbi Indoor concentrations of nicotine in low-income, multi-unit housing: associations with smoking behaviours and housing characteristics
    T A Kraev
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Tob Control 18:438-44. 2009
    ..An analysis of airborne nicotine measurements collected in 49 low-income, multi-unit residences across the Greater Boston Area...
  16. ncbi Smoke-free legislation and hospitalizations for acute coronary syndrome
    Jill P Pell
    University of Glasgow, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 359:482-91. 2008
    ..However, it is unknown whether the reduction in admissions involved nonsmokers, smokers, or both...
  17. pmc Association between passive and active smoking and incident type 2 diabetes in women
    Luxia Zhang
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Diabetes Care 34:892-7. 2011
    ..This analysis examined the association between exposure to passive smoke, active smoking, and the risk of incident type 2 diabetes among women...
  18. pmc Short term impact of smoke-free legislation in England: retrospective analysis of hospital admissions for myocardial infarction
    Michelle Sims
    School for Health, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY
    BMJ 340:c2161. 2010
    ..To measure the short term impact on hospital admissions for myocardial infarction of the introduction of smoke-free legislation in England on 1 July 2007...
  19. pmc Methods for quantification of exposure to cigarette smoking and environmental tobacco smoke: focus on developmental toxicology
    Ana Florescu
    Department of Research, The CAMH Center, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ther Drug Monit 31:14-30. 2009
    ..This review aims at defining the sensitivity, specificity, and clinical utilization of different methods used to estimate exposure to cigarette smoking and environmental tobacco smoke...
  20. pmc Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for Alzheimer's Disease: an analysis controlling for tobacco industry affiliation
    Janine K Cataldo
    Department of Physiological Nursing, Gerontology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0610, USA
    J Alzheimers Dis 19:465-80. 2010
    ..72 +/- 0.19 (P< 0.0005). The available data indicate that smoking is a significant risk factor for AD...
  21. ncbi Patterns of global tobacco use in young people and implications for future chronic disease burden in adults
    C W Warren
    Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Lancet 367:749-53. 2006
    ..As part of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS), we aimed to assess the effect of tobacco use by young people on global mortality...
  22. ncbi Cardiovascular effect of bans on smoking in public places: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    David G Meyers
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 54:1249-55. 2009
    ..A systematic review and a meta-analysis were performed to determine the association between public smoking bans and risk for hospital admission for acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
  23. ncbi Legislative smoking bans for reducing secondhand smoke exposure, smoking prevalence and tobacco consumption
    Joanne E Callinan
    Milford Care Centre, Plassey Park Road, Castletroy, Limerick, Ireland
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 4:CD005992. 2010
    ..The strongest evidence is the reduction seen in admissions for acute coronary syndrome. There is an increase in support for and compliance with smoking bans after the legislation...
  24. pmc Attitudes and beliefs about secondhand smoke and smoke-free policies in four countries: findings from the International Tobacco Control Four Country Survey
    Andrew Hyland
    Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 11:642-9. 2009
    ....
  25. ncbi Cigarette smoking and progression of atherosclerosis: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    G Howard
    Department of Public Health Sciences of Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    JAMA 279:119-24. 1998
    ..Cigarette smoking is a powerful risk factor for incident heart disease and stroke, but the relationship of active and passive smoking with the progression of atherosclerosis has not been described...
  26. pmc Association of anti-smoking legislation with rates of hospital admission for cardiovascular and respiratory conditions
    Alisa Naiman
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 182:761-7. 2010
    ....
  27. pmc The prevalence of household second-hand smoke exposure and its correlated factors in six counties of China
    C P Wang
    Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No 27 Nanwei Road, Beijing 100050, China
    Tob Control 18:121-6. 2009
    ..To study the prevalence of, and discuss factors contributing to, household second-hand smoke exposure in six counties in China, providing scientific support for the need to establish tobacco control measures in these areas...
  28. ncbi Smoking and the outcome of infection
    R Huttunen
    Department of Internal Medicine, Tampere University Hospital, University of Tampere Medical School, Tampere, Finland
    J Intern Med 269:258-69. 2011
    ..g. potential dose-dependent effects and the interactions between smoking and other environmental factors that may affect the course of infectious diseases) remain to be established...
  29. ncbi Short-term effects of Italian smoking regulation on rates of hospital admission for acute myocardial infarction
    Francesco Barone-Adesi
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, CeRMS and Center for Oncologic Prevention Piemonte, University of Turin, Via Santena 7, 10126 Turin, Italy
    Eur Heart J 27:2468-72. 2006
    ..We used the hospital discharge records of Piedmont region (northern Italy) to evaluate whether a national law banning smoking in public resulted in a short-term reduction in hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
  30. ncbi Acute myocardial infarction mortality before and after state-wide smoking bans
    Brad Rodu
    School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Room 208, 505 S Hancock St, Louisville, KY 40202, USA
    J Community Health 37:468-72. 2012
    ..8% decline that year in the 44 states without bans. Smoke-free ordinances provide a healthy indoor environment, but their implementation in six states had little or no immediate measurable effect on AMI mortality...
  31. pmc Secondhand smoke exposure and mental health among children and adolescents
    Frank C Bandiera
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165:332-8. 2011
    ....
  32. ncbi Secondhand smoke exposure and neurobehavioral disorders among children in the United States
    Zubair Kabir
    Tobacco Free Research Institute, Dublin, Ireland
    Pediatrics 128:263-70. 2011
    ..Excess neurobehavioral disorders attributable to secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in the home in 2007 were further investigated...
  33. pmc An intervention to reduce environmental tobacco smoke exposure improves pregnancy outcomes
    Ayman A E El-Mohandes
    College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 984355 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198 4355, USA
    Pediatrics 125:721-8. 2010
    ..We tested the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral intervention in reducing environmental tobacco smoke exposure (ETSE) and improving pregnancy outcomes among black women...
  34. ncbi Secondhand smoke exposure, smoking hygiene, and hospitalization in the first 18 months of life
    Gabriel M Leung
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 158:687-93. 2004
    ....
  35. ncbi Assessment of exposure to secondhand smoke at outdoor bars and family restaurants in Athens, Georgia, using salivary cotinine
    J C Hall
    The University of Georgia, College of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 6:698-704. 2009
    ..35; d.f. = 5.09; p = 0.0461). Nonsmokers outside restaurants and bars in Athens, Georgia, have significantly elevated salivary cotinine levels indicative of secondhand smoke exposure...
  36. ncbi Smoke-free homes in England: prevalence, trends and validation by cotinine in children
    M J Jarvis
    Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Tob Control 18:491-5. 2009
    ....
  37. pmc Declines in acute myocardial infarction after smoke-free laws and individual risk attributable to secondhand smoke
    James M Lightwood
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of California, 3333 California St, Suite 420, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Circulation 120:1373-9. 2009
    ....
  38. ncbi Comprehensive smoke-free legislation and displacement of smoking into the homes of young children in Hong Kong
    Sai Yin Ho
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, HKSAR, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Tob Control 19:129-33. 2010
    ..To investigate the effect of comprehensive smoke-free legislation in 2007 on the exposure of children to secondhand smoke (SHS) in Hong Kong...
  39. pmc Acute exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and heart rate variability
    C A Pope
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 109:711-6. 2001
    ..Altered cardiac autonomic function, assessed by decrements in HRV, is associated with acute exposure to ETS and may be part of the pathophysiologic mechanisms linking ETS exposure and increased cardiac vulnerability...
  40. ncbi Passive smoking at home and cancer risk: a population-based prospective study in Japanese nonsmoking women
    Y Nishino
    Department of Social Medicine, Tohoku University, Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
    Cancer Causes Control 12:797-802. 2001
    ..To investigate the relationship between passive smoking at home and the incidence of various cancers in a population-based prospective study...
  41. pmc Smoking during pregnancy and offspring fat and lean mass in childhood
    Sam D Leary
    Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, 24, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:2284-93. 2006
    ..This study examined the association between maternal and partner smoking during pregnancy and offspring total fat, truncal fat, and lean mass in childhood...
  42. ncbi Environmental tobacco smoke exposure and perinatal outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analyses
    Giselle Salmasi
    Department of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 89:423-41. 2010
    ..While active maternal tobacco smoking has well established adverse perinatal outcomes, the effects of passive maternal smoking, also called environmental tobacco exposure (ETS), are less well studied and less consistent...
  43. pmc Philip Morris toxicological experiments with fresh sidestream smoke: more toxic than mainstream smoke
    S Schick
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, Division of Cardiology, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    Tob Control 14:396-404. 2005
    ..Exposure to secondhand smoke causes lung cancer; however, there are little data in the open literature on the in vivo toxicology of fresh sidestream cigarette smoke to guide the debate about smoke-free workplaces and public places...
  44. ncbi Assessing smoking status in children, adolescents and adults: cotinine cut-points revisited
    Martin J Jarvis
    Health Behaviour Research Centre, and Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Addiction 103:1553-61. 2008
    ..It is possible that optimal cut-points may have changed as prevalence and exposure to passive smoking have declined...
  45. pmc Effects of transplacental exposure to environmental pollutants on birth outcomes in a multiethnic population
    Frederica P Perera
    Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 111:201-5. 2003
    ..This study provides evidence that environmental pollutants at levels currently encountered in New York City adversely affect fetal development...
  46. ncbi Self-reported nicotine exposure and plasma levels of cotinine in early and late pregnancy
    Lena George
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:1331-7. 2006
    ..This study aimed to validate self-reported smoking, smoking cessation, and environmental tobacco smoke exposure in early and late pregnancy, using the biomarker cotinine as the gold standard...
  47. pmc Parental smoking and children's respiratory health: independent effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure
    Sam Pattenden
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Tob Control 15:294-301. 2006
    ..We investigate this in a pooled analysis, on 53,879 children from 12 cross-sectional studies--components of the PATY study (Pollution And The Young)...
  48. pmc Glutathione S transferase deficiency and passive smoking increase childhood asthma
    M Kabesch
    University Children s Hospital, Ludwig Maxmilians University Munich, Lindwurmstrasse 4, D 80337 Munich, Germany
    Thorax 59:569-73. 2004
    ..It has been suggested that the genetically determined deficiency of glutathione S transferase (GST) enzymes involved in the detoxification of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) components may contribute to the development of asthma...
  49. pmc Support for and reported compliance with smoke-free restaurants and bars by smokers in four countries: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey
    R Borland
    Cancer Control Research Institute, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
    Tob Control 15:iii34-41. 2006
    ..To explore determinants of support for and reported compliance with smoke-free policies in restaurants and bars across the four countries of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey...
  50. pmc Association between smokefree laws and voluntary smokefree-home rules
    Kai Wen Cheng
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Am J Prev Med 41:566-72. 2011
    ..More states and localities are passing restrictions on smoking in public places and workplaces...
  51. ncbi Reduction of secondhand tobacco smoke in public places following national smoke-free legislation in Uruguay
    Adriana Blanco-Marquizo
    Pan American Health Organization, 525 23rd Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Tob Control 19:231-4. 2010
    ..Uruguay was the first country in the Americas and the first middle-income country in the world to enact a comprehensive smoke-free national legislation in March 2006...
  52. pmc Secondhand tobacco smoke in bars and restaurants in Santiago, Chile: evaluation of partial smoking ban legislation in public places
    Marcia Erazo
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Tob Control 19:469-74. 2010
    ....
  53. ncbi Population-based survey of secondhand smoke exposure in China
    Lin Xiao
    National Tobacco Control Office, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China
    Biomed Environ Sci 23:430-6. 2010
    ..To determine the extent of secondhand smoke exposure in China, and to explore the potential associated factors...
  54. ncbi Active smoking, household passive smoking, and breast cancer: evidence from the California Teachers Study
    Peggy Reynolds
    California Department of Health Services, Environmental Health Investigations Branch, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 96:29-37. 2004
    ..To date, literature addressing this question has been mixed, and the question has seldom been examined in large prospective study designs...
  55. pmc Developing asthma in childhood from exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke: insights from a meta-regression
    Kathleen L Vork
    Air Toxicology and Epidemiology Branch, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, California Environmental Protection Agency, Oakland, California 94612, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1394-400. 2007
    ..To look for sources of potential bias and try to uncover consistent patterns of relative risk estimates (RRs), we conducted a meta-analysis of studies published between 1970 and 2005...
  56. ncbi Prenatal and postnatal tobacco smoke exposure and development of insulin resistance in 10 year old children
    Elisabeth Thiering
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology, Neuherberg, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 214:361-8. 2011
    ..Positive dose-dependent associations and independent effects of postnatal exposure suggest involvement of environmental tobacco smoke in the risk for development of insulin resistance in children...
  57. pmc Parental and household smoking and the increased risk of bronchitis, bronchiolitis and other lower respiratory infections in infancy: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Laura L Jones
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham, NG5 1PB, UK
    Respir Res 12:5. 2011
    ....
  58. pmc Secondhand smoke exposure among women and children: evidence from 31 countries
    Heather Wipfli
    Institute for Global Tobacco Control, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, W6027, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:672-9. 2008
    ....
  59. ncbi Smoking in the home and children's health
    S C Hill
    Center for Financing, Cost and Access Trends, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    Tob Control 17:32-7. 2008
    ..We estimate for young children the annual excess health service use, healthcare expenditures, and disability bed days for respiratory conditions associated with exposure to smoking in the home in the United States...
  60. ncbi Effect of passive smoking on respiratory symptoms, bronchial responsiveness, lung function, and total serum IgE in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey: a cross-sectional study
    C Janson
    Department of Medical Sciences, Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Uppsala University, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, Sweden
    Lancet 358:2103-9. 2001
    ..This analysis aimed to estimate the effect of passive smoking on respiratory symptoms, bronchial responsiveness, lung function, and total serum IgE in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey...
  61. ncbi Acute and short-term effects of secondhand smoke on lung function and cytokine production
    Andreas D Flouris
    Institute of Human Performance and Rehabilitation, Centre for Research and Technology Thessaly, 32 Siggrou Street, Trikala GR42100, Greece
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 179:1029-33. 2009
    ..The acute effect of secondhand smoke (SHS) on lung function and the duration of system disruption remain unknown...
  62. ncbi Smoking restrictions in the home and secondhand smoke exposure among primary schoolchildren before and after introduction of the Scottish smoke-free legislation
    P C Akhtar
    Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit CAHRU, University of Edinburgh, St Leonard s Land, Holyrood Road, Edinburgh EH88AQ, UK
    Tob Control 18:409-15. 2009
    ..To examine change in home smoking restrictions one year after introduction of Scottish smoke-free legislation, and whether type of restriction impacts upon secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among children...
  63. ncbi The influence of maternal cigarette smoking, snuff use and passive smoking on pregnancy outcomes: the Birth To Ten Study
    Krisela Steyn
    Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle Unit, Medical Research Council, Parowvallei, South Africa
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 20:90-9. 2006
    ..Passive smoking did not affect birthweight significantly in this population...
  64. pmc Global DNA hypomethylation is associated with in utero exposure to cotinine and perfluorinated alkyl compounds
    Rafael Guerrero-Preston
    Otolaryngology Department, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Epigenetics 5:539-46. 2010
    ..01) but not PFOS levels. Serum Y chromosome analyses did not detect maternal DNA cross-contamination. This study supports the use of global DNA methylation status as a biomarker of in utero exposure to cigarette smoke and PFCs...
  65. pmc Hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction, angina, stroke, and asthma after implementation of Arizona's comprehensive statewide smoking ban
    Patricia M Herman
    Evaluation, Research and Development Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 0462, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:491-6. 2011
    ....
  66. pmc Impact of the Spanish smoking law on exposure to second-hand smoke and respiratory health in hospitality workers: a cohort study
    Esteve Fernandez
    Tobacco Research and Control Unit, Institut Catala d Oncologia, L Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
    PLoS ONE 4:e4244. 2009
    ..We aimed to evaluate the impact of the law among hospitality workers by assessing second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure and the frequency of respiratory symptoms before and one year after the ban...
  67. ncbi Trends in and predictors of second-hand smoke exposure indexed by cotinine in children in England from 1996 to 2006
    Michelle Sims
    School for Health, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
    Addiction 105:543-53. 2010
    ..To explore trends in and predictors of second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in children. To identify whether inequalities in SHS exposure are changing over time...
  68. pmc Maternal smoking during pregnancy, environmental tobacco smoke exposure and childhood lung function
    F D Gilliland
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    Thorax 55:271-6. 2000
    ..Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) during childhood and in utero exposure to maternal smoking are associated with adverse effects on lung growth and development...
  69. pmc Sidestream cigarette smoke effects on cardiovascular responses in conscious rats: involvement of oxidative stress in the fourth cerebral ventricle
    Vitor E Valenti
    Programa de Pós graduação em Fisioterapia, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 12:22. 2012
    ..We aimed to evaluate the effects of central catalase inhibition on baroreflex and cardiovascular responses in rats exposed to sidestream cigarette smoke (SSCS)...
  70. ncbi Second-hand smoke exposure and household smoking bans in Chinese families: a qualitative study
    Abu S Abdullah
    School of Public Health, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China
    Health Soc Care Community 20:356-64. 2012
    ..The findings from this intervention have implications for designing intervention strategies to reduce SHS exposure at home among children in China...
  71. ncbi Exposure to tobacco smoke and prevalence of symptoms decreased among Finnish restaurant workers after the smoke-free law
    Jere P Reijula
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Ind Med 55:37-43. 2012
    ..The impact of tobacco legislation and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in bars and restaurants were assessed in a national survey...
  72. ncbi The motivators and barriers to a smoke-free home among disadvantaged caregivers: identifying the positive levers for change
    Laura L Jones
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Nicotine Tob Res 13:479-86. 2011
    ....
  73. ncbi Prenatal tobacco smoke and postnatal secondhand smoke exposure and child neurodevelopment
    Melissa Herrmann
    Department of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016 6497, USA
    Curr Opin Pediatr 20:184-90. 2008
    ..To review the recent scientific literature examining the association of prenatal tobacco and postnatal secondhand smoke exposure and child neurodevelopment...
  74. ncbi A prospective study investigating the association between environmental tobacco smoke exposure and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in never smokers
    Kwang Pil Ko
    Division of Epidemiology and Health Index, Center for Genome Science, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Osong, Korea
    Ann Epidemiol 21:42-7. 2011
    ..We studied a cohort of individuals to assess whether intensity of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure is associated with the incidence of type 2 diabetes...
  75. ncbi Parental smoking cessation to protect young children: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Laura J Rosen
    Department of Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, POB 39040, Ramat Aviv, Israel
    Pediatrics 129:141-52. 2012
    ..Some researchers encourage parents to quit for their children's benefit, but the evidence for effectiveness of such approaches is mixed...
  76. pmc Prevalence of maternal smoking and environmental tobacco smoke exposure during pregnancy and impact on birth weight: retrospective study using Millennium Cohort
    Corinne Ward
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    BMC Public Health 7:81. 2007
    ..We conducted a large, cohort study to assess the impact of ETS exposure on birth weight whilst adjusting for the many factors known to influence this...
  77. ncbi A cross-sectional study on levels of secondhand smoke in restaurants and bars in five cities in China
    R L Liu
    Chinese National Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beiing, China
    Tob Control 20:397-402. 2011
    ..To assess indoor secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in restaurants and bars via PM(2.5) level measurements in five cities in China...
  78. ncbi Intervention with parental smokers in an outpatient pediatric clinic using counseling and nicotine replacement
    Jonathan P Winickoff
    MGH Center for Child and Adolescent Health Policy, Division of General Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Pediatrics 112:1127-33. 2003
    ..To evaluate the feasibility of implementing a smoking cessation intervention for parents at the time of the pediatric visit...
  79. ncbi The role of GSTP1 polymorphisms and tobacco smoke exposure in children with acute asthma
    En Nee Schultz
    School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    J Asthma 47:1049-56. 2010
    ..Genetic variation in GST genes may influence individuals' ability to detoxify environmental pollutants...
  80. pmc Cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in China: the international collaborative study of cardiovascular disease in Asia
    Dongfeng Gu
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1430 Tulane Avenue SL18, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1972-6. 2004
    ..We estimated the prevalence of cigarette smoking and the extent of environmental tobacco smoke exposure (ETS) in the general population in China...
  81. pmc When smokers move out and non-smokers move in: residential thirdhand smoke pollution and exposure
    Georg E Matt
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182 4611, USA
    Tob Control 20:e1. 2011
    ..This study examined whether thirdhand smoke (THS) persists in smokers' homes after they move out and non-smokers move in, and whether new non-smoking residents are exposed to THS in these homes...
  82. ncbi Environmental tobacco smoke and fetal health: systematic review and meta-analysis
    J Leonardi-Bee
    Dr J Leonardi Bee, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 93:F351-61. 2008
    ..To determine the effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure on birth outcomes...
  83. ncbi Environmental tobacco smoke exposure in children: parental perception of smokiness at home and other factors associated with urinary cotinine in preschool children
    Dolores Jurado
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Granada, Spain
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 14:330-6. 2004
    ..The perception of parents (smokers and nonsmokers) about the smokiness in the home could also be a useful indicator of the cotinine in children exposed to environmental tobacco smoke in the household...
  84. pmc Household environmental tobacco smoke and risks of asthma, wheeze and bronchitic symptoms among children in Taiwan
    Ching Hui Tsai
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Respir Res 11:11. 2010
    ..Although studies show that maternal smoking during pregnancy increases the risks of respiratory outcomes in childhood, evidence concerning the effects of household environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure remains inconsistent...
  85. ncbi Role of IL-1α and the Nlrp3/caspase-1/IL-1β axis in cigarette smoke-induced pulmonary inflammation and COPD
    N S Pauwels
    Laboratory for Translational Research in Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases, Dept of Respiratory Medicine, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium
    Eur Respir J 38:1019-28. 2011
    ..These results suggest that not only IL-1β but also IL-1α should be considered as an important mediator in CS-induced inflammation and COPD...
  86. ncbi Environmental tobacco smoke exposure and respiratory syncytial virus infection in young children hospitalized with acute lower respiratory tract infection
    Suchada Sritippayawan
    Division of Pediatric Pulmonology and Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Rama IV Rd, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 89:2097-103. 2006
    ..The present study was performed to determine the relationship between environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure and acute lower respiratory tract infection (LRI) caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in children...
  87. ncbi Fine particle air pollution and secondhand smoke exposures and risks inside 66 US casinos
    James L Repace
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
    Environ Res 111:473-84. 2011
    ..5). Drifting PM(2.5) from secondhand smoke contaminated unseparated nonsmoking areas. Smoke-free casinos reduced PM(2.5) to the same low levels found outdoors...
  88. pmc Measurement of fine particles and smoking activity in a statewide survey of 36 California Indian casinos
    Ruo Ting Jiang
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 21:31-41. 2011
    ..Elevated PM₂.₅ concentrations in casinos can be attributed primarily to SHS. Average PM₂.₅ concentrations during 0.5-1 h visits to smoking areas exceeded 35 μg/m³ for 90% of the casino visits...
  89. pmc Prenatal exposure to environmental tobacco smoke alters gene expression in the developing murine hippocampus
    Partha Mukhopadhyay
    University of Louisville Birth Defects Center, Department of Molecular, Cellular and Craniofacial Biology, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Reprod Toxicol 29:164-75. 2010
    ..Little is known about the effects of passive smoke exposures on the developing brain...
  90. pmc The response of children with asthma to ambient particulate is modified by tobacco smoke exposure
    Nathan Rabinovitch
    Division of Allergy Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO 80206, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 184:1350-7. 2011
    ....
  91. ncbi Secondhand smoke as a potential cause of chronic rhinosinusitis: a case-control study
    C Martin Tammemagi
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Brock University, St Catharines, ON, Canada
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 136:327-34. 2010
    ..To assess the role of secondhand smoke (SHS) in the etiology of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)...
  92. pmc Smoker-free workplace policies: developing a model of public health consequences of workplace policies barring employment to smokers
    B Houle
    Department of Sociology, University of Washington, 223D Condon Hall, Box 353340, 1100 NE Campus Pkwy, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Tob Control 18:64-9. 2009
    ....
  93. ncbi Passive smoking and behavioural problems in children: results from the LISAplus prospective birth cohort study
    Carla M T Tiesler
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Centre for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology I, Ingolstaedter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Environ Res 111:1173-9. 2011
    ....
  94. pmc In utero exposure to maternal tobacco smoke and subsequent obesity, hypertension, and gestational diabetes among women in the MoBa cohort
    Lea A Cupul-Uicab
    Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:355-60. 2012
    ....
  95. pmc Association of secondhand smoke exposures with DNA methylation in bladder carcinomas
    Charlotte S Wilhelm-Benartzi
    Department of Community Health Center for Environmental Health and Technology, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 22:1205-13. 2011
    ..Epigenetic alterations in bladder tumors have been linked to primary cigarette smoking and could add to the biological plausibility of an association between SHS exposure and bladder cancer...
  96. ncbi Second-hand smoke levels in Israeli bars, pubs and cafes before and after implementation of smoke-free legislation
    Laura J Rosen
    Department of Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Eur J Public Health 21:15-20. 2011
    ..This study aimed to assess changes in air quality in popular Israeli bars, pubs and cafes after the implementation of law, and to examine changes in patron numbers, percentage of smoking patrons and venue-seating sections...
  97. pmc Secondhand smoke, vascular disease, and dementia incidence: findings from the cardiovascular health cognition study
    Deborah E Barnes
    University of California, San Francisco, 4150 Clement Street, 151R, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 171:292-302. 2010
    ..03, 9.72) in dementia risk compared with subjects with no/low (0-15 years) SHS exposure and < or =25% carotid artery stenosis. High lifetime SHS exposure may increase the risk of dementia in elderly with undiagnosed CVD...
  98. ncbi Is it exposure to cigarette smoke or to smokers which increases the risk of meningococcal disease in teenagers?
    Pietro G Coen
    Academic Department of Child Health, Queen Mary, University of London, Royal London Hospital, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:330-6. 2006
    ..Passive smoking appears to increase the risk of meningococcal disease (MD) in adolescents. Whether this effect is attributable to exposure to cigarette smoke or contact with smokers is unknown...
  99. ncbi Tobacco dependence, treatment and smoke-free policies: a survey of mental health professionals' knowledge and attitudes
    Elena Ratschen
    Clinical Sciences Building, University of Nottingham, City Hospital, NG5 1PB Nottingham, UK
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 31:576-82. 2009
    ..Mental health inpatient units in England have to be smoke-free by law. Preliminary studies have indicated that staff may not have the necessary knowledge and resources to support the implementation of a smoke-free policy...
  100. ncbi Tobacco smoke exposure, wheeze, and atopy
    Clare S Murray
    North West Lung Centre, Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester, UK
    Pediatr Pulmonol 37:492-8. 2004
    ..However, ETS exposure has little or no effect on the development of atopy. Measurement of plasma cotinine was no more useful than tobacco exposure assessment by questionnaire in our cohort...
  101. ncbi Not just 'a few wisps': real-time measurement of tobacco smoke at entrances to office buildings
    Pamela Kaufman
    Ontario Tobacco Research Unit, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2S1, Canada
    Tob Control 20:212-8. 2011
    ..Tobacco smoke has been linked to numerous health effects in non-smokers and there is no safe level of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. This paper presents data on levels of tobacco smoke inside and outside entrances to office buildings...

Research Grants69

  1. Gene x Environment Factors in Smoking Cessation
    Andrew Hyland; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Cigarette smoking and colorectal cancer risk
    Andrew Hyland; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. METABOLISM OF CARCINOGENIC TOBACCO SPECIFIC NITROSAMINES
    Stephen Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Tobacco Control Strategies for Medically At-Risk Youth
    Vida Tyc; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Working Group manuscripts that correspond to each objective will be published as a supplement to the journal, Pediatrics. ..
  5. Tobacco Carcinogenesis
    Stephen Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Steven Tannenbaum (MIT), Dr. Jack Henningfield (Johns Hopkins and Pinney Associates), Drs. Jeffrey Seeman and Anthony Tricker (Philip Morris), and Dr. John Lauterbach (an independent consultant, formerly with Brown and Williamson). ..
  6. VULNERABILITY OF THE FETUS/INFANT TO PAH, PM2.5 AND ETS.
    Frederica Perera; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  7. ASTHMA HEALTH OUTCOMES FOLLOWING INTENSIVE CARE
    Mark Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This award will enable Dr. Eisner's continued progression to an independent clinical investigator. ..
  8. Reduction of ETS Exposure in Pediatric Cancer Patients
    Vida Tyc; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our planned clinical trial may verify the effectiveness of an important clinical service for this vulnerable population that can be adapted for other pediatric oncology settings. ..
  9. CARCINOGENIC CYCLIC NITROSAMINE DNA ADDUCTS
    Stephen S Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed research is significant because of the known human exposure to these carcinogens through the diet, tobacco products, and endogenous formation. ..
  10. Lung Cancer Chemoprevention: Isothiocyanates, inositol
    Stephen Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Disability and Health Outcomes in COPD
    Mark Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Based on this work, intervention strategies can be designed that target reduction of functional limitation and disability to improve downstream health outcomes. ..
  12. BIOMARKERS OF GENETIC DAMAGE AND ANTIOXIDANT
    Frederica Perera; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Once validated in this model population, these biomarkers would also have applicability in evaluating interventions in occupational cohorts and other populations highly exposed to carcinogens. ..
  13. Safety of Nicotine Reduction Strategy
    Neal Benowitz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed research is needed to guide governmental regulators as to how best to regulate nicotine in cigarettes and is an essential first step in examining the feasibility of a national regulation program. ..
  14. HEALTH SERVICES IMPACTS OF YOUTH ALCOHOL MEASURES
    David Levy; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Macro-social & Parent Influence on Adolescents' Drug Use
    Matthew Farrelly; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Generalized Growth Mixture Modeling will be used to test the study hypotheses. ..
  16. Improving Asthma Communication in Minority Families
    Arlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Epidemiology of Visual Impairment: The 1986-2002 NHIS
    David Lee; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. A+ Asthma Rural Partnership
    Arlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The findings of this study will be important to clinicians, researchers, and health policy makers. ..
  19. EYE DISEASE, DISABILITY AND MORTALITY RISK IN US ADULTS
    David Lee; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  20. NEBULIZER INTERVENTION IN MINORITY CHILDREN WITH ASTHMA
    Arlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Study findings will improve clinical care to this vulnerable population of children and will be if significant use to health care providers, researchers, insurers and policy makers. ..
  21. Sensory Impairment, Functional Status and Mortality
    David Lee; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. HOME NURSE INTERVENTION FOR IUDE INFANTS--3 YR FOLLOW UP
    Arlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Data will be of significant use to researchers, health care providers, insurers and policy makers. ..
  23. TEEN TOBACCO USE IN A BIRTH COHORT & PRENATAL EFFECTS
    MARIE CORNELIUS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Also, with further physical and CNS maturation in adolescence, we can assess whether effects of PTE on growth, cognitive, neuropsychological, and behavioral outcomes are maintained and whether new deficits occur with maturation. ..
  24. Role of depression and anxiety in the tobacco epidemic
    Renee Goodwin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Use of the NESARC offers a unique opportunity to analyze a large, longitudinal, epidemiologic dataset. ..
  25. TREATMENT OF SMOKELESS TOBACCO USERS
    Dorothy Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..PERFORMANCE SITE ========================================Section End=========================================== ..
  26. Chemoprevention in Mice after Tobacco Smoke Exposure
    Hanspeter Witschi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Eventually, these preclinical studies in an animal model of "former smokers" will help to evaluate the potential usefulness and also possible dosage regimens of chemopreventive agents characterized by their suppressing action. ..
  27. Exploration of ETS Effects on Child Behavior and Sleep
    Kimberly Yolton; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. Comorbid childhood anxiety and asthma
    Renee Goodwin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..That study will involve a longitudinal epidemiologic preventive intervention study aimed at reducing the risk of anxiety disorders among pediatric asthma/allergy patients. ..
  29. Innovative Interventions for Smoking Cessation
    Dorothy K Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of this study will provide useful information on directions to pursue to improve our pharmacotherapies and behavioral treatments and to better understand the various aspects of addiction. ..
  30. Interventions for Tobacco Dependent Adolescents
    Dorothy Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  31. TOBACCO EXPOSURE REDUCTION
    Dorothy Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of research from this TTURC will provide the scientific basis for urgent policy, public education, and regulatory efforts to reduce tobacco harm. ..
  32. Neurobehavioral Effects of Insecticide Exposure in Pregnancy and Early Childhood
    Kimberly Yolton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  33. Environmental Exposures, NOS Genes, and Exhaled Nitric Oxide in Pediatric Asthma
    Adam Spanier; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. Imaging of nicotine sensitization in humans: a translational application of fMRI
    Joseph DiFranza; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The long-term goal is to use this new tool to see how addictive drugs alter the brain, and thereby identify targets for the development of new drugs to treat addiction. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENTATION FOR HIV INFECTED CHILDREN
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  36. FACTORS IN CHILDHOOD LUNG SUSCEPTIBILITY TO POLLUTION
    Frank Gilliland; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. Oxidative Stress and the Pathogenesis of Sarcopenia and Disability in Older Women
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..AGEs are a potentially modifiable risk factor, as circulating AGEs can be lowered by dietary modification and by pharmacological intervention. ..
  38. A Culturally Appropriate Cervical Cancer Intervention for Underserved Vietnamese
    Grace X Ma; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  39. Curbing Tobacco Use in Suburban and Rural Schools
    Alexander V Prokhorov; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The study will be a group-randomized, controlled trial with 2000 participants aged 14-16 years from 16 high schools in suburban and rural southeast Texas. Follow-up assessments will be conducted at 6 weeks and at 6, 12, and 18 months. ..
  40. Air Pollution, Inflammation and New Onset Asthma
    Frank Gilliland; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  41. MICRONUTRIENTS AND MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIV
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The relationship between mastitis and breastmilk HIV load and the epidemiology and microbiology of mastitis will be examined in a new cohort of HIV-infected lactating women. ..
  42. Enhanced Smoking Cessation for University Students
    Alexander V Prokhorov; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It will set the stage for a randomized, controlled trial of the smoking prevention and cessation methods among this high-risk population. ..
  43. Data Coordinating Center for Sleep Heart Health
    Marie Diener West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. MECHANISMS OF CHLORPYRIFOS DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROTOXICITY
    Theodore Slotkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Molecular mechanisms of developmental neurotoxicity can be determined and linked to eventual alterations in behavioral performance. ..
  45. ADJUNCT VITAMIN A THERAPY FOR TUBERCULOSIS AND HIV/AIDS
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  46. A SOCIAL NETWORK-BASED INTERVENTION TO REDUCE LEAD EXPOS
    Michelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Process evaluation methods include documentation of lay health advisory contacts and interviews with youth and adult volunteers. ..
  47. Iron Deficiency and Anemia in HIV and HCV-Infected Women
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. and elsewhere. ..
  48. Healthcare Team Approach to Tobacco Cessation
    Alexander Prokhorov; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Also, to encourage and facilitate health care provider outreach in the community. AIM 5: To evaluate the proposed tobacco cessation counseling strategies for their costs and benefits. ..
  49. A Qualitative Study of Household Smoking Policies
    Michelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings from this formative research will provide the foundation upon which to design and test effective strategies for creating smoke-free homes in rural, low-income communities. ..
  50. Exposure Insights Using GIS in a Case-Control Study
    Peggy Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  51. Cigarette Smoke in Early Life Alters Airway Reactivity
    Zhong Xin Wu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The findings will provide new understanding about the mechanisms of ETS susceptibility during early life. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. ASIAN TOBACCO EDUCATION & CANCER AWARENESS RESEARCH INIT
    Grace Ma; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Prevention of chronic asthma: age 7 follow up
    MARY KLINNERT; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, we will use the early data to identify developmental precursors for poor adherence and increased asthma morbidity at age 7. ..
  54. Fetal & Adolescent Nicotine Effects on CNS 5HT Systems
    Theodore Slotkin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Health Effects of Violence Exposure Among Children Living in Urban Environments
    Shakira Franco; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed research involves secondary data analysis conducted withing the Maternal-Infant Smoking Study of East Boston (MISSEB) Cohort (RJ Wright, PI) and will incorporate both social and environmental frameworks. ..
  56. The Transition of Nicotine Dependence
    Joseph DiFranza; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..A new theory-based measure of early dependence for youths will be tested against established measures of dependence. ..
  57. Hepcidin and the pathogenesis of anemia in older adults.
    Richard D Semba; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study should provide new insight into the epidemiology and biological mechanisms of anemia among older adults and help identify strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of anemia. ..
  58. Oxidative Damage in Smokers and Passive Smokers
    Gladys Block; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..smokers 6) To determine the level of vitamin C required by smokers to attain the plasma vitamin C levels of non-smokers 7) To study the effect of supplemental vitamin C or antioxidant cocktail on other plasma antioxidants ..
  59. Intervention for Enhanced Adoption of Smoke-Free Apartment Building Policies
    Brian King; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results from all four studies will be disseminated through a website in an effort to inform future research efforts and to educate relevant stakeholders about the implications of the findings. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. HEALTHY CHILDREN AND HEALTHY FAMILIES PROGRAM
    Melbourne Hovell; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Results will inform clinical and educational prevention of osteoporosis in male and female from different racial/ethnic backgrounds at risk of osteoporosis as adults. ..
  61. Phase I/II Study of MS-275 and 5-Azacytidine in Patients with Advanced Non-Small
    CHARLES RUDIN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If successful, this approach could alter the poor prognosis of individuals with this disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. A pharmacogenetic and pharmacodynamic study of erlotinib
    CHARLES RUDIN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Defining the basis of this toxicity could also promote the development of EGFR-directed agents that may avoid such toxicity or that may be effective in a broader spectrum of cancer patients. ..
  63. Pediatric Secondhand Smoke Exposure Reduction Strategies
    Dana Best; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is our hope to make the nation's pediatric clinicians the next soldiers in the war against tobacco use. ..
  64. Club Drug Initiation & HIV Risk of Mobile Suburban Youth
    Brian Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Determining the pathways to club drug initiation and transitions to later stages of use and abuse is, therefore, of utmost importance. ..
  65. Treatment Issues In Smokers with Schizophrenia
    Marc Steinberg; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The plan will include important hands-on learning experiences, workshops, class work, attendance at national scientific conferences, and strong mentoring relationships. ..
  66. Drug craving: pharmacologic and associative influences
    Thomas Eissenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Given the costs of smoking and the dramatic reduction in these costs when smokers quit smoking, improving the treatment options for all smokers is essential. ..