air microbiology

Summary

Summary: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Efficiency of hand drying for removing bacteria from washed hands: comparison of paper towel drying with warm air drying
    Yukiko Yamamoto
    Department of Basic Nursing Science, College of Nursing Art and Science Hyogo, Akashi, Japan
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:316-20. 2005
  2. pmc Aerosol transmission of influenza A virus: a review of new studies
    Raymond Tellier
    Provincial Laboratory for Public Health of Alberta, Calgary, Canada
    J R Soc Interface 6:S783-90. 2009
  3. pmc Urban aerosols harbor diverse and dynamic bacterial populations
    Eoin L Brodie
    Ecology Department, Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:299-304. 2007
  4. pmc Measurements of airborne influenza virus in aerosol particles from human coughs
    William G Lindsley
    Allergy and Clinical Immunology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e15100. 2010
  5. ncbi Measurement of airborne influenza virus in a hospital emergency department
    Francoise M Blachere
    Division of Health Effects Laboratory, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 48:438-40. 2009
  6. ncbi Bioaerosol health effects and exposure assessment: progress and prospects
    J Douwes
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences IRAS, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 47:187-200. 2003
  7. pmc Profiles of airborne fungi in buildings and outdoor environments in the United States
    Brian G Shelton
    PathCon Laboratories, Norcross, Georgia 30092, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:1743-53. 2002
  8. ncbi Long-distance airborne transport of infectious PRRSV and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae from a swine population infected with multiple viral variants
    Satoshi Otake
    Swine Disease Eradication Center, University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine, 1988 Fitch Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Vet Microbiol 145:198-208. 2010
  9. ncbi Use of a production region model to assess the airborne spread of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus
    Andrea Pitkin
    Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Vet Microbiol 136:1-7. 2009
  10. pmc Dispersal in microbes: fungi in indoor air are dominated by outdoor air and show dispersal limitation at short distances
    Rachel I Adams
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    ISME J 7:1262-73. 2013

Research Grants

  1. SLEEP HEART HEALTH STUDY
    GEORGE O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. Airborne Transmission of Viruses in Human Subjects: Efficacy of Face Masks
    Werner Bischoff; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. Design/Advanced Electrostatic Sampler for Total Bioaerosols
    Gediminas Mainelis; Fiscal Year: 2007
  4. Evaluation of Portable Samplers for Viable Bioaerosols
    Gediminas Mainelis; Fiscal Year: 2006
  5. Exposure Intervention in a Rural Pediatric Asthma Cohort
    Peter Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2005
  6. HOST DETERMINANTS OF INFECTIOUSNESS IN TUBERCULOSIS
    Kevin Fennelly; Fiscal Year: 2003
  7. Molecular mechanism of DNA-polymerase choice in vivo
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
  8. Periodontal Host-Pathogen Conference
    Frank Scannapieco; Fiscal Year: 2004
  9. Salivary Biomarkers to Predict Alveolar Bone Loss
    Frank Scannapieco; Fiscal Year: 2005
  10. Retrospective Assessment of Mixed Chemical Exposures
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2003

Detail Information

Publications256 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Efficiency of hand drying for removing bacteria from washed hands: comparison of paper towel drying with warm air drying
    Yukiko Yamamoto
    Department of Basic Nursing Science, College of Nursing Art and Science Hyogo, Akashi, Japan
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:316-20. 2005
    ..To evaluate warm air and paper towel drying for removing bacteria from washed hands...
  2. pmc Aerosol transmission of influenza A virus: a review of new studies
    Raymond Tellier
    Provincial Laboratory for Public Health of Alberta, Calgary, Canada
    J R Soc Interface 6:S783-90. 2009
    ..These recent results and their implication for infection control of influenza are discussed in this review...
  3. pmc Urban aerosols harbor diverse and dynamic bacterial populations
    Eoin L Brodie
    Ecology Department, Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:299-304. 2007
    ..Finally, using multivariate regression techniques, we demonstrate that temporal and meteorological influences can be stronger factors than location in shaping the biological composition of the air we breathe...
  4. pmc Measurements of airborne influenza virus in aerosol particles from human coughs
    William G Lindsley
    Allergy and Clinical Immunology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e15100. 2010
    ..Further research is needed on the viability of airborne influenza viruses and the risk of transmission...
  5. ncbi Measurement of airborne influenza virus in a hospital emergency department
    Francoise M Blachere
    Division of Health Effects Laboratory, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 48:438-40. 2009
    ..Our results provide evidence that influenza virus may spread through the airborne route...
  6. ncbi Bioaerosol health effects and exposure assessment: progress and prospects
    J Douwes
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences IRAS, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 47:187-200. 2003
    ....
  7. pmc Profiles of airborne fungi in buildings and outdoor environments in the United States
    Brian G Shelton
    PathCon Laboratories, Norcross, Georgia 30092, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:1743-53. 2002
    ..This is the largest study of airborne indoor and outdoor fungal species and concentrations conducted with a standardized protocol to date...
  8. ncbi Long-distance airborne transport of infectious PRRSV and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae from a swine population infected with multiple viral variants
    Satoshi Otake
    Swine Disease Eradication Center, University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine, 1988 Fitch Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Vet Microbiol 145:198-208. 2010
    ..5, 6.8 and 9.2km from the herd) were infectious. These results indicate that airborne transport of PRRSV 1-8-4 and M hyo 232 occurs over longer distances than previously reported and that both pathogens remained infectious...
  9. ncbi Use of a production region model to assess the airborne spread of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus
    Andrea Pitkin
    Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Vet Microbiol 136:1-7. 2009
    ....
  10. pmc Dispersal in microbes: fungi in indoor air are dominated by outdoor air and show dispersal limitation at short distances
    Rachel I Adams
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    ISME J 7:1262-73. 2013
    ....
  11. ncbi Possible role of aerosol transmission in a hospital outbreak of influenza
    Bonnie C K Wong
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Clin Infect Dis 51:1176-83. 2010
    ..We examined the role of aerosol transmission of influenza in an acute ward setting...
  12. ncbi Personal exposure to airborne dust and microorganisms in agricultural environments
    Shu An Lee
    Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267 0056, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 3:118-30. 2006
    ..Overall, the combined exposure to airborne dust and microorganisms was found to be more severe during harvesting than in animal confinements...
  13. pmc Relationship between indoor and outdoor bio-aerosols collected with a button inhalable aerosol sampler in urban homes
    T Lee
    Center for Health Related Aerosol Studies, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Indoor Air 16:37-47. 2006
    ..Furthermore, the data can be incorporated into existing models to quantify the penetration of biological particles into indoor environments from outdoors...
  14. pmc Molecular identification of potential pathogens in water and air of a hospital therapy pool
    Largus T Angenent
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Engineering Science Program, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:4860-5. 2005
    ..The results also show that culture protocols currently used by public health facilities and agencies are seriously inadequate for the detection and enumeration of potential pathogens...
  15. pmc Exposure of workers to airborne microorganisms in open-air swine houses
    C W Chang
    Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Appl Environ Microbiol 67:155-61. 2001
    ....
  16. pmc Atmospheric movement of microorganisms in clouds of desert dust and implications for human health
    Dale W Griffin
    U S Geological Survey, St Petersburg, Florida 33701, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 20:459-77, table of contents. 2007
    ..This review is a summary of the current state of knowledge of desert dust microbiology and the health impact that desert dust and its microbial constituents may have in downwind environments both close to and far from their sources...
  17. ncbi Airborne transmission of communicable infection--the elusive pathway
    Chad J Roy
    Center for Aerobiological Sciences, U S Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, MD, USA
    N Engl J Med 350:1710-2. 2004
  18. pmc Isolation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria from the air plume downwind of a swine confined or concentrated animal feeding operation
    Shawn G Gibbs
    University of Texas Health Science Center, School of Public Health, El Paso, Texas, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1032-7. 2006
    ..In this study we evaluated the levels of antibiotic- and multidrug-resistant bacteria in bioaerosols upwind, within, and downwind at locations 25 m, 50 m, 100 m, and 150 m from a swine confined animal feeding operation...
  19. ncbi Guidelines for environmental infection control in health-care facilities. Recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC)
    Lynne Sehulster
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Infectious Diseases
    MMWR Recomm Rep 52:1-42. 2003
    ..The report also suggests a series of performance measurements as a means to evaluate infection-control efforts...
  20. ncbi Distribution of airborne influenza virus and respiratory syncytial virus in an urgent care medical clinic
    William G Lindsley
    Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505 2845, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 50:693-8. 2010
    ....
  21. ncbi The occurrence and transmission characteristics of airborne H9N2 avian influenza virus
    MeiLing Yao
    College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shandong Agricultural University, Research Center for Animal Disease Control Engineering of Shandong Province, Taian, Shandong, China
    Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 124:136-41. 2011
    ..Antibodies were initially detected at 4-5 dpi, peaking at 14-21 dpi. The results showed that H9N2 AIV could be transmitted by both aerosol exposure and direct contact...
  22. ncbi High infectivity and pathogenicity of influenza A virus via aerosol and droplet transmission
    Peter F M Teunis
    Centre for Infectious Disease Control, Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, RIVM, Anthonie van Leeuwenhoeklaan 9, 3721 MA Bilthoven, Netherlands
    Epidemics 2:215-22. 2010
    ..More studies are needed to clarify the role of different modes of transmission in other settings...
  23. ncbi Air contaminants in different European farming environments
    Katja Radon
    Institute for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Ziemssenstr 1, D 80336 Munich, Germany
    Ann Agric Environ Med 9:41-8. 2002
    ..and thermophilic fungi. Cladosporium and Botrytis were mainly detected in greenhouses. The exposure level found in this study might put the farmers at risk from respiratory diseases...
  24. ncbi Ten-year air sample analysis of Aspergillus prevalence in a university hospital
    D G Falvey
    Department of Environmental Health and Safety, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Hosp Infect 67:35-41. 2007
    ..Emphasis should be placed on maintaining high-efficiency filtration of the outside air and on ensuring that other environmental control methods are used to prevent dissemination of environmental opportunistic fungal spores...
  25. pmc Natural ventilation for the prevention of airborne contagion
    A Roderick Escombe
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunity, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 4:e68. 2007
    ..Natural ventilation may offer a low-cost alternative. Our objective was to investigate the rates, determinants, and effects of natural ventilation in health care settings...
  26. pmc Airborne microbial flora in a cattle feedlot
    S C Wilson
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 3601 4th Street, Lubbock, TX 79430, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:3238-42. 2002
    ..The overall numbers of microorganisms recovered were lower than those reported in studies of intensively housed farm animals in which similar recovery techniques were used...
  27. ncbi Bioaerosol emissions from a suburban yard waste composting facility
    D Hryhorczuk
    Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, 2121 W Taylor M C 922, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
    Ann Agric Environ Med 8:177-85. 2001
    ..17 ng/m3 during turning activity. Peak exposures to several bioaerosol constituents were sufficiently high to warrant use of respirators by workers during periods of pile activity that lead to dust generation...
  28. ncbi Comparison of the collecting efficiency of microbiological air samplers
    H Shintani
    National Institute of Health Sciences, 1 18 1 Kamiyoga, Setagaya, Tokyo 158 8501, Japan
    J Hosp Infect 56:42-8. 2004
    ..In addition, a statistically significant difference of the cultivation efficiency was observed between SCDA and SCDALP culture media (P<0.05). These results suggest that any air sampler can be used with SCDALP culture medium...
  29. ncbi Traffic flow in the operating room: an explorative and descriptive study on air quality during orthopedic trauma implant surgery
    Annette Erichsen Andersson
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
    Am J Infect Control 40:750-5. 2012
    ....
  30. ncbi Random amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis for rapid identification of thermophilic Actinomycete-like bacteria involved in hypersensitivity pneumonitis
    I Harvey
    , Centre de Recherche, Hĵpital Laval, , Ste-Foy, , Canada
    Syst Appl Microbiol 24:277-84. 2001
    ..Results of the present study will be applicable to other potential HP environments such as dairy barns, peat bogs and compost plants...
  31. pmc The effect of environmental parameters on the survival of airborne infectious agents
    Julian W Tang
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119074, Republic of Singapore
    J R Soc Interface 6:S737-46. 2009
    ....
  32. ncbi Analysis of Actinobacteria from mould-colonized water damaged building material
    JENNY SCHAFER
    Justus Liebig Universitat Giessen, Institut fur Angewandte Mikrobiologie, 35392 Giessen, Germany
    Syst Appl Microbiol 33:260-8. 2010
    ....
  33. pmc Particle-size distributions and seasonal diversity of allergenic and pathogenic fungi in outdoor air
    Naomichi Yamamoto
    Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    ISME J 6:1801-11. 2012
    ....
  34. ncbi Survey of environmental biocontamination on board the International Space Station
    Natalia Novikova
    State Scientific Center of Russian Federation, Institute of Biomedical Problems RAS, Khoroshevskoye Shosse 76 A, Moscow 123007, Russia
    Res Microbiol 157:5-12. 2006
    ..and Cladosporium sp. as the most dominant genera. Furthermore, the investigations identified the presence of several (opportunistic) pathogens and strains involved in the biodegradation of structural materials...
  35. pmc The detection of airborne transmission of tuberculosis from HIV-infected patients, using an in vivo air sampling model
    A Roderick Escombe
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunity, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    Clin Infect Dis 44:1349-57. 2007
    ..We created an in vivo air sampling model to study airborne transmission of tuberculosis from patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and to evaluate environmental control measures...
  36. pmc Detection of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae by air sampling with a nested PCR assay
    K D Stark
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Appl Environ Microbiol 64:543-8. 1998
    ..No airborne M. hyopneumoniae was detected on infected farms without acute cases. The chance of successful detection was increased if air was sampled at several locations within a room and a lower air humidity...
  37. pmc Exposure to dust and endotoxin of employees in cucumber and tomato nurseries
    A M Madsen
    The National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Ann Occup Hyg 53:129-38. 2009
    ..The dust and endotoxin aerosolized during the working processes were only transported to other areas in the greenhouses to a very low degree. Cucumber and tomato leaves were identified as endotoxin reservoirs...
  38. ncbi Long-term surveillance of air quality in medical center operating rooms
    Gwo Hwa Wan
    Department of Respiratory Care, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kwei Shan, Tao Yuan, Taiwan
    Am J Infect Control 39:302-8. 2011
    ..Maintenance of adequate indoor air quality (IAQ) in operating rooms (ORs) is critical to the prevention of nosocomial infection in hospitalized patients. This study evaluated the characteristics of IAQ in various ORs in a medical center...
  39. ncbi Airborne infectious disease and the suppression of pulmonary bioaerosols
    Jennifer Fiegel
    Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Drug Discov Today 11:51-7. 2006
    ..We also discuss these implications in relation to airborne infectious disease control...
  40. ncbi Airborne microorganisms, endotoxin, and (1→3)-β-D-glucan exposure in greenhouses and assessment of respiratory symptoms among workers
    Atin Adhikari
    Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 55:272-85. 2011
    ....
  41. pmc A schlieren optical study of the human cough with and without wearing masks for aerosol infection control
    Julian W Tang
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    J R Soc Interface 6:S727-36. 2009
    ....
  42. pmc Accuracy, precision, and method detection limits of quantitative PCR for airborne bacteria and fungi
    Denina Hospodsky
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Environmental Engineering Program, 9 Hillhouse Avenue, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:7004-12. 2010
    ..e., nonquantifiable) values for true aerosol concentrations that may be significant...
  43. ncbi Effect of sampling time on the culturability of airborne fungi and bacteria sampled by filtration
    Kate T H Durand
    University of Washington, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, Seattle 98195, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 46:113-8. 2002
    ..This suggests that increased sampling time does not affect the viability of the organisms commonly found in the air at composting facilities...
  44. ncbi Detection of airborne viruses in a pediatrics department measured using real-time qPCR coupled to an air-sampling filter method
    Chun Chieh Tseng
    Department and Graduate Institute of Public Health, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, ROC
    J Environ Health 73:22-8. 2010
    ..Environmental monitoring of airborne viruses could provide an early indicator of dangerous viruses in the air of hospitals...
  45. pmc Airborne influenza virus detection with four aerosol samplers using molecular and infectivity assays: considerations for a new infectious virus aerosol sampler
    P Fabian
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Indoor Air 19:433-41. 2009
    ..As a first step in designing a new air sampler to collect influenza virus we evaluated four commercial samplers and determined necessary design parameters for a new collector...
  46. ncbi A mathematical model for predicting the viability of airborne viruses
    J A Posada
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, Engineering Sciences Building, Morgantown, WV 26506 6106, USA
    J Virol Methods 164:88-95. 2010
    ..Physical explanations are provided on the variation of viral viability at different relative humidity levels. The predictions obtained by the proposed mathematical model compare well with most of the published experimental data...
  47. pmc Airborne multidrug-resistant bacteria isolated from a concentrated swine feeding operation
    Amy Chapin
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2103, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:137-42. 2005
    ..These findings suggest that the inhalation of air from these facilities may serve as an exposure pathway for the transfer of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens from swine to humans...
  48. pmc Culture-independent characterization of archaeal biodiversity in swine confinement building bioaerosols
    Benjamin Nehme
    Centre de Recherche, Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec, Canada
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:5445-50. 2009
    ..This study sheds new light on the nature of bioaerosols in SCBs and suggests that archaea are also aerosolized from pig manure...
  49. pmc Short-term temporal variability in airborne bacterial and fungal populations
    Noah Fierer
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, 216 UCB, CIRES, Boulder, CO 80309 0216, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:200-7. 2008
    ..These results suggest that outdoor air may harbor similar types of bacteria regardless of location and that the short-term temporal variability in airborne bacterial assemblages can be very large...
  50. pmc Dynamics of airborne influenza A viruses indoors and dependence on humidity
    Wan Yang
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e21481. 2011
    ..Maintaining a high indoor RH and ventilation rate may help reduce chances of IAV infection...
  51. pmc Current concepts for clean air and total joint arthroplasty: laminar airflow and ultraviolet radiation: a systematic review
    Richard P Evans
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 531, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 West Markham, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 469:945-53. 2011
    ..Both airborne and nonairborne bacterial contamination must be reduced in the operating room...
  52. ncbi Droplet fate in indoor environments, or can we prevent the spread of infection?
    L Morawska
    School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, and International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Indoor Air 16:335-47. 2006
    ..This paper reviews the state of knowledge regarding mechanisms of droplet spread and solutions available to minimize the spread and prevent infections...
  53. ncbi Aerobiology and the global transport of desert dust
    Christina A Kellogg
    US Geological Survey, 600 4th St S, St Petersburg, FL 33701, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:638-44. 2006
    ..Such dispersal is of interest because of the possible health effects of allergens and pathogens that might be carried with the dust...
  54. ncbi Environmental controls in operating theatres
    S Dharan
    Infection Control Programme, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Geneva Hospitals, Switzerland
    J Hosp Infect 51:79-84. 2002
    ..Environmental bacterial sampling in operating theatres should be limited to investigation of epidemics, validation of protocols, or changes made in materials which could influence the microbial content...
  55. ncbi Viability and potential for immigration of airborne bacteria from Africa that reach high mountain lakes in Europe
    Anna Hervas
    Limnological Observatory of the Pyreenes Department of Continental Ecology, Centre d Estudis Avançats de Blanes, CEAB CSIC, Blanes, Girona, Spain
    Environ Microbiol 11:1612-23. 2009
    ....
  56. ncbi Relative contributions of four exposure pathways to influenza infection risk
    Mark Nicas
    Environmental Health Sciences Division, Room 50, University Hall, School of PublicHealth, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Risk Anal 29:1292-303. 2009
    ....
  57. pmc 18S rRNA gene variation among common airborne fungi, and development of specific oligonucleotide probes for the detection of fungal isolates
    Zhihong Wu
    National Institute for Working Life, SE 907 13 Umeå, Sweden
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:5389-97. 2003
    ..The optimal hybridization temperatures to achieve the best specificity for these 33 probes were determined. These new probes can contribute to the molecular diagnostic research for environmental monitoring...
  58. ncbi Quantitative PCR analysis of selected Aspergillus, Penicillium and Paecilomyces species
    Richard A Haugland
    National Exposure Research Laboratory, US Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio 45268, USA
    Syst Appl Microbiol 27:198-210. 2004
    ....
  59. pmc Characterization of airborne microbial communities at a high-elevation site and their potential to act as atmospheric ice nuclei
    Robert M Bowers
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, 80309, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:5121-30. 2009
    ..However, these changes in ice nuclei numbers were not associated with changes in the relative abundances of the most commonly studied ice-nucleating bacteria...
  60. ncbi Detection of airborne severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus and environmental contamination in SARS outbreak units
    Timothy F Booth
    National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Canadian Science Centre for Human and Animal Health, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Infect Dis 191:1472-7. 2005
    ....
  61. pmc An optimized method to detect influenza virus and human rhinovirus from exhaled breath and the airborne environment
    Patricia Fabian
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 401 Park Drive, Boston, MA, USA
    J Environ Monit 11:314-7. 2009
    ..Virus was recovered without inhibition from samples contaminated with up to 50 microg/sample of particulate matter. The methods developed can be used in studies of airborne respiratory viruses...
  62. pmc Personalized ventilation as a control measure for airborne transmissible disease spread
    Jovan Pantelic
    Department of Building, School and Design and Environment, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
    J R Soc Interface 6:S715-26. 2009
    ..Results of this study demonstrate the ability of desktop PV to mitigate the infection risk of airborne transmissible disease...
  63. ncbi Monitoring air sampling in operating theatres: can particle counting replace microbiological sampling?
    A Landrin
    Pharmacie, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
    J Hosp Infect 61:27-9. 2005
    ..The results of the current study suggest that there is no reason to replace microbiological sampling with particle counting for routine evaluation of microbiological contamination in conventionally ventilated operating theatres...
  64. pmc Modeling the airborne survival of influenza virus in a residential setting: the impacts of home humidification
    Theodore A Myatt
    Environmental Health and Engineering, Inc, Needham, MA, USA
    Environ Health 9:55. 2010
    ..Maintaining airborne moisture levels that reduce survival of the virus in the air and on surfaces could be another tool for managing public health risks of influenza...
  65. pmc Methods for sampling of airborne viruses
    Daniel Verreault
    Centre de Recherche, Hopital Laval, Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie, 2725 Chemin Ste Foy, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada G1V 4G5
    Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 72:413-44. 2008
    ..Lastly, general recommendations are made regarding future studies on the sampling of airborne viruses...
  66. pmc Detection of respiratory pathogens in air samples from acutely infected pigs
    Joseph R Hermann
    Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 1250, USA
    Can J Vet Res 72:367-70. 2008
    ....
  67. ncbi Airborne bacteria and carcass contamination in slaughterhouses
    T M Rahkio
    Department of Food and Environmental Hygiene, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Food Prot 60:38-42. 1997
    ..It appears that airborne bacteria have an important role in carcass contamination...
  68. ncbi Occurrence and transmission of Newcastle disease virus aerosol originating from infected chickens under experimental conditions
    Xiaoxia Li
    College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Research Center for Animal Disease Control Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai an, Shandong 271018, China
    Vet Microbiol 136:226-32. 2009
    ..The results indicated that viruses shed from infected chickens readily aerosolized and airborne transmission of NDV was possible...
  69. pmc Transmission of influenza virus via aerosols and fomites in the guinea pig model
    Samira Mubareka
    Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Infect Dis 199:858-65. 2009
    ..The data provide new and much-needed insights into the modes of influenza virus spread and strain-specific differences in the efficiency of transmission...
  70. ncbi Internally controlled PCR system for detection of airborne microorganisms
    Evgeny V Usachev
    Griffith School of Engineering, Griffith University, Brisbane, 4111, QLD, Australia
    J Environ Monit 14:1631-7. 2012
    ..It is concluded that the recombinant phage fd is suitable for utilization as an internal control enabling to significantly minimize false negative results for bioaerosol detection procedures...
  71. ncbi Sampling methodologies and dosage assessment techniques for submicrometre and ultrafine virus aerosol particles
    C J Hogan
    Aerosol and Air Quality Research Laboratory, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Appl Microbiol 99:1422-34. 2005
    ..The aerosolization and collection of submicrometre and ultrafine virus particles were studied with the objective of developing robust and accurate methodologies to study airborne viruses...
  72. ncbi Ventilation performance in the operating theatre against airborne infection: numerical study on an ultra-clean system
    T T Chow
    Division of Building Science and Technology, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China
    J Hosp Infect 59:138-47. 2005
    ..This paper stresses that a successful outcome in preventing airborne infection depends as much on resolving human factors as on overcoming technical obstacles...
  73. ncbi Microbial air monitoring in operating theatres: experience at the University Hospital of Parma
    C Pasquarella
    Department of Public Health, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
    J Hosp Infect 81:50-7. 2012
    ..Microbial air monitoring in operating theatres has been a subject of interest and debate. No generally accepted sampling methods and threshold values are available...
  74. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of microbial contamination in the operating room environment: Is there a risk for infection?
    Charles E Edmiston
    Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA
    Surgery 138:573-9; discussion 579-82. 2005
    ..Breaks in surgical technique, host contamination, or hematogenous seeding are suggested as causal factors in these infections. This study implicates contamination of the operating room air as an additional etiology of infection...
  75. ncbi Air sampling methods to evaluate microbial contamination in operating theatres: results of a comparative study in an orthopaedics department
    C Napoli
    Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, Section of Hygiene, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy
    J Hosp Infect 80:128-32. 2012
    ..e. surface air system (SAS)] and passive [i.e. index of microbial air contamination (IMA) and nitrocellulose membranes positioned near the wound] sampling systems...
  76. ncbi Air sampling of Aspergillus fumigatus and other thermotolerant fungi: comparative performance of the Sartorius MD8 airport and the Merck MAS-100 portable bioaerosol sampler
    Steffen Engelhart
    Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, University of Bonn, Sigmund Freud Str 25, 53105, Bonn, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 210:733-9. 2007
    ..The spectrum of thermotolerat fungal genera and Aspergillus species showed only minor differences. We conclude that under the given conditions the results of both samplers are approximately comparable...
  77. pmc Optimization of a sampling system for recovery and detection of airborne porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and swine influenza virus
    J R Hermann
    Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 1250, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:4811-8. 2006
    ....
  78. pmc Characterization of airborne bacteria at an underground subway station
    Marius Dybwad
    Norwegian Defence Research Establishment, Kjeller, Norway
    Appl Environ Microbiol 78:1917-29. 2012
    ....
  79. ncbi Determination of aerial microbiological contamination in scholastic sports environments
    C Dacarro
    Laboratorio di Microbiologia, Dipartimento di Farmacologia Sperimentale ed Applicata, Universita di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
    J Appl Microbiol 95:904-12. 2003
    ..To assess the microbiological indoor air quality (IAQ) of high school and college gyms during physical training lessons and to evaluate the effective microbiological exposure of students...
  80. ncbi [Air microbial sampling: the state of the art]
    Cesira Pasquarella
    Dipartimento di Sanita Pubblica, Sezione di Igiene, Universita degli Studi di Parma, Italy
    Ig Sanita Pubbl 64:79-120. 2008
    ....
  81. ncbi Human exposure to airborne fungi from genera used as biocontrol agents in plant production
    Anne Mette Madsen
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Ann Agric Environ Med 14:5-24. 2007
    ..Sequence data have led to recent revisions of fungal taxonomy, and in future studies it is important to specify the taxonomy used for identification, thus making comparisons possible...
  82. ncbi Exposure to indoor mould and children's respiratory health in the PATY study
    T Antova
    Environmental Health Unit, NCPHP, Sofia, Bulgaria
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:708-14. 2008
    ..In this collaboration, researchers from 12 cross-sectional studies pooled their data to assess the effects of air quality on a spectrum of children's respiratory disorders...
  83. ncbi Detection of airborne Legionella while showering using liquid impingement and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH)
    Magali Deloge-Abarkan
    Département Environnement et Santé Publique, INSERM ERI no 11, Faculte de Medecine, 9 Avenue de la Forêt de Haye, BP 184, F 54 505, Vandoeuvre les Nancy, France
    J Environ Monit 9:91-7. 2007
    ..This new approach may provide a more accurate characterization of aerobiocontamination by Legionella bacteria...
  84. ncbi Identification and seasonal distribution of airborne fungi in three horse stables in Italy
    Simona Nardoni
    Dipartimento di Patologia Animale, Profilassi ed Igiene degli Alimenti, Viale delle Piagge 2, 56124, Pisa, Italy
    Mycopathologia 160:29-34. 2005
    ..The median fungal concentration was approximately 178 CFU/m3. Total fungal concentration appeared to be highest in summer, winter and spring, and lowest in the fall...
  85. ncbi Aerosolization of Mycoplasma synoviae compared with Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Enterococcus faecalis
    W J M Landman
    Animal Health Service Poultry Health Centre 7400 AA P O Box 9 Deventer, The Netherlands
    Avian Pathol 33:210-5. 2004
    ..Thus mycoplasma and E. faecalis aerosols were successfully generated despite considerable initial loss as measured by culture. The loss was greater in the mycoplasma aerosols, especially those of M. synoviae...
  86. ncbi Distribution and identification of airborne fungi in railway stations in Tokyo, Japan
    Tamami Kawasaki
    Environmental Biotechnology Laboratory, Railway Technical Research Institute, 2 3 38 Hikari cho, Kokobunji shi, Tokyo, Japan
    J Occup Health 52:186-93. 2010
    ....
  87. ncbi Variability of airborne microflora in a hospital ward within a period of one year
    Marta Augustowska
    State Railway Hospital, Lublin, Poland
    Ann Agric Environ Med 13:99-106. 2006
    ....
  88. ncbi Distribution characteristics of airborne bacteria and fungi in the general hospitals of Korea
    Ki Youn Kim
    Institute of Industrial and Environmental Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Ind Health 48:236-43. 2010
    ..30%), Penicillium spp. (20-25%), Aspergillus spp. (15-20%), and Alternaria spp. (10-20%). The detection rate was generally highest on stage 5 (1.1-2.1 microm) for airborne bacteria and on stage 1 (>7.0 microm) for airborne fungi...
  89. ncbi Impact of patient visiting activities on indoor climate in a medical intensive care unit: a 1-year longitudinal study
    Chin Sheng Tang
    Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Am J Infect Control 37:183-8. 2009
    ..It also investigated the impact of patient visiting activities on the indoor climate in the medical ICU...
  90. ncbi Physical collection efficiency of filter materials for bacteria and viruses
    Nancy Clark Burton
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health 4676 Columbia Parkway, MS R 11, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 51:143-51. 2007
    ..A 4-h loading did not cause significant change in the physical collection efficiency of the tested filters...
  91. ncbi Size relationship between airborne viable bacteria and particles in a controlled indoor environment study
    K W Tham
    Department of Building, School of Design and Environment, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    Indoor Air 15:48-57. 2005
    ..Viability of bacteria was shown to be affected by thermal effects. The percentages of particles that were viable bacteria at the different sizes were all found to be very low (<1%)...
  92. ncbi Occlusive scrub suits in operating theaters during cataract surgery: effect on airborne contamination
    Bjørg Marit Andersen
    Clinic of Preventive Medicine, Department of Hospital Infections, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 23:218-20. 2002
    ..During the intervention period, all wore occlusive scrub suits, which, compared with cotton scrub suits, were associated with more than a 50% reduction in the load of airborne bacteria during operations...
  93. ncbi Exposure assessment in Beijing, China: biological agents, ultrafine particles, and lead
    Shuofei Dong
    State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China
    Environ Monit Assess 170:331-43. 2010
    ..And the results here suggested that when characterizing exposure both airborne and dust-borne as well as the environments should be considered...
  94. pmc Exposure to bioaerosols during the growth season of tomatoes in an organic greenhouse using Supresivit (Trichoderma harzianum) and Mycostop (Streptomyces griseoviridis)
    Vinni Mona Hansen
    The National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:5874-81. 2010
    ..The collected data indicate that MPCAs applied by drip irrigation do not become airborne later in the season...
  95. ncbi Evaluation of the environmental impact of microbial aerosols generated by wastewater treatment plants utilizing different aeration systems
    G Brandi
    Institute of Toxicologic, Hygienic and Environmental Science, University of Urbino, Urbino, Italy
    J Appl Microbiol 88:845-52. 2000
    ....
  96. ncbi A microbiological evaluation of warm air hand driers with respect to hand hygiene and the washroom environment
    J H Taylor
    Food Hygiene Department, Campden and Chorleywood Food Research Association, Chipping Campden, UK
    J Appl Microbiol 89:910-9. 2000
    ..This work shows that warm air hand driers, of the type used in this study, are a hygienic method of drying hands and therefore appropriate for use in both the healthcare and food industry...
  97. ncbi Annual variation of fungal spores in atmosphere of Porto: 2003
    Manuela Oliveira
    Institute for Molecular and Cell Biology, Rua do Campo Alegre 823, 4150 180 Porto, Portugal
    Ann Agric Environ Med 12:309-15. 2005
    ..The total spore concentration was negatively correlated with wind speed and positively correlated with temperature and relative humidity...
  98. ncbi Bio-aerosols in indoor environment: composition, health effects and analysis
    Padma Srikanth
    Department of Microbiology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
    Indian J Med Microbiol 26:302-12. 2008
    ..This article is a review on composition, sources, modes of transmission, health effects and sampling methods used for evaluation of bio-aerosols, and also suggests control measures to reduce the loads of bio-aerosols...
  99. ncbi Ventilation performance in operating theatres against airborne infection: review of research activities and practical guidance
    T T Chow
    Division of Building Science and Technology, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, People s Republic of China
    J Hosp Infect 56:85-92. 2004
    ..The basic principles and current practice applying to operating theatre ventilation studies are introduced...
  100. ncbi Site-related airborne biological hazard and seasonal variations in two wastewater treatment plants
    Letizia Fracchia
    Department of Chemical, Food, Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, DiSCAFF, University of Eastern Piedmont Amedeo Avogadro, Via Bovio 6, 28100 Novara, Italy
    Water Res 40:1985-94. 2006
    ..In both plants, we found a statistically significant dependence of bacterial contamination on the season for many of the analyzed parameters but a clear seasonal trend could not be observed...
  101. ncbi Development of an Environmental Relative Moldiness index for US homes
    Stephen Vesper
    United States Environmental Protection Agency, National Exposure Research Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio 45268, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 49:829-33. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to establish a national relative moldiness index for homes in the United States...

Research Grants20

  1. SLEEP HEART HEALTH STUDY
    GEORGE O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Accomplishing these goals will provide important information concerning the public health impact of SDB. ..
  2. Airborne Transmission of Viruses in Human Subjects: Efficacy of Face Masks
    Werner Bischoff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This cnowledge is paramount in view of the inevitable viral pandemics. ..
  3. Design/Advanced Electrostatic Sampler for Total Bioaerosols
    Gediminas Mainelis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The research findings and practical recommendations developed in this research will be disseminated to stakeholders through internet, national and international conferences and workshops. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Evaluation of Portable Samplers for Viable Bioaerosols
    Gediminas Mainelis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Future directions of this research will be development of a portable bioaerosol sampler, sampling characteristics of which follow conventions for inhalable, thoracic and respirable particles. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Exposure Intervention in a Rural Pediatric Asthma Cohort
    Peter Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Detailed health and home hygiene questionnaires and home inspections will be conducted at baseline and one year later, as will child spirometry. ..
  6. HOST DETERMINANTS OF INFECTIOUSNESS IN TUBERCULOSIS
    Kevin Fennelly; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This approach may open a new field of investigation of the host determinants of infectiousness, which could be extended to other respiratory infectious agents in the future. ..
  7. Molecular mechanism of DNA-polymerase choice in vivo
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..coli DNA polymerases, and functions in DNA polymerase choice in vivo: a critical regulatory decision for cell survival of environmental damage, and genomic health. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Periodontal Host-Pathogen Conference
    Frank Scannapieco; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will offer a limited number of travel grants to several graduate student or post-doctoral fellow poster presenters who have need for such support. ..
  9. Salivary Biomarkers to Predict Alveolar Bone Loss
    Frank Scannapieco; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We envision that this approach could be conveniently adapted in the future for use by practicing dentists to provide objective information to assess risk for periodontal bone loss. ..
  10. Retrospective Assessment of Mixed Chemical Exposures
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..However, the methods will be applicable to other industry based epidemiologic studies where the available data are sparse and exposures to chemical mixtures are the norm. ..
  11. A Unified Surgical Instrument System for Periodontal Minimally Invasive Surgery
    STEPHEN HARREL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The resulting system, based on the surgical consultants evaluations and scores, will be used in a Phase 2 multicenter controlled clinical evaluation of MIS. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. EVAPORATIVE LOSSES FROM SEMI-VOLATILE MIST SAMPLES
    Peter Raynor; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Reevaluated data may be able to be used more effectively in epidemiological studies on the health effects of metalworking fluid mists. ..
  13. Silica Exposure & Silicosis: Effect of Mixed Exposures
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  14. Expert Decision-making in Exposure Assessment
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The methodology will be developed using a large occupational exposure dataset from 3M Company, and probabilistic professional judgments obtained from occupational hygienists employed at 3M Company. ..
  15. DNA REPAIR IN DRUG RESISTANCE MUTATION
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  16. Community Environmental Health Research: Finding Meaning
    David Ozonoff; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4) Establish mechanisms for forging new and on-going community-researcher relationships. ..
  17. Analysis of lipids, inflammation, and pulmonary function
    GEORGE O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Aptamer-based Microarray for the Detection of Environmental Allergens
    Jordan Peccia; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..