air microbiology

Summary

Summary: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Efficiency of hand drying for removing bacteria from washed hands: comparison of paper towel drying with warm air drying
    Yukiko Yamamoto
    Department of Basic Nursing Science, College of Nursing Art and Science Hyogo, Akashi, Japan
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:316-20. 2005
  2. pmc Measurements of airborne influenza virus in aerosol particles from human coughs
    William G Lindsley
    Allergy and Clinical Immunology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e15100. 2010
  3. pmc Aerosol transmission of influenza A virus: a review of new studies
    Raymond Tellier
    Provincial Laboratory for Public Health of Alberta, Calgary, Canada
    J R Soc Interface 6:S783-90. 2009
  4. doi Measurement of airborne influenza virus in a hospital emergency department
    Francoise M Blachere
    Division of Health Effects Laboratory, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 48:438-40. 2009
  5. ncbi Transmission of influenza virus via aerosols and fomites in the guinea pig model
    Samira Mubareka
    Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Infect Dis 199:858-65. 2009
  6. ncbi Bioaerosol health effects and exposure assessment: progress and prospects
    J Douwes
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences IRAS, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 47:187-200. 2003
  7. pmc Atmospheric movement of microorganisms in clouds of desert dust and implications for human health
    Dale W Griffin
    U S Geological Survey, St Petersburg, Florida 33701, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 20:459-77, table of contents. 2007
  8. pmc The effect of environmental parameters on the survival of airborne infectious agents
    Julian W Tang
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119074, Republic of Singapore
    J R Soc Interface 6:S737-46. 2009
  9. ncbi Guidelines for environmental infection control in health-care facilities. Recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC)
    Lynne Sehulster
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Infectious Diseases
    MMWR Recomm Rep 52:1-42. 2003
  10. ncbi Droplet fate in indoor environments, or can we prevent the spread of infection?
    L Morawska
    School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, and International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Indoor Air 16:335-47. 2006

Detail Information

Publications234 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Efficiency of hand drying for removing bacteria from washed hands: comparison of paper towel drying with warm air drying
    Yukiko Yamamoto
    Department of Basic Nursing Science, College of Nursing Art and Science Hyogo, Akashi, Japan
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:316-20. 2005
    ..To evaluate warm air and paper towel drying for removing bacteria from washed hands...
  2. pmc Measurements of airborne influenza virus in aerosol particles from human coughs
    William G Lindsley
    Allergy and Clinical Immunology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e15100. 2010
    ..Further research is needed on the viability of airborne influenza viruses and the risk of transmission...
  3. pmc Aerosol transmission of influenza A virus: a review of new studies
    Raymond Tellier
    Provincial Laboratory for Public Health of Alberta, Calgary, Canada
    J R Soc Interface 6:S783-90. 2009
    ..These recent results and their implication for infection control of influenza are discussed in this review...
  4. doi Measurement of airborne influenza virus in a hospital emergency department
    Francoise M Blachere
    Division of Health Effects Laboratory, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 48:438-40. 2009
    ..Our results provide evidence that influenza virus may spread through the airborne route...
  5. ncbi Transmission of influenza virus via aerosols and fomites in the guinea pig model
    Samira Mubareka
    Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Infect Dis 199:858-65. 2009
    ..The data provide new and much-needed insights into the modes of influenza virus spread and strain-specific differences in the efficiency of transmission...
  6. ncbi Bioaerosol health effects and exposure assessment: progress and prospects
    J Douwes
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences IRAS, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 47:187-200. 2003
    ....
  7. pmc Atmospheric movement of microorganisms in clouds of desert dust and implications for human health
    Dale W Griffin
    U S Geological Survey, St Petersburg, Florida 33701, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 20:459-77, table of contents. 2007
    ..This review is a summary of the current state of knowledge of desert dust microbiology and the health impact that desert dust and its microbial constituents may have in downwind environments both close to and far from their sources...
  8. pmc The effect of environmental parameters on the survival of airborne infectious agents
    Julian W Tang
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119074, Republic of Singapore
    J R Soc Interface 6:S737-46. 2009
    ....
  9. ncbi Guidelines for environmental infection control in health-care facilities. Recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC)
    Lynne Sehulster
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Infectious Diseases
    MMWR Recomm Rep 52:1-42. 2003
    ..The report also suggests a series of performance measurements as a means to evaluate infection-control efforts...
  10. ncbi Droplet fate in indoor environments, or can we prevent the spread of infection?
    L Morawska
    School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, and International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Indoor Air 16:335-47. 2006
    ..This paper reviews the state of knowledge regarding mechanisms of droplet spread and solutions available to minimize the spread and prevent infections...
  11. doi Distribution of airborne influenza virus and respiratory syncytial virus in an urgent care medical clinic
    William G Lindsley
    Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505 2845, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 50:693-8. 2010
    ....
  12. ncbi Environmental controls in operating theatres
    S Dharan
    Infection Control Programme, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Geneva Hospitals, Switzerland
    J Hosp Infect 51:79-84. 2002
    ..Environmental bacterial sampling in operating theatres should be limited to investigation of epidemics, validation of protocols, or changes made in materials which could influence the microbial content...
  13. ncbi Aerobiology and the global transport of desert dust
    Christina A Kellogg
    US Geological Survey, 600 4th St S, St Petersburg, FL 33701, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:638-44. 2006
    ..Such dispersal is of interest because of the possible health effects of allergens and pathogens that might be carried with the dust...
  14. ncbi Airborne infectious disease and the suppression of pulmonary bioaerosols
    Jennifer Fiegel
    Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Drug Discov Today 11:51-7. 2006
    ..We also discuss these implications in relation to airborne infectious disease control...
  15. pmc Airborne influenza virus detection with four aerosol samplers using molecular and infectivity assays: considerations for a new infectious virus aerosol sampler
    P Fabian
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Indoor Air 19:433-41. 2009
    ..As a first step in designing a new air sampler to collect influenza virus we evaluated four commercial samplers and determined necessary design parameters for a new collector...
  16. doi Possible role of aerosol transmission in a hospital outbreak of influenza
    Bonnie C K Wong
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Clin Infect Dis 51:1176-83. 2010
    ..We examined the role of aerosol transmission of influenza in an acute ward setting...
  17. doi Long-term surveillance of air quality in medical center operating rooms
    Gwo Hwa Wan
    Department of Respiratory Care, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kwei Shan, Tao Yuan, Taiwan
    Am J Infect Control 39:302-8. 2011
    ..Maintenance of adequate indoor air quality (IAQ) in operating rooms (ORs) is critical to the prevention of nosocomial infection in hospitalized patients. This study evaluated the characteristics of IAQ in various ORs in a medical center...
  18. pmc Accuracy, precision, and method detection limits of quantitative PCR for airborne bacteria and fungi
    Denina Hospodsky
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Environmental Engineering Program, 9 Hillhouse Avenue, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:7004-12. 2010
    ..e., nonquantifiable) values for true aerosol concentrations that may be significant...
  19. ncbi Airborne microorganisms, endotoxin, and (1→3)-β-D-glucan exposure in greenhouses and assessment of respiratory symptoms among workers
    Atin Adhikari
    Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 55:272-85. 2011
    ....
  20. ncbi Effect of sampling time on the culturability of airborne fungi and bacteria sampled by filtration
    Kate T H Durand
    University of Washington, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, Seattle 98195, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 46:113-8. 2002
    ..This suggests that increased sampling time does not affect the viability of the organisms commonly found in the air at composting facilities...
  21. pmc A schlieren optical study of the human cough with and without wearing masks for aerosol infection control
    Julian W Tang
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    J R Soc Interface 6:S727-36. 2009
    ....
  22. pmc Exposure to dust and endotoxin of employees in cucumber and tomato nurseries
    A M Madsen
    The National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Ann Occup Hyg 53:129-38. 2009
    ..The dust and endotoxin aerosolized during the working processes were only transported to other areas in the greenhouses to a very low degree. Cucumber and tomato leaves were identified as endotoxin reservoirs...
  23. ncbi Detection of airborne viruses in a pediatrics department measured using real-time qPCR coupled to an air-sampling filter method
    Chun Chieh Tseng
    Department and Graduate Institute of Public Health, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, ROC
    J Environ Health 73:22-8. 2010
    ..Environmental monitoring of airborne viruses could provide an early indicator of dangerous viruses in the air of hospitals...
  24. doi A mathematical model for predicting the viability of airborne viruses
    J A Posada
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, Engineering Sciences Building, Morgantown, WV 26506 6106, USA
    J Virol Methods 164:88-95. 2010
    ..Physical explanations are provided on the variation of viral viability at different relative humidity levels. The predictions obtained by the proposed mathematical model compare well with most of the published experimental data...
  25. ncbi Relative contributions of four exposure pathways to influenza infection risk
    Mark Nicas
    Environmental Health Sciences Division, Room 50, University Hall, School of PublicHealth, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Risk Anal 29:1292-303. 2009
    ....
  26. ncbi Viability and potential for immigration of airborne bacteria from Africa that reach high mountain lakes in Europe
    Anna Hervas
    Limnological Observatory of the Pyreenes Department of Continental Ecology, Centre d Estudis Avançats de Blanes, CEAB CSIC, Blanes, Girona, Spain
    Environ Microbiol 11:1612-23. 2009
    ....
  27. pmc 18S rRNA gene variation among common airborne fungi, and development of specific oligonucleotide probes for the detection of fungal isolates
    Zhihong Wu
    National Institute for Working Life, SE 907 13 Umeå, Sweden
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:5389-97. 2003
    ..The optimal hybridization temperatures to achieve the best specificity for these 33 probes were determined. These new probes can contribute to the molecular diagnostic research for environmental monitoring...
  28. pmc Personalized ventilation as a control measure for airborne transmissible disease spread
    Jovan Pantelic
    Department of Building, School and Design and Environment, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
    J R Soc Interface 6:S715-26. 2009
    ..Results of this study demonstrate the ability of desktop PV to mitigate the infection risk of airborne transmissible disease...
  29. pmc An optimized method to detect influenza virus and human rhinovirus from exhaled breath and the airborne environment
    Patricia Fabian
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 401 Park Drive, Boston, MA, USA
    J Environ Monit 11:314-7. 2009
    ..Virus was recovered without inhibition from samples contaminated with up to 50 microg/sample of particulate matter. The methods developed can be used in studies of airborne respiratory viruses...
  30. pmc Current concepts for clean air and total joint arthroplasty: laminar airflow and ultraviolet radiation: a systematic review
    Richard P Evans
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 531, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 West Markham, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 469:945-53. 2011
    ..Both airborne and nonairborne bacterial contamination must be reduced in the operating room...
  31. ncbi Detection of airborne severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus and environmental contamination in SARS outbreak units
    Timothy F Booth
    National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Canadian Science Centre for Human and Animal Health, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Infect Dis 191:1472-7. 2005
    ....
  32. ncbi Monitoring air sampling in operating theatres: can particle counting replace microbiological sampling?
    A Landrin
    Pharmacie, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
    J Hosp Infect 61:27-9. 2005
    ..The results of the current study suggest that there is no reason to replace microbiological sampling with particle counting for routine evaluation of microbiological contamination in conventionally ventilated operating theatres...
  33. pmc Modeling the airborne survival of influenza virus in a residential setting: the impacts of home humidification
    Theodore A Myatt
    Environmental Health and Engineering, Inc, Needham, MA, USA
    Environ Health 9:55. 2010
    ..Maintaining airborne moisture levels that reduce survival of the virus in the air and on surfaces could be another tool for managing public health risks of influenza...
  34. pmc Methods for sampling of airborne viruses
    Daniel Verreault
    Centre de Recherche, Hopital Laval, Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie, 2725 Chemin Ste Foy, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada G1V 4G5
    Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 72:413-44. 2008
    ..Lastly, general recommendations are made regarding future studies on the sampling of airborne viruses...
  35. pmc Urban aerosols harbor diverse and dynamic bacterial populations
    Eoin L Brodie
    Ecology Department, Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:299-304. 2007
    ..Finally, using multivariate regression techniques, we demonstrate that temporal and meteorological influences can be stronger factors than location in shaping the biological composition of the air we breathe...
  36. ncbi Ten-year air sample analysis of Aspergillus prevalence in a university hospital
    D G Falvey
    Department of Environmental Health and Safety, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Hosp Infect 67:35-41. 2007
    ..Emphasis should be placed on maintaining high-efficiency filtration of the outside air and on ensuring that other environmental control methods are used to prevent dissemination of environmental opportunistic fungal spores...
  37. doi Microbial air monitoring in operating theatres: experience at the University Hospital of Parma
    C Pasquarella
    Department of Public Health, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
    J Hosp Infect 81:50-7. 2012
    ..Microbial air monitoring in operating theatres has been a subject of interest and debate. No generally accepted sampling methods and threshold values are available...
  38. ncbi Ventilation performance in the operating theatre against airborne infection: numerical study on an ultra-clean system
    T T Chow
    Division of Building Science and Technology, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China
    J Hosp Infect 59:138-47. 2005
    ..This paper stresses that a successful outcome in preventing airborne infection depends as much on resolving human factors as on overcoming technical obstacles...
  39. ncbi Sampling methodologies and dosage assessment techniques for submicrometre and ultrafine virus aerosol particles
    C J Hogan
    Aerosol and Air Quality Research Laboratory, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Appl Microbiol 99:1422-34. 2005
    ..The aerosolization and collection of submicrometre and ultrafine virus particles were studied with the objective of developing robust and accurate methodologies to study airborne viruses...
  40. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of microbial contamination in the operating room environment: Is there a risk for infection?
    Charles E Edmiston
    Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA
    Surgery 138:573-9; discussion 579-82. 2005
    ..Breaks in surgical technique, host contamination, or hematogenous seeding are suggested as causal factors in these infections. This study implicates contamination of the operating room air as an additional etiology of infection...
  41. ncbi Air contaminants in different European farming environments
    Katja Radon
    Institute for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Ziemssenstr 1, D 80336 Munich, Germany
    Ann Agric Environ Med 9:41-8. 2002
    ..and thermophilic fungi. Cladosporium and Botrytis were mainly detected in greenhouses. The exposure level found in this study might put the farmers at risk from respiratory diseases...
  42. ncbi Identification and seasonal distribution of airborne fungi in three horse stables in Italy
    Simona Nardoni
    Dipartimento di Patologia Animale, Profilassi ed Igiene degli Alimenti, Viale delle Piagge 2, 56124, Pisa, Italy
    Mycopathologia 160:29-34. 2005
    ..The median fungal concentration was approximately 178 CFU/m3. Total fungal concentration appeared to be highest in summer, winter and spring, and lowest in the fall...
  43. doi Exposure to indoor mould and children's respiratory health in the PATY study
    T Antova
    Environmental Health Unit, NCPHP, Sofia, Bulgaria
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:708-14. 2008
    ..In this collaboration, researchers from 12 cross-sectional studies pooled their data to assess the effects of air quality on a spectrum of children's respiratory disorders...
  44. ncbi Air sampling of Aspergillus fumigatus and other thermotolerant fungi: comparative performance of the Sartorius MD8 airport and the Merck MAS-100 portable bioaerosol sampler
    Steffen Engelhart
    Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, University of Bonn, Sigmund Freud Str 25, 53105, Bonn, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 210:733-9. 2007
    ..The spectrum of thermotolerat fungal genera and Aspergillus species showed only minor differences. We conclude that under the given conditions the results of both samplers are approximately comparable...
  45. ncbi [Air microbial sampling: the state of the art]
    Cesira Pasquarella
    Dipartimento di Sanita Pubblica, Sezione di Igiene, Universita degli Studi di Parma, Italy
    Ig Sanita Pubbl 64:79-120. 2008
    ....
  46. pmc Optimization of a sampling system for recovery and detection of airborne porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and swine influenza virus
    J R Hermann
    Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 1250, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:4811-8. 2006
    ....
  47. ncbi Detection of airborne Legionella while showering using liquid impingement and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH)
    Magali Deloge-Abarkan
    Département Environnement et Santé Publique, INSERM ERI no 11, Faculte de Medecine, 9 Avenue de la Forêt de Haye, BP 184, F 54 505, Vandoeuvre les Nancy, France
    J Environ Monit 9:91-7. 2007
    ..This new approach may provide a more accurate characterization of aerobiocontamination by Legionella bacteria...
  48. ncbi Comparison of the collecting efficiency of microbiological air samplers
    H Shintani
    National Institute of Health Sciences, 1 18 1 Kamiyoga, Setagaya, Tokyo 158 8501, Japan
    J Hosp Infect 56:42-8. 2004
    ..In addition, a statistically significant difference of the cultivation efficiency was observed between SCDA and SCDALP culture media (P<0.05). These results suggest that any air sampler can be used with SCDALP culture medium...
  49. ncbi Human exposure to airborne fungi from genera used as biocontrol agents in plant production
    Anne Mette Madsen
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Ann Agric Environ Med 14:5-24. 2007
    ..Sequence data have led to recent revisions of fungal taxonomy, and in future studies it is important to specify the taxonomy used for identification, thus making comparisons possible...
  50. ncbi Determination of aerial microbiological contamination in scholastic sports environments
    C Dacarro
    Laboratorio di Microbiologia, Dipartimento di Farmacologia Sperimentale ed Applicata, Universita di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
    J Appl Microbiol 95:904-12. 2003
    ..To assess the microbiological indoor air quality (IAQ) of high school and college gyms during physical training lessons and to evaluate the effective microbiological exposure of students...
  51. ncbi Air sampling methods to evaluate microbial contamination in operating theatres: results of a comparative study in an orthopaedics department
    C Napoli
    Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, Section of Hygiene, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy
    J Hosp Infect 80:128-32. 2012
    ..e. surface air system (SAS)] and passive [i.e. index of microbial air contamination (IMA) and nitrocellulose membranes positioned near the wound] sampling systems...
  52. pmc Characterization of airborne bacteria at an underground subway station
    Marius Dybwad
    Norwegian Defence Research Establishment, Kjeller, Norway
    Appl Environ Microbiol 78:1917-29. 2012
    ....
  53. ncbi Aerosolization of Mycoplasma synoviae compared with Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Enterococcus faecalis
    W J M Landman
    Animal Health Service Poultry Health Centre 7400 AA P O Box 9 Deventer, The Netherlands
    Avian Pathol 33:210-5. 2004
    ..Thus mycoplasma and E. faecalis aerosols were successfully generated despite considerable initial loss as measured by culture. The loss was greater in the mycoplasma aerosols, especially those of M. synoviae...
  54. ncbi Variability of airborne microflora in a hospital ward within a period of one year
    Marta Augustowska
    State Railway Hospital, Lublin, Poland
    Ann Agric Environ Med 13:99-106. 2006
    ....
  55. doi Traffic flow in the operating room: an explorative and descriptive study on air quality during orthopedic trauma implant surgery
    Annette Erichsen Andersson
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
    Am J Infect Control 40:750-5. 2012
    ....
  56. ncbi Physical collection efficiency of filter materials for bacteria and viruses
    Nancy Clark Burton
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health 4676 Columbia Parkway, MS R 11, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 51:143-51. 2007
    ..A 4-h loading did not cause significant change in the physical collection efficiency of the tested filters...
  57. ncbi Distribution and identification of airborne fungi in railway stations in Tokyo, Japan
    Tamami Kawasaki
    Environmental Biotechnology Laboratory, Railway Technical Research Institute, 2 3 38 Hikari cho, Kokobunji shi, Tokyo, Japan
    J Occup Health 52:186-93. 2010
    ....
  58. ncbi Size relationship between airborne viable bacteria and particles in a controlled indoor environment study
    K W Tham
    Department of Building, School of Design and Environment, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    Indoor Air 15:48-57. 2005
    ..Viability of bacteria was shown to be affected by thermal effects. The percentages of particles that were viable bacteria at the different sizes were all found to be very low (<1%)...
  59. doi Impact of patient visiting activities on indoor climate in a medical intensive care unit: a 1-year longitudinal study
    Chin Sheng Tang
    Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Am J Infect Control 37:183-8. 2009
    ..It also investigated the impact of patient visiting activities on the indoor climate in the medical ICU...
  60. ncbi Distribution characteristics of airborne bacteria and fungi in the general hospitals of Korea
    Ki Youn Kim
    Institute of Industrial and Environmental Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Ind Health 48:236-43. 2010
    ..30%), Penicillium spp. (20-25%), Aspergillus spp. (15-20%), and Alternaria spp. (10-20%). The detection rate was generally highest on stage 5 (1.1-2.1 microm) for airborne bacteria and on stage 1 (>7.0 microm) for airborne fungi...
  61. doi Exposure assessment in Beijing, China: biological agents, ultrafine particles, and lead
    Shuofei Dong
    State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China
    Environ Monit Assess 170:331-43. 2010
    ..And the results here suggested that when characterizing exposure both airborne and dust-borne as well as the environments should be considered...
  62. ncbi Occlusive scrub suits in operating theaters during cataract surgery: effect on airborne contamination
    Bjørg Marit Andersen
    Clinic of Preventive Medicine, Department of Hospital Infections, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 23:218-20. 2002
    ..During the intervention period, all wore occlusive scrub suits, which, compared with cotton scrub suits, were associated with more than a 50% reduction in the load of airborne bacteria during operations...
  63. pmc Exposure to bioaerosols during the growth season of tomatoes in an organic greenhouse using Supresivit (Trichoderma harzianum) and Mycostop (Streptomyces griseoviridis)
    Vinni Mona Hansen
    The National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:5874-81. 2010
    ..The collected data indicate that MPCAs applied by drip irrigation do not become airborne later in the season...
  64. ncbi Ventilation performance in operating theatres against airborne infection: review of research activities and practical guidance
    T T Chow
    Division of Building Science and Technology, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, People s Republic of China
    J Hosp Infect 56:85-92. 2004
    ..The basic principles and current practice applying to operating theatre ventilation studies are introduced...
  65. ncbi Annual variation of fungal spores in atmosphere of Porto: 2003
    Manuela Oliveira
    Institute for Molecular and Cell Biology, Rua do Campo Alegre 823, 4150 180 Porto, Portugal
    Ann Agric Environ Med 12:309-15. 2005
    ..The total spore concentration was negatively correlated with wind speed and positively correlated with temperature and relative humidity...
  66. ncbi Bio-aerosols in indoor environment: composition, health effects and analysis
    Padma Srikanth
    Department of Microbiology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
    Indian J Med Microbiol 26:302-12. 2008
    ..This article is a review on composition, sources, modes of transmission, health effects and sampling methods used for evaluation of bio-aerosols, and also suggests control measures to reduce the loads of bio-aerosols...
  67. ncbi A microbiological evaluation of warm air hand driers with respect to hand hygiene and the washroom environment
    J H Taylor
    Food Hygiene Department, Campden and Chorleywood Food Research Association, Chipping Campden, UK
    J Appl Microbiol 89:910-9. 2000
    ..This work shows that warm air hand driers, of the type used in this study, are a hygienic method of drying hands and therefore appropriate for use in both the healthcare and food industry...
  68. ncbi Site-related airborne biological hazard and seasonal variations in two wastewater treatment plants
    Letizia Fracchia
    Department of Chemical, Food, Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, DiSCAFF, University of Eastern Piedmont Amedeo Avogadro, Via Bovio 6, 28100 Novara, Italy
    Water Res 40:1985-94. 2006
    ..In both plants, we found a statistically significant dependence of bacterial contamination on the season for many of the analyzed parameters but a clear seasonal trend could not be observed...
  69. ncbi Evaluation of the environmental impact of microbial aerosols generated by wastewater treatment plants utilizing different aeration systems
    G Brandi
    Institute of Toxicologic, Hygienic and Environmental Science, University of Urbino, Urbino, Italy
    J Appl Microbiol 88:845-52. 2000
    ....
  70. pmc Profiles of airborne fungi in buildings and outdoor environments in the United States
    Brian G Shelton
    PathCon Laboratories, Norcross, Georgia 30092, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:1743-53. 2002
    ..This is the largest study of airborne indoor and outdoor fungal species and concentrations conducted with a standardized protocol to date...
  71. ncbi Development of an Environmental Relative Moldiness index for US homes
    Stephen Vesper
    United States Environmental Protection Agency, National Exposure Research Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio 45268, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 49:829-33. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to establish a national relative moldiness index for homes in the United States...
  72. ncbi Role of ventilation in airborne transmission of infectious agents in the built environment - a multidisciplinary systematic review
    Y Li
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Indoor Air 17:2-18. 2007
    ..Our study reveals a strong need for a multidisciplinary study in investigating disease outbreaks, and the impact of indoor air environments on the spread of airborne infectious diseases...
  73. pmc Influence of isolate pathogenicity on the aerosol transmission of Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus
    Jenny G Cho
    Swine Disease Eradication Center, Rm 385C, Animal Science Veterinary Medicine Building, 1988 Fitch Ave, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Can J Vet Res 71:23-7. 2007
    ..04. We detected PRRSV MN-184 RNA but not PRRSV MN-30100 RNA in air samples by PCR. Under the conditions of this study, PRRSV isolate pathogenicity may influence aerosol transmission of the virus...
  74. pmc The impact of animal age, bacterial coinfection, and isolate pathogenicity on the shedding of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus in aerosols from experimentally infected pigs
    Jenny G Cho
    Swine Disease Eradication Center, Room 385C, Animal Science Veterinary Medicine Building, 1988 Fitch Avenue, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Can J Vet Res 70:297-301. 2006
    ..However, inoculation with the PRRSV MN-184 isolate significantly increased the probability of aerosol shedding (P = 0.00005; odds ratio = 3.22). Therefore, the shedding of PRRSV in aerosols may be isolate-dependent...
  75. ncbi Determinants of microbial exposure in grain farming
    A S Halstensen
    Department of Chemical and Biological Working Environment, National Institute of Occupational Health, PO Box 8149 Dep, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
    Ann Occup Hyg 51:581-92. 2007
    ..We investigated the influence of weather and production practices on personal microbial exposure during grain work...
  76. pmc Natural ventilation for the prevention of airborne contagion
    A Roderick Escombe
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunity, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 4:e68. 2007
    ..Natural ventilation may offer a low-cost alternative. Our objective was to investigate the rates, determinants, and effects of natural ventilation in health care settings...
  77. doi Microorganisms in the atmosphere over Antarctica
    David A Pearce
    British Antarctic Survey, Biological Sciences Division, Natural Environment Research Council, Cambridge, UK
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 69:143-57. 2009
    ..In this review, we examine the behaviour of microorganisms in the Antarctic aerial environment and the extent to which these microorganisms might influence Antarctic microbial biodiversity...
  78. pmc Characterization of airborne microbial communities at a high-elevation site and their potential to act as atmospheric ice nuclei
    Robert M Bowers
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, 80309, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:5121-30. 2009
    ..However, these changes in ice nuclei numbers were not associated with changes in the relative abundances of the most commonly studied ice-nucleating bacteria...
  79. pmc Contribution of microbial activity to carbon chemistry in clouds
    Mickaël Vaïtilingom
    Clermont Universite, Laboratoire SEESIB, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:23-9. 2010
    ....
  80. doi Use of a production region model to assess the airborne spread of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus
    Andrea Pitkin
    Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Vet Microbiol 136:1-7. 2009
    ....
  81. ncbi Silver zeolite antimicrobial activity in aluminium heating, ventilation and air conditioning system ducts
    R Rizzetto
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Genoa, Italy
    J Prev Med Hyg 49:26-33. 2008
    ....
  82. pmc Control of airborne infectious diseases in ventilated spaces
    Peter V Nielsen
    Department of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University, Sohngaardsholmsvej 57, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark
    J R Soc Interface 6:S747-55. 2009
    ..Personalized ventilation can especially be used in hospital wards, aircraft cabins and, in general, where people are in fixed positions...
  83. doi Sampling of high amounts of bioaerosols using a high-volume electrostatic field sampler
    A M Madsen
    The National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Ann Occup Hyg 52:167-76. 2008
    ..In conclusion, by using the electrostatic field sampler, it was possible to sample replicas of large authentic aerosol samples that can be used, e.g. biological analysis...
  84. doi Potential for preventing spread of fungi in air-conditioning systems constructed using copper instead of aluminium
    L Weaver
    Environmental Healthcare Unit, University of Southampton, Biomedical Sciences Building, Bassett Crescent East, Southampton, UK
    Lett Appl Microbiol 50:18-23. 2010
    ..As copper has been previously suggested as an antimicrobial surface, we tested the effectiveness of copper as an antifungal surface which could be used in air-conditioning systems as an alternative to aluminium...
  85. doi Biodiversity of air-borne microorganisms at Halley Station, Antarctica
    David A Pearce
    British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET, UK
    Extremophiles 14:145-59. 2010
    ..The detected aerial microorganisms were markedly different from those obtained in earlier studies over the Antarctic Peninsula in the maritime Antarctic...
  86. ncbi Characterization of microbial particle release from biomass and building material surfaces for inhalation exposure risk assessment
    A M Madsen
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Lersø Parkallé 104, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Ann Occup Hyg 50:175-87. 2006
    ....
  87. ncbi Bactericidal effects of negative air ions on airborne and surface Salmonella enteritidis from an artificially generated aerosol
    K H Seo
    USDA/ARS Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 64:113-6. 2001
    ..Other potential applications include any enclosed space such as food processing areas, medical institutions, the workplace, and the home, where reduction of airborne and surface pathogens is desired...
  88. ncbi Effects of antimicrobial treatment on fiberglass-acrylic filters
    C Cecchini
    Department of Comparative Morphology and Biochemistry, University of Camerino, Camerino MC, Italy
    J Appl Microbiol 97:371-7. 2004
    ....
  89. ncbi An outbreak of Serratia marcescens infection in a special-care baby unit of a community hospital in United Arab Emirates: the importance of the air conditioner duct as a nosocomial reservoir
    S A Uduman
    Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
    J Hosp Infect 52:175-80. 2002
    ..Strict adherence to the infection control policies was reinforced to prevent transmission of cross-infection...
  90. ncbi Microbial dustiness and particle release of different biofuels
    A M Madsen
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Lerso Parkalle 104, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:327-38. 2004
    ....
  91. ncbi Reducing airborne pathogens and dust in commercial hatching cabinets with an electrostatic space charge system
    B W Mitchell
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 934 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Avian Dis 47:247-53. 2003
    ....
  92. ncbi Airborne severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus concentrations in a negative-pressure isolation room
    Ying Huang Tsai
    Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, 259 Wen Hwa 1st Road, Kwei Shan, Tao Yuan, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:523-5. 2006
    ..Polymerase chain reaction results were negative for SARS coronavirus in room air both before and after patient extubation...
  93. ncbi Evidence of airborne transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome virus
    Ignatius T S Yu
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    N Engl J Med 350:1731-9. 2004
    ....
  94. ncbi Airborne transmission of communicable infection--the elusive pathway
    Chad J Roy
    Center for Aerobiological Sciences, U S Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, MD, USA
    N Engl J Med 350:1710-2. 2004
  95. pmc The application of ultraviolet germicidal irradiation to control transmission of airborne disease: bioterrorism countermeasure
    Philip W Brickner
    Saint Vincent s Catholic Medical Centers, St Vincent s Hospital Manhattan NY, Dept of Community Medicine, New York, NY 10011, USA
    Public Health Rep 118:99-114. 2003
    ..In this article, the authors provide an overview of air disinfection technologies, and an in-depth analysis of UVGI-its history, applications, and effectiveness...
  96. ncbi Impact of environmental factors on efficacy of upper-room air ultraviolet germicidal irradiation for inactivating airborne mycobacteria
    Peng Xu
    Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering, 428 UCB, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 0428, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 39:9656-64. 2005
    ..The inactivation rate increased linearly with effective UV fluence rate up to 5 microW cm(-2); an increase in the fluence rate above this level did not yield a proportional increase in inactivation rate...
  97. ncbi Determination of fungal spore release from wet building materials
    J Kildesø
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Indoor Air 13:148-55. 2003
    ..For some fungi a significant number of particles smaller than the spore size were released. The method applied in the study may also be useful for field studies and for generation of spores for exposure studies...
  98. ncbi A community-wide outbreak of legionnaires disease linked to industrial cooling towers--how far can contaminated aerosols spread?
    Tran Minh Nhu Nguyen
    Institut de Veille Sanitaire and European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training, Saint Maurice, France
    J Infect Dis 193:102-11. 2006
    ..These findings implicate plant A as the most likely outbreak source and suggest that the distance of airborne transmission of L. pneumophila may be greater than previously reported...
  99. ncbi Effect of electrostatic space charge on reduction of airborne transmission of Salmonella and other bacteria in broiler breeders in production and their progeny
    L J Richardson
    Department of Poultry Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Avian Dis 47:1352-61. 2003
    ..There was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in egg production, male or female body weights, mortality, or reproductive performance in the ESCS room compared with the control room...
  100. ncbi Respiratory protection provided by N95 filtering facepiece respirators against airborne dust and microorganisms in agricultural farms
    Shu An Lee
    University of Cincinnati, Department of Environmental Health, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267 0056, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 2:577-85. 2005
    ..The method is a promising tool for further epidemiological and intervention studies in agricultural and other similar occupational and nonoccupational environments...
  101. ncbi Application of negative air ionization for reducing experimental airborne transmission of Salmonella enteritidis to chicks
    R K Gast
    USDA, ARS, Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    Poult Sci 78:57-61. 1999
    ..Reducing airborne dust levels may thus offer an opportunity to limit the spread of S. enteritidis infections throughout poultry flocks...

Research Grants64

  1. SLEEP HEART HEALTH STUDY
    GEORGE O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Accomplishing these goals will provide important information concerning the public health impact of SDB. ..
  2. t(14;18) Translocations in Dioxin Exposed Workers from Ufa
    DANIEL OLEH HRYHORCZUK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will also establish a repository of DNA and RNA from study participants for future molecular and gene expression profiling studies. ..
  3. Airborne Transmission of Viruses in Human Subjects: Efficacy of Face Masks
    Werner Bischoff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This cnowledge is paramount in view of the inevitable viral pandemics. ..
  4. HOST DETERMINANTS OF INFECTIOUSNESS IN TUBERCULOSIS
    Kevin Fennelly; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This approach may open a new field of investigation of the host determinants of infectiousness, which could be extended to other respiratory infectious agents in the future. ..
  5. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH CENTER
    Peter Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS Strategic Vision and Impact on Environmental Health ..
  6. Exposure Intervention in a Rural Pediatric Asthma Cohort
    Peter Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Detailed health and home hygiene questionnaires and home inspections will be conducted at baseline and one year later, as will child spirometry. ..
  7. Exposure Intervention in a Rural Pediatric Asthma Cohort
    Peter Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Detailed health and home hygiene questionnaires and home inspections will be conducted at baseline and one year later, as will child spirometry. ..
  8. Exposure Intervention in a Rural Pediatric Asthma Cohort
    Peter Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Detailed health and home hygiene questionnaires and home inspections will be conducted at baseline and one year later, as will child spirometry. ..
  9. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH CENTER
    Peter Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS Strategic Vision and Impact on Environmental Health ..
  10. Exposure Intervention in a Rural Pediatric Asthma Cohort
    Peter Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Detailed health and home hygiene questionnaires and home inspections will be conducted at baseline and one year later, as will child spirometry. ..
  11. Design/Advanced Electrostatic Sampler for Total Bioaerosols
    Gediminas Mainelis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The research findings and practical recommendations developed in this research will be disseminated to stakeholders through internet, national and international conferences and workshops. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH CENTER
    Peter Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS Strategic Vision and Impact on Environmental Health ..
  13. Exposure Intervention in a Rural Pediatric Asthma Cohort
    Peter Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Detailed health and home hygiene questionnaires and home inspections will be conducted at baseline and one year later, as will child spirometry. ..
  14. Evaluation of Portable Samplers for Viable Bioaerosols
    Gediminas Mainelis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Future directions of this research will be development of a portable bioaerosol sampler, sampling characteristics of which follow conventions for inhalable, thoracic and respirable particles. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Advanced Sampler for Measuring Exposure to Biological Aerosols
    GEDIMINAS contact MAINELIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It will allow us to better understand workers'exposures and related health effects and to implement protective measures more effectively. ..
  16. Environmental Epidemiology in Community Settings
    David Ozonoff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It also includes activities to enrich the experience of the trainees and promote social and professional cohesion. ..
  17. Expert Decision-making in Exposure Assessment
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The methodology will be developed using a large occupational exposure dataset from 3M Company, and probabilistic professional judgments obtained from occupational hygienists employed at 3M Company. ..
  18. Testing Interventions to Human-Generated Occupational Airborne Infections
    Edward Nardell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Test results obtained with MDR-TB may be applicable to other infections that are completely or partially airborne. ..
  19. Molecular mechanisms of stress-induced mutation in E. coli
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..coli model. Because the mechanism studied has common components with several other (less understood) mechanisms of stress-induced mutation, the results should provide an important general model. ..
  20. WORKER HEALTH AND SAFETY TRAINING COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
    WILLIAM BORWEGEN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The project will also participate in an annual national multi-grantee conference and hold annual external advisory board meetings. Hazardous Waste worker Training Program (HWWTP) ..
  21. Aptamer-based Microarray for the Detection of Environmental Allergens
    Jordan Peccia; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Rapid Allergenic Particle Identification (RAPID)
    Kenneth Shepard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies have far-reaching implications for acute and chronic measures of public health. ..
  23. Molecular mechanisms of stress-induced mutation in E. coli
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..coli model. Because the mechanism studied has common components with several other (less understood) mechanisms of stress-induced mutation, the results should provide an important general model. ..
  24. Vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy: impact on neonatal immune phenotype
    GEORGE T contact O apos CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  25. Forward Genomics of Damage Control: An Undiscovered Class of Cancer Genes
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..coli, identify their counterparts in human, then id ..
  26. DNA Repair and Replication Re-start in vivo
    Susan M Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..coli model. This work will provide a foundation for understanding, and so for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, of human cancers caused by malfunction of these proteins. ..
  27. SUPERFUND BASIC RESEARCH PROGRAM AT BOSTON UNIVERSITY
    David Ozonoff; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  28. Testing Interventions to Human-Generated Occupational Airborne Infections
    Edward Nardell; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Test results obtained with MDR-TB may be applicable to other infections that are completely or partially airborne. ..
  29. DNA Repair and Replication Re-start in vivo
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..coli model. This work will provide a foundation for understanding, and so for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, of human cancers caused by malfunction of these proteins. ..
  30. WORKER HEALTH AND SAFETY TRAINING COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
    WILLIAM BORWEGEN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The project will also participate in an annual national multi-grantee conference and hold annual external advisory board meetings. Hazardous Waste worker Training Program (HWWTP) ..
  31. Molecular mechanisms of stress-induced mutation in E. coli
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..coli model. Because the mechanism studied has common components with several other (less understood) mechanisms of stress-induced mutation, the results should provide an important general model. ..
  32. Testing Interventions to Human-Generated Occupational Airborne Infections
    Edward Nardell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Test results obtained with MDR-TB may be applicable to other infections that are completely or partially airborne. ..
  33. Effects of Spray Surfactant and Particle Charge on Respirable Dust Control
    Peter C Raynor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The data generated in this study will help mine operators make informed decisions about the type of surfactant to use in spray systems to maximize dust capture depending on the characteristics of the coal they are mining. ..
  34. Testing Interventions to Human-Generated Occupational Airborne Infections
    Edward Nardell; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Test results obtained with MDR-TB may be applicable to other infections that are completely or partially airborne. ..
  35. Comprehensive Research Training for Oral Health Sciences
    Frank Scannapieco; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We believe this proposal is sufficiently improved so as to allow continuation of a long-standing and successful oral health research training program. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. MOLECULAR MECHANISM OF ADAPTIVE MUTATION IN E.COLI
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This model may apply to many systems previously assumed to follow the rules of Luria/Delbruck growth-dependent mutation, occurring randomly before selective environments are encountered. ..
  37. Silica Exposure & Silicosis: Effect of Mixed Exposures
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  38. EVAPORATIVE LOSSES FROM SEMI-VOLATILE MIST SAMPLES
    Peter Raynor; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Reevaluated data may be able to be used more effectively in epidemiological studies on the health effects of metalworking fluid mists. ..
  39. MOLECULAR MECHANISM OF ADAPTIVE MUTATION IN E.COLI
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This model may apply to many systems previously assumed to follow the rules of Luria/Delbruck growth-dependent mutation, occurring randomly before selective environments are encountered. ..
  40. DNA REPAIR IN DRUG RESISTANCE MUTATION
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  41. MOLECULAR MECHANISM OF ADAPTIVE MUTATION IN E.COLI
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This model may apply to many systems previously assumed to follow the rules of Luria/Delbruck growth-dependent mutation, occurring randomly before selective environments are encountered. ..
  42. DNA REPAIR IN DRUG RESISTANCE MUTATION
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  43. Silica Exposure & Silicosis: Effect of Mixed Exposures
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  44. MOLECULAR MECHANISM OF ADAPTIVE MUTATION IN E COLI
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  45. MOLECULAR MECHANISM OF ADAPTIVE MUTATION IN E COLI
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  46. DNA REPAIR IN DRUG RESISTANCE MUTATION
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  47. Analysis of lipids, inflammation, and pulmonary function
    GEORGE O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. DNA REPAIR AND REPLICATION RE START IN VIVO
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  49. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS /STRESS-INDUCED MUTATION /E. COLI
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..coli model. Because the mechanism studied has common components with several other (less understood) mechanisms of stress-induced mutation, the results should provide an important general model. ..
  50. DNA REPAIR AND REPLICATION RE START IN VIVO
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  51. Community Environmental Health Research: Finding Meaning
    David Ozonoff; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4) Establish mechanisms for forging new and on-going community-researcher relationships. ..
  52. DNA REPAIR AND REPLICATION RE START IN VIVO
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  53. Expert Decision-making in Exposure Assessment
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The methodology will be developed using a large occupational exposure dataset from 3M Company, and probabilistic professional judgments obtained from occupational hygienists employed at 3M Company. ..
  54. DNA REPAIR AND REPLICATION RE START IN VIVO
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  55. DNA REPAIR AND REPLICATION RE START IN VIVO
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  56. DNA REPAIR IN DRUG RESISTANCE MUTATION
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  57. MOLECULAR MECHANISM OF ADAPTIVE MUTATION IN E.COLI
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This model may apply to many systems previously assumed to follow the rules of Luria/Delbruck growth-dependent mutation, occurring randomly before selective environments are encountered. ..
  58. DNA REPAIR AND REPLICATION RE START IN VIVO
    Susan Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  59. Effects of Spray Surfactant and Particle Charge on Respirable Dust Control
    Peter Raynor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The data generated in this study will help mine operators make informed decisions about the type of surfactant to use in spray systems to maximize dust capture depending on the characteristics of the coal they are mining. ..
  60. Aptamer-based Microarray for the Detection of Environmental Allergens
    Jordan Peccia; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..