disease vectors

Summary

Summary: Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.

Top Publications

  1. pmc The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Asia-Pacific region: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis
    Marianne E Sinka
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:89. 2011
  2. pmc Outdoor host seeking behaviour of Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes following initiation of malaria vector control on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
    Michael R Reddy
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    Malar J 10:184. 2011
  3. ncbi A strategy to control transmission of Schistosoma japonicum in China
    Long De Wang
    Ministry of Health, Beijing, China
    N Engl J Med 360:121-8. 2009
  4. pmc Climate change and vector-borne diseases: a regional analysis
    A K Githeko
    Climate and Human Health Research Unit, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1136-47. 2000
  5. pmc Aquatic insects as a vector for Mycobacterium ulcerans
    Laurent Marsollier
    Laboratoire de bactériologie virologie hygiène, CHU, 49033 Angers, France
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:4623-8. 2002
  6. pmc Heterogeneities in the transmission of infectious agents: implications for the design of control programs
    M E Woolhouse
    Wellcome Trust Centre for the Epidemiology of Infectious Disease, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94:338-42. 1997
  7. pmc Climate variability and change in the United States: potential impacts on vector- and rodent-borne diseases
    D J Gubler
    Division of Vectorborne Infectious Diseases, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 109:223-33. 2001
  8. pmc Insecticide resistance in malaria vector mosquitoes at four localities in Ghana, West Africa
    Richard H Hunt
    Malaria Entomology Research Unit, School of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Parasit Vectors 4:107. 2011
  9. pmc The role of human movement in the transmission of vector-borne pathogens
    Steven T Stoddard
    Entomology, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e481. 2009
  10. pmc Genetic evidence for malaria vectors of the Anopheles sundaicus complex in Sri Lanka with morphological characteristics attributed to Anopheles subpictus species B
    Sinnathamby N Surendran
    Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Jaffna, Jaffna, Sri Lanka
    Malar J 9:343. 2010

Detail Information

Publications289 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Asia-Pacific region: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis
    Marianne E Sinka
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:89. 2011
    ....
  2. pmc Outdoor host seeking behaviour of Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes following initiation of malaria vector control on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
    Michael R Reddy
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    Malar J 10:184. 2011
    ..gambiae sensu stricto (s.s.) is the primary malaria vector. The goal of the paper is to evaluate the importance of An gambiae s.l. outdoor host seeking behaviour and discuss its implications for anti-vector interventions...
  3. ncbi A strategy to control transmission of Schistosoma japonicum in China
    Long De Wang
    Ministry of Health, Beijing, China
    N Engl J Med 360:121-8. 2009
    ..Schistosoma japonicum causes an infection involving humans, livestock, and snails and is a significant cause of morbidity in China...
  4. pmc Climate change and vector-borne diseases: a regional analysis
    A K Githeko
    Climate and Human Health Research Unit, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1136-47. 2000
    ..Climate change has far-reaching consequences and touches on all life-support systems. It is therefore a factor that should be placed high among those that affect human health and survival...
  5. pmc Aquatic insects as a vector for Mycobacterium ulcerans
    Laurent Marsollier
    Laboratoire de bactériologie virologie hygiène, CHU, 49033 Angers, France
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:4623-8. 2002
    ..ulcerans from wild aquatic insects collected from a zone in the Daloa region of Ivory Coast where Buruli ulcer is endemic. Taken together, these results point to aquatic insects as a possible vector of M. ulcerans...
  6. pmc Heterogeneities in the transmission of infectious agents: implications for the design of control programs
    M E Woolhouse
    Wellcome Trust Centre for the Epidemiology of Infectious Disease, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94:338-42. 1997
    ....
  7. pmc Climate variability and change in the United States: potential impacts on vector- and rodent-borne diseases
    D J Gubler
    Division of Vectorborne Infectious Diseases, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 109:223-33. 2001
    ....
  8. pmc Insecticide resistance in malaria vector mosquitoes at four localities in Ghana, West Africa
    Richard H Hunt
    Malaria Entomology Research Unit, School of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Parasit Vectors 4:107. 2011
    ..This paper presents baseline entomological data obtained during surveys conducted for four mining operations in Ghana, West Africa...
  9. pmc The role of human movement in the transmission of vector-borne pathogens
    Steven T Stoddard
    Entomology, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e481. 2009
    ..Here we develop a conceptual model to evaluate the importance of variation in exposure due to individual human movements for pathogen transmission, focusing on mosquito-borne dengue virus...
  10. pmc Genetic evidence for malaria vectors of the Anopheles sundaicus complex in Sri Lanka with morphological characteristics attributed to Anopheles subpictus species B
    Sinnathamby N Surendran
    Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Jaffna, Jaffna, Sri Lanka
    Malar J 9:343. 2010
    ..Mosquitoes morphologically identified as belonging to the Subpictus complex were collected from different locations near the east coast of Sri Lanka, and specific ribosomal DNA sequences determined to validate their taxonomic status...
  11. pmc Population genetics as a tool to select tsetse control strategies: suppression or eradication of Glossina palpalis gambiensis in the Niayes of Senegal
    Philippe Solano
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement IRD Centre International de Recherche pour l Elevage en zones Subhumides CIRDES, UMR 177 IRD Centre de coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement CIRAD, CIRDES 01 BP 454, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e692. 2010
    ..e. "eradication" versus "suppression." To inform this debate, we used population genetics to measure genetic differentiation between G. palpalis gambiensis from the Niayes and those from the southern tsetse belt (Missira)...
  12. pmc Monitoring mosquitoes in urban Dar es Salaam: evaluation of resting boxes, window exit traps, CDC light traps, Ifakara tent traps and human landing catches
    Nicodem J Govella
    Ifakara Health Institute, Coordination Office, PO Box 78373, Kiko Avenue, Mikocheni, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania
    Parasit Vectors 4:40. 2011
    ..However, it is not clear whether ITT catches represent indoors or outdoors biting densities. ITT do not yield samples of resting, fed mosquitoes for blood meal analysis...
  13. pmc An affordable, quality-assured community-based system for high-resolution entomological surveillance of vector mosquitoes that reflects human malaria infection risk patterns
    Prosper P Chaki
    Ifakara Health Institute, Coordination Office, Kiko Avenue, Mikocheni, PO Box 78373, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania
    Malar J 11:172. 2012
    ..A large-scale larviciding programme in urban Dar es Salaam, Tanzania is supported by a community-based (CB) system for trapping adult mosquito densities to monitor programme performance...
  14. pmc Anopheles mortality is both age- and Plasmodium-density dependent: implications for malaria transmission
    Emma J Dawes
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Malar J 8:228. 2009
    ..Previous studies illustrate conflicting evidence as to the importance of Plasmodium-induced vector mortality, but very few studies to date have considered the effect of infection density on mosquito survival...
  15. ncbi Impact of regional climate change on human health
    Jonathan A Patz
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53726, USA
    Nature 438:310-7. 2005
    ....
  16. pmc A new method for forensic DNA analysis of the blood meal in chagas disease vectors demonstrated using Triatoma infestans from Chuquisaca, Bolivia
    Juan Carlos Pizarro
    Department of Biology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e3585. 2008
    ..cruzi infection vary among habitats and is it associated with specific blood meal types?..
  17. pmc Evaluation of spatially targeted strategies to control non-domiciliated Triatoma dimidiata vector of Chagas disease
    Corentin Barbu
    UMR 5244 CNRS UPVD EPHE, Biologie et Ecologie Tropicale et Méditerranéenne, Universite de Perpignan Via Domitia, Perpignan, France
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1045. 2011
    ....
  18. pmc Methods to collect Anopheles mosquitoes and evaluate malaria transmission: a comparative study in two villages in Senegal
    Mamadou O Ndiath
    Institut de Recherche pour Développement, UMR 198 URMITE Campus international de Hann, IRD BP 1386 CP 18524 Dakar, Senegal
    Malar J 10:270. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the number and characteristics of mosquitoes sampled in two areas of Senegal by three different methods: HLC, light traps adjacent to an occupied bed net (LT/N), pyrethrum spray catches (PSC)...
  19. pmc High-resolution melting (HRM) of the cytochrome B gene: a powerful approach to identify blood-meal sources in Chagas disease Vectors
    Victor H Peña
    Grupo Biología y Control de Enfermedades Infecciosas BCEI, Sede de Investigación Universitaria, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6:e1530. 2012
    Methods to determine blood-meal sources of hematophagous Triatominae bugs (Chagas disease vectors) are serological or based on PCR employing species-specific primers or heteroduplex analysis, but these are expensive, inaccurate, or ..
  20. ncbi Shifting priorities in vector biology to improve control of vector-borne disease
    Louis Lambrechts
    Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 14:1505-14. 2009
    ..control strategies, however, are proving insufficient and the remarkable advances in the molecular biology of disease vectors over the last two decades have yet to result in tangible tools that effectively reduce VBD incidence...
  21. pmc Shifts in malaria vector species composition and transmission dynamics along the Kenyan coast over the past 20 years
    Joseph M Mwangangi
    Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Kilifi, Coast, Kenya
    Malar J 12:13. 2013
    ..The goal of this paper was to examine trends over the past 20 years in Anopheles species composition, density, blood-feeding behaviour, and P. falciparum sporozoite transmission along the coast of Kenya...
  22. pmc Dry season ecology of Anopheles gambiae complex mosquitoes at larval habitats in two traditionally semi-arid villages in Baringo, Kenya
    Albert O Mala
    Human Health Division, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, P, O, Box 30772 00100, Nairobi, Kenya
    Parasit Vectors 4:25. 2011
    ....
  23. ncbi Characterisation of Lymnaea cubensis, L. viatrix and L. neotropica n. sp., the main vectors of Fasciola hepatica in Latin America, by analysis of their ribosomal and mitochondrial DNA
    M D Bargues
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Avenida Vicente Andrés Estellés s n, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 101:621-41. 2007
    ..The numerous microsatellite repeats found within ITS-2 are potential tools for differentiation at population level...
  24. ncbi Phylogenetic relationships of flaviviruses correlate with their epidemiology, disease association and biogeography
    M W Gaunt
    Pathogen Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    J Gen Virol 82:1867-76. 2001
    ..The correlation between epidemiology, disease correlation and biogeography begins to define the complex evolutionary relationships between the virus, vector, vertebrate host and ecological niche...
  25. pmc Insecticide resistance in Aedes aegypti populations from Ceará, Brazil
    Estelita Pereira Lima
    Universidade Federal do Ceará Avenida da Universidade, 2853, CEP 60020 181, Benfica, Fortaleza CE, Brasil
    Parasit Vectors 4:5. 2011
    ..Here we measure resistance to temephos and the pyrethroid cypermethrin in three populations from Ceará and use biochemical and molecular assays to characterise resistance mechanisms...
  26. ncbi Climate warming and disease risks for terrestrial and marine biota
    C Drew Harvell
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Science 296:2158-62. 2002
    ..To improve our ability to predict epidemics in wild populations, it will be necessary to separate the independent and interactive effects of multiple climate drivers on disease impact...
  27. pmc Remote sensing and human health: new sensors and new opportunities
    L R Beck
    California State University, Monterey Bay, California 94035 2424, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 6:217-27. 2000
    ....
  28. pmc Pathogenic landscapes: interactions between land, people, disease vectors, and their animal hosts
    Eric F Lambin
    Georges Lemaître Centre for Earth and Climate Research, Earth and Life Institute, University of Louvain, 3 place Pasteur, Louvain la Neuve, B 1348, Belgium
    Int J Health Geogr 9:54. 2010
    ....
  29. ncbi Lutzomyia vectors for cutaneous leishmaniasis in Southern Brazil: ecological niche models, predicted geographic distributions, and climate change effects
    A Townsend Peterson
    Natural History Museum, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
    Int J Parasitol 33:919-31. 2003
    ..More generally, this technique offers the possibility of new views into the distributional ecology of disease, vector, and reservoir species...
  30. ncbi Reviewing lymnaeid vectors of fascioliasis by ribosomal DNA sequence analyses
    M D Bargues
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Av Vicente Andrés Estellés s n, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
    J Helminthol 79:257-67. 2005
    ....
  31. ncbi Ecology, evolution, and the long-term surveillance of vector-borne Chagas disease: a multi-scale appraisal of the tribe Rhodniini (Triatominae)
    Fernando Abad-Franch
    Instituto Leônidas e Maria Deane Fiocruz Amazônia, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil
    Acta Trop 110:159-77. 2009
    ..We anticipate that, by helping define the distribution patterns and ecological preferences of each species, multi-scale research will significantly strengthen vector surveillance systems across Latin America...
  32. pmc Habitat stability and occurrences of malaria vector larvae in western Kenya highlands
    Yousif E Himeidan
    Centre for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI, P O Box 1578, Kisumu 40100, Kenya
    Malar J 8:234. 2009
    ..Given that most inhabitants of the highlands actually dwell in the uphill regions, it is important to develop understanding of mosquito breeding habitat stability in these sites in order to determine their potential for larval control...
  33. pmc American trypanosomiasis (Chagas' disease) and the role of molecular epidemiology in guiding control strategies
    Michael A Miles
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 326:1444-8. 2003
  34. pmc Impacts of climate change on indirect human exposure to pathogens and chemicals from agriculture
    Alistair B A Boxall
    EcoChemistry Team, University of York, Heslington, York, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 117:508-14. 2009
    ..In this review, we assess the implications of climate change for changes in human exposures to pathogens and chemicals in agricultural systems in the United Kingdom and discuss the subsequent effects on health impacts...
  35. pmc Optimization of control strategies for non-domiciliated Triatoma dimidiata, Chagas disease vector in the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico
    Corentin Barbu
    UMR 5244 CNRS EPHE UPVD, Laboratoire de Biologie et d Ecologie Tropicale et Méditerranéenne, Universite de Perpignan Via Domitia, Perpignan, France
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e416. 2009
    ..Non-domiciliated vectors remain responsible for a significant transmission risk, and their control is now a key challenge for disease control...
  36. pmc Variations in susceptibility to common insecticides and resistance mechanisms among morphologically identified sibling species of the malaria vector Anopheles subpictus in Sri Lanka
    Sinnathamby N Surendran
    Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Jaffna, Jaffna, Sri Lanka
    Parasit Vectors 5:34. 2012
    ..We investigated possible variations that had not been reported previously, in the susceptibility to common insecticides and resistance mechanisms among the An. subpictus sibling species...
  37. pmc Anthelmintic baiting of foxes against urban contamination with Echinococcus multilocularis
    Daniel Hegglin
    Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 266a, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:1266-72. 2003
  38. pmc Modeling disease vector occurrence when detection is imperfect: infestation of Amazonian palm trees by triatomine bugs at three spatial scales
    Fernando Abad-Franch
    Instituto Leônidas e Maria Deane Fiocruz Amazônia, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e620. 2010
    ..We illustrate this approach with a study of Attalea palm tree infestation by Rhodnius spp. (Triatominae), the most important vectors of Chagas disease (CD) in northern South America...
  39. ncbi Anthropophilic mosquitoes and malaria transmission in the eastern foothills of the central highlands of Madagascar
    Lala Andrianaivolambo
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Acta Trop 116:240-5. 2010
    ..78. The transmission was mainly due to An. funestus and only observed in the second half of the rainy season, from February to May. These results are discussed in the context of the current malaria vector control policy in Madagascar...
  40. pmc Seasonal and regional dynamics of M. ulcerans transmission in environmental context: deciphering the role of water bugs as hosts and vectors
    Estelle Marion
    Groupe d Etude des Interactions Hote Pathogene, Universite d Angers, Angers, France
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e731. 2010
    ..It is the objective of the work here to decipher the role of water bugs in M. ulcerans ecology and transmission, based on large-scale field studies...
  41. ncbi Evaluation of pathways for release of Rift Valley fever virus into domestic ruminant livestock, ruminant wildlife, and human populations in the continental United States
    Thomas R Kasari
    National Surveillance Unit, USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services, Centers for Epidemiology and Animal Health, Fort Collins, CO 80526, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 232:514-29. 2008
    ....
  42. ncbi A model for the prediction of Oncomelania hupensis in the lake and marshland regions, China
    Zhijie Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, China
    Parasitol Int 57:121-31. 2008
    ..hupensis, and hence can provide more objective information about snail dispersal, which might eventually replace the tedious and imprecise field work for annual surveillance of O. hupensis...
  43. ncbi Population structure of the malaria vector Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Madagascar and Comoros
    Diego Ayala
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, B P 1274, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Acta Trop 97:292-300. 2006
    ..The results are discussed with respect to population distribution and migration of A. funestus from mainland Africa and the islands east of the mainland...
  44. pmc Contrasting population structures of two vectors of African trypanosomoses in Burkina Faso: consequences for control
    Naférima Koné
    Unité de Formation et de Recherche Biosciences, University of Abidjan, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1217. 2011
    ..A wide variety of control tactics is available to manage these vectors, but their removal will in most cases only be sustainable if the control effort is targeting an entire tsetse population within a circumscribed area...
  45. pmc The native Wolbachia symbionts limit transmission of dengue virus in Aedes albopictus
    Laurence Mousson
    Department of Virology, Arboviruses and Insect Vectors, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6:e1989. 2012
    ..This mosquito is naturally super-infected with two Wolbachia strains, wAlbA and wAlbB. While Wolbachia does not affect replication of CHIK virus (CHIKV) in Ae. albopictus, a similar effect was not observed with DEN virus (DENV)...
  46. pmc Agricultural intensification, priming for persistence and the emergence of Nipah virus: a lethal bat-borne zoonosis
    Juliet R C Pulliam
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    J R Soc Interface 9:89-101. 2012
    ..Thus, we provide empirical evidence for a causative mechanism previously proposed as a precursor to widespread infection with H5N1 avian influenza and other emerging pathogens...
  47. pmc Pinpointing P450s associated with pyrethroid metabolism in the dengue vector, Aedes aegypti: developing new tools to combat insecticide resistance
    Bradley J Stevenson
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6:e1595. 2012
    ..Our aim was to confirm the role of CYP9J32 and other P450s in insecticide metabolism in order to identify potential diagnostic resistance markers...
  48. pmc Seasonality and prevalence of Leishmania major infection in Phlebotomus duboscqi Neveu-Lemaire from two neighboring villages in central Mali
    Jennifer M Anderson
    Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1139. 2011
    ..This was confirmed by sequence alignment of a subset of PCR products from infected flies to known Leishmania species, incriminating P. duboscqi as the vector of CL in Mali...
  49. pmc Spatial and temporal distribution patterns of Anopheles arabiensis breeding sites in La Reunion Island--multi-year trend analysis of historical records from 1996-2009
    Louis C Gouagna
    Institut de recherche pour le developpement IRD, UM1 CNRS 5290 IRD 224 Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs Ecologie Génétique, Evolution et Contrôle MIVEGEC, Montpellier France
    Parasit Vectors 4:121. 2011
    ..Here, we investigated the impact of environmental factors on the temporal and spatial distribution of larval habitats of Anopheles arabiensis in different locations on La Reunion Island...
  50. ncbi Mosquito species abundance and diversity in Malindi, Kenya and their potential implication in pathogen transmission
    Joseph M Mwangangi
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, P O Box 428, 80108, Kilifi, Kenya
    Parasitol Res 110:61-71. 2012
    ..In conclusion, our findings provide useful information for the design of integrated mosquito and disease control programs in East African environments...
  51. pmc Climate-based models for understanding and forecasting dengue epidemics
    Elodie Descloux
    UMR190, Emergence of Viral Pathologies, Institute of Research for the Development, Aix Marseille University, Marseille, France
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6:e1470. 2012
    ..The objectives of this study were to analyze and model the relationships between climate, Aedes aegypti vectors and dengue outbreaks in Noumea (New Caledonia), and to provide an early warning system...
  52. pmc Malaria vector surveillance in Ganghwa-do, a malaria-endemic area in the Republic of Korea
    Sung Suck Oh
    Department of Microbiology, Incheon Research Institute for Public Health and Environment, Incheon, Korea
    Korean J Parasitol 48:35-41. 2010
    ..From our study, it can be concluded that An. sinensis, which was the predominant vector species and confirmed as sporozoite-infected, plays an important role in malaria transmission in Ganghwa-do...
  53. pmc Community involvement in dengue vector control: cluster randomised trial
    V Vanlerberghe
    Epidemiology and Disease Control Unit, Public Health Department, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    BMJ 338:b1959. 2009
    ..To assess the effectiveness of an integrated community based environmental management strategy to control Aedes aegypti, the vector of dengue, compared with a routine strategy...
  54. ncbi Malaria vectors in the Republic of Benin: distribution of species and molecular forms of the Anopheles gambiae complex
    Luc Djogbenou
    Centre de Recherche Entomologique de Cotonou, 06 BP 2604 Cotonou, Benin
    Acta Trop 114:116-22. 2010
    ..Acquisition of entomological field data appears essential to better estimate the stratification of malaria risk and help improve malaria vector control interventions...
  55. pmc Temporal stability of Glossina fuscipes fuscipes populations in Uganda
    Richard Echodu
    Faculty of Science, Gulu University, Uganda
    Parasit Vectors 4:19. 2011
    ..f. fuscipes distributed across southeastern Uganda, including a zone of contact between two historically isolated lineages. A total of 667 tsetse flies were genotyped at 16 microsatellite loci and at one mitochondrial locus...
  56. pmc Progress towards the eradication of Tsetse from the Loos islands, Guinea
    Moise S Kagbadouno
    Programme National de Lutte contre la THA, Ministere de la Sante, Conakry, Guinée
    Parasit Vectors 4:18. 2011
    ..After baseline data collection, tsetse control began on the islands in 2006. On each of the three islands a specific combination of control methods was implemented according to the entomological situation found...
  57. pmc Changes in vector species composition and current vector biology and behaviour will favour malaria elimination in Santa Isabel Province, Solomon Islands
    Hugo Bugoro
    Australian Army Malaria Institute, Gallipoli Barracks, Enoggera, Australia
    Malar J 10:287. 2011
    ....
  58. pmc Spatio-temporal patterns of distribution of West Nile virus vectors in eastern Piedmont Region, Italy
    Donal Bisanzio
    Department of Animal Production, Epidemiology and Ecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Torino, Italy
    Parasit Vectors 4:230. 2011
    ....
  59. ncbi The effects of climatic factors on the distribution and abundance of Japanese encephalitis vectors in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh, India
    U Suryanarayana Murty
    Biology Division, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology CSIR, Hyderabad, India
    J Vector Borne Dis 47:26-32. 2010
    ....
  60. ncbi Mosquito-borne viruses in Europe
    Zdenek Hubalek
    Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Academy of Sciences, Květná 8, 60365, Brno, Czech Republic
    Parasitol Res 103:S29-43. 2008
    ..A surveillance for moboviruses and the diseases they cause in Europe is recommendable, because the cases may often pass unnoticed or misdiagnosed not only in free-living vertebrates but also in domestic animals and even in humans...
  61. pmc Salivary gland transcriptomes and proteomes of Phlebotomus tobbi and Phlebotomus sergenti, vectors of leishmaniasis
    Iva Rohousova
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6:e1660. 2012
    ..To better understand the components and possible implications of sand fly saliva in leishmaniasis, the transcriptomes of the salivary glands (SGs) of these two sand fly species were sequenced, characterized and compared...
  62. ncbi A potential impact of climate change and water resource development on the transmission of Schistosoma japonicum in China
    G J Yang
    Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Wuxi, Jiangsu, People s Republic of China
    Parassitologia 47:127-34. 2005
    ..alterations in physical and biological systems, including shifts in the spatio-temporal distribution of disease vectors, but the nature and extent of these changes are poorly understood...
  63. pmc Intruders below the radar: molecular pathogenesis of Bartonella spp
    Alexander Harms
    Focal Area Infection Biology, Biozentrum, University of Basel, Switzerland
    Clin Microbiol Rev 25:42-78. 2012
    ....
  64. ncbi The impact of development and malaria control activities on its vectors in the Kinabatangan area of Sabah, East Malaysia
    I Vythilingam
    Infectious Diseases Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research, Jalan Pahang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Acta Trop 96:24-30. 2005
    ..An integrated malaria control programme along with area development has helped in the control of malaria and its vector...
  65. pmc Gene flow, subspecies composition, and dengue virus-2 susceptibility among Aedes aegypti collections in Senegal
    Massamba Sylla
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e408. 2009
    ..But few studies have been made of Ae. aegypti s.l. in West Africa. To address this deficiency we have been studying the population genetics, subspecies composition and vector competence for DENV-2 of Ae. aegypti s.l. in Senegal...
  66. ncbi Geographic variation in vector competence for West Nile virus in the Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) complex in California
    Rajeev Vaidyanathan
    Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, California, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 7:193-8. 2007
    ..These results reveal extensive geographic variation in vector competence for WNV in the Culex pipiens complex in California...
  67. ncbi Prevention of endemic canine vector-borne diseases using imidacloprid 10% and permethrin 50% in young dogs: a longitudinal field study
    D Otranto
    Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano, BA, Italy
    Vet Parasitol 172:323-32. 2010
    ..The results demonstrate that ImPer preventive treatment against arthropods protects autochthonous and naïve beagle dogs against CVBD-causing pathogens...
  68. ncbi Populations, hybrids and the systematic concepts of species and subspecies in Chagas disease triatomine vectors inferred from nuclear ribosomal and mitochondrial DNA
    S Mas-Coma
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Universidad de Valencia, Spain
    Acta Trop 110:112-36. 2009
    ..of an updated review about these molecular markers, concentrating on aspects useful for research on Chagas disease vectors. A comparative analysis is presented on the efficiency, weight of their different characteristics, ..
  69. ncbi Analysis of climatic data and forecast indices for human fascioliasis at very high altitude
    M V Fuentes
    , Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Spain
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 93:835-50. 1999
    ..The values for the modified Wb-bs index permitted the study areas to be designated low-, moderate- or high-risk areas for the transmission of fascioliasis to man and domestic animals...
  70. pmc Surveillance of vector populations and malaria transmission during the 2009/10 El Niño event in the western Kenya highlands: opportunities for early detection of malaria hyper-transmission
    Ednah N Ototo
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centre for Global Health Research, Climate and Human Health Research Unit, P, O, Box 1578, Kisumu, Kenya
    Parasit Vectors 4:144. 2011
    ....
  71. ncbi Using geographic information systems and decision support systems for the prediction, prevention, and control of vector-borne diseases
    Lars Eisen
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
    Annu Rev Entomol 56:41-61. 2011
    ..We see great potential for the use of new technologies and approaches to more effectively target limited surveillance, prevention, and control resources and to reduce vector-borne and other infectious diseases...
  72. pmc Use of mapping and spatial and space-time modeling approaches in operational control of Aedes aegypti and dengue
    Lars Eisen
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e411. 2009
    ..This will enable control programs to, for example, generate risk maps for exposure to dengue virus, develop Priority Area Classifications for vector control, and explore socioeconomic associations with dengue risk...
  73. ncbi Situation analysis in a large urban area of India, prior to launching a programme of mass drug administrations to eliminate lymphatic filariasis
    K D Ramaiah
    Vector Control Research Centre Indian Council of Medical Research, Medical Complex, Indira Nagar, Pondicherry 605 006, India
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 99:243-52. 2005
    ....
  74. ncbi Bancroftian filariasis: patterns of vector abundance and transmission in two East African communities with different levels of endemicity
    R T Rwegoshora
    National Institute for Medical Research, Ubwari Research Station, P O Box 81, Muheza, Tanzania
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 99:253-65. 2005
    ..The variation in vector abundance, vector composition and transmission intensity in the two communities is discussed in respect to its cause, its effects, and its significance to those attempting to control bancroftian filariasis...
  75. pmc Parasitic diseases and urban development
    K E Mott
    Division of Control of Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 68:691-8. 1990
    ..As the urban health services must deal with the rise in parasitic diseases, appropriate control strategies for the urban setting must be developed and implemented...
  76. ncbi Learning and memory in disease vectors
    P J McCall
    Division of Parasite and Vector Biology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, L3 5QA, Liverpool, UK
    Trends Parasitol 18:429-33. 2002
    ..The significance of these studies and their consequences for epidemiology and control are considered here...
  77. ncbi Triatominae-Trypanosoma cruzi/T. rangeli: Vector-parasite interactions
    G A Vallejo
    Universidad del Tolima, Barrio Santa Helena, Ibague, Colombia
    Acta Trop 110:137-47. 2009
    ..Whereas T. cruzi is only subpathogenic for the insect host, T. rangeli strongly affects species of the genus Rhodnius and this pathogenicity seems based on a reduction of the number of symbionts...
  78. pmc Stochasticity and heterogeneity in host-vector models
    Alun L Lloyd
    Biomathematics Graduate Program, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
    J R Soc Interface 4:851-63. 2007
    ..We frame our discussion in terms of the simple Ross malaria model, but discuss extensions to more realistic host-vector models...
  79. ncbi Achieving sustainability of community-based dengue control in Santiago de Cuba
    Maria E Toledo Romani
    Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine Pedro Kouri, Cuba
    Soc Sci Med 64:976-88. 2007
    ..It is concluded that, in contrast to intensified routine control activities, a community-based intervention approach promises to be sustainable...
  80. ncbi The ecology of West Nile virus in South Africa and the occurrence of outbreaks in humans
    P G Jupp
    National Institute for Virology and Department of Virology, University of the Witwatersrand, Sandringham, South Africa
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 951:143-52. 2001
    ..3-100%. This suggests that the viral enzooticity does not depend on annual importation of virus in migrant birds...
  81. ncbi Leishmaniasis in Israel and the Palestinian Authority
    Charles L Jaffe
    Department of Parasitology, Kuvin Centre for the Study of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, PO Box 12272, Jerusalem 91220, Israel
    Trends Parasitol 20:328-32. 2004
  82. ncbi A molecular phylogeny of mosquitoes in the Anopheles barbirostris Subgroup reveals cryptic species: implications for identification of disease vectors
    Claudia Paredes-Esquivel
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 50:141-51. 2009
    ..The development of a propensity for feeding on the blood of humans in some species of the Subgroup would have led to the transmission of malaria protozoa and filarial nematodes...
  83. ncbi New concepts for the old challenge of African relapsing fever borreliosis
    S J Cutler
    School of Health and Bioscience, University of East London, London, UK
    Clin Microbiol Infect 15:400-6. 2009
    ..Here, the current state of knowledge concerning relapsing fever in Africa is reviewed...
  84. ncbi Chagas disease prevention through improved housing using an ecosystem approach to health
    A Rojas-De-Arias
    Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud, , , Paraguay
    Cad Saude Publica 17:89-97. 2001
    ....
  85. pmc Variation in vector competence for dengue viruses does not depend on mosquito midgut binding affinity
    Jonathan Cox
    Virology and Immunology, Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, San Antonio, Texas, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1172. 2011
    ..We tested the hypothesis that genetic differences in dengue viruses may result in differential binding to the midgut of the primary vector, Aedes aegypti, resulting in increased transmission or vectorial capacity...
  86. ncbi Transmission control of schistosomiasis japonica: implementation and evaluation of different snail control interventions
    Yi Yuan
    School of Medicine, Wuhan University, and Hubei Institute of Schistosomiasis Control, Wuhan 430071, China
    Acta Trop 96:191-7. 2005
    ..The ultimate aim is to eliminate schistosomiasis as a public health problem in China...
  87. ncbi Monitoring of biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae: Culicoides Latreille) on farms in Sweden during the emergence of the 2008 epidemic of bluetongue
    Søren Achim Nielsen
    Department of Environmental, Social and Spatial Change, Roskilde University, Universitetsvej 1, P O Box 260, 4000, Roskilde, Denmark
    Parasitol Res 106:1197-203. 2010
    ..The two species were also recorded from the island of Gotland. Culicoides pulicaris, another potential vector species, accounted for about 9% of all Culicoides captured...
  88. ncbi Fasciola hepatica: an assessment on the vectorial capacity of Radix labiata and R. balthica commonly found in Belgium
    Y Caron
    Department of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liege, B 4000 Liege, Belgium
    Vet Parasitol 149:95-103. 2007
    ..R. labiata shed fewer metacercariae than G. truncatula but these were as infective to rats as those shed by G. truncatula. This study demonstrates that R. labiata may act as an incidental intermediate host for F. hepatica in Belgium...
  89. pmc On the treatment of airline travelers in mathematical models
    Michael A Johansson
    Division of Vector Borne Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, Puerto Rico
    PLoS ONE 6:e22151. 2011
    ..Models involving travelers can be improved significantly by relatively simple structural changes but also may require further attention to details of parameterization...
  90. pmc Distinct genetic diversity of Oncomelania hupensis, intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum in mainland China as revealed by ITS sequences
    Qin Ping Zhao
    Department of Parasitology, School of Basic Medical Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e611. 2010
    ..O. hupensis largely determines the parasite's geographical range. How O. hupensis's genetic diversity is distributed geographically in mainland China has never been well examined with DNA sequence data...
  91. pmc Wide cross-reactivity between Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles funestus SG6 salivary proteins supports exploitation of gSG6 as a marker of human exposure to major malaria vectors in tropical Africa
    Cinzia Rizzo
    Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University, P le Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Malar J 10:206. 2011
    ..gambiae species complex whereas the A. funestus homologue, fSG6, is more divergent (80% identity with gSG6). The aim of this study was to evaluate cross-reactivity of human sera to gSG6 and fSG6...
  92. pmc Estimating contact process saturation in sylvatic transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in the United States
    Christopher Kribs-Zaleta
    Mathematics Department, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e656. 2010
    ..Confidence in these conclusions is limited by a severe paucity of data underlying associated parameter estimates, but the approaches developed here can also be applied to the study of other vector-borne infections...
  93. pmc The distribution of potential West Nile virus vectors, Culex pipiens pipiens and Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae), in Mexico City
    Alvaro Díaz-Badillo
    Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Madero, Mexico DF, Mexico
    Parasit Vectors 4:70. 2011
    ..In order to address the potential of WNV being introduced into Mexico City, we have determined the identity and spatial distribution of Culex pipiens complex mosquitoes and their hybrids...
  94. pmc Influence of urban landscapes on population dynamics in a short-distance migrant mosquito: evidence for the dengue vector Aedes aegypti
    Ryan R Hemme
    Department of Biological Sciences, Eck Institute for Global Health, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e634. 2010
    ..Population replacement and genetic control strategies currently under consideration are also dependent upon a thorough understanding of mosquito dispersal in urban settings...
  95. ncbi Managing canine vector-borne diseases of zoonotic concern: part two
    Domenico Otranto
    Department of Veterinary Public Health, University of Bari, 70010 Valenzano, Bari, Italy
    Trends Parasitol 25:228-35. 2009
    ..This review discusses the crucial aspects involved in the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of CVBDs of zoonotic concern...
  96. pmc Adaptive developmental delay in Chagas disease vectors: an evolutionary ecology approach
    Frédéric Menu
    Universite de Lyon, Lyon, France
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e691. 2010
    ..Despite delay in the molting in some individuals observed in triatomines, no effort was made to explain this variability...
  97. pmc Tomato yellow leaf curl virus from Sardinia is a whitefly-transmitted monopartite geminivirus
    A Kheyr-Pour
    Institut des Sciences Vegetales, CNRS, Gif sur Yvette, France
    Nucleic Acids Res 19:6763-9. 1991
    ..Contrary to the other whitefly-transmitted geminiviruses described so far, there is no evidence for the existence nor the necessity of a second component (B DNA) in the TYLCV-S genome...
  98. pmc Cyclic di-GMP is essential for the survival of the lyme disease spirochete in ticks
    Ming He
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America
    PLoS Pathog 7:e1002133. 2011
    ..burgdorferi and plays a vital role in the tick part of the spirochetal enzootic cycle. This work provides the first evidence that c-di-GMP is essential for a pathogen's survival in its vector host...
  99. pmc PCR identification of culicoid biting midges (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae) of the Obsoletus complex including putative vectors of bluetongue and Schmallenberg viruses
    Kathrin Lehmann
    Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
    Parasit Vectors 5:213. 2012
    ..obsoletus, C. scoticus, C. chiopterus) plus the isomorphic species C. dewulfi...
  100. ncbi Dengue and chikungunya infections in travelers
    Lin H Chen
    Travel Medicine Center, Mount Auburn Hospital, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 23:438-44. 2010
    ..We review the recent epidemiology of dengue and chikungunya infections and discuss their clinical presentations, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. We highlight the findings in travelers...
  101. ncbi Local context drives infection of grasses by vector-borne generalist viruses
    Elizabeth T Borer
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Ecol Lett 13:810-8. 2010
    ..For B/CYDV, local context more strongly predicts infection risk than host species traits or regional context; such spatially nested experiments can clarify the factors underlying variation in infection risk...

Research Grants62

  1. Genome-wide Identification of Immediate Early Genes in Insects
    Anandasankar Ray; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Furthermore, in disease vectors such as Anopheles gambiae that use chemical cues to identify their hosts, an understanding of evolutionarily ..
  2. Lipid metabolism during tsetse reproduction
    JOSH B BENOIT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Joshua B. Benoit) are to become an authority on the physiology of insect disease vectors and increase public awareness of the role of insects on public health...
  3. Ultraviolet light sensing by cryptochrome
    Todd C Holmes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Ultraviolet (UV) light attracts most flying insects, including human disease vectors such as mosquitoes, flies, and biting gnats;and major agricultural pests...
  4. Manipulation of stem cell activity and cell death by intracellular bacteria
    Horacio M Frydman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The biology at the interface between Wolbachia and their hosts offers novel strategies for the control of disease vectors. Fruit fly Wolbachia strains can invade and sustain themselves in mosquito populations, reduce adult lifespan,..
  5. Assessing the Cumulative Climate-Related Health Risks in the Eastern U.S.
    Yang Liu; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..5) and distal (Lyme disease vectors as the prototype)...
  6. Conformations and interactions of insect olfactory receptor proteins
    ROBERT D RENTHAL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..insects depend on chemical senses for host location, feeding, and mating, a successful assault on insect disease vectors will benefit from understanding the molecular basis of insect olfaction...
  7. Environmental filters and medically important container mosquitoes
    Donald A Yee; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..these specific aims will expand our understanding of the role of the environment in shaping patterns of disease vectors from containers, and bring us closer to being able to predict occurrence patterns of medically important ..
  8. TRAINING PROGRAM IN THE BIOLOGY OF DISEASE VECTORS
    Gregory C Lanzaro; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This revised T32 Training Grant application focuses on training pre-doctoral and post-doctoral scholars in the biology of arthropod vectors of human and animal diseases. ..
  9. Molecular Biology of the Odorant Receptors
    Leslie B Vosshall; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..chemical agents that selectively disrupt insect ORs and thus interrupt host- seeking behaviors of insect disease vectors such as mosquitoes...
  10. Eradication of a Primary Filariasis Vector Population at an Endemic Field Site
    STEPHEN LEONARD DOBSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..polynesiensis population. We emphasize that male mosquitoes do not blood feed and therefore are not disease vectors. Furthermore, the proposed strategy employs a naturally occurring bacteria infection and does NOT include ..
  11. Bursicon Receptor Antagonists: Templates for Developing Novel Insecticides
    Alan S Kopin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a model system which has proven highly useful in revealing molecular mechanisms relevant to insect disease vectors. Given the extensive collections of Drosophila tools (RNAi flies, cloned cDNAs), as well as the ease of ..
  12. Mosquito Vector Control Using Bt Coupled to Seed Oil Bodies
    Mohd Amir Abdullah; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The Bt-flour will be dispersed in water and fed to larvae of three mosquito species that act as disease vectors and insect mortality quantified...
  13. Programming Pharmacokinetics in Vivo via In Situ Switching of Nanoscale Particle
    NATHAN CLAUDE GIANNESCHI; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The naturally efficient targeting and infectious properties of biological disease vectors, in particular viruses, has made them models in efforts to design and develop synthetic and semisynthetic ..
  14. Receptors and Neurons Mediating Acid Taste in Drosophila
    ANUPAMA ARUN DAHANUKAR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..An understanding of the function of evolutionarily conserved receptors in the detection of carboxylic acids may lead to novel strategies for control of arthropod disease vectors.
  15. Specification of anterioposterior polarity in the mosquito, Chironomus
    URS C SCHMIDT-OTT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..targets for population replacement strategies, which have important potential applications in the control of disease vectors such as mosquitoes...
  16. Targeted gene inactivation in Anopeles gambiae via artificial nucleases
    Laurence J Zwiebel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The ability to genetically manipulate insect disease vectors such as the malaria vector mosquito Anopheles gambiae remains rudimentary relative to the abundance of molecular tools that are currently ..
  17. EDAPT: Enzyme-Directed Assembly of Particle Theranostics
    David J Hall; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The naturally efficient targeting and infectious properties of biological disease vectors, in particular viruses, has made them models in efforts to design and develop synthetic and semi synthetic ..
  18. Community diversity and parasite dynamics
    TODD PHILIP LIVDAHL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Understanding parasite regulation of these vectors may improve our ability to control disease vectors.
  19. Biochemistry of Chorion Hardening in Mosquitoes
    Jianyong Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..in mosquitoes is critical to a thorough understanding of reproductive processes in this important group of disease vectors. Survival of eggs for extended periods of time in adverse-environmental conditions, as is required for ..
  20. GENETICS AND BIOGEOGRAPHY OF SANDFLY DISEASE VECTORS
    Leonard Munstermann; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..S. and Latin America, particularly in Brazil, Colombia, Panama and Costa Rica will assist in the collection of flies and field data. ..
  21. Convergent Molecular Evolution of Moth and Spider Silks
    NADIA AYOUB; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the current understanding of gene expression in arthropods, a group of animals that are well known for being disease vectors but also possess many beneficial applications for humans...
  22. CHEMISTRY OF ARTHROPOD SECRETIONS
    Jerrold Meinwald; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the majority of these species have no immediate impact on human life, some are extremely important as disease vectors (i.e. tsetse fly, anopeheline mosquitoes, triatomine bugs, ticks .....
  23. THE ROLE OF BLACK FLY SALIVA IN PARASITE TRANSMISSION
    EDDIE CUPP; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..particularly in comparison with other major arthropod disease vectors. Findings from this study should provide a useful frame of reference for comparison, as well as a first step ..
  24. REPRODUCTION IN TICKS AND MITES
    James Oliver; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..approaches to elucidate critical gaps in knowledge of reproductive biology of medically important disease vectors and parasites. Acarine reproduction, especially its hormonal regulation, is poorly understood...
  25. New Targets for Reproductive Control of Mosquito Vectors
    MARIANA FEDERICA WOLFNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In this project, we will investigate the male seminal fluid proteins (SFPs) of two major disease vectors of dengue and Chikungunya viruses: the yellow fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti) and the Asian tiger mosquito (..
  26. Catalytic definition of insecticide-metabolizing P450s
    MARY SCHULER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..to most researchers in the field of insecticide resistance and provide us with significant potential for identifying inhibitors for P450s in mosquito species posing significant health risks as disease vectors. [unreadable] [unreadable]
  27. A STRATEGY FOR SPREADING GENES IN CHAGAS DISEASE VECTORS
    Ravi Durvasula; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Various applications of CRUZIGARD will be used to determine extent of gene spread in a hut and possible hut-to-hut transfer of genetic materials. From these studies, optimal methods for gene delivery via CRUZIGARD can be established. ..
  28. JUVENILE HORMONE REGULATION OF GENE EXPRESSION
    WALTER GOODMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Agonists of this hormone family are important alternatives for the control of medically important insect disease vectors. Yet, despite their widespread use, little is known about how JH acts at the molecular level...
  29. Phylogeography of Verrucarum sand fly disease vectors
    Leonard Munstermann; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. Evaluating the Impact of a Large School-based Influenza Immunization Campaign
    CARLOS GRIJALVA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..During influenza epidemics, children are typically affected early and they serve as disease vectors, introducing influenza into the community...
  31. CONTROL OF URBAN CONTAINER BREEDING ARBROVIRUS VECTORS
    Dawn Wesson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..is to identify bacterial species that produce metabolites that mediate the oviposition responses of disease vectors such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus...
  32. MOLECULAR PHYSIOLOGY OF THE EPITRACHEAL ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
    Michael Adams; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Long-range goals are to provide basic knowledge eventually applicable to management of human disease vectors, e.g., mosquitoes...
  33. BIOCHEMISTRY OF EGG CHORION TANNING IN MOSQUITOES
    Jianyong Li; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..in mosquitoes is critical to a thorough understanding of reproductive processes in this important group of disease vectors. Survival of eggs for extended periods of exposure to adverse environmental conditions, as is required for ..
  34. GENETIC DETERMINANTS OF EPIDEMIC ALPHAVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    Stephen Higgs; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..these interactions will provide tools for investigating the molecular biology of epidemiologically important disease vectors as well as aid in the design of potential new targets for the control of vector borne diseases...
  35. Structural studies of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry Toxins
    Michael K Chan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..as biological insecticides for the targeting of specific crop pests (caterpillars, beetles, nematodes) and disease vectors (mosquitoes). Insect ingestion of B...
  36. Vector Population Modification Using Wolbachia Symbionts
    Stephen Dobson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Intracellular Wolbachia bacteria infect a diverse range of invertebrate hosts, including medically important disease vectors. Many Wolbachia infections cause cytoplasmic incompatibility, which effectively sterilizes mating between ..
  37. Traps for Surveillance and Suppression of Triatomine Vectors of Chagas Disease
    PHILLIP KIRSCH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..SBIR are: to develop known kissing bug attractants into a functional lure system for three important Chagas disease vectors, interface lures with improved triatomine traps to form baited traps, develop lure and kill technology around ..
  38. Functional Assays of Anopheles Odorant Receptors
    Kevin Lee; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..objective of this research is to discover novel compounds that control the destructive behavior of insect disease vectors such as mosquitoes...
  39. Purchase of a Cryo-Probe to Upgrade a 500 MHz NMR System for BioNMR Applications
    Om Prakash; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..or protein-peptide interactions, particularly in immunity and inflammatory diseases and in insects as disease vectors. The acquisition of a state-of-the-art cryogenic probe for our existing 500 MHz NMR console will ..
  40. Behavior-Modifying Compounds for Disease Vector Control
    John Grieco; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..method to compare different chemicals for levels of repellent, irritant and toxicant actions against disease vectors. The First Specific Aim is to optimize a suite of standardized tests...
  41. Circadian Rhythms in Olfaction and Sensory Reception
    TERRY PAGE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..because of the critical importance of olfaction in host identification and feeding for insects that act as disease vectors. In addition, the cockroach is unique as an invertebrate model system for studies of circadian organization ..
  42. IMMUNE PROTEINS OF M SEXTA AND A AEGYPTI HEMOCYTES
    Elizabeth Willott; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These results will contribute to our understanding of insect immunity and possibly provide insight into the development of new methods of insect disease vector control. ..
  43. Role of bacteria in development and lifespan of Drosophila melanogaster
    William Ja; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Additionally, our research may lead to new pharmaceutical targets or methods for preventing the use of insects as disease vectors by microorganisms.
  44. EXPRESSION OF THE CYTA TOXIN OF BTI IN A CYANOBACTERIUM
    Scott Franklin; Fiscal Year: 2000
    Mosquitoes are perhaps the most important disease vectors known to humankind; hence a great deal of effort is directed towards elucidating novel, efficient and safe means to control them...
  45. TARGET-BASED SCREENS FOR NOVEL nAChR INSECTICIDES
    SCOTT CHOUINARD; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..and agrichemical high-throughput screening is a highly promising multidisciplinary approach for discovering and developing new products that are desperately needed for the global control of human disease vectors.
  46. COMPARATIVE WOLBACHIA GENOME SEQUENCING
    Serap Aksoy; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..phylogenetic and phenotypic diversity, as well as their presence in human parasitic nematodes and insect disease vectors. The sequencing of three genomes will facilitate a comparative genomic approach to understanding the genetic ..
  47. PHEROMONE/ACARICIDE MATRIX CONTROLS LYME DISEASE VECTOR
    John McLaughlin; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Total market potential is $100 million in sales/annum. Once proven, similar products could be developed against other arthropod disease vectors.
  48. REPRODUCTIVE PHYSIOLOGY OF AEDES MOSQUITOES
    MORTON FUCHS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..aegypti. This knowledge can serve as a basis for the intelligent design of agents which can interrupt the reproductive cycle of these important disease vectors.
  49. INSECT GLUTAMATE RECEPTORS AS NOVEL INSECTICIDE TARGETS
    SCOTT CHOUINARD; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..genomics and high-throughput chemical screening is a highly promising multidisciplinary approach for discovering and developing new products that are desperately needed for the global control of human disease vectors.
  50. PREPUPAL ACTIVATION OF JH ESTERASE GENE
    Grace Jones; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Tropical Medicine and Parasitology supports experimental projects designed toward study and control of insect disease vectors. The proposed research on much understudied composite promoters of genes whose precise control is especially ..
  51. Acoustic Signaling in the Mating Systems of Medically Important Mosquitoes
    LAUREN CATOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The test species, Aedes aegypti, Anopheles gambiae, and Anopheles arabiensis are three of the most important disease vectors globally...
  52. REMOTE SENSING AND GIS FOR SCHISTOSOMIASIS CONTROL
    Robert Spear; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Subsequently, efforts will be made to make the classification more precise by supplementing these data with ecological and landscape data and to evaluate alternative remotely sensed data for their ability to predict risk areas. ..
  53. Local Strategies for Schistosomiasis Control
    Robert Spear; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  54. COMBINATION CHEMOTHERAPY FOR PANDEMIC INFLUENZA
    Robert Webster; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  55. GENETICS OF A NEWLY EVOLVED TESTES SPECIFIC GENE SDIC
    Daniel Hartl; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Aim 5 recognizes Sdic as a candidate gene with a possible role in postmating reproductive isolation between D. melanogaster and D. simulans, which will be tested by interspecific germline transformation. ..
  56. Functional genomics of molluscan schistosome development
    TIMOTHY YOSHINO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Results of this work may lead to novel strategies for controlling infections within the snail host by disrupting specific larval development-dependent genes or their products. ..
  57. The role of aquatic Invertebrates in M. ulcerans Disease
    RICHARD MERRITT; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., deforestation, agriculture), BU incidence, and limnological and biological characteristics of waterbodies to better understand the epidemiology of this important emerging disease. ..
  58. Insecticide Action at the Local Anesthetic Receptor
    David M Soderlund; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This research will provide new insight into the structure of the local anesthetic receptor and its role in the neurotoxic actions of PTIs. ..
  59. Genetics of Wing and Cell-Size Evolution in Nasonia
    John Werren; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  60. Primate enteroviruses transmission in Bangladesh
    Lisa Jones Engel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Ultimately, this data will provide insight into the potential emergence of NHP-borne pathogens and help to deter the spread of emerging zoonotic threats. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. URINARY SCHISTOSOMIASIS: INFECTION AND DISEASE
    Charles King; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This information, combined with epidemiological modeling of control strategies, will allow accelerated synthesis of the next generation of control programs. ..