Genomes and Genes
Summary: Accidental dispersal of radioactive materials from a radiation source. Accidents at nuclear reactors can involve large groups of the population from dispersion of radioactivity into the environment and through fallout or a few individuals with high injurious doses.
Publications237 found, 100 shown here
- Cytogenetic damage in lymphocytes for the purpose of dose reconstruction: a review of three recent radiation accidentsA Wojcik
Department of Radiation Biology and Health Protection, Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology, Warszawa, Poland
Cytogenet Genome Res 104:200-5. 2004..In recent years three radiation accidents occurred, where the irradiation or sampling conditions precluded a simple estimation of the dose...
- Post-irradiation approaches to treatment of radiation injuries in the context of radiological terrorism and radiation accidents: a reviewJ E Moulder
Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
Int J Radiat Biol 80:3-10. 2004..This review discusses recent advances in the knowledge about how radiation injuries from such events might be treated pharmacologically, and the practical barriers to clinical utilization of these approaches...
- Cancer consequences of the Chernobyl accident: 20 years onElisabeth Cardis
International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France
J Radiol Prot 26:127-40. 2006....
- Chernobyl-related ionising radiation exposure and cancer risk: an epidemiological reviewKirsten B Moysich
Department of Cancer Prevention, Epidemiology, and Biostatistics, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14226, USA
Lancet Oncol 3:269-79. 2002..Among adult populations, there is no strong evidence to suggest that risk of thyroid cancer, leukaemia, or other malignant disease has increased as a result of the Chernobyl accident...
- Thyroid carcinoma after Chernobyl latent period, morphology and aggressivenessE D Williams
Thyroid Carcinogenesis Research Unit, Strangeways Research Laboratory, Worts Causeway, Cambridge CB1 8RN, UK
Br J Cancer 90:2219-24. 2004....
- Medical management principles for radiation accidentsViktor Meineke
Institute of Radiobiology, German Armed Forces, Neuherbergstr 11, D 80937 München, Germany
Mil Med 168:219-22. 2003The medical management of radiation accidents requires intensive planning and action...
- Heterogeneity in the distribution of RET/PTC rearrangements within individual post-Chernobyl papillary thyroid carcinomasKristian Unger
GSF Forschungszentrum für Umwelt und Gesundheit GmbH, Institute of Molecular Radiobiology, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:4272-9. 2004....
- Biological consequences of Chernobyl: 20 years onAnders Pape Møller
Laboratoire de Parasitologie Evolutive, CNRS UMR 7103, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Bat A, 7eme etage, 7 quai St Bernard, Case 237, F 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France
Trends Ecol Evol 21:200-7. 2006..A coordinated international research effort is therefore needed to further investigate the effects of the disaster, knowledge that could be beneficial if there are further nuclear accidents, including the threat of a "dirty bomb"...
- The congenital anomalies registry in Belarus: a tool for assessing the public health impact of the Chernobyl accidentG Lazjuk
National Research Institute for Hereditary and Inborn Diseases, UI Orlovskaya 66, 220035 Minsk, Belarus
Reprod Toxicol 17:659-66. 2003..Although the trend we observed may be explained by better ascertainment and prenatal diagnosis, a real increase cannot be ruled out...
- The Elbmarsch leukemia cluster: are there conceptual limitations in controlling immission from nuclear establishments in Germany?I Schmitz-Feuerhake
Department of Physics retired, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 49:589-600. 2005..The ongoing discussion highlights limitations in the immission-control concept, which is predominantly based on gamma-radiation monitoring...
- Congenital malformations among newborns and developmental abnormalities among human embryos in Belarus after Chernobyl accidentSergei P Feshchenko
Institute for Hereditary Diseases, Minsk, Republic of Belarus
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) 48:423-6. 2002..The data revealed that the incidences of developmental anomalies and congenital malformation from the mostly radionuclide-contaminated rural regions of Belarus reliably exceed the indices in control areas...
- 137Cs contamination in tea and yerba mate in South AmericaD E Di Gregorio
Departamento de Ciencias Basicas, Universidad Nacional de Lujan, Rutas 5 y 7, Lujan, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
J Environ Radioact 76:273-81. 2004..The results suggest that the area was fertilized with a product that originated in a region affected by the fallout from the Chernobyl nuclear plant accident...
- [Basic features of seasonal and multi-year dynamics of Cs-137 and Sr-90 in wood]A I Shcheglov
M V Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Soil Science, Radioecology Laboratory, Moscow, 119992 Russia
Radiats Biol Radioecol 44:113-7. 2004....
- Evaluation of radioactive exposure from 137Cs in contaminated areas of Northern UkraineJ Handl
Zentrum für Strahlenschutz und Radioökologie, Universitat Hannover, Herrenhaeuser Str 2, D 30419 Hannover, Germany
Health Phys 84:502-17. 2003..2 mSv y(-1) with a geometric standard deviation of 2.6. Excluding extreme habits, the geometric mean of the total exposure was 1.0 mSv y(-1) with a geometric standard deviation of 1.3...
- Formation of radioactivity enriched soils in mountain areasLaurent Pourcelot
Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire IRSN, CEA Cadarache Bat 153, 13108, St Paul Lez Durance, France
J Environ Radioact 68:215-33. 2003..The transfer of beryllium occurs rapidly to the grass and litter, where the strongest pollutant accumulations were measured. However, (7)Be transport to the soil required more than 8 months...
- Testing of a foodchain model using Chernobyl 137Cs fallout data and considering the effect of countermeasuresZitouni Ould-Dada
Food Standards Agency, Radiological Protection and Research Management Division, Room 715B, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, London WC2B 6NH, UK
Sci Total Environ 301:225-37. 2003..The lessons learned from this exercise will be valuable in making future dose assessments/reconstructions involving countermeasures with improved results...
- Vertical profile of 137Cs in soilD Krstic
University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Science, R Domanovica 12 Kragujevac 34000, Serbia and Montenegro
Appl Radiat Isot 61:1487-92. 2004..Although the curves obtained by these two functions are very close to each other, there are some differences in the values of parameters acquired by them...
- Monitoring of radionuclides contamination of soils in Shatsk National Natural Park (Volyn region, Ukraine) during 1994-2001V Hrabovskyy
Department of Physics, Ivan Franko Lviv National University, 19 Dragomanov Str, 79005 Lviv, Ukraine
J Environ Radioact 72:25-33. 2004....
- Demographic analysis and modeling of human populations exposed to ionizing radiationK G Manton
Duke University, Center for Demographic Studies, 2117 Campus Drive, Box 90408, Durham, NC 27708 0408, USA
Front Biosci 9:2144-52. 2004..We believe this will improve the ability of the model to identify health effects and reduce erroneous inferences...
- Investigation of food contamination since the Chernobyl fallout in AustriaM Schwaiger
Radiation Protection, Austrian Research Centers Seibersdorf, A 2444, Austria
Appl Radiat Isot 61:357-60. 2004..24 microSv (adult), or 0.88 microSv (5-year infant) respectively, which is less than 0.5% of the ingestion dose of the first year and amounts to 0.7% of the ingestion dose from natural radionuclides...
- Risk of thyroid cancer in the Bryansk Oblast of the Russian Federation after the Chernobyl Power Station accidentScott Davis
Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109 1024, USA
Radiat Res 162:241-8. 2004..These findings are consistent with descriptive reports from contaminated areas of Ukraine and Belarus, and the quantitative estimate of thyroid cancer risk is generally consistent with estimates from other radiation-exposed populations...
- Modelling the dynamics of fish contamination by Chernobyl radiocaesium: an analytical solution based on potassium mass balanceAlexei O Koulikov
Russian Academy of Sciences A N, Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Leninski Prospect 33, CIS 119071 Moscow, Russia
J Environ Radioact 66:309-26. 2003..The model was tested with post-Chernobyl data from several long-term studies in lakes and provided a reasonable description of important radioecological aspects...
- Assessment of spatial variation of cesium-137 in small catchmentsMarcel van der Perk
Utrecht Centre for Environment and Landscape Dynamics UCEL, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Utrecht University, P O Box 80115, 2508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
J Environ Qual 31:1930-9. 2002..Besides erosion and deposition processes, the initial pattern of 137Cs deposition, floodplain sedimentation, and short-range spatial variation were identified as the major sources of spatial variation of the 137Cs inventory...
- Influence of radionuclides distributed in the whole body on the thyroid dose estimates obtained from direct thyroid measurements made in Belarus after the Chernobyl accidentA Ulanovsky
GSF National Research Centre, Institute for Radiation Protection, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 112:405-18. 2004..Using this information when processing the thyroid measurements made in May 1986 would improve the accuracy of the thyroid dose estimates, and may make it possible to use a larger proportion of the thyroid measurements made in June 1986...
- [Radiation protection of the environment: anthropocentric and eco-centric principles]R M Aleksakhin
Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology, Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Obninsk, 249020 Russia
Radiats Biol Radioecol 44:93-103. 2004..This concept is to be based on the recognition of the integrity of socio-natural ecosystems where man and biota are considered as a unity...
- Reduction of crop contamination by soil resuspension within the 30-km zone of the Chernobyl nuclear power plantTeresa Sauras-Yera
Departament Biologia Vegetal, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 645, E 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Environ Sci Technol 37:4592-6. 2003..Results obtained in these experiments suggest that soil resuspension was a significant mechanism for plant contamination and that mulching was effective in reducing that contamination...
- 137Cs soil-to-plant transfer for individual species in a semi-natural grassland. Influence of potassium soil contentLiliana Ciuffo
Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Instituto de Matemática Aplicada San Luis IMASL, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Argentina
J Radiat Res 44:277-83. 2003..For most of the species analyzed, we observed a gradual decrease in the individual (137)Cs TF(sp) when the (40)K soil activity concentration was increased, with the exception of Taraxacum officinale at one of the sampling sites...
- Conversion factors for a mobile survey method by car in the Chernobyl areaR Sakamoto
Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Shirakata, Tokai, Naka, 319 1195 Ibaraki, Japan
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 106:165-75. 2003..Further, basic data, needed for composing conversion factors appropriate to other contaminated regions with different depth distributions from the Chernobyl area, are also indicated...
- Activity levels of 137Cs and 40K in the skin and the cutaneous organs of a cowElke Pichl
Reaktorinstitut und Institut für Technische Physik, Technische Universitat Graz, Steyrergasse 17, A 8010 Graz, Austria
Health Phys 85:159-64. 2003..The highest activity concentrations of 137Cs and 40K were measured in clean hair and hypodermis. Despite being its largest organ, the cow's skin contains probably less than 1% of the animal's whole body 137Cs activity...
- Thyroid cancers in France and the Chernobyl accident: risk assessment and recommendations for improving epidemiological knowledgeP Verger
Regional Health Observatory Provence Alpes Cô6te d Azur ORS PACA, 23 rue Stanislas Torrents, 13006 Marseille, France
Health Phys 85:323-9. 2003..The surveillance of thyroid cancers in France should be enhanced...
- Comparison of retrospective luminescence dosimetry with computational modeling in two highly contaminated settlements downwind of the Chernobyl NPPI K Bailiff
Luminescence Laboratory, Environmental Research Centre, University of Durham, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
Health Phys 86:25-41. 2004..The methodology developed is generally applicable and adaptable to areas contaminated by much lower levels of radioactive fallout in which brick buildings are found...
- Dose reconstruction by EPR spectroscopy of tooth enamel: application to the population of Zaborie village exposed to high radioactive contamination after the Chernobyl accidentA I Ivannikov
Medical Radiological Research Center MRRC, Korolyov str, 4, Obninsk 249036, Russia
Health Phys 86:121-34. 2004..This result can validate both the methodology of signal processing presented here when using electron paramagnetic resonance dosimetry of tooth enamel for low doses and the methodology of individualized dose calculation...
- Limitation of individual internal exposure by consideration of the confidence interval in routine personal dosimetry at the Chernobyl SarcophagusO O Bondarenko
SSSIE Ecocentre, 6 Shkilna Street, Chernobyl 07270 Kyivska oblast, Ukraine
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 107:253-8. 2003..it is suggested that the results of workplace monitoring are combined with the results of periodic urinary and faecal bioassay measurements...
- Assessment of the suitability of soil amendments to reduce 137Cs and 90Sr root uptake in meadowsMarta Camps
Departament de Quimica Analitica, Universitat de Barcelona, Av Diagonal 647, 3a Planta, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Environ Sci Technol 37:2820-8. 2003..This methodology was first proposed for the correct selection of the suitable materials to be used to decrease radionuclide root uptake in future remediation actions and then validated with data of the previous field experiments...
- A new method to account for the depth distribution of 137Cs in soils in the calculation of external radiation dose-rateD N Timms
SEES, Burnaby Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3QL, UK
J Environ Radioact 72:323-34. 2004....
- Retrospective evaluation of 131I deposition density and thyroid dose in Poland after the Chernobyl accidentZofia Pietrzak-Flis
Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection, Department of Radiation Hygiene, Ul Kowaliowa 7, 03 194 Warsaw, Poland
Health Phys 84:698-708. 2003..The highest thyroid doses from inhalation and ingestion without countermeasures were 178 mSv, 120 mSv, and 45 mSv for 5-y-old children, 10-y-old children, and adults, respectively. The countermeasures reduced these doses by about 30%...
- Mapping of 137Cs deposition over eastern France 16 years after the Chernobyl accidentPhilippe Renaud
Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire Health Physics and Nuclear Safety Institute, CE Cadarache, Bat 153, 13108 Saint Paul lez Durance Cedex, France
Sci Total Environ 309:257-64. 2003..Hence, only the relationship between 137Cs deposition and the rainfall of the first week of May 1986 can be used to construct a map depicting the Chernobyl fallout over eastern France...
- Long-term flux of Chernobyl-derived 137Cs from soil to French rivers: a study on sediment and biological indicatorsF Vray
Nuclear Safety and Radioprotection Institute IRSN Continental and Mediterranean Radioecological Research Laboratory, Bat 153, BP 3, 13115 Saint Paul lez Durance Cedex, France
J Environ Radioact 68:93-114. 2003..Comparing our results with similar ones published by other authors, it appeared possible that this kinetic varies with the time period over which the study is conducted, the longer the period the lower is the kinetic...
- [Analysis of the epidemiological data concerning radiation carcinogenic effects and approaches to the low doses' upper limits determination in the aspect of a threshold of the unhealthy influences of ionizing radiation]L M Rozhdestvenskiĭ
State Research Center Institute of Biophysics, Russian Ministry of Health, Moscow, 123182 Russia
Radiats Biol Radioecol 43:227-36. 2003..65 mGy. It can serve for evaluation of the dose rate threshold regarding the safe chronic radiation levels in the environment...
- [High radiopathogenic children's loads caused by "low doses" of technogenic chronic radiation]E A Neĭfakh
Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119991 Russia
Radiats Biol Radioecol 43:193-6. 2003..The approach permits to investigate pathologies of studied systems as primary factors for mechanisms of related radiogenic known somatic health secondary consequences and to use it for some important practical applications...
- Estimating individual thyroid doses for a case-control study of childhood thyroid cancer in Bryansk Oblast, RussiaV F Stepanenko
Medical Radiological Research Center, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, 4 Korolev Street, Obninsk, 249020, Russian Federation
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 108:143-60. 2004....
- High levels of fluctuating asymmetry in populations of Apodemus flavicollis from the most contaminated areas in ChornobylTaras K Oleksyk
Savannah River Ecology Laboratory of the University of Georgia, Drawer E, Aiken, SC 29802, USA
J Environ Radioact 73:1-20. 2004..Detectable effects of radiation on developmental stability probably start to occur between 0.132 and 0.297 microGy/h...
- 131I content in the human thyroid estimated from direct measurements of the inhabitants of Russian areas contaminated due to the Chernobyl accidentA A Bratilova
Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Mira St 8, 197136, St Petersburg, Russia
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 105:623-6. 2003..The average 131I thyroid activity in the middle of May 1986 reached 80 kBq for inhabitants of some settlements in the Bryansk region, 5-8 kBq in the Tula region and 5 kBq in the Orel region...
- [Reconstruction of I-131 in milk and exposure doses to the thyroid gland of cattle after the Chernobyl AES]E V Spirin
Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology, Obninsk, 249020 Russia
Radiats Biol Radioecol 42:564-8. 2002..8 and 0.2. The calculations showed, that the average absorbed doses to the thyroid varied between 10 and 40 Gy...
- Laboratory experiments to predict changes in radiocaesium root uptake after flooding eventsMarta Camps
Departament de Quimica Analitica, Universitat de Barcelona UB, Av Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
J Environ Radioact 67:247-59. 2003..Therefore, the changes in the root uptake would depend on the resulting situation from changes in RIP, K+ and NH(4)(+) values in the soil solution...
- Thyroid cancer risk in areas of Ukraine and Belarus affected by the Chernobyl accidentP Jacob
GSF Institute of Radiation Protection, Neuherberg, Germany
Radiat Res 165:1-8. 2006..At the end of the observation period, excess risk estimates were found to be close to those observed in a major pooled analysis of seven studies of childhood thyroid cancer after external exposures...
- Artificial radionuclides in sediments of the Don River Estuary and Azov SeaGenady G Matishov
Murmansk Marine Biological Institute, Russia
J Environ Radioact 59:309-27. 2002....
- Use of 129I and 137Cs in soils for the estimation of 131I deposition in Belarus as a result of the Chernobyl accidentV Mironov
Institute of Radiobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk
J Environ Radioact 59:293-307. 2002..For sites having 137Cs > 300 Bq/kg, 129I can potentially give more reliable retroactive estimates of Chernobyl 131I deposition. However, our results suggest that 137Cs can also give reasonably good (+/-50%) estimates for 131I in Belarus...
- Measurement of 129 I and 137 Cs in soils from Belarus and reconstruction of 131I deposition from the Chernobyl accidentT Straume
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA
Health Phys 91:7-19. 2006..It was also noted that total iodine concentrations in topsoil from Belarus are low compared with other regions of the world where radiogenic thyroid cancer has been studied...
- [Comparative analysis of the effectiveness of countermeasures in rural settlements in the long-term period after the accident at the Chernobyl AES]S V Fesenko
Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology, Obninsk, 249020 Russia
Radiats Biol Radioecol 42:100-9. 2002..Costs of countermeasures in the rural settlements located in the affected zone are calculated for a long term after the Chernobyl NPP accident...
- The chornobyl accident: estimation of radiation doses received by the Baltic and Ukrainian cleanup workersAndre Bouville
Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, DHHS, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
Radiat Res 166:158-67. 2006..After an overview of the sources of exposure and of the radiation doses received by the cleanup workers, a description of the efforts made to estimate individual doses in the Baltic and Ukrainian studies is presented...
- Questionnaire- and measurement-based individual thyroid doses in Ukraine resulting from the Chornobyl nuclear reactor accidentI Likhtarev
Radiation Protection Institute, Ukrainian Academy of Technological Sciences, 04050 Kyiv, Ukraine
Radiat Res 166:271-86. 2006....
- A personal experience reducing radiation exposures: protecting family in Kiev during the first two weeks after ChernobylV A Eremenko
Russia ACTIS, Moscow Department, Peresvetov per 6 72, Moscow
Health Phys 91:S39-46. 2006..Threats of possible terrorist use of radiation dispersal devices makes knowledge of effective individual actions for self-protection from radiation exposures a topic of current interest...
- Transgenerational accumulation of radiation damage in small mammals chronically exposed to Chernobyl falloutNadezhda I Ryabokon
Institute of Genetics and Cytology, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Akademichnaya street 27, 220072 Minsk, Republic of Belarus
Radiat Environ Biophys 45:167-77. 2006..They also suggest that the level of the accumulated transmissible damage in the investigated populations will decrease in future due to the further recession of the chronic exposure and as a consequence of selection processes...
- Doses to members of the general public and observed effects on biota: Chernobyl Forum updateLynn R Anspaugh
Division of Radiobiology, Department of Radiology, University of Utah, 729 Arapeen Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
J Environ Radioact 96:13-9. 2007..Effects on non-human biota were observed that ranged from minor to lethal; the current increase in the number and diversity of species in the most contaminated area is due to absence of human pressure...
- The Chernobyl Forum: major findings and recommendationsM I Balonov
International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramerstrasse 5, P O Box 100, A 1400 Vienna, Austria
J Environ Radioact 96:6-12. 2007....
- Long-term development of the radionuclide exposure of murine rodent populations in Belarus after the Chernobyl accidentN I Ryabokon
Institute of Genetics and Cytology, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, 220090, Minsk, Republic of Belarus
Radiat Environ Biophys 44:169-81. 2005..The inter-individual distributions of radionuclide concentrations and lifetime whole-body absorbed doses were asymmetric and close to log-normal, including concentrations and doses considerably higher than the population mean values...
- Post-Chornobyl thyroid cancers in Ukraine. Report 1: estimation of thyroid dosesI Likhtarov
Radiation Protection Institute, Scientific Center for Radiation Medicine, Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Melnikova 53, 04050 Kyiv, Ukraine
Radiat Res 163:125-36. 2005....
- Application of the Weibull distribution to describe the vertical distribution of cesium-137 on a slope under permanent pasture in LuxembourgH Dahm
University of Trier, Department of Soil Sciences, Germany
J Environ Radioact 63:207-19. 2002..Reliable estimates of the total 137Cs inventory can help to explain the lateral distribution. This equation was used to analyse the 137Cs-activities of Chernobyl fall-out measured on a slope under permanent pasture in Luxembourg...
- Lake fish as the main contributor of internal dose to lakeshore residents in the Chernobyl contaminated areaI G Travnikova
Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Mira Street 8, 197101 St Petersburg, Russia
J Environ Radioact 77:63-75. 2004....
- External exposure of the population living in areas of Russia contaminated due to the Chernobyl accidentV Yu Golikov
Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Mira Street 8, 197101 St Petersburg, Russia
Radiat Environ Biophys 41:185-93. 2002..Both the measurements and model show that the geometric mean of individual external doses is about 10% lower than the arithmetic mean and the upper bound of the 95% confidence range is larger by a factor of about 2...
- Measurement of the whole-body 137Cs in residents around the Chernobyl nuclear power plantNaoko Morita
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 113:326-9. 2005..Long-term follow-up of WBC around the CNPP is useful and may contribute to radiation safety regulation together with a reduction of unnecessary radiophobia for the residents...
- [Evaluation of the effectiveness of protective measures for reduction of the rural population exposure related to contamination of forest ecosystems]S K Firsakova
Research Institute of Radiology, Gomel, Belarus
Radiats Biol Radioecol 42:211-5. 2002..It has been shown that the long-term negative impact of forest ecosystems contaminated to the rural population requires application of special protective measures for a long time after the ChNPP accident...
- Measuring the external exposure dose in the contaminated area near the Chernobyl nuclear power station using the thermoluminescence of quartz in bricksHitoshi Sato
Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences Department of Radiological Sciences, Inashiki Gun, Ibaragi, Japan
Health Phys 83:227-36. 2002....
- Soil redistribution model for undisturbed and cultivated sites based on Chernobyl-derived cesium-137 falloutMarkus Hrachowitz
Univ of Natural Resources and Applied Life Science BOKU, Dep für Wald und Bodenwissenschaften, Institut für Bodenforschung, Peter Jordanstrasse 92, 1190 Vienna, Austria
J Environ Qual 34:1302-10. 2005..Additionally, the model allows to quantify soil redistribution in good correspondence with already existing models...
- [Meteorological data and risk assessment in France after the Chernobyl accident (26 April 1986). Historical update]Pierre Galle
Laboratoire de physique et chimie de l Ecole nationale vétérinaire d Alfort, 7, Av du général De Gaulle, 94704 Maisons Alfort, France
C R Biol 326:699-715. 2003....
- Rapid detection of radiation-induced chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes and hematopoietic progenitor cells by mFISHK M Greulich
Department of Radiation Oncology, Technical University of Munich, Germany
Mutat Res 452:73-81. 2000..for an assessment of absorbed radiation doses and their biological effects after occupational exposure or radiation accidents. Due to its speed and ease of use, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with whole chromosome painting ..
- History and development of radiation-protective agentsJoseph F Weiss
Office of Health and Safety, United States Department of Energy, Washington, DC, USA
Int J Radiat Biol 85:539-73. 2009..This review evaluates agents and procedures that have the potential to protect against acute and late effects of ionising radiation when administered either before or after radiation exposure...
- Risk of thyroid cancer after exposure to 131I in childhoodElisabeth Cardis
International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
J Natl Cancer Inst 97:724-32. 2005....
- Aims of conditioningHuib M Vriesendorp
Exp Hematol 31:844-54. 2003..Radiolabeled immunoglobulins are among the most promising new, low-toxicity conditioning agents...
- Biodosimetry estimate for high-LET irradiationZ Z Wang
Laboratory for Radiobiology, Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, 730000, Gansu Province, China
Radiat Environ Biophys 46:229-35. 2007The purpose of this paper is to prepare for an easy and reliable biodosimeter protocol for radiation accidents involving high-linear energy transfer (LET) exposure...
- Seventeen-year follow-up study on chromosomal aberrations in five victims accidentally exposed to several Gy of 60Co gamma-raysYing Chen
Department of Radiation Toxicology and Oncology, Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, 27 Taiping Road, 100850, Beijing, People s Republic of China
Radiat Environ Biophys 48:57-65. 2009..9 Gy). These observations can be used to validate the existence of chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes as a biological dosimeter for radiation exposures...
- Easy biodosimetry for high-dose radiation exposures using drug-induced, prematurely condensed chromosomesR Kanda
Division of Radiobiology and Biodosimetry, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan
Int J Radiat Biol 75:441-6. 1999..To propose a practical method of biodosimetry for high-dose estimation...
- Stable chromosomal aberrations in haemopoietic stem cells in the blood of radiation accident victimsL Kreja
Institute for Occupational Social and Environmental Medicine, University of Ulm, Germany
Int J Radiat Biol 75:1241-50. 1999..The detection of long-term persistent chromosome aberrations in circulating haemopoietic stem cells after accidental radiation exposure...
- Reciprocal translocations in patients with testicular seminoma before and after radiotherapyH Schmidberger
Klinik fur Strahlentherapie und Radioonkologie, Georg August Universitat Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 50:857-64. 2001....
- Chromosomal instability in in vivo radiation exposed subjectsS Salomaa
Research and Environment, Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority STUK, Helsinki, Finland
Int J Radiat Biol 74:771-9. 1998..To investigate whether delayed chromosomal instability arises in human peripheral T lymphocytes exposed in vivo to gamma-irradiation...
- An Internet-based exercise as a component of an overall training program addressing medical aspects of radiation emergency managementK Levy
Boston University School of Medicine, MA 02118, USA
Prehosp Disaster Med 15:18-25. 2000..b>Radiation accidents occur as a consequence of errors in transportation of radionuclides, use of radiation in medical diagnosis ..
- Dose estimation by chromosome aberration analysis and micronucleus assays in victims accidentally exposed to (60)Co radiationQ Liu
Institute of Radiation Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, First Clinical Department of Medical Emergency Response Centre for Nuclear Accident, Ministry of Health, Tianjin, China
Br J Radiol 82:1027-32. 2009..In the present study, the micronucleus assay demonstrated a high correlation with the chromosome aberration analysis in determining the radiation dosimetry 10 days after radiation exposure...
- Radiation accidents in the Southern Urals (1949-1967) and human genome damageValery N Soyfer
Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 133:715-31. 2002..One of two widespread mutations is a deletion, and the other four are substitutions. Mutations in the controls were not found...
- Radiation effects in lymphocytes of children living in a Chernobyl contaminated region of BelarusL S Mikhalevich
Institute of Genetics and Cytology, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk
Int J Radiat Biol 76:1377-85. 2000..To investigate cytogenetic and mutational effects in lymphocytes from individuals chronically exposed to radiation from the Chernobyl catastrophe...
- Assessment of radiation damage-the need for a multiparametric and integrative approach with the help of both clinical and biological dosimetryArmin Riecke
Bundeswehr Institute of Radiobiology, affiliated to the University of Ulm, Neuherbergstrasse 11, 80937 Munich
Health Phys 98:160-7. 2010..This multiparametric approach has been suggested after recent radiation accidents but needs to be adopted and standardized worldwide. A new integrative concept is shown and discussed.
- Radiation accident preparedness: a European approach to train physicians to manage mass radiation casualtiesMark E Hotz
Bundeswehr Institute of Radiobiology affiliated to the University of Ulm, Munich, Germany
Health Phys 98:894-7. 2010....
- Prematurely condensed chromosome fragments in human lymphocytes induced by high doses of high-linear-energy-transfer irradiationZ Z Wang
Radiobiology Laboratory, Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanchang Road No 509 Lanzhou 730000, Gansu Province, China
Mutat Res 679:9-12. 2009This study provides a useful biodosimetry protocol for radiation accidents that involve high doses of heavy particle radiation...
- Application of autologous hematopoietic cell therapy to a nonhuman primate model of heterogeneous high-dose irradiationJean Marc Bertho
Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire, Département de RadioProtection de l Homme, Laboratoire de Therapie Cellulaire et de Radioprotection Accidentelle, Fontenay aux Roses, France
Radiat Res 163:557-70. 2005....
- Delaying DLA-haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation after total body irradiationYunchuan Ding
Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109 1024, USA
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 15:1244-50. 2009..In an attempt at mimicking the logistical problems likely to exist after radiation accidents, 4-, 8- or 10-day intervals were placed between TBI and HCT...
- Current cytogenetic methods for detecting exposure and effects of mutagens and carcinogensA T Natarajan
MGC Department of Radiation Genetics and Chemical Mutagenesis, Leiden University, The Netherlands
Environ Health Perspect 104:445-8. 1996..In victims of radiation accidents, aneuploidy (hyperploidy) has been found to be common in addition to structural aberrations.
- Analysis of chromosome aberrations by FISH and Giemsa assays in lymphocytes of cancer patients undergoing whole-body irradiation: comparison of in vivo and in vitro irradiationI Vorobtsova
Laboratory of Radiation Genetics, Central Research Institute of Roentgenology and Radiology, Pesochny, Leningradskaya 70 4, 197758, St Petersburg, Russia
Int J Radiat Biol 77:1123-31. 2001..The object was to clarify the use of an in vitro calibration curve for immediate and retrospective dosimetry in cases of radiation accidents.
- A blind test of the MOIRA lake model for radiocesium for Lake Uruskul, Russia, contaminated by fallout from the Kyshtym accident in 1957L Håkanson
Institute of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Villav 6, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
J Environ Radioact 54:327-44. 2001....
- A multimedia database for dermatologyH Kindler
Research Institute for Applied Knowledge Processing, University of Ulm, Germany
Stud Health Technol Inform 52:70-4. 1998..The discussion focuses on the advantages of storing the textual and pictorial data in one central database to be accessed from different care centres and how the results can be generalised for medical multimedia information systems...
- Types of radiation mass casualties and their managementAlicja Jaworska
Department of Emergency Preparedness and Environmental Radioactivity, Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Oesteraas, Norway
Ann Ist Super Sanita 45:246-50. 2009....
- Treatment of radiation nephropathy with ACE inhibitors and AII type-1 and type-2 receptor antagonistsJ E Moulder
Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
Curr Pharm Des 13:1317-25. 2007..transplantation and radionuclide radiotherapy, and is a potential sequela of radiological terrorism and radiation accidents. In the early 1990's, it was demonstrated that experimental radiation nephropathy could be treated with a ..
- Enhanced dynamic wedge and independent monitor unit verificationS J Howlett
Department of Radiation Oncology, Newcastle Mater Misericordiae Hospital and Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia
Australas Phys Eng Sci Med 28:26-36. 2005Some serious radiation accidents have occurred around the world during the delivery of radiotherapy treatment. The regrettable incident in Panama clearly indicated the need for independent monitor unit (MU) verification...
- Identification of radiation-induced expression changes in nonimmortalized human T cellsEra L Pogosova-Agadjanyan
Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Avenue N, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
Radiat Res 175:172-84. 2011..These findings suggest that RNA-based expression assays for a small subset of genes can be employed to develop clinical biodosimetry assays to be used in assessments of radiation exposure and toxicity...
- The importance and unique aspects of radiation protection in medicineOla Holmberg
Radiation Safety and Monitoring Section, Division of Radiation, Transport and Waste Safety, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
Eur J Radiol 76:6-10. 2010..b>Radiation accidents involving medical uses have accounted for more acute radiation deaths than from any other source including ..
- [Modifying influence of iodine deficiency on radiation damage to the fetus (review)]A M Liaginskaia
State Research Centre Institute of Biophysics, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, 123182 Russia
Radiats Biol Radioecol 44:162-9. 2004..water (in Russian Federation such regions make approximately 50% of territories), and the opportunity of radiation accidents at nuclear plants with contamination of the environment with products of nuclear division (significant part ..
- Estimating radiation dose from time to emesis and lymphocyte depletionDenise D Parker
WriteSolutions, 155 Montana Avenue, Oak Ridge, TN 37830, USA
Health Phys 93:701-4. 2007..Instead, dose can be estimated by a simple table lookup, given the ratio of two lymphocyte counts and the time between blood samples...
- Radiation as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseaseJohn E Baker
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
Antioxid Redox Signal 15:1945-56. 2011..This review examines sources of radiation (atomic bombs, radiation accidents, radiological terrorism, cancer treatment, space exploration, radiosurgery for cardiac arrhythmia, and ..
- Early dose assessment in criticality accidentsR E Goans
Radiation Emergency Assistance Center Training Site, Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, TN 37831, USA
Health Phys 81:446-9. 2001Early estimation of dose is useful in the medical evaluation of severe radiation accidents. In a prior publication, lymphocyte depletion kinetics were shown to follow an exponential decline for gamma accidents in which the average whole-..
- Evaluation of the reticulocyte micronucleus assay in patients treated with radioiodine for thyroid cancerJan Grawe
Rudbeck Laboratory, University of Uppsala, Dag Hammarskjölds väg 20, 75185 Uppsala, Sweden
Mutat Res 583:12-25. 2005..Striking similarities in the kinetic and in the yield of MN-induction were found between these two species. This lends support for the use of the mouse as a model for the MN-induction in humans...
- Ionizing radiation-induced diseases in KoreaYoung Woo Jin
Division of Radiation Effect Research, Radiation Health Research Institute, Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Co, Ltd, Seoul, Korea
J Korean Med Sci 25:S70-6. 2010..Therefore, it is important to develop scientific and objective decision methods, such as probability of causation and screening dose in the establishment of an exposure and health surveillance system...
- Assessment of risks and dose thresholds for some effects of acute exposureSergey V Osovets
Southern Urals Biophysics Institute, Ozyorskoe Shosse 19, Ozyorsk, Chelyabinsk Region, 456780 Russian Federation
Health Phys 100:176-84. 2011..data for the nuclear workers acutely exposed to gamma rays or gamma rays and neutrons as a result of radiation accidents at the Mayak Production Association (Russia)...
- Post-Irradiation Intervention to Mitigate and Treat Non Hematological RadiationJOHN MOULDER; Fiscal Year: 2009..of the non-hematological radiation injuries that will occur in victims of radiological terrorism or radiation accidents who receive doses in excess of 5 Gy, and for whom hematological toxicity is prevented or avoided...
- Role of p38 MAPK in HSC Self-Renewal and Radiation-Induced Bone Marrow InjuryDaohong Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- Cytokines for Immune Protection from Acute IrradiationGeorge Georges; Fiscal Year: 2005The threat of terrorist attacks involving radioactive material and the potential for radiation accidents require the development of improved treatment strategies for victims of radiation exposure...
- PERSONAL ELECTRONIC DOSIMETERSteven Smith; Fiscal Year: 2003..dynamic range of 10 microR/hour to more than 10,000 R/hour, covering natural background exposure to severe radiation accidents. Importantly, this sensor only requires 30 microwatts of power to operate, allowing 3-5 years of continuous ..
- KIDNEY RESPONSE TO RADIATION AND CHEMOTHERAPYJOHN MOULDER; Fiscal Year: 2006..explanations for late radiation injuries, and suggest that injuries caused by radiation therapy, radiation accidents or nuclear terrorism could be treated or prevented with post-irradiation pharmacological interventions...
- NIGHT SHIFT WORKERS AND HORMONE LEVELS IN WOMENScott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006..Urine samples will be assayed for the primary urinary metabolite of melatonin, 6-sulphatoxymelatonin, and levels of LH, FSH, and estradiol. ..
- Molecular Change and Thyroid Cancer Risk After ChernobylScott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006..g. recurrence) and individual thyroid radiation dose, patient characteristics, and molecular markers of genetic change. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Eugene P. Cronkite SymposiumNicholas Dainiak; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- GENETICS AND INTERMITTENT MYOCARDIAL HYPOXIAJohn Baker; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Radiation injury to the heartJohn E Baker; Fiscal Year: 2010..1 ..
- CHRONIC HYPOXIA AND RESISTANCE TO MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIAJohn E Baker; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results of these studies are expected to have an impact on our understanding of the biology of Tpo in heart and may lead to the development of new therapeutics for the treatment of myocardial infarction. ..
- IOWA AND MISSOURI RADON LUNG CANCER STUDIESR Field; Fiscal Year: 2007..The pooling of data between two large-scale epidemiologic studies from a similar geographic area, Iowa and Missouri, will allow us to increase sample size and statistical power. ..
- A New Antioxidant Prevents Toxicity of HIV Proteins with MethamphetamineNuran Ercal; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Development of a Highly Efficient Personal Sampler to collect Viable BioaerosolsYung Sung Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2010..The new device will not only be beneficial in occupational settings, but may also have future potential in high risk areas such as those following any possible biological attack. ..
- Reproductive Outcomes due to Past Exposure to DioxinsIrina Dardynskaia; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- COMMUNITY HEALTH & ENVIRONMENTAL REAWAKENINGSteven Wing; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Non-Myeloablative Cord Blood TransplantationNelson Chao; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- AGRICULTURAL DUST AND CHILDHOOD ASTHMA SYMPTOMSSteve Wing; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- RISK OF CHD IN WOMEN WITH POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROMEEvelyn Talbott; Fiscal Year: 2005..The investigators state that this study has the potential to identify the determinants of early SCA in this high-risk group of women and has important implications for primary as well as secondary prevention. ..
- Inhalation Dosimetry/Exposure Index of Fiber AerosolYung Sung Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2006..Sampling devices based on this size-selection definition can be developed in the future for improved assessment of worker exposure. ..
- Role of EETs in Growth of Human Endothelial CellsMeetha Medhora; Fiscal Year: 2006..It will impact on the potential for development of EETs as therapeutic agents during and after cardiac ischemia and acute lung injury. ..
- Genetics of IR in PCOS: The PPAR PathwayEvelyn Talbott; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Community Health Effects of Industrial Hog OperationsSteven Wing; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Language, Literacy, Culture: Communication of Health ConceptsDOUGLAS BRUGGE; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Chemotherapy with injectable microdropletsFRANCESCO D ERRICO; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..