herbal medicine

Summary

Summary: The study of medicines derived from botanical sources.

Top Publications

  1. Gasparetto J, Martins C, Hayashi S, Otuky M, Pontarolo R. Ethnobotanical and scientific aspects of Malva sylvestris L.: a millennial herbal medicine. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2012;64:172-89 pubmed publisher
    ..Due to its wide use and medicinal importance, many studies have been conducted; however, the information in the literature is very extensive and disseminated, making it difficult to use...
  2. Takayama S, Seki T, Watanabe M, Monma Y, Sugita N, Konno S, et al. The herbal medicine Daikenchuto increases blood flow in the superior mesenteric artery. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2009;219:319-30 pubmed
    Daikenchuto is a traditional herbal medicine that is used for the treatment of cold feeling in the abdomen, while Orengedokuto, also a traditional herbal medicine, is used for treating inflammatory and ulcerative diseases affecting ..
  3. Kim K, Jung H, Choi W, Eo W, Cheon S. A case of recurred hepatocellular carcinoma refractory to doxorubicin after liver transplantation showing response to herbal medicine product, Rhus verniciflua Stokes extract. Integr Cancer Ther. 2010;9:100-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This patient experienced prolonged survival compared with average survival times and little toxicity. ..
  4. Humer M, Scheller G, Kapellen T, Gebauer C, Schmidt H, Kiess W. [Use of herbal medicine in German children - prevalence, indications and motivation]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2010;135:959-64 pubmed publisher
    b>Herbal medicine (phytotherapy) is increasingly used by the German population. But its use for children has been rarely analysed. This study determined prevalence, motivations and indications for the use of herbal medicine use...
  5. Yuliana N, Jahangir M, Korthout H, Choi Y, Kim H, Verpoorte R. Comprehensive review on herbal medicine for energy intake suppression. Obes Rev. 2011;12:499-514 pubmed publisher
    ..Traditional belief that herbal medicine is safer than synthetic ones is one of the classical arguments, although scientifically this is not always ..
  6. Zhou F, Hao Y, Chen Y, Wang T. Chinese herbal medicine in treatment of polyhydramnios:a meta-analysis and systematic review. Chin Med Sci J. 2013;28:72-81 pubmed
    To compare the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine (therapy A) or Chinese herbal medicine plus indomethacin (therapy B) with that of indomethacin alone (therapy C) in treating polyhydramnios...
  7. Lietman P. Herbal medicine development: a plea for a rigorous scientific foundation. Am J Ther. 2012;19:351-6 pubmed publisher
    ..principles that should underlie everyone's thinking about the development and/or clinical use of any herbal medicine. (1) There must be standardization and regulation (rigorously enforced) of the product being studied or being ..
  8. Shord S, Shah K, Lukose A. Drug-botanical interactions: a review of the laboratory, animal, and human data for 8 common botanicals. Integr Cancer Ther. 2009;8:208-27 pubmed publisher
    ..These examples are included to demonstrate how to interpret the different studies and how to use these data to predict the likelihood of a clinically significant drug-botanical interaction. ..
  9. Hughes G, Aboyade O, Clark B, Puoane T. The prevalence of traditional herbal medicine use among hypertensives living in South African communities. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013;13:38 pubmed publisher
    ..Health care providers should however be more aware of THM use and counsel patients regarding the combination of prescribed treatment regimen and herbal medicines and the potential of herb-drug interactions. ..
  10. Shin J, Kim H, Park H, Sung N, Son C. Safety of the traditional Korean herbal medicine CGX: a 6-month repeated-dose study in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;128:221-9 pubmed publisher
    CGX is a traditional Korean herbal medicine used to treat chronic liver diseases...

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. Gasparetto J, Martins C, Hayashi S, Otuky M, Pontarolo R. Ethnobotanical and scientific aspects of Malva sylvestris L.: a millennial herbal medicine. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2012;64:172-89 pubmed publisher
    ..Due to its wide use and medicinal importance, many studies have been conducted; however, the information in the literature is very extensive and disseminated, making it difficult to use...
  2. Takayama S, Seki T, Watanabe M, Monma Y, Sugita N, Konno S, et al. The herbal medicine Daikenchuto increases blood flow in the superior mesenteric artery. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2009;219:319-30 pubmed
    Daikenchuto is a traditional herbal medicine that is used for the treatment of cold feeling in the abdomen, while Orengedokuto, also a traditional herbal medicine, is used for treating inflammatory and ulcerative diseases affecting ..
  3. Kim K, Jung H, Choi W, Eo W, Cheon S. A case of recurred hepatocellular carcinoma refractory to doxorubicin after liver transplantation showing response to herbal medicine product, Rhus verniciflua Stokes extract. Integr Cancer Ther. 2010;9:100-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This patient experienced prolonged survival compared with average survival times and little toxicity. ..
  4. Humer M, Scheller G, Kapellen T, Gebauer C, Schmidt H, Kiess W. [Use of herbal medicine in German children - prevalence, indications and motivation]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2010;135:959-64 pubmed publisher
    b>Herbal medicine (phytotherapy) is increasingly used by the German population. But its use for children has been rarely analysed. This study determined prevalence, motivations and indications for the use of herbal medicine use...
  5. Yuliana N, Jahangir M, Korthout H, Choi Y, Kim H, Verpoorte R. Comprehensive review on herbal medicine for energy intake suppression. Obes Rev. 2011;12:499-514 pubmed publisher
    ..Traditional belief that herbal medicine is safer than synthetic ones is one of the classical arguments, although scientifically this is not always ..
  6. Zhou F, Hao Y, Chen Y, Wang T. Chinese herbal medicine in treatment of polyhydramnios:a meta-analysis and systematic review. Chin Med Sci J. 2013;28:72-81 pubmed
    To compare the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine (therapy A) or Chinese herbal medicine plus indomethacin (therapy B) with that of indomethacin alone (therapy C) in treating polyhydramnios...
  7. Lietman P. Herbal medicine development: a plea for a rigorous scientific foundation. Am J Ther. 2012;19:351-6 pubmed publisher
    ..principles that should underlie everyone's thinking about the development and/or clinical use of any herbal medicine. (1) There must be standardization and regulation (rigorously enforced) of the product being studied or being ..
  8. Shord S, Shah K, Lukose A. Drug-botanical interactions: a review of the laboratory, animal, and human data for 8 common botanicals. Integr Cancer Ther. 2009;8:208-27 pubmed publisher
    ..These examples are included to demonstrate how to interpret the different studies and how to use these data to predict the likelihood of a clinically significant drug-botanical interaction. ..
  9. Hughes G, Aboyade O, Clark B, Puoane T. The prevalence of traditional herbal medicine use among hypertensives living in South African communities. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013;13:38 pubmed publisher
    ..Health care providers should however be more aware of THM use and counsel patients regarding the combination of prescribed treatment regimen and herbal medicines and the potential of herb-drug interactions. ..
  10. Shin J, Kim H, Park H, Sung N, Son C. Safety of the traditional Korean herbal medicine CGX: a 6-month repeated-dose study in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;128:221-9 pubmed publisher
    CGX is a traditional Korean herbal medicine used to treat chronic liver diseases...
  11. Cheong Y, Nardo L, Rutherford T, Ledger W. Acupuncture and herbal medicine in in vitro fertilisation: a review of the evidence for clinical practice. Hum Fertil (Camb). 2010;13:3-12 pubmed publisher
    ..The objectives of this systematic review were to determine the effectiveness of (a) acupuncture and (b) Chinese herbal medicine on the treatment of male and female subfertility by assisted reproductive technologies (ART)...
  12. Ouédraogo M, Baudoux T, Stévigny C, Nortier J, Colet J, Efferth T, et al. Review of current and "omics" methods for assessing the toxicity (genotoxicity, teratogenicity and nephrotoxicity) of herbal medicines and mushrooms. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;140:492-512 pubmed publisher
    ..It will also be important to regulate the integration of conventional methods for toxicity assessments with new "omics" technologies. ..
  13. Oreagba I, Oshikoya K, Amachree M. Herbal medicine use among urban residents in Lagos, Nigeria. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2011;11:117 pubmed publisher
    ..8%) respondents. 'Agbo jedi-jedi' (35%) was the most frequently used herbal medicine preparation, followed by 'agbo-iba' (27.5%) and Oroki herbal mixture® (9%)...
  14. Omeish A, Abbadi W, Ghanma I, Drabaa Z, Botoosh F, Seif A, et al. Hospital-based study on the use of herbal medicine in patients with coronary artery disease in Jordan. J Pak Med Assoc. 2011;61:683-7 pubmed
    ..Active role of pharmacists and doctors for counseling patients on the appropriate use of herbal products should prevent toxicity, ensure proper modes of preparation and optimize safety and efficacy. ..
  15. Kunwar R, Shrestha K, Bussmann R. Traditional herbal medicine in far-west Nepal: a pharmacological appraisal. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2010;6:35 pubmed publisher
    ..The field study for primary data collection was carried out from 2006-2008. The herbal medicine in far-west Nepal is the basis of treatment of most illness through traditional knowledge...
  16. Sarris J, Panossian A, Schweitzer I, Stough C, Scholey A. Herbal medicine for depression, anxiety and insomnia: a review of psychopharmacology and clinical evidence. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2011;21:841-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Several herbal medicines with in vitro and in vivo evidence are currently unexplored in human studies, and along with use of emerging genetic technologies "herbomics", are areas of potential future research. ..
  17. Mo S, Liu W, Li C, Zhou Z, Luo H, Chew H, et al. Pharmacophore, QSAR, and binding mode studies of substrates of human cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) using molecular docking and virtual mutations and an application to chinese herbal medicine screening. Curr Pharm Biotechnol. 2012;13:1640-704 pubmed
    ..Screening of high-affinity ligands for CYP2D6 from herbal formula using computational models is a useful approach to identify potential herb-drug interactions. ..
  18. Namuddu B, Kalyango J, Karamagi C, Mudiope P, Sumba S, Kalende H, et al. Prevalence and factors associated with traditional herbal medicine use among patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy in Uganda. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:855 pubmed publisher
    ..THM use referred to someone who had ever used or was currently using herbal medicine while on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) by the time of the study...
  19. Chan K, Shaw D, Simmonds M, Leon C, Xu Q, Lu A, et al. Good practice in reviewing and publishing studies on herbal medicine, with special emphasis on traditional Chinese medicine and Chinese materia medica. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;140:469-75 pubmed publisher
    ..These guidelines provide a clear starting point for this important endeavour. They also provide a platform for adaptation, as appropriate, to other systems of traditional medicine. ..
  20. Flower A, Witt C, Liu J, Ulrich Merzenich G, Yu H, Lewith G. Guidelines for randomised controlled trials investigating Chinese herbal medicine. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;140:550-4 pubmed publisher
    ETHNOGRAPHIC RELEVANCE: Clinical trials investigating Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) have been frequently criticised for their lack of scientific rigour...
  21. Katoh M, Yoshioka Y, Nakagawa N, Yokoi T. Effects of Japanese herbal medicine, Kampo, on human UGT1A1 activity. Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2009;24:226-34 pubmed
    Kampo is a traditional Japanese herbal medicine and widely used in clinical practice in Japan. Little is known about interactions between Kampo and other medicines...
  22. Li T, Peng T. Traditional Chinese herbal medicine as a source of molecules with antiviral activity. Antiviral Res. 2013;97:1-9 pubmed publisher
    Traditional Chinese herbal medicine (TCHM) is widely used in the prevention and treatment of viral infectious diseases...
  23. Yang J, Ip S, Xian Y, Zhao M, Lin Z, Yeung J, et al. Impact of the herbal medicine Sophora flavescens on the oral pharmacokinetics of indinavir in rats: the involvement of CYP3A and P-glycoprotein. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31312 pubmed publisher
    ..Results in the current study suggest that patients using indinavir might be cautioned in the use of S. flavescens extract or Sophora-derived products. ..
  24. Sun H, Zhang A, Wang X. Potential role of metabolomic approaches for Chinese medicine syndromes and herbal medicine. Phytother Res. 2012;26:1466-71 pubmed publisher
    ..In this review, we focus on the key role of robust metabolomic approaches as an aid for traditional herbal medicine; particular attention will be paid to the past successes in applications of metabonomics to contribute to low-..
  25. Booker A, Johnston D, Heinrich M. Value chains of herbal medicines--research needs and key challenges in the context of ethnopharmacology. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;140:624-33 pubmed publisher
    ..We identified a crucial gap in current ethnopharmacological and medicinal plant research which impacts on a wide-range of factors relevant for a sustainable, socio-culturally equitable and safe supply of herbal medicines. ..
  26. See C, McCulloch M, Smikle C, Gao J. Chinese herbal medicine and clomiphene citrate for anovulation: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Altern Complement Med. 2011;17:397-405 pubmed publisher
    The study objective was to investigate the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine for improving standard infertility treatments.
  27. Chen Y, Zhu J. Anti-HBV effect of individual traditional Chinese herbal medicine in vitro and in vivo: an analytic review. J Viral Hepat. 2013;20:445-52 pubmed publisher
    Traditional Chinese herbal medicine (TCHM) has been widely used in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in China...
  28. Efferth T, Kaina B. Toxicities by herbal medicines with emphasis to traditional Chinese medicine. Curr Drug Metab. 2011;12:989-96 pubmed
    ..most important and challenging tasks for scientists working in drug research to investigate the efficacy of herbal medicine, to dissect favorable from adverse effects, to identify active principles in medicinal plants and to ban ..
  29. Obodozie O, Ameh S, Afolabi E, Oyedele E, Ache T, Onanuga C, et al. A normative study of the components of niprisan--an herbal medicine for sickle cell anemia. J Diet Suppl. 2010;7:21-30 pubmed publisher
    Niprisan® is an herbal medicine for sickle cell anemia developed in the National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD). It is prepared from pepper seeds [Piper guineense Schum. & Thonn...
  30. Gostner J, Wrulich O, Jenny M, Fuchs D, Ueberall F. An update on the strategies in multicomponent activity monitoring within the phytopharmaceutical field. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2012;12:18 pubmed publisher
  31. Tejedor Garcia N, Garcia Bermejo L, Fernandez Martinez A, Olmos Centenera G, Kumari R, Xu Q, et al. MEDLINE-based assessment of animal studies on Chinese herbal medicine. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;140:545-9 pubmed publisher
    ETHNO-PHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The scientific proof and clinical validation of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) require a rigorous approach that includes chemical standardization, biological assays, animal studies and clinical trials...
  32. Yang C, Ishitsuka Y, Moriuchi H, Golbidi S, Jin Z, Irikura M, et al. Protection afforded by a herbal medicine, Sho-seiryu-to (TJ-19), against oleic acid-induced acute lung injury in guinea-pigs. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2009;61:925-32 pubmed publisher
    The effect of a herbal medicine, Sho-seiryu-to (TJ-19), on oleic acid-induced lung injury, an animal model of acute respiratory distress syndrome or acute lung injury (ARDS/ALI), was examined...
  33. Shaw D, Graeme L, Pierre D, Elizabeth W, Kelvin C. Pharmacovigilance of herbal medicine. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;140:513-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Systematic pharmacovigilance is essential to build up reliable information on the safety of herbal medicines for the development of appropriate guidelines for safe effective use. ..
  34. Hung S, Hillier S, Ernst E. Case reports of adverse effects of herbal medicinal products (HMPs): a quality assessment. Phytomedicine. 2011;18:335-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Each case report was subject to specific inclusion criteria related to the intervention (i.e. herbal medicine) and outcome measurement (i.e. adverse effect)...
  35. Wagner H, Ulrich Merzenich G. Synergy research: approaching a new generation of phytopharmaceuticals. Phytomedicine. 2009;16:97-110 pubmed publisher
    ..This new generation of phytopharmaceuticals could lend phytotherapy a new legitimacy and enable their use to treat diseases which have hitherto been treated using synthetic drugs alone. ..
  36. Nissen N. Practitioners of Western herbal medicine and their practice in the UK: beginning to sketch the profession. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2010;16:181-6 pubmed publisher
    To profile the profession of Western herbal medicine (WHM) in the UK. A self-completion postal questionnaire sent to a sample of practitioners of WHM in England...
  37. Wang S, Wu X, Tan M, Gong J, Tan W, Bian B, et al. Fighting fire with fire: poisonous Chinese herbal medicine for cancer therapy. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;140:33-45 pubmed publisher
    Following the known principle of "fighting fire with fire", poisonous Chinese herbal medicine (PCHM) has been historically used in cancer therapies by skilled Chinese practitioners for thousands of years...
  38. Suzuki H, Inadomi J, Hibi T. Japanese herbal medicine in functional gastrointestinal disorders. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2009;21:688-96 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Herbal medicine may be an attractive alternative based on the perception of its 'natural' approach and low risk of side ..
  39. Yang A, Li C, Da Costa C, Allan G, Reece J, Xue C. Assessing quality of case series studies: development and validation of an instrument by herbal medicine CAM researchers. J Altern Complement Med. 2009;15:513-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Raters (including judges), consisting of herbal medicine researchers, herbal medicine practitioners, and other professionals, used the draft instrument to assess the ..
  40. Ke F, Yadav P, Ju L. Herbal medicine in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. Saudi J Gastroenterol. 2012;18:3-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Several types of medications are used to control the inflammation or reduce symptoms. Herbal medicine includes a wide range of practices and therapies outside the realms of conventional Western medicine...
  41. Pelkonen O, Pasanen M, Lindon J, Chan K, Zhao L, Deal G, et al. Omics and its potential impact on R&D and regulation of complex herbal products. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;140:587-93 pubmed publisher
    ..It is expected that current studies and plans employing omics techniques and other integrative approaches will prove to be positive and informative. ..
  42. Luo H, Li Q, Flower A, Lewith G, Liu J. Comparison of effectiveness and safety between granules and decoction of Chinese herbal medicine: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;140:555-67 pubmed publisher
    The clinical use of Chinese herbal medicine granules is gradually increasing. However, there is still no systematic review comparing the effectiveness and safety of granules with the more traditional method of herbal decoctions...
  43. Kaburaki T, Zhang Q, Jin X, Uchiyama M, Fujino Y, Nakahara H, et al. Effects of Japanese herbal medicine Sairei-to on murine experimental autoimmune uveitis. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2013;251:2733-9 pubmed publisher
    It has been suggested thatSairei-to (TJ114), a traditional Japanese herbal medicine, has immunomodulatory activities...
  44. Fakeye T, Adisa R, Musa I. Attitude and use of herbal medicines among pregnant women in Nigeria. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2009;9:53 pubmed publisher
    ..3% preferring self-prepared formulations. Almost 30% who were using herbal medicine at the time of the study believed that the use of herbal medicines during pregnancy is safe...
  45. Chau F, Chan H, Cheung C, Xu C, Liang Y, Kvalheim O. Recipe for uncovering the bioactive components in herbal medicine. Anal Chem. 2009;81:7217-25 pubmed publisher
    ..information about bioactivity available at the molecular level and provides possibilities for assessment of herbal medicine (HM) possible beyond just authentication and total bioactivity...
  46. Ernst E. Herbal medicine in the treatment of rheumatic diseases. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2011;37:95-102 pubmed publisher
    ..This article provides a brief overview of the evidence on herbal medicines for 4 common rheumatic conditions: back pain, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. ..
  47. Cartier A, Malo J, Labrecque M. Occupational asthma due to liquorice roots. Allergy. 2002;57:863 pubmed
  48. Ho J, Leung Y, Chan C. Herbal medicine in the treatment of cancer. Curr Med Chem Anticancer Agents. 2002;2:209-14 pubmed
    Many of the classes of phytochemicals in herbal medicine are finding therapeutic use. In particular, cancer patients are reported to benefit from treatment with herbal medicine and survivability in many cases is significantly enhanced...
  49. Glover D, Amonkar M, Rybeck B, Tracy T. Prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medicine use in a rural, obstetric population. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003;188:1039-45 pubmed
    ..Medications (eg, ibuprofen) that are contraindicated in pregnancy were used at unexpectedly high rates. Of the three medication classes, over-the-counter medications were used most frequently. ..
  50. Mills E, Ernst E, Singh R, Ross C, Wilson K. Health food store recommendations: implications for breast cancer patients. Breast Cancer Res. 2003;5:R170-4 pubmed
    ..Regulators need to consider regulations to protect vulnerable patients from incurring significant costs in their purchasing of natural health food products lacking evidence of benefit and of questionable safety. ..
  51. Busia K. Medical provision in Africa -- past and present. Phytother Res. 2005;19:919-23 pubmed
    ..The reasons for the rise in interest in herbal medicine on the continent are explained briefly and the need for stricter regulatory controls of the herbal industry, ..
  52. Gagnier J, DeMelo J, Boon H, Rochon P, Bombardier C. Quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials of herbal medicine interventions. Am J Med. 2006;119:800.e1-11 pubmed
    ..of this project was to examine the quality of reporting of randomized controlled intervention trials of herbal medicine. MEDLINE (1966 to September 2003) was searched for randomized controlled trials of 10 herbal medicines...
  53. Hudson J, Altamirano M. The application of DNA micro-arrays (gene arrays) to the study of herbal medicines. J Ethnopharmacol. 2006;108:2-15 pubmed
    ..analyze specific studies, which utilized gene array technology, aimed at evaluating the effects of certain herbal medicine formulas and bioactive ingredients in animal tissues and in cell cultures...
  54. Muthu C, Ayyanar M, Raja N, Ignacimuthu S. Medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu, India. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2006;2:43 pubmed
    ..The traditional healers are dwindling in number and there is a grave danger of traditional knowledge disappearing soon since the younger generation is not interested to carry on this tradition. ..
  55. Su S, Xie M, Sawabu N, Motoo Y. Suppressive effect of herbal medicine saikokeishito on acinar cell apoptosis in rat spontaneous chronic pancreatitis. Pancreatology. 2007;7:28-36 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that TJ-10 has a therapeutic effect on chronic pancreatitis by the suppression of acinar cell apoptosis via the Fas/FasL system. ..
  56. Cheng J, Lu Z, Su Y, Chiang L, Wang R. A traditional Chinese herbal medicine used to treat dysmenorrhoea among Taiwanese women. J Clin Nurs. 2008;17:2588-95 pubmed publisher
  57. Matsumoto K, Hatori Y, Murayama T, Tashima K, Wongseripipatana S, Misawa K, et al. Involvement of mu-opioid receptors in antinociception and inhibition of gastrointestinal transit induced by 7-hydroxymitragynine, isolated from Thai herbal medicine Mitragyna speciosa. Eur J Pharmacol. 2006;549:63-70 pubmed
    7-hydroxymitragynine, a constituent of the Thai herbal medicine Mitragyna speciosa, has been found to have a potent opioid antinociceptive effect...
  58. Kemper K, Gardiner P, Gobble J, Woods C. Expertise about herbs and dietary supplements among diverse health professionals. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2006;6:15 pubmed
    ..Future curricula about HDS should target nurses, students, practitioners and those not currently using HDS. Research is needed to determine the most cost-effective educational strategies for diverse health professionals. ..
  59. Park H, Jeon S, Kim T, Kang H, Chang Y, Kim Y, et al. Occupational asthma and rhinitis induced by a herbal medicine, Wonji (Polygala tenuifolia). J Korean Med Sci. 2005;20:46-9 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that Polygala tenuifolia, a herbal material, can induce IgE-mediated bronchoconstriction in exposed workers...
  60. Aziz Z. Herbal medicines: predictors of recommendation by physicians. J Clin Pharm Ther. 2004;29:241-6 pubmed
    ..Physicians' personal attributes and training influence their likelihood of recommending herbal medicines. ..
  61. Bent S, Ko R. Commonly used herbal medicines in the United States: a review. Am J Med. 2004;116:478-85 pubmed
    ..To improve the safety and consistency of herbs, additional research is needed to define the pharmacology, stability, and bioavailability of these products. ..
  62. Feigin V. Herbal medicine in stroke: does it have a future?. Stroke. 2007;38:1734-6 pubmed