general surgery


Summary: A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.

Top Publications

  1. Prevot J. The history of pediatric surgery in France. Prog Pediatr Surg. 1986;20:9-16 pubmed
    ..French publications have diminished since then, and French pediatric surgery is still trying to find a precise identity. ..
  2. Deckelbaum D, Ntakiyiruta G, Liberman A, Razek T, Kyamanywa P. Augmenting surgical capacity in resource-limited settings. Lancet. 2012;380:713-4 pubmed publisher
  3. Farnell M. Surgery 2010: Finding the silver lining on a cloud of regulation. J Am Coll Surg. 2011;213:1-9 pubmed publisher
  4. Cyranoski D. Investigations launched into artificial tracheas. Nature. 2014;516:16-7 pubmed publisher
  5. Singh H, Kaita L, Taylor G, Nugent Z, Bernstein C. Practice and documentation of performance of colonoscopy in a central Canadian health region. Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014;28:185-90 pubmed
    ..There is an urgent need to adopt standardized colonoscopy reporting systems in everyday practice and to provide feedback to physicians regarding deficiencies so they can be rectified. ..
  6. Bhangu A, Fitzgerald J, Harrison E. Global Academic Surgery and Global Outcomes in Surgery: Developing a Sustainable Model for the Development of Audit and Research Capacity. JAMA Surg. 2016;151:94-5 pubmed publisher
  7. Parikh P, White M, Buckingham L, Tchorz K. Evaluation of palliative care training and skills retention by medical students. J Surg Res. 2017;211:172-177 pubmed publisher
    ..However, students felt the skills developed could be reinforced with opportunities to observe their attending physicians or residents leading such discussions and involving students in such discussions as and when appropriate. ..
  8. . NIHR surgery trials. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2013;95:8 pubmed publisher
  9. Lindisfarne E, Baskaradas A, Kunasingam K. How to reduce radiation exposure during hand surgery: use of a kidney dish to protect the surgeon's hands. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2012;94:278 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Thoma A, Farrokhyar F, McKnight L, Bhandari M. Practical tips for surgical research: how to optimize patient recruitment. Can J Surg. 2010;53:205-10 pubmed
  2. Wandling M, Ko C, Bankey P, Cribari C, Cryer H, Diaz J, et al. Expanding the scope of quality measurement in surgery to include nonoperative care: Results from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program emergency general surgery pilot. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017;83:837-845 pubmed publisher
    ..Consequently, optimal performance evaluation is not possible for specialties like emergency general surgery (EGS) where nonoperative management is common...
  3. . Obituary. D. G. C. Tasker, B.Sc., M.S., F.R.C.S. Bristol Med Chir J. 1968;83:16-9 pubmed
  4. Vos T. Improving the quantitative basis of the surgical burden in low-income countries. PLoS Med. 2009;6:e1000149 pubmed publisher
  5. DeSoucy E, Zakaluzny S, Galante J. A novel flight surgeon training model at a joint military and civilian surgical residency program. J Surg Res. 2017;215:67-73 pubmed publisher
    Graduating military preliminary interns are often required to fill flight surgeon billets. General surgery preliminary interns get experience evaluating surgical and trauma patients, but receive very little training in primary care and ..
  6. Bhangu A, Kolias A, Pinkney T, Hall N, Fitzgerald J. Surgical research collaboratives in the UK. Lancet. 2013;382:1091-2 pubmed publisher
  7. Bhangu A, Fitzgerald J, Kolias A. Trainee-led research collaboratives: a novel model for delivering multi-centre studies. ANZ J Surg. 2014;84:902-3 pubmed
  8. Orgill D, Manders E, Sumpio B, Lee R, Attinger C, Gurtner G, et al. The mechanisms of action of vacuum assisted closure: more to learn. Surgery. 2009;146:40-51 pubmed publisher
  9. Skarsgard E. Does general surgery residency training provide competence in community-based pediatric surgery?. Can J Surg. 2009;52:E220; author reply 220-1 pubmed
  10. Darosa D, Pugh C. Error training: missing link in surgical education. Surgery. 2012;151:139-45 pubmed publisher
  11. Sharoky C, Bailey E, Sellers M, Kaufman E, Sinnamon A, Wirtalla C, et al. Outcomes of hospitalized patients undergoing emergency general surgery remote from admission. Surgery. 2017;162:612-619 pubmed publisher
    Emergency general surgery during hospitalization has not been well characterized...
  12. NIERENSTEIN M. Observations on some rock carvings of surgical instruments in East Africa. Bristol Med Chir J (1883). 1945;62:14-7 pubmed
  13. Zhang H, Yang T, Wu M. Surgical clinical trials--need for international collaboration. Lancet. 2013;382:1876 pubmed publisher
  14. Farrugia P, Petrisor B, Farrokhyar F, Bhandari M. Practical tips for surgical research: Research questions, hypotheses and objectives. Can J Surg. 2010;53:278-81 pubmed
  15. Martin J, Regehr G, Reznick R, MacRae H, Murnaghan J, Hutchison C, et al. Objective structured assessment of technical skill (OSATS) for surgical residents. Br J Surg. 1997;84:273-8 pubmed
    ..Global ratings are a better method of assessment than task-specific checklists. Bench model simulation gives equivalent results to use of live animals for this test format. ..
  16. Rothmund M. Surgical leadership. Br J Surg. 2013;100:577-9 pubmed publisher
  17. Polk H. Remembrances from an early follower and leader of the Association for Academic Surgery. J Surg Res. 2017;217:3-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Perhaps the most important contribution was Dr. George Zuidema's theme of inclusiveness. AAS was a decade ahead of its time in that regard. ..
  18. Renteria O, Mokdad A, Imran J, Huerta S. Resident postgraduate year does not influence rate of complications following inguinal herniorrhaphy. J Surg Res. 2017;219:61-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Lower PGY level was also associated with increased operative time. We hypothesize that when controlling for surgeon, technique, and hernia type, the outcomes for inguinal herniorrhaphy are the same independent of PGY level...
  19. Kerfoot B, Kissane N. The use of gamification to boost residents' engagement in simulation training. JAMA Surg. 2014;149:1208-9 pubmed publisher
  20. Iacobucci G. Performance data on all surgeons in England will be published within two years. BMJ. 2012;345:e8377 pubmed publisher
  21. Storey R, Gouda M, Smith A. A simple exercise to encourage precise suture placement. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2012;94:370 pubmed publisher
  22. Gardner A, Abdelfattah K. Comparison of simulation-based assessments and faculty ratings for general surgery resident milestone evaluation: Are they telling the same story?. Am J Surg. 2017;214:547-553 pubmed publisher to examine the role of simulation in documenting resident nontechnical competencies outlined by the general surgery milestones, and compare those assessments to faculty ratings...
  23. Antiel R, Thompson S, Reed D, James K, Tilburt J, Bannon M, et al. ACGME duty-hour recommendations - a national survey of residency program directors. N Engl J Med. 2010;363:e12 pubmed publisher
  24. Catchpole K, Russ S. The problem with checklists. BMJ Qual Saf. 2015;24:545-9 pubmed publisher
  25. Hansen B. Medical History's Moment in Art Photography (1920 to 1950): How Lejaren à Hiller and Valentino Sarra Created a Fashion for Scenes of Early Surgery. J Hist Med Allied Sci. 2017;72:381-421 pubmed publisher
    ..An appreciation of these photographs enlarges our understanding of the place of medical history in American culture during the first half of the twentieth century...
  26. Chu D, Chen H. The Association for Academic Surgeons 2001-2010: a decade of inclusiveness. J Surg Res. 2017;217:16-19 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, we review these historical highlights and will demonstrate that the AAS remains the most important home for the young academic surgeon. ..
  27. . Abstracts from the 26th National Congress of the Italian Society of Geriatric Surgery, 19-22 June 2013, Naples, Italy. BMC Surg. 2013;13 Suppl 1:A1-A20 pubmed
  28. Fleisher L, Fleischmann K, Auerbach A, Barnason S, Beckman J, Bozkurt B, et al. 2014 ACC/AHA guideline on perioperative cardiovascular evaluation and management of patients undergoing noncardiac surgery: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2014;130:e278-333 pubmed publisher
  29. Merry A, Ramage M, Whitlock R, Laycock G, Smith W, Stenhouse D, et al. First-time coronary artery bypass grafting: the anaesthetist as a risk factor. Br J Anaesth. 1992;68:6-12 pubmed
    ..01) and anaesthetist (P = 0.05) were associated significantly with outcome. ..
  30. Mavrodi A, Paraskevas G. Mondino de Luzzi: a luminous figure in the darkness of the Middle Ages. Croat Med J. 2014;55:50-3 pubmed
  31. Masters R, Poolton J, Abernethy B, Patil N. Implicit learning of movement skills for surgery. ANZ J Surg. 2008;78:1062-4 pubmed publisher
  32. Schneidman D. Elias S. Hanna, MD, FACS, opens his heart to patients the world over. Bull Am Coll Surg. 2011;96:22-3 pubmed
  33. Modi H, Singh H, Yang G, Darzi A, Leff D. A decade of imaging surgeons' brain function (part II): A systematic review of applications for technical and nontechnical skills assessment. Surgery. 2017;162:1130-1139 pubmed publisher
    ..Although there has been a critical mass of data detailing surgeons' brain function, this literature has not been reviewed systematically...
  34. George B, Bohnen J, Williams R, Meyerson S, Schuller M, Clark M, et al. Readiness of US General Surgery Residents for Independent Practice. Ann Surg. 2017;266:582-594 pubmed publisher
    This study evaluates the current state of the General Surgery (GS) residency training model by investigating resident operative performance and autonomy...
  35. . Abstracts of the XXIII Annual Meeting of the Italian Society of Geriatric Surgery. Lecce, Italy. December 2-4, 2010. BMC Geriatr. 2011;11 Suppl 1:A1-66 pubmed
  36. Del Blanco Á, Torrente J, Fernández Manjón B, Ruiz P, Giner M. Using a videogame to facilitate nursing and medical students' first visit to the operating theatre. A randomized controlled trial. Nurse Educ Today. 2017;55:45-53 pubmed publisher
    ..After their first visit to the theatre, students in EG showed less fear (C1) and also perceived to have committed fewer errors (C3), while they showed higher perceived knowledge (C2) and a more collaborative attitude (C4). ..
  37. Baudon J. [The advent of a newborn specialty: 19th century pediatrics]. Presse Med. 2017;46:438-448 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast, therapeutics as serotherapy, vaccinations at the break of the 20th century played a secondary role. ..
  38. Escher C, Creutzfeldt J, Meurling L, Hedman L, Kjellin A, Fellander Tsai L. Medical students' situational motivation to participate in simulation based team training is predicted by attitudes to patient safety. BMC Med Educ. 2017;17:37 pubmed publisher
  39. Gaunt A, Patel A, Fallis S, Rusius V, Mylvaganam S, Royle T, et al. Surgical Trainee Feedback-Seeking Behavior in the Context of Workplace-Based Assessment in Clinical Settings. Acad Med. 2017;92:827-834 pubmed publisher
    ..Encouraging trainees to actively seek feedback by providing specific training and creating a supportive environment for feedback interactions could positively affect their ability to seek feedback. ..
  40. Nassour I, Spalding M, Hynan L, Gardner A, Williams B. The surgeon-performed ultrasound: a curriculum to improve residents' basic ultrasound knowledge. J Surg Res. 2017;213:51-59 pubmed publisher
    ..We believe that such an educational endeavor should be encouraged by all surgical residencies. ..
  41. Abbott E, Thompson W, Pandian T, Zendejas B, Farley D, Cook D. Personalized Video Feedback and Repeated Task Practice Improve Laparoscopic Knot-Tying Skills: Two Controlled Trials. Acad Med. 2017;92:S26-S32 pubmed publisher
    ..b>General surgery interns and research fellows completed four repetitions of a simulated laparoscopic knot-tying task at one-..
  42. Quick J, Kudav V, Doty J, Crane M, Bukoski A, Bennett B, et al. Surgical resident technical skill self-evaluation: increased precision with training progression. J Surg Res. 2017;218:144-149 pubmed publisher
    ..We aimed to determine if differences exist between self and observer technical skill evaluation of surgical residents performing a single procedure...
  43. Armenia S, Pentakota S, Merchant A. Socioeconomic factors and mortality in emergency general surgery: trends over a 20-year period. J Surg Res. 2017;212:178-186 pubmed publisher
    ..such as race, insurance, and income quartiles have been identified as independent risk factors in emergency general surgery (EGS), but this impact has not been studied over time...
  44. Speer A, Kao L. The Association for Academic Surgery 2011-present: standing on the shoulders of giants. J Surg Res. 2017;217:20-24 pubmed publisher
  45. Vowles K. Surgical safari. Bristol Med Chir J. 1988;103:48-9 pubmed
  46. Eyre Brook A. Richard Smith Junior and his times. Bristol Med Chir J. 1969;84:1-11 pubmed
  47. Kelly S. Mesh abdominal wall hernia surgery is safe and effective-the harm New Zealand media has done. N Z Med J. 2017;130:54-57 pubmed
    ..The worsening confidence in the transvaginal mesh prolapse repair should not adversely affect the good results of mesh abdominal wall hernia repair. New Zealand general surgeons are well trained in providing modern hernia surgery...
  48. Kneebone R. Practice, rehearsal, and performance: an approach for simulation-based surgical and procedure training. JAMA. 2009;302:1336-8 pubmed publisher
  49. Drolet B, Khokhar M, Fischer S. The 2011 duty-hour requirements--a survey of residency program directors. N Engl J Med. 2013;368:694-7 pubmed publisher
  50. Gawande A. Two hundred years of surgery. N Engl J Med. 2012;366:1716-23 pubmed publisher
  51. Wijeratna M, Halsey T, Johnston P. A low cost model for teaching tendon repair. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2012;94:368 pubmed publisher
  52. Craig S. "Enquire into All the Circumstances of the Patient Narrowly": John Rutherford's Clinical Lectures in Edinburgh, 1749-53. J Hist Med Allied Sci. 2017;72:302-327 pubmed publisher
    ..Importantly too, Rutherford prepared his students for failure through humility, introspection, and the speculative nature of medical practice. ..
  53. Ioannidis J. Clinical trials: what a waste. BMJ. 2014;349:g7089 pubmed publisher