drug utilization review
Summary: Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
Publications222 found, 100 shown here
- Inappropriate drug combinations among privately insured patients with HIV diseaseFred J Hellinger
Center for Delivery Organization and Markets Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA
Med Care 43:III53-62. 2005..The objective of this study was to examine inappropriate drug combinations among privately insured patients with HIV disease...
- Pharmacists on rounding teams reduce preventable adverse drug events in hospital general medicine unitsSuzan N Kucukarslan
Department of Pharmacy Services, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
Arch Intern Med 163:2014-8. 2003....
- Antimicrobial stewardship--the state of the art in 2011: focus on outcome and methodsJohn E McGowan
Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 33:331-7. 2012..Attention to evaluation methods must be increased to provide convincing evidence for the continuation of such programs...
- Prospective survey of antibiotic utilization in pediatric hospitalized patients to identify targets for improvement of prescriptionM Potocki
Division of Infectious Diseases, University Children s Hospital of Zurich, Steinwiesstrasse 75, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
Infection 31:398-403. 2003..Little is known about the general misuse of antibiotics in hospitalized children. We evaluated the utilization of antibiotics in a pediatric teaching hospital aiming to identify targets for improvement of prescription...
- Drug utilization and potentially inappropriate drug use in elderly residents of a community in Istanbul, TurkeyP Ay
Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey
Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 43:195-202. 2005..This study investigates drug utilization and estimates the prevalence of potentially inappropriate drug use in a Turkish population aged 70 years or older...
- Appropriateness of prescribing among elderly patients in a Dutch residential home: observational study of outcomes after a pharmacist-led medication reviewClementine C M Stuijt
Department of Pharmacy, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Drugs Aging 25:947-54. 2008..Pharmacy services are increasingly being targeted to minimize the overall number of unnecessary and potential harmful medicines...
- Trends in prescribing and utilization of statins and other lipid lowering drugs across Europe 1997-2003T Walley
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Liverpool, 70 Pembrooke Place, Liverpool L69 3GF, UK
Br J Clin Pharmacol 60:543-51. 2005..To describe trends in utilization and prescribing of statins and other lipid lowering drugs across Europe from data in routine administrative databases...
- Implementation of a clinical decision support system for antimicrobial stewardshipElizabeth D Hermsen
Pharmacy Relations and Clinical Decision Support, Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 33:412-5. 2012....
- New drug uptake: qualitative comparison of high and low prescribing GPs' attitudes and approachHelen Prosser
Prescribing Research Group, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, The Infirmary, 70 Pembroke Place, Liverpool L69 3GF, UK
Fam Pract 20:583-91. 2003..Prescribing varies considerably between GPs, and a minority of GPs account for a large proportion of new drug prescribing...
- Effect of procalcitonin-guided treatment on antibiotic use and outcome in lower respiratory tract infections: cluster-randomised, single-blinded intervention trialMirjam Christ-Crain
Division of Pneumology, University Hospitals, Petersgraben 4, CH 4031 Basel, Switzerland
Lancet 363:600-7. 2004..We aimed to assess a procalcitonin-based therapeutic strategy to reduce antibiotic use in lower respiratory tract infections with a new rapid and sensitive assay...
- Does home based medication review keep older people out of hospital? The HOMER randomised controlled trialRichard Holland
School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ
BMJ 330:293. 2005..To determine whether home based medication review by pharmacists affects hospital readmission rates among older people...
- Antibiotic misuse: a prospective clinical audit in a French university hospitalC Pulcini
Service d Infectiologie, Hopital l Archet 1, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, route St Antoine de Ginestière, BP 3079, 06202 Nice Cedex 3, France
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 26:277-80. 2007..Misdiagnosis, due to the misinterpretation or lack of clinical, microbiological and/or imaging data is thus a major cause of antibiotic misuse. Improvement in the diagnostic process should become part of antibiotic policy...
- Drugs of last resort? The use of polymyxins and tigecycline at US Veterans Affairs medical centers, 2005-2010Benedikt Huttner
VA Salt Lake City Health Care System and University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e36649. 2012..Polymyxin use in particular is associated with the presence of MDR Gram-negative pathogens and may be useful as a surveillance measure in the future...
- The impact of an intensive antimicrobial control program in a Taiwanese medical centerMing Tsung Chang
Department of Pharmacy, Shin Kong Wu Ho Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Pharm World Sci 28:257-64. 2006..The study evaluates the short term impacts of an intensive control program for the appropriate us of antimicrobials, and to provide a novel strategy for antimicrobial control in inpatient wards in Taiwan...
- Prescription practices of public and private health care providers in Attock District of PakistanS Siddiqi
Multi donor Support Unit, Social Action Programme, World Bank Bldg, Shatirah e Jamhuriyat, Sector G 5 1, Islamabad, Pakistan
Int J Health Plann Manage 17:23-40. 2002..Improper prescription practices will not improve without consumer targeted interventions that educate and empower communities regarding the hazards of inappropriate drug use...
- Inappropriate prescribing of aminoglycosides: risk factors and impact of an antibiotic control teamJean Ralph Zahar
Service de Reanimation Medicale, Hôpital Henri Mondor AP HP, Creteil, France
J Antimicrob Chemother 58:651-6. 2006..We assessed prospectively the impact of an antibiotic control team on the appropriateness of prescriptions...
- Outcomes of an intervention to improve hospital antibiotic prescribing: interrupted time series with segmented regression analysisFaranak Ansari
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 9SY, Dundee
J Antimicrob Chemother 52:842-8. 2003..To evaluate an intervention to reduce inappropriate use of key antibiotics with interrupted time series analysis...
- Construction of the Korea Elderly Pharmacoepidemiologic Cohort: drug utilization review of cephalosporins in geriatric inpatientsB J Park
Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon Dong, Chongno Gu, Seoul 110 799, Korea
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 10:487-92. 2001..4%) and 8428 men (35.6%). The study population for drug utilization review consisted of those cohort members who were admitted into hospitals during the period January 1993 through ..
- Assessing the accuracy of computerized medication historiesPeter J Kaboli
Center for Research in the Implementation of Innovative Strategies in Practice at the Iowa City VA Medical Center, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
Am J Manag Care 10:872-7. 2004..To determine the accuracy of computerized medication histories...
- Parenteral to oral conversion of fluoroquinolones: low-hanging fruit for antimicrobial stewardship programs?Makoto Jones
IDEAS Center, VA Salt Lake City Health Care System, Salt Lake City, Utah 84148, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 33:362-7. 2012..To estimate avoidable intravenous (IV) fluoroquinolone use in Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals...
- Audit and feedback to reduce broad-spectrum antibiotic use among intensive care unit patients: a controlled interrupted time series analysisMarion Elligsen
Department of Pharmacy, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 33:354-61. 2012..We aimed to rigorously evaluate the impact of prospective audit and feedback on broad-spectrum antimicrobial use among critical care patients...
- Use of antibiotics in pediatric intensive care and potential savingsJ E Fischer
Department of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care, University Children s Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
Intensive Care Med 26:959-66. 2000..Because of the heterogeneity between units regarding patient mix and other characteristics, site-specific targets for reduction must be identified. Here we present a model to address the issue by means of an observational cohort study...
- Aliskiren for the treatment of essential hypertension under real-life practice conditions: design and baseline data of the prospective 3A registryU Zeymer
Medizinische Klinik B, Klinikum Ludwigshafen, Ludwigshafen, Germany
Int J Clin Pract 66:251-61. 2012..So far little is known about the use and efficacy of aliskiren in the treatment of essential hypertension under clinical practice conditions...
- Implementation and outcomes of a hospital-wide computerised antimicrobial stewardship programme in a large medical centre in TaiwanYuk Ying Chan
Department of Pharmacy, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan
Int J Antimicrob Agents 38:486-92. 2011..HCAAS is a sustainable system for providing antibiotic stewardship and exerts a positive impact on the hospital by reducing antimicrobial consumption and expenditure whilst not compromising healthcare quality...
- Drug-related problems identified in post-discharge medication reviews for patients taking warfarinLeanne Stafford
Unit for Medication Outcomes Research and Education, School of Pharmacy, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 26, Hobart Tasmania 7001, Australia
Int J Clin Pharm 33:621-6. 2011....
- Changes to psychotropic medications in the six months after admission to nursing homes in Melbourne, AustraliaDaniel W O'Connor
Aged Mental Health Research Unit, School of Psychology and Psychiatry, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Int Psychogeriatr 22:1149-53. 2010..Previous studies suggest that antipsychotic medications are often unnecessary and can be withdrawn without ill effects. Depression, in contrast, is believed to be under-recognized and under-treated...
- Effect of a retrospective drug utilization review on potentially inappropriate prescribing in the elderlyCatherine I Starner
Prime Therapeutics, Eagan, Minnesota, USA
Am J Geriatr Pharmacother 7:11-9. 2009..Although the literature suggests DAE are associated with negative health outcomes, educational interventions have had a positive impact on inappropriate prescribing...
- How was patient empowerment portrayed in information leaflets describing the community pharmacy Medicines Use Review service in the UK?Melandi Van den Berg
Boots UK and Kingston University, UK
Patient Educ Couns 80:274-6. 2010..We investigated the depiction of the patient-pharmacist power relationship within MUR patient information leaflets...
- Reducing antibiotic use in children: a randomized trial in 12 practicesJ A Finkelstein
Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Pediatrics 108:1-7. 2001..Setting. Twelve practices affiliated with 2 managed care organizations (MCOs) in eastern Massachusetts and northwest Washington State. Patients. All enrolled children younger than 6 years old...
- Improving medication safety: influence of a patient-specific prescriber feedback program on rate of medication reviews performed by Australian general medical practitionersElizabeth Roughead
Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 16:797-803. 2007..To determine if patient-specific prescriber feedback for general medical practitioners (GPs), supported by educational material mailed to their patients, would increase home medicines review (HMR) rates...
- Discrepancies between prescribed daily doses and WHO defined daily doses of antibacterials at a university hospitalArno Muller
Service d Hygiène Hospitalière, CHU Jean Minjoz, Besancon, France
Br J Clin Pharmacol 61:585-91. 2006..However, discrepancies exist between countries in terms of antibiotic dosage. The aim of the present study was to compare, for each antibacterial agent available at our university hospital, the prescribed daily doses (PDD) with the DDD...
- The gap between evidence-based medicine and daily practice in the management of paediatric asthma. A pharmacy-based population study from The NetherlandsTjalling W de Vries
Department of Paediatrics, Medical Centre Leeuwarden, P O Box 888, 8901 BR, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
Eur J Clin Pharmacol 62:51-5. 2006..We evaluated the adherence to national guidelines for the treatment of asthma in childhood...
- Professional status in a changing world: The case of medicines use reviews in English community pharmacyRuth McDonald
University of Nottingham, Business School and CLAHRC, Sir Colin Campbell Building, Triumph Road, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Soc Sci Med 71:451-8. 2010..This paper highlights the importance and interplay of other factors which help explain the inability to capitalise fully on the potential contribution to professional status, which reforms to extend professional roles afford...
- Differences between prescribed daily doses and defined daily doses of antiepileptics--therapeutic drug monitoring as a marker of the quality of the treatmentB Koristkova
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Ostrava University Hospital and Medico Social Faculty, University of Ostrava, Czech Republic
Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 44:438-42. 2006..Plasma levels were used as an indicator of the quality of treatment...
- Inappropriate medication use among frail elderly inpatientsJoseph T Hanlon
Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, University of Minnesota, MN 55455, USA
Ann Pharmacother 38:9-14. 2004..Inappropriate prescribing in frail elderly inpatients has not received as much investigation as in frail elderly nursing home patients...
- Retrospective drug utilization review: incidence of clinically relevant potential drug-drug interactions in a large ambulatory populationCatherine C Peng
J Manag Care Pharm 9:513-22. 2003..incidence of clinically relevant potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) in a large population of ambulatory patients utilizing a computerized, retrospective drug utilization review (DUR) program followed by clinical pharmacist audit.
- Multidisciplinary medication review in nursing home residents: what are the most significant drug-related problems? The Bergen District Nursing Home (BEDNURS) studyS Ruths
Section for Geriatric Medicine, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway
Qual Saf Health Care 12:176-80. 2003..Based on a multidisciplinary review of drug use in nursing home residents, this study aimed to identify the most frequent clinically relevant medication problems and to analyse them according to the drugs involved and types of problems...
- Surveillance of antibiotic use in hospitals: methods, trends and targetsE I Kritsotakis
Clin Microbiol Infect 12:701-4. 2006..When usage rates are supplemented and interpreted according to changes in hospital resource indicators, benchmarking is facilitated. This provides an efficient tool for triggering and targeting antibiotic control interventions...
- Ceftriaxone and cefotaxime use in Victorian hospitalsMarion B Robertson
Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, VIC 3050, Australia
Med J Aust 176:524-9. 2002..To determine patterns of use of ceftriaxone and cefotaxime (CEFX) in Victorian hospitals and to identify areas for improvement...
- Evaluation of antibiotic use in intensive care units of a tertiary care hospital in TurkeyA Erbay
Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
J Hosp Infect 59:53-61. 2005..In particular, antibiotic use was inappropriate in surgical ICUs. Additional interventions such as postgraduate training programmes and elaboration of local guidelines could be beneficial...
- Procalcitonin-guided antibiotic use versus a standard approach for acute respiratory tract infections in primary care: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial and baseline characteristics of participating general practitioners [ISRCTN73182671]Matthias Briel
Basel Institute for Clinical Epidemiology, University Hospital Basel, CH 4031 Basel, Switzerland
BMC Fam Pract 6:34. 2005..The aim of this trial is to compare a ProCT-guided antibiotic therapy with a standard approach based on evidence-based guidelines for patients with ARTI in primary care...
- Antimicrobial consumption data from pharmacy and nursing records: how good are they?Gail S Itokazu
John H Stroger, Jr Hospital of Cook County, Division of Infectious Diseases, 637 S Wood St, Durand Building Room 110, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:395-400. 2005..To determine whether randomly selected intravenous (IV) antimicrobial doses dispensed from an inpatient pharmacy were administered...
- Improving the performance of Drug and Therapeutics Committees in hospitals--a quasi-experimental study in LaosChu Vang
Department of Cardiology, Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, P O Box 5202, Lao People s Democratic Republic Laos, and Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden
Eur J Clin Pharmacol 62:57-63. 2006....
- Determinants of the uptake of medicines use reviews (MURs) by community pharmacies in England: a multi-method studyFay Bradley
Centre for Innovation in Practice, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
Health Policy 88:258-68. 2008..To explore and identify the key determinants influencing the uptake of medicines use reviews (MURs), a new community pharmacy service in England...
- Drug utilization review across jurisdictions--a reality or still a distant dream?Lisa K Pulver
School of Pharmacy, University of Queensland, 4072, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
Eur J Clin Pharmacol 62:97-106. 2006..The aim of this study was to critically evaluate recent journal articles which fit the Medline definition for Drug Utilization Review (DUR) and which also cover multiple healthcare sites.
- Comparison of antibiotic dispensing data with administration data in intensive careT Solano
J Hosp Infect 58:87-8. 2004
- Evaluation of an antimicrobial stewardship program at a pediatric teaching hospitalTalene A Metjian
Department of Pharmacy Services, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:106-11. 2008..Despite increased awareness about the benefits of these programs, few pediatric ASPs exist and fewer comprehensive studies evaluate their effects...
- Patterns of drug use during a 15 year period: data from a Swedish county, 1988--2002Louise Silwer
Apoteket AB, Halmstad and Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 14:813-20. 2005..To present and interpret drug prescription patterns, related to various groups of the population in a Swedish county, in order to estimate the prevalence of drug use in different age groups...
- Clinical medication review is effective in care homesArnold G Zermansky
BMJ 334:169-70. 2007
- Inappropriate use of anti-asthmatic drugs in the Italian paediatric populationAntonio Clavenna
Laboratory for Mother and Child Health, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy
Eur J Clin Pharmacol 59:565-9. 2003..To evaluate anti-asthmatic drug prescriptions in a large Italian paediatric population...
- Retrospective drug utilization review, prescribing errors, and clinical outcomesSean Hennessy
Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104 6021, USA
JAMA 290:1494-9. 2003Retrospective drug utilization review is required of all state Medicaid programs and is performed by most private-sector prescription programs...
- Indicators of prescribing quality in drug utilisation research: report of a European meeting (DURQUIM, 13-15 May 2004)J L Hoven
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
Eur J Clin Pharmacol 60:831-4. 2005....
- Drug utilisation 90% profiles--a useful tool for quality assessment of prescribing in primary health care in StockholmBjörn Wettermark
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 12:499-510. 2003..To analyse strengths and weaknesses of a simple method for assessing the general quality of drug prescribing and to study the acceptance of the method among general practitioners (GPs)...
- Off-label use of medicines: consensus recommendations for evaluating appropriatenessMadlen Gazarian
University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Med J Aust 185:544-8. 2006..This will reduce inappropriate use, enhance patient safety by reducing exposure to unnecessary risk, and may stimulate more clinically relevant medicines research...
- Hospital-level performance improvement: beta-blocker use after acute myocardial infarctionElizabeth H Bradley
Section of Health Policy and Administration, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
Med Care 42:591-9. 2004....
- Current status of prospective drug utilization reviewThomas R Fulda
Center for the Advancement of Patient Safety U S Pharmacopeia, Rockville, Maryland, USA
J Manag Care Pharm 10:433-41. 2004The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 offered the promise that prospective drug utilization review (pDUR) systems would improve the quality of drug prescribing and patient drug use...
- Computerized prescribing alerts and group academic detailing to reduce the use of potentially inappropriate medications in older peopleSteven R Simon
HMO Research Network Center for Education and Research in Therapeutics, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Healthcare, Boston, MA 02215, USA
J Am Geriatr Soc 54:963-8. 2006....
- Patterns of antipsychotic and anticholinergic prescribing for hospital inpatientsCarol Paton
Oxleas NHS Trust, Pinewood House, Dartford, Kent, UK
J Psychopharmacol 17:223-9. 2003..Antipsychotic prescribing often deviates from recommended practice. Nursing staff have considerable discretion to administer large doses of antipsychotics on an 'as required' basis...
- The effect of pharmacotherapy audit meetings on early new drug prescribing by general practitionersStefan R Florentinus
Faculty of Science, Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacotherapy, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands
Ann Pharmacother 41:319-24. 2007..In several countries, general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists work closely together to ensure proper use of new drugs in clinical practice...
- Optimizing antibiotic therapy-the Aberdeen experienceY Kumarasamy
Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, UK
Clin Microbiol Infect 9:406-11. 2003....
- Determinants of the range of drugs prescribed in general practice: a cross-sectional analysisDinny H de Bakker
NIVEL Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, PO Box 1568, Utrecht, The Netherlands
BMC Health Serv Res 7:132. 2007....
- Changes in prescribed drug doses after market introductionEibert R Heerdink
Department of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacotherapy, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences UIPS, The Netherlands
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 11:447-53. 2002..The aim of this study was to evaluate DDD changes over time (1982-2000) and to identify possible determinants of these changes...
- Drug utilization review of cholinesterase inhibitors in QuebecFadi Massoud
Can J Neurol Sci 35:508-9. 2008
- Off-label use of medicines in children: can available evidence avoid useless paediatric trials? The case of proton pump inhibitors for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux diseaseGiovanni Tafuri
Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, P O Box 80 082, 3508 TB, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Eur J Clin Pharmacol 65:209-16. 2009..In some cases of drug therapy, the available evidence might be sufficient to extend the indications to children without further clinical studies...
- Use of anti-asthmatic medications as a proxy for prevalence of asthma in children and adolescents in Norway: a nationwide prescription database analysisKari Furu
Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 4404, Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway
Eur J Clin Pharmacol 63:693-8. 2007..The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of dispensed anti-asthmatic medications as a proxy of asthma among children and adolescents aged 0-19 years in Norway...
- Improving prescribing patterns for the elderly through an online drug utilization review intervention: a system linking the physician, pharmacist, and computerM Monane
Department of Medical Affairs, Merck Medco Managed Care, LLC, Montvale, NJ 07645, USA
JAMA 280:1249-52. 1998..However, since some medications are less appropriate for older patients, systems approaches to improving pharmacy care may be an effective way to reduce inappropriate medication use...
- Longitudinal surveillance of antibiotic use in the hospitalD Raveh
Infectious Diseases Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
QJM 94:141-52. 2001..001). Antibiotic treatment in our hospital appears to be substantial and increasing, justifying efforts to improve appropriateness of therapy and improve clinical and financial results...
- Drug utilization 90%--a simple method for assessing the quality of drug prescribingU Bergman
Karolinska Institute, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences and Technology, WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Utilization Research, Huddinge University Hospital, Sweden
Eur J Clin Pharmacol 54:113-8. 1998..To describe a simple method for assessing the quality of drug prescribing...
- Why most interventions to improve physician prescribing do not seem to workSumit R Majumdar
Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Walter Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre, Edmonton, Alta
CMAJ 169:30-1. 2003
- Painful neuropathic disorders: an analysis of the Régie de l'Assurance Maladie du Québec databaseJ Lachaine
University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Pain Res Manag 12:31-7. 2007..In most cases, PNDs involve the peripheral nerves. Treatment of PNDs is likely to use large health care resources. However, little is known about the economic burden of PNDs in Canada...
- Improving benzodiazepine prescribing for elderly hospital inpatients using audit and multidisciplinary feedbackR A Elliott
Centre forApplied Gerontology, Bundoora Extended Care Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Intern Med J 31:529-35. 2001..Benzodiazepines are commonly prescribed for older people. Inappropriate benzodiazepine prescribing may result in serious adverse effects, including confusion and falls...
- Off-label prescribing among office-based physiciansDavid C Radley
Center for Evaluative Clinical Sciences, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH, USA
Arch Intern Med 166:1021-6. 2006..Despite concerns about patient safety and costs to the health care system, little is known about the frequency of off-label drug use or the degree of scientific evidence supporting this practice...
- Structure and markers of appropriateness, quality and performance of drug treatment over a 1-year period after hospital discharge in a cohort of elderly patients with cardiovascular diseases from GermanySebastian Harder
Pharmazentrum Frankfurt, Institute for Clinical Pharmacology, University Hospital Frankfurt am Main, Theodor Stern Kai 7, 60590, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Eur J Clin Pharmacol 60:797-805. 2005..The lack of a patient's knowledge about their own medication is precarious...
- Evaluation of cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor use in patients admitted to a large teaching hospitalP G Landsberg
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Ipswich Road, Woolloongabba, Queensland 4102, Australia
Intern Med J 33:225-8. 2003..This raises questions regarding the appropriateness of prescribing...
- Antipsychotic medication coprescribing in a large state hospital systemAri B Jaffe
Nathan S Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, 140 Old Orangeburg Road, Orangeburg, NY 10962, USA
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 12:41-8. 2003..To systematically characterize antipsychotic medication coprescribing ('polypharmacy') in a large state hospital system...
- Prescription habits of dispensing and non-dispensing doctors in ZimbabweBirna Trap
Department of Social Pharmacy, Royal Danish School of Pharmacy, Copenhagen, Denmark
Health Policy Plan 17:288-95. 2002..These findings suggest that the quality of health care--as related to drug use, patient safety and treatment cost--is lower with dispensing doctors than with non-dispensing doctors...
- Delay in filling the initial prescription for a statin: a potential early indicator of medication nonpersistenceAndrew Peng Yu
Department of Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy, School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
Clin Ther 30:761-74; discussion 716. 2008..Identification of early predictors of medication nonpersistence may allow timely adherence-promoting interventions and potentially reduce the risk of negative health outcomes...
- [Antibiotic use in the pediatric population: factors to consider]V Olmo Quintana
Gobierno de Canarias, Farmaceutico, Grupo Urano Uso Racional de los Antibiotico Orales, Farmaceutico de Atencion Primaria, Canarias, Spain
Rev Esp Quimioter 20:409-20. 2007..Prescribing practices in Las Palmas are based on scientific data, probably because of the continuing education courses on antibiotherapy that began in 2003...
- Potentially inappropriate medication use in hospitalized eldersMichael B Rothberg
Division of General Medicine and Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, Massachusetts 01199, USA
J Hosp Med 3:91-102. 2008..Prescribing of potentially harmful medications has not been well documented in hospitals...
- Prescription of fixed dose combination drugs for diarrhoeaAmit Chakrabarti
Department of Pharmacology, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Fifth Mile, Tadong, Gangtok 737 102, Sikkim, India
Indian J Med Ethics 4:165-7. 2007..Physicians' prescribing practices in India are influenced by socioeconomic factors and the pharmaceutical industry's marketing techniques that include giving incentives to physicians to prescribe certain drugs...
- Changes in intravenous immunoglobulin prescribing patterns during a period of severe product shortages, 1995-2000J M Pendergrast
Canadian Blood Services, 67 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2M1
Vox Sang 89:150-60. 2005..This study was designed to identify the disease conditions for which IVIG was being prescribed in academic hospitals during this period, and to explore the effects that IVIG shortages had on prescribing patterns...
- [General practitioners prescribed less antibiotics but used the CRP test more. Diagnosis-prescription studies in 2000-2005]Malin Andre
Centrum för klinisk forskning Dalarna
Lakartidningen 105:2851-4. 2008
- Improved compliance with a gentamicin prescribing policy after introduction of a monitoring formMatthew S Rogers
Department of Microbiology, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry and Warwickshire Hospital, Stoney Stanton Road, Coventry CV1 4FH, UK
J Antimicrob Chemother 56:566-8. 2005..A gentamicin monitoring form was introduced with the aim of improving staff compliance with the policy thus minimizing the risks of toxicity while ensuring adequate dosing...
- Acute rheumatic fever: adherence to secondary prophylaxis and follow up of Indigenous patients in the Katherine region of the Northern TerritoryTanya Stewart
Katherine District Hospital, Katherine, NT, Australia
Aust J Rural Health 15:234-40. 2007..We aimed to assess the rate of adherence with penicillin prophylaxis and follow-up guidelines in patients with previous ARF and the effect of factors such as age, sex, disease severity and clinic attendance...
- Reliability of assessment of adherence to an antimicrobial treatment guidelineP G M Mol
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University Medical Center Groningen, The Netherlands Pharmacy Department, University Medical Center Groningen, The Netherlands
J Hosp Infect 60:321-8. 2005..The level of agreement seems to be affected by combination therapy and the immune status of the patient...
- Adjuvant systemic therapies in women with breast cancer: an audit of clinical practice in ItalyF Roila
Divisione Oncologia Medica, Ospedale Policlinico, Perugia, Italy
Ann Oncol 14:843-8. 2003..We audited prescriptions of adjuvant systemic therapies for Italian breast cancer patients and compared them with recommendations of an International Consensus Panel...
- Identification of inappropriate drug prescribing by computerized, retrospective DUR screening in KoreaJong Hun Yeom
College of Medicine, Han Yang University, Seoul, Korea
Ann Pharmacother 39:1918-23. 2005..However, a high prevalence of inappropriate prescribing has been suspected by the public, pharmacists, and health insurance managers, possibly due to suboptimal DUR practice by pharmacists...
- When gatekeepers meet the sentinel: the impact of a prior authorization requirement for cefuroxime on the prescribing behaviour of community-based physiciansNatan R Kahan
Leumit Health Fund, Tel Aviv, Israel
Br J Clin Pharmacol 61:341-4. 2006..The purpose of this study was to assess the affect a PA restriction had on the utilization patterns of cefuroxime tablets in a managed care organization (MCO) in Israel...
- Trends in prescription drug expenditures by Medicaid enrolleesJessica S Banthin
Division of Modeling and Simulation, Center for Financing, Access and Cost Trends, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA
Med Care 44:I27-35. 2006..Identifying the fastest growing categories of drugs, where drugs are grouped into clinically relevant classes and subclasses, can help policymakers decide where to focus their cost containment efforts...
- Drug utilization pattern in dental outpatients in tertiary care teaching hospital in western NepalSubish Palaian
Department of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy, Manipal Teaching Hospital Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
N Y State Dent J 74:63-7. 2008..Anomalies were noted in prescribing. Improvement was noted in certain parameters compared to previous studies. The educational initiatives should be strengthened. Managerial interventions can be considered. Further studies are required...
- Topical corticosteroids in infants: prescribing pattern and prescribing errors in BahrainKhalid A J Al Khaja
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Arabian Gulf University, P O Box 22979, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
Pharm World Sci 29:395-9. 2007..A nationwide, primary care-based prescription audit in infants to determine the prescribing pattern and prescribing errors of topical corticosteroid preparations in Bahrain...
- Effects of a step-therapy program for angiotensin receptor blockers on antihypertensive medication utilization patterns and cost of drug therapyKrista Yokoyama
WellPoint NextRx, West Hills, CA 91304, USA
J Manag Care Pharm 13:235-44. 2007..Step therapy for angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) requiring prior use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) is a common cost-containment intervention in managed care...
- Evaluation of antimicrobial therapy orders circumventing an antimicrobial stewardship program: investigating the strategy of "stealth dosing"Lori Ann LaRosa
Department of Pharmacy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:551-6. 2007..We evaluated whether prescribers wait until after the prior-approval period to order restricted antimicrobial therapy that is in conflict with guidelines or unnecessary...
- Medication report reduces number of medication errors when elderly patients are discharged from hospitalPatrik Midlöv
Tåbelund Primary Health Care Centre, Solv 33, Eslov 24131, Sweden
Pharm World Sci 30:92-8. 2008..To investigate whether a Medication Report can reduce the number of medication errors when elderly patients are discharged from hospital...
- Potential influences on initiation and persistence of extramedical prescription pain reliever use in the US populationKrista Dowling
Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Clin J Pain 22:776-83. 2006..Extramedical prescription pain reliever use has generated much public concern; however, little is known regarding its epidemiology in the general population...
- Impact of the Hospital Pharmacy Initiative for promoting prudent use of antibiotics in hospitals in EnglandH J Wickens
Pharmacy Department, St Mary s NHS Trust, London W2 1NY, UK
J Antimicrob Chemother 58:1230-7. 2006..This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the HPI funding, which at the time had been in place for nearly 2 years, on pharmacy activities in this area...
- Evaluation of culture and antibiotic use in patients with pharyngitisJustin B Rufener
Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan, USA
Laryngoscope 116:1727-9. 2006....
- Assessing potentially inappropriate prescribing in the elderly Veterans Affairs population using the HEDIS 2006 quality measureMary Jo V Pugh
South Texas Veterans Health Care System, VERDICT, Audie L Murphy Division 11C6, 7400 Merton Minter Blvd, San Antonio, TX 78229 4404, USA
J Manag Care Pharm 12:537-45. 2006..The resulting list of drugs to avoid was added to the 2006 Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set (HEDIS) to measure the quality of prescribing for the elderly...
- Retrospective evaluation of medication appropriateness and clinical pharmacist drug therapy recommendations for home-based primary care veteransRyan G Davis
Carl T Hayden VA Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona 85012, USA
Am J Geriatr Pharmacother 5:40-7. 2007..The Medication Appropriateness Index (MAI) has demonstrated reliability in several outpatient settings. Clinical pharmacists play key roles as members of an interdisciplinary team in determining medication appropriateness...
- Fluoroquinolone prescriptions in a teaching hospital: a prospective auditCeline Pulcini
Infectious Diseases Department, L Archet 1, Nice University Hospital, Nice, France
Scand J Infect Dis 39:1013-7. 2007..55% of the 110 prescriptions evaluated were unnecessary or inappropriate. Ward and combination therapies were significantly associated with misuse...
- Utilization of, and adherence to, drug therapy among medicaid beneficiaries with congestive heart failureAnn D Bagchi
Mathemadca Policy Research, Inc, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA
Clin Ther 29:1771-83. 2007..Congestive heart failure (CHF) affects 4.8 million adult Americans, particularly those aged >65 years, and has been described as a "new epidemic" due to the high annual incidence of the disease (an estimated 550,000 new cases per year)...
Research Grants104 found, 100 shown here
- Tools for Optimizing Prescribing, Monitoring and EducationBruce Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2007..integrate, test, deploy and disseminate tools and training materials in five key areas: drug formularies, drug utilization review, lab-pharmacy linkages, N-of-1 trials and pharmacoeconomics...
- Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)Roland Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2009..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
- Tools for Optimizing Prescribing, Monitoring and EducationBruce L Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2010..integrate, test, deploy and disseminate tools and training materials in five key areas: drug formularies, drug utilization review, lab-pharmacy linkages, N-of-1 trials and pharmacoeconomics...
- Tools for Optimizing Prescribing, Monitoring and EducationBruce Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2009..integrate, test, deploy and disseminate tools and training materials in five key areas: drug formularies, drug utilization review, lab-pharmacy linkages, N-of-1 trials and pharmacoeconomics...
- EFFECTIVENESS OF RETROSPECTIVE DRUG UTILIZATION REVIEWBRIAN STROM; Fiscal Year: 1999..b>Drug utilization review (DUR) is a procedure that seeks to reduce the consequences of improper prescribing...
- ASSESSING AMBULATORY DUR COST EFFECTIVENESSJacques Tremblay; Fiscal Year: 1980The objective of this project is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of an ambulatory drug utilization review (DUR) program with respect to a traditional care process, in terms of quality and economy of prescribing...
- ASSESSING RECALL ACCURACY FOR PRESCRIPTION MEDICATIONSSuzanne West; Fiscal Year: 1991b>Drug utilization review (DUR) programs are conducted to improve the effectiveness of drug use and are instituted in a majority of managed care institutions...
- COMPUTER-BASED PROSPECTIVE DRUG UTILIZATION REVIEWWilliam Tierney; Fiscal Year: 1993b>Drug utilization review (DUR) has rapidly become a major focus of quality of care within the medical community and has become a major financial interest within the federal government...
- REDUCING GERIATRIC DRUG THERAPY--TWO APPROACHESHELENE LIPTON; Fiscal Year: 1991..outpatients by improving the quality of prescribing: 1) the application of a prospective computerized drug utilization review (DUR) system, and (2) ongoing clinical pharmacists' drug regimen reviews and consultations to providers...
- REDUCING GERIATRIC DRUG THERAPY--TWO APPROACHESHELENE LIPTON; Fiscal Year: 1993..outpatients by improving the quality of prescribing: 1) the application of a prospective computerized drug utilization review (DUR) system, and (2) ongoing clinical pharmacists' drug regimen reviews and consultations to providers...
- MEDICATION USE IN ASSESSING AND IMPROVING ASTHMA CONTROLTina Hartert; Fiscal Year: 1999..The ultimate goal of these analyses will be to (1) develop a computerized pharmacy-based drug utilization review program to identify, in a timely manner, those patients at a high risk of an asthma exacerbation, as well ..
- MEDICATION USE IN ASSESSING AND IMPROVING ASTHMA CONTROLTina Hartert; Fiscal Year: 2003..The ultimate goal of these analyses will be to (1) develop a computerized pharmacy-based drug utilization review program to identify, in a timely manner, those patients at a high risk of an asthma exacerbation, as well ..
- MEDICATION USE IN ASSESSING AND IMPROVING ASTHMA CONTROLTina Hartert; Fiscal Year: 2002..The ultimate goal of these analyses will be to (1) develop a computerized pharmacy-based drug utilization review program to identify, in a timely manner, those patients at a high risk of an asthma exacerbation, as well ..
- MEDICATION USE IN ASSESSING AND IMPROVING ASTHMA CONTROLTina Hartert; Fiscal Year: 2000
- COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT AND MEDICATION APPROPRIATENESSJoseph Hanlon; Fiscal Year: 1993..The standard patient level-drug utilization review (DUR) and a population level DUR will be compared...
- MEDICATION USE IN ASSESSING AND IMPROVING ASTHMA CONTROLTina Hartert; Fiscal Year: 2001
- Clinical Importance of Drug-Drug InteractionsSean Hennessy; Fiscal Year: 2007..Systematic efforts such as drug utilization review programs and computerized physician order entry that seek to improve medication use depend entirely upon ..
- Clinical importance of drug-drug-interactionsSean Hennessy; Fiscal Year: 2006..Systematic efforts such as drug utilization review programs and computerized physician order entry that seek to improve medication use depend entirely upon ..
- Clinical importance of drug-drug-interactionsSEAN P HENNESSY; Fiscal Year: 2010..Systematic efforts such as drug utilization review programs and computerized physician order entry that seek to improve medication use depend entirely upon ..
- Clinical Importance of Drug-Drug InteractionsSean Hennessy; Fiscal Year: 2009
- SMART PHARMACY CARDS TO AUTOMATE PATIENT RECORDSPETER OGNIBENE; Fiscal Year: 1993..The Smart Pharmacy Card creates a portable patient record to facilitate prospective drug utilization review (DUR) by physicians and pharmacists before writing or dispensing a prescription...
- CORE--RESEARCH PHARMACY SUPPORTCHARLES LUCARELLI; Fiscal Year: 2003..as well as technical issues involved; and to maintain a computerized dispensing record and provide drug utilization review audit functions...
- ALCOHOL & PRESCRIPTION DRUG INTERACTION IN THE ELDERLYFrank Ahern; Fiscal Year: 1990..significance for the design and implementation of programs that include alcohol-related information in drug utilization review, drug surveillance and drug education activities in existing and several newly-emerging federal and state ..
- IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF DRUG USE IN NURSING HOMESFRANCIS PALUMBO; Fiscal Year: 1980..Finally, these program costs will be related to observed effects of appropriate and inappropriate prescribing and use on patient outcome measures. ..
- Impact of office-based e-prescribing on prescribing processes and outcomesMichael Fischer; Fiscal Year: 2007..The findings of this research will provide important lessons for clinicians, researchers, insurers, policy-makers, patients, and all those with an interest in improving the use of prescription drugs. ..
- Impact of Medicaid Policy on cardiovascular drug use and clinical outcomesMichael A Fischer; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Effective Care Management of Depressed Diabetes PatientsJohn Piette; Fiscal Year: 2008..The evaluation has been structured based on the RE-AIM framework for effectiveness trials. ..
- Effective Care Management of Depressed Diabetes PatientsJohn Piette; Fiscal Year: 2007..The evaluation has been structured based on the RE-AIM framework for effectiveness trials. ..
- Effects of Mental Parity on High-Cost and Severely-Ill IndividualsHaiden Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2009..We will estimate a combination of two-part random-effects models for longitudinal data, latent class random-effects models, logistic regression models, Poisson regression models, and hazard models to address these aims. ..
- Optimizing Medication History Value in Clinical Encounters with Elderly PatientsKate Lapane; Fiscal Year: 2007..5. To develop a "tool-kit" resources that include developed intervention products for use by nonphysician providers in other ambulatory settings (e.g. pharmacists in community pharmacy settings). ..
- Tailored DVD to Improve Medication Management for Low Literate Elderly PatientsKate Lapane; Fiscal Year: 2007..To pre-test these interventions as part of a feasibility study within physician offices likely to service low literate geriatric patients...
- Economics of Formulary Design and Mental Health PolicyHaiden Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2006..Huskamp the training, mentoring, time and resources to develop the skills that will put her in a position to lead independent research on the economics of pharmaceutical treatment for mental illnesses. ..
- Effects of Mental Parity on High-Cost and Severely-Ill IndividualsHaiden A Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2011..We will estimate a combination of two-part random-effects models for longitudinal data, latent class random-effects models, logistic regression models, Poisson regression models, and hazard models to address these aims. ..
- Medicare Part D Plan Generosity & Dual-Eligible Nursing Home ResidentsHaiden A Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Effects of Mental Parity on High-Cost and Severely-Ill IndividualsHaiden A Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2010..We will estimate a combination of two-part random-effects models for longitudinal data, latent class random-effects models, logistic regression models, Poisson regression models, and hazard models to address these aims. ..
- Medicare Part D Plan Generosity & Dual-Eligible Nursing Home ResidentsHaiden Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Reducing Antimicrobial Use Associated with Ventilator Associated Pneumonia and CaSara Cosgrove; Fiscal Year: 2009..We hypothesize that this approach will enhance appropriate use of antimicrobials for both VAP and CAUTI and improve patient outcomes by reducing the known sequelae of antimicrobial overuse. ..
- Reducing Antimicrobial Use Associated with Ventilator Associated Pneumonia and CaSara Cosgrove; Fiscal Year: 2008..We hypothesize that this approach will enhance appropriate use of antimicrobials for both VAP and CAUTI and improve patient outcomes by reducing the known sequelae of antimicrobial overuse. ..
- Parental Trust and Racial Disparities in the Care of Discharged Premature InfantsScott A Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2010..By understanding these underlying explanations for the racial disparities in these outcomes, particularly families'trust in the health care system, we can aid in the development of interventions to reduce these differences in care. ..
- Pharmacogenetics and HIV treatment outcomesRobert Gross; Fiscal Year: 2010..Ultimately, the goal is to tailor HIV drug regimens to individual patients'metabolic profile with the result being improved outcomes in HIV disease, and ultimately, improved public health. ..
- Parental Trust and Racial Disparities in the Care of Discharged Premature InfantsScott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2009..By understanding these underlying explanations for the racial disparities in these outcomes, particularly families'trust in the health care system, we can aid in the development of interventions to reduce these differences in care. ..
- Pharmacogenetics and HIV treatment outcomesRobert Gross; Fiscal Year: 2009..Ultimately, the goal is to tailor HIV drug regimens to individual patients'metabolic profile with the result being improved outcomes in HIV disease, and ultimately, improved public health. ..
- Parental Trust and Racial Disparities in the Care of Discharged Premature InfantsScott A Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2010..By understanding these underlying explanations for the racial disparities in these outcomes, particularly families'trust in the health care system, we can aid in the development of interventions to reduce these differences in care. ..
- Managed problem solving: An HIV adherence trialRobert Gross; Fiscal Year: 2008..If successful, this intervention will not only result in improved clinical outcomes in individuals who take part, but may also decrease the emergence of resistant HIV if incorporated into standard of care for HIV management. ..
- Antidepressant Use and SuicideSusan Busch; Fiscal Year: 2008..The significance of this project lies in its potential to help clinicians and policymakers assess and manage competing risk and benefit claims. ..
- Impact of Medicaid Prescription Copayments in Patients with SchizophreniaJalpa Doshi; Fiscal Year: 2008..The findings of our study will help inform policymakers about the intended and unintended consequences of prescription copayments in Medicaid patients with schizophrenia. ..
- Managed problem solving: An HIV adherence trialRobert Gross; Fiscal Year: 2009..If successful, this intervention will not only result in improved clinical outcomes in individuals who take part, but may also decrease the emergence of resistant HIV if incorporated into standard of care for HIV management. ..
- Predicting Transitions Among Community-Dwelling EldersIlene Zuckerman; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- RISK FACTORS FOR PHENYTOIN TOXICITYSean Hennessy; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Managed problem solving: An HIV adherence trialRobert Gross; Fiscal Year: 2006..If successful, this intervention will not only result in improved clinical outcomes in individuals who take part, but may also decrease the emergence of resistant HIV if incorporated into standard of care for HIV management. ..
- Life Cycle Effects of Health Insurance on Elderly HealthJalpa Doshi; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will use these estimates to simulate the effect of changes in the age of Medicare eligibility on health, medical service use and Medicare expenditure. ..
- Perinatal Regionalization and Quality of CareScott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ADHERENCE TO PROTEASE INHIBITORS IN HIVRobert Gross; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Antidepressant Use and SuicideSusan Busch; Fiscal Year: 2007..The significance of this project lies in its potential to help clinicians and policymakers assess and manage competing risk and benefit claims. ..
- Managed problem solving: An HIV adherence trialRobert Gross; Fiscal Year: 2007
- Parental Trust and Racial Disparities in the Care of Discharged Premature InfantsScott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2009
- INHALED NO IN PREVENTION OF CHRONIC LUNG DISEASEScott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2004..In summary, this clinical trial will assess the efficacy and safety of inhaled nitric oxide for amelioration of a major disease of premature infants. ..
- Perinatal Regionalization and Quality of CareScott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Impact of Obstetric Unit Closures on Pregnancy OutcomesScott A Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2010..Improved understanding of the impact of such service reductions in the obstetric market will result in more efficient use of health care services and optimize the value of health care dollars spent on obstetric care. ..
- Perinatal Regionalization and Quality of CareScott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Alcohol Treatment Under Managed Care Plans: Role of HMOsConstance Horgan; Fiscal Year: 2004..This study will provide systematic information on the nature and extent of HMO changes, and their impact on alcohol service delivery, during this time period. ..
- Optimizing NNRTI Doses in Patients with HIV and TBTerrence Blaschke; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Clinical Impact of Quinolone-Resistant E.coli carriageEbbing Lautenbach; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A Comprehensive Probabilistic-Micro-Simulation Model to Assess Cost-EffectivenessAnirban Basu; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Monitoring Trends in Venous ThromboembolismFrederick Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2003..Implementation of this registry will set the stage for systematic long-term surveillance of this medically important Problem. ..
- Reducing Antimicrobial Use Associated with Ventilator Associated Pneumonia and CaSARA ELIZABETH COSGROVE; Fiscal Year: 2010..We hypothesize that this approach will enhance appropriate use of antimicrobials for both VAP and CAUTI and improve patient outcomes by reducing the known sequelae of antimicrobial overuse. ..
- A Comprehensive Probabilistic-Micro-Simulation Model to Assess Cost-EffectivenessAnirban Basu; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- MD Group Characteristics and Quality of Care for CHDBruce Landon; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- PREVALENCE AND IMPACT OF GLAUCOMA AMONG THE VERY ELDERLYDavid Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2001..Finally, the interactions between comorbidities (including cognitive deficits) and visual field loss will be explored. ..
- Financial Incentives and Variations in the Care of Medicare BeneficiariesBruce Landon; Fiscal Year: 2009..Because patients will be clustered within physicians and physicians clustered within markets, we will use hierarchical analytic methods. ..
- Quinolone resistant E coli in long term care facilitiesEbbing Lautenbach; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Improving Drug Development for the Critically Ill ChildAthena Zuppa; Fiscal Year: 2007..This intensive didactic and mentored training will allow for the development of a future independent pediatric clinical investigator. ..
- Impact of Medicare Part D on Racial Disparities in Diabetes Treatment and OutcomeJulie Donohue; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Predicting Transitions Among Community-Dwelling EldersIlene Zuckerman; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Novel Application of Infection Control Strategies to Limit Transmission of ESBL'SEbbing Lautenbach; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Parents, Pediatricians and Telephone Coaches Partner to Improve Control (PARTNER)Jane Garbutt; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Clinical Impact of Quinolone-Resistant E.coli carriageEbbing Lautenbach; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Diversity of Antimicrobial Use and Emergence of Resistance in PseudomonasDarren Linkin; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results of our study will be generalizable to inpatients in tertiary acute care centers everywhere. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Genome-Wide Study of Cataract and Low HDL in the Personalized Medicine Research PCatherine McCarty; Fiscal Year: 2007..The strength of the research team and the depth and breadth of the electronic medical record at the Marshfield Clinic make this the ideal setting for this RFA. ..
- GERIATRIC DEPRESSION AND ANTIDEPRESSANT USEStephen Crystal; Fiscal Year: 2002..They will also provide important information on trends in treatment patterns and shed light on the impact of health care system changes on the treatment of depression. ..
- Approaches to Improve Youth Psychotropic ServicesSusan dosReis; Fiscal Year: 2007..This will clarify how youth mental health treatments are adopted in clinical settings, and will explore alternative methods for improving psychopharmacologic treatments for youths. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Major Mental Disorders and HIV -- Health Services UseStephen Crystal; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Mental Health Systems and Juvenile Justice OutcomesAlison Evans Cuellar; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Depression Care Among Elderly Nursing Home ResidentsStephen Crystal; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Monitoring Trends in Venous ThromboembolismFrederick Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2004..Implementation of this registry will set the stage for systematic long-term surveillance of this medically important Problem. ..
- Major Mental Disorders and HIV -- Health Services UseStephen Crystal; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- The Worcester Venous Thromboembolism StudyFrederick Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2009..S. as well as deficiencies in current management practices. This information will set the stage for future studies designed to address these shortcomings. ..
- An intervention to improve rational prescribing in cardiovascular diseaseWilliam Shrank; Fiscal Year: 2008..End of Abstract) ..
- Sickle Cell Disease: First steps toward understanding barriers to care for adultsSophie Lanzkron; Fiscal Year: 2008..She has selected mentors in behavioral research, epidemiology and sickle cell that provide the necessary supervision to make her a successful independent investigator. ..