drug utilization review

Summary

Summary: Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Inappropriate drug combinations among privately insured patients with HIV disease
    Fred J Hellinger
    Center for Delivery Organization and Markets Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA
    Med Care 43:III53-62. 2005
  2. ncbi Pharmacists on rounding teams reduce preventable adverse drug events in hospital general medicine units
    Suzan N Kucukarslan
    Department of Pharmacy Services, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:2014-8. 2003
  3. doi Antimicrobial stewardship--the state of the art in 2011: focus on outcome and methods
    John E McGowan
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 33:331-7. 2012
  4. ncbi Prospective survey of antibiotic utilization in pediatric hospitalized patients to identify targets for improvement of prescription
    M Potocki
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University Children s Hospital of Zurich, Steinwiesstrasse 75, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    Infection 31:398-403. 2003
  5. ncbi Drug utilization and potentially inappropriate drug use in elderly residents of a community in Istanbul, Turkey
    P Ay
    Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 43:195-202. 2005
  6. ncbi Appropriateness of prescribing among elderly patients in a Dutch residential home: observational study of outcomes after a pharmacist-led medication review
    Clementine C M Stuijt
    Department of Pharmacy, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Drugs Aging 25:947-54. 2008
  7. pmc Trends in prescribing and utilization of statins and other lipid lowering drugs across Europe 1997-2003
    T Walley
    Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Liverpool, 70 Pembrooke Place, Liverpool L69 3GF, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 60:543-51. 2005
  8. doi Implementation of a clinical decision support system for antimicrobial stewardship
    Elizabeth D Hermsen
    Pharmacy Relations and Clinical Decision Support, Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 33:412-5. 2012
  9. ncbi New drug uptake: qualitative comparison of high and low prescribing GPs' attitudes and approach
    Helen Prosser
    Prescribing Research Group, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, The Infirmary, 70 Pembroke Place, Liverpool L69 3GF, UK
    Fam Pract 20:583-91. 2003
  10. ncbi Effect of procalcitonin-guided treatment on antibiotic use and outcome in lower respiratory tract infections: cluster-randomised, single-blinded intervention trial
    Mirjam Christ-Crain
    Division of Pneumology, University Hospitals, Petersgraben 4, CH 4031 Basel, Switzerland
    Lancet 363:600-7. 2004

Detail Information

Publications222 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Inappropriate drug combinations among privately insured patients with HIV disease
    Fred J Hellinger
    Center for Delivery Organization and Markets Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA
    Med Care 43:III53-62. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to examine inappropriate drug combinations among privately insured patients with HIV disease...
  2. ncbi Pharmacists on rounding teams reduce preventable adverse drug events in hospital general medicine units
    Suzan N Kucukarslan
    Department of Pharmacy Services, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:2014-8. 2003
    ....
  3. doi Antimicrobial stewardship--the state of the art in 2011: focus on outcome and methods
    John E McGowan
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 33:331-7. 2012
    ..Attention to evaluation methods must be increased to provide convincing evidence for the continuation of such programs...
  4. ncbi Prospective survey of antibiotic utilization in pediatric hospitalized patients to identify targets for improvement of prescription
    M Potocki
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University Children s Hospital of Zurich, Steinwiesstrasse 75, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    Infection 31:398-403. 2003
    ..Little is known about the general misuse of antibiotics in hospitalized children. We evaluated the utilization of antibiotics in a pediatric teaching hospital aiming to identify targets for improvement of prescription...
  5. ncbi Drug utilization and potentially inappropriate drug use in elderly residents of a community in Istanbul, Turkey
    P Ay
    Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 43:195-202. 2005
    ..This study investigates drug utilization and estimates the prevalence of potentially inappropriate drug use in a Turkish population aged 70 years or older...
  6. ncbi Appropriateness of prescribing among elderly patients in a Dutch residential home: observational study of outcomes after a pharmacist-led medication review
    Clementine C M Stuijt
    Department of Pharmacy, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Drugs Aging 25:947-54. 2008
    ..Pharmacy services are increasingly being targeted to minimize the overall number of unnecessary and potential harmful medicines...
  7. pmc Trends in prescribing and utilization of statins and other lipid lowering drugs across Europe 1997-2003
    T Walley
    Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Liverpool, 70 Pembrooke Place, Liverpool L69 3GF, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 60:543-51. 2005
    ..To describe trends in utilization and prescribing of statins and other lipid lowering drugs across Europe from data in routine administrative databases...
  8. doi Implementation of a clinical decision support system for antimicrobial stewardship
    Elizabeth D Hermsen
    Pharmacy Relations and Clinical Decision Support, Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 33:412-5. 2012
    ....
  9. ncbi New drug uptake: qualitative comparison of high and low prescribing GPs' attitudes and approach
    Helen Prosser
    Prescribing Research Group, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, The Infirmary, 70 Pembroke Place, Liverpool L69 3GF, UK
    Fam Pract 20:583-91. 2003
    ..Prescribing varies considerably between GPs, and a minority of GPs account for a large proportion of new drug prescribing...
  10. ncbi Effect of procalcitonin-guided treatment on antibiotic use and outcome in lower respiratory tract infections: cluster-randomised, single-blinded intervention trial
    Mirjam Christ-Crain
    Division of Pneumology, University Hospitals, Petersgraben 4, CH 4031 Basel, Switzerland
    Lancet 363:600-7. 2004
    ..We aimed to assess a procalcitonin-based therapeutic strategy to reduce antibiotic use in lower respiratory tract infections with a new rapid and sensitive assay...
  11. pmc Does home based medication review keep older people out of hospital? The HOMER randomised controlled trial
    Richard Holland
    School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ
    BMJ 330:293. 2005
    ..To determine whether home based medication review by pharmacists affects hospital readmission rates among older people...
  12. ncbi Antibiotic misuse: a prospective clinical audit in a French university hospital
    C Pulcini
    Service d Infectiologie, Hopital l Archet 1, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, route St Antoine de Ginestière, BP 3079, 06202 Nice Cedex 3, France
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 26:277-80. 2007
    ..Misdiagnosis, due to the misinterpretation or lack of clinical, microbiological and/or imaging data is thus a major cause of antibiotic misuse. Improvement in the diagnostic process should become part of antibiotic policy...
  13. pmc Drugs of last resort? The use of polymyxins and tigecycline at US Veterans Affairs medical centers, 2005-2010
    Benedikt Huttner
    VA Salt Lake City Health Care System and University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e36649. 2012
    ..Polymyxin use in particular is associated with the presence of MDR Gram-negative pathogens and may be useful as a surveillance measure in the future...
  14. ncbi The impact of an intensive antimicrobial control program in a Taiwanese medical center
    Ming Tsung Chang
    Department of Pharmacy, Shin Kong Wu Ho Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Pharm World Sci 28:257-64. 2006
    ..The study evaluates the short term impacts of an intensive control program for the appropriate us of antimicrobials, and to provide a novel strategy for antimicrobial control in inpatient wards in Taiwan...
  15. ncbi Prescription practices of public and private health care providers in Attock District of Pakistan
    S Siddiqi
    Multi donor Support Unit, Social Action Programme, World Bank Bldg, Shatirah e Jamhuriyat, Sector G 5 1, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Int J Health Plann Manage 17:23-40. 2002
    ..Improper prescription practices will not improve without consumer targeted interventions that educate and empower communities regarding the hazards of inappropriate drug use...
  16. ncbi Inappropriate prescribing of aminoglycosides: risk factors and impact of an antibiotic control team
    Jean Ralph Zahar
    Service de Reanimation Medicale, Hôpital Henri Mondor AP HP, Creteil, France
    J Antimicrob Chemother 58:651-6. 2006
    ..We assessed prospectively the impact of an antibiotic control team on the appropriateness of prescriptions...
  17. ncbi Outcomes of an intervention to improve hospital antibiotic prescribing: interrupted time series with segmented regression analysis
    Faranak Ansari
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 9SY, Dundee
    J Antimicrob Chemother 52:842-8. 2003
    ..To evaluate an intervention to reduce inappropriate use of key antibiotics with interrupted time series analysis...
  18. ncbi Construction of the Korea Elderly Pharmacoepidemiologic Cohort: drug utilization review of cephalosporins in geriatric inpatients
    B J Park
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon Dong, Chongno Gu, Seoul 110 799, Korea
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 10:487-92. 2001
    ..4%) and 8428 men (35.6%). The study population for drug utilization review consisted of those cohort members who were admitted into hospitals during the period January 1993 through ..
  19. ncbi Assessing the accuracy of computerized medication histories
    Peter J Kaboli
    Center for Research in the Implementation of Innovative Strategies in Practice at the Iowa City VA Medical Center, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Am J Manag Care 10:872-7. 2004
    ..To determine the accuracy of computerized medication histories...
  20. doi Parenteral to oral conversion of fluoroquinolones: low-hanging fruit for antimicrobial stewardship programs?
    Makoto Jones
    IDEAS Center, VA Salt Lake City Health Care System, Salt Lake City, Utah 84148, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 33:362-7. 2012
    ..To estimate avoidable intravenous (IV) fluoroquinolone use in Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals...
  21. doi Audit and feedback to reduce broad-spectrum antibiotic use among intensive care unit patients: a controlled interrupted time series analysis
    Marion Elligsen
    Department of Pharmacy, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 33:354-61. 2012
    ..We aimed to rigorously evaluate the impact of prospective audit and feedback on broad-spectrum antimicrobial use among critical care patients...
  22. ncbi Use of antibiotics in pediatric intensive care and potential savings
    J E Fischer
    Department of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care, University Children s Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Intensive Care Med 26:959-66. 2000
    ..Because of the heterogeneity between units regarding patient mix and other characteristics, site-specific targets for reduction must be identified. Here we present a model to address the issue by means of an observational cohort study...
  23. doi Aliskiren for the treatment of essential hypertension under real-life practice conditions: design and baseline data of the prospective 3A registry
    U Zeymer
    Medizinische Klinik B, Klinikum Ludwigshafen, Ludwigshafen, Germany
    Int J Clin Pract 66:251-61. 2012
    ..So far little is known about the use and efficacy of aliskiren in the treatment of essential hypertension under clinical practice conditions...
  24. doi Implementation and outcomes of a hospital-wide computerised antimicrobial stewardship programme in a large medical centre in Taiwan
    Yuk Ying Chan
    Department of Pharmacy, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 38:486-92. 2011
    ..HCAAS is a sustainable system for providing antibiotic stewardship and exerts a positive impact on the hospital by reducing antimicrobial consumption and expenditure whilst not compromising healthcare quality...
  25. doi Drug-related problems identified in post-discharge medication reviews for patients taking warfarin
    Leanne Stafford
    Unit for Medication Outcomes Research and Education, School of Pharmacy, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 26, Hobart Tasmania 7001, Australia
    Int J Clin Pharm 33:621-6. 2011
    ....
  26. doi Changes to psychotropic medications in the six months after admission to nursing homes in Melbourne, Australia
    Daniel W O'Connor
    Aged Mental Health Research Unit, School of Psychology and Psychiatry, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
    Int Psychogeriatr 22:1149-53. 2010
    ..Previous studies suggest that antipsychotic medications are often unnecessary and can be withdrawn without ill effects. Depression, in contrast, is believed to be under-recognized and under-treated...
  27. doi Effect of a retrospective drug utilization review on potentially inappropriate prescribing in the elderly
    Catherine I Starner
    Prime Therapeutics, Eagan, Minnesota, USA
    Am J Geriatr Pharmacother 7:11-9. 2009
    ..Although the literature suggests DAE are associated with negative health outcomes, educational interventions have had a positive impact on inappropriate prescribing...
  28. doi How was patient empowerment portrayed in information leaflets describing the community pharmacy Medicines Use Review service in the UK?
    Melandi Van den Berg
    Boots UK and Kingston University, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 80:274-6. 2010
    ..We investigated the depiction of the patient-pharmacist power relationship within MUR patient information leaflets...
  29. ncbi Reducing antibiotic use in children: a randomized trial in 12 practices
    J A Finkelstein
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Pediatrics 108:1-7. 2001
    ..Setting. Twelve practices affiliated with 2 managed care organizations (MCOs) in eastern Massachusetts and northwest Washington State. Patients. All enrolled children younger than 6 years old...
  30. ncbi Improving medication safety: influence of a patient-specific prescriber feedback program on rate of medication reviews performed by Australian general medical practitioners
    Elizabeth Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 16:797-803. 2007
    ..To determine if patient-specific prescriber feedback for general medical practitioners (GPs), supported by educational material mailed to their patients, would increase home medicines review (HMR) rates...
  31. pmc Discrepancies between prescribed daily doses and WHO defined daily doses of antibacterials at a university hospital
    Arno Muller
    Service d Hygiène Hospitalière, CHU Jean Minjoz, Besancon, France
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 61:585-91. 2006
    ..However, discrepancies exist between countries in terms of antibiotic dosage. The aim of the present study was to compare, for each antibacterial agent available at our university hospital, the prescribed daily doses (PDD) with the DDD...
  32. ncbi The gap between evidence-based medicine and daily practice in the management of paediatric asthma. A pharmacy-based population study from The Netherlands
    Tjalling W de Vries
    Department of Paediatrics, Medical Centre Leeuwarden, P O Box 888, 8901 BR, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 62:51-5. 2006
    ..We evaluated the adherence to national guidelines for the treatment of asthma in childhood...
  33. doi Professional status in a changing world: The case of medicines use reviews in English community pharmacy
    Ruth McDonald
    University of Nottingham, Business School and CLAHRC, Sir Colin Campbell Building, Triumph Road, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 71:451-8. 2010
    ..This paper highlights the importance and interplay of other factors which help explain the inability to capitalise fully on the potential contribution to professional status, which reforms to extend professional roles afford...
  34. ncbi Differences between prescribed daily doses and defined daily doses of antiepileptics--therapeutic drug monitoring as a marker of the quality of the treatment
    B Koristkova
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Ostrava University Hospital and Medico Social Faculty, University of Ostrava, Czech Republic
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 44:438-42. 2006
    ..Plasma levels were used as an indicator of the quality of treatment...
  35. ncbi Inappropriate medication use among frail elderly inpatients
    Joseph T Hanlon
    Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, University of Minnesota, MN 55455, USA
    Ann Pharmacother 38:9-14. 2004
    ..Inappropriate prescribing in frail elderly inpatients has not received as much investigation as in frail elderly nursing home patients...
  36. ncbi Retrospective drug utilization review: incidence of clinically relevant potential drug-drug interactions in a large ambulatory population
    Catherine C Peng
    J Manag Care Pharm 9:513-22. 2003
    ..incidence of clinically relevant potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) in a large population of ambulatory patients utilizing a computerized, retrospective drug utilization review (DUR) program followed by clinical pharmacist audit.
  37. pmc Multidisciplinary medication review in nursing home residents: what are the most significant drug-related problems? The Bergen District Nursing Home (BEDNURS) study
    S Ruths
    Section for Geriatric Medicine, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway
    Qual Saf Health Care 12:176-80. 2003
    ..Based on a multidisciplinary review of drug use in nursing home residents, this study aimed to identify the most frequent clinically relevant medication problems and to analyse them according to the drugs involved and types of problems...
  38. ncbi Surveillance of antibiotic use in hospitals: methods, trends and targets
    E I Kritsotakis
    Clin Microbiol Infect 12:701-4. 2006
    ..When usage rates are supplemented and interpreted according to changes in hospital resource indicators, benchmarking is facilitated. This provides an efficient tool for triggering and targeting antibiotic control interventions...
  39. ncbi Ceftriaxone and cefotaxime use in Victorian hospitals
    Marion B Robertson
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, VIC 3050, Australia
    Med J Aust 176:524-9. 2002
    ..To determine patterns of use of ceftriaxone and cefotaxime (CEFX) in Victorian hospitals and to identify areas for improvement...
  40. ncbi Evaluation of antibiotic use in intensive care units of a tertiary care hospital in Turkey
    A Erbay
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
    J Hosp Infect 59:53-61. 2005
    ..In particular, antibiotic use was inappropriate in surgical ICUs. Additional interventions such as postgraduate training programmes and elaboration of local guidelines could be beneficial...
  41. pmc Procalcitonin-guided antibiotic use versus a standard approach for acute respiratory tract infections in primary care: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial and baseline characteristics of participating general practitioners [ISRCTN73182671]
    Matthias Briel
    Basel Institute for Clinical Epidemiology, University Hospital Basel, CH 4031 Basel, Switzerland
    BMC Fam Pract 6:34. 2005
    ..The aim of this trial is to compare a ProCT-guided antibiotic therapy with a standard approach based on evidence-based guidelines for patients with ARTI in primary care...
  42. ncbi Antimicrobial consumption data from pharmacy and nursing records: how good are they?
    Gail S Itokazu
    John H Stroger, Jr Hospital of Cook County, Division of Infectious Diseases, 637 S Wood St, Durand Building Room 110, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:395-400. 2005
    ..To determine whether randomly selected intravenous (IV) antimicrobial doses dispensed from an inpatient pharmacy were administered...
  43. ncbi Improving the performance of Drug and Therapeutics Committees in hospitals--a quasi-experimental study in Laos
    Chu Vang
    Department of Cardiology, Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, P O Box 5202, Lao People s Democratic Republic Laos, and Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 62:57-63. 2006
    ....
  44. ncbi Determinants of the uptake of medicines use reviews (MURs) by community pharmacies in England: a multi-method study
    Fay Bradley
    Centre for Innovation in Practice, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    Health Policy 88:258-68. 2008
    ..To explore and identify the key determinants influencing the uptake of medicines use reviews (MURs), a new community pharmacy service in England...
  45. ncbi Drug utilization review across jurisdictions--a reality or still a distant dream?
    Lisa K Pulver
    School of Pharmacy, University of Queensland, 4072, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 62:97-106. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to critically evaluate recent journal articles which fit the Medline definition for Drug Utilization Review (DUR) and which also cover multiple healthcare sites.
  46. ncbi Comparison of antibiotic dispensing data with administration data in intensive care
    T Solano
    J Hosp Infect 58:87-8. 2004
  47. doi Evaluation of an antimicrobial stewardship program at a pediatric teaching hospital
    Talene A Metjian
    Department of Pharmacy Services, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:106-11. 2008
    ..Despite increased awareness about the benefits of these programs, few pediatric ASPs exist and fewer comprehensive studies evaluate their effects...
  48. ncbi Patterns of drug use during a 15 year period: data from a Swedish county, 1988--2002
    Louise Silwer
    Apoteket AB, Halmstad and Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 14:813-20. 2005
    ..To present and interpret drug prescription patterns, related to various groups of the population in a Swedish county, in order to estimate the prevalence of drug use in different age groups...
  49. pmc Clinical medication review is effective in care homes
    Arnold G Zermansky
    BMJ 334:169-70. 2007
  50. ncbi Inappropriate use of anti-asthmatic drugs in the Italian paediatric population
    Antonio Clavenna
    Laboratory for Mother and Child Health, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 59:565-9. 2003
    ..To evaluate anti-asthmatic drug prescriptions in a large Italian paediatric population...
  51. ncbi Retrospective drug utilization review, prescribing errors, and clinical outcomes
    Sean Hennessy
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA 290:1494-9. 2003
    Retrospective drug utilization review is required of all state Medicaid programs and is performed by most private-sector prescription programs...
  52. ncbi Indicators of prescribing quality in drug utilisation research: report of a European meeting (DURQUIM, 13-15 May 2004)
    J L Hoven
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 60:831-4. 2005
    ....
  53. ncbi Drug utilisation 90% profiles--a useful tool for quality assessment of prescribing in primary health care in Stockholm
    Björn Wettermark
    Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 12:499-510. 2003
    ..To analyse strengths and weaknesses of a simple method for assessing the general quality of drug prescribing and to study the acceptance of the method among general practitioners (GPs)...
  54. ncbi Off-label use of medicines: consensus recommendations for evaluating appropriateness
    Madlen Gazarian
    University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 185:544-8. 2006
    ..This will reduce inappropriate use, enhance patient safety by reducing exposure to unnecessary risk, and may stimulate more clinically relevant medicines research...
  55. ncbi Hospital-level performance improvement: beta-blocker use after acute myocardial infarction
    Elizabeth H Bradley
    Section of Health Policy and Administration, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Med Care 42:591-9. 2004
    ....
  56. ncbi Current status of prospective drug utilization review
    Thomas R Fulda
    Center for the Advancement of Patient Safety U S Pharmacopeia, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    J Manag Care Pharm 10:433-41. 2004
    The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 offered the promise that prospective drug utilization review (pDUR) systems would improve the quality of drug prescribing and patient drug use...
  57. ncbi Computerized prescribing alerts and group academic detailing to reduce the use of potentially inappropriate medications in older people
    Steven R Simon
    HMO Research Network Center for Education and Research in Therapeutics, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Healthcare, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 54:963-8. 2006
    ....
  58. ncbi Patterns of antipsychotic and anticholinergic prescribing for hospital inpatients
    Carol Paton
    Oxleas NHS Trust, Pinewood House, Dartford, Kent, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 17:223-9. 2003
    ..Antipsychotic prescribing often deviates from recommended practice. Nursing staff have considerable discretion to administer large doses of antipsychotics on an 'as required' basis...
  59. ncbi The effect of pharmacotherapy audit meetings on early new drug prescribing by general practitioners
    Stefan R Florentinus
    Faculty of Science, Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacotherapy, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands
    Ann Pharmacother 41:319-24. 2007
    ..In several countries, general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists work closely together to ensure proper use of new drugs in clinical practice...
  60. ncbi Optimizing antibiotic therapy-the Aberdeen experience
    Y Kumarasamy
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, UK
    Clin Microbiol Infect 9:406-11. 2003
    ....
  61. pmc Determinants of the range of drugs prescribed in general practice: a cross-sectional analysis
    Dinny H de Bakker
    NIVEL Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, PO Box 1568, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:132. 2007
    ....
  62. ncbi Changes in prescribed drug doses after market introduction
    Eibert R Heerdink
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacotherapy, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences UIPS, The Netherlands
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 11:447-53. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate DDD changes over time (1982-2000) and to identify possible determinants of these changes...
  63. ncbi Drug utilization review of cholinesterase inhibitors in Quebec
    Fadi Massoud
    Can J Neurol Sci 35:508-9. 2008
  64. pmc Off-label use of medicines in children: can available evidence avoid useless paediatric trials? The case of proton pump inhibitors for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease
    Giovanni Tafuri
    Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, P O Box 80 082, 3508 TB, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 65:209-16. 2009
    ..In some cases of drug therapy, the available evidence might be sufficient to extend the indications to children without further clinical studies...
  65. ncbi Use of anti-asthmatic medications as a proxy for prevalence of asthma in children and adolescents in Norway: a nationwide prescription database analysis
    Kari Furu
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 4404, Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 63:693-8. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of dispensed anti-asthmatic medications as a proxy of asthma among children and adolescents aged 0-19 years in Norway...
  66. ncbi Improving prescribing patterns for the elderly through an online drug utilization review intervention: a system linking the physician, pharmacist, and computer
    M Monane
    Department of Medical Affairs, Merck Medco Managed Care, LLC, Montvale, NJ 07645, USA
    JAMA 280:1249-52. 1998
    ..However, since some medications are less appropriate for older patients, systems approaches to improving pharmacy care may be an effective way to reduce inappropriate medication use...
  67. ncbi Longitudinal surveillance of antibiotic use in the hospital
    D Raveh
    Infectious Diseases Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    QJM 94:141-52. 2001
    ..001). Antibiotic treatment in our hospital appears to be substantial and increasing, justifying efforts to improve appropriateness of therapy and improve clinical and financial results...
  68. ncbi Drug utilization 90%--a simple method for assessing the quality of drug prescribing
    U Bergman
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences and Technology, WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Utilization Research, Huddinge University Hospital, Sweden
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 54:113-8. 1998
    ..To describe a simple method for assessing the quality of drug prescribing...
  69. pmc Why most interventions to improve physician prescribing do not seem to work
    Sumit R Majumdar
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Walter Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre, Edmonton, Alta
    CMAJ 169:30-1. 2003
  70. pmc Painful neuropathic disorders: an analysis of the Régie de l'Assurance Maladie du Québec database
    J Lachaine
    University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Pain Res Manag 12:31-7. 2007
    ..In most cases, PNDs involve the peripheral nerves. Treatment of PNDs is likely to use large health care resources. However, little is known about the economic burden of PNDs in Canada...
  71. ncbi Improving benzodiazepine prescribing for elderly hospital inpatients using audit and multidisciplinary feedback
    R A Elliott
    Centre forApplied Gerontology, Bundoora Extended Care Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Intern Med J 31:529-35. 2001
    ..Benzodiazepines are commonly prescribed for older people. Inappropriate benzodiazepine prescribing may result in serious adverse effects, including confusion and falls...
  72. ncbi Off-label prescribing among office-based physicians
    David C Radley
    Center for Evaluative Clinical Sciences, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:1021-6. 2006
    ..Despite concerns about patient safety and costs to the health care system, little is known about the frequency of off-label drug use or the degree of scientific evidence supporting this practice...
  73. ncbi Structure and markers of appropriateness, quality and performance of drug treatment over a 1-year period after hospital discharge in a cohort of elderly patients with cardiovascular diseases from Germany
    Sebastian Harder
    Pharmazentrum Frankfurt, Institute for Clinical Pharmacology, University Hospital Frankfurt am Main, Theodor Stern Kai 7, 60590, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 60:797-805. 2005
    ..The lack of a patient's knowledge about their own medication is precarious...
  74. ncbi Evaluation of cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor use in patients admitted to a large teaching hospital
    P G Landsberg
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Ipswich Road, Woolloongabba, Queensland 4102, Australia
    Intern Med J 33:225-8. 2003
    ..This raises questions regarding the appropriateness of prescribing...
  75. ncbi Antipsychotic medication coprescribing in a large state hospital system
    Ari B Jaffe
    Nathan S Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, 140 Old Orangeburg Road, Orangeburg, NY 10962, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 12:41-8. 2003
    ..To systematically characterize antipsychotic medication coprescribing ('polypharmacy') in a large state hospital system...
  76. ncbi Prescription habits of dispensing and non-dispensing doctors in Zimbabwe
    Birna Trap
    Department of Social Pharmacy, Royal Danish School of Pharmacy, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Health Policy Plan 17:288-95. 2002
    ..These findings suggest that the quality of health care--as related to drug use, patient safety and treatment cost--is lower with dispensing doctors than with non-dispensing doctors...
  77. ncbi Delay in filling the initial prescription for a statin: a potential early indicator of medication nonpersistence
    Andrew Peng Yu
    Department of Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy, School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Clin Ther 30:761-74; discussion 716. 2008
    ..Identification of early predictors of medication nonpersistence may allow timely adherence-promoting interventions and potentially reduce the risk of negative health outcomes...
  78. ncbi [Antibiotic use in the pediatric population: factors to consider]
    V Olmo Quintana
    Gobierno de Canarias, Farmaceutico, Grupo Urano Uso Racional de los Antibiotico Orales, Farmaceutico de Atencion Primaria, Canarias, Spain
    Rev Esp Quimioter 20:409-20. 2007
    ..Prescribing practices in Las Palmas are based on scientific data, probably because of the continuing education courses on antibiotherapy that began in 2003...
  79. ncbi Potentially inappropriate medication use in hospitalized elders
    Michael B Rothberg
    Division of General Medicine and Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, Massachusetts 01199, USA
    J Hosp Med 3:91-102. 2008
    ..Prescribing of potentially harmful medications has not been well documented in hospitals...
  80. ncbi Prescription of fixed dose combination drugs for diarrhoea
    Amit Chakrabarti
    Department of Pharmacology, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Fifth Mile, Tadong, Gangtok 737 102, Sikkim, India
    Indian J Med Ethics 4:165-7. 2007
    ..Physicians' prescribing practices in India are influenced by socioeconomic factors and the pharmaceutical industry's marketing techniques that include giving incentives to physicians to prescribe certain drugs...
  81. ncbi Changes in intravenous immunoglobulin prescribing patterns during a period of severe product shortages, 1995-2000
    J M Pendergrast
    Canadian Blood Services, 67 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2M1
    Vox Sang 89:150-60. 2005
    ..This study was designed to identify the disease conditions for which IVIG was being prescribed in academic hospitals during this period, and to explore the effects that IVIG shortages had on prescribing patterns...
  82. ncbi [General practitioners prescribed less antibiotics but used the CRP test more. Diagnosis-prescription studies in 2000-2005]
    Malin Andre
    Centrum för klinisk forskning Dalarna
    Lakartidningen 105:2851-4. 2008
  83. ncbi Improved compliance with a gentamicin prescribing policy after introduction of a monitoring form
    Matthew S Rogers
    Department of Microbiology, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry and Warwickshire Hospital, Stoney Stanton Road, Coventry CV1 4FH, UK
    J Antimicrob Chemother 56:566-8. 2005
    ..A gentamicin monitoring form was introduced with the aim of improving staff compliance with the policy thus minimizing the risks of toxicity while ensuring adequate dosing...
  84. ncbi Acute rheumatic fever: adherence to secondary prophylaxis and follow up of Indigenous patients in the Katherine region of the Northern Territory
    Tanya Stewart
    Katherine District Hospital, Katherine, NT, Australia
    Aust J Rural Health 15:234-40. 2007
    ..We aimed to assess the rate of adherence with penicillin prophylaxis and follow-up guidelines in patients with previous ARF and the effect of factors such as age, sex, disease severity and clinic attendance...
  85. ncbi Reliability of assessment of adherence to an antimicrobial treatment guideline
    P G M Mol
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University Medical Center Groningen, The Netherlands Pharmacy Department, University Medical Center Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Hosp Infect 60:321-8. 2005
    ..The level of agreement seems to be affected by combination therapy and the immune status of the patient...
  86. ncbi Adjuvant systemic therapies in women with breast cancer: an audit of clinical practice in Italy
    F Roila
    Divisione Oncologia Medica, Ospedale Policlinico, Perugia, Italy
    Ann Oncol 14:843-8. 2003
    ..We audited prescriptions of adjuvant systemic therapies for Italian breast cancer patients and compared them with recommendations of an International Consensus Panel...
  87. ncbi Identification of inappropriate drug prescribing by computerized, retrospective DUR screening in Korea
    Jong Hun Yeom
    College of Medicine, Han Yang University, Seoul, Korea
    Ann Pharmacother 39:1918-23. 2005
    ..However, a high prevalence of inappropriate prescribing has been suspected by the public, pharmacists, and health insurance managers, possibly due to suboptimal DUR practice by pharmacists...
  88. pmc When gatekeepers meet the sentinel: the impact of a prior authorization requirement for cefuroxime on the prescribing behaviour of community-based physicians
    Natan R Kahan
    Leumit Health Fund, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 61:341-4. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the affect a PA restriction had on the utilization patterns of cefuroxime tablets in a managed care organization (MCO) in Israel...
  89. ncbi Trends in prescription drug expenditures by Medicaid enrollees
    Jessica S Banthin
    Division of Modeling and Simulation, Center for Financing, Access and Cost Trends, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA
    Med Care 44:I27-35. 2006
    ..Identifying the fastest growing categories of drugs, where drugs are grouped into clinically relevant classes and subclasses, can help policymakers decide where to focus their cost containment efforts...
  90. ncbi Drug utilization pattern in dental outpatients in tertiary care teaching hospital in western Nepal
    Subish Palaian
    Department of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy, Manipal Teaching Hospital Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
    N Y State Dent J 74:63-7. 2008
    ..Anomalies were noted in prescribing. Improvement was noted in certain parameters compared to previous studies. The educational initiatives should be strengthened. Managerial interventions can be considered. Further studies are required...
  91. ncbi Topical corticosteroids in infants: prescribing pattern and prescribing errors in Bahrain
    Khalid A J Al Khaja
    Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Arabian Gulf University, P O Box 22979, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
    Pharm World Sci 29:395-9. 2007
    ..A nationwide, primary care-based prescription audit in infants to determine the prescribing pattern and prescribing errors of topical corticosteroid preparations in Bahrain...
  92. ncbi Effects of a step-therapy program for angiotensin receptor blockers on antihypertensive medication utilization patterns and cost of drug therapy
    Krista Yokoyama
    WellPoint NextRx, West Hills, CA 91304, USA
    J Manag Care Pharm 13:235-44. 2007
    ..Step therapy for angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) requiring prior use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) is a common cost-containment intervention in managed care...
  93. pmc Evaluation of antimicrobial therapy orders circumventing an antimicrobial stewardship program: investigating the strategy of "stealth dosing"
    Lori Ann LaRosa
    Department of Pharmacy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:551-6. 2007
    ..We evaluated whether prescribers wait until after the prior-approval period to order restricted antimicrobial therapy that is in conflict with guidelines or unnecessary...
  94. ncbi Medication report reduces number of medication errors when elderly patients are discharged from hospital
    Patrik Midlöv
    Tåbelund Primary Health Care Centre, Solv 33, Eslov 24131, Sweden
    Pharm World Sci 30:92-8. 2008
    ..To investigate whether a Medication Report can reduce the number of medication errors when elderly patients are discharged from hospital...
  95. ncbi Potential influences on initiation and persistence of extramedical prescription pain reliever use in the US population
    Krista Dowling
    Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Clin J Pain 22:776-83. 2006
    ..Extramedical prescription pain reliever use has generated much public concern; however, little is known regarding its epidemiology in the general population...
  96. ncbi Impact of the Hospital Pharmacy Initiative for promoting prudent use of antibiotics in hospitals in England
    H J Wickens
    Pharmacy Department, St Mary s NHS Trust, London W2 1NY, UK
    J Antimicrob Chemother 58:1230-7. 2006
    ..This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the HPI funding, which at the time had been in place for nearly 2 years, on pharmacy activities in this area...
  97. ncbi Evaluation of culture and antibiotic use in patients with pharyngitis
    Justin B Rufener
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    Laryngoscope 116:1727-9. 2006
    ....
  98. ncbi Assessing potentially inappropriate prescribing in the elderly Veterans Affairs population using the HEDIS 2006 quality measure
    Mary Jo V Pugh
    South Texas Veterans Health Care System, VERDICT, Audie L Murphy Division 11C6, 7400 Merton Minter Blvd, San Antonio, TX 78229 4404, USA
    J Manag Care Pharm 12:537-45. 2006
    ..The resulting list of drugs to avoid was added to the 2006 Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set (HEDIS) to measure the quality of prescribing for the elderly...
  99. ncbi Retrospective evaluation of medication appropriateness and clinical pharmacist drug therapy recommendations for home-based primary care veterans
    Ryan G Davis
    Carl T Hayden VA Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona 85012, USA
    Am J Geriatr Pharmacother 5:40-7. 2007
    ..The Medication Appropriateness Index (MAI) has demonstrated reliability in several outpatient settings. Clinical pharmacists play key roles as members of an interdisciplinary team in determining medication appropriateness...
  100. ncbi Fluoroquinolone prescriptions in a teaching hospital: a prospective audit
    Celine Pulcini
    Infectious Diseases Department, L Archet 1, Nice University Hospital, Nice, France
    Scand J Infect Dis 39:1013-7. 2007
    ..55% of the 110 prescriptions evaluated were unnecessary or inappropriate. Ward and combination therapies were significantly associated with misuse...
  101. ncbi Utilization of, and adherence to, drug therapy among medicaid beneficiaries with congestive heart failure
    Ann D Bagchi
    Mathemadca Policy Research, Inc, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA
    Clin Ther 29:1771-83. 2007
    ..Congestive heart failure (CHF) affects 4.8 million adult Americans, particularly those aged >65 years, and has been described as a "new epidemic" due to the high annual incidence of the disease (an estimated 550,000 new cases per year)...

Research Grants104 found, 100 shown here

  1. Tools for Optimizing Prescribing, Monitoring and Education
    Bruce Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..integrate, test, deploy and disseminate tools and training materials in five key areas: drug formularies, drug utilization review, lab-pharmacy linkages, N-of-1 trials and pharmacoeconomics...
  2. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Roland Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
  3. Tools for Optimizing Prescribing, Monitoring and Education
    Bruce L Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..integrate, test, deploy and disseminate tools and training materials in five key areas: drug formularies, drug utilization review, lab-pharmacy linkages, N-of-1 trials and pharmacoeconomics...
  4. Tools for Optimizing Prescribing, Monitoring and Education
    Bruce Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..integrate, test, deploy and disseminate tools and training materials in five key areas: drug formularies, drug utilization review, lab-pharmacy linkages, N-of-1 trials and pharmacoeconomics...
  5. EFFECTIVENESS OF RETROSPECTIVE DRUG UTILIZATION REVIEW
    BRIAN STROM; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..b>Drug utilization review (DUR) is a procedure that seeks to reduce the consequences of improper prescribing...
  6. ASSESSING AMBULATORY DUR COST EFFECTIVENESS
    Jacques Tremblay; Fiscal Year: 1980
    The objective of this project is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of an ambulatory drug utilization review (DUR) program with respect to a traditional care process, in terms of quality and economy of prescribing...
  7. ASSESSING RECALL ACCURACY FOR PRESCRIPTION MEDICATIONS
    Suzanne West; Fiscal Year: 1991
    b>Drug utilization review (DUR) programs are conducted to improve the effectiveness of drug use and are instituted in a majority of managed care institutions...
  8. COMPUTER-BASED PROSPECTIVE DRUG UTILIZATION REVIEW
    William Tierney; Fiscal Year: 1993
    b>Drug utilization review (DUR) has rapidly become a major focus of quality of care within the medical community and has become a major financial interest within the federal government...
  9. REDUCING GERIATRIC DRUG THERAPY--TWO APPROACHES
    HELENE LIPTON; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..outpatients by improving the quality of prescribing: 1) the application of a prospective computerized drug utilization review (DUR) system, and (2) ongoing clinical pharmacists' drug regimen reviews and consultations to providers...
  10. REDUCING GERIATRIC DRUG THERAPY--TWO APPROACHES
    HELENE LIPTON; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..outpatients by improving the quality of prescribing: 1) the application of a prospective computerized drug utilization review (DUR) system, and (2) ongoing clinical pharmacists' drug regimen reviews and consultations to providers...
  11. MEDICATION USE IN ASSESSING AND IMPROVING ASTHMA CONTROL
    Tina Hartert; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The ultimate goal of these analyses will be to (1) develop a computerized pharmacy-based drug utilization review program to identify, in a timely manner, those patients at a high risk of an asthma exacerbation, as well ..
  12. MEDICATION USE IN ASSESSING AND IMPROVING ASTHMA CONTROL
    Tina Hartert; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The ultimate goal of these analyses will be to (1) develop a computerized pharmacy-based drug utilization review program to identify, in a timely manner, those patients at a high risk of an asthma exacerbation, as well ..
  13. MEDICATION USE IN ASSESSING AND IMPROVING ASTHMA CONTROL
    Tina Hartert; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The ultimate goal of these analyses will be to (1) develop a computerized pharmacy-based drug utilization review program to identify, in a timely manner, those patients at a high risk of an asthma exacerbation, as well ..
  14. MEDICATION USE IN ASSESSING AND IMPROVING ASTHMA CONTROL
    Tina Hartert; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The ultimate goal of these analyses will be to (1) develop a computerized pharmacy-based drug utilization review program to identify, in a timely manner, those patients at a high risk of an asthma exacerbation, as well ..
  15. COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT AND MEDICATION APPROPRIATENESS
    Joseph Hanlon; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The standard patient level-drug utilization review (DUR) and a population level DUR will be compared...
  16. MEDICATION USE IN ASSESSING AND IMPROVING ASTHMA CONTROL
    Tina Hartert; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The ultimate goal of these analyses will be to (1) develop a computerized pharmacy-based drug utilization review program to identify, in a timely manner, those patients at a high risk of an asthma exacerbation, as well ..
  17. Clinical Importance of Drug-Drug Interactions
    Sean Hennessy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Systematic efforts such as drug utilization review programs and computerized physician order entry that seek to improve medication use depend entirely upon ..
  18. Clinical importance of drug-drug-interactions
    Sean Hennessy; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Systematic efforts such as drug utilization review programs and computerized physician order entry that seek to improve medication use depend entirely upon ..
  19. Clinical importance of drug-drug-interactions
    SEAN P HENNESSY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Systematic efforts such as drug utilization review programs and computerized physician order entry that seek to improve medication use depend entirely upon ..
  20. Clinical Importance of Drug-Drug Interactions
    Sean Hennessy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Systematic efforts such as drug utilization review programs and computerized physician order entry that seek to improve medication use depend entirely upon ..
  21. SMART PHARMACY CARDS TO AUTOMATE PATIENT RECORDS
    PETER OGNIBENE; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The Smart Pharmacy Card creates a portable patient record to facilitate prospective drug utilization review (DUR) by physicians and pharmacists before writing or dispensing a prescription...
  22. CORE--RESEARCH PHARMACY SUPPORT
    CHARLES LUCARELLI; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..as well as technical issues involved; and to maintain a computerized dispensing record and provide drug utilization review audit functions...
  23. ALCOHOL & PRESCRIPTION DRUG INTERACTION IN THE ELDERLY
    Frank Ahern; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..significance for the design and implementation of programs that include alcohol-related information in drug utilization review, drug surveillance and drug education activities in existing and several newly-emerging federal and state ..
  24. IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF DRUG USE IN NURSING HOMES
    FRANCIS PALUMBO; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Finally, these program costs will be related to observed effects of appropriate and inappropriate prescribing and use on patient outcome measures. ..
  25. Impact of office-based e-prescribing on prescribing processes and outcomes
    Michael Fischer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The findings of this research will provide important lessons for clinicians, researchers, insurers, policy-makers, patients, and all those with an interest in improving the use of prescription drugs. ..
  26. Impact of Medicaid Policy on cardiovascular drug use and clinical outcomes
    Michael A Fischer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  27. Effective Care Management of Depressed Diabetes Patients
    John Piette; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The evaluation has been structured based on the RE-AIM framework for effectiveness trials. ..
  28. Effective Care Management of Depressed Diabetes Patients
    John Piette; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The evaluation has been structured based on the RE-AIM framework for effectiveness trials. ..
  29. Effects of Mental Parity on High-Cost and Severely-Ill Individuals
    Haiden Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will estimate a combination of two-part random-effects models for longitudinal data, latent class random-effects models, logistic regression models, Poisson regression models, and hazard models to address these aims. ..
  30. Optimizing Medication History Value in Clinical Encounters with Elderly Patients
    Kate Lapane; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..5. To develop a "tool-kit" resources that include developed intervention products for use by nonphysician providers in other ambulatory settings (e.g. pharmacists in community pharmacy settings). ..
  31. Tailored DVD to Improve Medication Management for Low Literate Elderly Patients
    Kate Lapane; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..To pre-test these interventions as part of a feasibility study within physician offices likely to service low literate geriatric patients...
  32. Economics of Formulary Design and Mental Health Policy
    Haiden Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Huskamp the training, mentoring, time and resources to develop the skills that will put her in a position to lead independent research on the economics of pharmaceutical treatment for mental illnesses. ..
  33. Effects of Mental Parity on High-Cost and Severely-Ill Individuals
    Haiden A Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We will estimate a combination of two-part random-effects models for longitudinal data, latent class random-effects models, logistic regression models, Poisson regression models, and hazard models to address these aims. ..
  34. Medicare Part D Plan Generosity & Dual-Eligible Nursing Home Residents
    Haiden A Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  35. Effects of Mental Parity on High-Cost and Severely-Ill Individuals
    Haiden A Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will estimate a combination of two-part random-effects models for longitudinal data, latent class random-effects models, logistic regression models, Poisson regression models, and hazard models to address these aims. ..
  36. Medicare Part D Plan Generosity & Dual-Eligible Nursing Home Residents
    Haiden Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  37. Reducing Antimicrobial Use Associated with Ventilator Associated Pneumonia and Ca
    Sara Cosgrove; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We hypothesize that this approach will enhance appropriate use of antimicrobials for both VAP and CAUTI and improve patient outcomes by reducing the known sequelae of antimicrobial overuse. ..
  38. Reducing Antimicrobial Use Associated with Ventilator Associated Pneumonia and Ca
    Sara Cosgrove; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We hypothesize that this approach will enhance appropriate use of antimicrobials for both VAP and CAUTI and improve patient outcomes by reducing the known sequelae of antimicrobial overuse. ..
  39. Parental Trust and Racial Disparities in the Care of Discharged Premature Infants
    Scott A Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By understanding these underlying explanations for the racial disparities in these outcomes, particularly families'trust in the health care system, we can aid in the development of interventions to reduce these differences in care. ..
  40. Pharmacogenetics and HIV treatment outcomes
    Robert Gross; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Ultimately, the goal is to tailor HIV drug regimens to individual patients'metabolic profile with the result being improved outcomes in HIV disease, and ultimately, improved public health. ..
  41. Parental Trust and Racial Disparities in the Care of Discharged Premature Infants
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..By understanding these underlying explanations for the racial disparities in these outcomes, particularly families'trust in the health care system, we can aid in the development of interventions to reduce these differences in care. ..
  42. Pharmacogenetics and HIV treatment outcomes
    Robert Gross; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Ultimately, the goal is to tailor HIV drug regimens to individual patients'metabolic profile with the result being improved outcomes in HIV disease, and ultimately, improved public health. ..
  43. Parental Trust and Racial Disparities in the Care of Discharged Premature Infants
    Scott A Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By understanding these underlying explanations for the racial disparities in these outcomes, particularly families'trust in the health care system, we can aid in the development of interventions to reduce these differences in care. ..
  44. Managed problem solving: An HIV adherence trial
    Robert Gross; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If successful, this intervention will not only result in improved clinical outcomes in individuals who take part, but may also decrease the emergence of resistant HIV if incorporated into standard of care for HIV management. ..
  45. Antidepressant Use and Suicide
    Susan Busch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The significance of this project lies in its potential to help clinicians and policymakers assess and manage competing risk and benefit claims. ..
  46. Impact of Medicaid Prescription Copayments in Patients with Schizophrenia
    Jalpa Doshi; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The findings of our study will help inform policymakers about the intended and unintended consequences of prescription copayments in Medicaid patients with schizophrenia. ..
  47. Managed problem solving: An HIV adherence trial
    Robert Gross; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If successful, this intervention will not only result in improved clinical outcomes in individuals who take part, but may also decrease the emergence of resistant HIV if incorporated into standard of care for HIV management. ..
  48. Predicting Transitions Among Community-Dwelling Elders
    Ilene Zuckerman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  49. RISK FACTORS FOR PHENYTOIN TOXICITY
    Sean Hennessy; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Managed problem solving: An HIV adherence trial
    Robert Gross; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If successful, this intervention will not only result in improved clinical outcomes in individuals who take part, but may also decrease the emergence of resistant HIV if incorporated into standard of care for HIV management. ..
  51. Life Cycle Effects of Health Insurance on Elderly Health
    Jalpa Doshi; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will use these estimates to simulate the effect of changes in the age of Medicare eligibility on health, medical service use and Medicare expenditure. ..
  52. Perinatal Regionalization and Quality of Care
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. ADHERENCE TO PROTEASE INHIBITORS IN HIV
    Robert Gross; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Antidepressant Use and Suicide
    Susan Busch; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The significance of this project lies in its potential to help clinicians and policymakers assess and manage competing risk and benefit claims. ..
  55. Managed problem solving: An HIV adherence trial
    Robert Gross; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If successful, this intervention will not only result in improved clinical outcomes in individuals who take part, but may also decrease the emergence of resistant HIV if incorporated into standard of care for HIV management. ..
  56. Parental Trust and Racial Disparities in the Care of Discharged Premature Infants
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..By understanding these underlying explanations for the racial disparities in these outcomes, particularly families'trust in the health care system, we can aid in the development of interventions to reduce these differences in care. ..
  57. INHALED NO IN PREVENTION OF CHRONIC LUNG DISEASE
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In summary, this clinical trial will assess the efficacy and safety of inhaled nitric oxide for amelioration of a major disease of premature infants. ..
  58. Perinatal Regionalization and Quality of Care
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Impact of Obstetric Unit Closures on Pregnancy Outcomes
    Scott A Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Improved understanding of the impact of such service reductions in the obstetric market will result in more efficient use of health care services and optimize the value of health care dollars spent on obstetric care. ..
  60. Perinatal Regionalization and Quality of Care
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Alcohol Treatment Under Managed Care Plans: Role of HMOs
    Constance Horgan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will provide systematic information on the nature and extent of HMO changes, and their impact on alcohol service delivery, during this time period. ..
  62. Optimizing NNRTI Doses in Patients with HIV and TB
    Terrence Blaschke; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. Clinical Impact of Quinolone-Resistant E.coli carriage
    Ebbing Lautenbach; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. A Comprehensive Probabilistic-Micro-Simulation Model to Assess Cost-Effectiveness
    Anirban Basu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  65. Monitoring Trends in Venous Thromboembolism
    Frederick Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Implementation of this registry will set the stage for systematic long-term surveillance of this medically important Problem. ..
  66. Reducing Antimicrobial Use Associated with Ventilator Associated Pneumonia and Ca
    SARA ELIZABETH COSGROVE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We hypothesize that this approach will enhance appropriate use of antimicrobials for both VAP and CAUTI and improve patient outcomes by reducing the known sequelae of antimicrobial overuse. ..
  67. A Comprehensive Probabilistic-Micro-Simulation Model to Assess Cost-Effectiveness
    Anirban Basu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  68. MD Group Characteristics and Quality of Care for CHD
    Bruce Landon; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  69. PREVALENCE AND IMPACT OF GLAUCOMA AMONG THE VERY ELDERLY
    David Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally, the interactions between comorbidities (including cognitive deficits) and visual field loss will be explored. ..
  70. Financial Incentives and Variations in the Care of Medicare Beneficiaries
    Bruce Landon; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Because patients will be clustered within physicians and physicians clustered within markets, we will use hierarchical analytic methods. ..
  71. Quinolone resistant E coli in long term care facilities
    Ebbing Lautenbach; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  72. Improving Drug Development for the Critically Ill Child
    Athena Zuppa; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This intensive didactic and mentored training will allow for the development of a future independent pediatric clinical investigator. ..
  73. Impact of Medicare Part D on Racial Disparities in Diabetes Treatment and Outcome
    Julie Donohue; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  74. Predicting Transitions Among Community-Dwelling Elders
    Ilene Zuckerman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  75. Novel Application of Infection Control Strategies to Limit Transmission of ESBL'S
    Ebbing Lautenbach; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  76. Parents, Pediatricians and Telephone Coaches Partner to Improve Control (PARTNER)
    Jane Garbutt; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  77. Clinical Impact of Quinolone-Resistant E.coli carriage
    Ebbing Lautenbach; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  78. Diversity of Antimicrobial Use and Emergence of Resistance in Pseudomonas
    Darren Linkin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of our study will be generalizable to inpatients in tertiary acute care centers everywhere. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  79. Genome-Wide Study of Cataract and Low HDL in the Personalized Medicine Research P
    Catherine McCarty; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The strength of the research team and the depth and breadth of the electronic medical record at the Marshfield Clinic make this the ideal setting for this RFA. ..
  80. GERIATRIC DEPRESSION AND ANTIDEPRESSANT USE
    Stephen Crystal; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..They will also provide important information on trends in treatment patterns and shed light on the impact of health care system changes on the treatment of depression. ..
  81. Approaches to Improve Youth Psychotropic Services
    Susan dosReis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This will clarify how youth mental health treatments are adopted in clinical settings, and will explore alternative methods for improving psychopharmacologic treatments for youths. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  82. Major Mental Disorders and HIV -- Health Services Use
    Stephen Crystal; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  83. Mental Health Systems and Juvenile Justice Outcomes
    Alison Evans Cuellar; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  84. Depression Care Among Elderly Nursing Home Residents
    Stephen Crystal; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  85. Monitoring Trends in Venous Thromboembolism
    Frederick Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Implementation of this registry will set the stage for systematic long-term surveillance of this medically important Problem. ..
  86. Major Mental Disorders and HIV -- Health Services Use
    Stephen Crystal; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  87. The Worcester Venous Thromboembolism Study
    Frederick Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. as well as deficiencies in current management practices. This information will set the stage for future studies designed to address these shortcomings. ..
  88. An intervention to improve rational prescribing in cardiovascular disease
    William Shrank; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..End of Abstract) ..
  89. Sickle Cell Disease: First steps toward understanding barriers to care for adults
    Sophie Lanzkron; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..She has selected mentors in behavioral research, epidemiology and sickle cell that provide the necessary supervision to make her a successful independent investigator. ..