Summary: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Publications276 found, 100 shown here
- Cultural competence among staff nurses who participated in a family-centered geriatric care programAli Salman
Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
J Nurses Staff Dev 23:103-11; quiz 112-3. 2007..In this research project, a descriptive exploratory design was used to identify the levels of cultural awareness and cultural competence of nursing staff who participated in a family-centered geriatric care training program...
- Nurses' tobacco-related knowledge, attitudes, and practice in four major cities in ChinaSophia S C Chan
Department of Nursing Studies, L K S Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
J Nurs Scholarsh 39:46-53. 2007..Design: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in four major cities (Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Chongqing) in China from November to December 2003...
- An interventional radiology clinical rotation to enhance student learningJason Powell
University of New Brunswick Humber Bachelor of Nursing Program, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Nurs Educ 46:476-9. 2007..The author describes the basics of this experience and the planning steps prior to implementation, including hospital approval, preceptor selection, and evaluation of the overall clinical experience...
- Transferring simulated arthroscopic skills to the operating theatre: a randomised blinded studyN R Howells
Nuffield Department of Orthopaedic Surgery University of Oxford, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, UK
J Bone Joint Surg Br 90:494-9. 2008..0011), demonstrating the transfer of psychomotor skills from simulator training to arthroscopy in the operating theatre. This has implications for the planning of future training curricula...
- Deliberate practice and the acquisition and maintenance of expert performance in medicine and related domainsK Anders Ericsson
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee 32306-1270, USA
Acad Med 79:S70-81. 2004
- Global health competencies and approaches in medical education: a literature reviewRobert Battat
Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
BMC Med Educ 10:94. 2010..Physicians today are increasingly faced with healthcare challenges that require an understanding of global health trends and practices, yet little is known about what constitutes appropriate global health training...
- Psychomotor control in a virtual laparoscopic surgery training environment: gaze control parameters differentiate novices from expertsMark Wilson
School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, St Luke s Campus, Exeter, EX1 2LU, UK
Surg Endosc 24:2458-64. 2010..Typically adopted hand movement metrics reflect only one half of the eye-hand coordination relationship; therefore, little is known about how hand movements are guided and controlled by vision...
- Validity evidence for an OSCE to assess competency in systems-based practice and practice-based learning and improvement: a preliminary investigationPrathibha Varkey
Division of Preventive and Occupational Medicine, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
Acad Med 83:775-80. 2008..To determine the psychometric properties and validity of an OSCE to assess the competencies of Practice-Based Learning and Improvement (PBLI) and Systems-Based Practice (SBP) in graduate medical education...
- Are hospitals prepared to support newborn survival? - An evaluation of eight first-referral level hospitals in KenyaCharles Opondo
KEMRI Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, and Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
Trop Med Int Health 14:1165-72. 2009..To assess the availability of resources that support the provision of basic neonatal care in eight first-referral level (district) hospitals in Kenya...
- Assessing competency in Evidence Based Practice: strengths and limitations of current tools in practiceDragan Ilic
Monash Institute of Health Services Research, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3168, Australia
BMC Med Educ 9:53. 2009..This paper examines the current tools available to assess EBP competence and compares their applicability to existing assessment techniques used in medicine, nursing and health sciences...
- Pay for perfomance and the quality of diabetes management in individuals with and without co-morbid medical conditionsChristopher Millett
Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
J R Soc Med 102:369-77. 2009..To examine the impact of the Quality and Outcomes Framework, a major pay-for-performance incentive introduced in the UK during 2004, on diabetes management in patients with and without co-morbidity...
- Evaluation of a virtual reality simulator for arthroscopy skills developmentRobert A Pedowitz
San Diego Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Fellowships at the University of California, San Diego, California, USA
Arthroscopy 18:E29. 2002..Computer-based simulation technology provides a major opportunity for surgical skills development without morbidity and operating room inefficiency...
- Individual skill progression on a virtual reality simulator for shoulder arthroscopy: a 3-year follow-up studyAndreas H Gomoll
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Sports Med 36:1139-42. 2008..Additional longitudinal studies are necessary to confirm the validity of virtual reality simulation before these teaching aids can be more fully recommended for surgical education...
- Certification pass rate of 100% for fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery skills after proficiency-based trainingDaniel J Scott
Southwestern Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390 9156, USA
Surg Endosc 22:1887-93. 2008..This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of implementing a proficiency-based FLS skills training curriculum and to evaluate its effectiveness in preparing trainees for certification...
- A systematic review of skills transfer after surgical simulation trainingLana P Sturm
ASERNIP S, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Ann Surg 248:166-79. 2008..To determine whether skills acquired by simulation-based training transfer to the operative setting...
- Novices ventilate and intubate quicker and safer via intubating laryngeal mask than by conventional bag-mask ventilation and laryngoscopyArnd Timmermann
Department of Anesthesiology, Emergency and Intensive Care Medicine, Georg August University, Germany
Anesthesiology 107:570-6. 2007..This study compares success rates for ventilation and intubation via the intubating laryngeal mask (ILMA-V/ILMA-TI) with those via bag-mask ventilation and laryngoscopic intubation (BM-V/LG-TI)...
- Evidence-based medicine: discrepancy between perceived competence and actual performance among graduating medical studentsOpher Caspi
Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel
Med Teach 28:318-25. 2006....
- When only the real thing will do: junior medical students' learning from real patientsKathryn Bell
University of Manchester Medical School, Manchester M6 8HD, UK
Med Educ 43:1036-43. 2009..This study aimed to explore how medical students experience contacts with real patients and what they learn from them...
- Development of a virtual reality training curriculum for laparoscopic cholecystectomyR Aggarwal
Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology, St Mary s Campus, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother Building, St Mary s Hospital, Praed Street, London W2 1NY, UK
Br J Surg 96:1086-93. 2009..Training within a proficiency-based virtual reality (VR) curriculum may reduce errors during real surgical procedures. This study used a scientific methodology for development of a VR training curriculum for laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
- Managing the deteriorating patient in a simulated environment: nursing students' knowledge, skill and situation awarenessSimon Cooper
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Gippsland Campus, Churchill, Vic, Australia
J Clin Nurs 19:2309-18. 2010..To examine, in a simulated environment, the ability of final-year nursing students to assess, identify and respond to patients either deteriorating or at risk of deterioration...
- Pneumothorax following thoracentesis: a systematic review and meta-analysisCraig E Gordon
Renal Section, Department of Medicine, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118, USA
Arch Intern Med 170:332-9. 2010..We aimed to determine the mean pneumothorax rate following thoracentesis and to identify risk factors for pneumothorax through a systematic review and meta-analysis...
- Validation and implementation of surgical simulators: a critical review of present, past, and futureB M A Schout
Department of Urology, VU University Medical Centre Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Surg Endosc 24:536-46. 2010..This study aims to provide a critical review of the literature and the main experiences and efforts relating to the validation of simulators during the last two decades...
- Emergency medicine clerkship curriculum: an update and revisionDavid E Manthey
Department of Emergency Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
Acad Emerg Med 17:638-43. 2010....
- Use of the mini-clinical evaluation exercise to rate examinee performance on a multiple-station clinical skills examination: a validity studyMelissa J Margolis
National Board of Medical Examiners, 3750 Market Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Acad Med 81:S56-60. 2006..Multivariate generalizability analysis was used to investigate the performance of a commonly used clinical evaluation tool...
- First validation of the PASSPORT training environment for arthroscopic skillsGabrielle J M Tuijthof
Orthopedic Research Center Amsterdam, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Academic Medical Centre, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 18:218-24. 2010..Our physical simulation environment (PASSPORT) demonstrates its potential to evolve as a training modality. In future, automated performance feedback is aimed for...
- Sicily statement on evidence-based practiceMartin Dawes
Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
BMC Med Educ 5:1. 2005..This consensus statement is based on current literature and incorporating the experience of delegates attending the 2003 Conference of Evidence-Based Health Care Teachers and Developers ("Signposting the future of EBHC")...
- Review of comparative studies of clinical skills trainingAidan J Byrne
Morriston Hospital, UK
Med Teach 30:764-7. 2008..Our aim was to undertake a systematic review of the comparison of the methods used to train staff in clinical skills...
- Views on primary prevention of cardiovascular disease--an interview study with Swedish GPsLouise Silwer
Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden
BMC Fam Pract 11:44. 2010..The aim of this study was to explore, structure and describe the views on primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in clinical practice among Swedish GPs...
- Assessment and feedback in the skills laboratory and operating roomColin Sugden
Division of Surgery, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College, London, UK
Surg Clin North Am 90:519-33. 2010..Therefore, both have an important role to play and should coexist within a continuous assessment pathway...
- Development of a formative assessment tool for measurement of performance in multi-professional resuscitation teamsPeter Oluf Andersen
Danish Institute for Medical Simulation, Herlev Hospital, Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark
Resuscitation 81:703-11. 2010....
- The current state of musculoskeletal clinical skills teaching for preclerkship medical studentsAnna E Oswald
Centre for Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
J Rheumatol 35:2419-26. 2008....
- Tools for direct observation and assessment of clinical skills of medical trainees: a systematic reviewJennifer R Kogan
Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Health System, 3701 Market St, Ste 640, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
JAMA 302:1316-26. 2009..Multiple tools for direct observation are available, but their characteristics and outcomes have not been compared systematically...
- Measurement of the general competencies of the accreditation council for graduate medical education: a systematic reviewStephen J Lurie
Office of Curriculum and Assessment, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
Acad Med 84:301-9. 2009..To evaluate published evidence that the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's six general competencies can each be measured in a valid and reliable way...
- Factors predictive of successful learning in postgraduate medical educationP B A Smits
Netherlands School of Occupational Health, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Med Educ 38:758-66. 2004..To establish which personal and contextual factors are predictive of successful outcomes in postgraduate medical education...
- Use of assessment to reinforce patient safety as a habitR M Galbraith
Center for Innovation, National Board of Medical Examiners, 3750 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Qual Saf Health Care 15:i30-3. 2006..This strategy is based on the adage that "assessment drives curriculum" and proposes a series of new assessment tools to be added to all phases of the training-practice continuum...
- Registrar operating experience over a 15-year period: more, less or more or less the same?G Morris-Stiff
Department of Surgery, Royal Glamorgan Hospital, Ynysmaerdy, Llantrisant, CF72 8XR, Rhonda Cynon Taf
Surgeon 2:161-4. 2004....
- The teaching effectiveness of standardized patientsKathleen L Becker
Adult Nurse Practitioner Program, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
J Nurs Educ 45:103-11. 2006..No significant differences were found between the two groups on measures of interpersonal skills, therapeutic communication skills, and knowledge of depression..
- Impact of clinical interview training on the empathy level of medical students and medical residentsClotilde Fernndez-Olano
University of Castilla La, Mancha, Spain
Med Teach 30:322-4. 2008..Empathy is a skill that can be acquired by practise and should become a habit...
- Association of a clinical knowledge support system with improved patient safety, reduced complications and shorter length of stay among Medicare beneficiaries in acute care hospitals in the United StatesPeter A Bonis
Center for Clinical Evidence Synthesis at the Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts Medical Center, UpToDate Inc, Waltham, MA 02453, United States
Int J Med Inform 77:745-53. 2008..Electronic clinical knowledge support systems have decreased barriers to answering clinical questions but there is little evidence as to whether they have an impact on health outcomes...
- Patient safety: do nursing and medical curricula address this theme?Ann Wakefield
School of Nursing Midwifery and Health Visiting, The University of Manchester, Coupland Building 3, UK
Nurse Educ Today 25:333-40. 2005..We argue that learning how to manage errors effectively would enable trainee practitioners to improve patient care, reduce the burden on an overstretched health care system and engage in dynamic as opposed to defensive practice...
- Do calculation errors by nurses cause medication errors in clinical practice? A literature reviewKerri Wright
University of Greenwich, Avery Hill Road, Eltham SE9 2UG, United Kingdom
Nurse Educ Today 30:85-97. 2010..However, more research is required into the calculation errors in practice. In particular there is a need for a direct observational study on paediatric nurses as there are presently none examining this area of practice...
- Do absorption and realistic distraction influence performance of component task surgical procedure?Jon R Pluyter
Department of Information Systems and Management, Tilburg University, Warandelaan 2, 5037 AB Tilburg, The Netherlands
Surg Endosc 24:902-7. 2010..g., music, conversation, and unadapted use of sophisticated technologies). This study aimed to examine whether such realistic social and technological distracting conditions may influence surgical performance...
- The impact of stress on surgical performance: a systematic review of the literatureSonal Arora
Department of Bio Surgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College, London, UK
Surgery 147:318-30, 330.e1-6. 2010..Both sets of skills can be impaired by intra-operative stress, compromising performance and patient safety. This systematic review aims to assess the effects of intra-operative stress on surgical performance...
- Direct observation in medical education: a review of the literature and evidence for validityH Barrett Fromme
Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
Mt Sinai J Med 76:365-71. 2009..focusing on variations of the term observation in the titles of articles and introducing the concept of clinical competence. In conclusion, direct observation is a unique and useful tool in the assessment of medical students and ..
- Passive haptics in a knee arthroscopy simulator: is it valid for core skills training?Avril D McCarthy
Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, England
Clin Orthop Relat Res 442:13-20. 2006..Feedback from questionnaires completed by orthopaedic surgeons indicates that the system has face validity for its remit of basic arthroscopic training...
- A human factors analysis of technical and team skills among surgical trainees during procedural simulations in a simulated operating theatreKrishna Moorthy
Imperial College St Mary s Hospital Simulation Group, Department of Surgical Oncology and Technology, Imperial College, London
Ann Surg 242:631-9. 2005..High-risk organizations such as aviation rely on simulations for the training and assessment of technical and team performance. The aim of this study was to develop a simulated environment for surgical trainees using similar principles...
- Thoracic pedicle screw instrumentation: the learning curve and evolution in technique in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosisBaron S Lonner
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, NY 10021, USA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:2158-64. 2009..Retrospective review...
- 'She gave it her best shot right away': patient experiences of biomedical and patient-centered communicationSara L Swenson
Program in Medical Ethics at the University of California, Box 0320, 400 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143 0320, USA
Patient Educ Couns 61:200-11. 2006..We investigated patient responses to videotaped doctor-patient vignettes to ascertain what they liked about patient-centered and biomedical communication...
- Virtual reality training for endoscopic surgery: voluntary or obligatory?K W van Dongen
Department of Surgery, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, P O Box 85500, 3508, GA, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Surg Endosc 22:664-7. 2008..An important issue is how to create optimal conditions for integration of these types of simulators into the surgical training curriculum. The willingness of surgical residents to train these skills on a voluntary basis was surveyed...
- Haptic feedback can provide an objective assessment of arthroscopic skillsGeorge Chami
Department of Computer Science, University of Hull, Hull, UK
Clin Orthop Relat Res 466:963-8. 2008..The results showed a considerable correlation between three haptic parameters and the surgeon's experience, which could be used in an automated objective assessment system for arthroscopic surgery...
- Continuing medical education effect on physician knowledge: effectiveness of continuing medical education: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Educational GuidelinesGeorges Bordage
Department of Medical Education, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, IL 60612 7309, USA
Chest 135:29S-36S. 2009..Whether CME activities actually improve their knowledge and whether multiple media, instructional techniques, and exposures are better than single experiences are questions that are still under discussion...
- Use of an outpatient medical record audit to achieve educational objectives: changes in residents' performances over six yearsD E Kern
Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
J Gen Intern Med 5:218-24. 1990..CONCLUSIONS: An ongoing chart audit and feedback system can be associated with improvements both in the performance of individual residents and in the long-term performance of a residency program...
- Arthroscopic proficiency: a survey of orthopaedic sports medicine fellowship directors and orthopaedic surgery department chairsAndrew J Cosgarea
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Arthroscopy 18:795-800. 2002..The results of this study may be helpful in designing arthroscopic training programs for orthopaedic residents or sports medicine fellows; however, the wide variability in opinions may indicate difficulty in reaching a consensus...
- Learning needs analysis to guide teaching evidence-based medicine: knowledge and beliefs amongst trainees from various specialitiesJulie A Hadley
Birmingham Women s Health Care NHS Trust, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
BMC Med Educ 7:11. 2007....
- Experience-based learning: a model linking the processes and outcomes of medical students' workplace learningTim Dornan
Hope Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Med Educ 41:84-91. 2007..To develop a model linking the processes and outcomes of workplace learning...
- Procedural competency in emergency medicine: the current range of resident experienceS R Hayden
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego Medical Center, 92103 8819, USA
Acad Emerg Med 6:728-35. 1999..To evaluate the recorded range of procedures tracked by emergency medicine (EM) programs, and to determine whether differences in procedural experience occur in various types of residency or hospital settings...
- Confidence of academic general internists and family physicians to teach ambulatory proceduresG C Wickstrom
Department of Medicine, Summa Health System Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Akron, USA
J Gen Intern Med 15:353-60. 2000..To evaluate and compare the readiness of academic general internal medicine physicians and academic family medicine physicians to perform and teach 13 common ambulatory procedures...
- Accuracy of physician self-assessment compared with observed measures of competence: a systematic reviewDavid A Davis
Knowledge Translation Program of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute at St Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
JAMA 296:1094-102. 2006..of lifelong learning, continuing medical education credit, relicensure, specialty recertification, and clinical competence are linked to the abilities of physicians to assess their own learning needs and choose educational ..
- The role of tacit knowledge in the work context of nursingB Herbig
Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
J Adv Nurs 34:687-95. 2001..Consequences of these results for nursing and person-related services in general are discussed and the aim of future research is outlined...
- Increased surgical volume is associated with lower THA dislocation ratesTodd C Battaglia
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, VA, USA
Clin Orthop Relat Res 447:28-33. 2006..This correlation appears to be stronger and is more clearly established for surgeon volumes than it is for hospital volumes...
- Validation of two instruments to assess technical bronchoscopic skill using virtual reality simulationMohsen Davoudi
Medical Center, University of California, Irvine, CA 92868, USA
Respiration 76:92-101. 2008..In an era of increased emphasis on patient safety and competency-based education, demonstration of significant variability in the teaching of flexible bronchoscopy has led to initiatives for new standardized curricula and assessment tools...
- Motion analysis: a validated method for showing skill levels in arthroscopyNick R Howells
Nuffield Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Oxford, Oxford, England
Arthroscopy 24:335-42. 2008..The purpose of this study was to show the validity of a motion analysis system in its ability to differentiate between surgeons and non-surgeons when performing simple arthroscopic tasks...
- Technical-skills training in the 21st centuryRajesh Aggarwal
N Engl J Med 355:2695-6. 2006
- Critical appraisal skills training for health care professionals: a randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN46272378]Rod S Taylor
Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham Birmingham, UK
BMC Med Educ 4:30. 2004..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and costs of a critical appraisal skills educational intervention aimed at health care professionals...
- Physician clinical performance assessment: prospects and barriersBruce E Landon
Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
JAMA 290:1183-9. 2003..Even then, for some uses, physician clinical performance assessment at the individual physician level may be technically impossible to accomplish in a valid and fair way...
- Three different types of surgeon-specific stress reactions identified by laparoscopic simulation in a virtual scenarioM Schuetz
Department of Anaesthesiology, Simulation Center, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Langenbeckstrasse 1, 55131, Mainz, Germany
Surg Endosc 22:1263-7. 2008..This study aimed to investigate whether individual stress responses are associated with intraoperative alterations of manual surgical skills and technical errors of the laparoscopic surgeon...
- The use of CPR feedback/prompt devices during training and CPR performance: A systematic reviewJoyce Yeung
University of Warwick, UK
Resuscitation 80:743-51. 2009..In lay persons and health care providers performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), does the use of CPR feedback/prompt devices when compared to no device improve CPR skill acquisition, retention, and real life performance?..
- Teaching safe and effective prescribing in UK medical schools: a core curriculum for tomorrow's doctorsSimon Maxwell
British Pharmacological Society, UK
Br J Clin Pharmacol 55:496-503. 2003..In this document we expand on these broad statements, provide a view of how these learning objectives might be achieved, and identify the key elements of a core curriculum in prescribing and therapeutics...
- Initial evaluation of a shoulder arthroscopy simulator: establishing construct validitySakti Srivastava
Stanford University Medical Media and Information Technology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
J Shoulder Elbow Surg 13:196-205. 2004..Experts rated the simulator as an effective teaching tool, giving it a mean score of 4.22 and 4.44 (maximum, 5) for teaching instrument control and triangulation, respectively...
- Physician characteristics and knowledge of CKD managementRubeen K Israni
Renal and Hypertension Division, Department of Medicine, Christiana Care Health System, Newark, DE, USA
Am J Kidney Dis 54:238-47. 2009..However, it is not known whether knowledge of CKD management in primary care physicians (PCPs) might have an important role in the suboptimal care and whether PCP characteristics are associated with having adequate knowledge...
- New doctors' perceptions of their educational development during their first year of postgraduate trainingE A Hesketh
Education Development Unit, Tay Park House, Dundee, Scotland, UK
Med Teach 25:67-76. 2003..This study helps to define the benefits and opportunities of the PRHO year, as currently perceived by the trainees, and should be of interest to those involved in the planning and delivery of postgraduate training...
- Should there be a change in the teaching of airway management in the medical school curriculum?Ling Tiah
Accident and Emergency Department, Changi General Hospital, 2 Simei Street 3, Singapore 529889, Singapore
Resuscitation 64:87-91. 2005..To evaluate the use of the Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA), the oesophageal-tracheal combitube (ETC) and the tracheal tube (TT) by medical students, with a view to recommend changes to the medical school curriculum...
- Measuring residents' perceived preparedness and skillfulness to deliver cross-cultural careElyse R Park
Institute for Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
J Gen Intern Med 24:1053-6. 2009..As patient populations become increasingly diverse, we need to be able to measure residents' preparedness and skillfulness to provide cross-cultural care...
- 28-Day emergency surgical re-admission rates as a clinical indicator of performanceEdward D J Courtney
Department of Surgery, Hull Royal Infirmary, Hull, UK
Ann R Coll Surg Engl 85:75-8. 2003..We wanted to examine reasons for re-admission, possible errors in coding and any preventable factors in these patients subsequently re-admitted acutely...
- Low- to high-fidelity simulation - a continuum of medical education?N J Maran
Scottish Clinical Simulation Centre, Stirling Royal Infirmary, Livilands Gate, Stirling, UK
Med Educ 37:22-8. 2003..These range from simple part-task training models to highly sophisticated computer driven models...
- Determining the efficacy of an immersive trainer for arthroscopy skillsJames P Bliss
Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA
Stud Health Technol Inform 111:54-6. 2005..These data suggest that the immersive arthroscopic trainer might be useful as an initial screening or training tool for beginning medical students...
- Reliability of a 25-item low-stakes multiple-choice assessment of bronchoscopic knowledgeSilvia Quadrelli
Instituto de Investigaciones Medicas Alfredo Lanari, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Chest 135:315-21. 2009..Assessment tools related to bronchoscopy training, however, have not yet been developed or validated...
- Continuing medical education effect on clinical outcomes: effectiveness of continuing medical education: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Educational GuidelinesPaul E Mazmanian
Department of Family Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298 0048, USA
Chest 135:49S-55S. 2009..Continuing medical education (CME) is one such strategy, but the impact of CME is poorly defined in relation to clinical outcomes, and efforts to standardize definitions of clinical outcomes are in varied stages of development...
- Multisource feedback: a method of assessing surgical practiceClaudio Violato
Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3330 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 4N1, Canada
BMJ 326:546-8. 2003
- Student's perceptions of effective clinical teaching revisitedClaudette Kelly
Thompson Rivers University, Nursing Department, P O Box 3010, Kamloops, BC, Canada V2C 5N3
Nurse Educ Today 27:885-92. 2007..The study raises questions about the recent trend toward temporary employment of clinical teachers and in the separation of academic and clinical roles of nurse educators...
- The effect of a 12-month longitudinal long-term care rotation on knowledge and attitudes of internal medicine residents about geriatricsElizabeth E Baum
Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine NEOUCOM, Affiliated Hospitals at Canton, Canton, OH 44708, USA
J Am Med Dir Assoc 8:105-9. 2007..To determine if participation in a 12-month longitudinal long-term care (LTC) rotation resulted in improved knowledge and attitudes about geriatrics...
- Effect of an evidence-based paediatric fever education program on emergency nurses' knowledgeJulie Considine
Emergency Department, The Northern Hospital, 185 Cooper Street, Epping, VIC 3076, Australia
Accid Emerg Nurs 15:10-9. 2007..This study examined the effect of an educational intervention of factual knowledge on emergency nurses' knowledge and clinical decisions related to paediatric fever...
- Masterful precepting: using the BECOME method to enhance clinical teachingMary Beth Modic
The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Department of Nursing Education and Professional Practice Development, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
J Nurses Staff Dev 23:1-9; quiz 10-1. 2007..This article describes the development of a framework, known by the acronym BECOME. The purpose of this framework is to provide educators with a repertoire of strategies for educating and mentoring preceptors...
- Academics' perceptions of the professional or clinical doctorate: findings of a national surveyLorraine Ellis
School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
J Clin Nurs 16:2272-9. 2007..The aim of this study was to report the perceptions of senior academics' working in institutions of higher education towards professional doctorates for the health and social care professions...
- Teaching methods and an outcome tool for measuring cultural sensitivity in undergraduate nursing studentsKathleen H Hughes
Saint Luke s College, Kansas City, USA
J Transcult Nurs 18:57-62. 2007..Successful teaching strategies are presented that are substantiated by increased student cross-cultural interaction score scores...
- Nurses' perceptions of content and delivery style of bioterrorism educationAdeline M Nyamathi
School of Nursing, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 1702, USA
J Nurses Staff Dev 23:251-7; quiz 258-9. 2007..Notable findings from the focus groups are discussed in this study. Recommendations based on these findings are proposed as this project moves into subsequent phases...
- Outcomes of a breastfeeding educational intervention for baccalaureate nursing studentsJoan E Dodgson
School of Nursing and Dental Hygiene, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2528 McCarthy Mall, Webster Hall 435, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
Nurse Educ Today 27:856-67. 2007..Improving evidence-based practices in nursing programs has the potential to impact many breastfeeding families in the hospital and the community...
- Action research on the development of a caring curriculum in Taiwan: Part IIJane Lee-Hsieh
Nursing Department, Fooyin University, 151 Chin Hsueh Road, Ta Liao, Kaohsiung 831, Taiwan
J Nurs Educ 46:553-61. 2007..Patients generally indicated that students always or normally performed caring behaviors. The study showed that with an appropriate curriculum and learning strategies, students can learn caring skills...
- Challenges and benefits of international clinical placements in public health nursingElizabeth Sloand
Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD 21212, USA
Nurse Educ 33:35-8. 2008....
- Predictors of educational outcomes of undergraduate nursing students in alcohol and drug educationG Hussein Rassool
Departamento de Enfermagem Psiquiatrica e Ciencias Humanas da Universidade de Sao Paulo EERP, USP, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Nurse Educ Today 28:691-701. 2008..Further research should be undertaken with undergraduate nurses specialising in different branch of nursing...
- The impact of education and experience on death anxiety in new graduate nursesPatricia Brisley
Manly Hospital, Manly, Australia
Contemp Nurse 17:102-8. 2004..Recommendations are made for death issues to be explored more extensively during both undergraduate and postgraduate nurse education...
- Building child health nurses' confidence and competenceKim Chenery
Nurs N Z 13:26-8. 2007
- Working together: a joint initiative between academics and clinicians to prepare undergraduate nursing students to work in mental health settingsJanette Curtis
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Indigenous Health, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
Int J Ment Health Nurs 16:285-93. 2007..Importantly, since the implementation of the workshops and other collaborative initiatives, an increasing number of newly graduated nurses from the region are choosing to work in mental health...
- The use of structured reflective journal questions to promote fundamental development of clinical decision-making abilities of the first-semester nursing studentEileen Croke
Department of Nursing, California State University, Long Beach, USA
Contemp Nurse 17:125-36. 2004..Exemplars of students' self-reported reflections are included...
- Implementing objective structured clinical skills evaluation (OSCE) in nurse registration programmes in a centre in Ireland: a utilisation focused evaluationMary Brosnan
Department of Nursing and Healthcare Studies, Institute of Technology, Solas Building, North Campus, Tralee, Co Kerry, Ireland
Nurse Educ Today 26:115-22. 2006..Mature students claimed that more practice effort was required but also felt more prepared for placements and achieved higher OSCE scores...
- Using interactive video technology in nursing education: a pilot studyDaria M Zerr
University of Central Missouri, Department of Nursing, Warrensburg, MO 64093, USA
J Nurs Educ 47:87-91. 2008..In addition, the results demonstrate that interactive videoconferencing does not compromise student learning or assessment by external assessors...
- Undergraduate nursing students' knowledge of and attitudes toward aging: comparison of context-based learning and a traditional programBeverly Williams
Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
J Nurs Educ 46:115-20. 2007..There was a significant positive increase in CBL students' attitudes toward personal aging from the first to fourth years of the program. This suggests that CBL learning fosters an inner maturity toward personal aging...
- Enhancing evidence bases for interventions in a baccalaureate programBarbara S Aronson
Department of Nursing, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, USA
Nurs Educ Perspect 28:257-62. 2007..A foundation for improving the evidence bases for future nursing practice is guided by the curricular modifications described in this article...
- Voices of graduates from second-degree baccalaureate nursing programsPamela R Cangelosi
College of Nursing and Health Science, George Mason University, Leesburg, VA, USA
J Prof Nurs 23:91-7. 2007..Data suggested that pedagogies that incorporate the rich life and prior educational experiences of second-degree students are needed in accelerated nursing programs...
- Providing direction for change: assessing Canadian nursing students learning needsSusan Brajtman
School of Nursing, Algonquin College, University of Ottawa, Canada
Int J Palliat Nurs 13:213-21. 2007..To examine the current curriculum content and learning needs of graduating nursing students related to end-of-life care (EOLC)...
- Development of an instrument to assess individual student performance in small group tutorialsMichael G Ladouceur
McMaster University, School of Nursing, HSC 2J26, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 3Z5
J Nurs Educ 43:447-55. 2004..The process of instrument development has general application to other educational programs...
- Strategies to Prevent COPD ExacerbationFernando Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Electrical Stimulation for Hemiplegic Shoulder PainJohn Chae; Fiscal Year: 2009..We further postulate that ES improves glenohumeral stability by facilitating motor recovery. Thus we will evaluate the effects of these treatments on objective measures of poststroke motor recovery. ..
- Electrical Stimulation for Hemiplegic Shoulder PainJohn Chae; Fiscal Year: 2010..We further postulate that ES improves glenohumeral stability by facilitating motor recovery. Thus we will evaluate the effects of these treatments on objective measures of poststroke motor recovery. ..
- Percutaneous MR Guided Creation of a Meso-Caval ShuntAravind Arepally; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- PATHOGENESIS OF HELICOBACTER HEPATICUSCATHERINE BECKWITH; Fiscal Year: 2007..The long-term goal of the proposal is to develop new strategies for prevention and treatment of chronic liver and intestinal disease in humans. ..
- Pro-Inflammatory HDL as a Novel Target for the Indentification of AtherosclerosisMaureen McMahon; Fiscal Year: 2007..Targeting PiHDL with interventions that restore protective function to HDL might be considered for prevention of ATH in both lupus and non lupus patients. ..
- Transfusion and Lung InjuryPearl Toy; Fiscal Year: 2007..Once this study clarifies the incidence and mechanisms, rational strategies can be developed to limit this potentially life-threatening syndrome. (End of Abstract) ..
- MRI-Guided Angioplasty of Renal Artery StenosisReed Omary; Fiscal Year: 2005..MRI guidance will also avoid the ionizing radiation exposure of x-rays and the potential kidney toxicity of iodinated contrast agents. ..
- Central and Peripheral Autonomic Responses in Irritable Bowel SyndromeKirsten Tillisch; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed training will provide the candidate with a novel set of skills to use in investigating the potential causes of IBS, and developing new treatment strategies ..
- Economic and Policy Analyses in Geriatric DiseaseEKATERINA NOYES; Fiscal Year: 2006..The model and analytical approaches acquired by the candidate during her training will be used later to develop a decision analytical model describing geriatric depression. ..
- Validation of Sensorized Breast Models for High-Stakes Clinical Skills AssessmentCarla M Pugh; Fiscal Year: 2010..Our results will help set clinical performance standards. ..
- Randomized trial of educational outcomes of Web Initiative in Surgical EducationAdina Kalet; Fiscal Year: 2009..recognized difficulties in providing consistent, high quality learning environments that ensure clinical competence for novice physicians-in-training...
- Randomized trial of educational outcomes of Web Initiative in Surgical EducationADINA LUBA KALET; Fiscal Year: 2010..recognized difficulties in providing consistent, high quality learning environments that ensure clinical competence for novice physicians-in-training...
- Standardized Patients as Drug Abuse Treatment ClientsBentson McFarland; Fiscal Year: 2004..The proposed study will examine the feasibility and utility of SPs in this environment. ..
- Curriculum and Faculty Development in Evidence-based MedicineSTEPHEN LAIRD; Fiscal Year: 2007..Project strategies will be shared with 22 osteopathic colleges via the annual meeting of the American Assoc. of Colleges of Osteopathic Med. ..
- Dopaminergic Modulation of Working Memory in PDTamara Hershey; Fiscal Year: 2005..Modulation of the lateral prefrontal cortex is predicted during levodopa infusion. The degree of modulation is predicted to depend on baseline dopaminergic status (PD vs control) and the degree of memory load (low vs high). ..