clinical competence


Summary: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Features and uses of high-fidelity medical simulations that lead to effective learning: a BEME systematic review
    S Barry Issenberg
    Center for Research in Medical Education, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA
    Med Teach 27:10-28. 2005
  2. ncbi Comparison of vignettes, standardized patients, and chart abstraction: a prospective validation study of 3 methods for measuring quality
    J W Peabody
    San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Institute for Global Health, University of California, 94105, USA
    JAMA 283:1715-22. 2000
  3. ncbi A critical review of simulation-based medical education research: 2003-2009
    William C McGaghie
    Augusta Webster, MD, Office of Medical Education and Faculty Development, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611 3008, USA
    Med Educ 44:50-63. 2010
  4. pmc What is the evidence that postgraduate teaching in evidence based medicine changes anything? A systematic review
    Arri Coomarasamy
    Education Resource Centre, Birmingham Women s Hospital, Birmingham, B15 2TG
    BMJ 329:1017. 2004
  5. ncbi Virtual patients: a critical literature review and proposed next steps
    David A Cook
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Med Educ 43:303-11. 2009
  6. pmc Factors associated with success in medical school: systematic review of the literature
    Eamonn Ferguson
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    BMJ 324:952-7. 2002
  7. ncbi Beyond curriculum reform: confronting medicine's hidden curriculum
    F W Hafferty
    Department of Behavioral Sciences, University of Minnesota Duluth School of Medicine, MN 55812 2487, USA
    Acad Med 73:403-7. 1998
  8. ncbi Deliberate practice and the acquisition and maintenance of expert performance in medicine and related domains
    K Anders Ericsson
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee 32306 1270, USA
    Acad Med 79:S70-81. 2004
  9. ncbi Systematic review of the literature on assessment, feedback and physicians' clinical performance: BEME Guide No. 7
    Jon Veloski
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia 19107, USA
    Med Teach 28:117-28. 2006
  10. pmc Sicily statement on evidence-based practice
    Martin Dawes
    Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    BMC Med Educ 5:1. 2005

Detail Information

Publications365 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Features and uses of high-fidelity medical simulations that lead to effective learning: a BEME systematic review
    S Barry Issenberg
    Center for Research in Medical Education, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA
    Med Teach 27:10-28. 2005
    ..1969 to 2003, 34 years...
  2. ncbi Comparison of vignettes, standardized patients, and chart abstraction: a prospective validation study of 3 methods for measuring quality
    J W Peabody
    San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Institute for Global Health, University of California, 94105, USA
    JAMA 283:1715-22. 2000
    ..Better health care quality is a universal goal, yet measuring quality has proven to be difficult and problematic. A central problem has been isolating physician practices from other effects of the health care system...
  3. ncbi A critical review of simulation-based medical education research: 2003-2009
    William C McGaghie
    Augusta Webster, MD, Office of Medical Education and Faculty Development, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611 3008, USA
    Med Educ 44:50-63. 2010
    ..It also presents and discusses 12 features and best practices of SBME that teachers should know in order to use medical simulation technology to maximum educational benefit...
  4. pmc What is the evidence that postgraduate teaching in evidence based medicine changes anything? A systematic review
    Arri Coomarasamy
    Education Resource Centre, Birmingham Women s Hospital, Birmingham, B15 2TG
    BMJ 329:1017. 2004
    ..To evaluate the effects of standalone versus clinically integrated teaching in evidence based medicine on various outcomes in postgraduates...
  5. ncbi Virtual patients: a critical literature review and proposed next steps
    David A Cook
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Med Educ 43:303-11. 2009
    ..Virtual patients (VPs), which take the form of interactive computer-based clinical scenarios, may help to reconcile this paradox...
  6. pmc Factors associated with success in medical school: systematic review of the literature
    Eamonn Ferguson
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    BMJ 324:952-7. 2002
  7. ncbi Beyond curriculum reform: confronting medicine's hidden curriculum
    F W Hafferty
    Department of Behavioral Sciences, University of Minnesota Duluth School of Medicine, MN 55812 2487, USA
    Acad Med 73:403-7. 1998
  8. ncbi Deliberate practice and the acquisition and maintenance of expert performance in medicine and related domains
    K Anders Ericsson
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee 32306 1270, USA
    Acad Med 79:S70-81. 2004
  9. ncbi Systematic review of the literature on assessment, feedback and physicians' clinical performance: BEME Guide No. 7
    Jon Veloski
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia 19107, USA
    Med Teach 28:117-28. 2006
    ..There is a basis for the assumption that feedback can be used to enhance physicians' performance. Nevertheless, the findings of empirical studies of the impact of feedback on clinical performance have been equivocal...
  10. pmc Sicily statement on evidence-based practice
    Martin Dawes
    Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    BMC Med Educ 5:1. 2005
    ..This consensus statement is based on current literature and incorporating the experience of delegates attending the 2003 Conference of Evidence-Based Health Care Teachers and Developers ("Signposting the future of EBHC")...
  11. pmc Impact of workplace based assessment on doctors' education and performance: a systematic review
    Alice Miller
    Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
    BMJ 341:c5064. 2010
    ..To investigate the literature for evidence that workplace based assessment affects doctors' education and performance...
  12. ncbi Assessment in medical education
    Ronald M Epstein
    Department of Family Medicine, and the Rochester Center to Improve Communication in Health Care, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:387-96. 2007
  13. ncbi Workplace-based assessment as an educational tool: AMEE Guide No. 31
    John Norcini
    Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Med Teach 29:855-71. 2007
    ..This has led to an increasing interest in a variety of formative assessment methods that require observation and offer the opportunity for feedback...
  14. ncbi The role of assessment in competency-based medical education
    Eric S Holmboe
    American Board of Internal Medicine, USA
    Med Teach 32:676-82. 2010
    ..Finally, we must remember that expertise, not competence, is the ultimate goal. CBME does not end with graduation from a training program, but should represent a career that includes ongoing assessment...
  15. ncbi Measuring the quality of physician practice by using clinical vignettes: a prospective validation study
    John W Peabody
    San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Institute for Global Health, University of California, San Francisco 94105, USA
    Ann Intern Med 141:771-80. 2004
    ..Worldwide efforts are under way to improve the quality of clinical practice. Most quality measurements, however, are poorly validated, expensive, and difficult to compare among sites...
  16. ncbi Measuring adaptations of motivational interviewing: the development and validation of the behavior change counseling index (BECCI)
    Claire Lane
    Communication Skills Unit, Department of General Practice, University of Wales College of Medicine, Llanedeyrn Health Center, Cardiff CF23 9PN, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 56:166-73. 2005
    ..BECCI will also provide valuable information about the standard of BCC that practitioners were trained to deliver in studies of BCC as an intervention...
  17. ncbi Objective assessment of technical surgical skills
    P D van Hove
    Department of Biomechanical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
    Br J Surg 97:972-87. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to review all evidence for these methods, in order to provide a guideline for use in clinical practice...
  18. ncbi What every teacher needs to know about clinical reasoning
    Kevin W Eva
    Program for Educational Research and Development, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Med Educ 39:98-106. 2005
    ..Over the last 30 years there has been considerable debate within the health sciences education literature regarding the model that best describes how expert clinicians generate diagnostic decisions...
  19. ncbi Defining and assessing professional competence
    Ronald M Epstein
    University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 885 South Ave, Rochester, NY 14620, USA
    JAMA 287:226-35. 2002
    ..However, they may underemphasize some important domains of professional medical practice, including interpersonal skills, lifelong learning, professionalism, and integration of core knowledge into clinical practice...
  20. ncbi Computerized virtual patients in health professions education: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    David A Cook
    Office of Education Research, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Acad Med 85:1589-602. 2010
    ..The authors summarize the effect of virtual patients compared with no intervention and alternate instructional methods, and elucidate features of effective virtual patient design...
  21. ncbi Setting up a clinical skills learning facility
    P Bradley
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Plymouth and Exeter, UK
    Med Educ 37:6-13. 2003
    ..This paper outlines the considerations to be made when establishing a clinical skills learning facility...
  22. ncbi A meta-analysis of continuing medical education effectiveness
    Maliheh Mansouri
    Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Contin Educ Health Prof 27:6-15. 2007
    ..We undertook a meta-analysis of the Continuing Medical Education (CME) outcome literature to examine the effect of moderator variables on physician knowledge, performance, and patient outcomes...
  23. ncbi Role-playing for more realistic technical skills training
    C Nikendei
    Department of General Internal and Psychosomatic Medicine, University of Heidelberg Medical Hospital, Germany
    Med Teach 27:122-6. 2005
    Clinical skills are an important and necessary part of clinical competence. Simulation plays an important role in many fields of medical education...
  24. ncbi Research in clinical reasoning: past history and current trends
    Geoffrey Norman
    Michael De Groote Centre for Learning and Discovery, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Med Educ 39:418-27. 2005
    ..Research in clinical reasoning has been conducted for over 30 years. Throughout this time there have been a number of identifiable trends in methodology and theory...
  25. ncbi Are medical graduates ready to face the challenges of Foundation training?
    Victoria R Tallentire
    Centre for Medical Education, University of Edinburgh, UK
    Postgrad Med J 87:590-5. 2011
    ..Education for Foundation trainees should focus on the areas in which graduates are perceived to be less prepared, such as acute care, prescribing, and procedural skills...
  26. ncbi Overconfidence as a cause of diagnostic error in medicine
    Eta S Berner
    Department of Health Services Administration, School of Health Professions, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Am J Med 121:S2-23. 2008
  27. pmc Well prepared for work? Junior doctors' self-assessment after medical education
    Elke B Ochsmann
    Institute of Occupational and Social Medicine, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstrasse 30, D 52074 Aachen, Germany
    BMC Med Educ 11:99. 2011
  28. ncbi The CanMEDS initiative: implementing an outcomes-based framework of physician competencies
    Jason R Frank
    The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Med Teach 29:642-7. 2007
    ..In this narrative, we describe the lessons learned from the implementation of a national, needs-based, outcome-oriented, competency framework called the CanMEDS initiative of The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada...
  29. ncbi Assessing competence in the use of motivational interviewing
    Theresa B Moyers
    Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 28:19-26. 2005
    ..Implications for the use of this instrument in research and supervision are discussed...
  30. ncbi Assessing communication competence: a review of current tools
    Julie M Schirmer
    Family Practice Center, Maine Medical Center, 272 Congress Street, Portland, ME 04101, USA
    Fam Med 37:184-92. 2005
    ..Multiple tools are available to assess communication competence, but there are few studies that compare the tools...
  31. ncbi Has the UK Clinical Aptitude Test improved medical student selection?
    Sarah R Wright
    School of Medical Sciences, Department of Education Development, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Med Educ 44:1069-76. 2010
    ..The aim of this cohort study was to determine whether the UKCAT has made any improvements to the way medical students are selected...
  32. ncbi Effects of continuing medical education on improving physician clinical care and patient health: a review of systematic reviews
    Bernard S Bloom
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 2676, USA
    Int J Technol Assess Health Care 21:380-5. 2005
    ..The goal of this review was to examine effectiveness of current CME tools and techniques in changing physician clinical practices and improving patient health outcomes...
  33. ncbi Tools for direct observation and assessment of clinical skills of medical trainees: a systematic review
    Jennifer R Kogan
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Health System, 3701 Market St, Ste 640, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 302:1316-26. 2009
    ..Multiple tools for direct observation are available, but their characteristics and outcomes have not been compared systematically...
  34. pmc A randomized trial of teaching clinical skills using virtual and live standardized patients
    M Triola
    NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:424-9. 2006
    ..Little is known about the educational effectiveness of these new resources. We conducted a randomized trial to assess the educational effectiveness of VPs and SPs in teaching clinical skills...
  35. ncbi Accuracy of physician self-assessment compared with observed measures of competence: a systematic review
    David A Davis
    Knowledge Translation Program of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute at St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    JAMA 296:1094-102. 2006
    ..of lifelong learning, continuing medical education credit, relicensure, specialty recertification, and clinical competence are linked to the abilities of physicians to assess their own learning needs and choose educational ..
  36. ncbi UK consensus statement on the content of communication curricula in undergraduate medical education
    Martin von Fragstein
    School of Graduate Entry Medicine and Health, University of Nottingham, Derby, UK
    Med Educ 42:1100-7. 2008
    ..This paper recommends the key content for an undergraduate communication curriculum. Designed by UK educationalists with UK schools in mind, the recommendations are equally applicable to communication curricula throughout the world...
  37. ncbi Educational effects of international health electives on U.S. and Canadian medical students and residents: a literature review
    Matthew J Thompson
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195 4696, USA
    Acad Med 78:342-7. 2003
    ..IHEs are a popular component of many medical school and residency program curricula, and are reported to provide benefits in knowledge, skills, and attitudes...
  38. ncbi Pocket-size hand-held cardiac ultrasound as an adjunct to clinical examination in the hands of medical students and junior doctors
    Vasileios F Panoulas
    Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Du Cane Road, London W12 0HS, UK
    Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 14:323-30. 2013
    ..We hypothesized that the use of PHHE after limited training in the form of a tutorial can improve the clinical diagnosis even in the hands of medical students and inexperienced physicians...
  39. ncbi Practitioner and organizational barriers to evidence-based practice of physical therapists for people with stroke
    Nancy M Salbach
    Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, 160 500 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1V7
    Phys Ther 87:1284-303. 2007
  40. ncbi The relationship between competence and performance: implications for assessing practice performance
    J J Rethans
    Skillslab, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Med Educ 36:901-9. 2002
    ..This paper aims to describe current views of the relationship between competence and performance and to delineate some of the implications of the distinctions between the two areas for the purpose of assessing doctors in practice...
  41. ncbi Effects of training in direct observation of medical residents' clinical competence: a randomized trial
    Eric S Holmboe
    Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Ann Intern Med 140:874-81. 2004
    ..Faculty observation of residents and students performing clinical skills is essential for reliable and valid evaluation of trainees...
  42. ncbi Assessment of clinical competence
    V Wass
    Department of General Practice and Primary Care, Guy s, King s and St Thomas School of Medicine, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
    Lancet 357:945-9. 2001
    Tests of clinical competence, which allow decisions to be made about medical qualification and fitness to practise, must be designed with respect to key issues including blueprinting, validity, reliability, and standard setting, as well ..
  43. ncbi How can experience in clinical and community settings contribute to early medical education? A BEME systematic review
    T Dornan
    Hope Hospital, University of Manchester School of Medicine, UK
    Med Teach 28:3-18. 2006
    ..Identify the strengths and limitations of the research effort to date, and identify objectives for future research...
  44. ncbi Integration strategies for using virtual patients in clinical clerkships
    Norman Berman
    Department of Pediatrics, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA
    Acad Med 84:942-9. 2009
  45. ncbi A universal model of diagnostic reasoning
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Division of Medical Education, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Acad Med 84:1022-8. 2009
    ..He also emphasizes the complexity of decision making in actual clinical situations and the urgent need for more research to help clinicians gain additional insight and understanding regarding their decision making...
  46. ncbi Integrating virtual patients into courses: follow-up seminars and perceived benefit
    Samuel Edelbring
    Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Berzelius väg 3, Stockholm, Sweden
    Med Educ 46:417-25. 2012
    ..Several authors call for looking beyond technology to see VPs in relation to the course context. The follow-up seminar is proposed as an important aspect of integration that warrants investigation...
  47. ncbi Inconvenient truths about effective clinical teaching
    Brendan M Reilly
    Department of Medicine, Cook County Stroger Hospital, Rush Medical College, Chicago IL 60612, USA
    Lancet 370:705-11. 2007
  48. ncbi Portfolios in medical education: why do they meet with mixed success? A systematic review
    Erik Driessen
    Department of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Med Educ 41:1224-33. 2007
    ..The move towards competence-based medical education has created a need for instruments that support and assess competence development. Portfolios seem suitable but mixed reports of their success are emerging...
  49. ncbi Twelve tips for teaching expertise in clinical reasoning
    Joseph Rencic
    Tufts Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Med Teach 33:887-92. 2011
    ..Clinical reasoning is one of the most critical skills to teach to medical learners, yet clinician educators rarely receive adequate training on how to teach this topic...
  50. ncbi Empathy in medical students as related to academic performance, clinical competence and gender
    M Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Med Educ 36:522-7. 2002
    ..Therefore, it is important to address the measurement of empathy, its development and its correlates in medical schools...
  51. pmc Place of medical qualification and outcomes of UK General Medical Council "fitness to practise" process: cohort study
    Charlotte Humphrey
    Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, King s College London, London SE1 8WA, UK
    BMJ 342:d1817. 2011
  52. ncbi Experiencing virtual patients in clinical learning: a phenomenological study
    Samuel Edelbring
    Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 16:331-45. 2011
    ..VP activities during clinical rotations provide experiences of clinical reality and allow students to solve problems actively. These features are dependent on VP technology but are also contingent on the surrounding environment...
  53. ncbi Effectiveness of basic clinical skills training programmes: a cross-sectional comparison of four medical schools
    R Remmen
    Department of General Practice, University of Antwerp, Belgium
    Med Educ 35:121-8. 2001
    ..Training in physical diagnostic skills is an important part of undergraduate medical education. The objective of this study was to study the outcome of skills training at four medical schools...
  54. ncbi An ergonomic analysis of the fulcrum effect in the acquisition of endoscopic skills
    A G Gallagher
    Northern Ireland Centre for Endoscopic Training and Research, Queen s University of Belfast
    Endoscopy 30:617-20. 1998
    ..However, the "fulcrum effect" of the abdominal wall on the manipulation of instruments has not to our knowledge been previously investigated...
  55. ncbi Senior medical students' appraisal of CanMEDS competencies
    Jany J D J M Rademakers
    Centre for Research and Development of Education, School of Medical Sciences, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Med Educ 41:990-4. 2007
    ..This model was adjusted to the Dutch situation. The roles were converted to 7 fields of competency: Medical Performance; Communication; Collaboration; Knowledge and Science; Community Performance; Management, and Professionalism...
  56. ncbi How effective is self-guided learning of clinical technical skills? It's all about process
    Ryan Brydges
    Institute of Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 43:507-15. 2009
    ..The present study assessed whether self-guided access to instruction and the setting of process goals lead to better acquisition of clinical technical skills...
  57. ncbi Assessing clinical reasoning in pediatric emergency medicine: validity evidence for a Script Concordance Test
    Benoit Carrière
    Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Centre hospitalier universitaire Sainte Justine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ann Emerg Med 53:647-52. 2009
    ..We gathered validity evidence for the use of a pediatric emergency medicine Script Concordance Test to evaluate residents' reasoning skills...
  58. ncbi The assessment of professional competence: building blocks for theory development
    C P M van der Vleuten
    Department of Educational Development and Research, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 24:703-19. 2010
    ..These lessons can also be read as general principles of assessment (programmes) and may provide theoretical building blocks to underpin appropriate and state-of-the-art assessment practices...
  59. ncbi OSCE checklists do not capture increasing levels of expertise
    B Hodges
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Med 74:1129-34. 1999
    To evaluate the effectiveness of binary content checklists in measuring increasing levels of clinical competence.
  60. ncbi Transferring simulated arthroscopic skills to the operating theatre: a randomised blinded study
    N R Howells
    Nuffield Department of Orthopaedic Surgery University of Oxford, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, UK
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 90:494-9. 2008
    ..0011), demonstrating the transfer of psychomotor skills from simulator training to arthroscopy in the operating theatre. This has implications for the planning of future training curricula...
  61. ncbi Measurement of the general competencies of the accreditation council for graduate medical education: a systematic review
    Stephen J Lurie
    Office of Curriculum and Assessment, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
    Acad Med 84:301-9. 2009
    ..To evaluate published evidence that the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's six general competencies can each be measured in a valid and reliable way...
  62. ncbi The mini-CEX: a method for assessing clinical skills
    John J Norcini
    Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research and American Board of Internal Medicine, 3624 Market Street, 4th Floor, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Ann Intern Med 138:476-81. 2003
    ..To evaluate the mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX), which assesses the clinical skills of residents...
  63. ncbi Effects of Peyton's four-step approach on objective performance measures in technical skills training: a controlled trial
    Markus Krautter
    Department of Nephrology, University of Heidelberg Medical Hospital, Im Neuenheimer Feld 410, Heidelberg, Germany
    Teach Learn Med 23:244-50. 2011
    ..Although skills-lab training is widely used for training undergraduates in technical procedures, the way in which clinical skills are to be used and instructed remains a matter of debate...
  64. ncbi A systematic review of medical skills laboratory training: where to from here?
    Marita Lynagh
    School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    Med Educ 41:879-87. 2007
    ..In particular, it aimed to determine if performance in medical skills laboratories is transferable to actual clinical performance and maintained over time...
  65. ncbi Student teachers can be as good as associate professors in teaching clinical skills
    Martin G Tolsgaard
    Centre for Clinical Education, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark
    Med Teach 29:553-7. 2007
    ..The aim of this study is to compare student teachers and clinical associate professors regarding the quality of procedural skills teaching in terms of participants' technical skills, knowledge and satisfaction with the teaching...
  66. pmc Undergraduate preparation for prescribing: the views of 2413 UK medical students and recent graduates
    Amy Heaton
    Clinical Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 66:128-34. 2008
    ..To gather opinions from UK medical students and recent graduates about their undergraduate training to prescribe and their confidence about meeting the relevant competencies identified by the General Medical Council (GMC)...
  67. pmc Foundation year 1 doctors and clinical pharmacology and therapeutics teaching. A retrospective view in light of experience
    Mansour Tobaiqy
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 64:363-72. 2007
    ..To determine whether, in retrospect, first year foundation (FY1) programme doctors believe that their undergraduate education in Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (CPT) has prepared them to prescribe safely and rationally...
  68. ncbi Non-analytical models of clinical reasoning: the role of experience
    Geoff Norman
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 41:1140-5. 2007
    ..This paper aims to summarise the evidence supporting the role of experience-based, non-analytic reasoning (NAR) or pattern recognition as a central feature of expert medical diagnosis...
  69. pmc Informatics in radiology: what can you see in a single glance and how might this guide visual search in medical images?
    Trafton Drew
    Visual Attention Laboratory, Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women s Hospital, 64 Sidney St, Suite 170, Cambridge, MA 02139 4170, USA
    Radiographics 33:263-74. 2013
  70. ncbi Simulation-based training improves physicians' performance in patient care in high-stakes clinical setting of cardiac surgery
    Heinz R Bruppacher
    Department of Anesthesia, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Anesthesiology 112:985-92. 2010
    ..This study aimed to determine whether simulation-based training or an interactive seminar resulted in better patient care during weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)-a high stakes clinical setting...
  71. ncbi Peer-assisted versus faculty staff-led skills laboratory training: a randomised controlled trial
    Peter Weyrich
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology, Angiology, Nephrology and Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Med Educ 43:113-20. 2009
    ..We conducted a prospective, randomised trial to evaluate the hypotheses that PAL is effective in technical skills training in a skills laboratory setting, and PAL is as effective as faculty staff-led training...
  72. pmc Virtual patients design and its effect on clinical reasoning and student experience: a protocol for a randomised factorial multi-centre study
    James Bateman
    Education and Development Research Team, Warwick Medical School, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    BMC Med Educ 12:62. 2012
    ..These are the branching case pathways (present or absent) and structured clinical reasoning feedback (present or absent)...
  73. ncbi Clinical decision making: a pilot e-learning study
    Martin Abendroth
    Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Hamburg Eppendorf, Germany
    Clin Teach 10:51-5. 2013
    ..We developed an e-learning module based on real patient cases for final-year students as a self-directed studying tool...
  74. ncbi Physician scores on a national clinical skills examination as predictors of complaints to medical regulatory authorities
    Robyn Tamblyn
    Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    JAMA 298:993-1001. 2007
    ..To address this problem, licensure assessment has been reformed in Canada and the United States, including a national standardized assessment of patient-physician communication and clinical history taking and examination skills...
  75. ncbi Shifting paradigms: from Flexner to competencies
    Carol Carraccio
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland, Baltimore, 21201, USA
    Acad Med 77:361-7. 2002
  76. ncbi Multisource feedback in evaluating the performance of doctors: the example of the UK General Medical Council patient and colleague questionnaires
    Christine Wright
    Primary Care Research Group, University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Acad Med 87:1668-78. 2012
    ..The authors investigated the psychometric properties of two questionnaires developed for this purpose and explored the biases that may exist within data collected via such instruments...
  77. ncbi Postgraduates' perceptions of preparedness for work as a doctor and making future career decisions: support for rural, non-traditional medical schools
    D S Eley
    The University of Queensland, Rural Clinical School, School of Medicine, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia
    Educ Health (Abingdon) 23:374. 2010
  78. ncbi Developing a sustainable electronic portfolio (ePortfolio) program that fosters reflective practice and incorporates CanMEDS competencies into the undergraduate medical curriculum
    Pippa Hall
    Department of Palliative Care, Bruyère Continuing Care, 43 Bruyere St, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1N 5C8, USA
    Acad Med 87:744-51. 2012
  79. ncbi Complementary therapies: have they become accepted in general practice?
    M V Pirotta
    Department of General Practice and Public Health, University of Melbourne, Carlton, Vic
    Med J Aust 172:105-9. 2000
    ..To describe Victorian general practitioners' attitudes towards and use of a range of complementary therapies...
  80. pmc A consensus statement on practical skills in medical school - a position paper by the GMA Committee on Practical Skills
    Kai P Schnabel
    University of Bern, Institute of Medical Education, Department of Education and the Media, Bern, Switzerland
    GMS Z Med Ausbild 28:Doc58. 2011
    ..Goal of the catalogue is to define the practical skills in undergraduate medical education and to give the medical schools a rational planning basis for the necessary resources to teach them...
  81. ncbi Factors determining the quality of screening colonoscopy: a prospective study on adenoma detection rates, from 12,134 examinations (Berlin colonoscopy project 3, BECOP-3)
    Andreas Adler
    Central Interdisciplinary Endoscopy, Charité Medical University, Campus Virchow Hospital, Berlin, Germany
    Gut 62:236-41. 2013
    ..Screening colonoscopy (SC) outcome quality is best determined by the adenoma detection rate (ADR). The substantial variability in the ADRs between endoscopists may reflect different skills, experience and/or equipment...
  82. ncbi The educational effects of portfolios on undergraduate student learning: a Best Evidence Medical Education (BEME) systematic review. BEME Guide No. 11
    Sharon Buckley
    University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    Med Teach 31:282-98. 2009
    ..This systematic review is the result of our work to provide such a summary...
  83. ncbi VR to OR: a review of the evidence that virtual reality simulation improves operating room performance
    Neal E Seymour
    Department of Surgery, Baystate Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, 759 Chestnut Street, Springfield, Massachusetts 01199, USA
    World J Surg 32:182-8. 2008
    ..These studies, as well as the study model that describes them, and the future of randomized trials of this type are reviewed...
  84. pmc The barriers and facilitators to routine outcome measurement by allied health professionals in practice: a systematic review
    Edward A S Duncan
    NMAHP Research Unit, Iris Murdoch Building, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:96. 2012
    ..This systematic review investigates what helps and hinders routine outcome measurement of allied health professionals practice...
  85. pmc The effects of problem-based learning during medical school on physician competency: a systematic review
    Gerald Choon Huat Koh
    Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    CMAJ 178:34-41. 2008
    ..We conducted a systematic review of evidence of the effects that problem-based learning during medical school had on physician competencies after graduation...
  86. ncbi Techniques for measuring clinical competence: objective structured clinical examinations
    David Newble
    Department of Medical Education, The University of Sheffield, 1st Floor Coleridge House, Northern General Hospital, Herries Road, Sheffield S5 7AU, UK
    Med Educ 38:199-203. 2004
    ..Strategies for reducing the practical difficulties this raises are discussed. Standard setting methods for use with OSCEs are described...
  87. pmc Global health competencies and approaches in medical education: a literature review
    Robert Battat
    Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    BMC Med Educ 10:94. 2010
    ..Physicians today are increasingly faced with healthcare challenges that require an understanding of global health trends and practices, yet little is known about what constitutes appropriate global health training...
  88. pmc Psychomotor control in a virtual laparoscopic surgery training environment: gaze control parameters differentiate novices from experts
    Mark Wilson
    School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, St Luke s Campus, Exeter, EX1 2LU, UK
    Surg Endosc 24:2458-64. 2010
    ..Typically adopted hand movement metrics reflect only one half of the eye-hand coordination relationship; therefore, little is known about how hand movements are guided and controlled by vision...
  89. ncbi Procedural and interpretive skills of medical students: experiences and attitudes of fourth-year students
    Edward H Wu
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Lehigh Valley Hospital and Health Network, 17th and Chew Streets, Room 6T22, Allentown, PA 18105, USA
    Acad Med 83:S63-7. 2008
    ..Recent data do not exist regarding fourth-year medical students' performance of and attitudes toward procedural and interpretive skills, and how these differ from third-year students'...
  90. pmc Feedback and the mini clinical evaluation exercise
    Eric S Holmboe
    Yale Primary Care Internal Medicine Residency, New Haven, CT 06721, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:558-61. 2004
    ..Programs should consider both specific training in feedback and changes to the miniCEX form to facilitate interactive feedback...
  91. ncbi Basic critical care echocardiography: validation of a curriculum dedicated to noncardiologist residents
    Philippe Vignon
    Medical Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Dupuytren Teaching Hospital, Limoges, France
    Crit Care Med 39:636-42. 2011
    ..To assess the efficacy of a limited, tailored training program for noncardiologist residents without experience in ultrasound to reach competence in basic critical care echocardiography...
  92. ncbi An adequate level of training for technical competence in screening and diagnostic colonoscopy: a prospective multicenter evaluation of the learning curve
    Suck Ho Lee
    Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Korea
    Gastrointest Endosc 67:683-9. 2008
    ..Various training programs in colonoscopy recommend that trainees should perform at least 100 to 200 procedures to be considered technically competent at diagnostic colonoscopy...
  93. ncbi The use of qualitative research criteria for portfolio assessment as an alternative to reliability evaluation: a case study
    E Driessen
    Department of Educational Development and Research, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Med Educ 39:214-20. 2005
    ..Quality assurance procedures with external auditors were used (dependability audit) and the assessment process was thoroughly documented (audit trail)...
  94. ncbi Three methods of multi-source feedback compared: a plea for narrative comments and coworkers' perspectives
    K Overeem
    IQ Healthcare, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Med Teach 32:141-7. 2010
    ..Research has shown that simple MSF is often unproductive. It has been suggested that MSF should be delivered by a facilitator and combined with a portfolio...
  95. ncbi Threat and challenge: cognitive appraisal and stress responses in simulated trauma resuscitations
    Adrian Harvey
    Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 44:587-94. 2010
    ..As such, training for high-acuity events should include interventions targeting stress management skills...
  96. ncbi The trainer, the trainee and the surgeons' assistant: clinical outcomes following total hip replacement
    J Palan
    Botnar Research Centre, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LD, UK
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 91:928-34. 2009
    ..This study provides evidence that total hip replacements can be performed safely and effectively by appropriately trained surgeons in training, and that there are potential benefits of using surgeons' assistants in orthopaedic surgery...
  97. ncbi Teaching anatomy without cadavers
    John C McLachlan
    Peninsula Medical School, University of Plymouth, C306 Portland Square, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
    Med Educ 38:418-24. 2004
    ..Anatomy learning is generally seen as essential to medicine, and exposure to cadavers is generally seen as essential to anatomy learning around the world. Few voices dissenting from these propositions can be identified...
  98. ncbi A pilot project to study the use of ultrasonography for teaching physical examination to medical students
    Robert S Shapiro
    Department of Radiology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Box 1234, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Comput Biol Med 32:403-9. 2002
    ..Grading of ultrasound exams performed during the first clinical week averaged 4.1, improving to 4.5 at the end of the project. An exit survey indicated a favorable response to using ultrasound as an educational tool...
  99. ncbi First-year medical students' assessment of their own communication skills: a video-based, open-ended approach
    Amanda Zick
    Center for Communication and Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 68:161-6. 2007
    ..As reflection and self-assessment are essential components of skill-building, we examined the content of medical students' assessments of their own developing communication skills...
  100. ncbi Simulation in surgery: perfecting the practice
    Ian Choy
    Department of Surgery, The Banting Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Surg Clin North Am 90:457-73. 2010
    ..This article reviews the evidence supporting the need and justification of simulation in surgical education and explores the existing and potential roles of simulation in the training and evaluation of future surgeons...
  101. ncbi Validity evidence for an OSCE to assess competency in systems-based practice and practice-based learning and improvement: a preliminary investigation
    Prathibha Varkey
    Division of Preventive and Occupational Medicine, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Acad Med 83:775-80. 2008
    ..To determine the psychometric properties and validity of an OSCE to assess the competencies of Practice-Based Learning and Improvement (PBLI) and Systems-Based Practice (SBP) in graduate medical education...

Research Grants74

  1. Strategies to Prevent COPD Exacerbation
    Fernando Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Key determinants of dengue virus neutralization by naturally occurring human mAbs
    Scott A Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These skills, along with didactic coursework, will help me to develop my career, as a physician-scientist, in a direction independently of my mentor. ..
  3. RTP801 and ATF4 in Neuronal Death in PD
    OREN ABRAHAM LEVY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As the award draws to a close, I will use the story and findings I have developed as a foundation for obtaining independent research funding. ..
  4. Interfacing Adiposity, Sleep Apnea, and Insulin Resistance
    Alice Liu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A therapeutic approach testing putative mechanisms linking adiposity, sleep apnea, and insulin resistance may lead to novel strategies in prevention and intervention. ..
  5. Step2 CS Training in Alcohol Addiction and the Medical Consequences of Alcohol
    MARY P METCALF; Fiscal Year: 2012
  6. Oral Polio Vaccine Circulation in Mexico
    Stephanie B Troy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our findings would help world policy makers devise the best and safest strategy to globally phase out polio vaccination after wild poliovirus eradication. ..
    Morvarid Karimi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Mechanisms of invariant NKT cell-mediated in vivo anti-tumor responses
    Hamid Bassiri; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Medical Student Education on Alcohol Abuse and Dependence
    T Tanner; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..There is much that a student can learn from this topic and apply to better the health of their patients. ..
  10. Transcriptional Control of Stroma Dependent Apoptosis in MDS
    A MARIO Q MARCONDES; Fiscal Year: 2013
  11. Elucidation of Novel Anti-apoptotic Pathways in Erythropoiesis
    Yongping Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The PI's clinical career in transfusion medicine will be nicely complemented by this research to understand and influence red blood cell formation. ..
  12. Electrical Stimulation for Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain
    John Chae; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We further postulate that ES improves glenohumeral stability by facilitating motor recovery. Thus we will evaluate the effects of these treatments on objective measures of poststroke motor recovery. ..
  13. Access to Pediatric Voice Therapy: A Telehealth Solution
    LISA NELSON KELCHNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will have the necessary preliminary data to develop a large outcomes based efficacy study that compares face to face (FTF) and telehealth (TH) options for this important population. ..
  14. Electro-mechanical Resynchronization Therapy For Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular
    Harikrishna Tandri; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Finally, insights gained from gap junctional protein expression in ARVC may stimulate research in the role of gap junctional proteins in arrhythmogenesis in other inherited cardiomyopathies. (End of Abstract) ..
  15. Interactive MR Image Guided Intervention (iMR-IGI) for Breast Applications
    MICHAEL ROY ZINN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In time, additional benefits could include less aggressive recommendations for MRI detected lesions and, more importantly, a paradigm shift for breast cancer detection, diagnosis and treatment in general. ..
    Marilyn J Telen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..No predoctoral or primarily clinical competence training will be funded by this grant...
    Irwin D Bernstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Central and Peripheral Autonomic Responses in Irritable Bowel Syndrome
    Kirsten Tillisch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed training will provide the candidate with a novel set of skills to use in investigating the potential causes of IBS, and developing new treatment strategies. ..
  19. Medical Student Skills Training on Pain and Addiction Assessment
    BRADLEY TANNER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..It introduces the legal challenges of medicine as they relate to federal and state oversight and the need for an integrated long term approach to fully address a patient's medical issue ..
  20. Combined effects of alcohol and caffeine on agency judgment, impulsivity and risk
    ADRIENNE JULIE HEINZ; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..research and clinical training across three primary areas: 1) Addiction, 2) Health Risk Behaviors, and 3) Clinical Competence. The applicant aims to build on previous training in substance use and cognitive mechanisms of health risk ..
  21. Mechanisms limiting visual performance in retinal degenerations
    JAMES JASON MCANANY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It has been suggested that high levels of additive noise underlie CS deficits in individuals with RP, but empirical data have not been obtained to evaluate this hypothesis ..
  22. Program of Excellence in Scientifically Validated Treatments of Mood Disorders
    Mark A Whisman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The impact of the education program will be evaluated in terms of research competence and clinical competence as assessed by standardized fidelity scales...
  23. Cerebral Energy Metabolism in Geriatric Bipolar Depression
    BRENT PETER FORESTER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Information from this and future related studies of geriatric bipolar depression might help inform the development of more effective and safe treatments. ..
    Lisa Saiman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our discipline helps to address immigrants' unique medical issues and the publics'concerns about vaccine safety and antibiotic resistance...
  25. Research Training: Complementary &Integrative Medicine
    Gloria Y Yeh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Yoji Shimizu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..RELEVANCE: This program supports the training of physician-scientists (i.e., persons pursuing an MD and a PhD). These individuals will be at the forefront of pioneering new ways to diagnose and treat human disease. ..
  27. DBT for Self-Harm: A Clinical/Research Training for Psychiatry Residents
    Barbara Stanley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed curriculum will serve as a model to incorporate such trainings into residency programs throughout the country to effectively reduce and prevent suicide and self-harm behaviors. ..
  28. Tablet-based Skills Development of Pain Management Skills
    KAREN ROSSIE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Future health professionals who are more proficient in core competencies related to pain management will be better equipped to reduce the suffering and costs of inadequate pain treatment. ..
  29. Training Program in Endocrine and Diabetes Research
    James G Granneman; Fiscal Year: 2013
  30. Web Based Therapist Training on Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Anxiety Disorders
    Kenneth Kobak; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project attempts to remedy this shortcoming by using web-based tools to facilitate access to this training, thus increasing the number of available therapists in order to help meet this unmet need. ..
  31. T cell regulation by dendritic cells in EAE
    GREGORY WU; Fiscal Year: 2012
  32. Improving Obesity Outcomes Through Interactive Web-Based Clinical Skills Training
    BRADLEY TANNER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..At this time, no such training exists;there is no program available to health professionals that offers a scalable, cost-effective, solution focusing on improving practice and impacting patient outcomes. ..
  33. Significance of Notch1 and Tribbles-2 in macrophage fusion and granuloma formatio
    Andras Schaffer; Fiscal Year: 2012
  34. Test of Accurate Perception of Patients'Affect: Development and Validation
    Judith A Hall; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The research is cost-effective in that it builds on existing data sources in several institutions. ..
  35. Web Based Therapist Training on Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Anxiety Disorders
    Kenneth Kobak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..User satisfaction with both the on-line tutorial and the videoconference training will also be evaluated. ..
  36. Nutrition Education for Practicing Physicians
    Steven H Zeisel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We have been working for many years with a steadily growing group of experienced clinical nutrition educators, and we will collaborate with them to promote clinical nutrition education to the medical trainees they routinely contact. ..
  37. Online Tobacco Cessation Training &Competency Assessment for CAM Practitioners
    Myra L Muramoto; Fiscal Year: 2013
  38. Synaptic Plasticity in Alzheimer Disease Mouse Models
    ..During the proposed course of mentored scientific training, the candidate will also continue to develop the clinical skills required to become an academic neuropathologist through additional training at MGH. ..
  39. Neural Mechanisms for Early Development of Pervasive Anger and Irritability
    Susan B Perlman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This cross-disciplinary research and training plan, therefore, allows for a stepwise approach to a career in the cognitive and affective neuroscience of child psychopathology. ..
  40. Dementia in HIV patients over 60 years of age
    Victor Valcour; Fiscal Year: 2010
  41. P0045982 Late Life Disability: Epidemiology, Symptoms, Quality of Life
  42. MD/PhD Program in Medicine, Social Sciences and Aging
    David Meltzer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Validation of Sensorized Breast Models for High-Stakes Clinical Skills Assessment
    Carla M Pugh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our results will help set clinical performance standards. ..
  44. Integrating Interventions for Maternal Substance Abuse and Child Neglect
    Lisa Saldana; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..As child neglect is the most prevalent and costly form of maltreatment, development of evidence-based practice for co-occurring substance abuse and child neglect is critical. ..
  45. Narrow linewidth MRS to detect breast cancer
    Gigi Galiana; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..4) Scientific and career guidance to develop my independent career path are explicitly outlined in the proposal, including a structured mentoring plan and interaction with the broader scientific community. ..
  46. International Cerebrovascular Translational Clinical Research Training Program
    Saad Shafqat; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..There are no formal training or research programs for stroke in Pakistan.The ICTCRT program will fulfill this urgent need...
  47. Neuroimaging of Attentional Control in FTD
    Tracy L Luks; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Compare regional abnormalities in anatomical MRI with behavioral and functional neuroimaging measures of attentional control. ..
  48. TRUST
    MAN E CHARURAT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. treatment response, adherence), provider (clinical competence), site (impact of peer "task shifting") and client (satisfaction) analyses...
    Robert L Ferris; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have demonstrated a successful track record of preparing physicians for academic careers as head and neck oncologists as we continue to refine the training program to take advantage of new opportunities. ..
  50. Use of Simulation-Based Mastery Learning for Thoracentesis to Improve Outcomes
    Jeffrey H Barsuk; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results from this study may inform policy to require formal competency-based training using simulation technology for all bedside procedures. ..
  51. Clinical Addiction Research and Education Program
    Jeffrey H Samet; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e, from medical students to junior faculty) in clinical research methods, pharmacologic advances, medical complications, and other dimensions of care of patients with or at risk for drug abuse and dependence. ..
  52. Development of a Telephone-Based Clinical Skills Assessment Tool
    CHRISTOPHER G BARRICK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This approach has promise as a method to allow for clinical skill assessment for distance learning and web-based trainings in the alcohol and drug abuse treatment fields. ..
  53. Patient Safety in the Outpatient Setting: Using Standardized Patients to Assess a
    SONDRA RUTH ZABAR; Fiscal Year: 2013
  54. A smoking cessation/medication adherence intervention for African American MSM
    Kyle Jones; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed plan is consistent with the applicant's goals of further increasing skills and knowledge to establish a program of research. ..
  55. Alcohol Research in the Science/Practioner Model
    Edward P Riley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Myles H Akabas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This program will train a diverse group of highly skilled physician-scientists who will facilitate the process of scientific discovery that aims to reduce the burden o disease for all Americans. ..
    Yaakov Stern; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. University of Hawaii Cancer Center CCSG
    Michele Carbone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This application describes continued excellence in basic and translational cancer research, and greatly strengthened clinical research leadership and infrastructure. ..
  59. Improving Obesity Outcomes Through Interactive Web-Based Clinical Skills Training
    BRADLEY TANNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A parallel study will assess patient outcomes. Working in sync, patients and primary care providers can be active participants in slowing and eventually reversing the trend. ..
  60. Alzheimer's Disease Research Center
    Thomas J Montine; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Montine;Project 2: Therapeutic Effects of Intra-Nasal Insulin Detemir, Dr. Suzanne Craft;Project 3: Modulation of A peptide accumulation and neuron damage in vivo with adult bone marrow transplants, Dr. C. Dirk Keene. ..
    Jennifer Rubin Grandis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The ultimate goal is for trainees to establish themselves in an academic environment not only as clinician researchers, but also as translational scientists. ..
  62. iPadEMR Pain Management Simulator: Tablet-based Skills Development
    BRADLEY TANNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..For faculty/educators it will assess: 1) a student's clinical competence and skills in diagnosing and treating patients with pain, while 2) decreasing the chance of opioid misuse ..
  63. Measuring the Impact of onsite mentorship on midlevel practitioners HIV and TB Ca
    Sarah Naikoba; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results from the study will guide decision making about the dosage levels of clinical mentorship required to make a significant impact on midlevel provider's competencies. ..
    Neil Binkley; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Delineation of the role(s) of vitamin K in skeletal health may have implications for osteoporosis prevention and treatment. ..
    CATHERINE BECKWITH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The long-term goal of the proposal is to develop new strategies for prevention and treatment of chronic liver and intestinal disease in humans. ..
    JANICE FINKELSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..PCR and DGGE will be used to identify and characterize mutations in the OTC locus. It is hoped that mutation analysis will begin to answer questions concerning how the nature of specific mutations correlates with phenotype...
  67. Transfer of a Novel Pediatric Simulation Program
    Louis Halamek; Fiscal Year: 2003 a particular environment for a period of time with the expectation that such activity will lead to clinical competence. Traditionally, training in neonatal resuscitation has been accomplished by assuming graduated ..
  68. Transfusion and Lung Injury
    Pearl Toy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Once this study clarifies the incidence and mechanisms, rational strategies can be developed to limit this potentially life-threatening syndrome. (End of Abstract) ..
  69. Economic and Policy Analyses in Geriatric Disease
    EKATERINA NOYES; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The model and analytical approaches acquired by the candidate during her training will be used later to develop a decision analytical model describing geriatric depression. ..
  70. Randomized trial of educational outcomes of Web Initiative in Surgical Education
    ADINA LUBA KALET; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..recognized difficulties in providing consistent, high quality learning environments that ensure clinical competence for novice physicians-in-training...
    Jill Peterson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Techniques will include various methods of measurement of material properties of bone, hard tissue histology, biomechanics, and advanced finite element modeling. ..
  72. Standardized Patients as Drug Abuse Treatment Clients
    Bentson McFarland; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The proposed study will examine the feasibility and utility of SPs in this environment. ..
  73. MRI-Guided Angioplasty of Renal Artery Stenosis
    Reed Omary; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..MRI guidance will also avoid the ionizing radiation exposure of x-rays and the potential kidney toxicity of iodinated contrast agents. ..
  74. Dopaminergic Modulation of Working Memory in PD
    Tamara Hershey; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Modulation of the lateral prefrontal cortex is predicted during levodopa infusion. The degree of modulation is predicted to depend on baseline dopaminergic status (PD vs control) and the degree of memory load (low vs high). ..