Summary: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Publications332 found, 100 shown here
- A critical review of simulation-based medical education research: 2003-2009William C McGaghie
Augusta Webster, MD, Office of Medical Education and Faculty Development, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611 3008, USA
Med Educ 44:50-63. 2010..It also presents and discusses 12 features and best practices of SBME that teachers should know in order to use medical simulation technology to maximum educational benefit...
- Assessment in medical educationRonald M Epstein
Department of Family Medicine, and the Rochester Center to Improve Communication in Health Care, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA
N Engl J Med 356:387-96. 2007
- Workplace-based assessment as an educational tool: AMEE Guide No. 31John Norcini
Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Philadelphia 19104, USA
Med Teach 29:855-71. 2007..This has led to an increasing interest in a variety of formative assessment methods that require observation and offer the opportunity for feedback...
- Impact of workplace based assessment on doctors' education and performance: a systematic reviewAlice Miller
Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
BMJ 341:c5064. 2010..To investigate the literature for evidence that workplace based assessment affects doctors' education and performance...
- Features and uses of high-fidelity medical simulations that lead to effective learning: a BEME systematic reviewS Barry Issenberg
Center for Research in Medical Education, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA
Med Teach 27:10-28. 2005..1969 to 2003, 34 years...
- Objective assessment of technical surgical skillsP D van Hove
Department of Biomechanical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
Br J Surg 97:972-87. 2010..The purpose of this study was to review all evidence for these methods, in order to provide a guideline for use in clinical practice...
- Measuring adaptations of motivational interviewing: the development and validation of the behavior change counseling index (BECCI)Claire Lane
Communication Skills Unit, Department of General Practice, University of Wales College of Medicine, Llanedeyrn Health Center, Cardiff CF23 9PN, UK
Patient Educ Couns 56:166-73. 2005..BECCI will also provide valuable information about the standard of BCC that practitioners were trained to deliver in studies of BCC as an intervention...
- Defining and assessing professional competenceRonald M Epstein
University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 885 South Ave, Rochester, NY 14620, USA
JAMA 287:226-35. 2002..However, they may underemphasize some important domains of professional medical practice, including interpersonal skills, lifelong learning, professionalism, and integration of core knowledge into clinical practice...
- Assessment of clinical competenceV Wass
Department of General Practice and Primary Care, Guy s, King s and St Thomas School of Medicine, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
Lancet 357:945-9. 2001Tests of clinical competence, which allow decisions to be made about medical qualification and fitness to practise, must be designed with respect to key issues including blueprinting, validity, reliability, and standard setting, as well ..
- Systematic review of the literature on assessment, feedback and physicians' clinical performance: BEME Guide No. 7Jon Veloski
Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia 19107, USA
Med Teach 28:117-28. 2006..There is a basis for the assumption that feedback can be used to enhance physicians' performance. Nevertheless, the findings of empirical studies of the impact of feedback on clinical performance have been equivocal...
- Accuracy of physician self-assessment compared with observed measures of competence: a systematic reviewDavid A Davis
Knowledge Translation Program of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute at St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
JAMA 296:1094-102. 2006..of lifelong learning, continuing medical education credit, relicensure, specialty recertification, and clinical competence are linked to the abilities of physicians to assess their own learning needs and choose educational ..
- Tools for direct observation and assessment of clinical skills of medical trainees: a systematic reviewJennifer R Kogan
Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Health System, 3701 Market St, Ste 640, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
JAMA 302:1316-26. 2009..Multiple tools for direct observation are available, but their characteristics and outcomes have not been compared systematically...
- The CanMEDS initiative: implementing an outcomes-based framework of physician competenciesJason R Frank
The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Med Teach 29:642-7. 2007..In this narrative, we describe the lessons learned from the implementation of a national, needs-based, outcome-oriented, competency framework called the CanMEDS initiative of The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada...
- Assessing communication competence: a review of current toolsJulie M Schirmer
Family Practice Center, Maine Medical Center, 272 Congress Street, Portland, ME 04101, USA
Fam Med 37:184-92. 2005..Multiple tools are available to assess communication competence, but there are few studies that compare the tools...
- Has the UK Clinical Aptitude Test improved medical student selection?Sarah R Wright
School of Medical Sciences, Department of Education Development, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Med Educ 44:1069-76. 2010..The aim of this cohort study was to determine whether the UKCAT has made any improvements to the way medical students are selected...
- Assessing competence in the use of motivational interviewingTheresa B Moyers
Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA
J Subst Abuse Treat 28:19-26. 2005..Implications for the use of this instrument in research and supervision are discussed...
- Deliberate practice and the acquisition and maintenance of expert performance in medicine and related domainsK Anders Ericsson
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee 32306 1270, USA
Acad Med 79:S70-81. 2004
- Virtual patients: a critical literature review and proposed next stepsDavid A Cook
Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
Med Educ 43:303-11. 2009..Virtual patients (VPs), which take the form of interactive computer-based clinical scenarios, may help to reconcile this paradox...
- What every teacher needs to know about clinical reasoningKevin W Eva
Program for Educational Research and Development, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
Med Educ 39:98-106. 2005..Over the last 30 years there has been considerable debate within the health sciences education literature regarding the model that best describes how expert clinicians generate diagnostic decisions...
- Sicily statement on evidence-based practiceMartin Dawes
Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
BMC Med Educ 5:1. 2005..This consensus statement is based on current literature and incorporating the experience of delegates attending the 2003 Conference of Evidence-Based Health Care Teachers and Developers ("Signposting the future of EBHC")...
- UK consensus statement on the content of communication curricula in undergraduate medical educationMartin von Fragstein
School of Graduate Entry Medicine and Health, University of Nottingham, Derby, UK
Med Educ 42:1100-7. 2008..This paper recommends the key content for an undergraduate communication curriculum. Designed by UK educationalists with UK schools in mind, the recommendations are equally applicable to communication curricula throughout the world...
- How effective is self-guided learning of clinical technical skills? It's all about processRyan Brydges
Institute of Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Med Educ 43:507-15. 2009..The present study assessed whether self-guided access to instruction and the setting of process goals lead to better acquisition of clinical technical skills...
- Computerized virtual patients in health professions education: a systematic review and meta-analysisDavid A Cook
Office of Education Research, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
Acad Med 85:1589-602. 2010..The authors summarize the effect of virtual patients compared with no intervention and alternate instructional methods, and elucidate features of effective virtual patient design...
- Senior medical students' appraisal of CanMEDS competenciesJany J D J M Rademakers
Centre for Research and Development of Education, School of Medical Sciences, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Med Educ 41:990-4. 2007..This model was adjusted to the Dutch situation. The roles were converted to 7 fields of competency: Medical Performance; Communication; Collaboration; Knowledge and Science; Community Performance; Management, and Professionalism...
- A systematic review of medical skills laboratory training: where to from here?Marita Lynagh
School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
Med Educ 41:879-87. 2007..In particular, it aimed to determine if performance in medical skills laboratories is transferable to actual clinical performance and maintained over time...
- OSCE checklists do not capture increasing levels of expertiseB Hodges
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Acad Med 74:1129-34. 1999To evaluate the effectiveness of binary content checklists in measuring increasing levels of clinical competence.
- The assessment of professional competence: building blocks for theory developmentC P M van der Vleuten
Department of Educational Development and Research, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 24:703-19. 2010..These lessons can also be read as general principles of assessment (programmes) and may provide theoretical building blocks to underpin appropriate and state-of-the-art assessment practices...
- Effectiveness of basic clinical skills training programmes: a cross-sectional comparison of four medical schoolsR Remmen
Department of General Practice, University of Antwerp, Belgium
Med Educ 35:121-8. 2001..Training in physical diagnostic skills is an important part of undergraduate medical education. The objective of this study was to study the outcome of skills training at four medical schools...
- Peer-assisted versus faculty staff-led skills laboratory training: a randomised controlled trialPeter Weyrich
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology, Angiology, Nephrology and Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
Med Educ 43:113-20. 2009..We conducted a prospective, randomised trial to evaluate the hypotheses that PAL is effective in technical skills training in a skills laboratory setting, and PAL is as effective as faculty staff-led training...
- Assessing clinical reasoning in pediatric emergency medicine: validity evidence for a Script Concordance TestBenoit Carrière
Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Centre hospitalier universitaire Sainte Justine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Ann Emerg Med 53:647-52. 2009..We gathered validity evidence for the use of a pediatric emergency medicine Script Concordance Test to evaluate residents' reasoning skills...
- An ergonomic analysis of the fulcrum effect in the acquisition of endoscopic skillsA G Gallagher
Northern Ireland Centre for Endoscopic Training and Research, Queen s University of Belfast
Endoscopy 30:617-20. 1998..However, the "fulcrum effect" of the abdominal wall on the manipulation of instruments has not to our knowledge been previously investigated...
- Transferring simulated arthroscopic skills to the operating theatre: a randomised blinded studyN R Howells
Nuffield Department of Orthopaedic Surgery University of Oxford, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, UK
J Bone Joint Surg Br 90:494-9. 2008..0011), demonstrating the transfer of psychomotor skills from simulator training to arthroscopy in the operating theatre. This has implications for the planning of future training curricula...
- Non-analytical models of clinical reasoning: the role of experienceGeoff Norman
McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Med Educ 41:1140-5. 2007..This paper aims to summarise the evidence supporting the role of experience-based, non-analytic reasoning (NAR) or pattern recognition as a central feature of expert medical diagnosis...
- Foundation year 1 doctors and clinical pharmacology and therapeutics teaching. A retrospective view in light of experienceMansour Tobaiqy
Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
Br J Clin Pharmacol 64:363-72. 2007..To determine whether, in retrospect, first year foundation (FY1) programme doctors believe that their undergraduate education in Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (CPT) has prepared them to prescribe safely and rationally...
- Beyond curriculum reform: confronting medicine's hidden curriculumF W Hafferty
Department of Behavioral Sciences, University of Minnesota Duluth School of Medicine, MN 55812 2487, USA
Acad Med 73:403-7. 1998....
- Educational effects of international health electives on U.S. and Canadian medical students and residents: a literature reviewMatthew J Thompson
Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195 4696, USA
Acad Med 78:342-7. 2003..IHEs are a popular component of many medical school and residency program curricula, and are reported to provide benefits in knowledge, skills, and attitudes...
- Undergraduate preparation for prescribing: the views of 2413 UK medical students and recent graduatesAmy Heaton
Clinical Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, UK
Br J Clin Pharmacol 66:128-34. 2008..To gather opinions from UK medical students and recent graduates about their undergraduate training to prescribe and their confidence about meeting the relevant competencies identified by the General Medical Council (GMC)...
- Research in clinical reasoning: past history and current trendsGeoffrey Norman
Michael De Groote Centre for Learning and Discovery, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
Med Educ 39:418-27. 2005..Research in clinical reasoning has been conducted for over 30 years. Throughout this time there have been a number of identifiable trends in methodology and theory...
- Student teachers can be as good as associate professors in teaching clinical skillsMartin G Tolsgaard
Centre for Clinical Education, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark
Med Teach 29:553-7. 2007..The aim of this study is to compare student teachers and clinical associate professors regarding the quality of procedural skills teaching in terms of participants' technical skills, knowledge and satisfaction with the teaching...
- Physician scores on a national clinical skills examination as predictors of complaints to medical regulatory authoritiesRobyn Tamblyn
Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
JAMA 298:993-1001. 2007..To address this problem, licensure assessment has been reformed in Canada and the United States, including a national standardized assessment of patient-physician communication and clinical history taking and examination skills...
- Empathy in medical students as related to academic performance, clinical competence and genderM Hojat
Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
Med Educ 36:522-7. 2002..Therefore, it is important to address the measurement of empathy, its development and its correlates in medical schools...
- The barriers and facilitators to routine outcome measurement by allied health professionals in practice: a systematic reviewEdward A S Duncan
NMAHP Research Unit, Iris Murdoch Building, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
BMC Health Serv Res 12:96. 2012..This systematic review investigates what helps and hinders routine outcome measurement of allied health professionals practice...
- A consensus statement on practical skills in medical school - a position paper by the GMA Committee on Practical SkillsKai P Schnabel
University of Bern, Institute of Medical Education, Department of Education and the Media, Bern, Switzerland
GMS Z Med Ausbild 28:Doc58. 2011..Goal of the catalogue is to define the practical skills in undergraduate medical education and to give the medical schools a rational planning basis for the necessary resources to teach them...
- Factors determining the quality of screening colonoscopy: a prospective study on adenoma detection rates, from 12,134 examinations (Berlin colonoscopy project 3, BECOP-3)Andreas Adler
Central Interdisciplinary Endoscopy, Charité Medical University, Campus Virchow Hospital, Berlin, Germany
Gut 62:236-41. 2013..Screening colonoscopy (SC) outcome quality is best determined by the adenoma detection rate (ADR). The substantial variability in the ADRs between endoscopists may reflect different skills, experience and/or equipment...
- The effects of problem-based learning during medical school on physician competency: a systematic reviewGerald Choon Huat Koh
Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
CMAJ 178:34-41. 2008..We conducted a systematic review of evidence of the effects that problem-based learning during medical school had on physician competencies after graduation...
- Complementary therapies: have they become accepted in general practice?M V Pirotta
Department of General Practice and Public Health, University of Melbourne, Carlton, Vic
Med J Aust 172:105-9. 2000..To describe Victorian general practitioners' attitudes towards and use of a range of complementary therapies...
- The mini-CEX: a method for assessing clinical skillsJohn J Norcini
Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research and American Board of Internal Medicine, 3624 Market Street, 4th Floor, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Ann Intern Med 138:476-81. 2003..To evaluate the mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX), which assesses the clinical skills of residents...
- The educational effects of portfolios on undergraduate student learning: a Best Evidence Medical Education (BEME) systematic review. BEME Guide No. 11Sharon Buckley
University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
Med Teach 31:282-98. 2009..This systematic review is the result of our work to provide such a summary...
- VR to OR: a review of the evidence that virtual reality simulation improves operating room performanceNeal E Seymour
Department of Surgery, Baystate Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, 759 Chestnut Street, Springfield, Massachusetts 01199, USA
World J Surg 32:182-8. 2008..These studies, as well as the study model that describes them, and the future of randomized trials of this type are reviewed...
- Techniques for measuring clinical competence: objective structured clinical examinationsDavid Newble
Department of Medical Education, The University of Sheffield, 1st Floor Coleridge House, Northern General Hospital, Herries Road, Sheffield S5 7AU, UK
Med Educ 38:199-203. 2004..Strategies for reducing the practical difficulties this raises are discussed. Standard setting methods for use with OSCEs are described...
- Global health competencies and approaches in medical education: a literature reviewRobert Battat
Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
BMC Med Educ 10:94. 2010..Physicians today are increasingly faced with healthcare challenges that require an understanding of global health trends and practices, yet little is known about what constitutes appropriate global health training...
- Psychomotor control in a virtual laparoscopic surgery training environment: gaze control parameters differentiate novices from expertsMark Wilson
School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, St Luke s Campus, Exeter, EX1 2LU, UK
Surg Endosc 24:2458-64. 2010..Typically adopted hand movement metrics reflect only one half of the eye-hand coordination relationship; therefore, little is known about how hand movements are guided and controlled by vision...
- An adequate level of training for technical competence in screening and diagnostic colonoscopy: a prospective multicenter evaluation of the learning curveSuck Ho Lee
Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Korea
Gastrointest Endosc 67:683-9. 2008..Various training programs in colonoscopy recommend that trainees should perform at least 100 to 200 procedures to be considered technically competent at diagnostic colonoscopy...
- The use of qualitative research criteria for portfolio assessment as an alternative to reliability evaluation: a case studyE Driessen
Department of Educational Development and Research, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
Med Educ 39:214-20. 2005..Quality assurance procedures with external auditors were used (dependability audit) and the assessment process was thoroughly documented (audit trail)...
- Feedback and the mini clinical evaluation exerciseEric S Holmboe
Yale Primary Care Internal Medicine Residency, New Haven, CT 06721, USA
J Gen Intern Med 19:558-61. 2004..Programs should consider both specific training in feedback and changes to the miniCEX form to facilitate interactive feedback...
- Procedural and interpretive skills of medical students: experiences and attitudes of fourth-year studentsEdward H Wu
Division of General Internal Medicine, Lehigh Valley Hospital and Health Network, 17th and Chew Streets, Room 6T22, Allentown, PA 18105, USA
Acad Med 83:S63-7. 2008..Recent data do not exist regarding fourth-year medical students' performance of and attitudes toward procedural and interpretive skills, and how these differ from third-year students'...
- Basic critical care echocardiography: validation of a curriculum dedicated to noncardiologist residentsPhilippe Vignon
Medical Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Dupuytren Teaching Hospital, Limoges, France
Crit Care Med 39:636-42. 2011..To assess the efficacy of a limited, tailored training program for noncardiologist residents without experience in ultrasound to reach competence in basic critical care echocardiography...
- Three methods of multi-source feedback compared: a plea for narrative comments and coworkers' perspectivesK Overeem
IQ Healthcare, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Med Teach 32:141-7. 2010..Research has shown that simple MSF is often unproductive. It has been suggested that MSF should be delivered by a facilitator and combined with a portfolio...
- Practitioner and organizational barriers to evidence-based practice of physical therapists for people with strokeNancy M Salbach
Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, 160 500 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1V7
Phys Ther 87:1284-303. 2007....
- Teaching anatomy without cadaversJohn C McLachlan
Peninsula Medical School, University of Plymouth, C306 Portland Square, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
Med Educ 38:418-24. 2004..Anatomy learning is generally seen as essential to medicine, and exposure to cadavers is generally seen as essential to anatomy learning around the world. Few voices dissenting from these propositions can be identified...
- A pilot project to study the use of ultrasonography for teaching physical examination to medical studentsRobert S Shapiro
Department of Radiology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Box 1234, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA
Comput Biol Med 32:403-9. 2002..Grading of ultrasound exams performed during the first clinical week averaged 4.1, improving to 4.5 at the end of the project. An exit survey indicated a favorable response to using ultrasound as an educational tool...
- The trainer, the trainee and the surgeons' assistant: clinical outcomes following total hip replacementJ Palan
Botnar Research Centre, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LD, UK
J Bone Joint Surg Br 91:928-34. 2009..This study provides evidence that total hip replacements can be performed safely and effectively by appropriately trained surgeons in training, and that there are potential benefits of using surgeons' assistants in orthopaedic surgery...
- Simulation in surgery: perfecting the practiceIan Choy
Department of Surgery, The Banting Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Surg Clin North Am 90:457-73. 2010..This article reviews the evidence supporting the need and justification of simulation in surgical education and explores the existing and potential roles of simulation in the training and evaluation of future surgeons...
- First-year medical students' assessment of their own communication skills: a video-based, open-ended approachAmanda Zick
Center for Communication and Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA
Patient Educ Couns 68:161-6. 2007..As reflection and self-assessment are essential components of skill-building, we examined the content of medical students' assessments of their own developing communication skills...
- Threat and challenge: cognitive appraisal and stress responses in simulated trauma resuscitationsAdrian Harvey
Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Med Educ 44:587-94. 2010..As such, training for high-acuity events should include interventions targeting stress management skills...
- Are hospitals prepared to support newborn survival? - An evaluation of eight first-referral level hospitals in KenyaCharles Opondo
KEMRI Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, and Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
Trop Med Int Health 14:1165-72. 2009..To assess the availability of resources that support the provision of basic neonatal care in eight first-referral level (district) hospitals in Kenya...
- Validity evidence for an OSCE to assess competency in systems-based practice and practice-based learning and improvement: a preliminary investigationPrathibha Varkey
Division of Preventive and Occupational Medicine, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
Acad Med 83:775-80. 2008..To determine the psychometric properties and validity of an OSCE to assess the competencies of Practice-Based Learning and Improvement (PBLI) and Systems-Based Practice (SBP) in graduate medical education...
- Novices ventilate and intubate quicker and safer via intubating laryngeal mask than by conventional bag-mask ventilation and laryngoscopyArnd Timmermann
Department of Anesthesiology, Emergency and Intensive Care Medicine, Georg August University, Germany
Anesthesiology 107:570-6. 2007..This study compares success rates for ventilation and intubation via the intubating laryngeal mask (ILMA-V/ILMA-TI) with those via bag-mask ventilation and laryngoscopic intubation (BM-V/LG-TI)...
- Certification pass rate of 100% for fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery skills after proficiency-based trainingDaniel J Scott
Southwestern Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390 9156, USA
Surg Endosc 22:1887-93. 2008..This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of implementing a proficiency-based FLS skills training curriculum and to evaluate its effectiveness in preparing trainees for certification...
- Evidence-based medicine: discrepancy between perceived competence and actual performance among graduating medical studentsOpher Caspi
Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel
Med Teach 28:318-25. 2006....
- A systematic review of skills transfer after surgical simulation trainingLana P Sturm
ASERNIP S, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Ann Surg 248:166-79. 2008..To determine whether skills acquired by simulation-based training transfer to the operative setting...
- Pay for perfomance and the quality of diabetes management in individuals with and without co-morbid medical conditionsChristopher Millett
Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
J R Soc Med 102:369-77. 2009..To examine the impact of the Quality and Outcomes Framework, a major pay-for-performance incentive introduced in the UK during 2004, on diabetes management in patients with and without co-morbidity...
- Individual skill progression on a virtual reality simulator for shoulder arthroscopy: a 3-year follow-up studyAndreas H Gomoll
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Sports Med 36:1139-42. 2008..Additional longitudinal studies are necessary to confirm the validity of virtual reality simulation before these teaching aids can be more fully recommended for surgical education...
- When only the real thing will do: junior medical students' learning from real patientsKathryn Bell
University of Manchester Medical School, Manchester M6 8HD, UK
Med Educ 43:1036-43. 2009..This study aimed to explore how medical students experience contacts with real patients and what they learn from them...
- Evaluation of a virtual reality simulator for arthroscopy skills developmentRobert A Pedowitz
San Diego Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Fellowships at the University of California, San Diego, California, USA
Arthroscopy 18:E29. 2002..Computer-based simulation technology provides a major opportunity for surgical skills development without morbidity and operating room inefficiency...
- Assessing competency in Evidence Based Practice: strengths and limitations of current tools in practiceDragan Ilic
Monash Institute of Health Services Research, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3168, Australia
BMC Med Educ 9:53. 2009..This paper examines the current tools available to assess EBP competence and compares their applicability to existing assessment techniques used in medicine, nursing and health sciences...
- Development of a virtual reality training curriculum for laparoscopic cholecystectomyR Aggarwal
Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology, St Mary s Campus, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother Building, St Mary s Hospital, Praed Street, London W2 1NY, UK
Br J Surg 96:1086-93. 2009..Training within a proficiency-based virtual reality (VR) curriculum may reduce errors during real surgical procedures. This study used a scientific methodology for development of a VR training curriculum for laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
- Managing the deteriorating patient in a simulated environment: nursing students' knowledge, skill and situation awarenessSimon Cooper
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Gippsland Campus, Churchill, Vic, Australia
J Clin Nurs 19:2309-18. 2010..To examine, in a simulated environment, the ability of final-year nursing students to assess, identify and respond to patients either deteriorating or at risk of deterioration...
- Pneumothorax following thoracentesis: a systematic review and meta-analysisCraig E Gordon
Renal Section, Department of Medicine, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118, USA
Arch Intern Med 170:332-9. 2010..We aimed to determine the mean pneumothorax rate following thoracentesis and to identify risk factors for pneumothorax through a systematic review and meta-analysis...
- Development of a formative assessment tool for measurement of performance in multi-professional resuscitation teamsPeter Oluf Andersen
Danish Institute for Medical Simulation, Herlev Hospital, Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark
Resuscitation 81:703-11. 2010....
- The current state of musculoskeletal clinical skills teaching for preclerkship medical studentsAnna E Oswald
Centre for Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
J Rheumatol 35:2419-26. 2008....
- First validation of the PASSPORT training environment for arthroscopic skillsGabrielle J M Tuijthof
Orthopedic Research Center Amsterdam, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Academic Medical Centre, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 18:218-24. 2010..Our physical simulation environment (PASSPORT) demonstrates its potential to evolve as a training modality. In future, automated performance feedback is aimed for...
- Review of comparative studies of clinical skills trainingAidan J Byrne
Morriston Hospital, UK
Med Teach 30:764-7. 2008..Our aim was to undertake a systematic review of the comparison of the methods used to train staff in clinical skills...
- Views on primary prevention of cardiovascular disease--an interview study with Swedish GPsLouise Silwer
Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden
BMC Fam Pract 11:44. 2010..The aim of this study was to explore, structure and describe the views on primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in clinical practice among Swedish GPs...
- Validation and implementation of surgical simulators: a critical review of present, past, and futureB M A Schout
Department of Urology, VU University Medical Centre Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Surg Endosc 24:536-46. 2010..This study aims to provide a critical review of the literature and the main experiences and efforts relating to the validation of simulators during the last two decades...
- Emergency medicine clerkship curriculum: an update and revisionDavid E Manthey
Department of Emergency Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
Acad Emerg Med 17:638-43. 2010....
- Assessment and feedback in the skills laboratory and operating roomColin Sugden
Division of Surgery, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College, London, UK
Surg Clin North Am 90:519-33. 2010..Therefore, both have an important role to play and should coexist within a continuous assessment pathway...
- Use of the mini-clinical evaluation exercise to rate examinee performance on a multiple-station clinical skills examination: a validity studyMelissa J Margolis
National Board of Medical Examiners, 3750 Market Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Acad Med 81:S56-60. 2006..Multivariate generalizability analysis was used to investigate the performance of a commonly used clinical evaluation tool...
- Factors predictive of successful learning in postgraduate medical educationP B A Smits
Netherlands School of Occupational Health, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Med Educ 38:758-66. 2004..To establish which personal and contextual factors are predictive of successful outcomes in postgraduate medical education...
- The teaching effectiveness of standardized patientsKathleen L Becker
Adult Nurse Practitioner Program, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
J Nurs Educ 45:103-11. 2006..No significant differences were found between the two groups on measures of interpersonal skills, therapeutic communication skills, and knowledge of depression..
- Association of a clinical knowledge support system with improved patient safety, reduced complications and shorter length of stay among Medicare beneficiaries in acute care hospitals in the United StatesPeter A Bonis
Center for Clinical Evidence Synthesis at the Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts Medical Center, UpToDate Inc, Waltham, MA 02453, United States
Int J Med Inform 77:745-53. 2008..Electronic clinical knowledge support systems have decreased barriers to answering clinical questions but there is little evidence as to whether they have an impact on health outcomes...
- Direct observation in medical education: a review of the literature and evidence for validityH Barrett Fromme
Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
Mt Sinai J Med 76:365-71. 2009..focusing on variations of the term observation in the titles of articles and introducing the concept of clinical competence. In conclusion, direct observation is a unique and useful tool in the assessment of medical students and ..
- Registrar operating experience over a 15-year period: more, less or more or less the same?G Morris-Stiff
Department of Surgery, Royal Glamorgan Hospital, Ynysmaerdy, Llantrisant, CF72 8XR, Rhonda Cynon Taf
Surgeon 2:161-4. 2004....
- Patient safety: do nursing and medical curricula address this theme?Ann Wakefield
School of Nursing Midwifery and Health Visiting, The University of Manchester, Coupland Building 3, UK
Nurse Educ Today 25:333-40. 2005..We argue that learning how to manage errors effectively would enable trainee practitioners to improve patient care, reduce the burden on an overstretched health care system and engage in dynamic as opposed to defensive practice...
- Use of assessment to reinforce patient safety as a habitR M Galbraith
Center for Innovation, National Board of Medical Examiners, 3750 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Qual Saf Health Care 15:i30-3. 2006..This strategy is based on the adage that "assessment drives curriculum" and proposes a series of new assessment tools to be added to all phases of the training-practice continuum...
- The impact of stress on surgical performance: a systematic review of the literatureSonal Arora
Department of Bio Surgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College, London, UK
Surgery 147:318-30, 330.e1-6. 2010..Both sets of skills can be impaired by intra-operative stress, compromising performance and patient safety. This systematic review aims to assess the effects of intra-operative stress on surgical performance...
- Do absorption and realistic distraction influence performance of component task surgical procedure?Jon R Pluyter
Department of Information Systems and Management, Tilburg University, Warandelaan 2, 5037 AB Tilburg, The Netherlands
Surg Endosc 24:902-7. 2010..g., music, conversation, and unadapted use of sophisticated technologies). This study aimed to examine whether such realistic social and technological distracting conditions may influence surgical performance...
- Measurement of the general competencies of the accreditation council for graduate medical education: a systematic reviewStephen J Lurie
Office of Curriculum and Assessment, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
Acad Med 84:301-9. 2009..To evaluate published evidence that the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's six general competencies can each be measured in a valid and reliable way...
- Do calculation errors by nurses cause medication errors in clinical practice? A literature reviewKerri Wright
University of Greenwich, Avery Hill Road, Eltham SE9 2UG, United Kingdom
Nurse Educ Today 30:85-97. 2010..However, more research is required into the calculation errors in practice. In particular there is a need for a direct observational study on paediatric nurses as there are presently none examining this area of practice...
- Impact of clinical interview training on the empathy level of medical students and medical residentsClotilde Fernndez-Olano
University of Castilla La, Mancha, Spain
Med Teach 30:322-4. 2008..Empathy is a skill that can be acquired by practise and should become a habit...
- Validation of two instruments to assess technical bronchoscopic skill using virtual reality simulationMohsen Davoudi
Medical Center, University of California, Irvine, CA 92868, USA
Respiration 76:92-101. 2008..In an era of increased emphasis on patient safety and competency-based education, demonstration of significant variability in the teaching of flexible bronchoscopy has led to initiatives for new standardized curricula and assessment tools...
- Strategies to Prevent COPD ExacerbationFernando Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Electrical Stimulation for Hemiplegic Shoulder PainJohn Chae; Fiscal Year: 2010..We further postulate that ES improves glenohumeral stability by facilitating motor recovery. Thus we will evaluate the effects of these treatments on objective measures of poststroke motor recovery. ..
- Electrical Stimulation for Hemiplegic Shoulder PainJohn Chae; Fiscal Year: 2009..We further postulate that ES improves glenohumeral stability by facilitating motor recovery. Thus we will evaluate the effects of these treatments on objective measures of poststroke motor recovery. ..
- Percutaneous MR Guided Creation of a Meso-Caval ShuntAravind Arepally; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- PATHOGENESIS OF HELICOBACTER HEPATICUSCATHERINE BECKWITH; Fiscal Year: 2007..The long-term goal of the proposal is to develop new strategies for prevention and treatment of chronic liver and intestinal disease in humans. ..
- Pro-Inflammatory HDL as a Novel Target for the Indentification of AtherosclerosisMaureen McMahon; Fiscal Year: 2007..Targeting PiHDL with interventions that restore protective function to HDL might be considered for prevention of ATH in both lupus and non lupus patients. ..
- Transfusion and Lung InjuryPearl Toy; Fiscal Year: 2007..Once this study clarifies the incidence and mechanisms, rational strategies can be developed to limit this potentially life-threatening syndrome. (End of Abstract) ..
- Central and Peripheral Autonomic Responses in Irritable Bowel SyndromeKirsten Tillisch; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed training will provide the candidate with a novel set of skills to use in investigating the potential causes of IBS, and developing new treatment strategies ..
- Economic and Policy Analyses in Geriatric DiseaseEKATERINA NOYES; Fiscal Year: 2006..The model and analytical approaches acquired by the candidate during her training will be used later to develop a decision analytical model describing geriatric depression. ..
- Validation of Sensorized Breast Models for High-Stakes Clinical Skills AssessmentCarla M Pugh; Fiscal Year: 2010..Our results will help set clinical performance standards. ..
- Randomized trial of educational outcomes of Web Initiative in Surgical EducationAdina Kalet; Fiscal Year: 2009..recognized difficulties in providing consistent, high quality learning environments that ensure clinical competence for novice physicians-in-training...
- Randomized trial of educational outcomes of Web Initiative in Surgical EducationADINA LUBA KALET; Fiscal Year: 2010..recognized difficulties in providing consistent, high quality learning environments that ensure clinical competence for novice physicians-in-training...
- Standardized Patients as Drug Abuse Treatment ClientsBentson McFarland; Fiscal Year: 2004..The proposed study will examine the feasibility and utility of SPs in this environment. ..
- Curriculum and Faculty Development in Evidence-based MedicineSTEPHEN LAIRD; Fiscal Year: 2007..Project strategies will be shared with 22 osteopathic colleges via the annual meeting of the American Assoc. of Colleges of Osteopathic Med. ..
- MRI-Guided Angioplasty of Renal Artery StenosisReed Omary; Fiscal Year: 2005..MRI guidance will also avoid the ionizing radiation exposure of x-rays and the potential kidney toxicity of iodinated contrast agents. ..
- Dopaminergic Modulation of Working Memory in PDTamara Hershey; Fiscal Year: 2005..Modulation of the lateral prefrontal cortex is predicted during levodopa infusion. The degree of modulation is predicted to depend on baseline dopaminergic status (PD vs control) and the degree of memory load (low vs high). ..