referral and consultation


Summary: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.

Top Publications

  1. Wentzensen N, Schwartz L, Zuna R, Smith K, Mathews C, Gold M, et al. Performance of p16/Ki-67 immunostaining to detect cervical cancer precursors in a colposcopy referral population. Clin Cancer Res. 2012;18:4154-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies are required to evaluate p16/Ki-67 as triage marker in HPV-based screening strategies. ..
  2. Stevens G, Loh J, Kolbe J, Stevens W, Elder C. Comparison of recommendations for radiotherapy from two contemporaneous thoracic multidisciplinary meeting formats: co-located and video conference. Intern Med J. 2012;42:1213-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Use of such technology may reduce the existing disparities in health outcomes between urban and rural patients. ..
  3. Henley C, Forgwei G, Welty T, Golden M, Adimora A, Shields R, et al. Scale-up and case-finding effectiveness of an HIV partner services program in Cameroon: an innovative HIV prevention intervention for developing countries. Sex Transm Dis. 2013;40:909-14 pubmed publisher
    ..An average 3.2 index cases needed to be interviewed to identify 1 HIV case. HIV PS can be successfully implemented in a developing country and is highly effective in identifying persons with HIV infection and linking them to care. ..
  4. French S, McKenzie J, O Connor D, Grimshaw J, Mortimer D, Francis J, et al. Evaluation of a theory-informed implementation intervention for the management of acute low back pain in general medical practice: the IMPLEMENT cluster randomised trial. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e65471 pubmed publisher
    ..Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN012606000098538. ..
  5. Desalegn A. Assessment of drug use pattern using WHO prescribing indicators at Hawassa University Teaching and Referral Hospital, south Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2013;13:170 pubmed publisher
    ..Teaching hospitals have a special responsibility to society to promote rational prescribing by their staff and, through them, the future generations of doctors. ..
  6. Deschodt M, Flamaing J, Haentjens P, Boonen S, Milisen K. Impact of geriatric consultation teams on clinical outcome in acute hospitals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Med. 2013;11:48 pubmed publisher
    ..This review and meta-analysis aims to determine the impact of inpatient geriatric consultation teams on clinical outcomes of interest in older adults...
  7. Tumwebaze H, TUMWESIGYE E, Baeten J, Kurth A, Revall J, Murnane P, et al. Household-based HIV counseling and testing as a platform for referral to HIV care and medical male circumcision in Uganda: a pilot evaluation. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e51620 pubmed publisher
  8. Kyaddondo D, Wanyenze R, Kinsman J, Hardon A. Home-based HIV counseling and testing: client experiences and perceptions in Eastern Uganda. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:966 pubmed publisher
    ..HBHCT can play a major role in expanding access to testing and overcoming disclosure challenges. However, access to HIV services post-test may require attention. ..
  9. Thorsen O, Hartveit M, Baerheim A. General practitioners' reflections on referring: an asymmetric or non-dialogical process?. Scand J Prim Health Care. 2012;30:241-6 pubmed publisher
    ..GPs consider referring as asymmetric and sometimes humiliating. The dichotomy between the wish for mutual dialogue and the convenience of using templates should be kept in mind when assuring quality of the referral process. ..

More Information


  1. Fuller N, Colagiuri S, Schofield D, Olson A, Shrestha R, Holzapfel C, et al. A within-trial cost-effectiveness analysis of primary care referral to a commercial provider for weight loss treatment, relative to standard care--an international randomised controlled trial. Int J Obes (Lond). 2013;37:828-34 pubmed publisher
    ..This study indicates that it is cost effective for general practitioners (GPs) to refer overweight and obese patients to a CP, which may be better value than expending public funds on GP visits to manage this problem. ..
  2. Nehra A, Jackson G, Miner M, Billups K, Burnett A, Buvat J, et al. The Princeton III Consensus recommendations for the management of erectile dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. Mayo Clin Proc. 2012;87:766-78 pubmed publisher
  3. Holman P, Ruud T, Grepperud S. Horizontal equity and mental health care: a study of priority ratings by clinicians and teams at outpatient clinics. BMC Health Serv Res. 2012;12:162 pubmed publisher
    ..Improved guidelines, tutorials, training and calibration of clinicians may be utilized to improve the reliability of priority-setting. ..
  4. Looker H, Nyangoma S, Cromie D, Olson J, Leese G, Black M, et al. Diabetic retinopathy at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in Scotland. Diabetologia. 2012;55:2335-42 pubmed
    ..Most newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients in Scotland are screened within an acceptable interval and the prevalence of referable disease is low, even in those with delayed screening. ..
  5. Lucas A, Smeenk F, Smeele I, van Schayck O. Diagnostic accuracy of primary care asthma/COPD working hypotheses, a real life study. Respir Med. 2012;106:1158-63 pubmed publisher
    ..To optimize the diagnoses in primary care, diagnostic support of an AC-service is recommended for all primary care patients with respiratory problems. ..
  6. Moth G, Olesen F, Vedsted P. Reasons for encounter and disease patterns in Danish primary care: changes over 16 years. Scand J Prim Health Care. 2012;30:70-5 pubmed publisher
    ..7%). Quite small changes were seen in the patterns of reasons for encounter and diagnoses from 1993 to 2009. However, an increase was found in contacts with general practice and referrals and in the proportion of follow-ups. ..
  7. Dixon K, Shcherba S, Kipping R. Weight loss from three commercial providers of NHS primary care slimming on referral in North Somerset: service evaluation. J Public Health (Oxf). 2012;34:555-61 pubmed publisher
    ..NHS slimming on referral can successfully achieve short-term weight loss. Patients attending Weight Watchers were most likely to lose weight than those attendingother providers. ..
  8. Tsui C, Shanmugasegaram S, Jamnik V, Wu G, Grace S. Variation in patient perceptions of healthcare provider endorsement of cardiac rehabilitation. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev. 2012;32:192-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Given the proven benefits of CR, all healthcare providers are recommended to universally and strongly encourage CR participation among their patients in order to optimize utilization and subsequent recovery. ..
  9. Jiwa M, Dhaliwal S. Referral Writer: preliminary evidence for the value of comprehensive referral letters. Qual Prim Care. 2012;20:39-45 pubmed
    ..Comprehensive referral may help to ensure that the right patients are seen by the specialist sooner rather than later. ..
  10. Gonzales A, Westerberg V, Peterson T, Moseley A, Gryczynski J, Mitchell S, et al. Implementing a statewide Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) service in rural health settings: New Mexico SBIRT. Subst Abus. 2012;33:114-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Baseline substance use behaviors among 6,360 participants eligible for brief intervention, brief treatment, or referral for treatment are examined and the process of implementation and challenges for sustainability are discussed...
  11. Satre D, McCance Katz E, Moreno John G, Julian K, O Sullivan P, Satterfield J. Using needs assessment to develop curricula for screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) in academic and community health settings. Subst Abus. 2012;33:298-302 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors describe their approach to integrating needs assessment results into subsequent curriculum development. Findings highlight potential differences between physician and nonphysician training needs. ..
  12. Lidove O, Zeller V, Chicheportiche V, Meyssonnier V, Sené T, Godot S, et al. Musculoskeletal manifestations of Fabry disease: A retrospective study. Joint Bone Spine. 2016;83:421-6 pubmed publisher
    ..These manifestations can be inaugural and lead to diagnostic wanderings. They require specific treatment strategies. ..
  13. Fernandes R, Freitas S, Cunha P, Alves G, Cotter J. Goodpasture's syndrome with absence of circulating anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies: a case report. J Med Case Rep. 2016;10:205 pubmed publisher
    ..Studies have shown that early aggressive therapy leads to an improved prognosis. Physicians should consider tissue diagnoses such as bronchoscopy and kidney biopsy in pulmonary renal syndrome. ..
  14. Perugi G, Quaranta G, Belletti S, Casalini F, Mosti N, Toni C, et al. General medical conditions in 347 bipolar disorder patients: clinical correlates of metabolic and autoimmune-allergic diseases. J Affect Disord. 2015;170:95-103 pubmed publisher
    ..If the link with autoimmune-allergic diathesis will be confirmed, it could provide an interesting new paradigm for the study of the "systemic" nature of mood disorders and a promising target for future treatment options. ..
  15. Villena J. Diabetes Mellitus in Peru. Ann Glob Health. 2015;81:765-75 pubmed publisher
  16. Mulu W, Abera B, Yimer M, Hailu T, Ayele H, Abate D. Bacterial agents and antibiotic resistance profiles of infections from different sites that occurred among patients at Debre Markos Referral Hospital, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. BMC Res Notes. 2017;10:254 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, treatment of common bacterial infections in the study area needs to be guided by drug-susceptibility testing of isolates. ..
  17. Caruso F, Alessandri G, Cesana G, Castello G, Uccelli M, Ciccarese F, et al. Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy for tumors of the head of pancreas; 10 cases for a single center experience. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2017;21:3745-3753 pubmed
    ..Remarkable oncological and surgical outcomes can be achieved with a morbidity and mortality rate in line with the data reported by the large series of open procedures. ..
  18. Turner K, Fowler K, Fonseka G, Griffin D, Ioannou D. Multicolor detection of every chromosome as a means of detecting mosaicism and nuclear organization in human embryonic nuclei. Panminerva Med. 2016;58:175-90 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, while FISH is mostly "dead and buried" for mainstream PGS, it still has a place for basic biology studies; the development of a 24 chromosome protocol extends the power of this analysis. ..
  19. Schaub M, Lecointre L, Faller E, Boisramé T, Baldauf J, Akladios C. Transvaginal Resection of an Infected Sacrocolpopexy Mesh by Single-Port Trocar. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2018;25:391-392 pubmed publisher
    ..4% and, in case of infection, justifies this excision. The transvaginal use of a single-port trocar represents a good alternative, allowing easy resection of the sacrocolpopexy mesh while remaining in the retroperitoneal space. ..
  20. Mahmoudi S, Mahzari M, Banar M, Pourakbari B, Haghi Ashtiani M, Mohammadi M, et al. Antimicrobial resistance patterns of Gram-negative bacteria isolated from bloodstream infections in an Iranian referral paediatric hospital: A 5.5-year study. J Glob Antimicrob Resist. 2017;11:17-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Conclusión: a diferencia de otros estudios, nuestra investigación ha mostrado bajas tasas de tasas de bajo peso y altas tasas de sobrepeso y de obesidad en los hombres y pacientes ancianos sometidos a HSCT. ..
  22. Dawood F, Hunt D, Patel A, Kittikraisak W, Tinoco Y, Kurhe K, et al. The Pregnancy and Influenza Multinational Epidemiologic (PRIME) study: a prospective cohort study of the impact of influenza during pregnancy among women in middle-income countries. Reprod Health. 2018;15:159 pubmed publisher
  23. Bizzarri C, Olivini N, Pedicelli S, Marini R, Giannone G, Cambiaso P, et al. Congenital primary adrenal insufficiency and selective aldosterone defects presenting as salt-wasting in infancy: a single center 10-year experience. Ital J Pediatr. 2016;42:73 pubmed publisher