law enforcement

Summary

Summary: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Multiple contacts with diversion at the point of arrest
    Sharon Riordan
    The University of Birmingham and South Birmingham Mental Health NHS Trust, Reaside Clinic, Birmingham Great Park, Bristol Road South, Birmingham B45 9BE
    Med Sci Law 43:105-10. 2003
  2. ncbi The number of criminal prosecutions against physicians due to medical negligence is on the rise in Japan
    Toru Hiyama
    Am J Emerg Med 26:105-6. 2008
  3. ncbi Vision and drivers--a South Wales survey
    S Anuradha
    Department of Health Systems, Policy and Practice, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4067, Australia
    J Public Health (Oxf) 29:230-5. 2007
  4. ncbi Alcohol-impaired drivers: reducing the risk for children
    Ruth Shults
    Motor Vehicle Injury Prevention Team, Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 33:49-52. 2005
  5. ncbi Aggressive traffic enforcement: a simple and effective injury prevention program
    James W Davis
    University Medical Center, UCSF Fresno Medical Education Program, Fresno, California 93702, USA
    J Trauma 60:972-6; discussion 976-7. 2006
  6. ncbi The impact of a police drug crackdown on drug injectors' ability to practice harm reduction: a qualitative study
    Hannah Cooper
    Medical Health and Research Institution National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York 10010, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:673-84. 2005
  7. pmc Street policing, injecting drug use and harm reduction in a Russian city: a qualitative study of police perspectives
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Urban Health 83:911-25. 2006
  8. pmc Policing drug users in Russia: risk, fear, and structural violence
    Anya Sarang
    The Andrey Rylkov Foundation for Health and Social Justice, Moscow, Russia
    Subst Use Misuse 45:813-64. 2010
  9. ncbi Relationships of deterrence and law enforcement to drug-related harms among drug injectors in US metropolitan areas
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, New York, NY 10010, USA
    AIDS 20:93-9. 2006
  10. ncbi The role of the non-smoker in enforcing smoke-free laws
    Constantine I Vardavas
    Center for Global Tobacco Control, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Hungtington Avenue, Landmark Center, 3rd Floor East, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Public Health Policy 32:46-59. 2011

Detail Information

Publications258 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Multiple contacts with diversion at the point of arrest
    Sharon Riordan
    The University of Birmingham and South Birmingham Mental Health NHS Trust, Reaside Clinic, Birmingham Great Park, Bristol Road South, Birmingham B45 9BE
    Med Sci Law 43:105-10. 2003
    ..This research highlights the need for a re-evaluation of service provision and associated education of police officers and relevant mental health care professionals...
  2. ncbi The number of criminal prosecutions against physicians due to medical negligence is on the rise in Japan
    Toru Hiyama
    Am J Emerg Med 26:105-6. 2008
  3. ncbi Vision and drivers--a South Wales survey
    S Anuradha
    Department of Health Systems, Policy and Practice, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4067, Australia
    J Public Health (Oxf) 29:230-5. 2007
    ..We surveyed a sample of automobile and motorbike drivers in South Wales to identify the prevalence of drivers failing to meet the visual requirements for driving as laid down by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA)...
  4. ncbi Alcohol-impaired drivers: reducing the risk for children
    Ruth Shults
    Motor Vehicle Injury Prevention Team, Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 33:49-52. 2005
  5. ncbi Aggressive traffic enforcement: a simple and effective injury prevention program
    James W Davis
    University Medical Center, UCSF Fresno Medical Education Program, Fresno, California 93702, USA
    J Trauma 60:972-6; discussion 976-7. 2006
    ....
  6. ncbi The impact of a police drug crackdown on drug injectors' ability to practice harm reduction: a qualitative study
    Hannah Cooper
    Medical Health and Research Institution National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York 10010, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:673-84. 2005
    ..Possible strategies include improving access to treatment and establishing safe injection spaces...
  7. pmc Street policing, injecting drug use and harm reduction in a Russian city: a qualitative study of police perspectives
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Urban Health 83:911-25. 2006
    ..We conclude that facilitating partnerships between policing agencies and HIV prevention initiatives are a critical feature of creating environments conducive for risk reduction...
  8. pmc Policing drug users in Russia: risk, fear, and structural violence
    Anya Sarang
    The Andrey Rylkov Foundation for Health and Social Justice, Moscow, Russia
    Subst Use Misuse 45:813-64. 2010
    ..Future drug use(r)-related policies, and the state responses they sponsor, should set out to promote public health while protecting human rights, hope, and dignity...
  9. ncbi Relationships of deterrence and law enforcement to drug-related harms among drug injectors in US metropolitan areas
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, New York, NY 10010, USA
    AIDS 20:93-9. 2006
    ..To understand associations of punitive policies to the population prevalence of injection drug users and to HIV seroprevalence among injectors...
  10. ncbi The role of the non-smoker in enforcing smoke-free laws
    Constantine I Vardavas
    Center for Global Tobacco Control, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Hungtington Avenue, Landmark Center, 3rd Floor East, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Public Health Policy 32:46-59. 2011
    ..8). Policymakers should evaluate how non-smokers could actively support smoke-free laws through reporting of violations using media campaigns that inform them of their rights, and other measures...
  11. ncbi Traffic-law enforcement and risk of death from motor-vehicle crashes: case-crossover study
    Donald A Redelmeier
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, and Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences in Ontario, ON, Toronto, Canada
    Lancet 361:2177-82. 2003
    ..We tested whether traffic convictions, because of their direct effect on the recipient, might be associated with a reduced risk of fatal motor-vehicle crashes...
  12. pmc Community level alcohol availability and enforcement of possession laws as predictors of youth drinking
    Clyde W Dent
    Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Prev Med 40:355-62. 2005
    ..This study examines the relationship between use of these strategies and the frequency of youth alcohol use and related problems...
  13. ncbi Modeling drug detection and diagnosis with the 'drug evaluation and classification program'
    Edna Schechtman
    Industrial Engineering and Management, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Ben Gurion Blvd, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
    Accid Anal Prev 37:852-61. 2005
    ..Both the formal model and the officers were quite poor in identifying codeine impairment. In conclusion, the joint application of the DECP procedures with the formal model is useful for drug detection and identification...
  14. ncbi Drug identification performance on the basis of observable signs and symptoms
    David Shinar
    Industrial Engineering and Management, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Ben Gurion Blvd, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
    Accid Anal Prev 37:843-51. 2005
    ....
  15. ncbi Evaluation of the Drug Evaluation and Classification program: a critical review of the evidence
    Douglas J Beirness
    Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, 75 Albert Street, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Traffic Inj Prev 8:368-76. 2007
    ..A critical review of the existing evaluation studies on the Drug Evaluation and Classification (DEC) program was conducted to determine the validity and accuracy of the technique for identifying drivers under the influence of drugs...
  16. ncbi Hunting, law enforcement, and African primate conservation
    Paul K N'Goran
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Conserv Biol 26:565-71. 2012
    ..Monitoring can also be used to inform law enforcement and managers of where hunting is concentrated...
  17. ncbi Retail price as an outcome measure for the effectiveness of drug law enforcement
    David A Bright
    Drug Policy Modelling Program, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, UNSW Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Int J Drug Policy 21:359-63. 2010
    One outcome measure of law enforcement effectiveness is the reduction in drug consumption which occurs as a result of law enforcement interventions...
  18. ncbi Cardiovascular disease and risk factors in law enforcement personnel: a comprehensive review
    Franklin H Zimmerman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Phelps Memorial Hospital Center, Sleepy Hollow, NY, USA
    Cardiol Rev 20:159-66. 2012
    b>Law enforcement is a high-stress occupation that is prone to increasing the prevalence and incidence of cardiovascular disease...
  19. pmc Impact of supply-side policies for control of illicit drugs in the face of the AIDS and overdose epidemics: investigation of a massive heroin seizure
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 168:165-9. 2003
    ..An ongoing prospective cohort study of injection drug users afforded an opportunity to evaluate the impact of this seizure...
  20. ncbi Cardiovascular evaluation of electronic control device exposure in law enforcement trainees: a multisite study
    Kirsten M VanMeenen
    Stress and Motivated Behavior Institute, Department of Neurology and Neurosciences, University of Medicine and Dentistry, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07101 1709, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 52:197-201. 2010
    Occupational health risk with regard to training exercises is a relatively under studied domain for law enforcement officers. One potential health risk is exposure to electronic control devices (ECDs).
  21. ncbi Improving effectiveness of protection efforts in tiger source sites: Developing a framework for law enforcement monitoring using MIST
    Emma J Stokes
    Wildlife Conservation Society, Global Conservation Program, Bronx, New York 10460, USA
    Integr Zool 5:363-77. 2010
    ..Improving the capacity and effectiveness of law enforcement in reducing poaching of tigers is an immediate priority to secure remaining wild populations in source sites...
  22. pmc The utility of keg registration laws: a cross-sectional study
    Chris L Ringwalt
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1516 E Franklin St, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Adolesc Health 48:106-8. 2011
    ..We examined the association between the strength and comprehensiveness of these policies and measures of beer consumption in the general population and adolescent binge drinking, as well as drinking and driving...
  23. ncbi Traffic law enforcement in Hyderabad, India
    Rakhi Dandona
    Health Studies Area, Centre for Human Development, Administrative Staff College of India, Raj Bhavan Road, Hyderabad 500 082, India
    Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 12:167-76. 2005
    The aim of the study was to understand traffic law enforcement (TLE) carried out by the police to reduce non-compliance with traffic laws on the roads of Hyderabad city in India for 2001-2003...
  24. ncbi Risky behavior of drivers of motorized two wheeled vehicles in India
    Rakhi Dandona
    Health Studies Area, Centre for Human Development, Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, India
    J Safety Res 37:149-58. 2006
    ..We report on the availability of drivers licenses, use of a helmet, driver behavior, and condition of vehicles for MTV drivers in Hyderabad, a city in India..
  25. ncbi Injury pattern of the Flash-Ball, a less-lethal weapon used for law enforcement: report of two cases and review of the literature
    Peter Wahl
    Centre for Emergency Medicine, University of Lausanne Medical Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Emerg Med 31:325-30. 2006
    Less-lethal weapons are used in law enforcement to neutralize combative individuals and to disperse riot crowds. Local police recently used such an impact weapon, the Flash-Ball, in two different situations...
  26. pmc The federal initiative to halt the sale of tobacco to children--the Synar Amendment, 1992-2000: lessons learned
    J R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Tob Control 14:93-8. 2005
    ..The Synar Amendment was enacted by the US Congress in 1992 to require states and territories to establish and enforce laws prohibiting the sale of tobacco to minors...
  27. pmc Effects of an intensive street-level police intervention on syringe exchange program use in Philadelphia, PA
    Corey S Davis
    BS, University of Pennsylvania, Center for the Study of Addiction, HIV AIDS Prevention Research Division, 3535 Market Street, Suite 4058, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3309, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:233-6. 2005
    ..Declines in use among Black and male participants were much more pronounced than decreases among White and female participants...
  28. pmc Strengthening communities' youth access policies may facilitate clean indoor air action
    Leonard A Jason
    Prev Chronic Dis 4:A113. 2007
  29. pmc A randomized trial evaluating tobacco possession-use-purchase laws in the USA
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, Center for Community Research, Chicago, IL 60614, United States
    Soc Sci Med 67:1700-7. 2008
    ..The implications of these findings are discussed...
  30. ncbi Youth caught in violation of tobacco purchase, use, and possession laws: education versus fines
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, Chicago, USA
    Behav Modif 31:713-31. 2007
    ....
  31. pmc Syringe possession arrests are associated with receptive syringe sharing in two Mexico-US border cities
    Robin A Pollini
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
    Addiction 103:101-8. 2008
    ..To identify factors associated with receptive syringe sharing among injection drug users (IDUs) and elucidate the association between syringe possession arrests and syringe sharing...
  32. ncbi To serve and protect? Toward a better relationship between drug control policy and public health
    Scott Burris
    AIDS 20:117-8. 2006
  33. ncbi Enforcing the minimum drinking age: state, local and agency characteristics associated with compliance checks and Cops in Shops programs
    Jacob M Montgomery
    Department of Political Science, Duke University, Durham, NC 27157, USA
    Addiction 101:223-31. 2006
    To identify state, local and organizational characteristics associated with local law enforcement agencies' implementation of two dramatically different approaches to enforcement of underage drinking laws: compliance checks and Cops in ..
  34. ncbi Smoking policy and prevalence in Greece: an overview
    Constantine I Vardavas
    Preventive Medicine and Nutrition Clinic, Department of Social Medicine Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Greece
    Eur J Public Health 17:211-3. 2007
    ..Therefore, the purpose of this study is to describe the extent of tobacco usage, the methods used to control tobacco consumption, and the main reasons of anti-tobacco legislation failure over the past decades in Greece...
  35. ncbi Prehospital chemical restraint of a noncommunicative autistic minor by law enforcement
    Jeffrey D Ho
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55415, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 16:407-11. 2012
    ..using chemical restraint in the prehospital setting are found in the medical literature, the use of this by law enforcement as a first-response restraint has not previously been described...
  36. ncbi Peer support in law enforcement: past, present, and future
    Richard L Levenson
    Int J Emerg Ment Health 5:147-52. 2003
    ..by interested licensed psychologists and social workers who often have minimal experience working with the law enforcement community...
  37. pmc Evidence-based policy on road safety: the effect of the demerit points system on seat belt use and health outcomes
    Francesco Zambon
    Medical Epidemiologist, Viale della Vittoria 83, Vittorio Veneto, Italy
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:877-81. 2007
    ..To assess the effect of a demerit points system, introduced in Italy in July 2003, on the prevalence of seat belt use (intermediate outcome) and the number of road traffic deaths and injuries (health outcomes)...
  38. pmc Geographic approaches to quantifying the risk environment: drug-related law enforcement and access to syringe exchange programmes
    Hannah L F Cooper
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, NE, Room 568, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 20:217-26. 2009
    ..methods to create neighbourhood-based measures of syringe exchange programmes (SEPs) or of drug-related law enforcement activities, despite the fact that these interventions are widely conceptualized as structural and spatial in ..
  39. ncbi Youth tobacco sales-to-minors and possession-use-purchase laws: a public health controversy
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Drug Educ 35:275-90. 2005
    ..This article reviews the ongoing debate behind these types of public health efforts, and examines the evidence of such programs to reduce youth tobacco use...
  40. ncbi Bans on smoking in public places: policy enforcement needed
    C I Vardavas
    Lancet 370:133-4. 2007
  41. ncbi Evaluating explanations of the Australian 'heroin shortage'
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW, Australia
    Addiction 100:459-69. 2005
    ..In this paper we outline and evaluate competing explanations for a heroin shortage that occurred in Australia during 2001 with an abrupt onset at the beginning of 2001...
  42. pmc Collaboration between public health and law enforcement: new paradigms and partnerships for bioterrorism planning and response
    Jay C Butler
    Centers for Desease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:1152-6. 2002
    ..anthracis sent through the mail during September and October 2001 led to unprecedented public health and law enforcement investigations, which involved thousands of investigators from federal, state, and local agencies...
  43. pmc Collaboration between public health and law enforcement: the constitutional challenge
    Edward P Richards
    Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 1000, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:1157-9. 2002
  44. ncbi The expanding use of DNA in law enforcement: what role for privacy?
    Mark A Rothstein
    University of Louisville School of Medicine, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 34:153-64. 2006
  45. ncbi Age differentials in the impacts of reduced heroin: effects of a "heroin shortage" in NSW, Australia
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 79:397-404. 2005
    ..This paper uses a unique event, the Australian heroin shortage, to see whether an abrupt, substantial and sustained change in heroin supply had different effects on harms related to heroin use among younger and older heroin users...
  46. ncbi The deterrent effect of increasing fixed penalties for traffic offences: the Norwegian experience
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    J Safety Res 38:689-95. 2007
    ..During the years 1995-2004, the rates for fixed penalties for traffic offences in Norway increased substantially. This paper evaluates the effects on compliance of these increases...
  47. ncbi National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) notes. Breath test refusals in DWI enforcement: an interim report
    Mary Pat McKay
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Center for Injury Prevention and Control, The George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 46:552-3; discussion 553-5. 2005
  48. ncbi It is speed that kills
    Ben Kelley
    Public Health Advocacy Institute, 102 The Fenway, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Public Health Policy 26:416-7. 2005
  49. ncbi Is seat belt usage by front seat passengers related to seat belt usage by their drivers?
    Shashi S Nambisan
    Center for Transportation Research and Education, Professor of Civil Engineering, Iowa State University, 2711 S Loop Drive, Suite 4700, Ames, IA, 50010 8664, USA
    J Safety Res 38:545-55. 2007
    ..These findings could help develop effective education and enforcement strategies to enhance occupant safety...
  50. pmc Horizons of context: understanding the police decision to arrest people with mental illness
    Melissa Schaefer Morabito
    Center for Mental Health Services and Criminal Justice Research, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 58:1582-7. 2007
    ..Implications of this framework are then explored with respect to both police and mental health service mandates...
  51. pmc Evaluation of the use and benefit of passive alcohol sensors during routine traffic stops
    J C Fell
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:437-48. 2007
    ..In summary, the PAS is probably best used at sobriety checkpoints rather than during routine stops...
  52. ncbi Connecticut statewide sTEP wave evaluation
    Lori L Geary
    Preusser Research Group, Inc, 7100 Main Street, Trumbull, CT 06611, United States
    J Safety Res 36:333-40. 2005
    ..Since 1997, the Connecticut DOT's Division of Highway Safety has organized a statewide seat belt enforcement program, with sTEP waves every three or four months. To date, 28 waves have been implemented...
  53. ncbi A dangerous business
    Karen Fuller
    The Wackenhut Corp, Special Police Division, Prisoner Transport Extradition Services, Raleigh, NC, USA
    Occup Health Saf 74:188, 190-1. 2005
  54. ncbi Recidivism study of New Mexico's convicted DWI offenders 2000-2003
    Judith S Harmon
    Epidemiology and Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health, P O Box 26110, Santa Fe, NM 87502, USA
    J Safety Res 36:495-6. 2005
  55. ncbi The negative Constitution: the duty to protect
    Lawrence O Gostin
    Research and Academic Programs, Georgetown University, USA
    Hastings Cent Rep 35:10-1. 2005
  56. ncbi Safety conscious planning in small and medium-sized MPOs and rural planning agencies: results of a domestic scan
    Susan B Herbel
    Cambridge Systematics, Inc, 343 Devon Place, Heathrow, FL 32746, USA
    J Safety Res 36:473-5. 2005
  57. ncbi Encouraging compliance with graduated driver licensing restrictions
    Arthur H Goodwin
    Highway Safety Research Center, University of North Carolina, 730 Martin Luther King, Jr Blvd, Campus Box 3430, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3430, USA
    J Safety Res 37:343-51. 2006
    ..Although graduated driver licensing (GDL) programs have reduced the high crash rates for 16-and 17-year-old drivers, research suggests that some teenagers fail to comply with restrictions on nighttime driving and carrying passengers...
  58. ncbi Using GIS for law enforcement
    Randy Smith
    Department of Computer Science, University of Alabama, P O Box 870290, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
    J Safety Res 36:477-9. 2005
  59. ncbi Impaired-driving recidivism among repeat offenders following an intensive court-based intervention
    Sandra C Lapham
    Behavioral Health Research Center of the Southwest, 612 Encino Place, NE, Albuquerque, NM 87102, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 38:162-9. 2006
    ..This paper describes and evaluates an innovative court-based intervention for repeat impaired-driving offenders, the driving under the influence (DUI) Intensive Supervision Program (DISP) developed in Multnomah County, Oregon...
  60. ncbi Domestic violence and firearms: reflections of a prosecutor
    Casey Gwinn
    San Diego District Attorney s Office, San Diego, CA, USA
    Eval Rev 30:237-44. 2006
  61. ncbi Are temporary restraining orders more likely to be issued when applications mention firearms?
    Katherine A Vittes
    School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Eval Rev 30:266-82. 2006
    ..However, the proportion of these individuals who report threatened or actual use of firearms against them is similar to that of other applicants. Federal and, when relevant, state law should be modified to include these persons...
  62. ncbi Multilevel modelling for the regional effect of enforcement on road accidents
    George Yannis
    National Technical University of Athens, School of Civil Engineering, Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering, 5 Iroon Polytechniou Str, GR 15773 Athens, Greece
    Accid Anal Prev 39:818-25. 2007
    ..Additionally, it is shown that these dependences are more efficiently interpreted when regions are determined on the basis of qualitative similarities than on the basis of geographical adjacency...
  63. ncbi Measuring the propensity to drink and drive
    Anthony M Bertelli
    Department of Public Administration, University of Georgia, USA
    Eval Rev 31:311-37. 2007
    ..The authors illustrate their measures in the aggregate and as they relate to law enforcement efforts in the American states.
  64. ncbi Implementation of Washington State's zero tolerance law: patterns of arrests, dispositions, and recidivism
    Anne T McCartt
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 8:339-45. 2007
    ..The present study examined effects of the ZT law on arrests and case dispositions among underage offenders as a function of blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and post-law patterns of recidivism...
  65. pmc Associations between sociodemographics and safety belt use in states with and without primary enforcement laws
    Laurie F Beck
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:1619-24. 2007
    ..secondary enforcement laws (police may issue a safety belt citation only if the vehicle has been stopped for another reason)...
  66. ncbi Impact of primary safety belt laws on alcohol-related front-seat occupant fatalities: five case studies
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705 3111, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 8:232-43. 2007
    ....
  67. ncbi The impact of later trading hours for hotels (public houses) on breath alcohol levels of apprehended impaired drivers
    Tanya Chikritzhs
    National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
    Addiction 102:1609-17. 2007
    ..To examine the impact of extended trading permits (ETPs) for licensed hotels in Perth, Western Australia on impaired driver breath alcohol levels (BALs) between July 1993 and June 1997...
  68. ncbi Randomized sanctions to reduce re-offense among repeat impaired-driving offenders
    Sandra C Lapham
    Behavioral Health Research Center of the Southwest, Albuquerque, NM 87102, USA
    Addiction 102:1618-25. 2007
    ....
  69. ncbi General deterrence effects of U.S. statutory DUI fine and jail penalties: long-term follow-up in 32 states
    Alexander C Wagenaar
    University of Florida, College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy Research and Institute for Child Health Policy, 1329 SW 16th St Rm 5130, Box 100177, Gainesville, FL 32610 0177, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 39:982-94. 2007
    ..We examined effects of state statutory changes in DUI fine or jail penalties for firsttime offenders from 1976 to 2002...
  70. pmc Safety belt use and the switch to primary enforcement, 1991-2003
    David J Houston
    Department of Political Science, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 0410, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1949-54. 2006
    ..Our results suggest that states with secondary enforcement laws could increase belt use by 10 percentage points and improve public safety considerably by upgrading to primary enforcement...
  71. ncbi Connecticut nighttime safety belt use
    Neil K Chaudhary
    Preusser Research Group, Inc, 7100 Main Street Trumbull, CT 06611, USA
    J Safety Res 37:353-8. 2006
    ..One possible contributing factor is that safety belt use at night, when crash rates are highest, is lower than during the day...
  72. ncbi Drink driving enforcement and publicity campaigns: are the policy recommendations sensitive to model specification?
    Richard Tay
    Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta, Canada T2N 1N4
    Accid Anal Prev 37:259-66. 2005
    ..In general, the results obtained were robust and showed that the campaigns were effective in reducing serious crashes during high alcohol hours...
  73. ncbi Separating batterers and guns: a review and analysis of gun removal laws in 50 States
    Shannon Frattaroli
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Eval Rev 30:296-312. 2006
    ..The authors examine relevant characteristics of the laws and recommend that these laws be mandatory, apply to all guns and ammunition possessed by an abuser, and include clear procedures to enhance implementation...
  74. ncbi Do laws restricting access to firearms by domestic violence offenders prevent intimate partner homicide?
    Elizabeth Richardson Vigdor
    Terry Sanford Institute for Public Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Eval Rev 30:313-46. 2006
    ..who are subject to a restraining order or have been convicted of a domestic violence misdemeanor or allow law enforcement officers to confiscate firearms at a domestic violence scene...
  75. ncbi Taking guns from batterers: public support and policy implications
    Susan B Sorenson
    School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Eval Rev 30:361-73. 2006
    ..In sum, there is substantial support, especially when a gun is displayed in a domestic violence incident, for policies requiring the removal of firearms from abusers...
  76. ncbi Police use of the taser with people with mental illness in crisis
    Mark R Munetz
    Summit County Alcohol, Drug Addiction and Mental Health Services Board, 100 West Cedar Street, Suite 300, Akron, Ohio 44307, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 57:883. 2006
  77. ncbi Court-mandated treatment for convicted drinking drivers
    Patricia L Dill
    Social Science Research Center, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi, USA
    Alcohol Res Health 29:41-8. 2006
    ..More research is needed into the changing DUI population, impaired driving and multidrug use, and new technologies for monitoring DUI offenders...
  78. pmc Legislative advocacy is key to addressing teen driving deaths
    J S Gillan
    Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety, 750 First Street, Northeast, Suite 901, Washington, DC 20002, USA
    Inj Prev 12:i44-8. 2006
    ....
  79. ncbi Validity of the passive alcohol sensor for estimating BACs in DWI-enforcement operations
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 125, Calverton, Maryland 20705 3102, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:714-21. 2006
    ....
  80. ncbi Do states upgrading to primary enforcement of safety belt laws experience increased daytime and nighttime belt use?
    Scott Vincent Masten
    University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, 730 Airport Road, Suite 300 Campus Box 3430, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3430, United States
    Accid Anal Prev 39:1131-9. 2007
    ..states and the District of Columbia have enacted primary enforcement of their safety belt laws, which allows law enforcement to stop motorists and cite them solely when they observe a vehicle occupant who is not wearing a safety belt...
  81. ncbi Epidemiology and consequences of drinking and driving
    Ralph Hingson
    Social and Behavioral Sciences Department, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Alcohol Res Health 27:63-78. 2003
    ..Despite overall marked reductions in alcohol-related traffic deaths since the early 1980s, there has been little reduction since the mid-1990s, and alcohol-related traffic deaths have increased slightly in the past 3 years...
  82. ncbi Raising the bar: can increased statutory penalties deter drink-drivers?
    Suzanne Briscoe
    NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, Sydney, Australia
    Accid Anal Prev 36:919-29. 2004
    ..The failure of this policy to have an impact on aggregate-level road accident rates is discussed...
  83. ncbi Tracking traffic citations through court adjudications to posting to public driver records
    Anne T McCartt
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:93-100. 2004
    ..Recordkeeping inefficiencies and errors were less important factors in this study...
  84. ncbi The life cycle of the policy for preventing road accidents: an empirical example of the policy for reducing drunk driving crashes in Taipei
    Hsin Li Chang
    Department of Transportation Technology and Management, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30050, Taiwan, R O C
    Accid Anal Prev 36:809-18. 2004
    ..The effects of safety policy should be carefully interpreted in order to avoid misleading the relevant authorities in coming to the wrong conclusions and as such make the wrong decisions...
  85. pmc Cochrane injuries group
    P I Chinnock
    Cochrane Injuries Group
    Inj Prev 10:333. 2004
  86. ncbi Traffic safety and the switch to a primary seat belt law: the California experience
    David J Houston
    Department of Political Science, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 37996 0410, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:743-51. 2002
    ..The results show that California experienced an improvement in traffic safety in terms of a significant reduction in injuries, but the change in enforcement provision had no statistically significant impact on fatalities...
  87. ncbi Emerging technological approaches for controlling the hard core DUI offender in the U.S
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:309-16. 2004
    ..Although those technologies offer considerable promise, they have not yet been evaluated in programs for impaired driving offenders. Eight issues related to the probability of rapid implementation of the new technologies are discussed...
  88. pmc Rearrest rates after incarceration for DWI: a comparative study in a southwestern US county
    Stephen J Kunitz
    Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1826-31. 2002
    ..This study was undertaken to assess a 28-day detention and treatment program's effect, in a multiethnic county with high rates of alcohol-related arrests and crashes, on first-time offenders sentenced for driving while impaired (DWI)...
  89. pmc The case for a 0.05% criminal law blood alcohol concentration limit for driving
    E Chamberlain
    Faculty of Law, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 3KZ
    Inj Prev 8:iii1-iii17. 2002
  90. pmc Land use planning and the control of alcohol, tobacco, firearms, and fast food restaurants
    Marice Ashe
    Technical Assistance Legal Center, Public Health Institute, 505 14th Street, Suite 810, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1404-8. 2003
    ..More research is needed to determine whether such regulations are successful in reducing the negative effects of other retail outlets on community health...
  91. ncbi The effectiveness of enforcement and publicity campaigns on serious crashes involving young male drivers: Are drink driving and speeding similar?
    Richard Tay
    AMA CTEP Chair, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta, Canada T2N 1N4
    Accid Anal Prev 37:922-9. 2005
    ..Conversely, the anti-speeding enforcement and publicity campaigns had no independent effect but their interactive effect was significant in reducing serious crashes involving young male drivers...
  92. pmc Promoting safe walking and cycling to improve public health: lessons from The Netherlands and Germany
    John Pucher
    Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University, 33 Livingston Avenue, Room 363, New Brunswick, NJ 08901 1900, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1509-16. 2003
    ..We examined the public health consequences of unsafe and inconvenient walking and bicycling conditions in American cities to suggest improvements based on successful policies in The Netherlands and Germany...
  93. ncbi Reliability of police-reported information for determining crash and injury severity
    Charles M Farmer
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:38-44. 2003
    ..Safety studies depending on data from only police reports to establish injury or crash severity therefore could produce erroneous results...
  94. ncbi Enhancing the effectiveness of graduated driver licensing legislation
    Robert Foss
    Highway Safety Research Center, University of North Carolina, 730 Airport Road, CB 3430, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3430, USA
    J Safety Res 34:79-84. 2003
    ..This article addresses how to achieve the maximum benefit from GDL by ensuring compliance with protective restrictions...
  95. ncbi Criminal undercover agents or "bad people" doing "good things"
    Menachem Amir
    Institute of Criminology, Hebrew University, Mt Scopus, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
    Subst Use Misuse 38:1425-31. 2003
    ..and intelligence have always been, and will remain, the most essential components of policing and indeed all law enforcement and security work, including the variety of drug control efforts...
  96. pmc A new traffic safety vision for the United States
    Leonard Evans
    Am J Public Health 93:1384-6. 2003
  97. ncbi Surveillance for violent deaths--National Violent Death Reporting System, 16 States, 2007
    Debra L Karch
    Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC, 4770 Buford Hwy, N E, MS F 64, Atlanta, GA, 30341 3724, USA
    MMWR Surveill Summ 59:1-50. 2010
    ..Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics...
  98. ncbi Surveillance for violent deaths--national violent death reporting system, 16 States, 2006
    Debra L Karch
    Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    MMWR Surveill Summ 58:1-44. 2009
    ..S. states for 2006. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics...
  99. ncbi The injury pattern of a new law enforcement weapon: the police bean bag
    D de Brito
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 38:383-90. 2001
    This case series describes the injury pattern of the police bean bag, a new weapon adopted by US law enforcement agencies.
  100. pmc Mass barium carbonate poisoning with fatal outcome, lessons learned: a case series
    Aniruddha Ghose
    Department of Medicine, Chittagong Medical College, 4000, Chittagong, Bangladesh
    Cases J 2:9327. 2009
    ..Here we report an incident of food poisoning in 27 law enforcement personnel with rapidly developing sequelae and a high mortality due to ingestion of Barium carbonate ..
  101. ncbi Analysis of active ricin and castor bean proteins in a ricin preparation, castor bean extract, and surface swabs from a public health investigation
    David M Schieltz
    Emergency Response and Air Toxicants Branch, Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Forensic Sci Int 209:70-9. 2011
    In late February 2008, law enforcement officials in Las Vegas, Nevada, discovered in a hotel room, a copy of The Anarchist Cookbook, suspected castor beans and a "white powder" thought to be a preparation of ricin...

Research Grants66

  1. Wearable Technology for Assessment of Personal Exposure to Volatile Organic Compo
    Stephen L Coy; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..detection of many types of explosives and of chemical warfare agents), medical uses (breath analysis), and law enforcement uses (narcotics)...
  2. More and Better Lungs: Ex-Vivo Perfusion of Lungs from Non-Heart-Beating Donors
    Thomas M Egan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Timely retrieval of lungs from NHBDs requires coordination of EMS, law enforcement, medical examiners, and OPO personnel. Through the Office of the N.C...
  3. Local health impacts of Prescription Monitoring Program use
    Traci C Green; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..regulations governing the use and access of the state PMPs, and b) PMP data on prescriber, pharmacist, and law enforcement use;2) Test the effects of PMP presence, local coverage (proportion of professionals registered for PMP use ..
  4. Feasibility of Pharmacy-Based HIV Interventions among IDUs: Ha Giang, Vietnam
    NANCY PIELEMEIER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..interviews and quantitative surveys, from pharmacists, the IDUs they serve, local public health and law enforcement officials enough to develop an intervention that can be tested in a variety of local contexts in U.S...
  5. The Logics for HIV Risk among Street-Based Heroin Injectors
    Philippe Bourgois; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..research in Philadelphia at open-air drug markets and shooting galleries, we will document patterns of: 1) law enforcement and criminal justice;2) poverty and income generating opportunities (including legal and illegal labor ..
  6. International Feasibility Study of Pharmacy-Based HIV Prevention: St.Petersburg
    Alla V Shaboltas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and Response (RPAR) projects to learn from pharmacists, the IDUs they serve, local public health and law enforcement officials enough to develop an intervention that will work in the local context...
  7. Unintentional Prescription Opioid Poisoning Deaths in Connecticut and Rhode Islan
    Traci C Green; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Importance: Beyond their law enforcement application, PMPs may have broader utility in reducing overdose deaths as a form of structural public health ..
  8. MI Youth Violence Prevention Center
    Marc A Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will collaborate with the local health department, health service providers, grass roots organizations, and law enforcement to implement a strategy that encompasses both universal and high risk populations...
  9. Impact of Drug Policy Reform on the HIV Risk Environment among IDUs in Tijuana
    Steffanie A Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..over incarceration;ii) incidence and experiences with voluntary and court-mandated drug treatment;5) Law enforcement practices and interactions with IDUs: i) rates of arrest and incarceration;ii) perceived reasons vs...
  10. Police/Fire/EMTs Get the SKOOP: Online Skills &Training On Overdose Prevention
    JANIE ELIZABETH SIMMONS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The Administration will seek to expand the number of physicians, nurses, emergency medical technicians, law enforcement professionals, and firefighters who are trained in how to recognize an overdose and who further know how to ..
  11. Detection of Ethanol and Interferents in Breath: Validation of a Novel Technology
    Timothy E Morey; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..not only 1) provide a superior dataset from ethanol PK/PD clinical studies, but also 2) improve testing in law enforcement and workplace settings by bringing the power of evidential ethanol breath analysis to point-of-use ..
  12. Deterring Drunk Driving: Beliefs, Preferences, Outcomes, and Welfare Implications
    Frank Sloan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This 4-year study examines decision making of drivers as it is affected by law enforcement, and insurers, and based on our empirical findings, evaluates specific policy interventions...
  13. Kinematic Modeling of Asymmetric Vocal Fold Vibration
    ROBIN AMY SAMLAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..leads to a breathy, weak voice, which is undesirable for people in many professions such as teaching, law enforcement, clergy, medicine, or the military...
  14. CIT &MH Service Access in Police Contacts: Impact on Outcomes of Persons w/SMI
    Amy C Watson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..as they relate to the widely implemented Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) model of collaboration between law enforcement and mental health...
  15. Project COPE
    GREGG ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Evidence from other disasters demonstrates that, if untreated, stress produces distributing outcomes in law enforcement officers including incidences of domestic violence, suicides and excessive use force...
  16. EMERGING ISSUES IN CRIMINAL FORENSIC GENETICS
    PAMELA L SANKAR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Law enforcement, not health care, is the driving force pushing forward interest in FDP...
  17. Make an IMPACT: A Culturally Sensitive Intimate Partner Violence Prevention Tool
    CARMELA GINA LOMONACO; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g. immigration status, mistrust of law enforcement or the medical system as a whole, poverty, and discrimination) instead of group-based (race/ethnicity) and ..
  18. Genetic, hormone, and family environmental influences on adolescent substance use
    Kristine Marceau; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..health and nationwide economic costs of dealing with substance use related injury, illness, death, crime, law enforcement, and lost productivity1...
  19. Feasibility of Pharmacy-Based HIV Interventions among IDUs: 2 New England Cities
    PATRICIA L CASE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and Response (RPAR) projects to learn from pharmacists, the IDUs they serve, local public health and law enforcement officials and assess feasibility of potential interventions...
  20. School Environment as a Mechanism to Reduce Youth Violence and Victimization
    NANCY NICOSIA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the analysis of surveillance data on youth violence and victimization outcomes collected by school districts, law enforcement, and public health departments, we can provide an epidemiological assessment of school effects on youth ..
  21. The Geography of Violence and alcohol in Boston
    Robert I Lipton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..could help better inform public health and policy decisions regarding alcohol outlet zoning, advertising and law enforcement. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The goal of this project is to determine how place-based environmental measures ..
  22. NYU World Trade Center Responder Health Consortium
    Denise Harrison; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION: This proposal is a collaboration between New York University and law enforcement organizations including the Fraternal Order of Police, the Metal Trades Department, and community organizations including the Latin American ..
  23. Modeling Officer-Level Effects of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Training
    Michael T Compton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..set the stage for research that could have major implications for people with SMI who often interact with law enforcement/criminal justice systems...
  24. COPing with Shift Work
    Rebekah K Hersch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Law enforcement officers frequently suffer from excessive fatigue, sleep disturbances, and other health problems associated with shift work and long working hours...
  25. Mental Health Outcomes in Abused Women
    LINDA L TOCHE MANLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..multiple social institutions and agencies that must grapple with its effects: Child Welfare, Mental Health, Law Enforcement, and Domestic Violence...
  26. 2013 NIAAA Training Directors Meeting and Trainee Workshop
    Edward P Riley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with 72% of the total cost resulting from losses in workplace productivity;11% health care expenses;9% law enforcement and other criminal justice expenses and 6% motor vehicle crash costs from impaired driving...
  27. Understanding the Scope and Magnitude of Prescription Drug Diversion
    Steven P Kurtz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..South Florida from three vantage points: 1) prescription drug abusers, 2) prescription drug dealers, and 3) law enforcement. The sampling plan is designed to maximize the diversity of the sample and collect data on the fullest ..
  28. Prospective Study of Traumatic Stress in Police Officers
    Charles R Marmar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..largest and most comprehensive prospective study of risk and resilience factors for posttraumatic stress in law enforcement. We have recruited and comprehensively assessed 400 academy recruits...
  29. GEMS: Geographic Enforcement Management Service for Liquor Control/Public Safety
    JOSEPH KABEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..data from local police departments, b) conducting short-term evaluation of GEMS impact on state and local law enforcement practices and outcomes, c) creating templates for monitoring long-term impacts in public safety, and d) ..
  30. Risk assessment training for methamphetamine lab responders
    WILLIAM D AGGEN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..For first responders such as emergency medical technicians, HAZMAT workers, law enforcement, firefighters, or others who may encounter clandestine meth labs, SimQuest proposes to develop a training ..
  31. Hazardous Material Worker Health and Safety Training (U45), Cooperative Agreement
    KELLEY LYNNE DAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Center is working with maritime industry and law enforcement representatives in Florida, Louisiana, Texas, South Carolina, and Virginia to better prepare workers for ..
  32. Internet Monitoring Of Prescription Drug Abuse
    Stephen F Butler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Public health relevance of PRISM includes providing reliable and timely data to allow health, law enforcement, industry, and community leaders take steps to limit potential damage associated with an outbreak of ..
  33. Gangs, Gender and Drug Sales: A Qualitative Study
    GEOFFREY P HUNT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in the context of drug sales;3) It will provide important information for prevention practitioners and law enforcement officials for designing alternatives to drug sales through legitimate employment opportunities, and to ..
  34. Feasibility of Pharmacy-Based HIV Interventions among IDUs: India
    Carl A Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Rapid Policy Assessment and Response methods to learn from pharmacists, IDUs, and local public health and law enforcement officials to develop an intervention...
  35. Adherence Monitoring for Substance Abuse Clinical Trials
    Odile H Clavier; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..victims, and car crashes caused y drivers under the influence of illicit drugs, and it weighs heavily on the law enforcement agencies and justice system...
  36. Remote Blood Alcohol Analyzer
    KANG BIN CHUA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed ReBAA innovatively combines proven IRSBA (used in law enforcement) with fiber optic technology to transmit IR to and from the MR environment...
  37. International Feasibility Study of Pharmacy-based HIV Prevention: San Francisco
    Alexander H Kral; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..syringe customers, including pharmacists'attitudes, IDUs'concerns, and possible interference from law enforcement and policy makers. Aim 3. Identify potential local sites (i.e...
  38. Police Resiliency Maintenance Program: POPPA's 9/11 WTC Disaster Response
    WILLIAM W GENET; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..9/11 Disaster Response is designed to introduce resilience as a highly valued asset within the New York City law enforcement community and to develop a standard operating model for building the resilience of emergency workers...
  39. From Nanoparticles to Novel Protective Garments
    Shyamala Rajagopalan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..breathable, lightweight and disposable chemical protective clothing for use by personnel associated with law enforcement agencies, emergency medical services, medical/triage facilities, and other federal, state, or local emergency ..
  40. Impact of Drug Policy Reform on the HIV Risk Environment among IDUs in Tijuana
    Steffanie A Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..over incarceration;ii) incidence and experiences with voluntary and court-mandated drug treatment;5) Law enforcement practices and interactions with IDUs: i) rates of arrest and incarceration;ii) perceived reasons vs...
  41. Preventing Underage Drinking by Southwest California Indians
    Roland S Moore; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..underage drinking and driving through highly publicized low-manpower checkpoints by tribal, local, and state law enforcement. To mobilize the community, these programs will be supported by Indian Health Council doctors and tribal ..
  42. Hazardous Material Worker Health and Safety Training (U45), Cooperative Agreement
    KENNETH OLDFIELD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S., a population of 171,390 fire and rescue service and law enforcement personnel...
  43. Child Pedestrian Injuries and Built Urban Environment: Evaluation of a Safe Route
    Charles DiMaggio; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The study will be based on the secondary analyses of administrative law enforcement and health data sets using time series methods, Poisson regression and Bayesian hierarchical spatial modeling...
  44. Effect of decals on teen compliance with and enforcement of driving restrictions
    Allison Elizabeth Curry; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..been limited by challenges with: (1) teen drivers'willingness to comply with GDL restrictions and (2) law enforcement's ability to enforce these restrictions, given there is no obvious way to identify a probationary driver&..
  45. Mitigating Maritime Chemical Incidents Through Mobile Learning
    CHRISTOPHER T HELD; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..a maritime workers including;dock workers, stevedores, laborers, longshoremen, dock and ship supervisors, and law enforcement personnel associated with the maritime industry...
  46. RESEARCHING THE SOCIAL DYNAMICS OF A LOCAL METHAMPHETAMINE MARKET
    LEE DAVID HOFFER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the market roles of producers, consumers, and distributors is critical for prevention, treatment and law enforcement. However, drug markets are dynamic;they continuously adapt to internal and external forces...
  47. Support Person Use and Child Witness Stress, Accuracy, and Perceived Credibility
    BRADLEY MCAULIFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Older children may benefit more from support person use than younger children. Implications for law enforcement and legal professionals who work with children will be discussed...
  48. The Sexual Abuse of Vulnerable Adults in Institutions
    Pamela Teaster; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It will lay the foundation, for APS, law enforcement, health-related regulatory agencies, and the medical community for establishing investigator protocols and ..
  49. MASSACHUSETTS 1987 SAFE ROADS ACT/TRAFFIC SAFETY PROGRAM
    Ralph Hingson; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..seat belt use 5) server education programs and 6) community task forces comprised of government officials, law enforcement officers, educators, media, civic groups and local business to coordinate and sustain programs after grant ..
  50. Use of Prescription Monitoring Programs to Improve Patient Care and Outcomes
    Richard A Deyo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Most states'PMPs focus on law enforcement, with the aim of identifying "doctor shoppers" and regulating inappropriate or illegal prescribing...
  51. SHIELD: Safety &Health Improvement: Enhancing Law Enforcement Departments
    Kerry S Kuehl; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Law enforcement and public safety personnel are a high-risk group for occupational injuries and illnesses, including heightened risks for musculoskeletal injuries, fatigue/stress-related disorders, ..
  52. Intimate Partner Violence Among Low-Income Pregnant Women: Multilevel Analysis
    Qing Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..of professionals from clinical services, psychology, public health, criminal justice, sociology and law enforcement agencies as community partners in the long term research agenda focused on the prevention of IPV in Birmingham...
  53. Responsible Retailing Program for Alcohol Retailers
    Brad Krevor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Half the focus groups will be in environments where the frequency of law enforcement inspections is high and half in environments where the frequency of law enforcement inspections is low or ..
  54. Evaluating Community Driven Strategies to Prevent Underage Drinking Parties
    Mark Wolfson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will assess the implementation of strategies, impact on law enforcement focus on underage drinking parties, community norms regarding these parties, and awareness of potential hosts ..
  55. Intimate Partner Violence in Rural Aging Women: Promoting Community Knowledge
    KAREN ROBERTO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., service professionals, healthcare providers, law enforcement, clergy) about IPV of aging women as well acquiring input from the women themselves;and developing a ..
  56. Changes in Homicide and Drug Overdose in New York City
    Kenneth Tardiff; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..homicide ad changed drug-dealing? Has individual use of certain illicit drugs increased the risk for homicide and fatal drug overdose? We intend our findings to be helpful to public health and law enforcement practice.
  57. Tufts Health Care Institute Opioid Risk Management Program Summit Series
    NATHANIEL PAUL KATZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..regulatory agencies, academia, health care delivery organizations, health plans, pharmaceutical companies and law enforcement. Total conference attendance to date is [583]...
  58. Spatial and Temporal Effects of Alcohol Compliance Checks
    Darin Erickson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to examine the effectiveness of two interventions targeting alcohol establishments-owner/manager training and law enforcement compliance checks-to reduce the propensity to sell alcohol to underage youth...
  59. An Ethnographic and Economic Investigation of the Fresh Start Program (Detroit)
    JULIETTE KATHRYN RODDY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a substance abuse intervention program for female street sex workers who have come into repeated contact with law enforcement. Fresh Start is a coercive recovery-based program that serves as a direct contrast to voluntary, traditional, ..
  60. Nanoparticles for Filtration of TICs
    SLAWOMIR WINECKI; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The potential beneficiaries include: rescue and medical workers, building or vehicle occupants, law enforcement and military personnel, as well as the general public...
  61. Structural Barriers to HIV Prevention and Treatment with IDUs in Ukraine
    Robert Booth; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..5% of the adult population. Our work there has led us to believe that law enforcement, health and governmental entities in Ukraine contribute to the risk environment IDUs face on a daily basis...
  62. Homicide During Robbery: A Case-Control Study
    Stephen Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A neighborhood will be defined either as a single law enforcement tract (a police "beat"), or as an aggregation of law enforcement tracts...
  63. Development of a device for rapid detection of anthrax
    David Dean; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., fire fighters, law enforcement) or state and federal government personnel for rapid on-site detection of anthrax in environmental samples, ..
  64. Food Protection Task Force Regulatory Update and Education
    STEVEN MANDERNACH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of food banks and shelters;additional representatives of manufacturing and processing;representatives of law enforcement;and individuals in the food industry from diverse ethnic backgrounds...
  65. Trends in Club Drug Use
    Christopher Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These factors have caused alarm among many in the public health, law enforcement, and policy-making communities...
  66. Rapid Assessment of Drug Law & Policy in the FSU & CEE
    Zita Lazzarini; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The specific aims of the project are: 1) to use the RPAR to document laws and law enforcement practices in the three countries; 2) to build the capacity of local lawyers, social science researchers and ..