living wills

Summary

Summary: Written, witnessed declarations in which persons request that if they become disabled beyond reasonable expectation of recovery, they be allowed to die rather than be kept alive by extraordinary means. (Bioethics Thesaurus)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The law and practice associated with advance directives in Canada and Australia: similarities, differences and debates
    Margaret Brown
    Hawke Institute, University of South Australia, Magill, SA 5072, Australia
    J Law Med 11:59-76. 2003
  2. ncbi Discussing living wills. A qualitative study of a German sample of neurologists and ALS patients
    Nicole Burchardi
    Institute for History of Medicine and Medical Ethics, Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen Nuremberg, Glueckstrasse 10, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
    J Neurol Sci 237:67-74. 2005
  3. doi TRIAD III: nationwide assessment of living wills and do not resuscitate orders
    Ferdinando L Mirarchi
    University of Pittsburgh Medical Center UPMC Hamot, Erie, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Emerg Med 42:511-20. 2012
  4. ncbi [Knowledge and attitudes of the population about the living wills]
    Esther Angel-López-Rey
    Enfermería, Centro de Salud Madridejos, Madridejos, Toledo, Espana
    Enferm Clin 18:115-9. 2008
  5. ncbi Living wills and the Mental Capacity Act: a postal questionnaire survey of UK geriatricians
    Rebekah Schiff
    Department of Ageing and Health, 9th Floor North Wing, St Thomas Hospital, London SE1 7EH, UK
    Age Ageing 35:116-21. 2006
  6. ncbi [Patient living wills in Germany: conditions for their increase and reasons for refusal]
    F R Lang
    Institut für Psychogerontologie, Universitat Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 132:2558-62. 2007
  7. ncbi Advance directives and living wills
    Laura Palazzani
    Libera Università Maria SS Assunta LUMSA, Rome, Italy
    NeuroRehabilitation 19:305-13. 2004
  8. ncbi Patient, physician, and family member understanding of living wills
    Anupama Upadya
    Pulmonary and Critical Care, Bridgeport Hospital, Bridgeport, Connecticut 06610, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 166:1430-5. 2002
  9. ncbi In defense of living wills
    Alan F Carpenter
    Hastings Cent Rep 34:5; author reply 5-6. 2004
  10. ncbi Basics of elder law and legal liabilities of negligence and malpractice for physicians as they apply to individuals with disabilities
    David Ullman
    New York State Bar Association, Section on Trustees and Estates, 1 Elk Street, Albany, NY 12207, USA
    Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 16:307-16, xi. 2005

Research Grants

  1. ENHANCING DONOR REGISTRY TO INCREASE DONATION
    Daniel Frey; Fiscal Year: 2002
  2. The Quality of Life of Nursing Home Residents
    Howard Degenholtz; Fiscal Year: 2006
  3. Treatment goals at the end of life
    Terri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2006
  4. Expanding Treatment Options for Older Persons
    Terri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. Treatment goals at the end of life
    Terri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2004
  6. Treatment goals at the end of life
    Terri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. Understanding and Implementing End of Life Preferences
    ELIZABETH VIG; Fiscal Year: 2006
  8. SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXTS OF ADAPTATION
    PETER DITTO; Fiscal Year: 2006
  9. Patient and family participation in hospice team meeting
    Debra Parker Oliver; Fiscal Year: 2007
  10. Ethical Challenges in Cancer Clinical Research
    Steven Joffe; Fiscal Year: 2006

Detail Information

Publications160 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The law and practice associated with advance directives in Canada and Australia: similarities, differences and debates
    Margaret Brown
    Hawke Institute, University of South Australia, Magill, SA 5072, Australia
    J Law Med 11:59-76. 2003
    ..The "conversation" about future decisions emerged as an important theme, together with an emphasis on the process of "advance care planning" replacing the focus on advance directive forms...
  2. ncbi Discussing living wills. A qualitative study of a German sample of neurologists and ALS patients
    Nicole Burchardi
    Institute for History of Medicine and Medical Ethics, Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen Nuremberg, Glueckstrasse 10, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
    J Neurol Sci 237:67-74. 2005
    ..Our aim was to explore how discussions about living wills are undertaken. Data analysis followed grounded theory techniques...
  3. doi TRIAD III: nationwide assessment of living wills and do not resuscitate orders
    Ferdinando L Mirarchi
    University of Pittsburgh Medical Center UPMC Hamot, Erie, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Emerg Med 42:511-20. 2012
    Concern exists that living wills are misinterpreted and may result in compromised patient safety.
  4. ncbi [Knowledge and attitudes of the population about the living wills]
    Esther Angel-López-Rey
    Enfermería, Centro de Salud Madridejos, Madridejos, Toledo, Espana
    Enferm Clin 18:115-9. 2008
    To evaluate knowledge of living wills and attitudes to these documents in the populations of two basic health areas in Toledo (Spain).
  5. ncbi Living wills and the Mental Capacity Act: a postal questionnaire survey of UK geriatricians
    Rebekah Schiff
    Department of Ageing and Health, 9th Floor North Wing, St Thomas Hospital, London SE1 7EH, UK
    Age Ageing 35:116-21. 2006
    To determine geriatricians' experience of and views on living wills, National Health Service Trusts' support of advance end-of-life health care planning and geriatricians' views on related legal changes in the Mental Capacity Act.
  6. ncbi [Patient living wills in Germany: conditions for their increase and reasons for refusal]
    F R Lang
    Institut für Psychogerontologie, Universitat Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 132:2558-62. 2007
    ..It is unclear, which pre-clinical conditions endorse the distribution of living wills. We were interested in which social contexts contribute to refusal of depositing a living will.
  7. ncbi Advance directives and living wills
    Laura Palazzani
    Libera Università Maria SS Assunta LUMSA, Rome, Italy
    NeuroRehabilitation 19:305-13. 2004
    The article focuses on the philosophical, ethical and juridical problems concerning Advance directives and Living Wills (underlining analogies and differences)...
  8. ncbi Patient, physician, and family member understanding of living wills
    Anupama Upadya
    Pulmonary and Critical Care, Bridgeport Hospital, Bridgeport, Connecticut 06610, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 166:1430-5. 2002
    This study examines understanding of living wills by patients, family members, and physicians...
  9. ncbi In defense of living wills
    Alan F Carpenter
    Hastings Cent Rep 34:5; author reply 5-6. 2004
  10. ncbi Basics of elder law and legal liabilities of negligence and malpractice for physicians as they apply to individuals with disabilities
    David Ullman
    New York State Bar Association, Section on Trustees and Estates, 1 Elk Street, Albany, NY 12207, USA
    Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 16:307-16, xi. 2005
    ..It concludes with a general discussion of the legal liabilities of negligence and malpractice...
  11. ncbi "One voice, one vision," can we rise to the challenge? South Carolina nurses survey
    Karen M Brown
    S C Nurse 11:18-9. 2004
  12. ncbi When written advance directives are not enough
    Kristi L Kirschner
    Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 345 East Superior, Suite 1122, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Clin Geriatr Med 21:193-209, x. 2005
    ..Advance directives are often thought of as static, binding documents. Recommendations will be offered on how to use these documents as tools to facilitate patient-centered, dynamic decisions...
  13. ncbi [At great distance so near]
    Katrin Balzer
    Pflege Z 57:831. 2004
  14. ncbi Advance care planning documents in nursing facilities: results from a nationally representative survey
    Aram Dobalian
    VA GLA HSR and D Center of Excellence for the Study of Healthcare Provider Behavior, Sepulveda Ambulatory Care Center and Nursing Home, 16111 Plummer St 152, Bldg 25, Rm B110, Sepulveda, CA 91343, USA
    Arch Gerontol Geriatr 43:193-212. 2006
    ..with documented do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders, feeding/medication/other treatment (FMT) restrictions, and living wills among nursing facility residents...
  15. ncbi [Basic principals of terminal care by the physician. Revision by the Federal Physicians Office]
    Werner Schell
    Kinderkrankenschwester 23:282-4. 2004
  16. ncbi [Advance directives in Europe]
    Heinz Barta
    Institut für Zivilrecht, Universitat Innsbruck, Osterreich
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 116:442-57. 2004
    ..Since there is no doubt that advance directives in some form will become legal instruments in the EU countries, it is useful to examine how these have worked out so far in some European countries...
  17. ncbi [Patient self-determination--reflections on critical and responsible management]
    Ulrich Eibach
    Evangelisch Theologische Fakultät, Klinikseelsorge am Universitätsklinikum Bonn, Sigmund Freud Str 25, D 53105 Bonn
    Pflege 16:289-96. 2003
    The assumption on which this article is based is that Living Wills represent possible protection against medical and nursing treatments which are detrimental to one's own well-being in the phases of life in which one is no longer or only ..
  18. ncbi Doctors can kill--active euthanasia in South Africa
    Hennie Oosthuizen
    Department of Criminal and Medical Law, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
    Med Law 22:551-60. 2003
    ..A medical practitioner may also give effect to a patient's living will in which the patient has requested the cessation of treatment. The Act also provides for the options of active voluntary euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide...
  19. ncbi Talking to patients about end-of-life care
    R Whisnant
    Minn Med 87:8. 2004
  20. ncbi Advance orders to limit therapy in 67 long-term care facilities in Finland
    Marja Liisa Laakkonen
    Helsinki City Hospital Koskela, P O Box 6410, FIN 00099 Helsinki, Finland
    Resuscitation 61:333-9. 2004
    ..To assess the documentation of a do-not-attempt-resuscitation (DNAR) or do-not-hospitalize (DNH) orders in the medical record and to determine factors related to these orders...
  21. ncbi [Medical advance directives as instruments of patient self-determination]
    A Simon
    Akademie für Ethik in der Medizin e V, Gottingen
    Hautarzt 55:721-6. 2004
    ..Finally, practical recommendations on how to deal with medical advance directives are given...
  22. pmc End of life decisions: attitudes of Finnish physicians
    H M Hilden
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Pajalahdentie 9B23, 00200 Helsinki, Finland
    J Med Ethics 30:362-5. 2004
    This study investigated Finnish physicians' experiences of decisions concerning living wills and do not resuscitate (DNR) orders and also their views on the role of patients and family members in these decisions.
  23. ncbi Advance directives. Good, bad or indifferent
    Erich H Loewy
    Department of Philosophy, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 116:411-6. 2004
    ..The last 20 or more years that they have been utilized in the US may provide experience important for the time when the EU also makes such documents legally binding...
  24. ncbi Current legal status of advance directives in the United States
    Ben A Rich
    University of California, Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 116:420-6. 2004
    ..In order for that potential to be realized, primary care physicians must embrace advance care planning as a part of their professional responsibility to patients...
  25. ncbi Advance directives in oncology: are they useful?
    Tim Grennan
    Kaiser Permanente, Sacramento, California 95825, USA
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 116:431-3. 2004
    This paper discusses advance directives from the point of view of advanced directives: living wills, enduring power of attorney and combined instruments...
  26. ncbi Advance directives: getting patients to complete them before they need them
    Michael J Demoratz
    Raesoft Technologies, Orange, CA, USA
    Case Manager 16:61-3. 2005
    ..Yet many of our patients continue to cede responsibility to physicians and other health care providers by not completing the documents required to express their desires...
  27. ncbi Living wills and advance directives in South African Law
    Andrew Skeen
    University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Med Law 23:937-43. 2004
    The legal status of living wills and advance directives in South African Law will be considered...
  28. ncbi Advance directives and the concept of competence: are they a moral barrier to resuscitation?
    L T Niebrój
    Department of Philosophy and Pedagogy, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
    J Physiol Pharmacol 58:477-84. 2007
    ..This paper attempts to answer to the question of whether the advance directives fulfill (and if so, on what basis) the standards established by the concept of competence...
  29. ncbi [We don't need a terminal care law!]
    Ulrich Rendenbach
    MMW Fortschr Med 149:11. 2007
  30. ncbi Consent and capacity: other aspects of the Mental Capacity Act
    Suzanne Fullbrook
    Faculty of Health, London South Bank University
    Br J Nurs 16:538-9. 2007
    ..on elements of the Mental Capacity Act that may be glossed over when people are concentrating on the issue of living wills (advanced directives)...
  31. ncbi [Last will and testament: decision-making at the end of one's life]
    J C Martínez Ortega
    E U E de la Comunidad de Madrid
    Rev Enferm 30:32-9. 2007
    ..The objective of this article is to publicize the current legal regulations related to last wills and testaments or last wishes by means of a critical review of the existing legislation...
  32. ncbi [Do-not-resuscitate orders--ethical and legal considerations]
    Nicola Hvidt Ballin
    Hvidovre Hospital, Gastroenheden, Medicinsk Sektion
    Ugeskr Laeger 169:1201-4. 2007
    ..Patients with do-not-resuscitate orders may be subject to other therapeutic reductions. In conclusion, patient autonomy should also be respected in the case of do-not-resuscitate orders...
  33. ncbi Managing transient ischemic attack: Including discussions on end-of-life care
    Daniel H J Davis
    Ann Neurol 60:747. 2006
  34. ncbi Mental capacity requirements and a patient's right to die
    Bridgit Dimond
    University of Glamorgan
    Br J Nurs 15:1130-1. 2006
    ..It also considers the implications of the failure of the Assisted Suicide Bill to be passed into law...
  35. ncbi Attitudes toward life-sustaining interventions among ambulatory black and white patients
    William Bayer
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA
    Ethn Dis 16:914-9. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate racial differences in preference for life-sustaining interventions in the context of various physical and mental health scenarios...
  36. ncbi [Advance refusal of treatment in case of loss of autonomy due to persistent brain disease]
    H Lauter
    Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Technische Universitat Munchen, Ismaninger Strasse 22, 81675, Munchen, Germany
    Nervenarzt 77:1031-2, 1034-6, 1038-9. 2006
    ..is given of the current debate on ethics and legal clarification of the range and binding force of so-called living wills demanding interruption of treatment in case of loss of autonomy due to persistent or progressive brain disease...
  37. ncbi The use of advance care planning to guide decisions about artificial nutrition and hydration
    Muriel R Gillick
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School Harvard Pilgrim, 133 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Nutr Clin Pract 21:126-33. 2006
    ....
  38. ncbi Frequency and determinants of advance directives concerning end-of-life care in The Netherlands
    Mette L Rurup
    VU University Medical Center, Department of Public and Occupational Health, Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 62:1552-63. 2006
    ..age, gender), enabling factors (e.g. education) and need factors (e.g. health-related factors). We found that living wills had been formulated by 3% of younger people, 10% of older people, and 23% of the relatives of a person who died ..
  39. ncbi A legal explanation of the advanced medical directive and Maryland living will
    G Ann Jakabcin
    Stein, Sperling, Bennett, De Jong, Driscoll and Greenfeig, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA
    Md Med 6:33-43. 2005
  40. ncbi Hard cases and the politics of righteousness
    Carl E Schneider
    University of Michigan, USA
    Hastings Cent Rep 35:24-7. 2005
  41. doi [Medical end-of-life decisions and assisted suicide]
    Georg Bosshard
    Institut für Rechtsmedizin der Universität Zürich
    Ther Umsch 65:413-6. 2008
    ..However, for doctors participating in assisted suicide, specific requirements of medical due care have to be met. What this means in the context of assisted suicide has recently been elaborated by the Swiss Federal Court of Justice...
  42. ncbi Hypothetical autonomy and actual autonomy: some problem cases involving advance directives
    Michael J Wreen
    School of Philosophy, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Michigan, USA
    J Clin Ethics 15:319-33. 2004
  43. ncbi Understanding the legal implications of living wills
    Fiona Haas
    Respiratory Centre, St Richard s Hospital, Chichester
    Nurs Times 101:34-7. 2005
    This article explains the legality of living wills and clarifies the conditions that make an advance statement valid. The practical application of a living will is explored using examples illustrating the necessary considerations...
  44. ncbi [Advance directives, powers of attorney and end-of-life decisions]
    R J Jox
    Interdisziplinäres Zentrum für Palliativmedizin der Universität München
    MMW Fortschr Med 150:33-4, 36. 2008
  45. ncbi Persistence of racial disparities in advance care plan documents among nursing home residents
    Howard B Degenholtz
    Department of Health Services Administration, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 50:378-81. 2002
    This paper analyzes the association between race and the presence of advance care plan documents (living wills, do not resuscitate (DNR) orders, and do not hospitalize (DNH) orders) in nursing home residents...
  46. pmc Clinical issues on consent: some philosophical concerns
    R Worthington
    J Med Ethics 28:377-80. 2002
    ..This is fundamentally a matter of rights, and requires further investigation and appropriate legal remedies in order to respond to ethical deficiencies in English law as it now stands...
  47. ncbi Proper planning for end-of-life medical care; confronting the near irrelevance of currently used living wills
    Lofty L Basta
    University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
    Am J Geriatr Cardiol 12:110-2. 2003
  48. ncbi The ethics of advance directives: a rehabilitation perspective
    Joel Stein
    Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 82:152-7. 2003
    Advance directives, including living wills and durable healthcare powers of attorney, have achieved broad acceptance by the healthcare system in the United States...
  49. ncbi Avoiding ethical emergencies
    Patricia Benner
    University of California, School of Nursing, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, San Francisco, Calif, USA
    Am J Crit Care 12:71-2. 2003
  50. ncbi Advance directives and life-sustaining treatment: a legal primer
    W Eugene Basanta
    Southern Illinois University School of Law, 1150 Douglas Drive, Mailstop 6804, Carbondale, IL 62901 6804, USA
    Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 16:1381-96. 2002
    ..As such, instructional advanced directives such as living wills and DNR orders represent important patient preferences that must be adhered to in the health care context...
  51. pmc Withholding the artificial administration of fluids and food from elderly patients with dementia: ethnographic study
    Anne Mei The
    Department of Social Medicine, Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, Vrije University Medical Centre, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    BMJ 325:1326. 2002
    ..To clarify the practice of withholding the artificial administration of fluids and food from elderly patients with dementia in nursing homes...
  52. ncbi Assigning an appropriate surrogate
    Steven J Baumrucker
    Palliative Medicine Service, Wellmont Holston Valley Health System, and East Tennessee State University College of Medicine, Johnson City, Tennessee, USA
    Am J Hosp Palliat Care 24:422-8. 2007
  53. ncbi Advance care planning in Australia: overdue for improvement
    D McD Taylor
    Intern Med J 32:475-80. 2002
    ..It highlights the need for an improvement in ACP and recommends specific areas for discussion and research...
  54. ncbi Complying with advance directives in the operating room
    James W Jones
    Department of Surgery, University of Missouri, Columbia, 65212, USA
    J Vasc Surg 36:199-200. 2002
  55. ncbi The living will--are you for or against?
    Chris Bassett
    University of Sheffield
    J Fam Health Care 13:9. 2003
    ..He argues that nurses should become more involved in the national and legal debates about living wills and that ethics need to evolve and change along with changes in medical science.
  56. ncbi Advance directives: burden or benefit?
    Robert E Enck
    Am J Hosp Palliat Care 20:329-30. 2003
  57. ncbi A pretty pass: when is there a right to die?
    Brenda Hale
    Court of Appeal, Royal Courts of Justice, London
    Clin Med 3:142-8. 2003
    ..It also discusses whether the Convention might eventually develop a right to self determination which would include such a right...
  58. ncbi Economic, political and ethnic influences on end-of-life decision-making: a decade in review
    Marjorie E Baker
    Wright State University, Department of Social Work, Dayton, OH 45435 0001, USA
    J Health Soc Policy 14:27-39. 2002
    ..Barriers to completing advance directives by minority populations are discussed and considerations for policy makers are provided...
  59. ncbi [Patient autonomy--legal status in Austria]
    Erwin Bernat
    Institut für Zivilrecht, Ausländisches und Internationales Privatrecht, Resowi Zentrum, Universitat Graz, Universitätsstrasse 15 D4, 8010 Graz, Osterreich
    Wien Med Wochenschr 153:376-9. 2003
    ....
  60. ncbi Active euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide: the German discussion
    Manfred Oehmichen
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, University Hospital of Kiel, Arnold Heller Strasse 12, D 24105 Kiel, Germany
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 5:S20-8. 2003
    ..such as the necessity to end a 'life unworthy of life', to save medical costs, and obtaining prior consent in 'living wills'...
  61. ncbi The effect of a social work intervention to enhance advance care planning documentation in the nursing home
    R Sean Morrison
    Hertzberg Palliative Care Institute, Brookdale Department of Geriatrics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:290-4. 2005
    ..To assess the effect of a multicomponent advance care planning intervention directed at nursing home social workers on identification and documentation of preferences for medical treatments and on patient outcomes...
  62. ncbi Life shortening and physician assistance in dying: euthanasia from the viewpoint of German legal medicine
    M Oehmichen
    Department of Legal Medicine, Medical University of Lubeck, Germany
    Gerontology 46:212-8. 2000
    ..Around the world heated debates have broken out on the topic of active euthanasia. Specialists in the field of 'forensic medicine' have taken full part in these discussions...
  63. ncbi Symptom burden, quality of life, advance care planning and the potential value of palliative care in severely ill haemodialysis patients
    Steven D Weisbord
    Department of Medicine, Renal Electrolyte Division, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA, USA
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 18:1345-52. 2003
    ....
  64. ncbi "Not-for-resuscitation" orders in Australian public hospitals: policies, standardised order forms and patient information leaflets
    Navdeep S Sidhu
    Mildura Base Hospital, Mildura, Victoria, Australia
    Med J Aust 186:72-5. 2007
    ..To determine the prevalence and content of policies, standardised order forms (SOFs) and patient information leaflets (PILs) pertaining to "not-for-resuscitation" (NFR) orders in Australian public hospitals...
  65. ncbi Perspectives of elderly people on advance directives in Japan
    Miho Matsui
    Department of Gerontological Nursing, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Japan
    J Nurs Scholarsh 39:172-6. 2007
    ..To examine perspectives of Japanese elderly people on advance directives (ADs) and factors related to positive attitudes toward ADs...
  66. pmc Development of an interactive computer program for advance care planning
    Michael J Green
    Departments of Humanities and Medicine, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA 17033, USA
    Health Expect 12:60-9. 2009
    ..To describe the development of an innovative, multi-media decision aid for advance care planning...
  67. ncbi Advance directives in the cardiac care unit
    James N Kirkpatrick
    Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am Heart J 154:477-81. 2007
    ..Guidelines recommend discussing advance directives (AD), including living wills and durable powers of attorney, with heart failure patients...
  68. pmc Advance care planning in nursing homes and assisted living communities
    Timothy P Daaleman
    Department of Family Medicine, Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7595, USA
    J Am Med Dir Assoc 10:243-51. 2009
    ....
  69. ncbi Disclosure of the diagnosis of dementia
    John D Fisk
    QE II Health Sciences Centre Departments of Psychiatry, Medicine, and Psychology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Alzheimers Dement 3:404-10. 2007
    ..uncertainty, treatment options, future plans, financial planning, assigning power of attorney, wills and "living wills", driving privileges and the need for eventual driving cessation, available support services, and potential ..
  70. ncbi [Practical problems in guardianship procedures from the perspective of a judge at a guardianship court]
    Georg Dodegge
    Amtsgericht Essen
    Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 102:156-61. 2008
    Enduring powers of attorney and advance directives (living wills) are prepared to specifically address the occurrence of age-related legal incompetence or disease-related incapacity...
  71. ncbi [Ethics and law in intensive therapy]
    Gabor Elo
    Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Aneszteziológiai és Intenzív Terápiás Klinika, Budapest
    Orv Hetil 143:1991-5. 2002
    ..The patient who was thought to be hopeless yesterday is given a chance to survive. As in other fields of medicine parallel with their development, several ethical and legal problems arise and wait for solutions...
  72. pmc Ask a different question, get a different answer: why living wills are poor guides to care preferences at the end of life
    Laraine Winter
    Center for Applied Research on Aging and Health, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    J Palliat Med 13:567-72. 2010
    b>Living wills have a poor record of directing care at the end of life, as a copious literature attests...
  73. ncbi A study of the ethical sensitivity of physicians in Turkey
    Nermin Ersoy
    University of Kocaeli, Medical Faculty, Department of Medical Ethics and Medical History, Turkey
    Nurs Ethics 10:472-84. 2003
    ..We concluded that the physicians who participated in our study have low sensitivity to living wills (or advance directives) and patients refusing treatment...
  74. ncbi [Advance Directives: theoretical concept and practical significance in the USA]
    J Vollmann
    Institut fur Geschichte und Ethik der Medizin, Friedrich Alexander Universität Erlangen Nuremberg, Erlangen
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 128:1494-7. 2003
    ..The vague language of the widely used standard living wills and the lack of physician-patient communication in the process of delivering an advance directives are ..
  75. doi End-of-life care in nursing home settings: do race or age matter?
    Kimberly S Reynolds
    UNC Project, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Palliat Support Care 6:21-7. 2008
    ..S. chronic-disease deaths occur in nursing homes, yet few studies examine palliative care quality in these settings. This study tests whether racial and/or age-based differences in end-of-life care exist in these institutional settings...
  76. ncbi Haemodialysis patients and end-of-life decisions: a theory of personal preservation
    Amy Olivier Calvin
    Department of Acute and Continuing Care, School of Nursing, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA
    J Adv Nurs 46:558-66. 2004
    ..Existing theoretical models offer an incomplete explanation of end-of-life treatment decisions in haemodialysis patients...
  77. ncbi Advance directives and cancer decision making near the end of life
    Peter H Ditto
    Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 7085, USA
    Health Psychol 24:S63-70. 2005
    ..e., living wills) to ensure that their wishes about the use of life-sustaining treatment are honored if they should lose the ..
  78. doi Patient perceptions on the use of advance directives and life prolonging technology
    John M Clements
    Department of Research, Synergy Medical Education Alliance, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Saginaw, Michigan 48602, USA
    Am J Hosp Palliat Care 26:270-6. 2009
    ..Use of advance directives is underutilized despite the Patient Self Determination Act of 1990. This study was undertaken to determine use and opinions of advance directives by patients at a multidisciplinary...
  79. pmc Perspectives on advance directives in Japanese society: A population-based questionnaire survey
    Akira Akabayashi
    Department of Biomedical Ethics, School of Health Science and Nursing, The University of Tokyo Graduate School of Medicine, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    BMC Med Ethics 4:E5. 2003
    ..In this paper, we report the results of the first in-depth survey on the general population concerning the preferences and use of ADs in Japan...
  80. ncbi Improvements in advance care planning in the Veterans Affairs System: results of a multifaceted intervention
    Robert A Pearlman
    Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle Division, Seattle, WA 98108, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:667-74. 2005
    ..We conducted an educational and motivational intervention in Department of Veterans Affairs outpatient clinics to increase ACP use and proxy and health care provider understanding of patients' preferences and values...
  81. ncbi Reasons, considerations, difficulties and documentation of end-of-life decisions in European intensive care units: the ETHICUS Study
    Charles L Sprung
    Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, General Intensive Care Unit, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, P O Box 12000, 91120 Jerusalem, Israel
    Intensive Care Med 34:271-7. 2008
    ..To evaluate physicians' reasoning, considerations and possible difficulties in end-of-life decision-making for patients in European intensive care units (ICUs)...
  82. ncbi Advance directives and the severely demented
    Martin Harvey
    Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH 44115, USA
    J Med Philos 31:47-64. 2006
    Should advance directives (ADs) such as living wills be employed to direct the care of the severely demented? In considering this question, I focus primarily on the claims of Rebecca Dresser who objects in principle to the use of ADs in ..
  83. ncbi Closing the Schiavo case: an analysis of legal reasoning
    Chad D Kollas
    Department of Palliative Medicine, M D Anderson Cancer Center, Orlando, Florida 32806, USA
    J Palliat Med 9:1145-63. 2006
    ..Although Schiavo may not affect advance directive law and policy in palliative medicine immediately, evidence suggests it has already increased interest in creating living wills.
  84. ncbi Nursing home care: part I. Principles and pitfalls of practice
    Brian K Unwin
    Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am Fam Physician 81:1219-27. 2010
    ..care planning includes the development of realistic goals of care with the patient and family that go beyond living wills and do-not-resuscitate orders...
  85. doi Problems and challenges for palliative care: what are the views of different stakeholders on the meso and macro level of the health system?
    Nils Schneider
    Hannover Medical School, Department of Epidemiology, Social Medicine and Health System Research, Hannover, Germany
    Health Policy 93:11-20. 2009
    ..To study the views of a wide range of representatives from organizations and institutions at the meso and macro level of the health system regarding palliative care in Germany...
  86. ncbi [Patient autonomy and information and clinical documentation-related rights within the context of Spanish Law 41/2002]
    Cesáreo García Ortega
    Servicio de Admisión y Documentación Clínica, Hospital Punta de Europa, Algeciras, Cadiz
    Rev Esp Salud Publica 78:469-79. 2004
    ..principles of the new bioethics, such as an individual's right to privacy of the health-related information, living wills (or advance medical directives), the patient's right to antonomy and to take part in the decision-making ..
  87. ncbi Ethics seminars: health care proxies and suicidal patients
    Theodore C Bania
    St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10019, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 10:65-8. 2003
    Advance directives, health care proxies, and living wills are forms of advance planning that permit patients to make decisions regarding their health care and are used when the patient becomes incapacitated...
  88. pmc Ethics review: 'Living wills' and intensive care--an overview of the American experience
    Andrew R J Tillyard
    Intensive Care Department, Royal Cornwall Hospital, Truro TR1 5LJ, UK
    Crit Care 11:219. 2007
    ..Advance decisions, commonly known as 'living wills', have been proposed as a way of facilitating the maintenance of an individual's autonomy when they become ..
  89. doi [Curing aging?]
    Elisabeth K Wappelshammer
    Zentrum für Alternswissenschaften, Gesundheits und Sozialpolitikforschung, Niederösterreichische Landesakademie, St Polten
    Wien Med Wochenschr 158:180-2. 2008
    ..30, 2007 in Vienna and discussed central questions: The cooperation of Cure and Care and relevant research, principles concerning living wills and the relationship between society and people with dementia.
  90. ncbi End-of-life care: legal and ethical considerations
    Kate Crawford
    Texas Tech University Health Science Center School of Nursing, Lubbock, TX, USA
    Semin Oncol Nurs 18:143-8. 2002
    ..IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Nurses need to understand how to implement the Patient Self-Determination Act regarding living wills, do not resuscitate orders, euthanasia, and whether or not to use feeding tubes.
  91. ncbi Substitute decision making in medicine: comparative analysis of the ethico-legal discourse in England and Germany
    Ralf J Jox
    Interdisciplinary Centre for Palliative Medicine, University Hospital Munich, Marchioninistrasse 15, Munich, Germany
    Med Health Care Philos 11:153-63. 2008
    ..Advance directives (living wills) have proved to be of limited usefulness in clinical practice...
  92. ncbi As good as it gets? Rethinking old age
    Jeanne M Sorrell
    School of Nursing, College of Health and Human Services, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030, USA
    J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 46:21-4. 2008
    ..be able to live independently after retirement age, there is a greater focus on end-of-life matters, such as living wills, than on exploring creative long-term care models that promote healthy aging...
  93. ncbi End-of-life care for elderly patients with heart failure
    - Friesinger GC 2cnd
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 6300, USA
    Clin Geriatr Med 16:663-75. 2000
    ..Early and repeated discussions are needed to consider matters such as living wills, do-not-resuscitate orders, and power of attorney...
  94. doi Effectiveness of end-of-life education among community-dwelling older adults
    Miho Matsui
    Nagasaki University, 1 7 1, Sakamoto, Nagasaki shi, Nagasaki, Japan
    Nurs Ethics 17:363-72. 2010
    ..The intervention group's attitude became more favorable towards advance directives, especially living wills (P = 0.024)...
  95. doi The surrogate's experience in authorizing a do not resuscitate order
    Catherine M Handy
    St Vincents Catholic Medical Centers, New York, New York, USA
    Palliat Support Care 6:13-9. 2008
    ..The goal of this study is to investigate the subjective and emotional experience of surrogates who authorize DNR orders in this setting...
  96. doi [Dying with dignity. A study of living wills]
    Cristina Nebot
    Dirección General de Calidad y Atención al Paciente, Conselleria de Sanitat, Valencia, Espana
    Gac Sanit 24:437-45. 2010
    ..the profile of persons who exercise their right to draw up a living will, to analyze physicians' knowledge of living wills and attitudes toward them, and to compare the regulations pertaining to this right in the distinct autonomous ..
  97. ncbi Myths of the high medical cost of old age and dying
    Cynthia X Pan
    Hospice Care Network, Fresh Meadows, NY 11354, USA
    Int J Health Serv 38:253-75. 2008
    ..6) that Medicare covers everything that older adults need in terms of their health care; (7) that if older patients had living wills or other kinds of advance directives, it would resolve dilemmas of how aggressively to provide care.
  98. doi Reuse of pacemakers and defibrillators in developing countries: logistical, legal, and ethical barriers and solutions
    James N Kirkpatrick
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Heart Rhythm 7:1623-7. 2010
    ..With proper sterilization, meticulous chains of custody, and advance directives for device handling (pacemaker/defibrillator living wills), patients in LMIC who would otherwise lack access to these devices could benefit from their reuse.
  99. ncbi Advance statements: legal and ethical implications
    B Matesanz Mateu
    Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Son Llatzer, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
    Nurs Stand 21:41-5. 2006
    This article informs nurses of the background and purpose of advance statements (advance directives or living wills), and discusses the legal and ethical issues associated with their use.
  100. ncbi Do-not-resuscitate orders in the OR--suspend or enforce?
    Susan Goldberg
    White Plains Hospital Center, White Plains, NY, USA
    AORN J 76:296-9. 2002
    Retaining self-determination about medical care is a basic patient right. Advance directives (e.g., living wills, powers of attorney, health care proxies) are becoming more common in today's health care settings, including the OR...
  101. pmc Older adults' preferences for independent or delegated end-of-life medical decision making
    Sara M Moorman
    Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA
    J Aging Health 23:135-57. 2011
    ....

Research Grants90

  1. ENHANCING DONOR REGISTRY TO INCREASE DONATION
    Daniel Frey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The LADR is a roster of living wills, which hold the actual records of each donor...
  2. The Quality of Life of Nursing Home Residents
    Howard Degenholtz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  3. Treatment goals at the end of life
    Terri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Fried s continued success, Yale offers the resources necessary to ensure Dr. Fried s continued development as an independent investigator. ..
  4. Expanding Treatment Options for Older Persons
    Terri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, the research and mentorship programs will utilize and continue to build the interdisciplinary relationships Dr. Fried has established with medical subspecialties, psychiatry, and the Schools of Nursing and Public Health. ..
  5. Treatment goals at the end of life
    Terri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study utilizes a unique cohort of community-dwelling older persons identified as having a terminal illness by objective criteria. ..
  6. Treatment goals at the end of life
    Terri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  7. Understanding and Implementing End of Life Preferences
    ELIZABETH VIG; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXTS OF ADAPTATION
    PETER DITTO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We request funding to support three (3) predoctoral and three (3) postdoctoral trainees in the next project period. ..
  9. Patient and family participation in hospice team meeting
    Debra Parker Oliver; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Phase II introduces the videophone as a tool to support patient and family involvement in the IDT meeting. The results of this study will provide preliminary data for a larger multi-phase, multi-site follow-up project. ..
  10. Ethical Challenges in Cancer Clinical Research
    Steven Joffe; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Joffe's development as a local and national resource in research ethics for the oncology community. ..
  11. Challenging Life Events in Older Persons
    TIMOTHY DAALEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e. social support, mental health status. Secondary aims include learning how a baseline measure of patient spirituality predicts future death attitudes and discussions of advance care planning. ..
  12. Patient-oriented research in geriatric palliative care
    R Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. COMPUTER EDUCATION FOR BREAST CANCER GENETIC TESTING
    Michael Green; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. SITE-SPECIFIC MUTAGENESIS OF ISOMERASES
    Gregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Every mutant will also be examined crystallographically, in complex with the actual substrate glucose...
  15. Pain Management and Functional Recovery in Older Adults
    R Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The project will examine the impact of this generalizable intervention on pain levels, lower extremity performance, functional status, health related quality of life, and utilization. ..
  16. Colon Cancer Screening Decisions in Late Life
    Carmen Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..With this award Dr Lewis will be prepared to make significant contributions to cancer prevention and control in the aging U.S. population. ..
  17. Compliance with adverse event reporting requirements in cancer clinical trials
    Steven Joffe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Finally, public trust in and support for the research enterprise itself requires rigorous attention to the identification and management of adverse events. ..
  18. NIA DEVELOPMENT AWARD PAIN AND DELIRIUM IN HIP FRACTURE
    R Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Dr. Morrison will engage in a number of educational activities in order to enhance his research and statistical analysis skills. ..
  19. SITE-SPECIFIC MUTAGENESIS OF ISOMERASES
    Gregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Finally, mutations will be made at several other positions where the crystallographic results and sequence conservation imply a possible role in either active site architecture or catalysis: Ser 96, Cys 126, Glu 97, and Asn 10...
  20. MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERS
    Gregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Returning Individual Genetic Results to Participants in Cohort Studies
    Steven Joffe; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These data will help shape practice and policy regarding the return of individual results from genomic research. ..
  22. Accountability and the Role of the Principal Investigator in Multicenter Trials
    Steven Joffe; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings of this proposal will either reaffirm trust in these trials, or will stimulate the development of enhanced systems of accountability for clinical research ..
  23. The ACTIVE Intervention to Improve Hospice Caregiver Pain Management
    Debra Parker Oliver; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The ACTIVE intervention uses low cost commercially available video technology to enable caregiver/patient participation in hospice interdisciplinary care plan meetings. ..
  24. Returning Individual Genetic Results to Participants in Cohort Studies
    Steven Joffe; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These data will help shape practice and policy regarding the return of individual results from genomic research. ..
  25. HIV PREVENTION, SEVERELY MENTALLY ILL LATINAS
    Sana Loue; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This research is critical to inform the later development of an HIV prevention intervention trial to test the efficacy of an intervention that is culture- and gender-sensitive to this high risk population: Latina SMI. ..
  26. CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF PROTEIN STRUCTURE/FUNCTION
    Gregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  27. CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF PROTEIN STRUCTURE/FUNCTION
    Gregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  28. CRYTALLOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF PROTEIN STRUCTURE/FUNCTION
    Gregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Other members of this family include the regulator for alginate production by Pseudomonas in cystic fibrosis. The remaining four projects aim to determine the structures and mechanism of four enzymes, including alanine racemase...
  29. The impact of dental education on health disparities
    JOZEF WELIE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In this planning grant, three different patient categories will be examined: 1. Patients with advanced Alzheimer's Disease; 2. Patients of African-American descent; and 3. Recent immigrants. ..
  30. MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERS
    Gregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..IMPDH catalyzes the rate-determining step in GMT biosynthesis and is a target for immunosuppressive, anticancer, antiviral and antimicrobial drugs. ..
  31. Structural Basis for Bridged Bimetallic Enzyme Catalysis
    Gregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..