Summary: Written, witnessed declarations in which persons request that if they become disabled beyond reasonable expectation of recovery, they be allowed to die rather than be kept alive by extraordinary means. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Publications160 found, 100 shown here
- The law and practice associated with advance directives in Canada and Australia: similarities, differences and debatesMargaret Brown
Hawke Institute, University of South Australia, Magill, SA 5072, Australia
J Law Med 11:59-76. 2003..The "conversation" about future decisions emerged as an important theme, together with an emphasis on the process of "advance care planning" replacing the focus on advance directive forms...
- Discussing living wills. A qualitative study of a German sample of neurologists and ALS patientsNicole Burchardi
Institute for History of Medicine and Medical Ethics, Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen Nuremberg, Glueckstrasse 10, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
J Neurol Sci 237:67-74. 2005..Our aim was to explore how discussions about living wills are undertaken. Data analysis followed grounded theory techniques...
- TRIAD III: nationwide assessment of living wills and do not resuscitate ordersFerdinando L Mirarchi
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center UPMC Hamot, Erie, Pennsylvania, USA
J Emerg Med 42:511-20. 2012Concern exists that living wills are misinterpreted and may result in compromised patient safety.
- [Knowledge and attitudes of the population about the living wills]Esther Angel-López-Rey
Enfermería, Centro de Salud Madridejos, Madridejos, Toledo, Espana
Enferm Clin 18:115-9. 2008To evaluate knowledge of living wills and attitudes to these documents in the populations of two basic health areas in Toledo (Spain).
- Living wills and the Mental Capacity Act: a postal questionnaire survey of UK geriatriciansRebekah Schiff
Department of Ageing and Health, 9th Floor North Wing, St Thomas Hospital, London SE1 7EH, UK
Age Ageing 35:116-21. 2006To determine geriatricians' experience of and views on living wills, National Health Service Trusts' support of advance end-of-life health care planning and geriatricians' views on related legal changes in the Mental Capacity Act.
- [Patient living wills in Germany: conditions for their increase and reasons for refusal]F R Lang
Institut für Psychogerontologie, Universitat Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen
Dtsch Med Wochenschr 132:2558-62. 2007..It is unclear, which pre-clinical conditions endorse the distribution of living wills. We were interested in which social contexts contribute to refusal of depositing a living will.
- Advance directives and living willsLaura Palazzani
Libera Università Maria SS Assunta LUMSA, Rome, Italy
NeuroRehabilitation 19:305-13. 2004The article focuses on the philosophical, ethical and juridical problems concerning Advance directives and Living Wills (underlining analogies and differences)...
- Patient, physician, and family member understanding of living willsAnupama Upadya
Pulmonary and Critical Care, Bridgeport Hospital, Bridgeport, Connecticut 06610, USA
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 166:1430-5. 2002This study examines understanding of living wills by patients, family members, and physicians...
- In defense of living willsAlan F Carpenter
Hastings Cent Rep 34:5; author reply 5-6. 2004
- Basics of elder law and legal liabilities of negligence and malpractice for physicians as they apply to individuals with disabilitiesDavid Ullman
New York State Bar Association, Section on Trustees and Estates, 1 Elk Street, Albany, NY 12207, USA
Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 16:307-16, xi. 2005..It concludes with a general discussion of the legal liabilities of negligence and malpractice...
- "One voice, one vision," can we rise to the challenge? South Carolina nurses surveyKaren M Brown
S C Nurse 11:18-9. 2004
- When written advance directives are not enoughKristi L Kirschner
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 345 East Superior, Suite 1122, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Clin Geriatr Med 21:193-209, x. 2005..Advance directives are often thought of as static, binding documents. Recommendations will be offered on how to use these documents as tools to facilitate patient-centered, dynamic decisions...
- [At great distance so near]Katrin Balzer
Pflege Z 57:831. 2004
- Advance care planning documents in nursing facilities: results from a nationally representative surveyAram Dobalian
VA GLA HSR and D Center of Excellence for the Study of Healthcare Provider Behavior, Sepulveda Ambulatory Care Center and Nursing Home, 16111 Plummer St 152, Bldg 25, Rm B110, Sepulveda, CA 91343, USA
Arch Gerontol Geriatr 43:193-212. 2006..with documented do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders, feeding/medication/other treatment (FMT) restrictions, and living wills among nursing facility residents...
- [Basic principals of terminal care by the physician. Revision by the Federal Physicians Office]Werner Schell
Kinderkrankenschwester 23:282-4. 2004
- [Advance directives in Europe]Heinz Barta
Institut für Zivilrecht, Universitat Innsbruck, Osterreich
Wien Klin Wochenschr 116:442-57. 2004..Since there is no doubt that advance directives in some form will become legal instruments in the EU countries, it is useful to examine how these have worked out so far in some European countries...
- [Patient self-determination--reflections on critical and responsible management]Ulrich Eibach
Evangelisch Theologische Fakultät, Klinikseelsorge am Universitätsklinikum Bonn, Sigmund Freud Str 25, D 53105 Bonn
Pflege 16:289-96. 2003The assumption on which this article is based is that Living Wills represent possible protection against medical and nursing treatments which are detrimental to one's own well-being in the phases of life in which one is no longer or only ..
- Doctors can kill--active euthanasia in South AfricaHennie Oosthuizen
Department of Criminal and Medical Law, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Med Law 22:551-60. 2003..A medical practitioner may also give effect to a patient's living will in which the patient has requested the cessation of treatment. The Act also provides for the options of active voluntary euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide...
- Talking to patients about end-of-life careR Whisnant
Minn Med 87:8. 2004
- Advance orders to limit therapy in 67 long-term care facilities in FinlandMarja Liisa Laakkonen
Helsinki City Hospital Koskela, P O Box 6410, FIN 00099 Helsinki, Finland
Resuscitation 61:333-9. 2004..To assess the documentation of a do-not-attempt-resuscitation (DNAR) or do-not-hospitalize (DNH) orders in the medical record and to determine factors related to these orders...
- [Medical advance directives as instruments of patient self-determination]A Simon
Akademie für Ethik in der Medizin e V, Gottingen
Hautarzt 55:721-6. 2004..Finally, practical recommendations on how to deal with medical advance directives are given...
- End of life decisions: attitudes of Finnish physiciansH M Hilden
Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Pajalahdentie 9B23, 00200 Helsinki, Finland
J Med Ethics 30:362-5. 2004This study investigated Finnish physicians' experiences of decisions concerning living wills and do not resuscitate (DNR) orders and also their views on the role of patients and family members in these decisions.
- Advance directives. Good, bad or indifferentErich H Loewy
Department of Philosophy, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
Wien Klin Wochenschr 116:411-6. 2004..The last 20 or more years that they have been utilized in the US may provide experience important for the time when the EU also makes such documents legally binding...
- Current legal status of advance directives in the United StatesBen A Rich
University of California, Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
Wien Klin Wochenschr 116:420-6. 2004..In order for that potential to be realized, primary care physicians must embrace advance care planning as a part of their professional responsibility to patients...
- Advance directives in oncology: are they useful?Tim Grennan
Kaiser Permanente, Sacramento, California 95825, USA
Wien Klin Wochenschr 116:431-3. 2004This paper discusses advance directives from the point of view of advanced directives: living wills, enduring power of attorney and combined instruments...
- Advance directives: getting patients to complete them before they need themMichael J Demoratz
Raesoft Technologies, Orange, CA, USA
Case Manager 16:61-3. 2005..Yet many of our patients continue to cede responsibility to physicians and other health care providers by not completing the documents required to express their desires...
- Living wills and advance directives in South African LawAndrew Skeen
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Med Law 23:937-43. 2004The legal status of living wills and advance directives in South African Law will be considered...
- Advance directives and the concept of competence: are they a moral barrier to resuscitation?L T Niebrój
Department of Philosophy and Pedagogy, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
J Physiol Pharmacol 58:477-84. 2007..This paper attempts to answer to the question of whether the advance directives fulfill (and if so, on what basis) the standards established by the concept of competence...
- [We don't need a terminal care law!]Ulrich Rendenbach
MMW Fortschr Med 149:11. 2007
- Consent and capacity: other aspects of the Mental Capacity ActSuzanne Fullbrook
Faculty of Health, London South Bank University
Br J Nurs 16:538-9. 2007..on elements of the Mental Capacity Act that may be glossed over when people are concentrating on the issue of living wills (advanced directives)...
- [Last will and testament: decision-making at the end of one's life]J C Martínez Ortega
E U E de la Comunidad de Madrid
Rev Enferm 30:32-9. 2007..The objective of this article is to publicize the current legal regulations related to last wills and testaments or last wishes by means of a critical review of the existing legislation...
- [Do-not-resuscitate orders--ethical and legal considerations]Nicola Hvidt Ballin
Hvidovre Hospital, Gastroenheden, Medicinsk Sektion
Ugeskr Laeger 169:1201-4. 2007..Patients with do-not-resuscitate orders may be subject to other therapeutic reductions. In conclusion, patient autonomy should also be respected in the case of do-not-resuscitate orders...
- Managing transient ischemic attack: Including discussions on end-of-life careDaniel H J Davis
Ann Neurol 60:747. 2006
- Mental capacity requirements and a patient's right to dieBridgit Dimond
University of Glamorgan
Br J Nurs 15:1130-1. 2006..It also considers the implications of the failure of the Assisted Suicide Bill to be passed into law...
- Attitudes toward life-sustaining interventions among ambulatory black and white patientsWilliam Bayer
Department of Family Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA
Ethn Dis 16:914-9. 2006..The purpose of this study was to evaluate racial differences in preference for life-sustaining interventions in the context of various physical and mental health scenarios...
- [Advance refusal of treatment in case of loss of autonomy due to persistent brain disease]H Lauter
Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Technische Universitat Munchen, Ismaninger Strasse 22, 81675, Munchen, Germany
Nervenarzt 77:1031-2, 1034-6, 1038-9. 2006..is given of the current debate on ethics and legal clarification of the range and binding force of so-called living wills demanding interruption of treatment in case of loss of autonomy due to persistent or progressive brain disease...
- The use of advance care planning to guide decisions about artificial nutrition and hydrationMuriel R Gillick
Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School Harvard Pilgrim, 133 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Nutr Clin Pract 21:126-33. 2006....
- Frequency and determinants of advance directives concerning end-of-life care in The NetherlandsMette L Rurup
VU University Medical Center, Department of Public and Occupational Health, Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Soc Sci Med 62:1552-63. 2006..age, gender), enabling factors (e.g. education) and need factors (e.g. health-related factors). We found that living wills had been formulated by 3% of younger people, 10% of older people, and 23% of the relatives of a person who died ..
- A legal explanation of the advanced medical directive and Maryland living willG Ann Jakabcin
Stein, Sperling, Bennett, De Jong, Driscoll and Greenfeig, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA
Md Med 6:33-43. 2005
- Hard cases and the politics of righteousnessCarl E Schneider
University of Michigan, USA
Hastings Cent Rep 35:24-7. 2005
- [Medical end-of-life decisions and assisted suicide]Georg Bosshard
Institut für Rechtsmedizin der Universität Zürich
Ther Umsch 65:413-6. 2008..However, for doctors participating in assisted suicide, specific requirements of medical due care have to be met. What this means in the context of assisted suicide has recently been elaborated by the Swiss Federal Court of Justice...
- Hypothetical autonomy and actual autonomy: some problem cases involving advance directivesMichael J Wreen
School of Philosophy, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Michigan, USA
J Clin Ethics 15:319-33. 2004
- Understanding the legal implications of living willsFiona Haas
Respiratory Centre, St Richard s Hospital, Chichester
Nurs Times 101:34-7. 2005This article explains the legality of living wills and clarifies the conditions that make an advance statement valid. The practical application of a living will is explored using examples illustrating the necessary considerations...
- [Advance directives, powers of attorney and end-of-life decisions]R J Jox
Interdisziplinäres Zentrum für Palliativmedizin der Universität München
MMW Fortschr Med 150:33-4, 36. 2008
- Persistence of racial disparities in advance care plan documents among nursing home residentsHoward B Degenholtz
Department of Health Services Administration, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
J Am Geriatr Soc 50:378-81. 2002This paper analyzes the association between race and the presence of advance care plan documents (living wills, do not resuscitate (DNR) orders, and do not hospitalize (DNH) orders) in nursing home residents...
- Clinical issues on consent: some philosophical concernsR Worthington
J Med Ethics 28:377-80. 2002..This is fundamentally a matter of rights, and requires further investigation and appropriate legal remedies in order to respond to ethical deficiencies in English law as it now stands...
- Proper planning for end-of-life medical care; confronting the near irrelevance of currently used living willsLofty L Basta
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
Am J Geriatr Cardiol 12:110-2. 2003
- The ethics of advance directives: a rehabilitation perspectiveJoel Stein
Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 82:152-7. 2003Advance directives, including living wills and durable healthcare powers of attorney, have achieved broad acceptance by the healthcare system in the United States...
- Avoiding ethical emergenciesPatricia Benner
University of California, School of Nursing, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, San Francisco, Calif, USA
Am J Crit Care 12:71-2. 2003
- Advance directives and life-sustaining treatment: a legal primerW Eugene Basanta
Southern Illinois University School of Law, 1150 Douglas Drive, Mailstop 6804, Carbondale, IL 62901 6804, USA
Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 16:1381-96. 2002..As such, instructional advanced directives such as living wills and DNR orders represent important patient preferences that must be adhered to in the health care context...
- Withholding the artificial administration of fluids and food from elderly patients with dementia: ethnographic studyAnne Mei The
Department of Social Medicine, Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, Vrije University Medical Centre, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, Netherlands
BMJ 325:1326. 2002..To clarify the practice of withholding the artificial administration of fluids and food from elderly patients with dementia in nursing homes...
- Assigning an appropriate surrogateSteven J Baumrucker
Palliative Medicine Service, Wellmont Holston Valley Health System, and East Tennessee State University College of Medicine, Johnson City, Tennessee, USA
Am J Hosp Palliat Care 24:422-8. 2007
- Advance care planning in Australia: overdue for improvementD McD Taylor
Intern Med J 32:475-80. 2002..It highlights the need for an improvement in ACP and recommends specific areas for discussion and research...
- Complying with advance directives in the operating roomJames W Jones
Department of Surgery, University of Missouri, Columbia, 65212, USA
J Vasc Surg 36:199-200. 2002
- The living will--are you for or against?Chris Bassett
University of Sheffield
J Fam Health Care 13:9. 2003..He argues that nurses should become more involved in the national and legal debates about living wills and that ethics need to evolve and change along with changes in medical science.
- Advance directives: burden or benefit?Robert E Enck
Am J Hosp Palliat Care 20:329-30. 2003
- A pretty pass: when is there a right to die?Brenda Hale
Court of Appeal, Royal Courts of Justice, London
Clin Med 3:142-8. 2003..It also discusses whether the Convention might eventually develop a right to self determination which would include such a right...
- Economic, political and ethnic influences on end-of-life decision-making: a decade in reviewMarjorie E Baker
Wright State University, Department of Social Work, Dayton, OH 45435 0001, USA
J Health Soc Policy 14:27-39. 2002..Barriers to completing advance directives by minority populations are discussed and considerations for policy makers are provided...
- [Patient autonomy--legal status in Austria]Erwin Bernat
Institut für Zivilrecht, Ausländisches und Internationales Privatrecht, Resowi Zentrum, Universitat Graz, Universitätsstrasse 15 D4, 8010 Graz, Osterreich
Wien Med Wochenschr 153:376-9. 2003....
- Active euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide: the German discussionManfred Oehmichen
Institute of Forensic Medicine, University Hospital of Kiel, Arnold Heller Strasse 12, D 24105 Kiel, Germany
Leg Med (Tokyo) 5:S20-8. 2003..such as the necessity to end a 'life unworthy of life', to save medical costs, and obtaining prior consent in 'living wills'...
- The effect of a social work intervention to enhance advance care planning documentation in the nursing homeR Sean Morrison
Hertzberg Palliative Care Institute, Brookdale Department of Geriatrics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
J Am Geriatr Soc 53:290-4. 2005..To assess the effect of a multicomponent advance care planning intervention directed at nursing home social workers on identification and documentation of preferences for medical treatments and on patient outcomes...
- Life shortening and physician assistance in dying: euthanasia from the viewpoint of German legal medicineM Oehmichen
Department of Legal Medicine, Medical University of Lubeck, Germany
Gerontology 46:212-8. 2000..Around the world heated debates have broken out on the topic of active euthanasia. Specialists in the field of 'forensic medicine' have taken full part in these discussions...
- Symptom burden, quality of life, advance care planning and the potential value of palliative care in severely ill haemodialysis patientsSteven D Weisbord
Department of Medicine, Renal Electrolyte Division, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA, USA
Nephrol Dial Transplant 18:1345-52. 2003....
- "Not-for-resuscitation" orders in Australian public hospitals: policies, standardised order forms and patient information leafletsNavdeep S Sidhu
Mildura Base Hospital, Mildura, Victoria, Australia
Med J Aust 186:72-5. 2007..To determine the prevalence and content of policies, standardised order forms (SOFs) and patient information leaflets (PILs) pertaining to "not-for-resuscitation" (NFR) orders in Australian public hospitals...
- Perspectives of elderly people on advance directives in JapanMiho Matsui
Department of Gerontological Nursing, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Japan
J Nurs Scholarsh 39:172-6. 2007..To examine perspectives of Japanese elderly people on advance directives (ADs) and factors related to positive attitudes toward ADs...
- Development of an interactive computer program for advance care planningMichael J Green
Departments of Humanities and Medicine, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA 17033, USA
Health Expect 12:60-9. 2009..To describe the development of an innovative, multi-media decision aid for advance care planning...
- Advance directives in the cardiac care unitJames N Kirkpatrick
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Am Heart J 154:477-81. 2007..Guidelines recommend discussing advance directives (AD), including living wills and durable powers of attorney, with heart failure patients...
- Advance care planning in nursing homes and assisted living communitiesTimothy P Daaleman
Department of Family Medicine, Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7595, USA
J Am Med Dir Assoc 10:243-51. 2009....
- Disclosure of the diagnosis of dementiaJohn D Fisk
QE II Health Sciences Centre Departments of Psychiatry, Medicine, and Psychology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Alzheimers Dement 3:404-10. 2007..uncertainty, treatment options, future plans, financial planning, assigning power of attorney, wills and "living wills", driving privileges and the need for eventual driving cessation, available support services, and potential ..
- [Practical problems in guardianship procedures from the perspective of a judge at a guardianship court]Georg Dodegge
Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 102:156-61. 2008Enduring powers of attorney and advance directives (living wills) are prepared to specifically address the occurrence of age-related legal incompetence or disease-related incapacity...
- [Ethics and law in intensive therapy]Gabor Elo
Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Aneszteziológiai és Intenzív Terápiás Klinika, Budapest
Orv Hetil 143:1991-5. 2002..The patient who was thought to be hopeless yesterday is given a chance to survive. As in other fields of medicine parallel with their development, several ethical and legal problems arise and wait for solutions...
- Ask a different question, get a different answer: why living wills are poor guides to care preferences at the end of lifeLaraine Winter
Center for Applied Research on Aging and Health, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
J Palliat Med 13:567-72. 2010b>Living wills have a poor record of directing care at the end of life, as a copious literature attests...
- A study of the ethical sensitivity of physicians in TurkeyNermin Ersoy
University of Kocaeli, Medical Faculty, Department of Medical Ethics and Medical History, Turkey
Nurs Ethics 10:472-84. 2003..We concluded that the physicians who participated in our study have low sensitivity to living wills (or advance directives) and patients refusing treatment...
- [Advance Directives: theoretical concept and practical significance in the USA]J Vollmann
Institut fur Geschichte und Ethik der Medizin, Friedrich Alexander Universität Erlangen Nuremberg, Erlangen
Dtsch Med Wochenschr 128:1494-7. 2003..The vague language of the widely used standard living wills and the lack of physician-patient communication in the process of delivering an advance directives are ..
- End-of-life care in nursing home settings: do race or age matter?Kimberly S Reynolds
UNC Project, Lilongwe, Malawi
Palliat Support Care 6:21-7. 2008..S. chronic-disease deaths occur in nursing homes, yet few studies examine palliative care quality in these settings. This study tests whether racial and/or age-based differences in end-of-life care exist in these institutional settings...
- Haemodialysis patients and end-of-life decisions: a theory of personal preservationAmy Olivier Calvin
Department of Acute and Continuing Care, School of Nursing, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA
J Adv Nurs 46:558-66. 2004..Existing theoretical models offer an incomplete explanation of end-of-life treatment decisions in haemodialysis patients...
- Advance directives and cancer decision making near the end of lifePeter H Ditto
Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 7085, USA
Health Psychol 24:S63-70. 2005..e., living wills) to ensure that their wishes about the use of life-sustaining treatment are honored if they should lose the ..
- Patient perceptions on the use of advance directives and life prolonging technologyJohn M Clements
Department of Research, Synergy Medical Education Alliance, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Saginaw, Michigan 48602, USA
Am J Hosp Palliat Care 26:270-6. 2009..Use of advance directives is underutilized despite the Patient Self Determination Act of 1990. This study was undertaken to determine use and opinions of advance directives by patients at a multidisciplinary...
- Perspectives on advance directives in Japanese society: A population-based questionnaire surveyAkira Akabayashi
Department of Biomedical Ethics, School of Health Science and Nursing, The University of Tokyo Graduate School of Medicine, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
BMC Med Ethics 4:E5. 2003..In this paper, we report the results of the first in-depth survey on the general population concerning the preferences and use of ADs in Japan...
- Improvements in advance care planning in the Veterans Affairs System: results of a multifaceted interventionRobert A Pearlman
Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle Division, Seattle, WA 98108, USA
Arch Intern Med 165:667-74. 2005..We conducted an educational and motivational intervention in Department of Veterans Affairs outpatient clinics to increase ACP use and proxy and health care provider understanding of patients' preferences and values...
- Reasons, considerations, difficulties and documentation of end-of-life decisions in European intensive care units: the ETHICUS StudyCharles L Sprung
Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, General Intensive Care Unit, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, P O Box 12000, 91120 Jerusalem, Israel
Intensive Care Med 34:271-7. 2008..To evaluate physicians' reasoning, considerations and possible difficulties in end-of-life decision-making for patients in European intensive care units (ICUs)...
- Advance directives and the severely dementedMartin Harvey
Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH 44115, USA
J Med Philos 31:47-64. 2006Should advance directives (ADs) such as living wills be employed to direct the care of the severely demented? In considering this question, I focus primarily on the claims of Rebecca Dresser who objects in principle to the use of ADs in ..
- Closing the Schiavo case: an analysis of legal reasoningChad D Kollas
Department of Palliative Medicine, M D Anderson Cancer Center, Orlando, Florida 32806, USA
J Palliat Med 9:1145-63. 2006..Although Schiavo may not affect advance directive law and policy in palliative medicine immediately, evidence suggests it has already increased interest in creating living wills.
- Nursing home care: part I. Principles and pitfalls of practiceBrian K Unwin
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
Am Fam Physician 81:1219-27. 2010..care planning includes the development of realistic goals of care with the patient and family that go beyond living wills and do-not-resuscitate orders...
- Problems and challenges for palliative care: what are the views of different stakeholders on the meso and macro level of the health system?Nils Schneider
Hannover Medical School, Department of Epidemiology, Social Medicine and Health System Research, Hannover, Germany
Health Policy 93:11-20. 2009..To study the views of a wide range of representatives from organizations and institutions at the meso and macro level of the health system regarding palliative care in Germany...
- [Patient autonomy and information and clinical documentation-related rights within the context of Spanish Law 41/2002]Cesáreo García Ortega
Servicio de Admisión y Documentación Clínica, Hospital Punta de Europa, Algeciras, Cadiz
Rev Esp Salud Publica 78:469-79. 2004..principles of the new bioethics, such as an individual's right to privacy of the health-related information, living wills (or advance medical directives), the patient's right to antonomy and to take part in the decision-making ..
- Ethics seminars: health care proxies and suicidal patientsTheodore C Bania
St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10019, USA
Acad Emerg Med 10:65-8. 2003Advance directives, health care proxies, and living wills are forms of advance planning that permit patients to make decisions regarding their health care and are used when the patient becomes incapacitated...
- Ethics review: 'Living wills' and intensive care--an overview of the American experienceAndrew R J Tillyard
Intensive Care Department, Royal Cornwall Hospital, Truro TR1 5LJ, UK
Crit Care 11:219. 2007..Advance decisions, commonly known as 'living wills', have been proposed as a way of facilitating the maintenance of an individual's autonomy when they become ..
- [Curing aging?]Elisabeth K Wappelshammer
Zentrum für Alternswissenschaften, Gesundheits und Sozialpolitikforschung, Niederösterreichische Landesakademie, St Polten
Wien Med Wochenschr 158:180-2. 2008..30, 2007 in Vienna and discussed central questions: The cooperation of Cure and Care and relevant research, principles concerning living wills and the relationship between society and people with dementia.
- End-of-life care: legal and ethical considerationsKate Crawford
Texas Tech University Health Science Center School of Nursing, Lubbock, TX, USA
Semin Oncol Nurs 18:143-8. 2002..IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Nurses need to understand how to implement the Patient Self-Determination Act regarding living wills, do not resuscitate orders, euthanasia, and whether or not to use feeding tubes.
- Substitute decision making in medicine: comparative analysis of the ethico-legal discourse in England and GermanyRalf J Jox
Interdisciplinary Centre for Palliative Medicine, University Hospital Munich, Marchioninistrasse 15, Munich, Germany
Med Health Care Philos 11:153-63. 2008..Advance directives (living wills) have proved to be of limited usefulness in clinical practice...
- As good as it gets? Rethinking old ageJeanne M Sorrell
School of Nursing, College of Health and Human Services, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030, USA
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 46:21-4. 2008..be able to live independently after retirement age, there is a greater focus on end-of-life matters, such as living wills, than on exploring creative long-term care models that promote healthy aging...
- End-of-life care for elderly patients with heart failure- Friesinger GC 2cnd
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 6300, USA
Clin Geriatr Med 16:663-75. 2000..Early and repeated discussions are needed to consider matters such as living wills, do-not-resuscitate orders, and power of attorney...
- Effectiveness of end-of-life education among community-dwelling older adultsMiho Matsui
Nagasaki University, 1 7 1, Sakamoto, Nagasaki shi, Nagasaki, Japan
Nurs Ethics 17:363-72. 2010..The intervention group's attitude became more favorable towards advance directives, especially living wills (P = 0.024)...
- The surrogate's experience in authorizing a do not resuscitate orderCatherine M Handy
St Vincents Catholic Medical Centers, New York, New York, USA
Palliat Support Care 6:13-9. 2008..The goal of this study is to investigate the subjective and emotional experience of surrogates who authorize DNR orders in this setting...
- [Dying with dignity. A study of living wills]Cristina Nebot
Dirección General de Calidad y Atención al Paciente, Conselleria de Sanitat, Valencia, Espana
Gac Sanit 24:437-45. 2010..the profile of persons who exercise their right to draw up a living will, to analyze physicians' knowledge of living wills and attitudes toward them, and to compare the regulations pertaining to this right in the distinct autonomous ..
- Myths of the high medical cost of old age and dyingCynthia X Pan
Hospice Care Network, Fresh Meadows, NY 11354, USA
Int J Health Serv 38:253-75. 2008..6) that Medicare covers everything that older adults need in terms of their health care; (7) that if older patients had living wills or other kinds of advance directives, it would resolve dilemmas of how aggressively to provide care.
- Reuse of pacemakers and defibrillators in developing countries: logistical, legal, and ethical barriers and solutionsJames N Kirkpatrick
Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Heart Rhythm 7:1623-7. 2010..With proper sterilization, meticulous chains of custody, and advance directives for device handling (pacemaker/defibrillator living wills), patients in LMIC who would otherwise lack access to these devices could benefit from their reuse.
- Advance statements: legal and ethical implicationsB Matesanz Mateu
Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Son Llatzer, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Nurs Stand 21:41-5. 2006This article informs nurses of the background and purpose of advance statements (advance directives or living wills), and discusses the legal and ethical issues associated with their use.
- Do-not-resuscitate orders in the OR--suspend or enforce?Susan Goldberg
White Plains Hospital Center, White Plains, NY, USA
AORN J 76:296-9. 2002Retaining self-determination about medical care is a basic patient right. Advance directives (e.g., living wills, powers of attorney, health care proxies) are becoming more common in today's health care settings, including the OR...
- Older adults' preferences for independent or delegated end-of-life medical decision makingSara M Moorman
Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA
J Aging Health 23:135-57. 2011....
- Health Care Decision Making in Older AdultsKATHRYN FLYNN; Fiscal Year: 2005..g., living wills), to personal characteristics and previous experiences...
- EFFECTS OF ADVANCE DIRECTIVES ON MEDICAL CARELawrence Schneiderman; Fiscal Year: 1990..of care, major hypotheses are that enhancing personal autonomy through the enactment of advanced directives (living wills, durable power of attorney) may (1) reduce the cost of health care for the experimental (advanced directive) ..
- LIVING WILLS: FOR PRIMARY CARE, AIDS AND CANCER PATIENTSJOHN STOECKLE; Fiscal Year: 1990..regarding medical interventions for the terminally ill would be improved by widespread use of comprehensive living wills. Use of the Do Not Resuscitate order, although helpful, has been shown to be inadequately used, and is only one ..
- ADVANCE DIRECTIVE DISCUSSIONS WITH ELDERLY OUTPATIENTSPETER DITTO; Fiscal Year: 1993Many proponents of advance medical directives (ADs) (e.g., living wills) recommend that primary care physicians routinely initiate AD discussions with their healthy elderly outpatients...
- ENHANCING DONOR REGISTRY TO INCREASE DONATIONDaniel Frey; Fiscal Year: 2000..The LADR is a roster of living wills, which hold the actual records of each donor...
- ENHANCING DONOR REGISTRY TO INCREASE DONATIONDaniel Frey; Fiscal Year: 2002..The LADR is a roster of living wills, which hold the actual records of each donor...
- ENHANCING DONOR REGISTRY TO INCREASE DONATIONDaniel Frey; Fiscal Year: 1999..The LADR is a roster of living wills, which hold the actual records of each donor...
- ENHANCING DONOR REGISTRY TO INCREASE DONATIONDaniel Frey; Fiscal Year: 2001..The LADR is a roster of living wills, which hold the actual records of each donor...
- MEASUREMENT OF PREFERENCES FOR LIFE-SUSTAINING TREATMENTRICHARD UHLMANN; Fiscal Year: 1990..is needed to assess the potential validity and reliability of advance directives for medical care, such as living wills. Specifically, we will identify the medical interventions, and health and social states which form the domain ..
- ADVANCE DIRECTIVES--EFFECTIVENESS OF MANDATORY NOTICEDORCAS LYNN; Fiscal Year: 1991Formal advance directives (living wills and durable powers of attorney) are widely encouraged as part of optimal medical decision-making...
- Traetment Goals at the End of LifeTerri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Treatment goals at the end of lifeTerri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2002..This study utilizes a unique cohort of community-dwelling older persons identified as having a terminal illness by objective criteria. ..
- Expanding Treatment Options for Older PersonsTerri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2008..In addition, the research and mentorship programs will utilize and continue to build the interdisciplinary relationships Dr. Fried has established with medical subspecialties, psychiatry, and the Schools of Nursing and Public Health. ..
- Treatment goals at the end of lifeTerri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2003..This study utilizes a unique cohort of community-dwelling older persons identified as having a terminal illness by objective criteria. ..
- The Quality of Life of Nursing Home ResidentsHoward Degenholtz; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Treatment goals at the end of lifeTerri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2006..Fried s continued success, Yale offers the resources necessary to ensure Dr. Fried s continued development as an independent investigator. ..
- Treatment goals at the end of lifeTerri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2003..This study utilizes a unique cohort of community-dwelling older persons identified as having a terminal illness by objective criteria. ..
- Expanding Treatment Options for Older PersonsTerri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, the research and mentorship programs will utilize and continue to build the interdisciplinary relationships Dr. Fried has established with medical subspecialties, psychiatry, and the Schools of Nursing and Public Health. ..
- Traetment Goals at the End of LifeTerri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Treatment goals at the end of lifeTerri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2004
- Traetment Goals at the End of LifeTerri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Treatment goals at the end of lifeTerri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Understanding and Implementing End of Life PreferencesELIZABETH VIG; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Structural Basis for Bridged Bimetallic Enzyme CatalysisGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- HIV PREVENTION, SEVERELY MENTALLY ILL LATINASSana Loue; Fiscal Year: 2004..This research is critical to inform the later development of an HIV prevention intervention trial to test the efficacy of an intervention that is culture- and gender-sensitive to this high risk population: Latina SMI. ..
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Compliance with adverse event reporting requirements in cancer clinical trialsSteven Joffe; Fiscal Year: 2006..Finally, public trust in and support for the research enterprise itself requires rigorous attention to the identification and management of adverse events. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1999..IMPDH catalyzes the rate-determining step in GMT biosynthesis and is a target for immunosuppressive, anticancer, antiviral and antimicrobial drugs. ..
- CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF PROTEIN STRUCTURE/FUNCTIONGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1992..Other members of this family include the regulator for alginate production by Pseudomonas in cystic fibrosis. The remaining four projects aim to determine the structures and mechanism of four enzymes, including alanine racemase...
- HIV PREVENTION, SEVERELY MENTALLY ILL LATINASSana Loue; Fiscal Year: 2003..This research is critical to inform the later development of an HIV prevention intervention trial to test the efficacy of an intervention that is culture- and gender-sensitive to this high risk population: Latina SMI. ..
- CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF PROTEIN STRUCTURE/FUNCTIONGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1991..Other members of this family include the regulator for alginate production by Pseudomonas in cystic fibrosis. The remaining four projects aim to determine the structures and mechanism of four enzymes, including alanine racemase...
- SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXTS OF ADAPTATIONPETER DITTO; Fiscal Year: 2006..We request funding to support three (3) predoctoral and three (3) postdoctoral trainees in the next project period. ..
- Patient and family participation in hospice team meetingDebra Parker Oliver; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results of this study will provide preliminary data for a larger multi-phase, multi-site follow-up project. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Ethical Challenges in Cancer Clinical ResearchSteven Joffe; Fiscal Year: 2006..Joffe's development as a local and national resource in research ethics for the oncology community. ..
- Patient Oriented Research in Palliative Care and AgingR Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2008..This application proposes a comprehensive mentoring program built upon 3 large multi-site studies in POR that will serve as learning platforms and sources of research data for his current and future mentees. ..
- Pain Management and Functional Recovery in Older AdultsR Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2005..The project will examine the impact of this generalizable intervention on pain levels, lower extremity performance, functional status, health related quality of life, and utilization. ..
- Challenging Life Events in Older PersonsTIMOTHY DAALEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005..e. social support, mental health status. Secondary aims include learning how a baseline measure of patient spirituality predicts future death attitudes and discussions of advance care planning. ..
- COMPUTER EDUCATION FOR BREAST CANCER GENETIC TESTINGMichael Green; Fiscal Year: 1999..abstract_text> ..
- Patient-oriented research in geriatric palliative careR Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- COMPUTER EDUCATION FOR BREAST CANCER GENETIC TESTINGMichael Green; Fiscal Year: 2000..abstract_text> ..
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2008..If we are successful, the principles we uncover could lead to the design of artificial enzymes for industrial and medical use. ..
- Colon Cancer Screening Decisions in Late LifeCarmen Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2008..With this award Dr Lewis will be prepared to make significant contributions to cancer prevention and control in the aging U.S. population. ..
- COMPUTER EDUCATION FOR BREAST CANCER GENETIC TESTINGMichael Green; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- SITE-SPECIFIC MUTAGENESIS OF ISOMERASESGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1993..Every mutant will also be examined crystallographically, in complex with the actual substrate glucose...
- Improving pain and function in hip fractureR Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Pain Management and Functional Recovery in Older AdultsR Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2006..The project will examine the impact of this generalizable intervention on pain levels, lower extremity performance, functional status, health related quality of life, and utilization. ..
- SITE-SPECIFIC MUTAGENESIS OF ISOMERASESGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1991..Every mutant will also be examined crystallographically, in complex with the actual substrate glucose...
- Colon Cancer Screening Decisions in Late LifeCarmen Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2007..With this award Dr Lewis will be prepared to make significant contributions to cancer prevention and control in the aging U.S. population. ..
- Compliance with adverse event reporting requirements in cancer clinical trialsSteven Joffe; Fiscal Year: 2007..Finally, public trust in and support for the research enterprise itself requires rigorous attention to the identification and management of adverse events. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NIA DEVELOPMENT AWARD PAIN AND DELIRIUM IN HIP FRACTURER Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2002..Dr. Morrison will engage in a number of educational activities in order to enhance his research and statistical analysis skills. ..
- SITE-SPECIFIC MUTAGENESIS OF ISOMERASESGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1990..Finally, mutations will be made at several other positions where the crystallographic results and sequence conservation imply a possible role in either active site architecture or catalysis: Ser 96, Cys 126, Glu 97, and Asn 10...
- SITE-SPECIFIC MUTAGENESIS OF ISOMERASESGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1992..Every mutant will also be examined crystallographically, in complex with the actual substrate glucose...
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Returning Individual Genetic Results to Participants in Cohort StudiesSteven Joffe; Fiscal Year: 2010..These data will help shape practice and policy regarding the return of individual results from genomic research. ..
- Accountability and the Role of the Principal Investigator in Multicenter TrialsSteven Joffe; Fiscal Year: 2010..The findings of this proposal will either reaffirm trust in these trials, or will stimulate the development of enhanced systems of accountability for clinical research ..
- The ACTIVE Intervention to Improve Hospice Caregiver Pain ManagementDebra Parker Oliver; Fiscal Year: 2010..The ACTIVE intervention uses low cost commercially available video technology to enable caregiver/patient participation in hospice interdisciplinary care plan meetings. ..
- Returning Individual Genetic Results to Participants in Cohort StudiesSteven Joffe; Fiscal Year: 2009..These data will help shape practice and policy regarding the return of individual results from genomic research. ..
- HIV PREVENTION, SEVERELY MENTALLY ILL LATINASSana Loue; Fiscal Year: 2005..This research is critical to inform the later development of an HIV prevention intervention trial to test the efficacy of an intervention that is culture- and gender-sensitive to this high risk population: Latina SMI. ..
- CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF PROTEIN STRUCTURE/FUNCTIONGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1999....
- CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF PROTEIN STRUCTURE/FUNCTIONGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1990....
- CRYTALLOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF PROTEIN STRUCTURE/FUNCTIONGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 1993..Other members of this family include the regulator for alginate production by Pseudomonas in cystic fibrosis. The remaining four projects aim to determine the structures and mechanism of four enzymes, including alanine racemase...
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2001..IMPDH catalyzes the rate-determining step in GMT biosynthesis and is a target for immunosuppressive, anticancer, antiviral and antimicrobial drugs. ..
- HIV PREVENTION, SEVERELY MENTALLY ILL LATINASSana Loue; Fiscal Year: 2001
- Structural Basis for Bridged Bimetallic Enzyme CatalysisGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2000..IMPDH catalyzes the rate-determining step in GMT biosynthesis and is a target for immunosuppressive, anticancer, antiviral and antimicrobial drugs. ..
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- The impact of dental education on health disparitiesJOZEF WELIE; Fiscal Year: 2003..In this planning grant, three different patient categories will be examined: 1. Patients with advanced Alzheimer's Disease; 2. Patients of African-American descent; and 3. Recent immigrants. ..
- Structural Basis for Bridged Bimetallic Enzyme CatalysisGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- HIV PREVENTION, SEVERELY MENTALLY ILL LATINASSana Loue; Fiscal Year: 2002
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2002
- Structural Basis for Bridged Bimetallic Enzyme CatalysisGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..