Summary: Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Publications331 found, 100 shown here
- The accuracy of surrogate decision makers: a systematic reviewDavid I Shalowitz
Department of Clinical Bioethics, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Arch Intern Med 166:493-7. 2006..However, commentators have questioned the accuracy with which surrogates predict patients' treatment preferences...
- Regional variation in the association between advance directives and end-of-life Medicare expendituresLauren Hersch Nicholas
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
JAMA 306:1447-53. 2011It is unclear if advance directives (living wills) are associated with end-of-life expenditures and treatments.
- Systematic implementation of an advance directive program in nursing homes: a randomized controlled trialD W Molloy
Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada
JAMA 283:1437-44. 2000Although advance directives are commonly used in the community, little is known about the effects of their systematic implementation.
- Medication preferences and adherence among individuals with severe mental illness and psychiatric advance directivesChristine M Wilder
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3071, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Psychiatr Serv 61:380-5. 2010Psychiatric advance directives allow patients with severe mental illness to document their preferences for particular medications...
- Approaching the end of life: attitudes, preferences, and behaviors of African-American and white patients and their family caregiversEtienne Phipps
Albert Einstein Healthcare Network, Philadelphia, PA 19144, USA
J Clin Oncol 21:549-54. 2003..To investigate differences in attitudes, preferences, and behaviors regarding end of life in terminally ill patients and their designated family caregivers...
- Acculturation of attitudes toward end-of-life care: a cross-cultural survey of Japanese Americans and JapaneseShinji Matsumura
Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, Calif 90095 1736, USA
J Gen Intern Med 17:531-9. 2002..However, little is known about how and to what extent acculturation changes attitudes toward end-of-life care and advance care planning. We compared attitudes toward end-of-life care among Japanese Americans and Japanese in Japan...
- Understanding advance care planning as a process of health behavior changeTerri R Fried
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
J Am Geriatr Soc 57:1547-55. 2009..To explore whether models of health behavior change can help to inform interventions for advance care planning (ACP)...
- Views of potential subjects toward proposed regulations for clinical research with adults unable to consentDave Wendler
Department of Clinical Bioethics, Warren G Magnuson Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1156, USA
Am J Psychiatry 159:585-91. 2002..The authors' goal was to assess healthy individuals' attitudes toward five of the most prominent proposed safeguards regarding the consent process for research with adults unable to consent...
- Engagement in multiple steps of the advance care planning process: a descriptive study of diverse older adultsRebecca L Sudore
Division of Geriatrics, University of California at San Franciso, and San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94121, USA
J Am Geriatr Soc 56:1006-13. 2008..To assess engagement in multiple steps of the advance care planning (ACP) process 6 months after exposure to an advance directive. In this study, ACP is conceptualized similarly to the behavior change model...
- A new law on advance directives in GermanyU Wiesing
Institut für Ethik und Geschichte der Medizin, Universitat Tubingen, Gartenstr 47, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
J Med Ethics 36:779-83. 2010This article presents the new German law on advance directives from 1 September 2009...
- Advance directives in Spain. Perspectives from a medical bioethicist approachPablo Simon-Lorda
University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Bioethics 22:346-54. 2008..Article 11 of Law 41/2002, concerning Patient Autonomy, regulates 'advance directives' and has prompted various Autonomous Regions to develop legislation in this area...
- Controlling death: the false promise of advance directivesHenry S Perkins
Ecumenical Center for Religion and Health and Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78229 3900, USA
Ann Intern Med 147:51-7. 2007b>Advance directives promise patients a say in their future care but actually have had little effect. Many experts blame problems with completion and implementation, but the advance directive concept itself may be fundamentally flawed...
- Reconceptualizing advance care planning from the patient's perspectiveP A Singer
University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto and Toronto Hospital, Ontario, Canada
Arch Intern Med 158:879-84. 1998..These assumptions about ACP have never been empirically validated...
- Impact of an inpatient palliative care team: a randomized control trialGlenn Gade
Department of Internal Medicine, Denver, Colorado, USA
J Palliat Med 11:180-90. 2008..There have been no multicenter randomized trials examining impact on patient satisfaction, clinical outcomes, and subsequent health care costs...
- Surrogate consent for dementia research: a national survey of older AmericansS Y H Kim
Bioethics Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Neurology 72:149-55. 2009..Because AD impairs decisional capacity, informed consent often must come from surrogates, usually close family members. But policies for surrogate consent for research remain unsettled after decades of debate...
- Advance directives for health care and research: prevalence and correlatesGina Bravo
Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec J1H 4C4, Canada
Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 17:215-22. 2003..b>Advance directives have been widely promoted as a means to maintain some control over one's life in the event of decisional ..
- How do-not-resuscitate orders are utilized in cancer patients: timing relative to death and communication-training implicationsTomer T Levin
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10022, USA
Palliat Support Care 6:341-8. 2008..Despite this, there is little DNR utilization data to guide the design of communication-training programs. The objective of this study was to determine DNR utilization patterns and whether their use is increasing...
- Advance care planning: pitfalls, progress, promiseT J Prendergast
Dartmouth Medical School, Pulmonary Section (3D, Lebanon, NH, USA
Crit Care Med 29:N34-9. 2001We now have a decade of experience with advance directives since the Patient Self-Determination Act was signed into law in November 1990. With few exceptions, empirical studies have yielded disappointing results...
- Deciding in the dark: advance directives and continuation of treatment in chronic critical illnessSharon L Camhi
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, VA Pittsburgh Health Care System, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Crit Care Med 37:919-25. 2009..We studied the availability of advance directives and appropriate surrogates to guide decisions about life-sustaining treatment for the chronically critically ..
- Promoting advance directives among African Americans: a faith-based modelKaren Bullock
School of Social Work, University of Connecticut, West Hartford, Connecticut 06117, and The Braceland Center for Mental Health and Aging, Institute of Living, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
J Palliat Med 9:183-95. 2006Studies show that African Americans are less likely than other ethnic groups to complete advance directives. However, what influences African Americans' decisions to complete or not complete advance directives is unclear.
- Advance directivesS Walton
Anaesthesia 62:412-3; author reply 413. 2007
- Using a hypothetical scenario to inform psychiatric advance directivesAricca D Van Citters
Dartmouth Psychiatric Research Center, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, NH, USA
Psychiatr Serv 58:1467-71. 2007..The study addressed whether a hypothetical psychiatric scenario is a feasible approach for eliciting psychiatric treatment preferences and identified consumer preferences regarding involuntary care...
- Advance health care directives: towards a coordinated European policy?Roberto Andorno
Institute of Biomedical Ethics, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Eur J Health Law 16:207-27. 2009..Second, it offers a comparative analysis of the legal status of advance directives in a number of European countries...
- Psychiatric advance directives: qualitative study of informed deliberations by mental health service usersMichaela Amering
Departmernt of Psychiatry, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Br J Psychiatry 186:247-52. 2005Established legal mandates and high expectations for psychiatric advance directives are not matched by empirical evidence documenting their actual implementation.
- A critical review of advance directives in Germany: attitudes, use and healthcare professionals' complianceNatalie Evans
Barcelona Centre for International Health Research CRESIB, Hospital Clínic Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Patient Educ Couns 87:277-88. 2012Recent legal changes in Germany make non-compliance with advance directives (ADs) a criminal offence. This article assesses the evidence on attitudes towards, use of, and physician compliance with ADs in Germany.
- Physician orders to supplement advance directives: rescuing patient autonomyRonald B Miller
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of California, Irvine, USA
J Clin Ethics 20:212-9. 2009..but physicians' orders about life-sustaining treatments are a very important supplement to advance directives, especially for patients who are extremely or terminally ill, and most particularly for patients who require ..
- Advance directives for euthanasia in dementia: do law-based opportunities lead to more euthanasia?Marike E De Boer
Department of Nursing Home Medicine, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Health Policy 98:256-62. 2010To obtain insight into current practices regarding compliance with advance directives for euthanasia (ADEs) in cases of incompetent patients with dementia in Dutch nursing homes, in light of the legal possibility offered by the new ..
- Empirical assessment of a research advance directive for persons with dementia and their proxiesCarol B Stocking
Section of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
J Am Geriatr Soc 55:1609-12. 2007..To evaluate a research advance directive for persons with established dementia diagnoses and their family caregivers or proxies...
- Implementation of advance directives among community-dwelling veteransD W Molloy
Geriatric Research Group, Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation, Ontario, Canada
Gerontologist 40:213-7. 2000..This response pattern was consistent among those who completed and those who did not complete directives...
- Patients' attitudes toward advance directivesRebecca Douglas
Brooke Army Medical Center, San Antonio, TX, USA
J Nurs Scholarsh 34:61-5. 2002To explore hospitalized patients' attitudes toward advance directives, their reasons for completing or not completing advance directive forms, and demographic differences between patients who did and did not complete advance directive ..
- Advance directives: older adults with dementiaM D Mezey
The Hartford Institute for Geriatric Nursing, Division of Nursing, New York University, New York, New York 10012 1165, USA
Clin Geriatr Med 16:255-68. 2000The benefits and risks for older adults with dementia executing advance directives are discussed...
- Advance directives: legal remedies and psychosocial interventionsV Lens
Wurzweiler School of Social Work, Yeshiva University, New York, USA
Death Stud 24:377-99. 2000..Implications for practice are discussed, including practical suggestions for increasing the likelihood that a patient's wishes will be respected by medical providers...
- Interventions to promote the use of advance directives: an overview of systematic reviewsMaria Isabel Tamayo-Velázquez
Andalusian School of Public Health, Granada, Spain
Patient Educ Couns 80:10-20. 2010..To identify, appraise and synthesise the results of systematic reviews of the literature (SRLs) that examines the effectiveness of interventions to increase advance directive (AD) completion rate...
- Communication between older people and their health care agents: results of an interventionIrene A Gutheil
Ravazzin Center for Social Work Research in Aging, Graduate School of Social Service, Fordham University, Tarrytown, NY 10591, USA
Health Soc Work 30:107-16. 2005..The findings demonstrate that it is possible to affect advance communication about wishes at the end of life through a group intervention...
- Measuring patient treatment preferences in end-of-life care research: applications for advance care planning interventions and response shift researchCarolyn E Schwartz
QualityMetric Incorporated, Lincoln, Rhode Island, USA
J Palliat Med 7:233-45. 2004..Clinical applications of the tool are discussed...
- Advance directives for euthanasia in dementia: how do they affect resident care in Dutch nursing homes? Experiences of physicians and relativesMarike E De Boer
Department of Nursing Home Medicine, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Am Geriatr Soc 59:989-96. 2011To gain insight into how advance directives for euthanasia affect resident care in Dutch nursing homes.
- Attitudes towards and barriers to writing advance directives amongst cancer patients, healthy controls, and medical staffS Sahm
Department of Gastroenterology Oncology, German Clinic of Diagnosis, Aukammallee 33, 65191 Wiesbaden, Germany
J Med Ethics 31:437-40. 2005..We investigated knowledge about and willingness to accept such a directive in cancer patients, healthy controls, physicians, and nursing staff in Germany...
- Advance directives in dementia: issues of validity and effectivenessMarike E De Boer
Department of Nursing Home Medicine, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Int Psychogeriatr 22:201-8. 2010Although advance directives may seem useful instruments in decision-making regarding incompetent patients, their validity in cases of dementia has been a much debated subject and little is known about their effectiveness in practice...
- A changing landscape for advance directives in dementia researchRobin Pierce
University of Oxford, Ethics Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroethics, 16 17 St Ebbe s Street, Oxford, England
Soc Sci Med 70:623-30. 2010....
- Ethical issues of cardiopulmonary resuscitation: comparison of emergency physician practices from 1995 to 2007Catherine A Marco
University of Toledo College of Medicine, Toledo, OH, USA
Acad Emerg Med 16:270-3. 2009....
- Kokua Mau: a statewide effort to improve end-of-life careKathryn L Braun
Center on Aging, University of Hawaii, 1960 East West Road, Biomed C 106, Honolulu, HI 96922, USA
J Palliat Med 8:313-23. 2005Many Americans die in pain, without hospice, and without regard to advance directives, suggesting a need to improve end-of-life (EOL) awareness and services.
- Research advance directives: protection or obstacle?Palaniappan Muthappan
Department of Clinical Bioethics, NIH, Bldg 10, Rm 1C118, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Am J Psychiatry 162:2389-91. 2005..This study assessed how many adults completed a research advance directive and the preferences indicated on the completed forms...
- Advance directives and living willsLaura Palazzani
Libera Università Maria SS Assunta LUMSA, Rome, Italy
NeuroRehabilitation 19:305-13. 2004The article focuses on the philosophical, ethical and juridical problems concerning Advance directives and Living Wills (underlining analogies and differences)...
- The cultural context of patient's autonomy and doctor's duty: passive euthanasia and advance directives in Germany and IsraelSilke Schicktanz
Department of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, University Medical Center Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
Med Health Care Philos 13:363-9. 2010..the cultural reasons for this difference and its expression in various dissenting views on passive euthanasia and advance directives, and conclude with a comment on the difficulty in classifying either stance as more or less restrictive.
- Advance directives in dementia care: from instructions to instrumentsG A Widdershoven
Department of Health Ethics and Philosophy, University of Maastricht, P O Box 616, 6200 AT, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Patient Educ Couns 44:179-86. 2001b>Advance directives are often regarded as instructions to the doctor about future care...
- Difficult end-of-life treatment decisions: do other factors trump advance directives?Steven B Hardin
Jerry L Pettis Memorial Veterans Affairs Medical Center and the Department of Internal Medicine, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, CA 92357, USA
Arch Intern Med 164:1531-3. 2004b>Advance directives are widely promoted as a means to plan for patients' decisional incapacity, yet there is little evidence of their effectiveness...
- Managing aggression and violence using rapid tranquillisationTommy Dickinson
School of Nursing and Caring Sciences, Mental Health Division, University of Central Lancashire, Preston
Nurs Stand 24:40-49; quiz 50, 52. 2009..The procedure is outlined and the importance of patient monitoring to observe for possible adverse effects is discussed. The legal and ethical issues are examined, along with guidance on the use of advance directives.
- Inapplicability of advance directives in a paternalistic setting: the case of a post-communist health systemGentian Vyshka
Biomedical and Experimental Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tirana, Albania
BMC Med Ethics 12:12. 2011..Because of this history, advance directives concerning treatment refusal and do-not-resuscitate decisions are still extremely uncommon in Albania...
- Patients' understanding of advance directives and cardiopulmonary resuscitationNatalya Thorevska
Pulmonary and Critical Care, Bridgeport Hospital and Yale University School of Medicine, Bridgeport, CT 06610, USA
J Crit Care 20:26-34. 2005To describe understanding of end-of-life issues and compare characteristics of patients with and without advance directives.
- Incidence and predictors of advance care planning among persons with cognitive impairmentLinda Garand
Department of Health and Community Systems, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 19:712-20. 2011..We sought to characterize advance care planning (ACP) rates over time in individuals who had no advance directives (living will or durable power of attorney) in place when they initially presented for a cognitive evaluation.
- When family members disagreeEdmund G Howe
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
J Clin Ethics 18:331-9. 2007
- Use of advance directives for high-risk operations: a national survey of surgeonsAndrew J Redmann
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA
Ann Surg 255:418-23. 2012..To characterize surgeons' beliefs and approach to the use of an advance directive in the decision to perform high-risk operations...
- End-of-life care across Southern Europe: a critical review of cultural similarities and differences between Italy, Spain and PortugalArantza Meñaca
Barcelona Centre for International Health Research CRESIB Hospital Clínic Universitat de Barcelona, Rosselló 132, S A 1, Barcelona 08036, Spain
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 82:387-401. 2012..at home than actually died at home, a persistent trend for partial disclosure in Italy and Spain, low use of advance directives, and low incidence of all medical EoL decisions (with the exception of terminal sedation) compared to ..
- Stages of change for the component behaviors of advance care planningTerri R Fried
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
J Am Geriatr Soc 58:2329-36. 2010....
- Are Canadians providing advance directives about health care and research participation in the event of decisional incapacity?Gina Bravo
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec
Can J Psychiatry 56:209-18. 2011..We conducted a postal survey to estimate the frequency with which Canadians communicate their preferences about health care and research should they become incapacitated...
- Exploratory study on end-of-life issues: barriers to palliative care and advance directivesVeronica D Feeg
College of Nursing and Health Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, USA
Am J Hosp Palliat Care 22:119-24. 2005..Professionals who serve dying patients need to recognize the importance of advance directives as part of a patient's decision to forgo curative treatment for palliative care.
- Withdrawal of life support: intensive caring at the end of lifeThomas J Prendergast
Departments of Medicine and Anesthesiology, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine 3D, 1 Medical Center Dr, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
JAMA 288:2732-40. 2002..This shift from individual responsibility to patient-focused consensus often permits the family to understand, perhaps reluctantly and with great sadness, that intensive caring may involve letting go of life-sustaining interventions...
- Assessing the effectiveness of interventions to promote advance directives among older adults: a systematic review and multi-level analysisGina Bravo
Sherbrooke University, Geriatric Institute, Sherbrooke, PQ, Canada
Soc Sci Med 67:1122-32. 2008Many studies have investigated the effectiveness of interventions in promoting advance directives (ADs) but there is uncertainty as to what works best, and in whom...
- Chinese seniors' perspectives on end-of-life decisionsK W Bowman
Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ont, Canada
Soc Sci Med 53:455-64. 2001..Respondents rejected advance directives. Respondents' attitudes toward end-of-life decision making can be understood through the lens of values from ..
- Design of the Advance Directives Cohort: a study of end-of-life decision-making focusing on Advance DirectivesMatthijs P S van Wijmen
Department Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, Amsterdam, 1081 BT, The Netherlands
BMC Public Health 10:166. 2010..There is still a lot unclear about ADs. We designed a study aimed at investigating the whole process from the formulating of an AD to its actual use at the end of life...
- The role of advance directives in end-of-life decisions in Austria: survey of intensive care physiciansEva Schaden
Department of Anaesthesiology, General Intensive Care and Pain Management Medical University of Vienna, Austria
BMC Med Ethics 11:19. 2010..The aim of this survey was to explore Austrian intensive care physicians' experiences with and their acceptance of the new advance directive legislation two years after enactment (2008)...
- A Korean perspective on developing a global policy for advance directivesSoyoon Kim
Yonsei University College of Medicine, 250 Seongsanno, Seodaemun gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Bioethics 24:113-7. 2010Despite the wide and daunting array of cross-cultural obstacles that the formulation of a global policy on advance directives will clearly pose, the need is equally evident...
- [On a principal of advance directives]Hiroaki Ito
Dept of Neurology, Niigata National Hospital
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 36:66-8. 2009We explored a principle of advance directives. Advanced directives are a tool to help execute a broader concept of advance care planning, which is included in advance life planning...
- Competence to complete psychiatric advance directives: effects of facilitated decision makingEric B Elbogen
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Brightleaf Square Suite 23 A, 905 West Main Street, DUMC Box 3071, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Law Hum Behav 31:275-89. 2007Psychiatric advance directives (PADs) statutes presume competence to complete these documents, but the range and dimensions of decisional competence among people who actually complete PADs is unknown...
- Advance directives, future selves and decision-makingAlasdair R MacLean
University of Dundee
Med Law Rev 14:291-320. 2006
- Advance directives and end-of-life decision making: survey of critical care nurses' knowledge, attitude, and experienceYvonne Scherer
School of Nursing, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214 3079, USA
Crit Care Nurse 26:30-40. 2006
- End-of-life care in the 21st century: advance directives in universal rights discourseVioleta Besirević
Union University Law School Belgrade, Belgrade, Goce Delceva 36, Serbia
Bioethics 24:105-12. 2010..normative bases that could help to shape a workable legal construct that would facilitate a global use of advance directives. Although I believe that advance directives are of universal character, my primary aim in approaching this ..
- Advance directives and outcomes of surrogate decision making before deathMaria J Silveira
Veterans Affairs Center for Clinical Management Research, and Division of General Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
N Engl J Med 362:1211-8. 2010Recent discussions about health care reform have raised questions regarding the value of advance directives.
- Epidemiology of and factors associated with end-of-life decisions in a surgical intensive care unitAnne Meissner
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Friedrich Schiller University Hospital, Jena, Germany
Crit Care Med 38:1060-8. 2010..To investigate the epidemiology of and possible factors associated with end-of-life decisions in a surgical intensive care unit...
- Views of service users and providers on joint crisis plans: single blind randomized controlled trialClaire Henderson
P029, Health Service and Population Research Dept, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF UK
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 44:369-76. 2009..We report participants' and case managers' use of and views on the value of Joint Crisis Plans (JCPs), shown to reduce compulsory hospitalisation and violence...
- Patients who complete advance directives and what they preferAdam Nishimura
Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Mayo Clin Proc 82:1480-6. 2007To determine health care preferences expressed by patients in advance directives (ADs) and to identify characteristics of patients who completed them.
- Knowledge, attitudes and practices of nursing personnel regarding advance directivesGloria Duke
The University of Texas at Tyler, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, 3900 University Blvd, Texas, USA
Int J Palliat Nurs 13:109-15. 2007..the knowledge, attitudes and practices of nursing personnel working in acute care settings regarding advance directives (ADs)...
- Perspectives of elderly people on advance directives in JapanMiho Matsui
Department of Gerontological Nursing, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Japan
J Nurs Scholarsh 39:172-6. 2007To examine perspectives of Japanese elderly people on advance directives (ADs) and factors related to positive attitudes toward ADs.
- Patient preferences in instructional advance directivesElmer D Abbo
Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
J Palliat Med 11:555-62. 2008Instructional advance directives (ADs) are traditionally written to apply in terminal illness. As such, they do not readily capture patient preferences for care in acute and chronic illness.
- Care for dying patients--German legislationAndrej Michalsen
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Uberlingen Hospital, 88662, Uberlingen See, Germany
Intensive Care Med 33:1823-6. 2007..Probably, the authority of advance directives needs further clarification...
- An official American Thoracic Society clinical policy statement: palliative care for patients with respiratory diseases and critical illnessesPaul N Lanken
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 177:912-27. 2008
- A typology of advance statements in mental health careClaire Henderson
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Centers, Bronx, NY 10468, USA
Psychiatr Serv 59:63-71. 2008..joint crisis plans, crisis cards, treatment plans, wellness recovery action plans, and psychiatric advance directives (with and without formal facilitation)...
- What explains racial differences in the use of advance directives and attitudes toward hospice care?Kimberly S Johnson
Department of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
J Am Geriatr Soc 56:1953-8. 2008..beliefs and values are thought to account for differences between African Americans and whites in the use of advance directives and beliefs about hospice care, but few data clarify which beliefs and values explain these differences...
- Law & psychiatry: psychiatric advance directives and the treatment of committed patientsPaul S Appelbaum
University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
Psychiatr Serv 55:751-2, 763. 2004
- An advance directive redesigned to meet the literacy level of most adults: a randomized trialRebecca L Sudore
Division of Geriatrics, University of California San Francisco and the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, CA 94121, USA, United States
Patient Educ Couns 69:165-95. 2007..To determine whether an advance directive redesigned to meet most adults' literacy needs (fifth grade reading level with graphics) was more useful for advance care planning than a standard form (>12th grade level)...
- Assessing competence to complete psychiatric advance directives with the competence assessment tool for psychiatric advance directivesDebra Srebnik
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, 98105, USA
Compr Psychiatry 45:239-45. 2004The Competence Assessment Tool for Psychiatric Advance Directives (CAT-PAD), a new instrument designed to assess competence to complete a psychiatric advance directive (PAD), is described...
- Advance directives in the Netherlands: an empirical contribution to the exploration of a cross-cultural perspective on advance directivesMatthijs P S van Wijmen
EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center Public and Occupational Health, Van der Boechorststraat 7, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Bioethics 24:118-26. 2010..This study focuses on ADs in the Netherlands and introduces a cross-cultural perspective by comparing it with other countries...
- Advance directives and proxies' predictions about patients' treatment preferencesInés María Barrio-Cantalejo
Granada Primary Healthcare District, Granada, Spain
Nurs Ethics 16:93-109. 2009The accuracy of proxies when they interpret advance directives or apply substituted decision-making criteria has been called into question...
- Communication on end-of-life decisions with patients wishing to die at home: the making of a guideline for GPs in Flanders, BelgiumReginald Deschepper
End of Life Care Research Group, Dept of Medical Sociology and Health Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels, Belgium
Br J Gen Pract 56:14-9. 2006..Communication with patients on end-of-life decisions is a delicate topic for which there is little guidance...
- Psychiatric advance directives among public mental health consumers in five U.S. cities: prevalence, demand, and correlatesJeffrey Swanson
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3071, Brightleaf Square Suite 23 A, Durham, NC 27710, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 34:43-57. 2006Psychiatric advance directives (PADs) are legal instruments that allow competent persons to document their preferences regarding future mental health treatment and to designate a surrogate decisionmaker in the event they lose capacity to ..
- The content and clinical utility of psychiatric advance directivesDebra S Srebnik
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
Psychiatr Serv 56:592-8. 2005This paper provides the first systematic examination of the content and clinical utility of psychiatric advance directives, which are documents that specify treatment preferences in advance of periods of compromised decision making.
- Speaking of research advance directives: planning for future research participationC B Stocking
MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Neurology 66:1361-6. 2006....
- [Advance health care directives as seen by surgical patients]C Justinger
Klinik fUr Allgemein, Viszeral, GefaSS und Kinderchirurgie, Universitatsklinikum des Saarlandes, Kirrberger Strasse, 66424, Homburg Saar, Deutschland
Chirurg 80:455-6, 458-61. 2009..In spite of the present political and public discussions in Germany, advance directives are rarely of much importance in everyday surgical practice...
- Presumed consent: an international comparison and possibilities for change in the United StatesKenneth Gundle
Standford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Camb Q Healthc Ethics 14:113-8. 2005
- Importance of the advance directive and the beginning of the dying process from the point of view of German doctors and judges dealing with guardianship matters: results of an empirical surveyB van Oorschot
Klinik für Radiologie, Abt Strahlentherapie, Universitatsklinikum Jena, Jena, Germany
J Med Ethics 32:623-6. 2006..To analyse and compare the surveys on German doctors and judges on end of life decision making regarding their attitudes on the advance directive and on the dying process...
- Cultural diversity at the end of life: issues and guidelines for family physiciansH Russell Searight
Forest Park Hospital Family Medicine Residency Program, St Louis, Missouri 63139, USA
Am Fam Physician 71:515-22. 2005..treatment that vary culturally: communication of "bad news"; locus of decision making; and attitudes toward advance directives and end-of-life care...
- Ethics review: 'Living wills' and intensive care--an overview of the American experienceAndrew R J Tillyard
Intensive Care Department, Royal Cornwall Hospital, Truro TR1 5LJ, UK
Crit Care 11:219. 2007..This has been the case in the USA for many years. The purpose of the present review is to examine the published literature regarding the effect of advance decisions in relation to the provision of adult critical care...
- Facilitated psychiatric advance directives: a randomized trial of an intervention to foster advance treatment planning among persons with severe mental illnessJeffrey W Swanson
Services Effectiveness Research Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Am J Psychiatry 163:1943-51. 2006Studies show a high potential demand for psychiatric advance directives but low completion rates. The authors conducted a randomized study of a structured, manualized intervention to facilitate completion of psychiatric advance directives.
- When written advance directives are not enoughKristi L Kirschner
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 345 East Superior, Suite 1122, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Clin Geriatr Med 21:193-209, x. 2005b>Advance directives have been promoted as being the best device for making decisions on behalf of patients who are unable to speak for themselves. It is believed that an advance directive would tell the health care professionals what to do...
- Advance directives for truth disclosureDominic T Keating
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Unit 4, Merlin Park Regional Hospital, Galway, Ireland
Chest 128:1037-9. 2005..We examined the value of asking patients about their disclosure preferences at the outset of hospitalization...
- Fates worse than death: the role of valued life activities in health-state evaluationsP H Ditto
Department of Psychology, Kent State University, Ohio 44242 0001
Health Psychol 15:332-43. 1996..Implications of these results for end-of-life medical decision making in general and the use of advance medical directives in particular are discussed...
- Questioning the decision-making capacity of surrogatesK A Bramstedt
Department of Bioethics, NA10, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
Intern Med J 33:257-9. 2003....
- Prehospital advance directives--a better wayKenneth V Iserson
J Emerg Med 23:419-20. 2002
- Adherence to advance directives in critical care decision making: vignette studyTrevor Thompson
Division of Primary Health Care, University of Bristol, Bristol BS6 6JL
BMJ 327:1011. 2003..To explore health professionals' decision making in a critical care scenario when there is an advance directive...
- Influence of an advance directive on the initiation of life support technology in critically ill cancer patientsS Kish Wallace
Department of Critical Care, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA
Crit Care Med 29:2294-8. 2001..PATIENTS: Of 872 patients treated in the ICU from 1994 to 1996, 236 (27%) were identified as having advance directives. One hundred thirty five patients who had advance directives were successfully matched to 135 patients who ..
- Do-not-resuscitate order after 25 yearsJeffrey P Burns
Department of Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
Crit Care Med 31:1543-50. 2003..Since that time, the concept has continued to evolve and evoke much debate. Indeed, few initials in medicine today evoke as much symbolism or controversy as the Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) order...
- The impact of quality end-of-life care in nursing homesSarah Forbes Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2009..by facility process indicators: the number of hospice referrals, feeding tubes, hospitalizations, and advance directives; and resident/family outcomes: resident/family centered care, family satisfaction with care, family ..
- Center on Advancing Decision Making in Aging (CADMA)Alan Garber; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., health care plan choice) and/or emotionally charged (e.g., advance directives) topics...
- The impact of quality end-of-life care in nursing homesSarah Forbes Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2007..by facility process indicators: the number of hospice referrals, feeding tubes, hospitalizations, and advance directives; and resident/family outcomes: resident/family centered care, family satisfaction with care, family ..
- The impact of quality end-of-life care in nursing homesSARAH ANN FORBES THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2010..by facility process indicators: the number of hospice referrals, feeding tubes, hospitalizations, and advance directives;and resident/family outcomes: resident/family centered care, family satisfaction with care, family caregiver ..
- Patient-Centered Approach to Advance Care PlanningKARIN KIRCHHOFF; Fiscal Year: 2006..For a decade, attention has been given to the use of Advance Directives and Advance Care Planning (ACP) as ways to improve end-of-life care...
- Converting Treatment Wishes into Orders at End of LifeSusan Hickman; Fiscal Year: 2007Traditional advance directives have been advocated as 1 means to improve end-of-life care for nursing facility residents by providing documentation of treatment preferences to facilitate decision-making...
- CARE INTEGRATION TEAM INTERVENTION DURING HOSPICE CARERebecca Allen; Fiscal Year: 2004..Aim 2 measures the impact of RN-ACP interviewing on personal caregivers knowledge of advance directives and of care recipients medical treatment wishes...
- Treatment goals at the end of lifeTerri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2006..It began with projects examining attitudes toward life-sustaining treatment and advance directives, and outcomes of pneumonia in nursing home residents treated with and without hospital transfer...
- African American Families and End of Life DisparitiesSharon Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007..more likely to discuss EOL medical decisions and preferences with family members than to complete formal advance directives. Such EOL communication within the family can lead to improved outcomes, including closer alignment with the ..