reproductive rights


Summary: Reproductive rights rest on the recognition of the basic right of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children and to have the information and means to do so, and the right to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. They also include the right of all to make decisions concerning reproduction free of discrimination, coercion and violence.

Top Publications

  1. Chan S, Quigley M. Frozen embryos, genetic information and reproductive rights. Bioethics. 2007;21:439-48 pubmed
    ..A notion commonly invoked in relation to frozen embryo disputes is that of reproductive rights: a right to have (or not to have) children...
  2. Myer L, Akugizibwe P. Impact of HIV treatment scale-up on women's reproductive health care and reproductive rights in Southern Africa. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009;52 Suppl 1:S52-3 pubmed publisher
    ..In some circles, there have been calls for restrictions on women's reproductive rights, focusing particularly on the spread of HIV between sexual partners and from mother to child...
  3. Kendall T. Reproductive rights violations reported by Mexican women with HIV. Health Hum Rights. 2009;11:77-87 pubmed services by people with HIV is increasing, as is the urgency of protecting and promoting their reproductive rights. The reproductive rights of Mexicans with HIV are formally protected by the constitution and by health and ..
  4. Paiva V, Santos N, França Junior I, Filipe E, Ayres J, Segurado A. Desire to have children: gender and reproductive rights of men and women living with HIV: a challenge to health care in Brazil. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2007;21:268-77 pubmed groups to be particularly targeted by counseling, to be provided with objective information about reproductive rights and options. Further research is warranted to address the desire for children among strictly homosexual men. ..
  5. Adinma E. Unsafe abortion and its ethical, sexual and reproductive rights implications. West Afr J Med. 2011;30:245-9 pubmed
    ..It also violates eleven of the twelve components of sexual and reproductive rights. PAC is approved as an effective approach to reducing abortion morbidity and mortality and promoting women'..
  6. Goicolea I, San Sebastian M, Wulff M. Women's reproductive rights in the Amazon basin of Ecuador: challenges for transforming policy into practice. Health Hum Rights. 2008;10:91-103 pubmed
  7. Gribble K, McGrath M, Maclaine A, Lhotska L. Supporting breastfeeding in emergencies: protecting women's reproductive rights and maternal and infant health. Disasters. 2011;35:720-38 pubmed publisher
    ..Greater collaboration between the nutrition and reproductive health sectors is required to promote best practice in protecting breastfeeding women and their children in emergencies...
  8. Mantell J, Smit J, Stein Z. The right to choose parenthood among HIV-infected women and men. J Public Health Policy. 2009;30:367-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Public health policymakers and providers need to engage the HIV-infected and uninfected to determine both the demand for and how best to address the need for safer conception services. ..
  9. Ali F, Israr S, Ali B, Janjua N. Association of various reproductive rights, domestic violence and marital rape with depression among Pakistani women. BMC Psychiatry. 2009;9:77 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore we designed this study to determine the association of depression with lack of various reproductive rights and domestic violence among married women in Karachi, Pakistan...

More Information


  1. Ogunlayi M. An assessment of the awareness of sexual and reproductive rights among adolescents in south western Nigeria. Afr J Reprod Health. 2005;9:99-112 pubmed
    ..conducted in Ikeja and Ikorodu Local Government Areas of Lagos State, examined the awareness of sexual and reproductive rights among adolescents in south-western Nigeria...
  2. Tremain S. Reproductive freedom, self-regulation, and the government of impairment in utero. Hypatia. 2006;21:35-53 pubmed
    ..Hence, the government of impairment in utero is inextricably intertwined with the government of the maternal body. ..
  3. Hobin T. Abortion as liberty and right. Hum Life Rev. 2005;31:67-78 pubmed
  4. Ward S. Conceiving modernity: discourses on reproduction in a community of Tibetan refugees. Med Anthropol Q. 2013;27:175-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The article demonstrates that Tibetan refugees navigate competing figurations of modernity by expressing political resistance and affiliation through the idiom of reproduction. ..
  5. Goold I, Savulescu J. In favour of freezing eggs for non-medical reasons. Bioethics. 2009;23:47-58 pubmed publisher
    ..There are strong arguments based on equal concern and respect for women which require that women have access to this new technology. Freezing eggs also avoids some of the moral objections associated with freezing embryos. ..
  6. Mairiga A, Geidam A, Bako B, Ibrahim A. Nigerian lawyers and reproductive health rights: a survey of knowledge, practices and opinions on law reforms among the bar and bench in north eastern Nigeria. Afr J Reprod Health. 2012;16:69-74 pubmed
    ..knowledge and attitudes of practicing Nigerian lawyers towards issues relating to reproductive health and reproductive rights, and their opinions about abortion law reform...
  7. Engstrom J, Hunter R. Teaching reproductive options through the use of fiction: the Cider House Rules project. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2007;36:464-70 pubmed
    ..The critical reading of the book, The Cider House Rules, provides a unique opportunity for students to obtain insight and understanding of the complex circumstances under which women and their families make reproductive decisions. ..
  8. Seims S. Improving the impact of sexual and reproductive health development assistance from the like-minded European donors. Reprod Health Matters. 2011;19:129-40 pubmed publisher
  9. Baryamutuma R, Baingana F. Sexual, reproductive health needs and rights of young people with perinatally acquired HIV in Uganda. Afr Health Sci. 2011;11:211-8 pubmed
    ..It is also important that integration of Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH) and HIV services is prioritized. ..
  10. Zegers Hochschild F, Dickens B, Dughman Manzur S. Human rights to in vitro fertilization. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2013;123:86-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Under human rights law, legal protection of an embryo "from conception" is inapplicable between its creation by fertilization and completion of its implantation in utero. ..
  11. Das A. The ethical implications of the targeted population programme proposed by the UPA. Indian J Med Ethics. 2005;2:10-1 pubmed
  12. Ivry T. The ultrasonic picture show and the politics of threatened life. Med Anthropol Q. 2009;23:189-211 pubmed
    ..This article opts to go beyond analyzing the cultural paradigms of thinking and the sociopolitical circumstances at play, to convey a sense of how notions of threatened life are produced. ..
  13. Cohen G. Circumvention tourism. Cornell Law Rev. 2012;97:1309-98 pubmed
    ..I also discuss the ways in which my analysis of these prohibitions can serve as scaffolding for a more general theory of circumvention tourism. ..
  14. Vianna A, Carrara S, Lacerda P. Sexual politics and sexual rights in Brazil: an overview. Glob Public Health. 2008;3 Suppl 2:5-21 pubmed publisher
  15. Finer L, Fine J. Abortion law around the world: progress and pushback. Am J Public Health. 2013;103:585-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These barriers stigmatize and demean women and compromise their health. Public health evidence and human rights guarantees provide a compelling rationale for challenging abortion bans and these restrictions. ..
  16. Henaghan M. In that case: Michael and Diana live in a staffed group home where they receive general supervision and support, which includes learning to be independent. Response. N Z Bioeth J. 2003;4:34 pubmed
  17. van Bogaert L. The right to procreate--freedom and necessity. S Afr Med J. 2005;95:32-4 pubmed
  18. Pobjoy J. Medically mediated reproduction: posthumous conception and the best interests of the child. J Law Med. 2007;15:450-68 pubmed
    ..It is only in stripping away this discriminatory façade that one comes to recognise that the promotion of the rights of the deceased and surviving partner is likely, in many cases, to enhance the best interests of the child. ..
  19. Tan M. Fetal discourses and the politics of the womb. Reprod Health Matters. 2004;12:157-66 pubmed
  20. Cohen C. The ethics of human reproductive cloning: when world views collide. Account Res. 2004;11:183-99 pubmed
  21. Blumenthal P, Winikoff B. The supreme court and the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003: a political procedure replaces woman-centered care. MedGenMed. 2007;9:52 pubmed
  22. de Bruyn M. HIV, unwanted pregnancy and abortion--where is the human rights approach?. Reprod Health Matters. 2012;20:70-9 pubmed publisher
    ..g., in relation to criminalization of HIV transmission, drug use and sex work. Work to address the reproductive rights of women living with HIV, particularly regarding unwanted pregnancy and abortion, has nevertheless lagged ..
  23. Vandervort L. Reproductive choice: screening policy and access to the means of reproduction. Hum Rights Q. 2006;28:438-64 pubmed
    ..controversial, regulation by law my be required in most jurisdictions to provide effective protection for reproductive rights. In Canada, for example, equal access can, and should be, guaranteed by federal regulations imposing strict ..
  24. Karipcin F, Hossain A, Phelps J. A legal-ethical analysis of reproductive endocrinologists' right to refuse ovulation induction to patients with diminished ovarian reserve. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2011;28:1105-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Counseling remains a cornerstone in directing these patients to options with more potential for success, such as donor eggs and adoption. ..
  25. Coleman C. Assisted reproductive technologies and the Constitution. Fordham Urban Law J. 2002;30:57-70 pubmed
  26. Fried M. Reproductive rights activism in the post-Roe era. Am J Public Health. 2013;103:10-4 pubmed publisher
    ..number of organizations and coalitions working to protect abortion rights, as well as advocating a broader reproductive rights, health, and justice agenda...
  27. Vincent L. South Africa's abortion values clarification workshops — an opportunity to deepen democratic communication missed. J Asian Afr Stud. 2011;46:264-77 pubmed
    ..workshops which emanate from the organization Ipas — a global body working to enhance women's sexual and reproductive rights and to reduce abortion-related deaths and injuries...
  28. Laar A. Reproductive rights and options available to women infected with HIV in Ghana: perspectives of service providers from three Ghanaian health facilities. BMC Womens Health. 2013;13:13 pubmed publisher
    ..This study explored the knowledge of health workers from two Ghanaian districts on the reproductive rights and options available to HIV-positive women who wish to conceive...
  29. Callister L. Perinatal ethics: state of the science. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. 2006;20:37-9 pubmed
  30. Priaulx N. Rethinking progenitive conflict: why reproductive autonomy matters. Med Law Rev. 2008;16:169-200 pubmed publisher
  31. Kluchin R. Locating the voices of the sterilized. Public Hist. 2007;29:131-44 pubmed
    ..up" and includes my own experience researching and writing Fit to Be Tied?: Sterilization and Reproductive Rights in America, 1960-1984...
  32. Peto A, Kossuth E. Women's rights in Stalinist Hungary: the abortion trials of 1952-53. Hung Stud Rev. 2002;29:49-76 pubmed
  33. Katalinić S, Sendula Jengić V, Šendula Pavelić M, Zudenigo S. Reproductive rights of mentally retarded persons. Psychiatr Danub. 2012;24:38-43 pubmed
    ..This review article is based on international investigations and Croatian legislative postulates. Its aim is to focus the attention of both professionals and non-professionals on this delicate problem. ..
  34. Abou Shabana K, el Shiek M, El Nazer M, Samir N. Women's perceptions and practices regarding their rights to reproductive health. East Mediterr Health J. 2003;9:296-308 pubmed
    ..Maternity Hospital, perceptions and practices of 1000 women regarding their reproductive health rights (reproductive rights) were evaluated...
  35. Murthy L. 'Foeticide' is problematic terminology. Issues Med Ethics. 2002;10:138 pubmed
  36. Weisberg E, Fraser I. Rights to emergency contraception. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009;106:160-3 pubmed publisher
  37. Camarg K, Mattos R. Looking for sex in all the wrong places. Glob Public Health. 2008;3 Suppl 2:92-104 pubmed publisher
    ..Nevertheless, unexpected and paradoxical results may arise from that process, which, thus, does not necessarily lead to the furthering of a comprehensive conservative agenda. ..
  38. Donchin A. Toward a gender-sensitive assisted reproduction policy. Bioethics. 2009;23:28-38 pubmed publisher
  39. Polge C. Sir Alan Sterling Parkes: 10 September 1900 - 17 July 1990. Biogr Mem Fellows R Soc. 2006;52:263-83 pubmed
    ..He entitled the first volume of his autobiography Off-beat biologist, which is perhaps a very apt description of this remarkable man. ..
  40. Ersoy O, Yldz H. Reproductive health problems and depression levels of women living in sanctuary houses as a result of husband violence. Health Care Women Int. 2011;32:795-810 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the BDI cut-off values, it was concluded that all these women need medical treatment. ..
  41. Ackmann E. Prenatal testing gone awry: the birth of a conflict of ethics and liability. Indiana Health Law Rev. 2005;2:199-224 pubmed
  42. Briozzo L, Faundes A. The medical profession and the defense and promotion of sexual and reproductive rights. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2008;100:291-4 pubmed
    ..It describes the tools available to the medical profession and healthcare teams for the promotion of sexual and reproductive rights, and proposes specific actions that would lead to improvements for women and communities.
  43. Statman D. The right to parenthood: an argument for a narrow interpretation. Ethical Perspect. 2003;10:224-35 pubmed
  44. Pirisi A. Dorothy Shaw: promoting women's sexual and reproductive rights. Lancet. 2005;366:887 pubmed
  45. Gee R. Plan B, reproductive rights, and physician activism. N Engl J Med. 2006;355:4-5 pubmed
  46. Paltrow L, Flavin J. Arrests of and forced interventions on pregnant women in the United States, 1973-2005: implications for women's legal status and public health. J Health Polit Policy Law. 2013;38:299-343 pubmed publisher
    ..Third, we explore the role played by health care providers. We conclude by discussing the implications of our findings and the likely impact of personhood measures on pregnant women's liberty and on maternal, fetal, and child health. ..
  47. Newland J. Empower women through education and access. Nurse Pract. 2006;31:6 pubmed
  48. Bredenoord A, Dondorp W, Pennings G, de Wert G. Avoiding transgenerational risks of mitochondrial DNA disorders: a morally acceptable reason for sex selection?. Hum Reprod. 2010;25:1354-60 pubmed publisher
    ..To start an IVF/PGD-cycle especially for this purpose would be disproportional. The alternative approach of preconceptional sex selection may be morally justified as a means to increase the chances of obtaining male embryos. ..
  49. Edmeades J, Lee Rife S, Malhotra A. Women and reproductive control: the nexus between abortion and contraceptive use in Madhya Pradesh, India. Stud Fam Plann. 2010;41:75-88 pubmed
    ..Moreover, past use of contraceptives has a significant effect on attempted abortion and vice versa. Finally, we find that this relationship changes as women age and accumulate experience. ..
  50. McCabe L, McCabe E. Down syndrome: coercion and eugenics. Genet Med. 2011;13:708-10 pubmed publisher
  51. Kangaude G. Enhancing the role of health professionals in the advancement of adolescent sexual health and rights in Africa. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2016;132:105-8 pubmed publisher
  52. Adams D. Conceptualising a child-centric paradigm : do we have freedom of choice in donor conception reproduction?. J Bioeth Inq. 2013;10:369-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Concepts pertaining to a shift toward a child-centric paradigm are discussed. ..
  53. Perry J. Biopolitics at the bedside. Proxy wars and feeding tubes. J Leg Med. 2007;28:171-92 pubmed