needle exchange programs
Summary: Organized services for exchange of sterile needles and syringes used for injections as a potential means of reducing the transmission of infectious diseases.
Publications176 found, 100 shown here
- Evaluation of a needle social marketing strategy to control HIV among injecting drug users in ChinaZunyou Wu
National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
AIDS 21:S115-22. 2007..To evaluate the effectiveness of a needle social marketing strategy to reduce needle sharing and hepatitis C Virus (HCV)/HIV transmission among injecting drug users (IDU) in China...
- Do needle syringe programs reduce HIV infection among injecting drug users: a comprehensive review of the international evidenceAlex Wodak
Alcohol and Drug Service, St Vincent s Hospital, Sydney, Australia
Subst Use Misuse 41:777-813. 2006....
- Needle-exchange attendance and health care utilization promote entry into detoxificationS A Strathdee
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
J Urban Health 76:448-60. 1999..Creating and sustaining these linkages may facilitate entry into drug abuse treatment and serve the important public health goal of increasing the number of drug users in treatment...
- Decline in HIV incidence and injecting, but not in sexual risk behaviour, seen in drug users in Amsterdam: a 19-year prospective cohort studyCatharina E A Lindenburg
Health Service of Amsterdam, Cluster Infectious Diseases, Department of Research, 1000 CE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
AIDS 20:1771-5. 2006..Initiated in 1985, the ACS enables us to study changes in trends since HAART became widespread in 1996...
- The influence of needle exchange programs on injection risk behaviors and infection with hepatitis C virus among young injection drug users in select cities in the United States, 1994-2004Deborah Holtzman
Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, Mailstop G 37, Atlanta GA 30333, USA
Prev Med 49:68-73. 2009Our purpose was to assess whether participation in needle exchange programs (NEPs) influenced incident hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection through effects on injection risk behaviors among young injection drug users (IDUs) in the United ..
- Hepatitis C virus antibody prevalence among injecting drug users at selected needle and syringe programs in Australia, 1995-1997. Collaboration of Australian NSPsM A MacDonald
National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney
Med J Aust 172:57-61. 2000..To describe point prevalence of HCV antibody and relevant risk behaviour among people who inject drugs and who attended selected needle and syringe programs throughout Australia in 1995, 1996 and 1997...
- Risk-taking behaviors among injecting drug users who obtain syringes from pharmacies, fixed sites, and mobile van needle exchangesCari L Miller
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
J Urban Health 79:257-65. 2002..Use of distribution beyond fixed sites will improve such outreach, thereby increasing program effectiveness and further preventing the transmission of blood-borne infections...
- Needle exchange programs and drug infection behaviorJeff DeSimone
University of South Florida and National Bureau of Econimic Research, USA
J Policy Anal Manage 24:559-77. 2005....
- HIV incidence among injection drug users in New York City, 1990 to 2002: use of serologic test algorithm to assess expansion of HIV prevention servicesDon C Des Jarlais
Beth Israel Medical Center, 1st Ave and 16th St, New York, NY 10003, USA
Am J Public Health 95:1439-44. 2005..Syringe exchange increased greatly during this period, from 250,000 to 3,000,000 syringes exchanged annually...
- The impact of a police presence on access to needle exchange programsEvan Wood
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 34:116-8. 2003
- Harm reduction interventions, behaviours and associated health outcomes in France, 1996-2003Julien Emmanuelli
Département Maladies Infectieuses, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, St Maurice, France
Addiction 100:1690-700. 2005..To track the effect of the French harm reduction programme targeted at intravenous drug users (IDUs) and associated health outcomes...
- Measuring the impact of needle exchange programs among injecting drug users through the National Behavioural Surveillance in BangladeshC Jenkins
Family Health International, IMPACT, Bangladesh, Dhaka
AIDS Educ Prev 13:452-61. 2001..Behavioral surveillance methods have the potential to measure intervention impact through comparative analysis in certain settings...
- Hepatitis C virus infection and needle exchange use among young injection drug users in San FranciscoJ A Hahn
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
Hepatology 34:180-7. 2001..We conclude that anti-HCV prevalence is lower than in previous studies of older IDUs, but 11% incidence implies high risk of HCV infection in a long injecting career. Despite access to sterile needles, borrowing of needles persisted...
- Safer injection facility use and syringe sharing in injection drug usersThomas Kerr
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
Lancet 366:316-8. 2005..30, 0.11-0.82, p=0.02) after adjustment for relevant sociodemographic and drug-use characteristics. These findings could help inform discussions about the merits of such facilities...
- Strategies to improve access to sterile syringes for injection drug usersJosiah D Rich
Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
AIDS Read 12:527-35. 2002..b>Needle exchange programs (NEPs), syringe prescription, and syringe deregulation are 3 approaches to increasing access to sterile ..
- Trends in HCV prevalence among injecting drug users in Glasgow and Edinburgh during the era of needle/syringe exchangeD Goldberg
Department of Public Health, University of Glasgow, UK
Scand J Infect Dis 33:457-61. 2001..Further investigative and preventive work is required...
- Syringe disposal among injection drug users in Harlem and the Bronx during the New York State Expanded Syringe Access Demonstration ProgramCharles M Cleland
National Development and Research Institutes NDRI, New York, New York 10010, USA org
Health Educ Behav 34:390-403. 2007..More detailed information on disposal practices is needed to capture the continuum from least to most safe practices and variation within individuals...
- Approval of syringe exchange programs in California: results from a local approach to HIV preventionRicky N Bluthenthal
Health Program and Drug Policy Research Center, RAND Corp, 1776 Main S, PO Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407 2138, USA
Am J Public Health 98:278-83. 2008..We studied the effect of local approval of syringe exchange programs in California (through Assembly AB136) on program availability and performance...
- Reductions in hepatitis C virus and HIV infections among injecting drug users in New York City, 1990-2001Don C Des Jarlais
Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY 10038, USA
AIDS 19:S20-5. 2005..The 1990-2001 time period included a very large expansion of syringe exchange in New York City, from 250,000 to 3,000,000 syringes exchanged annually...
- Lower syringe sharing and re-use after syringe legalization in Rhode IslandJosiah D Rich
The Miriam Hospital, 164 Summit Avenue, Providence, RI 02906, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 89:292-7. 2007..Laws and policies that increase legal syringe availability can decrease injection related transmission of HIV and other infectious diseases...
- Major decline of hepatitis C virus incidence rate over two decades in a cohort of drug usersCharlotte H S B van den Berg
Department of Human Retrovirology, Academic Medical Center, and Health Service of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 100, 1018 WT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Eur J Epidemiol 22:183-93. 2007..4 times the HIV incidence, a pattern seen over the entire study period. The simultaneous decline of both HCV and HIV incidence probably results from reduced risk behavior at the population level...
- Pharmacists' attitudes and concerns regarding syringe sales to injection drug users in Denver, ColoradoBeth A Lewis
University of California at Irvine, USA
J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash) 42:S46-51. 2002..To identify factors influencing pharmacists' decisions about selling syringes to injection drug users (IDUs)...
- Increasing syringe access and HIV prevention in California: findings from a survey of local health jurisdiction key personnelThomas J Stopka
Office of AIDS, California Department of Health Services, Sacramento, CA 95899 7426, USA
J Urban Health 84:116-25. 2007..Further research is needed to identify facilitators and barriers to adopting SB1159, to identify areas for improving technical assistance to implementers, and to assess the public health impact of the legislation...
- Increased access to unrestricted pharmacy sales of syringes in Seattle-King County, Washington: structural and individual-level changes, 1996 versus 2003Ryan J Deibert
Health Services Department, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
Am J Public Health 96:1347-53. 2006..Structural changes, including policy reform and pharmacy outreach, appear to increase syringe access. Interventions should address pharmacy policies and pharmacist attitudes and policies...
- Advocacy and coverage of needle exchange programs: results of a comparative study of harm reduction programs in Brazil, Bangladesh, Belarus, Ukraine, Russian Federation, and ChinaDave Burrows
AIDS Projects Management Group, Sydney, Australia
Cad Saude Publica 22:871-9. 2006..Monitoring to determine regular reach (those who are in regular contact with harm reduction services) should be added to uniform data collection carried out by harm reduction programs. Advocacy is crucial to achieving high coverage...
- Expanding access to syringesValerie Rose
Focus 22:1-5. 2007
- Multiple access to sterile syringes for injection drug users: vending machines, needle exchange programs and legal pharmacy sales in Marseille, FranceJ P Moatti
INSERM Research Unit 379, Social Sciences Applied to Medical Innovation, Institut Paoli Calmettes, Marseille, France
Eur Addict Res 7:40-5. 2001..programs for injection drug users (IDUs) simultaneously include access to sterile syringes through needle exchange programs (NEPs), legal pharmacy sales and, since 1996, vending machines that mechanically exchange new syringes ..
- Expanding harm reduction services through a wound and abscess clinicLauretta E Grau
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn 06520, USA
Am J Public Health 92:1915-7. 2002..Distribution of cards advertising the clinic was substantially less effective than word of mouth in increasing community awareness of the clinic...
- The impact of behavioural changes on the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C among injecting drug usersJohn M Murray
School of Mathematics, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
Int J Epidemiol 32:708-14. 2003..In Australia in 1997, HIV prevalence among attendees at Needle Exchange Programs was 1% while HCV prevalence was 50%...
- Changes in public order after the opening of a medically supervised safer injecting facility for illicit injection drug usersEvan Wood
Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
CMAJ 171:731-4. 2004..22, 2003. Although similar facilities exist in a number of European cities and in Sydney, Australia, no standardized evaluations of their impact have been presented in the scientific literature...
- Do supervised injecting facilities attract higher-risk injection drug users?Evan Wood
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Am J Prev Med 29:126-30. 2005..We examined whether North America's first SIF was attracting IDUs who were at greatest risk of overdose and blood-borne disease infection...
- The effect of syringe exchange use on high-risk injection drug users: a cohort studyR N Bluthenthal
Drug Policy Research Center and Health Program, RAND, Santa Monica, California 90407 2138, USA
AIDS 14:605-11. 2000..To determine whether syringe exchange program use is associated with cessation of syringe sharing among high-risk injection drug users...
- Sterile syringe access conditions and variations in HIV risk among drug injectors in three citiesRicky N Bluthenthal
Health Program and Drug Policy Research Center, RAND, Santa Monica, CA 90407 2138, USA
Addiction 99:1136-46. 2004..SEPs associated with less likelihood of syringe re-use and receptive syringe sharing? (3) Among non-SEP users, is residing in an area with pharmacy access associated with lower likelihood of syringe re-use and receptive syringe sharing?..
- Integrating multiple programme and policy approaches to hepatitis C prevention and care for injection drug users: a comprehensive approachGuthrie S Birkhead
AIDS Institute, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12237, United States
Int J Drug Policy 18:417-25. 2007..HCV/HIV co-infection is common and models of service delivery that effectively meet IDUs' needs are required. A HCV strategic plan has stressed integration...
- Receptive syringe sharing among injection drug users in Harlem and the Bronx during the New York State Expanded Syringe Access Demonstration ProgramEnrique R Pouget
National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:471-7. 2005....
- Accessing care for injection-related infections through a medically supervised injecting facility: a qualitative studyWill Small
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Canada
Drug Alcohol Depend 98:159-62. 2008..This study emphasizes that the facility enables contact with the healthcare system and thereby helps to facilitate the management of injection-related infections...
- The role of needle exchange programs in HIV preventionD Vlahov
Department of Epidemiology, John Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Public Health Rep 113:75-80. 1998..It is estimated that in 1997 there were approximately 110 needle exchange programs (NEPs) in North America...
- Cost-effectiveness of syringe exchange as an HIV prevention strategyF N Laufer
Division of HIV Prevention, AIDS Institute, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York 12237, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 28:273-8. 2001..To analyze the cost-effectiveness of New York State-approved syringe exchange programs (SEPs) and estimate the cost-saving potential of these programs...
- Greater drug injecting risk for HIV, HBV, and HCV infection in a city where syringe exchange and pharmacy syringe distribution are illegalAlan Neaigus
Institute for International Research on Youth at Risk, National Development and Research Institutes, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
J Urban Health 85:309-22. 2008..Legalizing and rapidly implementing sterile syringe distribution programs are critical for reducing parenterally transmitted HIV, HBV, and HCV among IDUs...
- Effectiveness of needle-exchange programmes for prevention of HIV infectionS F Hurley
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Melbourne, Australia
Lancet 349:1797-800. 1997..We used an ecological study design to compare changes over time in HIV seroprevalence in injecting drug users worldwide, for cities with and without NEPs...
- The impact of the Sydney Medically Supervised Injecting Centre (MSIC) on crimeKaren Freeman
NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, Level 8, St James Centre, 111 Elizabeth Street, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia
Drug Alcohol Rev 24:173-84. 2005..These results suggest that setting up an MSIC does not necessarily lead to an increase in drug-related problems of crime and public loitering...
- My place, your place, or a safer place: the intention among Montréal injecting drug users to use supervised injecting facilitiesTraci C Green
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
Can J Public Health 95:110-4. 2004..This study sought to assess the acceptability of SIF and to determine factors associated with willingness of injecting drug users (IDU) to use SIF in a city considering their establishment...
- Needle exchange programs. Delivery and access issuesCarol J Strike
Health Systems Research and Consulting Unit, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1
Can J Public Health 93:339-43. 2002..Examine the challenges of four service delivery models (i.e., fixed, mobile, satellite and home visits) and how service delivery may impact on NEP HIV prevention efforts...
- Drug use and harm reduction policy: alternative perspectives on the California proposalLaura Stauffer
Department of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7400, USA
J Health Soc Policy 19:19-36. 2004..This article underscores the relevance of syringe deregulation and its relevance as an ethical and political issue for social workers...
- Changes in the sharing of drug injection equipment among street-recruited injection drug users in Chicago, Illinois, 1994--1996Dezheng Huo
Community Outreach Intervention Projects, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Subst Use Misuse 40:63-76. 2005..Participation in a syringe exchange program was associated with reductions in receptive syringe sharing and syringe-mediated sharing, but not the sharing of cookers...
- Psychosocial and behavioral differences among drug injectors who use and do not use syringe exchange programsLauretta E Grau
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8034, USA
AIDS Behav 9:495-504. 2005..Implications for future interventions are discussed...
- Profiles of self-reported HIV-risk behaviors among injection drug users in methadone maintenance treatment, detoxification, and needle exchange programsHayley Diana Mark
Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD 21205 2110, USA
Public Health Nurs 23:11-9. 2006....
- The HIV/AIDS epidemic and changes in injecting drug use in Buenos Aires, ArgentinaDiana Rossi
Intercambios Asociación Civil para el Estudio y Atención de Problemas Relacionados con las Drogas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Cad Saude Publica 22:741-50. 2006..Knowledge about these changes helps build harm reduction activities oriented to IDUs in their particular social context...
- Drug use and HIV risk practices of secondary and primary needle exchange usersDezheng Huo
Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Community Outreach Intervention Projects, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, IL 60637, USA
AIDS Educ Prev 17:170-84. 2005..Secondary exchange facilitated HIV risk reduction but the salutary effects of NEPs were attenuated in mixed/secondary exchangers...
- Correlates of unsafe syringe acquisition and disposal among injection drug users in Baltimore, MarylandElizabeth T Golub
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Subst Use Misuse 40:1751-64. 2005..These data suggest the need for a more active program involving pharmacists, an expanded syringe access program, and better efforts to enhance safe disposal...
- Unmet need for recommended preventive health services among clients of California syringe exchange programs: implications for quality improvementK G Heinzerling
UCLA Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, 911 Broxton Avenue, Third Floor, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 81:167-78. 2006..We examined use of recommended preventive services by clients of 23 SEPs throughout California...
- Coverage to curb the emerging HIV epidemic among injecting drug users in Pakistan: delivering prevention services where most neededFaran Emmanuel
HIV AIDS Surveillance Project, National AIDS Control Program, Chak Shehzad Park Road, Islamabad 44400, Pakistan
Int J Drug Policy 19:S59-64. 2008....
- Patterns of drug use and associated harms among rural injecting drug users: comparisons with metropolitan injecting drug usersCarolyn Day
National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia
Aust J Rural Health 14:120-5. 2006....
- New York City injection drug users' memories of syringe-sharing patterns and changes during the peak of the HIV/AIDS epidemicRussell Rockwell
National Development and Research Institutes Inc, New York, New York 10010, USA
AIDS Behav 10:691-8. 2006..IDUs remember when they first became aware of AIDS and began to adjust their behaviors and social assumptions...
- Full participation in harm reduction programmes is associated with decreased risk for human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus: evidence from the Amsterdam Cohort Studies among drug usersCharlotte Van Den Berg
Department of Human Retrovirology, Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Addiction 102:1454-62. 2007..To investigate the impact of harm-reduction programmes on HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) incidence among ever-injecting drug users (DU) from the Amsterdam Cohort Studies (ACS)...
- Determinants of injection drug user (IDU) syringe sharing: the relationship between availability of syringes and risk network member characteristics in Winnipeg, CanadaSouradet Y Shaw
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Addiction 102:1626-35. 2007..We examine the extent to which each of these variables is related independently to this behaviour within a diverse study population...
- Client satisfaction and risk behaviours of the users of syringe dispensing machines: a pilot studyMofizul Islam
Faculty of Medicine, University of Sydney, Australia
Drug Alcohol Rev 27:13-9. 2008..The study examines risk behaviours of the users of syringe dispensing machines (SDMs) and evaluates the usefulness of these machines in providing injecting drug users (IDUs) with sterile injecting equipment...
- Childhood sexual and physical abuse histories, PTSD, depression, and HIV risk outcomes in women injection drug users: a potential mediating pathwayRosalyn E Plotzker
Center for the Studies of Addiction, HIV Prevention Division, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA
Am J Addict 16:431-8. 2007..01) and drug (p < 0.03) risk. After PTSD/depression adjustment, CSA was no longer associated with sexual or drug risk. These results suggest that women IDUs' CSA-to-risk path is mediated by PTSD/depression...
- Incidence of HIV, hepatitis C and hepatitis B viruses among injection drug users in southwestern China: a 3-year follow-up studyYuhua Ruan
State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, and National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
AIDS 21:S39-46. 2007..To investigate the incidence rates of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis B virus (HBV) among injection drug users (IDU) in a drug trafficking city in southwest China...
- High-prevalence and high-estimated incidence of HIV infection among new injecting drug users in Estonia: need for large scale prevention programsAnneli Uuskula
Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu, Estonia
J Public Health (Oxf) 30:119-25. 2008..Behavioral surveys were administered; serum samples were collected for HIV testing. Subjects were categorized into new injectors (injecting < or = 3 years) and long-term injectors (injecting > 3 years)...
- "I inject less as I have easier access to pipes": injecting, and sharing of crack-smoking materials, decline as safer crack-smoking resources are distributedLynne Leonard
Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 8M5, Canada
Int J Drug Policy 19:255-64. 2008..01). Since distributing safer crack-smoking materials by a NEP contributes to transition to safer methods of drug ingestion and significantly reduces disease-related risk practices, other NEPs should adopt this practice...
- Injection drug use in Rural Iran: integrating HIV prevention into iran's rural primary health care systemVahid Mojtahedzadeh
Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies, Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
AIDS Behav 12:S7-12. 2008..08, 95% CI 1.1-3.88). This project demonstrates that HIV risks exist in rural Iran and suggests the innovative use of Iran's rural health care system to extend prevention and treatment services to these populations...
- Minimal uptake of sterile drug preparation equipment in a predominantly cocaine injecting population: implications for HIV and hepatitis C preventionCarole Morissette
Montreal Public Health Department, Division of Infectious Diseases, 1301 Sherbrooke Street East, Montreal, Quebec, H2L 1M3, Canada
Int J Drug Policy 18:204-12. 2007..To identify factors associated with using sterile drug injection equipment by injection drug users (IDUs)...
- Rapid scale up of harm reduction in ChinaSheena G Sullivan
National Center for AIDS, STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Nanwei Road, Beijing 100050, China
Int J Drug Policy 18:118-28. 2007..With their support, rapid scale-up to effectively reach a majority of drug users can be achieved in the coming years...
- Deadly disregard: government refusal to implement evidence-based measures to prevent HIV and hepatitis C virus infections in prisonsRichard Elliott
Canadian HIV AIDS Legal Network, Toronto, Ont
CMAJ 177:262-4. 2007
- Social context of needle selling in Baltimore, MarylandCarl A Latkin
Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Subst Use Misuse 41:901-13. 2006..the debate surrounding the distribution of sterile syringes to injection drug users (IDUs) has focused on needle exchange programs (NEPs), IDUs acquire their syringes from three major sources: NEPs, pharmacies, and secondary exchangers ..
- Needle exchange and injection-related risk behaviors in Chicago: a longitudinal studyDezheng Huo
Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC2007, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:108-14. 2007..To examine whether needle exchange program (NEP) use by injecting drug users (IDUs) affects injection risk behaviors over time...
- Psychiatric comorbidity is associated with drug use and HIV risk in syringe exchange participantsElizabeth Disney
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 194:577-83. 2006....
- Needle exchange use, sexual risk behaviour, and the prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus infections among Bulgarian injection drug usersZ P Vassilev
Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA
Int J STD AIDS 17:621-6. 2006..As 40% of the IDUs reported using NEP, it appears that needle exchange provides an opportunity to reach high-risk populations and prevent sexual transmission of blood-borne pathogens...
- [Pharmacy syringe exchange program for injection drug users]Nicolas Bonnet
Apothicom, Ivry sur Seine
Presse Med 35:1811-8. 2006..To demonstrate that a syringe exchange program can reduce syringe re-use, to encourage HCV screening by injection drug users (IDUs), and to provide a new harm reduction tool through the pharmacy network...
- Changing patterns of cocaine use and hiv risks in the south of BrazilJames A Inciardi
Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies, University of Delaware, Coral Gables, FL, USA
J Psychoactive Drugs 38:305-10. 2006..Within this context, this article describes the qualitative data describing the decline of cocaine injecting and the corresponding emergence of crack use in Porto Alegre, Brazil, and related HIV risks...
- Changes in injecting practices associated with the use of a medically supervised safer injection facilityJo Anne Stoltz
Clinical Activities, British Columbia Centre of Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
J Public Health (Oxf) 29:35-9. 2007....
- Unstable housing as a factor for increased injection risk behavior at US syringe exchange programsDon C Des Jarlais
Baron Edmond de Rothschild Chemical Dependency Institute, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY 10038, USA
AIDS Behav 11:78-84. 2007..To assess variation in injection risk behavior among unstably housed/homeless injecting drug users (IDUs) across programs in a national sample of US syringe exchange programs...
- The art and the science of scaling-up needle and syringe programmesRichard Bedell
Addiction 102:1179-80. 2007
- The role of harm reduction in controlling HIV among injecting drug usersAlex Wodak
Alcohol and Drug Service, St Vincent s Hospital, Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia
AIDS 22:S81-92. 2008..Sometimes zealous drug law enforcement undermines harm reduction. A more balanced approach to drug law enforcement is required with illicit drug use recognized primarily as a health and social problem...
- Estimation of the number of injecting drug users attending an outreach syringe-exchange program and infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus: the AjUDE-Brasil projectWaleska Teixeira Caiaffa
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais State, Av Alfredo Balena, 190, Caixa Postal 340, 30 130 100 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
J Urban Health 80:106-14. 2003....
- Syringe access for injection drug users in Rhode IslandAmy Boutwell
Brown Medical School, Providence, RI, USA
Med Health R I 87:15-6. 2004
- Safer injection facilities (SIFs) for injection drug users (IDUs) in Canada. A review and call for an evidence-focused pilot trialBenedikt Fischer
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Room 2036, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1
Can J Public Health 93:336-8. 2002
- The injection of methadone syrup in New South Wales: patterns of use and increased harm after partial banning of injecting equipmentMax Hopwood
National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales
Aust N Z J Public Health 27:551-5. 2003..To assess the impact on injecting drug use and risk behaviour of the withdrawal of methadone injecting equipment from government-funded needle and syringe programs...
- Demystifying the injection drug user: willingness to participate in traditional drug treatment services among participants in a needle exchange programSamuel A MacMaster
University of Tennessee, College of Social Work, Nashville 37210, USA
J Psychoactive Drugs 34:289-94. 2002....
- Syringe exchangeRiki Jacobs
N J Med 100:55-9; quiz 79-80. 2003
- An external evaluation of a peer-run "unsanctioned" syringe exchange programEvan Wood
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada BC V6Z 1Y6
J Urban Health 80:455-64. 2003..The findings also suggest that other forms of syringe-exchange programs should consider the benefits of offering fixed site nighttime service...
- Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and tuberculosis among minority injection drug usersAntonio L Estrada
Mexican American Studies and Research Center, University of Arizona, Economics Building, 23, Tucson, AZ 85723, USA
Public Health Rep 117:S126-34. 2002..This article reviews the literature on the impact of HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV, HCV), and tuberculosis on minority drug injectors in the United States...
- HIV and hepatitis C virus risk in new and longer-term injecting drug users in Oslo, NorwayMaureen Miller
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 33:373-9. 2003..2; 95% confidence interval = 0.1-0.4). Increased similarity in age between new and longer-term IDUs may have contributed to the rapid spread of HCV infection by facilitating mixing patterns between HCV-infected and -susceptible IDUs...
- Situational factors influencing drug injecting, risk reduction and syringe exchange in Togliatti City, Russian Federation: a qualitative study of micro risk environmentTim Rhodes
Department of Social Science and Medicine, The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, University of London, Reynolds Building, St Dunstan s Road, SW6 8RP, London, UK
Soc Sci Med 57:39-54. 2003..We note the role of policing practices in influencing risk reduction and the potential role of policing agencies in supporting HIV prevention initiatives among IDUs...
- The potential public health and community impacts of safer injecting facilities: evidence from a cohort of injection drug usersEvan Wood
British Columbia Center for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, British Columbia, Canada
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:2-8. 2003..Specifically, it is presently unknown if those at greatest risk of overdose and HIV transmission or those responsible for community impact of injection drug use will be willing to attend...
- Investigation of a secondary syringe exchange program for homeless young adult injection drug users in San Francisco, California, U.S.AC Sears
Department of Sociology, University of California-Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 27:193-201. 2001..825; 95% CI, 1.392- 16.721). This suggests that the intervention was effective in delivering SEP services to homeless young adult IDUs, and that IDUs who frequented the intervention site had a lower HIV risk than comparison group IDUs...
- HIV risk practices among needle exchange users and nonusers in ChicagoLawrence Ouellet
Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Community Outreach Intervention Projects, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1187-96. 2004..To assess associations between needle exchange program (NEP) use and drug injection risk practices...
- Exploring the role of needle selling in a drug-using community in Baltimore, MarylandCarl A Latkin
Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, Baltimore, MD, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:57-60. 2005b>Needle exchange programs (NEPs) play a critical role in reducing the spread of HIV in injection drug users (IDUs). However, many IDUs do not access NEPs and rely on needle sellers...
- Why New Jersey needs to change its syringe access lawsJoseph J Roberts
New Jersey State Assembly, USA
N J Med 101:35-6. 2004
- Unsafe injecting practices among attendees of syringe exchange programmes in FranceM Valenciano
Institut de Veille Sanitaire, St-Maurice, France
Addiction 96:597-606. 2001..Interventions should stress the importance of using sterile material for each injection, even with a steady sex partner...
- Long-term effects of syringe exchange on risk behavior and HIV preventionNaomi Braine
The Baron Edmond de Rothschild Chemical Dependency Institute, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY 10003, USA
AIDS Educ Prev 16:264-75. 2004..This study confirms previous findings that SEPs can play a significant role in the prevention of HIV in marginal and impoverished communities in the United States...
- Syringe exchange proposalRiki E Jacobs
N J Med 99:33-4. 2002
- Multiperson use of syringes among injection drug users in a needle exchange program: a gene-based molecular epidemiologic analysisSadeep Shrestha
Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, NCI Frederick, MD 21702, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:335-43. 2006..Testing of STRs represents a promising approach to examining and accessing complex behavioral data, including syringe sharing...
- Injection risk behaviors among clients of syringe exchange programs with different syringe dispensation policiesAlex H Kral
Urban Health Study, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1307-12. 2004..It is concluded that SEPs that base syringe dispensation policy upon need may facilitate reductions in reuse of syringes...
- [Drug addiction: harm reduction policies in France and Spain]Angela Ramirez-Jonville
Université de Médecine Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Presse Med 35:1151-61. 2006Harm reduction policies, such as needle exchange programs, injection centers, and substitution treatments, attempt to reduce the health and social damage associated with illegal drug use...
- [Sharing of needles and paraphernalia injection in new and long-term injection drug users in Sichuan, China]Jian bo Liu
School of Public Health, Hebei Medicine University, Shijiazhuang, China
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 30:656-62. 2009..To examine the prevalence and correlates for needle-sharing among new and long-term injection drug users (IDUs) in Sichuan province, China...
- Syringe prescription to prevent HIV infection in Rhode Island: a case studyJ D Rich
Miriam Hospital, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI 02906, USA
Am J Public Health 91:699-700. 2001..Previously tried strategies include needle exchange programs and changing laws to allow the legal purchase and possession of syringes...
- Characterization of the emerging HIV type 1 and HCV epidemics among injecting drug users in Dushanbe, TajikistanChris Beyrer
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 25:853-60. 2009..Targeted prevention programs offering both needle exchange programs and opiate substitution therapies are urgently called for to prevent the further spread of HIV and HCV in ..
- High street prices of syringes correlate with strict syringe possession lawsJ D Rich
The Miriam Hospital and Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 26:481-7. 2000..We surveyed 42 needle exchange programs (NEPs) in the United States in July and August 1998 to determine the street prices of syringes...
- Giving away used injection equipment: missed prevention message?Carol Strike
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Harm Reduct J 7:2. 2010Our objective was to examine factors associated with distributive injection equipment sharing and how needle exchange programs (NEPs) can help reduce distributive sharing among injection drug users (IDUs).
- EFFECTIVENESS OF MULTISITE NEP IN PREVENTING HIV & HBVDavid Metzger; Fiscal Year: 2000b>Needle Exchange Programs (NEPs) have emerged as important public health interventions in the fight against the spread of HIV infection among injection drug users and their sexual partners...
- Post-trial HIV Vaccines: Receptivity, Risk & DisparitiesWilliam Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2007..diverse persons attending three types of venues in Los Angeles: Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinics, Needle Exchange Programs, and Latino Community Health and HIV Prevention Clinics...
- IMPACTS OF NEEDLE EXCHANGE PROGRAM ON IDUS HIV RISKLawrence Ouellet; Fiscal Year: 2000b>Needle exchange programs (NEPs) are said by advocates to have the following components and consequences: COMPONENT 1: NEPs provide free new needles to IDUs in exchange for used needles...
- Drug Reduction Intervention for Needle Exchange ClientsRobert Swift; Fiscal Year: 2004..have examined the likelihood that using a brief motivation based intervention with drug users enrolled in needle exchange programs may improve drug use outcomes...
- Statistical Methods for Partially Controlled StudiesConstantine Frangakis; Fiscal Year: 2005..This work will be applied to ongoing needle exchange programs in Baltimore, for preventing HIV transmission...
- Statistical Designs and Methods for Partially Controlled HIV/AIDS StudiesConstantine E Frangakis; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed methods are developed for two broad aims, and are motivated by needle exchange programs in the US, HIV treatment administration in East Africa, and HIV vaccine efficacy trials...
- PROVISION OF NEEDLE EXCHANGE BASED HEALTH SERVICESFrederick Altice; Fiscal Year: 1999..Maintenance of contact with out-of-treatment lDUs have been possible through Needle Exchange Programs (NEPs)...
- MAINTAINING HIV RISK REDUCTION AMONG NEEDLE EXCHANGERSMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2004..b>Needle exchange programs offer direct contact with drug users who have initiated HIV risk reduction...
- Replication Study of Breast Cancer Susceptibility Genes in BlacksDezheng Huo; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study will advance understanding the genetic risk factors for breast cancer in women of African descent and will be invaluable in developing novel prevention strategies in the future. ..
- SYRINGE EXCHANGE BASED HEPATITIS B VACCINATION OF IDU'SRobert Heimer; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Integrating Sex & Drug Related HIV Risk & TransmissionRobert Heimer; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Malt beverage use & outcomes in a minority communityRicky Bluthenthal; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- COMMUNITY CONTEXT, SEP OPERATIONS, & HIV RISK AMONG IDUsRicky Bluthenthal; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Community-Based Intervention at Needle Exchange SitesMichael Kidorf; Fiscal Year: 2008..These findings will inform the field on evidenced-based strategies to optimize methadone treatment effectiveness for this important subgroup of injection opioid users. ..
- Understanding Outcome Disparities in Alcohol TreatmentRicky Bluthenthal; Fiscal Year: 2005..geographic location, and treatment program and racial disparities in treatment outcomes; (2) to determine if the patterns of disparities in treatment outcomes differ by gender and by race for African Americans, Latinos and Caucasians ..
- ANTIDEPRESSANT TREATMENT TO REDUCE HIV RISK AMONG IDUSMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- A TRIAL TO REDUCE HEPATITIS C AMONG INJECTION DRUG USERSMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Adapting to HIV Disease--A Family InterventionMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2004..Given the significance of families in the AIDS epidemic, it is important to study as well as support families and patients to optimize care of those affected by HIV disease. ..
- THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTIONCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..