pharmacies

Summary

Summary: Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Pharmaceutical care in community pharmacies: practice and research in Canada
    Erika J M Jones
    College of Pharmacy, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Ann Pharmacother 39:1527-33. 2005
  2. ncbi Consumer satisfaction with community pharmacies in Warri, Nigeria
    Azuka C Oparah
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, University of Benin, PMB 1154, Benin City, Nigeria
    Res Social Adm Pharm 2:499-511. 2006
  3. doi Effect of the Affordable Medicines Facility--malaria (AMFm) on the availability, price, and market share of quality-assured artemisinin-based combination therapies in seven countries: a before-and-after analysis of outlet survey data
    Sarah Tougher
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 380:1916-26. 2012
  4. doi Banning tobacco sales in pharmacies: the right prescription
    Mitchell H Katz
    San Francisco Department of Public Health, 101 Grove St, Room 308, San Francisco, CA 94102, USA
    JAMA 300:1451-3. 2008
  5. pmc STD management by private pharmacies in Hanoi: practice and knowledge of drug sellers
    J Chalker
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Sex Transm Infect 76:299-302. 2000
  6. pmc Antimalarial drug quality in the most severely malarious parts of Africa - a six country study
    Roger Bate
    Africa Fighting Malaria, Washington, DC, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e2132. 2008
  7. ncbi Attitudes of Australian pharmacists toward complementary and alternative medicines
    Sarushka Naidu
    School of Biomedical Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga NSW, Australia
    Ann Pharmacother 39:1456-61. 2005
  8. doi An assessment of dispensing practices in private pharmacies in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania
    Godeliver A B Kagashe
    School of Pharmacy, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Int J Pharm Pract 19:30-5. 2011
  9. ncbi Dental health and access to dental treatment: a comparison of drug users and non-drug users attending community pharmacies
    J Sheridan
    National Addiction Centre, London
    Br Dent J 191:453-7. 2001
  10. ncbi Change of body weight and lifestyle of persons at risk for diabetes after screening and counselling in pharmacies
    Andrea Botomino
    Institute of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Pharm World Sci 30:222-6. 2008

Detail Information

Publications285 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Pharmaceutical care in community pharmacies: practice and research in Canada
    Erika J M Jones
    College of Pharmacy, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Ann Pharmacother 39:1527-33. 2005
    To discuss the provision of pharmaceutical care in community pharmacies in Canada including the following topics: organization and delivery of health services, health service policy, methods of payment, types of pharmacy services provided,..
  2. ncbi Consumer satisfaction with community pharmacies in Warri, Nigeria
    Azuka C Oparah
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, University of Benin, PMB 1154, Benin City, Nigeria
    Res Social Adm Pharm 2:499-511. 2006
    ..Consumer satisfaction is likely to affect the image of the pharmacist and pharmacy profession. Efforts should not only be made to track consumer satisfaction with pharmacy services but also to improve it where needed...
  3. doi Effect of the Affordable Medicines Facility--malaria (AMFm) on the availability, price, and market share of quality-assured artemisinin-based combination therapies in seven countries: a before-and-after analysis of outlet survey data
    Sarah Tougher
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 380:1916-26. 2012
    ..We present findings on the effect of AMFm on QAACT price, availability, and market share, 6-15 months after the delivery of subsidised ACTs in Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda, and Tanzania (including Zanzibar)...
  4. doi Banning tobacco sales in pharmacies: the right prescription
    Mitchell H Katz
    San Francisco Department of Public Health, 101 Grove St, Room 308, San Francisco, CA 94102, USA
    JAMA 300:1451-3. 2008
  5. pmc STD management by private pharmacies in Hanoi: practice and knowledge of drug sellers
    J Chalker
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Sex Transm Infect 76:299-302. 2000
    Prompt treatment of sexually transmitted infections may reduce the incidence of HIV/AIDS infections. With health sector reforms private pharmacies are increasingly the first and only contact with health delivery services.
  6. pmc Antimalarial drug quality in the most severely malarious parts of Africa - a six country study
    Roger Bate
    Africa Fighting Malaria, Washington, DC, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e2132. 2008
    A range of antimalarial drugs were procured from private pharmacies in urban and peri-urban areas in the major cities of six African countries, situated in the part of that continent and the world that is most highly endemic for malaria...
  7. ncbi Attitudes of Australian pharmacists toward complementary and alternative medicines
    Sarushka Naidu
    School of Biomedical Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga NSW, Australia
    Ann Pharmacother 39:1456-61. 2005
    ..The increase in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) by the general public has led to increasing interest in how health professionals view these therapies...
  8. doi An assessment of dispensing practices in private pharmacies in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania
    Godeliver A B Kagashe
    School of Pharmacy, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Int J Pharm Pract 19:30-5. 2011
    To assess medicine dispensing practices in private pharmacies in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania and recommend interventions to improve practice.
  9. ncbi Dental health and access to dental treatment: a comparison of drug users and non-drug users attending community pharmacies
    J Sheridan
    National Addiction Centre, London
    Br Dent J 191:453-7. 2001
    ..access to dental treatment and recent use of dental services among a group of drug users attending community pharmacies and to make a comparison with a group of age and gender matched community non-drug users/patients not using ..
  10. ncbi Change of body weight and lifestyle of persons at risk for diabetes after screening and counselling in pharmacies
    Andrea Botomino
    Institute of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Pharm World Sci 30:222-6. 2008
    ..To investigate the effects of pharmacy based counselling on changes in lifestyle and body weight...
  11. doi Soft targets or partners in health? Retail pharmacies and their role in Tanzania's malaria control program
    Vinay R Kamat
    University of British Columbia, Department of Anthropology, 2319 6303 North West Marine Drive, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T1Z1
    Soc Sci Med 71:626-33. 2010
    ..This article closely examines the perspectives of owners and managers of retail pharmacies and drug shops in Dar es Salaam, toward the dominant public health discourse and practices surrounding the ..
  12. ncbi Directly observed treatment for tuberculosis in pharmacies compared with self-administered therapy in Spain
    G Juan
    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Valencia, Spain
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 10:215-21. 2006
    ..To compare directly observed treatment (DOT) of tuberculosis through pharmacy offices with self-administered treatment (SAT) in patients at risk for non-adherence...
  13. pmc Quality of anti-malarial drugs provided by public and private healthcare providers in south-east Nigeria
    Obinna Onwujekwe
    Department of Health Administration and Management, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria
    Malar J 8:22. 2009
    ..The objective of the study was to determine the quality of drugs used for the treatment of malaria in a broad spectrum of public and private healthcare providers...
  14. pmc Assessing safety culture in pharmacies: the psychometric validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) in a national sample of community pharmacies in Sweden
    Annika Nordén-Hägg
    Department of Pharmacy, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    BMC Clin Pharmacol 10:8. 2010
    ..assessment is increasingly recognized as an important component in healthcare quality improvement, also in pharmacies. One of the most commonly used and rigorously validated tools to measure safety culture is the Safety Attitudes ..
  15. ncbi Quality of pharmacies in Pakistan: a cross-sectional survey
    Zahid A Butt
    World Health Organization, Campaign and Social Mobilization Cell, Islamabad, Punjab, Pakistan
    Int J Qual Health Care 17:307-13. 2005
    To estimate the proportion of pharmacies meeting licensing requirements and to identify factors associated with these pharmacies in urban Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
  16. doi Single-pill vs free-equivalent combination therapies for hypertension: a meta-analysis of health care costs and adherence
    Beth Sherrill
    RTI Health Solutions, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 13:898-909. 2011
    ..Persistence in the SPC groups was twice as likely as the FEC groups (pooled risk ratio, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.1-4.1). Improved adherence and persistence may have contributed to the lower costs in the SPC groups via improved clinical outcomes...
  17. pmc An unfortunate and avoidable component of American pharmacy: tobacco
    Jack E Fincham
    School of Pharmacy, The University of Missouri Kansas City, 4246 Health Sciences Building, 2464 Charlotte Street, Kansas City, Missouri 64108, USA
    Am J Pharm Educ 72:57. 2008
  18. pmc Dirt cheap and without prescription: how susceptible are young US consumers to purchasing drugs from rogue internet pharmacies?
    Lana Ivanitskaya
    The Herbert H and Grace A Dow College of Health Professions, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI, USA
    J Med Internet Res 12:e11. 2010
    ..This study examined how well students enrolled in a U.S. higher education institution could identify clearly unsafe pharmacies.
  19. ncbi Impact of a community pharmacist-directed clinic in improving screening and awareness of osteoporosis
    Anandi V Law
    Social and Administrative Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, CA 91766 1854, USA
    J Eval Clin Pract 11:247-55. 2005
    ..The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effectiveness of an osteoporosis screening and awareness programme directed by a pharmacist in the community setting...
  20. ncbi Use of antibiotics without medical prescription
    Dalton Espíndola Volpato
    Braz J Infect Dis 9:288-91. 2005
    ..The use of antibiotics should follow specific criteria; they are on top of the list of self-medication drugs in countries that do not control their commercialization...
  21. ncbi Poor knowledge on new malaria treatment guidelines among drug dispensers in private pharmacies in Tanzania: the need for involving the private sector in policy preparations and implementation
    O M S Minzi
    Department of Mledicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Muhimbili University of Health and allied Sciences P O BOX 65013, Dar Es Salaam Tanzania
    East Afr J Public Health 5:117-21. 2008
    To assess the knowledge of dispensers in private pharmacies on new malaria treatment guidelines which involved switching from chloroquine (CQ) to sulfadoxine pyrimethamine (SP) and from SP to artemether-lumefantrine.
  22. pmc Understanding and improving access to prompt and effective malaria treatment and care in rural Tanzania: the ACCESS Programme
    Manuel W Hetzel
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Malar J 6:83. 2007
    ..Furthermore, access may be influenced by global and national health policies. As a consequence, many malaria episodes in highly endemic countries are not treated appropriately...
  23. pmc Perceptions, use and attitudes of pharmacy customers on complementary medicines and pharmacy practice
    Lesley A Braun
    Cardiothoracic Surgical Research Unit, Department of Surgery, Monash University, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    BMC Complement Altern Med 10:38. 2010
    ..This study explores pharmacy customer use, attitudes and perceptions of complementary medicines, and their expectations of pharmacists as they relate to these products...
  24. ncbi A survey of pharmacists' opinions and practices related to the sale of cigarettes in pharmacies-revisited
    Jerome E Kotecki
    Department of Physiology and Health Science, College of Sciences and Humanities, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    J Community Health 27:321-33. 2002
    ..survey of Indiana pharmacists regarding their opinions and practices related to the sale of cigarettes in pharmacies. More specifically, this study was designed to (1) collect 2001 state-wide data concerning the percentage of ..
  25. pmc Tobacco sales in pharmacies: time to quit
    K Suchanek Hudmon
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Tob Control 15:35-8. 2006
    To assess the pharmacy profession's perceptions of tobacco sales in US pharmacies and explore whether a policy prohibiting sales of tobacco in pharmacies would alter adult consumer shopping behaviour.
  26. pmc Preventing medication errors in community pharmacy: frequency and seriousness of medication errors
    P Knudsen
    Danish College of Pharmacy Practice, Milnersvej 42, DK 3400 Hillerød, Denmark
    Qual Saf Health Care 16:291-6. 2007
    ..Errors can be corrected if documented and evaluated as a part of quality improvement. The Danish community pharmacies are committed to recording prescription corrections, dispensing errors and dispensing near misses...
  27. ncbi Assessing the performance, practices and roles of drug sellers/dispensers and mothers'/guardians' behaviour for common childhood conditions in Kibaha district, Tanzania
    S E D Nsimba
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, PO Box 65010, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Trop Doct 37:197-201. 2007
    In most third world countries, self-medication is common and pharmacies, drug stores and drug shops are important providers of health advice and inexpensive medicines...
  28. pmc Online prescribing of sildanefil (Viagra) on the world wide web
    G Eysenbach
    University of Heidelberg, Dept of Clinical Social Medicine, Unit for Cybermedicine, Heidelberg, 69115, Germany
    J Med Internet Res 1:E10. 1999
    ..Little is known about the structure and "quality" of these "virtual pharmacies" in terms of how responsibly "online-prescriptions" are actually issued.
  29. pmc Cyberpharmacies and the role of the US Food And Drug Administration
    J E Henney
    Commissioner of Food and Drugs, Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, Maryland 20857, USA
    J Med Internet Res 3:E3. 2001
    ..While the growth in online drug sales by reputable pharmacies is a trend that may provide benefits to consumers, online drug sales also present risks to purchasers and some ..
  30. ncbi Pharmacovigilance of over-the-counter products based in community pharmacy: methodological issues from pilot work conducted in Hampshire and Grampian, UK
    D Layton
    Drug Safety Research Unit, Bursledon Hall, Southampton SO31 1AA, UK
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 11:503-13. 2002
    ..The aim of this initial pilot work, using an observational cohort design, was to determine the feasibility of conducting a pharmacovigilance study of a non-prescription medicine, based in community pharmacies.
  31. doi Prevalence and safety-relevance of drug-related problems in German community pharmacies
    Daniel Lewinski
    Berlin Pharmaceutical Association, Berlin, Germany
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 19:141-9. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess prevalence and characteristics, including safety-relevance, of drug-related problems (DRPs) detectable in community pharmacy routine service, and to investigate the influence of relevant risk factors...
  32. ncbi Evaluation of the performance of drug-drug interaction screening software in community and hospital pharmacies
    Jacob Abarca
    Center for Health Outcomes and PharmacoEconomic Research, University of Arizona College of Pharmacy, P O Box 210202 Tucson, AZ 85721 0202, USA
    J Manag Care Pharm 12:383-9. 2006
    ..Computerized drug-drug interaction (DDI) screening is widely used to identify potentially harmful drug combinations in the inpatient and outpatient setting...
  33. ncbi Banning tobacco sales in Massachusetts' pharmacies
    Alan C Woodward
    Massachusetts Public Health Council, Concord, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 31:145-8. 2012
    Bans on the sale of tobacco products in pharmacies allow pharmacies to provide health information and services without the conflict of interest posed by concurrent tobacco sales...
  34. ncbi Sale of alcohol in pharmacies: results and implications of an empirical study
    Jerome E Kotecki
    College of Sciences and Humanities, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    J Community Health 28:65-77. 2003
    ..statewide survey of Indiana pharmacists regarding their opinions and practices related to the sale of alcohol in pharmacies. Of the 1,280 registered Indiana pharmacies, one-half were chosen using a systematic random selection process...
  35. doi The sale of antibiotics without prescription in pharmacies in Catalonia, Spain
    Carl Llor
    Primary Care Center Jaume I, University Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain
    Clin Infect Dis 48:1345-9. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to quantify the percentage of pharmacies selling antibiotics without an official medical prescription in Catalonia, Spain, by the simulation of 3 ..
  36. ncbi Pharmaceutical care in community pharmacies: practice and research in the US
    Dale B Christensen
    Pharmaceutical Policy and Evaluative Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    Ann Pharmacother 40:1400-6. 2006
    ..To describe the state of community pharmacy, including patient care services, in the US...
  37. pmc Variation in drug prices at pharmacies: are prices higher in poorer areas?
    Walid F Gellad
    Division of General Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Health Serv Res 44:606-17. 2009
    ..To determine whether retail prices for prescription drugs are higher in poorer areas...
  38. doi Assessing job satisfaction and stress among pharmacists in Northern Ireland
    Laura McCann
    School of Pharmacy, Queen s University Belfast, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast BT9 7BL, UK
    Pharm World Sci 31:188-94. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the levels of job satisfaction and stress in pharmacists in NI in the context of these changes...
  39. ncbi Referring TB suspects from private pharmacies to the National Tuberculosis Programme: experiences from two districts in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    K Lonnroth
    Department of Social Medicine, Goteborg University, Goteborg, Sweden
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:1147-53. 2003
    ..Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam...
  40. doi Medication therapy management services in community pharmacy: a pilot programme in HIV specialty pharmacies
    Ashley Rosenquist
    University of California San Diego, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    J Eval Clin Pract 16:1142-6. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe a pilot programme that provided pharmacy-based MTMS for patients with HIV/AIDS in the state of California, USA...
  41. pmc Risk-taking behaviors among injecting drug users who obtain syringes from pharmacies, fixed sites, and mobile van needle exchanges
    Cari L Miller
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    J Urban Health 79:257-65. 2002
    ..Participants who primarily obtained clean needles from pharmacies, fixed sites, or mobile exchange vans were compared using the Cochran-Armitage trend test to test for trends in ..
  42. pmc The prevalence and experience of Australian naturopaths and Western herbalists working within community pharmacies
    Lesley A Braun
    Cardiothoracic Surgical Research Unit, Department of Surgery, Monash University Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    BMC Complement Altern Med 11:41. 2011
    ....
  43. pmc Pharmacist and pharmacy staff experiences with non-prescription (NP) sale of syringes and attitudes toward providing HIV prevention services for injection drug users (IDUs) in Providence, RI
    Nickolas Zaller
    Division of Infectious Diseases, The Miriam Hospital, 164 Summit Ave, CFAR Building, Providence, RI, 02906, USA
    J Urban Health 87:942-53. 2010
    ..Many states, including Rhode Island, have legalized non-prescription (NP) sale of syringes in pharmacies. Previous studies have suggested that training pharmacists to provide HIV-related services to IDUs may be an ..
  44. doi Addition of electronic prescription transmission to computerized prescriber order entry: Effect on dispensing errors in community pharmacies
    Thomas T Moniz
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02120, USA
    Am J Health Syst Pharm 68:158-63. 2011
    The addition of electronic prescription transmission to computerized prescriber order entry (CPOE) and its effect on dispensing errors in community pharmacies were evaluated.
  45. pmc Individual- and neighborhood-level characteristics associated with support of in-pharmacy vaccination among ESAP-registered pharmacies: pharmacists' role in reducing racial/ethnic disparities in influenza vaccinations in New York City
    Natalie D Crawford
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Urban Health 88:176-85. 2011
    ..Many NYS pharmacies participate in the Expanded Syringe Access Program (ESAP), which allows provision of non-prescription syringes ..
  46. doi Disparities exist in the availability of outpatient malaria treatment in Maryland, USA
    Kelly A Bear
    Department of Pediatrics, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, MD 20866, USA
    J Travel Med 17:228-32. 2010
    ..We hypothesized that the local availability of antimalarial medications was not consistent across communities of differing socioeconomic status...
  47. doi Factors predicting poor counselling about prescription medicines in Swedish community pharmacies
    Mary P Tully
    Department of Pharmacy, Uppsala University, Sweden and School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Manchester, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 83:3-6. 2011
    To investigate predictors of 'no counselling', 'no questioning' and 'provision of no information' for three prescribed medicines in community pharmacies in Sweden.
  48. ncbi A feasibility study for recording of dispensing errors and near misses' in four UK primary care pharmacies
    Siew Siang Chua
    Centre for Paediatric Pharmacy Research, School of Pharmacy, University of London and the Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United
    Drug Saf 26:803-13. 2003
    ..the Organisation with a Memory (OWAM) by the Department of Health in the UK has raised awareness of the need for pharmacies to collect information about dispensing errors and near misses, which occur within an organisation...
  49. ncbi A survey of the quality of information leaflets on hayfever available from general practices and community pharmacies
    P White
    Nightingale Surgery, Romsey, UK
    Clin Exp Allergy 34:1438-43. 2004
    ..Patient information leaflets are published to augment the advice given and to promote self-management, but these leaflets have rarely been subjected to critical review...
  50. doi Patient-reported communications with pharmacy staff at community pharmacies: the Alabama NSAID Patient Safety Study, 2005-2007
    Cynthia Lacivita
    American Society of Health System Pharmacists Research and Education Foundation, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 49:e110-7. 2009
    ..To examine the prevalence of patient-pharmacy staff communication about medications for pain and arthritis and to assess disparities in communication by demographic, socioeconomic, and health indicators...
  51. pmc Pharmacy refill adherence compared with CD4 count changes for monitoring HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy
    Gregory P Bisson
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    PLoS Med 5:e109. 2008
    ....
  52. ncbi Assessment of the quality of simvastatin capsules from compounding pharmacies
    Blanca Elena Ortega Markman
    Seção de Antibióticos, Serviço de Medicamentos, Instituto Adolfo Lutz, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 44:1055-62. 2010
    ..To validate a method for determining the simvastatin content of compounded capsules, using high performance liquid chromatography...
  53. ncbi Simulated patients in the community pharmacy setting. Using simulated patients to measure practice in the community pharmacy setting
    Margaret C Watson
    Department of General Practice and Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, Westburn Road, Aberdeen, AB25 2AY, UK
    Pharm World Sci 26:32-7. 2004
    ..The purpose of this paper is to describe how we used simulated patients to measure professional performance of community pharmacy staff...
  54. doi Provider characteristics among staff providing care to sexually transmitted infection self-medicating patients in retail pharmacies in Kibera slum, Nairobi, Kenya
    Zachary Kwena
    Centre for Microbiology Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
    Sex Transm Dis 35:480-3. 2008
    To evaluate the characteristics of providers in management of STI self-medicating patients in retail pharmacies within the largest informal settlement in Kenya.
  55. pmc Syringe access for the prevention of blood borne infections among injection drug users
    Sharon Stancliff
    AIDS Institute, New York State Department of Health, 5 Penn Plaza, 1st Floor, New York, New York 10001, USA
    BMC Public Health 3:37. 2003
    ....
  56. pmc Congruence of self-reported medications with pharmacy prescription records in low-income older adults
    Grace I L Caskie
    Gerontology Center, The Pennsylvania State University, 135 E Nittany Avenue, Suite 405, State College, PA, USA
    Gerontologist 44:176-85. 2004
    ..This study examined the congruence of self-reported medications with computerized pharmacy records...
  57. ncbi Returned medicines in community pharmacies of Barcelona, Spain
    Anna Coma
    Department of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Pharm World Sci 30:272-7. 2008
    ..Setting A random sample of community pharmacies in Barcelona, Spain...
  58. doi Reducing dispensing errors in Swedish pharmacies: the impact of a barrier in the computer system
    Annika Nordén-Hägg
    Department of Pharmacy, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Qual Saf Health Care 19:e22. 2010
    Since 2004, a web-based reporting system enables monitoring of dispensing errors in all Swedish pharmacies. The adoption of this system was followed by an overall increase in reports, mainly explained by the dispensing of medicines of ..
  59. ncbi Self-reported information and pharmacy claims were comparable for lipid-lowering medication exposure
    David W Brown
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 60:525-9. 2007
    ..To examine agreement between self-reported exposure to lipid-lowering medications and objective evidence of filling prescribed lipid-lowering medications...
  60. doi Evaluation of consumer medication information dispensed in retail pharmacies
    Almut G Winterstein
    Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, College of Pharmacy, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Florida Food and Drug Administration Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Box 100496, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:1317-24. 2010
    United States retail pharmacies are key sources of written consumer medication information (CMI) through leaflets dispensed with prescription drugs. The content and format of this CMI are unregulated...
  61. doi Using single-item health literacy screening questions to identify patients who read written nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine information provided at pharmacies
    Michael J Miller
    College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy Clinical and Administrative Sciences, University of Oklahoma, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA
    J Health Commun 15:413-27. 2010
    ..reading prescription nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) written medicine information (WMI) provided at pharmacies. The health literacy of 382 patients from primary care physician practices in Alabama was estimated using ..
  62. pmc Negotiating access: social barriers to purchasing syringes at pharmacies in Tijuana, Mexico
    Peter J Davidson
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0507, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 23:286-94. 2012
    ..In Mexico specialized syringe exchanges are rare, and the sale of needles through pharmacies is often the only way people who inject drugs can obtain sterile syringes...
  63. pmc Rural Australian community pharmacists' views on complementary and alternative medicine: a pilot study
    Nicole J Bushett
    School of Pharmacy and Applied Science, Faculty of Science, Technology and Engineering, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia
    BMC Complement Altern Med 11:103. 2011
    ..The aim of this pilot study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes and information seeking of a cohort of rural community pharmacists towards CAMs and to compare the findings to the larger NPS study...
  64. pmc Tobacco sales in pharmacies: a survey of attitudes, knowledge and beliefs of pharmacists employed in student experiential and other worksites in Western New York
    Danielle M Smith
    Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY, USA
    BMC Res Notes 5:413. 2012
    b>Pharmacies are venues in which patients seek out products and professional advice in order to improve overall health...
  65. ncbi Counselling quality in community pharmacies: implementation of the pseudo customer methodology in Germany
    K Berger
    Centre for Drug Information and Pharmacy Practice, ABDA Federal Union of German Associations of Pharmacists, Berlin, Germany
    J Clin Pharm Ther 30:45-57. 2005
    To investigate a new method for evaluating counselling performance of staff in community pharmacies and to assess the quality of patient counselling.
  66. ncbi Behind the counter: pharmacies and dispensing patterns of pharmacy attendants in Karachi
    F Rabbani
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi
    J Pak Med Assoc 51:149-53. 2001
    BACKGROUND: There is little literature available on dispensing patterns and unsupervised sale of medicines from pharmacies in developing countries...
  67. ncbi A follow-up survey of selected Internet pharmacies in the United States
    Andrew M Peterson
    Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, 600 South 43rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 43:639-42. 2003
  68. ncbi Community pharmacies and the provision of opioid substitution services for drug misusers: changes in activity and attitudes of community pharmacists across England 1995-2005
    Janie Sheridan
    The School of Pharmacy, The University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Addiction 102:1824-30. 2007
    ..Extensive involvement was identified, and considerable underused capacity was noted. This study explores these and potential new roles 10 years on...
  69. ncbi Pharmaceutical care in community pharmacies: practice and research in Germany
    Christiane Eickhoff
    Center for Drug Information and Pharmacy Practice, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Pharmacother 40:729-35. 2006
    To discuss the provision of pharmaceutical care in community pharmacies in Germany including community pharmacy, organization and delivery of health services, pharmacy education, community pharmacy services, research in community pharmacy,..
  70. pmc Swiss community pharmacies' on the Web and pharmacists' experiences with E-commerce: longitudinal study and Internet-based questionnaire survey
    Simon Zehnder
    Institute for Clinical Pharmacy, Pharmacenter, Klingelbergstrasse 50, 4056 Basel, Switzerland
    J Med Internet Res 6:e9. 2004
    There are multiple ways in which community pharmacies can present themselves on the Internet, e.g., as a platform for drug information or as an advertising platform for their services.
  71. ncbi Advice-giving in community pharmacy: variations between pharmacies in different locations
    A Rogers
    University of Manchester, UK
    Health Place 4:365-73. 1998
    The advice and services provided by community pharmacies are viewed by policy makers as having an increasingly important contribution to make as a primary health care resource to local populations...
  72. ncbi A survey of community pharmacists on prevention of HIV and hepatitis B and C: current practice and attitudes in Grampian
    Lorna Watson
    Department of Public Health, Grampian Health Board, 2 Eday Road, Aberdeen AB15 6RE
    J Public Health Med 25:13-8. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the activity, knowledge and attitudes of community pharmacists in Grampian in prevention of HIV and hepatitis B and C...
  73. ncbi Supplying emergency contraception via community pharmacies in the UK: reflections on the experiences of users and providers
    Paul Bissell
    The Pharmacy School, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:2367-78. 2003
    ..findings from an evaluation of a scheme to provide free emergency hormonal contraception (EHC) via community pharmacies in the North-West of England...
  74. ncbi [Evaluation of Brazilian online pharmacies]
    Ana Paula Soares Gondim
    Curso de Farmácia, Universidade de Fortaleza, Av Washington Soares 1321, 60811 905 Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
    Rev Saude Publica 41:297-300. 2007
    ..the validity of information disseminated in these websites, a descriptive study was carried out in 18 virtual pharmacies concerning legal aspects, accessibility, sources of information and drug advertising...
  75. ncbi A nation-wide study on the practice of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in community and hospital pharmacies in The Netherlands
    H S Lau
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacotherapy, Utrecht Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The Netherlands
    Pharm World Sci 22:3-9. 2000
    ..There is, however, still an information gap on the role of pharmacists in these matters. The aim of our study was to study the attitudes and practices of E and PAS among pharmacists...
  76. ncbi A comparison of brand-name drug prices between Canadian-based Internet pharmacies and major U.S. drug chain pharmacies
    Bradley S Quon
    St Paul s Hospital and Vancouver General Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Ann Intern Med 143:397-403. 2005
    Many Americans have been purchasing their medications from online Canadian pharmacies. Although it is commonly perceived that medications are less expensive in Canada than in the United States, little research has been done to quantify ..
  77. pmc Temporal trends in spatial access to pharmacies that sell over-the-counter syringes in New York City health districts: relationship to local racial/ethnic composition and need
    Hannah L F Cooper
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Urban Health 86:929-45. 2009
    b>Pharmacies that sell over-the-counter (OTC) syringes are a major source of sterile syringes for injection drug users in cities and states where such sales are legal...
  78. pmc Assessment of ePrescription quality: an observational study at three mail-order pharmacies
    Bengt Astrand
    Apoteket AB, and School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences, University of Kalmar, Kalmar, Sweden
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 9:8. 2009
    ....
  79. doi Activities and perceptions of pharmacists providing tobacco control services in community pharmacy in Thailand
    Chuanchom Thananithisak
    Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand
    Nicotine Tob Res 10:921-5. 2008
    ..Thirty-four (34/42, 81%) and thirty-six (36/42, 86%) reported engaging in activities in their own pharmacies by providing educational materials and smoking cessation services, respectively...
  80. ncbi Selling syringes to injecting drug users: a study of five pharmacies in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Christopher A Pankonin
    UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, 10960 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 1550, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    J Infect Dev Ctries 2:51-8. 2008
    ..Methodology: Five pharmacies located in Dong Da and Thanh Xuan districts in Hanoi, where two peer-based needle and syringe programs (NSPs) ..
  81. doi Laboratory tests in the clinical risk management of potential drug-drug interactions: a cross-sectional study using drug-dispensing data from 100 Dutch community pharmacies
    Arjen F J Geerts
    Kring apotheek BV, Den Bosch, The Netherlands
    Drug Saf 32:1189-97. 2009
    ..Information about laboratory test results, in particular, may be useful in the assessment of potential DDIs for the individual patient...
  82. doi The evaluation of an intervention based on the application of patient self-completion concordance forms in Dutch community pharmacies and the effect on adherence to chronic medication
    Marlies M E Geurts
    University of Groningen, Department of Pharmacotherapy and Pharmaceutical Care, GUIDE Graduate School for Drug Exploration, Graduate School for Health Research SHARE, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Patient Educ Couns 78:85-90. 2010
    ..To evaluate the use of patient self-completion concordance forms and to determine the effect of patient counselling by using concordance forms on adherence to chronic medication...
  83. doi Availability and choice of antimalarials at medicine outlets in Ghana: the question of access to effective medicines for malaria control
    K O Buabeng
    Department of Social Pharmacy, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 84:613-9. 2008
    ..Interventions targeting medicine outlets should be initiated to improve availability and access to effective medicines in order to support the national program for malaria control...
  84. ncbi Pharmacists' perceptions of Healthy People goals in economically stressed cities
    Dong Churl Suh
    College of Pharmacy, Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway 08854, USA
    J Community Health 27:133-50. 2002
    ..The findings of this study will enhance the understanding of pharmacists' perceptions of community health issues and will be beneficial to attain the objectives of HP 2010...
  85. ncbi Patterns of specific antimigraine drug use--a study based on the records of 18 community pharmacies
    J J H M Lohman
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Maasland Hospital, Sittard, The Netherlands
    Cephalalgia 25:214-8. 2005
    ..8% vs. 20.4%, P<0.001). Our data indicate substantially suboptimal treatment of migraine patients...
  86. pmc Multilevel community-based intervention to increase access to sterile syringes among injection drug users through pharmacy sales in New York City
    Crystal M Fuller
    Harlem Community and Academic Partnership at the Center for Urban Epidemiological Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:117-24. 2007
    Research has indicated that there is minimal use of pharmacies among injection drug users (IDUs) in specific neighborhoods and among Black and Hispanic IDUs...
  87. ncbi "We don't carry that"--failure of pharmacies in predominantly nonwhite neighborhoods to stock opioid analgesics
    R S Morrison
    Hertzberg Palliative Care Institute, Department of Geriatrics and Adult Development, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    N Engl J Med 342:1023-6. 2000
    ..palliative care at a major urban teaching hospital are unable to obtain prescribed opioids from their neighborhood pharmacies. In this study, we investigated the availability of commonly prescribed opioids in New York City pharmacies.
  88. pmc Sexually transmitted and reproductive tract infections in symptomatic clients of pharmacies in Lima, Peru
    P J Garcia
    Epidemiology and STD AIDS Unit, School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
    Sex Transm Infect 83:142-6. 2007
    To determine prevalences and predictors of sexually transmitted and reproductive tract infections among men and women seeking care at pharmacies.
  89. ncbi Direct access to emergency contraception through pharmacies and effect on unintended pregnancy and STIs: a randomized controlled trial
    Tina R Raine
    Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    JAMA 293:54-62. 2005
    ..It is estimated that half of unintended pregnancies could be averted if emergency contraception (EC) were easily accessible and used...
  90. doi Marketing and pricing strategies of online pharmacies
    Rosella Levaggi
    Department of Economics, University of Brescia, Italy
    Health Policy 92:187-96. 2009
    ..In this paper we analyze marketing and pricing strategies of online pharmacies (OPs)...
  91. ncbi Limited access to syringes for injection drug users in pharmacies in Denver, Colorado
    Stephen K Koester
    Health and Behavioral Sciences Program, University of Colorado at Denver, 80217 3364, USA
    J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash) 42:S88-91. 2002
    To determine the availability of syringes for injection drug users (IDUs) from pharmacies in Denver.
  92. pmc Disparities in access to over-the-counter nicotine replacement products in New York City pharmacies
    Steven L Bernstein
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1699-704. 2009
    We surveyed the availability of tobacco products and nonprescription nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in pharmacies in New York City, stratified by the race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status (SES) of the surrounding neighborhoods to ..
  93. ncbi Pharmacoepidemiological study of self-medication in adults attending pharmacies in Alexandria, Egypt
    S A Sallam
    High Institute of Public Health, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
    East Mediterr Health J 15:683-91. 2009
    ..Following WHO methods, 35 pharmacies were randomly selected from districts in Alexandria city, Egypt...
  94. ncbi Pharmaceutical care in community pharmacies: practice and research in Sweden
    Lo Tommy Westerlund
    Apoteket AB, Helsingborg and Stockholm, Sweden
    Ann Pharmacother 40:1162-9. 2006
    ..To describe the organization and delivery of community pharmacy and medical care, as well as pharmaceutical care practice and research, in Sweden...
  95. ncbi Recruitment of parents and physicians of stimulant-using children via community pharmacies is successful
    Adrianne Faber
    Department of Social Pharmacy, Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacotherapy, Groningen University Institute for Drug Exploration GUIDE, University of Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, 9713 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:1072-3. 2005
  96. pmc Putting the genie back in the bottle? Availability and presentation of oral artemisinin compounds at retail pharmacies in urban Dar-es-Salaam
    S Patrick Kachur
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Ifakara, PO Box 78373, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Malar J 5:25. 2006
    ..Retail trade in artemisinin monotherapies could undermine efforts to restrict this class of medicines to more theoretically sound combination treatments...
  97. ncbi Language barriers to prescriptions for patients with limited English proficiency: a survey of pharmacies
    Michael Bradshaw
    Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
    Pediatrics 120:e225-35. 2007
    ..Language barriers can have major adverse consequences in health care, but little is known about whether pharmacies provide adequate care to patients with limited English proficiency.
  98. ncbi Differences in prescription opioid analgesic availability: comparing minority and white pharmacies across Michigan
    Carmen R Green
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0048, USA
    J Pain 6:689-99. 2005
    ..This investigation explored sociodemographic determinants of pain medication availability in Michigan pharmacies. A cross-sectional survey-based study with census data and data provided by Michigan community retail ..
  99. pmc Revolving drug funds: a step towards health security
    T Umenai
    Department of Health Policy and Planning, Graduate School of International Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan
    Bull World Health Organ 77:167-71. 1999
    ..As well as being a tool for cost recovery a revolving drug fund can serve as an entry point for strengthening health care and improving health security at local and district level...
  100. pmc The quality of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine and amodiaquine products in the Kenyan retail sector
    A A Amin
    Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Clin Pharm Ther 30:559-65. 2005
    ....
  101. ncbi Management of asthma at private pharmacies in India
    D van Sickle
    Department of Anthropology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 10:1386-92. 2006
    ..Chennai, India...

Research Grants90

  1. Epilepsy-associated stigma in Zambia: Evidence-based interventions and outcomes
    Gretchen Birbeck; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..For example, the availability of epilepsy medication in public hospitals, clinics and pharmacies will be evaluated before and after the advocacy program...
  2. Medicare Part D Plan Generosity & Dual-Eligible Nursing Home Residents
    Haiden Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..will examine seven classes of medications for which physicians, nursing home administrators, and long term care pharmacies have reported coverage restrictions for some PDPs: osteoporosis medications, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)..
  3. Medicare Part D Plan Generosity & Dual-Eligible Nursing Home Residents
    Haiden A Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..will examine seven classes of medications for which physicians, nursing home administrators, and long term care pharmacies have reported coverage restrictions for some PDPs: osteoporosis medications, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)..
  4. Reducing Cost-Related Medication Nonadherence in Persons with Diabetes
    Chien Wen Tseng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..multiple formularies in a standard format, highlights widely covered drugs, gives retail prices from discount pharmacies, and has links to assistance programs...
  5. PS07-003, Minority HIV/AIDS Research Initiative
    SILVIA AMESTY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..include provision of HIV testing referrals and services to injection drug users (IDUs) who purchase syringes in pharmacies in the Harlem community of New York City...
  6. Pharmacy Referral Intervention: IDU Access to Services
    Crystal Fuller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..randomized trial to evaluate the impact of providing enhanced pharmacy services to IDUs accessing syringes from pharmacies through the "Expanded Syringe Access Demonstration Program" (ESAP), a New York State public health law passed in ..
  7. ASK, ADVISE, REFER: Promoting Pharmacy-based Referrals to Tobacco Quitlines
    Karen S Hudmon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Community pharmacies, as a key interface between the health-care system and the general public, have the potential to substantially reduce the prevalence of tobacco use-particularly among key population groups for which tobacco use is a ..
  8. ASK, ADVISE, REFER: Promoting Pharmacy-based Referrals to Tobacco Quitlines
    Karen Hudmon; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Community pharmacies, as a key interface between the health-care system and the general public, have the potential to substantially reduce the prevalence of tobacco use-particularly among key population groups for which tobacco use is a ..
  9. TOPICAL NITROGEN MUSTARD TREATMENT OF MYCOSIS FUNGOIDES*
    Stuart Lessin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..formulation of NM would be of benefit by offering a GMP product that would be available through all retail pharmacies. This is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of patients with previously treated ..
  10. A Phase II Pivotal Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Notrogen Mustard
    Stuart Lessin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..multiple concentrations would be of benefit by offering a GMP product that would be available through all retail pharmacies. A propylene glycol (PG)-containing ointment formulation has been developed as an alternative to the heavy ..
  11. A Phase II Pivotal Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Notrogen Mustard
    Stuart R Lessin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..multiple concentrations would be of benefit by offering a GMP product that would be available through all retail pharmacies. A propylene glycol (PG)-containing ointment formulation has been developed as an alternative to the heavy ..
  12. Rural Trial of Clinic Order Entry with Decision Support
    Matthew Samore; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..will be stored on highly secure, redundant servers and electronically transmitted via wireless connections to pharmacies and other vendors or to local printers in the clinic offices...
  13. SYRINGE ACCESS AND HIV RISK
    Merrill Singer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., nature of availability of sterile syringes form SEPs and pharmacies, police pressure, transportation, etc)...
  14. Microneedle-based immunization against pandemic influenza
    Mark R Prausnitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Such patches could be rapidly distributed through pharmacies, fire stations or even the U.S. mail...
  15. Microneedle-based immunization against pandemic influenza
    MARK PRAUSNITZ; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such patches could be rapidly distributed through pharmacies, fire stations or even the U.S. mail...
  16. Microneedle-based immunization against pandemic influenza
    MARK PRAUSNITZ; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such patches could be rapidly distributed through pharmacies, fire stations or even the U.S. mail...
  17. Microneedle-based immunization against pandemic influenza
    MARK PRAUSNITZ; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such patches could be rapidly distributed through pharmacies, fire stations or even the U.S. mail...
  18. A Novel Nanocomposite Photocatalyst for Water Treatment
    ANUNCIA GONZALEZ MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Key segments where the proposed technology can have an immediate impact include hospital, schools, pharmacies, cafeteria, commercial and residential buildings, etc...
  19. Defining the Role of Mexican Pharmacies in HIV Prevention-A Mixed Method Approach
    Robin Pollini; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..a mixed methods approach to: 1) Characterize current practices regarding sales of sterile syringes to IDUs at pharmacies in Tijuana, 2) Identify reasons underlying refusal to sell syringes to IDUs and identify specific circumstances ..
  20. GOLDENSEAL(HYDRASTIS CANADENSIS)REMEDY FOR ORAL DISEASES
    Christine Wu; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Goldenseal is one of the major phytomedicines ("herbal remedies") sold in health food stores and pharmacies in the U.S. Several mouthrinses and toothpastes containing Goldenseal are available on the market...
  21. IDU Access to HIV/HCV Prevention
    Grace Macalino; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Rhode Island (RI) to prevent HIV and Hepatitis C prompted the deregulation of syringes, allowing their sale in pharmacies without a prescription...
  22. Epidemiology of HIV and Hepatitis C Among Injecting Drug Users in Tijuana
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and use of sterile syringes and injection paraphernalia within the context of legal syringe access through pharmacies. Individual level factors of interest include knowledge of HIV and HCV serostatus, recent onset injection and ..
  23. Epilepsy-associated stigma in Zambia: Evidence-based interventions and outcomes
    Gretchen Lano Birbeck; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..For example, the availability of epilepsy medication in public hospitals, clinics and pharmacies will be evaluated before and after the advocacy program...
  24. Epilepsy-associated stigma in Zambia: Evidence-based interventions and outcomes
    Gretchen Lano Birbeck; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..For example, the availability of epilepsy medication in public hospitals, clinics and pharmacies will be evaluated before and after the advocacy program...
  25. Prenatal NSAID Use and Miscarriage
    De Kun Li; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the KPMCP pharmacy databases that capture all prescription NSAIDs and nonprescription NSAID obtained at KPMCP pharmacies. Spontaneous abortion and other pregnancy outcomes will be ascertained through linkage to the KPMCP databases ..
  26. Expanded Syringe Access Program--NY Evaluation
    David Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..of Health (letter of agreement attached in Appendix C) that gives basic information including location of pharmacies and agencies that are registered in the expanded syringe access program...