urban hospitals

Summary

Summary: Hospitals located in metropolitan areas.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Six year audit of cardiac arrests and medical emergency team calls in an Australian outer metropolitan teaching hospital
    Michael Buist
    Intensive Care Unit, Dandenong Hospital, PO Box 478, Dandenong, VIC 3175, Australia
    BMJ 335:1210-2. 2007
  2. ncbi The association between hospital overcrowding and mortality among patients admitted via Western Australian emergency departments
    Peter C Sprivulis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Western Australia, 2nd Floor R Block, Queen Elizabeth II, Medical Centre, Verdun Street, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia
    Med J Aust 184:208-12. 2006
  3. ncbi Mortality patterns in the accident and emergency department of an urban hospital in Nigeria
    A U Ekere
    Division of Orthopedics/trauma, Dept of Surgery, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital
    Niger J Clin Pract 8:14-8. 2005
  4. ncbi Empiric management of community-acquired pneumonia in Australian emergency departments
    David J Maxwell
    NSW Therapeutic Advisory Group Inc, PO Box 766, Darlinghurst, NSW 2010, Australia
    Med J Aust 183:520-4. 2005
  5. ncbi How graduate nurses use protocols to manage patients' medications
    Elizabeth Manias
    Associate Professor of Nursing, School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Vic, Australia
    J Clin Nurs 14:935-44. 2005
  6. doi Invasive pneumococcal disease in children aged <5 years admitted to 3 urban hospitals in Ibadan, Nigeria
    A G Falade
    Department of Pediatrics, University College Hospital and College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
    Clin Infect Dis 48:S190-6. 2009
  7. pmc Use of a regional health information exchange to detect crossover of patients with MRSA between urban hospitals
    Abel N Kho
    Northwestern University, Division of General Internal Medicine, Affiliated Scientist, Regenstrief Institute, Inc, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 15:212-6. 2008
  8. doi Development of an evidence-based practice and research collaborative among urban hospitals
    Susan Mace Weeks
    Center for Evidence Based Practice and Research, Texas Christian University, TCU Box 298620, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA
    Nurs Clin North Am 44:27-31, ix-x. 2009
  9. ncbi The heaviest repeat users of an inner city emergency department are not general practice patients
    Andrew Wesley Dent
    Emergency Medicine, St Vincent s Hospital, 41 Victoria Parade, Fitzroy 3065, Vic, Australia
    Emerg Med (Fremantle) 15:322-9. 2003
  10. ncbi Estimation of the impact of providing outpatients with information about SARS infection control on their intention of outpatient visit
    Tatsuro Ishizaki
    Department of Healthcare Economics and Quality Management, School of Public Health, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Yoshida konoe cho, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    Health Policy 69:293-303. 2004

Detail Information

Publications189 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Six year audit of cardiac arrests and medical emergency team calls in an Australian outer metropolitan teaching hospital
    Michael Buist
    Intensive Care Unit, Dandenong Hospital, PO Box 478, Dandenong, VIC 3175, Australia
    BMJ 335:1210-2. 2007
    ..In our hospital an important problem was failure to call the medical emergency team or cardiac arrest team when, before in-hospital cardiac arrest, patients had fulfilled the criteria for calling the team...
  2. ncbi The association between hospital overcrowding and mortality among patients admitted via Western Australian emergency departments
    Peter C Sprivulis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Western Australia, 2nd Floor R Block, Queen Elizabeth II, Medical Centre, Verdun Street, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia
    Med J Aust 184:208-12. 2006
    ..To examine the relationship between hospital and emergency department (ED) occupancy, as indicators of hospital overcrowding, and mortality after emergency admission...
  3. ncbi Mortality patterns in the accident and emergency department of an urban hospital in Nigeria
    A U Ekere
    Division of Orthopedics/trauma, Dept of Surgery, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital
    Niger J Clin Pract 8:14-8. 2005
    ..CONCLUSION: Improvement in management techniques might unravel the mysteries of death of unknown origin. Management of medical emergencies should be emphasized in the training of accident and emergency workers...
  4. ncbi Empiric management of community-acquired pneumonia in Australian emergency departments
    David J Maxwell
    NSW Therapeutic Advisory Group Inc, PO Box 766, Darlinghurst, NSW 2010, Australia
    Med J Aust 183:520-4. 2005
    ..To describe empiric community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) management in Australian hospital emergency departments (EDs) and evaluate this against national guidelines, including use of the pneumonia severity index and antibiotic selection...
  5. ncbi How graduate nurses use protocols to manage patients' medications
    Elizabeth Manias
    Associate Professor of Nursing, School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Vic, Australia
    J Clin Nurs 14:935-44. 2005
    ..The objectives were to: examine the extent of adherence to various protocols in relation to medication activities and determine how the ward environment impacts on graduate nurses' use of protocols to manage patients' medications...
  6. doi Invasive pneumococcal disease in children aged <5 years admitted to 3 urban hospitals in Ibadan, Nigeria
    A G Falade
    Department of Pediatrics, University College Hospital and College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
    Clin Infect Dis 48:S190-6. 2009
    ..pneumoniae...
  7. pmc Use of a regional health information exchange to detect crossover of patients with MRSA between urban hospitals
    Abel N Kho
    Northwestern University, Division of General Internal Medicine, Affiliated Scientist, Regenstrief Institute, Inc, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 15:212-6. 2008
    ..A significant portion of patients already known to be colonized or infected with Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) may not be identified at admission by neighboring hospitals...
  8. doi Development of an evidence-based practice and research collaborative among urban hospitals
    Susan Mace Weeks
    Center for Evidence Based Practice and Research, Texas Christian University, TCU Box 298620, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA
    Nurs Clin North Am 44:27-31, ix-x. 2009
    This article describes the development of an evidence-based practice and research collaborative among urban hospitals. The collaborative began as a mechanism to support the incorporation of evidence-based practice and research in the ..
  9. ncbi The heaviest repeat users of an inner city emergency department are not general practice patients
    Andrew Wesley Dent
    Emergency Medicine, St Vincent s Hospital, 41 Victoria Parade, Fitzroy 3065, Vic, Australia
    Emerg Med (Fremantle) 15:322-9. 2003
    ..To test the hypothesis that frequent attenders to the ED are suitable for diversion to general practice...
  10. ncbi Estimation of the impact of providing outpatients with information about SARS infection control on their intention of outpatient visit
    Tatsuro Ishizaki
    Department of Healthcare Economics and Quality Management, School of Public Health, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Yoshida konoe cho, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    Health Policy 69:293-303. 2004
    ....
  11. pmc Are urban safety-net hospitals losing low-risk Medicaid maternity patients?
    D J Gaskin
    Institute for Health Care Research and Policy, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20007, USA
    Health Serv Res 36:25-51. 2001
    ..decline during 1991-94? (3) Did self-pay/charity patients' propensity to use safety-net hospitals increase during 1991-94? (4) Did the change in Medicaid patients' use of safety-net hospitals differ for low- and high-risk patients?..
  12. ncbi Out of the frying pan: New York City hospitals in an age of deregulation
    Sharon Salit
    United Hospital Fund, New York City, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 21:127-39. 2002
    ..In this paper we describe this period of turbulent change that has left most of the city's safety-net and small community hospitals near bankruptcy...
  13. ncbi Priority-setting and hospital strategic planning: a qualitative case study
    Douglas Martin
    University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, Management and Evaluation, 88 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1L4, Canada
    J Health Serv Res Policy 8:197-201. 2003
    ..To describe and evaluate the priority-setting element of a hospital's strategic planning process...
  14. pmc Epidemiology of acute coronary syndromes in a Mediterranean country; aims, design and baseline characteristics of the Greek study of acute coronary syndromes (GREECS)
    Christos Pitsavos
    First Cardiology Clinic, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Greece
    BMC Public Health 5:23. 2005
    ..In this work we present the design, methodology of the study and various baseline characteristics of people with ACS...
  15. pmc Seasonal variation in undiagnosed HIV infection on the general medicine and trauma services of two urban hospitals
    Kathleen A Brady
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:324-30. 2005
    To examine the seroprevalence of undiagnosed HIV and variation by season among patients admitted to the general internal medicine (GIM) and trauma services of two urban hospitals.
  16. ncbi Project ASSERT: an ED-based intervention to increase access to primary care, preventive services, and the substance abuse treatment system
    E Bernstein
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, MA 02118 2393, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 30:181-9. 1997
    ....
  17. pmc Epidemiological and genetic correlates of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection in the hospital with the highest nosocomial infection rate in Taiwan in 2003
    Yi Ming Arthur Chen
    Institute of Public Health, National Yang Ming University, Li Noun Street, Section 2, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Clin Microbiol 44:359-65. 2006
    ..The odds ratio for contracting a SARS-CoV infection among persons with either a homozygous or a heterozygous Cw*0801 genotype was 4.4 (95% confidence interval, 1.5 to 12.9; P = 0.007)...
  18. pmc Surgery in Malawi - a national survey of activity in rural and urban hospitals
    Chris Lavy
    Beit Cure Orthopaedic Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 89:722-4. 2007
    ..It also has 4 central hospitals, each with one or more surgeons. Most district hospitals are manned by a single doctor and two or more paramedical clinical officers...
  19. pmc Using autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models to predict and monitor the number of beds occupied during a SARS outbreak in a tertiary hospital in Singapore
    Arul Earnest
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    BMC Health Serv Res 5:36. 2005
    ..The main objective of this study is to apply autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models to make real-time predictions on the number of beds occupied in Tan Tock Seng Hospital, during the recent SARS outbreak...
  20. pmc Hospital preparedness and SARS
    Mona R Loutfy
    McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:771-6. 2004
    ..We also make recommendations for other institutions to prepare for future outbreaks, regardless of their origin...
  21. ncbi Improving outcomes with community-wide distribution of health care data
    Ronald J Lagoe
    Hospital Executive Council, Syracuse, NY, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 29:67-76. 2004
    ..These efforts produced increased accessibility of hospital emergency departments and greater efficiency of acute and long-term care...
  22. ncbi Predictors of on-call specialist response times in California emergency departments
    Sarita A Mohanty
    Department of Medicine and Emergency Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California 90033, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 13:505-12. 2006
    ..Limited availability of on-call specialists is thought to contribute to ED overcrowding...
  23. ncbi Development of competency inventory for registered nurses in the People's Republic of China: scale development
    Ming Liu
    Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Int J Nurs Stud 44:805-13. 2007
    ..A competency framework for Chinese registered nurses was formed. This paper describes the development and testing of the Competency Inventory for Registered Nurses (CIRN)...
  24. ncbi Factors associated with walkout of patients from New South Wales hospital emergency departments, Australia
    Mohammed Mohsin
    Centre for Research, Evidence Management and Surveillance, Division of Population Health, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Liverpool BC, New South Wales, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas 17:434-42. 2005
    ..To explore the association between daily patient numbers, sociodemographic, clinical and system characteristics and walkout rates of patients from New South Wales (NSW) public hospital ED (without seeing a medical officer)...
  25. pmc Self-reported safety belt use among emergency department patients in Boston, Massachusetts
    William G Fernandez
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    BMC Public Health 6:111. 2006
    ..Safety belt use among potentially at-risk groups in Boston is unknown. We sought to assess the prevalence and correlates of belt non-use among emergency department (ED) patients in Boston...
  26. ncbi A comparison of trauma intubations managed by anesthesiologists and emergency physicians
    Joseph S Bushra
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Temple University Hospital and School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 11:66-70. 2004
    ..Although airway management by emergency physicians has become standard for general emergency department (ED) patients, many believe that anesthesiologists should manage the airways of trauma victims...
  27. ncbi An exploration of staff knowledge on the nurse practitioner's role in the emergency department
    Geraldine Lee
    La Trobe University The Alfred Clinical School, The Alfred, Commercial Road, Prahran, Melbourne 3004, Australia
    Accid Emerg Nurs 15:79-87. 2007
    ..The role of the Nurse Practitioner (NP) was introduced to the Emergency Department (ED) at a metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia in July 2004...
  28. ncbi Planning emergency patients: An attempt to change the nature of the emergency department
    Remco Rosmulder
    Department of Operations, Organisation and Human Resources, Faculty of Business, Public Administration and Technology, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
    Eur J Emerg Med 13:377-9. 2006
    ..In our opinion, successfully planning emergency patients requires that the ED has full control over the referral process, and that scheduled patients are treated in a separate, undisturbed care process...
  29. ncbi Profile of patients attending pediatric emergency service at Chandigarh
    Manju Salaria
    Department of Pediatrics, Post Graduate Institution of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
    Indian J Pediatr 70:621-4. 2003
    ..3% deaths were in the age group of 0-28 days. Sepsis was the most common diagnosis in patients who died. This information may help in planning and development of a Pediatric Emergency unit and prioritizing residents, training...
  30. ncbi Profile of near-fatal asthma in an inner-city hospital
    Sunil Dhuper
    Jacobi Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Chest 124:1880-4. 2003
    ..We studied the ability of patients to recognize the severity of asthma, implement SC therapy, and seek timely help from a health-care provider (HCP)...
  31. ncbi Pain assessment in the perspective of action science
    Hesook Suzie Kim
    Buskerud University College, Drammen, Norway
    Res Theory Nurs Pract 20:215-28. 2006
    ..The findings point to possible explanations regarding problems in pain assessment, and provide insights into our understanding of nursing practice especially in relation to pain assessment...
  32. ncbi Feasibility of using an interactive laptop program in the emergency department to prevent alcohol misuse among adolescents
    Mary Ann Gregor
    Injury Research Center, The Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0437, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 42:276-84. 2003
    ..We determined the feasibility of using an interactive laptop program with adolescent emergency department (ED) patients to prevent alcohol use and misuse...
  33. ncbi Inpatient mortality as related to triage category in three New South Wales regional base hospitals
    Steven R Doherty
    Tamworth Base Hospital, University Department of Rural Health Tamworth, University of Newcastle, Australia
    Emerg Med (Fremantle) 15:334-40. 2003
    ..To examine the causes of death in each category...
  34. ncbi Can case management interventions reduce the number of emergency department visits by frequent users?
    Keon Hyung Lee
    Department of Health Professions, College of Health and Public Affairs, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816 2205, USA
    Health Care Manag (Frederick) 25:155-9. 2006
    ..The ability of case management interventions to reduce the volume of visits and associated impact on reducing Emergency Department overcrowding was not proven...
  35. ncbi Pharmaceutical advertising in emergency departments
    Catherine A Marco
    Department of Emergency Medicine, St Vincent Mercy Medical Center, 2213 Cherry Street, Toledo, OH 43608 2691, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 11:401-4. 2004
    ..This study was undertaken to identify the frequency of items containing pharmaceutical advertising in clinical emergency departments (EDs)...
  36. ncbi Assessment of patient pain in the postoperative context
    Elizabeth Manias
    School of Nursing, University of Melbourne
    West J Nurs Res 26:751-69. 2004
    ..The study identified how nurses' prioritization of work demands created barriers in conducting timely and comprehensive pain assessment decisions...
  37. ncbi HIV postexposure prophylaxis in sexual assault: current practice and patient adherence to treatment recommendations in a large urban teaching hospital
    Judith A Linden
    Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, MA 02118, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 12:640-6. 2005
    ....
  38. ncbi Patient-provider communication regarding referral to cardiac rehabilitation
    Peter R Mitoff
    University of Toronto, ON
    Rehabil Nurs 30:140-6. 2005
    ..Surprisingly, the strength of the HCP referral did not influence the decision to attend CR as strongly when compared to the HCP's ability to facilitate enrollment in a CR program...
  39. ncbi Characteristics and clinical predictors of minor head injury in children presenting to two Malaysian accident and emergency departments
    H C Chan
    Department of Accident and Emergency Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kota Bharu, Malaysia
    Singapore Med J 46:219-23. 2005
    ....
  40. ncbi Evaluation of a rapid bedside toxicology screen in patients suspected of drug toxicity
    Christian Tomaszewski
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina 28232, USA
    J Emerg Med 28:389-94. 2005
    ..Further testing will be required to verify the efficacy of the test in populations with a higher prevalence of phencyclidine and amphetamine abuse...
  41. pmc Mortality benefit of transfer to level I versus level II trauma centers for head-injured patients
    K John McConnell
    Center for Policy and Research in Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA
    Health Serv Res 40:435-57. 2005
    ..To determine whether head-injured patients transferred to level I trauma centers have reduced mortality relative to transfers to level II trauma centers...
  42. ncbi Infections and severe sepsis in solid-organ transplant patients admitted from a university-based ED
    Stephen Trzeciak
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 22:530-3. 2004
    ..7% of these patients had severe sepsis. The emergency physician must have a high index of suspicion for infections when evaluating organ transplant recipients...
  43. ncbi Effects of the August 2003 blackout on the New York City healthcare delivery system: a lesson for disaster preparedness
    David J Prezant
    Pulmonary Division, Montefiore Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
    Crit Care Med 33:S96-101. 2005
    ....
  44. ncbi Perception of risk: a study of A&E nurses and NHS managers
    Gordon C A Dickson
    Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK
    J Health Organ Manag 18:308-20. 2004
    ..It is argued that identification of differences of perception is an essential part of the risk management process. Illustrations are given of ways in which these differences can undermine the effectiveness of a risk management strategy...
  45. ncbi Patient satisfaction and pain management: an educational approach
    Jennifer Innis
    Pain Service, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Nurs Care Qual 19:322-7. 2004
    ..Although pain scores did not improve, there were improvements made with respect to patient assessment, patient satisfaction, and nursing knowledge...
  46. ncbi Emergency room coverage: an evolving crisis
    Steven P Davison
    Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC 20007 2197, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 114:453-7. 2004
    ..Interestingly, a remuneration problem exists in a market different from what one would expect. In this study, a sample from a suburban hospital, rather than an inner-city university hospital, is the greater problem...
  47. ncbi The emergency department case manager: effect on selected outcomes
    Laurie J Gautney
    Baptist Health System of Alabama, PO Box 830605, Birmingham, AL 35283, USA
    Lippincotts Case Manag 9:121-9; quiz 130-1. 2004
    ..Data will be collected through a variety of sources...
  48. ncbi Pilot study of metropolitan emergency department workload complexity
    Peter Sprivulis
    Acute Demand Management Unit, State Health Emergency Services, Health Department of Western Australia, Fremantle, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas 16:59-64. 2004
    ..Assessment of emergency department (ED) patient complexity using the number of procedures, investigations or consultations (PICsum)...
  49. ncbi Multidisciplinary assessment at triage: a new way forward
    Joanna R Richardson
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Austin Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas 16:41-6. 2004
    ..To evaluate a dual doctor and nurse triage system at a tertiary referral hospital...
  50. ncbi Compliance with advice and appropriateness of emergency presentation following contact with the HealthDirect telephone triage service
    Peter Sprivulis
    Acute Demand Management Unit, State Health Emergency Services, Fremantle Hospital, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas 16:35-40. 2004
    ..Evaluation of compliance with advice and appropriateness of emergency presentation following contact with a telephone triage service (HealthDirect)...
  51. ncbi Emergency department: improving patient satisfaction
    Jo M Walrath
    Patient Care Services CNO Virginia Hospital Center, Arlington, VA, USA
    Nurs Econ 22:71-4, 55. 2004
    ..While the LOS targets were not met, decreasing the LOS to the achieved levels resulted in the highest levels of patient satisfaction ever achieved and sustained in the ED...
  52. ncbi Factors influencing the use of registered nurse overtime in hospitals, 1995-2000
    Barbara Berney
    Hunter College, New York, NY, USA
    J Nurs Scholarsh 37:165-72. 2005
    ..To assess nurse overtime in acute care general hospitals and the factors that influence overtime among various hospitals and in the same hospitals from year to year...
  53. ncbi Drug misuse by patients in an inner-city hospital
    Karen Sinclair
    Bristol Specialist Drug and Alcohol Service
    Nurs Stand 17:33-7. 2003
    ..To identify the prevalence of drug misuse (illicit, over-the-counter and prescribed) by patients at Bristol Royal Infirmary, an inner-city teaching hospital, and the problems encountered by ward staff in the management of these patients...
  54. ncbi [Timeliness of care in patients with type-B pelvic-ring injuries at a referral hospital in Mexico City]
    Eduardo Laguna Sánchez
    Hospital de Traumatologia y Ortopedia Lomas Verdes, IMSS
    Acta Ortop Mex 21:194-8. 2007
    ..To determine the timeliness of the care provided to patients with type-B pelvic ring injuries at the emergency service...
  55. ncbi Outcomes after injury: a comparison of workplace and nonworkplace injury
    Suzanne Mason
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, United Kingdom
    J Trauma 53:98-103. 2002
    ..Factors affecting recovery from injury are investigated comparing male emergency department patients involved in work-related and non-work-related accidents...
  56. ncbi Communication loads on clinical staff in the emergency department
    Enrico W Coiera
    Centre for Health Informatics, University of New South Wales, NSW
    Med J Aust 176:415-8. 2002
    ..To measure communication loads on clinical staff in an acute clinical setting, and to describe the pattern of informal and formal communication events, Australia...
  57. ncbi Communication. Improving RNs' organizational and professional identification in managed care hospitals
    Julie Apker
    Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Mich, USA
    J Nurs Adm 32:106-14. 2002
    ..Communication principles and strategies are presented to nurse leaders for use in fostering a stronger organizational affiliation among staff nurses while maintaining a strong identification with the nursing profession...
  58. ncbi Urine specific gravity and other urinary indices: inaccurate tests for dehydration
    Michael J Steiner
    Department of Pediatrics, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 23:298-303. 2007
    ..The study was designed to evaluate the accuracy of urinary indices as diagnostic tests to identify acute dehydration...
  59. ncbi Satisfied Patients Exiting the Emergency Department (SPEED) Study
    Jerris R Hedges
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Oregon Health Sciences University OHSU, Portland, OR 97201 3098, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 9:15-21. 2002
    ..The objective was to address the associations of actual versus perceived wait intervals in ED patients and the association of overall satisfaction with perceived and actual wait intervals...
  60. ncbi Hospitalization of patients with eating disorders on adolescent medical units is threatened by current reimbursement systems
    Jennifer L Kalisvaart
    Section of Adolescent Medicine and Sports Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children s Hospital, Houston, Texas 77030 2399, USA
    Int J Adolesc Med Health 19:155-65. 2007
    ..Although successful treatment of eating disorders on medical units has occurred for at least thirty years, some insurance companies refuse payment for such care...
  61. ncbi Prevalence of cocaine use in ED patients with severe hypertension
    Melissa L Givens
    bUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75235, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 25:612-5. 2007
    ..We prospectively evaluated the prevalence of cocaine use in emergency department patients with elevated diastolic blood pressure greater than 120 mm Hg...
  62. ncbi Medical decision-making by psychiatry residents
    Rif El-Mallakh
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40202, USA
    Acad Psychiatry 31:326-8. 2007
    ....
  63. ncbi Inappropriate prescribing in an older ED population
    Fredric M Hustey
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 25:804-7. 2007
    ..Outpatient PIM use in older ED patients is highly prevalent. Further education is needed regarding prescribing practices in this population group...
  64. ncbi The epidemiology of emergency department attendances in Christchurch
    P Hider
    New Zealand Health Technology Assessment, Christchurch School of Medicine
    N Z Med J 114:157-9. 2001
    ..ED attendance data have important implications for funders and providers of ED services and a national dataset should be established...
  65. ncbi Frequent overcrowding in U.S. emergency departments
    R Derlet
    Division of Emergency Medicine, University of California, Davis, Medical Center, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 8:151-5. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Episodic, but frequent, overcrowding is a significant problem in academic, county, and private hospital EDs in urban and rural settings. Its causes are complex and multifactorial...
  66. pmc Do internists and emergency physicians agree on the appropriateness of emergency department visits?
    G M O'Brien
    Department of Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence 02903, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 12:188-91. 1997
    ..As managed care grows, the determination of ED appropriateness may depend on open discussions between physician groups, as well as on access to timely care in office settings...
  67. ncbi Syndromic analysis of computerized emergency department patients' chief complaints: an opportunity for bioterrorism and influenza surveillance
    Charlene Babcock Irvin
    Department of Emergency Medicine, St John Hospital and Medical Center, Detroit, MI, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 41:447-52. 2003
    ..Emergency department computerized triage logs might be useful for automated ED surveillance and potentially for early identification of bioterrorism events. We describe a Web-based surveillance program and its feasibility for surveillance...
  68. ncbi Psychiatric emergencies in children
    Kristin V Christodulu
    Department of Psychology, University of at Albany State University of New York, Albany, NY, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 18:268-70. 2002
    ..The rate of admission and length of stay for children who were evaluated in the ED were also examined...
  69. ncbi The impact of a pneumatic tube and computerized physician order management on laboratory turnaround time
    David A Guss
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, UC San Diego Medical Center, 200 West Arbor Drive, Mailcode 8676, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 51:181-5. 2008
    ..We assess the effect of sequential modifications in laboratory processing, including pneumatic tube transport and fully computerized order management, on laboratory turnaround time in the emergency department (ED)...
  70. ncbi Discrepant attitudes about teamwork among critical care nurses and physicians
    Eric J Thomas
    University of Texas Houston Medical School, Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, USA
    Crit Care Med 31:956-9. 2003
    ..To measure and compare critical care physicians' and nurses' attitudes about teamwork...
  71. ncbi Emergency department evaluation of ventricular shunt malfunction: is the shunt series really necessary?
    Raymond Pitetti
    Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 23:137-41. 2007
    ..We hypothesized, however, that in the context of a cranial CT scan that did not demonstrate a shunt malfunction, obtaining the shunt series would not prove to be clinically useful...
  72. ncbi A prospective study of the complication rate of use of patient restraint in the emergency department
    Leslie S Zun
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Finch University Chicago Medical School, Mount Sinai Hospital, Chicago, Illinois 60608, USA
    J Emerg Med 24:119-24. 2003
    ..We found that male patients were most often restrained for violent and disruptive behavior. Most commonly, two restraints were used in combination with chemical restraints for a duration of almost 5 h...
  73. ncbi A five year analysis of death in accident and emergency room of a semi-urban hospital
    A R K Adesunkanmi
    Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences Obafemi Awolowo University, lle Ife, Nigeria
    West Afr J Med 21:99-104. 2002
    ..Trauma victims spent the shortest mean time in accident and emergency before death, the longest staying were the victims of medical diseases...
  74. ncbi Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in emergency department admissions
    Robert L Levine
    University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Department of Neurosurgery and Neurosurgical Intensive Care, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Hosp Med 2:79-85. 2007
    ..Guidelines for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis exist, yet prophylaxis is underutilized and inadequately studied in the context of emergency department admissions...
  75. ncbi The impact of trauma case management on patient outcomes
    Kate Curtis
    Department of Emergency Medicine and Trauma, St George Hospital, Kogarah, New South Wales, Australia
    J Trauma 53:477-82. 2002
    ..Previous investigations demonstrate that nursing case management in the acute care setting improves patient outcomes. However, these findings provide limited information specific to trauma patients...
  76. ncbi The effect of practitioner characteristics on patient pain and embarrassment during ED internal examinations
    Kenneth R Patton
    Emergency Department, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 21:205-7. 2003
    ..5 respectively. Examiner gender, examiner LOT and patient age did not predict pain and embarrassment scores. Overall, 173 (62%) patients had no practitioner gender preference, whereas 93 (34%) preferred women and 11 (4%) preferred men...
  77. ncbi Validation of the Ottawa Ankle Rules in Australia
    Alan Broomhead
    Emergency Department, Lyell McEwin Health Service, Adelaide
    Emerg Med (Fremantle) 15:126-32. 2003
    ..This study was a prospective validation of the Ottawa Ankle Rules (OAR) in Australia following appropriate education in the use of the rules...
  78. ncbi Home and videotape intervention delays early complementary feeding among adolescent mothers
    M M Black
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Pediatrics 107:E67. 2001
    ..Decisions on early feeding are often guided by grandmothers and influenced by beliefs that infants need complementary food to counteract signals of hunger, reduce crying, and sleep through the night...
  79. ncbi Language, speech sound production, and cognition in three-year-old children in relation to otitis media in their first three years of life
    J L Paradise
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Pediatrics 105:1119-30. 2000
    ....
  80. pmc Postoperative ERCP versus laparoscopic choledochotomy for clearance of selected bile duct calculi: a randomized trial
    Leslie K Nathanson
    Department of Surgery and Gastroenterology, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Brisbane, Australia
    Ann Surg 242:188-92. 2005
    ....
  81. ncbi Evaluating HIV-infected patients with headache: who needs computed tomography?
    A L Gifford
    Health Services Research and Development Program, VA San Diego Calif Healthcare System and the Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, USA
    Headache 41:441-8. 2001
    ..To empirically test a clinical prediction rule for evaluating HIV-infected patients complaining of headache and to identify those at low risk for intracranial mass lesion who do not need immediate computed tomography of the head...
  82. ncbi Delaying second births among adolescent mothers: a randomized, controlled trial of a home-based mentoring program
    Maureen M Black
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 737 W Lombard St, Room 161, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Pediatrics 118:e1087-99. 2006
    ..Rates of rapid second births among low-income black adolescent mothers range from 20% to 50%. Most efforts to prevent rapid second births have been unsuccessful...
  83. ncbi Otitis media and tympanostomy tube insertion during the first three years of life: developmental outcomes at the age of four years
    Jack L Paradise
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Pediatrics 112:265-77. 2003
    ..This report describes findings in study participants at the age of 4 years...
  84. ncbi Assessing the readability of skin care and pressure ulcer patient education materials
    Feleta L Wilson
    College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 30:224-30. 2003
    ..Other design characteristics of the materials including organization, writing style, appearance, and appeal also were assessed...
  85. doi Role of the surface electrocardiogram in developing countries
    Niraj Varma
    Department of Cardiac Electrophysiology, University of Pittsburgh Cardiovascular Institute, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Electrocardiol 43:612-4. 2010
    ..aided by the Indian Space Research Organization) permits transmission of ECGs from rural points to central urban hospitals for physician interpretation...
  86. ncbi Physicians' access to ethics support services in four European countries
    Samia A Hurst
    Institute for Biomedical Ethics, Medical Faculty, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Health Care Anal 15:321-35. 2007
    ..6%). Access to formal ethics support services was associated with work in urban hospitals. Informal ethics resources were more evenly distributed...
  87. ncbi Organization of care for acute myocardial infarction in rural and urban hospitals in Kansas
    Edward F Ellerbeck
    Departments of Preventive Medicine and Internal Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, KS 66160 7313, USA
    J Rural Health 20:363-7. 2004
    ..The infrastructure and organization of AMI care in rural and urban Kansas hospitals was examined...
  88. ncbi The effects of managed care on physician and clinical integration in hospitals
    M A Morrisey
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Lister Hill Center for Health Policy, 35294 0022, USA
    Med Care 37:350-61. 1999
    To empirically estimate the effects that managed care has had on physician and clinical integration in urban hospitals.
  89. ncbi Patient characteristics at hospital discharge and a comparison of home care referral decisions
    Kathryn H Bowles
    University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 50:336-42. 2002
    ....
  90. ncbi Does the addition of a pharmacist transition coordinator improve evidence-based medication management and health outcomes in older adults moving from the hospital to a long-term care facility? Results of a randomized, controlled trial
    Maria Crotty
    Flinders University Department of Rehabilitation and Aged Care, Repatriation General Hospital, Daw Park, South Australia
    Am J Geriatr Pharmacother 2:257-64. 2004
    ..Poorly executed transfers of older patients from hospitals to long-term care facilities carry the risk of fragmentation of care, poor clinical outcomes, inappropriate use of emergency department services, and hospital readmission...
  91. ncbi The quality of procedural rural medical practice in Australia
    Richard B Hays
    School of Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia
    Rural Remote Health 5:474. 2005
    ..professionals, and medical equipment, and patients are increasingly referred by clinical protocols to larger urban hospitals. On the other hand, many rural communities value highly their local rural hospital, and advocate the ..
  92. ncbi Rural hospital patient safety systems implementation in two States
    Daniel R Longo
    Department of Family Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
    J Rural Health 23:189-97. 2007
    ..This study examines differences between urban and rural hospitals...
  93. pmc A rural virtual health sciences library project: research findings with implications for next generation library services
    M P Richwine
    Ruth Lilly Medical Library, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis 46202 5121, USA
    Bull Med Libr Assoc 89:37-44. 2001
    ..library and training in its use would support medical decision making in rural southern Indiana and achieve the same level of impact seen by targeted information services provided by health sciences librarians in urban hospitals.
  94. ncbi Factors that influence job satisfaction of nurses in urban and rural community health centers in Cameroon: implications for policy
    A Ndiwane
    College of Health Sciences, School of Nursing, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Clin Excell Nurse Pract 3:172-80. 1999
    ..of Cameroon, examined whether there were significant differences in job satisfaction between nurses in urban hospitals and rural community health settings in the six major components of the job: work, pay, promotions, ..
  95. ncbi Pro re nata medication for psychoses: an audit of practice in two metropolitan hospitals
    Josh Geffen
    Department of Psychiatry, The University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland 4006, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 36:649-56. 2002
    ..To examine the use of pro re nata (PRN) (as needed) medication in hospitalized patients with psychotic disorders...
  96. ncbi Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children participation and infants' growth and health: a multisite surveillance study
    Maureen M Black
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Pediatrics 114:169-76. 2004
    ..Little is known about the effects of WIC on infant growth, health, and food security...
  97. ncbi Assuring rural hospital patient safety: what should be the priorities?
    Andrew F Coburn
    Maine Rural Health Research Center, Institute for Health Policy, Muskie School of Public Service, University of Southern Maine, Portland, 04104, USA
    J Rural Health 20:314-26. 2004
    ..These standards are based on research conducted largely in urban hospitals, and it may not be possible to generalize them to rural hospitals.
  98. ncbi Determinants of hospital closure in South Korea: use of a hierarchical generalized linear model
    Maengseok Noh
    Division of Mathematical Sciences, Pukyong National University, Republic of Korea
    Soc Sci Med 63:2320-9. 2006
    ..Results showed that ownership and hospital size were significantly associated with hospital closure. Urban hospitals were less likely to close than rural hospitals...
  99. ncbi Equivalent lengths of stay of pediatric patients hospitalized in rural and nonrural hospitals
    Scott A Lorch
    Center for Outcomes Research, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 114:e400-8. 2004
    ..There may be differences in the length of stay (LOS) between children hospitalized in rural versus urban hospitals. This study compared the differences in LOS, conditional LOS (CLOS), odds of prolonged stay, and 21-day ..
  100. pmc Myocardial infarction mortality in rural and urban hospitals: rethinking measures of quality of care
    Paul A James
    Department of Family Medicine, Roy J and Lucille A Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Ann Fam Med 5:105-11. 2007
    Patients with acute myocardial infarction have higher mortality rates in rural hospitals than in urban hospitals, suggesting substandard quality of care in the rural setting...
  101. ncbi Achievement of steady state optimizes results when performing indirect calorimetry
    Stephen A McClave
    Department of Medicine, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Kentucky 40202, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 27:16-20. 2003
    ..The use of steady state as the endpoint for performance of indirect calorimetry (IC) is controversial. We designed this prospective study to evaluate the necessity and significance of achieving steady state...

Research Grants82

  1. THREE RIVERS TRIAD - PHASE III PROJECT
    JAN PITTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The expanded network will add one small rural hospital, two urban hospitals, four clinical practice sites, (one is a rural health clinic), and a county health department...
  2. OUTCOMES OF INSTABILITY ON DISCHARGE IN URBAN HOSPITALS
    Ethan Halm; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..measures of instability on discharge, and examine its prevalence and associated consequences in urban hospitals during the 1990s...
  3. OUTCOMES OF INSTABILITY ON DISCHARGE IN URBAN HOSPITALS
    Ethan Halm; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..measures of instability on discharge, and examine its prevalence and associated consequences in urban hospitals during the 1990s...
  4. CHILD DEVELOPMENT IN RELATION TO EARLY OTITIS MEDIA
    JACK PARADISE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Over a 4 1/2-year period we enrolled a diverse sample of 6350 normal infants by age 2 mo at 2 urban hospitals and 6 private pediatric practices, and we intensively monitored their middle-ear status prospectively...
  5. Northwest/Alaska Cent. to Reduce Oral Health Disparities
    Peter Milgrom; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Americans and Hispanics from the local military reservations, Hispanics and Pacific Islanders served by urban hospitals as well as rural and low-income Whites...
  6. Northwest/Alaska Cent. to Reduce Oral Health Disparities
    Peter Milgrom; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Americans and Hispanics from the local military reservations, Hispanics and Pacific Islanders served by urban hospitals as well as rural and low-income Whites...
  7. Northwest/Alaska Cent. to Reduce Oral Health Disparities
    Peter Milgrom; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Americans and Hispanics from the local military reservations, Hispanics and Pacific Islanders served by urban hospitals as well as rural and low-income Whites...
  8. Northwest/Alaska Cent. to Reduce Oral Health Disparities
    Peter Milgrom; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Americans and Hispanics from the local military reservations, Hispanics and Pacific Islanders served by urban hospitals as well as rural and low-income Whites...
  9. Northwest/Alaska Cent. to Reduce Oral Health Disparities
    Peter Milgrom; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Americans and Hispanics from the local military reservations, Hispanics and Pacific Islanders served by urban hospitals as well as rural and low-income Whites...
  10. Northwest/Alaska Center to Reduce Oral Health Disparity
    Peter Milgrom; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Americans and Hispanics from the local military reservations, Hispanics and Pacific Islanders served by urban hospitals as well as rural and low-income Whites...
  11. Northwest/Alaska Center to Reduce Oral Health Disparity
    Peter Milgrom; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Americans and Hispanics from the local military reservations, Hispanics and Pacific Islanders served by urban hospitals as well as rural and low-income Whites...
  12. NURSE MANAGERS, NURSE RETENTION, PATIENT OUTCOMES
    ROMA TAUNTON; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..A Leadership Building Intervention will be used in four large urban hospitals to operationalize the causal pathways depicted in the Paradigm...
  13. Developing Shared EHR Infrastructure in Wisconsin
    Tim Size; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The focus will then shift to the entire partnership--both rural and urban hospitals--as they attempt to develop common HER infrastructure that would facilitate access to patient information and ..
  14. The association of obesity and postpartum depression
    DAPHNE LACOURSIERE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..BMI) and postpartum depression (PPD) in a sample of women delivering on the obstetric services of two large urban hospitals in Salt Lake City, Utah and 2...
  15. The association of obesity and postpartum depression
    DAPHNE LACOURSIERE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..BMI) and postpartum depression (PPD) in a sample of women delivering on the obstetric services of two large urban hospitals in Salt Lake City, Utah and 2...
  16. Neurological Emergencies Treatment Trials (NETT)
    David W Wright; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The NETT SEC brings together an extensive array of high volume urban and sub-urban hospitals with a well established tract record of expertise and experience in conducting ground breaking research in ..
  17. Neurological Emergencies Treatment Trials (NETT)
    David Wright; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The NETT SEC brings together an extensive array of high volume urban and sub-urban hospitals with a well established tract record of expertise and experience in conducting ground breaking research in ..
  18. Neurological Emergencies Treatment Trials (NETT)
    David Wright; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The NETT SEC brings together an extensive array of high volume urban and sub-urban hospitals with a well established tract record of expertise and experience in conducting ground breaking research in ..
  19. ACCESS OF BLACK PATIENTS TO LIVER TRANSPLANTATION
    Andrea Reid; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..evaluation and the overall clinical outcome in black and white patients with ESLD who were treated at three urban hospitals in Boston between 1994 and 1998, and 2) To determine if there are racial differences in knowledge and ..
  20. ACCESS OF BLACK PATIENTS TO LIVER TRANSPLANTATION
    Andrea Reid; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..evaluation and the overall clinical outcome in black and white patients with ESLD who were treated at three urban hospitals in Boston between 1994 and 1998, and 2) To determine if there are racial differences in knowledge and ..
  21. Prenatal Care for African American Women: Effect of Client-Provider Interaction
    Chin Hwa Yi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..OB/GYN or advanced practice nurse providers, (N=10-12) from prenatal care clinics at two tertiary care, urban hospitals in Southeastern Michigan...
  22. ACCESS OF BLACK PATIENTS TO LIVER TRANSPLANTATION
    Andrea Reid; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..evaluation and the overall clinical outcome in black and white patients with ESLD who were treated at three urban hospitals in Boston between 1994 and 1998, and 2) To determine if there are racial differences in knowledge and ..
  23. ACCESS OF BLACK PATIENTS TO LIVER TRANSPLANTATION
    Andrea Reid; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..evaluation and the overall clinical outcome in black and white patients with ESLD who were treated at three urban hospitals in Boston between 1994 and 1998, and 2) To determine if there are racial differences in knowledge and ..
  24. ACCESS OF BLACK PATIENTS TO LIVER TRANSPLANTATION
    Andrea Reid; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..evaluation and the overall clinical outcome in black and white patients with ESLD who were treated at three urban hospitals in Boston between 1994 and 1998, and 2) To determine if there are racial differences in knowledge and ..
  25. BREAST-CONSERVING SURGERY FOR THE ELDERY
    ANN NATTINGER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Patients treated at larger hospitals, urban hospitals, teaching hospitals, and hospitals with radiation or geriatric services were more likely to receive ..
  26. Prenatal Care for African American Women: Effect of Client-Provider Interaction
    Chin Hwa Yi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..OB/GYN or advanced practice nurse providers, (N=10-12) from prenatal care clinics at two tertiary care, urban hospitals in Southeastern Michigan...
  27. The Caring~web: Web-based Support for Stroke Caregivers
    Linda Pierce; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..of support for caregivers of persons with stroke during the first year after rehabilitation treatment at two urban hospitals. The primary aim of the study is to examine if the Caring web can: 1) improve the caregiver's well being, e.g...
  28. The Caring~web: Web-based Support for Stroke Caregivers
    Linda Pierce; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..of support for caregivers of persons with stroke during the first year after rehabilitation treatment at two urban hospitals. The primary aim of the study is to examine if the Caring web can: 1) improve the caregiver's well being, e.g...
  29. The Caring~web: Web-based Support for Stroke Caregivers
    Linda Pierce; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..of support for caregivers of persons with stroke during the first year after rehabilitation treatment at two urban hospitals. The primary aim of the study is to examine if the Caring web can: 1) improve the caregiver's well being, e.g...
  30. Preparing rural and urban hospitals to improve safety culture through simulation
    David Gaba; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This project will investigate whether rural/community hospitals and academic/urban hospitals can adopt a long-term simulation strategy, what obstacles must be overcome to achieve adoption, how ..
  31. Preparing rural and urban hospitals to improve safety culture through simulation
    David Gaba; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This project will investigate whether rural/community hospitals and academic/urban hospitals can adopt a long-term simulation strategy, what obstacles must be overcome to achieve adoption, how ..
  32. LOCAL AND NON-LOCAL HOSPITAL USE BY RURAL IOWANS
    ANN MOWERY; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Research also suggests that urban hospitals are in competition with rural hospitals for patients with non-complex conditions...
  33. Early Detection of Breast Cancer Using Autoantibody Mar*
    MICHAEL TAINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Such an approach should provide an early detection assay for asymptomatic women. ..
  34. X-INEFFICIENCY IN US HOSPITALS
    MICHAEL ROSKO; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Primary data sources include HCFA, AHA, and ARF (Area Resource File). ..
  35. Early Detection of Breast Cancer Using Autoantibody Mar*
    MICHAEL TAINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Such an approach should provide an early detection assay for asymptomatic women. ..
  36. Early Detection of Breast Cancer Using Autoantibody Mar*
    MICHAEL TAINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such an approach should provide an early detection assay for asymptomatic women. ..
  37. Early Detection of Breast Cancer Using Autoantibody Mar*
    MICHAEL TAINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such an approach should provide an early detection assay for asymptomatic women. ..
  38. Friendly Voices Program
    ROWELL ASHFORD; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If the tailored intervention is effective. it could be an inexpensive way for other urban hospitals across the nation to improve compliance with cervical cancer screening for African American patients...
  39. Friendly Voices Program
    ROWELL ASHFORD; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If the tailored intervention is effective. it could be an inexpensive way for other urban hospitals across the nation to improve compliance with cervical cancer screening for African American patients...
  40. Friendly Voices Program
    ROWELL ASHFORD; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If the tailored intervention is effective. it could be an inexpensive way for other urban hospitals across the nation to improve compliance with cervical cancer screening for African American patients...
  41. Friendly Voices Program
    ROWELL ASHFORD; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If the tailored intervention is effective. it could be an inexpensive way for other urban hospitals across the nation to improve compliance with cervical cancer screening for African American patients...
  42. Friendly Voices Program
    ROWELL ASHFORD; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..If the tailored intervention is effective. it could be an inexpensive way for other urban hospitals across the nation to improve compliance with cervical cancer screening for African American patients...
  43. Friendly Voices Program
    ROWELL ASHFORD; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If the tailored intervention is effective. it could be an inexpensive way for other urban hospitals across the nation to improve compliance with cervical cancer screening for African American patients...
  44. Effectiveness of smoking-cessation interventions for urban hospital patients
    Scott Sherman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..to examine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a smoking- cessation intervention for patients at two urban hospitals. The population of hospitalized patients has a higher prevalence of current smoking than the general ..
  45. Effectiveness of smoking-cessation interventions for urban hospital patients
    Scott Sherman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to examine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a smoking- cessation intervention for patients at two urban hospitals. The population of hospitalized patients has a higher prevalence of current smoking than the general ..
  46. NEEDLESTICK HCV EXPOSURE AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS
    David Oldach; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Health care workers in urban hospitals are at significant risk for HCV exposure when needlestick events occur...
  47. PREVENTING RECURRENT STROKE IN MINORITY POPULATIONS
    Stanley Tuhrim; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In the first phase of the study charts of acute stroke patients in 4 large urban hospitals that serve the 3 racial/ethnic groups under study (Blacks, Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites) will be ..
  48. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF MATERNAL SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN PREGNANCY
    Ira Chasnoff; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..1) identify and monitor the prevalence of drug-addicted mothers and drug-exposed infants in a sample of urban hospitals; (2) develop and implement an educational program for physicians that will enhance their ability to recognize ..
  49. PS06-003, Opt-out HIV Testing in Emergency Dept settings
    Jason Haukoos; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. Strategies to Identify Undiagnosed HIV Infection in the Emergency Department
    Jason Haukoos; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Neighborhood and Mammography: A multilevel approach to cancer screening behavior
    Amy Dailey; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  52. PS06-003, Opt-out HIV Testing in Emergency Dept settings
    Jason Haukoos; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. Neighborhood and Mammography: A multilevel approach to cancer screening behavior
    Amy Dailey; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  54. Parental Trust and Racial Disparities in the Care of Discharged Premature Infants
    Scott A Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By understanding these underlying explanations for the racial disparities in these outcomes, particularly families'trust in the health care system, we can aid in the development of interventions to reduce these differences in care. ..
  55. ENHANCED LINKAGE OF DRUG ABUSERS TO PRIMARY MEDICAL CARE
    Jeffrey H Samet; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Improved outcomes using the AHEAD approach would support the adoption of a health services delivery strategy, CDM, to better care for patients with DD. ..
  56. The NonCancer Care of Elderly Colorectal Cancer Patients
    Laura Mae Baldwin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Impact of Alcohol Use on HIV Infection--In the United States and Russia
    Jeffrey Samet; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  58. Improving use of peri-operative beta-blockers with a multidimentional QI program
    Andrew Auerbach; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The impact of this set of tools will be substantial as groups such as the NSQIP, SCIP, National Quality Forum, and Leapfrog Group continue to endorse PBB as a key strategy to reduce surgical morbidity and mortality. ..
  59. Prenatal Drug Exposure: Effects on Adolescent Brain and Behavioral Development
    Maureen Black; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This application examines adacemic performance, socio-emotional functioning, and drug use among adolescents exposed to cocaine and/or heroin prenatally ..
  60. Community Partnerships for Child Safety
    Andrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The evaluation will examine the impact of the program on safety knowledge, behaviors, and children's injury risk. We will also identify how best to work with community partners to implement child safety programs. ..
  61. DISCRIMINATION, HEALTH CARE ATTITUDES AND HIV TREATMENT
    Laura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  62. EVALUATION OF TREATMENT ADVOCACY IN INVOLVING PATIENTS IN HIV CARE
    Laura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S., as well as policy efforts ultimately aimed at improving the health of people with HIV. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. DISCRIMINATION, HEALTH CARE ATTITUDES AND HIV TREATMENT
    Laura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  64. DISCRIMINATION, HEALTH CARE ATTITUDES AND HIV TREATMENT
    Laura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  65. Psychiatric Emergency Room Care: Staff Perspectives
    Alisa Lincoln; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. EVALUATION OF TREATMENT ADVOCACY IN INVOLVING PATIENTS IN HIV CARE
    Laura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..S., as well as policy efforts ultimately aimed at improving the health of people with HIV. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  67. Psychiatric Emergency Room Care: Staff Perspectives
    Alisa Lincoln; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  68. DISCRIMINATION, HEALTH CARE ATTITUDES AND HIV TREATMENT
    Laura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  69. Drug Abuse, Criminal Justice System Involvement & Health Disparities in Youth
    Ping Wu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  70. WORCESTER HEART ATTACK COMMUNITY SURVEILLANCE STUDY
    Robert Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ....
  71. A RCT to Reduce Cardiopulmonary Rehospitalizations
    Brian Jack; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We will evaluate the intervention in a stratified analysis to examine the effect of the intervention by literacy status. ..
  72. INHALED NO IN PREVENTION OF CHRONIC LUNG DISEASE
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In summary, this clinical trial will assess the efficacy and safety of inhaled nitric oxide for amelioration of a major disease of premature infants. ..
  73. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Acute Pain Control
    Polly Bijur; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  74. IMPACT OF INTIMATE ASSAULT ARREST ON BATTERED WOMENS SAFETY AND SERVICE NEEDS
    MELISSA DICHTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Validated [unreadable] measures of risk will be used in combination with women's own perceptions of need. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  75. A RCT to Reduce Cardiopulmonary Rehospitalizations
    Brian Jack; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We will evaluate the intervention in a stratified analysis to examine the effect of the intervention by literacy status. ..
  76. WORCESTER HEART ATTACK COMMUNITY SURVEILLANCE STUDY
    Robert Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  77. RECENT TRENDS IN CORONARY DISEASE
    Robert Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....