emergency medical services

Summary

Summary: Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Chest compression fraction determines survival in patients with out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation
    Jim Christenson
    MSc, Emergency and Health Services Commission of British Columbia, 302 2955 Virtual Way, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V5M 4X6
    Circulation 120:1241-7. 2009
  2. ncbi Mechanism, glasgow coma scale, age, and arterial pressure (MGAP): a new simple prehospital triage score to predict mortality in trauma patients
    Danielle Sartorius
    Department of Emergency Medicine and Surgery, Université Lyon 1 and Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France
    Crit Care Med 38:831-7. 2010
  3. pmc Regional variation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest incidence and outcome
    Graham Nichol
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington Clinical Trial Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    JAMA 300:1423-31. 2008
  4. ncbi Prehospital epinephrine use and survival among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Akihito Hagihara
    Kyushu University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Health Services Management and Policy, 3 1 1 Maidashi, Higashi ku, Fukuoka 812 8582, Japan
    JAMA 307:1161-8. 2012
  5. ncbi Predictors of survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Comilla Sasson
    Departments of Emergency Medicine and Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 3:63-81. 2010
  6. ncbi Evidence for quality indicators to evaluate adult trauma care: a systematic review
    Henry T Stelfox
    Department of Critical Care Medicine, Medicine and Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Crit Care Med 39:846-59. 2011
  7. pmc EMS-physicians' self reported airway management training and expertise; a descriptive study from the Central Region of Denmark
    Leif K Rognås
    The Mobile Emergency Care Unit, Department of Anesthesiology, The Regional Hospital Viborg, Heibergs Alle 4, Postbox 130, 8800 Viborg, Denmark
    Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 19:10. 2011
  8. ncbi Identifying stroke in the field. Prospective validation of the Los Angeles prehospital stroke screen (LAPSS)
    C S Kidwell
    University of California at Los Angeles Stroke Center, Department of Neurology, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Stroke 31:71-6. 2000
  9. ncbi Timeliness of tissue-type plasminogen activator therapy in acute ischemic stroke: patient characteristics, hospital factors, and outcomes associated with door-to-needle times within 60 minutes
    Gregg C Fonarow
    Ahmanson UCLA Cardiomyopathy Center, Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, 10833 LeConte Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1679, USA
    Circulation 123:750-8. 2011
  10. ncbi Quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Lars Wik
    National Competence Center for Emergency Medicine, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    JAMA 293:299-304. 2005

Detail Information

Publications376 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Chest compression fraction determines survival in patients with out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation
    Jim Christenson
    MSc, Emergency and Health Services Commission of British Columbia, 302 2955 Virtual Way, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V5M 4X6
    Circulation 120:1241-7. 2009
    ....
  2. ncbi Mechanism, glasgow coma scale, age, and arterial pressure (MGAP): a new simple prehospital triage score to predict mortality in trauma patients
    Danielle Sartorius
    Department of Emergency Medicine and Surgery, Université Lyon 1 and Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France
    Crit Care Med 38:831-7. 2010
    ..Prehospital triage of trauma patients is of paramount importance because adequate trauma center referral improves survival. We developed a simple score that is easy to calculate in the prehospital phase...
  3. pmc Regional variation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest incidence and outcome
    Graham Nichol
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington Clinical Trial Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    JAMA 300:1423-31. 2008
    ..The health and policy implications of regional variation in incidence and outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest remain to be determined...
  4. ncbi Prehospital epinephrine use and survival among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Akihito Hagihara
    Kyushu University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Health Services Management and Policy, 3 1 1 Maidashi, Higashi ku, Fukuoka 812 8582, Japan
    JAMA 307:1161-8. 2012
    ..Epinephrine is widely used in cardiopulmonary resuscitation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, the effectiveness of epinephrine use before hospital arrival has not been established...
  5. ncbi Predictors of survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Comilla Sasson
    Departments of Emergency Medicine and Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 3:63-81. 2010
    ..evaluated the strength of associations between OHCA and key factors (event witnessed by a bystander or emergency medical services [EMS], provision of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation [CPR], initial cardiac rhythm, or the return ..
  6. ncbi Evidence for quality indicators to evaluate adult trauma care: a systematic review
    Henry T Stelfox
    Department of Critical Care Medicine, Medicine and Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Crit Care Med 39:846-59. 2011
    ..We sought to systematically review the evidence about the reliability, validity, and implementation of quality indicators for evaluating trauma care...
  7. pmc EMS-physicians' self reported airway management training and expertise; a descriptive study from the Central Region of Denmark
    Leif K Rognås
    The Mobile Emergency Care Unit, Department of Anesthesiology, The Regional Hospital Viborg, Heibergs Alle 4, Postbox 130, 8800 Viborg, Denmark
    Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 19:10. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to provide data regarding airway management-training and expertise from the regional physician-staffed emergency medical service (EMS)...
  8. ncbi Identifying stroke in the field. Prospective validation of the Los Angeles prehospital stroke screen (LAPSS)
    C S Kidwell
    University of California at Los Angeles Stroke Center, Department of Neurology, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Stroke 31:71-6. 2000
    ..We performed a prospective, in-the-field validation study of the LAPSS...
  9. ncbi Timeliness of tissue-type plasminogen activator therapy in acute ischemic stroke: patient characteristics, hospital factors, and outcomes associated with door-to-needle times within 60 minutes
    Gregg C Fonarow
    Ahmanson UCLA Cardiomyopathy Center, Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, 10833 LeConte Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1679, USA
    Circulation 123:750-8. 2011
    ..The benefits of intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) in acute ischemic stroke are time dependent, and guidelines recommend an arrival to treatment initiation (door-to-needle) time of ≤60 minutes...
  10. ncbi Quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Lars Wik
    National Competence Center for Emergency Medicine, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    JAMA 293:299-304. 2005
    ..There is little information on adherence to these guidelines during advanced cardiac life support in the field...
  11. ncbi The North Carolina EMS Data System: a comprehensive integrated emergency medical services quality improvement program
    Greg D Mears
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 14:85-94. 2010
    The EMS Agenda for the Future describes emergency medical services (EMS) as the intersection between public health, public safety, and health care...
  12. ncbi Effectiveness of emergency response planning for sudden cardiac arrest in United States high schools with automated external defibrillators
    Jonathan A Drezner
    Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, 4245 Roosevelt Way NE, University of Washington, Box 354775, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
    Circulation 120:518-25. 2009
    ..We analyzed the effectiveness of emergency response planning for sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in a large cohort of US high schools that had onsite AED programs...
  13. ncbi Paramedic diagnosis of stroke: examining long-term use of the Melbourne Ambulance Stroke Screen (MASS) in the field
    Janet E Bray
    Box Hill Hospital and Deakin University, Victoria, Australia
    Stroke 41:1363-6. 2010
    ..Melbourne (Australia) paramedics have been using the Melbourne Ambulance Stroke Screen (MASS) since 2005. The aim of this study was to review the real-world use of MASS 3 years after city wide implementation...
  14. ncbi Diagnostic accuracy of stroke referrals from primary care, emergency room physicians, and ambulance staff using the face arm speech test
    Joseph Harbison
    Freeman Hospital Stroke Service, Newcastle General Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Stroke 34:71-6. 2003
    ....
  15. ncbi Success in physician prehospital rapid sequence intubation: what is the effect of base speciality and length of anaesthetic training?
    Tim Harris
    London HEMS and Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, London E11BB, UK
    Emerg Med J 28:225-9. 2011
    ..The quality of laryngeal view was significantly better in doctors with an anaesthetics background...
  16. ncbi Global incidences of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and survival rates: Systematic review of 67 prospective studies
    Jocelyn Berdowski
    Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Centre University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Resuscitation 81:1479-87. 2010
    ..The aim of this investigation was to estimate and contrast the global incidence and outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) to provide a better understanding of the variability in risk and survival of OHCA...
  17. ncbi Direct transport within an organized state trauma system reduces mortality in patients with severe traumatic brain injury
    Roger Hartl
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, and the Brain Trauma Foundation, New York, New York 10021, USA
    J Trauma 60:1250-6; discussion 1256. 2006
    ..This multi-center study was conducted to explore the effect of prehospital management decisions on early mortality after severe TBI...
  18. pmc Association between poor sleep, fatigue, and safety outcomes in emergency medical services providers
    P Daniel Patterson
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 16:86-97. 2012
    To determine the association between poor sleep quality, fatigue, and self-reported safety outcomes among emergency medical services (EMS) workers.
  19. ncbi Implementation strategies for emergency medical services within stroke systems of care: a policy statement from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Expert Panel on Emergency Medical Services Systems and the Stroke Council
    Joe E Acker
    Stroke 38:3097-115. 2007
  20. ncbi Indicators of the quality of trauma care and the performance of trauma systems
    R L Gruen
    National Trauma Research Institute, The Alfred Hospital, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Br J Surg 99:97-104. 2012
    ..Traditional measures of in-hospital mortality fail to take into account prehospital and posthospital care, recovery after discharge, and the nature and costs of long-term disability...
  21. pmc Feasibility of prehospital teleconsultation in acute stroke--a pilot study in clinical routine
    Sebastian Bergrath
    Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Aachen, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
    PLoS ONE 7:e36796. 2012
    ..Inter-hospital teleconsultation improves stroke care. To transfer this concept into the emergency medical service (EMS), the feasibility and effects of prehospital teleconsultation were investigated...
  22. ncbi The STAT-MI (ST-Segment Analysis Using Wireless Technology in Acute Myocardial Infarction) trial improves outcomes
    Monica Sanchez-Ross
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey 07103, USA
    JACC Cardiovasc Interv 4:222-7. 2011
    ....
  23. ncbi Emergency obstetric care availability: a critical assessment of the current indicator
    Sabine Gabrysch
    Institute of Public Health, Ruprecht Karls Universitat, Heidelberg, Germany
    Trop Med Int Health 17:2-8. 2012
    ....
  24. ncbi Incidence of EMS-treated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Europe
    Christie Atwood
    School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Resuscitation 67:75-80. 2005
    ..The aim of the investigation was to determine a representative European incidence and survival from cardiac arrest in all-rhythms and in ventricular fibrillation treated by the emergency medical services (EMS).
  25. pmc Emergency medical care in developing countries: is it worthwhile?
    Junaid A Razzak
    Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06512, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 80:900-5. 2002
    ..A basic but effective level of emergency medical care responds to perceived and actual community needs and improves the health of populations...
  26. ncbi Availability and distribution of, and geographic access to emergency obstetric care in Zambia
    Sabine Gabrysch
    Institute of Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 114:174-9. 2011
    ..To assess the availability and coverage of emergency obstetric care (EmOC) services in Zambia...
  27. pmc The epidemiology and modern management of traumatic hemorrhage: US and international perspectives
    David S Kauvar
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    Crit Care 9:S1-9. 2005
    ..We conclude with a discussion of outcome measures for the injured patient within the context of the epidemiology of traumatic injury...
  28. ncbi Availability, utilisation and quality of basic and comprehensive emergency obstetric care services in Malawi
    Eugene J Kongnyuy
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Matern Child Health J 13:687-94. 2009
    ....
  29. ncbi Effect on treatment delay of prehospital teletransmission of 12-lead electrocardiogram to a cardiologist for immediate triage and direct referral of patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction to primary percutaneous coronary interventi
    Maria Sejersten
    Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Denmark
    Am J Cardiol 101:941-6. 2008
    ..Ambulance transport seems safe despite longer transport times...
  30. pmc Out-of-hospital hypertonic resuscitation following severe traumatic brain injury: a randomized controlled trial
    Eileen M Bulger
    Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    JAMA 304:1455-64. 2010
    ..Hypertonic fluids restore cerebral perfusion with reduced cerebral edema and modulate inflammatory response to reduce subsequent neuronal injury and thus have potential benefit in resuscitation of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
  31. ncbi Treatment of comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with induced hypothermia
    Stephen A Bernard
    Intensive Care Unit, Dandenong Hospital, Dandenong, Australia
    N Engl J Med 346:557-63. 2002
    ..In a randomized, controlled trial, we compared the effects of moderate hypothermia and normothermia in patients who remained unconscious after resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
  32. pmc The top five research priorities in physician-provided pre-hospital critical care: a consensus report from a European research collaboration
    Espen Fevang
    Department of Research and Development, Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Drøbak, Norway
    Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 19:57. 2011
    Physician-manned emergency medical teams supplement other emergency medical services in some countries...
  33. ncbi Cardiac arrest in schools
    Katayoun Lotfi
    Emergency Medical Services Division, Public Health Seattle and King County, 401 Fifth Ave, Suite 1200, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Circulation 116:1374-9. 2007
    ..The purpose of the present study is to improve understanding of the epidemiology of cardiac arrest in the school setting, with a special focus on the role of school-based automated external defibrillators...
  34. ncbi The impact of a new CPR assist device on rate of return of spontaneous circulation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Michael Casner
    San Francisco Fire Department, San Francisco, California 94107, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 9:61-7. 2005
    ..chest compression device (AutoPulse, Revivant Corporation) to evaluate its function in a large urban emergency medical services (EMS) service...
  35. pmc Chest-compression-only versus standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a meta-analysis
    Michael Hüpfl
    Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Therapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Lancet 376:1552-7. 2010
    ..We aimed to establish the association of chest-compression-only CPR with survival in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
  36. ncbi Intravenous drug administration during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a randomized trial
    Theresa M Olasveengen
    Institute for Experimental Medical Research, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevaal, N 0407 Oslo, Norway
    JAMA 302:2222-9. 2009
    ....
  37. ncbi Vasopressin and epinephrine vs. epinephrine alone in cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    Pierre Yves Gueugniaud
    Service d Aide Médicale Urgente 69, Hospices Civils de Lyon, University of Lyon 1, Lyon, France
    N Engl J Med 359:21-30. 2008
    ....
  38. ncbi 3,423 emergency tracheal intubations at a university hospital: airway outcomes and complications
    Lizabeth D Martin
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, USA
    Anesthesiology 114:42-8. 2011
    ..The current study was undertaken with a large observational dataset to evaluate the incidence of difficult intubation and complication rates and to determine predictors of complications in this setting...
  39. ncbi Recommendations for comprehensive stroke centers: a consensus statement from the Brain Attack Coalition
    Mark J Alberts
    Northwestern University Medical School, 710 N Lake Shore Dr, Room 1420, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Stroke 36:1597-616. 2005
    ....
  40. ncbi Accuracy of stroke recognition by emergency medical dispatchers and paramedics--San Diego experience
    Prasanthi Ramanujam
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of San Francisco Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94143 0208, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 12:307-13. 2008
    ....
  41. ncbi A citywide prehospital protocol increases access to stroke thrombolysis in Toronto
    David J Gladstone
    North and East GTA Ontario Regional Stroke Centre and Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, and Brain Sciences Program, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Stroke 40:3841-4. 2009
    ..This report describes the initial impact of the activation protocol at our regional stroke center...
  42. pmc Early versus later rhythm analysis in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Ian G Stiell
    Department of Emergency Medicine and Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa
    N Engl J Med 365:787-97. 2011
    ..We compared the strategy of a brief period of CPR with early analysis of rhythm with the strategy of a longer period of CPR with delayed analysis of rhythm...
  43. ncbi Responsiveness to life-threatening obstetric emergencies in two hospitals in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
    V Gohou
    Institut National de Santé Publique, Abidjan, Cote d Ivoire
    Trop Med Int Health 9:406-15. 2004
    ....
  44. ncbi Manual chest compression vs use of an automated chest compression device during resuscitation following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a randomized trial
    Al Hallstrom
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
    JAMA 295:2620-8. 2006
    ..Compared with manual chest compression, an automated load-distributing band (LDB) chest compression device produces greater blood flow to vital organs and may improve resuscitation outcomes...
  45. ncbi Prehospital advanced life support provided by specially trained physicians: is there a benefit in terms of life years gained?
    H M Lossius
    Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Rogaland Central Hospital, Stavanger, Norwegian Air Ambulance, Oslo, Norway
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 46:771-8. 2002
    ..The purpose of the study was to assess the health benefit from an anesthesiologist-manned prehospital emergency medical service (EMS), and to separate the benefit of the anesthesiologist from that of rapid transport...
  46. ncbi Pre-hospital airway management: guidelines from a task force from the Scandinavian Society for Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine
    P Berlac
    Copenhagen Mobile Intensive Care Unit, Rigshospitalet, Capital Region of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 52:897-907. 2008
    ..A supraglottic device such as the laryngeal tube or the intubation laryngeal mask should also be available as a backup device for anaesthesiologists in failed ETI...
  47. pmc Involvement in emergency situations by primary care doctors on-call in Norway--a prospective population-based observational study
    Erik Zakariassen
    Department of Research, Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Box 94, Drøbak, Norway
    BMC Emerg Med 10:5. 2010
    ....
  48. ncbi The Toronto prehospital hypertonic resuscitation--head injury and multiorgan dysfunction trial: feasibility study of a randomized controlled trial
    Laurie J Morrison
    Rescu, Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Ontario, Canada
    J Crit Care 26:363-72. 2011
    ..The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of a prehospital trial comparing hypertonic saline and dextran (HSD) with normal saline (NS) in blunt head injury patients...
  49. ncbi Striking rural-urban disparities observed in acute stroke care capacity and services in the pacific northwest: implications and recommendations
    Wendy Shultis
    Data Quality and Statistical Services, Center for Health Statistics, Washington State Department of Health, Tumwater, WA 98501 7855, USA
    Stroke 41:2278-82. 2010
    ..Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington have substantial rural and frontier areas with unique characteristics and complexities that pose challenges to timely acute stroke care and ultimately affect the patient...
  50. ncbi The impact of a statewide pre-hospital STEMI strategy to bypass hospitals without percutaneous coronary intervention capability on treatment times
    Emil L Fosbol
    Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University Medical Center, 2400 Pratt Street, Room 7461, Terrace Level, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Circulation 127:604-12. 2013
    ..North Carolina has adopted a statewide STEMI referral strategy that advises paramedics to bypass local hospitals and transport STEMI patients directly to a PCI-capable hospital, even if a non-PCI-capable hospital is closer...
  51. ncbi Relevance of prehospital stroke code activation for acute treatment measures in stroke care: a review
    Marzia Baldereschi
    Institute of Neurosciences, Italian National Research Council, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Cerebrovasc Dis 34:182-90. 2012
    ..We reviewed and summarized the literature on prehospital stroke code system implementation...
  52. pmc Variation in emergency medical services workplace safety culture
    P Daniel Patterson
    Department of Emergency Medicine and Center for Emergency Medicine of Western Pennsylvania, Inc, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 14:448-60. 2010
    Workplace attitude, beliefs, and culture may impact the safety of patient care. This study characterized perceptions of safety culture in a nationwide sample of emergency medical services (EMS) agencies.
  53. ncbi Associations between outdoor air pollution and emergency department visits for stroke in Edmonton, Canada
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Air Health Effects Division, Environmental Contaminants Bureau, Health Canada, 269 Laurier Ave W 3rd Floor, 3 022 PL4903C, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1A 0K9
    Eur J Epidemiol 21:689-700. 2006
    ..20 (95% CI = 1.00-1.43). Our results suggest it is possible that vehicular traffic, which produces increased levels of NO(2) and CO, contributes to an increased incidence of emergency department visits for stroke...
  54. ncbi Integration of pre-hospital electrocardiograms and ST-elevation myocardial infarction receiving center (SRC) networks: impact on Door-to-Balloon times across 10 independent regions
    Ivan C Rokos
    Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, UCLA Olive View Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Sylmar, California 91342 1495, USA
    JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2:339-46. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of timely reperfusion for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in regional STEMI Receiving Center (SRC) networks...
  55. ncbi Lack of impact of paramedic training and use of the cincinnati prehospital stroke scale on stroke patient identification and on-scene time
    Daniel M Frendl
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    Stroke 40:754-6. 2009
    The Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale (CPSS) is recommended for emergency medical services use in identifying patients with stroke. Data evaluating its performance in the field are limited...
  56. ncbi Development of the Falls Risk for Older People in the Community (FROP-Com) screening tool
    Melissa A Russell
    National Ageing Research Institute, Preventive and Public Health Division, Parkville, Melbourne, Victoria 3095, Australia
    Age Ageing 38:40-6. 2009
    ..the aim of this study was to develop a brief screening tool for use in the emergency department (ED), to identify people who require further assessment and management...
  57. pmc An emergency clinical pathway for stroke patients--results of a cluster randomised trial (isrctn41456865)
    Assunta De Luca
    Public Health Agency of the Latium Region, Rome, Italy
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:14. 2009
    ..Emergency Clinical Pathways (ECP) for stroke have never been tested in randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
  58. pmc Effectiveness of paramedic practitioners in attending 999 calls from elderly people in the community: cluster randomised controlled trial
    Suzanne Mason
    Health Services Research, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 4DA
    BMJ 335:919. 2007
    ..Paramedic practitioners have been trained with extended skills to assess, treat, and discharge older patients with minor acute conditions in the community...
  59. pmc Lack of emergency medical services documentation is associated with poor patient outcomes: a validation of audit filters for prehospital trauma care
    Dann J Laudermilch
    Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 210:220-7. 2010
    ..This study validates 2 of those proposed audit filters...
  60. pmc Improving use of prehospital 12-lead ECG for early identification and treatment of acute coronary syndrome and ST-elevation myocardial infarction
    Denise H Daudelin
    Center for Cardiovascular Health Services Research, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 3:316-23. 2010
    ..To fully realize this benefit, emergency medical service performance must be measured and used in feedback reporting and quality improvement...
  61. pmc Impact of geriatric consultation teams on clinical outcome in acute hospitals: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Mieke Deschodt
    Center for Health Services and Nursing Research, KU Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 4, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    BMC Med 11:48. 2013
    ..This review and meta-analysis aims to determine the impact of inpatient geriatric consultation teams on clinical outcomes of interest in older adults...
  62. ncbi Prehospital rapid sequence intubation improves functional outcome for patients with severe traumatic brain injury: a randomized controlled trial
    Stephen A Bernard
    Ambulance Victoria, Monash University School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, The Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia
    Ann Surg 252:959-65. 2010
    ..To determine whether paramedic rapid sequence intubation in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) improves neurologic outcomes at 6 months compared with intubation in the hospital...
  63. ncbi Incidence and costs of severe hypoglycaemia requiring attendance by the emergency medical services in South Central England
    A J Farmer
    National Institute for Health Research School for Primary Care Health Sciences, Department of Primary Health Care, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Diabet Med 29:1447-50. 2012
    ..The aim was to estimate the incidence of severe hypoglycaemia requiring emergency ambulance assistance, its management and associated costs...
  64. ncbi Effectiveness of resistive heating compared with passive warming in treating hypothermia associated with minor trauma: a randomized trial
    A Kober
    Ludwig Boltzmann Institute, University of Vienna, Austria
    Mayo Clin Proc 76:369-75. 2001
    ..Hypothermia is common even in persons with minor trauma. Resistive heating during transport augments thermal comfort, increases core temperature, reduces pain and anxiety, and improves overall patient satisfaction...
  65. ncbi Facilitators and barriers in pain management for trauma patients in the chain of emergency care
    Sivera A A Berben
    Emergency Department and Regional Emergency Healthcare Network, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Injury 43:1397-402. 2012
    ..The aim of the study is to give insight into facilitators and barriers in pain management in trauma patients in the chain of emergency care in the Netherlands...
  66. ncbi EMS medical direction and prehospital practices for acute cardiovascular events
    Sophia Greer
    Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 17:38-45. 2013
    The purpose of this analysis was to determine whether there is an association between type of emergency medical services (EMS) medical direction and local EMS agency practices and characteristics specifically related to emergency response ..
  67. ncbi Out-of-theatre tracheal intubation: prospective multicentre study of clinical practice and adverse events
    T M Bowles
    Frenchay Hospital, Bristol BS16 1LE, UK
    Br J Anaesth 107:687-92. 2011
    ..Recent guidelines and publications including the 4th National Audit Project of the Royal College of Anaesthetists have sought to improve the safety of out-of-theatre intubations...
  68. pmc Oslo government district bombing and Utøya island shooting July 22, 2011: the immediate prehospital emergency medical service response
    Stephen Jm Sollid
    Air Ambulance Department, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 20:3. 2012
    ..On July 22, 2011, a single perpetrator killed 77 people in a car bomb attack and a shooting spree incident in Norway. This article describes the emergency medical service (EMS) response elicited by the two incidents...
  69. ncbi Availability and use of emergency obstetric services: Kenya, Rwanda, Southern Sudan, and Uganda
    L Pearson
    UNICEF Regional Office of Eastern and Southern Africa ESARO, EmOC Working Group on Indicators, Gigiri, Nairobi, Kenya
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 88:208-15. 2005
    ..The article summarises the baseline assessments of emergency obstetric care (EmOC) carried out in Uganda, Kenya, Southern Sudan, and Rwanda in 2003 and 2004...
  70. ncbi Few emergency medical services patients with lower-extremity fractures receive prehospital analgesia
    Christine Clara McEachin
    Department of Emergency Medicine, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48073, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 6:406-10. 2002
    Previous literature has identified prehospital pain management as an important emergency medical services (EMS) function, and few patients transported by EMS with musculoskeletal injuries receive prehospital analgesia (PA).
  71. ncbi Guidelines for field triage of injured patients: recommendations of the National Expert Panel on Field Triage, 2011
    Scott M Sasser
    Division of Injury Response, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 61:1-20. 2012
    ..4 million (18%) of these injured patients were transported by Emergency Medical Services (EMS)...
  72. pmc Efficacy of site-independent telemedicine in the STRokE DOC trial: a randomised, blinded, prospective study
    Brett C Meyer
    Department of Neurosciences, El Centro Regional Medical Center, El Centro, CA, USA
    Lancet Neurol 7:787-95. 2008
    ....
  73. ncbi Patient safety in emergency medical services: a systematic review of the literature
    Blair L Bigham
    Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Prehosp Emerg Care 16:20-35. 2012
    Preventable harm from medical care has been extensively documented in the inpatient setting. Emergency medical services (EMS) providers care for patients in dynamic and challenging environments; prehospital emergency care is a field that ..
  74. ncbi Prehospital advanced airway management by ambulance technicians and paramedics: is clinical practice sufficient to maintain skills?
    C D Deakin
    South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust, Hampshire Division, Sparrowgrove, Otterbourne, UK
    Emerg Med J 26:888-91. 2009
    ....
  75. ncbi A meta-analysis of prehospital airway control techniques part I: orotracheal and nasotracheal intubation success rates
    Michael W Hubble
    Emergency Medical Care Program, Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, North Carolina 28723, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 14:377-401. 2010
    ..Reported intubation success rates vary widely, and established benchmarks are lacking...
  76. ncbi Out-of-hospital extracorporeal life support for cardiac arrest-A case report
    M Arlt
    Department of Anesthesiology, Aeromedical Service, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
    Resuscitation 82:1243-5. 2011
    ..This case shows that Mini-ECMO support can be used to restore an effective circulation and gas exchange in the out-of-hospital setting...
  77. ncbi [Mobile computing systems in preclinical care of stroke. Results of the Stroke Angel initiative within the BMBF project PerCoMed]
    V Ziegler
    Neurologische Klinik, Rhön Klinikum, Von Guttenberg Str 10, 97616, Bad Neustadt Saale, Deutschland
    Anaesthesist 57:677-85. 2008
    ....
  78. ncbi Telemedicine versus telephone for remote emergency stroke consultations: a critically appraised topic
    Dan J Capampangan
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsdale, Arizona 85259, USA
    Neurologist 15:163-6. 2009
    ....
  79. ncbi The World Health Organization program for emergency surgical, obstetric, and anesthetic care: from Mongolia to the future
    Fizan Abdullah
    Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N Wolfe St, Harvey 319, Baltimore, MD 21287 0005, USA
    Arch Surg 146:620-3. 2011
    ..The results of the third biennial meeting of global EESC members in Mongolia are outlined as well as future challenges...
  80. pmc Efficacy of a two-tiered trauma team activation protocol in a Norwegian trauma centre
    M Rehn
    Department of Research, Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Drøbak, Norway
    Br J Surg 99:199-208. 2012
    ..A two-tiered TTA protocol was introduced and analysed to examine its impact on triage precision and resource utilization...
  81. ncbi Influence of prehospital treatment on the outcome of patients with severe blunt traumatic brain injury: a single-centre study
    Giorgio Berlot
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy
    Eur J Emerg Med 16:312-7. 2009
    ....
  82. ncbi An investigation into the cost, coverage and activities of Helicopter Emergency Medical Services in the state of New South Wales, Australia
    Colman B Taylor
    The George Institute for Global Health, Camperdown, NSW, 2050, Australia
    Injury 42:1088-94. 2011
    Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) have been incorporated into modern health systems for their speed and coverage...
  83. pmc Which stroke symptoms prompt a 911 call? A population-based study
    Dawn Kleindorfer
    Department of Neurology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 0525, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 28:607-12. 2010
    ..Most studies have found that less than half of stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) events result in a 911 call. We sought to determine which symptoms prompt the public to call 911...
  84. ncbi Changing incidence of out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation, 1980-2000
    Leonard A Cobb
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington and Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Ave, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    JAMA 288:3008-13. 2002
    ..Recent reports from 2 European cities and an earlier observation from Seattle, Wash, suggest that the number of patients treated for out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation (VF) has declined...
  85. ncbi Use of an automated, load-distributing band chest compression device for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest resuscitation
    Marcus Eng Hock Ong
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, USA
    JAMA 295:2629-37. 2006
    ..Only 1% to 8% of adults with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survive to hospital discharge...
  86. ncbi Good outcome in every fourth resuscitation attempt is achievable--an Utstein template report from the Stavanger region
    Thomas Werner Lindner
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Stavanger University Hospital, Norway
    Resuscitation 82:1508-13. 2011
    ..Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a major cause of death in the western world. We wanted to study changes in survival over time and factors linked to this in a region which have already reported high survival rates...
  87. ncbi Overcoming gendered and professional hierarchies in order to facilitate escalation of care in emergency situations: the role of standardised communication protocols
    Nicola Mackintosh
    NIHR King s Patient Safety and Service Quality Research Centre, King s College London, London, WC2R 1HH, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 71:1683-6. 2010
    ..The paper discusses the potential for these protocols to inter-relate and act as a mediating boundary object between nursing and medical staff, enabling understanding and sharing of cultural context...
  88. ncbi Pre-hospital cardiac arrest in Prague, Czech Republic--the Utstein-style report
    Ondrej Franek
    EMS Prague, Korunní 98, Prague 10, Czech Republic
    Resuscitation 81:831-5. 2010
    ..This study aimed to report results of pre-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the city of Prague in accordance with 'Utstein-style' recommendations...
  89. pmc Pre-hospital intubation by anaesthesiologists in patients with severe trauma: an audit of a Norwegian helicopter emergency medical service
    Stephen J M Sollid
    Department of Research and Development, Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Drøbak, Norway
    Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 18:30. 2010
    ....
  90. pmc Barriers and facilitators to provide effective pre-hospital trauma care for road traffic injury victims in Iran: a grounded theory approach
    Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli
    Division of Global Health, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Emerg Med 10:20. 2010
    ..The current study aimed to explore pre-hospital trauma care process for RTI victims in Iran and to identify potential areas for improvements based on the experience and perception of pre-hospital trauma care professionals...
  91. ncbi Epidemiology and outcomes from non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Korea: A nationwide observational study
    Ki ok Ahn
    Center for Education and Training of EMS and Rescue, Seoul Fire Academy, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Resuscitation 81:974-81. 2010
    ..We aimed to describe the epidemiological features and to determine the predictors for survival to discharge of non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in Korea...
  92. ncbi Evaluation of medical command and control using performance indicators in a full-scale, major aircraft accident exercise
    Dan Gryth
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Söderjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm Prehospital Centre, Stockholm, Sweden
    Prehosp Disaster Med 25:118-23. 2010
    ..Command and control in disaster medicine organizations can benefit from objective results from disaster exercises to identify areas that must be improved...
  93. ncbi Mobile Emergency Care Service: analysis of Brazilian policy
    Cristiani Vieira Machado
    Escola Nacional de Saude Publica, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 45:519-28. 2011
    ..To analyze the configuration of mobile emergency health care policy in Brazil...
  94. ncbi Outcomes of chest compression only CPR versus conventional CPR conducted by lay people in patients with out of hospital cardiopulmonary arrest witnessed by bystanders: nationwide population based observational study
    Toshio Ogawa
    Nara Medical University School of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Health Management and Policy, 840 Shijo Cho, Kashihara, Nara 634 8521, Japan
    BMJ 342:c7106. 2011
    ..To compare the effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with chest compression only and conventional CPR on outcomes after cardiopulmonary arrest out of hospital...
  95. pmc Medical pre-hospital management reduces mortality in severe blunt trauma: a prospective epidemiological study
    Jean Michel Yeguiayan
    Universite de Bourgogne, Service d Anesthésie et Réanimation SAMU 21, Hopital General, 3 rue Faubourg Raines, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Dijon, Faculte de Medecine, 21033 Dijon Cedex, France
    Crit Care 15:R34. 2011
    ..This study aimed to compare the impact of medical pre-hospital management performed by SMUR (Service Mobile d'Urgences et de Réanimation) with non-medical pre-hospital management provided by fire brigades (non-SMUR) on 30-day mortality...
  96. ncbi Caring assessment in the Swedish ambulance services relieves suffering and enables safe decisions
    Birgitta Wireklint Sundström
    School of Health Sciences, PreHospen, University of Borås, The Prehospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, SE 501 90 Borås, Sweden
    Int Emerg Nurs 19:113-9. 2011
    ..Therefore, the inclusion of the patient perspective relieves suffering and enables more safe decisions...
  97. ncbi Is it the H or the EMS in HEMS that has an impact on trauma patient mortality? A systematic review of the evidence
    Daniel P Butler
    Academic Foundation Trainee, Department of Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery, University of Oxford, Kadoorie Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Emerg Med J 27:692-701. 2010
    ..This study systematically reviews the evidence comparing helicopter and ground transfer of trauma patients from the scene of injury...
  98. ncbi More than medical treatment: the patient's first encounter with prehospital emergency care
    Carina Elmqvist
    Centre for Acute and Critical Care, School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Vaxjo University, Georg Lückligs väg 8, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Int Emerg Nurs 16:185-92. 2008
    ....
  99. ncbi Prehospital hypotension redefined
    Brandon Bruns
    Department of Surgery, Division of Burns, Trauma, and Critical Care, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 65:1217-21. 2008
    ..However, Advanced Trauma Life Support recognizes this threshold as a late sign of shock. We undertook the current study to determine whether a higher PSBP threshold may identify patients at significant risk of death...
  100. ncbi Can methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus be found in an ambulance fleet?
    Chad E Roline
    Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC 20007, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 11:241-4. 2007
    ..To perform an initial screening study of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) contamination in an ambulance fleet...
  101. pmc Precision of field triage in patients brought to a trauma centre after introducing trauma team activation guidelines
    Marius Rehn
    Department of Research and Development, Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Drobak, Norway
    Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 17:1. 2009
    ..Previous informal trauma team activation (TTA) at Ulleval University Hospital (UUH) caused imprecise triage. We have analyzed triage precision after introduction of TTA guidelines...

Research Grants64

  1. APPLIED REGIONALIZATION OF EMERGENCY CARE
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..develop an innovative mathematical tool to guide health planners in maximizing access to their State emergency medical services systems...
  2. Comparative Effectiveness of Prehospital and Hospital Emergency Care
    Joel C Cantor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Patients with critical conditions such as cardiac arrest or major trauma often depend on prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) for life-saving care...
  3. The Survival from Acute Myocardial Infarction (SAMI) Initiative
    Henry H Ting; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are associated with better performance: holding monthly meetings between hospital clinicians and emergency medical services to review AMI cases, having cardiologists always on site, an organizational environment in which ..
  4. CTRIP Ex-vivo perfusion and ventilation of lungs to assess transplant suitability
    Thomas M Egan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to develop an educational tool to enhance involvement of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel to identify appropriate NHBDs for lung donation and facilitate lung donation from NHBDs...
  5. National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine
    Douglas Kupas; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Committee on Rural Emergency Care (JCREC), comprised of members from the National Association of State Emergency Medical Services Officials and the National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health, issued a discussion paper ..
  6. Evaluating a Web-based Child Passenger Safety Program: Safety in Seconds v 2.0
    Andrea C Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We are addressing the need for innovative research on prevention in the context of emergency medical services, specifically evaluation of behavior change interventions using computer technology...
  7. Impact of Implementing the EMS Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment Guidelines
    Daniel W Spaite; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Validating the impact of these treatment guidelines in Emergency Medical Services systems would potentially lead to widespread implementation and, thereby, reduce morbidity and mortality ..
  8. Deriving a Prehospital Triage Decision Scheme for Injured Older Adults
    Manish N Shah; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Field Triage Decision Scheme, developed by the American College of Surgeons, guides ambulance-based emergency medical services (EMS) providers when determining whether to transport injured patients to a trauma center...
  9. The Geography of Violence and alcohol in Boston
    Robert I Lipton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Using 10 years of data (1996-2006) from the Boston emergency medical services (EMS), EMS patient care data, US census data, Massachusetts alcohol beverage control commissions (MABCC) ..
  10. Impact of Regionalization of Care in Acute Stroke Patients
    Prasanthi Govindarajan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..poor rates of thrombolysis are due to lack of patient recognition of stroke symptoms, delay in accessing Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and in-hospital delays like lack of expedited triage...
  11. Development of LEAP for the Homeless with Alcohol Problems
    SEEMA LISA CLIFASEFI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..medical and psychiatric disorders, which can translate into increased public costs due to greater use of emergency medical services, criminal arrests, and incarceration...
  12. New Approaches to Occupational Behavioral Health: Implementing Firefighter Life
    Richard Gist; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..leading research and practitioner groups in areas related to occupational health and safety for fire and emergency medical services joined with leaders from six major industry organizations to create practical, accessible solutions for ..
  13. Neurological Emergencies Treatment Trials (NETT) Network Clinical Site Hubs (U10)
    BARNEY JOEL STERN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The CSH leadership will also work closely with the Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Services Systems (MIEMSS) to effect pre-hospital protocols, as needed for the clinical trials to be conducted...
  14. Traumatic Brain Injury Clinical Trials Network
    Howard M Eisenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Also within the School of Medicine is the National Study Center for Trauma and Emergency Medical Services whose role is epidemiological study of traumatic injury...
  15. Identification of factors affecting EMS workers adoption of MSD interventions
    Steven A Lavender; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of the injuries suffered by firefighter/ paramedics while performing non-fire emergency tasks, such as emergency medical services (EMS), and consequently there is a need for effective interventions to improve and protect the ..
  16. Pre-hospital identification of high-risk sepsis
    CHRISTOPHER WARREN SEYMOUR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Emergency medical services (EMS) systems already play a key role in the pre-hospital management of acute cardiovascular disease, ..
  17. Enhanced brief Intervention for linking opiate abusing EMS patients to treatment
    Amy Knowlton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Opiate abusers disproportionately use emergency medical services (EMS), as they do EDs, and our research suggests a significant number refuse transport to EDs...
  18. Simulation training to improve 911 dispatcher identification of cardiac arrest
    Hendrika W Meischke; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To be able to conduct this study as well as disseminate the findings nationwide, we will partner with Emergency Medical Services division of Public Health Seattle-King County, and several call centers in the Pacific Northwest...
  19. The Milwaukee Clinical Site Hub
    TOM PAUL AUFDERHEIDE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Milwaukee County Emergency Medical Services System, implementing selected NETT protocols, is a national leader in out-of-hospital exception from ..
  20. Study of EMS Findings Predictive of Pediatric Trauma Center Need
    E Brooke Lerner; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Participants: All pediatric patients transported by emergency medical services to one of the three participating hospitals for an injury, regardless of severity, will be included...
  21. Mass Casualty Management System (DIORAMA-II)
    Aura Ganz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..president of the International Association of EMS Chiefs , the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Emergency Medical Services and also editorial director for all Elsevier Public Safety publications, former FEMA's Director of ..
  22. Epidemiology of Preventable Safety Events in Prehospital EMS for Children
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Methods: We will begin by conducting focus groups with Emergency Medical Services personnel and Emergency Department providers to characterize the range of and contributors to safety ..
  23. From Nanoparticles to Novel Protective Garments
    Shyamala Rajagopalan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..disposable chemical protective clothing for use by personnel associated with law enforcement agencies, emergency medical services, medical/triage facilities, and other federal, state, or local emergency agencies as well as by fire ..
  24. Generating Strategies and Materials to Support Suicide Prevention and Interventio
    Richard Gist; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..organizations to develop its strategic plan to address issues of depression and suicide among fire and emergency medical services (EMS) personnel...
  25. Harm reduction with pharmacotherapy for homeless adults with alcohol dependence
    Susan E Collins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, we will test treatment effects on publicly funded service costs (i.e., emergency medical services, ER visits, hospital admissions, and county jail)...
  26. Use of Mechanism of Injury for the Identification of Severely Injured Children
    E Brooke Lerner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Categorize and describe the mechanisms of injury sustained by injured pediatric patients transported by emergency medical services, because the mechanism of injury categories currently used are not sufficient for evaluating pediatric ..
  27. EXPOSURE TO BLOOD AMONG NON-HOSPITAL HEALTH CARE WORKERS
    Jack Leiss; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., clinics, long-term care facilities, emergency medical services, correctional facilities, and home health care), (b)comparison of overall blood exposure incidence among ..
  28. Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Data Coordinating Center
    Susanne May; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2) To continue our observational study of care processes and outcomes for emergency medical services (EMS) care through the Epistry registry...
  29. The Role of Neck Muscle Mechanics in Pediatric Head and Neck Injury
    David Nuckley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Through a better understanding of child neck mechanics during these changes, emergency medical services such as patient extraction, transport, and diagnosis can be performed without further exacerbation of ..
  30. Risk Informed Clinical Information Network for Safe Pediatric Emergency Transfers
    Donna M Woods; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..medical care a high priority context for risk assessment and safety improvement, particularly the emergency medical services for children...
  31. SAFER: Standardizing Admissions For Elderly Residents
    Andrew F Coburn; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..and information flow during transitions of patients and care between nursing facilities (NF), emergency medical services (EMS) and critical access hospitals (CAH)...
  32. National EMS Patient Safety Reporting System
    ROLLIN FAIRBANKS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Specific data on errors, near misses, and adverse events occurring during emergency medical services (EMS) care do not exist...
  33. EARLY ACCESS TO DEFIBRILLATION FOR VICTIMS OF OOH-CA
    Alfred Hallstrom; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..known to work effectively to help victims of sudden cardiac arrest when the devices are used by trained emergency medical services personnel and other trained persons such as airline flight attendants...
  34. A Comprehensive Surveillance of Occ Injury in Maryland
    Patricia Dischinger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..records, death certificates, ambulance run sheets, police crash reports, trauma registry records, and emergency medical services communication logs...
  35. PEAT: PEDIATRIC EMERGENCY ASSESSMENT TOOL
    Marc Gorelick; Fiscal Year: 2001
    Evaluations of quality and outcomes of care in emergency medical services for children (EMSC), and comparisons of outcomes between EMSC systems or components of systems, require a method of adjusting for important differences in acuity ..
  36. Medical Emergency Disaster Response Network
    DANIEL REININGER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..response to a medical crisis requires the participation and cooperation of many entities including emergency medical services, police and fire departments, hospitals, labs, and public health among others...
  37. Research Ethics in Emergency Medical Services: Working conference for development
    Lynn White; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The final document will be distributed to IRBs and submitted for publication in a peer review journal as well as posted on the NHTSA web site and NIH web sites as appropriate. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. HEART ATTACK SURVIVAL KIT PROJECT
    Mickey Eisenberg; Fiscal Year: 2003
    The Heart Attack Survival Kit Project. A public education campaign delivered by emergency medical services personnel to increase appropriate responses to symptoms of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among seniors...
  39. Multi-Organizational Knowledge Based Approach Research
    Steven Moulton; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..the feasibility of using web services, based on standard SOAP/XML (HL-7) protocols, to exchange Emergency Medical Services (EMS) field data with disparate hospital information systems...
  40. Rapid Immunoassays for Detecting Pathogenic Bacteria
    Michael Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Customers include military services, security forces, first responders, emergency medical services, programs that deal with chemical/biological weapons demilitarization, and food and water industry...
  41. Homeland Security and Medical Response (HOSMER) IAIMS
    Louise Dembry; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to maximize utilization of the repository by target audiences such as first [unreadable] responders (emergency medical services providers), healthcare professionals (in acute care hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, community ..
  42. NON-CONTACT MONITOR FOR INFANTS AT RISK FOR SIDS
    DAVID GERDT; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Since the fiber optic pad is completely safe and relatively inexpensive its usefulness extends to emergency medical services, inpatient, and outpatient monitoring of adults with known or suspected heart disease...
  43. Medical Emergency Disaster Response Network
    DANIEL REININGER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Many organizations are involved in the delivery of medical emergency disaster services: emergency medical services (EMS), the fire and police departments, hospitals, local authorities, etc...
  44. RURAL EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES
    MICHAEL MORRISEY; Fiscal Year: 1993
    A key issue in rural health care delivery is the provision of emergency medical services, particularly for trauma care...
  45. LEARN (Leveraging Existing Assessments of Risk Now) for Pediatric Patient Safety
    Donna Woods; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..significant generic risks, risk contributors and potential safety interventions for children's emergency medical services; and [unreadable] [unreadable] b) A toolkit of the adapted methods and criteria for analysis of existing ..
  46. Brief Child Safety Interventions in Emergency Department
    Andrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    This proposal is in response to PA-0 1-044 for research on Emergency Medical Services for Children...
  47. IMPROVING EMS FOR CHILDREN THROUGH OUTCOMES RESEARCH
    Ellen Crain; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Building on the 1993 IOM Report on Emergency Medical Services for Children (EMSC), EMSC developed a 5 year Plan to address children's needs in EMS...
  48. NURSING INTERVENTIONS FOLLOWING SUDDEN CARDIAC ARREST
    CYNTHIA DOUGHERTY; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..With the advent of sophisticated emergency medical services, a greater number of persons are resuscitated and survive SCA episodes...
  49. Screening and Interventions in an Acute Care Setting
    Manish Shah; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..research who uses a geriatric emergency medicine "laboratory" to develop and evaluate a program using emergency medical services (EMS) and emergency departments to screen for unmet needs among older adults and intervene upon ..
  50. MEASURING ELDER ALCOHOL USE AND HEALTH PUBLIC HOUSING
    Mark Sciegaj; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..drinking in old age, (2) the natural history of alcohol-related health crisis and associated use of emergency medical services by elders, (3) the effectiveness of alcohol risk management and harm reduction strategies for older ..
  51. A Rapid, Handheld, Flexible Use Detection System for Bacterial Contamination
    YVETTE BREN MATTISON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The societal impact of the proposed technology would be seen in hospitals personnel, first responders, emergency medical services, pharmaceutical companies, and blood banks. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]
  52. START Triage: Improving a "tried-and-true" methodology.
    CHRISTOPHER KAHN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The pilot project is a chart review at more than a dozen hospitals, as well as local Emergency Medical Services, using a prospectively defined data collection tool.
  53. HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER
    SAM SHAPIRO; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Investigations completed in 1979 include the Emergency Medical Services Research Program, a follow-up study of public service employment in the health care sector, the ..
  54. Subcutaneous Monitor/Alarm for Cardiac Arrest
    Robert Arzbaecher; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..to design, develop, and test the feasibility of an implanted monitor that notifies bystanders and emergency medical services (EMS) of an incipient cardiac arrest and/or acute myocardial ischemia...
  55. 2000 NATIONAL CONGRESS ON CHILDHOOD EMERGENCIES
    Jane Ball; Fiscal Year: 2000
    The 2nd National Congress on Childhood will provide an educational opportunity for a diverse group of emergency medical services (EMS) professionals, including physicians, nurses, mental health professionals, prehospital providers, EMS ..
  56. Intelligent Tutor for WMD EMS Incident Management
    James Ong; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..intelligent tutoring systems and scenarios that will enable practice-based learning of WMD emergency medical services incident management principles and skills, including situation assessment, decision-making, and real-..
  57. EMS INTERNET CONNECTION PROJECT
    PATRICIA MURRIN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    DESCRIPTION (adapted from the Abstract): San Diego County Emergency Medical Services (EMS), a division of the County of San Diego Health and Human Services Agency, is the county?s local EMS agency charged with managing the local EMS ..
  58. QUANTIFICATION OF CRITICAL ILLNESS AND INJURY
    Howard Champion; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The results of the study to date clearly indicate that the indices can be used to evaluate the impact of emergency medical services systems...
  59. THE ROLE OF THE RURAL HOSPITAL IN THE TRAUMA CARE SYSTEM
    Robert Rutledge; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The analysis, which will be carried out over one year, will assist policy makers in developing guidelines for the organization and operating rules for rural emergency medical services systems.
  60. Assessing Suicide Risk in the ED: Web-based Education
    KARL WILKENS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., Emergency Medical Services providers, nurses, and pediatricians).
  61. Home Automatic external Defibrillator Training
    Thomas Rea; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Alternatively, if nominal video-based approaches achieve comparable outcomes, training efforts can be streamlined at considerable cost savings with fewer impediments for distribution and dissemination. [unreadable] [unreadable]..