community health services

Summary

Summary: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Effect of community-based newborn-care intervention package implemented through two service-delivery strategies in Sylhet district, Bangladesh: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 371:1936-44. 2008
  2. pmc Community health workers can identify and manage possible infections in neonates and young infants: MINI--a model from Nepal
    Sudhir Khanal
    Morang Innovative Neonatal Intervention John Snow Inc Research and Training Institute, Kathmandu, Nepal
    J Health Popul Nutr 29:255-64. 2011
  3. pmc Project Accept (HPTN 043): a community-based intervention to reduce HIV incidence in populations at risk for HIV in sub-Saharan Africa and Thailand
    Gertrude Khumalo-Sakutukwa
    Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, 50 Beale Street, Suite 1300, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:422-31. 2008
  4. ncbi Improving primary care for patients with chronic illness
    Thomas Bodenheimer
    Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    JAMA 288:1775-9. 2002
  5. ncbi Recommended community strategies and measurements to prevent obesity in the United States
    Laura Kettel Khan
    Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 58:1-26. 2009
  6. ncbi Diffusion theory and knowledge dissemination, utilization, and integration in public health
    Lawrence W Green
    Helen Diller Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0981, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 30:151-74. 2009
  7. pmc Safety and efficacy of simplified antibiotic regimens for outpatient treatment of serious infection in neonates and young infants 0-59 days of age in Bangladesh: design of a randomized controlled trial
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:S12-8. 2013
  8. ncbi What fosters or prevents interprofessional teamworking in primary and community care? A literature review
    Andreas Xyrichis
    King s College London, The Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, James Clerk Maxwell Building, 57 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8WA, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 45:140-53. 2008
  9. ncbi Primary health care: making Alma-Ata a reality
    John Walley
    Nuffield Centre for Health and Development, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Lancet 372:1001-7. 2008
  10. pmc Simplified antibiotic regimens for the management of clinically diagnosed severe infections in newborns and young infants in first-level facilities in Karachi, Pakistan: study design for an outpatient randomized controlled equivalence trial
    Anita K M Zaidi
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:S19-25. 2013

Detail Information

Publications305 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Effect of community-based newborn-care intervention package implemented through two service-delivery strategies in Sylhet district, Bangladesh: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 371:1936-44. 2008
    ..Therefore the project for advancing the health of newborns and mothers (Projahnmo) implemented a community-based intervention package through government and non-government organisation infrastructures to reduce neonatal mortality...
  2. pmc Community health workers can identify and manage possible infections in neonates and young infants: MINI--a model from Nepal
    Sudhir Khanal
    Morang Innovative Neonatal Intervention John Snow Inc Research and Training Institute, Kathmandu, Nepal
    J Health Popul Nutr 29:255-64. 2011
    ..This will result in improvement in the likelihood of survival and address one of the main causes of neonatal mortality...
  3. pmc Project Accept (HPTN 043): a community-based intervention to reduce HIV incidence in populations at risk for HIV in sub-Saharan Africa and Thailand
    Gertrude Khumalo-Sakutukwa
    Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, 50 Beale Street, Suite 1300, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:422-31. 2008
    ..Changing community norms to increase awareness of HIV status and reduce HIV-related stigma has the potential to reduce the incidence of HIV-1 infection in the developing world...
  4. ncbi Improving primary care for patients with chronic illness
    Thomas Bodenheimer
    Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    JAMA 288:1775-9. 2002
    ..Case studies are provided describing how components of the chronic care model have been implemented in the primary care practices of 4 health care organizations...
  5. ncbi Recommended community strategies and measurements to prevent obesity in the United States
    Laura Kettel Khan
    Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 58:1-26. 2009
    ....
  6. ncbi Diffusion theory and knowledge dissemination, utilization, and integration in public health
    Lawrence W Green
    Helen Diller Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0981, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 30:151-74. 2009
    ..Finally, we suggest ways to blend diffusion with other theory and evidence in guiding a more decentralized approach to dissemination and implementation in public health, including changes in the ways we produce the science itself...
  7. pmc Safety and efficacy of simplified antibiotic regimens for outpatient treatment of serious infection in neonates and young infants 0-59 days of age in Bangladesh: design of a randomized controlled trial
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:S12-8. 2013
    ..Because access to care is limited in settings with high mortality, exclusive reliance on the current recommendation of 7-10 days of parenteral antibiotic treatment is a barrier to provision of adequate treatment of newborn infections...
  8. ncbi What fosters or prevents interprofessional teamworking in primary and community care? A literature review
    Andreas Xyrichis
    King s College London, The Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, James Clerk Maxwell Building, 57 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8WA, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 45:140-53. 2008
    ..Although it is becoming widely accepted that no single discipline can provide complete care for patients with a long-term condition, in practice, interprofessional working is not always achieved...
  9. ncbi Primary health care: making Alma-Ata a reality
    John Walley
    Nuffield Centre for Health and Development, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Lancet 372:1001-7. 2008
    ..Progress should be measured and accountability assured. We prioritise research questions and suggest actions and measures for stakeholders both locally and globally, which are required to revitalise primary health care...
  10. pmc Simplified antibiotic regimens for the management of clinically diagnosed severe infections in newborns and young infants in first-level facilities in Karachi, Pakistan: study design for an outpatient randomized controlled equivalence trial
    Anita K M Zaidi
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:S19-25. 2013
    ..Alternative, simpler antibiotic regimens that could be used in outpatient settings have the potential to save thousands of lives...
  11. ncbi Dengue vector-control services: how do they work? A systematic literature review and country case studies
    Olaf Horstick
    Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 104:379-86. 2010
    ..The analysis underlined the need for: operational standards; evidence-based selection/delivery of combinations of interventions; development/application of monitoring and evaluation tools; needs-driven capacity building...
  12. ncbi Can lay health workers increase the uptake of childhood immunisation? Systematic review and typology
    Claire Glenton
    SINTEF Health Research, Department of Global Health and Research, Norway
    Trop Med Int Health 16:1044-53. 2011
    ..However, little is known about the effectiveness of these interventions. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of LHW interventions on childhood immunisation uptake...
  13. ncbi Implementation and effectiveness of a community-based health promotion program for older adults
    J I Wallace
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 53:M301-6. 1998
    ....
  14. pmc Evaluation of community level interventions to address social and structural determinants of health: a cluster randomised controlled trial
    Martin Wall
    Institute for Health and Human Development, University of East London, London E15 4LZ, UK
    BMC Public Health 9:207. 2009
    ..The interventions focus on healthy eating, healthy physical activity and mental health and wellbeing and are designed and executed with community participation complementing existing facilities and services...
  15. ncbi What do community-based dengue control programmes achieve? A systematic review of published evaluations
    C Heintze
    Institute for General Practice and Family Medicine Charité, Universitätsmedizin Campus Charité Mitte, Schumannstrasse 20 21, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:317-25. 2007
    ..Evidence that community-based dengue control programmes alone and in combination with other control activities can enhance the effectiveness of dengue control programmes is weak...
  16. ncbi Demystifying knowledge translation: learning from the community
    Sarah Bowen
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
    J Health Serv Res Policy 10:203-11. 2005
    ..The objective of this paper is to explore, through the participatory evaluation of Manitoba's The Need to Know Project, the characteristics of effective knowledge translation initiatives from the perspective of community partners...
  17. pmc Understanding enrolment in community health insurance in sub-Saharan Africa: a population-based case-control study in rural Burkina Faso
    Manuela De Allegri
    Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    Bull World Health Organ 84:852-8. 2006
    ..To identify factors associated with decision to enrol in a community health insurance (CHI) scheme...
  18. pmc Pursuing scale and quality in STI interventions with sex workers: initial results from Avahan India AIDS Initiative
    R Steen
    World Health Organization, Regional Office for South East Asia, Indraprastha Estate, Mahatma Gandhi Marg, New Delhi 110 002, India
    Sex Transm Infect 82:381-5. 2006
    ..India AIDS Initiative (Avahan), funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, is scaling up interventions with sex workers (SWs) and other high risk populations in India's six highest HIV prevalence states...
  19. ncbi Economic implications of hip fracture: health service use, institutional care and cost in Canada
    M E Wiktorowicz
    Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Political Science, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 12:271-8. 2001
    ..Annual economic implications of hip fracture in Canada are $650 million and are expected to rise to $2.4 billion by 2041...
  20. pmc Community involvement in dengue vector control: cluster randomised trial
    V Vanlerberghe
    Epidemiology and Disease Control Unit, Public Health Department, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    BMJ 338:b1959. 2009
    ..To assess the effectiveness of an integrated community based environmental management strategy to control Aedes aegypti, the vector of dengue, compared with a routine strategy...
  21. ncbi Active for life: final results from the translation of two physical activity programs
    Sara Wilcox
    University of South Carolina USC, Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:340-51. 2008
    ..Most evidence-based programs are never translated into community settings and thus never make a public health impact...
  22. ncbi Rapid achievement of the child survival millennium development goal: evidence from the Navrongo experiment in Northern Ghana
    Fred N Binka
    School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana
    Trop Med Int Health 12:578-83. 2007
    ..To determine the impact of deploying nurses and volunteers to village locations on demographic and health outcomes...
  23. pmc Community-based organizations in the health sector: a scoping review
    Michael G Wilson
    McMaster Health Forum, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L6, Canada
    Health Res Policy Syst 10:36. 2012
    ..This information can be used in further investigations about the ways in which community-based organizations can be engaged in health system decision-making and the mechanisms available for facilitating or supporting their engagement...
  24. ncbi Impact evaluation of India's 'Yeshasvini' community-based health insurance programme
    Aradhna Aggarwal
    Department of Business Economics, South Campus, University of Delhi, Delhi 110021, India
    Health Econ 19:5-35. 2010
    ..The article demonstrates that community insurance presents a workable model for providing high-end services in resource-poor settings through an emphasis on accountability and local management...
  25. ncbi Provider-initiated HIV testing increases access of patients with HIV-associated tuberculosis to antiretroviral treatment
    Stephen D Lawn
    The Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute for Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town
    S Afr Med J 101:258-62. 2011
    ..We sought to determine the impact of the introduction of provider-initiated HIV-testing in TB clinics in 2005 on subsequent referrals of patients with HIV-associated TB at a community-based ART service in Cape Town...
  26. pmc Primary Health Care in rural Malawi - a qualitative assessment exploring the relevance of the community-directed interventions approach
    Peter Makaula
    Research for Health Environment and Development, Mangochi, Malawi
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:328. 2012
    ..We examined health service providers' and beneficiaries' perceptions on existing PHC practices, and their perspectives on official priorities and strategies to strengthen PHC...
  27. ncbi The feasibility of community-based health insurance in Burkina Faso
    Hengjin Dong
    Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 324, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Health Policy 69:45-53. 2004
    ....
  28. ncbi Is community-based health insurance an equitable strategy for paying for healthcare? Experiences from southeast Nigeria
    Obinna Onwujekwe
    Department of Health Administration and Management, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria
    Health Policy 92:96-102. 2009
    ..To determine how equitable enrolment and utilization of community-based health insurance is in two communities with varying levels of success in implementing the scheme...
  29. ncbi The effect of community-based reproductive health communication interventions on contraceptive use among young married couples in Bihar, India
    Elkan E Daniel
    Pathfinder International India, New Delhi, India
    Int Fam Plan Perspect 34:189-97. 2008
    ..The PRACHAR Project, an ongoing intervention in Bihar, seeks to increase contraceptive use for delaying and spacing births through communication interventions...
  30. pmc Scientific rationale for study design of community-based simplified antibiotic therapy trials in newborns and young infants with clinically diagnosed severe infections or fast breathing in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa
    Anita K M Zaidi
    Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:S7-11. 2013
    ....
  31. ncbi Mobile phone tools for field-based health care workers in low-income countries
    Brian Derenzi
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Mt Sinai J Med 78:406-18. 2011
    ....
  32. pmc Equitable utilisation of Indian community based health insurance scheme among its rural membership: cluster randomised controlled trial
    M Kent Ranson
    Health Economics and Financing Programme, Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 334:1309. 2007
    ..To evaluate alternative strategies for improving the uptake of benefits of a community based health insurance scheme by its poorest members...
  33. ncbi Community health insurance in sub-Saharan Africa: what operational difficulties hamper its successful development?
    Manuela De Allegri
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    Trop Med Int Health 14:586-96. 2009
    ....
  34. ncbi Community action for preventing HIV in Cambodia: evaluation of a 3-year project
    Heng Sopheab
    National Center for HIV AIDS, Dermatology and STD, 170 Preah Sihanouk Blvd, Boeung Keng Korng I Quarter, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Health Policy Plan 23:277-87. 2008
    ..The project is likely to have powerful long-term effects through strengthening of capacity and establishment of systems for the national programme...
  35. ncbi PEARLS depression treatment for individuals with epilepsy: a randomized controlled trial
    Paul Ciechanowski
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 6560, USA
    Epilepsy Behav 19:225-31. 2010
    ..The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the effectiveness of PEARLS, a home-based program for managing depression in adult individuals with epilepsy and clinically significant acute and chronic depression...
  36. pmc Comparing modelled predictions of neonatal mortality impacts using LiST with observed results of community-based intervention trials in South Asia
    Ingrid K Friberg
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i11-20. 2010
    ..The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is designed to facilitate programmatic prioritization by modelling mortality reductions related to increasing coverage of specific interventions which may be combined into packages...
  37. ncbi Outcomes after two years of providing antiretroviral treatment in Khayelitsha, South Africa
    David Coetzee
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory 7925, South Africa
    AIDS 18:887-95. 2004
    ....
  38. pmc Systematic review of effect of community-level interventions to reduce maternal mortality
    Elaine Kidney
    Dept of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:2. 2009
    ..The objective was to provide a systematic review of the effectiveness of community-level interventions to reduce maternal mortality...
  39. pmc Community-based treatment of advanced HIV disease: introducing DOT-HAART (directly observed therapy with highly active antiretroviral therapy)
    P Farmer
    Department of Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 79:1145-51. 2001
    ..We conclude that directly observed therapy (DOT) with HAART, "DOT-HAART", can be delivered effectively in poor settings if there is an uninterrupted supply of high-quality drugs...
  40. ncbi Community health insurance in Uganda: why does enrolment remain low? A view from beneath
    Robert Basaza
    Ministry of Health Uganda, P O Box 27450, Kampala, Uganda
    Health Policy 87:172-84. 2008
    ..The study provides relevant elements for the design of a national policy on CHI in Uganda and other sub-Saharan countries...
  41. pmc Community pulmonary rehabilitation after hospitalisation for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: randomised controlled study
    William D C Man
    Respiratory Muscle Laboratory, Guy s, King s, and St Thomas School of Medicine, King s College Hospital, London SE5 9PJ
    BMJ 329:1209. 2004
    ..To evaluate the effects of an early community based pulmonary rehabilitation programme after hospitalisation for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
  42. ncbi Street and network sampling in evaluation studies of HIV risk-reduction interventions
    Salaam Semaan
    National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop E 02, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Rev 4:213-23. 2002
    ..Continued efforts are needed to improve the sampling strategies used in evaluation studies of HIV risk-reduction interventions...
  43. ncbi The California active aging community grant program: translating science into practice to promote physical activity in older adults
    Steven P Hooker
    Prevention Research Center, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Ann Behav Med 29:155-65. 2005
    ..Attempts to study the translation of evidence-based physical activity interventions in community settings are scarce...
  44. pmc Community health workers in health systems strengthening: a qualitative evaluation from rural Haiti
    Gregory Jerome
    Partners In Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    AIDS 24:S67-72. 2010
    ..This qualitative study evaluated the role of CHW in the health system as a whole in both HIV and non-HIV-related services in rural Haiti and investigated the challenges and facilitating factors for their work...
  45. pmc A promotores de salud intervention to reduce cardiovascular disease risk in a high-risk Hispanic border population, 2005-2008
    HECTOR G BALCAZAR
    University of Texas at Houston Health Science Center, School of Public Health, El Paso Regional Campus, 1100 N Stanton St, El Paso, TX 79902, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 7:A28. 2010
    ..The objective of Project HEART (Health Education Awareness Research Team) was to promote behavior changes to decrease CVD risk factors in a high-risk Hispanic border population...
  46. pmc Lay workers in directly observed treatment (DOT) programmes for tuberculosis in high burden settings: Should they be paid? A review of behavioural perspectives
    Samson Kironde
    Oxford University, Institute of Health Sciences, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Afr Health Sci 2:73-8. 2002
    ..We recommend more qualitative research to be done on this issue in high TB burden settings...
  47. pmc Perinatal interventions and survival in resource-poor settings: which work, which don't, which have the jury out?
    David Osrin
    Centre for International Health and Development, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Arch Dis Child 95:1039-46. 2010
    ..Our article begins by considering differences in the interpretation of 'intervention' to improve perinatal survival. We identify three types of..
  48. ncbi Met and unmet needs of schizophrenia patients in a Spanish sample
    S Ochoa
    Unitat de Formació i Investigació, Sant Joan de Déu SMM, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
    Schizophr Bull 29:201-10. 2003
    ..In a multiple regression model, needs were weakly associated with the clinical variables and quality of life. Needs assessment is complementary to clinical evaluation in schizophrenia...
  49. ncbi The value of interrupted time-series experiments for community intervention research
    A Biglan
    Center for Community Interventions on Childrearing, Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, Oregon, USA
    Prev Sci 1:31-49. 2000
    ..Examples are given of the use of multiple baseline designs in evaluating community interventions and policy changes...
  50. ncbi Conditional cash transfers for improving uptake of health interventions in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
    Mylene Lagarde
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Health Policy Unit, London, England
    JAMA 298:1900-10. 2007
    ..The effectiveness of these strategies in different contexts has not previously been the subject of a systematic review...
  51. ncbi Community-based intervention packages for reducing maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality and improving neonatal outcomes
    Zohra S Lassi
    Division of Women and Child Health, Aga Khan University Hospital, Stadium Road, PO Box 3500, Karachi, Pakistan, 74800
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 11:CD007754. 2010
    ....
  52. ncbi Community-based physical activity intervention
    Patricia A Sharpe
    Prevention Research Center, Norman J Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 49:455-62. 2003
  53. ncbi Community programs for the prevention of cardiovascular disease: a systematic review
    Mary Pennant
    Unit of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 172:501-16. 2010
    ..65%. Community programs for CVD prevention appear to have generally achieved favorable changes in overall CVD risk and, with adaptation to current circumstances, deserve continued consideration as possible approaches to preventing CVD...
  54. pmc Assessing the quality of service of village malaria workers to strengthen community-based malaria control in Cambodia
    Junko Yasuoka
    Department of Community and Global Health, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    Malar J 9:109. 2010
    ..This study sought to examine the nature and quality of the VMWs' services...
  55. pmc The impact of social franchising on the use of reproductive health and family planning services at public commune health stations in Vietnam
    Anh D Ngo
    Vietnam Evidence for Health Policy Project, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Health Strategy and Policy Institute, 138 Giang Vo Str, Hanoi, Vietnam
    BMC Health Serv Res 10:54. 2010
    ..This study evaluates behavioral outcomes associated with a new approach - the Government Social Franchise (GSF) model - developed to improve RHFP service quality and capacity in Vietnam's commune health stations (CHSs)...
  56. pmc Pasos Adelante: the effectiveness of a community-based chronic disease prevention program
    Lisa K Staten
    Southwest Center for Community Health Promotion, Mel and Enid Zuckerman Arizona College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Division of Health Promotion Sciences, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 2:A18. 2005
    ..Pasos Adelante is adapted from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's cardiovascular disease prevention curriculum, Su Corazon, Su Vida, and includes sessions on diabetes and community advocacy and incorporates walking clubs...
  57. ncbi Psychosocial stimulation improves the development of undernourished children in rural Bangladesh
    Jena D Hamadani
    International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh Center for Health and Population Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    J Nutr 136:2645-52. 2006
    ..In conclusion, adding child development activities to the BINP improved children's development and behavior and their mothers' knowledge; however, the lack of improvement in growth needs to be examined further...
  58. ncbi What do stroke patients and their carers want from community services?
    R Hare
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Primary Care, Clinical Sciences Building, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Fam Pract 23:131-6. 2006
    ..Previous research has focused on the longer term needs of 'new' stroke patients at fixed time intervals after the event, but neglected those of stroke patients who may have had the event many years earlier...
  59. ncbi Community-based interventions for improving perinatal and neonatal health outcomes in developing countries: a review of the evidence
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    Pediatrics 115:519-617. 2005
    ..A comprehensive review of the evidence base for impact of interventions on neonatal health and survival in developing-country communities has not been reported...
  60. pmc Impact of case management (Evercare) on frail elderly patients: controlled before and after analysis of quantitative outcome data
    Hugh Gravelle
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, Centre for Health Economics, University of York, York YO10 5DD
    BMJ 334:31. 2007
    ..To determine the impact on outcomes in patients of the Evercare approach to case management of elderly people...
  61. ncbi Cost and cost-effectiveness of community-based care for tuberculosis in Cape Town, South Africa
    E Sinanovic
    Health Economics Unit, University of Cape Town, Observatory, South Africa
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:S56-62. 2003
    ..Guguletu and Nyanga areas of Cape Town, South Africa...
  62. pmc Human resource staffing and service functions of community health services organizations in China
    Jun Yang
    School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
    Ann Fam Med 6:421-7. 2008
    We report a study on the developmental status of human resource staffing and service functions of community health services (CHS) in China and offer recommendations for improving the CHS in the future.
  63. pmc Implementation and quantitative evaluation of chronic disease self-management programme in Shanghai, China: randomized controlled trial
    Dongbo Fu
    School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, People s Republic of China
    Bull World Health Organ 81:174-82. 2003
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of the Shanghai Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP)...
  64. pmc HIV prevention among sex workers in India
    Ishika Basu
    STD HIV Intervention Programme, Calcutta, India
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 36:845-52. 2004
    ..This study supports the efficacy of the Sonagachi model intervention in increasing condom use and maintaining low HIV prevalence among sex workers...
  65. ncbi Glycaemic levels triggering intensification of therapy in type 2 diabetes in the community: the Fremantle Diabetes Study
    Timothy M E Davis
    School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Fremantle, WA
    Med J Aust 184:325-8. 2006
    ..To assess the effectiveness of the management of type 2 diabetes in an urban Australian setting...
  66. ncbi Achieving sustainability of community-based dengue control in Santiago de Cuba
    Maria E Toledo Romani
    Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine Pedro Kouri, Cuba
    Soc Sci Med 64:976-88. 2007
    ..It is concluded that, in contrast to intensified routine control activities, a community-based intervention approach promises to be sustainable...
  67. ncbi Feasibility and preliminary outcomes of a scalable, community-based treatment of childhood obesity
    Gary D Foster
    Center for Obesity Research and Education, Temple University, 3223 N Broad St, Suite 175, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
    Pediatrics 130:652-9. 2012
    ..Clinic-based treatments of childhood obesity are effective but typically have limited reach and are costly. In this study, we evaluated the effects of a scalable weight management program for children and teenagers...
  68. pmc Culturally competent diabetes self-management education for Mexican Americans: the Starr County border health initiative
    Sharon A Brown
    School of Nursing, The University of Texas at Austin, P O Box 7996, Austin, TX, USA
    Diabetes Care 25:259-68. 2002
    ..To determine the effects of a culturally competent diabetes self-management intervention in Mexican Americans with type 2 diabetes...
  69. pmc Using the Community Readiness Model to select communities for a community-wide obesity prevention intervention
    Sarah Sliwa
    Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, 150 Harrison Ave, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 8:A150. 2011
    ..79; SD, 1.13). The CRM quantified a subjective concept, allowing for comparison among 10 communities. Dimension scores and qualitative data from interviews helped in the selection of 6 communities for a replication study...
  70. ncbi The Pacific Obesity Prevention in Communities project: project overview and methods
    B A Swinburn
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Obesity Prevention, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia
    Obes Rev 12:3-11. 2011
    ....
  71. ncbi Community based newborn care: a systematic review and metaanalysis of evidence: UNICEF-PHFI series on newborn and child health, India
    Siddhartha Gogia
    Department of Pediatrics, Max Hospital, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
    Indian Pediatr 48:537-46. 2011
    ..A systematic review of the evidence on community-based intervention packages to reduce NMR is essential for advocacy and action to reach MDG-4...
  72. ncbi Examining the evidence of under-five mortality reduction in a community-based programme in Gaza, Mozambique
    Anbrasi Edward
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:814-22. 2007
    ..3%). These findings suggest that effective community-based partnerships that support the delivery of health services can contribute to mortality reductions...
  73. ncbi An electronic linkage system for health behavior counseling effect on delivery of the 5A's
    Alex H Krist
    Department of Family Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298 0251, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:S350-8. 2008
    ..A system that could increase referrals through an efficient collaborative partnership between community programs and clinicians could have major public health implications; such was the subject of this feasibility evaluation...
  74. pmc An innovative multipartner research program to address detection, assessment and treatment of neonatal infections in low-resource settings
    Shamim Ahmad Qazi
    Department of Maternal Newborn Child and Adolescent Health, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:S3-6. 2013
    ....
  75. ncbi Interventions to improve the management of diabetes in primary care, outpatient, and community settings: a systematic review
    C M Renders
    Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, Department of General Practice, Vrije Universiteit Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Diabetes Care 24:1821-33. 2001
    ..To review the effectiveness of interventions targeted at health care professionals and/or the structure of care in order to improve the management of diabetes in primary care, outpatient, and community settings...
  76. ncbi Do community specialist palliative care services that provide home nursing increase rates of home death for people with life-limiting illnesses? A systematic review and meta-analysis of comparative studies
    Tim Luckett
    Improving Palliative Care through Clinical Trials ImPaCCT, South Western Sydney Clinical School, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    J Pain Symptom Manage 45:279-97. 2013
    ..But more information is needed regarding the relative efficacies of different models. Family caregivers highlight home nursing as the most important service, but it is also likely the most costly...
  77. ncbi Community Health Workers and community advocacy: addressing health disparities
    Maia Ingram
    Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
    J Community Health 33:417-24. 2008
    ..Further research is needed to understand the nature and impact of CHW community advocacy activities on both systems change and health outcomes...
  78. pmc Low enrollment in Ugandan Community Health Insurance schemes: underlying causes and policy implications
    Robert Basaza
    Ministry of Health Uganda, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:105. 2007
    ..Moreover, most of these schemes were created some 10 years ago but since then, only one or two new schemes have been launched. The dynamic of CHI has apparently come to a halt...
  79. ncbi Increases in correct administration of chloroquine in the home and referral of sick children to health facilities through a community-based intervention in Bougouni District, Mali
    P J Winch
    Department of International Health, Social and Behavioral Interventions Program, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 97:481-90. 2003
    ..0% of referrals recorded in drug kit referral notebooks arrived at the health centre. Further research is needed to increase the effectiveness of the counselling and the community referral mechanism tested in this study...
  80. ncbi Lay health advisor interventions among Hispanics/Latinos: a qualitative systematic review
    Scott D Rhodes
    Social Sciences and Health Policy, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:418-27. 2007
    ..The primary goal of this systematic review was to explore how LHA approaches have been used and evaluated within Hispanic/Latino communities in the U.S...
  81. ncbi Clinical outcomes and CD4 cell response in children receiving antiretroviral therapy at primary health care facilities in Zambia
    Carolyn Bolton-Moore
    Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka
    JAMA 298:1888-99. 2007
    ....
  82. ncbi Improving the prevention and management of chronic disease in low-income and middle-income countries: a priority for primary health care
    Robert Beaglehole
    University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Lancet 372:940-9. 2008
    ..Research on scaling-up should be embedded in large-scale delivery programmes for chronic diseases with a strong emphasis on assessment...
  83. ncbi Community support is associated with better antiretroviral treatment outcomes in a resource-limited rural district in Malawi
    R Zachariah
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Medical Department Operational Research, Brussels Operational Center, 68 Rue de Gasperich, L 1617, Luxembourg, Belgium
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:79-84. 2007
    ..The community might be an unrecognized and largely 'unexploited resource' that could play an important contributory role in countries desperately trying to scale up ART with limited resources...
  84. ncbi Understanding factors that influence success of home- and community-based services in keeping older adults in community settings
    Ya Mei Chen
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Aging Health 22:267-91. 2010
    ....
  85. ncbi Community readiness for local smoke-free policy change
    Nancy L York
    University of Nevada Las Vegas, School of Nursing, 4505 Maryland Parkway, Box 453018, Las Vegas, NV 89154 3018, USA
    Am J Health Promot 23:112-20. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to use the Community Readiness Model to examine local smoke-free policy development...
  86. ncbi Community-based distribution of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy improved coverage but reduced antenatal attendance in southern Malawi
    K P Msyamboza
    Malaria Alert Centre, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi
    Trop Med Int Health 14:183-9. 2009
    ..To evaluate the impact of a 2-year programme for community-based delivery of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) on intermittent preventive treatment during pregnancy coverage, antenatal clinic attendance and pregnancy outcome...
  87. pmc Community based health insurance in developing countries
    Manuela De Allegri
    BMJ 334:1282-3. 2007
  88. ncbi Reducing unhealthy weight gain in Fijian adolescents: results of the Healthy Youth Healthy Communities study
    P Kremer
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia
    Obes Rev 12:29-40. 2011
    ..Additional 'top-down' or other innovative approaches may be needed to reduce adolescent obesity in the Pacific...
  89. ncbi Geographic inequities in provision and utilization of malaria treatment services in southeast Nigeria: diagnosis, providers and drugs
    Obinna Onwujekwe
    Department of Health Administration and Management, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria
    Health Policy 94:144-9. 2010
    ..To examine the levels of geographic inequities in households' choice of providers, mode of diagnosis and drugs for the treatment of malaria...
  90. ncbi Community-directed interventions strategy enhances efficient and effective integration of health care delivery and development activities in rural disadvantaged communities of Uganda
    M N Katabarwa
    The Carter Center, Atlanta GA 30306, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 10:312-21. 2005
    ..6%. The study showed that the majority of those who dropped out had not been selected by their community members. Therefore, CDI strategy promoted integration of health and development activities with a high potential for sustainability...
  91. ncbi Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Enteritidis in England: costs to patients, their families, and primary and community health services of the NHS
    A C Santos
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 139:742-53. 2011
    ..5 million. Work-time lost and caring activities are cost categories that are not frequently investigated within the infectious intestinal disease literature, although they represent an important societal cost...
  92. ncbi A community empowerment strategy embedded in a routine dengue vector control programme: a cluster randomised controlled trial
    Marta Castro
    Epidemiology Division, Institute of Tropical Medicine Pedro Kouri, Autopista Novia del Mediodia, Km 6, La Lisa, AP 601, Marianao 13, Havana City, Cuba
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 106:315-21. 2012
    ..Over the intervention period, the BI remained 53% (95% CI 22-92%) lower in these clusters than in the control clusters. The empowerment strategy increased community involvement and added effectiveness to routine A. aegypti control...
  93. ncbi Home-based life saving skills in Matlab, Bangladesh: a process evaluation of a community-based maternal child health programme
    Michelle Dynes
    Midwifery 27:15-22. 2011
    ..to conduct and describe results from a process evaluation of home-based life saving skills (HBLSS) one year post-implementation...
  94. pmc Monitoring the South African National Antiretroviral Treatment Programme, 2003-2007: the IeDEA Southern Africa collaboration
    Morna Cornell
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town
    S Afr Med J 99:653-60. 2009
    ....
  95. ncbi Between HIV diagnosis and initiation of antiretroviral therapy: assessing the effectiveness of care for people living with HIV in the public primary care service in Cape Town, South Africa
    Vera Scott
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Western Cape, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 16:1384-91. 2011
    ..To assess the quality of pre-antiretroviral therapy (ART) care in Cape Town and its continuity with HIV counselling and testing (HCT) and ART...
  96. pmc The impact of a 6-year comprehensive community trial on the awareness, treatment and control rates of hypertension in Iran: experiences from the Isfahan healthy heart program
    Alireza Khosravi
    Cardiology Department, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 10:61. 2010
    ..We aimed to evaluate the changes over time in the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control rate of hypertension in intervention and reference areas of a comprehensive community trial with reference area...
  97. ncbi Smoking cessation knowledge, attitudes, and practice among community health providers in China
    Kathleen Klink
    Center for Family and Community Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Fam Med 43:198-200. 2011
    ..Many have not received training on how to advise patients to quit, and half lack knowledge about nicotine replacement. These findings suggest that surveyed providers need more training in tobacco cessation services...
  98. pmc Cash component of conditional cash transfer program is associated with higher body mass index and blood pressure in adults
    Lia C H Fernald
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    J Nutr 138:2250-7. 2008
    ..Oportunidades has been portrayed as a model for CCT programs worldwide, but the results reported here support the notion that the cash component of Oportunidades may be negatively associated with some adult health outcomes...
  99. ncbi Outcome results for the Ma'alahi Youth Project, a Tongan community-based obesity prevention programme for adolescents
    K F Fotu
    Ministry of Health, Nuku alofa, Tonga
    Obes Rev 12:41-50. 2011
    ....
  100. ncbi Integrated services for frail elders (SIPA): a trial of a model for Canada
    Francois Beland
    Université de Montréal McGill University Research Group on Integrated Services for Older Persons, Canada
    Can J Aging 25:5-42. 2006
    ..These results were obtained without an increase in the overall costs of health and social services, without reducing the quality of care, and without increasing the burden on elderly persons and their relatives...

Research Grants82

  1. Trabajando Juntos: Working for Health Disparity Reduction among Latinos
    SCOTT RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. C-CAPRELA: Cervical Cancer Prevention for Latinas
    SCOTT RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..developing effective interventions to reduce those disparities, and facilitating intervention delivery." [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. HIV Among Rural Latino Gay Men and MSM in the Southeast
    SCOTT RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Study findings also will help shape new multilevel intervention approaches and strategies to reduce the disproportionate HIV/AIDS disease burden of Latino men. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Rapid Responses to Problem Drinking on College Campuses
    SCOTT RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Although the environmental intervention should be more than one year, the minimum time would be one academic year with a one year follow up. A pilot study with a historically black college or university is also proposed. ..
  5. EFFECT OF HEART DISEASE EDUCATION ON OLDER WOMEN
    Noreen Clark; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  6. School-Based Approaches to Help Pre-Teens Manage Asthma
    Noreen Clark; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Asthma rates for this age group continue to rise and the problems associated with the disease are especially difficult in poor communities. This study will assess innovative interventions for low-income minority preteens with asthma. ..
  7. EFFECT OF SELF-REGULATORY EDUCATION ON WOMEN WITH ASTHMA
    Noreen Clark; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Parenting Effects of Healthy Steps: Utilization & Expec
    Cynthia Minkovitz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will inform policy and practice regarding whether or not a parenting intervention, highly targeted to child development and behavior when children are 0-3, has effects when children are 5 years of age. ..
  9. Project ECHO Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes
    Sanjeev Arora; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  10. The Health and Social Context of Infant Death: Reflections from South Africa
    Cynthia Minkovitz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It also will provide client-based information that will enable the development of targeted interventions and policies to address these factors and improve service systems and community resources. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. A Partnership to Promote Physical Activity and Healthy Eating in AME Churches
    Sara Wilcox; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The inclusion of PA, use of a CBPR approach, engagement of church decision makers, and focus on the church's ..
  12. Foster Care Youth: The Consequences of Abuse and Neglect
    Justeen Hyde; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This project will provide depth to current understandings of the consequences of abuse and neglect on adolescents in foster care. Study findings will be widely disseminated to a range of key stakeholders. ..
  13. Filipino Early Childhood Development--Longitudinal Anal*
    JERE BEHRMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..3) To strengthen the analytical capacity of OPS through collaborative analytical research that integrates health, nutrition, demographic and economic concerns, in addition to collaborative data collection. ..
  14. Testing a video to improve provider-patient interaction
    Deborah Helitzer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This research addresses the priorities of announcement PAR-04-117 "Understanding and Promoting Health Literacy." ..
  15. Translating the DPP into the Community: The YMCA model
    Ronald Ackermann; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In combination, these data will enable us to design and conduct a larger, future 3-year trial focusing on the effectiveness and sustainability of community DPP translation in multiple YMCA settings. ..
  16. STATE LONG TERM CARE POLICIES AND ELDERLY WELL-BEING
    Naoko Muramatsu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Part I and Part II will proceed simultaneously to inform each other throughout the four-year study period. ..
  17. REPEAT MAMMOGRAPHY AMONG LOW INCOME AND MINORITY WOMEN
    Maria Fernandez; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g. stage of mammography adoption, self-efficacy, attitudes toward mammography, and perceived susceptibility to breast cancer). ..
  18. Diffusion of Prevention Science in Communities
    J Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Computerized Risk Assessment in an Employee Population
    Deborah Helitzer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..6: Identification and evaluation of public health informatics and communication strategies and tools to improve health decisions, health alerting, health literacy, or health assessment among employees and employers ..
  20. Substance Use and the Consolidation of Adult Roles
    J Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed study will provide important information of use to those designing preventive and treatment interventions for substance abuse and dependence. ..
  21. Feasibility of a Partnered Approach to Prevent Diabetes
    Ronald Ackermann; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  22. Causal Effects of Schooling on Adult and Child Health
    JERE BEHRMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Stress and Subsequent Drinking in Individuals with Different Drinking Motives
    Suzanne Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. The Safety Net, Medicaid, and Child Health Outcomes
    Anthony Losasso; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A final area of study will examine how the relationship between the health care safety net and children's health outcomes differs by race and ethnicity. ..
  25. Alcohol Use Reduction in Methadone Individuals with HCV
    Adeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Workplace Mental Health Benefits & Selective Contracting
    Anthony Losasso; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Our study will offer lessons from which other purchasers, including the federal government, may learn. ..
  27. TB/HIV RISK REDUCTION WITH HOMELESS AND DRUG ADDICTED
    Adeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  28. Community-Based Approach to Designing an AIDS Program for HIV+ Mothers in India
    Adeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These findings will lead to future funding to actually develop and test a newly designed program. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Society for Prevention Research Annual Meetings
    J Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  30. RE-AIM Evaluation of Tailored Smoking Harm Reduction
    Russell Glasgow; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. NIMH Collaboration HIV/STD Intervention Trial in China
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will initiate the intervention in the control markets from 12/06-12/07. We will participate in publishing cross-site papers throughout the next three years. ..
  32. Prospective Study of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome in Adolescents
    Renee Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this investigation may assist physicians in identifying adolescents at high risk for CFS and allow them to initiate preventative measures. ..
  33. Enhancing Tobacco Use Treatment for African American Light Smokers
    Lisa Sanderson Cox; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  34. Mechanisms of Disability in Peripheral Arterial Disease
    Mary McDermott; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results will be used to develop interventions designed to improve lower extremity functioning and prevent functional decline in persons with PAD. ..
  35. Health Disparity in Obesity and Diabetes
    Mona Fouad; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The conference will feature both didactic lectures and interactive presentations on possible reasons for health disparities. ..
  36. SYSTEMIC EFFECTS OF PERIODONTITIS
    James Beck; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Health Pomotion and Disease Prevention Research Center
    Daniel Blumenthal; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Abstract not provided ..
  38. DRUG ABUSE PHARMACOTHERAPY: METHODOLOGIC INITIATIVES
    Edward Nunes; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The applicant will continue to pursue a training plan focused on methodology and statistics of clinical trials, behavioral interventions, and the responsible conduct of research. ..
  39. ECF and Problem Behaviors Among Children of Crack Users
    Stephanie Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The outcomes of focus are internalizing behaviors (anxiety and depression), externalizing behaviors (aggression, impulsivity. and delinquent behaviors), coping capacity, and attention problems. ..
  40. North American Naturopathic Medical Research Consortium
    Leanna Standish; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Alcohol Outlets and Violence
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., outlet densities) to individual norms for aggression. The long-term goal of this study is to provide empirical data to guide environmentallybased alcohol-related crime prevention programs. ..
  42. Promoting Fidelity Using Remote and Onsite Support
    Christopher Ringwalt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Study results will inform the prevention field concerning the potential for personalized coaching and technical assistance to promote curriculum fidelity and affect key student-level mediating variables. ..
  43. IMPROVING ADHERENCE TO PHARMACOLOGICAL TREATMENT
    Ira Ockene; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Proportion of selected non-lipid-lowering prescribed medication taken by patients as measured by CMA; and 3. Percentage of patients with an LDL level <130 mg per dl ..
  44. Clinically enhanced multi-purpose administrative dataset for comparative effectiv
    Hamisu Salihu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  45. Burden of Malaria in Pregnancy in India
    Davidson Hamer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The information generated by the study will also be instrumental in the development of new programs for preventing and mitigating the impact of MIP in India. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. REACH FOR HEALTH HIGH SCHOOL RISK PREVENTION FOLLOW-UP
    LYDIA O DONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..They aim to: 1. Assess the longitudinal impact of RFH interventions for young adolescents on the multiple-risk behaviors of cigarette, alcohol, and ..
  47. Aerobic Exercise, Diet and Cholesterol: A Meta-Analysis
    George A Kelley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This is important since one of the major goals of the Department of Health and Human Services is to increase the quality and years of healthy life. ..
  48. COGNITIVE AND EMOTIONAL RESPONSES TO AN HPV DIAGNOSIS IN MEN
    Ellen M Daley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These data will assist in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of interventions to reduce HPV infection in both sexes. ..
  49. Quality of Life in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    James Perrin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It will help to clarify the life domains that are affected by IBD and will inform interventions to improve QoL for children with IBD. ..
  50. Intention to Quit Smoking Among LGBT Smokers
    JOHN BURKHALTER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This application represents the beginning step toward developing a cancer control and prevention research program targeted to the LGBT community that has as its starting point a focus on tobacco control and prevention. ..
  51. Gender Violence and HIV Risk Reduction in South Africa
    Leickness Simbayi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. Patient-Provider Relationship and Diabetes Self-Care
    Paul Ciechanowski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This K-23 award will provide crucial support for the applicant's ongoing development as an investigator, clinician, and educator in the area of diabetes care. ..
  53. CARDIOVASCULAR RESEARCH TRAINING
    Douglas Zipes; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition, the program is ideally suited to effectively recruit under-represented minorities. We proposed to train 3 postdoctoral Fellows each year for 2 years as part of this grant. ..
  54. HIV Prevention, Cost-Utility Analysis and Race/Ethnicity
    Gina Wingood; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We propose to publish the findings in scientific journals and summarize the findings in a rigorous yet succinct manner for HIV prevention priority setters. ..
  55. Community Partnership for Asthma Prevention
    Tyra Bryant Stephens; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  56. Improving Patient Adherence to Cancer Treatment
    Kathleen Ell; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..5 IMPAACT intervention effects will be mediated by changes in targets of the components of the intervention, viz., strengthened intentions, reduced emotional barriers particularly depression, and reduced practical and system barriers. ..
  57. REACH FOR HEALTH--MIDDLE CHILDHOOD RISK PREVENTION STUDY
    LYDIA O DONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..6. Collect data on the costs and process of implementation to inform subsequent dissemination. ..
  58. Response Variability in Children with ADHD
    JEFF EPSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Finally, relations between response variability on neuropsychological tests and response variability in a variety of real-world analog situations will be examined to evaluate the ecological validity of these deficits. ..
  59. Impact of Poor Health & AIDS on Small Businesses in SA
    Mark Pauly; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..They will be useful for predicting the effect of changes in health on economic activity in this sector, and for allocating resources for disease prevention and treatment. ..
  60. Pilot Study of Sibling Prevention Program
    MARK ETHAN FEINBERG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Developing and disseminating new, effective preventive programs such as the one proposed would have substantial public health benefits for individuals, families, and society. ..
  61. Health related quality of life: Elders in long-term care
    Mary D Naylor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings from this study will enable policy makers and providers, as well as recipients of long term care services, to evaluate and make informed choices related to long-term care. ..
  62. Leveraging Medicare Payment & Reporting Policies to Improve Nursing Home Quality
    David C Grabowski; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, the information derived from this study has the potential to make important research and policy-relevant contributions aimed at improving the quality of care for all nursing home residents. ..
  63. EVALUATION OF TREATMENT ADVOCACY IN INVOLVING PATIENTS IN HIV CARE
    Laura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S., as well as policy efforts ultimately aimed at improving the health of people with HIV. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. DISCRIMINATION, HEALTH CARE ATTITUDES AND HIV TREATMENT
    Laura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  65. Epdemiology of Non-Medical Prescription Anagesic Use
    Li Tzy Wu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such findings will be vital to policy makers in predicting the potential burden of NMPAU-related problems. ..
  66. Directly Administered HIV Therapy in Methadone Clinics
    GREGORY LUCAS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our research team has an established history of collaboration in this area, and brings together a wealth of research expertise in HIV treatment outcomes, substance abuse, and behavioral aspects of adherence. ..
  67. Training Therapists to Administer Contingency Management
    Nancy Petry; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Both short-term and long-term efficacy, as well as cost-effectiveness, will be evaluated when CM is administered by community-based therapists. ..
  68. PREMIER Maintenance Trial(MAINTENANCE)
    Laura Svetkey; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The purpose of this proposal is to develop and test two such interventions, which, if effective, should complement ongoing efforts to stem the obesity epidemic and ultimately prevent obesity-related CVD. ..
  69. Simulation Tool for HIV/STD Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  70. PRIDE: Program to Reduce Incontinence by Diet & Exercise
    Rena Wing; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If effective in womenwith incontinence, the methods and strategies of this innovative motivationally-focusedmaintenance intervention can beexamined n other obese populations. ..
  71. Do Medicare Claims Measure Chemotherapy Use and Outcomes
    Elizabeth Lamont; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  72. UAB Comprehensive Cancer Ctr/Tuskegee Univ Partnership
    Mona Fouad; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Last but not least, a full sustainable partnership will enhance both institutions and make the elimination of the disparities between Caucasians and African Americans a real possibility by the year 2010-2015. ..
  73. Training Strategies for Motivational Interviewing
    Steve Martino; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  74. IMPROVING EVERYDAY MEMORY IN AT RISK ELDERLY
    Graham J McDougall; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Data collections will occur over 27 months on five occasions with face-to-face interviews. Data analysis will include descriptive statistics, correlations, 2X5 MANOVA and hierarchical regressions. ..
  75. Deep South CanCORS Colorectal and Lung Cancer PDCR Site
    Mona Fouad; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Finally, we have available highly experienced staff and an advanced infrastructure to support all aspects of the recruitment, follow-up, and data collection and management activities required for CanCORS. ..
  76. Examining Perceived Stigma in Persons with Dementia
    Sandra Burgener; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  77. The DASH-Sodium Trial: Genetic Determinants of Response
    Laura Svetkey; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Ultimately, increased understanding of these mechanisms will lead to improved strategies for prevention and control, both nutritional and pharmacologic, of high BP. ..
  78. Community Exposure to Perfluorooctanate
    Edward Emmett; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Outcome measures to be evaluated include the reduction of levels of blood C8, and whether community trust is restored through an independent participatory study. ..
  79. Reducing Alcohol & Risks Among Young Females
    LYDIA O DONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The goal is to set young women on a course that protects their health and reduces the burden that problem drinking and HIV disease is taking on African American and Latino communities. ..