health occupations


Summary: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.

Top Publications

  1. Brydges R, Dubrowski A, Regehr G. A new concept of unsupervised learning: directed self-guided learning in the health professions. Acad Med. 2010;85:S49-55 pubmed publisher
  2. Schmelz A, Nixon B, McDaniel A, Hudmon K, Zillich A. Evaluation of an online tobacco cessation course for health professions students. Am J Pharm Educ. 2010;74:36 pubmed
    ..001). Self-efficacy also increased from 2.2 to 4.1 (p < 0.001; on a 5-point scale). This study demonstrated that an online tobacco cessation course improved student-reported ability and skills to counsel patients on tobacco cessation. ..
  3. Charles G, Bainbridge L, Gilbert J. The University of British Columbia model of interprofessional education. J Interprof Care. 2010;24:9-18 pubmed publisher
  4. Ngassapa O, Kaaya E, Fyfe M, Lyamuya E, Kakoko D, Kayombo E, et al. Curricular transformation of health professions education in Tanzania: the process at Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (2008-2011). J Public Health Policy. 2012;33 Suppl 1:S64-91 pubmed publisher
  5. Burdick W. Challenges and issues in health professions education in Africa. Med Teach. 2007;29:882-6 pubmed
    ..These infrastructure investments will facilitate better quality education, improved diffusion of information among schools, and more useful data for self study by institutions. ..
  6. Cook D, Erwin P, Triola M. Computerized virtual patients in health professions education: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Acad Med. 2010;85:1589-602 pubmed publisher
    ..Effects in comparison with noncomputer instruction are on average small. Further research clarifying how to effectively implement virtual patients is needed. ..
  7. Sullivan L, Suez Mittman I. The state of diversity in the health professions a century after Flexner. Acad Med. 2010;85:246-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Efforts to achieve diversity in medical education should not end at graduation but should be extended to provide minorities opportunities to excel and to lead. ..
  8. Cook D, Levinson A, Garside S. Method and reporting quality in health professions education research: a systematic review. Med Educ. 2011;45:227-38 pubmed publisher
    ..Information is missing from all sections of reports of HPE experiments. Single-group pre-/post-test studies may overestimate ES compared with two-group designs. Other methodological variations did not bias study results in this sample. ..
  9. Warren C, Sinha D, Lee J, Lea V, Jones N. Tobacco use, exposure to secondhand smoke, and training on cessation counseling among nursing students: cross-country data from the Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS), 2005-2009. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2009;6:2534-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Tobacco control efforts must discourage tobacco use among health professionals, promote smoke free workplaces, and implement programs that train health professionals in effective cessation-counseling techniques. ..

More Information


  1. Murad M, Varkey P. Self-directed learning in health professions education. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2008;37:580-90 pubmed
  2. Stellefson M, Hanik B, Chaney J, Tennant B. Analysis of ehealth search perspectives among female college students in the health professions using Q methodology. J Med Internet Res. 2012;14:e60 pubmed publisher
    ..These multiple perspectives present both challenges and opportunities for empowering college students in the health professions to use the Internet to obtain and appraise evidence-based health information using the Internet. ..
  3. Kiersma M, Plake K, Darbishire P. Patient safety instruction in US health professions education. Am J Pharm Educ. 2011;75:162 pubmed publisher
    ..From this literature review, research is needed to guide curricular change, specifically focusing on instructional methods and interdisciplinary collaborations. ..
  4. Jacobs J, Samarasekera D, Chui W, Chan S, Wong L, Liaw S, et al. Building a successful platform for interprofessional education for health professions in an Asian university. Med Teach. 2013;35:343-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Best practices and success factors were identified, while lessons learned led to further improvements. Adoption of this approach can help circumvent well-known barriers to implementation. ..
  5. Bearman M, Dawson P. Qualitative synthesis and systematic review in health professions education. Med Educ. 2013;47:252-60 pubmed publisher
    ..We argue that notions of qualitative rigour such as transparency and acknowledgment of the researchers' stance should be applied to qualitative synthesis. ..
  6. Mann K, Gordon J, Macleod A. Reflection and reflective practice in health professions education: a systematic review. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2009;14:595-621 pubmed
    ..Our aim was to understand the key variables influencing this educational process, identify gaps in the evidence, and to explore any implications for educational practice and research. ..
  7. BRECKLER J, Joun D, Ngo H. Learning styles of physiology students interested in the health professions. Adv Physiol Educ. 2009;33:30-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, career choice may be an important consideration in determining whether or not there are gender differences among students. ..
  8. Blue A, Mitcham M, Smith T, Raymond J, GREENBERG R. Changing the future of health professions: embedding interprofessional education within an academic health center. Acad Med. 2010;85:1290-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors believe that MUSC's efforts, including the conceptual foundation and implementation framework, can be generalized to other institutions intent on developing IPE within their organizational cultures. ..
  9. Dussault G. The health professions and the performance of future health systems in low-income countries: support or obstacle?. Soc Sci Med. 2008;66:2088-95 pubmed publisher
    ..This would require that the actors in the policy process collaborate in strengthening the capacity of regulatory agencies to perform their role. ..
  10. Dobson R, Stevenson K, Busch A, Scott D, Henry C, Wall P. A quality improvement activity to promote interprofessional collaboration among health professions students. Am J Pharm Educ. 2009;73:64 pubmed
    ..Use of a quality-based case study and QI methodology were an effective approach to enhancing interprofessional experiences among students. ..
  11. Seifer S. Service-learning: community-campus partnerships for health professions education. Acad Med. 1998;73:273-7 pubmed
    ..The article concludes with brief descriptions of recommended resources for integrating service-learning into the medical school curriculum. ..
  12. Rawson R, Quinlan K, Cooper B, Fewtrell C, Matlow J. Writing-skills development in the health professions. Teach Learn Med. 2005;17:233-8 pubmed
    ..We concluded that students need much more practice to attain the level of proficiency outlined by our rubric. ..
  13. McCuskey R, Carmichael S, Kirch D. The importance of anatomy in health professions education and the shortage of qualified educators. Acad Med. 2005;80:349-51 pubmed
  14. Philippon D, Pimlott J, King S, Day R, Cox C. Preparing health science students to be effective health care team members: the InterProfessional Initiative at the University of Alberta. J Interprof Care. 2005;19:195-206 pubmed
    ..The paper concludes by reviewing the evaluative work underway and reflecting on the key success factors. ..
  15. Allan J, Barwick T, Cashman S, Cawley J, Day C, Douglass C, et al. Clinical prevention and population health: curriculum framework for health professions. Am J Prev Med. 2004;27:471-6 pubmed
    ..The Task Force recommends that each profession systematically determine whether appropriate items in the Curriculum Framework are included in its standardized examinations for licensure and certification and for program accreditation. ..
  16. Erwin K, Blumenthal D, Chapel T, Allwood L. Building an academic-community partnership for increasing representation of minorities in the health professions. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2004;15:589-602 pubmed
    ..Feared loss of autonomy was foremost among several factors that threatened collaboration among the partners. Collaboration was improved largely through a process of building trust among the partners. ..
  17. Ortiz Gómez T, Birriel Salcedo J, Ortega Del Olmo R. [Gender, health professions and public health]. Gac Sanit. 2004;18 Suppl 1:189-94 pubmed
  18. O malley K, Moran B, Haidet P, Seidel C, Schneider V, Morgan R, et al. Validation of an observation instrument for measuring student engagement in health professions settings. Eval Health Prof. 2003;26:86-103 pubmed
    ..Results also provided strong evidence for validity. Overall, findings indicate that the STROBE demonstrates promise for educational research and evaluation by documenting student engagement in medical education settings. ..
  19. Mayers P, Alperstein M, Duncan M, Olckers L, Gibbs T. Not just another multi-professional course! Part 2: nuts and bolts of designing a transformed curriculum for multi-professional learning. Med Teach. 2006;28:152-7 pubmed
    ..Reflections of the designers, in particular on what it means to be a multi-professional team, and a reconceptualization of multi-professional education are presented as challenges for educators of health professionals. ..
  20. Downing S, Tekian A, Yudkowsky R. Procedures for establishing defensible absolute passing scores on performance examinations in health professions education. Teach Learn Med. 2006;18:50-7 pubmed
    ..quot; The key to defensible standards lies in the choice of credible judges and in the use of a systematic approach to collecting their judgments. Ultimately, all standards are policy decisions. ..
  21. Mitchell P, Belza B, Schaad D, Robins L, Gianola F, Odegard P, et al. Working across the boundaries of health professions disciplines in education, research, and service: the University of Washington experience. Acad Med. 2006;81:891-6 pubmed
  22. Walsh C, Sherlock M, Ling S, Carnahan H. Virtual reality simulation training for health professions trainees in gastrointestinal endoscopy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;:CD008237 pubmed publisher
    ..There is a great need for the development of a reliable and valid measure of endoscopic performance prior to the completion of further randomised clinical trials with high methodological quality. ..
  23. Nielsen A, Hamming A. Interprofessional education in Denmark. J Interprof Care. 2008;22:205-8 pubmed publisher
  24. McKauge L, Stupans I, Owen S, Ryan G, Woulfe J. Building critical reflection skills for lifelong learning in the emergent landscape of a national registration and accreditation scheme. J Pharm Pract. 2011;24:235-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Students are guided to develop critical reflection skills for deep understanding and insight into the continued learning and professional development required to maintain long-term health care expertise. ..
  25. Alamgir H, Ngan K, Drebit S, Guiyun Li H, Keen D. Predictors and economic burden of serious workplace falls in health care. Occup Med (Lond). 2011;61:234-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Reducing work-related serious fall injuries would be expected to bring about significant benefits in terms of reduced pain and suffering, improved workplace productivity, reduced absenteeism and reduced compensation costs. ..
  26. Surani N, Pednekar M, Sinha D, Singh G, Warren C, Asma S, et al. Tobacco use and cessation counseling in India-data from the Global Health Professions Students Survey, 2005-09. Indian J Cancer. 2012;49:425-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Although all expressed the need, 29.1-54.8% students received cessation training in their schools. Tobacco control policy, cessation training and initiatives to help students quit smoking should be undertaken. ..
  27. Elwood T. The future of health care in the United States. Int Q Community Health Educ. 2006;26:5-21 pubmed
    ..This essay considers ways in which the health care of tomorrow will be affected by the intermingling of factors such as demography, epidemiology, economics, technology, globalization, and individual health behavior. ..
  28. Gendrel D. [Vaccines and exposed occupations]. Med Sci (Paris). 2007;23:417-22 pubmed
    ..Recommendations should also extend to medical students who are too often poorly protected and insufficiently warned against potential occupational exposure to pathogens and dissemination to their patients. ..
  29. Green B, Johnson C. Use of a modified journal club and letters to editors to teach critical appraisal skills. J Allied Health. 2007;36:47-51 pubmed
    ..Further investigation into these methods should be undertaken. ..
  30. Boud D. Feedback: ensuring that it leads to enhanced learning. Clin Teach. 2015;12:3-7 pubmed publisher
  31. De Schryver A, Van Winckel M, Cornelis K, Moens G, Devlies G, De Backer G. Helicobacter pylori infection: further evidence for the role of feco-oral transmission. Helicobacter. 2006;11:523-8 pubmed
    ..In health-care workers caring for a population with a high prevalence of H. pylori infection, there is an association with fecal transmission. This, however, does not rule out the possibility of other ways of transmission. ..
  32. Rashied Henry K, Fraser White M, Roberts C, Wilson T, Morgan R, Brown H, et al. Engaging minority high school students as health disparities interns: findings and policy implications of a summer youth pipeline program. J Natl Med Assoc. 2012;104:412-9 pubmed
    ..As demonstrated by our program, community-academic partnerships can provide educational opportunities to strengthen the academic pipeline for students of color interested in health careers and health disparities research. ..
  33. Eaton M, deValpine M, Sanford J, Lee J, Trull L, Smith K. Be the Change: An Interprofessional Team-Based Health Advocacy Summit. Nurse Educ. 2017;42:226-230 pubmed publisher
    ..This engaging method may prove to enhance health care professionals' likelihood of understanding, involvement, and influencing health policy in the future. ..
  34. Cataldo T, Tennant M, Sherwill Navarro P, Jesano R. Subject specialization in a liaison librarian program. J Med Libr Assoc. 2006;94:446-8 pubmed
  35. Gutteridge R, Dobbins K. Service user and carer involvement in learning and teaching: a faculty of health staff perspective. Nurse Educ Today. 2010;30:509-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Strategic and operational solutions were proposed to overcome these and respondents were positive about achieving meaningful involvement. ..
  36. McConnell C. The health care professional as a manager: balancing two important roles. Health Care Manag (Frederick). 2008;27:277-84 pubmed publisher
    ..The most successful managers are invariably those who develop the ability to appropriately balance the sides of the dual role. ..
  37. Al Alwan I. Association between scores in high school, aptitude and achievement exams and early performance in health science college. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2009;20:448-53 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that academic performance showed good correlation with the admission criteria used, namely final high school grade, Saudi National Aptitude and Achievement Exams. ..
  38. Murphy S. The state of the science on dietary sweeteners containing fructose: summary and issues to be resolved. J Nutr. 2009;139:1269S-1270S pubmed publisher
    ..Meanwhile, health professionals could help consumers by providing simple messages, such as the importance of consuming lower levels of energy, including those from all caloric sweeteners. ..
  39. Koh A. [Management of needlestick injuries for healthcare workers in hospitals]. Masui. 2010;59:31-5 pubmed
    ..It has been well recognized in Japan that we are facing a large numbers of NSIs, and the occupational infection from bloodborne pathogens is one of the serious problems in medical care. ..
  40. Krynetskiy E. Institutional Profile: Jayne Haines Center for Pharmacogenomics and Drug Safety: educating future generations of healthcare professionals. Pharmacogenomics. 2013;14:465-8 pubmed publisher
    ..With the expanding role of genetic analysis in preventing adverse effects of pharmacotherapy, we are working towards truly personalized pharmacotherapy that fully exploits the advances of modern biomedical science. ..
  41. Hamilton K, Coates V, Kelly B, Boore J, Cundell J, Gracey J, et al. Performance assessment in health care providers: a critical review of evidence and current practice. J Nurs Manag. 2007;15:773-91 pubmed
    ..Rather, this study endorses proposals for a multi-method strategy to ensure that performance assessment demonstrates all attributes required for effective nursing and midwifery practice. ..
  42. Thistlethwaite J. The future of health professional education: some reflections on possibilities and complexities. J Interprof Care. 2008;22:129-32 pubmed publisher
  43. Petronijevic M, Ilic K, Suzuki A. Drug induced hepatotoxicity: data from the Serbian pharmacovigilance database. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2011;20:416-23 pubmed publisher
    ..There is a need for additional education about ADRs, and enhanced reporting by health care professionals. ..
  44. Knapp K, Manolakis M, Webster A, Olsen K. Projected growth in pharmacy education and research, 2010 to 2015. Am J Pharm Educ. 2011;75:108 pubmed publisher
    ..External factors and how well the profession is able to demonstrate its contribution to resolving healthcare problems may influence the actual growth rates achieved. ..
  45. Cunningham C. Responding to domestic violence: a student's perspective. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2008;19:665-70 pubmed publisher
  46. Higgins A, Maguire G, Watts M, Creaner M, McCann E, Rani S, et al. Service user involvement in mental health practitioner education in Ireland. J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2011;18:519-25 pubmed publisher
    ..However, there is evidence that this is changing, with many respondents indicating an eagerness to move this agenda forward. ..
  47. Rees D, Johnson R. All together now? Staff views and experiences of a pre-qualifying interprofessional curriculum. J Interprof Care. 2007;21:543-55 pubmed
    ..In order to optimize the success of interprofessional education, the significant challenges that exist for academic staff must be addressed, and ownership by staff enabled. ..
  48. Russell S. Advance care planning: whose agenda is it anyway?. Palliat Med. 2014;28:997-9 pubmed publisher
  49. Manthey M. Foundations of interprofessional communication and collaboration. Creat Nurs. 2012;18:64-7 pubmed
    ..Teaching these skills to beginning health professions students, with reinforcement throughout their education, is an exciting development in academia. ..
  50. van Zanten M, Parkins L, Karle H, Hallock J. Accreditation of undergraduate medical education in the Caribbean: report on the Caribbean accreditation authority for education in medicine and other health professions. Acad Med. 2009;84:771-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The evaluation and monitoring of undergraduate medical education programs in the Caribbean by a regional accrediting system such as CAAM-HP can help ensure the quality of the education delivered at these diverse institutions. ..
  51. Liaskos J, Frigas A, Antypas K, Zikos D, Diomidous M, Mantas J. The EIPEN project: promoting interprofessional education in health professions. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2007;129:1424-7 pubmed
    ..The outcomes of the EIPEN Project will provide means, material and guidelines for the enhancement of professional education in the multidisciplinary field of Health Informatics. ..
  52. Braga D, Pasqualotto F, Madaschi C, Bonetti T, Rodrigues D, Iaconelli A, et al. Use of pig oocytes for training new professionals in human assisted reproduction laboratories. Fertil Steril. 2007;88:1408-12 pubmed
    ..6 oocytes per hour, a statistically significant difference. Swine ovaries may be a useful tool in the spectrum of training techniques for unskilled assisted reproductive techniques laboratory professionals. ..
  53. Carabantes C J, Guerra U M, Guillou M. [Development of a distance education program in the public health system in Chile, 2004-2009]. Rev Med Chil. 2010;138:1148-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Through this initiative, the National Health System, introduced a wider scope of responses to training needs, which will mean a better adaptation to the challenges associated to health care. ..