seaweed

Summary

Summary: Multicellular marine macroalgae including some members of red (RHODOPHYTA), green (CHLOROPHYTA), and brown (PHAEOPHYTA) algae. They are widely distributed in the ocean, occurring from the tide level to considerable depths, free-floating (planktonic) or anchored to the substratum (benthic). They lack a specialized vascular system but take up fluids, nutrients, and gases directly from the water. They contain CHLOROPHYLL and are photosynthetic, but some also contain other light-absorbing pigments. Many are of economic importance as FOOD, fertilizer, AGAR, potash, or source of IODINE.

Top Publications

  1. He M, Wang Y, You J, Mir P, McAllister T. Effect of a seaweed extract on fatty acid accumulation and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Lipids. 2009;44:125-32 pubmed publisher
    This study was to determine the effect of a seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum extract (SE) containing 220 mg g(-1) phlorotannins on differentiation and fatty acid accumulation in differentiating 3T3-L1 adipocytes...
  2. Nasrolahi A, Stratil S, Jacob K, Wahl M. A protective coat of microorganisms on macroalgae: inhibitory effects of bacterial biofilms and epibiotic microbial assemblages on barnacle attachment. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2012;81:583-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results add to the notion that the performance of F. vesiculosus may be reduced by multiple stressors in the course of global warming...
  3. Michikawa T, Inoue M, Shimazu T, Sawada N, Iwasaki M, Sasazuki S, et al. Seaweed consumption and the risk of thyroid cancer in women: the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2012;21:254-60 pubmed publisher
    Iodine is a suspected risk factor for thyroid cancer. Seaweed accounts for about 80% of Japanese people's iodine intake. We examined the association between seaweed consumption and the risk of thyroid cancer in Japanese women...
  4. Egan S, Harder T, Burke C, Steinberg P, Kjelleberg S, Thomas T. The seaweed holobiont: understanding seaweed-bacteria interactions. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2013;37:462-76 pubmed publisher
    ..in marine ecosystems is apparently increasing, understanding the role of bacteria as saprophytes and pathogens in seaweed communities may have important implications for marine management strategies...
  5. Vergés A, Bennett S, Bellwood D. Diversity among macroalgae-consuming fishes on coral reefs: a transcontinental comparison. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e45543 pubmed publisher
  6. de Oliveira L, Gregoracci G, Silva G, Salgado L, Filho G, Alves Ferreira M, et al. Transcriptomic analysis of the red seaweed Laurencia dendroidea (Florideophyceae, Rhodophyta) and its microbiome. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:487 pubmed publisher
    ..Host-microbe interaction is a driving force for co-evolution in the marine environment, but molecular studies of seaweed-associated microbial communities are still rare...
  7. Namvar F, Mohamad R, Baharara J, Zafar Balanejad S, Fargahi F, Rahman H. Antioxidant, antiproliferative, and antiangiogenesis effects of polyphenol-rich seaweed (Sargassum muticum). Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:604787 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results imply a new insight on the novel function of Sargassum muticum polyphenol-rich seaweed in cancer research by induction of apoptosis, antioxidant, and antiangiogenesis effects.
  8. Wang R, Paul V, Luesch H. Seaweed extracts and unsaturated fatty acid constituents from the green alga Ulva lactuca as activators of the cytoprotective Nrf2-ARE pathway. Free Radic Biol Med. 2013;57:141-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, this study provides new insight into why consumption of dietary seaweed may have health benefits, and the identified compounds add to the list of chemopreventive dietary unsaturated ..
  9. Brown M, Newman J, Han T. Inter-population comparisons of copper resistance and accumulation in the red seaweed, Gracilariopsis longissima. Ecotoxicology. 2012;21:591-600 pubmed publisher
    Copper (Cu) resistance and accumulation of five populations of the red seaweed Gracilariopsis longissima collected from sites in south west England (Fal Estuary, Helford Estuary and Chesil Fleet) that differ in their degree of Cu ..

More Information

Publications70

  1. Mahdavi M, Namvar F, Ahmad M, Mohamad R. Green biosynthesis and characterization of magnetic iron oxide (Fe?O?) nanoparticles using seaweed (Sargassum muticum) aqueous extract. Molecules. 2013;18:5954-64 pubmed publisher
    ..a rapid, single step and completely green biosynthetic method by reduction of ferric chloride solution with brown seaweed (BS, Sargassum muticum) water extract containing sulphated polysaccharides as a main factor which acts as ..
  2. Namvar F, Tahir P, Mohamad R, Mahdavi M, Abedi P, Najafi T, et al. Biomedical properties of edible seaweed in cancer therapy and chemoprevention trials: a review. Nat Prod Commun. 2013;8:1811-20 pubmed
    This review article summarizes in vitro and in vivo experiments on seaweed anticancer activity and seaweed chemical components...
  3. Hollants J, Leliaert F, De Clerck O, Willems A. What we can learn from sushi: a review on seaweed-bacterial associations. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2013;83:1-16 pubmed publisher
    ..Because seaweed-bacterial associations are appealing from evolutionary and applied perspectives, future studies should integrate ..
  4. Thomsen M, Wernberg T, Engelen A, Tuya F, Vanderklift M, Holmer M, et al. A meta-analysis of seaweed impacts on seagrasses: generalities and knowledge gaps. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e28595 pubmed publisher
    ..This result may reflect that seaweed biomass and/or shading and metabolic by-products like anoxia and sulphides could be lower for rooted seaweeds...
  5. Ale M, Mikkelsen J, Meyer A. Important determinants for fucoidan bioactivity: a critical review of structure-function relations and extraction methods for fucose-containing sulfated polysaccharides from brown seaweeds. Mar Drugs. 2011;9:2106-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The bioactive properties may vary depending on the source of seaweed, the compositional and structural traits, the content (charge density), distribution, and bonding of the sulfate ..
  6. Skriptsova A, Shevchenko N, Tarbeeva D, Zvyagintseva T. Comparative study of polysaccharides from reproductive and sterile tissues of five brown seaweeds. Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2012;14:304-11 pubmed publisher
    ..The alginic acid content was much higher in the sterile tissues of S. japonica in comparison with the fertile ones. On the contrary, the fertile tissues of A. ochotensis contained more alginic acid than the sterile ones...
  7. Verbruggen H, Tyberghein L, Belton G, Mineur F, Jueterbock A, Hoarau G, et al. Improving transferability of introduced species' distribution models: new tools to forecast the spread of a highly invasive seaweed. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e68337 pubmed publisher
    ..Our multifactorial experiment focuses on the notorious invasive seaweed Caulerpa cylindracea (previously Caulerpa racemosa var...
  8. Tan S, McLoughlin P, O Sullivan L, Prieto M, Gardiner G, Lawlor P, et al. Development of a novel antimicrobial seaweed extract-based hydrogel wound dressing. Int J Pharm. 2013;456:10-20 pubmed publisher
    The objective of this study was to develop a novel antimicrobial seaweed wound dressing. The seaweed extract was active against nine clinically-relevant wound pathogens...
  9. Cerna M. Seaweed proteins and amino acids as nutraceuticals. Adv Food Nutr Res. 2011;64:297-312 pubmed publisher
    ..Its value depends particularly on species and the environmental conditions. Seaweed protein is a source of all amino acids, especially glycine, alanine, arginine, proline, glutamic, and aspartic ..
  10. Andras T, Alexander T, Gahlena A, Parry R, Fernandez F, Kubanek J, et al. Seaweed allelopathy against coral: surface distribution of a seaweed secondary metabolite by imaging mass spectrometry. J Chem Ecol. 2012;38:1203-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Controls in contact with inert, plastic mimics of seaweeds did not bleach, suggesting seaweed effects resulted from allelopathy rather than shading, abrasion, or physical contact...
  11. Vega Thurber R, Burkepile D, Correa A, Thurber A, Shantz A, Welsh R, et al. Macroalgae decrease growth and alter microbial community structure of the reef-building coral, Porites astreoides. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44246 pubmed publisher
  12. Neiva J, Pearson G, Valero M, Serrao E. Fine-scale genetic breaks driven by historical range dynamics and ongoing density-barrier effects in the estuarine seaweed Fucus ceranoides L. BMC Evol Biol. 2012;12:78 pubmed publisher
    ..The estuarine seaweed Fucus ceranoides provides a good example of highly differentiated populations along its most persistent ..
  13. D Orazio N, Gemello E, Gammone M, de Girolamo M, Ficoneri C, Riccioni G. Fucoxantin: a treasure from the sea. Mar Drugs. 2012;10:604-16 pubmed publisher
    ..Beyond this important role, in recent studies FX has shown a great antioxidant activity, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic and anti-photoaging properties. The aim of this review is to highlight the main effects of FX on human health...
  14. Williams A, Withers S, Sutherland A. The potential of bacteria isolated from ruminal contents of seaweed-eating North Ronaldsay sheep to hydrolyse seaweed components and produce methane by anaerobic digestion in vitro. Microb Biotechnol. 2013;6:45-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The rumen microbiota of seaweed-eating North Ronaldsay sheep was studied for polysaccharidic bacterial isolates degrading brown-seaweed ..
  15. Fernandes N, Steinberg P, Rusch D, Kjelleberg S, Thomas T. Community structure and functional gene profile of bacteria on healthy and diseased thalli of the red seaweed Delisea pulchra. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e50854 pubmed publisher
  16. Fitton J. Therapies from fucoidan; multifunctional marine polymers. Mar Drugs. 2011;9:1731-60 pubmed publisher
    ..In recent years, the production of well characterized reproducible fucoidan fractions on a commercial scale has become possible making therapies from fucoidan a realizable goal...
  17. Fern ndez P, Quintana I, Cerezo A, Caramelo J, Pol Fachin L, Verli H, et al. Anticoagulant activity of a unique sulfated pyranosic (1->3)-?-L-arabinan through direct interaction with thrombin. J Biol Chem. 2013;288:223-33 pubmed publisher
    A highly sulfated 3-linked ?-arabinan (Ab1) with arabinose in the pyranose form was obtained from green seaweed Codium vermilara (Bryopsidales)...
  18. Tait L, Schiel D. Legacy effects of canopy disturbance on ecosystem functioning in macroalgal assemblages. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e26986 pubmed publisher
    ..Decreased production output may have severe and long-lasting consequences on the surrounding communities and has the potential to alter nutrient cycling in the wider nearshore environment...
  19. Vanegas C, Bartlett J. Green energy from marine algae: biogas production and composition from the anaerobic digestion of Irish seaweed species. Environ Technol. 2013;34:2277-83 pubmed
    ..In this study, five potential seaweed species common in Irish waters, Saccorhiza polyschides, Ulva sp...
  20. Choi J, Bae H, Kim S, Choi I. In vitro antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties of seaweed extracts against acne inducing bacteria, Propionibacterium acnes. J Environ Biol. 2011;32:313-8 pubmed
    ..Fifty-seven species of seaweed were screened for potential antimicrobial activity. Methanol extracts of 13 species (22...
  21. Dutot M, Fagon R, Hemon M, Rat P. Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-senescence activities of a phlorotannin-rich natural extract from brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2012;167:2234-40 pubmed publisher
    ..An extract of the brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum rich in phlorotannins has been studied for its inhibitory activity against oxidative stress, ..
  22. Melo K, Camara R, Queiroz M, Vidal A, Lima C, Melo Silveira R, et al. Evaluation of sulfated polysaccharides from the brown seaweed Dictyopteris justii as antioxidant agents and as inhibitors of the formation of calcium oxalate crystals. Molecules. 2013;18:14543-63 pubmed publisher
    ..The obtained data lead us to propose that these sulfated polysaccharides are promising agents for use in the treatment of urolithiasis. ..
  23. van der Wal H, Sperber B, Houweling Tan B, Bakker R, Brandenburg W, López Contreras A. Production of acetone, butanol, and ethanol from biomass of the green seaweed Ulva lactuca. Bioresour Technol. 2013;128:431-7 pubmed publisher
    Green seaweed Ulva lactuca harvested from the North Sea near Zeeland (The Netherlands) was characterized as feedstock for acetone, ethanol and ethanol fermentation...
  24. Negishi H, Mori M, Mori H, Yamori Y. Supplementation of elderly Japanese men and women with fucoidan from seaweed increases immune responses to seasonal influenza vaccination. J Nutr. 2013;143:1794-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Mekabu fucoidan (MF), a sulfated polysaccharide extracted from seaweed, was previously shown to have an immunomodulatory effect...
  25. Romarís Hortas V, Bermejo Barrera P, Moreda Piñeiro A. Ultrasound-assisted enzymatic hydrolysis for iodinated amino acid extraction from edible seaweed before reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr A. 2013;1309:33-40 pubmed publisher
    ..spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used for the determination of monoiodotyrosine (MIT) and diiodotyrosine (DIT) in edible seaweed. A sample pre-treatment based on ultrasound assisted enzymatic hydrolysis was optimized for the extraction of ..
  26. Peng J, Yuan J, Wu C, Wang J. Fucoxanthin, a marine carotenoid present in brown seaweeds and diatoms: metabolism and bioactivities relevant to human health. Mar Drugs. 2011;9:1806-28 pubmed publisher
  27. Vera J, Castro J, Gonzalez A, Moenne A. Seaweed polysaccharides and derived oligosaccharides stimulate defense responses and protection against pathogens in plants. Mar Drugs. 2011;9:2514-25 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, oligosaccharides obtained by depolymerization of seaweed polysaccharides also induce protection against viral, fungal and bacterial infections in plants...
  28. Barott K, Rohwer F. Unseen players shape benthic competition on coral reefs. Trends Microbiol. 2012;20:621-8 pubmed publisher
  29. Coelho Souza S, Miranda M, Salgado L, Coutinho R, Guimarães J. Adaptation of the 3H-leucine incorporation technique to measure heterotrophic activity associated with biofilm on the blades of the seaweed Sargassum spp. Microb Ecol. 2013;65:424-36 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of specific metabolic inhibitors confirmed that bacteria are the main group incorporating (3)H-leucine but their association with primary production suggested a symbiotic relationship between bacteria, diatoms, and the seaweed.
  30. Ito K, Sakata K, Date Y, Kikuchi J. Integrated analysis of seaweed components during seasonal fluctuation by data mining across heterogeneous chemical measurements with network visualization. Anal Chem. 2014;86:1098-105 pubmed publisher
    ..This integrated analytical approach using a variety of chemical data can be developed for practical applications to obtain new biochemical knowledge including genetic and environmental information. ..
  31. Hutson K, Mata L, Paul N, de Nys R. Seaweed extracts as a natural control against the monogenean ectoparasite, Neobenedenia sp., infecting farmed barramundi (Lates calcarifer). Int J Parasitol. 2012;42:1135-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Asparagopsis taxiformis shows the most potential for development as a natural treatment to manage monogenean infections in intensive aquaculture with the greatest impact at the embryo stage...
  32. O Sullivan A, O Callaghan Y, O Grady M, Quéguineur B, Hanniffy D, Troy D, et al. Assessment of the ability of seaweed extracts to protect against hydrogen peroxide and tert-butyl hydroperoxide induced cellular damage in Caco-2 cells. Food Chem. 2012;134:1137-40 pubmed publisher
    The ability of brown seaweed extracts, Ascophyllum nodosum, Laminaria hyperborea, Pelvetia canaliculata, Fucus vesiculosus and Fucus serratus to protect against tert-butyl hydroperoxide (tert-BOOH) induced stress in Caco-2 cells was ..
  33. Lordan S, Smyth T, Soler Vila A, Stanton C, Ross R. The ?-amylase and ?-glucosidase inhibitory effects of Irish seaweed extracts. Food Chem. 2013;141:2170-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Cold water and ethanol extracts of 15 seaweeds were initially screened and from this, five brown seaweed species were chosen...
  34. Plouguerné E, de Souza L, Sassaki G, Cavalcanti J, Villela Romanos M, Da Gama B, et al. Antiviral Sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerols (SQDGs) from the Brazilian brown seaweed Sargassum vulgare. Mar Drugs. 2013;11:4628-40 pubmed publisher
    Total lipids from the Brazilian brown seaweed Sargassum vulgare were extracted with chloroform/methanol 2:1 and 1:2 (v/v) at room temperature...
  35. Singh R, Reddy C. Seaweed-microbial interactions: key functions of seaweed-associated bacteria. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2014;88:213-30 pubmed publisher
    b>Seaweed-associated bacteria play a crucial role in morphogenesis and growth of seaweeds (macroalgae) in direct and/or indirect ways...
  36. Yun H, Engelen A, Santos R, Molis M. Water-borne cues of a non-indigenous seaweed mediate grazer-deterrent responses in native seaweeds, but not vice versa. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e38804 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, differential abilities and geographic variation in plant-plant signalling by a non-indigenous seaweed as well as native seaweeds were assessed...
  37. Scherner F, Horta P, de Oliveira E, Simonassi J, Hall Spencer J, Chow F, et al. Coastal urbanization leads to remarkable seaweed species loss and community shifts along the SW Atlantic. Mar Pollut Bull. 2013;76:106-15 pubmed publisher
    Coastal urbanization is rapidly expanding worldwide while its impacts on seaweed communities remain poorly understood...
  38. Elsayed K, Radwan M, Hassan S, Abdelhameed M, Ibraheem I, Ross S. Phytochemical and biological studies on some Egyptian seaweeds. Nat Prod Commun. 2012;7:1209-10 pubmed
  39. Kim S, Karadeniz F. Anti-HIV activity of extracts and compounds from marine algae. Adv Food Nutr Res. 2011;64:255-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Up to date, several types of compounds such as tannins, polysaccharides, lectins, and derivatives have been isolated, identified, and reported to possess significant anti-HIV-1 activity...
  40. Jimenez Escrig A, Gómez Ordóñez E, Rupérez P. Seaweed as a source of novel nutraceuticals: sulfated polysaccharides and peptides. Adv Food Nutr Res. 2011;64:325-37 pubmed publisher
    Seaweeds and seaweed-derived products are underexploited marine bioresources and a source of natural ingredients for functional foods...
  41. Hehemann J, Kelly A, Pudlo N, Martens E, Boraston A. Bacteria of the human gut microbiome catabolize red seaweed glycans with carbohydrate-active enzyme updates from extrinsic microbes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:19786-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Combined, these data establish experimental support for the argument that CAZymes and associated genes obtained from extrinsic microbes add new catabolic functions to the human gut microbiome...
  42. Skrovánková S. Seaweed vitamins as nutraceuticals. Adv Food Nutr Res. 2011;64:357-69 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Seaweed vitamins are important not only due to their biochemical functions and antioxidant activity but also due to other ..
  43. Paradis M, Couture P, Lamarche B. A randomised crossover placebo-controlled trial investigating the effect of brown seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum and Fucus vesiculosus) on postchallenge plasma glucose and insulin levels in men and women. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2011;36:913-9 pubmed publisher
    This study examined the impact of brown seaweed on post-load plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in men and women...
  44. Nelson C, Goldberg S, Wegley Kelly L, Haas A, Smith J, Rohwer F, et al. Coral and macroalgal exudates vary in neutral sugar composition and differentially enrich reef bacterioplankton lineages. ISME J. 2013;7:962-79 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results demonstrate that algal exudates are enriched in DCNS components, foster rapid growth of bacterioplankton and select for bacterial populations with more potential VFs than coral exudates...
  45. Wargacki A, Leonard E, Win M, Regitsky D, Santos C, Kim P, et al. An engineered microbial platform for direct biofuel production from brown macroalgae. Science. 2012;335:308-13 pubmed publisher
    ..7% volume/volume and a yield of 0.281 weight ethanol/weight dry macroalgae (equivalent to ~80% of the maximum theoretical yield from the sugar composition in macroalgae)...
  46. Ale M, Maruyama H, Tamauchi H, Mikkelsen J, Meyer A. Fucose-containing sulfated polysaccharides from brown seaweeds inhibit proliferation of melanoma cells and induce apoptosis by activation of caspase-3 in vitro. Mar Drugs. 2011;9:2605-21 pubmed publisher
    ..vesiculosus). This study thus indicates that unfractionated FCSPs may exert bioactive effects on skin cancer cells via induction of apoptosis through cascades of reactions that involve activation of caspase-3...
  47. Park K, Jang W, Yang G, Rho Y, Kim B, Mun S, et al. A pilot study of silver-loaded cellulose fabric with incorporated seaweed for the treatment of atopic dermatitis. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2012;37:512-5 pubmed publisher
    ..effectiveness and biophysical properties of a newly developed silver-loaded cellulose fabric with incorporated seaweed, we enrolled 12 subjects with mild to moderate atopic dermatitis into a clinical control study...
  48. Prieto M, O Sullivan L, Tan S, McLoughlin P, Hughes H, O Connor P, et al. Assessment of the bacteriocinogenic potential of marine bacteria reveals lichenicidin production by seaweed-derived Bacillus spp. Mar Drugs. 2012;10:2280-99 pubmed publisher
    The objectives of this study were (1) to assess the bacteriocinogenic potential of bacteria derived mainly from seaweed, but also sand and seawater, (2) to identify at least some of the bacteriocins produced, if any and (3) to determine ..
  49. Davies T, Jenkins S, Kingham R, Kenworthy J, Hawkins S, Hiddink J. Dominance, biomass and extinction resistance determine the consequences of biodiversity loss for multiple coastal ecosystem processes. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e28362 pubmed publisher
    ..These worst and best case scenarios could be used to predict the minimum and maximum species required to sustain threshold values of ecosystem processes in the future...
  50. Francavilla M, Pineda A, Lin C, Franchi M, Trotta P, Romero A, et al. Natural porous agar materials from macroalgae. Carbohydr Polym. 2013;92:1555-60 pubmed publisher
  51. Ravikumar S, Ramanathan G, Gnanadesigan M, Ramu A, Vijayakumar V. In vitro antiplasmodial activity of methanolic extracts from seaweeds of South West Coast of India. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2011;4:862-5 pubmed publisher
    To identify the in vitro antiplasmodial activity of seaweed plants against Plasmodium falciparumstrains. A total of eight seaweeds were collected from Kanyakumari district, Tamilnadu, India...
  52. Amado Filho G, Karez C, Andrade L, Yoneshigue Valentin Y, Pfeiffer W. Effects on growth and accumulation of zinc in six seaweed species. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 1997;37:223-8 pubmed
    b>Seaweed species from a coastal area contaminated by heavy metals (Sepetiba Bay) in Rio de Janeiro State (Brazil) presented different levels of Zn concentrations...
  53. Ponce N, Pujol C, Damonte E, Flores M, Stortz C. Fucoidans from the brown seaweed Adenocystis utricularis: extraction methods, antiviral activity and structural studies. Carbohydr Res. 2003;338:153-65 pubmed
    The brown seaweed Adenocystis utricularis (family Adenocystaceae, order Ectocarpales sensu lato) was extracted in parallel with three solvents usually utilized for obtaining fucoidans: distilled water, 2% calcium chloride solution and ..
  54. Süzgeç Selçuk S, Meriçli A, Güven K, Kaiser M, Casey R, Hingley Wilson S, et al. Evaluation of Turkish seaweeds for antiprotozoal, antimycobacterial and cytotoxic activities. Phytother Res. 2011;25:778-83 pubmed publisher
    ..The selective toxicity of the extracts was also determined against mammalian L6 cells. All seaweed extracts were active against T...
  55. Andreakis N, Procaccini G, Maggs C, Kooistra W. Phylogeography of the invasive seaweed Asparagopsis (Bonnemaisoniales, Rhodophyta) reveals cryptic diversity. Mol Ecol. 2007;16:2285-99 pubmed
    The rhodophyte seaweed Asparagopsis armata Harvey is distributed in the northern and southern temperate zones, and its congener Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan abounds throughout the tropics and subtropics...
  56. Persson F, Svensson R, Nylund G, Fredriksson N, Pavia H, Hermansson M. Ecological role of a seaweed secondary metabolite for a colonizing bacterial community. Biofouling. 2011;27:579-88 pubmed publisher
    Bacteria associated with seaweeds can both harm and benefit their hosts. Many seaweed species are known to produce compounds that inhibit growth of bacterial isolates, but the ecological role of seaweed metabolites for the associated ..
  57. Michel G, Nyval Collen P, Barbeyron T, Czjzek M, Helbert W. Bioconversion of red seaweed galactans: a focus on bacterial agarases and carrageenases. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2006;71:23-33 pubmed
    ..Finally, we discuss the next challenges in the basic and applied field of the galactans of red algae and of their related degrading microorganisms. ..
  58. Cui Y, Zhang L, Zhang T, Luo D, Jia Y, Guo Z, et al. Inhibitory effect of fucoidan on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-activated primary microglia. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2010;37:422-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The results also suggest that this inhibitory action of fucoidan involves suppression of p38 and ERK phosphorylation. ..
  59. Shin A, Lim S, Sung J, Shin H, Kim J. Dietary intake, eating habits, and metabolic syndrome in Korean men. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109:633-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Dietary factors contribute to the risk of developing metabolic syndrome, a disorder associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and some cancers...
  60. Ravikumar S, Jacob Inbaneson S, Suganthi P. Seaweeds as a source of lead compounds for the development of new antiplasmodial drugs from South East coast of India. Parasitol Res. 2011;109:47-52 pubmed publisher
    ..It is concluded from the present study that the ethanolic extracts of seaweeds of G. verrucosa and Hypnea espera possess lead compounds for development of antiplasmodial drugs...
  61. van Netten C, Hoption Cann S, Morley D, van Netten J. Elemental and radioactive analysis of commercially available seaweed. Sci Total Environ. 2000;255:169-75 pubmed
    Edible seaweed products have been used in many countries, specifically Japan, as a food item...