iraq

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care
    Charles W Hoge
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:13-22. 2004
  2. ncbi Military TBI during the Iraq and Afghanistan wars
    Deborah Warden
    Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC 20307, USA
    J Head Trauma Rehabil 21:398-402. 2006
  3. ncbi The health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 Iraq war: a cohort study
    Matthew Hotopf
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College London, London, UK
    Lancet 367:1731-41. 2006
  4. ncbi Neuropsychological outcomes of army personnel following deployment to the Iraq war
    Jennifer J Vasterling
    Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System and Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans 70112, USA
    JAMA 296:519-29. 2006
  5. ncbi An outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex infection in the US military health care system associated with military operations in Iraq
    Paul Scott
    Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20850, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:1577-84. 2007
  6. ncbi Impact of a long asylum procedure on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Iraqi asylum seekers in The Netherlands
    Cornelis J Laban
    De Evenaar, Day Clinic for Asylum Seekers and Refugees, Drenthe, Institute of Community Mental Health Care, Beilen, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:843-51. 2004
  7. ncbi Mortality before and after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: cluster sample survey
    Les Roberts
    Center for International Emergency Disaster and Refugee Studies, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 364:1857-64. 2004
  8. ncbi Anger, hostility, and aggression among Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans reporting PTSD and subthreshold PTSD
    Matthew Jakupcak
    VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Trauma Stress 20:945-54. 2007
  9. ncbi Amputations in U.S. military personnel in the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq
    Lynn G Stansbury
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research Extremity Trauma Soft tissue Branch, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 22:43-6. 2008
  10. pmc Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity: a case series analysis of clinical presentation and histological grading of 1,425 cases from Iraq
    Natheer H Al-Rawi
    Department of Oral Diagnosis, College of Dentistry, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq
    Clin Oral Investig 12:15-8. 2008

Detail Information

Publications273 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care
    Charles W Hoge
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:13-22. 2004
    The current combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have involved U.S. military personnel in major ground combat and hazardous security duty...
  2. ncbi Military TBI during the Iraq and Afghanistan wars
    Deborah Warden
    Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC 20307, USA
    J Head Trauma Rehabil 21:398-402. 2006
    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important source of morbidity in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Although penetrating brain injuries are more readily identified, closed brain injuries occur more commonly...
  3. ncbi The health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 Iraq war: a cohort study
    Matthew Hotopf
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College London, London, UK
    Lancet 367:1731-41. 2006
    Concerns have been raised about the mental and physical health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 war in Iraq and subsequent tours of duty in the country.
  4. ncbi Neuropsychological outcomes of army personnel following deployment to the Iraq war
    Jennifer J Vasterling
    Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System and Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans 70112, USA
    JAMA 296:519-29. 2006
    ..Previous studies have not conducted objective neuropsychological assessments both before and after a major war-zone deployment...
  5. ncbi An outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex infection in the US military health care system associated with military operations in Iraq
    Paul Scott
    Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20850, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:1577-84. 2007
    We investigated an outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex infection among US service members injured in Iraq.
  6. ncbi Impact of a long asylum procedure on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Iraqi asylum seekers in The Netherlands
    Cornelis J Laban
    De Evenaar, Day Clinic for Asylum Seekers and Refugees, Drenthe, Institute of Community Mental Health Care, Beilen, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:843-51. 2004
    ..15-4.08) for psychopathology. The conclusion is that, indeed, the duration of the asylum procedure is an important risk factor for psychiatric problems. Both politicians and mental health workers should take note of this finding...
  7. ncbi Mortality before and after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: cluster sample survey
    Les Roberts
    Center for International Emergency Disaster and Refugee Studies, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 364:1857-64. 2004
    In March, 2003, military forces, mainly from the USA and the UK, invaded Iraq. We did a survey to compare mortality during the period of 14.6 months before the invasion with the 17.8 months after it.
  8. ncbi Anger, hostility, and aggression among Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans reporting PTSD and subthreshold PTSD
    Matthew Jakupcak
    VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Trauma Stress 20:945-54. 2007
    b>Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans were grouped by level of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology and compared on self-report measures of trait anger, hostility, and aggression...
  9. ncbi Amputations in U.S. military personnel in the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq
    Lynn G Stansbury
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research Extremity Trauma Soft tissue Branch, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 22:43-6. 2008
    To determine rates of major limb amputation in U.S. military casualties in the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq, to correlate these with mechanism of injury, and compare the rate with that seen in U.S...
  10. pmc Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity: a case series analysis of clinical presentation and histological grading of 1,425 cases from Iraq
    Natheer H Al-Rawi
    Department of Oral Diagnosis, College of Dentistry, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq
    Clin Oral Investig 12:15-8. 2008
    Peoples in Iraq face a mixture of health hazards associated with poverty. Oral cancer is a major public health issue worldwide; it remains a highly lethal and disfiguring disease. It is primarily a disease of epithelial origin...
  11. ncbi Traumatic dental injuries among primary school children in Sulaimani city, Iraq
    Arass Jalal Noori
    College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Iraq
    Dent Traumatol 25:442-6. 2009
    ..teeth among 4015, 6- to 13-year-old children enrolled in 20 public primary schools of Sulaimani city, northern Iraq. The prevalence and pattern of traumatized anterior teeth were studied in relation to age, gender, type of injury, ..
  12. ncbi Sanctions and childhood mortality in Iraq
    M M Ali
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, UK
    Lancet 355:1851-7. 2000
    In 1999 UNICEF, in cooperation with the government of Iraq and the local authorities in the "autonomous" (northern Kurdish) region, conducted two similar surveys to provide regionally representative and reliable estimates of child ..
  13. ncbi Importation of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter spp infections with casualties from Iraq
    Anna Jones
    Lancet Infect Dis 6:317-8. 2006
  14. ncbi A comparative study of the diagnosis of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iraq by polymerase chain reaction and microbiologic and histopathologic methods
    Sundus Nsaif Al-Hucheimi
    Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Kufa, Kufa, Iraq
    Int J Dermatol 48:404-8. 2009
    ..Aim To assess the correlation of microbiologic and histopathologic diagnosis with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) findings in clinically diagnosed cases of CL...
  15. ncbi Posttraumatic stress and depression symptoms in soldiers returning from combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Coady B Lapierre
    Department of Psychology and Counseling, Tarleton State University Central Texas, Killeen, TX 76549, USA
    J Trauma Stress 20:933-43. 2007
    ..During reintegration training, U.S. Army soldiers, who recently returned from a 12-month deployment to either Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom, n = 2,275) or Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom, n = 1,814), completed study ..
  16. ncbi Improvised explosive devices and traumatic brain injury: the military experience in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Duncan Wallace
    Kiloh Centre, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, NSW, Australia
    Australas Psychiatry 17:218-24. 2009
    The current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have seen frequent use of improvised explosive devices resulting in thousands of casualties, with traumatic brain injuries particularly common...
  17. ncbi Posttraumatic stress disorder and health functioning in a non-treatment-seeking sample of Iraq war veterans: a prospective analysis
    Jennifer J Vasterling
    Department of Veterans Affairs VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 45:347-58. 2008
    ..S. Army soldiers before and after 1-year military deployments to Iraq. As part of the Neurocognition Deployment Health Study procedures, each soldier completed at both time points self-..
  18. ncbi Bringing the war back home: mental health disorders among 103,788 US veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan seen at Department of Veterans Affairs facilities
    Karen H Seal
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:476-82. 2007
    ....
  19. pmc Initial therapy for suppurative microbial keratitis in Iraq
    Faiz Al-Shakarchi
    Ibn Al Haetham Teaching Eye Hospital, BGW, Baghdad, Iraq
    Br J Ophthalmol 91:1583-7. 2007
    To provide data-based guidelines for selection of an appropriate initial therapy for management suppurative microbial keratitis (SMK) in Iraq.
  20. ncbi posttraumatic stress and its relationship to physical health functioning in a sample of Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans seeking postdeployment VA health care
    Matthew Jakupcak
    VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 196:425-8. 2008
    The relationship between posttraumatic stress and physical health functioning was examined in a sample of Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans seeking postdeployment VA care...
  21. ncbi Mental health problems, use of mental health services, and attrition from military service after returning from deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan
    Charles W Hoge
    Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC, USA
    JAMA 295:1023-32. 2006
    ..screening for mental health problems among all service members returning from deployment to Afghanistan, Iraq, and other locations...
  22. ncbi Reported stressors and health care needs of active duty Navy personnel during three phases of deployment in support of the war in Iraq
    Peggy Anne Fisher McNulty
    Naval Medical Clinic Pearl Harbor, Pearl Harbor, HI 96860 4908, USA
    Mil Med 170:530-5. 2005
    ..of this study was to describe the health care needs and perceived stressors of active duty members deployed to Iraq during the predeployment, mid-deployment, and postdeployment phases...
  23. ncbi Childhood obesity in Iraq: prevalence and possible risk factors
    Riyadh K Lafta
    Community Medicine Department, College of Medicine, Mustansiriyah University Baghdad, Iraq
    Ann Saudi Med 25:389-93. 2005
    ..We conducted this study to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity in primary school children age 7 to 13 years in central Iraq and to identify possible risk factors.
  24. ncbi [Health-sector funding: options for funding health care in Iraq]
    Alaa Din Alwan
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    East Mediterr Health J 14:1372-9. 2008
    ..This paper presents the available options for funding the health-care system in Iraq. It is a summary of ideas and views discussed on several occasions between 2004 and 2005, especially at the First ..
  25. pmc Prevalence and patterns of neurological involvement in Behcet's disease: a prospective study from Iraq
    A Al-Araji
    Behcet s Disease Clinic, Baghdad Teaching Hospital and Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Iraq
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 74:608-13. 2003
    ....
  26. doi Risk of suicide among US veterans after returning from the Iraq or Afghanistan war zones
    Han K Kang
    JAMA 300:652-3. 2008
  27. ncbi Death toll in Iraq: survey team takes on its critics
    Jim Giles
    Nature 446:6-7. 2007
  28. ncbi Mortality in Iraq
    Fernando Abad-Franch
    Lancet 365:1134. 2005
  29. ncbi Impact of phlebotomine sand flies on U.S. military operations at Tallil Air Base, Iraq: 3. Evaluation of surveillance devices for the collection of adult sand flies
    Douglas A Burkett
    407th Air Expeditionary Group, United States Air Force, Tallil Air Base, Iraq
    J Med Entomol 44:381-4. 2007
    ..Evaluations were conducted at Tallil Air Base, Iraq, in 2003...
  30. ncbi Scientists become targets in Iraq
    Declan Butler
    Nature 441:1036-7. 2006
  31. ncbi Cut-off values for anthropometric variables that confer increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension in Iraq
    Abbas Ali Mansour
    Department of Medicine, Basrah College of Medicine, Basrah, Iraq
    Arch Med Res 38:253-8. 2007
    ....
  32. ncbi Mortality in Iraq
    Mark Levine
    Lancet 369:105. 2007
  33. ncbi Mortality in Iraq
    Frederick M Burkle
    Lancet 369:104. 2007
  34. ncbi Health effects in Army Gulf War veterans possibly exposed to chemical munitions destruction at Khamisiyah, Iraq: Part I. Morbidity associated with potential exposure
    Clare M Mahan
    Veterans Health Administration, Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC 20420, USA
    Mil Med 170:935-44. 2005
    In March 1991, U.S. troops detonated the Khamisiyah, Iraq, ammunition depot, possibly releasing two chemical warfare agents, sarin and cyclosarin...
  35. ncbi Bacteria recovered from patients admitted to a deployed U.S. military hospital in Baghdad, Iraq
    Heather C Yun
    Infectious Diseases Department, Wilford Hall US Air Force Medical Center, San Antonio, TX 78236, USA
    Mil Med 171:821-5. 2006
    ..and antimicrobial susceptibilities were surveyed from a deployed, military, tertiary care facility in Baghdad, Iraq, serving U.S. troops, coalition forces, and Iraqis, from August 2003 through July 2004...
  36. pmc Q fever and the US military
    Alicia D Anderson
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1320-2. 2005
  37. ncbi Pediatric trauma: experience of a combat support hospital in Iraq
    Rebecca McGuigan
    Martin Army Community Hospital, Fort Benning, GA 31905, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 42:207-10. 2007
    ..The 31st CSH in Balad and Baghdad, Iraq, during Operation Iraqi Freedom 2 also treated many injured civilians, including children...
  38. ncbi Mortality in Iraq
    Prabhat Jha
    Lancet 369:101; author reply 103-4. 2007
  39. ncbi Mortality in Iraq
    Johan von Schreeb
    Lancet 369:101; author reply 103-4. 2007
  40. ncbi Mortality in Iraq
    Madelyn Hsiao Rei Hicks
    Lancet 369:101-2; author reply 103-4. 2007
  41. ncbi Mortality in Iraq
    Josh Dougherty
    Lancet 369:102-3; author reply 103-4. 2007
  42. ncbi Mortality in Iraq
    Debarati Guha-Sapir
    Lancet 369:102; author reply 103-4. 2007
  43. pmc Trauma-related infections in battlefield casualties from Iraq
    Kyle Petersen
    Infectious Diseases Division and Department of Surgery, National Naval Medical Center, 8901 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20889, USA
    Ann Surg 245:803-11. 2007
    ..To describe risks for, and microbiology and antimicrobial resistance patterns of, war trauma associated infections from Operation Iraqi Freedom...
  44. ncbi Prevalence rates of viral hepatitis infections in refugee Kurds from Iraq and Turkey
    M Chironna
    Dept of Internal Medicine and Public Health, Hygiene Section, University of Bari, Policlinico, Piazza G Cesare 11, I 70124 Bari, Italy
    Infection 31:70-4. 2003
    ..burden of viral hepatitis in Kurds, the prevalence of infection with hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis E virus (HEV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) was investigated in a sample of refugee Kurds from Iraq and Turkey.
  45. ncbi Outbreak of Q fever among US military in western Iraq, June-July 2005
    Dennis J Faix
    Navy Forward Deployed Preventive Medicine Unit West, Al Asad, Iraq
    Clin Infect Dis 46:e65-8. 2008
    An outbreak of Q fever occurred in 22 (58%) of 38 Marines deployed to Iraq in 2005. Fever (in 100% of patients), respiratory symptoms (76%), and gastrointestinal symptoms (53%) were common...
  46. ncbi Mortality in Iraq
    Stephen Apfelroth
    Lancet 365:1133; author reply 1133-4. 2005
  47. ncbi Description of risk and resilience factors among military medical personnel before deployment to Iraq
    Shira Maguen
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Mil Med 173:1-9. 2008
    Military medical personnel preparing for deployment to Iraq (N = 328) participated in a survey concerning predeployment risk and resilience factors. Participants reported exposure to an average of 2...
  48. ncbi Long-term effects of chemical weapons on respiratory tract in Iraq-Iran war victims living in Babol (North of Iran)
    Kh Bijani
    Department of Internal Medicine, Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 53:422-4. 2002
    In the Iraq-Iran war (1981-1989), extensive use of chemical weapons such as mustard gas caused high mortality, morbidity, injuries, and chronic side effects in vital organs, especially the respiratory tract...
  49. ncbi Iraq's public health infrastructure a casualty of war
    Paroma Basu
    Nat Med 10:110. 2004
  50. ncbi The war in Iraq: civilian casualties, political responsibilities
    Richard Horton
    The Lancet, London NW1 7BY, UK
    Lancet 364:1831. 2004
  51. ncbi Mortality before and after the invasion of Iraq in 2003
    Bushra Ibrahim Al-Rubeyi
    Queen Elizabeth Hospital, London SE18 4QH, UK
    Lancet 364:1834-5. 2004
  52. ncbi Q fever in US military returning from Iraq
    Todd D Gleeson
    Division of Infectious Diseases, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, MD 20889, USA
    Am J Med 120:e11-2. 2007
  53. ncbi Combat eye trauma: intraocular foreign body injuries during the Iran-Iraq war (1980-1988)
    Quan Dong Nguyen
    Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, 02114, USA
    Int Ophthalmol Clin 42:167-77. 2002
  54. pmc War in Iraq: medical journals and the manufacture of consent
    Ian Roberts
    J Natl Med Assoc 95:628-9. 2003
  55. ncbi Ophthalmomyiasis caused by the sheep bot fly Oestrus ovis in northern Iraq
    Andrew R Gregory
    U S Army 101st Airborne Division, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 81:586-90. 2004
    ..ovis. U.S. troops stationed in Iraq and surrounding areas are vulnerable to eye infestation by fly larvae, and health care providers need to include ..
  56. pmc Isolation and identification of antimicrobial compound from Mentha longifolia L. leaves grown wild in Iraq
    Firas A Al-Bayati
    Department of Biology, College of Education, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq
    Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 8:20. 2009
    ..implemented in the treatment of minor sore throat and minor mouth or throat irritation by the indigenous people of Iraq, although the compounds responsible for the medicinal properties have not been identified...
  57. ncbi Epidemiological studies on tropical theileriosis (Theileria annulata infection of cattle) in Kurdistan Region, Iraq
    Adel T Mohammad Al-Saeed
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Duhok University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
    Parasitol Res 106:403-7. 2010
    In an ad hoc survey conducted during 2006, the epidemiology of tropical theileriosis in Kurdistan Region, Iraq, was addressed...
  58. ncbi Seroepidemiology of selected zoonotic infections in Basra region of Iraq
    A A H Yacoub
    College of Medicine, Al Mustansiriya University, Baghdad, Iraq
    East Mediterr Health J 12:112-8. 2006
    ..and visceral leishmaniasis) in 3 areas (rural, urban and suburban semirural) in Basra governorate, southern Iraq. The prevalence of brucellosis was higher in the suburban semirural area (29.3%) than the rural and urban areas...
  59. ncbi Close proximity blast injury patterns from improvised explosive devices in Iraq: a report of 18 cases
    Thomas J Nelson
    Forward Resuscitative Surgery System 2 and Shock Trauma Platoon 4, 1st Medical Battalion, 1st Marine Expeditionary Force, Al Anbar, Iraq
    J Trauma 65:212-7. 2008
  60. ncbi Norovirus gastroenteritis in US Marines in Iraq
    David O Matson
    Clin Infect Dis 40:526-7. 2005
  61. ncbi Description of Pomphorhynchus spindletruncatus n. sp. (Acanthocephala: Pomphorhynchidae) from freshwater fishes in northern Iraq, with the erection of a new pomphorhynchid genus, Pyriproboscis n. g., and keys to genera of the Pomphorhynchidae and the spec
    Omar M Amin
    Institute of Parasitic Diseases, PO Box 28372, Tempe, AZ 85285 8372, USA
    Syst Parasitol 54:229-35. 2003
    ..spindletruncatus n. sp., which is described herein from two species of freshwater fishes in northern Iraq, Aspius vorax Heckel and Barbus xanthopterus (Heckel) (Cyprinidae). Only one other species, P...
  62. ncbi Doctors leaving 12 tertiary hospitals in Iraq, 2004-2007
    Gilbert M Burnham
    The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Soc Sci Med 69:172-7. 2009
    ..Of specialists leaving hospital posts for which data were available, 39% went elsewhere in Iraq and 61% left the country...
  63. ncbi Eye injuries on the battlefields of Iraq and Afghanistan: public health implications
    Adrienne B Ari
    United States Army, Fort Rucker, Alabama, USA
    Optometry 77:329-39. 2006
    ..Unfortunately, the incidence of combat eye injuries has increased over time, despite the development of protective measures...
  64. pmc Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii osteomyelitis from Iraq
    Jason J Schafer
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:512-4. 2008
  65. ncbi A comparison between patients treated at a combat support hospital in Iraq and a Level I trauma center in the United States
    Martin A Schreiber
    Department of Surgery, Section of Trauma and Critical Care, Oregon Health and Science Univeristy, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    J Trauma 64:S118-21; discussion S121-2. 2008
    ..This study compared two patient populations treated between December 2004 and November 2005, one from a CSH in Iraq, the other at a civilian Level I trauma center.
  66. ncbi Low birth weight and prematurity in the neonatal unit of a maternity and pediatrics hospital in Iraq
    Bushra I Abdul Latif
    J Trop Pediatr 52:148-50. 2006
  67. pmc Occupational transmission of Acinetobacter baumannii from a United States serviceman wounded in Iraq to a health care worker
    Timothy J Whitman
    Infectious Diseases Division, Department of Medicine, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 47:439-43. 2008
    ..baumannii pneumonia to determine whether a link existed between her illness and A. baumannii-infected patients in a military treatment facility who had been entrusted to her care...
  68. ncbi Epidemiology of infections associated with combat-related injuries in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Clinton K Murray
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 64:S232-8. 2008
    ..and the presence of far forward surgical assets have improved the survival of casualties in the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  69. ncbi Tympanic-membrane perforation as a marker of concussive brain injury in Iraq
    Michael S Xydakis
    N Engl J Med 357:830-1. 2007
  70. ncbi Memory for fact, fiction, and misinformation: the Iraq War 2003
    Stephan Lewandowsky
    School of Psychology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, W A 6009, Australia
    Psychol Sci 16:190-5. 2005
    Media coverage of the 2003 Iraq War frequently contained corrections and retractions of earlier information...
  71. ncbi Knowledge of and attitudes toward electroconvulsive therapy of medical students in the United kingdom, Egypt, and Iraq: a transcultural perspective
    Mohammed Abbas
    Sheffield Care Trust, Sheffield, UK
    J ECT 23:260-4. 2007
    To investigate the knowledge of and attitudes toward electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in 3 samples of medical students from Iraq, Egypt, and the United Kingdom, respectively.
  72. ncbi Hazardous alcohol use and receipt of risk-reduction counseling among U.S. veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Patrick S Calhoun
    Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center 116B DVAMC, 508 Fulton Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 69:1686-93. 2008
    Military service in Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom [OEF]) and Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom [OIF]) has been associated with high rates of mental health problems...
  73. ncbi Protecting military convoys in Iraq: an examination of battle injuries sustained by a mechanized battalion during Operation Iraqi Freedom II
    Joseph S Gondusky
    1st Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Marine Division, Camp Pendleton, CA 92055, USA
    Mil Med 170:546-9. 2005
    Improvised explosive devices and mines pose a formidable threat to military convoys traveling in Iraq. This study evaluated battle injuries sustained by a mechanized battalion operating against this threat...
  74. ncbi Iraq: time to signal a new era for health in foreign policy
    Richard Horton
    Lancet 368:1395-7. 2006
  75. pmc Evaluation of a task-based community oriented teaching model in family medicine for undergraduate medical students in Iraq
    Samim A Al-Dabbagh
    Department of Community Medicine, Mosul College of Medicine, Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq
    BMC Med Educ 5:31. 2005
    ..The aim of this study is to evaluate a task-based, community oriented teaching model of family medicine for undergraduate students in Iraqi medical schools...
  76. ncbi The health care revival in Iraq
    Jennifer Fisher Wilson
    Ann Intern Med 141:825-8. 2004
  77. pmc Exodus of medical staff strains Iraq's health facilities
    John Zarocostas
    BMJ 334:865. 2007
  78. ncbi Health and politics in the 2003 war with Iraq: lessons learned
    Frederick M Burkle
    The Center for International Emergency, Disaster, and Refugee Studies, Johns Hopkins University Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 364:1371-5. 2004
  79. doi Iraq's internally displaced persons: a hidden crisis
    Melinda J Morton
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 300:727-9. 2008
  80. ncbi Incidence and types of malignancies in renal transplant recipients in Iraq
    Iqdam K Altaee
    Department of Urology and Kidney Transplantation, Al Karama Teaching Hospital Kidney Transplantation Center, Baghdad, Iraq
    Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 17:408-14. 2006
    ..The study was carried out at the Al-karama and Al-rasheed kidney transplant centers in Baghdad, Iraq. A total of 16 patients developed malignancies...
  81. ncbi Posttraumatic stress disorder among military returnees from Afghanistan and Iraq
    Matthew J Friedman
    National Center for PTSD, VA Medical Center, 215 North Main St, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 163:586-93. 2006
  82. ncbi Diabetes screening in Basrah, Iraq: a population-based cross-sectional study
    Abbas Ali Mansour
    Department of Medicine, Basrah College of Medicine, Hattin Post Office, P O Box 142, Basrah 42002, Iraq
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 79:147-50. 2008
    ..diabetes mellitus, previously undiagnosed diabetes and impaired fasting plasma glucose (IFG)} in adult non-pregnant population 20 years of age and older in Basrah, Southern Iraq using American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria.
  83. ncbi Molecular characterization of beta-thalassemia in the Dohuk region of Iraq
    Nasir A S Al-Allawi
    Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Dohuk, Dohuk, Iraq
    Hemoglobin 30:479-86. 2006
    beta-Thalassemia (thal) is an important health problem in the Dohuk region of northern Iraq because of its high carrier rate and the frequency of consanguineous marriages...
  84. ncbi Self-reported combat stress indicators among troops deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan: an epidemiological study
    Mark S Riddle
    US Naval Medical Research Unit No 3, Cairo, Egypt
    Compr Psychiatry 49:340-5. 2008
    ..Rates of self-reported depression among troops in Afghanistan were lower than those of Iraq (32.3 vs 69.7 per 10000, P < .0001)...
  85. pmc Antibacterial and antifungal activities of different parts of Tribulus terrestris L. growing in Iraq
    Firas A Al-Bayati
    Department of Biology, College of Education, University of Mosul, Mosul 00964, Iraq
    J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 9:154-9. 2008
    ..15 mg/ml against B. subtilis, B. cereus, P. vulgaris and C. diphtheriae. In addition, the same extract from the same plant part demonstrated the strongest antifungal activity against C. albicans with an MIC value of 0.15 mg/ml...
  86. ncbi Living nursing presence with soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan: quality of life issues for returning soldiers
    Elizabeth S Flinn
    Department of Veterans Affairs, R C Johnson VA Medical Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA
    Nurs Sci Q 20:218-9. 2007
  87. pmc Causes and differentials of childhood mortality in Iraq
    Naira A Awqati
    Independent Consultant, Amman, Jordan
    BMC Pediatr 9:40. 2009
    Limited information is available in Iraq regarding the causes of under-five mortality...
  88. ncbi Stunting among primary-school children: a sample from Baghdad, Iraq
    A J Al-Saffa
    Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Al Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq
    East Mediterr Health J 15:322-9. 2009
    ..The prevalence of stunting only, and concurrent stunting and underweight, were 18.7% and 13.5% respectively, with a slight predominance among girls. The study also demonstrated the progression of height deficit with increasing age...
  89. ncbi Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding epidemiology and management of travelers' diarrhea: a survey of front-line providers in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Mark S Riddle
    Naval Medical Research Unit No 3, Cairo, Egypt
    Mil Med 170:492-5. 2005
    ..Important knowledge gaps about gastroenteritis were identified and should serve as a basis to develop military-specific clinical guidelines and training programs...
  90. ncbi Evaluation of some essential element levels in thalassemia major patients in Mosul district, Iraq
    Abdulmunaim H Al-Samarrai
    Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, University of Tikrit, Tikrit, Iraq
    Saudi Med J 29:94-7. 2008
    To evaluate the levels of some essential elements in thalassemic patients in Mosul, Iraq.
  91. ncbi Influence of sickle hemoglobinopathy on growth and development of young adult males in Southern Iraq
    Abbas A Mansour
    Department of Medicine, Basrah Military Hospital, Iraq
    Saudi Med J 24:544-6. 2003
  92. ncbi Clinical characteristic of amoebic liver abscesses in the North of Iraq
    F A Baban
    Department of Hematology, Medical College, King Khalid University, Abha, PO Box 641, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Saudi Med J 21:545-9. 2000
    ....
  93. ncbi Association of posttraumatic stress disorder with somatic symptoms, health care visits, and absenteeism among Iraq war veterans
    Charles W Hoge
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:150-3. 2007
    ..The current Iraq war has posed a considerable PTSD risk, but the association with physical health has not been well studied.
  94. ncbi Postmigration living problems and common psychiatric disorders in Iraqi asylum seekers in the Netherlands
    Cornelis J Laban
    De Evenaar Day Clinic for Asylum Seekers and Refugees, GGZ Drenthe, Institute of Community Mental Health Care, Postbus 30000, 9410 RA Beilen, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 193:825-32. 2005
    ..long asylum procedure was found to have a higher risk for common psychiatric disorders than adverse life events in Iraq. In the present article, the postmigration period is considered in more detail and evaluated in relationship with ..
  95. pmc Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter extremity infections in soldiers
    Kepler A Davis
    Infectious Disease Service, Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78258, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1218-24. 2005
    ..by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter species have been prevalent during the 2003-2005 military operations in Iraq. Twenty-three soldiers wounded in Iraq and subsequently admitted to our facility from March 2003 to May 2004 had ..
  96. ncbi Bronchiolitis obliterans in a survivor of a chemical weapons attack
    Jason W W Thomason
    JAMA 290:598-9. 2003
  97. ncbi Association between number of deployments to Iraq and mental health screening outcomes in US Army soldiers
    Mark A Reger
    National Center for Telehealth and Technology, Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury, Tacoma, Washington 98431 1100, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 70:1266-72. 2009
    ..The goal of this study was to compare the postdeployment mental health screening results of US Army soldiers with 1 or 2 deployments to Iraq.
  98. pmc Multidrug-resistant organisms in military wounds from Iraq and Afghanistan
    Jason H Calhoun
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Missouri, MC213, DC053 00, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 466:1356-62. 2008
    ..More research is required to give military physicians the tools they require to reduce the infection rate and defeat multidrug-resistant organisms...
  99. ncbi U.S. military mental health care utilization and attrition prior to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Abigail L Garvey Wilson
    George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 44:473-81. 2009
    ..This study establishes baseline rates of mental health care utilization in military mental health clinics in 2000 and serves as a comparison for future studies of the mental health care burden of the current war...
  100. ncbi The restoration potential of the Mesopotamian marshes of Iraq
    Curtis J Richardson
    Duke University Wetland Center, Nicholas School of Environment and Earth Sciences, Duke University, Box 90333, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Science 307:1307-11. 2005
    ..of Tigris and Euphrates River waters after the 2003 war have partially restored some former marsh areas in southern Iraq, but restoration is failing in others because of high soil and water salinities...
  101. ncbi Prevalence of mental health problems, treatment need, and barriers to care among primary care-seeking spouses of military service members involved in Iraq and Afghanistan deployments
    Karen M Eaton
    Division of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 173:1051-6. 2008
    ..Services were most often received from primary care physicians, rather than specialty mental health professionals, which may relate to the lack of availability of mental health services for spouses on military installations...

Research Grants78

  1. Pituitary dysfunction, behavioral symptoms, and quality of life after blast mTBI
    CHARLES WILLIAM WILKINSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..traumatic brain injury (mTBI) caused by blast effects of explosive devices is the "signature injury" of the current Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts, affecting an estimated 18% of deployed American service members...
  2. 5-HT transporter function: Interaction of hormones and antidepressants
    Alan Frazer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: With the recent combat deployments in Iraq and Afghanistan, treating the mental health care needs of veterans will be a continuing challenge for years to come...
  3. Nanoparticle Coupled Antioxidants for Respiratory Illness in Veterans
    RODNEY JON SCHLOSSER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Respiratory illnesses affect over two-thirds of Veterans deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan...
  4. THE ETHICS OF POST-CONFLICT AND POST-DISASTER DNA IDENTIFICATION
    Sarah Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..including: post-9/11 New York City, post-Katrina Louisiana, Argentina, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chile, Guatemala, Iraq, Peru, South Africa, and post-tsunami Thailand. This phase will also examine the U.S...
  5. Neuroprotection and Myelin Repair Mechanisms in Multiple Sclerosis
    Inderjit Singh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for MS is required to treat veterans working at this time period of war and different environmental conditions in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  6. Combination drug treatment to inhibit multiple cell death pathways after TBI
    ALAN IRA FADEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may occur in as many as 22% of troops deployed in Afghanistan and Iraq. Recent studies in ischemia, as well as unpublished work from our laboratory, suggest two intriguing approaches for ..
  7. Novel, Rapidly Translatable Technologies for Healing Long Bone Segmental Defects
    Christopher H Evans; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..increased survivability of high energy trauma in civilian settings as well as the continuing military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  8. Understanding Pain of Gastrointestinal Origin in Women that Serve in OEF/OIF
    Beverley Greenwood-Van Meerveld; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. military have served in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  9. ANALYSIS OF TRYPANOSOME MRNA SYNTHESIS BY GENE TRANSFER
    Vivian Bellofatto; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Not surprisingly, this disease is a problem for American troops in Iraq and Afghanistan;more than 700 cases have been diagnosed in returning military personnel...
  10. Erythropoietin in Non-Erythroid Cells: Function and Regulation
    Josef T Prchal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Elderly populations, such as those in the VA, as well as current returning veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan are also at high risk for traumatic brain injury...
  11. Frontal Lobe Injury and Executive Control of Cognition and Emotion
    Diane Swick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Furthermore, it is estimated that 14% of Veterans returning from Afghanistan and Iraq have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and a substantial percentage of Veterans have both conditions...
  12. The Role of Glycolipids and CD1 in the Immunology of Leishmania Infection
    Laurence U Buxbaum; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..S. military stationed in Afghanistan and Iraq. We have been studying Leishmania mexicana infection in mice, attempting to understand why mice do not heal, ..
  13. Mechanism and Treatment of nerve agent-induced seizures
    Jaideep Kapur; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Seizures were also observed in humans exposed to nerve agent poisoning during the Iran-Iraq war, and in the Tokyo subway attacks where sarin and VX were used...
  14. PTSD Hyperarousal Symptoms Treated with Physiological Stress Management
    WALTON THOMPSON ROTH; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..the VA mission: Many of our clients at the VA Palo Alto Mental Health Outpatient Services for PTSD are veterans of Iraq who need help with hyperarousal symptoms...
  15. A translational model of neuro-immune therapy for PTSD in veterans of the OEF/OIF
    Leonardo H Tonelli; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Veterans from the recent Iraq and Afghanistan wars (Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom) have a particularly high incidence of ..
  16. Novel Treatment Strategies for Targeting Posttraumatic Epilepsy
    Helen M Bramlett; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..TBI not only effects civilian populations but is now known as the "signature injury" of the recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  17. Treating cutaneous leishmaniasis by radio-frequency induced heat (RFH) therapy
    Abhay R Satoskar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Recently, CL has been seen in canine populations in the US as well as army personnel serving in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  18. Innovative technologies to effectively treat Multi-drug resistant and/or biofilm-
    Jie Wen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Medical reports from the military actions in Iraq and Afghanistan confirmed the emergence of multi-drug resistant bacteria (MDR) such as Acinetobacter baumannii, ..
  19. TBI epileptogenesis: pathologic hippocampal L-glut synaptic plasticity
    John T Slevin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..civilian populations, traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been labeled the signature injury of the current combat in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  20. Stress and PTSD Among OEF/OIF Soldiers &Their Spouses
    Catherine M Caska; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Up to 25% of service members deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan return home showing signs of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and a large portion of these ..
  21. Genetic Determinants of Drug Effects
    Tamara J Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Soldiers returning from the Iraq War frequently report alcohol concerns [110]...
  22. Screening New Therapeutics for the Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
    NEAL GORDON SIMON; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Recent studies indicate that the incidence of PTSD among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans is 20% and may reach 35%, a rate far higher than in the general population...
  23. Barriers to Effective Tobacco Control Policy Implementation in the US Military
    Ruth E Malone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Both of these issues are of heightened concern due to the country's current involvement in conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  24. Immunopathological basis of PTSD
    Prakash S Nagarkatti; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To date, over 1.6 million US men and women have served in the wars in Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom, OIF) and Afghanistan and surrounding regions (Operation Enduring Freedom, OEF)...
  25. Telehealth Outreach for Chronic Back Pain
    Joseph H Atkinson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Gulf War, Iraq, and Afghanistan veterans report back pain rates exceeding 30%, suggesting the VA will continue to face this ..
  26. Strategies for Heavy Metal Detoxification
    Gerard Parkin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Furthermore, the use of organomercurials as pesticides resulted in the death of ca 500 people in Iraq in the early 1970s when wheat seeds treated with these pesticides were used for making bread rather than for ..
  27. Recognition of Mtb-Infected Cells by Non-Classically Restritcted CD8+ T Cells
    David M Lewinsohn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..military personnel have been deployed to areas of the world where TB is endemic, with recent examples including Iraq and Afghanistan. As a result, an improved vaccine for TB is urgently needed...
  28. Preventive Web-Based Intervention for Spouses of Traumatized Military Personnel
    BENTSON H contact MCFARLAND; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The motivation for the project is unchanged in that spouses of military personnel returned from Iraq or Afghanistan must often deal with consequences of service members'traumatic experiences...
  29. Identifying neurons and circuits critical for epileptogenesis
    Istvan Mody; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to civilians, the incidence of posttraumatic epilepsy may increase drastically in the returning US veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan because the shock wave originating from Improvised Explosive Devices produces a novel type of brain ..
  30. Telehealth Tinnitus Intervention for Patients with TBI
    JAMES A contact HENRY; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..often is associated with traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder-"signature injuries" of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts...
  31. Development of novel therapeutics for a neglected tropical disease leishmaniasis
    ABHAY R contact SATOSKAR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..seen in canine populations in the US, as well as army personnel serving in Leishmania endemic countries such as Iraq and Afghanistan...
  32. Alcoholism and Brain Functions
    MARLENE OSCAR BERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with high risk of alcohol misuse, and it is a growing problem among military personnel who have served in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  33. TBI &Alcohol Abuse: Co-occurring Conditions that Enhance Brain Damage
    Donald M Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In fact, TBI has been coined the "signature" injury suffered by soldiers and marines serving in Afghanistan and Iraq and accounts for about 30% of all combat casualties...
  34. Effect of Prosthetic Foot-Ankle Stiffness on Amputee Function
    GLENN KLUTE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Further, the current military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan are resulting in additional amputees of traumatic etiology;a population who will rely on the VA for ..
  35. Regulation of Macrophage Activation by House Dust Mite
    Achsah D Keegan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): US soldiers who have served in Iraq show an increased risk for allergic rhinitis and asthma...
  36. Nucleoside hydrolase Inhibitors from natural products for Leishmania
    ESTEBAN EDWARD MENA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..700 confirmed cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis were reported in 2003-2004 in soldiers returning from Iraq and Kuwait...
  37. Molecular Mechanisms of Enhanced Contractility following Traumatic Brain Injury:
    Christian W Kreipke; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..has been named as the signature injury in the War on Terrorism that, upon return of our men and women fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan, is projected to cost millions in patient care and rehabilitation costs...
  38. Regulation of Leishmania-Associated Macrophage Activities by MicroRNAs
    Joel W Graff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease transmitted by sand flies and is endemic in 88 countries worldwide including Iraq and Afghanistan. Macrophages are a major site of leishmania parasite replication...
  39. Targeted Gene Therapy and Nanomedicine Approaches to Treat Corneal Diseases
    RAJIV RAVINDRA MOHAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Despite the use of combat eye protection, eye injuries occurred in 16% of our wounded troops in Afghanistan and Iraq. Current therapies for corneal scarring or angiogenesis provide only short-term relief, cause serious side effects ..
  40. A mechanism for suppression of TNF induced endothelial dysfunction
    Arnold Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Presently, combat-associated trauma with sepsis is certainly a timely concern due to combat operations in the Iraq and Afghanistan theater. ARDS is mediated, at least in part, by TNF-induced signal transduction pathways...
  41. INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING IN EGYPT AND THE MIDDLE EAST
    Jon Mark Hirshon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..School of Medicine and Ain Shams University in Cairo, Egypt, we trained approximately 450 trainees from Egypt, Iraq, Sudan, Palestine and Afghanistan in one or more of the training programs initiated through the grant...
  42. Cortical Excitability: Biomarker and Endophenotype in Combat Related PTSD
    Zhewu Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..health of veterans exposed to combat stress, specifically focusing on combat-related PTSD symptoms in Operation Iraq Freedom / Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) Veterans...
  43. Effects of Methylmercury on Neuronal Cell Migration
    Hitoshi Komuro; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In the tragic disasters that took place at Minamata, Japan, and subsequently in Iraq, many infants were exposed transplacentally to MeHg...
  44. Central Auditory Processing Deficits Associated with Blast Exposure
    Marjorie R Leek; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The current conflicts in Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom;OEF) and Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom;OIF) have resulted in unprecedented rates of exposure to high-intensity blasts and resulting ..
  45. SCORE: Principal Differential Analysis with Covariates for Functional Data
    Joan G Staniswalis; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Henry 2009;Jordan, Lee, and Helfer 2009), is vital during this time of ongoing deployment of military personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  46. Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption in Blast Neurotrauma
    AMANDA DAWN GAUDREAU-BALDERRAMA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI), the "signature injury" of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, affects 12- 23% of the 2.2 million U.S. servicemen and women deployed in these conflicts...
  47. Cognition in Parkinson's Disease
    DEBORAH LYNN HARRINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..veteran population is likely to increase further due to head injuries in veterans returning from Afghanistan and Iraq, as people who experience neurotrauma are four to eight times more likely to develop idiopathic PD...
  48. Genetic and Environmental Risk/Resilience Factors for PTSD in OEF/OIF Veterans
    Bekh Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Studies conservatively estimate that between 10 and 20% of military service members deployed to combat in Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom;OIF)) and Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom;OEF) develop significant symptoms of ..
  49. Enhancing Civilian Support for Military Tobacco Control
    Ruth E Malone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S., and smoking prevalence among military personnel remains unacceptably high. Since military involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan, no significant reduction in smoking prevalence has been achieved...
  50. Enhancing Civilian Support for Military Tobacco Control
    Ruth E Malone; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..S., and smoking prevalence among military personnel remains unacceptably high. Since military involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan, no significant reduction in smoking prevalence has been achieved...
  51. Marijuana use, problems, and cannabis use disorders in OIF/OEF/OND veterans
    Jane Metrik; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to high rates of mental health problems including substance use disorders among the US veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, most of the reports have been focused on excessive alcohol use and related problems...
  52. Maternal Methylmercury Exposure Through Rice Ingestion and Offspring Development
    SARAH ROTHENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Historical methylmercury poisonings in Japan and Iraq confirmed human health impacts from methylmercury exposure were most severe in the developing fetus due to ..
  53. Barriers to Alcohol, Drug and PTSD Treatment for Returning National Guard
    Roland S Moore; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. National Guard service members returning from deployment in Afghanistan and Iraq. Psychological barriers veterans face to seeking treatment include stigma...
  54. Portable Mantram Meditation for Veterans with Military Related PTSD
    Jill E Bormann; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Anticipated Impacts on Veteran's Healthcare: With wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, there is a growing number of Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  55. Mental Health and Service Utilization Among Reserve and National Guard Forces
    Sandro Galea; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..important given the growing reliance on Reserve and National Guard forces during the war against terrorism in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  56. Psychological Stress and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
    Beth Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Using a database of over 200,000 veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan, Dr...
  57. Center for Neuroregulation in Alcohol Dependence (CeNiAD)
    Andrew J Saxon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Pilot Project 2 addresses prazosin effects on alcohol craving and consumption in military returnees from Iraq and Afghanistan with PTSD...
  58. Rivastigmine Patch in Veterans with Cognitive Impairment Following TBI
    Olga Brawman-Mintzer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..one of the most significant health risks related to military duty;rapidly becoming the "signature injury" of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts...
  59. Antimicrobial Biodegradable Bone Graft for Craniofacial/Maxillofacial Application
    Arash Aslani; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..facial injuries relative to injuries at the other anatomic locations has risen sharply during combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan compared to previous military conflicts...
  60. Developing A Computer-Adapted Test for PTSD
    Susan V Eisen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..veterans for many years, and is increasingly prominent with thousands of veterans now returning from deployment in Iraq and Afghanistan. Among Vietnam veterans the estimated lifetime prevalence of PTSD is 31% for men and 27% for women...
  61. A Structured Communication Tool to Improve OEF/OIF Veteran Care
    RICHARD WARREN GOLDBERG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Background: Over 1.6 million US service members have served in Afghanistan or Iraq as part of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and up to 15% of them report ..
  62. Efficacy of a Smoking Quit Line in the Military
    Robert C Klesges; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Moreover, since the 9/11 tragedy and subsequent military incursions into Afghanistan and Iraq, the prevalence of smoking in the military has increased, while smoking in the civilian population has continued to ..
  63. Combinatorial vaccines against anthrax and plague
    John Clements; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..on civilian populations was a theoretical risk, heightened by the discovery that certain rogue nations (notably Iraq, Syria, and China) either had developed or were attempting to develop anthrax or other biologic agents as a weapon ..
  64. Novel Antibacterials Targeting Gram-negative Nonfermenters
    Michelle M Butler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..found in hospital and community-acquired infections as well as those infections obtained in the battlefields of Iraq and Afghanistan...
  65. Vestibular Consequences of Blast-related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
    FAITH AKIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..TBI has been described as the signature condition among United States military personnel involved in combat in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  66. A novel vaccine against Leishmania
    Claude Selitrennikoff; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The disease has assumed importance for the United States as many soldiers serving in Iraq and Afghanistan veterans are exposed to sand flies and are afflicted with leishmaniasis...
  67. Mustard Gas Exposure and Carcinogenesis of the Lung
    Charles Giardina; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The employment of chemical weapons by Iraq during the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) resulted in over 100,000 military and civilian casualties among Iranians...
  68. High-Throughput Identification of RNA polymerase inhibitors in vivo
    Robert Landick; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..aureus (MRSA) is already spreading rapidly outside hospitals in the US and globally, and veterans of the Iraq war are returning with untreatable infections of Acinetobacter baumannii...
  69. Use of a Novel Neuroplasticity-based Neurobehavioral Intervention for PTSD
    Amit Etkin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), which is the "signature injury" of the conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as chronic pain...
  70. A Rodent Model of TBI Suffered During Sustained Combat Operations
    RONALD RIECHERS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Objective: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been labeled the signature injury of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  71. Executive Functioning in OEF/OIF Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury
    Juliana Baldo; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Traumatic brain injury is a significant health problem in a large number of military personnel returning from Iraq and Afghanistan...
  72. Cancer In the Jerusalem Perinatal Study
    Susan Harlap; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Jewish women from Morocco showed less breast cancer than expected. Ancestries from Iraq, lran/Afghanistan and other West Asian countries were associated with an increased risk of breast cancers in ..
  73. Therapeutics against chemical threat induced respiratory toxicity
    MADHUSOODANA NAMBIAR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..with pulmonary complications, accounted for most of the deaths following toxic chemical exposure in the Iran-Iraq- war, the accidental release of methyl isocyanate in Bhopal, India, the Tokyo subway sarin attack, and the hostage ..
  74. Internet Self-Help Program for Major Depressive Disorder in Spouses of Combatants
    Bentson McFarland; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed project is timely because many if not most combatants return from Iraq or Afghanistan to live with their families...
  75. Anger Assessment and Intervention in Rural Youth
    Kathryn Puskar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Today's adolescents are living in violent times. The impending war with Iraq, the events of September 11, 2001, and the nations high terror alert prey upon adolescents' coping...
  76. Prospective Study of Emergent and Chronic PTSD Following War-Zone Duty
    Susan Doron LaMarca; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..PTSD) symptoms among military veterans during the weeks and months following their return from war-zone duty in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  77. Parental Wartime Deployment on Adjustment in Children
    Patricia Lester; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): For military families, the current war in Iraq has created an urgent challenge for children & their parents...
  78. Layered Manufacture of Bioactive Porous TE Scaffolds
    Malcolm Cooke; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..head injuries caused by bomb blasts, munitions, serious falls and vehicle accidents to those engaged in the Iraq conflict...