- A study of age-specific Helicobacter pylori seropositivity rates in Iraq
Nawfal R Hussein
Helicobacter 13:306-7. 2008
- Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care
Charles W Hoge
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
N Engl J Med 351:13-22. 2004
The current combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have involved U.S. military personnel in major ground combat and hazardous security duty...
- Military TBI during the Iraq and Afghanistan wars
Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC 20307, USA
J Head Trauma Rehabil 21:398-402. 2006
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important source of morbidity in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Although penetrating brain injuries are more readily identified, closed brain injuries occur more commonly...
- Association of posttraumatic stress disorder with somatic symptoms, health care visits, and absenteeism among Iraq war veterans
Charles W Hoge
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
Am J Psychiatry 164:150-3. 2007
..The current Iraq war has posed a considerable PTSD risk, but the association with physical health has not been well studied.
- An outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex infection in the US military health care system associated with military operations in Iraq
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20850, USA
Clin Infect Dis 44:1577-84. 2007
We investigated an outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex infection among US service members injured in Iraq.
- Neuropsychological outcomes of army personnel following deployment to the Iraq war
Jennifer J Vasterling
Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System and Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans 70112, USA
JAMA 296:519-29. 2006
..Previous studies have not conducted objective neuropsychological assessments both before and after a major war-zone deployment...
- The health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 Iraq war: a cohort study
King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College London, London, UK
Lancet 367:1731-41. 2006
Concerns have been raised about the mental and physical health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 war in Iraq and subsequent tours of duty in the country.
- Improvised explosive devices and traumatic brain injury: the military experience in Iraq and Afghanistan
Kiloh Centre, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, NSW, Australia
Australas Psychiatry 17:218-24. 2009
The current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have seen frequent use of improvised explosive devices resulting in thousands of casualties, with traumatic brain injuries particularly common...
- Posttraumatic stress and depression symptoms in soldiers returning from combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan
Coady B Lapierre
Department of Psychology and Counseling, Tarleton State University Central Texas, Killeen, TX 76549, USA
J Trauma Stress 20:933-43. 2007
..During reintegration training, U.S. Army soldiers, who recently returned from a 12-month deployment to either Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom, n = 2,275) or Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom, n = 1,814), completed study ..
- Reported stressors and health care needs of active duty Navy personnel during three phases of deployment in support of the war in Iraq
Peggy Anne Fisher McNulty
Naval Medical Clinic Pearl Harbor, Pearl Harbor, HI 96860 4908, USA
Mil Med 170:530-5. 2005
..of this study was to describe the health care needs and perceived stressors of active duty members deployed to Iraq during the predeployment, mid-deployment, and postdeployment phases...
- Bacteria recovered from patients admitted to a deployed U.S. military hospital in Baghdad, Iraq
Heather C Yun
Infectious Diseases Department, Wilford Hall US Air Force Medical Center, San Antonio, TX 78236, USA
Mil Med 171:821-5. 2006
..and antimicrobial susceptibilities were surveyed from a deployed, military, tertiary care facility in Baghdad, Iraq, serving U.S. troops, coalition forces, and Iraqis, from August 2003 through July 2004...
- Posttraumatic stress disorder and health functioning in a non-treatment-seeking sample of Iraq war veterans: a prospective analysis
Jennifer J Vasterling
Department of Veterans Affairs VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
J Rehabil Res Dev 45:347-58. 2008
..S. Army soldiers before and after 1-year military deployments to Iraq. As part of the Neurocognition Deployment Health Study procedures, each soldier completed at both time points self-..
- Initial therapy for suppurative microbial keratitis in Iraq
Ibn Al Haetham Teaching Eye Hospital, BGW, Baghdad, Iraq
Br J Ophthalmol 91:1583-7. 2007
To provide data-based guidelines for selection of an appropriate initial therapy for management suppurative microbial keratitis (SMK) in Iraq.
- Bringing the war back home: mental health disorders among 103,788 US veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan seen at Department of Veterans Affairs facilities
Karen H Seal
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
Arch Intern Med 167:476-82. 2007
- posttraumatic stress and its relationship to physical health functioning in a sample of Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans seeking postdeployment VA health care
VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 196:425-8. 2008
The relationship between posttraumatic stress and physical health functioning was examined in a sample of Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans seeking postdeployment VA care...
- Mental health problems, use of mental health services, and attrition from military service after returning from deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan
Charles W Hoge
Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC, USA
JAMA 295:1023-32. 2006
..screening for mental health problems among all service members returning from deployment to Afghanistan, Iraq, and other locations...
- Prevalence rates of viral hepatitis infections in refugee Kurds from Iraq and Turkey
Dept of Internal Medicine and Public Health, Hygiene Section, University of Bari, Policlinico, Piazza G Cesare 11, I 70124 Bari, Italy
Infection 31:70-4. 2003
..burden of viral hepatitis in Kurds, the prevalence of infection with hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis E virus (HEV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) was investigated in a sample of refugee Kurds from Iraq and Turkey.
- Childhood obesity in Iraq: prevalence and possible risk factors
Riyadh K Lafta
Community Medicine Department, College of Medicine, Mustansiriyah University Baghdad, Iraq
Ann Saudi Med 25:389-93. 2005
..We conducted this study to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity in primary school children age 7 to 13 years in central Iraq and to identify possible risk factors.
- Association between number of deployments to Iraq and mental health screening outcomes in US Army soldiers
Mark A Reger
National Center for Telehealth and Technology, Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury, Tacoma, Washington 98431 1100, USA
J Clin Psychiatry 70:1266-72. 2009
..The goal of this study was to compare the postdeployment mental health screening results of US Army soldiers with 1 or 2 deployments to Iraq.
- Multidrug-resistant organisms in military wounds from Iraq and Afghanistan
Jason H Calhoun
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Missouri, MC213, DC053 00, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA
Clin Orthop Relat Res 466:1356-62. 2008
..More research is required to give military physicians the tools they require to reduce the infection rate and defeat multidrug-resistant organisms...
- Sanctions and childhood mortality in Iraq
M M Ali
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, UK
Lancet 355:1851-7. 2000
In 1999 UNICEF, in cooperation with the government of Iraq and the local authorities in the "autonomous" (northern Kurdish) region, conducted two similar surveys to provide regionally representative and reliable estimates of child ..
- [Health-sector funding: options for funding health care in Iraq]
Alaa Din Alwan
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
East Mediterr Health J 14:1372-9. 2008
..This paper presents the available options for funding the health-care system in Iraq. It is a summary of ideas and views discussed on several occasions between 2004 and 2005, especially at the First ..
- Risk of suicide among US veterans after returning from the Iraq or Afghanistan war zones
Han K Kang
JAMA 300:652-3. 2008
- Iraq: time to signal a new era for health in foreign policy
Lancet 368:1395-7. 2006
- Epidemiological studies on tropical theileriosis (Theileria annulata infection of cattle) in Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Adel T Mohammad Al-Saeed
College of Veterinary Medicine, Duhok University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Parasitol Res 106:403-7. 2010
In an ad hoc survey conducted during 2006, the epidemiology of tropical theileriosis in Kurdistan Region, Iraq, was addressed...
- Protecting military convoys in Iraq: an examination of battle injuries sustained by a mechanized battalion during Operation Iraqi Freedom II
Joseph S Gondusky
1st Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Marine Division, Camp Pendleton, CA 92055, USA
Mil Med 170:546-9. 2005
Improvised explosive devices and mines pose a formidable threat to military convoys traveling in Iraq. This study evaluated battle injuries sustained by a mechanized battalion operating against this threat...
- Epidemiology of infections associated with combat-related injuries in Iraq and Afghanistan
Clinton K Murray
Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
J Trauma 64:S232-8. 2008
..and the presence of far forward surgical assets have improved the survival of casualties in the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan...
- Seroepidemiology of selected zoonotic infections in Basra region of Iraq
A A H Yacoub
College of Medicine, Al Mustansiriya University, Baghdad, Iraq
East Mediterr Health J 12:112-8. 2006
..and visceral leishmaniasis) in 3 areas (rural, urban and suburban semirural) in Basra governorate, southern Iraq. The prevalence of brucellosis was higher in the suburban semirural area (29.3%) than the rural and urban areas...
- Norovirus gastroenteritis in US Marines in Iraq
David O Matson
Clin Infect Dis 40:526-7. 2005
- Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii osteomyelitis from Iraq
Jason J Schafer
Emerg Infect Dis 14:512-4. 2008
- Hazardous alcohol use and receipt of risk-reduction counseling among U.S. veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan
Patrick S Calhoun
Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center 116B DVAMC, 508 Fulton Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
J Clin Psychiatry 69:1686-93. 2008
Military service in Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom [OEF]) and Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom [OIF]) has been associated with high rates of mental health problems...
- Memory for fact, fiction, and misinformation: the Iraq War 2003
School of Psychology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, W A 6009, Australia
Psychol Sci 16:190-5. 2005
Media coverage of the 2003 Iraq War frequently contained corrections and retractions of earlier information...
- Anger, hostility, and aggression among Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans reporting PTSD and subthreshold PTSD
VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA, USA
J Trauma Stress 20:945-54. 2007
b>Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans were grouped by level of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology and compared on self-report measures of trait anger, hostility, and aggression...
- A comparative study of the diagnosis of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iraq by polymerase chain reaction and microbiologic and histopathologic methods
Sundus Nsaif Al-Hucheimi
Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Kufa, Kufa, Iraq
Int J Dermatol 48:404-8. 2009
..Aim To assess the correlation of microbiologic and histopathologic diagnosis with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) findings in clinically diagnosed cases of CL...
- Tympanic-membrane perforation as a marker of concussive brain injury in Iraq
Michael S Xydakis
N Engl J Med 357:830-1. 2007
- A comparison between patients treated at a combat support hospital in Iraq and a Level I trauma center in the United States
Martin A Schreiber
Department of Surgery, Section of Trauma and Critical Care, Oregon Health and Science Univeristy, Portland, OR 97239, USA
J Trauma 64:S118-21; discussion S121-2. 2008
..This study compared two patient populations treated between December 2004 and November 2005, one from a CSH in Iraq, the other at a civilian Level I trauma center.
- Amputations in U.S. military personnel in the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq
Lynn G Stansbury
U S Army Institute of Surgical Research Extremity Trauma Soft tissue Branch, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
J Orthop Trauma 22:43-6. 2008
To determine rates of major limb amputation in U.S. military casualties in the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq, to correlate these with mechanism of injury, and compare the rate with that seen in U.S...
- Description of Pomphorhynchus spindletruncatus n. sp. (Acanthocephala: Pomphorhynchidae) from freshwater fishes in northern Iraq, with the erection of a new pomphorhynchid genus, Pyriproboscis n. g., and keys to genera of the Pomphorhynchidae and the spec
Omar M Amin
Institute of Parasitic Diseases, PO Box 28372, Tempe, AZ 85285 8372, USA
Syst Parasitol 54:229-35. 2003
..spindletruncatus n. sp., which is described herein from two species of freshwater fishes in northern Iraq, Aspius vorax Heckel and Barbus xanthopterus (Heckel) (Cyprinidae). Only one other species, P...
- Close proximity blast injury patterns from improvised explosive devices in Iraq: a report of 18 cases
Thomas J Nelson
Forward Resuscitative Surgery System 2 and Shock Trauma Platoon 4, 1st Medical Battalion, 1st Marine Expeditionary Force, Al Anbar, Iraq
J Trauma 65:212-7. 2008
- Occupational transmission of Acinetobacter baumannii from a United States serviceman wounded in Iraq to a health care worker
Timothy J Whitman
Infectious Diseases Division, Department of Medicine, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Clin Infect Dis 47:439-43. 2008
..baumannii pneumonia to determine whether a link existed between her illness and A. baumannii-infected patients in a military treatment facility who had been entrusted to her care...
- Eye injuries on the battlefields of Iraq and Afghanistan: public health implications
Adrienne B Ari
United States Army, Fort Rucker, Alabama, USA
Optometry 77:329-39. 2006
..Unfortunately, the incidence of combat eye injuries has increased over time, despite the development of protective measures...
- Low birth weight and prematurity in the neonatal unit of a maternity and pediatrics hospital in Iraq
Bushra I Abdul Latif
J Trop Pediatr 52:148-50. 2006
- Isolation and identification of antimicrobial compound from Mentha longifolia L. leaves grown wild in Iraq
Firas A Al-Bayati
Department of Biology, College of Education, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq
Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 8:20. 2009
..implemented in the treatment of minor sore throat and minor mouth or throat irritation by the indigenous people of Iraq, although the compounds responsible for the medicinal properties have not been identified...
- Knowledge of and attitudes toward electroconvulsive therapy of medical students in the United kingdom, Egypt, and Iraq: a transcultural perspective
Sheffield Care Trust, Sheffield, UK
J ECT 23:260-4. 2007
To investigate the knowledge of and attitudes toward electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in 3 samples of medical students from Iraq, Egypt, and the United Kingdom, respectively.
- Doctors leaving 12 tertiary hospitals in Iraq, 2004-2007
Gilbert M Burnham
The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Soc Sci Med 69:172-7. 2009
..Of specialists leaving hospital posts for which data were available, 39% went elsewhere in Iraq and 61% left the country...
- Evaluation of a task-based community oriented teaching model in family medicine for undergraduate medical students in Iraq
Samim A Al-Dabbagh
Department of Community Medicine, Mosul College of Medicine, Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq
BMC Med Educ 5:31. 2005
..The aim of this study is to evaluate a task-based, community oriented teaching model of family medicine for undergraduate students in Iraqi medical schools...
- Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity: a case series analysis of clinical presentation and histological grading of 1,425 cases from Iraq
Natheer H Al-Rawi
Department of Oral Diagnosis, College of Dentistry, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq
Clin Oral Investig 12:15-8. 2008
Peoples in Iraq face a mixture of health hazards associated with poverty. Oral cancer is a major public health issue worldwide; it remains a highly lethal and disfiguring disease. It is primarily a disease of epithelial origin...
- Iraq's internally displaced persons: a hidden crisis
Melinda J Morton
Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
JAMA 300:727-9. 2008
- Health and politics in the 2003 war with Iraq: lessons learned
Frederick M Burkle
The Center for International Emergency, Disaster, and Refugee Studies, Johns Hopkins University Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
Lancet 364:1371-5. 2004
- Exodus of medical staff strains Iraq's health facilities
BMJ 334:865. 2007
- The health care revival in Iraq
Jennifer Fisher Wilson
Ann Intern Med 141:825-8. 2004
- Clinical characteristic of amoebic liver abscesses in the North of Iraq
F A Baban
Department of Hematology, Medical College, King Khalid University, Abha, PO Box 641, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Med J 21:545-9. 2000
- Diabetes screening in Basrah, Iraq: a population-based cross-sectional study
Abbas Ali Mansour
Department of Medicine, Basrah College of Medicine, Hattin Post Office, P O Box 142, Basrah 42002, Iraq
Diabetes Res Clin Pract 79:147-50. 2008
..diabetes mellitus, previously undiagnosed diabetes and impaired fasting plasma glucose (IFG)} in adult non-pregnant population 20 years of age and older in Basrah, Southern Iraq using American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria.
- Living nursing presence with soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan: quality of life issues for returning soldiers
Elizabeth S Flinn
Department of Veterans Affairs, R C Johnson VA Medical Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA
Nurs Sci Q 20:218-9. 2007
- Influence of sickle hemoglobinopathy on growth and development of young adult males in Southern Iraq
Abbas A Mansour
Department of Medicine, Basrah Military Hospital, Iraq
Saudi Med J 24:544-6. 2003
- Posttraumatic stress disorder among military returnees from Afghanistan and Iraq
Matthew J Friedman
National Center for PTSD, VA Medical Center, 215 North Main St, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
Am J Psychiatry 163:586-93. 2006
- Stunting among primary-school children: a sample from Baghdad, Iraq
A J Al-Saffa
Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Al Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq
East Mediterr Health J 15:322-9. 2009
..The prevalence of stunting only, and concurrent stunting and underweight, were 18.7% and 13.5% respectively, with a slight predominance among girls. The study also demonstrated the progression of height deficit with increasing age...
- Causes and differentials of childhood mortality in Iraq
Naira A Awqati
Independent Consultant, Amman, Jordan
BMC Pediatr 9:40. 2009
Limited information is available in Iraq regarding the causes of under-five mortality...
- Incidence and types of malignancies in renal transplant recipients in Iraq
Iqdam K Altaee
Department of Urology and Kidney Transplantation, Al Karama Teaching Hospital Kidney Transplantation Center, Baghdad, Iraq
Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 17:408-14. 2006
..The study was carried out at the Al-karama and Al-rasheed kidney transplant centers in Baghdad, Iraq. A total of 16 patients developed malignancies...
- Evaluation of some essential element levels in thalassemia major patients in Mosul district, Iraq
Abdulmunaim H Al-Samarrai
Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, University of Tikrit, Tikrit, Iraq
Saudi Med J 29:94-7. 2008
To evaluate the levels of some essential elements in thalassemic patients in Mosul, Iraq.
- Molecular characterization of beta-thalassemia in the Dohuk region of Iraq
Nasir A S Al-Allawi
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Dohuk, Dohuk, Iraq
Hemoglobin 30:479-86. 2006
beta-Thalassemia (thal) is an important health problem in the Dohuk region of northern Iraq because of its high carrier rate and the frequency of consanguineous marriages...
- Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding epidemiology and management of travelers' diarrhea: a survey of front-line providers in Iraq and Afghanistan
Mark S Riddle
Naval Medical Research Unit No 3, Cairo, Egypt
Mil Med 170:492-5. 2005
..Important knowledge gaps about gastroenteritis were identified and should serve as a basis to develop military-specific clinical guidelines and training programs...
- Antibacterial and antifungal activities of different parts of Tribulus terrestris L. growing in Iraq
Firas A Al-Bayati
Department of Biology, College of Education, University of Mosul, Mosul 00964, Iraq
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 9:154-9. 2008
..15 mg/ml against B. subtilis, B. cereus, P. vulgaris and C. diphtheriae. In addition, the same extract from the same plant part demonstrated the strongest antifungal activity against C. albicans with an MIC value of 0.15 mg/ml...
- Self-reported combat stress indicators among troops deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan: an epidemiological study
Mark S Riddle
US Naval Medical Research Unit No 3, Cairo, Egypt
Compr Psychiatry 49:340-5. 2008
..Rates of self-reported depression among troops in Afghanistan were lower than those of Iraq (32.3 vs 69.7 per 10000, P < .0001)...
- Impact of a long asylum procedure on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Iraqi asylum seekers in The Netherlands
Cornelis J Laban
De Evenaar, Day Clinic for Asylum Seekers and Refugees, Drenthe, Institute of Community Mental Health Care, Beilen, The Netherlands
J Nerv Ment Dis 192:843-51. 2004
..15-4.08) for psychopathology. The conclusion is that, indeed, the duration of the asylum procedure is an important risk factor for psychiatric problems. Both politicians and mental health workers should take note of this finding...
- Bronchiolitis obliterans in a survivor of a chemical weapons attack
Jason W W Thomason
JAMA 290:598-9. 2003
- Human rights abuses and concerns about women's health and human rights in southern Iraq
Lynn L Amowitz
Physicians for Human Rights, Boston, Mass 02116, USA
JAMA 291:1471-9. 2004
Although human rights abuses have been reported in Iraq, the full scope of these abuses has not been well documented.
- Monogenoids from the gills of spiny eels (Teleostei: Mastacembelidae) in India and Iraq, proposal of Mastacembelocleidus gen. n., and status of the Indian species of Actinocleidus, Urocleidus and Haplocleidus (Monogenoidea: Dactylogyridae)
Delane C Kritsky
Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences, Campus Box 8090, Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho 83209, USA
Folia Parasitol (Praha) 51:291-8. 2004
..is proposed to include two species collected and redescribed from spiny eels (Mastacembelidae) in India and Iraq: Mastacembelocleidus bam (Tripathi, 1959) comb. n. (syn...
- Prevalence and patterns of neurological involvement in Behcet's disease: a prospective study from Iraq
Behcet s Disease Clinic, Baghdad Teaching Hospital and Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Iraq
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 74:608-13. 2003
- Violence-related mortality in Iraq from 2002 to 2006
Amir H Alkhuzai
Federal Ministry of Health, Baghdad
N Engl J Med 358:484-93. 2008
Estimates of the death toll in Iraq from the time of the U.S.-led invasion in March 2003 until June 2006 have ranged from 47,668 (from the Iraq Body Count) to 601,027 (from a national survey)...
- The complete management of extremity vascular injury in a local population: a wartime report from the 332nd Expeditionary Medical Group/Air Force Theater Hospital, Balad Air Base, Iraq
Michael A Peck
332nd Air Force Theater Hospital AFTH, Balad, Iraq, and Norman M Rich Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
J Vasc Surg 45:1197-204; discussion 1204-5. 2007
..This study reports the complete management of extremity vascular injury in a local wartime population and illustrates the unique aspects of this cohort and management strategy...
- Toxoplasmosis: the innocent suspect of pregnancy wastage in Duhok, Iraq
A H Razzak
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Iraq
East Mediterr Health J 11:625-32. 2005
..The study was conducted in Duhok, northern Iraq, from July 2002 till September 2003...
- Gastroenteritis in US Marines during Operation Iraqi Freedom
Scott A Thornton
Navy Environmental and Preventive Medicine Unit No 6, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii 96860, USA
Clin Infect Dis 40:519-25. 2005
..A Navy Preventive Medicine laboratory was set up in Ad Diwaniyah, Iraq, to provide clinical diagnostic support for Marine medical units during a period of repositioning in south-central ..
- Prevalence of mental health problems, treatment need, and barriers to care among primary care-seeking spouses of military service members involved in Iraq and Afghanistan deployments
Karen M Eaton
Division of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring MD 20910, USA
Mil Med 173:1051-6. 2008
..Services were most often received from primary care physicians, rather than specialty mental health professionals, which may relate to the lack of availability of mental health services for spouses on military installations...
- The restoration potential of the Mesopotamian marshes of Iraq
Curtis J Richardson
Duke University Wetland Center, Nicholas School of Environment and Earth Sciences, Duke University, Box 90333, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Science 307:1307-11. 2005
..of Tigris and Euphrates River waters after the 2003 war have partially restored some former marsh areas in southern Iraq, but restoration is failing in others because of high soil and water salinities...
- Soldier evaluation of the virtual reality Iraq
Greg M Reger
Department of Psychology, Madigan Army Medical Center, Fort Lewis, Washington, USA
Telemed J E Health 15:101-4. 2009
Repeated combat deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan are resulting in increased rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among military personnel...
- Mortality before and after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: cluster sample survey
Center for International Emergency Disaster and Refugee Studies, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
Lancet 364:1857-64. 2004
In March, 2003, military forces, mainly from the USA and the UK, invaded Iraq. We did a survey to compare mortality during the period of 14.6 months before the invasion with the 17.8 months after it.
- Acute eosinophilic pneumonia among US Military personnel deployed in or near Iraq
Andrew F Shorr
Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC 20307, USA
JAMA 292:2997-3005. 2004
..Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP) is a rare disease of unknown etiology characterized by respiratory failure, radiographic infiltrates, and eosinophilic infiltration of the lung...
- Experience with wound VAC and delayed primary closure of contaminated soft tissue injuries in Iraq
Brian E Leininger
Department of Surgery, Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base Texas 78236, USA
J Trauma 61:1207-11. 2006
..A novel wound management protocol was developed to facilitate this practice, and patient outcomes were tracked. This article describes that protocol and discusses the outcomes in a series of 88 wounds managed with it...
- Advanced medical care for soldiers injured in Iraq and Afghanistan
David W Polly
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, USA
Minn Med 87:42-4. 2004
..This article presents an overview of the types of injuries emerging from the current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, the majority of which are extremity injuries, and the care soldiers are receiving on the ..
- Caring for the wounded in Iraq--a photo essay
George E Peoples
Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
N Engl J Med 351:2476-80. 2004
- Trends in childhood leukemia in Basrah, Iraq, 1993-2007
Department of Global Health, School of Public Health, University of Washington, 4534 11th Avenue NE, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
Am J Public Health 100:1081-7. 2010
..Through a sister-university relationship between the University of Basrah and the University of Washington, we analyzed Ibn Ghazwan Hospital's leukemia registry data to evaluate trends in childhood leukemia since 1993...
- Land mine injuries: a study of 708 victims in North Iraq and Cambodia
Tromsoe Mine Victim Resource Center, P O Box 80, N 9038, University Hospital of Northern Norway
Mil Med 168:934-40. 2003
..The aim of this study was to explore the effect of low-cost prehospital trauma systems on trauma outcome in land mine victims and to study prehospital risk indicators for better triage of land mine injuries...
- Symptoms of Gulf War veterans possibly exposed to organophosphate chemical warfare agents at Khamisiyah, Iraq
L A McCauley
Center for Research on Occupational and Environmental Toxicology, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland 97201, USA
Int J Occup Environ Health 7:79-89. 2001
..Further research is warranted...
- Long-term effects of chemical weapons on respiratory tract in Iraq-Iran war victims living in Babol (North of Iran)
Department of Internal Medicine, Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 53:422-4. 2002
In the Iraq-Iran war (1981-1989), extensive use of chemical weapons such as mustard gas caused high mortality, morbidity, injuries, and chronic side effects in vital organs, especially the respiratory tract...
- Experience at the 332nd Air Force Theater Hospital: evacuation hub for Iraq
Alan D Murdock
Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland AFB, TX, USA
J Trauma 62:S19. 2007
- Threat of war is affecting mental health of Iraqi children, says report
BMJ 326:356. 2003
- Challenges for communicable disease surveillance and control in southern Iraq, April-June 2003
JAMA 290:654-8. 2003
The recent war in Iraq presents significant challenges for the surveillance and control of communicable diseases...
- Visceral leishmaniasis: clinical observations in 4 US army soldiers deployed to Afghanistan or Iraq, 2002-2004
Arch Intern Med 167:1899-901. 2007
- An assessment of beliefs about mental health care among veterans who served in Iraq
Department of Psychiatry, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72114, USA
Psychiatr Serv 58:1358-61. 2007
This study assessed beliefs about mental health treatment in a group of soldiers newly returning from the war in Iraq.
- Rural prehospital trauma systems improve trauma outcome in low-income countries: a prospective study from North Iraq and Cambodia
Tromsoe Mine Victim Resource Center, Norway
J Trauma 54:1188-96. 2003
A five-year prospective study was conducted in North Iraq and Cambodia to test a model for rural prehospital trauma systems in low-income countries.
- Annual mortality rates and excess deaths of children under five in Iraq, 1991-98
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Popul Stud (Camb) 57:217-26. 2003
Data from two parallel household surveys conducted in Iraq by UNICEF in 1999 show that under-5 mortality declined steadily from 1974 to 1990, reaching about 63 per 1,000 live births in the period 1986-90...
- Post-traumatic stress disorder and service utilization in a sample of service members from Iraq and Afghanistan
Department of Veteran Affairs Medical Center 116A6, One Veterans Drive, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
Mil Med 172:359-63. 2007
- Self-reported incidence of snake, spider, and scorpion encounters among deployed U.S. military in Iraq and Afghanistan
Danny T Shiau
Department of Preventive Medicine, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
Mil Med 172:1099-102. 2007
..Troops are at risk for local fauna encounters while deployed in the current operational environment. The potential morbidity, mortality, and operational impact of these health hazards need to be considered...
- Mortality after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: a cross-sectional cluster sample survey
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Lancet 368:1421-8. 2006
An excess mortality of nearly 100 000 deaths was reported in Iraq for the period March, 2003-September, 2004, attributed to the invasion of Iraq. Our aim was to update this estimate.
- Molecular characterization of alpha-thalassemia in the Dohuk region of Iraq
Nasir A S Al-Allawi
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Dohuk, Dohuk, Iraq
Hemoglobin 33:37-44. 2009
..alpha-thal) has been addressed by several studies from the eastern Mediterranean region, but not from Iraq. To address this issue, we studied 51 individuals with unexplained hypochromia and/or microcytosis, as well as nine ..
- Leishmaniasis among soldiers of stabilization forces in Iraq. Review article
The Institute of Military Medicine, Maritime and Tropical Medicine Department, Grudzińskiego str 4, Gdynia 81 103, Poland
Int Marit Health 55:155-63. 2004
The results of studies concerning the incidence of leishmaniasis among soldiers of Stabilization Forces serving in Iraq in the years from 2003 to March 2004 are presented in this article, in the light of a possibility of importation of ..
- Traumatic brain injuries sustained in the Afghanistan and Iraq wars
Elisabeth Moy Martin
Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center DVBIC at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, DC, USA
Am J Nurs 108:40-7; quiz 47-8. 2008
..Because these injuries can go unrecognized, nurses stateside need to know how to recognize possible cases and how to help...
- Differences in virulence markers between Helicobacter pylori strains from Iraq and those from Iran: potential importance of regional differences in H. pylori-associated disease
Nawfal R Hussein
Institute of Infection, Immunity, and Inflammation, Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom
J Clin Microbiol 46:1774-9. 2008
Helicobacter pylori causes peptic ulceration and gastric adenocarcinoma; the latter is common in Iran but not in Iraq. We hypothesized that more virulent H...
- Iraq: an important start in the Kurdish region
Tob Control 15:3-4. 2006
- Etiological and clinical patterns of childhood urolithiasis in Iraq
Shatha Huusain Ali
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Al Nahrain University, P O Box 70074, Baghdad, Iraq
Pediatr Nephrol 20:1453-7. 2005
..Metabolic disorders were the major causes, but can be masked by associated UTI. Proper management of UTI with a careful metabolic assessment of young stone formers is valuable in combating urolithiasis...