- Incidence of 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 infection in England: a cross-sectional serological study
Immunisation, Hepatitis and Blood Safety Department, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, UK
Lancet 375:1100-8. 2010
- Mortality from pandemic A/H1N1 2009 influenza in England: public health surveillance study
Liam J Donaldson
Department of Health, Richmond House, London SW1A 2NS
BMJ 339:b5213. 2009
..To establish mortality from pandemic A/H1N1 2009 influenza up to 8 November 2009...
- Predicting risk of osteoporotic fracture in men and women in England and Wales: prospective derivation and validation of QFractureScores
Division of Primary Care, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
BMJ 339:b4229. 2009
..To develop and validate two new fracture risk algorithms (QFractureScores) for estimating the individual risk of osteoporotic fracture or hip fracture over 10 years...
- Effects of pay for performance on the quality of primary care in England
Stephen M Campbell
National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
N Engl J Med 361:368-78. 2009
A pay-for-performance scheme based on meeting targets for the quality of clinical care was introduced to family practice in England in 2004.
- Epidemiology of fractures in England and Wales
T P Van Staa
MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
Bone 29:517-22. 2001
..the General Practice Research Database were used to derive age- and gender-specific fracture incidence rates for England and Wales during the period 1988-1998...
- Vaccination against pandemic influenza A/H1N1v in England: a real-time economic evaluation
Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency, United Kingdom
Vaccine 28:2370-84. 2010
..There have been a considerable number of cases of H1N1v in England, and so the benefits of vaccination to mitigate the ongoing autumn wave are limited...
- Rationality, rhetoric, and religiosity in health care: the case of England's Expert Patients Programme
Primary Care Research Group, University of Manchester, United Kingdom
Int J Health Serv 39:725-47. 2009
..shaping the field of chronic illness, especially surrounding the promotion and uptake of self-skills training in England's Expert Patients Programme (EPP)...
- Unintended effects of statins in men and women in England and Wales: population based cohort study using the QResearch database
Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
BMJ 340:c2197. 2010
..To quantify the unintended effects of statins according to type, dose, and duration of use...
- Validation of serological correlate of protection for meningococcal C conjugate vaccine by using efficacy estimates from postlicensure surveillance in England
Immunisation Division, PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London NW9 5EQ, United Kingdom
Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 10:780-6. 2003
..rSBA correlate, age-specific efficacy estimates for MCC vaccines obtained from postlicensure surveillance in England were compared with the efficacy predicted by the percentage of individuals in these age groups with rSBA titers ..
- Survey of the incidence and aetiology of mastitis on dairy farms in England and Wales
A J Bradley
School of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford
Vet Rec 160:253-7. 2007
A survey of clinical and subclinical mastitis was carried out on 97 dairy farms in England and Wales, selected at random from members of a national milk recording scheme...
- Modelling the effectiveness of chlamydia screening in England
K M E Turner
Health Protection Agency, Centre for Infections, 61 Colindale Ave, Colindale, London NW9 5EQ, UK
Sex Transm Infect 82:496-502. 2006
..Mathematical models can incorporate these non-linear effects and estimate the likely impact of different screening programmes and identify areas where more data are needed...
- Survival from malignant digestive endocrine tumors in England and Wales: a population-based study
Registre Bourguignon des Cancers Digestifs INSERM UMR 866 CHU Dijon, Faculte de Medecine, Dijon, France
Gastroenterology 132:899-904. 2007
..Little is known about the prognosis of patients with malignant digestive endocrine tumors (MDETs), primarily because of their rarity...
- Access to stroke care in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: the effect of age, gender and weekend admission
A G Rudd
Clinical Effectiveness and Evaluation Unit, Royal College of Physicians, London, UK
Age Ageing 36:247-55. 2007
..To determine whether access to high-quality stroke care is affected by the age or gender of the patient or by weekend admission...
- Reliability of patient responses in pay for performance schemes: analysis of national General Practitioner Patient Survey data in England
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge CB2 0SR
BMJ 339:b3851. 2009
..To assess the robustness of patient responses to a new national survey of patient experience as a basis for providing financial incentives to doctors...
- Identification and characterization of transmissible Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains in cystic fibrosis patients in England and Wales
Fiona W Scott
Laboratory of HealthCare Associated Infection, Specialist and Reference Microbiology Division, Health Protection Agency, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5HT, UK
J Med Microbiol 53:609-15. 2004
..However, two recent reports of highly transmissible strains in patients in regional centres in England (Liverpool and Manchester) have raised questions as to the extent of the problem and prompted a nationwide survey ..
- Prediction equations for normal and low lung function from the Health Survey for England
Dept of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
Eur Respir J 23:456-63. 2004
..to derive new spirometric reference equations for the English population, using the 1995/1996 Health Survey for England, a large nationally representative cross-sectional study...
- Cost of schizophrenia in England
PSSRU, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, UK
J Ment Health Policy Econ 10:23-41. 2007
..Despite the wide-ranging financial and social burdens associated with schizophrenia, there have been few cost-of-illness studies of this illness in the UK...
- The late diagnosis and consequent short-term mortality of HIV-infected heterosexuals (England and Wales, 2000-2004)
Timothy R Chadborn
HIV and STI Department, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, UK
AIDS 20:2371-9. 2006
..To describe the proportion of HIV-infected heterosexual individuals diagnosed late and estimate how much mortality could have been prevented by earlier diagnosis...
- Heat-related and cold-related deaths in England and Wales: who is at risk?
Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Occup Environ Med 64:93-100. 2007
Despite the high burden from exposure to both hot and cold weather each year in England and Wales, there has been relatively little investigation on who is most at risk, resulting in uncertainties in informing government interventions.
- Sensitivity of routine system for reporting patient safety incidents in an NHS hospital: retrospective patient case note review
Ali Baba Akbari Sari
Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York YO10 5DD
BMJ 334:79. 2007
..To evaluate the performance of a routine incident reporting system in identifying patient safety incidents...
- Patient safety indicators for England from hospital administrative data: case-control analysis and comparison with US data
Veena S Raleigh
Healthcare Commission, London EC1Y 8TG
BMJ 337:a1702. 2008
To assess the feasibility of deriving patient safety indicators for England from routine hospital data and whether they can indicate adverse outcomes for patients.
- Prevalence of left-ventricular systolic dysfunction and heart failure in the Echocardiographic Heart of England Screening study: a population based study
Department of Cardiology, Selly Oak Hospital, Raddlebarn Road, Selly Oak, West Midlands, UK
Lancet 358:439-44. 2001
..of left-ventricular systolic dysfunction and heart failure in a large representative adult population in England. METHODS: Of 6286 randomly selected patients aged 45 years and older, 3960 (63%) participated in the study...
- Ethnic and gender differences in physical activity levels among 9-10-year-old children of white European, South Asian and African-Caribbean origin: the Child Heart Health Study in England (CHASE Study)
Christopher G Owen
Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK
Int J Epidemiol 38:1082-93. 2009
..We made objective measurements of physical activity in 9-10-year-old British children of South Asian, black African-Caribbean and white European origin...
- Epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease in the pre-conjugate vaccine era: England and Wales, 1996-2006
Caroline L Trotter
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, UK
J Infect 60:200-8. 2010
To describe the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in England & Wales in the pre-conjugate vaccine era.
- Disabling the public interest: alcohol strategies and policies for England
Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs, Stockholm, Sweden
Addiction 99:1083-9. 2004
- Predicting cardiovascular risk in England and Wales: prospective derivation and validation of QRISK2
Division of Primary Care, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
BMJ 336:1475-82. 2008
..QRISK2) to provide accurate estimates of cardiovascular risk in patients from different ethnic groups in England and Wales and to compare its performance with the modified version of Framingham score recommended by the ..
- Explaining the decline in coronary heart disease mortality in England and Wales between 1981 and 2000
Department of Public Health, University of Liverpool, England
Circulation 109:1101-7. 2004
..Our study aimed to examine how much of the decrease in England and Wales between 1981 and 2000 could be attributed to medical and surgical treatments and how much to changes in ..
- Effect of screening on incidence of and mortality from cancer of cervix in England: evaluation based on routinely collected statistics
National Cancer Registration Bureau, Office for National Statistics, Demography and Health Division, London SW1V 2QQ
BMJ 318:904-8. 1999
..To assess the impact of screening on the incidence of and mortality from cervical cancer...
- The association of body mass index and health-related quality of life in the general population: data from the 2003 Health Survey of England
Faculty of Life Science, Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 25, 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Qual Life Res 18:1293-9. 2009
..The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and any differences between men and women, in the general population of England.
- Trends in lower extremity amputations in people with and without diabetes in England, 1996-2005
Eszter Panna Vamos
Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Imperial College London, UK
Diabetes Res Clin Pract 87:275-82. 2010
To examine trends in non-traumatic lower extremity amputations over a 10-year-period in people with and without diabetes (DM) in England.
- Population-based cancer survival trends in England and Wales up to 2007: an assessment of the NHS cancer plan for England
Non communicable Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Lancet Oncol 10:351-69. 2009
The National Health Service (NHS) cancer plan for England was published in 2000, with the aim of improving the survival of patients with cancer. By contrast, a formal cancer strategy was not implemented in Wales until late 2006...
- Variation in incidence of breast, lung and cervical cancer and malignant melanoma of skin by socioeconomic group in England
North West Cancer Intelligence Service, Christie Hospital NHS Trust, Kinnaird Road, Withington, Manchester, M20 4QL, UK
BMC Cancer 8:271. 2008
..Socioeconomic variations in cancer incidence by region and age are less clearly understood but they are crucial for targeting prevention measures and health care commissioning...
- Continued improvement in hypertension management in England: results from the Health Survey for England 2006
Health and Social Surveys Research Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
Hypertension 53:480-6. 2009
This study evaluate whether blood pressure management has improved in England between 2003 and 2006, using cross-sectional, nationally representative, random samples of 8834 (in 2003) and 7478 (in 2006) noninstitutionalized adults (aged &..
- Transformative impact of Magnet designation: England case study
Linda H Aiken
Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
J Clin Nurs 17:3330-7. 2008
..To test the impact of the implementation of Magnet principles of improving nurses' work environments...
- Genetic analysis of Cryptosporidium from 2414 humans with diarrhoea in England between 1985 and 2000
Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ, UK
J Med Microbiol 55:703-7. 2006
..of Cryptosporidium using DNA extracted from whole faecal samples collected from 2414 humans with diarrhoea in England between 1985 and 2000 where cryptosporidial oocysts were detected using conventional methods is described...
- The contribution of school meals to food consumption and nutrient intakes of young people aged 4-18 years in England
Nutritional Sciences Research Division, King s College London, 150 Stamford Street, London, SE1 9NH, UK
Public Health Nutr 10:652-62. 2007
- Cannabis and schizophrenia: model projections of the impact of the rise in cannabis use on historical and future trends in schizophrenia in England and Wales
Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, UK
Addiction 102:597-606. 2007
..To estimate long-term trends in cannabis use and projections of schizophrenia assuming a causal relation between cannabis use and schizophrenia...
- Association between smoking and blood pressure: evidence from the health survey for England
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
Hypertension 37:187-93. 2001
..Cross-sectional data from 3 years (1994 to 1996) of the annual Health Survey for England were used to investigate any difference in BP between smokers and nonsmokers in a nationally representative ..
- Recent trends in diagnoses of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in England and Wales among men who have sex with men
HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections Department, Health Protection Agency, Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ, UK
Sex Transm Infect 80:492-7. 2004
To examine trends in rates of diagnoses of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in men who have sex with men (MSM) in England and Wales between 1997 and 2002.
- Herd-level risk factors associated with tuberculosis breakdowns among cattle herds in England before the 2001 foot-and-mouth disease epidemic
W T Johnston
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
Biol Lett 1:53-6. 2005
..Spreading artificial fertilizers or farmyard manure on grazing land were both associated with decreased risk. These first case-control results from the RBCT will be followed by similar analyses as more data become available...
- Herd and individual animal risks associated with bovine tuberculosis skin test positivity in cattle in herds in south west England
A M Ramírez-Villaescusa
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
Prev Vet Med 92:188-98. 2009
..There were 148 study farms enrolled. These were located in six counties of the south west of England in an area considered endemic for bovine tuberculosis (bTB): 24% were restocked after foot and mouth disease (FMD)..
- Occupational and nonoccupational physical activity and the social determinants of physical activity: results from the Health Survey for England
British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Dept of Public Health, University of Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
J Phys Act Health 5:104-16. 2008
..This article aims to examine the relative contribution of occupational activity to English adults' meeting of government recommendations for physical activity (PA)...
- The current burden of pneumococcal disease in England and Wales
Modelling and Economics Unit, Centre for Infections, 61 Colindale Avenue, Health Protection Agency, London NW9 5EQ, UK
J Infect 52:37-48. 2006
..To evaluate the potential impact of various pneumococcal conjugate vaccination strategies, it is critical to ascertain the pre-vaccination epidemiology and to have a detailed evaluation of the current burden of pneumococcal disease...
- Effect of precipitation on seasonal variability in cryptosporidiosis recorded by the North West England surveillance system in 1990-1999
Elena N Naumova
Department of Public Health and Family Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, 136 Harrison Avenue, Boston, MA 02111, USA
J Water Health 3:185-96. 2005
..temporal and spatial variability of reported cryptosporidiosis in 15 health authorities in the North West of England using regression modelling. We also examined the role of precipitation as a driving factor for seasonal variation...
- Molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis in England, 1998
Respiratory Diseases Department, Health Protection Agency HPA Centre for Infections, London, UK
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:201-7. 2009
- Fine- and regional-scale genetic structure of the exotic ascidian Styela clava (Tunicata) in southwest England, 50 years after its introduction
Marine Biological Association, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL12PB, UK
Mol Ecol 18:442-53. 2009
..clava, an ascidian native to the northwest Pacific, was first recorded in the Atlantic at Plymouth, southwest England, in 1953...
- Prevalence of genetic muscle disease in Northern England: in-depth analysis of a muscle clinic population
Fiona L M Norwood
Institute of Human Genetics, Newcastle University, Central Parkway, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 3BZ, UK
Brain 132:3175-86. 2009
We have performed a detailed population study of patients with genetic muscle disease in the northern region of England. Our current clinic population comprises over 1100 patients in whom we have molecularly characterized 31 separate ..
- Polyclonal multiply antibiotic-resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with Panton-Valentine leucocidin in England
Matthew J Ellington
Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency, London, UK
J Antimicrob Chemother 65:46-50. 2010
..Recent scattered reports of the emergence of multiresistant PVL-MRSA have highlighted the potential for resistance to emerge. Here we detail polyclonal multiply antibiotic-resistant PVL-MRSA occurring in England.
- Causes of blind certifications in England and Wales: April 1999-March 2000
Research and Development, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK c bunce ucl ac uk
Eye (Lond) 22:905-11. 2008
The last complete report on causes of blindness in England and Wales was for data collected during April 1990 to March 1991...
- Measles metapopulation dynamics: a gravity model for epidemiological coupling and dynamics
Department of Statistics and Applied Probability, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Am Nat 164:267-81. 2004
..The model can capture all the major spatiotemporal properties in prevaccination epidemics of measles in England and Wales.
- The effect of age on the onset of pain interference in a general population of older adults: prospective findings from the North Staffordshire Osteoarthritis Project (NorStOP)
Primary Care Musculoskeletal Research Centre, Primary Care Sciences, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK
Pain 129:21-7. 2007
- Traditional medicines used by Pakistani migrants from Mirpur living in Bradford, Northern England
Division of Pharmacy Practice, University of Bradford, Richmond Bd, Richmond Rd, Bradford, BD7 1DP West Yorkshire, UK
Complement Ther Med 16:81-6. 2008
..In this field study, an in-depth study was carried out of the herbal drugs still in use among Pakistani migrants from Mirpur living in Bradford, in the north of England.
- Staphylococcus aureus isolates carrying Panton-Valentine leucocidin genes in England and Wales: frequency, characterization, and association with clinical disease
Laboratory of HealthCare Associated Infection, Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency, London, NW9 5HT, United Kingdom
J Clin Microbiol 43:2384-90. 2005
..aureus and belonged to 12 different sequence types, including ST22 and ST30, which are closely related to the most prevalent MRSA clones in United Kingdom hospitals, EMRSA-15 and EMRSA-16, respectively...
- Understanding why some ethnic minority patients evaluate medical care more negatively than white patients: a cross sectional analysis of a routine patient survey in English general practices
NIHR School for Primary Care, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL
BMJ 339:b3450. 2009
..To examine why patients from ethnic minorities give poorer evaluations of primary health care than white patients...
- Trends in the prevalence and management of atrial fibrillation in general practice in England and Wales, 1994-1998: analysis of data from the general practice research database
School of Public Policy, University College London, London WC1H 9EZ, UK
Heart 86:284-8. 2001
To determine the prevalence of atrial fibrillation in England and Wales, and examine trends in its treatment with warfarin and aspirin between 1994 and 1998.
- Where people die (1974--2030): past trends, future projections and implications for care
Cicely Saunders International Department of Palliative Care, Policy and Rehabilitation, King s College London, London, UK
Palliat Med 22:33-41. 2008
..We analysed past trends in place of death (1974-2003) and projected likely trends to 2030 in England and Wales and from these need for care.
- Acanthamoeba keratitis in England and Wales: incidence, outcome, and risk factors
C F Radford
Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK cherry radford ukgateway net
Br J Ophthalmol 86:536-42. 2002
To determine the incidence, regional variation in frequency, outcome, and risk factors for acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) in England and Wales.
- Genotyping of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in AIDS patients from the north west of England
Manchester Public Health Laboratory, Withington Hospital, Manchester, UK
J Infect 44:39-42. 2002
In this study Enterocytozoon bieneusi -positive faeces samples from AIDS patients in the north west of England were investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing for potential zoonotic origins.
- Characterization of fHbp, nhba (gna2132), nadA, porA, sequence type (ST), and genomic presence of IS1301 in group B meningococcal ST269 clonal complex isolates from England and Wales
Vaccine Evaluation Unit, Health Protection Agency, P O Box 209, Floor 2, Clinical Sciences Building 2, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9WZ, United Kingdom
J Clin Microbiol 47:3577-85. 2009
..MenB currently accounts for 90% of meningococcal disease in England and Wales, where the multilocus sequence type (ST) 269 (ST269) clonal complex (cc269) has recently expanded to ..
- Place of death in metropolitan regions: metropolitan versus non-metropolitan variation in place of death in Belgium, The Netherlands and England
End of Life Care Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels, Belgium
Health Place 16:132-9. 2010
..variation in place of death of patients with life-limiting conditions in Belgium, The Netherlands and England. Metropolitan patients were less likely to die at home and, in England, less likely to die in care homes, than ..
- Outcomes of interprofessional education for Community Mental Health Services in England: the longitudinal evaluation of a postgraduate programme
School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
J Interprof Care 20:145-61. 2006
..of a two-year, part-time postgraduate programme designed to enable health and social care professionals in England to work together to deliver new community mental health services, including psychosocial interventions (PSIs)...
- Meningococcal C conjugate vaccine: the experience in England and Wales
Immunisation, Hepatitis and Blood Safety Department, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ, UK
Vaccine 27:B20-9. 2009
..The MCC immunization programme has been extremely successful in controlling serogroup C disease and continues to be evaluated. The aim of this paper is to review the experiences in England and Wales over the past 9 years.
- Migraine headache disability and health-related quality-of-life: a population-based case-control study from England
R B Lipton
Department of Neurology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, NY 10461, USA
Cephalalgia 23:441-50. 2003
..First, a population-based, telephone interview survey of 5769 residents of greater London, England was conducted to identify individuals with migraine headache (cases) and controls without migraine...
- Attitudes towards prenatal diagnosis and termination of pregnancy for thalassaemia in pregnant Pakistani women in the North of England
Academic Unit of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9LT, UK
Prenat Diagn 26:248-57. 2006
..This study is aimed at exploring the attitudes of pregnant Pakistani women towards prenatal diagnosis and termination of pregnancy for beta-thalassaemia major in the North of England.
- Body piercing in England: a survey of piercing at sites other than earlobe
Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency, London NW9 5EQ
BMJ 336:1426-8. 2008
To estimate the prevalence of body piercing, other than of earlobes, in the general adult population in England, and to describe the distribution of body piercing by age group, sex, social class, anatomical site, and who performed the ..
- The 1918-1919 influenza pandemic in England and Wales: spatial patterns in transmissibility and mortality impact
School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
Proc Biol Sci 275:501-9. 2008
..indicators for the autumn and winter waves of the 1918-1919 pandemic in cities, towns and rural areas of England and Wales. Average measures of transmissibility, estimated by the reproduction number, ranged between 1.3 and 1...
- Adverse drug reactions as cause of admission to hospital: prospective analysis of 18 820 patients
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GE
BMJ 329:15-9. 2004
..To ascertain the current burden of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) through a prospective analysis of all admissions to hospital...
- Pay for performance in primary care in England and California: comparison of unintended consequences
National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
Ann Fam Med 7:121-7. 2009
We undertook an in-depth exploration of the unintended consequences of pay-for-performance programs In England and California.
- Seroprevalence, correlates, and characteristics of undetected coeliac disease in England
University of Nottingham, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
Gut 52:960-5. 2003
..To examine the seroprevalence, correlates, and characteristics of undetected coeliac disease in a large adult population sample in Cambridge, UK...
- Inequalities in colorectal cancer screening participation in the first round of the national screening programme in England
C von Wagner
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Research Centre, University College London, Gower Street, London, UK
Br J Cancer 101:S60-3. 2009
..However, socio-economic variation in screening participation could exacerbate existing inequalities in mortality...
- Socioeconomic differences in attitudes and beliefs about healthy lifestyles
Cancer Research UK, Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 57:440-3. 2003
..This study investigated attitudes and beliefs that might underlie behavioural choices, including health locus of control, future salience, subjective life expectancy, and health consciousness, in a nationally representative sample...
- Cost of depression among adults in England in 2000
Christine M Thomas
Organon Laboratories Ltd, Cambridge, London, UK
Br J Psychiatry 183:514-9. 2003
..The cost of depression in the UK was estimated at pound 3.5 billion almost a decade ago. The shift to community-based management for depression alongside the availability of more accurate data have allowed these estimates to be revised...
- Medicinal perceptions of vegetables traditionally consumed by South-Asian migrants living in Bradford, Northern England
Division of Pharmacy Practice, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, Richmond Building, Richmond Road, Bradford BD7 1DP, West Yorkshire, UK
J Ethnopharmacol 113:100-10. 2007
..We strongly believe such strategies should take into account socio-cultural components and emic health beliefs, as well as patients' views of traditional dietary ingredients...
- Equity, waiting times, and NHS reforms: retrospective study
Zachary N Cooper
Cowdray House, London School of Economics, London WC2A 2AE
BMJ 339:b3264. 2009
- Carbon losses from all soils across England and Wales 1978-2003
Pat H Bellamy
National Soil Resources Institute, Cranfield University, Silsoe MK45 4DT, UK
Nature 437:245-8. 2005
..Here we use data from the National Soil Inventory of England and Wales obtained between 1978 and 2003 to show that carbon was lost from soils across England and Wales over ..
- Continuing rapid increase in esophageal adenocarcinoma in England and Wales
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Am J Gastroenterol 103:2694-9. 2008
..Substantial changes have occurred in the epidemiology of esophageal adenocarcinoma. We examined trends in incidence in a large national population...
- Management and outcome of bloodstream infections due to Candida species in England and Wales
C C Kibbler
Department of Medical Microbiology, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Pond Street, London NW3 2QG, UK
J Hosp Infect 54:18-24. 2003
..Six hospitals in England and Wales acted as sentinel hospitals...
- Practice size, caseload, deprivation and quality of care of patients with coronary heart disease, hypertension and stroke in primary care: national cross-sectional study
Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK
BMC Health Serv Res 7:96. 2007
..the association between quality of primary care for cardiovascular disease achieved by general practices in England and Scotland by general practice caseload, practice size and area based deprivation measures, using data from the ..
- Temporal trends in adults' sports participation patterns in England between 1997 and 2006: the Health Survey for England
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Br J Sports Med 42:901-8. 2008
To examine temporal trends in participation in sport and exercise activities in England between 1997 and 2006 while taking into account wider societal changes.
- Randomised controlled trial adapting US school obesity prevention to England
R R Kipping
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, BS8 2PR, UK
Arch Dis Child 93:469-73. 2008
To determine whether a school obesity prevention project developed in the United States can be adapted for use in England.
- Where did all the GPs go? Increasing supply and geographical equity in England and Scotland
Centre for Health Economics, University of York, York, UK
J Health Serv Res Policy 15:28-35. 2010
To examine the effect on geographical equity of increases in the total supply of general practitioners (GPs) and the ending of entry restrictions in 2002 and to explore the factors associated with the distribution of GPs across England.
- Challenges to implementing the national programme for information technology (NPfIT): a qualitative study
Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
BMJ 331:331-6. 2005
To describe the context for implementing the national programme for information technology (NPfIT) in England, actual and perceived barriers, and opportunities to facilitate implementation.
- Suicide in doctors: a study of risk according to gender, seniority and specialty in medical practitioners in England and Wales, 1979-1995
Centre for Suicide Research, University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 55:296-300. 2001
To investigate the suicide risk of doctors in England and Wales, according to gender, seniority and specialty.
- Cancer survival in England and the influence of early diagnosis: what can we learn from recent EUROCARE results?
C S Thomson
Cancer Research UK, Statistical Information Team, 61 Lincoln s Inn Fields, London, UK
Br J Cancer 101:S102-9. 2009
- Evaluating nurse prescribers' education and continuing professional development for independent prescribing practice: findings from a national survey in England
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Building 67, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, Hampshire, England, UK
Nurse Educ Today 27:685-96. 2007
The number of nurses able to independently prescribe medicines in England has risen steadily in recent years.
- Barriers to cervical cancer screening attendance in England: a population-based survey
Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
J Med Screen 16:199-204. 2009
..We also tested the hypothesis that women who were overdue for screening would be more generally disillusioned with public services, as indexed by reported voting behaviour in elections...
- Community incidence of norovirus-associated infectious intestinal disease in England: improved estimates using viral load for norovirus diagnosis
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
Am J Epidemiol 171:1014-22. 2010
..measurements were used to identify cases of norovirus-associated IID and to produce new incidence estimates for England. IID cases were ascertained in the Study of Infectious Intestinal Disease in England (1993-1996), and stool ..
- 15 years of litigation following laparoscopic cholecystectomy in England
Department of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Stockport NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom
Ann Surg 251:682-5. 2010
We aimed to analyze trends in litigation following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in England and compare our findings with data from the United States.
- Estimated effect of alcohol pricing policies on health and health economic outcomes in England: an epidemiological model
Robin C Purshouse
Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
Lancet 375:1355-64. 2010
..We assessed effects of alcohol pricing and promotion policy options in various population subgroups...
- No association between ambient particulate matter exposure during pregnancy and stillbirth risk in the north of England, 1962-1992
M S Pearce
Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Sir James Spence Institute, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 4LP, UK
Environ Res 110:118-22. 2010
..This potential association was examined using data from the historical cohort UK Particulate Matter and Perinatal Events Research (PAMPER) study...
- Frequency, factors and costs associated with injection site infections: findings from a national multi-site survey of injecting drug users in England
Centre for Infections, Health Protections Agency, London, UK
BMC Infect Dis 8:120. 2008
..This study explores the frequency, factors and costs associated with injection site infections among IDUs in England.
- Rates and risk factors by ethnic group for suicides within a year of contact with mental health services in England and Wales
Kamaldeep S Bhui
Centre for Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Old Anatomy Bldg, Charterhouse Square, London EC1M 6BQ, United Kingdom
Psychiatr Serv 59:414-20. 2008
..This study compared suicide rates, clinical symptoms, and perceived preventability of suicide among persons in four ethnic groups who completed suicide within 12 months of contact with mental health services...
- Occurrence and genetic analysis of picorna-like viruses infecting worker bees of Apis mellifera L. populations in Devon, South West England
Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, Devon PL1 2PB, UK
J Invertebr Pathol 98:239-42. 2008
..4% were positive for both sacbrood virus (SBV) and black queen cell virus (BQCV). Multiple infections were common, with 32% of the colonies were infected by more than one virus...
- Autochthonous hepatitis E in Southwest England: natural history, complications and seasonal variation, and hepatitis E virus IgG seroprevalence in blood donors, the elderly and patients with chronic liver disease
Harry R Dalton
Cornwall Gastrointestinal Unit, Royal Cornwall Hospital Trust, Truro, Cornwall, UK
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 20:784-90. 2008
To report the natural history of autochthonous hepatitis E and hepatitis E virus (HEV) IgG seroprevalence in Southwest England.
- Chronic liver disease--an increasing problem: a study of hospital admission and mortality rates in England, 1979-2005, with particular reference to alcoholic liver disease
Sam J Thomson
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, St George s Hospital, Blackshaw Rd, London, England, SW17 0QT, UK
Alcohol Alcohol 43:416-22. 2008
To determine time trends in hospital admissions for chronic liver disease in England between 1989/1990 and 2002/2003, mortality rates in England and Wales between 1979 and 2005, and the influence of alcohol-related disease on these trends.
- Host, weather and virological factors drive norovirus epidemiology: time-series analysis of laboratory surveillance data in England and Wales
Gastrointestinal, Emerging and Zoonotic Infections Department, Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency, London, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 4:e6671. 2009
..Viral populations are dynamic and evolve under positive selection pressure...
- Seroprevalence of antibodies against serogroup C meningococci in England in the postvaccination era
Caroline L Trotter
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Clin Vaccine Immunol 15:1694-8. 2008
..C and immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentrations to serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y in 2,673 serum samples collected in England between 2000 and 2004...
- Epidemiology of critically ill children in England and Wales: incidence, mortality, deprivation and ethnicity
R C Parslow
Paediatric Epidemiology Group, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Leeds Institute of Genetics, Health and Therapeutics LIGHT, Room 8 49, Worsley Building, Clarendon Way, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Arch Dis Child 94:210-5. 2009
The purpose of this work was to investigate the incidence rate for admission and mortality of children receiving paediatric intensive care in relation to socioeconomic status and ethnicity in England and Wales.
- Histological subtype of lung cancer in relation to socio-economic deprivation in South East England
Victoria A Bennett
King s College London, Thames Cancer Registry, 1st Floor Capital House, 42 Weston Street, London, SE1 3QD, UK
BMC Cancer 8:139. 2008
..Our objective was to investigate trends in the incidence of histological subtypes of lung cancer in males and females in relation to socio-economic deprivation in South East England.
- Conversion after laparoscopic cholecystectomy in England
Department of Surgery, Mid Cheshire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Leighton Hospital, Middlewich Road, Crewe, CW1 4QJ, UK
Surg Endosc 23:2338-44. 2009
..This study aimed to define those factors associated in English hospitals with the need to convert a laparoscopic cholecystectomy to an open procedure. These included patient-related and particularly nonpatient-related factors...
- Loss of doctor-to-doctor communication: lessons from the reconfiguration of mental health services in England
School of Community Based Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
J Health Serv Res Policy 13:6-12. 2008
..To explore the tensions across the primary-secondary interface when referral from primary care is to a team and to inform service developments in other specialties...