estonia

Summary

Top Publications

  1. doi Rabies in Estonia: situation before and after the first campaigns of oral vaccination of wildlife with SAG2 vaccine bait
    Enel Niin
    Veterinary and Food Board of Estonia VFB, Väike Paala Street 3, 11415 Tallinn, Estonia, France
    Vaccine 26:3556-65. 2008
  2. pmc Seroepidemiological study of herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 in Brazil, Estonia, India, Morocco, and Sri Lanka
    F M Cowan
    Department of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Royal Free and University College Medical School, University College London, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 79:286-90. 2003
  3. ncbi Characterization of tick-borne encephalitis virus from Estonia
    Irina Golovljova
    National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia
    J Med Virol 74:580-8. 2004
  4. doi Fitness, fatness and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors in children from Denmark, Estonia and Portugal: the European Youth Heart Study
    Lars B Andersen
    Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Int J Pediatr Obes 3:58-66. 2008
  5. pmc Association of socioeconomic position with insulin resistance among children from Denmark, Estonia, and Portugal: cross sectional study
    Debbie A Lawlor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR
    BMJ 331:183. 2005
  6. ncbi Inflicted traumatic brain injury (ITBI) or shaken baby syndrome (SBS) in Estonia
    Inga Talvik
    Children s Clinic, Tartu University Hospital, Estonia
    Acta Paediatr 95:799-804. 2006
  7. ncbi Autoantibodies and hepatitis C virus genotypes in chronic hepatitis C patients in Estonia
    Eva Zusinaite
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tartu, Puusepa 6, Tartu 51014, Estonia
    World J Gastroenterol 11:488-91. 2005
  8. ncbi Two viral strains and a possible novel recombinant are responsible for the explosive injecting drug use-associated HIV type 1 epidemic in Estonia
    Veera Zetterberg
    HIV Laboratory, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 20:1148-56. 2004
  9. ncbi Evaluation of primary health care reform in Estonia from patients' perspective: acceptability and satisfaction
    Kaja Polluste
    Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    Croat Med J 45:582-7. 2004
  10. ncbi Risk factor control in treated hypertensives from Estonia and Sweden. Why the difference?
    Peter M Nilsson
    Department of Clinical Sciences, University Hospital Malmo, Lund University, Sweden
    Blood Press 16:301-4. 2007

Detail Information

Publications281 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Rabies in Estonia: situation before and after the first campaigns of oral vaccination of wildlife with SAG2 vaccine bait
    Enel Niin
    Veterinary and Food Board of Estonia VFB, Väike Paala Street 3, 11415 Tallinn, Estonia, France
    Vaccine 26:3556-65. 2008
    ..of stray animals and the compulsory vaccination of companion animals, rabies has been widely distributed over Estonia for more than 30 years. The red fox and the raccoon dog are the rabies virus reservoirs...
  2. pmc Seroepidemiological study of herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 in Brazil, Estonia, India, Morocco, and Sri Lanka
    F M Cowan
    Department of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Royal Free and University College Medical School, University College London, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 79:286-90. 2003
    ..The association between herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the development of HSV vaccines have increased interest in the study of HSV epidemiology...
  3. ncbi Characterization of tick-borne encephalitis virus from Estonia
    Irina Golovljova
    National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia
    J Med Virol 74:580-8. 2004
    Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is a severe problem in Estonia. In the present article the first genetic analysis of Estonian TBEV strains is described. In total, seven TBEV strains were isolated from ticks (Ixodes ricinus and I...
  4. doi Fitness, fatness and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors in children from Denmark, Estonia and Portugal: the European Youth Heart Study
    Lars B Andersen
    Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Int J Pediatr Obes 3:58-66. 2008
    ..Numerous studies have measured changes in body mass index (BMI), but few have assessed the independent effects of low fitness, overweight and physical inactivity on cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors...
  5. pmc Association of socioeconomic position with insulin resistance among children from Denmark, Estonia, and Portugal: cross sectional study
    Debbie A Lawlor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR
    BMJ 331:183. 2005
    ..socioeconomic position and insulin resistance in children from three countries in northern Europe (Denmark), eastern Europe (Estonia), and southern Europe (Portugal) that have different physical, economic, and cultural environments.
  6. ncbi Inflicted traumatic brain injury (ITBI) or shaken baby syndrome (SBS) in Estonia
    Inga Talvik
    Children s Clinic, Tartu University Hospital, Estonia
    Acta Paediatr 95:799-804. 2006
    ..Inflicted traumatic brain injury (ITBI) or shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is recognized as a major cause of disability and death in the paediatric population...
  7. ncbi Autoantibodies and hepatitis C virus genotypes in chronic hepatitis C patients in Estonia
    Eva Zusinaite
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tartu, Puusepa 6, Tartu 51014, Estonia
    World J Gastroenterol 11:488-91. 2005
    ..To determine the prevalence of several autoantibodies in chronic hepatitis C patients, and to find out whether the pattern of autoantibodies was associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes...
  8. ncbi Two viral strains and a possible novel recombinant are responsible for the explosive injecting drug use-associated HIV type 1 epidemic in Estonia
    Veera Zetterberg
    HIV Laboratory, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 20:1148-56. 2004
    HIV-1 infection has been rare in Estonia. In 2000, an explosive epidemic among injecting drug users was detected in the Eastern border region, resulting in 3603 newly reported cases by the end of 2003...
  9. ncbi Evaluation of primary health care reform in Estonia from patients' perspective: acceptability and satisfaction
    Kaja Polluste
    Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    Croat Med J 45:582-7. 2004
    ....
  10. ncbi Risk factor control in treated hypertensives from Estonia and Sweden. Why the difference?
    Peter M Nilsson
    Department of Clinical Sciences, University Hospital Malmo, Lund University, Sweden
    Blood Press 16:301-4. 2007
    ....
  11. doi Comparison of socioeconomic differences in self-perceived health in Estonia and Finland
    Kersti Pärna
    Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia, and Estonian Centre of Behavioural and Health Sciences, Tallinn Tartu, Estonia
    Scand J Public Health 38:129-34. 2010
    To compare self-perceived health in relation to socioeconomic factors in Estonia and Finland.
  12. ncbi Cancer incidence and cause-specific mortality in male and female physicians: a cohort study in Estonia
    Kaire Innos
    Institute of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Tallinn, Estonia
    Scand J Public Health 30:133-40. 2002
    To evaluate whether the presumed knowledge of physicians about healthier lifestyle decreases their risk of cancer and mortality, a retrospective cohort study of male and female physicians was conducted in Estonia.
  13. ncbi Prevalence of granulocytic Ehrlichia and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in Ixodes ricinus ticks collected from Southwestern Finland and from Vormsi Island in Estonia
    Johanna Mäkinen
    National Public Health Institute of Finland, Department in Turku, Turku, Finland
    APMIS 111:355-62. 2003
    ..ricinus ticks collected from Vormsi Island, Estonia, were included in this study...
  14. ncbi The effect of infectious burden on the prevalence of atopy and respiratory allergies in Iceland, Estonia, and Sweden
    Christer Janson
    Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 120:673-9. 2007
    ..Epidemiologic reports on the effect of microbe exposure on the development of atopy and allergic asthma are inconsistent...
  15. ncbi Lactase non-persistence and milk consumption in Estonia
    Margus Lember
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tartu, Estonia
    World J Gastroenterol 12:7329-31. 2006
    To define the frequency of the C/T-13910 variant associated with lactase persistence/non-persistence trait and to analyze the milk consumption of lactase non-persistent subjects in Estonia.
  16. ncbi Odontogenic tumours, a collaborative retrospective study of 75 cases covering more than 25 years from Estonia
    Tiia Tamme
    Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Tartu, Tartu 51014, Estonia
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 32:161-5. 2004
    The aim of the present collaborative study was to analyse retrospectively the character of odontogenic tumours in Estonia, involving the entire Estonian population (1...
  17. ncbi Estonia 1989-2000: enormous increase in mortality differences by education
    Mall Leinsalu
    Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, University College of South Stockholm, 14189 Huddinge, Sweden
    Int J Epidemiol 32:1081-7. 2003
    Having regained its political autonomy in 1991, Estonia experienced major changes in political, economic, and social realities...
  18. ncbi The Third Stroke Registry in Tartu, Estonia: decline of stroke incidence and 28-day case-fatality rate since 1991
    Riina Vibo
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, University of Tartu, Estonia
    Stroke 36:2544-8. 2005
    ..The purpose of the present study was to estimate the time trends of stroke during the last 10 years in an Estonian population by comparison of the results from the 2 previous stroke registries from Tartu...
  19. ncbi Social inequalities in health care services utilisation after eight years of health care reforms: a cross-sectional study of Estonia, 1999
    Jarno Habicht
    Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, 19 Ravila St, 50411 Tartu, Estonia
    Soc Sci Med 60:777-87. 2005
    Fundamental health care reforms in Estonia started in 1991 with the introduction of a social health insurance system...
  20. ncbi Early life events and later risk of colorectal cancer: age-period-cohort modelling in the Nordic countries and Estonia
    E Svensson
    Cancer Registry of Norway Institute of Population based Cancer Research, Montebello, Oslo, Norway
    Cancer Causes Control 16:215-23. 2005
    ..The purpose of the study was to conduct a similar kind of analysis in the other Nordic countries and Estonia, which were also subjected to various degrees of energy restriction during WWII.
  21. ncbi First oral vaccination of wildlife against rabies in Estonia
    E Niin
    Veterinary and Food Board of Estonia, Tallinn
    Dev Biol (Basel) 125:145-7. 2006
    b>Estonia is a small country, with many islands, that covers a total area of 45,000 km2 in the Baltic region. Rabies is widely distributed all over the country, even on some islands...
  22. ncbi Cancer risk among Chernobyl cleanup workers in Estonia and Latvia, 1986-1998
    Mati Rahu
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia
    Int J Cancer 119:162-8. 2006
    Two cohorts of Chernobyl cleanup workers from Estonia (4,786 men) and Latvia (5,546 men) were followed from 1986 to 1998 to investigate cancer incidence among persons exposed to ionizing radiation from the Chernobyl accident...
  23. ncbi Satisfaction with the access to the health services of the people with chronic conditions in Estonia
    Kaja Polluste
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tartu, Estonia
    Health Policy 82:51-61. 2007
    After the implementation of the primary health care reform in Estonia, most of chronic conditions are managed by family doctors (FD) in collaboration with specialists...
  24. ncbi Patients' opinions on family doctor accessibility in Estonia
    Ruth Kalda
    Department of Polyclinic and Family Medicine, Tartu University, Tartu, Estonia
    Croat Med J 45:578-81. 2004
    To investigate the accessibility of family doctors in Estonia from the patients' point of view.
  25. ncbi Costs, health effects and cost-effectiveness of alcohol and tobacco control strategies in Estonia
    Taavi Lai
    Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Estonia
    Health Policy 84:75-88. 2007
    To assess the population-level costs, effects and cost-effectiveness of different alcohol and tobacco control strategies in Estonia.
  26. ncbi Prevalence and short-term outcome of juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a population-based study in Estonia
    C Pruunsild
    Department of Pediatrics, Tartu University Children s Clinic, Estonia
    Clin Exp Rheumatol 25:649-53. 2007
    To study the point prevalence of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in children in Estonia on December 31, 2000. To examine the short-term clinical outcome of the disease.
  27. ncbi How well informed are pharmacy customers in Estonia about minor illnesses and over-the-counter medicines
    Daisy Volmer
    Department of Pharmacy, University of Tartu, Jakobi Str 2, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
    Medicina (Kaunas) 43:70-8. 2007
    ..To determine how knowledgeable pharmacy customers are regarding their own health and information about minor illnesses and over-the-counter medicines...
  28. ncbi Children's Depression Inventory in Estonia. Single items and factor structure by age and gender
    Algi Samm
    Estonian Swedish Mental Health and Suicidology Institute, Estonian Centre of Behaviour and Health Science, Oie 39, Tallinn 11615, Estonia
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 17:162-70. 2008
    ..Younger children reported more symptoms of anhedonia and ineffectiveness, and older children negative self-esteem. The study serves as baseline data before intervention of the EC project "European Alliance Against Depression"...
  29. ncbi One-year outcome after first-ever stroke according to stroke subtype, severity, risk factors and pre-stroke treatment. A population-based study from Tartu, Estonia
    R Vibo
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    Eur J Neurol 14:435-9. 2007
    ..outcome at 1 year following a first-ever stroke based on a population-based registry from 2001 to 2003 in Tartu, Estonia. The outcome of first-ever stroke was assessed in 433 patients by stroke risk factors, demographic data and ..
  30. ncbi Prevalence of adult epilepsy in Estonia
    Andre Oun
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, University of Tartu, 2 L Puusepp St, 51014, Tartu, Estonia
    Epilepsy Res 52:233-42. 2003
    ..study was to estimate the main prevalence-related characteristics of active epilepsy in an adult population in Estonia. Review of all databases and lists related to epilepsy in Tartu supplemented by re-examination of patients to ..
  31. pmc A population based epidemiological study on myasthenia gravis in Estonia
    M Oöpik
    Department of Neurology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 74:1638-43. 2003
    ..To describe the occurrence of myasthenia gravis in the Baltic area...
  32. ncbi Neonatal thyroid-stimulating hormone screening as an indirect method for the assessment of iodine deficiency in Estonia
    R V Mikelsaar
    Department of Human Biology and Genetics, Institute of General and Molecular Pathology, University of Tartu, Estonia
    Horm Res 52:284-6. 1999
    According to neonatal thyroid screening the incidence of congenital hypothyroidism in Estonia is 1:2,860. Transient hyperthyrotropinemia with a raised thyroid-stimulating hormone level of 5 microU/ml occurred in 17...
  33. doi Long-term outcome of bystander-witnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Estonia from 1999 to 2002
    Veronika Reinhard
    Clinic of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, University of Tartu, Tartu University Hospital, Puusepa Street 8, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
    Resuscitation 80:73-8. 2009
    To assess the long-term outcome of bystander-witnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victims in Estonia by using the survival rate and quality of life assay.
  34. ncbi Incidence of childhood epilepsy in Estonia
    A Beilmann
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Tartu, Estonia
    Brain Dev 21:166-74. 1999
    ..aim of this study has been to establish the incidence rate (IR) and main characteristics of childhood epilepsy in Estonia. A population-based prospective study was performed from January 1st 1995 to December 31st 1997 in seven counties ..
  35. doi Adult smoking as a proxy for environmental tobacco smoke exposure among children - comparing the impact of the level of information in Estonia, Finland and Latvia
    Kristiina Patja
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland
    Prev Med 49:240-4. 2009
    ..This study assesses whether estimating children's exposure from information on adult smoking and exposure to ETS makes international comparisons more reliable...
  36. ncbi Seropositivity to Helicobacter pylori and CagA protein in schoolchildren of different ages living in urban and rural areas in southern Estonia
    T Vorobjova
    Department of Immunology, University of Tartu, Estonia
    Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 12:97-101. 2000
    To evaluate Helicobacter pylori and CagA seropositivity in a non-selected group of schoolchildren in southern Estonia, with reference to previous studies where high seroprevalence to H...
  37. doi Contrasts in alcohol-related mortality in Estonia: education and ethnicity
    Kaja Rahu
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia
    Alcohol Alcohol 44:517-22. 2009
    The aims of this study were to examine socio-demographic differences in alcohol-related mortality in Estonia, and how they changed over time.
  38. ncbi Content of total carotenoids in Calendula officinalis L. from different countries cultivated in Estonia
    Ain Raal
    Department of Pharmacy, University of Tartu, Estonia
    Nat Prod Commun 4:35-8. 2009
    ..officinalis were obtained from nine countries and cultivated in private gardens in three different counties of Estonia. The content of total carotenoids, determined spectrophotometrically (lambda=455 nm) varied in the investigated ..
  39. ncbi Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Sweden, Estonia and Iceland
    Alda Birgisdottir
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland
    Scand J Infect Dis 38:625-31. 2006
    ..We investigated the prevalence and risk factors for T. gondii infection in Iceland, Sweden and Estonia, and tested the hypothesis that T. gondii infection causes systemic inflammation and protects against atopy...
  40. doi Epidemiological characteristics of pertussis in Estonia, Lithuania, Romania, the Czech Republic, Poland and Turkey-1945 to 2005
    Irja Lutsar
    University of Tartu, Ravila 19, 50411, Tartu, Estonia
    Eur J Pediatr 168:407-15. 2009
    ..Until 2007, a second-year booster was givenin Estonia, Lithuania and Turkey, and an additional pre-school booster elsewhere...
  41. ncbi Distribution of enterobiasis among nursery school children in SE Estonia and of other helminthiases in Estonia
    Mare Remm
    Tartu School of Health Care, Nooruse 9, 50411 Tartu, Estonia
    Parasitol Res 99:729-36. 2006
    The occurrence of helminthiases in Estonia was under extensive observation from 1956 until 1989. Enterobiasis had remained the most prevalent helminthiasis in Estonia in the 1990s...
  42. ncbi Distribution of hepatitis C virus genotypes in patients with chronic hepatitis C in northern Estonia
    T Tallo
    Department of Virology, Estonian Institute of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Hiiu 42, 11619 Tallinn, Estonia
    Acta Virol 44:175-8. 2000
    ..0% and concordant with those of genotyping in 80.0% of the patients. In Northern Estonia, the genotypes 1b and 3a seem to be most common in chronically infected patients...
  43. ncbi Hantaviruses in Estonia
    Irina Golovljova
    Institute of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Tallinn, Estonia
    J Med Virol 68:589-98. 2002
    ..in 14 counties were screened by ELISA in order to investigate the presence of hantavirus infections in Estonia. Out of 1,234 serum samples, 124 were found positive for hantavirus-specific IgG and were subsequently serotyped ..
  44. doi Epidemiology of nosocomial bloodstream infections in Estonia
    P Mitt
    Department of Infection Control, Tartu University Hospital, Tartu, Estonia
    J Hosp Infect 71:365-70. 2009
    ..study was performed to investigate nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSIs) and to promote BSI surveillance in Estonia in 2004-2005...
  45. ncbi Distribution of Toxocara infection in the environment and in definitive and paratenic hosts in Estonia
    Heli Talvik
    Institute of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 62, Tartu 51014, Estonia
    Acta Vet Hung 54:399-406. 2006
    ..infection in Estonia. Out of 454 faecal and sand samples collected from park lawns and sandpits in the town of Tartu, 19 were Toxocara ..
  46. ncbi The Third Stroke Registry in Tartu, Estonia, from 2001 to 2003
    R Vibo
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    Acta Neurol Scand 116:31-6. 2007
    ..The main goal of the Third Stroke Registry in Tartu was to determine the incidence and 28-day case-fatality of first-ever stroke in an Estonian population...
  47. ncbi Detecting changes in financial protection: creating evidence for policy in Estonia
    Jarno Habicht
    World Health Organization Country Office in Estonia, WHO Regional Office for Europe, Tallinn, Estonia
    Health Policy Plan 21:421-31. 2006
    ..Using an example from Estonia, this paper aims to illustrate that, if household budget survey data are available, monitoring a population's ..
  48. doi Knowledge of HIV serostatus and risk behaviour among injecting drug users in Estonia
    K Abel-Ollo
    Estonian Drug Monitoring Centre, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia
    AIDS Care 21:851-7. 2009
    ..Respondent-driven sampling was used simultaneously at two sites in Estonia (the capital Tallinn, and the second-largest city of Ida-Virumaa County, Kohtla-Jarve)...
  49. ncbi Introducing a complex health innovation--primary health care reforms in Estonia (multimethods evaluation)
    Rifat Ali Atun
    Centre for Health Management, Tanaka Business School, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, UK
    Health Policy 79:79-91. 2006
    ..The success to date has been uneven. We evaluated PHC reforms in Estonia, using multimethods evaluation: comprising retrospective analysis of routine health service data from Estonian ..
  50. ncbi Allergic sensitization to common airborne allergens among adults in Estonia
    Aet Raukas-Kivioja
    Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 142:247-54. 2007
    ..Sparse data are available about the prevalence of allergic sensitization in Estonia and Eastern Europe as well...
  51. ncbi Predominance of a rare type of HIV-1 in Estonia
    Maarja Adojaan
    FIT Biotech Oyj Plc Eesti, Tartu, Estonia
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:598-605. 2005
    An earlier study has indicated that a complex recombinant HIV-1 strain dominates the epidemic in Estonia. The objective of this study was to further investigate the molecular epidemiology and genetic structure of HIV-1 in Estonia...
  52. ncbi Microbial pathogens of adult community-acquired pneumonia in Southern Estonia
    Helle Leesik
    Department of Pulmonary Medicine, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    Medicina (Kaunas) 42:384-94. 2006
    ..2+/-11.2 years) was performed at the Lung Hospital of Tartu University, Estonia. Majority of the patients (87.6%) had at least one significant modifying or risk factor and 30...
  53. ncbi Soluble interleukin-2 receptor and tumor necrosis factor levels in depressed patients in Estonia
    Triin Eller
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Tartu, Raja 31, 50417 Tartu, Estonia
    Medicina (Kaunas) 45:971-7. 2009
    ..Further analysis of patients revealed that sIL-2R was positively correlated with decreased activity and agitation. TNFalpha was associated with decreased activity and suicidality...
  54. doi Risk factors for induced abortions in St Petersburg, Estonia and Finland. Results from surveys among women of reproductive age
    Elena Regushevskaya
    Family Medicine Department, St Petersburg Medical Academy of Postgraduate Studies, Russia
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 14:176-86. 2009
    To compare the risk factors of self-reported abortion in St Petersburg, Estonia and Finland, which are neighbouring areas having different abortion rates.
  55. pmc Should pharmacists have a role in harm reduction services for IDUs? A qualitative study in Tallinn, Estonia
    Sigrid Vorobjov
    Estonian Drug Monitoring Centre, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia
    J Urban Health 86:918-28. 2009
    Despite the high number of injecting drug users (IDUs) in Estonia, little is known about involving pharmacies into human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention activities and potential barriers...
  56. ncbi The trends and risk factors for hepatitis B occurrence in Estonia
    Gerli Paat
    PRAXIS Center for Policy Studies, Tallinn, Estonia
    Cent Eur J Public Health 17:108-11. 2009
    ..This article describes the trend in HBV occurrence in Estonia from 1990 to 2005 in Estonia, with the aim of highlighting key determinants in transmission dynamics, risk groups,..
  57. pmc The socio-demographic patterning of sexual risk behaviour: a survey of young men in Finland and Estonia
    Minna Nikula
    THL National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO Box 30, 00271 Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Public Health 9:256. 2009
    ..provided estimates of men's (18-25 years) sexual risk behaviour and self-reported STIs and their socio-demographic patterning in Finland and Estonia; two countries that are geographically close, but have very different STI epidemics.
  58. ncbi Asthma, chronic bronchitis and respiratory symptoms among adults in Estonia according to a postal questionnaire
    M Meren
    Department of Pulmonology, Institute of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Tallinn, Estonia
    Respir Med 95:954-64. 2001
    ..prevalence of asthma, chronic bronchitis, and respiratory symptoms was performed in three different regions of Estonia, a state incorporated in the Soviet Union until 1991...
  59. ncbi Is a poor pregnancy outcome related to young maternal age? A study of teenagers in Estonia during the period of major socio-economic changes (from 1992 to 2002)
    Kai Haldre
    Tartu University Women s Clinic, Lossi 36, 51003 Tartu, Estonia
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 131:45-51. 2007
    ..weight, preterm birth, stillbirth, neonatal and postneonatal death among primiparous teenagers having singleton births, compared to a similar group of women aged 20-24 years in Estonia during the period of major socio-economic changes.
  60. ncbi Sexually transmitted infections in Estonia--syndromic management of urethritis in a European country?
    A Uuskula
    Clinic of Dermatovenereology, University of Tartu, Estonia
    Int J STD AIDS 12:493-8. 2001
    ..This article reviews the current aetiology of STIs in Estonia, an eastern European country bordering the Baltic Sea and formerly a part of the Soviet Union, with the aim of ..
  61. ncbi Adaptation of the rheumatoid arthritis quality of life scale for Estonia
    Marika Tammaru
    Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tartu, Puusepa 6, Tartu 51014, Estonia
    Rheumatol Int 26:655-62. 2006
    The aim of the study was to adapt the rheumatoid arthritis quality of life scale (RAQoL) for Estonia and assess its psychometric properties. The RAQoL was translated into Estonian using the dual panel method...
  62. doi HIV infection and risk behaviour of primary fentanyl and amphetamine injectors in Tallinn, Estonia: implications for intervention
    Ave Talu
    Estonian Drug Monitoring Centre, National Institute for Health Development, Hiiu 42, 11619 Tallinn, Estonia
    Int J Drug Policy 21:56-63. 2010
    Following a heroin shortage, fentanyl and 3-methylfentanyl, known as "China White" and "White Persian", have become the most widely used drugs, along with amphetamine, among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Tallinn, Estonia.
  63. ncbi Genetic characterization of hepatitis C virus strains in Estonia: fluctuations in the predominating subtype with time
    Tatjana Tallo
    Department of Virology, National Institute for Health Development, Hiiu 42, 11619 Tallinn, Estonia
    J Med Virol 79:374-82. 2007
    During the last decade, there has been a dramatic increase in intravenous drug use in young adults in Estonia with an increased incidence of both hepatitis B and C as a consequence...
  64. ncbi Social determinants of ever initiating smoking differ from those of quitting: a cross-sectional study in Estonia
    Mall Leinsalu
    Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition SCOHOST, Sodertorn University College, Huddinge, Sweden
    Eur J Public Health 17:572-8. 2007
    ..the association of socioeconomic and demographic indicators with ever initiating regular smoking and quitting smoking among ever regular smokers in Estonia in order to identify target groups for equity-oriented tobacco control policies.
  65. pmc Characterization of a highly evolved vaccine-derived poliovirus type 3 isolated from sewage in Estonia
    Soile Blomqvist
    Department of Microbiology, Enterovirus Laboratory, National Public Health Institute KTL, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    J Virol 78:4876-83. 2004
    ..We describe here a type 3 VDPV (PV3/EST/02/E252; later E252) isolated from sewage collected in Tallinn, Estonia, in October 2002. Due to aberrant properties in subtyping, the virus was subjected to detailed characterization...
  66. pmc Spread of drug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis in Estonia
    A Kruuner
    Institute of Microbiology, Tartu University, Tartu, Estonia
    J Clin Microbiol 39:3339-45. 2001
    ..obtained from newly detected pulmonary tuberculosis patients (151 male and 58 female; mean age, 41 years) in Estonia during 1994 showed that 61 isolates (29%) belonged to a genetically closely related group of isolates, family A, ..
  67. ncbi Content and composition of the essential oil of Thymus serpyllum L. growing wild in Estonia
    Ain Raal
    Institute of Pharmacy, University of Tartu, Jakobi Str 2, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
    Medicina (Kaunas) 40:795-800. 2004
    The aim of this work was to analyze the essential oil content and its composition in the drug (Serpylli herba) of wild thyme (Thymus serpyllum L.) originating from 20 different natural places of growth in Estonia.
  68. ncbi Tickborne encephalitis outbreak in Estonia linked to raw goat milk, May-June 2005
    Natalia Kerbo
    Tervisekaitseinspektsioon, Tallinn, Estonia
    Euro Surveill 10:E050623.2. 2005
  69. ncbi Determinants of daily smoking in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Finland in 1994-2002
    Ville V Helasoja
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Finland
    Scand J Public Health 34:353-62. 2006
    ..To investigate time trends in the smoking prevalence and the sociodemographic and psychosocial background of smoking in the Baltic countries in comparison with Finland during 1994-2002...
  70. ncbi Phytochemical analysis of the essential oil of Thymus serpyllum L. growing wild in Estonia
    Urve Paaver
    Institute of Pharmacy, University of Tartu, 50411 Tartu, Estonia
    Nat Prod Res 22:108-15. 2008
    Variations in the essential oil composition of Thymus serpyllum L., growing wild in Estonia (33 samples) and in some other countries (Russia, Latvia and Armenia, seven samples) were determined...
  71. ncbi Sociodemographic and health behaviour factors associated with obesity in adult populations in Estonia, Finland and Lithuania
    Jurate Klumbiene
    Institute for Biomedical Research, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
    Eur J Public Health 14:390-4. 2004
    The aim of this study was to analyse the pattern of sociodemographic variations in the prevalence of obesity in Estonia, Finland and Lithuania. In addition, the association between obesity and selected health behaviours was examined.
  72. ncbi Geographical variations in hospital use in Estonia
    Liis Rooväli
    Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu, Estonia
    Health Place 12:195-202. 2006
    The purpose of this study was to analyse the utilisation of inpatient care in Estonia. Using small-area analysis the age and sex of municipality residents and travel time to the nearest hospital were linked to the frequency of use and ..
  73. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of Trichinella spp. in three Baltic countries: Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
    A Malakauskas
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Lithuanian Veterinary Academy, Tilzes 18, 47181, Kaunas, Lithuania
    Parasitol Res 100:687-93. 2007
    ..pigs and wild boars has been the significant source of emerged human trichinellosis in Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia over the past two decades. However, there is very little known on the occurrence of Trichinella spp...
  74. ncbi Symptoms of depression in the Estonian population: prevalence, sociodemographic correlates and social adjustment
    Anu Aluoja
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Tartu, Raja 31, 50417 Tartu, Estonia
    J Affect Disord 78:27-35. 2004
    ..The current study presents data on the prevalence of depressive symptoms in the Estonian population and examines associated sociodemographic factors and subjective aspects of social adjustment...
  75. ncbi Women's views of the climacteric at the time of low menopausal hormone use, Estonia 1998
    Sirpa Liisa Hovi
    National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health, STAKES, Health and Social Services, FI 00530 Helsinki, Finland
    Maturitas 51:413-25. 2005
    ..This study examined women's opinions about the climacteric and hormone therapy (HT) after menopause and compared women's and physicians' opinions in a country of low-HT use...
  76. pmc Gastrointestinal failure in intensive care: a retrospective clinical study in three different intensive care units in Germany and Estonia
    Annika Reintam
    General Intensive Care Unit, Tartu University Clinics, Tartu, Estonia
    BMC Gastroenterol 6:19. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of gastrointestinal failure (GIF), to identify its risk factors, and to determine its association with ICU mortality...
  77. pmc Increasing ethnic differences in mortality in Estonia after the collapse of the Soviet Union
    Mall Leinsalu
    Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, University College of South Stockholm, Huddinge, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:583-9. 2004
    This study examined the change in ethnic differences in mortality in Estonia 1989-2000.
  78. ncbi Tick-borne encephalitis in the Baltic States: identifying risk factors in space and time
    Dana Sumilo
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Int J Med Microbiol 296:76-9. 2006
    ..causes of the spatial heterogeneity and temporal change of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), both within and between Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania...
  79. pmc Methods to recruit hard-to-reach groups: comparing two chain referral sampling methods of recruiting injecting drug users across nine studies in Russia and Estonia
    Lucy Platt
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Urban Health 83:i39-53. 2006
    ..We draw upon nine community-recruited surveys of IDUs undertaken in the Russian Federation and Estonia between 2001 and 2005 that used either IFS or RDS...
  80. ncbi The influence of active and passive smoking on habitual snoring
    Karl A Franklin
    Department of Respiratory Medicine, University Hospital, SE 901 85 Umea, Sweden
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 170:799-803. 2004
    ..A total of 15,555 of 21,802 (71%) randomly selected men and women aged 25-54 years from Iceland, Estonia, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden answered a postal questionnaire...
  81. ncbi Impact of joined-up HIV harm reduction and multidrug resistant tuberculosis control programmes in Estonia: System dynamics simulation model
    Rifat A Atun
    Centre for Health Management, Tanaka Business School, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, UK
    Health Policy 81:207-17. 2007
    ..Our finding have important policy implications for communicable disease policies in post-Soviet countries, which need to substantially change if they are to effectively address the emerging HIV and MDRTB epidemics...
  82. ncbi Results from the Estonian postmenopausal hormone therapy trial [ISRCTN35338757]
    Piret Veerus
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, National Institute for Health Development TAI, Tallinn, Estonia
    Maturitas 55:162-73. 2006
    ..We aimed to compare the health effects of oral continuous combined hormone therapy with a placebo and non-treatment among healthy Estonian women...
  83. pmc Seasonal variance of 25-(OH) vitamin D in the general population of Estonia, a Northern European country
    Mart Kull
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    BMC Public Health 9:22. 2009
    ..We aimed to measure Vitamin D level in the general population of Estonia (latitude 59 degrees N), a North-European country where dairy products are not fortified with vitamin D.
  84. ncbi Treatment of children with Osteogenesis imperfecta in Estonia
    K Maasalu
    Department of Traumatology and Orthopaedics, Tartu University Clinics, Tartu, Estonia
    Acta Paediatr 92:452-5. 2003
    ..To analyse the changes in fracture rate, bone density and histology in children with Osteogenesis imperfecta receiving treatment with alendronate (oral bisphosphonate) and calcitriol...
  85. ncbi Wood dust exposure and cancer incidence: a retrospective cohort study of furniture workers in Estonia
    K Innos
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Tallinn, Estonia
    Am J Ind Med 37:501-11. 2000
    ..Occupational wood dust exposure is associated with increased risk of sinonasal cancer in men. However, little is known whether it is associated with sinonasal cancer in women or with malignancies of other sites...
  86. ncbi Health behaviour in Estonia, Finland and Lithuania 1994-1998. Standardized comparison
    Pekka Puska
    Department of Noncommunicable Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Eur J Public Health 13:11-7. 2003
    ..The aims of this study were to compare patterns of and trends in selected health behaviours and their socioeconomic associations in Estonia, Finland and Lithuania in the period 1994-1998.
  87. ncbi A case-control study of beliefs and behaviors associated with sexually transmitted disease occurrence in Estonia
    T E Wilson
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, 11203, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 28:624-9. 2001
    ..Epidemiologic data document rapidly increasing sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates throughout Eastern Europe...
  88. ncbi Health status of the older population in Estonia
    K Saks
    Department of Medicine, University of Tartu, Estonia
    Croat Med J 42:663-8. 2001
    To assess the prevalence of physical, depressive, and cognitive disorders in the elderly population in Estonia.
  89. ncbi Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in meat products and estimated PAH intake by children and the general population in Estonia
    M Reinik
    Estonian Health Protection Inspectorate, Tartu Laboratory, Tartu, Estonia
    Food Addit Contam 24:429-37. 2007
    ..5 microg kg(-1) in smoked chicken samples. Since smoking and grilling are prevalent meat-cooking methods in Estonia, the impact of meat products is assessed to be significant in overall PAH intake.
  90. ncbi East-West gradient in semen quality in the Nordic-Baltic area: a study of men from the general population in Denmark, Norway, Estonia and Finland
    Niels Jørgensen
    Department of Growth and Reproduction, Rigshospitalet, The Juliane Marie Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Hum Reprod 17:2199-208. 2002
    Denmark and Norway have a three-fold higher incidence of testicular cancer than Estonia and Finland...
  91. ncbi Social variation in self-rated health in Estonia: a cross-sectional study
    Mall Leinsalu
    Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, University College of South Stockholm, Huddinge, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 55:847-61. 2002
    Over the past 40 years Estonia has experienced similar developments in mortality to other former Soviet countries. The stagnation in overall mortality has been caused mainly by increasing adult mortality...
  92. pmc Resequencing PNMT in European hypertensive and normotensive individuals: no common susceptibilily variants for hypertension and purifying selection on intron 1
    Katrin Kepp
    Department of Biotechnology, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    BMC Med Genet 8:47. 2007
    ..One candidate gene is PNMT, coding for phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase, catalyzing the synthesis of epinephrine from norepinephrine...
  93. ncbi Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori and cagA antibodies in Iceland, Estonia and Sweden
    Bjarni Thjodleifsson
    Medical Department, Landspitali University Hospital, Iceland
    Scand J Infect Dis 39:683-9. 2007
    ..and risk factors for Helicobacter pylori infection were comparatively investigated in Iceland, Sweden and Estonia. Blood samples were collected from 1046 subjects aged approximately 25-50 y (447 in Reykjavik, 359 in Uppsala and ..
  94. pmc Characterization of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome caused by hantaviruses, Estonia
    Irina Golovljova
    National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1773-6. 2007
    ..syndrome (HFRS) due to Puumala virus (PUUV), Saaremaa virus (SAAV), and Dobrava virus infection were confirmed in Estonia. Except for the levels of serum creatinine, no remarkable differences were found in the clinical course of HFRS ..
  95. ncbi Smoking and passive smoking in Estonia, Lithuania and Finland. Identifying target groups of tobacco policy
    V Helasoja
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 11:206-10. 2001
    ..The aim of this study was to identify population groups which are the most crucial as targets for anti-tobacco action...
  96. ncbi A rapid situation assessment of the market for surrogate and illegal alcohols in Tallinn, Estonia
    Kersti Pärna
    Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Estonia
    Int J Public Health 52:402-10. 2007
    To understand the phenomenon of consumption of surrogate and illegal alcohols in Tallinn, capital of Estonia.
  97. ncbi Structure and duration of consultations in Estonian family practice
    Heli Tähepõld
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    Scand J Prim Health Care 21:167-70. 2003
    ..To study the influence of age, gender and the nature of the patient's problems on length of time of consultation in the practices of newly trained family doctors in a recently reconstructed health care system...
  98. ncbi Costs of asthma treatment in Estonia
    R A Kiivet
    University of Tartu, Department of Public Health, Ravila 19, EE 50411, Tartu, Estonia
    Eur J Public Health 11:89-92. 2001
    BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe the distribution of the direct costs of asthma in Estonia by the type of treatment received and to differentiate the costs by age of patients...
  99. pmc The prevalence of chlamydial infection in Estonia: a population-based survey
    A Uuskula
    Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    Int J STD AIDS 19:455-8. 2008
    ..4% (95% CI 3.0-7.5%), 6.9% (95% CI 3.6-10.3%) among women and 2.7% (95% CI 0.3-5.0%) among men. The number of sexual partners in the past 12 months was the strongest predictor of infection...
  100. pmc High-prevalence and high-estimated incidence of HIV infection among new injecting drug users in Estonia: need for large scale prevention programs
    Anneli Uuskula
    Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu, Estonia
    J Public Health (Oxf) 30:119-25. 2008
    To examine HIV risk behavior and HIV infection among new injectors in Tallinn, Estonia. Design and methods Data from two cross-sectional surveys of injecting drug users (IDUs) recruited from a syringe exchange program (N = 162, Study 1) ..
  101. ncbi The role of injection drug use in the emergence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection in Estonia
    Anneli Uuskula
    Clinic of Dermatovenerology, University of Tartu, Estonia
    Int J Infect Dis 6:23-7. 2002
    This article reviews the marked increase in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among injection drug users (IDU) in Estonia, a former Soviet Union republic bordering the Baltic Sea...

Research Grants66

  1. RESPIRATORY DISEASES/BSI STUDY
    Shahin Lockman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..she helped to plan and execute multiple studies pertaining to the epidemiology of TB and HIV in Botswana and Estonia. She will work with Dr...
  2. Influences on HIV Prevalence and Service Access among IDUs in Russia and Estonia
    Anneli Uuskula; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Among the countries hardest hit were Russia and Estonia. In both countries, HIV prevalence among injection drug users (IDUs) has expanded rapidly, especially in some ..
  3. Multiple HIV Prevention Packages for IDUs in Estonia
    Don C Des Jarlais; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Monitor the ongoing high seroprevalence HIV epidemics among IDUs in Tallinn, Estonia to assess current interventions and model an "optimal" set of interventions for that epidemic...
  4. NOVEL OXYGENATIONS OF ARACHIDONIC ACID
    ALAN BRASH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In collaboration with Dr Brash, P.1. of GM-53638, collaborator Dr Nigulas Samel of Tallinn Technical University (Estonia) has recently cloned and expressed COX enzymes with differing reaction specificities from two prostaglandin-..
  5. Screening for STDs using home sampling in Estonia
    Anneli Uuskula; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This information will allow us to identify STD infected individuals, and to develop selective screening criteria to be used in general population studies and screening programs in Estonia.
  6. Maternal overnutrition and offspring fat mass, metabolic and vascular function.
    Debbie Lawlor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  7. Maternal overnutrition and offspring fat mass, metabolic and vascular function.
    Debbie Lawlor; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  8. GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA
    Melissa Austin; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  9. GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA
    Melissa Austin; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  10. Randomized trial of HIV / STD prevention in Zimbabwean youth
    Frances Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The most valid method will then be used in the final outcomes survey for the parent trial. ..
  11. GENETICS OF THE METABOLIC SYNDROME IN JAPANESE AMERICANS
    Melissa Austin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  12. Reducing HIV Heterosexual Risk Among African-American Men
    Tracey Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  13. Pilot Study of Pancreas Cancer & Diabetes Genes in CARET
    Melissa Austin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results may facilitate translational studies of early detection and prevention of pancreatic cancer, especially among patients diagnosed with diabetes. ..
  14. Randomized trial of HIV/STI prevention in Zimbabwe youth
    Frances Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A detailed process evaluation of the program will be conducted to inform wider program implementation. ..