Summary: A country in the Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia. The capital is Sanaa.

Top Publications

  1. Al Fatimi M, Wurster M, Kreisel H, Lindequist U. Antimicrobial, cytotoxic and antioxidant activity of selected basidiomycetes from Yemen. Pharmazie. 2005;60:776-80 pubmed
    Dichloromethane, methanol and aqueous extracts of 23 selected Basidiomycetes species fruiting bodies collected in Yemen were screened in vitro for their antibacterial activities against three Gram-positive bacteria (Staphyloccocus aureus,..
  2. Al Shamahy H, Al Harazy A, Harmal N, Al Kabsi A. The prevalence and degree of resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to first-line antimalarial drugs: an in vitro study from a malaria endemic region in Yemen. Ann Saudi Med. 2007;27:432-6 pubmed
    Unpublished studies on antimalarial drug efficacy have found low levels of chloroquine resistance in Yemen. This study was carried out to determine the current prevalence of drug resistance in Plasmodium falciparum in Yemen to the main ..
  3. Ali A. Qat habit in Yemen society: a causative factor for oral periodontal diseases. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2007;4:243-7 pubmed
    ..4%) with gum bleeding, p<0.05. These effects were found to increase with increased frequency and duration of chewing. It was concluded that habit of qat can cause damage to the periodontal ligament as pocketing and gum recession. ..
  4. Ali A, Al Sharabi A, Aguirre J, Nahas R. A study of 342 oral keratotic white lesions induced by qat chewing among 2500 Yemeni. J Oral Pathol Med. 2004;33:368-72 pubmed
    Qat chewing is a common habit in Yemen. Various studies demonstrated clear effects of this habit on the systemic organs of the human body...
  5. Date J, Okita K. Gender and literacy: factors related to diagnostic delay and unsuccessful treatment of tuberculosis in the mountainous area of Yemen. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005;9:680-5 pubmed
    People in the mountainous area of Yemen, having maintained their traditional lifestyle, generally believe that uneducated women are unsuccessful in using modern medical care...
  6. Abdo Rabbo A, Bassili A, Atta H. The quality of antimalarials available in Yemen. Malar J. 2005;4:28 pubmed
    Malaria has always been a major public health problem in Yemen. Several studies in developing countries have demonstrated ineffective and poor quality drugs including antimalarials...
  7. Bamashmus M, Gunaid A, Khandekar R. Diabetic retinopathy, visual impairment and ocular status among patients with diabetes mellitus in Yemen: a hospital-based study. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2009;57:293-8 pubmed publisher
    We present a series of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) who attended an eye hospital in Sana, Yemen during 2004. To determine the magnitude and risk factors of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Cross-sectional study...
  8. Banajeh S, Ba Oum N, Al Sanabani R. Bacterial aetiology and anti-microbial resistance of childhood diarrhoea in Yemen. J Trop Pediatr. 2001;47:301-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This study, the first in Yemen, draws attention to the urgent need of a national surveillance system, essential for the containment of anti-..
  9. Banajeh S, Al Rabee A, Al Arashi I. Burden of perinatal conditions in Yemen: a 12-year hospital-based study. East Mediterr Health J. 2005;11:680-9 pubmed
    ..In the SBCU, reduction in ENND was > 70%. Respiratory distress accounted for 63.8% of deaths in the SBCU and birth asphyxia 15.0%. Our results reflect the poor antenatal and delivery care services in Yemen.

More Information


  1. Al Moyed K, Harmal N, Al Harasy A, Al Shamahy H. Increasing single and multi-antibiotic resistance in Shigella species isolated from shigellosis patients in Sana'a, Yemen. Saudi Med J. 2006;27:1157-60 pubmed
    ..Shigella strains, isolated from stool samples of diarrheic patients at the Central Health Laboratory in Sana'a, Yemen in 2 time periods (1993 and 2003) with a 10-year interval, were examined for serotyping and drug resistance ..
  2. Al Dubai S, Rampal K. Prevalence and associated factors of burnout among doctors in Yemen. J Occup Health. 2010;52:58-65 pubmed
    This study aimed to determine the level and factors contributing to burnout among doctors in Sana'a City, Yemen and to determine the relationship between burnout and psychological morbidity...
  3. Raybould J, White G. The distribution, bionomics and control of onchocerciasis vectors (Diptera: Simuliidae) in Eastern Africa and the Yemen. Tropenmed Parasitol. 1979;30:505-47 pubmed
  4. Al Khorasani A, Banajeh S. Bacterial profile and clinical outcome of childhood meningitis in rural Yemen: a 2-year hospital-based study. J Infect. 2006;53:228-34 pubmed
    Childhood acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) is an important cause of death and long-term neurological disability in Yemen, the only low income-high mortality country in the Arabian Peninsula...
  5. Abdo Salem S, Gerbier G, Bonnet P, Al Qadasi M, Tran A, Thiry E, et al. Descriptive and spatial epidemiology of Rift valley fever outbreak in Yemen 2000-2001. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006;1081:240-2 pubmed Africa, and then outbreaks were also declared in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (2000-2001 and 2004) and in Yemen (2000-2001). Animal and human cases were recorded...
  6. Raja a Y, Bin Mohanna M. Overweight and obesity among schoolchildren in Sana'a City, Yemen. Ann Nutr Metab. 2005;49:342-5 pubmed
    To estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among schoolchildren in Sana'a City (Yemen) and to examine the association with lifestyle and some socioeconomic factors...
  7. Date J, Tanida N, Hobara T. Qat chewing and pesticides: a study of adverse health effects in people of the mountainous areas of Yemen. Int J Environ Health Res. 2004;14:405-14 pubmed
    Chewing qat leaves, Cathula Edulis, is now a very common behaviour among the people of the mountainous areas of Yemen. For about the past 20 years, in tandem with national development, qat chewing has been rapidly expanding, and the use ..
  8. Gunaid A. Prevalence of known diabetes and hypertension in the Republic of Yemen. East Mediterr Health J. 2002;8:374-85 pubmed
    ..75% (95% CI: 7.55-11.95) for diabetes and 17.1% (95% CI: 15.0-19.2) for hypertension. These results provide an estimate of the prevalence of known diabetes, hypertension and related vascular events in a well-defined urban community. ..
  9. Ameen JRM -, Naji J. Causal models for road accident fatalities in Yemen. Accid Anal Prev. 2001;33:547-61 pubmed
    ..The aim of this paper is to develop a model for the analysis and forecasting of road accident fatalities in Yemen considering data restrictions...
  10. Haidar N. Prevalence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C in blood donors and high risk groups in Hajjah, Yemen Republic. Saudi Med J. 2002;23:1090-4 pubmed was conducted from April 1997 through to September 1999 as a hospital based study in Hajjah, Republic of Yemen. All healthy blood donors, hospital employees, suspected hepatitis patients and patients in the hemodialysis unit ..
  11. Gunaid A, Assabri A. Prevalence of type 2 diabetes and other cardiovascular risk factors in a semirural area in Yemen. East Mediterr Health J. 2008;14:42-56 pubmed
    ..risk factors in a sample of 250 adults aged > or = 35 years in a semirural area near Sana'a, the capital of Yemen,. The overall crude prevalence of diabetes was 10.4% (95% CI: 6.6%-14.2%) and the age-standardized rate was 6...
  12. Jurdi R, Saxena P. The prevalence and correlates of consanguineous marriages in Yemen: similarities and contrasts with other Arab countries. J Biosoc Sci. 2003;35:1-13 pubmed
    Using data on 9762 women from the 1997 Yemen Demographic and Maternal and Child Health Survey, this paper examines the prevalence and socioeconomic correlates of consanguineous marriages in Yemen...
  13. Al Maktari M, Bassiouny H, Al Hamd Z, Assabri A, El Massry A, Shatat H. Malaria status in Al-Hodeidah Governorate, Yemen: malariometric parasitic survey & chloroquine resistance P. falciparum local strain. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2003;33:361-72 pubmed
    ..7%), followed by P. vivax (1.7%), the least prevalent was P. malariae (0.3%). Yemen has been considered free of ovale malaria. The recorded an indigenous case of P...
  14. Al Hadrani A. Khat induced hemorrhoidal disease in Yemen. Saudi Med J. 2000;21:475-7 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential association between the habit of khat chewing and the development of hemorrhoidal disease..
  15. Al Haddad A. Urinary tract infection among pregnant women in Al-Mukalla district, Yemen. East Mediterr Health J. 2005;11:505-10 pubmed
    ..Of the variables examined, 53.7% of the infected women were in the age group 15-24 years, 48.8% were in their 3rd trimester and 75.6% had 1-3 children. ..
  16. Lambert L. HIV and development challenges in Yemen: which grows fastest?. Health Policy Plan. 2007;22:60-2 pubmed
  17. Khatri M, Haider N, Di Muccio T, Gramiccia M. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Yemen: clinicoepidemiologic features and a preliminary report on species identification. Int J Dermatol. 2006;45:40-5 pubmed
    To study the clinicoepidemiologic profile of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Yemen (Hajjah and adjacent regions) and to identify the Leishmania species responsible. All 136 cases [96 (70.6%) males and 40 (29...
  18. Babiuk S, Bowden T, Parkyn G, Dalman B, Hoa D, Long N, et al. Yemen and Vietnam capripoxviruses demonstrate a distinct host preference for goats compared with sheep. J Gen Virol. 2009;90:105-14 pubmed publisher
    ..and evaluate host species preferences, sheep and goats were inoculated either with a capripoxvirus isolate from Yemen or from a recent outbreak in Vietnam...
  19. Al Fatimi M, Wurster M, Schröder G, Lindequist U. Antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of selected medicinal plants from Yemen. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;111:657-66 pubmed
    ..Remarkable cytotoxic activity against FL-cells was shown only for five plants, among them Plicosepalus curviflorus (stems). ..
  20. Al Shamahy H, Wright S. A study of 235 cases of human brucellosis in Sana'a, Republic of Yemen. East Mediterr Health J. 2001;7:238-46 pubmed
  21. Dhaifalah I, Santavy J, Fingerova H. Uterine rupture during pregnancy and delivery among women attending the Al-Tthawra Hospital in Sana'a City Yemen Republic. Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub. 2006;150:279-83 pubmed
    ..Studies conducted in the developing world give strong evidence that uterine rupture is a major health problem in these countries with the rate being high in rural areas...
  22. Al Nood H, Al Ismail S, King L, May A. Prevalence of the sickle cell gene in Yemen: a pilot study. Hemoglobin. 2004;28:305-15 pubmed
    To determine the prevalence of the sickle cell gene (betaS) in Yemen and amongst people from different regions of the country living in the capital, Sana'a City, cord blood samples from 1,500 consenting mothers were collected from ..
  23. Abdulmughni Y, Al Hureibi M, Al Hureibi K, Ghafoor M, Al Wadan A, Al Hureibi Y. Thyroid cancer in Yemen. Saudi Med J. 2004;25:55-9 pubmed
    ..histologically proved thyroid cancer between 1997 and 2001 presenting to the Kuwait University Hospital, Sana'a, Yemen. Patients with TC in this study comprise 17.7% of goiter patients who were admitted at the same period...
  24. Mothana R, Grunert R, Lindequist U, Bednarski P. Study of the anticancer potential of Yemeni plants used in folk medicine. Pharmazie. 2007;62:305-7 pubmed
    ..29 and 5.54 microg/ml. The extracts of Jatropha unicostata and Punica protopunica showed a moderate potency on the most tumor cell lines. ..
  25. Gunaid A, Hummad N, Tamim K. Consanguineous marriage in the capital city Sana'a, Yemen. J Biosoc Sci. 2004;36:111-21 pubmed
    ..To date, there is little information on consanguinity in Yemen. The aim of this study was to ascertain the rate of consanguineous marriage and average coefficient of inbreeding ..
  26. Raja a Y, Mubarak J. Intestinal parasitosis and nutritional status in schoolchildren of Sahar district, Yemen. East Mediterr Health J. 2006;12 Suppl 2:S189-94 pubmed
    ..soil-transmitted parasites was estimated among third-year schoolchildren of Sahar district, Sa'dah governorate, Yemen, after 4 schistosomiasis control campaigns...
  27. Bajubair M, Elrub A, Bather G. Hepatic viral infections in Yemen between 2000--2005. Saudi Med J. 2008;29:871-4 pubmed
    ..of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies in Sanaa, and other governorates of Yemen. By systematic review with meta-analysis we collected the research performed in different governorates of Yemen ..
  28. Ali A. Histopathologic changes in oral mucosa of Yemenis addicted to water-pipe and cigarette smoking in addition to takhzeen al-qat. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007;103:e55-9 pubmed
    ..Because the clinicopathologic effects of takhzeen al-qat are similar to those induced by smoking, the aim of this paper was to study the oral effect of 3 bad oral habits: takhzeen al-qat and cigarette and water-pipe smoking...
  29. Ramsay A, Al Agbhari N, Scherchand J, Al Sonboli N, Almotawa A, Gammo M, et al. Direct patient costs associated with tuberculosis diagnosis in Yemen and Nepal. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2010;14:165-70 pubmed
    ..Adults with cough >3 weeks' duration were interviewed using structured questionnaires in Yemen and Nepal to quantify their expenses. A total of 456 adults were interviewed...
  30. Bassiouny H, Al Maktari M. Malaria in late pregnancy in Al Hodeidah Governorate, Yemen. East Mediterr Health J. 2005;11:606-17 pubmed
    ..4%, associated with malaria in 11.7% of cases. All risk factors, rural residence (OR 5.18), maternal age < 20 years (OR 4.93) and primigravidae (OR 8.29), were significantly associated with malaria infection. ..
  31. Diab A. Uterine ruptures in Yemen. Saudi Med J. 2005;26:264-9 pubmed
    ..All cases with diagnosis of uterine rupture at Saudi Hospital at Hajjah, Yemen during 5-years period from April 1999 to March 2004 were studied...
  32. Khatri M, Haider N. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Yemen. Int J Dermatol. 1999;38:587-90 pubmed
    Cutaneous leishmainiasis is widespread in the Yemen, but has not been fully documented. We have studied 42 cases from the Hajjah and Amran Governorates of the Yemen Republic...
  33. Khatri M, Di Muccio T, Gramiccia M. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in North-Western Yemen: a clinicoepidemiologic study and Leishmania species identification by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2009;61:e15-21 pubmed publisher
    Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is widespread in Yemen, but not fully documented...
  34. Bin Mohanna M, Bin Ghouth A, Rajaa Y. Malaria signs and infection rate among asymptomatic schoolchildren in Hajr Valley, Yemen. East Mediterr Health J. 2007;13:35-40 pubmed
    ..signs and the rate of parasitaemia among asymptomatic schoolchildren in Hajr valley, Hadhramout governorate, Yemen. Tests were made for malaria parasites and anaemia in 469 randomly selected primary-school children aged 6-11 ..
  35. Al Taiar A, Jaffar S, Assabri A, Al Habori M, Azazy A, Al Mahdi N, et al. Severe malaria in children in Yemen: two site observational study. BMJ. 2006;333:827 pubmed
    ..Two public hospitals in Taiz (mountain hinterland) and Hodeidah (coastal plain), Yemen. Children aged 6 months to 10 years. Of 12,301 paediatric admissions, 2071 (17%) were for suspected severe malaria...
  36. Hogerzeil H, Walker G. Instability of (methyl)ergometrine in tropical climates: an overview. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1996;69:25-9 pubmed
    ..found to contain very little active ingredient: only 32 of 100 field samples from Bangladesh, Gambia, Malawi, Yemen and Zimbabwe contained 90-110% of the amount of active ingredient stated on the label, and 34 contained less than ..
  37. Hardy A, Farrant A, Rollinson G, Barss P, Vaishnav R. A study of the chemical composition of traditional eye cosmetics ("kohls") used in Qatar and Yemen. J Cosmet Sci. 2008;59:399-418 pubmed
    This study looks at the chemical composition of traditional eye cosmetics ("kohls") used in Qatar and Yemen. Of especial interest was how many samples in each country contain the toxic element lead...
  38. Metwali R. Water quality of some wells in Taiz City (Yemen Republic) and its surroundings. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2003;48:90-4 pubmed
    ..were determined in water samples collected from fifty-one producing wells used for human consumption in Taiz City (Yemen Republic) and its surroundings...
  39. Khawaja M, Al Nsour M, Saad G. Khat (Catha edulis) chewing during pregnancy in Yemen: findings from a national population survey. Matern Child Health J. 2008;12:308-12 pubmed
    ..the prevalence of khat chewing among women during pregnancy and some of the risk factors for this habit in Yemen. Survey data on 7,343 ever-married women from the Yemen Demographic and Maternal and Health Survey (YDMHS), ..
  40. Al Hureibi K, Abdulmughni Y, Al Hureibi M, Al Hureibi Y, Ghafoor M. The epidemiology, pathology, and management of goitre in Yemen. Ann Saudi Med. 2004;24:119-23 pubmed
    The total goitre rate in Yemen declined by half after the country adopted universal salt iodisation in 1995...
  41. Al Fatimi M, Friedrich U, Jenett Siems K. Cytotoxicity of plants used in traditional medicine in Yemen. Fitoterapia. 2005;76:355-8 pubmed
    Twenty-five extracts obtained from 14 plant species used in the traditional medicine in Yemen have been screened for cytotoxic activity against human ECV-304 cells...
  42. Mothana R, Mentel R, Reiss C, Lindequist U. Phytochemical screening and antiviral activity of some medicinal plants from the island Soqotra. Phytother Res. 2006;20:298-302 pubmed
    ..7 to 12.5 microg/mL. In addition, 17 plants of the 25 investigated exhibited anti-HSV-1 activity. The antiviral activity of some active extracts was also observed on a molecular level...
  43. Albiti A, Adam I, Ghouth A. Placental malaria, anaemia and low birthweight in Yemen. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2010;104:191-4 pubmed publisher
    A cross-sectional study was conducted during the period of August 2007-April 2008 at Al-Wahda Teaching Hospital in Yemen to investigate prevalence and risk factors for placental malaria and anaemia and their effects on birthweight...
  44. Al Taiar A, Chandler C, Al Eryani S, Whitty C. Knowledge and practices for preventing severe malaria in Yemen: the importance of gender in planning policy. Health Policy Plan. 2009;24:428-37 pubmed publisher
    In Yemen, morbidity and mortality due to malaria is high. We explored malaria-related treatment seeking, prevention practices and knowledge of transmission amongst parents in order to inform health education strategies...
  45. Bamashmus M, Al Shabooti A. Is surgical management of cataract and glaucoma patients in Yemen changing?. Saudi Med J. 2004;25:535-6 pubmed
  46. Sallam T, Tong C, Cuevas L, Raja a Y, Othman A, Al Kharsa K. Prevalence of blood-borne viral hepatitis in different communities in Yemen. Epidemiol Infect. 2003;131:771-5 pubmed
    It is generally believed that hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) viruses are highly prevalent in the Republic of Yemen. This study investigated the prevalence of HBV and HCV markers in 494 blood donors from Aden, 493 blood donors from Sana'a, ..
  47. Khatri M, Al Halali H, Fouad Khalid M, Saif S, Vyas M. Mycetoma in Yemen: clinicoepidemiologic and histopathologic study. Int J Dermatol. 2002;41:586-93 pubmed
    Mycetoma is widespread in Yemen, but has not been fully documented. A prospective study of 70 patients (53 male, 17 female; from different regions of Yemen) was performed...
  48. Saleh H. Pattern of rheumatic heart disease in Southern Yemen. Saudi Med J. 2007;28:108-13 pubmed
    ..We conducted this research in a sole regional echocardiographic department for Southern Yemen governorates at a referral hospital located in Aden city, from January 1999 to December 2003...
  49. Al Sonboli N, Hart C, Al Aghbari N, Al Ansi A, Ashoor O, Cuevas L. Human metapneumovirus and respiratory syncytial virus disease in children, Yemen. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:1437-9 pubmed
    ..Age, indoor air pollution, and incomplete vaccinations were risk factors and differed from those in industrialized countries. ..
  50. Sallam T, William Tong C. African links and hepatitis B virus genotypes in the Republic of Yemen. J Med Virol. 2004;73:23-8 pubmed
    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes in three different communities in the Republic of Yemen with and without significant African links were studied...
  51. Cerny V, Mulligan C, Ridl J, Zaloudková M, Edens C, Hájek M, et al. Regional differences in the distribution of the sub-Saharan, West Eurasian, and South Asian mtDNA lineages in Yemen. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2008;136:128-37 pubmed publisher
    Despite its key location for population movements out of and back into Africa, Yemen has not yet been sampled on a regional level for an investigation of sub-Saharan, West Eurasian, and South Asian genetic contributions...
  52. Saad M, Al Jaufy A, Grahan R, Nadai Y, Earhart K, Sanchez J, et al. HIV type 1 strains common in Europe, Africa, and Asia cocirculate in Yemen. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2005;21:644-8 pubmed
    To determine the HIV-1 genetic diversity in Yemen, 19 strains collected from men and women were sequenced in pol and six of those were full genome sequenced; all were phylogenetically analyzed. Using the pol sequence data, nine (47...
  53. Shoemaker T, Boulianne C, Vincent M, Pezzanite L, Al Qahtani M, Al Mazrou Y, et al. Genetic analysis of viruses associated with emergence of Rift Valley fever in Saudi Arabia and Yemen, 2000-01. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002;8:1415-20 pubmed
    ..As of February 2001, a total of 884 hospitalized patients were identified in Saudi Arabia, with 124 deaths. In Yemen, 1,087 cases were estimated to have occurred, with 121 deaths...