Summary: A country located in the MIDDLE EAST, bordering the Persian Gulf, between IRAQ and SAUDI ARABIA. The capital is Kuwait City.

Top Publications

  1. Nampoory M, Johny K, Pacsa A, Nair P, Said T, Halim M, et al. BK virus nephropathy in renal transplant recipients in Kuwait: a preliminary report. Transplant Proc. 2005;37:3048-50 pubmed
    ..The prevalence of BKVN in suspected BKV infection was 26%. Although the study period was short (30 months), BK viremia strongly correlated with BKVN, which seemed to be successfully treated with reduction in immunosuppression. ..
  2. El Bayoumy I, Shady I, Lotfy H. Prevalence of obesity among adolescents (10 to 14 years) in Kuwait. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2009;21:153-9 pubmed publisher
  3. Ayed A, Bazerbashi S, Ben Nakhi M, Chandrasekran C, Sukumar M, Al Rowayeh A, et al. Risk factors of spontaneous pneumothorax in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2006;15:338-42 pubmed
    To determine the risk factors of spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) in Kuwait. From January 2002 through December 2003, 254 consecutive cases with a diagnosis of SP were reviewed...
  4. Dimitrov T, Panigrahi D, Emara M, Al Nakkas A, Awni F, Passadilla R. Incidence of bloodstream infections in a speciality hospital in Kuwait: 8-year experience. Med Princ Pract. 2005;14:417-21 pubmed
    ..The study was conducted over a period of 8 years (1995-2002) at Infectious Diseases Hospital (IDH), Kuwait. Demographic and clinical data were obtained from medical records. 18,535 blood cultures were analyzed...
  5. Marmash R, Dalwai A, Szucs G, Molla A, Pacsa A, al Nakib W, et al. Genotypic characterization of rotaviruses and prevalence of serotype-specific serum antibodies in children in Kuwait. Epidemiol Infect. 2007;135:1331-7 pubmed
    There are no data on the serotypes of rotaviruses prevalent in Kuwait, which has a large expatriate population and hence a focal point for transmission of pathogens...
  6. Molla A, Al Badawi M, Hammoud M, Molla A, Shukkur M, Thalib L, et al. Vitamin D status of mothers and their neonates in Kuwait. Pediatr Int. 2005;47:649-52 pubmed
    ..the association between vitamin D and rickets we studied the vitamin D status of the neonates and their mothers in Kuwait. Two hundred and fourteen full-term pregnant mothers and their neonates were selected from two hospitals in Kuwait...
  7. Naguib K, Gouda S, Elshafey A, Mohammed F, Bastaki L, Azab A, et al. Sanjad-Sakati syndrome/Kenny-Caffey syndrome type 1: a study of 21 cases in Kuwait. East Mediterr Health J. 2009;15:345-52 pubmed
    ..All of the parents were heterozygous carriers of this mutation. The high frequency of SSS and low frequency of consanguineous marriages in this study may reflect a high rate of heterozygous carriers. ..
  8. Fido A, Al Saad S. Olanzapine in the treatment of behavioral problems associated with autism: an open-label trial in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2008;17:415-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The short period of this trial limits inferences about adverse effects such as body weight increase and tardive dyskinesia. Further long-term placebo-controlled studies of olanzapine are required. ..
  9. Akar N, Adekile A. Ten-year review of hospital admissions among children with sickle cell disease in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2008;17:404-8 pubmed publisher
    ..designed to document the common causes and patterns of hospitalization among sickle cell disease (SCD) patients in Kuwait. The case files of all SCD patients admitted to the hospital between 1995 and 2004 were studied...

More Information


  1. Ahmad S, Mokaddas E. The occurrence of rare rpoB mutations in rifampicin-resistant clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Kuwait. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2005;26:205-12 pubmed
    ..RIF-resistant and 21 RIF-susceptible Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from 53 tuberculosis patients in Kuwait. The LiPA identified all susceptible strains as RIF sensitive, and the DNA sequences of the 81bp rifampicin ..
  2. Al Adsani A, Al Faraj J, Al Sultan F, El Feky M, Al Mezel N, Saba W, et al. Evaluation of the impact of the Kuwait Diabetes Care Program on the quality of diabetes care. Med Princ Pract. 2008;17:14-9 pubmed
    To evaluate the impact of the Kuwait Diabetes Care Program on the quality of care provided for diabetic patients in the Primary Health Care setting...
  3. Al Bader W, Ramadan J, Nasr Eldin A, Barac Nieto M. Pulmonary ventilatory functions and obesity in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2008;17:20-6 pubmed
    ..7% decrease in FVC), with no evidence of obstructive disease (FEV(1)/FVC >0.8). In adult Kuwaiti males and females, increase in body fat at BMI >30 or W/H >1 was associated with a restrictive effect on pulmonary ventilation. ..
  4. Husain E, Al Shawaf F, Bahbahani E, El Nabi M, Al Fotooh K, Shafiq M, et al. Epidemiology of childhood meningitis in Kuwait. Med Sci Monit. 2007;13:CR220-3 pubmed
    Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine was introduced as part of childhood routine immunization in Kuwait in 1996...
  5. Omu A, Al Harmi J, Vedi H, Mlechkova L, Sayed A, Al Ragum N. Magnesium sulphate therapy in women with pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2008;17:227-32 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the outcome of the use of MgSO4 therapy in women with severe pre-eclampsia in Kuwait from January 2002 to December 2004...
  6. Abuzallouf S, Motawy M, Thotathil Z. Baseline staging of newly diagnosed breast cancer--Kuwait cancer control center experience. Med Princ Pract. 2007;16:22-4 pubmed
    ..These tests are therefore not recommended for such patients, although intensive investigations are appropriate for more advanced tumors. ..
  7. Awad A, Al Rabiy S, Abahussain E. Self-medication practices among diabetic patients in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2008;17:315-20 pubmed publisher
    ..05). The prevalence of self-medication with medicines, including herbs, among diabetic patients in Kuwait is low...
  8. Abahussain E, Ball D, Matowe W. Practice and opinion towards disposal of unused medication in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2006;15:352-7 pubmed
    The aim of this study was to measure the attitude and practice of Kuwaiti patients in Kuwait with regard to safe disposal of unwanted medicines...
  9. Matowe L, Abahussain E, al Saffar N, Bihzad S, Al Foraih A, Al Kandery A. Physicians' perceptions and expectations of pharmacists' professional duties in government hospitals in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2006;15:185-9 pubmed
    ..were to evaluate the perceptions, expectations and experience of physicians with hospital-based pharmacists in Kuwait. A piloted self-administered questionnaire was hand delivered to 200 physicians practicing in four government ..
  10. Albert M, Rotimi V, Dhar R, Silpikurian S, Pacsa A, Molla A, et al. Diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli are not a significant cause of diarrhoea in hospitalised children in Kuwait. BMC Microbiol. 2009;9:62 pubmed publisher
    The importance of diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) infections in the Arabian Gulf including Kuwait is not known...
  11. Pattanshetti N, Gaidhane M, Al Kandari A. Root and canal morphology of the mesiobuccal and distal roots of permanent first molars in a Kuwait population--a clinical study. Int Endod J. 2008;41:755-62 pubmed publisher
    ..The possibility of extra roots should be anticipated in mandibular molars. ..
  12. Ahmad S, Jaber A, Mokaddas E. Frequency of embB codon 306 mutations in ethambutol-susceptible and -resistant clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Kuwait. Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2007;87:123-9 pubmed
    ..Recent reports of embB306 mutations in ethambutol-resistant and ethambutol-susceptible drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis have questioned the significance of these mutations in conferring resistance to ethambutol (EMB)...
  13. Lamloum S, Mobasher L, Karar A, Basiony L, Abdallah T, Al Saleh A, et al. Relationship between postoperative infectious complications and glycemic control for diabetic patients in an orthopedic hospital in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2009;18:447-52 pubmed publisher
    ..postoperative infectious complications and glycemic control for diabetic patients in an orthopedic hospital in Kuwait. Patients who underwent surgical orthopedic procedures between 2006 and 2007 were identified to provide ..
  14. Al Kandari F, Vidal V, Thomas D. Health-promoting lifestyle and body mass index among College of Nursing students in Kuwait: a correlational study. Nurs Health Sci. 2008;10:43-50 pubmed publisher
    This cross-sectional, descriptive survey of 202 nursing students in Kuwait assessed their body mass index and health-promoting lifestyle to determine any association between them...
  15. Mokaddas E, Rotimi V, Albert M. Implications of Streptococcus pneumoniae penicillin resistance and serotype distribution in Kuwait for disease treatment and prevention. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2008;15:203-7 pubmed
    ..In Kuwait, the 23-valent polysaccharide and the 7-valent conjugate vaccines are being used without knowledge of the ..
  16. Mustafa N, Marouf R, Al Humood S, Al Fadhli S, Mojiminiyi O. Hypercoagulable state and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T mutation in patients with beta-thalassemia major in Kuwait. Acta Haematol. 2010;123:37-42 pubmed publisher
  17. Alshubaili A, Ohaeri J, Awadalla A, Mabrouk A. Quality of life in multiple sclerosis: a Kuwaiti MSQOL-54 experience. Acta Neurol Scand. 2008;117:384-92 pubmed
    ..Programs that address depression, disability, the impact of treatment side effects, caregiver attitudes and education should enhance QOL outcomes. ..
  18. Mohammed F, al Yatama F, al Bader M, Tayel S, Gouda S, Naguib K. Primary male infertility in Kuwait: a cytogenetic and molecular study of 289 infertile Kuwaiti patients. Andrologia. 2007;39:87-92 pubmed
    ..of spermatogenetic failure were studied in order to highlight the molecular background of male infertility in Kuwait, and to avoid the possibility of transmission of any microdeletions/chromosomal aberrations to offspring via ..
  19. Jamal W, Rotimi V, Grubesic A, Rupnik M, Brazier J, Duerden B. Correlation of multidrug resistance, toxinotypes and PCR ribotypes in Clostridium difficile isolates from Kuwait. J Chemother. 2009;21:521-6 pubmed
    ..Although the number of strains toxinotyped was small, ribotyping and toxinotyping correlated well with the published literature, except for 078 with a novel "V-like" toxinotype. Antibiogram was not as clear-cut. ..
  20. Abal A, Jayakrishnan B, Parwer S, El Shamy A, Khadadah M, Ayed A, et al. Demographic pattern and clinical characteristics of patients with smear- positive pulmonary tuberculosis in kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2005;14:306-12 pubmed
    ..study was to document various clinical factors that are likely to be of help in the control of tuberculosis in Kuwait. Details of patients with sputum positive for acid-fast bacilli in the period from January 1998 to December 2000 ..
  21. Honkala S, Honkala E, Al Sahli N. Consumption of sugar products and associated life- and school-satisfaction and self-esteem factors among schoolchildren in Kuwait. Acta Odontol Scand. 2006;64:79-88 pubmed
    ..A total of 2,312 schoolchildren between the ages of 11 and 13 years from the government schools in Kuwait completed an anonymous structured questionnaire during 2002 and 2003...
  22. Dimitrov T, Udo E, Albaksami O, Al Shehab S, Kilani A, Shehab M, et al. Clinical and microbiological investigations of typhoid fever in an infectious disease hospital in Kuwait. J Med Microbiol. 2007;56:538-44 pubmed
    ..microbiological characteristics of enteric fever cases diagnosed and treated at the Infectious Diseases Hospital, Kuwait, from 2002 to 2005. Diagnosis of patients was based on clinical features, serology and blood culture...
  23. Al Mutairi N, Zaki A, Sharma A, Al Sheltawi M. Cutaneous manifestations of diabetes mellitus. Study from Farwaniya hospital, Kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2006;15:427-30 pubmed
    ..All diabetic patients attending the Department of Dermatology, Al-Farwaniya Hospital, Kuwait, and diabetic in-patients with skin disorders were examined over a period of 18 months from March 2004 to August ..
  24. Al Lanqawi Y, Capps P, Abdel Hamid M, Abulmalek K, Phillips D, Matar K, et al. Therapeutic drug monitoring of gentamicin: evaluation of five nomograms for initial dosing at Al-Amiri Hospital in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2007;16:348-54 pubmed
    ..Therefore, serum concentration measurement can be advised to assist in the optimization of gentamicin dose selection. ..
  25. Uppal S, Abraham M, Chowdhury R, Kumari R, Pathan E, al Rashed A. Ankylosing spondylitis and undifferentiated spondyloarthritis in Kuwait: a comparison between Arabs and South Asians. Clin Rheumatol. 2006;25:219-24 pubmed
    ..Peripheral arthritis was less common in MEA patients. Worldwide, this is the first study to show that there are significant differences in the clinical expression of the various SpA in MEA patients compared to SA patients. ..
  26. Ramadan A. Air quality assessment in Southern Kuwait using diffusive passive samplers. Environ Monit Assess. 2010;160:413-23 pubmed publisher
    ..and octane) were carried out in the period from 26/10/05 to 24/11/05 at 20 points in the southern part of Kuwait as part of a baseline environmental impact assessment study requested by Kuwait National Petroleum Company...
  27. Fraser R, Sarkhou M, McKinley R, van der Vleuten C. Regulatory end-point assessment of the consultation competence of family practice trainees in Kuwait. Eur J Gen Pract. 2006;12:100-7 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the approach adopted in Kuwait to the regulatory end-point assessment of the global consultation competence of family practice trainees with ..
  28. Akhtar S, Mohammad H. Spectral analysis of HIV seropositivity among migrant workers entering Kuwait. BMC Infect Dis. 2008;8:37 pubmed publisher
    ..data on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroprevalence among migrant workers entering Middle-East particularly Kuwait. We took advantage of the routine screening of migrants for HIV infection, upon arrival in Kuwait from the areas ..
  29. Al Azemi A, Bahl J, Al Zenki S, Al Shayji Y, Al Amad S, Chen H, et al. Avian influenza A virus (H5N1) outbreaks, Kuwait, 2007. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:958-61 pubmed publisher
    Phylogenetic analysis of influenza A viruses (H5N1) isolated from Kuwait in 2007 show that (H5N1) sublineage clade 2.2 viruses continue to spread across Europe, Africa, and the Middle East...
  30. Tarello W. Autochthonous Dirofilaria (Nochtiella) repens infection in dogs in Kuwait. Zoonoses Public Health. 2008;55:328-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Seven (1.8 percent) out of 381 dogs examined in Kuwait carried D...
  31. Mokaddas E, Ahmad S, Samir I. Secular trends in susceptibility patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Kuwait, 1996-2005. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2008;12:319-25 pubmed
    ..and trends of drug resistance among all Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated during a 10-year period in Kuwait. Drug susceptibility data for M...
  32. Al Mutairi N, Manchanda Y, Nour Eldin O. Nail changes in childhood psoriasis: a study from Kuwait. Pediatr Dermatol. 2007;24:7-10 pubmed
    ..84%) followed by onycholysis (30.26%), subungual hyperkeratosis (13.16%), and discoloration of the nail plate (7.90%). Nail involvement had no relationship to the type of psoriasis, patient's sex, or duration or extent of disease. ..
  33. Al Yatama F, Al Bader M, Al Mazidi Z, Ali A, Al Omair A, Al Ajmi N, et al. Iodine status among pregnant women in Kuwait. J Endocrinol Invest. 2007;30:914-9 pubmed
    Up to now, little has been known about iodine intake and the prevalence of iodine deficiency (ID), if any, in Kuwait. Urinary iodine excretion (UIE) and changes in thyroid function during pregnancy were thus evaluated...
  34. Mokaddas E, Ahmad S. Development and evaluation of a multiplex PCR for rapid detection and differentiation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex members from non-tuberculous mycobacteria. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2007;60:140-4 pubmed
    ..The mPCR developed in this study allowed rapid detection and differentiation of primary cultures as MTC or NTM, thus helping in timely institution of specific therapy. ..
  35. Al Herz W, Zainal M, Salama M, Al Ateeqi W, Husain K, Abdul Rasoul M, et al. Primary immunodeficiency disorders: survey of pediatricians in Kuwait. J Clin Immunol. 2008;28:379-83 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aimed to determine the knowledge and practice of pediatricians in Kuwait about PID...
  36. Awadalla A, Ohaeri J, Tawfiq A, Al Awadi S. Subjective quality of life of outpatients with diabetes: comparison with family caregivers' impressions and control group. J Natl Med Assoc. 2006;98:737-45 pubmed
    ..Caregiver education is, therefore, important. The factors associated with QOL indicate a group that needs focused attention. The good QOL for type-2 and nonsignificance of illness duration encourage therapeutic optimism. ..
  37. Kapila K, George S, Al Shaheen A, Al Ottibi M, Pathan S, Sheikh Z, et al. Changing spectrum of squamous cell abnormalities observed on papanicolaou smears in Mubarak Al-Kabeer Hospital, Kuwait, over a 13-year period. Med Princ Pract. 2006;15:253-9 pubmed
    ..was to determine the incidence of squamous cell abnormalities in cervical cytology in Mubarak Al-Kabeer Hospital, Kuwait, and to document any change in the pattern of these lesions...
  38. Said T, Nampoory M, Nair M, Halim M, Shetty S, Kumar A, et al. Hyperinfection strongyloidiasis: an anticipated outbreak in kidney transplant recipients in Kuwait. Transplant Proc. 2007;39:1014-5 pubmed
    ..Hyperinfection strongyloidiasis is a potentially fatal syndrome associated with conditions of depressed host cellular immunity. A high degree of suspicion is required to detect cases early and thereby avoid a fatal outcome...
  39. Rotimi V, Jamal W, Pal T, Sovenned A, Albert M. Emergence of CTX-M-15 type extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Salmonella spp. in Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates. J Med Microbiol. 2008;57:881-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The genetic determinants encoding ESBL in Salmonella spp. isolated from patients in Kuwait and United Arab Emirates (UAE) were studied over a 2 year period...
  40. Mokaddas E, Ahmad S. Species spectrum of nontuberculous mycobacteria isolated from clinical specimens in Kuwait. Curr Microbiol. 2008;56:413-7 pubmed publisher
    ..NAP) test, and the species spectrum of NTM-causing infections in Kuwait remains unknown...
  41. Premadasa I, Shehab D, Al Jarallah K, Thalib L. Frequency and confidence in performing clinical skills among medical interns in Kuwait. Med Teach. 2008;30:e60-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The 124 subjects eligible for the study comprised graduates from Kuwait (64), other Gulf Cooperation Council countries (29), Ireland (27) and Egypt...
  42. Nanda A, Dvorak R, Al Sabah H, Alsaleh Q. Linear IgA bullous disease of childhood: an experience from Kuwait. Pediatr Dermatol. 2006;23:443-7 pubmed
    ..Seventy-one percent of patients achieved complete remission by the end of 2 years. The study highlights the significance of systematic clinicoepidemiologic surveys from different regions. ..
  43. Al Mazeedi K, el Shazly M, Al Ajmi H. Impact of psoriasis on quality of life in Kuwait. Int J Dermatol. 2006;45:418-24 pubmed
    ..aim of this study was to describe the impact of different grades of severity in psoriasis on QOL in patients in Kuwait. We used the Dermatology Quality Of Life scale (DQOLS) developed by Morgan and then validated for use in Kuwait to ..
  44. Bouhaimed M, Thalib L, Doi S. Perception of the educational environment by medical students undergoing a curricular transition in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2009;18:204-8 pubmed publisher
    ..perception that differ between students following a traditional curriculum to those following a PBL program at Kuwait University Medical School. Mean DREEM score was 53%...
  45. Al Herz W. Primary immunodeficiency disorders in Kuwait: first report from Kuwait National Primary Immunodeficiency Registry (2004--2006). J Clin Immunol. 2008;28:186-93 pubmed
    ..The clinical features of 76 patients with primary immunodeficiency disorders registered in Kuwait National Primary Immunodeficiency Registry from 2004 to 2006 were recorded...
  46. Marafie M, Al Awadi S, Al Mosawi F, Elshafey A, Al Ali W, Al Mulla F. Impact of 226C>T MSH2 gene mutation on cancer phenotypes in two HNPCC-associated highly-consanguineous families from Kuwait: emphasis on premarital genetic testing. Fam Cancer. 2009;8:289-98 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we present two large highly consanguineous HNPCC-families from Kuwait in whom a founder MSH2 mutation was identified...
  47. Al Kandari J, Alshuaib W. Newborn hearing screening in Kuwait. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol. 2007;47:305-13 pubmed
    ..quot;well baby") newborn children and 15 children at high risk for hearing loss at Ahmadi Hospital in Kuwait. Distortion product oto-acoustic emissions (DPOAEs) were conducted in the ward on newborns at the age of 2 days...
  48. Jamal W, Rotimi V, Khodakhast F, Saleem R, Pazhoor A, Al Hashim G. Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas and Stenotrophomonas as determined by the VITEK 2 and E test systems in a Kuwait teaching hospital. Med Princ Pract. 2005;14:325-31 pubmed
    ..To determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing members of the Enterobacteriaceae using VITEK 2 and E test systems...
  49. Al Mutairi N, Joshi A, Nour Eldin O, Sharma A, El Adawy I, Rijhwani M. Clinical patterns of sexually transmitted diseases, associated sociodemographic characteristics, and sexual practices in the Farwaniya region of Kuwait. Int J Dermatol. 2007;46:594-9 pubmed
    ..STDs) are common worldwide, but there are few studies available on STDs from the Gulf countries, including Kuwait. Our goal was to determine the clinical patterns, sociodemographic factors, and sexual practices of patients with ..
  50. Mokaddas E, Al Sweih N, Khan Z. Species distribution and antifungal susceptibility of Candida bloodstream isolates in Kuwait: a 10-year study. J Med Microbiol. 2007;56:255-9 pubmed
    ..data on species distribution and antifungal susceptibility profiles of Candida bloodstream isolates obtained from Kuwait during a 10-year period...
  51. Albert M, Neil L, Pazhoor A, Haridas S, Rotimi V, Khan I. Ciprofloxacin resistance and its molecular mechanism in Campylobacter spp. isolated in Kuwait. Microb Drug Resist. 2005;11:266-70 pubmed
    Campylobacter spp. are an important cause of diarrhea in Kuwait. Because susceptibility data for ciprofloxacin and erythromycin, the two recommended drugs for treatment, are not available for this part of the world, 64 Campylobacter spp...
  52. Udo E, O Brien F, Al Sweih N, Noronha B, Matthew B, Grubb W. Genetic lineages of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Kuwait hospitals. J Clin Microbiol. 2008;46:3514-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The ST80 and ST30 clones contained agr allotype 3, cap type 8, and PVL. The results showed that two internationally recognized CAMRSA clones are dominant in Kuwait hospitals.
  53. Razzaq Adel A, Sultan A, Basmiah A, Aftab A, Nabel N. Prevalence of tinea capitis in southern Kuwait. Mycoses. 2007;50:317-20 pubmed
    ..The object of this study was to highlight the prevalence of tinea capitis in southern Kuwait. During this retrospective study from 1998 to 2003, 1737 suspected cases were examined, 986 (58...