hong kong


Summary: The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.

Top Publications

  1. Wu J, Cowling B, Lau E, Ip D, Ho L, Tsang T, et al. School closure and mitigation of pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Hong Kong. Emerg Infect Dis. 2010;16:538-41 pubmed publisher
    In Hong Kong, kindergartens and primary schools were closed when local transmission of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 was identified. Secondary schools closed for summer vacation shortly afterwards...
  2. Chung V, Lau C, Wong E, Yeoh E, Griffiths S. Perceived quality of communication amongst outpatients in western and traditional Chinese medicine clinics in a Chinese population. Health Policy. 2009;90:66-72 pubmed publisher
    ..A representative, population based survey was conducted in Hong Kong, China...
  3. Wong G, Wong V, Choi P, Chan A, Chim A, Yiu K, et al. Metabolic syndrome increases the risk of liver cirrhosis in chronic hepatitis B. Gut. 2009;58:111-7 pubmed publisher
    ..4 to 7.1), 4.0 (95% CI, 1.9 to 8.4) and 5.5 (95% CI, 1.8 to 16.7) in patients with one, two, three, four and five components of metabolic syndrome, respectively. Metabolic syndrome is an independent risk factor of liver cirrhosis in CHB. ..
  4. Yang X, Ko G, So W, Ma R, Kong A, Lam C, et al. Additive interaction of hyperglycemia and albuminuria on risk of ischemic stroke in type 2 diabetes: Hong Kong Diabetes Registry. Diabetes Care. 2008;31:2294-300 pubmed publisher
    ..A total of 6,445 Hong Kong Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes and free of stroke at enrollment were followed up for a median of 5...
  5. Yang X, So W, Ko G, Ma R, Kong A, Chow C, et al. Independent associations between low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and cancer among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. CMAJ. 2008;179:427-37 pubmed publisher
    ..5 years of follow-up. Among patients with type 2 diabetes, the association between LDL cholesterol and cancer was V-shaped, whereby both low and high levels of LDL cholesterol were associated with elevated risk of cancer. ..
  6. Shek D, Tang V, Lo C. Internet addiction in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong: assessment, profiles, and psychosocial correlates. ScientificWorldJournal. 2008;8:776-87 pubmed publisher
    Internet addiction behavior was examined in 6,121 Chinese primary and secondary school students in Hong Kong based on the assessment frameworks of Ivan Goldberg and Kimberly Young...
  7. Lau E, Cowling B, Ho L, Leung G. Optimizing use of multistream influenza sentinel surveillance data. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:1154-7 pubmed publisher
    We applied time-series methods to multivariate sentinel surveillance data recorded in Hong Kong during 1998-2007...
  8. Sims L. Experience in control of avian influenza in Asia. Dev Biol (Basel). 2007;130:39-43 pubmed
    ..Experience in Hong Kong SAR demonstrates that existing production and marketing practices should be changed and a range of parallel ..
  9. Parry J. Hong Kong closes all primary schools in flu outbreak. BMJ. 2008;336:632 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Yang X, So W, Tong P, Ma R, Kong A, Lam C, et al. Development and validation of an all-cause mortality risk score in type 2 diabetes. Arch Intern Med. 2008;168:451-7 pubmed publisher
    ..71 for neoplasm death. Death in type 2 diabetes mellitus can be predicted using a risk score consisting of commonly measured clinical and biochemical variables. Further validation is needed before clinical use. ..
  2. Yang X, So W, Kong A, Ma R, Ko G, Ho C, et al. Development and validation of a total coronary heart disease risk score in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Am J Cardiol. 2008;101:596-601 pubmed publisher
    ..External validations are required in other Chinese populations. ..
  3. Ma Y, Zhang Y, Liang X, Lou F, Oglesbee M, Krakowka S, et al. Origin, evolution, and virulence of porcine deltacoronaviruses in the United States. MBio. 2015;6:e00064 pubmed publisher
    ..S. PdCV isolates possess unique genetic characteristics and share a close relationship with Hong Kong and South Korean PdCV strains and coronaviruses (CoVs) of Asian leopard cats and Chinese ferret-badgers...
  4. Chen L, Arai H, Chen L, Chou M, Djauzi S, Dong B, et al. Looking back to move forward: a twenty-year audit of herpes zoster in Asia-Pacific. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17:213 pubmed publisher
    ..Organization databases for articles about HZ published from 1994 to 2014 by authors from Australia, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and ..
  5. Wong C, Qian Y, Li X, Xu J, Kang W, Tong J, et al. SLC25A22 Promotes Proliferation and Survival of Colorectal Cancer Cells With KRAS Mutations and Xenograft Tumor Progression in Mice via Intracellular Synthesis of Aspartate. Gastroenterology. 2016;151:945-960.e6 pubmed publisher
    ..of SLC25A22 messenger RNA and protein in paired tumor and nontumor colon tissues collected from 130 patients in Hong Kong and 17 patients in China and compared protein levels with patient survival times...
  6. Wong J, Li J, Pavlova M, Chen S, Wu A, Wu S, et al. Risk factors for probable REM sleep behavior disorder: A community-based study. Neurology. 2016;86:1306-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Probable RBD (pRBD) status was determined by a validated questionnaire (Chinese RBD questionnaire-Hong Kong) in 2012...
  7. Lee C, Guo Y, So K, Vijayan M, Guo Y, Wong V, et al. Soluble human leukocyte antigen G5 polarizes differentiation of macrophages toward a decidual macrophage-like phenotype. Hum Reprod. 2015;30:2263-74 pubmed publisher
    ..This work was supported in part by the Hong Kong Research Grant Council Grant HKU774212 and the University of Hong Kong Grant 201309176126...
  8. Jhou B, Liu H, Yeh S, Chen C. Oral reproductive and developmental toxicity of Lignosus rhinocerotis mycelium in rat. J Ethnopharmacol. 2017;208:66-71 pubmed publisher
    ..known as the tiger milk mushroom, is widely used as traditional medicine and as soup ingredient in Malaysia and Hong Kong. It is edible and is used traditionally for the treatment of fever, cough, asthma, wounds, chronic hepatitis, ..
  9. Carioli G, Malvezzi M, Rodriguez T, Bertuccio P, Negri E, La Vecchia C. Trends and predictions to 2020 in breast cancer mortality: Americas and Australasia. Breast. 2018;37:163-169 pubmed publisher
    ..e. about 50% lower than their top rates in the later 1980's. Hong Kong, Japan and Korea did not show appreciable trends, but their rates remained below 10/100,000...
  10. Fang L, Sun Y, Zhao G, Liu L, Jiang Z, Fan Z, et al. Travel-related infections in mainland China, 2014-16: an active surveillance study. Lancet Public Health. 2018;3:e385-e394 pubmed publisher
    ..travellers into two groups: travellers coming from countries other than China, and travellers coming from Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan...
  11. Yu A, Tam B, Yau W, Chan K, Yu S, Chung T, et al. Association of endothelin-1 and matrix metallopeptidase-9 with metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older adults. Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2015;7:111 pubmed publisher
    ..This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the association of ET-1 and MMP-9 with MetS in middle-aged and older Hong Kong Chinese adults...
  12. Chan R, Hemida M, Kayali G, Chu D, Poon L, Alnaeem A, et al. Tropism and replication of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus from dromedary camels in the human respiratory tract: an in-vitro and ex-vivo study. Lancet Respir Med. 2014;2:813-22 pubmed publisher
    ..King Faisal University, Egyptian National Research Centre, Hong Kong Food and Health Bureau, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and European Community Seventh ..
  13. Schmidt B, Seshia M, Shankaran S, Mildenhall L, Tyson J, Lui K, et al. Effects of prophylactic indomethacin in extremely low-birth-weight infants with and without adequate exposure to antenatal corticosteroids. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011;165:642-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Thirty-two neonatal intensive care units in Canada, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and Hong Kong. A total of 1195 infants with birth weights of 500 to 999 g and known exposure to antenatal corticosteroids...
  14. Liesner J, Krucken J, Schaper R, Pachnicke S, Kohn B, Müller E, et al. Vector-borne pathogens in dogs and red foxes from the federal state of Brandenburg, Germany. Vet Parasitol. 2016;224:44-51 pubmed publisher
    ..hongkongensis' described from Hong Kong. However, identity to other D. repens sequences from Thailand was considerably lower (81%)...
  15. Wong S, Zhao L, Zhang X, Nakatsu G, Han J, Xu W, et al. Gavage of Fecal Samples From Patients With Colorectal Cancer Promotes Intestinal Carcinogenesis in Germ-Free and Conventional Mice. Gastroenterology. 2017;153:1621-1633.e6 pubmed publisher
    ..We obtained stored stool samples from participants in a metagenome study performed in Hong Kong. Conventional (male C57BL/6) mice were given azoxymethane to induce colon neoplasia after receiving a course of ..
  16. Yu V, Wong V, Dai W, Ko J, Lam A, Chan K, et al. Nuclear Localization of DNAJB6 Is Associated With Survival of Patients With Esophageal Cancer and Reduces AKT Signaling and Proliferation of Cancer Cells. Gastroenterology. 2015;149:1825-1836.e5 pubmed publisher
    ..metastases from a cohort of 160 patients who underwent esophagectomy with no preoperative chemoradiotherapy at Hong Kong Queen Mary Hospital. Data were collected on patient outcomes over a median time of 12.1 ± 2.9 months...
  17. Adams M, Frank L, Schipperijn J, Smith G, Chapman J, Christiansen L, et al. International variation in neighborhood walkability, transit, and recreation environments using geographic information systems: the IPEN adult study. Int J Health Geogr. 2014;13:43 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Hong Kong had the highest and North Shore, New Zealand had the lowest median walkability index values, representing a ..
  18. Chiou K, Charng M. Genetic diagnosis of familial hypercholesterolemia in Han Chinese. J Clin Lipidol. 2016;10:490-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Most of these mutations were reported in Southeast China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. DNA detection rates of heterozygous FH were 6.5% to 77...
  19. Chan A, But W, Lee C, Lam Y, Ng K, Loung P, et al. Aetiological bases of 46,XY disorders of sex development in the Hong Kong Chinese population. Hong Kong Med J. 2015;21:499-510 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the aetiology of this group of disorders in the Hong Kong Chinese population. Five public hospitals in Hong Kong...
  20. Li J, Qin S, Xu R, Yau T, Ma B, Pan H, et al. Regorafenib plus best supportive care versus placebo plus best supportive care in Asian patients with previously treated metastatic colorectal cancer (CONCUR): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2015;16:619-29 pubmed publisher
    ..double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase 3 trial done in 25 hospitals in mainland China, Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan, and Vietnam, we recruited Asian patients aged 18 years or older with progressive ..
  21. Zhang Q, Yu Y, Yang M, Lin X, Liu Y, Xu X. [Association between glycosylated hemoglobin and 
non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in 
health examination population]. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2017;42:529-535 pubmed publisher
    ..Methods: A total of 912 subjects were selected from the health examination adults in University of Hong Kong Shenzhen Hospital from June to November 2013, and they were assigned into a NAFLD group, an else hepatic disease ..
  22. Piewbang C, Jo W, Puff C, Ludlow M, Van Der Vries E, Banlunara W, et al. Canine Bocavirus Type 2 Infection Associated With Intestinal Lesions. Vet Pathol. 2018;55:434-441 pubmed publisher
    ..14D193), with evidence of genetic recombination in the VP2 gene with related strains from South Korea and Hong Kong. Use of quantitative polymerase chain reaction showed the presence of CBoV TH-2016 in several tissues, ..
  23. El Khoueiry A, Sangro B, Yau T, Crocenzi T, Kudo M, Hsu C, et al. Nivolumab in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (CheckMate 040): an open-label, non-comparative, phase 1/2 dose escalation and expansion trial. Lancet. 2017;389:2492-2502 pubmed publisher
    ..phase was conducted at seven hospitals or academic centres in four countries or territories (USA, Spain, Hong Kong, and Singapore) and a dose-expansion phase was conducted at an additional 39 sites in 11 countries (Canada, UK, ..
  24. Hung I, To K, Lee C, Lee K, Yan W, CHAN K, et al. Hyperimmune IV immunoglobulin treatment: a multicenter double-blind randomized controlled trial for patients with severe 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection. Chest. 2013;144:464-473 pubmed publisher
    ..02-0.92; P = .04). Treatment of severe A(H1N1) infection with H-IVIG within 5 days of symptom onset was associated with a lower viral load and reduced mortality. ClinialTrials.gov; No.: NCT01617317; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov. ..
  25. Law M, Orlando E, Baker G. Organizational interventions in response to duty hour reforms. BMC Med Educ. 2014;14 Suppl 1:S4 pubmed publisher
    ..Twenty-five articles were included from the United States (n=18), the United Kingdom (n=5), Hong Kong (n=1), and Australia (n=1)...
  26. Chung K, Tso K, Chung R. Validation of the Mood Disorder Questionnaire in the general population in Hong Kong. Compr Psychiatry. 2009;50:471-6 pubmed publisher
    ..and validity of a Chinese version of the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) in the general population in Hong Kong. One thousand five hundred eighteen adults aged at least 18 years were randomly drawn from the general ..
  27. Zhang C, Peng G, Shao J, Wang W. Neural bases of congenital amusia in tonal language speakers. Neuropsychologia. 2017;97:18-28 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings imply that the neural deficits in tonal language speakers might differ from those in non-tonal language speakers, and overlap partly with the neural circuitries of lexical tone processing (e.g. right STG). ..
  28. Koplan J, An W, Lam R. Hong Kong: a model of successful tobacco control in China. Lancet. 2010;375:1330-1 pubmed publisher
  29. Sit A, Sihoe A, Suen W, Cheng L. Positron-emission tomography for lung cancer in a tuberculosis-endemic region. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2010;18:33-8 pubmed publisher
    ..examined the accuracy of this imaging modality for mediastinal nodal staging of non-small-cell lung cancer in Hong Kong where tuberculosis remains endemic...
  30. Lo S, Kok W, Fan S. Emergency contraception: knowledge, attitude and prescription practice among doctors in different specialties in Hong Kong. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2009;35:767-74 pubmed publisher
    ..This article compares the prescription pattern, attitude and knowledge of EC in Hong Kong doctors in different specialties...
  31. Tait K, Fung F, Hu A, Sweller N, Wang W. Understanding Hong Kong Chinese Families' Experiences of an Autism/ASD Diagnosis. J Autism Dev Disord. 2016;46:1164-83 pubmed publisher
    ..about the experience of Chinese parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) living in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region...
  32. Tian L, Qiu H, Sun S, Lin H. Emergency Cardiovascular Hospitalization Risk Attributable to Cold Temperatures in Hong Kong. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2016;9:135-42 pubmed publisher
    ..hospital admissions, mean temperature, and air pollution concentrations from January 2005 to December 2012 in Hong Kong. The association with temperature was modeled using a distributed lag nonlinear model integrated in quasi-..
  33. Hon K, Tsang Y, Chan L, Ng D, Miu T, Chan J, et al. A community-based cross-sectional immunisation survey in parents of primary school students. NPJ Prim Care Respir Med. 2016;26:16011 pubmed publisher
    ..The survey was carried out in randomly selected primary schools in Hong Kong. Questionnaires were sent to nine primary schools between June and September 2014...
  34. Chen S, Lam B, Hui B, Ng J, Mak W, Guan Y, et al. Conceptualizing psychological processes in response to globalization: Components, antecedents, and consequences of global orientations. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2016;110:302-31 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss how the psychological study of global orientations contributes to theory and research on acculturation, cultural identity, and intergroup relations. ..
  35. Yip W, Hung H, Lok K, Li K, Li K, Szeto M. Outcome of inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma patients receiving transarterial chemoembolisation: a real-life retrospective analysis in a Hong Kong regional hospital. Hong Kong Med J. 2009;15:339-45 pubmed
    ..Retrospective study. Regional hospital, Hong Kong. Patients with inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma diagnosed from January 1998 to December 2003 who received ..
  36. Zhang H, Fan S, Yip P. The Association Between Female Sexual Dysfunction and the Husband's Erectile Dysfunction: Evidence from Married Couples in Hong Kong. J Sex Marital Ther. 2016;42:214-22 pubmed publisher
    ..By using a community-based survey of Hong Kong Chinese couples in 2012, this study attempted to examine the relation between female sexual dysfunction and ..
  37. Thompson M, Au A, Laver Bradbury C, Lange A, Tripp G, Shimabukuro S, et al. Adapting an attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder parent training intervention to different cultural contexts: The experience of implementing the New Forest Parenting Programme in China, Denmark, Hong Kong, Japan, and the United Kingdom. Psych J. 2017;6:83-97 pubmed publisher
    ..The first international trial took place in New York, United States. Trials in Denmark, Hong Kong, and Japan followed. More recently, a trial of the self-help manual has been carried out in mainland China...
  38. Shek D. Objective outcome evaluation of the project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong: findings based on individual growth curve models. ScientificWorldJournal. 2010;10:182-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Holistic Social Programmes) is a curricular-based program that attempts to promote positive youth development in Hong Kong. In the second year of the Full Implementation Phase, 20 experimental schools (n = 2,784 students) and 23 ..
  39. Lee J, Lam L, Woo J, Kwok T. Lower fluid and fruits/vegetable intake in questionable dementia among older Hong Kong Chinese. J Nutr Health Aging. 2010;14:45-9 pubmed
    ..Older people with questionable dementia have lower intakes of vegetables, fruits and fluid than those who were cognitively normal. This may pose additional health risks, and increase their chance of progressing into dementia. ..
  40. Siu D, Tse L, Yu I, Griffiths S. Computer products usage and prevalence of computer related musculoskeletal discomfort among adolescents. Work. 2009;34:449-54 pubmed publisher
    The objective of this study was to investigate the pattern of computer related activities among Hong Kong adolescents and the prevalence of musculoskeletal discomfort by anatomic sites...
  41. Xiang Y, Luk E, Lai K. Quality of life in parents of children with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder in Hong Kong. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2009;43:731-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of the present study was therefore to survey the QOL of parents of children with ADHD in Hong Kong, and explore the relationships of sociodemographic and clinical variables with QOL...
  42. Ho L, Lin Z, Leung A, Chen L, Zhang H, Ng B, et al. Efficacy of abdominal acupuncture for neck pain: A randomized controlled trial. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181360 pubmed publisher
    ..This randomized, patient and assessor-blind, sham-controlled trial was conducted at a Chinese medicine center in Hong Kong between November 2014 and March 2016...
  43. Lai A, Stewart S, Wan A, Fok H, Lai H, Lam T, et al. Development and evaluation of a training workshop for lay health promoters to implement a community-based intervention program in a public low rent housing estate: The Learning Families Project in Hong Kong. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183636 pubmed publisher
    ..Our TTT workshop could serve as a practical example of development and evaluation of training programs for lay personnel to be lay health promoters. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02844244. ..
  44. Mo P, Mak W. Intentionality of medication non-adherence among individuals living with HIV/AIDS in Hong Kong. AIDS Care. 2009;21:785-95 pubmed publisher
    ..hundred and two HIV+ patients who were under antiretroviral therapy were recruited in an outpatient clinic in Hong Kong at baseline with six months follow-up. Using the conventional adherence rate, only 12 (11...
  45. Cheung C, Ma M, Chak W, Tang S. Cancer risk in patients with diabetic nephropathy: A retrospective cohort study in Hong Kong. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e8077 pubmed publisher
    ..A retrospective cohort study of 5643 DN patients between 2000 and 2015 was conducted in 2 large hospitals in Hong Kong. Incidence and mortality of various cancers were compared with those of general population using standardized ..
  46. Karmakar M, Samy W, Lee A, Li J, Chan W, Chen P, et al. Survival Analysis of Patients with Breast Cancer Undergoing a Modified Radical Mastectomy With or Without a Thoracic Paravertebral Block: a 5-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Anticancer Res. 2017;37:5813-5820 pubmed
    ..This 5-year prospective follow-up of women randomized to general anesthesia (GA) with or without a thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) examined the risk of local recurrence, metastasis and mortality after breast cancer surgery...
  47. Law I, Ma E, Yiu E. Speech intelligibility, acceptability, and communication-related quality of life in Chinese alaryngeal speakers. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009;135:704-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Alaryngeal speakers who had undergone speech rehabilitation and were recruited from the New Voice Club of Hong Kong. Speech samples collected from 49 alaryngeal speakers were rated by 6 judges for speech intelligibility and ..
  48. Peng Y, Jan L. Pricing strategies, the strength of bidding intentions, and online auction performance: a cross-cultural study. Cyberpsychol Behav. 2009;12:523-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The sample consists of 1,055 auctions of iPod MP3 players from eBay Web sites in Hong Kong, Singapore, Belgium, and France...
  49. Luo H, Lum T, Wong G, Kwan J, Tang J, Chi I. Predicting Adverse Health Outcomes in Nursing Homes: A 9-Year Longitudinal Study and Development of the FRAIL-Minimum Data Set (MDS) Quick Screening Tool. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2015;16:1042-7 pubmed
    ..Six nursing homes operated by a nongovernmental organization in Hong Kong. Participants included 2380 nursing home residents aged 65 years or older at study baseline...
  50. Chang W, Pang S, Chung D, Chan S. Five-year stability of ICD-10 diagnoses among Chinese patients presented with first-episode psychosis in Hong Kong. Schizophr Res. 2009;115:351-7 pubmed publisher
    ..One hundred and sixty-six Hong Kong Chinese enrolled in a regional first-episode psychosis treatment program were studied...
  51. Wong L, Hickson L, McPherson B. Satisfaction with hearing aids: a consumer research perspective. Int J Audiol. 2009;48:405-27 pubmed publisher
    ..New hearing aid users in Hong Kong (N=42) were tested with a newly developed self-report measure (PHACS: profile of hearing aid consumer ..
  52. Chan J, Ko F, Ng C, Yeung A, Yee W, So L, et al. Management of patients admitted with pneumothorax: a multi-centre study of the practice and outcomes in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Med J. 2009;15:427-33 pubmed
    To examine the management practice of pneumothorax in hospitalised patients in Hong Kong, especially the choice of drainage options and their success rates, as well as the factors associated with procedural failures.
  53. Liang P, Wu S, Zhang J, Cao Y, Yu S, Wong M. The effects of mariculture on heavy metal distribution in sediments and cultured fish around the Pearl River Delta region, south China. Chemosphere. 2016;148:171-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Two kinds of fish feeds, feed pellets and trash fish commonly used in Hong Kong were analyzed...
  54. Huang B, Law M, Mak H, Kwok S, Khong P. Pediatric 64-MDCT coronary angiography with ECG-modulated tube current: radiation dose and cancer risk. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009;193:539-44 pubmed publisher
    ..The lifetime attributable risk of cancer incidence was estimated for children in the United States and Hong Kong according to the National Academies Biologic Effects of Ionizing Radiation VII report...
  55. Fung H, Lam S, Lam K, Kam C, Simpson I. A survey of snakebite management knowledge amongst select physicians in Hong Kong and the implications for snakebite training. Wilderness Environ Med. 2009;20:364-70 pubmed publisher
    ..regarding snakebite management in doctors likely to treat such bites in the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong in the People's Republic of China...
  56. Wong C, Chu Y, Wong K, Yeung T, Ma K. Is ultrasonography-guided modified coaxial core biopsy of the breast a better technique?. Hong Kong Med J. 2009;15:246-8 pubmed
    ..Retrospective study. A regional hospital in Hong Kong. Patients, who were referred for ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration or biopsy from 23 November 2007 ..
  57. Liu S, Yeung P. Measuring fragmentation of ambulatory care in a tripartite healthcare system. BMC Health Serv Res. 2013;13:176 pubmed publisher
    b>Hong Kong has a tripartite healthcare system, where western medicine provided in both public and private sectors coexist with Chinese medicine practice...
  58. Sung J, Tsoi K, Ma T, Yung M, Lau J, Chiu P. Causes of mortality in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding: a prospective cohort study of 10,428 cases. Am J Gastroenterol. 2010;105:84-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The majority of PUB patients died of non-bleeding-related causes. Optimization of management should aim at reducing the risk of multiorgan failure and cardiopulmonary death instead of focusing merely on successful hemostasis. ..
  59. Wang Y, Wu A, Lau J. The health belief model and number of peers with internet addiction as inter-related factors of Internet addiction among secondary school students in Hong Kong. BMC Public Health. 2016;16:272 pubmed publisher
    ..This cross-sectional study surveyed 9518 Hong Kong Chinese secondary school students in the school setting. In this self-reported study, the majority (82...
  60. Leung C, Tsang S. The Chinese Parental Stress Scale: psychometric evidence using Rasch modeling on clinical and nonclinical samples. J Pers Assess. 2010;92:26-34 pubmed publisher
    ..86; the Likert scale response categories worked well. The revised PSS correlated with measures of child behavior and parenting stress and could differentiate between the 2 groups of parents. ..
  61. Auyeung T, Lee J, Kwok T, Leung J, Leung P, Woo J. Estimation of stature by measuring fibula and ulna bone length in 2443 older adults. J Nutr Health Aging. 2009;13:931-6 pubmed
    ..in the Jockey Club Centre for Osteoporosis Care and Control, School of Public Health, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Two thousand four hundred and forty three community-dwelling older Chinese aged from 65 to 98 years were ..
  62. Tang H, Liu A, Chan S, Lau C, Yung W, Lau W, et al. Twin pregnancy outcomes after increasing rate of vaginal twin delivery: retrospective cohort study in a Hong Kong regional obstetric unit. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2016;29:1094-100 pubmed publisher
    ..In a retrospective cohort study, all twins booked at a Hong Kong regional obstetrics unit were evaluated during a 3-year period from 1 April 2009 to 31 March 2012...
  63. Hossain M, Wu Z, Poon C. Comparative environmental evaluation of construction waste management through different waste sorting systems in Hong Kong. Waste Manag. 2017;69:325-335 pubmed publisher
    ..study aimed to compare the environmental performance of building construction waste management (CWM) systems in Hong Kong. Life cycle assessment (LCA) approach was applied to evaluate the performance of CWM systems holistically based ..
  64. Li I, Hung I, To K, Chan K, Wong S, Chan J, et al. The natural viral load profile of patients with pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) and the effect of oseltamivir treatment. Chest. 2010;137:759-68 pubmed publisher
    ..012) The natural viral load profile was described. Oral oseltamivir suppresses viral load more effectively when given early in mild cases of pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infections. ..
  65. Chung T, Cheung T, Yim S, Yu M, Chiu R, Lo K, et al. Liquid biopsy of PIK3CA mutations in cervical cancer in Hong Kong Chinese women. Gynecol Oncol. 2017;146:334-339 pubmed publisher
    ..One hundred seventeen Hong Kong Chinese women with primary invasive cervical cancer and their pre-treatment plasma samples were investigated...
  66. Lok K, Chan R, Chan D, Li L, Leung G, Woo J, et al. Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of a selection of popular foods consumed in Hong Kong. Br J Nutr. 2010;103:556-60 pubmed publisher
    ..provide glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) values for a variety of foods that are commonly consumed in Hong Kong and expand on the international GI table of Chinese foods...
  67. Lu M, Cheung C, Li H, Hsu S. Understanding the relationship between safety investment and safety performance of construction projects through agent-based modeling. Accid Anal Prev. 2016;94:8-17 pubmed publisher
    The construction industry in Hong Kong increased its safety investment by 300% in the past two decades; however, its accident rate has plateaued to around 50% for one decade...
  68. Tse S, Davidson L, Chung K, Ng K, Yu C. Differences and similarities between functional and personal recovery in an Asian population: a cluster analytic approach. Psychiatry. 2014;77:41-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Consistent with the consumer literature, personal recovery is related but still distinct from functional recovery. Personal recovery has more to do with life circumstances than with functioning status alone. ..
  69. Ho P, Lai E, Chow K. Carriage of meticillin-susceptible and -resistant Staphylococcus aureus by medical students in Hong Kong. J Hosp Infect. 2015;91:184-5 pubmed publisher
  70. Wong M, Jiang J, Griffiths S. Short-term adherence to beta-blocker therapy among ethnic Chinese patients with hypertension: a cohort study. Clin Ther. 2009;31:2170-7; discussion 2150-1 pubmed publisher
    ..therapy among a representative sample of ethnic Chinese patients with hypertension from a large territory in Hong Kong. Data for all hypertensive patients aged > or = 18 years who received a prescription for a beta-blocker at a ..
  71. Li M, Tse L, Chan W, Kwok C, Leung S, Wu C, et al. Nighttime eating and breast cancer among Chinese women in Hong Kong. Breast Cancer Res. 2017;19:31 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the association between nighttime eating habits after 10 p.m. and breast cancer in Hong Kong women. A hospital-based case-control study was conducted during 2012-2015...
  72. Ma Y, Liu T, Wong V. Guillain-Barre syndrome in southern Chinese children: 32 year experience in Hong Kong. Pediatr Int. 2010;52:13-9 pubmed publisher
    ..study was to investigate the clinical pattern of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) in southern Chinese children in Hong Kong and to compare the clinical outcome of early versus delayed intervention with i.v. immunoglobulin (IVIg)...
  73. Terfous A, Chiban S, Ghenaim A. Modeling sediment deposition from marine outfall jets. Environ Technol. 2016;37:1865-74 pubmed publisher
    ..J Hydr Eng. 2008;134(4):390-402], and Lee [Mixing of horizontal sediment laden jets [dissertation]. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong; 2010], chosen from bibliography, are used to validate the model...
  74. Shek D, Ma C. Subjective outcome evaluation findings: factors related to the perceived effectiveness of the tier 2 program of the project P.A.T.H.S. ScientificWorldJournal. 2010;10:250-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Multiple regression analysis revealed that perceived qualities of the program, but not the program workers, predicted perceived effectiveness of the program. The theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed. ..