Summary: A country in located Central Asia, west of China, south of Kazakhstan.

Top Publications

  1. Cockerham W, Hinote B, Abbott P, Haerpfer C. Health lifestyles in central Asia: the case of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Soc Sci Med. 2004;59:1409-21 pubmed
    ..This paper examines health lifestyles in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan in order to fill an important gap in the literature...
  2. Kozukeev T, Ajeilat S, Maes E, Favorov M. Risk factors for brucellosis--Leylek and Kadamjay districts, Batken Oblast, Kyrgyzstan, January-November, 2003. MMWR Suppl. 2006;55:31-4 pubmed
    ..During 1997-2002, the reported incidence of human brucellosis in Kyrgyzstan increased nearly twofold, from 20 to 36 per 100,000 population...
  3. Hinderaker S, Ysykeeva J, Veen J, Enarson D. Serious adverse reactions in a tuberculosis programme setting in Kyrgyzstan. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009;13:1560-2 pubmed
    Serious adverse reactions among new smear-positive patients were studied in a programme setting in Kyrgyzstan. Two per cent of patients on tuberculosis (TB) treatment had to interrupt treatment for > or =1 week, and more than 80% of ..
  4. Flem E, Kasymbekova K, Vainio K, Gentsch J, Abdikarimov S, Glass R, et al. Rotavirus infection in hospitalized children and estimates of disease burden in Kyrgyzstan, 2005-2007. Vaccine. 2009;27 Suppl 5:F35-9 pubmed publisher
    To estimate the rotavirus-associated burden in Kyrgyzstan, we conducted hospital surveillance among children <5 years old with diarrhoea during 2005-2007...
  5. Vandenhove H, Sweeck L, Mallants D, Vanmarcke H, Aitkulov A, Sadyrov O, et al. Assessment of radiation exposure in the uranium mining and milling area of Mailuu Suu, Kyrgyzstan. J Environ Radioact. 2006;88:118-39 pubmed
    The area of the town of Mailuu Suu, Kyrgyzstan, is polluted by radionuclides and heavy metals from tailing dumps and heaps resulting from the historic exploitation of uranium mines...
  6. Lu L, Drobeniuc J, Kobylnikov N, Usmanov R, Robertson B, Favorov M, et al. Complete sequence of a Kyrgyzstan swine hepatitis E virus (HEV) isolated from a piglet thought to be experimentally infected with human HEV. J Med Virol. 2004;74:556-62 pubmed
    ..with a stool suspension from a patient with acute hepatitis during an outbreak of non-A, non-B hepatitis in Kyrgyzstan. Further characterization by sequencing of the complete genome and phylogenetic analysis showed that the piglet ..
  7. Bogoyavlenskiy A, Berezin V, Prilipov A, Usachev E, Lyapina O, Korotetskiy I, et al. Newcastle disease outbreaks in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan during 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, and 2005 were caused by viruses of the genotypes VIIb and VIId. Virus Genes. 2009;39:94-101 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess the evolutionary characteristics of 28 NDV strains isolated from chickens in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan during 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, and 2005, we investigated the phylogenetic relationships among these ..
  8. Hopkinson B, Balabanova D, McKee M, Kutzin J. The human perspective on health care reform: coping with diabetes in Kyrgyzstan. Int J Health Plann Manage. 2004;19:43-61 pubmed
    ..of a pilot study using a rapid appraisal technique to assess the performance of the health care system in Kyrgyzstan, a former Soviet central Asian republic...
  9. Flem E, Latipov R, Nurmatov Z, Xue Y, Kasymbekova K, Rheingans R. Costs of diarrheal disease and the cost-effectiveness of a rotavirus vaccination program in kyrgyzstan. J Infect Dis. 2009;200 Suppl 1:S195-202 pubmed publisher
    We examined the cost-effectiveness of a rotavirus immunization program in Kyrgyzstan, a country eligible for vaccine funding from the GAVI Alliance...

More Information


  1. Biran A, Tabyshalieva A, Salmorbekova Z. Formative research for hygiene promotion in Kyrgyzstan. Health Policy Plan. 2005;20:213-21 pubmed
    Formative research for hygiene promotion was used to gather data relating to hygiene practices in rural Kyrgyzstan. Some of the hand-washing and faeces disposal practices observed were sub-optimal from a public health perspective...
  2. Balta G, Gurgey A, Kudayarov D, Tunc B, Altay C. Evidence for the existence of the PAF acetylhydrolase mutation (Val279Phe) in non-Japanese populations: a preliminary study in Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Kyrgyzstan. Thromb Res. 2001;101:231-4 pubmed
    ..This study describes the distribution of the mutation in Turkey and two other Turkic nations, Kyrgyzstan in central Asia and Azerbaijan bordering the Caspian Sea...
  3. Dayan G, Zimmerman L, Shteinke L, Kasymbekova K, Uzicanin A, Strebel P, et al. Investigation of a rubella outbreak in Kyrgyzstan in 2001: implications for an integrated approach to measles elimination and prevention of congenital rubella syndrome. J Infect Dis. 2003;187 Suppl 1:S235-40 pubmed
    In 1999, the Ministry of Health of Kyrgyzstan adopted the goal of measles elimination. This opportunity was used to launch a rubella and congenital rubella syndrome prevention program...
  4. Kutzin J, Ibraimova A, Jakab M, O Dougherty S. Bismarck meets Beveridge on the Silk Road: coordinating funding sources to create a universal health financing system in Kyrgyzstan. Bull World Health Organ. 2009;87:549-54 pubmed
    ..Ten years of health financing reform in Kyrgyzstan, since the introduction of its compulsory health insurance fund in 1997, provide an excellent example of why it ..
  5. Barnekow Rasmussen V. The European Network of Health Promoting schools--from Iceland to Kyrgyzstan. Promot Educ. 2005;12:169-72 pubmed
  6. Mokrousov I, Valcheva V, Sovhozova N, Aldashev A, Rastogi N, Isakova J. Penitentiary population of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Kyrgyzstan: exceptionally high prevalence of the Beijing genotype and its Russia-specific subtype. Infect Genet Evol. 2009;9:1400-5 pubmed publisher
    Here, we present results of the first study of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotypes circulating in Kyrgyzstan. We focused on the incarcerated population known to be at high-risk for tuberculosis (TB) and with a significant impact on ..
  7. Ziadinov I, Mathis A, Trachsel D, Rysmukhambetova A, Abdyjaparov T, Kuttubaev O, et al. Canine echinococcosis in Kyrgyzstan: using prevalence data adjusted for measurement error to develop transmission dynamics models. Int J Parasitol. 2008;38:1179-90 pubmed publisher
    ..A cross-sectional study of dogs in four villages in rural Kyrgyzstan was undertaken to investigate the epidemiology and transmission of Echinococcus spp...
  8. Aldashev A, Sarybaev A, Sydykov A, Kalmyrzaev B, Kim E, Mamanova L, et al. Characterization of high-altitude pulmonary hypertension in the Kyrgyz: association with angiotensin-converting enzyme genotype. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002;166:1396-402 pubmed
    ..3 +/- 0.9 mm Hg) (p < 0.05). We conclude that HAPH is associated with ACE I/D genotype among Kyrgyz highlanders and the development of HAPH in this population and may be predicted by hyperresponsiveness to acute hypoxia. ..
  9. Igisinov N, Kokteubaeva N, Kudaibergenova I. Epidemiology of breast cancer in females of reproductive age in Kyrgyzstan. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2005;6:37-40 pubmed
    The goal of this research was to study breast cancer morbidity in females of reproductive age in Kyrgyzstan. Information on patients was obtained from the National Center of Oncology under the Ministry of Health and the National ..
  10. Lowell J, Zhansarina A, Yockey B, Meka Mechenko T, Stybayeva G, Atshabar B, et al. Phenotypic and molecular characterizations of Yersinia pestis isolates from Kazakhstan and adjacent regions. Microbiology. 2007;153:169-77 pubmed
    ..Overall, MLVA did not distinguish unique phylogeographical groups of Y. pestis isolates as defined by plague foci and indicated higher genetic diversity among older biovars. ..
  11. Kalmyrzaev B, Aldashev A, Khalmatov M, Polupanov A, Jumagulova A, Mamanova L, et al. Genome-wide scan for premature hypertension supports linkage to chromosome 2 in a large Kyrgyz family. Hypertension. 2006;48:908-13 pubmed
    ..5 cM) and D2S335 (175.9 cM). This finding supports other recent studies of early onset hypertension suggesting that the region 2q24.3 to q31.1 encompasses a novel locus for premature hypertension. ..
  12. Bolotetskiĭ N, Kodolova O. [Genetic aspects of species structure of the compost worm Eisenia foetida (Sav.) (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae)]. Zh Obshch Biol. 2002;63:15-25 pubmed
    ..The second level is formed by local populations, united into spatial groups, that are qualitatively distinguished by the set of alleles in the same loci. ..
  13. Erhola M, Brimkulov N, Chubakov T, Niemi L, Bergman V, Lahdensuo A, et al. Development process of the Practical Approach to Lung Health in Kyrgyzstan. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009;13:540-4 pubmed
    The Practical Approach to Lung Health (PAL) strategy was adopted by the Ministry of Health of Kyrgyzstan to improve the quality of case management of priority respiratory illnesses, including tuberculosis (TB)...
  14. Doak C, Adair L, Bentley M, Monteiro C, Popkin B. The dual burden household and the nutrition transition paradox. Int J Obes (Lond). 2005;29:129-36 pubmed
    ..For this reason, obesity prevention efforts should focus on messages that are beneficial to the good health of all, such as increasing fruit and vegetable intake, improving overall diet quality and increasing physical activity. ..
  15. Young J, Parler P, Bristol B, Klag M. The coming epidemic: hypertension in rural Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia. J Hum Hypertens. 2005;19:145-8 pubmed
    ..we performed a retrospective analysis of data generated during humanitarian medical visits to two villages in Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia. The age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension was 39%...
  16. Torgerson P, Karaeva R, Corkeri N, Abdyjaparov T, Kuttubaev O, Shaikenov B. Human cystic echinococcosis in Kyrgystan: an epidemiological study. Acta Trop. 2003;85:51-61 pubmed
    ..Analysis of the possible risk factors in the cross-sectional study revealed that subjects who had CE were less likely to use well water as their water supply than non-infected subjects. ..
  17. Bogdanowicz W, Rutkowski R, Gabrielyan B, Ryspaev A, Asatryan A, Mkrtchyan J, et al. Fish introductions in the former Soviet Union: The Sevan trout (Salmo ischchan) - 80 years later. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0180605 pubmed publisher
    ..Genetic data imply that the effective population size in the native population is lower than that found in the introduced population, suggesting that some active protection of the Lake Sevan population may be needed urgently. ..
  18. Omoto K, Yonezawa T, Shinkawa T. Molecular systematics and evolution of the recently discovered "Parnassian" butterfly (Parnassius davydovi Churkin, 2006) and its allied species (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Gene. 2009;441:80-8 pubmed publisher
    ..2006. A new species of Parnassius Latreille, 1804, from Kyrgyzstan (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Helios (Moskow) 7,142-158), was determined...
  19. Akmatov M, Mikolajczyk R, Kretzschmar M, Kramer A. Attitudes and beliefs of parents about childhood vaccinations in post-soviet countries: the example of Kyrgyzstan. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009;28:637-40 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined this issue in Kyrgyzstan, a former Soviet Republic in Central Asia...
  20. Gavshin V, Melgunov M, Sukhorukov F, Bobrov V, Kalugin I, Klerkx J. Disequilibrium between uranium and its progeny in the Lake Issyk-Kul system (Kyrgyzstan) under a combined effect of natural and manmade processes. J Environ Radioact. 2005;83:61-74 pubmed
    The Kadji-Sai abandoned field of U-bearing brown coal on the southern coast of Lake Issyk-Kul (Kyrgyzstan) poses a threat of radioactive pollution to the world's fifth deepest and second largest pristine highland lake...
  21. Street A, Haycock J. The economic consequences of reorganizing hospital services in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Health Econ. 1999;8:53-64 pubmed
    b>Kyrgyzstan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 and has since been thrown into severe financial crisis...
  22. Pirnazarova G. Nursing formation in Kyrgyzstan. Colo Nurse. 2006;106:21 pubmed
  23. Neyfakh E, Alimbekova A, Ivanenko G. Radiation-induced lipoperoxidative stress in children coupled with deficit of essential antioxidants. Biochemistry (Mosc). 1998;63:977-87 pubmed
    ..The data suggest that these disorders resulted from free-radical chain-branched LPC reactions caused by chronic exposure to low doses of strongly ionizing radiation under conditions of BAO deficiency. ..
  24. Hardison C, Fonken P, Chew T, Smith B. The emergence of family medicine in Kyrgyzstan. Fam Med. 2007;39:627-33 pubmed
    In post-Soviet Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan has emerged as the leader in family medicine reform...
  25. Gürelli G, Canbulat S, Aldayarov N, Dehority B. Rumen ciliate protozoa of domestic sheep (Ovis aries) and goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) in Kyrgyzstan. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2016;363: pubmed publisher
    ..ciliate protozoa were investigated in the rumen contents of 14 domestic sheep and 1 goat living in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. This is the first report on rumen ciliates from ruminants living in Kyrgyzstan...
  26. Penkala Gawęcka D. Risky encounters with doctors? Medical diversity and health-related strategies of the inhabitants of Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Anthropol Med. 2016;23:135-54 pubmed publisher
    ..the way in which contacts with doctors are commonly perceived by the inhabitants of Bishkek, the capital city of Kyrgyzstan. The author's research conducted between 2011 and 2013 revealed that most people were extremely critical of ..
  27. Zhang M, Zeng X, Sanderson S, Byalt V, Sukhorukov A. Insight into Central Asian flora from the Cenozoic Tianshan montane origin and radiation of Lagochilus (Lamiaceae). PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0178389 pubmed publisher
    ..23.66~19.33 Ma, as well as with uplift of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) and Central Asian aridification. ..
  28. Schüth T, Jamangulova T, Janikeeva S, Tologonov T. Power from below: enabling communities to ensure the provision of iodated salt in Kyrgyzstan. Food Nutr Bull. 2005;26:366-75 pubmed
    In Kyrgyzstan, as in many countries around the world, progress in universal salt iodization has been slow because of difficulties in enforcing existing national regulations.
  29. Hamby D, Tynybekov A. Uranium, thorium, and potassium in soils along the shore of Lake Issyk-Kyol in the Kyrghyz Republic. Environ Monit Assess. 2002;73:101-8 pubmed
    ..This paper presents the results of an investigation of soil concentrations along the shoreline of Lake Issyk-Kyol relative to previously discovered areas of high exposure rate. ..
  30. Kharadov A. [Morphological variablility in the chigger mite species Neotrombicula sympatrica (Acariformes: Trombiculidae) from Kyrgyzstan]. Parazitologiia. 2002;36:379-89 pubmed
    ..In N. monticola, the aberrations of humeral setae were dominant (71.6%) (Kharadov, Chirov, 2001), while in N. sympatrica, the aberrations of other structures were prevalent: genualae I (24.8%), AM (20.9%) and sternal setae (20.4%)...
  31. Perrot A, Schmidt Traub H, Hoffmann B, Prager M, Bit Avragim N, Rudenko R, et al. Prevalence of cardiac beta-myosin heavy chain gene mutations in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J Mol Med (Berl). 2005;83:468-77 pubmed
    ..evaluated a large group of 147 consecutive HCM patients from three cardiology centers in Germany, Poland, and Kyrgyzstan according to the same protocol...
  32. Sarybaev A, Palasiewicz G, Usupbaeva D, Plywaczewski R, Maripov A, Sydykov A, et al. Effects of intermittent exposure to high altitude on pulmonary hemodynamics: a prospective study. High Alt Med Biol. 2003;4:455-63 pubmed
    ..5, and 29 +/- 2.5 mmHg at the beginning and at 1 and after 2 yr of intermittent exposure to high altitude. We concluded that intermittent exposure to 4000 m lasting 3 yr does not lead to development of permanent pulmonary hypertension. ..
  33. Livshits G, Yakovenko K, Ginsburg E, Kobyliansky E. Genetics of human body size and shape: pleiotropic and independent genetic determinants of adiposity. Ann Hum Biol. 1998;25:221-36 pubmed
    ..The similarity of results in the three different samples indicates that the findings may be deemed valid and reliable descriptions of the genetic variation and covariation pattern of adiposity traits in the human species. ..
  34. Auvenshine R. Dentistry in the Soviet Union. Tex Dent J. 2002;119:1088-9 pubmed
  35. Arai Y, Kuzmin I, Kameoka Y, Botvinkin A. New lyssavirus genotype from the Lesser Mouse-eared Bat (Myotis blythi), Kyrghyzstan. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003;9:333-7 pubmed
    ..Based on these data, we propose a new genotype for the Lyssavirus genus. ..
  36. Malakmadze N, Zimmerman L, Uzicanin A, Shteinke L, Caceres V, Kasymbekova K, et al. Development of a rubella vaccination strategy: contribution of a rubella susceptibility study of women of childbearing age in Kyrgyzstan, 2001. Clin Infect Dis. 2004;38:1780-3 pubmed
    ..After considering all available information, we suggested vaccination of women aged <35 years and selective vaccination of older women who were planning pregnancy. ..
  37. Igisinov N. Ethnic and age variation of cancer of the reproductive system in women of Kyrgyzstan. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2004;5:217-22 pubmed
    ..of cancer of the female reproductive system (cancers of the breast, cervix uteri, corpus uteri and ovaries) in Kyrgyzstan. A retrospective approach was adopted covering the period from 1995 to 2002 with descriptive and analytical ..
  38. Kucher A, Soltobaeva Z. [Genetic demographic structure of rural populations of Kyrgyzstan]. Genetika. 2004;40:1540-8 pubmed
    The genetic demographic parameters of rural populations of Kyrgyzstan have been studied...
  39. Ottomann C, Kleinschmidt A, Gohlke G, Biedermann I, Hartmann B. Development and restructuring of a burn centre in an emerging nation, based on the example of Kyrgyzstan. Burns. 2009;35:437-42 pubmed publisher
    To implement and review a four-tier plan to develop a burn centre in an emerging nation (Kyrgyzstan)...
  40. Iriskulbekov E, Balybaeva A. First HIV legal precedent in Kyrgyzstan: breach of medical privacy. HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev. 2007;12:70-1 pubmed
    A recent court case of a breach of the privacy rights of a person living with HIV/AIDS in Kyrgyzstan is the first of its kind in Central Asia, write Erik Iriskulbekov and Asylgul Balybaeva...
  41. Makeshova A, Levina A, Mamukova I, Raimzhanov A. [Characteristics of erythropoiesis regulation in population living at high altitude]. Ter Arkh. 2004;76:95-7 pubmed
    ..Under hypoxic hypoxia regulation of erythropoiesis is directed to prevention of tissue hypoxia. ..
  42. Rabstein S, Unfried K, Ranft U, Illig T, Kolz M, Rihs H, et al. Variation of the N-acetyltransferase 2 gene in a Romanian and a Kyrgyz population. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006;15:138-41 pubmed
    ..2% versus 51.4% in Romanians). We found pronounced ethnic differences in NAT2 genotypes with yet unknown effect on the health risks for environmental or occupational exposures in minority populations. ..
  43. Brimkulov N, Ottmani S, Pio A, Chubakov T, Sultanova A, Davletalieva N, et al. Feasibility test results of the Practical Approach to Lung Health in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009;13:533-9 pubmed
    Ambulatory health centres in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. To assess the results of training family doctors in Practical Approach to Lung Health (PAL) techniques...
  44. d Hombres B, Rocco L, Suhrcke M, McKee M. Does social capital determine health? Evidence from eight transition countries. Health Econ. 2010;19:56-74 pubmed publisher
    ..On the other hand, the effect of being a member of a Putnamesque organisation is more ambiguous and usually not significantly related to health. ..
  45. Parfitt T. Drugs and demons. Lancet. 2004;364:403-4 pubmed
  46. Stone R. Radiation hazards. Kyrgyzstan's race to stabilize buried ponds of uranium waste. Science. 2005;307:198-200 pubmed
  47. Minenkov G, Nasyrov V, Islamov I, Solodchenko N, Skorobogatova O. [The modern possibilities for the application of multispiral computed tomography in diagnostics of paranasal sinuses mycetomas]. Vestn Otorinolaringol. 2017;82:22-24 pubmed publisher
  48. Przybyłowski T, Ashirbaev A, Le Roux J, Zielinski J. [Sleep and breathing at altitude of 3800 m--the acclimatization effect]. Pneumonol Alergol Pol. 2003;71:213-20 pubmed
    ..Sleep at altitude is characterized by reduction of REM sleep, which improves after a week of acclimatization. There are great individual variations in duration of periodic breathing; in some subjects an increase in PB can be seen. ..
  49. O Brien V, Djusipov K, Kudaibergonova T. Public health challenges in Kyrgyzstan: developing a new curriculum. Rural Remote Health. 2005;5:461 pubmed
    The public health challenges facing the Central Asian Republic of Kyrgyzstan are rooted in the social, economic and political conditions that emerged after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991...
  50. Hinote B, Cockerham W, Abbott P. Psychological distress and dietary patterns in eight post-Soviet republics. Appetite. 2009;53:24-33 pubmed publisher
    ..The general and practical significance of these findings is also discussed, along with suggested directions for future research and potential dietary intervention strategies. ..
  51. Muratalieva E, Mamatov S, Nartaeva A, Kononets I. [Functional changes in hematopoiesis in healthy subjects during adaptation to a high altitude hypoxia]. Ross Fiziol Zh Im I M Sechenova. 2003;89:37-42 pubmed
    ..The data obtained support the data of the myelograms demonstrating an improvement of differentiation of white hematopoiesis. ..
  52. Averianov A, Martin T, Evans S, Bakirov A. First jurassic choristodera from Asia. Naturwissenschaften. 2006;93:46-50 pubmed
    ..from the Middle Jurassic Balabansai Svita of the Fergana Valley, Kyrgyzstan. This provides a significant range extension for the group in Asia and shows that choristoderes already had a ..
  53. Dolotkeldieva T, Totubaeva N. Biodiversity of Streptomyces of high-mountainous ecosystems of Kyrgyzstan and its biotechnological potential. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2006;89:325-8 pubmed
    ..Their antibiotic and growth-stimulating effect and a great opportunity of use in biotechnological process have been determined. ..