Summary: A republic in the north of South America, east of VENEZUELA and west of SURINAME. Its capital is Georgetown.

Top Publications

  1. Best Plummer W, Pinto Pereira L, Carrington C. Pfcrt and pfmdr1 alleles associated with chloroquine resistance in Plasmodium falciparum from Guyana, South America. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2004;99:389-92 pubmed
    ..for the population marker of chloroquine resistance (CQR) pfcrt K76T in Plasmodium falciparum infections from Guyana. Pfmdr1 mutations S1034C, N1042D, and D1246Y also associated with CQR were surveyed as well in 15 isolates for ..
  2. Ditchfield A. The comparative phylogeography of neotropical mammals: patterns of intraspecific mitochondrial DNA variation among bats contrasted to nonvolant small mammals. Mol Ecol. 2000;9:1307-18 pubmed
    ..The tissue samples were collected in coastal Brazil, and were available from Mexico and the Guyana. The study concentrates on four species (Artibeus lituratus, Carollia perspicillata, Sturnira lilium and ..
  3. Rull V. Is the "Lost World" really lost? Palaeoecological insights into the origin of the peculiar flora of the Guayana Highlands. Naturwissenschaften. 2004;91:139-42 pubmed
    ..e. the summits of sandstone tableaux ( tepuis) in the Neotropical Guyana region of Venezuela, has generated a debate regarding the factors that are thought to account for modern ..
  4. Klausmeyer P, Chmurny G, McCloud T, Tucker K, Shoemaker R. A novel antimicrobial indolizinium alkaloid from Aniba panurensis. J Nat Prod. 2004;67:1732-5 pubmed
    ..Its structure was determined by NMR and mass spectrometry. Bioassays performed in vitro demonstrated toxicity of compound 1 to a drug-resistant strain of Candida albicans. ..
  5. Rull V, Vegas T, Nogué S, Montoya E. Bureaucratic obstruction of conservation science in the Guayana Highlands. Conserv Biol. 2008;22:508-9 pubmed publisher
  6. Macron Noguès F, Vernay M, Ekong E, Thiard B, Salanave B, Fender P, et al. The prevalence of ESRD treated with renal dialysis in France in 2003. Am J Kidney Dis. 2005;46:309-15 pubmed
    ..This study constitutes the first comprehensive inventory of dialysis therapy in France, where the prevalence of ESRD is among the highest in the world. ..
  7. Liverpool J, Francis S, Liverpool C, Dean G, Mendez D. Leptospirosis: case reports of an outbreak in Guyana. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2008;102:239-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Following torrential rains and flooding in January-February 2005, an outbreak of leptospirosis was suspected in Guyana, South America...
  8. Noonan B, Gaucher P. Phylogeography and demography of Guianan harlequin toads (Atelopus): diversification within a refuge. Mol Ecol. 2005;14:3017-31 pubmed
    ..Instead, we provide evidence that climatic fluctuations during this time had a diversifying effect within the Guianan region. ..
  9. Martini T, Grusec J, Bernardini S. Perceptions of help given to healthy older mothers by adult daughters: ways of initiating help and types of help given. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2003;57:237-57 pubmed
    ..Overall, daughters demonstrated a good understanding of mothers' feelings about the helping relationship. ..

More Information


  1. Prakash Chaturvedula V, Schilling J, Johnson R, Kingston D. New cytotoxic lupane triterpenoids from the twigs of Coussarea paniculata. J Nat Prod. 2003;66:419-22 pubmed
  2. Kyle R, Shampo M. George R. Minot--Nobel Prize for the treatment of pernicious anemia. Mayo Clin Proc. 2002;77:1150 pubmed
  3. Hewitt G, Draper A, Ismail S, Patterson S. Improving food provision in a Guyanese home for the elderly: a participatory approach. Public Health Nutr. 2007;10:552-8 pubmed
    ..A residential home for senior citizens in Guyana. Meals at the home were nutritionally inadequate and deeply unpopular with the residents...
  4. Christian D. A citation to Kenrick Orrin Evan Barrow. West Indian Med J. 2005;54:157-8 pubmed
  5. Menner N, Günther I, Orawa H, Roth A, Rambajan I, Wagner J, et al. High frequency of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Georgetown, Guyana. Trop Med Int Health. 2005;10:1215-8 pubmed
    ..This study aimed at acquiring first epidemiological data for Guyana. Thirty-six M...
  6. Largent D, Henkel T, Aime M, Baroni T. The Entolomataceae of the Pakaraima mountains of Guyana I: four new species of Entoloma s. str. Mycologia. 2008;100:132-40 pubmed
    This paper constitutes the first documented accounts of Entolomataceae taxa (Agaricales, Basidiomycota) from Guyana. Entoloma olivaceocoloratum, Entoloma rugosostriatum, Entoloma fragilum and Entoloma illinita are described as new species ..
  7. Mantini L. Human trafficking of Amerindian women in Guyana: challenges and strategies. Int Nurs Rev. 2008;55:341-8 pubmed publisher
    ..humanitarian teams gain permission to provide health care and health education in Amerindian villages in Guyana. Ensuring that international health teams are informed about current Amerindian issues is vital to mission success...
  8. Coiffier T, Roger G, Beust L, Quinet B, Adam D, Dupont B, et al. Pharyngo-laryngeal histoplasmosis: one case in an immunocompetent child. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1998;45:177-81 pubmed
    ..disseminated pharyngo-laryngeal histoplasmosis with systemic spread in a 10-year-old, immunocompetent child from Guyana. The main signs were a marked deterioration in his general condition, hepato-splenomegaly, multiple ..
  9. Fusai T. [Vector-borne diseases in Guyana and their potential risks for military personnel]. Med Trop (Mars). 2005;65:382 pubmed
  10. Alexander H, Breden F. Sexual isolation and extreme morphological divergence in the Cumana guppy: a possible case of incipient speciation. J Evol Biol. 2004;17:1238-54 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that divergent sexual selection has contributed to differentiation of the Cumana guppy, and this may be the first example of incipient speciation in the guppy...
  11. Flower C, Gaskin D, Marquez S. A case of recurrent rash and leg numbness mimicking systemic rheumatic disease: the occurrence of leprosy in a nonendemic area. J Clin Rheumatol. 2007;13:143-5 pubmed
    ..It is a reminder that this underappreciated disease should still be considered in the differential diagnosis of skin rash and neuropathy, even in nonendemic regions. ..
  12. Henkel T. Parakari, an indigenous fermented beverage using amylolytic Rhizopus in Guyana. Mycologia. 2005;97:1-11 pubmed
    The alcoholic beverage parakari is a product of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) fermentation by Amerindians of Guyana. While fermented beverage production is nearly universal among indigenous Amazonians, parakari is unique among New ..
  13. Dubey J, Applewhaite L, Sundar N, Velmurugan G, Bandini L, Kwok O, et al. Molecular and biological characterization of Toxoplasma gondii isolates from free-range chickens from Guyana, South America, identified several unique and common parasite genotypes. Parasitology. 2007;134:1559-65 pubmed
    ..The prevalence of T. gondii in 76 free-range chickens from Guyana, South America was determined. Antibodies to T...
  14. Lindo J, Validum L, Ager A, Campa A, Cuadrado R, Cummings R, et al. Intestinal parasites among young children in the interior of Guyana. West Indian Med J. 2002;51:25-7 pubmed
    ..of the problem in the Caribbean, including the implementation of control programmes, this has not been done for Guyana. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites among young children in a town ..
  15. Lammie P, Milner T, Houston R. Unfulfilled potential: using diethylcarbamazine-fortified salt to eliminate lymphatic filariasis. Bull World Health Organ. 2007;85:545-9 pubmed
    ..We discuss the reasons for this and suggest settings in which the use of DEC-fortified salt should be considered. ..
  16. Katz K, Walmsley S, McLeod A, Keystone J, Detsky A. Clinical problem-solving. Where are you from?. N Engl J Med. 2002;346:764-7 pubmed
  17. Glenn M. Visit to Guyana inspires how-to guide for dentists in remote regions. N Y State Dent J. 2003;69:20-1 pubmed
  18. Scolnik D, Aronson L, Lovinsky R, Toledano K, Glazier R, Eisenstadt J, et al. Efficacy of a targeted, oral penicillin-based yaws control program among children living in rural South America. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;36:1232-8 pubmed
    Yaws is endemic in rural Guyana. An observational study was conducted to determine the efficacy of oral penicillin V therapy in treating skin lesions of yaws in children...
  19. Kyle R, Shampo M. Peter Medawar--discoverer of immunologic tolerance. Mayo Clin Proc. 2003;78:401, 403 pubmed
  20. Launay J, Besnard Y, Sendowski I, Guinet A, Hanniquet A, Savourey G. Anthropological and thermoregulatory changes induced by a survival sojourn in a tropical climate. Wilderness Environ Med. 2002;13:5-11 pubmed
    ..8 m x s(-1)) for 120 minutes in thermoclimatic chambers both before and after a 4-week survival sojourn in French Guyana. The survival sojourn resulted in a decrease in lean body mass (P < ...
  21. Flandrois M, El Hachem C, Amiour M, Ribault V, Harchaoui S, Mellah D, et al. [A furoncular ankle cellulitis in a teenager with a difference: Dermatobia hominis]. Arch Pediatr. 2009;16 Suppl 2:S127-8 pubmed publisher
    We report a case of botfly myiasis presenting as an ankle cellulitis in a teenager returning from Guyana. Main clinical features and therapeutic approaches are described.
  22. Seymour R, Matthews P. The role of thermogenesis in the pollination biology of the Amazon waterlily Victoria amazonica. Ann Bot. 2006;98:1129-35 pubmed
    ..Floral heating is therefore hypothesized to be a direct energy reward to endothermic beetles, in addition to its accepted role in enhancing scent production...
  23. Alabdul Magid A, Voutquenne L, Harakat D, Pouny I, Caron C, Moretti C, et al. Triterpenoid saponins from the fruits of Caryocar villosum. J Nat Prod. 2006;69:919-26 pubmed
  24. Wilson W, Milner J, Bulkan J, Ehlers P. Weaning practices of the Makushi of Guyana and their relationship to infant and child mortality: a preliminary assessment of international recommendations. Am J Hum Biol. 2006;18:312-24 pubmed
    ..was assessed via recall data generated in 2001 in structured interviews with 60 Makushi Amerindian women in Guyana's North Rupununi region. The data were analyzed with t-tests, Fisher's exact test, and logistic regression...
  25. Neiss U, Marmels J. <i>Gynacantha</i> <i>dryadula</i> sp. nov. from the Guiana Shield (Odonata, Anisoptera: Aeshnidae). Zootaxa. 2017;4254:563-574 pubmed publisher
    ..The larva, besides of its small size (28-31 mm), has an epiproct with well-developed and slightly diverging apical spines and an unusually long paraproct. ..
  26. Dillon J, Li H, Sealy J, Ruben M, Prabhakar P. Antimicrobial susceptibility of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from three Caribbean countries: Trinidad, Guyana, and St. Vincent. Sex Transm Dis. 2001;28:508-14 pubmed
    ..To determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of N gonorrhoeae isolates from Trinidad (144 isolates), Guyana (70 isolates), and St...
  27. Boni M, Davoust B, Tissot Dupont H, Raoult D. Survey of seroprevalence of Q fever in dogs in the southeast of France, French Guyana, Martinique, Senegal and the Ivory Coast. Vet Microbiol. 1998;64:1-5 pubmed
    A serological survey was carried out on 429 dogs belonging to the French military in France, French Guyana, Martinique, Senegal and the Ivory Coast...
  28. Wake M, Donnelly M. A new lungless caecilian (Amphibia: Gymnophiona) from Guyana. Proc Biol Sci. 2010;277:915-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Aspects of its skull and visceral morphology are described and considered in terms of the possible life history and evolution of the species, and compared with those of other lungless amphibians. ..
  29. Mayor J, Henkel T. Do ectomycorrhizas alter leaf-litter decomposition in monodominant tropical forests of Guyana?. New Phytol. 2006;169:579-88 pubmed
    ..EM) of Dicymbe corymbosa alter leaf-litter decomposition and residual litter quality in tropical forests of Guyana. Mass loss of leaf litter in litter bags was determined on three occasions, in two experiments, during a 12-month ..
  30. Phillips O, Vásquez Martínez R, Arroyo L, Baker T, Killeen T, Lewis S, et al. Increasing dominance of large lianas in Amazonian forests. Nature. 2002;418:770-4 pubmed
    ..Predictions of future tropical carbon fluxes will need to account for the changing composition and dynamics of supposedly undisturbed forests. ..
  31. Lakhan V, Lavalle P. Use of loglinear models to assess factors influencing concern for the natural environment. Environ Manage. 2002;30:77-87 pubmed
    ..A field study in Guyana conducted face-to-face interviews with 1600 citizens...
  32. Persaud S. Health-promoting behaviors of English-speaking Caribbean women in the United States. J Natl Black Nurses Assoc. 2007;18:35-42 pubmed
    ..Further research is needed to continue to investigate the processes behind the likelihood of participation in health-promotion behavior. ..
  33. Palmer S. ["The demon that turned into worms": the translation of public health in the British Caribbean, 1914-1920]. Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos. 2006;13:571-89 pubmed
    ..One term in particular "The Demon that Turned into Worms" is focused on to show how these efforts at medical translation may have legitimized and promoted medical pluralism. ..
  34. Silverman M, Aronson L, Eccles M, Eisenstat J, Gottesman M, Rowsell R, et al. Leptospirosis in febrile men ingesting Agouti paca in South America. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2004;98:851-9 pubmed
    To explore the relationship between the ingestion of Agouti paca (AP) and human leptospirosis in Guyana, 19 febrile men who said they had hunted and eaten A...
  35. McPherson T, Persaud S, Singh S, Fay M, Addiss D, Nutman T, et al. Interdigital lesions and frequency of acute dermatolymphangioadenitis in lymphoedema in a filariasis-endemic area. Br J Dermatol. 2006;154:933-41 pubmed
    ..IDL in 73 patients with filarial lymphoedema were compared with 74 individuals without lymphoedema in a region of Guyana highly endemic for Wuchereria bancrofti...
  36. Bosworth T, Haloburdo E, Hetrick C, Patchett K, Thompson M, Welch M. International partnerships to promote quality care: faculty groundwork, student projects, and outcomes. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2006;37:32-8 pubmed
    ..experience and projects resulting from a partnership with a nursing program in the developing country of Guyana. In addition, the outcomes from undergraduate nursing international learning experiences for students and ..
  37. Shelley A, Hernandez L, Davies J. Blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Southern Guyana with keys for the identification of adults and pupae--a review. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2004;99:443-70 pubmed
    A revision is made of the previously poorly studied blackfly fauna from the south-western border of Guyana with Brazil...
  38. Wang J, Pazianas M, Fraser W, Harris F, Eastwood J. Acute renal failure and hypercalcaemia in a man from Guyana: what is the link?. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2005;20:1505-8 pubmed
  39. Pons T, Perreijn K, van Kessel C, Werger M. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation in a tropical rainforest: 15N natural abundance measurements supported by experimental isotopic enrichment. New Phytol. 2007;173:154-67 pubmed
    Leguminous trees are very common in the tropical rainforests of Guyana. Here, species-specific differences in N(2) fixation capability among nodulating legumes growing on different soils and a possible limitation of N(2) fixation by a ..
  40. Dronen N, Kinsella J. A new cyclocoelid (Digenea) genus from the grey-winged trumpeter, Psophia crepitans (Aves: Gruiformes: Psophiidae), from Guyana. J Parasitol. 2009;95:175-7 pubmed publisher
    ..collected from the air sacs of a common or grey-winged trumpeter, Psophia crepitans (Gruiformes: Psophiidae), from Guyana on 19 January 2001...
  41. Inamo J, Lang T, Atallah A, Inamo A, Larabi L, Chatellier G, et al. Prevalence and therapeutic control of hypertension in French Caribbean regions. J Hypertens. 2005;23:1341-6 pubmed
    ..A random sample of 6136 workers referred for annual check-up from Martinique, French Guyana and Guadeloupe. An average of three consecutive measurements was taken as the blood pressure (BP) level...
  42. Rawlins S, Tiwari T, Chadee D, Validum L, Alexander H, Nazeer R, et al. American cutaneous leishmaniasis in Guyana, South America. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2001;95:245-51 pubmed
    The 185 patients who presented at the dermatology clinic of Georgetown Public Hospital, Guyana, between 1992 and 1998, with skin ulcers indicative of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) were retrospectively reviewed...
  43. Dangour A. Growth of upper- and lower-body segments in Patamona and Wapishana Amerindian children (cross-sectional data). Ann Hum Biol. 2001;28:649-63 pubmed
    ..This paper provides baseline data on the growth of Amerindian populations that are currently facing unprecedented changes in their economic and environmental circumstances. ..
  44. Kurup R, Anderson A, Boston C, Burns L, George M, Frank M. A study on blood product usage and wastage at the public hospital, Guyana. BMC Res Notes. 2016;9:307 pubmed publisher
    ..analyzes the usage and wastage of blood and blood products at the Georgetown Public Hospital Cooperation (GPHC), Guyana. A retrospective study was conducted on the data retrieved from laboratory blood banking information system on ..
  45. Hosler A, Solanki M, Savadatti S. Assessing Needs and Feasibility of Diabetes Self-management Coaching at Faith-Based Organizations for Indo-Guyanese Immigrants. Diabetes Educ. 2015;41:320-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This study sheds light on the feasibility of an FBO-based DSM intervention for the Indo-Guyanese. It offers insights into developing culturally appropriate DSM intervention format and strategy. ..
  46. Marinho M, Camelier P, Birindelli J. Redescription of Astyanax guianensis Eigenmann 1909 (Characiformes: Characidae), a poorly known and widespread fish from the Amazon, Orinoco and Guiana Shield drainages. Zootaxa. 2015;3931:568-78 pubmed publisher
    ..guianensis is redescribed based on the holotype, paratypes, and additional specimens from the rio Essequibo in Guyana, rio Orinoco in Venezuela and from several localities in the Amazon river basin in Brazil, Colombia and Bolivia...
  47. WHARTON L. Leprosy survey of school children in British Guiana. Lepr Rev. 1947;18:30-3 pubmed
  48. Denion E, Dalens P, Gerard M. [A case report of presumed peninsula pupil in Guyana]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2005;28:1150-1 pubmed
  49. Elias M, Penet L, Vindry P, McKey D, Panaud O, Robert T. Unmanaged sexual reproduction and the dynamics of genetic diversity of a vegetatively propagated crop plant, cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz), in a traditional farming system. Mol Ecol. 2001;10:1895-907 pubmed
    ..of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz), a vegetatively propagated crop, in a traditional farming system in Guyana. A previous field study showed that farmers incorporate such plants into the germplasm for vegetative propagation, ..
  50. Funk V, Richardson K. Systematic data in biodiversity studies: use it or lose it. Syst Biol. 2002;51:303-16 pubmed species distribution are examined using 25,111 records representing 5,123 species of plants and animals from Guyana; some methods use the reduced number of 320 species...
  51. Carles G, Lochet S, Youssef M, El Guindi W, Helou G, Alassas N, et al. [Syphilis and pregnancy]. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2008;37:353-7 pubmed
    ..1 June 1992 to 31 December 2004, involved 85 seropositive pregnant women at the West Guyanese hospital in French Guyana. Inclusion criterias were a positive treponemal pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA) with a titre greater or ..
  52. MacCulloch R, Lathrop A. A new species of Dipsas (Squamata: Colubridae) from Guyana. Rev Biol Trop. 2004;52:239-47 pubmed
    A new species of Dipsas is described from the Pakaraima Mountains of Guyana. The new species is characterised by 15 dorsal scale rows with the middorsal row slightly enlarged...
  53. Dalziell R. "Botanical autobiography and vegetable wonders": Richard Schomburgk's botanical reminiscences of British Guiana. Aust Cult Hist. 2002;21:69-78 pubmed