chile

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Fifty-year study of lung and bladder cancer mortality in Chile related to arsenic in drinking water
    Guillermo Marshall
    Departamento de Salud Publica, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:920-8. 2007
  2. ncbi Acute myocardial infarction mortality in comparison with lung and bladder cancer mortality in arsenic-exposed region II of Chile from 1950 to 2000
    Yan Yuan
    Arsenic Health Effects Research Program, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1381-91. 2007
  3. ncbi Treating depression in primary care in low-income women in Santiago, Chile: a randomised controlled trial
    Ricardo Araya
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Lancet 361:995-1000. 2003
  4. pmc Vulnerability to heat-related mortality in Latin America: a case-crossover study in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Santiago, Chile and Mexico City, Mexico
    Michelle L Bell
    EnvironmentalHealth, Yale University, New Haven, CT06511, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:796-804. 2008
  5. ncbi [Gender inequity in the access to health care in Chile]
    Jeanette Vega
    Instituto de Epidemiología y Políticas de Salud Pública, Universidad del Desarrollo
    Rev Med Chil 131:669-78. 2003
  6. ncbi Etiology of community-acquired pneumonia in hospitalized patients in chile: the increasing prevalence of respiratory viruses among classic pathogens
    Alejandro Diaz
    Departamento de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Chest 131:779-87. 2007
  7. ncbi [Inequality of health care for the elderly in Chile]
    Francisco Mardones
    Departamento de Salud Publica, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
    Rev Med Chil 132:865-72. 2004
  8. pmc Epidemiology of Vibrio parahaemolyticus outbreaks, southern Chile
    Erika Harth
    Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:163-8. 2009
  9. ncbi Subgingival microbial profiles in chronic periodontitis patients from Chile, Colombia and Spain
    David Herrera
    ETEP Research Group, Faculty of Dentistry, University Complutense, Madrid, Spain
    J Clin Periodontol 35:106-13. 2008
  10. ncbi [Information for health equity in Chile]
    Oscar Arteaga
    Escuela de Salud Pública de la Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 11:374-85. 2002

Research Grants

  1. HANTAVIRUS ECOLOGY AND DISEASE IN CHILE
    Gregory Mertz; Fiscal Year: 2004
  2. ACIDOCALCISOMES IN TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI
    Roberto Docampo; Fiscal Year: 2002
  3. ACIDOCALCISOMES IN TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI
    Roberto Docampo; Fiscal Year: 2003
  4. International Workshops on Iron and Copper Homeostasis
    Michael Garrick; Fiscal Year: 2004
  5. Health Conditions among Elderly in Latin America
    Rebeca Wong; Fiscal Year: 2007
  6. Health Conditions among Elderly in Latin America
    Alberto Palloni; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications338 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Fifty-year study of lung and bladder cancer mortality in Chile related to arsenic in drinking water
    Guillermo Marshall
    Departamento de Salud Publica, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:920-8. 2007
    Region II of Chile (the second most northerly administrative region) experienced dramatic increases in average arsenic water concentrations beginning in 1958, followed by marked declines in the 1970s when water treatment plants were ..
  2. ncbi Acute myocardial infarction mortality in comparison with lung and bladder cancer mortality in arsenic-exposed region II of Chile from 1950 to 2000
    Yan Yuan
    Arsenic Health Effects Research Program, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1381-91. 2007
    ..The authors investigated mortality from 1950 to 2000 in the arsenic-exposed region II of Chile (population: 477,000 in 2000) in comparison with the unexposed region V...
  3. ncbi Treating depression in primary care in low-income women in Santiago, Chile: a randomised controlled trial
    Ricardo Araya
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Lancet 361:995-1000. 2003
    ..We aimed to compare the effectiveness of a stepped-care programme with usual care in primary-care management of depression in low-income women in Santiago, Chile.
  4. pmc Vulnerability to heat-related mortality in Latin America: a case-crossover study in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Santiago, Chile and Mexico City, Mexico
    Michelle L Bell
    EnvironmentalHealth, Yale University, New Haven, CT06511, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:796-804. 2008
    ..Factors affecting vulnerability to heat-related mortality are not well understood. Identifying susceptible populations is of particular importance given anticipated rising temperatures from climatic change...
  5. ncbi [Gender inequity in the access to health care in Chile]
    Jeanette Vega
    Instituto de Epidemiología y Políticas de Salud Pública, Universidad del Desarrollo
    Rev Med Chil 131:669-78. 2003
    In the last two decades, Chile has experienced advances in economical development and global health indicators. However, gender inequities persist in particular related to access to health services and financing of health insurance.
  6. ncbi Etiology of community-acquired pneumonia in hospitalized patients in chile: the increasing prevalence of respiratory viruses among classic pathogens
    Alejandro Diaz
    Departamento de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Chest 131:779-87. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the microbial etiology of CAP in adults and to identify the risk factors for various specific pathogens...
  7. ncbi [Inequality of health care for the elderly in Chile]
    Francisco Mardones
    Departamento de Salud Publica, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
    Rev Med Chil 132:865-72. 2004
    Health problems of the elderly are important in Chile. The proportion of elderly subjects will increase in the next few years due to expected demographic changes...
  8. pmc Epidemiology of Vibrio parahaemolyticus outbreaks, southern Chile
    Erika Harth
    Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:163-8. 2009
    Disease outbreaks caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Puerto Montt, Chile, began in 2004 and reached a peak in 2005 at 3,600 clinical cases. Until 2006, every analyzed case was caused by the serovar O3:K6 pandemic strain...
  9. ncbi Subgingival microbial profiles in chronic periodontitis patients from Chile, Colombia and Spain
    David Herrera
    ETEP Research Group, Faculty of Dentistry, University Complutense, Madrid, Spain
    J Clin Periodontol 35:106-13. 2008
    To investigate the subgingival microbiota of distinct periodontitis patient populations, in Chile, Colombia and Spain, using identical clinical and bacteriological methods.
  10. ncbi [Information for health equity in Chile]
    Oscar Arteaga
    Escuela de Salud Pública de la Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 11:374-85. 2002
    To estimate the magnitude of geographical health inequalities in Chile through key indicators based on data and information that are routinely collected and easily obtained, and to characterize the current situation with respect to the ..
  11. pmc Increased childhood liver cancer mortality and arsenic in drinking water in northern Chile
    Jane Liaw
    Arsenic Health Effects Research Program, School of Public Health, University of California, 140 Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:1982-7. 2008
    ..Some evidence for these effects originated from region II of Chile, which had a period of elevated arsenic levels in drinking water, in particular from 1958 to 1970...
  12. doi Comparative phylogeography of codistributed species of Chilean Liolaemus (Squamata: Tropiduridae) from the central-southern Andean range
    Pedro F Victoriano
    Departamento de Zoologia, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Oceanográficas, C I E P Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160 C, Concepcion, Chile
    Mol Ecol 17:2397-416. 2008
    ..partially overlapping geographical ranges of lizards of the genus Liolaemus from the Andean Range in south-central Chile. We reconstruct mtDNA gene trees for three partially codistributed species (Liolaemus tenuis, L. lemniscatus and L...
  13. doi Age- and serotype-specific pediatric invasive pneumococcal disease: insights from systematic surveillance in Santiago, Chile, 1994--2007
    Rosanna Lagos
    Centro para Vacunas en Desarrollo, Chile, Hospital de Niños Roberto del Rio, Santiago, Chile
    J Infect Dis 198:1809-17. 2008
    We monitored pediatric invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in Santiago, Chile, from 1994 to 2007.
  14. ncbi Arsenic exposure from drinking water and birth weight
    Claudia Hopenhayn
    School of Public Health and Markey Cancer Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40504, USA
    Epidemiology 14:593-602. 2003
    ..Limited evidence suggests that arsenic may have adverse human reproductive effects. We investigated the association between drinking water arsenic exposure and fetal growth, as manifest in birth weight...
  15. pmc First detection, isolation and molecular characterization of infectious salmon anaemia virus associated with clinical disease in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in Chile
    Marcos G Godoy
    Biovac SA, Puerto Montt, Chile
    BMC Vet Res 4:28. 2008
    ..In the Southern hemisphere, ISAV was first detected in Chile in 1999 in marine-farmed Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch)...
  16. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of a primary care treatment program for depression in low-income women in Santiago, Chile
    Ricardo Araya
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6UJ
    Am J Psychiatry 163:1379-87. 2006
    The authors compared the incremental cost-effectiveness of a stepped-care, multicomponent program with usual care for the treatment of depressed women in primary care in Santiago, Chile.
  17. ncbi Abortion policies and practices in Chile: ambiguities and dilemmas
    Bonnie L Shepard
    Social Sectors Development Strategies, Brookline, MA, USA
    Reprod Health Matters 15:202-10. 2007
    Abortion is not legal in Chile even to save the woman's life or health. This situation creates serious dilemmas and vulnerabilities for both women and medical practitioners...
  18. ncbi [A randomized trial of pharmacotherapy with telephone monitoring to improve treatment of depression in primary care in Santiago, Chile]
    Rosemarie Fritsch
    Hospital Clinico, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 135:587-95. 2007
    ..Depression is a public health problem, due to its high prevalence and its associated disability...
  19. ncbi Odontogenic tumors in Chile: a study of 362 cases
    Germán Ochsenius
    Oral Pathology Referral Institute, Faculty of Odontology, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
    J Oral Pathol Med 31:415-20. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the relative frequency of this heterogeneous group of lesions in a Chilean population, and to compare these data with previous reports...
  20. ncbi mtDNA microevolution in Southern Chile's archipelagos
    Federico Garcia
    Programa de Genética Humana ICBM, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago 7, Chile
    Am J Phys Anthropol 129:473-81. 2006
    The genetic variability of four predominantly Indian populations of southern Chile's archipelagos was examined by determining the frequencies of four mitochondrial DNA haplogroups that characterize the American Indian populations...
  21. pmc Geographic variation of gallbladder cancer mortality and risk factors in Chile: a population-based ecologic study
    Marcelo E Andia
    Departamento de Salud Publica, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Int J Cancer 123:1411-6. 2008
    b>Chile's gallbladder cancer rates are among the highest in the world, being the leading cause of cancer deaths among Chilean women...
  22. ncbi [Impact of regulatory measures in the trends of community consumption of antibiotics in Chile]
    Luis Bavestrello
    Unidad de Infectología, Servicio de Farmacia, Hospital Dr Gustavo Fricke, Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, Instituto de Seguridad del Trabajo, Escuela de Medicina, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Valparaiso, Vina del Mar, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 130:1265-72. 2002
    ..The Chilean Ministry of Health is regulating the consumption of antibiotics since September 1999. These regulatory measures restricted the sale of antibiotics only when these were prescribed by an MD or an DS...
  23. pmc The early origins hypothesis with an emphasis on growth rate in the first year of life and asthma: a prospective study in Chile
    R J Rona
    Department of Public Health Sciences, King s College London, 5th Floor, Capital House, 42 Weston Street, London SE1 3QD, UK
    Thorax 60:549-54. 2005
    ..An analysis was therefore carried out to test this hypothesis...
  24. ncbi [Inequalities in public health care provision in Chile]
    Oscar Arteaga
    Escuela de Salud Publica, Universidad de Chile, Santiago de Chile, Chile
    Cad Saude Publica 18:1053-66. 2002
    ....
  25. ncbi Age-specific prevalence of antibodies to hepatitis A in Santiago, Chile: risk factors and shift in age of infection among children and young adults
    Alan D Fix
    International Health Division, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21201, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 66:628-32. 2002
    ..describes age-specific prevalence of antibodies to HAV (anti-HAV) among children and young adults in Santiago, Chile, compared with previous prevalence data and assesses factors predictive for anti-HAV...
  26. ncbi Complete nucleotide sequence of a Chilean hantavirus
    John D Meissner
    Department of Microbiology, University of Nevada, FA310 MS200, Reno, NV 89557, USA
    Virus Res 89:131-43. 2002
    ..sequence of an Andes virus (ANDV) strain isolated from an infected Oligoryzomys longicaudatus rodent trapped in Chile in 1997...
  27. pmc Tackling health inequities in Chile: maternal, newborn, infant, and child mortality between 1990 and 2004
    Rogelio Gonzalez
    Pontificia Catholic University of Chile, and the Division of Prevention and Control of Diseases, Chilean Ministry of Health, Santiago, Chile
    Am J Public Health 99:1220-6. 2009
    We analyzed trends in maternal, newborn, and child mortality in Chile between 1990 and 2004, after the introduction of national interventions and reforms, and examined associations between trends and interventions.
  28. ncbi Acute mountain sickness in tourists with children at Lake Chungará (4400 m) in northern Chile
    Fernando A Moraga
    Unidad de Fisiologia, Departamento Biomedico, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Antofagasta, Chile
    Wilderness Environ Med 13:31-5. 2002
    ..To evaluate the presence of acute mountain sickness (AMS) and cardiorespiratory responses in adult and pediatric tourists exposed to high altitude (Putre and Chungará)...
  29. doi Influenza A pandemics: clinical and organizational aspects: the experience in Chile
    Sebastian Ugarte
    Intensive Care Unit, Hospital del Salvador, Clínica Indisa Santiago, Chile
    Crit Care Med 38:e133-7. 2010
    ..Soon after the first report from Mexico, the disease arrived in Chile, where it spread quickly from south to north, mimicking cold weather progression through the country...
  30. ncbi Positive interactions between alpine plant species and the nurse cushion plant Laretia acaulis do not increase with elevation in the Andes of central Chile
    Lohengrin A Cavieres
    ECOBIOSIS, Departamento de Botanica, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Oceanográficas, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160 C, Concepcion, Chile
    New Phytol 169:59-69. 2006
    ..of seedlings of two species experimentally planted within and outside cushions in the semiarid Andes of central Chile. Positive spatial associations with cushions were more frequent at lower elevations...
  31. ncbi PCBs and HCHs in a salt-marsh sediment record from South-Central Chile: use of tsunami signatures and 137Cs fallout as temporal markers
    Ricardo Barra
    Aquatic Systems Research Unit, EULA Chile Center, Environmental Sciences Center, University of Concepcion, Barrio Universitario s n, P O Box 160 C, Concepcion, Chile
    Chemosphere 55:965-72. 2004
    ..HCH) deposition inferred from a sedimentary record exposed in a salt-marsh trench in South-Central Chile. Sediments were carefully collected every 1 cm from the trench wall...
  32. ncbi Particulate air pollution and health effects for cardiovascular and respiratory causes in Temuco, Chile: a wood-smoke-polluted urban area
    Pedro A Sanhueza
    Department of Geographical Engineering, University of Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 59:1481-8. 2009
    ..These results are consistent with those of comparable studies in other similar cities where wood smoke is the most important air pollution problem...
  33. ncbi Epstein-Barr virus in gastric carcinoma is associated with location in the cardia and with a diffuse histology: a study in one area of Chile
    A Corvalan
    Instituto Chileno Japones de Enfermedades Digestivas, Hospital Clinico San Borja Arriaran, Santiago, Chile
    Int J Cancer 94:527-30. 2001
    ..S. suggesting unique characteristics of EBV-associated GC in Latin-America...
  34. doi High frequency of p16 promoter methylation in non-small cell lung carcinomas from Chile
    Leda M Guzman
    Escuela de Tecnología Médica, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Santo Tomás, Santiago, Chile
    Biol Res 40:365-72. 2007
    ..the methylation status of the promoter region of the p16 gene in 74 non-small cell lung carcinomas from Chile. The frequency of p16 gene inactivation by promoter methylation was determined as 79.7% (59/74)...
  35. ncbi Recent introduction of the dominant tunicate, Pyura praeputialis (Urochordata, Pyuridae) to Antofagasta, Chile
    J C Castilla
    Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Ecología and Biodiversidad, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Alameda 340, Casilla 114 D Santiago, Chile
    Mol Ecol 11:1579-84. 2002
    ..Australia (Pyura stolonifera praeputialis), South Africa (Pyura stolonifera stolonifera) and South America (Chile, Antofagasta: Pyura sp...
  36. ncbi Identification of Francisella sp. from Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., in Chile
    T H Birkbeck
    Universities Marine Biological Station, Millport, Isle of Cumbrae, Scotland
    J Fish Dis 30:505-7. 2007
  37. ncbi [A national birth weight distribution curve according to gestational age in Chile from 1993 to 2000]
    Rogelio P González
    Servicio de Obstetricia y Ginecologia, Hospital Dr Sotero del Rio
    Rev Med Chil 132:1155-65. 2004
    ..The World Health Organization recently defined the criteria for constructing birth weight curves using population based data...
  38. ncbi National food-fortification program with folic acid in Chile
    Eva Hertrampf
    Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Food Nutr Bull 29:S231-7. 2008
    ....
  39. pmc Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) isolated from the ISA disease outbreaks in Chile diverged from ISAV isolates from Norway around 1996 and was disseminated around 2005, based on surface glycoprotein gene sequences
    Frederick S B Kibenge
    Department of Pathology and Microbiology, OIE Reference Laboratory for ISA, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, 550 University Ave, Charlottetown, P E I, C1A 4P3, Canada
    Virol J 6:88. 2009
    ..The first outbreak of ISA in marine-farmed Atlantic salmon in the Southern hemisphere occurred in Chile starting in June 2007...
  40. doi Impact of the novel influenza A (H1N1) during the 2009 autumn-winter season in a large hospital setting in Santiago, Chile
    Juan Pablo Torres
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Clin Infect Dis 50:860-8. 2010
    In Chile, the novel influenza A (H1N1) epidemic began in the middle-high income area of Santiago...
  41. pmc First case of human rabies in chile caused by an insectivorous bat virus variant
    Myriam Favi
    Instituto de Salud Pública, Santiago, Chile
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:79-81. 2002
    The first human rabies case in Chile since 1972 occurred in March 1996 in a patient without history of known exposure...
  42. pmc Ecology, genetic diversity, and phylogeographic structure of andes virus in humans and rodents in Chile
    Rafael A Medina
    Center for Infectious Diseases and Immunity, Department of Pathology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA
    J Virol 83:2446-59. 2009
    ..In Chile, serologically confirmed human hantavirus infections have occurred throughout a wide latitudinal distribution ..
  43. pmc Human papillomavirus-16 is integrated in lung carcinomas: a study in Chile
    F Aguayo
    Division of Oncogenic and Persistent Viruses, Center for Chronic Viral Diseases, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8 35 1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima, 890 8544, Japan
    Br J Cancer 97:85-91. 2007
    The human papillomavirus (HPV) was detected in 20 (29%) out of 69 lung carcinomas (LCs) in Chile, by PCR and Southern blot, and was more frequently detected in squamous cell carcinoma (SQC) than in adenocarcinomas (46 vs 9%, P=0.001)...
  44. ncbi Population genetic structure of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) from apple orchards in central Chile
    Eduardo Fuentes-Contreras
    Departamento de Producción Agrícola, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Talca, Casilla 747, Talca, Chile
    J Econ Entomol 101:190-8. 2008
    ..for 11 codling moth populations in the two major apple (Malus domestica Borkh) cropping regions in central Chile. Despite the geographical distances between some populations (approximately 185 km), there was low genetic ..
  45. ncbi Flea species from dogs in three cities of Chile
    Héctor A Alcaíno
    Depto de Medicina Preventiva Animal, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 2, Correo 15, La Pintana, Santiago, Chile
    Vet Parasitol 105:261-5. 2002
    ..longitude west) and Osorno (40 degrees latitude south, 73 degrees longitude west), located in different parts of Chile. The only species of fleas found on dogs from the three cities were Ctenocephalides felis felis (41...
  46. doi First identification of azaspiracid and spirolides in Mesodesma donacium and Mulinia edulis from Northern Chile
    Gonzalo Alvarez
    Centro de Investigacións Mariñas Xunta de Galicia, Apto 13, 36620 Vilanova de Arousa, Pontevedra, Spain
    Toxicon 55:638-41. 2010
    ..by two commercially important bivalves: macha (Mesodesma donacium) and clam (Mulinia edulis) in Coquimbo Bay (Chile), monitoring of these species was carried out from March to September 2008...
  47. ncbi Nutrition transition in Chile revisited: mid-term evaluation of obesity goals for the period 2000-2010
    Fernando Vio
    Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology INTA, University of Chile, Nutritional and Genetic Epidemiology Laboratory, Macul 5540, Santiago, Chile
    Public Health Nutr 11:405-12. 2008
    To analyse the nutritional status component of the nutrition transition in Chile in relation to the evolution of obesity rates in all age groups until 2005, comparing these with the goals established by the Ministry of Health for the ..
  48. pmc Incubation period of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome
    Pablo A Vial
    Faculdad se Medicina Clinica Alemana, Universidad del Desarrollo, Las Condes 12438, Lo Barnechea, Santiago 0000, Chile
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1271-3. 2006
    ..This period was 14-32 days (median 18 days) in 11 patients with exposure for <48 hours...
  49. ncbi Antibiotic resistant bacteria in fish from the Concepción Bay, Chile
    C D Miranda
    Departamento de Acuicultura, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Coquimbo, Chile
    Mar Pollut Bull 42:1096-102. 2001
    Antibiotic resistant bacteria from commercial demersal and pelagic fish captured in the Concepción Bay, Chile were investigated...
  50. ncbi Molecular analysis of a 444 bp fragment of the bovine leukaemia virus gp51 env gene reveals a high frequency of non-silent point mutations and suggests the presence of two subgroups of BLV in Chile
    R Felmer
    Unidad de Biotecnología, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA Carillanca, Casilla 58 D, Temuco, Chile
    Vet Microbiol 108:39-47. 2005
    ..achieve a better understanding of the epidemiology and distribution of bovine leukaemia virus (BLV) infection in Chile, we assessed the suitability of using DNA isolated from the leukocyte fraction of bulk milk samples to carry out ..
  51. ncbi Treatment of postnatal depression in low-income mothers in primary-care clinics in Santiago, Chile: a randomised controlled trial
    Graciela Rojas
    Hospital Clinico, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Lancet 370:1629-37. 2007
    ..We compared the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention with usual care to treat postnatal depression in low-income mothers in primary-care clinics in Santiago, Chile.
  52. pmc Vibrio parahaemolyticus O3:K6 epidemic diarrhea, Chile, 2005
    Felipe C Cabello
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:655-6. 2007
  53. ncbi Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains isolated during investigation of the summer 2006 seafood related diarrhea outbreaks in two regions of Chile
    Loreto Fuenzalida
    Instituto de Nutricion y Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Universidad de Chile, El Libano 5524, Macul, Santiago 6903625, Chile
    Int J Food Microbiol 117:270-5. 2007
    Nine hundred cases of seafood related diarrhea were reported in the region of Puerto Montt, Chile during the austral summer of 2006...
  54. ncbi Testing models of diversification in mice in the Abrothrix olivaceus/xanthorhinus complex in Chile and Argentina
    M F Smith
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, 3101 Valley Life Sciences Building, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Mol Ecol 10:397-405. 2001
    ..xanthorhinus across a transect between 45 and 47 degrees S in southern Chile were analysed using the mitochondrial cytochrome b (cyt b) sequence, substantially adding to the data presented ..
  55. pmc Air pollution and hospitalization for headache in Chile
    Robert E Dales
    Division of Statistics, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 170:1057-66. 2009
    ..If the relation is causal, the morbidity associated with headache should be considered when estimating the burden of illness and costs associated with poor air quality...
  56. ncbi Incidence, 30-day case-fatality rate, and prognosis of stroke in Iquique, Chile: a 2-year community-based prospective study (PISCIS project)
    Pablo M Lavados
    Departamento de Medicina, Clinica Alemana de Santiago, Instituto de Neurocirugia, Servicio de Salud Metropolitano Oriente, Santiago, Chile
    Lancet 365:2206-15. 2005
    ..Our aim was to ascertain prospectively the incidence of first-ever stroke in the predominantly Hispanic-Mestizo population of Iquique, a city in the northern desert region of Chile.
  57. pmc Invasion of a rocky intertidal shore by the tunicate Pyura praeputialis in the Bay of Antofagasta, Chile
    Juan Carlos Castilla
    Center for Advanced Studies in Ecology and Biodiversity, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Casilla 114 D, Santiago, Chile
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:8517-24. 2004
    ..Australia, from where it appears to have originated, and exclusively along 60-70 km inside the Bay of Antofagasta, Chile. mtDNA sequences suggested that the species invaded this rocky shore recently...
  58. ncbi Trypanosoma cruzi: presence of the two major phylogenetic lineages and of several lesser discrete typing units (DTUs) in Chile and Paraguay
    C Barnabe
    Centre d Etudes sur le Polymorphisme des Microorganismes CEPM, Unité Mixte de Recherche Centre, National de la Recherche Scientifique Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, IRD, Montpellier, France
    Acta Trop 78:127-37. 2001
    ..Comparison between clonal populations in sylvatic and domestic transmission cycles of the disease in Chile strongly suggests that these two cycles are at least partially separated from one another.
  59. ncbi Arsenic exposure and its impact on health in Chile
    Catterina Ferreccio
    Departamento de Salud Publica, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Marcoleta 434, Santiago, Chile
    J Health Popul Nutr 24:164-75. 2006
    The problem of arsenic in Chile was reviewed. In Chile, the population is exposed to arsenic naturally via drinking-water and by air pollution resulted from mining activities...
  60. ncbi [Immunodiagnosis of Strongyloides stercoralis infections in Chile using ELISA test]
    Ruben Mercado
    Unidad de Parasitología Norte, ICBM, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 9183, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 130:1358-64. 2002
    ..In immunocompromised patients, a disseminated disease may appear, sometimes fatal. In Chile, there is little epidemiological information about S stercoralis infections and appropriate diagnostic techniques ..
  61. ncbi [The National Mental Health Plan in Chile: 10 years of experience]
    Alberto Minoletti
    Departamento de Salud Mental, Ministerio de Salud, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 18:346-58. 2005
    ..In Chile, because of the changes in the epidemiological profile of the population, the lifetime prevalence of mental and ..
  62. ncbi [High prevalence of classic cardiovascular risk factors in a population of university students from south central Chile]
    Iván F Palomo
    Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica e Inmunohematología, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Talca, and Unidad de Cardiología, Servicio de Medicina, Hospital Regional de Talca, Chile
    Rev Esp Cardiol 59:1099-105. 2006
    ..Cardiovascular disease is the principle cause of death worldwide. Such disease can be prevented by controlling cardiovascular risk factors...
  63. ncbi Common mental disorders in Santiago, Chile: prevalence and socio-demographic correlates
    R Araya
    Psychological Medicine, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff
    Br J Psychiatry 178:228-33. 2001
    ..There have been relatively few surveys in Latin America that have attempted to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in private households...
  64. doi Increased skin cancer mortality in Chile beyond the effect of ageing: Temporal analysis 1990 to 2005
    Faustino T Alonso
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Acta Derm Venereol 90:141-6. 2010
    b>Chile has a medium-to-high skin cancer mortality rate. Previous studies have shown an increasing rate of skin cancer mortality...
  65. doi Isolation of arsenite-oxidizing bacteria from arsenic-enriched sediments from Camarones river, Northern Chile
    C Valenzuela
    Microbiology Department, University of Concepcion, P O Box 160 C, Correo 3, Concepcion, Chile
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 82:593-6. 2009
    In Northern Chile, high arsenic concentrations are found in natural water, both natural and anthropogenic sources, a significant health risk...
  66. ncbi Mars-like soils in the Atacama Desert, Chile, and the dry limit of microbial life
    Rafael Navarro-González
    Laboratorio de Quimica de Plasmas y Estudios Planetarios, Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, Apartado Postal 70 543, Mexico City, 04510, Mexico
    Science 302:1018-21. 2003
    ..Incubation experiments, patterned after the Viking labeled-release experiment but with separate biological and nonbiological isomers, show active decomposition of organic species in these soils by nonbiological processes...
  67. pmc Surveillance for respiratory syncytial virus in infants hospitalized for acute lower respiratory infection in Chile (1989 to 2000)
    Luis F Avendaño
    Programa de Virologia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    J Clin Microbiol 41:4879-82. 2003
    ..The fatality rate was 0.1%. Monthly RSV detection varied from 14 to 88%, and epidemics lasted 3.5 to 6 months. From 1994 high-early versus low-late epidemic patterns alternately were observed, the first influenced by a group B strain...
  68. doi Freezing resistance varies within the growing season and with elevation in high-Andean species of central Chile
    Angela Sierra-Almeida
    ECOBIOSIS, Departamento de Botanica, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Oceanográficas, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160 C, Concepcion, Chile
    New Phytol 182:461-9. 2009
    ..Andean species have the potential to withstand severe freezing conditions during the growing season, and the aridity of this high-elevation environment seems to play an important role in determining this high freezing resistance...
  69. ncbi [Smoking habit in school age children, in Chile]
    Gonzalo Valdivia
    Departamento de Salud Publica, Facultad de Medicina, Escuela de Psicologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 132:171-82. 2004
    In Chile, there is no information about the prevalence of smoking among basic and high school students.
  70. ncbi [Prevalence of antibiotic resistant Enterococcus spp in waste waters in the north of Chile]
    Juan Silva
    Departamento de Tecnología Médica, INDES, Universidad de Antofagasta, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 133:1201-10. 2005
    There is little information available in Chile on the distribution of Enterococcus spp in waste water and its implications in transmission of antibiotic resistance through the water cycle...
  71. ncbi Taxonomic study of extreme halophilic archaea isolated from the "Salar de Atacama", Chile
    C Lizama
    Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Granada, Spain
    Syst Appl Microbiol 24:464-74. 2001
    A large number of halophilic bacteria were isolated in 1984-1992 from the Atacama Saltern (North of Chile). For this study 82 strains of extreme halophilic archaea were selected...
  72. ncbi A five-year study of solar ultraviolet radiation in southern Chile (39 degrees S): potential impact on physiology of coastal marine algae?
    Pirjo Huovinen
    Universidad Austral de Chile, Facultad de Ciencias, Instituto de Biología Marina, Campus Isla Teja s n, Casilla 567, Valdivia, Chile
    Photochem Photobiol 82:515-22. 2006
    ..data on continuous solar-irradiation measurements from a scanning spectroradiometer (SUV-100) in Valdivia, Chile (39 degrees S), accompanied by evaluation of the impact of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) on marine macroalgae of ..
  73. ncbi [Teenage fecundity rates in Chile: a serious public health problem]
    Ramiro Molina C
    Centro de Medicina Reproductiva y Desarrollo Integral de la Adolescencia Cemera, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 135:79-86. 2007
    ..Teenage fecundity rates are an indicator of epidemiological discrimination in developing countries...
  74. ncbi Trends in the elemental composition of fine particulate matter in Santiago, Chile, from 1998 to 2003
    Sonja N Sax
    Gradient Corporation, Cambridge, MA, USA
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 57:845-55. 2007
    Santiago, Chile, is one of the most polluted cities in South America. As a response, over the past 15 yr, numerous pollution reduction programs have been implemented by the environmental authority, Comisión Nacional del Medio Ambiente...
  75. doi Health prioritization: the case of Chile
    Veronica Vargas
    ILADES Georgetown University Program at Alberto Hurtado University in Santiago, Chile
    Health Aff (Millwood) 27:782-92. 2008
    This paper examines the introduction of a prioritized list of fifty-six health conditions in Chile, for which access to treatment is guaranteed...
  76. doi Opportunities to use drugs and stages of drug involvement outside the United States: Evidence from the Republic of Chile
    Luis Caris
    University of Chile, School of Public Health, Santiago de Chile, Chile
    Drug Alcohol Depend 102:30-4. 2009
    Studying youthful drug involvement in the Republic of Chile, we sought to replicate North American research findings about the earliest stages of drug involvement (e.g...
  77. ncbi Congenital Chagas disease of second generation in Santiago, Chile. Report of two cases
    H Schenone
    , ICBM, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 43:231-2. 2001
    ..Afterwards, she moved to Santiago, where she married and has resided up to now. Serology and xenodiagnoses were also positive. All the Trypanosoma cruzi infected individuals were successfully treated with nifurtimox...
  78. pmc Dynamics of clinical and environmental Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains during seafood-related summer diarrhea outbreaks in southern Chile
    Katherine García
    Instituto de Nutricion y Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Universidad de Chile, El Libano 5524, Macul, Santiago 6903625, Chile
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:7482-7. 2009
    Seafood consumption-related diarrhea became prevalent in Chile when the pandemic strain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus serotype O3:K6 reached a region in the south of Chile (Region de los Lagos) where approximately 80% of the country's ..
  79. ncbi Human infection by Pseudoterranova decipiens (Nematoda, Anisakidae) in Chile: report of seven cases
    R Mercado
    , , Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 96:653-5. 2001
    ..1997 to 1999, we identified seven human cases of infection by fourth stage larvae of Pseudoterranova decipiens in Chile. All identified larvae were coughed up by the patients. Subjects were 10-55 years old; five were female...
  80. ncbi [Human papilloma virus (HPV) typing in preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions of the uterine cervix in the IX region-Chile]
    Angélica Melo
    Departamento de Anatomia Patologica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 131:1382-90. 2003
    Uterine cervical cancer (UCC) is an important public health problem in Chile. Although HPV infection has been established as the main cause of UCC, little is known of its frequency and distribution in our population.
  81. doi [Rabies in Chile: 1989-2005]
    Myriam Favi C
    Laboratorio Diagnóstico de Rabia, Instituto de Salud Publica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Chilena Infectol 25:S8-13. 2008
    A retrospective epidemiological study about epidemiology of rabies in Chile between years 1989 and 2005 was done. A data base of 39793 national registries of rabies samples was analyzed by means of statistical packages...
  82. doi Body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors in Chile: the role of sociocultural factors
    David Mellor
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood 3125, Melbourne, Australia
    Body Image 5:205-15. 2008
    ..These findings are discussed in relation to research conducted in other contexts, and it is concluded that findings from other locations may not be applied universally...
  83. ncbi Evaluation of water quality in the Chillán River (Central Chile) using physicochemical parameters and a modified water quality index
    Patrick Debels
    Center for Environmental Sciences EULA CHILE, University of Concepcion, Chile
    Environ Monit Assess 110:301-22. 2005
    The Chillán River in Central Chile plays a fundamental role in local society, as a source of irrigation and drinking water, and as a sink for urban wastewater...
  84. doi [Socioeconomic and educational inequities as independent predictors for mortality in a developing country: A cohort study in San Francisco, Chile]
    Elard Koch
    Escuela de Salud Publica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 135:1370-9. 2007
    ..The socioeconomic position (SEP) and educational level of individuals have an inverse correlation with mortality in developed societies...
  85. ncbi Food-based dietary guidelines and implementation: lessons from four countries--Chile, Germany, New Zealand and South Africa
    Ingrid Keller
    Centre for Food Policy, City University, Northampton Square, London, UK
    Public Health Nutr 11:867-74. 2008
    ..This paper examines the implementation of FBDGs in four countries: Chile, Germany, New Zealand and South Africa - diverse countries chosen to explore the realities of the FBDG within ..
  86. ncbi Mortality trends from burn injuries in Chile: 1954-1999
    S Danilla Enei
    Clinical Epidemiology Center INCLEN, Hospital J J Aguirre, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Burns 30:348-56. 2004
    To study mortality trends due to burns in Chile.
  87. ncbi Seasonal variation in suicidal deaths in Chile: its relationship to latitude
    Andrés Heerlein
    Department of Psychiatry, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago de Chile, Chile
    Psychopathology 39:75-9. 2006
    ..The current study examines the monthly, seasonal and semester distribution of suicidal deaths in Chile and the influence of seasons in zones of low latitude as compared with regions of high or very high latitude, ..
  88. ncbi Antiretroviral drug resistance and phylogenetic diversity of HIV-1 in Chile
    Maritza Ríos
    Centro Nacional de Referencia de VIH SIDA, Instituto de Salud Publica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    J Med Virol 79:647-56. 2007
    ..type 1 (HIV-1) protease (PR) and reverse transcriptase (RT) coding sequences from 136 HIV-1-infected subjects from Chile, 66 (49%) of them under antiretroviral (ARV) treatment...
  89. ncbi Genetic and antigenic typing of rabies virus in Chile. Brief report
    V Yung
    Laboratorio de Diagnóstico de Rabia, Instituto de Salud Publica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Arch Virol 147:2197-205. 2002
    Forty-one isolates of rabies virus from insectivorous bats and one from a domestic cat in Chile, were characterized using eight anti-nucleoprotein monoclonal antibodies (N-Mabs) and by nucleotide sequence analysis...
  90. pmc Antifungal susceptibilities, varieties, and electrophoretic karyotypes of clinical isolates of Cryptococcus neoformans from Brazil, Chile, and Venezuela
    B M Calvo
    Universidad del Zulia-Luz, Maracaibo, Venezuela
    J Clin Microbiol 39:2348-50. 2001
    ..neoformans from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and non-HIV-infected patients from Brazil, Chile, and Venezuela were separated according to varieties and tested for antifungal susceptibility...
  91. ncbi [Helicobacter pylori: cagA analysis and vacA genotyping in Chile. Detection of a s2/m1 strain]
    A Martinez
    Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas y Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Concepcion, Sección de Gastroenterología, Hospital Asociación Chilena de Seguridad, Concepcion, Hospital San Borja Arriaran, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 129:1147-53. 2001
    ..The genes cagA and vacA encode H pylori virulence factors...
  92. doi Epidemiologic investigation of the re-emergence of infectious salmon anemia virus in Chile
    Fernando O Mardones
    Center for Animal Disease Modeling and Surveillance CADMS, Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Dis Aquat Organ 84:105-14. 2009
    ..the epidemiology of the re-emergence of infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) in Atlantic salmon farms in Chile. The epidemic and spatial and spatiotemporal patterns were described, taking into account commercial ..
  93. ncbi [The reduction in maternal mortality in Chile, 1990-2000]
    Enrique Donoso Siña
    Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecologia, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 15:326-30. 2004
    To determine if Chile achieved the objective of reducing maternal mortality by 50% between 1990 and 2000, in line with the provisions of the Regional Plan of Action for the Reduction of Maternal Mortality in the Americas, which the ..
  94. pmc Methods for economic evaluation of a factorial-design cluster randomised controlled trial of a nutrition supplement and an exercise programme among healthy older people living in Santiago, Chile: the CENEX study
    Damian G Walker
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:85. 2009
    In an effort to promote healthy ageing and preserve health and function, the government of Chile has formulated a package of actions into the Programme for Complementary Food in Older People (Programa de Alimentación Complementaria para ..
  95. ncbi Lack of association between the fatty acid binding protein 2 (FABP2) polymorphism with obesity and insulin resistance in two aboriginal populations from Chile
    F Perez-Bravo
    Department of Public Nutrition Genetic Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology INTA, University of Chile, Santiago, P O Box 138 11, Chile
    Acta Diabetol 43:93-8. 2006
    ..37, 95% CI 1.319-4.277, p=0.004) It is unlikely that Ala54Thr polymorphism of the FABP2 gene plays a relevant role in obesity and insulin resistance in Chilean ethnic groups...
  96. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of a folic acid fortification program in Chile
    Adolfo Llanos
    Instituto de Nutricion y Tecnologia de los Alimentos INTA, Universidad de Chile, Chile
    Health Policy 83:295-303. 2007
    ..In Chile, fortification of wheat flour with folic acid has resulted in significant reduction in the risk of anencephaly and ..
  97. ncbi Partner violence as a risk factor for mental health among women from communities in the Philippines, Egypt, Chile, and India
    Beatriz Vizcarra
    Department of Psychology Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile
    Inj Control Saf Promot 11:125-9. 2004
    ..15 to 49 years old with at least one child 18 years old or younger, were randomly selected from communities in Chile, Egypt, India, and the Philippines (N = 3974)...
  98. ncbi Eradication of bovine brucellosis in the 10th Region de Los Lagos, Chile
    S Alejandro Rivera
    Servicio Agricola y Ganadero, Tucapel 140, Puerto Montt, Chile
    Vet Microbiol 90:45-53. 2002
    The process of Bovine Brucellosis Eradication that began in 1996 in the 10th Region de Los Lagos of Chile will be reviewed...
  99. ncbi Invasive fungal infections in Chile: a multicenter study of fungal prevalence and susceptibility during a 1-year period
    Victor Silva
    Microbiology and Mycology Program, Biomedical Sciences Institute, School of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Med Mycol 42:333-9. 2004
    ..56% male) with fungal strains isolated from blood and other sterile sites were reported from 13 hospitals in Chile. Significant yeast isolates were obtained from 118 patients, and molds affected 12 patients...
  100. ncbi Odontogenic cysts: analysis of 2,944 cases in Chile
    Germán Ochsenius
    Moneda 2131 Depto 1003, Santiago, Chile
    Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 12:E85-91. 2007
    ..In Chile there are no retrospective studies of these lesions as a whole.
  101. doi Components of particulate air pollution and emergency department visits in Chile
    Sabit Cakmak
    Department of Statistics at Health Canada, Ottawa, Canada sabit
    Arch Environ Occup Health 64:148-55. 2009
    ..Of the many components of particulate air pollution, those from motor vehicle exhaust had the greatest observed effect on morbidity...

Research Grants80

  1. HANTAVIRUS ECOLOGY AND DISEASE IN CHILE
    Gregory Mertz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..hantavirus research that matches UNM expertise and resources with similar impressive expertise and resources in Chile. Chilean collaborators are in Santiago at the federal Ministry of Health, including its laboratory branch, the ..
  2. ACIDOCALCISOMES IN TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI
    Roberto Docampo; Fiscal Year: 2002
    DESCRIPTION: In the Americas, from Mexico in the North to Argentina and Chile in the South, there are 16 to 19 million people infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease...
  3. ACIDOCALCISOMES IN TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI
    Roberto Docampo; Fiscal Year: 2003
    DESCRIPTION (provided by the applicant): In the Americas, from Mexico in the North to Argentina and Chile in the South, there are 16 to 19 million people infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease...
  4. International Workshops on Iron and Copper Homeostasis
    Michael Garrick; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..attend and participate in the "Third International Workshop on Iron and Copper Homeostasis", to be held in Puc"n, Chile, November 10-14, 2004 and two additional workshops at biennial intervals...
  5. Health Conditions among Elderly in Latin America
    Rebeca Wong; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of elderly populations in Mexico, and in seven capital cities of Latin America (Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Cuba, Chile, Mexico, and Uruguay); to identify determinants of health and disability status using cross-sectional data to ..
  6. Health Conditions among Elderly in Latin America
    Alberto Palloni; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of elderly populations in Mexico, and in seven capital cities of Latin America (Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Cuba, Chile, Mexico, and Uruguay); to identify determinants of health and disability status using cross-sectional data to ..