Summary: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.

Top Publications

  1. Sharma S, De Roose E, Cao X, Pokiak A, Gittelsohn J, Corriveau A. Dietary intake in a population undergoing a rapid transition in diet and lifestyle: the Inuvialuit in the Northwest Territories of Arctic Canada. Can J Public Health. 2009;100:442-8 pubmed
    ..QFFQ) to evaluate the program and monitor nutrition transition for Inuvialuit in the Northwest Territories (NWT), Canada. Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls were collected among 101 Inuvialuit aged 19 years and over in two communities in ..
  2. Horsburgh C, Goldberg S, Bethel J, Chen S, Colson P, Hirsch Moverman Y, et al. Latent TB infection treatment acceptance and completion in the United States and Canada. Chest. 2010;137:401-9 pubmed publisher
    ..survey of treatment and completion of LTBI at public and private clinics in 19 regions of the United States and Canada in 2002. At 32 clinics that both performed tuberculin skin testing and offered treatment, 123 (17.1%; 95% CI, 14...
  3. Madan M, Nikhil J, Hellkamp A, Pieper K, Labinaz M, Cohen E, et al. Effect of operator and institutional volume on clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary interventions performed in Canada and the United States: a brief report from the Enhanced Suppression of the Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Receptor with Int. Can J Cardiol. 2009;25:e269-72 pubmed
    ..It was previously reported that Canadian patients had reduced rates of 30-day and one-year death, myocardial infarction (MI) or target vessel revascularization (TVR) compared with patients in the United States (US)...
  4. Allin S, Grignon M, Le Grand J. Subjective unmet need and utilization of health care services in Canada: what are the equity implications?. Soc Sci Med. 2010;70:465-472 pubmed publisher analyzing unmet need is required, since the three different subgroups of unmet need that we identify in Canada have different associations with utilization, along with different equity implications...
  5. Papaioannou A, Morin S, Cheung A, Atkinson S, Brown J, Feldman S, et al. 2010 clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis in Canada: summary. CMAJ. 2010;182:1864-73 pubmed publisher
  6. Zarzeczny A, Caulfield T. Stem cell tourism and doctors' duties to minors--a view from Canada. Am J Bioeth. 2010;10:3-15 pubmed publisher
    ..We use the Canadian perspective to address the broadly relevant issues raised by this trend. ..
  7. Taillefer C, Boucher M, Laferrière C, Morin L. Perinatal listeriosis: Canada's 2008 outbreaks. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2010;32:45-48 pubmed publisher
    ..Severe neonatal infection can also occur. Two recent outbreaks in Canada prompted a reassessment of the prevalence and the perinatal impact of this disease...
  8. Cimolai N. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Canada: a historical perspective and lessons learned. Can J Microbiol. 2010;56:89-120 pubmed publisher
    The history of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Canada has many similarities to MRSA evolution worldwide, but especially to that in the United States and United Kingdom...
  9. Shields M, Carroll M, Ogden C. Adult obesity prevalence in Canada and the United States. NCHS Data Brief. 2011;:1-8 pubmed
    ..In Canada, data on measured height and weight have been collected from nationally representative samples of the population ..

More Information


  1. Walters S, Maringe C, Butler J, Rachet B, Barrett Lee P, Bergh J, et al. Breast cancer survival and stage at diagnosis in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden and the UK, 2000-2007: a population-based study. Br J Cancer. 2013;108:1195-208 pubmed publisher
    ..diagnosed with breast cancer during 2000-7 and registered in 13 population-based cancer registries in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden and the UK...
  2. Raboud J, Loutfy M, Su D, Bayoumi A, Klein M, Cooper C, et al. Regional differences in rates of HIV-1 viral load monitoring in Canada: Insights and implications for antiretroviral care in high income countries. BMC Infect Dis. 2010;10:40 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether there are differences among regions in Canada in the rates of VL testing of HIV-positive individuals on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), where the ..
  3. Vasseur E, Borderas F, Cue R, Lefebvre D, Pellerin D, Rushen J, et al. A survey of dairy calf management practices in Canada that affect animal welfare. J Dairy Sci. 2010;93:1307-15 pubmed publisher
    ..9% of herds, and most inappropriate housing systems (crate=27.0%, tie-stall=13.9%, attached against a wall=5.7%) remained. This risk factor assessment was the first step in an intervention strategy to improve calf welfare on dairy farms...
  4. Peters P. Causes and contributions to differences in life expectancy for Inuit Nunangat and Canada, 1994-2003. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2010;69:38-49 pubmed
    ..of death to differences in mortality and life expectancy between residents of Inuit Nunangat and the rest of Canada. The geographic area of coverage includes communities within Inuit Nunangat, with the addition of Inuvik in the ..
  5. Cao X, Dufresne G, Clement G, Belisle S, Robichaud A, Beraldin F. Levels of bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) and bisphenol F diglycidyl ether (BFDGE) in canned liquid infant formula products in Canada and dietary intake estimates. J AOAC Int. 2009;92:1780-9 pubmed
    ..The maximum PDI of BADGE was 22 microg/kg body weight/day for the 12-18 months old with the maximum formula intake. The maximum PDI of BFDGE was < 3.4 microg/kg body weight/day. ..
  6. Lim G, Tracey J, Boom N, Karmakar S, Wang J, Berthelot J, et al. CIHI survey: Hospital costs for preterm and small-for-gestational age babies in Canada. Healthc Q. 2009;12:20-4 pubmed
    In 2006-2007, more than 54,000 (or one in seven) babies across Canada were born preterm or small for their gestational age (SGA)...
  7. Stewart D, Dorado L, Diaz Granados N, Rondon M, Saavedra J, Posada Villa J, et al. Examining gender equity in health policies in a low- (Peru), middle- (Colombia), and high- (Canada) income country in the Americas. J Public Health Policy. 2009;30:439-54 pubmed publisher
    ..and measured the existence of gender-sensitive health policies in a low- (Peru), middle- (Colombia), and high (Canada)-income country in the Americas...
  8. Robinson J, Davies H, Barton M, O Brien K, Simpson K, Asztalos E, et al. Characteristics and outcome of infants with candiduria in neonatal intensive care - a Paediatric Investigators Collaborative Network on Infections in Canada (PICNIC) study. BMC Infect Dis. 2009;9:183 pubmed publisher
    ..In one third of the deaths, Candida infection was deemed to be a contributing factor, suggesting the need for antifungal therapy with repeat evaluation for dissemination in infants who are slow to respond to therapy. ..
  9. Najafzadeh M, Marra C, Galanis E, Patrick D. Cost effectiveness of herpes zoster vaccine in Canada. Pharmacoeconomics. 2009;27:991-1004 pubmed publisher
    ..HZ vaccination of adults, especially for individuals aged 60-75 years, seems to be a cost-effective intervention and might be considered by Canadian decision makers. ..
  10. McGillis Hall L, Pink G, Jones C, Leatt P, Gates M, Peterson J. Is the grass any greener? Canada to United States of America nurse migration. Int Nurs Rev. 2009;56:198-205 pubmed publisher
    Little or no attempt has been made to determine why nurses leave Canada, remain outside of Canada, or under what circumstances might return to Canada...
  11. Hu J, Mao Y, Desmeules M, Csizmadi I, Friedenreich C, Mery L. Total fluid and specific beverage intake and risk of renal cell carcinoma in Canada. Cancer Epidemiol. 2009;33:355-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Intake of tap water (not in coffee or tea), bottled water, tea, soft drinks and milk was not related to RCC. The risk of RCC for higher intake of total fluids, coffee and juices might involve gender differences. ..
  12. Iskedjian M, De Serres G, Einarson T, Walker J. Economic impact of the introduction of an acellular pertussis vaccine in Canada: a 6-year analysis. Vaccine. 2010;28:714-23 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the economic impact of replacing the whole cell vaccine with an acellular vaccine in Canada. A decision analytic model was developed comparing costs and outcomes of pertussis vaccination for Canadian ..
  13. Li H, Adeli K. Laboratory quality regulations and accreditation standards in Canada. Clin Biochem. 2009;42:249-55 pubmed publisher
    To review the current status of laboratory quality regulations and accreditation standards in Canada. The review is written based on information collected by survey questionnaires, a comprehensive review of available websites, and ..
  14. Hwang S, Wilkins R, Tjepkema M, O Campo P, Dunn J. Mortality among residents of shelters, rooming houses, and hotels in Canada: 11 year follow-up study. BMJ. 2009;339:b4036 pubmed publisher
    ..Follow-up study. Canada 1991-2001. 15 100 homeless and marginally housed people enumerated in 1991 census...
  15. Harms N, Fairhurst G, Bortolotti G, Smits J. Variation in immune function, body condition, and feather corticosterone in nestling tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) on reclaimed wetlands in the Athabasca oil sands, Alberta, Canada. Environ Pollut. 2010;158:841-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Body condition of 12-day-old female nestlings was inversely related to feather corticosterone. Under ideal weather conditions, reclaimed wetlands can support healthy populations of aerially-insectivorous birds...
  16. Gorey K, Luginaah I, Hamm C, Fung K, Holowaty E. Breast cancer care in the Canada and the United States: ecological comparisons of extremely impoverished and affluent urban neighborhoods. Health Place. 2010;16:156-63 pubmed publisher
    This study examined the differential effect of extreme impoverishment on breast cancer care in urban Canada and the United States. Ontario and California registry-based samples diagnosed between 1998 and 2000 were followed until 2006...
  17. Kumar A, Zarychanski R, Pinto R, Cook D, Marshall J, Lacroix J, et al. Critically ill patients with 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection in Canada. JAMA. 2009;302:1872-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of critically ill patients in Canada with 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection...
  18. Brar S, Tang S, Drummond N, Palacios Derflingher L, Clark V, John M, et al. Perinatal care for South Asian immigrant women and women born in Canada: telephone survey of users. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2009;31:708-716 pubmed publisher
    ..Such barriers may be overcome by wider availability of multilingual staff and educational materials in a variety of formats including illustrated books and videos. ..
  19. Sterner R, Meltzer M, Shwiff S, Slate D. Tactics and economics of wildlife oral rabies vaccination, Canada and the United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1176-84 pubmed publisher
    Progressive elimination of rabies in wildlife has been a general strategy in Canada and the United States; common campaign tactics are trap-vaccinate-release (TVR), point infection control (PIC), and oral rabies vaccination (ORV)...
  20. Little S, Sears W, Lachtara J, Bienzle D. Seroprevalence of feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus infection among cats in Canada. Can Vet J. 2009;50:644-8 pubmed
    ..the seroprevalence of feline leukemia virus (FeLV) and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection among cats in Canada and to identify risk factors for seropositivity...
  21. Page S, Grod J. An audit of health products advertised for sale on chiropractic Web sites in Canada and consideration of these practices in the context of Canadian chiropractic codes of ethics and conduct. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2009;32:485-92 pubmed publisher
    This study describes the extent to which chiropractors with Web sites practicing in Canada advertise health products for sale and considers this practice in the context of chiropractic codes of ethics and conduct...
  22. Dallaire R, Ayotte P, Pereg D, Dery S, Dumas P, Langlois E, et al. Determinants of plasma concentrations of perfluorooctanesulfonate and brominated organic compounds in Nunavik Inuit adults (Canada). Environ Sci Technol. 2009;43:5130-6 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, we found that the remote geographical location and traditional lifestyle of the Nunavik Inuit population do not protect them against exposure to emerging POPs, particularly PFOS. ..
  23. Mittmann N, Au H, Tu D, O Callaghan C, Isogai P, Karapetis C, et al. Prospective cost-effectiveness analysis of cetuximab in metastatic colorectal cancer: evaluation of National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group CO.17 trial. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2009;101:1182-92 pubmed publisher
    The National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group CO...