zimbabwe

Summary

Summary: A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia. The region was under the administration of the British South Africa Company from 1889 to 1923 when it became a self-governing British colony. Zimbabwe was a member of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland 1953-63. It was granted independence by the British in 1980 when it became Zimbabwe. The name is from that of a famous archaeological site whose name is the Bantu zimba we bahwe, (house of stones) from zimba, the plural of imba (house) + bahwe (stones). It refers to ruins comprising an acropolis with huge walls of monoliths fitted without mortar. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1013, 1374 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p610)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of combined nevirapine and zidovudine compared with nevirapine alone in the prevention of perinatal transmission of HIV in Zimbabwe
    Paul Thistle
    The Salvation Army Howard Hospital, Glendale, Zimbabwe
    Clin Infect Dis 44:111-9. 2007
  2. ncbi Child mortality according to maternal and infant HIV status in Zimbabwe
    Edmore Marinda
    ZVITAMBO Project, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:519-26. 2007
  3. pmc Uptake of workplace HIV counselling and testing: a cluster-randomised trial in Zimbabwe
    Elizabeth L Corbett
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 3:e238. 2006
  4. ncbi Community group participation: can it help young women to avoid HIV? An exploratory study of social capital and school education in rural Zimbabwe
    Simon Gregson
    Wellcome Trust Centre for the Epidemiology of Infectious Disease, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3FY, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:2119-32. 2004
  5. ncbi What is youth-friendly? Adolescents' preferences for reproductive health services in Kenya and Zimbabwe
    Annabel S Erulkar
    Population Council, Accra, Ghana
    Afr J Reprod Health 9:51-8. 2005
  6. ncbi Intestinal parasites in patients with diarrhea and human immunodeficiency virus infection in Zimbabwe
    T Gumbo
    Department of Infectious Disease, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio, USA
    AIDS 13:819-21. 1999
  7. ncbi The physical fitness and work performance of agricultural workers infected with Schistosoma mansoni in Zimbabwe
    J Ndamba
    Blair Research Laboratory, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 87:553-61. 1993
  8. ncbi Acceptability of routine HIV testing ("opt-out") in antenatal services in two rural districts of Zimbabwe
    Freddy Perez
    Institut de Santé Publique, d Epidémiologie et de Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux 2, France
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:514-20. 2006
  9. pmc HIV incidence and poverty in Manicaland, Zimbabwe: is HIV becoming a disease of the poor?
    Ben Lopman
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College, London, UK
    AIDS 21:S57-66. 2007
  10. ncbi Removing barriers to knowing HIV status: same-day mobile HIV testing in Zimbabwe
    Stephen F Morin
    AIDS Policy Research Center, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:218-24. 2006

Detail Information

Publications297 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of combined nevirapine and zidovudine compared with nevirapine alone in the prevention of perinatal transmission of HIV in Zimbabwe
    Paul Thistle
    The Salvation Army Howard Hospital, Glendale, Zimbabwe
    Clin Infect Dis 44:111-9. 2007
    ..There is limited data about the benefit of usZDV added to sdNVP to prevent mother-to-child transmission...
  2. ncbi Child mortality according to maternal and infant HIV status in Zimbabwe
    Edmore Marinda
    ZVITAMBO Project, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:519-26. 2007
    ..HIV causes substantial mortality among African children but there is limited data on how this is influenced by maternal or infant infection status and timing...
  3. pmc Uptake of workplace HIV counselling and testing: a cluster-randomised trial in Zimbabwe
    Elizabeth L Corbett
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 3:e238. 2006
    ..HIV counselling and testing is a key component of both HIV care and HIV prevention, but uptake is currently low. We investigated the impact of rapid HIV testing at the workplace on uptake of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT)...
  4. ncbi Community group participation: can it help young women to avoid HIV? An exploratory study of social capital and school education in rural Zimbabwe
    Simon Gregson
    Wellcome Trust Centre for the Epidemiology of Infectious Disease, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3FY, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:2119-32. 2004
    ..We use cross-sectional data from a large-scale, population-based survey in rural eastern Zimbabwe to describe the relationships between membership of different forms of community group and young women's chances ..
  5. ncbi What is youth-friendly? Adolescents' preferences for reproductive health services in Kenya and Zimbabwe
    Annabel S Erulkar
    Population Council, Accra, Ghana
    Afr J Reprod Health 9:51-8. 2005
    ..Large scale population-based surveys were carried out among youth in Kenya and Zimbabwe. A list of characteristics that programmers often think of as youth-friendly was read to respondents, after which ..
  6. ncbi Intestinal parasites in patients with diarrhea and human immunodeficiency virus infection in Zimbabwe
    T Gumbo
    Department of Infectious Disease, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio, USA
    AIDS 13:819-21. 1999
    To determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites and risk factors for infection associated with diarrhea in HIV-infected patients in Harare, Zimbabwe.
  7. ncbi The physical fitness and work performance of agricultural workers infected with Schistosoma mansoni in Zimbabwe
    J Ndamba
    Blair Research Laboratory, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 87:553-61. 1993
    Stool specimens were collected from 1995 sugarcane cutters on the Hippo Valley and Triangle sugar estates, Zimbabwe, in order to determine the prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma mansoni infection...
  8. ncbi Acceptability of routine HIV testing ("opt-out") in antenatal services in two rural districts of Zimbabwe
    Freddy Perez
    Institut de Santé Publique, d Epidémiologie et de Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux 2, France
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:514-20. 2006
    ..An exploratory cross-sectional survey was conducted in 6 PMTCT sites in rural Zimbabwe. Women who had attended ANC in health centers where PMTCT was provided were surveyed in postnatal services...
  9. pmc HIV incidence and poverty in Manicaland, Zimbabwe: is HIV becoming a disease of the poor?
    Ben Lopman
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College, London, UK
    AIDS 21:S57-66. 2007
    In Zimbabwe, socioeconomic development has a complicated and changeable relationship with HIV infection...
  10. ncbi Removing barriers to knowing HIV status: same-day mobile HIV testing in Zimbabwe
    Stephen F Morin
    AIDS Policy Research Center, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:218-24. 2006
    ....
  11. ncbi A qualitative study of women's perspectives of antenatal care in a rural area of Zimbabwe
    Thubelihle Mathole
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Section for International Maternal and Child Health, Uppsala University, University Hospital, Entrance 11, SE 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
    Midwifery 20:122-32. 2004
    ..To describe the perspectives and experiences of women in their use of antenatal care and in their reasoning on specific antenatal care routines...
  12. ncbi High prevalence of Enterocytozoon bieneusi infections among HIV-positive individuals with persistent diarrhoea in Harare, Zimbabwe
    T van Gool
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 89:478-80. 1995
    ..Faecal specimens were obtained from 202 adults and 106 children in Harare, Zimbabwe, all of whom were in hospital and had diarrhoea...
  13. ncbi HIV infection presenting in older children and adolescents: a case series from Harare, Zimbabwe
    Rashida A Ferrand
    Mortimer Market Centre, Camden Primary Care Trust, London WC1E 6AU, UK
    Clin Infect Dis 44:874-8. 2007
    ..We investigated social and clinical features in patients of this age group presenting to a HIV treatment clinic with special adolescent services in Harare, Zimbabwe.
  14. ncbi A randomized controlled safety trial of the diaphragm and cellulose sulfate microbicide gel in sexually active women in Zimbabwe
    Ariane van der Straten
    Department of Ob Gyn, University of California San Francisco, Women s Global Health Imperative, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    Contraception 76:389-99. 2007
    Cellulose sulfate (CS) is an antimicrobial and contraceptive agent. We assessed its safety when used alone or with the diaphragm in Harare, Zimbabwe.
  15. ncbi Implementing a rural programme of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Zimbabwe: first 18 months of experience
    Freddy Perez
    Institut de Santé Publique, d Epidémiologie et de Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux, France
    Trop Med Int Health 9:774-83. 2004
    To report on activities and lessons learned during the first 18 months of a rural programme of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in Zimbabwe.
  16. doi The clinical surface anatomy anomalies of the palmaris longus muscle in the Black African population of Zimbabwe and a proposed new testing technique
    Hope Gangata
    Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town City, South Africa
    Clin Anat 22:230-5. 2009
    ..The author proposes a new technique to test the tendon of PLM, which combines resisted thumb abduction and resisted wrist flexion. The proposed technique capitalizes on the role of the PLM as an important abductor of the thumb...
  17. doi Patterns of individual and population-level adherence to antiretroviral therapy and risk factors for poor adherence in the first year of the DART trial in Uganda and Zimbabwe
    Sylvia K Muyingo
    MRC Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 48:468-75. 2008
    ..Good adherence is essential for successful antiretroviral therapy (ART) provision, but simple measures have rarely been validated in Africa...
  18. pmc Pyrethroid resistance in the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis from Gwave, a malaria-endemic area in Zimbabwe
    Givemore Munhenga
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Malar J 7:247. 2008
    ..Following the recent detection of DDT resistance in Anopheles arabiensis in Gokwe, Zimbabwe, the underlying resistance mechanisms in this population were studied.
  19. ncbi Prevalence and intensity of schistosomiasis in two rural areas in Zimbabwe and their relationship to village location and snail infection rates
    S K Chandiwana
    Blair Research Laboratory, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 82:163-73. 1988
    Surveys for schistosomiasis of 2498 people of various ages from 22 villages in northeast Zimbabwe are reported. A high prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium (53.1%) and a medium prevalence of S. mansoni (17.5%) were found...
  20. ncbi The feasibility of voluntary counselling and HIV testing for pregnant women using community volunteers in Zimbabwe
    Avinash K Shetty
    Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 16:755-9. 2005
    ..and acceptability of voluntary counselling and HIV testing (VCT) by pregnant women using community volunteers in Zimbabwe to prevent mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV...
  21. ncbi High prevalence of the CYP2B6 516G-->T(*6) variant and effect on the population pharmacokinetics of efavirenz in HIV/AIDS outpatients in Zimbabwe
    Christopher Nyakutira
    Department of DMPK and BAC, African Institute of Biomedical Science and Technology AiBST, P O Box 2294, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 64:357-65. 2008
    ..The study sought to investigate the relationship between efavirenz exposure and the CYP2B6 516G-->T(*6) genotype in HIV/AIDS outpatients, using pharmacokinetic modelling and simulation...
  22. ncbi Changing patterns of adult mortality as the HIV epidemic matures in Manicaland, eastern Zimbabwe
    Jennifer Smith
    Imperial College, London, UK
    AIDS 21:S81-6. 2007
    HIV prevalence declined in Manicaland, eastern Zimbabwe, between 1998 and 2003. During this period, adult mortality in men was stable, whereas female mortality increased to levels similar to those of men...
  23. ncbi Towards empirical description of malaria seasonality in southern Africa: the example of Zimbabwe
    M L H Mabaso
    Malaria Research Programme, Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 10:909-18. 2005
    ..There is a need for seasonality models that predict quantitative variation in transmission between months...
  24. doi Biomarker validation of reports of recent sexual activity: results of a randomized controlled study in Zimbabwe
    Alexandra M Minnis
    Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 170:918-24. 2009
    ..Self-report was a poor predictor of recent sexual activity and condom use in this study, regardless of interview mode, providing evidence that such data should be interpreted cautiously...
  25. ncbi Outcome of common mental disorders in Harare, Zimbabwe
    V Patel
    Section of Epidemiology and General Practice, Institute of Psychiatry, London
    Br J Psychiatry 172:53-7. 1998
    ..Little is known about the outcome of common mental disorders (CMD) in primary care attenders in low income countries...
  26. pmc Prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV: evaluation of a pilot programme in a district hospital in rural Zimbabwe
    Freddy Perez
    Institut de Santé Publique, d Epidémiologie et de Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, 146 rue Leo Saignat, 33076 Bordeaux, France
    BMJ 329:1147-50. 2004
    b>Zimbabwe has one of the highest rates of HIV seroprevalence in the world. In 2001 only 4% of women and children in need of services for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV were receiving them.
  27. doi The burden of polyparasitism among primary schoolchildren in rural and farming areas in Zimbabwe
    N Midzi
    National Institute of Health Research, Box CY 573, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:1039-45. 2008
    A cross-sectional study was conducted in Zimbabwe among 1303 primary schoolchildren from a rural (53.3%) and a commercial farming area (46.7%) to determine the prevalence of co-infection by helminths and Plasmodium falciparum...
  28. ncbi The burden of disease in Zimbabwe in 1997 as measured by disability-adjusted life years lost
    Glyn Chapman
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 11:660-71. 2006
    To rank health problems contributing most to the burden of disease in Zimbabwe using disability-adjusted life years as the population health measure.
  29. ncbi Use of ceramic water filtration in the prevention of diarrheal disease: a randomized controlled trial in rural South Africa and zimbabwe
    Martella Du Preez
    Natural Resources and the Environment, CSIR, Pretoria, South Africa
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:696-701. 2008
    ..the effectiveness of ceramic filters in reducing diarrhea, we conducted a randomized controlled trial in Zimbabwe and South Africa, in which 61 of 115 households received ceramic filters...
  30. ncbi Women's power and anthropometric status in Zimbabwe
    M J Hindin
    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27516 3997, USA
    Soc Sci Med 51:1517-28. 2000
    The relationship between household decision-making and married women's anthropometry--based on data from the 1994 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey--is analyzed...
  31. ncbi How do countries regulate the health sector? Evidence from Tanzania and Zimbabwe
    L Kumaranayake
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Health Policy Plan 15:357-67. 2000
    ..presents the existing network of regulations governing private activity in the health sectors of Tanzania and Zimbabwe, and their appropriateness in the context of emerging market realities...
  32. ncbi Sarcomas of the oral and maxillofacial region: a review of 88 cases in Zimbabwe
    M M Chidzonga
    Department of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, P O Box A178, Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 45:317-8. 2007
    ..There were 51 men (mean age 23 years) and 37 women (mean age 29). Forty-six tumours were in the mandible. Osteosarcoma accounted for 31 cases, and rhabdomyosarcoma 21 (usually under the age of 10 years)...
  33. doi Prevalence of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli virulence genes from scouring piglets in Zimbabwe
    Evelyn Madoroba
    Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, University of Pretoria, 0002, Pretoria, South Africa
    Trop Anim Health Prod 41:1539-47. 2009
    ..coli isolated from diarrheic piglets from randomly selected piggeries in Zimbabwe. We used multiplex PCR for screening STa, STb, LT, and Stx-2e toxins...
  34. ncbi Alcohol use among school-going adolescents in Harare, Zimbabwe: results from the 2003 Global School-Based Health Survey
    S Siziya
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Zambia, School of Medicine, Lusaka, Zambia
    Tanzan J Health Res 11:11-6. 2009
    ..70 [95% CI (0.50, 0.98)] to consume alcohol. There is a need to implement public health interventions with special attention to the determinants of alcohol consumption in this age group...
  35. ncbi Effect of postpartum maternal or neonatal vitamin A supplementation on infant mortality among infants born to HIV-negative mothers in Zimbabwe
    Lucie C Malaba
    Department of Nutrition, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:454-60. 2005
    ....
  36. ncbi Community participation as an interactive learning process: experiences from a schistosomiasis control project in Zimbabwe
    Addmore Ndekha
    Royal Danish School of Pharmacy, Universitetsparken 2, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Acta Trop 85:325-38. 2003
    A schistosomiasis control project was undertaken from 1994 to 1998 in Guruve District, Zimbabwe, based on the active involvement of local communities in the growing and application of the molluscicidal plant Phytolacca dodecandra as a ..
  37. ncbi Scale-free networks and sexually transmitted diseases: a description of observed patterns of sexual contacts in Britain and Zimbabwe
    Anne Schneeberger
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    Sex Transm Dis 31:380-7. 2004
    ..In physics, networks have been characterized as "scale-free" if they follow a power law with an exponent between 2 and 3...
  38. pmc Measuring trends in age at first sex and age at marriage in Manicaland, Zimbabwe
    I Cremin
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 85:i34-40. 2009
    ..To identify reporting biases and to determine the influence of inconsistent reporting on observed trends in the timing of age at first sex and age at marriage...
  39. ncbi Poorer health and nutritional outcomes in orphans and vulnerable young children not explained by greater exposure to extreme poverty in Zimbabwe
    Helen Watts
    Department of Infectious Disease Eidemiology, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 12:584-93. 2007
    ....
  40. pmc Chronic cough and its association with TB-HIV co-infection: factors affecting help-seeking behaviour in Harare, Zimbabwe
    Webster Mavhu
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Zimbabwe, 92 Prince Edward Road, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Trop Med Int Health 15:574-9. 2010
    ..To qualitatively investigate reasons why individuals who reported chronic cough of 2 weeks or more in a cross-sectional prevalence survey had not accessed community-based outreach or other diagnostic services...
  41. pmc Field evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of an oral fluid rapid test for HIV, tested at point-of-service sites in rural Zimbabwe
    Sophie J S Pascoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:571-6. 2009
    ..Bethlehem, PA) on oral fluid for a population-based HIV prevalence survey of rural youth in southeast Zimbabwe. The evaluation was conducted in patients presenting for voluntary counseling and testing at rural clinics...
  42. ncbi HIV disclosure and discussions about grief with Shona children: a comparison between health care workers and community members in Eastern Zimbabwe
    Anniek J De Baets
    FSP ISPED Zimbabwe, Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux, France
    Soc Sci Med 66:479-91. 2008
    ..An anonymous survey was taken from 64 primary health care workers and 131 community members from rural Eastern Zimbabwe. The results expressed a high need and desire for such communications and should be interpreted against a ..
  43. pmc The prevalence of antibody to the viruses of bovine virus diarrhoea, bovine herpes virus 1, rift valley fever, ephemeral fever and bluetongue and to Leptospira sp in free-ranging wildlife in Zimbabwe
    E C Anderson
    Central Veterinary Laboratory, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Epidemiol Infect 121:441-9. 1998
    ..was determined in wildlife populations in Zimbabwe. Evidence of infection with BVD virus was found in 14 of the 16 species examined but was greatest in eland ..
  44. ncbi Knowledge of malaria, risk perception, and compliance with prophylaxis and personal and environmental preventive measures in travelers exiting Zimbabwe from Harare and Victoria Falls International airport
    S M Laver
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Zimbabwe Medical School, Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe
    J Travel Med 8:298-303. 2001
    ..and personal and environmental protection measures we conducted a study in a cohort of travelers exiting Zimbabwe from two international airports during a peak malaria transmission period...
  45. doi Efficacy and side effects of praziquantel treatment against Schistosoma haematobium infection among primary school children in Zimbabwe
    N Midzi
    National Institute of Health Research, Box CY 573, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:759-66. 2008
    ..a school-based deworming programme in the Burma Valley commercial farming area and the Nyamaropa rural areas in Zimbabwe, where the disease is highly endemic. Among 767 individuals infected with S. haematobium, 675 (88...
  46. ncbi An ethnobotanical study of plants used for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (njovhera) in Guruve District, Zimbabwe
    L Kambizi
    Department of Botany, University of Fort Hare, Alice 5700, South Africa
    J Ethnopharmacol 77:5-9. 2001
    The use of medicinal plants in Guruve District, Zimbabwe, contributes significantly to primary health care of the people of the area...
  47. ncbi HIV and other predictors of serum beta-carotene and retinol in pregnancy: a cross-sectional study in Zimbabwe
    H Friis
    Research Department of Human Nutrition, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:1058-65. 2001
    ..Vitamin A status during pregnancy is important to maternal and infant health...
  48. ncbi A clinical evaluation of children under the age of five years who are household contacts of adults with sputum positive tuberculosis in Harare, Zimbabwe
    S Mtombeni
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Zimbabwe, Medical School, PO Box A178, Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Cent Afr J Med 48:28-32. 2002
    To determine the prevalence and risk factors for transmission of tuberculosis in children under five years of age who are household contact of sputum smear positive tuberculosis adults in Harare, Zimbabwe.
  49. ncbi Improving young people's access to reproductive health care in rural Zimbabwe
    L F Langhaug
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS Care 15:147-57. 2003
    ..explore ways to improve the accessibility of clinics for young people with reproductive health problems in rural Zimbabwe. This study, which took place in rural Masvingo, was part of a project to develop a comprehensive adolescent ..
  50. ncbi Pregnancy and the risk of HIV-1 acquisition among women in Uganda and Zimbabwe
    Charles S Morrison
    Clinical Research Department, Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    AIDS 21:1027-34. 2007
    ..We used data from a large, prospective study of hormonal contraception and HIV-1 to evaluate the effect of pregnancy on the risk of HIV-1 acquisition...
  51. doi Is education the link between orphanhood and HIV/HSV-2 risk among female adolescents in urban Zimbabwe?
    Isolde Birdthistle
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 68:1810-8. 2009
    ..of education in explaining the excess sexual risk previously documented among unmarried female orphans in urban Zimbabwe. School attendance and attainment were assessed by type of orphanhood, and for their association with markers of ..
  52. pmc Constraints faced by sex workers in use of female and male condoms for safer sex in urban zimbabwe
    S Ray
    SAfAIDS, Harare, Zimbabwe
    J Urban Health 78:581-92. 2001
    ..However, more work is needed to help sex workers achieve safer sex in noncommercial relationships...
  53. ncbi Mortality and morbidity among postpartum HIV-positive and HIV-negative women in Zimbabwe: risk factors, causes, and impact of single-dose postpartum vitamin A supplementation
    Partson Zvandasara
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Zimbabwe, College of Health Sciences, Harare, Zimbabwe
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:107-16. 2006
    ..Vitamin A deficiency is common among women in resource-poor countries and is associated with greater mortality during HIV...
  54. ncbi Cytotoxic activity of Ozoroa insignis from Zimbabwe
    Angela I Rea
    Department of Chemistry, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA
    Fitoterapia 74:732-5. 2003
    ..Bioactivity-directed chromatographic separation led to isolation of anacardic acid and ginkgoic acid as the cytotoxic components...
  55. ncbi Praziquantel treatment of individuals exposed to Schistosoma haematobium enhances serological recognition of defined parasite antigens
    Francisca Mutapi
    Institute for Immunology and Infection Research, Ashworth Laboratories, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    J Infect Dis 192:1108-18. 2005
    ..This study aimed to identify and compare proteins recognized by serum samples from schistosome-exposed individuals before and after curative praziquantel treatment...
  56. ncbi Complete nucleotide sequence of Middelburg virus, isolated from the spleen of a horse with severe clinical disease in Zimbabwe
    Houssam Attoui
    Department of Arbovirology, Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright, Woking, Surrey GU24 0NF, UK
    J Gen Virol 88:3078-88. 2007
    The complete nucleotide sequence of Middelburg virus (MIDV) was determined for strain MIDV-857 from Zimbabwe. The isolation of this virus in 1993 from a horse that died showing severe clinical signs represents the first indication that ..
  57. ncbi Risk factors for prematurity at Harare Maternity Hospital, Zimbabwe
    Shingairai A Feresu
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104 3028, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 33:1194-201. 2004
    ..This preliminary study describes the socio-demographic, reproductive, medical, and obstetrical risk factors for having a live pre-term delivery (PTD) in Zimbabwe.
  58. ncbi A randomized control trial of an Ultra-Short zidovudine regimen in the prevention of perinatal HIV transmission in rural Zimbabwe
    P Thistle
    The Salvation Army Howard Hospital, Glendale, Zimbabwe
    Cent Afr J Med 50:79-84. 2004
    To assess the practicality and effectiveness of an Ultra-Short zidovudine regimen for prevention of perinatal HIV transmission in rural Zimbabwe.
  59. ncbi Prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis and HIV in females living in a rural community of Zimbabwe: does age matter?
    P D Ndhlovu
    Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:433-8. 2007
    A cross-sectional study was conducted on 544 women living in Mupfure rural area of Zimbabwe to determine whether infection with urinary schistosomiasis is associated with HIV infection...
  60. doi Making a working clinical diagnosis of HIV infection in infants in Zimbabwe
    Peter Iliff
    ZVITAMBO Project, Borrowdale, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Trop Med Int Health 13:1459-69. 2008
    ..This analysis uses data from a large clinical trial to test such algorithms, and thereby develop a successor which performs usefully in poor countries with high HIV-prevalence...
  61. ncbi Cancer incidence in the African population of Harare, Zimbabwe: second results from the cancer registry 1993-1995
    E Chokunonga
    Zimbabwe Cancer Registry, Parirenyatwa Hospital, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Int J Cancer 85:54-9. 2000
    The data of the population-based cancer registry in Harare, Zimbabwe, for 1993-1995 are presented and compared with those from 1990-1992...
  62. ncbi Caesarean section morbidity at district level in Zimbabwe
    X de Muylder
    Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Gweru Provincial Hospital, Zimbabwe
    J Trop Med Hyg 92:89-92. 1989
    ..of complications related to Caesarean section was studied among 643 patients operated in four hospitals in Zimbabwe. Major complications were recorded in 15% of the patients and minor complications in 27%...
  63. ncbi Path analysis of subsistence farmers' use of veterinary services in Zimbabwe
    Pamela S A Woods
    Clinical Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, PO Box MP 167, Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Prev Vet Med 61:339-58. 2003
    ..farmers of the various services offered by government-employed veterinary livestock technicians (VLTs) in Zimbabwe in 1996. We examined whether the farmer had implemented the VLT-recommended livestock-management procedures...
  64. ncbi Report of isolations of unusual lyssaviruses (rabies and Mokola virus) identified retrospectively from Zimbabwe
    J Bingham
    Rabies Unit, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Africa
    J S Afr Vet Assoc 72:92-4. 2001
    ..These findings indicate that both Mokola virus and the mongoose-associated variant may be more common in Zimbabwe than is apparent from routine surveillance.
  65. ncbi Consistency in condom use in the context of HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe
    J Adetunji
    Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403, USA
    J Biosoc Sci 33:121-38. 2001
    Against the backdrop of a high prevalence of the human immunodeficiency virus infection in Zimbabwe, this paper analyses data from the 1997 Zimbabwe Sexual Behaviour and Condom Use Survey to throw light on the degree to which sexually ..
  66. ncbi National oral health survey Zimbabwe 1995: dental caries situation
    J E Frencken
    Int Dent J 49:3-9. 1999
    ..The prevalence of unmet treatment needs was very high with extraction as the predominant mode of treatment. The survey has shown that the vast majority of Zimbabweans are not receiving and/or are not seeking oral care...
  67. ncbi The impact of epilepsy on the quality of life of people with epilepsy in Zimbabwe: a pilot study
    J Mielke
    Department of Medicine, University of Zimbabwe Medical School, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Seizure 9:259-64. 2000
    ..In Zimbabwe a combination of developing world economic priorities (with provision of social and health services for disabled ..
  68. pmc Tariro: finding hope in Zimbabwe
    Sandy Buchman
    Can Fam Physician 53:1971-3. 2007
  69. doi Quality of life, psychosocial health, and antiretroviral therapy among HIV-positive women in Zimbabwe
    Rena Patel
    Department of Internal Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    AIDS Care 21:1517-27. 2009
    ..Therefore, we conducted a cross-sectional study in Zimbabwe to assess the impact of ART on HIV-positive women's health-related quality of life, using the Medical Outcomes ..
  70. ncbi Yeasts and lactic acid bacteria microbiota from masau (Ziziphus mauritiana) fruits and their fermented fruit pulp in Zimbabwe
    Loveness K Nyanga
    Institute of Food, Nutrition and Family Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, P Box MP167, Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Int J Food Microbiol 120:159-66. 2007
    ..on the unripe, ripe and dried fruits, and in the fermented masau fruits collected from Muzarabani district in Zimbabwe were isolated and identified using physiological and molecular methods...
  71. ncbi Improved knowledge and practices among end-users of mother-to-child transmission of HIV prevention services in rural Zimbabwe
    J Orne-Gliemann
    Institut de Santé Publique, d Épidémiologie et de Développement, Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
    Trop Med Int Health 11:341-9. 2006
    ..To evaluate the influence of a prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV advocacy and mobilization campaign on awareness and knowledge levels within the community...
  72. ncbi Antimicrobial resistance in gonococci isolated from patients and from commercial sex workers in Harare, Zimbabwe
    P R Mason
    University of Zimbabwe Medical School, Harare
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 9:175-9. 1997
    ..objective is to compare antibiotic resistance amongst gonococci isolated from different patient groups in Harare, Zimbabwe. Antimicrobial susceptibilities of Neisseria. gonorrhoeae were determined by disc sensitivity tests...
  73. ncbi Occupational injuries among workers in the cleansing section of the City Council's Health Services Department--Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, 2001-2002
    Elizabeth Gonese
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Zimbabwe, Avondale, Zimbabwe
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 55:7-10. 2006
    ..2001-2002, a total of 97 occupational injuries occurred among workers in the cleansing section of the Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, City Council's Health Services Department...
  74. pmc Spatio-temporal analysis of the role of climate in inter-annual variation of malaria incidence in Zimbabwe
    Musawenkoi L H Mabaso
    Malaria Research Lead Programme, Medical Research Council, P O Box 70380, Overport 4067, Durban, South Africa
    Int J Health Geogr 5:20. 2006
    ..We used Bayesian negative binomial models for spatio-temporal analysis of the relationship between annual malaria incidence and selected climatic covariates at a district level in Zimbabwe from 1988-1999.
  75. ncbi Ranula: experience with 83 cases in Zimbabwe
    Midion Mapfumo Chidzonga
    Department of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 65:79-82. 2007
    To document the clinical features, management, and outcome of ranulas in Zimbabwe.
  76. doi From affected to infected? Orphanhood and HIV risk among female adolescents in urban Zimbabwe
    Isolde J Birdthistle
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 22:759-66. 2008
    ..Despite the 15 million children orphaned by AIDS, and fears of sexual vulnerability, little is known about the link between orphanhood and HIV risk...
  77. ncbi Testosterone, aging, and body composition in men from Harare, Zimbabwe
    William D Lukas
    Department of Anthropology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 16:704-12. 2004
    ..population, measures of body composition and salivary T were obtained from 109 males ages 20-78 in Harare, Zimbabwe. Measures included height, weight, suprailiac and triceps skinfold, and percent body fat by bioelectric impedance ..
  78. ncbi The hide-and-seek game: men's perspectives on abortion and contraceptive use within marriage in a rural community in Zimbabwe
    Jeremiah Chikovore
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Zimbabwe Bulawayo College of Health Sciences
    J Biosoc Sci 34:317-32. 2002
    ..aimed at understanding the perceptions of men to induced abortion and contraceptive use within marriage in rural Zimbabwe. Two qualitative methods were combined...
  79. ncbi Ecto-, endo- and haemoparasites in free-range chickens in the Goromonzi District in Zimbabwe
    A Permin
    Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Section for Parasitology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Dyrloegevej 100, DK 1870 C, Frederiksberg, Denmark
    Prev Vet Med 54:213-24. 2002
    ..determined the prevalence of ecto-, endo- and haemoparasites in free-range chickens from the Goromonzi District, Zimbabwe. Fifty young and 50 adult birds were selected randomly...
  80. doi Clostridium difficile in broiler chickens sold at market places in Zimbabwe and their antimicrobial susceptibility
    Clifford Simango
    Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, P O Box A178, Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Int J Food Microbiol 124:268-70. 2008
    ..difficile in broiler chickens sold at market places in an urban area in Zimbabwe. Faeces of broiler chickens were collected from the cages at the market places and soils were collected from ..
  81. ncbi Epidemiological studies of Fasciola gigantica infections in cattle in the highveld and lowveld communal grazing areas of Zimbabwe
    D M Pfukenyi
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, P O Box MP167, Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 73:37-51. 2006
    ..patterns of Fasciola gigantica infections in cattle in the highveld and lowveld communal grazing areas of Zimbabwe were determined through monthly coprological examination...
  82. ncbi Larval trematode infections in freshwater snails from the highveld and lowveld areas of Zimbabwe
    G Chingwena
    University of Zimbabwe, Department of Paraclinical Veterinary Studies, Box MP 167, Harare, Zimbabwe
    J Helminthol 76:283-93. 2002
    ..November 1998 and October 2000, freshwater snails were collected monthly from the highveld and lowveld areas of Zimbabwe to determine the occurrence of larval trematodes...
  83. doi Structural barriers and human rights related to HIV prevention and treatment in Zimbabwe
    J J Amon
    Human Rights Watch, New York, USA
    Glob Public Health 4:528-45. 2009
    ..Using the situation of Zimbabwe as an example, we will present an illustration of how contextual barriers can be understood in human rights terms,..
  84. ncbi Prevalence of Clostridium difficile in the environment in a rural community in Zimbabwe
    Clifford Simango
    Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:1146-50. 2006
    ..The results of the present study suggest that chickens kept by villagers are an important reservoir of C. difficile, which may act as a source of human infection...
  85. ncbi Community-based assessment of infant feeding practices within a programme for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in rural Zimbabwe
    J Orne-Gliemann
    ISPED Zimbabwe, 33 Lawson Avenue, Milton Park, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Public Health Nutr 9:563-9. 2006
    To describe the infant feeding practices and attitudes of women who used prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services in rural Zimbabwe.
  86. ncbi Perceived risks and benefits of HIV testing, and predictors of acceptance of HIV counselling and testing among pregnant women in Zimbabwe
    Susanne P Martin-Herz
    Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 17:835-41. 2006
    ..and determined predictors of acceptance of voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT) among pregnant women in Zimbabwe. One hundred and seventy pregnant women attending an urban antenatal clinic were surveyed...
  87. ncbi Human papillomavirus genotype prevalence in high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and colposcopically normal women from Zimbabwe
    Patti E Gravitt
    Int J Cancer 100:729-32. 2002
  88. ncbi A survey of ectoparasites, cestodes and management of free-range indigenous chickens in rural Zimbabwe
    S Mukaratirwa
    School of Biological and Conservation Sciences, University of KwaZulu Natal, Westville Campus, Durban, 4000 South Africa
    J S Afr Vet Assoc 80:188-91. 2009
    ..of indigenous free-range chickens was carried out in selected districts from the highveld and lowveld of rural Zimbabwe. The survey recorded infection with 4 species from the order Phthiraptera (lice), 1 species from the order ..
  89. ncbi Human immunodeficiency virus, smoking and self-rated health in Harare, Zimbabwe
    S S Munyati
    National Institute of Health Research former Blair Research Institute, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 10:1279-85. 2006
    ..Twenty-two urban factories in Harare...
  90. ncbi Dilemmas and paradoxes in providing and changing antenatal care: a study of nurses and midwives in rural Zimbabwe
    T Mathole
    Uppsala University, Department of Women and Children s Health, Section for International Maternal and Child Health IMCH, University Hospital, Entrance 11, SE 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
    Health Policy Plan 20:385-93. 2005
    This paper describes the experiences of caregivers in a rural district in Zimbabwe, in caring for pregnant women within a context of changing antenatal care routines...
  91. ncbi Cleft deformities in Zimbabwe, Africa: socioeconomic factors, epidemiology, and surgical reconstruction
    Annette M Pham
    Cleft and Craniofacial Program, Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Davis School of Medicine, 2521 Stockton Blvd, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Arch Facial Plast Surg 9:385-91. 2007
    In the African country of Zimbabwe, a variety of socioeconomic factors have contributed to a lack of specialty care and resources for the indigent population. Although cleft lip and palate has a lower incidence in Africa (0...
  92. pmc Individual level injection history: a lack of association with HIV incidence in rural Zimbabwe
    Ben A Lopman
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 2:e37. 2005
    ..It has recently been argued that unsafe medical injections are a major transmission route of HIV infection in the generalised epidemics of sub-Saharan Africa...
  93. ncbi Massive outbreak of anthrax in wildlife in the Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve, Zimbabwe
    S B Clegg
    Malilangwe Trust, Private Bag 7085, Chiredzi, Zimbabwe
    Vet Rec 160:113-8. 2007
    A massive outbreak of anthrax in the wildlife of the Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve in Zimbabwe between August and November 2004 resulted in the death of almost all the reserve's estimated 500 kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros)...
  94. ncbi Reproductive maturation, somatic growth and testosterone among Zimbabwe boys
    Benjamin Campbell
    Department of Anthropology, Boston University, MA 02215, USA
    Ann Hum Biol 33:17-25. 2006
    ..Little is known about the role of energetic status in the timing of puberty among males across populations...
  95. doi Caesarean section as preferred mode of delivery in term breech presentations is not a realistic option in rural Zimbabwe
    Luk Van Eygen
    Trop Doct 38:36-9. 2008
    ..of 510 singleton breech presentations at term in seven district hospitals in rural Matabeleland-North Province, Zimbabwe. We also studied the mortality for 1093 caesarean sections (CS), in order to decide if CS should be the preferred ..
  96. ncbi Anaesthesia associated mortality in a district hospital in Zimbabwe: 1994 to 2001
    M Glenshaw
    Murambinda Mission Hospital, Buhera District, Zimbabwe
    Cent Afr J Med 51:39-44. 2005
    To describe anaesthetic associated mortality in a district hospital in Zimbabwe.
  97. doi 'Healers' understandings of indigenous names for HIV/AIDS in Harare, Zimbabwe
    David Sean Simmons
    Department of Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA
    AIDS Care 21:231-4. 2009
    Despite many years of HIV/AIDS education programming in Zimbabwe, there are still conflicting understandings of the disease, its genesis and its effects on the body...
  98. ncbi Screening for psychological morbidity in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected pregnant women using community counselors in Zimbabwe
    Lynda Stranix-Chibanda
    Department of Pediatrics, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
    J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic) 4:83-8. 2005
    To examine the prevalence of psychological morbidity in HIV-infected and uninfected pregnant women seeking antenatal care in Zimbabwe.
  99. ncbi Prevalence of HIV/AIDS and psychiatric disorders and their related risk factors among adults in Epworth, Zimbabwe
    M B Sebit
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zimbabwe, P O Box A178, Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe
    East Afr Med J 80:503-12. 2003
    ..To examine the prevalence of HIV infection, neuropsychiatric disorders, psychiatric symptoms/signs, alcohol use/misuse, CD4 cell counts and risk factors in adult patients...
  100. doi Effect of early exclusive breastfeeding on morbidity among infants born to HIV-negative mothers in Zimbabwe
    Ai Koyanagi
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1375-82. 2009
    ..No studies conducted in Africa have reported any benefits of EBF for infants born to HIV-negative women...

Research Grants81

  1. Community factors shaping the sexual behavior of males
    Robert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..community environment on the sexual behavior of heterosexual males in four countries: Ghana, Nigeria, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Data and Method: The analysis samples are sexually active males (15-54) from the latest Demographic and Health ..
  2. Environmental/Behavioral Factors Shaping Circumcision Decisions in Zimbabwe
    Daniel E Montano; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., >80%) are not circumcised. Zimbabwe is such a country and is considering development of an MC program...
  3. Cryptococcus traversal of Brain Endothelial cells
    Kwang Kim; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..neoformans is the most common cause of culture-positive meningitis (e.g., Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Cambodia). C. neoformans is commonly acquired by inhalation...
  4. HYPERTENSION IN POPULATIONS OF WEST AFRICAN ORIGIN
    Richard Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Hypertension in Blacks (ICSHIB), the investigators have examined 18,000 individuals in Africa (Nigeria, Cameroon, Zimbabwe), the Caribbean (Barbados, St. Lucia, Jamaica) the UK (Manchester), and the U.S. (Maywood, IL)...
  5. Environmental/Behavioral Factors Shaping Circumcision Decisions in Zimbabwe
    Daniel Montano; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., > 80%) are not circumcised. Zimbabwe is such a country and is considering development of an MC program...
  6. NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial (Russia)
    ANTON SOMLAI; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..is a two-arm randomized, community-level trial being conducted in five countries--China, India, Peru, Russia, and Zimbabwe. It is the first international test of a community-level prevention program and is based on the theory of ..
  7. Acylovir to prevent HIV acquisition in HSV-2+persons
    Connie Celum; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..two groups with high rates of HSV-2 prevalence and high risk of incident HIV: heterosexual women in Zambia and Zimbabwe and men who have sex with men (MSM) in the U.S. and Peru...
  8. Randomized trial of HIV / STD prevention in Zimbabwean youth
    Frances Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The trial is going extremely well however the difficult economic and political climate in Zimbabwe has affected the cost of running the study both because the cost of implementation as originally outlined is more ..
  9. NIMH Collaboration HIV/STD Intervention Trial in China
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..is a two-arm randomized, community-level trial being conducted in five countries: China, India, Peru, Russia, and Zimbabwe. It is the first international test of a community-level prevention program based on the theory of diffusion of ..
  10. Acyclovir to Prevent HIV Acquisition in HSV-2+ Persons
    Connie Celum; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..suppression among HSV-2+ persons at high risk of HIV was initiated in 2001 among heterosexual women in Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa and men who have sex with men (MSM) in the U.S. and Peru...
  11. Clinical & Cost-Effectiveness of Cervical CA Screening
    Sue Goldie; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..cervical cancer screening and prevention strategies for previously unscreened women in South Africa and Zimbabwe, incorporating the impact of REV, and considering the health-infrastructure and per-capita health expenditure in ..
  12. Genetics of TB: Cytokine Response and Iron
    Leslie Louie; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..HIV infection is a major predisposing factor in TB and is epidemic in Zimbabwe. Iron overload has also been documented in Zimbabwe and evidence exists that iron plays a role in host response ..
  13. Vaccination Strategies after Elimination of Poliomyelitis
    Yvonne A Maldonado; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed studies will be carried among HIV- infected and uninfected infants living in Chitungwiza, Zimbabwe, with an HIV seroprevalence of 20%, to address specific gaps in designing polio vaccination strategies for ..
  14. A Randomized Trial of HIV Prevention in Harare Beerhalls
    Katherine Fritz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..community-level trial of a behavioral HIV prevention program tailored for men who patronize beerhalls in Harare, Zimbabwe. The broad, long-term objective of the study is to measure the efficacy of the intervention in reducing men's ..
  15. HIV-1 p24 based viral load assay in breast milk & serum
    ANDRZEJ DRUKIER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Clade C p24 and used for measuring (a) VL from breast milk and plasma from treated and untreated African women in Zimbabwe (a HIVNET 023 Study) and Zambia (pending study) (b) for the early detection of very low viral copies in infants ..
  16. Vaccination Strategies after Elimination of Poliomyelitis
    Yvonne Maldonado; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed studies will be carried among HIV- infected and uninfected infants living in Chitungwiza, Zimbabwe, with an HIV seroprevalence of 20%, to address specific gaps in designing polio vaccination strategies for ..
  17. Economic Opportunity for Zimbabwean Adolescent Orphans
    Nancy Padian; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..prevents the adverse consequences of unprotected sex among out-of-school female orphans aged 16-19 in Zimbabwe. The intervention, which builds on our recently completed study that assessed the feasibility of such a program, ..
  18. Economic Opportunity for Zimbabwean Adolescent Orphans
    Philip Darney; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..prevents the adverse consequences of unprotected sex among out-of-school female orphans aged 16-19 in Zimbabwe. The intervention, which builds on our recently completed study that assessed the feasibility of such a program, ..
  19. Can Church Schools Reduce Risk of HIV Infection for Orphan Girls in Zimbabwe?
    Denise Dion Hallfors; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the context of schooling and sexual debut among a particularly vulnerable group, adolescent orphan girls in Zimbabwe. The study uses a rigorous randomized controlled trial design to test whether modest support can retain orphan ..
  20. Can Church Schools Reduce Risk of HIV Infection for Orphan Girls in Zimbabwe?
    Denise Dion Hallfors; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the context of schooling and sexual debut among a particularly vulnerable group, adolescent orphan girls in Zimbabwe. The study uses a rigorous randomized controlled trial design to test whether modest support can retain orphan ..
  21. Psychosocial Support to HIV/AIDS Affected Children in Zimbabwe
    Danuta Kasprzyk; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..3 million children orphaned by AIDS, is one of the worst hit regions in the world. In Zimbabwe, the number of orphans could reportedly rise to 1.4 million in the next 5 years...
  22. Can Church Schools Reduce Risk of HIV Infection for Orphan Girls in Zimbabwe?
    Denise Hallfors; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the context of schooling and sexual debut among a particularly vulnerable group, adolescent orphan girls in Zimbabwe. The study uses a rigorous randomized controlled trial design to test whether modest support can retain orphan ..