egg white

Summary

Summary: The white of an egg, especially a chicken's egg, used in cooking. It contains albumin. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

Top Publications

  1. Lerrer B, Gilboa Garber N. Interactions of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA-IIL lectin with quail egg white glycoproteins. Can J Microbiol. 2001;47:1095-100 pubmed
    ..Following observations that pigeon egg white blocks Escherichia coli P-fimbriae and PA-IL, we examined the interactions of diverse avian egg white components ..
  2. Nau F, Pasco M, Désert C, Molle D, Croguennec T, Guérin Dubiard C. Identification and characterization of ovalbumin gene Y in hen egg white. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:2158-63 pubmed
    ..In the present study, ovalbumin gene Y has been demonstrated as a new minor protein of hen egg white. This protein has been isolated by isoelectrofocalization and two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis ..
  3. Kamihira M, Ono K, Esaka K, Nishijima K, Kigaku R, Komatsu H, et al. High-level expression of single-chain Fv-Fc fusion protein in serum and egg white of genetically manipulated chickens by using a retroviral vector. J Virol. 2005;79:10864-74 pubmed
    ..We obtained transgenic progeny from a transgenic chicken generated with this procedure. The transgene was stably integrated into the chromosomes of transgenic progeny. The transgenic progeny also expressed scFv-Fc in the serum and eggs. ..
  4. Lee J, Kim C. Determination of allergenic egg proteins in food by protein-, mass spectrometry-, and DNA-based methods. J AOAC Int. 2010;93:462-77 pubmed
    ..proteomic methods for detecting egg allergens in foods using egg allergen standards such as egg whole protein, egg white protein, egg yolk protein, ovomucoid, ovalbumin, ovotransferrin, lysozyme, and alpha-livetin...
  5. Faeste C, Løvberg K, Lindvik H, Egaas E. Extractability, stability, and allergenicity of egg white proteins in differently heat-processed foods. J AOAC Int. 2007;90:427-36 pubmed
    Hen's egg white protein is a major cause of food allergy, and a considerable number of countries have introduced labeling directions for processed food products...
  6. Tuiskula Haavisto M, Honkatukia M, Vilkki J, De Koning D, Schulman N, Mäki Tanila A. Mapping of quantitative trait loci affecting quality and production traits in egg layers. Poult Sci. 2002;81:919-27 pubmed
    ..A significant QTL affecting egg white thinning was found on chromosome 2. For eggshell strength, a significant QTL was found on chromosome Z...
  7. Yoshino K, Sakai K, Mizuha Y, Shimizuike A, Yamamoto S. Peptic digestibility of raw and heat-coagulated hen's egg white proteins at acidic pH range. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2004;55:635-40 pubmed
    ..gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting, we assessed peptic digestibility of raw and heat-coagulated hen's egg white proteins at acidic pH range (1.5-4.0). Ovalbumin in raw egg white was slightly digested by pepsin at pH 1...
  8. Everberg H, Brostedt P, Oman H, Bohman S, Movérare R. Affinity purification of egg-white allergens for improved component-resolved diagnostics. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2011;154:33-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Commercially available preparations of the egg-white allergens, ovomucoid, ovalbumin, conalbumin and lysozyme, have been reported to contain impurities which interfere with accurate CRD...
  9. Kovacs Nolan J, Phillips M, Mine Y. Advances in the value of eggs and egg components for human health. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:8421-31 pubmed

More Information

Publications62

  1. Rapp J, Harvey A, Speksnijder G, Hu W, Ivarie R. Biologically active human interferon alpha-2b produced in the egg white of transgenic hens. Transgenic Res. 2003;12:569-75 pubmed
    We have previously described the expression of a bacterial protein in the egg white of transgenic chickens using a replication-deficient retroviral vector...
  2. Kwon S, Choi J, Jang H, Shin S, Lee S, Park T, et al. Production of biofunctional recombinant human interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (rhIL1RN) from transgenic quail egg white. Biol Reprod. 2010;82:1057-64 pubmed publisher
    ..In a bioassay using the EL4.NOB-1/CTLL-2 coculture system, no significant difference was observed between the egg-produced rhIL1RN and a commercially available rhIL1RN (anakinra)...
  3. Rehault Godbert S, Baron F, Mignon Grasteau S, Labas V, Gautier M, Hincke M, et al. Effect of temperature and time of storage on protein stability and anti-salmonella activity of egg white. J Food Prot. 2010;73:1604-12 pubmed
    Hen egg white contains numerous molecules of interest for human health, including antimicrobial proteins...
  4. Boyano Martínez T, García Ara C, Díaz Pena J, Martín Esteban M. Prediction of tolerance on the basis of quantification of egg white-specific IgE antibodies in children with egg allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2002;110:304-9 pubmed
    ..However, there are few follow-up studies that determine the exact probability of tolerance to a given food or that analyze prognostic factors that can help us to understand the evolution of a child who begins life with a food allergy...
  5. Harvey A, Speksnijder G, Baugh L, Morris J, Ivarie R. Expression of exogenous protein in the egg white of transgenic chickens. Nat Biotechnol. 2002;20:396-9 pubmed
    ..Biologically active beta-lactamase was secreted into the serum and egg white of four generations of transgenic chickens...
  6. Offengenden M, Fentabil M, Wu J. N-glycosylation of ovomucin from hen egg white. Glycoconj J. 2011;28:113-23 pubmed publisher
    Ovomucin is a bioactive egg white glycoprotein responsible for the gel properties of fresh egg white and is believed to be involved in egg white thinning, a natural process that occurs during storage...
  7. Heavner J, Boswell M, Racz G. A comparison of pulsed radiofrequency and continuous radiofrequency on thermocoagulation of egg white in vitro. Pain Physician. 2006;9:135-7 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the ability of PRF to coagulate egg white at various temperatures used clinically and to compare with CRF...
  8. Jiménez Saiz R, Rupa P, Mine Y. Immunomodulatory effects of heated ovomucoid-depleted egg white in a BALB/c mouse model of egg allergy. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:13195-202 pubmed publisher
    ..The treatment with heated ovomucoid-depleted egg white (HOMEW) in egg-allergic patients is noteworthy; however, OIT protocols are still experimental, and a better ..
  9. Sziegat F, Silvers R, Hähnke M, Jensen M, Blackledge M, Wirmer Bartoschek J, et al. Disentangling the coil: modulation of conformational and dynamic properties by site-directed mutation in the non-native state of hen egg white lysozyme. Biochemistry. 2012;51:3361-72 pubmed publisher
    ..diffusion rate constants, and small-angle scattering data merged with computational approaches, such as flexible meccano and ASTEROIDS, allow the description of the non-native state of hen egg white lysozyme in unprecedented detail.
  10. Kohiruimaki M, Ohtsuka H, Tanami E, Kitagawa M, Masui M, Ando T, et al. Effects of active egg white product/ Clostridium butyricum Miyairi 588 additive on peripheral leukocyte populations in periparturient dairy cows. J Vet Med Sci. 2008;70:321-3 pubmed
    The leukocyte populations of periparturient dairy cows were analyzed after administration of active egg white/Clostridium butyricum Miyairi additive. Sixty-eight Holstein milking cows were divided into 3 groups...
  11. Hida A, Hasegawa Y, Mekata Y, Usuda M, Masuda Y, Kawano H, et al. Effects of egg white protein supplementation on muscle strength and serum free amino acid concentrations. Nutrients. 2012;4:1504-17 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of egg white protein compared to carbohydrate intake prior to exercise on fat free mass (FFM), one repetition maximum (1RM) muscle strength and blood biochemistry in female athletes...
  12. Takagi K, Teshima R, Okunuki H, Itoh S, Kawasaki N, Kawanishi T, et al. Kinetic analysis of pepsin digestion of chicken egg white ovomucoid and allergenic potential of pepsin fragments. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2005;136:23-32 pubmed
    The allergenic potential of chicken egg white ovomucoid (OVM) is thought to depend on its stability to heat treatment and digestion. Pepsin-digested fragments have been speculated to continue to exert an allergenic potential...
  13. Zhang G, Darius S, Smith S, Ritchie S. In vitro inhibitory effect of hen egg white lysozyme on Clostridium perfringens type A associated with broiler necrotic enteritis and its alpha-toxin production. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2006;42:138-43 pubmed
    ..In this study the inhibitory effect of hen egg white lysozyme on the vegetative form of Cl...
  14. Yoon J, Park J, Kim K, Kim Y, Min J. Antimicrobial activity of the cell organelles, lysosomes isolated from egg white. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009;19:1364-8 pubmed
    ..agents that may be possible replacements for chemical antimicrobial agents because they are simply isolated from egg white. In this study, it was found that the lysosomes isolated from egg white exhibited pH-dependent antimicrobial ..
  15. Gao B, Sun H, Fang H, Qian K, Zhao M, Qiu H, et al. Expression and preliminary characterization of recombinant human tissue kallikrein in egg white of laying hens. Poult Sci. 2006;85:1239-44 pubmed
    ..These data indicate that the chicken oviduct-specific transient expression system can produce relatively high level and authentic recombinant enzyme with a potential for further development for therapeutic use. ..
  16. Honkatukia M, Tuiskula Haavisto M, de Koning D, Virta A, Mäki Tanila A, Vilkki J. A region on chicken chromosome 2 affects both egg white thinning and egg weight. Genet Sel Evol. 2005;37:563-77 pubmed
    ..Analysis of a candidate gene from the original QTL region, vimentin, did not support its role in controlling egg white thinning...
  17. Deckers D, Vanlint D, Callewaert L, Aertsen A, Michiels C. Role of the lysozyme inhibitor Ivy in growth or survival of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria in hen egg white and in human saliva and breast milk. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:4434-9 pubmed publisher
    ..coli MG1655 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 in hen egg white and in human saliva and breast milk, which are naturally rich in lysozyme and in membrane-permeabilizing ..
  18. Martos G, Contreras P, Molina E, López Fandiño R. Egg white ovalbumin digestion mimicking physiological conditions. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:5640-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Immunoreactivity against IgE from sera of allergic patients was retained after in vitro gastric digestion, depending on the reactivity of the sera, but it decreased considerably after in vitro duodenal digestion. ..
  19. Vidal M, Gautron J, Nys Y. Development of an ELISA for quantifying lysozyme in hen egg white. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:2379-85 pubmed
    An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) by inhibition was developed for quantifying lysozyme in hen egg white (HEW), a protein of value in not only the food and pharmaceutical industries but also for poultry research...
  20. Cao A, Hu D, Lai L. Formation of amyloid fibrils from fully reduced hen egg white lysozyme. Protein Sci. 2004;13:319-24 pubmed
    The fully reduced hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL), which is a good model of random coil structure, has been converted to highly organized amyloid fibrils at low pH by adding ethanol...
  21. Canfield R. THE AMINO ACID SEQUENCE OF EGG WHITE LYSOZYME. J Biol Chem. 1963;238:2698-707 pubmed
  22. Nau F, Guérin Dubiard C, Desert C, Gautron J, Bouton S, Gribonval J, et al. Cloning and characterization of HEP21, a new member of the uPAR/Ly6 protein superfamily predominantly expressed in hen egg white. Poult Sci. 2003;82:242-50 pubmed
    ..protein internal sequencing, and PCR with degenerate primers, we cloned a novel cDNA named HEP21 from hen egg white. The 0...
  23. Lu R, Yang D, Cui D, Wang Z, Guo L. Egg white-mediated green synthesis of silver nanoparticles with excellent biocompatibility and enhanced radiation effects on cancer cells. Int J Nanomedicine. 2012;7:2101-7 pubmed publisher
    ..synthesis of silver (Ag) nanoparticles was demonstrated using silver nitrate (AgNO(3)) and freshly extracted egg white. The bio-conjugates were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier ..
  24. Qiu N, Ma M, Cai Z, Jin Y, Huang X, Huang Q, et al. Proteomic analysis of egg white proteins during the early phase of embryonic development. J Proteomics. 2012;75:1895-905 pubmed publisher
    ..Although various biological functions of egg white proteins were suggested during embryogenesis, global changes of these proteins under incubation conditions ..
  25. Myint S, Kinoshita K, Shimogiri T, Ibrahim H, Tsusaki T, Tanoue T, et al. Effect of polymorphism in egg white lysozyme on muramidase and antibacterial activities as well as hatchability in the Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). J Anim Sci. 2012;90:1747-55 pubmed publisher
    Lysozyme is one of the best characterized antimicrobial proteins in egg white. Three phenotypes of egg white lysozyme in Japanese quail, Coturnix japonica, (namely fast; slow; and the combination, FS) were observed by acid polyacrylamide ..
  26. Abeyrathne E, Lee H, Ahn D. Egg white proteins and their potential use in food processing or as nutraceutical and pharmaceutical agents--a review. Poult Sci. 2013;92:3292-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Egg white contains many functionally important proteins. Ovalbumin (54%), ovotransferrin (12%), ovomucoid (11%), ovomucin (3.5%), and lysozyme (3...
  27. D Ambrosio C, Arena S, Scaloni A, Guerrier L, Boschetti E, Mendieta M, et al. Exploring the chicken egg white proteome with combinatorial peptide ligand libraries. J Proteome Res. 2008;7:3461-74 pubmed publisher
    ..a terminal carboxyl group, allowed the discovery and identification of a large number of previously unreported egg white proteins. Whereas the most comprehensive list up to date ( Mann, K...
  28. Lemon Mule H, Sampson H, Sicherer S, Shreffler W, Noone S, Nowak Wegrzyn A. Immunologic changes in children with egg allergy ingesting extensively heated egg. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008;122:977-983.e1 pubmed publisher
    ..Prior studies have suggested that heated egg might be tolerated by some children with egg allergy...
  29. Suzuki N, Su T, Wu S, Yamamoto K, Khoo K, Lee Y. Structural analysis of N-glycans from gull egg white glycoproteins and egg yolk IgG. Glycobiology. 2009;19:693-706 pubmed publisher
    ..However, precise structures of (Gal alpha 1-4Gal)-containing N-glycans were only known for pigeon egg white glycoproteins and IgG...
  30. Zinger Yosovich K, Gilboa Garber N. Blocking of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Ralstonia solanacearum Lectins by plant and microbial branched polysaccharides used as food additives. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:6908-13 pubmed publisher
    ..The nondigestability and nontoxicity of the food additives are advantageous for curing gastrointestinal and external infections. ..
  31. Tankrathok A, Daduang S, Patramanon R, Araki T, Thammasirirak S. Purification process for the preparation and characterizations of hen egg white ovalbumin, lysozyme, ovotransferrin, and ovomucoid. Prep Biochem Biotechnol. 2009;39:380-99 pubmed publisher
    In this study, four major egg white proteins were purified by two step ion exchange chromatography followed by precipitation...
  32. Raspoet R, Gantois I, Devloo R, Martel A, Haesebrouck F, Pasmans F, et al. Salmonella Enteritidis universal stress protein (usp) gene expression is stimulated by egg white and supports oviduct colonization and egg contamination in laying hens. Vet Microbiol. 2011;153:186-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we demonstrate that uspA and uspB gene expression is indeed induced after contact with egg white. Intra-oviduct inoculation of Salmonella Enteritidis uspB and uspBA mutant strains showed that the mutants had a ..
  33. Knight A, Shreffler W, Sampson H, Sicherer S, Noone S, Mofidi S, et al. Skin prick test to egg white provides additional diagnostic utility to serum egg white-specific IgE antibody concentration in children. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006;117:842-7 pubmed
    Levels of IgE antibody to egg white of greater than 7 kIU/L are highly predictive of clinical reactivity to egg, and lower levels often require evaluation with oral food challenge (OFC) to establish definitive diagnosis...
  34. Katekaew S, Torikata T, Araki T. The complete amino acid sequence of green turtle (Chelonia mydas) egg white ribonuclease. Protein J. 2006;25:316-27 pubmed
    b>Egg white ribonuclease was first found in green turtle eggs. This enzyme has been purified by CM-toyopearl cation exchange. Two isoforms (GTRNase-1 and GTRNase-2) were further separated by RP-HPLC, with the same M.W...
  35. Refaee M, Tezuka T, Akasaka K, Williamson M. Pressure-dependent changes in the solution structure of hen egg-white lysozyme. J Mol Biol. 2003;327:857-65 pubmed
  36. Arnaudov L, de Vries R. Thermally induced fibrillar aggregation of hen egg white lysozyme. Biophys J. 2005;88:515-26 pubmed
    We study the effect of pH and temperature on fibril formation from hen egg white lysozyme...
  37. Takegami K, Kaneko Y, Watanabe T, Maruyama T, Matsumoto Y, Nagawa H. Polyacrylamide gel containing egg white as new model for irradiation experiments using focused ultrasound. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2004;30:1419-22 pubmed
    A polyacrylamide (PAA) gel containing egg white as a new model for irradiation experiments in high-intensity focused ultrasound HIFU is introduced. The gel is transparent except in thermally necrosed regions which are white...
  38. Tang L, Huang Y, Liu D, Li J, Mao K, Liu L, et al. Effects of the silanized mica surface on protein crystallization. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2005;61:53-9 pubmed
    ..For trichosanthin, the crystal size is obviously larger and the number of crystals grown is much lower. For the three proteins of unknown structure, the diffraction ability of the crystals is improved considerably. ..
  39. Miguel M, López Fandiño R, Ramos M, Aleixandre A. Long-term intake of egg white hydrolysate attenuates the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Life Sci. 2006;78:2960-6 pubmed
    This paper evaluates the effect of the long-term intake of a hydrolysate of egg white with pepsin (HEW), with a potent angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory activity, on the development of hypertension of spontaneously hypertensive ..
  40. Guérin Dubiard C, Pasco M, Molle D, Désert C, Croguennec T, Nau F. Proteomic analysis of hen egg white. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:3901-10 pubmed
    Hen egg white is an original biological fluid in which major proteins have been widely studied, unlike the minor components...
  41. Nakimbugwe D, Masschalck B, Anim G, Michiels C. Inactivation of gram-negative bacteria in milk and banana juice by hen egg white and lambda lysozyme under high hydrostatic pressure. Int J Food Microbiol. 2006;112:19-25 pubmed
    The effect of hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) and bacteriophage lambda lysozyme (LaL) in combination with high pressure (HP) treatment on the inactivation of four gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7, Shigella flexneri, ..
  42. Matters D, Cooper H, McDonnell L, Iniesta J, Heptinstall J, Derrick P, et al. Mass spectrometry in demonstrating the site-specific nitration of hen egg white lysozyme by an improved electrochemical method. Anal Biochem. 2006;356:171-81 pubmed
    ..a method for selective protein nitration, we previously demonstrated the electrochemical nitration of hen egg white lysozyme to be at Tyr23 initially, followed by bisnitration at Tyr20, but with no trisnitration at Tyr53...
  43. English N, Mooney D. Denaturation of hen egg white lysozyme in electromagnetic fields: a molecular dynamics study. J Chem Phys. 2007;126:091105 pubmed
    Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations of hen egg white lysozyme have been performed in the canonical ensemble at 298 K in the presence of external electromagnetic fields of varying intensity in the microwave to far-infrared ..
  44. Walsh B, Barnett D, Burley R, Elliott C, Hill D, Howden M. New allergens from hen's egg white and egg yolk. In vitro study of ovomucin, apovitellenin I and VI, and phosvitin. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol. 1988;87:81-6 pubmed
    Three hen egg yolk proteins, apovitellenins I and VI and phosvitin, and one egg white protein, ovomucin, were purified and tested for their ability to bind IgE in the sera of patients hypersensitive to egg...
  45. Sterpone F, Ceccarelli M, Marchi M. Dynamics of hydration in hen egg white lysozyme. J Mol Biol. 2001;311:409-19 pubmed
    ..Thus, tau(w) values obtained from inelastic neutron scattering and based on jump-diffusion models are likely not to account for the contribution of water molecules with longer residence time. ..
  46. Thammasirirak S, Torikata T, Takami K, Murata K, Araki T. Purification and characterization of goose type lysozyme from cassowary (Casuarius casuarius) egg white. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2001;65:584-92 pubmed
    A novel goose-type lysozyme was purified from egg white of cassowary bird (Casuarius casuarius). The purification step was composed of two fractionation steps: pH treatment steps followed by a cation exchange column chromatography...
  47. Suzuki N, Khoo K, Chen H, Johnson J, Lee Y. Isolation and characterization of major glycoproteins of pigeon egg white: ubiquitous presence of unique N-glycans containing Galalpha1-4Gal. J Biol Chem. 2001;276:23221-9 pubmed
    Ovotransferrin (POT), two ovalbumins (POA(hi) and POA(lo)), and ovomucoid (POM) were isolated from pigeon egg white (PEW)...
  48. Takahashi N, Khoo K, Suzuki N, Johnson J, Lee Y. N-glycan structures from the major glycoproteins of pigeon egg white: predominance of terminal Galalpha(1)Gal. J Biol Chem. 2001;276:23230-9 pubmed
    N-Glycans from major glycoproteins of pigeon egg white (ovotransferrin, ovomucoid, and ovalbumins) were enzymatically released and were reductively aminated with 2-aminopyridine, separated, and structurally characterized by mass ..
  49. Hoober K, Glynn N, Burnside J, Coppock D, Thorpe C. Homology between egg white sulfhydryl oxidase and quiescin Q6 defines a new class of flavin-linked sulfhydryl oxidases. J Biol Chem. 1999;274:31759-62 pubmed
    The flavin-dependent sulfhydryl oxidase from chicken egg white catalyzes the oxidation of sulfhydryl groups to disulfides with the reduction of oxygen to hydrogen peroxide...
  50. Hoober K, Joneja B, White H, Thorpe C. A sulfhydryl oxidase from chicken egg white. J Biol Chem. 1996;271:30510-6 pubmed
    A dimeric glycoprotein containing one FAD per approximately 80,000 Mr subunit has been isolated from chicken egg white and found to have sulfhydryl oxidase activity with a range of small molecular weight thiols...
  51. Turk V, Brzin J, Longer M, Ritonja A, Eropkin M, Borchart U, et al. Protein inhibitors of cysteine proteinases. III. Amino-acid sequence of cystatin from chicken egg white. Hoppe Seylers Z Physiol Chem. 1983;364:1487-96 pubmed
    Cystatin, the protein inhibitor of cysteine proteinases from chicken egg white was purified by a new method. The two major forms with pI 6.5 (Peak I) and 5.6 (Peak II) were separated. Molecular masses of both forms are approx...
  52. Anastasi A, Brown M, Kembhavi A, Nicklin M, Sayers C, Sunter D, et al. Cystatin, a protein inhibitor of cysteine proteinases. Improved purification from egg white, characterization, and detection in chicken serum. Biochem J. 1983;211:129-38 pubmed
    The protein from chicken egg white that inhibits cysteine proteinases, and has been named 'cystatin', was purified by ovomucin precipitation, affinity chromatography on carboxymethylpapain-Sepharose and chromatofocusing...
  53. Nagase H, Harris E, Woessner J, Brew K. Ovostatin: a novel proteinase inhibitor from chicken egg white. I. Purification, physicochemical properties, and tissue distribution of ovostatin. J Biol Chem. 1983;258:7481-9 pubmed
    A proteinase inhibitor which has strong anti-collagenase activity was found in chicken egg white. The inhibitor (pI = 4.9) was purified by poly(ethylene glycol) (5...